Nikolai (Mykola) Amosov, MD (December 6, 1913, Cherepovets, Russian Empire – December 12, 2002, Kiev, Ukraine) was a Ukrainian doctor, heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, and exercise enthusiast, known for his inventions of several surgical procedures for treating heart defects.
Born to Russian peasants, Nikolai fought in the German-Soviet War. After the war he moved to Kiev and in 1965 wrote Thoughts on Health, selling millions of copies. He was the recipient of multiple Orders including two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War, and two Orders of the Red Star. In 2008 he was recognized as second to Yaroslav I the Wise of the Great Ukrainians by a public opinion in the TV show The Greatest Ukrainians.
Nikolai Amosov was born December 6, 1913. in the village Olkhovo of Vologda province. In 1932 he graduated from Cherepovets Mechanical College, followed by 3 years of work as a shift mechanic at the Arkhangelsk electric power station. In 1939 he graduated from the Arkhangelsk Medical Institute, and in 1940 - with distinction from the All-Union Correspondence Industrial Institute. During the Great Patriotic War he was at the front as the leading surgeon of a field