A wine producer is a company or organization that makes wines.
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Château Dauzac is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France, in the commune of Labarde. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Since 1988, the estate has belonged to the insurance company MAIF, but is managed by the André Lurton group. In 2004, his daughter Christine Lurton-Bazin de Caix took charge of the property.
In the 1880s, the trials which led to the development of the Bordeaux mixture to combat downy mildew mostly took place in the vineyards of Château Dauzac. They were conducted by professor Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet, assisted by Dauzac's technical director Ernest David.
The domaine comprises 297 acres (120 ha), of which 111 acres (45 ha) are planted, 60% with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and 40% with Merlot. The average age of vines is around 30 years. The Château produces the main wine, Château Dauzac, from the 104 acres (42 ha) planted in the Margaux appellation, as well as a second wine named La Bastide Dauzac. The estate also owns 7.5 acres (3.0 ha) in the Haut-Médoc appellation, from which it produces a third wine, Château Labarde.
Château Ksara is a wine company in Beqaa Valley Lebanon. Starting out in 1857 by the local members of the Christian community, Ksara developed the first dry wine in Lebanon. Ksara wine is most popular in Lebanon, but due to a large Lebanese diaspora all over the world, it can be found and purchased in many different countries.
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Tempranillo, Grenache, Carignan and Cinsault, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Clairette Blanche and Ugni Blanc. Ksara makes red wine, dry white wine, rosé, sweet wine, fortified wine, the National Lebanese drink, Arak, as well as Brandy.
Ksara wine has been featured at wine tasting competitions all over the world. In 2004, Chateau Ksara won two gold medals at the Vinalies Internationales Paris in France.
Chateau Ksara official site
Château Ausone is a Bordeaux wine from Saint-Émilion appellation, one of only four wines, along with Château Angélus, Château Cheval Blanc and Château Pavie to be ranked Premier Grand Cru Classé (A) in the Classification of Saint-Émilion wine. The winery is located on the Right Bank of France’s Bordeaux wine region in the Gironde department, close to the town of Saint-Émilion.
The winery also produces a second wine named Chapelle d'Ausone.
Placed on the western edge of 11th century village Saint-Émilion, with elevated vineyards facing south on steep terraces in ideal situation, Ausone takes its name from Decimius Magnus Ausonius (310–395 CE), a statesman and poet from Bordeaux who owned about 100 acres (0.40 km) of vineyard. It is believed by some that Château Ausone is on the foundations of his villa.
The modern estate can be dated to the 18th century, when it was owned by Jean Cantenat. Later, under the ownership of the Lafargue family, the vineyard was inherited by Edouard Dubois who steered the château through the difficulties of the late 19th century, and in 1916 added the adjacent Château Belair to their estate. The chateaux were run separately, although both age their wine
Lion is a beverage and food company that operates in Australia and New Zealand and produces and markets a range of beer, wine, RTDs and spirits. Lion was formed in October 2009 under the name ‘Lion Nathan National Foods’, when Kirin Holdings Company Limited (and consequently the Mitsubishi Group) purchased brewer Lion Nathan and merged the business with National Foods which it owned since 2007. In 2011, it changed its name to Lion. The company employs around 1,800 Australians and 1,400 New Zealanders.
The company was formed in 1988 with the merger of LD Nathan & Co and Lion Breweries, and was listed on both the Australian and New Zealand Stock Exchanges under the symbol LNN. On 17 September 2009, Lion Nathan shareholders overwhelmingly voted to accept a 100% takeover offer by Kirin. The takeover was implemented on 21 October 2009, and the company was delisted.
The original forerunner of the company was Brown Campbell & Co, the company of John Logan Campbell and William Brown who established the Hobson Bridge Brewery in Auckland in 1840. It merged with the Albert Brewery, bought by Louis Ehrenfried in 1878, to form Campbell and Ehrenfried in 1898. The new company was managed by
Simi Winery is one of the oldest and largest superpremium-class boutique wineries in California.
The winery was founded in San Francisco, California in 1876 by two Italian brothers, Giuseppe and Pietro Simi, who had immigrated to the United States during the California Gold Rush. They moved operations to Healdsburg, California in 1881, paying $2,250 in gold coins to buy a winery on Front Street.
The winery was run by Giuseppe Simi's daughter, Isabel, beginning 1904. After marrying a local banker, Isabel Simi continued to make wine during Prohibition from 1920 until 1933, which she stored in the winery's stone cellars. One of the few California wineries to survive Prohibition, Simi was forced to sell most of its vineyards to survive, but was also one of the few companies to have wine available when sales were again legal. Simi opened its first tasting room in 1934. Isabel Simi sold the winery to grower Russell Green in 1970 but continued working there.
In 1973 Maryann Graf, the first woman to graduate from an American university with a degree in oenology, joined Simi. In 1979 winemaking was taken over by Zelma Long, one of California's most prominent winemakers, who modernized and
Château Chasse-Spleen is a winery in the Moulis-en-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux region of France, just north-west of Margaux. Château Chasse-Spleen was selected as one of six Crus Exceptionnels in the Cru Bourgeois classification of 1932, and through later revisions until the annulment of the classification in 2007. The estate is today widely considered to be of cru classé standard.
The name means "to chase away the blues" or "dispels melancholy". A second wine is produced under the label L'Ermitage de Chasse-Spleen and another titled l'Oratoire de Chasse-Spleen.
Long viewed as the leading cru of Moulis, the estate's viticultural history is documented back to 1560, and possibly before. Initially an estate named Grand-Poujeaux, it was owned by the seigneurs Grenier, which may have evolved into Gressier. The estate was divided in 1822 due to inheritance complications, half the property becoming Château Gressier-Grand-Poujeaux, and the remainder passed to the Castaing family. Further divisions in the 1860s resulted in what would become Chasse-Spleen, and the chateaux Maucaillou and Poujeaux-Theil.
One account explaining the estate's name is due to a visit by Lord Byron in 1821,
Alita is a Lithuanian brewing company based in Alytus, established in 1963. Alita is one of the largest producers of alcoholic beverages in Lithuania. In 2004, when the state monopoly of liquor production in Lithuania was lifted, the company was privatized. In the same year, Alita acquired 95% stake of Lithuanian company Anykščių vynas, the oldest wine producer in Eastern Baltic region. Alita produces naturally fermented sparkling grape vines, alcoholic cocktails, ciders, vodka, brandy, concentrated fruit juice and exports its production to Germany, Latvia, Poland, Estonia, Japan, and other countries.
Mount Pleasant Winery is a winery in Augusta, Missouri, USA, on the north side of the Missouri River in what is called the Missouri Rhineland. It is the third-largest winery in the state.
Mount Pleasant Winery was founded in 1859 by immigrant Georg Muench. The Muench brothers chose this area because it reminded them of their former home in Germany. The winery had to close in 1920 because of Prohibition.
It was reopened for production in 1966, the second winery in the state to open in the current era. It has the third-largest wine production in the state. All wines are produced and bottled at the estate. In 1980, the Augusta AVA was the first American Viticultural Area designated by the United States government. The winery is situated on a south-facing bluff overlooking the Missouri River Valley. It has 85 acres (34 ha) of vines in cultivation, growing 16 varieties of grapes. The winery has constructed a public winegarden and terraces that use the view to good advantage.
In 1991, the owners were fined a record $185,000 by the State of Missouri, the maximum possible, for illegally importing an excessive amount of California grape juice for inclusion in its wines.
The following year,
Folie à Deux is a California winery in the Napa Valley that is part of the Trinchero Family Estates. One of its wines, the red blend Ménage à Trois, is the best-selling red wine in the United States and was named the "Wine Brand of the Year" for 2009.
Folie à Deux was founded in 1981 by two psychiatrists, who took the name from a psychiatric term for a fantasy or delusion shared by two people. In 2004 they sold the winery to the Trinchero Family Estates, a Napa Valley wine company owned and operated by the Trinchero family. Trinchero Family Estates was named American Winery of the Year by Wine Enthusiast magazine in December 2009.
Folie à Deux currently makes Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc. The winery also produces three wine blends and four varietals under the name Menage à Trois. Menage à Trois Red was the top selling red wine product in the United States as of 2010. The Menage à Trois brand sold 1.6 million cases in 2009, and Menage à Trois was named the "Wine Brand of the Year" by the beverage industry publication Market Watch.
Folie à Deux wines have been reviewed favorably by Wine Enthusiast, Decanter, and other publications.
The Koöperatieve Wijnbouwers Vereniging van Zuid-Afrika Bpkt (usually abbreviated to KWV) was a winemaking co-operative founded on 8 January 1918 by wine makers from the Western Cape in South Africa. It was converted from its co-operative status into KWV Ltd on 2 December 2002. The name is Dutch for "Co-operative Winemakers' Society of South Africa Ltd" (The Afrikaans would be "Koöperatiewe Wynbouersvereniging van Suid-Afrika Bpk"). Prime Minister Jan Smuts was a strong supporter of the initiative and was responsible for getting it through Parliament. Until the early 1990s, KWV controlled the majority of the wine business. After the end of apartheid in 1994, wine exports increased and surpluses disappeared. Today KWV is a large brandy producer. For many decades, KWV products were exported in toto and could not be purchased locally in South Africa (with rare exceptions. For example, a batch of old fortified wine was released locally in the 1970s as a gesture to the public and was bought up within days). This situation changed in 2004, when the first generally-available brands were launched on the local market. In 2005, several of the remaining brands were launched on the local
First opening its doors to the public in April 2007, the Castello di Amorosa is located near Calistoga, California. It is the pet project of 4th generation vintner, Dario Sattui who also owns and operates the V. Sattui Winery named after his great-grandfather who originally established a winery in San Francisco in 1885.
Sattui claims to have spent nearly all his resources during the 14 year process of building this medieval replica castle on the vineyard grounds. The winery sits on property that was once part of an estate owned by Edward Turner Bale.
The castle interiors, which include 107 rooms on 8 levels above and below ground, cover approximately 121,000 square feet (11,200 m). Among many other features it has: a moat; a drawbridge; defensive towers; an interior courtyard; a torture chamber; a chapel/church; a knights' chamber; and a 72 by 30 feet (9.1 m) great hall with a 22-foot (6.7 m)-high coffered ceiling.
The torture chamber has an authentic 300-year-old iron maiden which Sattui states he bought for $13,000 in Pienza, Italy, a replica rack, prison chambers and other torture devices. The great hall features frescoes painted by two Italian artists who took about a year
A California native, Roger Berry has been creating monumental sculpture since 1980. Additionally, at his ranch Berry has grown merlot and petite sirah grapes for 15 years. He sells them to Bogle Vineyards. And while sculpting is the love of his life, he says "it's very difficult to make a living as a sculptor. That's why I grow grapes." He also says, "Farming makes you patient."
Château Cos d'Estournel is a winery in the Saint-Estèphe appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. It is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Château Cos d'Estournel produces the eponymous grand vin, the second wine since the 1994 vintage, Les Pagodes de Cos from the estate's younger vines, as well as Château Marbuzet from fruit of nearby plots. The property is adjacent to Château Lafite-Rothschild in the neighboring commune of Pauillac.
The name Cos (with the S pronounced) refers to a "hill of pebbles" in Gascon dialect and the name Cos d'Estournel was given in 1810 by Louis-Gaspard d'Estournel.
The estate has changed hands several times during its history, starting in 1852 when it was purchased by the English banker Charles Cecil Martyns. In 1869, it was sold to the Spanish Errazu family only to be sold again 20 years later in 1889 to the Bordeaux-based Hostein family. Through his marriage to Marie-Thérèse Hostein, Louis-Victor Charmolue, who also owned Château Montrose, gained control of Cos d'Estournel in
Wines:2003 Beaulieu "Georges de Latour Private Reserve" Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Beaulieu Vineyard (BV for labeling purposes) is a vineyard near Rutherford, California, belonging to the appellation Rutherford AVA. It was established by Georges de Latour and his wife Fernande in 1900.
Initially a purchase of 4 acres (1.6 ha) of land in 1900, Beaulieu Vineyard derives its name from the French phrase "Quel beau lieu" which translates to English as "What a beautiful place". Legend has it that Fernande uttered these words when she first saw the land. The following year, they purchased a nearby winery originally built by California State Senator Seneca Ewer in 1885. De Latour's knowledge about phylloxera which had ravaged many Napa Valley vineyard, and his decision to import a rootstock variety resistant to the pest helped secure his stature as one of the early pioneers of California's wine industry.
When Prohibition in the United States began in 1920, most wineries in the country were forced out of operation. However, Beaulieu obtained a contract to supply sacramental wine to churches nationwide. The demand for such wine increased dramatically during the years of Prohibition and the winery repeatedly expanded. By the Repeal of Prohibition in 1933, production had
Kistler Vineyards, founded in 1978, is a small, family-owned and -operated winery in the Russian River Valley specializing in the production of Burgundian-styled Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. Wines are available for purchase by direct mail and at select restaurants. There is no tasting room or retail sales at the winery.
Opus One Winery is a winery in Oakville, California, USA. The wine was called napamedoc until 1982 when it was named Opus One. The winery was founded as a joint venture between Baron Philippe de Rothschild of Château Mouton Rothschild and Robert Mondavi to create a single Bordeaux style blend based upon Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon. It is located across State Route 29 from the Robert Mondavi Winery. The creation of this winery venture in 1980 was big news in the wine industry; de Rothschild's involvement added an air of respectability to the burgeoning Napa wine region. The first vintage, 1979 was released 1984 at the same time as the 1980 vintage. For a while it was the most expensive Californian wine costing 50USD. In 1989 a new winery was built just down the road, the first vintage from the new winery was from 1991 and was released in 1994.
The joint venture between Mondavi and Baron Rothschild was announced in 1980, though plans for the winery had been developing between the two men since the early 1970s. In 1980, Mondavi sold 35 acres from his To Kalon Vineyard in the Oakville AVA to the joint venture that would serve as the backbone for the blend. The first vintage from
Adelaida produces from its own Estate vineyards and a select group of contracted vineyards on the west side of Paso Robles. Amongst its holdings are the two principal estate properties, Viking Vineyard and HMR (Hoffman) Vineyard. Adelaida produces both Estate and non-estate wines under 4 different labels: the Reserve Label, the Adelaida Label, the SLO Label, and the Schoolhouse Label. The winery and tasting room are open daily from 10 to 5.
Château Gloria is an unclassed Bordeaux wine from the Saint-Julien appellation. The winery is located in the central part of France’s Bordeaux wine region Haut-Médoc, in the commune of Saint-Julien-Beychevelle.
Regarded as a well-made wine with the best characteristics of Saint-Julien, it is estimated by many on a par with the classed growths.
The château also produces a second wine from its younger vines named Château Peymartin.
A relatively young estate, Château Gloria was founded and assembled by Monsieur Henri Martin who established the reputation of Gloria within the space of a generation. With the first acquisitions of 6 hectares (15 acres) of vines in 1942, and purchase of the chai of Château Saint-Pierre, Martin added to the estate over the years with land bought from the surrounding classed estates, including châteaux Saint-Pierre, Beychevelle, Léoville-Poyferré, Gruaud-Larose, Léoville-Barton, Ducru-Beaucaillou, Lagrange and a Saint-Julien property of Duhart-Milon, making up its present size.
The estate was included in the proposal by INAO to revise the 1855 classification, and subsequently became listed in the private classification of Alexis Lichine.
Alban Vineyards is a California wine estate producing various Rhône style blends and varietal wine. The winery is located in Edna Valley, near Arroyo Grande in the southern corner of San Luis Obispo County.
Starting in 1985, John Alban planted grapes for other people until he bought an estate in 1989. With a focus on creating wines made from Rhône Valley varietals, Alban came to be a pioneer of the Rhone Rangers movement, and is considered one of the most influential American Rhone producers.
On beginning to grow Viognier, Alban stated "I almost single-handedly doubled the world's acreage," referring to a time when its cultivation was reduced to 50 acres (20 ha) in two areas of the Rhône Valley, Condrieu and Château-Grillet. Alban's work, along with that of Josh Jensen of Calera Wine Company in San Benito County, helped to significantly expand plantings of Viognier in California at a time when the varietal was near extinction.
Within a 250-acre (100 ha) area, the vineyard area extends 60 acres (24 ha), planted with varieties Syrah, Viognier and Roussanne. Among the wines produced are the Lorraine Vineyard, Reva Vineyard Syrah, Seymour's Vineyard Syrah, and Pandora, a blend of
Brown Brothers Milawa Vineyard (often referred to as simply Brown Brothers or Browns) is a family-owned wine company based in Milawa, Victoria, Australia. Brown Brothers was founded in 1889 by John Francis Brown and continues to be owned and operated by his descendants on the original property. Brown Brothers makes wine from a wide range of grape varieties and into a range of styles.
The property on which Brown Brothers stands (36°27.2′S 146°25.8′E / 36.4533°S 146.43°E / -36.4533; 146.43) was bought at the first land auction on the Oxley Plains by John Graham (1815–1873). A vineyard and orchard was established along with a Canadian style barn to store hay and grain.
George Harry Brown (1835–1913) married John Graham's daughter Rebecca (1845–1915) in 1864 and they moved onto the property after John Graham's death.
John Francis Brown (1867–1943) planted around 10 acres (40,000 m) of mainly Riesling, Muscat and Shiraz in 1885. John F. Brown established the Brown Brothers business and made the first wine in 1889 in the barn. The vineyard was replanted in 1916 & 1917 to combat the spread of phylloxera and by 1920 totaled 33 acres (130,000 m) including Riesling, Tokay, Chasselas,
The Chateau Ste. Michelle is a winery in Woodinville, Washington. The winery is noted for its best-selling Riesling bottlings. Chateau Ste. Michelle is the largest single producer of Riesling wine in the United States. The winery also produces wines of other varietals and some experimental wines on a per-year basis. Ste. Michelle has a number of joint ventures with winemakers such as the Eroica Riesling with Dr. Ernst Loosen of Germany and the Col Solare Winery with the Antinori family of Italy. Chateau Ste. Michelle was selected as Wine Enthusiast magazine's 2004 American Winery of the Year.
Chateau Ste. Michelle is the oldest winery in Washington state. It was founded as the American Wine Company, a 1954 merger of the National Wine Company (NAWICO), founded in 1934, and the Pomerelle Wine Company. (For years, there was a large neon sign advertising NAWICO in Seattle's Wallingford neighborhood.) The French-style chateau is located on 87 acres (35 ha) of land with mature trees that once belonged to lumber baron Frederick Stimson, who used it as a hunting retreat and rural working farm called the Hollywood Farm. Chateau Ste. Michelle and its parent company Stimson Lane were owned by
Cloudy Bay Vineyards is a winery in the Marlborough region of New Zealand. The winery is primarily noted for its Sauvignon Blanc wines, and have played an important pioneering role in establishing New Zealand's and Marlborough's reputation. Cloudy Bay's first commercial vintage was produced in 1985 from purchased grapes, and the company later planted its own vineyards. It was one of the first New Zealand wines to be widely exported and came to attention because its fruit-forward style and very pronounced varietal character. The classic French Sauvignon Blancs from Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé from the Loire Valley were typically more restrained and austere in comparison, and with higher acid levels.
Cloudy Bay’s 140 hectares (350 acres) of vineyards are located at three sites in the winegrowing region of Marlborough, including areas close to the bay for which they are named. The region is noted for its production of Sauvignon Blanc wines. The vines are planted on deep alluvial gravels. Five long-term contract growers also work closely with Cloudy Bay.
Cloudy Bay also produces notable Chardonnay and Pinot noir wines, but the Sauvignon Blanc remains its standard-bearer.
The Weingut Reichsrat von Buhl is the largest winery estate in Deidesheim in the Palatinate wine region. It produces mainly Riesling wines. The estate is affiliated with the Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter e.V.
The winery was founded by Franz Peter Buhl, a member of parliament in Baden and Bavaria, who inherited the estate in 1848. After his death, his son Franz Armand Buhl inherited the estate. He was a member of the Reichstag and a friend of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. In 1885, he was awarded the title Reichsrat der bayerischen Krone, i.e. he became a member of the Privy Council of the Kingdom of Bavaria, and the title was incorporated in the title of the estate in 1912. Under Buhl, the winery earned an international reputation, and its wines were present at several international congresses and events, including the opening of the Suez canal in 1869.
After Franz Armand Buhl, Eugen Buhl and Franz Eberhard Buhl, both members of parliament in Bavaria, owned the estate. Under Franz Eberhard Buhl, the estate became one of the largest wineries in Germany. With his death in 1921, the Buhl family in the Palatinate became extinct, however. After the death of his
Schloss Johannisberg is a castle and winery in the village of Johannisberg to the west of Wiesbaden, Hesse, in the Rheingau wine-growing region of Germany. It has been making wine for over 900 years. The winery is most noted for its claim to have "discovered" late harvest wine.
A mountain on the north bank of the River Rhine near Mainz has been associated with the Church and with winemaking since the Dark Ages, when the estate of Ludwig der Fromme ("Louis the Pious") made 6000 litres of wine during the reign of Charlemagne. In 1100, Benedictine monks completed a monastery on the Bischofsberg ("Bishop's") mountain, having identified the site as one of the best places to grow vines. Thirty years later they built a Romanesque basilica in honour of John the Baptist, and the hill became known as Johannisberg ("John's mountain"). It was constructed on floor plans similar to that of its mother house, St. Alban's Abbey, Mainz. The monastery was a prime target for the Anabaptists in the German Peasants' War of 1525, and it was destroyed.
In 1716, Konstantin von Buttlar, Prince-Abbot of Fulda, bought the estate from Lothar Franz von Schönborn, started construction of the baroque palace, and,
Wines:2005 Stags' Leap Winery Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Stags' Leap Winery is a winery located near Yountville, California, in the Stags Leap District of Napa Valley. The winery's 240 acres (97 ha) estate vineyard was first planted in 1893. In 1997, Stags' Leap was purchased by Beringer Wine Estates, which in 2000 was in turn purchased by the Australian company Foster's Group, whose two wine groups combined and are now Beringer-Blass Wine Estates. Robert Brittan continued the revitalization of the vineyards and winery until 2005.
The winery was founded by Horace Chase and his wife Minnie Mizner Chase. Mrs. Frances Grange acquired Stags' Leap Winery from Horace Chase in 1913. She transformed the property into a working ranch and resort. Wine production ceased due to prohibition. The vineyard remained, however, with the grapes being sold to other producers. Wine production began again in earnest in 1971 when Stags' Leap was purchased by Carl Doumani. Over a period of almost three decades, Doumani restored and improved the property. The winery's signature product was its petite syrah, at the time an undervalued grape used mostly for blending purposes. In 1988 Doumani hired winemaker Robert Brittan, who became president when the winery was
Château Lynch-Moussas is a French winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Lynch-Moussas is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The estate was first owned by the Lynch family originally from Ireland, notably including the Count Jean-Baptiste Lynch in the 18th century, and was at the time much larger than it is today.
In 1919 it was purchased by the Castéja family, and sole control was eventually consolidated to Emile Castéja in 1969 by which time the estate had become dilapidated and work to restore the property was initiated. Since then a complete overhaul of the vineyards and winemaking facilities has been completed in an effort to improve its wine. In the Borie-Manoux portfolio of the Castéja family, the château is owned in conjunction with the fifth growth Château Batailley.
Château Lynch-Moussas' wine originates from the estate's vineyards morcellated through the commune of Pauillac. The soil for these vineyards is typical of the Pauillac consisting mostly of gravel over a
Wines:2005 Gundlach Bundschu "Rhinefarm Vineyard" Sonoma Valley Estate Zinfandel
Gundlach Bundschu is California's second oldest winery after Buena Vista Winery (established a year earlier by Agoston Haraszthy). It is still owned and operated by the founder's heirs and today led by the sixth generation, Jeff Bundschu. The winery's 320-acre (1.3 km) estate vineyard, named Rhinefarm by Bavarian-born Jacob Gundlach in 1858, is located within the Sonoma Valley AVA of Sonoma County, at the crossroads of the Sonoma Valley, Los Carneros AVA and Napa Valley AVA, along the Mayacamas Mountains.
The company was founded by Jacob Gundlach in 1858. Charles Bundschu, from Mannheim, Germany, joined the company in 1868, and became part of the family when he married Jacob Gundlach’s daughter Francisca in 1875. J. Gundlach & Co. grew significantly over the next 30 years, distributing rhine wines from its factory at Second and Bryant in what is now the Soma District in San Francisco, California and its headquarters nearby on Market Street at Second. There was a New York branch as well. After Jacob’s death in 1894, the company was renamed Gundlach Bundschu. By the time of the great earthquake of 1906 the company was a major international wine producer, distributing over 250,000
Wines:2004 Rubicon Estate Edizione Pennino Rutherford Estate Zinfandel
The Rubicon Estate Winery (formerly Niebaum-Coppola Estate Winery and once again Inglenook) is located in Rutherford, California, USA. The winery sits on a portion of the historic Napa Valley property first acquired in 1879 by a Finnish Sea Captain Gustave Niebaum, founder of the Inglenook Winery.
In 2011, owners Francis and Eleanor Coppola acquired the Inglenook trademark and renamed the winery Inglenook (Winery).
In 1975, Francis Ford Coppola and his wife Eleanor, purchased Niebaum’s Victorian home, along with 1,560 acres (630 ha) of surrounding vineyards. In 1995, Coppola reunited the two original Inglenook parcels by purchasing the grand Inglenook chateau and 94.5 acres (38.2 ha) surrounding vineyards (neighboring vineyards include Heitz Wine Cellars Martha’s Vineyard and Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour). The winery was named Rubicon Estate in early 2006, and held that name until 2011 when it was renamed Inglenook. Coppola's longtime winemaker was Scott McLeod, a UC Davis alumnus with winemaking background in Tuscany. McLeod left the winery in 2009, and esteemed wine consultant Stephane Derenoncourt came on board shortly thereafter. In 2011, Chateau Mârgaux's Philippe
Wines:2002 Bonny Doon Vineyard Vin Gris de Cigare Pink Wine
Bonny Doon Vineyard is a winery based in the city of Santa Cruz in the central coast of California. It was started by Randall Grahm in 1983. Bonny Doon was amongst the first Californian wineries to embrace Rhone varietals, giving Randall Grahm the nickname "The Rhone Ranger". The winery is known for its untraditional labels, including illustrations by Ralph Steadman, Bascove, Grady McFerrin, and Gary Taxali. In recent years, the winery has embraced some slightly obscure Italian varieties, screwcaps, and biodynamic production.
After the vines in its own vineyard were destroyed by Pierce's disease in 1994, Bonny Doon supported its wine production by purchasing grapes from other California vineyards, as well as vineyards in Oregon (including Bethel Heights Vineyard) and Europe. The winery grew significantly in this period. In 2006, prior to embracing a new strategy, the winery sold more than 450,000 cases of wine.
The winery has changed focus in recent years from "every day table wines to high-end, boutique vintages". They sold their Big House wines and Cardinal Zin labels in 2006, and in 2008 sold their old tasting room and winery, moving into new locations in Santa Cruz.
This property, situated in heart of the picturesque village of Fuisse, is one of the few large estates in the area and covers 24 acres. It is also one of only three Chateaux in Pouilly Fuisse. It has been owned by the Dutron family since 1835.
The vineyards are situated on Southeast facing slopes at an altitude of 750 to 900 feet in the villages of Fuisse and Solutre. The estate is known for it￢ﾀﾙs old vines, some of which are over 65 years old. The average age is 35 years.
The present owner, Monsieur Denis Dutron uses traditional methods in the vineyards and in his temperature-controlled cellar. The use of stainless steel vats assures a long cool fermentation and preservation of the fruit and aromas. His wines are regular medal winners in the many French competitions.
Denbies Wine Estate near Dorking, Surrey has the largest vineyard in England with 265 acres (1.07 km) under vines, representing over 10% of the plantings in the whole of the United Kingdom. It has a visitors' centre which attracts around 300,000 visitors a year.
The estate is named for an early owner called John Denby. Originally Denbies was a farmhouse. In the mid 18th century it was rebuilt as a gentleman's residence by Jonathan Tyers, proprietor of Vauxhall Gardens near London. Tyer's own garden at Denbies was a startling contrast with the frivolities of Vauxhall, being adorned with memento mori ("reminders of death"). The property passed through several other hands, and in the 1850s it was rebuilt on a larger scale by the preeminent Victorian master builder, Thomas Cubitt. He was visited at Denbies by Prince Albert, who planted a commemorative tree which survived until the Great Storm of 1990.
The house remained in the Cubitt family until the Second World War, when it was requisitioned by the military. In the 1950s Cubitt's great grandson decided to demolish the house as he lacked the funds to restore and maintain it. He converted the laundry and gardener’s house into a
Wines:2005 Grgich Hills Napa Valley Estate Zinfandel
Grgich Hills Estate (formerly Grgich Hills Cellar) is a winery located in Rutherford, California in the heart of the Napa Valley. The winery changed its name in 2006 when it first began producing only "estate grown" wines made from grapes grown exclusively in vineyards owned by the winery. The Napa Valley Wine Train has a passenger stop located at Grgich Hills Estate. Grgich Hills' vineyards are certified organic and biodynamic and it converted to solar energy in 2006.
The colors in the winery's first sign reflect the winery was born on July 4, 1977.
Winemaker Mike Grgich had gained international recognition at the historic Paris Wine Tasting of 1976 when the Chardonnay he produced at Chateau Montelena won first prize among white wines. Grgich and Austin Hills (of Hills Brothers Coffee) soon became business partners and established Grgich Hills Cellar on July 4, 1977. The name Grgich Hills does not describe a geographical feature but is instead a combination of the names of the winery's founders.
The winery's very first vintage was the winner of the 221-entry Chardonnay Shootout with wines from around the world. It was conducted by Craig Goldwyn, wine critic of the Chicago Tribune
The Mountain Winery, formerly the Paul Masson Mountain Winery, is a winery in Saratoga, California, USA. It was founded by Paul Masson, a pioneer of the California wine industry. The winery became famous for its slogan, voiced by Orson Welles in television commercials, "We will sell no wine before its time."
The winery is a California Historical Landmark (#733) and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Masson originally worked for Charles Lefranc, one of a number of French immigrants who had expanded the viticulture introduced into the Santa Clara Valley by the Catholic mission fathers. After Lefranc's death in 1887, Masson had a short-lived partnership with Lefranc's son Henry. Masson bought out Henry's share in the Almaden Vineyards and in 1892 Masson's first sparkling wine was introduced at Almaden, and he eventually became known as the "Champagne King of California."
Masson purchased the Saratoga property in 1901. He later centered his sparkling wine production here in Saratoga while other wines were developed at the Almaden operation.
In 1905, on a knoll above the winery, Masson built his house, dubbed "The Chateau," where he developed a reputation as an
Château Léoville-Barton is a vineyard in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Léoville-Barton is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Unlike many of its peers, Château Léoville-Barton has no château building; the wines are made at Château Langoa-Barton with which it shares ownership. The château depicted on Léoville-Barton's label is actually that of Château Langoa Barton.
Léoville-Barton, along with Château Léoville-Las Cases and Château Léoville-Poyferré was once part of the vast Léoville estate. Since 1836, the estate has belonged to the Barton family, of Irish descent. The current owner is Anthony Barton, who has run the estate, along with its sister property Château Langoa Barton, since 1986.
Léoville-Barton's 116 acres (47 ha) of vineyard is located in the central part of the appellation along the Gironde river. The soil composition, is mostly gravel with a subsoil of clay. The plantings are 72% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Merlot, and 8% Cabernet Franc with the vines averaging
Wines:2005 Goosecross Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Goosecross Cellars is a winery located in the city of Yountville in Napa Valley, California.
Starting in the 1970s, Patt and Rey Gorsuch sold Chardonnay fruit from their 10-acre vineyard estate located on State Lane in Yountville to prestigious wineries including Far Niente and Burgess Cellars. In 1985, the family, along with son Geoff (pronounced Jeff), decided to begin producing their own wine. Goosecross Cellars was born. In an old English dialect, the family name "Gorsuch" means "where the Goose crossed the stream", hence the name Goosecross.
The winery's first three commercially-available vintages (1985-1987) were blended at Chanter Winery in Napa until construction was completed on the Goosecross winery facility in 1988. Goosecross became known as the first Napa Valley "micro-winery" specializing in ultra-premium Napa Valley Chardonnay.
In 1993, Patt and Rey Gorsuch sold their majority interest in Goosecross Cellars to son Geoff and his college roommate and friend David Topper. Geoff and David are winemaker and CEO, respectively, and have steered Goosecross to its direct-to-consumer sales approach. Today, they offer multi-varietal, limited production, ultra-premium,
Wines:2004 Shenendoah Vineyards "ReZerve®, Paul's Vineyard" California Shenendoah Valley Reserve Zinfandel
Shenandoah Vineyards or Sobon Family Wines was founded in 1977 by Shirley and Leon Sobon. Located in Plymouth, California, they moved from Los Altos, California, where Leon was a Senior Scientist with the Lockheed Research Lab. The selection of a winery site was well researched and the Shenandoah Valley of Amador County was selected. They and their six children moved to the old Steiner Ranch, planted a vineyard, and converted the old stone garage to a winery.
The winemaking and business aspects have continued to be a family affair. Two sons and one son-in-law currently work full time for the business: Tom Quinn in Sales and Marketing, Paul Sobon as the Winemaker and Vineyard Manager, and Robert Sobon as Coordinator of Computer and Business Systems. Shirley and Leon have entered into partial retirement, and only work a few days a week.
From the first offering of 1200 cases, the winery has continued to thrive, adjusting the portfolio of wines over the years, and is now producing about 15,000 cases per year under the Shenandoah label, and 20,000 cases under the Sobon Estate label. Demand has been created because of skilled winemaking, marketing, financial planning, and strong family
Wines:2002 Trefethen "HaLo, Hillspring Vineyard" Oak Knoll District Estate Cabernet Sauvignon
Trefethen Vineyards was established in 1886 as Eshcol, a biblical word for “lush cluster of grapes.” Following retirement from a successful career with Kaiser Industries, Eugene Trefethen along with his wife Katie purchased Eshcol in 1968 along with six adjoining properties to create Trefethen Vineyards. At that time, replanting of the vineyards and restoration of the historic winery building began. The Trefethens' restoration efforts were recognized in 1988 by the Department of the Interior, which placed the winery on the National Register of Historic Places as the only 19th-century, wooden, gravity-flow winery surviving in Napa County. The winery is also known for an extensive garden established by Katie. It has been featured in many publications and has been a destination for many gardening enthusiasts since it was created.
Eugene Trefethen died in 1996 and Katie Trefethen died in 2007.
In 1979, a Wine Olympics was organized by the French wine and food magazine, GaultMilllau. A total of 330 wines from 33 countries were evaluated by 62 experts from ten countries. The 1976 Trefethen Vineyards Chardonnay won first place in that category and was judged best in the world.
Château Suduiraut, formerly Cru du Roy and Château de Suduiraut, is a sweet white wine ranked as Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in Preignac, adjacent to Château d'Yquem.
Domaine de la Romanￃﾩe Conti (DRC) is an estate in burgundy that produces wines considered by many to be the greatest in the world.
La Tￃﾢche and Romanￃﾩe-Conti, the two most celebrated vineyards in Burgundy, are DRC monopoles. The domaine also owns significant portions of several other Vosne-Romanￃﾩe grand crus: Echￃﾩzeaux, Grands Echￃﾩzeaux, Romanￃﾩe Saint Vivant, and Richebourg. DRC produces a small amount of white burgundy from grand cru Montrachet.
The combination of quality and rarity causes DRC wines to command astronomically high market prices: prime vintages consistently set new records on the wine auction market.
DRC also formerly produced a wine known as Les Gaudichots, from a vineyard which has since been reclassified as part of La Tache. These wines are incredibly rare collectibles today -- a significant number of the renowned 1929 Les Gaudichots were recently brought to market via Christie's sale of the Doris Duke collection.
Newman's Own is a food company and for-profit corporation founded by actor Paul Newman and author A.E. Hotchner in 1982. Newman received all of the profits from product sales and donated 100% of the proceeds, after taxes, to various educational and charitable organizations of his own selection. Newman's Own has inspired other business, including Give Something Back Business Products, to adopt his social enterprise model. In 1982 Newman summarized his initial intentions regarding distribution of his company's profits:
"My profits will be divided between a number of tax-deductible charities and causes, some church-related, others for conservation and ecology and things like that."
The brand started with a homemade salad dressing that Newman and Hotchner prepared and gave to friends as gifts. The successful reception of the salad dressing led Newman and Hotchner to commercialize it for sale. After that initial item, made with $40,000 of Newman's own funds as seed money, pasta sauce, frozen pizza, iced tea, lemonade, limeade, fruit cocktail juices, popcorn, pretzels, salsa, cookies, coffee, grape juice, dog food, cat food, condiments, and other products were produced. Newman's Own
Adobe Road Winery produces award winning Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Cabernet Franc, Syrah and Petite Sirah exclusively from Sonoma County sources. Produced in small lots, the wines are handcrafted. The tasting room is located in Petaluma, California and is open by appointment.
Château Climens is a Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) Sauternes wine producer from the Barsac appellation. The estate is located in the southern part of France’s Bordeaux wine region in the district of Graves, an eighth of a mile away from Barsac's other most historically rated vineyard, Château Coutet.
It is a wine characteristically known as better when young, though in its greatest years at the height of finesse. The vintages 1929, 1947 and 1949 were described by Alexis Lichine to surpass Château d'Yquem as "lighter, with less vinosity and body, yet miraculously subtle."
Château Climens also produces a second wine named Cypres de Climens.
The name Climens, appeared for the first time on a contract dated 1547, the name in the local dialect meaning "unfertile, poor land". The Roborel family were responsible for expanding the estate, initiating viticulture in the 17th century, and oversaw the production of both white and red wine. In 1855, Monsieur Henri Gounouilhou bought the property, in the year Climens was classified a Premier Cru. It remained the property of the Gounouilhou family until Lucien Lurton of Château Brane-Cantenac bought the estate in 1971, along with
Château Prieuré-Lichine, previously Château Le Prieuré and Château Prieuré-Cantenac, is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France, in the commune of Cantenac. The wine produced here was classified as one of ten Quatrièmes Crus (Fourth Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The Château produces a second wine under the label Château de Clairefont (also called Confidences de Prieuré-Lichine since 2008), and a Haut-Médoc, Le Clocher du Prieuré.
Originally a priory of Benedictine monks who cultivated grapes for service at dinner and at religious ceremonies, practices gradually evolved by the 18th century to establish sales of the wine under the name Le Prieuré de Cantenac. As a consequence of the French Revolution, the property was seized, divided and sold in 1789 to several surrounding estates, including Château Palmer. A portion was bought by Monsieur Pagès who passed on the estate to his widow, when due to its reputation and broker prices received a fourth growth classification in 1855. Several changes in ownership resulted in changes to the name, such as Le Prieuré and Prieuré-Cantenac, and when the late wine writer and
De Bortoli Wines is one of the larger privately owned companies in Australia. De Bortoli makes a wide range of wines including the sweet white Noble One.
De Bortoli Wines owns three wineries in three diverse wine growing regions:
The company has vineyards in the same regions as its wineries, along with the King Valley in Victoria.
The Yarra Valley Winery also boasts a very popular and highly awarded restaurant featuring Northern Italian inspired cuisine. There is now also a cheesemaker & cheese shop onsite at the Yarra Winery.
The winemaking team is overseen by third generation winemaker Darren De Bortoli and his brother-in-law Steve Webber. In the early 1980s Darren De Bortoli created the world acclaimed Noble One Botrytis Semillon. Steve Webber established the company's premium Yarra Valley winery in the early 1990s and is also responsible for overseeing the company's King Valley vineyards and Hunter Valley winery and vineyards.
The winemaking philosophy is that good wine begins in the vineyard, that the winemaker should use minimal handling and interference in the winemaking process and that wine should have a sense of regionality and be an expression of the soil in which it is
Castello di Volpaia is a winery located in the medieval village of Volpaia. The Estate is more than 900 acres (360 ha) divided between vineyards, olive groves and woods. The winery is fully devoted to Organic Farming techniques for producing extra virgin olive oil, vinegar and wine, in particular Chianti Classico. Owned by Carlo and Giovannella Mascheroni Stianti helped by their son Nicolo' Mascheroni Stianti, the winery exports its wines in most of the world.
The village of Volpaia is sited on a hilltop just north of the town of Radda in Chianti, 2,024 feet (617 m) above the sea level, in the heart of the Chianti Classico region. Volpaia was built in the 11th century as a fortified village on the Florence-Siena border. Unlike Brolio, Meleto and other Chianti-area castles, Volpaia is a terra murata, a walled village. Although only part of the original protective walls and two of its six towers are still standing, the medieval layout and buildings within the village are still intact, making Volpaia one of the best-preserved villages of its period.
The first document that mentions the cultivation of vines in Volpaia dates back to 1172. In 1250, Volpaia was a founding member of the
Central Coast Wine Services is a multi-winery processing and warehouse facility located in Santa Maria, CA. Founded in 1988, Central Coast Wine Services serves as a warehouse facilities for wineries throughout the Central Coast (California) and includes a custom crush facility as well as bottling line and winemaking equipment rental. The company owns a branch location in Paso Robles. As of 2007, the facility was assisting in the production for over 40 different wine labels, including the Hitching Post wine label of the restaurant featured in the 2004 American film Sideways.
The Central Coast Wine Services was founded in 1988 by the Miller family as a warehouse facility for wineries in Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo counties to store their finished cases of bottled wine. Over the years the firm has expanded into a variety of wine making services including: custom crushing of grapes, custom winemaking, bottling, and bonded wine-making production space rental.
The Central Coast Wine Services and its branch location, the Paso Robles Wine Services, are in a small peer group of wineries whose primary business is custom production for other wine labels, rather than producing wine for a
Wines:2005 Pauillac Château Mouton Rothschild Bordeaux
Château Mouton Rothschild is a wine estate located in the village of Pauillac in the Médoc, 50 km (30 mi) north-west of the city of Bordeaux, France. Its red wine of the same name is regarded as one of the world's greatest clarets. Originally known as Château Brane-Mouton it was renamed by Nathaniel de Rothschild in 1853 to Château Mouton Rothschild. It was the first estate to begin complete château bottling of the harvest.
The branch of the Rothschild family owning Mouton Rothschild are members of the Primum Familiae Vini.
The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 was based entirely on recent market prices for a vineyard's wines, with one exception: Château Mouton Rothschild. Despite the market prices for their vineyard's wines equalling that of Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Mouton Rothschild was excluded from First Great Growth status, an act that Baron Philippe de Rothschild referred to as "the monstrous injustice". It is widely believed that the exception was made because the vineyard had recently been purchased by an Englishman and was no longer in French ownership.
In 1973, Mouton was elevated to "first growth" status after decades of intense lobbying by its
Wines:2006 Kosta Browne Russian River Valley Pinot Noir
Kosta Browne began as a dream shared by Dan Kosta and Michael Browne....in 1997 they saved enough money to buy a half ton of Pinot Noir, a used barrel and an old hand-crank stemmer-crusher, a purchase that marks the beginning of Kosta Browne. Since that vintage, they have nurtured relationships with the best growers and honed their winemaking skills, making sure to focus on the vision and values with which they began. No tasting room.
Premium Wine Brands, formerly Pernod Ricard Pacific, is a large Australian wine, spirits, and beverage company. It is a wholly owned subsidiary and regional entity of wine and spirits producer Pernod Ricard, the co-leader of the global wine and spirits industry.
In 1989 Pernod Ricard purchased Orlando Wines, and then a year later, in 1990, the Hunter Valley winery Wyndham Estate. The same year the Orlando Wyndham Group was formed by the drawing together of the two companies. In 2005 Pernod Ricard took over Allied Domecq and the New Zealand business unit Allied Domecq NZ was integrated into the company which was subsequently renamed to Pernod Ricard Pacific.
In 2010 Pernod Ricard, launched its new wine brand company Premium Wine Brands - Pernod Ricard (formerly Pernod Ricard Pacific).
Premium Wine Brands now has a complementary portfolio of premium wine brands from Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and Spain led by their key brands, Jacob's Creek, Brancott Estate, Graffigna and Campo Viejo.
Currently Premium Wine Brands Pernod Ricard owns various wineries including:
Pernod Ricard Pacific produces and/or distributes products under many brands, including:
Wines:2005 Ironstone "Old Vine" Lodi Reserve Zinfandel
Ironstone is noted for several leading US brands. These include the Ironstone Vineyards brand, Leaping Horse Vineyards, Dog Tail Vineyards, and Sonoma Creek. As of 2004, Ironstone has been listed as the 17th largest winery (in terms of cases sold) in the US. Ironstone also sell significant amounts of wine in the international markets including the UK, Canada and 40 other countries. Ironstone has used a series of somewhat different names and bottle designs including "Kautz Ironstone Vineyards," "Ironstone Vineyards," "IronStone," and, most recently, "Ironstone 4th Generation Family Growers."
In addition to vineyards in the Sierra Foothills, Ironstone draws on the production from its Lodi appellation vineyards—some 4,500 acres (18 km) in all. John and Gail Kautz, founders of Ironstone, were the first to plant chardonnay and other wine varietals in the Lodi area. The Kautz family grows numerous varieties including Cabernet Franc, Symphony, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
The family's Bear Creek Winery, founded in 1934, is listed as having 8,200,000 gallons of capacity making it the 24th largest winery in the U.S. Recent capacity expansions have increased this to an estimated
Château Poujeaux lies in the wine-producing district of Moulis-en-Médoc in the Bordeaux region of France. It is one of the most highly regarded wines within Moulis, alongside Château Chasse-Spleen. In the 2003 classification of Cru Bourgeois wines, Château Poujeaux was one of just nine to be placed in the highest category, Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels.
The property was owned by the Theil family until early 2008, when it was bought by Philippe Cuvelier, also owner of Clos Fourtet.
The vineyard covers 52 hectares (130 acres) and produces about 25,000 cases of wine per year. The grape varieties used are 50% Cabernet Sauvignon, 40% Merlot, 5% Cabernet Franc and 5% Petit Verdot. A second wine is produced, under the name La Salle de Poujeaux.
Childress Vineyards is a winery owned by NASCAR Sprint Cup championship team owner Richard Childress in northern Lexington, North Carolina (which is part of Davidson County, North Carolina).
This vineyard commenced operations in 2003. The vineyard is located in the Yadkin Valley AVA, an American Viticultural Area. Winemaker Mark Friszolowski who has won the North Carolina Best in Show and Double Gold Governor's Cup Award four times. Grapes are grown locally on the vineyard grounds, at Childress' home estate, as well as are purchased from local growers. Varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Muscadine, among others. They also produce their own Champagne as well as three different dessert wines. The vineyards are located at the intersection of U.S. Route 52 and U.S. Route 64 in the Piedmont Triad region of North Carolina. The Vineyard is open daily and includes a tasting room and gift shop that Wine Enthusiast magazine awarded as one of the top 25 tasting rooms in America, as well as complimentary tours and an Italian style Bistro open for lunch.
Childress Vineyard also holds special events including weddings and
Heitz Wine Cellars is a California wine producer located within Napa Valley east of the town of St. Helena. An early modern era Napa Valley presence and pioneering exponent of French oak, the estate enjoys a historical renown with the success of its Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon, and has also been described as a "master of Grignolino".
The origins of the estate was established in 1961 by Joseph (Joe) and Alice Heitz, during a period when the population of Napa Valley wineries had been reduced to the lowest of its decline since the Prohibition of near two dozen, at what is recognized as the turning point of Napa's wine industry.
Born in Princeton, Illinois, Heitz moved to California while enlisted in the U.S. Air Force. Following World War II, Heitz began taking classes at UC Davis, achieving a bachelor and eventually a master's degree in viticulture and enology, in 1951 in the first graduating class of seven to do so. Heitz found employment under the wine industry extremes, first at Gallo, and then in 1951 under André Tchelistcheff at Beaulieu Vineyard as an assistant winemaker where he worked for near ten years.
Having worked as a professor at the enology program at
Inniskillin is a Canadian winery located in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Inniskillin, which is mainly noted for their icewine production, has played an important pioneering role in the modern Canadian wine industry. Since 1994, Inniskillin also operates a winery in Okanagan, British Columbia (Inniskillin Okanagan) in addition to their original location (Inniskillin Niagara).
Inniskillin was founded by Donald Ziraldo and Karl Kaiser and saw its beginnings in 1974. Before embarking on the Innskillin project, Ziraldo was running a grapevine nursery and Karl Kaiser, a trained chemist, was a home wine maker. The first vines were planted in 1974, and since the duo had the ambition to make better-quality wines, their vineyard was planted with traditional European grape varieties, of the Vitis vinifera species, chosen from those cultivated in colder European regions. Their first vineyard, of 32 acres (13 ha) was planted with Riesling, Chardonnay and Gamay.
At that time the wine industry in the Niagara consisted of five bulk wineries growing American ("non-vinifera") vines, and no winery licenses had been issued since 1929. Inniskillin's license in 1975, which Ziraldo successfully lobbied
Moorilla is a winery located in the suburb of Berriedale, 12 km north of the city centre of Hobart, Tasmania. It was established in 1958 by Italian-Australian former textile merchant Claudio Alcorso.
The winery produces a number of cool climate wines, and also produces five beers under the label Moo Brew.
Accommodation was added in 2000 and consisting of four hilltop chalets which feature items from the Museum of Old and New Art. Four further pavilions were opened in 2009.
The site also plays host to a number of live music and drama performances on a regular basis, and has a function centre.
Moorilla Estate is owned by David Walsh , and is the site of the Museum of Old and New Art (MONA).
Stone Hill Winery is a Missouri winery located in Hermann, Missouri, along the Missouri River, in what is called the Missouri Rhineland of the Hermann AVA. It has additional facilities in Branson and New Florence. Established by German immigrants in 1847, it is the largest winery in the state.
At the turn of the 20th century, Stone Hill Winery was the second-largest winery in the United States and the third-largest in the world; it produced 1,250,000 gallons in 1900. Its wine had won numerous awards in international fairs, including Vienna in 1873, Philadelphia in 1876, and St. Louis in 1904. Due to Prohibition, the winery was closed in 1920, along with virtually all others in the nation. During this time, the family earned money by using its wine cellars to grow mushrooms for sale until 1965.
In 1965 the Held family made Stone Hill Winery the first in Missouri to be re-established.
Its main building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NHRP).
Château d'Yquem is a Premier Cru Supérieur (Fr: "Great First Growth" or "Great First Vintage") wine from the Sauternes region in the southern part of the Bordeaux vineyards known as Graves. In the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, Château d'Yquem was the only Sauternes given this rating, indicating its perceived superiority and higher prices over all other wines of its type. Wines from Château d'Yquem are characterised by their complexity, concentration and sweetness. A relatively high acidity helps to balance the sweetness. Another characteristic for which Château d'Yquem wines are known are their longevity. In a good year, a bottle will only begin to show its qualities after a decade or two of cellaring and with proper care, will keep for a century or more, gradually adding layers of taste and hitherto undetected fruity overtones. Since 1959, Château d'Yquem has produced a dry white wine called Ygrec (Fr: the letter "Y"), made from an equal proportion of Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc. This wine is not produced in every vintage.
Stag's Leap Wine Cellars is a winery established by Warren Winiarski in 1970 and based in the Stags Leap District of Napa Valley, California. The winery was sold to a joint venture by Chateau Ste. Michelle of Woodinville, Washington, and Marchesi Antinori Srl of Italy for $185 million in August 2007.
Warren Winiarski was introduced to wine while on a year-long trip to Italy studying the work of Niccolò Machiavelli. After returning to Chicago, he found an interest in wine and in the early 1960s began to experiment with making his own wine at home. He moved to the Napa Valley with his wife and children in 1964, and took up a job with Chateau Souverain. Following this, he moved to work at the newly started Robert Mondavi Winery.
Stag's Leap Wine Cellars was founded in 1970 after Winiarski purchased a 44 acre block of land for under $200,000 that was situated next to the vineyard owned by modern Napa Valley Cabernet winegrowing pioneer Nathan Fay. Winiarski decided on purchasing land in the region after tasting a homemade wine from Nathan Fay's vineyard, after tasting the wine Winarski stated “I said to myself, Eureka! That’s it. This wine satisfied what I hoped was possible in the
Wines:2006 A.P.VIN "Gary's Vineyard" Santa Lucia Highlands Pinot Noir
A.P.VIN is an artisanal California Pinot Noir producer cultivating world class vineyards for small batch, handcrafted wines. Specializing in single-vineyard Pinot Noir from the Santa Lucia Highlands, Santa Rita Hills, Santa Maria Valley, and Russian River Valley. Owner Andrew P. Vingiello was mentored by Pinot master Brian Loring of Loring Wine Company. No tasting room. Not open to public.
Wines:2006 B.R. Cohn "Silver Label" North Coast Cabernet Sauvignon
B.R. Cohn Winery is a midsized boutique family winery in Sonoma Valley, California.
Bruce Cohn, manager of the California rock band, The Doobie Brothers, purchased the original area in 1974. He named the property the Olive Hill Estate Vineyards after the grove of 145-year-old olive Picholine Olive trees, from which he continues to make ultra-premium olive oil.
After selling grapes to other wineries for several years, Cohn founded his own winery, B.R. Cohn, in 1984. His first winemaker was the now-famous Helen Turley. The winery has hosts an annual charity Fall Music Festival and golf event since 1987. Like other wineries in the area it maintains a wine club and public tasting room, and hosts weddings and other events. Bruce Cohn continues to live on the estate, from where he manages both the Doobie Brothers band and the wine and oil operations.
The vineyards surrounding the winery are planted mostly in cabernet sauvignon grapes, with some pinot noir, zinfandel, petite sirah, cabernet franc, petit verdot, and malbec. Syrah (sold only from the tasting room) and Chardonnay is grown in the carneros region.
The winery's flagship 1985 and 1986 Olive Hill Cabernets were ranked among the
Wines:2007 Jacob's Creek South Eastern Australia Riesling
Orlando Wines is an Australian winery located in the small township of Rowland Flat, between Lyndoch and Tanunda, in South Australia's Barossa Valley wine-growing region. Orlando Wines was the valley's first commercial winery. It is currently part of Pernod Ricard Pacific, a wholly owned subsidiary of Pernod Ricard. It is best known as the producer of Jacob's Creek, Orlando's main wine brand, which was first released in 1976.
In 1847 Bavarian immigrant Johann Gramp planted his first grape vines on the banks of the then recently named Jacob's Creek. The vines flourished and led to the production of their first vintage in 1850, making around 12 dozen bottles of hock style white wine from one small octave oak barrel. The winery now produces some of Australia's most successful export wines , with some 80% of sales being made in 50+ export markets and having the leading brand in the UK, New Zealand and Asia.
Orlando Wines was named Australian Exporter of the Year in 1993 and won the Maurice O'Shea Award in 1994. A modern visitor's centre and wine tasting cellar, known as the Jacob's Creek Visitor's Centre, was opened in 2002, at which time a time capsule was buried to be opened in
The Picchetti Brothers Winery, also known as the Picchetti Ranch, is a winery located at 13100 Montebello Rd., Cupertino, California in the Picchetti Ranch Open Space Preserve. The Picchetti bothers, Secondo and Vincenzo, for whom the ranch was named, were among the earliest settlers to plant grapes on this ridge, which they named "Monte Bello" or "beautiful mountain." This ridge was later to become one of Santa Clara County's important vineyard areas.
The complex is composed of seven buildings built between 1880 and 1920, which retain their original design details. Vincenzo and Secondo Picchetti settled on Montebello ridge in 1877 and purchased an initial 160 acres (65 ha) for $1,500. The ranch expanded to 500 acres (200 ha) by 1904. The first house on the property was built around 1882, followed by a larger residence in 1886. Both homes, plus the stone winery, were in the Picchetti family until 1976.
The first grapes planted were Zinfandel, Carignane and Petite Sirah. At first, the brothers only sold the grapes to local wineries, but in 1896 they decided to make their own wine, becoming one of the early wineries in California (California Bonded Winery number 148).
Wines:2006 Raptor Ridge "Shea Vineyard" Yamhill-Carlton District Pinot Noir
Raptor Ridge Winery, Williamette Valley, OregonThe winery derives it name from the 27-acre estate it shares with families of Raptors — birds of prey such as Red-tailed Hawks, Kestrels, Sharp-Shinned Hawks and Owls. Located on the northeast side of the Chehalem Mountains, 10 miles north of Newberg, Oregon.In addition to the 27-acre estate property, several distinctive vineyards throughout Oregon's northern Willamette Valley supply premium wine grapes for Raptor Ridge. Raptor Ridge produces Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris, totalling about 6500 cases of wines per vintage using traditional Burgundian winemaking techniques.
Sine Qua Non (also known as SQN) is a California cult winery known for its Rhône style blends, a tendency to avoid repetition, and a very limited production of wine that is highly difficult to obtain. The winery is located in Ventura County, within the Central Coast AVA.
The wines have been titled with names such as Queen of Spades, Twisted & Bent, Imposter McCoy, The Bride, Poker Face and Red Handed, and the bottles come uncommonly shaped with distinctive labels featuring own artwork.
Founded in 1994 by Manfred Krankl and his wife Elaine, began making his own wines in 1994 to supply the restaurant Campanile, initially with an output of approximately 100 cases but by 1996 the production had increased to 2,000 cases. Sine Qua Non's Syrahs were among the first American Syrahs to create significant interest and trading volume in the worldwide wine auction market. From the second quarter of 1999 to early 2008, the value of SQN wines at auctions appreciated by 163% in contrast to the 128% appreciation rate during the same period of other collectible wines listed on the Wine Spectator Auction Index.
Sine Qua Non's winery has been described by Robert Parker as "a facility that looks like
Spring Mountain Vineyard is a 225 acres (0.91 km) vineyard consisting of 135 different vineyard blocks scattered over the 845-acre (3.42 km) estate in California's Napa Valley. Spring Mountain Vineyard achieved international recognition when it achieved fourth place among French and American wines at the historic Judgment of Paris wine competitionin 1976.
The elegant Victorian mansion, known on the estate as Miravalle, was commissioned by Mexican-American businessman Tiburcio Parrott in 1884, and designed by architect Albert Schroepfer. Schroepfer designed several other homes in similar elegant style, for example The Rhine House at Beringer Winery.
The original winery and cave was also established in 1885 by Parrott. The current vineyards are on the eastern slope of Spring Mountain at elevations varying from 400 feet (120 m) to 1,700 feet (520 m).
The estate now includes four adjacent vineyards including the 435-acre (1.76 km) La Perla, 257-acre (1.04 km) Miravalle, 120-acre (0.49 km) Chevalier, and 33-acre (130,000 m) Streblow (Alba). La Perla Winery and Vineyard were originally established in 1873 by Charles Lemme. The La Perla Winery building is still standing. This property
The Bronco Wine Company is a vintner that produces wines under many brands and is based in Ceres, California. It is the fourth largest producer of wine in the United States.
Fred and Joe Franzia attended Santa Clara University and picked their school symbol for the company. Bronco is a contraction of Brothers and Cousin, after the three founders.
CEO Fred Franzia, nephew of wine legend Ernest Gallo, started Bronco Wine in 1973, with his brother, Joseph, and cousin, John Franzia, after the Franzia winery business was purchased by Coca-Cola and then later by the Wine Group, a privately held bulk wine producer based in San Francisco (the source of the "bag-in-box" wines that bear the Franzia name, but which have no connection to either the Franzia family or to Bronco).
Bronco owns over 35,000 acres (140 km²) of vineyards most of which is located in California's Central Valley. With storage and production facilities in Ceres, Napa Valley, Sonoma Valley, Escalon and Madera. The wine producer has the capacity to produce 61 million gallons (230 million L) of wine annually. Total annual sales are approximately 20 million cases.
Bronco Wine is best known for its Charles Shaw brand, commonly
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau. The wine produced here was the final estate to be classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Its absence from the classification map featured at the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris created some controversy, even though it has been listed on all maps published after 1856. Some sources will include an asterisk next to Château Cantemerle listing in reference to this controversy. The estate has a long history in the Haut-Médoc with records detailing its existence since at least the 12th century and wine production since at least the 14th century. In the 19th century, the estate was hard hit by the phylloxera epidemic as well as grapevine attacks of downy mildew, after which production dropped nearly 50%. Towards the end of the 20th century, the estate was sold to French insurance group Les Mutuelles d'Assurance du Bâtiment et des Travaux Public who have contributed significant investment in the estate's vineyards and winemaking facilities.
The status of Château Cantemerle as an original
Château d'Armailhac, previously named Château Mouton-d'Armailhacq (historical name from inception, 1750–1955), Château Mouton-Baron Philippe (1956–1973), Mouton Baronne (1974–1978) and Château Mouton-Baronne-Philippe (1979–1988), is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The Chateau has 126 acres (0.51 km) planted with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot with an average annual production of over 18,000 cases. Purchased by Baron Philippe de Rothschild in 1934, the estate is currently owned by the Mouton branch of the Rothschild family.
DuMOL wines are produced from vineyards in the Russian River Valley. Headquartered in Orinda, California, DuMol produces Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Syrah. Wines are available for direct purchase from DuMOL and through retail dealers. No tasting room available.
Château Doisy Daëne is Bordeaux wine producer located in the commune of Barsac. Its sweet white wine ranked as Second Cru Classé (French, “Second Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. It belongs to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves.
The three Doisy wine estates, Château Doisy Daëne, Château Doisy-Védrines, Château Doisy-Dubroca, originate from one single estate, the early history and division of which is not very well documented. The earliest documented mention of the Doisy wine cru is in André Julliens book Topographie de tous les vignobles connus in 1832. The Daëne part of the name comes from Jean Jacques Emmanuel Daëne, who was the vineyard owner and a wine merchant in Bordeaux, and who at some stage bought one of three portions of the estate. J.J.E. Daëne's three sons inherited the wine estate in 1875, and in the same year they sold a portion of it the Dubroca brothers of Doisy-Dubroca. In 1878 Doisy-Daëne was sold to Jean Paul Billot, and his daughter Pauline inherited it in 1884, and sold it to the Debans brothers in 1889.
From 1924 Château Doisy Daëne has been owned by the Dubourdieu family. Georges Dubourdieu
Chateau Elan is the largest winery in Georgia, located in Braselton, 40 miles (60 km) north of Atlanta.
It was founded in 1982 by Dr. Don Panoz who came from the pharmaceutical industry.
The Headquarters for Chateau Elan Hotels and Resorts is also in Braselton.
The entire facility is 3,500 acres (14 km) with 50 dedicated to vineyards. The property also functions as a 4-star inn, 25,000 sq. ft conference center, golf club with three 18 hole golf courses and 9-hole par 3 course, day and overnight spa facilities, seven restaurants, real estate, art gallery, a wine market and wine tastings.
Georgia wines are marked "Founder's Reserve" but other wines with the Chateau Elan label can include grapes from a sister property in California. Its 2005 Chardonnay received a poor review from Time, which called it "undrinkable" and tasting "like sweet gasoline."
Chateau Elan was the site of a viral video. Melissa Sander, a reporter for Fox News affiliate WAGA-TV fell from a platform during a live 1998 grape-stomping demonstration. The clip appeared online in 2006 and quickly went viral, leading to widespread commentary and parodies.
Château Gruaud-Larose is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. It is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The property has a younger history than most of its cohorts. Its origins date to 1725 and the knight Joseph Stanislas Gruaud. The property was called Fond-Bedeau, and was administered by two Gruauds; one a priest and the other a magistrate. The magistrate, the Chevalier du Gruaud, died in 1778 and his part of the property was deeded to Joseph Sebastian de La Rose, who renamed this property Gruaud-La Rose or Gruaud-Larose. This piece was classified as a Second Growth in 1855.
Control of the property was split among multiple descendants, but the property remained intact until 1867 when it was split into Château Gruaud-Larose-Sarget (after the Baron Sarget) and Château Gruaud-Larose-Faure (after Adrien Faure, who married one Sophie Bethmann, heiress to a portion of the estate).
The two châteaux were reunited by the Cordier family, who purchased the Sarget piece in 1917 and the
Château Malescot St. Exupéry is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. The vineyards are planted with 50% Cabernet Sauvignon, 35% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Franc and 5% Petit Verdot, at a density of 10,000 vines/hectare, with an average age of about 35 years.
Wines:2005 Pacific Ridge Santa Barbara County Pinot Noir
Pacific Ridge Vineyards is a boutique California winery, located in the Santa Barbara wine country. The winery specializes in high quality, artisanal wines crafted with grapes from the Santa Rita Hills, Santa Ynez Valley, and Santa Maria Valley. Wine tasting is available every day from Noon to 6pm at the winery tasting room in the town of Los Olivos, at the center of town near by the flagpole. Pacific Ridge wines are available online, through mailing list allocation, in the tasting room, and at high quality wine shops and restaurants.
Wines:2004 Quilceda Creek Columbia Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Quilceda Creek Vintners is a boutique winery in Snohomish, Washington specializing in premium Cabernet Sauvignon wine. The winery is named for a nearby creek in Snohomish County. Although the winery facility is located west of the Cascade Range, the winery sources all of its grapes from six vineyards in eastern Washington. Quilceda Creek Vintners has earned some of the highest reviews and awards of any winery in the United States. Quilceda Creek Vintners Cabernet Sauvignon is the only American wine from outside of California to earn perfect 100-point score reviews from wine critic Robert Parker in his publication The Wine Advocate.
Quilceda Creek Vintners was founded in 1978 by Alex and Jeanette Golitzin. Alex Golitzin is a nephew of André Tchelistcheff, one of the most influential winemakers of Napa Valley, and credits summer trips to visit his uncle in St. Helena, California with developing his early interest in wine. Tchelistcheff began consulting with Washington's largest winery, Chateau Ste. Michelle, in the 1960s, when the Golitzin family also moved to western Washington. With encouragement and advice from his uncle, Alex Golitzin began making one barrel of Cabernet Sauvignon
Wines:2005 Ridge "Pagani Ranch" Sonoma Valley Zinfandel
Ridge Vineyards is a California winery specializing in premium Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, and Chardonnay wines. Ridge produces wine at two winery locations in northern California. The original winery facilities are located at an elevation of 2,300 feet (700 m) on Monte Bello Ridge in unincorporated Santa Clara County in the Santa Cruz Mountains AVA, south of Los Altos, California and west of Cupertino, California. The other Ridge winery facilities are at Lytton Springs in the Dry Creek Valley AVA of Sonoma County. Ridge Vineyard's 1971 Monte Bello Cabernet Sauvignon achieved international fame for its fifth place finish in the 1976 "Judgement of Paris" wine tasting.
Although Ridge Vineyards was founded in the early 1960s, wine production at the winery's Monte Bello location has a much longer history. Grapevines were first planted on Monte Bello Ridge by Osea Perrone, a doctor and prominent member of the northern California Italian immigrant community, in 1885. The first Monte Bello wine was produced in 1892. Following Prohibition, the vineyard at Monte Bello passed through the hands of several amateur winemakers until it was purchased in 1960 by David Bennion, Charles Rosen,
Wines:2005 Firestone Santa Ynez Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
A family-owned estate winery specializing in fine wines from California’s Central Coast. Firestone Vineyard was founded in 1972 as Santa Barbara County’s first estate winery.
Firestone Vineyard is one of the wineries along the famous Foxen Canyon Wine Trail.
Firestone Vineyard was founded by members of the Firestone family in 1972, as Santa Barbara County’s first estate winery. The winery was designed by Richard Keith & Associates, architects. The winery is located in the heart of the rural Santa Ynez Valley near the town of Los Olivos in Santa Barbara County. It includes a barrel cellar, fermentation cellar, crush pad, tasting room and bottling line for full production from the vine to the bottle. The winery is surrounded by 500 acres (2.0 km) of estate vineyards. In early 2007, Firestone Vineyard opened a companion winery in Paso Robles, with a focus on small lots of Bordeaux varietals from select local vineyards.
William Foley II acquired Firestone Winery and surrounding 400 acres (1.6 km) of land (300 acres under vine) in early August 2007 as part of a plan to expand his portfolio of small specialty wineries up and down the western coast (he owns Foley Winery in the Sta. Rita
Vini Lunardelli (formally Alessandro Lunardelli) is a winery in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. It was founded in Pasian di Prato in 1968 by Alessandro Lunardelli, who came from a Veneto family with wine industry traditions. Initially, the winery sold its wine in bulk, but has been selling its own bottlings since 1990. In 1987, Alessandro's son Andrea Lunardelli joined the company, and has been in charge of Vini Lunardelli's marketing, which has been successful but have sparked significant controversy.
Annual production is around 100,000 bottles, and include several different white and red varieties produced in different DOC areas within Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
In 1995 Vini Lunardelli started to sell bottles with pictures of historical personalities, including highly controversial persons, under the name "Historical line" (Linea della storia). Many of their labels seem to be taken from historical posters and sometimes include propaganda slogans. The around 60 different labels are not tied to specific wines, but can be bought on any of Vini Lunardelli's wine bottles. Separate collection of motifs of the "Historical line" include:
Especially the Hitler labels, and to some
Château Haut-Bailly is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, ranked among the Premiers Crus for red wine in the Classification of Graves wine of 1953 and 1959. The winery and vineyards are located south of the city of Bordeaux, in the commune of Léognan.
Château Haut-Bailly's vineyard is located along the left bank of the Garonne river. Neighboring estates include Château Malartic-Lagravière, Château Smith Haut Lafitte and Château Carbonnieux. The estate's second wine is named Le Parde de Haut-Bailly.
The vineyard is believed to have been created during the 16th century by a rich family from the Pays Basque region. By 1630 it was acquired by the Parisian banker Firmin Le Bailly, who gave his name to the estate. A classification of the leading Graves châteaux by Wilhelm Franck in 1845 illustrates that Haut-Bailly had become known by then, but came to be famous in 1872 when it was bought by Alcide Bellot des Ministères, a known vitculturist at the time. Followed by a period of prosperity, such as the 1878 vintage judged outstanding among its peers, there came a decline. With the onset of phylloxera, Bellot des Ministères also neglected to follow the examples of other
Wines:2005 Clos du Val Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Clos Du Val Winery is a winery in the Stags Leap District of California's Napa Valley. The winery was founded by two men who were born into the French wine business, John Goelet and Bernard Portet. After scouting the world for two years to locate areas where they might produce Bordeaux-style wine, Portet identified the then-undiscovered Stag’s Leap district of California’s Napa Valley as especially promising. Goelet bought 150 acres (61 ha) of vineyard land and established the winery in 1972. The next year he bought 180 acres (73 ha) in the Los Carneros region to produce the Burgundian varieties, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
The winery received international recognition when its first vintage of Cabernet Sauvignon (1972) achieved eighth place in the Judgment of Paris.
In the French Culinary Institute Wine Tasting of 1986, Clos Du Val Winery won first place.
In The Judgment of Paris 30th Anniversary the judges awarded Clos Du Val fifth place.
Wines:2004 Burgess Napa Valley Estate Cabernet Sauvignon
Burgess Cellars is a California wine producer that operates from Deer Park in Napa Valley on the hillsides of Howell Mountain. It was founded in 1972 by Tom Burgess and now includes 120 acres (49 ha) across its three vineyards, which are at elevations of 800 to 1,000 feet (240 to 300 m).
Burgess Cellars makes "chef-friendly" wines with balance in the European or Old-World style The winemakers started setting aside "library" wines in 1980 for release at least 10 years later.
They grow eight varietals at their vineyards, including their flagship Cabernet Sauvignon at the Ranch vineyard, Merlot at the Triere vineyard, and Syrah at their vineyard off Ink Grade Road.
Tom Burgess was an Air Force pilot and a jet pilot for IBM who got interested in wine when he was flying around Europe, and interested in the Napa and Sonoma valleys while traveling around Travis Air Force Base.
In 1972 he bought the original Souverain vineyard from Pillsbury, when they were moving production to Rutherford, and its 1888 winery.
Winemaker Bill Sorenson has been with the winery since its founding.
Burgess Cellars formerly produced Zinfandels and Chardonnays as well. They also formerly sourced grapes from
Château Lanessan is a Bordeaux wine estate in the Haut-Médoc appellation, located on the Left Bank of France’s Bordeaux wine regions in the commune of Cussac near Fort Médoc. The estate held a rating of Cru Bourgeois Supérieur, until this specific classification was annulled. Some critics have suggested that it ought to be elevated to a higher classification.
Lanessan has also produced a second wine Les Calèches de Lanessan (English: "Carriages of Lanessan") since 1999, emphasising the château's ties with horses.
The earliest documentation indicate Dame Paironne la Montagne, the widow of Henry de Lanessan, sold the estate on January 15, 1310 to Sieur de Blaignan. It was acquired in 1793 by Jean Delbos, previously a ship owner. In the 19th century Lanessan (then named Dubosqc) was listed as a Quatrieme cru by Lawton in 1815 and received highly favourable mentions in Cocks & Féret. Following a decision by Jean Delbos' son Louis, Lanessan did not to submit samples to the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, in the belief that the World's Fair ranking would add nothing to the estate's already sound reputation, and that the selection amounted to "bureaucratic nonsense".
Château Teyssier is a Bordeaux wine producer from the appellation Saint-Émilion, whose grand vin is ranked Grand cru in the Classification of Saint-Émilion wine. The winery is located in the Right Bank of France’s Bordeaux wine region in the commune of Vignonet, in the department Gironde.
In addition to its Grand vin Château Teyssier, the estate produces the "super-cuvées" Le Dôme, Vieux Château Mazerat, Les Astéries, Le Carré, Clos Nardian as single vineyard wines and the estate wine Château Laforge as well as the generic Bordeaux appellation line Pezat.
The estate was predominantly a farm in the 18th century until it was acquired by the historian Jules Roy in 1869, who constructed chateau and structured the vineyards. Château Teyssier was reduced to a neglected 5 hectare estate when Jonathan and Lyn Maltus arrived in 1994. The new owners modernised the winery and cellar, constructed a second winery and acquired additional plots in Vignonet, Saint-Sulpice-de-Faleyrens and Saint-Émilion.
Jonathan Maltus, frequently termed a "Garagiste" and "Cult winemaker" collaborates with the oenologist Neil Whyte and consultant oenologist Gilles Pauquet. Among Maltus' other winemaking projects
Horton Vineyards is a winery located near to Gordonsville in Orange County, Virginia and within the Monticello AVA winemaking appellation. The winery was founded in 1983 by Denis Horton.
Horton Vineyards was founded by Dennis Horton With his wife Sharon Horton, with a small home vineyard. The small home vineyards has grown as a result Sharon Horton has to Work out in the Vineyard, with about twenty other workers. Where everything is done by hand. The winery's early experimentation with grape varieties led to the conclusion that the humid weather of the Virginia Piedmont region favored grapes with thick skins and loose grape clusters. As a result of this conclusion, Horton has concentrated on varietals from the Rhône River valley in France and, in particular, on Viognier.
Horton Vineyards makes its wines from among the following varieties of grape:
Horton's wines have won awards at competitions both nationally and internationally.
Rosemount is an Australian winery based in Hunter Valley and South Australia, owned by Treasury Wine Estates. At the turn of the 20th to 21st century, Rosemount was the second best selling Australian wine brand in the US.
It was established in 1969 by Bob Oatley and was Australia's largest family owned winery until its March 2001 merger with Southcorp Wines, which in 2005 merged with the Foster's Group.
Rosemount's first commercially release wine was a Chardonnay-Sémillon labeled as Pinot Riesling, reflecting the Hunter Valley tradition of then calling Sémillon "Hunter Riesling".
In October 2000, Rosemount announced a partnership with Robert Mondavi Winery to create a joint venture marketing both Californian and Australian wines under a new label collaboration.
Wines:1995 Wolf Blass Presidents Selection Chardonnay
Wolf Blass is an Australian winery based in South Australia's Barossa Valley.
It was established in 1966 by Wolfgang Blass, a German immigrant from who arrived in Australia in 1961 with little money and a diploma in winemaking. One of his first jobs was with Tolley, Scott and Tolley as a winemaker. Wolf Blass Wines Ltd was purchased by Mildara in 1991, to form Mildara Blass, and was itself bought by Fosters Brewing six years later, which then acquired the Rothbury Group in 1998.
When winemaker Wolfgang Blass started producing his style of red and white wines he claimed they would "make strong women weak and weak men strong", Other contentions by Blass include that "parasitic and idiotic funding systems for overseas promotion mean that overproduced wine from Australian irrigated fruit will hit rock bottom, facing competition from South Africa", and "Barossa should focus on what it does best: full-bodied Shiraz". He has also stated that "No table wine over 15% [alcohol by volume] should ever get any medal, anywhere in the world, ever."
Wines:2004 Au Bon Climat “La Bauge Au-dessus” Santa Maria Valley Pinot Noir
Au Bon Climat is a U.S. based winery, founded in 1982. The winery is in Santa Maria, California. The winery produces over 30,000 cases of wine annually, including Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris varietals. According to the winery's website, the primary source for Au Bon Climat's grapes is the Bien Nacido Vineyards, in northern Santa Barbara County. Au Bon Climat also sources grapes from the Le Bon Climat Vineyard, the Sanford & Benedict Vineyard, and San Luis Obispo County's Talley Vineyard. Au Bon Climat's winemaker, founder and owner is Jim Clendenen.
34°55′09″N 120°17′52″W / 34.9190583°N 120.2978805°W / 34.9190583; -120.2978805
Wines:2001 Château Kirwan Margaux Cantenac Third Growth
Château Kirwan is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Its second wine is called Les Charmes de Kirwan.
Château Kirwan has 40 hectares (99 acres) of vineyards, planted to 45% Cabernet Sauvignon, 30% Merlot, 15% Cabernet Franc, and 10% Petit Verdot.
Château Pichon Longueville Baron or Château Longueville au Baron de Pichon-Longueville (commonly referred to as Pichon Baron) is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Pichon Longueville Baron is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Château Pichon Baron was once part of a larger estate, owned by Pierre de Rauzan, along with Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande. In 1850 the estate was divided into the two current Pichon estates. In 1987 the estate was purchased by French insurance company AXA, who immediately appointed Jean-Michel Cazes of Château Lynch-Bages as administrator. The property is currently managed by Englishman Christian Seely.
Château Pichon Baron's 73 hectares are planted with Cabernet Sauvignon (60%), Merlot (35%), Cabernet Franc (4%) and Petit Verdot (1%). The planting density is 9 000 vines per hectare using a double Guyot training and the average age of the vines is 30 years. The yield is typically less than 40 hectoliter per hectare. The
Moët & Chandon (French pronunciation: [moɛt e ʃɑ̃.dɔ̃]), or Moët, is a French winery and co-owner of the luxury goods company Moët-Hennessy • Louis Vuitton. Moët et Chandon is one of the world's largest champagne producers and a prominent champagne house. The company holds a Royal Warrant to supply champagne to Elizabeth II. Moët et Chandon was established in 1743 by Claude Moët, and today owns more than 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) of vineyards, and annually produces approximately 26,000,000 bottles of champagne.
Moët et Chandon began as Moët et Cie (Moët & Co.), established by Épernay wine trader Claude Moët in 1743, and began shipping his wine from Champagne to Paris. The reign of King Louis XV coincided with increased demand for sparkling wine. Soon after its foundation, and after son Claude-Louis joined Moët et Cie, the winery's clientele included nobles and aristocrats.
Moët began business in 1750 with Madame de Pompadour, who supplied the Royal Court at Compiègne with Moët's champagne. Also in 1750, Moët began establishing business in Germany, Spain, Eastern Europe, and colonial British America. In 1792, on Claude Moët's death, grandson Jean-Rémy Moët assumed control of Moët
Domaine Chandon is a winery and restaurant located in Napa Valley, California. Established in 1973 by Moët et Chandon, it was the first French-owned sparkling wine producer in Napa Valley. The winery has vineyards located in several Napa Valley appellations including Los Carneros AVA, Mt. Veeder AVA, and Yountville AVA. Domaine Chandon makes both sparkling and still wines made from Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier, the traditional grapes used in the production of Champagne. Their restaurant, étoile, is ranked as one of the Top 10 Napa/Sonoma Wine List Restaurants by Gayot.com.
The company also has sister wineries located in Argentina, Australia and Brazil.
Wines:2001 Château Ducru Beaucaillou St. Julien Second Growth
Château Ducru-Beaucaillou is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Ducru-Beaucaillou is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The estate Château Ducru-Beaucaillou was purchased by Francois Borie in 1941 and has remained in the family since along with the family's other estates Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste and Château Haut-Batailley. In the mid-1980s the estate battled an infestation of TCA in their cellars that marred several vintages including the 1988, 1989, and 1990. The Chateau has since corrected the problem, and today the wines are fermented and aged in a new underground cellar created in the late 1990s. Today the estate is managed by Bruno Borie.
Ducru-Beaucaillou's vineyards consist of 50 hectares of well drained gravel with stones up to 2.5 inches in diameter. (Beaucaillou means beautiful stones.) The vineyards are planted in Cabernet Sauvignon (70%) and Merlot (30%), with previous planting of Cab Franc and Petit Verdot having been uprooted. The vines' average age
Château Guiraud is a sweet white wine ranked as Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in the commune of Sauternes. The estate vine plantings consist of 65% Semillon and 35% Sauvignon Blanc. The vines are on average 35–40 years old.
Crooked Vine Winery is a winery in the Livermore Valley of California. The wine they produce include Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Sangiovese from the Livermore Valley. They also produce Viognier and Zinfandel from the Cienega Valley in the Central Coast region.
Maison Joseph Drouhin is a French wine producer based in Burgundy that was founded in 1880. The estate owns vineyards in Chablis, the Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune and Côte Chalonnaise, as well as in the Willamette Valley in Oregon. Drouhin is also one of the major négociants of Burgundy, and produces wines made from purchased grapes grown in different parts of Burgundy. Today both Maison Joseph Drouhin and Domaine Drouhin Oregon are owned and operated by the great grandchildren of Joseph Drouhin.
The Drouhin family are members of the Primum Familiae Vini.
Beaune Clos des Mouches Joseph Drouhin is made from grapes grown in the Clos des Mouches, a Beaune Premier Cru vineyard of the Côte de Beaune. Clos de Mouches is a Premier Cru vineyard within the commune of Beaune, and was purchased by Drouhin in the 19th Century, which produces both red and white wines. White Clos des Mouches from Drouhin generally command a slightly higher price than the red wine.
The 1973 vintage ranked number five in the historic "Judgment of Paris" wine competition between ten French and California wines. In the New York Wine Tasting of 1973, the winery's 1969 was ranked in fifth place after four California
Spencer Roloson Winery is a winery in St. Helena, California, U.S.A. It produces wines from the volcanic California hillsides of the St. Helena and Clear Lake areas. It was founded in 1998 by winemaker Samuel Spencer and businesswoman Wendy Roloson with the goal of creating a premium winery. Focusing on Rhone and Spanish varietals, they specialize in single vineyard estate bottlings of Syrah, Viognier and Tempranillo.
The Spencer Roloson portfolio of wines includes the varietals Tempranillo, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Noir, Viognier and Syrah, which hail from the winegrowing regions of Northern Spain through the Rhone Valley in France. Spencer Roloson Winery also produces a Southern Rhone style blend called Palaterra as well as Zinfandel.
Spencer Roloson produces wines with grapes harvested from four vineyards. The steep and rocky Madder Lake Vineyard is located directly north of Mount St. Helena in Clear Lake appellation of Lake County. The La Herradura Vineyard is east of St. Helena at the base of Howell Mountain. Viognier is grown at the Noble Vineyard is at the foot of the Mayacamas Mountains, and Grenache Blanc at the Esperanza Vineyard in Clarksburg near Sacramento.
Marchesi Antinori Srl is an Italian wine company that can trace its history back to 1385. They are one of the biggest wine companies in Italy, and their innovations played a large part in the "Super-Tuscan" revolution of the 1970s.
Antinori is a member of the Primum Familiae Vini.
Rinuccio di Antinoro is recorded as making wine at the Castello di Combiate near the Tuscan town of Calenzano in 1180. The castello was destroyed in 1202, and the family moved to Florence, where they were involved in silk weaving and banking. In 1385, Giovanni di Piero Antinori joined the Guild of Winemakers, and this is the date usually taken as the start of the wine business, although it was only incorporated in 1898, as "Fattoria dei Marchesi Lodovico e Piero Antinori".
The fame of their wine expanded over the years, to the extent that in 1506 they could afford to pay 4,000 florins for the Palazzo Antinori, built for the Boni family in the 1460s. At this time, Alessandro Antinori was one of the richest men in Florence, but like many Florentines he was soon bankrupted by the ravages of Charles V of Spain and the economic effect of his New World gold. Nonetheless the family prospered in the ensuing
Bogle Vineyards is a vineyard based in Clarksburg, California.
Bogle Vineyards was formed in 1968 when Warren and Chris Bogle planted twenty acres of grapes. The vineyard itself was formed in 1978, and currently encompasses 1200 acres. It is still operated by the Bogle family.
Bogle Vineyards makes a variety of white and red wines. Bogle uses grapes from both its own vineyards, and those around California.
Château Citran is a Bourdeaux wine from the appellation Haut-Médoc rated Cru Bourgeois. The winery is located on the Left Bank of France’s Bordeaux wine region in the commune of Avensan.
The estate also produces a second wine named Moulins de Citran.
From its origins as a seigneurie of the Marquis de Donnissan and a 13th century fortress, the property remained with the Donnissan family for six hundred years until 1832 when it was acquired by the Clauzel family. By 1945 the estate was derelict and viticulture at a steep decline, when it was bought by the Miailhe who restored and rebuilt the vineyards and facilities. After a period of decades which reestablished the estate's reputation, it was sold in 1986 to Japanese Société Touko Haus of the holdings company Fujimoto.
In 1997 the property came to Groupe Taillan, led by Jacques Merlaut, who own several properties in the region, including Château Ferrière, Château Gruaud-Larose, Château Chasse-Spleen and Château Haut-Bages-Liberal. Château Citran is managed by Céline Villars.
From an estate of 410 hectares, the vineyard area in two segments amounts to 90 hectares, with the grape varieties of 58% Cabernet Sauvignon and 42% Merlot.
Château Montrose is a winery in the Saint-Estèphe appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The vineyard is in Saint-Estèphe, the northernmost of the great Médoc communes. The soil in Montrose's 168 acres (0.68 km) consists of gravel and black sand with a subsoil of clay and marl. They are planted with 65% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Merlot, and 10% Cabernet Franc.
Château Montrose produces two red wines: its eponymous grand vin and a second wine named Le Dame de Montrose. The 1970 vintage placed third among the ten California and French red wines at the historic Judgment of Paris wine competition.
Montrose wines tend to be deeply tannic and during excellent vintages can take up to 20 years to mature.
Wines:1999 Grove Mill Waihopai Valley Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc
Grove Mill winery was established in 1988 and is located in Marlborough, New Zealand.
The winery was founded by group of local grape growers and wine enthusiasts who purchased the Malt house (The Mill), a historic landmark in Grovetown, Blenheim, and transformed it into a 150 tonne winery. By 1993, demand for their wine outgrew production capacity and Grove Mill underwent expansion. 18 hectares of land was purchased west of Blenheim, giving the winery the capability of producing nearly 70,000 cases of wine per year. Although it can produce 70,000 cases per year, normal production is around 60,000.
In 2006, Grove Mill became the world's first carbon neutral winery.
Kathryn Kennedy (July 28, 1927–August 23, 2009) was a California wine grower, establishing her vineyard during the growth phase in the California wine history known as "The Wine Boom of the early 1970s". While not the first woman winemaker (Zelma Long and others), Kathryn was one of the very first owners of a brand to bear a woman's name in California, and one who came to the scene independent of the young women graduates of the University of California-Davis.
Born 1927, Kathryn moved from Santa Cruz to Santa Clara Valley at the age of 15, earning a degree from Stanford University at the age of 19. Married, and with the first of her four children, Kathryn moved to her Saratoga property in 1949 where she later decided to plant a vineyard.
In preparation for planting her 7 acres (2.8 ha), she attended two semesters of the viticulture program at University of California, Davis. There she was advised to plant Cabernet Sauvignon on her property. This recommendation was based not only on the "Region Two" climate classification for her land in Saratoga, but also on the market projections that were held during the late 1960s.
In planting her vineyard, Katherine had Clone #8 cuttings
PlumpJack Winery is a boutique winery in Oakville, California specializing in premium Cabernet Sauvignon wines. PlumpJack was the first winery in Napa Valley to use screwcaps as a wine closure on super premium wines. The winery is one of several businesses operated by the PlumpJack Group. The name of the company is inspired by "the roguish spirit of Shakespeare's Sir John Falstaff (Henry IV), dubbed Plump Jack by Queen Elizabeth."
The PlumpJack Group was founded in 1992 by Gavin Newsom, a San Francisco entrepreneur who was elected that city's mayor in 2003, and Gordon Getty, a San Francisco composer and philanthropist, when they opened a wine store called PlumpJack Wines in the Fillmore neighborhood of San Francisco . Over the next five years, the business expanded to include a boutique hotel and three restaurants. PlumpJack Winery was founded in 1997 when the PlumpJack Group acquired a century-old 53 acres (21 ha) vineyard in Napa Valley on Oakville Cross Road. The winery facility and tasting room were designed by Leavitt-Weaver, the same design firm that the PlumpJack Group used for the designs of its restaurants and hotels.
PlumpJack Winery was the first Napa Valley winery to
Tenuta San Guido is an Italian wine producer in the DOC Bolgheri in Toscana, known as a producer of "Super Tuscan" wine. Its wine Sassicaia is considered one of Italy's leading Bordeaux-style red wines. The estate also produces a second wine, Guidalberto, and the third wine Le Difese. Tenuta San Guido is member of the Primum Familiae Vini.
Tenuta San Guido was established by marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta, who was also co-owner of Ribot, possibly the best horse of all time. Considered the seminal "Super Tuscan", the name Sassicaia (Italian sasso meaning stone) indicating a stony field, originated in 1948 when first produced by Incisa della Rocchetta using Cabernet Sauvignon vines and for years only used for family consumption. A legend about these vines being sourced from Château Lafite-Rothschild, was dismissed by Mario's son, Nicolò Incisa della Rocchetta, as the vineyard was planted from "cuttings from 50-year-old vines from a friend’s estate near Pisa". Though for years Sassicaia remained the marchese’s personal wine, his son Nicolò and nephew Piero Antinori convinced him to release it commercially, starting with the 1968 vintage, which was unveiled in 1971. Though
Screaming Eagle Winery and Vineyards is a California wine estate producing limited amounts of varietal wine; due to the small quantities produced and high prices commanded, their wines are considered cult wines. The winery is located in Oakville, California, north of the town of Napa in the Napa Valley.
Jean Phillips, a former real estate agent, bought the 57 acre Oakville vineyard in 1986 which was planted to a mix of varieties, most of which Phillips sold to various Napa wineries except the 1-acre (4,000 m), approximately 80 vines of Cabernet Sauvignon. For this one acre of Cabernet, Philips sought the opinions of Robert Mondavi Winery employees on the commercial potential of her wine before hiring Richard Peterson as a consultant, and subsequently met Peterson's daughter, Heidi Peterson Barrett, who became Screaming Eagle's first winemaker.. The entire vineyard was replanted in 1995 to three varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot & Cabernet Franc. The 1992 vintage, released in 1995, through a combination of very low production numbers and highly positive reviews (wine critic Robert Parker awarded the wine 99 points), resulted in Screaming Eagle becoming one of the most celebrated
Two Paddocks is a wine producer based in Central Otago, New Zealand. The company was established by actor Sam Neill in 1993 with a planting of 5 acres (2.0 ha) of Pinot Noir on a small vineyard at Gibbston, Central Otago. Since 2001, Two Paddocks has an interest in the winery The Central Otago Wine Company, and has an approximate production of 3,000 cases of wine a year.
The original vineyard, First Paddock, was augmented by two other small vineyards in the Alexandra district. Alex Paddocks is a 7-acre (2.8 ha) vineyard on a terrace above the Earnscleugh Valley under some striking rocky headlands. It was planted with Burgundian Pinot vines (5, 6, 115) in 1998. In 2000 the company acquired Redbank Paddocks, a sheltered 60 acres (24 ha) also in the Earnscleugh Valley, which nestles between two rocky escarpments. It is planted with more Burgundian clones (777, 667, and 115) and some Riesling.
"The Last Chance" Pinot Noir is a single vineyard bottling from the Alex Paddocks plot, its first vintage in 2002. The company also produces the second label Picnic, largely with sourced fruit, with bottlings of Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling varietals. Two Paddocks also grows medicinal
Château Langoa-Barton (archaically named Pontet Langlois) is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Langoa-Barton is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Château Langoa-Barton was purchased by Irishman Thomas Barton in 1821 and has remained in the Barton family since. In 1983, Anthony Barton took over ownership and administration of the estate.
Located in the center of the appellation along the banks of the Gironde river, Langoa-Barton has roughly 37 acres (15 ha) under vine. The plantings are divided as follows: 70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Merlot, 8% Cabernet Franc, and 2% Petit Verdot. Typical of the area, the soil composition of the vineyard is composed of a gravel topsoil over a clay sub-stratum.
Château Langoa-Barton shares its cellar with its sibling Château Léoville-Barton, and though the red wines share similar upbringing in the cellar, Langoa-Barton generally ends up as the lighter style of the two. About 7,000 cases of Château Langoa-Barton are produced in an
Mas de Daumas Gassac is a French wine producer from the wine region Languedoc, classified as Vin de Pays de l'Hérault due to its use of grape varieties outside specifications of its AOC. The winery, producing both white and red wine, is located in the south of France, in the commune of Aniane. Despite its modest designation and location, the vineyard has received widespread acknowledgement, described by The Times to taste like a “Latour” and by the French gastronomic guide GaultMillau as the "Lafite Rothschild of the Languedoc-Roussillon", it is frequently referred to as the Grand cru of the Languedoc.
On land sold by the Daumas family to a former glove manufacturer Aimé Guibert, wines were first planted at this vineyard in 1974. Following the recommendation of Henri Enjalbert, a professor of Geography at the University of Bordeaux, whose assessment of the terroir determined the microclimate to be uncharacteristically favourable for cultivation of wine in such a warm region, the first vintage was produced in 1978 with the assistance of the oenologist Émile Peynaud.
Mas de Daumas Gassac came to be seen as the first to prove that a French non-appellation wine (as simply labelled Vin
Wines:2005 Michael-David "Old Vine, 7 Deadly Zins" Lodi Zinfandel
Michael David Winery was founded in 1983 by two brothers, Michael and David Phillips. The Phillips family has been growing grapes in Lodi since the 1860s. Michael and David are the fifth generation of wine grape growers and are the first generation wine makers.
Michael David Winery is located in Lodi, California in the heart of the San Joaquin Delta. Lodi has hot summers and cool nights, courtesy of the delta breezes from the San Francisco Bay. Lodi has long been known as the "Zinfandel Capital of the World." Michael David Winery capitalizes on this reputation by creating several very good zinfandels.
Michael David Winery produces a wide variety of award winning wines. 7 Deadly Zins is the most famous wine, winning many different awards. It is noted for its extremely creative label.
Michael David Winery also produces the following wines:
Rapture7 Deadly Zins: LustEarthquake ZinEarthquake SyrahEarthquake Petite SyrahEarthquake Cab7 Deadly Zins7 Heavenly Chards6th Sense SyrahIncognito RedIncognito WhiteIncognito PinkWindmill ZinfandelWindmill SyrahWindmill ChardonnayWindmill ViognierDon's Lodi Red
W.H. Smith Wines, owned and operated by Bill and Joan Smith, introduced their first wine, a cabernet sauvignon, to the world in 1982. Today they offer 4 Pinot Noirs in addition to the cabernet. No tasting room.
Château Pape Clément is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, ranked among the Grands Crus Classé for red and white wine in the Classification of Graves wine of 1959. It is the oldest wine estate in Bordeaux, harvesting its 700th vintage in 2006. The winery and vineyards are located in the commune of Pessac, south-west of the city of Bordeaux. When the estate was omitted from the initial Graves classification of 1953 it caused some controversy.
Planted in 1300, the estate is the oldest planted vineyard in the region, when it was presented to Bertrand de Goth upon his appointment as archbishop of Bordeaux, by his brother, Berald. It received its name from Bertrand's papal name, Clement V; on his election in 1306 he gave the estate to his successor as archbishop, Cardinal Arnaud de Canteloup. Bertrand, who would later move the papacy to Avignon near Châteauneuf-du-Pape, planted this original vineyard with red wine grapes. White wine grapes were planted across the river near the town of Lormont. The vineyard remained in the possession of archbishops of Bordeaux until the Revolution, when it was nationalised and sold as a bien national.
After the Revolution, a succession
Château Saint-Pierre is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of ten Quatrièmes Crus Classés (Fourth Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Originally owned by the De Cheverry family, from at least 1693 according to archives and under the name Serançan, the estate was renamed near the end of the 18th century when it was bought by Baron de Saint-Pierre, whose family connections to the estate remained until just after World War II.
For a period beginning in 1832, the estate was split into two vineyards, Château Saint-Pierre-Bontemps and Château Saint-Pierre-Sevaistre, but became reunited under the Dutch company Van den Bussche's ownership, although some of the best sections of the vineyard was sold to Henri Martin who incorporated the land into his Château Gloria.
In 1982 Martin bought the complete estate, and while selling some land to neighbouring Ducru-Beaucaillou and Gruaud-Larose, restored the château and brought improvements to the vinification. The current proprietors of the estate and residents of the château are Martin's daughter and son-in-law, Françoise and
Clarendon Hills is an Australian winery, founded in 1989 by Roman Bratasiuk.
In 1990 Roman Bratasiuk founded Clarendon Hills winery in McLaren Vale, Clarendon 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Adelaide in South Australia. Clarendon was selected as a base because of the significant number of old vineyards (50 to 90 years). The township of Clarendon was established in 1880 by European migrants, who bought with them pre-clonal, original French vine cuttings and propagated vineyards across the surrounding hilltops. Clarendon is home to hugely varied terrain with sandy, clay based soils in the lower elevated regions and contrasted with shattered shale and ironstone rich, quartz ridden soils in the highest areas. Grenache, Syrah Merlot, Mourvedre and Cabernet Sauvignon vineyards are sourced by Clarendon Hills within the Clarendon, Blewitt Springs and Kangarilla districts. Seeking to express the imprint a vineyard and its terroir stamps on varietal expression, Roman exclusively produces single vineyard wines. Today there is lots of single vine yard wines in Australia, but when Roman started in 1990, he was a virtual pioneer. In the early 90's, Roman started becoming known for his Grenache,
Wines:2003 De Loach Russian River Valley Estate Zinfandel
De Loach Vineyards was started in 1975 by Cecil and Christine De Loach, and was one of the first wineries established in the Russian River Valley, Sonoma County, California.
The winery ran into financial difficulties in late 2001 due to over-expansion and poor market conditions. The winery's peak production was 250,000 cases. In May 2003, De Loach Vineyards filed bankruptcy. The Boisset family of Burgundy, France purchased De Loach in November 2003. In 2005 Cecil and Christine De Loach started a new winery, Hook & Ladder. In May 2005, Joe Anderson and Mary Dewane purchased Hartman Lane Vineyards and Winery, an 18-acre property and winery facility in the Russian River Valley AVA from Cecil De Loach, to start Benovia Winery.
Wines:2005 Duckhorn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Duckhorn Vineyards is a boutique winery in St. Helena, California, specializing in premium Merlot wines.
Founder Dan Duckhorn, a Santa Rosa native and Berkeley graduate, toured the Pomerol and Saint-Émilion in the Bordeaux region of France in the mid-1970s with Ric Forman, who as winemaker of Sterling Vineyards had introduced vintage-dated Merlot wine to California. He returned to California with his then-wife Margaret (the couple divorced in 2000) to promote a new market for Merlot. They founded Duckhorn Vineyards in 1976.
Production grew from 1,600 cases of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in 1978 to more than 20,000 cases in 2006. Beginning in 1988, Duckhorn purchased seven estate vineyards on Howell Mountain and the valley floor, for a total of 168 acres (68.0 ha) in Napa Valley, and four vineyards totaling 153 acres (61.9 ha) in the Anderson Valley, Mendocino County.
In July, 2007, GI Partners, a private equity firm, purchased a controlling interest in Duckhorn Wine Company and with it Duckhorn's various brands and operations at a valuation believed to exceed $250 million.
Duckhorn Vineyards produces several single-vineyard Merlots and Cabernet Sauvignons, as well as a highly
Wines:2004 J. Lohr "Cuvee PAU" Paso Robles Cabernet Sauvignon
J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines is a winery headquartered in San Jose, California, with over 3700 acres of estate vineyards in Paso Robles, Monterey County and the Napa Valley. The family-owned and operated company, which has wineries in San Jose and Paso Robles, was founded in 1971 by President Jerry Lohr. Jeff Meier, J. Lohr Director of Winemaking, has been with the company since 1984 and oversees the making of the J. Lohr portfolio: four tiers of signature wines including J. Lohr Estates, J. Lohr Vineyard Series, J. Lohr Cuvée Series and J. Lohr Gesture, along with specialty brands Cypress Vineyards, Painter Bridge and ARIEL Vineyards (non-alcoholic). J. Lohr ranks among the top 30 wine producers in the United States, with annual US sales exceeding 1 million cases.
In 2010, J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines was named American Winery of the Year by Wine Enthusiast Magazine for its efforts in education, industry leadership, sustainability and corporate social responsibility. J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines is a Certified California Sustainable Winegrower and houses the largest solar tracking array in the American wine industry at its Paso Robles Wine Center. As part of J. Lohr's sustainability
Markham Vineyards is a winery founded in Napa Valley, California, in 1874. Markham has operated continuously since its founding (though under different names), making it the fourth oldest continuously operating winery in Napa County.
Markham Vineyards was founded by Jean Laurent, an immigrant from the Bordeaux region of France, who arrived in California in 1852 as part of the population influx that resulted from the California Gold Rush. Recognizing that suitability of the Napa Valley land for winemaking, he founded his winemaking operation in 1874. Laurent and his vineyards rose to prominence during the 1880s, when wines produced in California began distribution to major population centers on the United States’ East Coast.
Jean Laurent died in 1890, after which his winery continued to operate successfully under a succession of owners until 1978. That year, vintner Bruce Markham purchased Laurent’s winery and – combining it with vineyards in nearby Yountville, Oak Knoll and Calistoga, California – founded Markham Vineyards. Markham’s purchase drove annual production of the Laurent vineyard from 3,500 cases to roughly 20,000 cases over the following decade.
In 1988, the former
Pegasus Bay is a family owned and operated vineyard and winery based in Waipara, New Zealand.
Pegasus Bay winery is the second largest winery in Canterbury and considered within the New Zealand wine industry as a standard setter for the industry in the region and rated 'Canterburys top winery' by Michael Cooper in the Wine Atlas of New Zealand 2003. The winery was set up by Ivan Donaldson in 1986 and run by his family. Mr Donaldson is also the wine columnist for The Press newspaper in Christchurch.
Pegusus Bay produce:
Strewn Winery is a small winery in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada. It was established in 1997 by winemaker Joe Will and his wife, food writer Jane Langdon.
The winery produces a selection of VQA certified wines using grapes grown in its own vineyard as well as other vineyards in the Niagara Peninsula. Strewn uses Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Blanc and Vidal grapes. In addition to traditional wines, they also produce sweeter late harvest and ice wines.
Wines are produced under three different labels. Their very best wines are labelled Strewn Terroir, including their red Strewn Three meritage. Their general wines are simply labelled Strewn. Additionally, they produce a variety of inexpensive Two Vines wines, each being a blend of two different grapes.
Strewn's wines routinely win awards at international competitions. Recently, their ice wines won gold and bronze medals at French Citadelles du Vin Vinexpo, and their French Oak Chardonnay won silver in the Belgian Concours Mondial.
To help finance the necessary capital expenditures to operate a young winery, Strewn offers an innovative Barrel Club
Wines:2004 Wente "Smith Bench Vineyard" Livermore Valley Zinfandel
Wente Vineyards is a winery in Livermore, California and holds the distinction of being "the oldest continuously operating, family-owned winery in California." The Wente Estate is registered as California Historical Landmark #957.
Founded in 1883, Wente Vineyards is the oldest continuously-operated, family-owned winery in the country; owned and managed by the fourth and fifth generations of the Wente family. The winery draws from nearly 3,000 acres of Estate vineyards in the Livermore Valley, San Francisco Bay and Arroyo Seco, Monterey appellations to create an outstanding portfolio of fine wines. Wente Vineyards is distributed in all 50 states and in over 70 countries worldwide. In 2010, Wente Vineyards was among the first wineries to receive the Certified California Sustainable Winegrowing designation, and one of the only wineries to certify every aspect of its business. In 2011, Wente Family Estates was named American Winery of the Year by Wine Enthusiast and a top 30 wine company by Wine Business Monthly. 2012 marks the 100th anniversary of the Wente family bringing Chardonnay cuttings to California. Today, a majority of all California Chardonnays derive from the Wente
Wines:2004 Yalumba "The Y Series" South Australia Cabernet Sauvignon
Yalumba is a winery located near Angaston, South Australia in the Barossa Valley. It was founded by a British brewer, Samuel Smith, who emigrated to Australia with his family from Wareham, Dorset in August 1847 aboard the ship 'China'. Upon arriving in Australia in December, Smith built a small house on the banks of the River Torrens. He lived there less than a year before moving north to Angaston where he purchased a 30-acre (120,000 m) block of land on the settlement's south eastern boundary. He named his property "Yalumba" after an indigenous Australian word for "all the land around". In 1849 Samuel Smith, along with his son Sidney, planted Yalumba's first vineyards, beginning the Yalumba dynasty. Today Yalumba is Australia's oldest family-owned winery.
Yalumba is part of Australian wine alliance Australia’s First Families of Wine a multi-million-dollar venture to help resurrect the fortunes of the $6 billion industry highlighting the quality and diversity of Australian wine. The 12 member alliance includes Brown Brothers, Campbells, Taylors, DeBortoli, McWilliam’s, Tahbilk, Tyrell’s, Yalumba, D'Arenberg, Howard Park, Jim Barry and Henschke. The main criteria are that the
Wines:2006 Alma Rosa "La Encantada Vineyard" Santa Rita Hills Estate Pinot Noir
Alma Rosa Winery & Vineyards maintains over 100 acres of organic vineyards in the Sta. Rita Hills AVA producing Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Pinot Blanc. Alma Rosa Winery & Vineyards employs only sustainable farming practices, which include mechanical weed control by plowing and hand hoeing, the planting of cover crops for weed abatement, and the use of beneficial insects and sticky tape for insect control. No chemical herbicides or pesticides are used.
Buena Vista Winery (now Buena Vista Carneros), located in Sonoma Valley, is the oldest commercial winery in California. It was founded by Agoston Haraszthy in 1857. The winery is located on its original grounds, just east of Sonoma, California.
Buena Vista Winery was founded in 1857 by Agoston Haraszthy. Haraszthy was unable to sustain the estate financially, and in 1863 financial support came by way of the Buena Vista Vinicultural Society; a group of financiers led by San Francisco banker William Ralston. Within two years of the society's founding, Buena Vista was producing 2 million gallons of wine a year. The success of the budding wine industry in California led to wine prices dropping dramatically as expenses rose. In 1866 Haraszthy was forced to resign from his position of superintendent of the winery. During the 1870s the winery would produce about 100,000 gallons of wine a year from approximately 500 acres of vineyards. Sparkling wine was a popular seller. During the depression of 1873-77 the society was forced to liquidate its assets and file for bankruptcy. The estate, in the 1880s, would become the home of businessman Robert C. Johnson.
Phylloxera would destroy the
Château Branaire is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Branaire is also the name of the main red wine produced by this property and which was classified as one of the ten 'Fourth Growths' (Quatrièmes Crus) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Although the actual château is located on the southern border of the appellation, across from Château Beychevelle, the vineyards of the estate are spread throughout Saint-Julien. In total, the vineyards cover 50 hectares (about 120 acres). The majority of plantings are devoted to Cabernet Sauvignon (70%), followed by Merlot (22%), Cabernet Franc (4%) and Petit Verdot (4%). The vines average 35 years of age and are harvested by hand.
Château Branaire produces two wines:
Château de Pez is a vineyard located across the road from Château Calon-Ségur, in the northern parts of Saint Estèphe. Traditionally one of the leading Bourgeois Supérieur wines of the Médoc, it is believed by some to deserve higher classification. In a 2003 Cru Bourgeois classification revision, it was listed as one of 9 Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels. It has a reputation of consistently producing wine that is both inexpensive and good.
In the 17th century, the château was owned by the Pontac family who also owned Château Haut-Brion. The wine was sold under the Pontac label in London before any other Médoc wine. Today the château is owned by the champagne house Louis Roederer since 1995.
Château Haut-Bages-Libéral is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Haut-Bages-Libéral is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The name Haut-Bages-Libéral is derived from the estate's location and historical owner, with Haut-Bages referring to its position at the top of the Bages plateau between Pauillac and St Julien and Libéral referring to the family who owned the estate during the 18th century. The estate is run by Claire Villars-Lurton, manager of Château Ferrière and Château La Gurge, and wife of Gonzague Lurton, owner of Château Durfort-Vivens.
The Libéral family settled on the estate in the 1700s. The family's business, working as an intermediary between wine producers and the market, enabled them to build a fortune and acquire vineyard land. By the 1800s, the wine's reputation was quite good, enough so that the estate was classified Cinquième Cru Classé in the Classification of 1855.
During the next century, the estate's reputation and quality waned, as phylloxera, war,
Château Haut-Batailley is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was part of the property that was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Historically the estate was part of Château Batailley until its purchase by the brothers François and Marcel Borie in 1932, and division into two properties 1942, in order to prevent inheritance difficulties. The smaller part which did not include the Batailley château became the property of François Borie who added to its vineyards with land acquisitions from Château Duhart-Milon while also running Château Ducru-Beaucaillou. Following his death in 1953, the property passed on to his daughter Françoise de Brest-Borie, while being administered by her brother and Ducru-Beaucaillou owner Jean-Eugène Borie.
The estate is still run by the Borie family who also own Ducru-Beaucaillou and Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste.
The vineyard area extends 22 hectares (54 acres) planted with 65% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Merlot, and 10% Cabernet Franc.
Of the grand vin Chateau Haut-Batailley there is an average annual production of 10,000
Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey is a sweet white wine ranked as Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in the commune of Bommes.
Wines:2004 Rancho Zabaco "Stefani Vineyard" Dry Creek Valley Zinfandel
E & J Gallo Winery was founded in 1933 by Ernest Gallo and Julio Gallo in Modesto, California. E & J Gallo Winery is the largest exporter of California wines and is a large promoter of wines from Sonoma County.
The two brothers started the winery following the repeal of Prohibition after years of growing and selling grapes. Ernest and Julio were competing against larger, more established, and better financed companies, including more than 800 wine companies established in the first few years after the repeal of Prohibition in California. Their starting capital was less than $6,000, with $5,000 of that borrowed by Ernest from his mother-in-law.
The brothers learned the craft of commercial winemaking by reading old, pre-Prohibition pamphlets published by the University of California which they retrieved from the basement of the Modesto Public Library.
In 1986, the Gallo brothers sued their younger brother Joseph for selling cheese branded with the Joseph Gallo Farms name. Joseph then counterclaimed, alleging that Ernest and Julio conspired to steal his share of the inheritance from their father. This claim included the winery, where the evidence submitted by Joseph's attorney
Jackson-Triggs is a Canadian winery with vineyards in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia and the Niagara Peninsula, Ontario.
In 1993 Donald Triggs and Allan Jackson founded Mississauga-based company Vincor Canada which began to produce Jackson-Triggs wine. Constellation Brands purchased Vincor Canada (including Jackson-Triggs) for CDN$1.52 billion in 2006
In 2006 Jackson-Triggs won the Gold Medal at the International Wine and Spirit Competition (IWSC) for best Shiraz/Syrah; the first Canadian red wine to be recognized by the IWSC. In 2010, they won their seventh "Canadian Wine Producer of the Year" trophy at the IWSC.
Chateau Woltner, formerly Nouveau Medoc Vineyard, was a California wine estate located near Angwin, California in the Howell Mountain AVA within Napa Valley, which in the modern era was operational between 1980 and 2000 before its sale and merge into Ladera Vineyards.
The estate was established in 1877 by two Frenchmen, Jean Brun and W.J. Chaix who were among the first to plant vineyards up on Howell Mountain instead of on the Napa Valley floor and were California's thirteenth registered winery, who labeled the wines as Nouveau Medoc Vineyard. The stone winery was built in 1886.
The estate was bought in 1980 by Francis and Françoise DeWavrin. Françoise DeWavrin née Woltner is the granddaughter of Fréderic Otto Woltner whose Château La Mission Haut-Brion rose in reputation under his and the management of his innovative sons Fernand and Henri. The DeWavrins ran La Mission for a number of years after the death of the Woltner brothers in 1974 until the estate was sold in 1983, and the DeWavrins concentrated on the estate renamed Chateau Woltner, producing their first vintage in 1985.
Upon the decision of Francis and Françoise DeWavrin-Woltner to retire, Chateau Woltner was sold to Pat
Houghton Winery is one of the earliest established vineyards and wineries in Western Australia. It is situated on Great Northern Highway in the Swan Valley near Upper Swan.
The 50 hectares of vineyards surrounding the Swan Valley winery consist of plantings of Verdelho, Chardonnay, Semillon and Chenin Blanc. Early documentation and current research suggests the first vines were planted between 1830 and 1836.
In addition Houghton operates four of Western Australia's largest vineyards at Moondah Brook (145 hectares), Pemberton (92 hectares), Mount Barker (74 hectares) and Frankland River (89 hectares), along with sourcing fruit from Margaret River, Harvey and the Ferguson Valley.
Expansion into the Western Australian South West and Great southern region led to the establishment of a second winery, located at Nannup in the Blackwood Valley.
The Houghton portfolio includes the brands of Houghton Line Range, Houghton Crofters, Moondah Brook, Houghton Regional Range, Houghton Gladstone and Jack Mann.
Houghton is now owned by Accolade Wines.
The land of which Houghton was part (Swan Location II) was originally assigned by Governor James Stirling to Rivett Henry Bland in 1829. In 1836, a
Château Doisy-Védrines is a sweet white wine ranked as Second Cru Classé (French, “Second Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in the commune of Barsac.
Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey is a Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) Sauternes wine from the Sauternes appellation. The winery is located in the southern part of France’s Bordeaux wine region in the district of Graves in the commune of Bommes, and its château is situated on a hill top facing Sauternes' highest classed vineyard, Château d'Yquem.
Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey produces a second wine, La Chapelle de Lafaurie, and a dry white wine, Le Brut de Lafaurie.
Built as a fortified keep in the 13th century, the structure then known as Château Pichard served as a military post until it was sold to the gentlemen Lafaurie and Mauros as a national asset following the French Revolution. Faurie bought sole ownership and began wine production initially under the name Château Pichard-Faurie, and eventually as Lafaurie-Peyraguey, the reasons behind the altered name uncertain. The reputation and price of the wine came to merit third placement at the 1855 classification of Sauternes and Barsac directly behind Yquem and La Tour Blanche. Following the death of Lafaurie, it was sold by his widow in 1865 to Comte Duchâtel, then owner of Château Lagrange, given to his wife, and after her
Wines:2001 Château Marquis-de-Terme Margaux Fourth Growth
Château Marquis de Terme is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of ten Quatrièmes Crus (Fourth Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Château Marquis de Terme was once part of the vast Rauzan estate owned by Pierre de Mesures de Rauzan in the mid-17th century. Over time this estate was divided, and by the time of the 1855 Classification, had been separated into the estates of Château Rauzan-Gassies, Château Rauzan-Ségla, Château Desmirail, and Château Marquis de Terme.
Gaja is an Italian wine producer from the Piemonte region in the district of Langhe, chiefly producing a number of Barbaresco and Barolo wines, and later diversified into Brunello and "Super-Tuscan" production. Its current owner and president Angelo Gaja is credited with developing techniques that have revolutionised winemaking in Italy, and terms such as "the undisputed king of Barbaresco", and "the man who dragged Piedmont into the modern world" have been applied to him, and whose Barbaresco wine is considered a status symbol on a par with Château Lafite-Rothschild or Krug.
Additionally, Gaja Distribuzione imports to Italy high-end wines from elsewhere in the world including Champagne, Sauternes and Bordeaux, Spanish and Californian wine, as well as spirits and glassware.
The Gaja winery was founded in 1859 by Giovanni Gaja, the Gaja family having arrived from Spain during the 17th century. The family Gaja opened a tavern in Barbaresco, serving its wines with the food. At the end of the 19th century, Gaja wines were bottled and supplied to the Italian army in Abyssinia.
In 1937, Giovanni Gaja first put the name Gaja in big red letters on his bottles' labels. The firm progressed
Harlan Estate is a California wine estate producing Bordeaux style blends. The estate is located on the west hills of Oakville, California within the Oakville AVA, in the Napa Valley AVA zone.
Harlan Estate has been described as "the ultimate cult winery", with its limited availability, prices and status akin to those of Screaming Eagle. In addition to the estate wine, there is produced a second wine named The Maiden.
In 1984, H. William Harlan, a real estate developer and Napa Valley resort owner, purchased a 230-acre (93 ha) property, a forested area, with steep hillsides, multiple elevations and exposures, west of Martha's Vineyard in Oakville, and proceeded to clear 30 acres (12 ha) for viticulture, with Harlan's expressed ambition to "create a first growth wine".
The first Harlan Estate wine label, a design inspired by a 19th-century engraving which was overseen by retired U.S. Treasury engraver Herb Fichter, was 10 years in the making, from when Bill Harlan first started his search for an engraver to the release of the 1990 vintage in 1996. On its qualities, Harlan has stated, "It was a label designed for a bottle that would sit on a table in candlelight, not on a store
Korbel Champagne Cellars is a winery based in Guerneville, California. Korbel primarily manufactures sparkling wine and sells the largest volume of premium traditional Méthode Champenoise sparkling wine in the United States. The company is a division of F. Korbel Brothers, Inc., which also makes brandy and still wines.
Korbel was founded in 1882 by two Czechoslovakian brothers named Korbel. It was purchased by Adolph Heck in 1954. Heck's son, Gary, took over in 1974, and over time increased production from 150,000 to 1.3 million cases per year, making Korbel the twelfth largest wine producer in the United States as of 2011.
Korbel sparkling wines have been served at six United States presidential inaugurations. It was also one of the wines served on January 20, 2009, at the Congressional Inaugural Luncheon for US President Barack Obama. Korbel California Champagne has also been a corporate sponsor of multiple Inaugurations over the past twenty years.
Korbel uses the term "Champagne" on most of its labels. Whereas most other US producers identify their sparkling wine as such, and indicate the location where their grapes are produced, Korbel relies on a "semi-generic" provision under
The Brotherhood Winery is commonly acknowledged to be the oldest operating winery in the United States. It is located in Washingtonville, New York, a community in the Hudson Valley, and produced its first commercial vintage in 1839. In 2000 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The winery uses the slogan "America's Oldest Winery."
Brotherhood Winery was started by a European immigrant named John Jaques, who deeded it in 1858 to his three sons, John Jr., Oren, and Charles, later renaming it "Jacques Brothers' Winery." In 1886, ownership of winery came under the father and son ownership of James M. and Edward R. Emerson, acquiring it from Charles, the last surviving Jaques brother. The Emersons renamed the operation "Brotherhood" and expanded its facilities to include the single remaining original building on the winery's property, as well as adding large underground winemaking facilities. Edward wrote the book The Story of the Vine while in ownership of Brotherhood.
The winery remained in operation during Prohibition as it produced sacramental wine for the Catholic Church. New ownership came in 1921 with Louis Farrell and his son Louis Jr. The Farrells owned the
Château Couhins is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, ranked among the Premiers Crus for dry white wine in the Classification of Graves wine of 1959. The winery is located in close vicinity of the city of Bordeaux, in the commune of Villenave-d'Ornon.
The estate also produces a red Grand vin, red and dry white second wines named Couhins La Gravette, and a red third wine, La Dame de Couhins.
Once a large and celebrated estate, owned by the Gasqueton and Hanappier families, it became the property of Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) in 1968. The institute conducts some of its research on grape and wine production at the estate. A smaller portion was sold on to André Lurton, now an estate named Château Couhins-Lurton.
The vineyard area is divided between 7 hectares with white grape varieties of 85% Sauvignon blanc and 15% Sémillon and 15 hectares with red grape varieties of 50% Merlot, 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 9% Cabernet Franc and 1% Petit Verdot.
Of the Grand vin Château Couhins dry white there is annually produced 20,000 bottles, and of the red 30,000 bottles. Of the second wines Couhins la Gravette there is produced 30,000 bottles of red and
Château Rauzan-Ségla, or Château Rausan-Ségla, is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Rauzan-Ségla is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. The alternate name "Rausan-Ségla" was also frequently used until 1994 when the original "Rauzan-Ségla" again became the official name.
Rauzan-Ségla was once part of the vast Rausan estate owned by Pierre de Mesures de Rauzan in the mid-17th century. Over time, this estate was divided, and by the time of the 1855 Classification, had been separated into the estates of Château Rauzan-Gassies, Château Rauzan-Ségla, Château Desmirail, and Château Marquis de Terme.
After a long ownership by the Durand-Dasier family, the estate was acquired by Frédéric Cruse of the Cruse family in 1903 who held ownership until 1957, and until 1989 it belonged to Liverpool shipping magnate John Holt. By 1982 the estate had hired the consultant services of Émile Peynaud, and in 1989 the property was purchased by Brent Walker. Whatever plans he had, however, were
Fairview Wine and Cheese farm is a South African producer of wines and cheeses based in the Paarl region of the Western Cape province. It is owned and run by Charles Back, who also owns The Goats do Roam Wine Company and The Spice Route Winery.
The Fairview farm is on the south western slopes of the Paarl mountain range, approximately 60 km from Cape Town. The farm comprises 320 hectares, of which 120 hectares are planted to vineyard. The farm ranges in altitude from 400m above sea level on the slopes of the mountain to 180m on the valley floor. The farm is located at 33°46’21″ south 18°55’25″ east.
The current Fairview property was first designated as a farm by the then Governor of the Cape Simon van der Stel in 1693, with Steven Vervey the first official owner. Vervey is thought to be one of the French Huguenots who arrived in the Cape in 1688. The earliest recorded name for the property is Bloemkoolfontein (directly translated from Afrikaans as cauliflower fountain) and hints at the mixed agriculture that took place on the property over the centuries. Towards the end of the 19th century the name of the property was officially changed to Fairview. Charles Back purchased the
Hatcher Winery is a family-owned boutique winery in Murphys, California specializing in small lot production of super-premium wines. Most of the grapes for the wines are sourced from nearby vineyards in Calaveras County and the Sierra Foothills AVA, but the winery also produces wine from grapes grown in other parts of California.
The winery was founded by Matthew Hatcher, and opened in 2002. Matthew was an amateur winemaker before starting the commercial venture. The first vintage for Hatcher Winery was 2002, and was produced at a custom crush facility at the Olde Lockeford Winery in Lodi. Rather than build a new winery facility, Hatcher purchased the old Murphys Creek Brewery building near the town of Angels Camp, and produced the 2003 vintage there.
The winery operates a tasting room in a building on Main Street in downtown Murphys that is open to the public.
The Hatcher Winery estate vineyard is located near Angels Camp in Calaveras County. The winery produces primarily red wines, including varietal Zinfandel, Tempranillo, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc, and a red blend that features wine grape varieties native to the Rhône Valley of southern France. The winery
Penfolds is an Australian wine producer, founded in 1844 by Christopher Rawson Penfold, an English physician who emigrated to Australia, and his wife, Mary Penfold. It is one of Australia's oldest wineries and a company brand with an extensive product range.
Christopher Penfold was a believer in the medicinal benefits of wine and, before emigrating to Australia, he obtained some vine cuttings from southern France. Arriving in Australia from Angmering in Sussex, he set up in practice at Magill on the eastern outskirts of Adelaide, South Australia and planted vines around his stone cottage which he called "The Grange" after his wife, Mary's, former home. Initially, Penfold produced fortified wines for his patients in the style of sherry and port. As demand for the wines increased, the winery was expanded.
Mary Penfold assumed the running of the winery after the death of her husband in 1870. After she retired in 1884, her daughter Georgina and son-in-law Thomas Hyland took over the day to day running of the winery. The Penfold family continued to operate the business very successfully and, although the company became public in 1962, the Penfold family retained a controlling interest
Wines:2005 Lindemans "Bin 50" South Eastern Australia Shiraz
Lindeman's is an Australian winery, owned by Treasury Wine Estates. It was founded in 1843 by Henry Lindeman who planted its first vines in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales. This original vineyard no longer exists, and the winery now has vineyards in South Australia (Barossa Valley and Coonawarra), in Padthaway and at Karadoc. It is considered a mass-producer of reasonably priced, good quality wine.
In 1993, its Bin 65 chardonnay was Australia's top-selling white-wine export. Five consecutive vintages have been named "best buys" by The Wine Spectator, a consumer magazine, and Robert M. Parker, Jr. has called it "one of the three or four finest chardonnay values in the world" in his newsletter The Wine Advocate.
Château Durfort-Vivens is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. It is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
While the 1855 classification is still legally in effect, more modern classifications have been performed to reconcile changes over time. In The Liv-ex Bordeaux Classification, in which quality of Bordeaux red wine is determined by demand in terms of price, Château Durfort-Vivens is listed as a Fifth Growth. In Alexis Lichine's classification of Bordeaux wine, which is based on subjective criteria, it is a Grand Cru (Great Growth), putting it in the third group on his list.
The Durfort property dates back to the 12th century having been owned by the influential Durfort de Duras family for seven centuries. The family also owned the nearby nearby Château Lamothe, later renamed Château Margaux. The property was purchased in 1824 by M. de Vivens, and renamed Château Durfort Vivens.
In the 20th century, the château was purchased by local négociants, and in 1961 it was purchased by
Château Filhot, archaically named Maison Noble de Verdoulet, is a winery rated Deuxième cru classé (French, “Second Growth”) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, from the Sauternes appellation in Gironde. Considered by some unjustly omitted from the Premier cru classification, Filhot produces a drier wine than Château d'Yquem, with an unusually high alcohol content for a Sauternes.
The vineyard dating from the 1630s, the château was founded by Romain de Filhot in 1709. Following the French revolution, the estate was taken over by Romain-Bertrand de Lur-Saluces who added the estate of Pinaud du Rey and had the château redesigned to its English appearance in 1840. During the period when then American ambassador to France Thomas Jefferson ranked the wine directly behind Yquem, Filhot enjoyed a greater reputation than today, and the two wines were comparably priced.
In 1935, Comtesse Durieu de Lacarelle (the sister of the Marquis de Lur-Saluces, proprietor of Château d'Yquem) bought the estate, which was subsequently modernised by her son, Louis Durieu de Lacarelle, during the 1970s. The estate is currently run by the Vaucelles family.
The vineyard area extends 62
Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. It has been owned by Crédit Agricole since 2004.
This winery shares a part of its name with Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste. Grand Puy is the name of a low gravelly hill which used to be owned in its entirety by the same estate. Parts of the vineyards on this hill were sold in 1750 to a man by the name Pierre Ducasse, which was the origin of the name.
Château Marquis d'Alesme Becker is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The estate produces a second wine named Marquise d'Alesme.
Established by the Marquis d'Alesme in 1585, the estate was originally planted in 1616. The property was acquired in 1809 by Monsieur Becker, who attached his name to that of the estate, and for a period the wine was called simply "Becker" in Bordeaux.
In the early 20th Century, the property was bought by Comte Jean-Jules Théophile Chaix-d'Est-Ange, who had also inherited neighbouring Château Lascombes from his father, who intended to combine the two estates, but died in 1923 before carrying out the plan. The original Marquis d'Alesme château became offices for Lascombes, with the original château of Desmirail taking its place.
The estate saw a succession of owners, including English firm WH Chaplin & Co and the Zuger family, until it was sold in 2006 to petrochemical industry businessman Hubert Perrodo . Apparently with elaborate plans of combining several of his
The San Antonio Winery is a winery in the city of Los Angeles, and has operated since 1917. It is located in the Lincoln Heights district just eastside of downtown, on Lamar Street just south of North Main Street. The winery also operates a wine shop, restaurant, and banquet hall.
Its former vineyards have been developed with dense industry. The winery uses grapes from the 500-acre (2.0 km) Riboli family farm in Monterey, a smaller Napa Valley vineyard, and contracts with other Californian growers. It produces varietal, table wines, and dessert wines, both red and white. Bottling and distribution are handled at the winery.
Until fairly recently, San Antonio Winery was the only winery that operated within the city limits of Los Angeles. It had held this distinction since Prohibition.
In 1917, Santo Cambianica, an Italian man from the northern Italy province of Lombardy, immigrated to Los Angeles and started the winery at its current location. Hoping for good luck, he dedicated the winery to Saint Anthony (in Italian: San Antonio) by naming it as such. When Prohibition was enacted in 1920, Cambianica asked for permission from the Catholic Church to continue operating his winery for
Torbreck Vintners is an Australian winery in the Barossa Valley, founded by David Powell in 1994. The winery is named after a forest in Scotland where Powell worked as a lumberjack. The wines are made in a style emulating those of the Rhone Valley and are made from various grapes including red grapes Shiraz, Grenache and Mataro as well as white grapes Viognier, Roussanne and Marsanne.
While working for Rockford in 1992, Powell discovered a number of neglected vineyards with old vines and worked to bring them back to good health and buy fruit from them for the production of his own wine.
The first wine was made under the Torbreck label during the 1995 vintage, with the finished wines released in 1997.
In late 2002 the estate was placed into receivership due to financial pressures on Powell from a divorce settlement. Torbreck was purchased by Australian businessman Jack Cowin from receivers for 6.5 million Australian dollars, with Powell retained as winemaker and managing director. In 2008 Powell reacquired the estate for 25.3 million Australian dollars, in partnership with Peter Kight, the owner of Quivira Winery in California.
Torbreck produces around 70,000 cases of wine per year,
Twisted Oak Winery is a family-owned boutique winery in Vallecito, California specializing in wine made from grape varieties native to the Mediterranean regions of western Europe. The winery is located on a hilltop at 2280 ft (695 m) above sea level in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and most of the grapes for the wines are sourced from nearby vineyards in Calaveras County. The winery name and logo design are derived from a California Blue Oak tree on the property.
The winery was founded by Jeff and Mary Stai, and opened in 2001. The Stais hired Scott Klann, a native of Murphys, who had over a decade of experience in the Calaveras County wine industry, as Twisted Oak's first winemaker. The original 10 acre (4 ha) vineyard on the 120 acre (48.5 ha) property was planted to Tempranillo, Grenache, and Graciano, grape varieties native to the Mediterranean regions of France, Spain and Portugal. The decision to plant Iberian grape varieties, uncommon in California, was in part due to a dinner that Stai and Klann attended at a Spanish restaurant in which they tried many Spanish wines that impressed them.
The winery's first vintage was 2002, when they produced 10 different
Blue Mountain Vineyard, located on the shore of Vaseux Lake in Okanagan Falls, British Columbia is a Canadian Winery. Situated near the bottom of British Columbia's Okanagan Valley, Blue Mountain produces over 12,000 cases of wine per year. Blue Mountain’s tasting room is open by appointment only.
In 1971, Proprietor Ian completed his Agriculture degree and purchased his first parcel of land which now constitutes Blue Mountain’s vineyard. Described as “the most radically laid-out vineyard in the Okanagan Valley,” Blue Mountain’s picturesque view, overlooking Vaseux Lake, is very isolated from the main valley corridor. The local terroir provides Blue Mountain with varying “micro-climates” conducive for grape-growing of differing varietals. It was the unique qualities of the terroir that led Mavetys to establish the vineyard near Okanagan Falls.
For over 2 decades, the Mavetys supplied their grapes by contract to other commercial wineries. In 1991, the Mavetys had sufficiently refined their skills at viticulture and wine making so as to release their first wines under the Blue Mountain label. Shortly after the first release, The Mavetys’ son Matt joined the family business. Matt
Founded in 1870 by Jaime Torres, Bodegas Torres (Miguel Torres SA) is a historical wine growing company located in Pacs, some 4 km from Vilafranca del Penedès, where the company has its head office. Torres is the family winery with the most extensive vineyards in the Denomination of Origin (DO) of Penedès and the largest winery in Spain.
They also run the Miguel Torres Chile winery in the Chilean Central Valley, and in the United States (California) where in 1986 Marimar Torres founded Marimar Estate. In Spain outside of the Torres family's native Penedès region, they own vineyards in DO Conca de Barberà, DO Toro, DO Jumilla, DO Ribera del Duero, DOQ Priorat and most recently in DOC Rioja - in the last three areas with new wineries or wineries under construction. Likewise, Torres is also Spain's largest producer of DO wines under its own label, exporting to more than 140 countries.
Under the Torres brand name they trade wine and brandy under on a range of different labels. Some of these are Viña Sol, Sangre de Toro, De Casta, Coronas, Atrium and Viña Esmeralda, with their best known brandies being Torres 5 and Torres 10. Many Torres wines are produced from international rather than
Ceja Vineyards is a family-owned winery in Napa founded by Mexican-American immigrants. The Ceja family have been growers in the Napa and Sonoma valleys in California for three generations. The wine production company was founded in 1999 and focuses on premium wines. The principals are; Amelia Moran Ceja, President; Martha Ceja, Vice President; Pedro Ceja, Secretary; and Armando Ceja, Treasurer. As of 2008 production is around 10,000 cases per year.
Amelia Morán Ceja was born in Las Flores, Jalisco – an agricultural village in Mexico. At twelve years old, she moved with her family to the Napa Valley in California. Her father was a mechanic at a local vineyard management company and her mother was a farm worker at the same company. During the summers and Christmas break, Amelia worked there as well.
Amelia’s high school education was split between Mexico and the United States. She spent two years in a boarding school in Aguascalientes – a beautiful colonial city. There, she had the opportunity to travel throughout Mexico, and she explored the richness of her heritage and the diversity of regional Mexican cuisine. Amelia returned to California to finish her high school education, and
Château Margaux, archaically La Mothe de Margaux, is a wine estate of Bordeaux wine, and was one of four wines to achieve Premier cru (first growth) status in the Bordeaux Classification of 1855. The estate's best wines are very expensive. The estate is located in the commune of Margaux on the left bank of the Garonne estuary in the Médoc region, in the département of Gironde, and the wine is delimited to the AOC of Margaux.
The estate also produces a second wine named Pavillon Rouge du Château Margaux, as well as a dry white wine named Pavillon Blanc du Château Margaux which does not conform to the Margaux appellation directives.
The estate has been occupied since at least the 12th century, with the site occupied by a fortified castle known as Lamothe or La Mothe (from motte, a small rise in the land), and wine under names such as "Margou" and "Margous" was known in the 15th century, but it was with the arrival of the Lestonnac family in the 16th century that wine production became of particular importance, and in the 1570s Pierre de Lestonnac expanded the property and cleared many of the grain fields to make way for vines.
The lineage of ownership was to continue in a relatively
Château Musar is the name of a Lebanese winery in Ghazir, Lebanon, 15 miles north of the capital Beirut. Musar grapes grow in the Beqaa Valley, a fertile sunny valley at an altitude of ca. 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), situated 25 miles east of Beirut.
The winery was established by Gaston Hochar in 1930. The current proprietors are the sons, Ronald and Serge Hochar, the latter managing the estate since 1959, with Ronald Hochar assuming marketing and finance department responsibilities since 1962.
The international discovery of Musar took place at the Bristol Wine Fair of 1979 when auctioneer and taster Michael Broadbent and journalist Roger Voss selected Musar 1967 as the "discovery of the Fair".
Despite war in Lebanon and frequent tension, with the exception of the 1976 and 1984 vintages, wine has been produced at the Château every year, with employees sometimes working under high-risk conditions. The 1992 red Château Musar production was declassified due to a weak vintage.
Though comparisons are sometimes made with Bordeaux wine, Burgundy wine or Rhône wine, it is most frequently maintained that the wine of Musar is quite unique. Due to the winemaking philosophy of Serge Hochar, its
David Bruce Winery is a California winery located at about 2,200 feet (670 m) elevation in the Santa Cruz Mountains AVA above Silicon Valley in Northern California. It was established by dermatologist David Bruce, M.D., in 1961 about a mile away from the Martin Ray Vineyard that often appears on vineyard designated wines from David Bruce. The vineyard achieved international visibility when one of the winery's Chardonnays was featured in the 1975 wine tasting competition that became known as the Judgment of Paris. Today the winery specializes in Pinot Noir.
David Bruce Winery was founded during the revival of the Santa Cruz Mountain wine industry between the 1950s and 1970s. Bruce selected his vineyard site because of its proximity to Martin Ray and with the belief that the high elevation and mesoclimate of the area would be well suited for growing the Burgundian wine grapes of Pinot noir and Chardonnay.
In 1975, British wine merchant Steven Spurrier selected 1973 bottling of David Bruce Chardonnay for his 1975 Paris tasting that would pit Californian Chardonnays and Cabernet Sauvignon against their French counterparts from Burgundy and Bordeaux, respectively. While the overall
Freixenet (Catalan pronunciation: [fɾəʃəˈnɛt]) is a Cava producer in Spain, located west of Barcelona in Catalonia. Cava is a sparkling wine produced in Spain.
Freixenet was started after the union of two Spanish families with a lengthy history in winemaking: the Ferrers, owners of La Freixeneda, a 12th-century farming estate in Sant Quintí de Mediona in the Alt Penedès, and the Salas, winemakers since 1830 and the founders of Casa Sala, a wine exporter to Latin America, in Sant Sadurní d'Anoia.
Towards the end of the 19th century, Dolores Sala Vivé, the granddaughter of the founder of Casa Sala, married Pedro Ferrer Bosch of La Freixeneda. This era saw the gradual loss of Spain’s colonies and grape production diminishing due to the phylloxera plague that had destroyed red grape vines across Europe. Inspired by the success of Champagne, Codorníu and others encouraged vineyard owners to replant with white grape varieties like Macabeu, Parellada and Xarel·lo to use for sparkling wine production. These grapes are still the primary grapes of Cava today though some producers are experimenting with the use of the Champagne wine grapes of Chardonnay and Pinot noir.
As a result, the
Miguel Torres Chile is a Chilean winery that was founded in Curicó, in 1979, by the Spanish family company Miguel Torres. In its 570-acre (2.3 km), the Viña Santa Digna vineyard cultivates the varieties Sauvignon blanc, Riesling, Gewürztraminer and Chardonnay (for their white wines) and Cabernet sauvignon (for their red and rosé wines). To a lesser extent they also cultivate Pinot noir, which contributes to the cuvee of a brut sparkling wine.
As well as the wines that they sell under the Santa Digna brand, the conditions of the Chilean vineyard have also allowed for the selection of a number of single estates or terroirs, such as Manso de Velasco, which produces its Cabernet sauvignon from vines that are over a hundred years old and have never been grafted. All of the wines undergo a fermentation process in stainless steel tanks, with their temperature carefully controlled, and furthermore, in the case of some wines, in the aging cellar in barrels made of American and Nevers French oak.
Miguel Torres Chile have 160 acres (0.65 km) hectares of their own vineyards in the region of Curicó, plus another 215 hectares that are leased out.
Wines:2005 Adrian Fog "Savoy Vineyard" Anderson Valley Pinot Noir
Adrian Fog is a boutique winery specializing exclusively in Pinot Noir. Hand selecting cool-climate fruit from small vineyards, Adrian Fog is able to maintain the unique signature and personality of the vineyard. Each vineyard is selected by considering the effect of coastal fog patterns, clonel differences, age and vine orientation to the sun. Picking, fermentation and barrel ageing are done by keeping all clones and blocks separately. Wines are vineyard specific and range from 330 case production to 23 cases. There is no a tasting room but you can call ahead for an appointment with the winemaker.
Château d'Yquem (French: [ʃɑto d ikɛm]) is a Premier Cru Supérieur (Fr: "Great First Growth") wine from the Sauternes, Gironde region in the southern part of the Bordeaux vineyards known as Graves. In the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, Château d'Yquem was the only Sauternes given this rating, indicating its perceived superiority and higher prices over all other wines of its type. Yquem's success stems largely from the site's susceptibility to attack by "noble rot" (Botrytis cinerea).
Wines from Château d'Yquem are characterised by their complexity, concentration and sweetness. A relatively high acidity helps to balance the wine's sweetness. Another characteristic for which Château d'Yquem wines are known is their longevity. With proper care, a bottle will keep for a century or more. During this time, the fruity overtones will gradually fade and integrate with more complex secondary and tertiary flavours.
Since 1959 (though not every year), Château d'Yquem has also produced a dry white wine called Ygrec (Fr: the letter "Y"), made from an equal blend of Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc.
Château d'Yquem itself was acquired by Jacques de Sauvage in December of 1593. De
Château Giscours is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France, in the commune of Labarde. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The first written reference to the domain of Giscours, a deed confirming the sale of the estate, dates from 1330 and refers to a fortified keep. Records of Giscours' vineyards go back to 1552 when Seigneur de la Bastide sold it to Pierre de l'Horme. Prior to the French Revolution Giscours belonged to the Saint-Simon family before it was confiscated, and then bought by two Americans in 1793, John Gray and Jonathan Davis of Boston.
Several owners followed, and Giscours' great era began with the purchase of the property by the banker Count de Pescatore in 1845, who in 1847 hired Pierre Skawinski to manage his estate. Skawinski proved to be one of the great agriculturalists of Médoc in the 19th century, in 1860 the inventor of a plough which bears his name, and a pioneer in the fight against mildew, he was instrumental in making Giscours one of the most reputable third growths. Skawinski managed the estate for 50 years, also
Château La Tour de Mons, archaically named Tour de Marsac, is a winery and wine from the appellation Margaux, located in the Left Bank of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Soussans. The wine was rated Cru Supérieur in the Cru Bourgeois classification of 1932, and through later revisions until the temporary annulment of the classification in 2007.
The winery also produces a second wine named Marquis de Mons Margaux.
The estate is traced back to the 15th century, and initial efforts of restoration are dated to 1615 when the property came to the de Mons family through the marriage of Pierre de Mons and the sole daughter of the Baron de Soussans. Remaining the property of connecting families, the estate under the ownership of the Clauzel, Binaud and Cruchet, heirs of Pierre Dubos, long shared patronage with Château Cantemerle, and periodically spells of neglect.
The wine over long periods enjoyed a good reputation, and in the mid-18th century fetched higher prices than Pontet-Canet or Lynch-Bages. It was among the estates proposed by INAO and Alexis Lichine for classification in the early 1960s.
The estate was sold to a group of investors, the Crédit Agricole and
Wines:2005 Pauillac Château Lafite Rothschild Bordeaux
Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century. The name Lafite comes from the Gascon term "la hite" meaning "small hill".
Lafite was one of four wine-producing Châteaux of Bordeaux originally awarded First Growth status in the 1855 Classification, which was based on recent prices. Since then, it has been a consistent producer of one of the world's most expensive red wines.
Situated in the wine-producing village of Pauillac in the Médoc region to the north-west of Bordeaux, the estate was the property of Gombaud de Lafite in 1234. In the 17th century, the property of Château Lafite was purchased by the Ségur family, including the 16th century manor house that still stands. Although vines almost certainly already existed on the site, around 1680, Jacques de Ségur planted the majority of the vineyard.
In the early 18th century, Nicolas-Alexandre, marquis de Ségur refined the wine-making techniques of the estate, and introduced his wines to the upper echelons of European society. Before long he was known as the "Wine Prince", and the wine of Château Lafite called "The King's Wine" thanks to the influential support
Redwood Creek Wines were introduced in the spring of 2002 by the E & J Gallo Winery. Redwood Creek Winemaker Cal Dennison is a native of the San Francisco Bay Area and has been making wines in California for more than two decades.
Under Cal’s supervision, Redwood Creek wines have won dozens of awards including the Critics Challenge International Wine Competition Critics Gold for the 2005 Pinot Noir, Wine Enthusiast Best Buy Award in February 2007 (84 Points) for the 2005 Sauvignon Blanc, and a Gold “Best of Class” award from the San Francisco International Wine Competition for the 2005 Pinot Grigio.
Redwood Creek Wines are available nationwide a suggested retail price of $6.99 to $9.99 for a 750-milliliter bottle. The wines are also available in 187-ml and 1.5-liter bottles. Redwood Creek’s packaging is best known for the “adventure tool” corks each containing suggestions on how to be transformed into a unique outdoor device. For example, some corks provide GPS coordinates to the best views in Yosemite National Park, while others explain how to use the cork as a fishing bobber.
Redwood Creek wines include the following varietals:
In 2008, Redwood Creek Wines launched the Greater
Wines:2005 Turley "Hayne Vineyard" Napa Valley Zinfandel
Turley Wine Cellars is a popular California wine producer with wineries in both Templeton (Southern Cal-Paso Robles wine region) and St. Helena (Northern Cal-Napa Valley wine region). Turley wines are often recognized as "making some of the best, if not the best Zinfandel in California for decades." There is a two year waiting list for new recipients into their wine club.
Turley specializes in wines made from old-vine red Zinfandel. They source fruit from older vineyards, some date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In previous issues of Wine Spectator magazine, Turley wines have received favorable reviews.
In 1993, Turley Wine Cellars was founded by Larry Turley, brother of the well-known consulting winemaker Helen Turley. Turley, had entered the wine business in 1981 as co-founder of the multi-varietal Frog's Leap Winery, but soon realized that his interest lay in wines made from the Zinfandel grape.
Starting out with just one location in St. Helena, Turley Wine Cellars soon expanded to Templeton with the purchase of the historic Pesenti winery, where Zinfandel had been planted since 1923.
As of 2000, Turley Wine Cellars has had a two-year waiting list for new wine
Adler Fels Winery was founded in Sonoma Valley in 1979. The winery established itself as a producer of award-winning Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer and Chardonnay from Sonoma County, especially Russian River Valley. Adler Fels later expanded their sourcing to include ultra-premium wine varietals from Napa Valley and other premier appellations throughout California and came to embrace the negociant method of winemaking. Negociant is a French term referring to the wine merchants of Bordeaux who buy bulk wine from various chateaus, then blend and bottle the finished wines under their own labels. Adler Fels is not open to the public.
Byington Vineyard is a 95 acres (0.38 km) vineyard and winery in the Santa Cruz Mountains AVA above Silicon Valley in California as well as 234 acres (0.95 km) of vineyard near Paso Robles, California.
In 1958, Bill and Mary Byington, purchased 95 acres (0.38 km) surrounded by redwood forests as a family retreat. In the early 1970s, a well-known Santa Cruz Mountains winemaker approached the family, wanting to lease a portion of their land for vineyards. Almost 20 years after leaving his family farm in Idaho, Bill planted nine acres (36,000 m²) of pinot noir on the southernmost tip of the rugged Santa Cruz Mountains terrain. Byington Vineyard & Winery was established with its vintage 1987 release.
Byington purchases grapes from the west side of Paso Robles. Paso Robles is home to a thriving variety of grapes resulting from its varied soil composition and diverse microclimates. The Byingtons will be dedicating the land primarily to Bordeaux varieties, while experimenting with Rhone varieties.
Currently Byington produces several wine varietals, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Alliage.
Château Coutet is a Premier Cru Classé (French: First Growth) sweet wine from the Sauternes-Barsac appellation located in Barsac, in the southern part of France’s Bordeaux vineyards. Château Coutet is one of the oldest Sauternes producing vineyards, and is described by David Peppercorn as a "twin" of Barsac's other Premier cru estate, Château Climens.
Coutet also produces a second wine, Chartreuse de Coutet, a dry white wine named Vin Sec de Chateau Coutet and a cuvée in vintages of exceptional quality, Cuvée Madame.
The estate was acquired in 1643 by Charles le Guerin, Lord of Coutet, a counselor at the Bordeaux parliament. In 1695 he passed the estate on to his nephew, Jean le Pichard, whose descendants owned Coutet until 1788. It was at this time that the former US president Thomas Jefferson noted Coutet as the best Sauternes originating from Barsac.
Coutet was later acquired by Gabriel-Barthelemy-Romain de Filhot, president of the Bordeaux parliament and a cousin of the former owner. As a consequence of the French Revolution, Château Coutet was seized by the state in 1794 and de Filhot was beheaded. Château Coutet was inherited later on by Marquis Romain Bertrand de Lur
Château Latour is a French wine estate, rated as a First Growth under the 1855 Bordeaux Classification. Latour lies at the very southeastern tip of the commune of Pauillac in the Médoc region to the north-west of Bordeaux, at its border with Saint-Julien, and only a few hundred metres from the banks of the Gironde estuary.
The estate produces three red wines in all. In addition to its Grand vin, Latour has also produced the second wine Les Forts de Latour since 1966, and a third wine, simply named Pauillac, has been released every year since 1990. An impériale (six-litre bottle) of Château Latour sold for £135,000 in 2011.
The site has been occupied since at least 1331 when Tor à Saint-Lambert was built by Gaucelme de Castillon, and the estate dating to at least 1378. A garrison fort was built 300 metres from the estuary to guard against attack during the Hundred Years' War. The tower, the name mutating with time to La Tour en Saint-Mambert and Saint-Maubert, gave its name to the estate around the fortress and was in English hands until the Battle of Castillon in 1453, and its complete destruction by the forces of the King of France. The original tower no longer exists, but in the
Château Latour-Martillac, previously Château La Tour-Martillac and known as Kressmann La Tour, is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, rated a Classed Growth in the 1953 Classification of Graves wine. The winery is located in the central part of France’s Bordeaux wine region Graves, in the commune of Martillac.
The winery has produced a red second wine named Lagrave Martillac since 1986, and a dry white since 1990.
A small fortified castle from the 12th century existed until the French Revolution, leaving only behind the tower that gives the estate its name. Viticulture first began in the 19th century when the land was attached to the estate of Château La Brède, birthplace of Montesquieu. Under the ownership of Monsieur Charropin, the estate took the identity of Latour-Martillac, but the wine it produced was not noted as remarkable until the involvement of Edward Kressmann. A German wine trader, he became gradually more involved in the vinification from when he first began distributing Latour-Martillac, until he acquired the estate in 1929. Following the death of the owner, Kressmann faced the risk of losing a wine that had been a favourite of his clients for
Château Léoville-Poyferré is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Léoville-Poyferré is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Léoville-Poyferré was once part of the much larger Léoville estate until the time of the French Revolution when it was separated into Château Léoville-Las Cases and Château Léoville-Barton. In 1840, Château Léoville-Las Cases was again divided and Château Léoville-Poyferré created from a piece of the land.
Pétrus is a Bordeaux wine estate located in the Pomerol appellation near its eastern border to Saint-Émilion. An estate of limited size, it produces a limited production red wine almost entirely from Merlot grapes, on occasion with small amounts of Cabernet Franc, and produces no second wine. The estate belongs to the family of the Libourne wine merchant JP Moueix.
Although the wines of Pomerol have never been classified, Pétrus is widely regarded as the outstanding wine of the appellation by consensus, and leads a duo of Pomerol estates of extreme prices, along with Le Pin, that in the modern era are consistently among the world's most expensive wines.
Originally a 7-hectare (17-acre) vineyard, the estate was owned by the Arnaud family since the middle of the 18th Century, and the name first appears in records from 1837. In the 1868 edition of Cocks & Féret, under listing Crus bourgeois et 1ers artisans Château Pétrus was ranked behind Vieux Château Certan and alongside Château Trotanoy. Some vintages of this period were labelled Pétrus-Arnaud. At the Paris Exhibition of 1878, Pétrus won a gold medal, at a time when such an event had great consequence, establishing a selling price
Wines:1970 Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande
Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande (commonly referred to as Pichon Lalande or Pichon Comtesse) is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
With 45% Cabernet Sauvignon, 35% Merlot, 12% Cabernet Franc and 8% Petit Verdot, Pichon Lalande has an unusually high proportion of Merlot for a Pauillac property, which tends to make the tannic structure of this wine slightly softer than wines from many other classified Pauillac châteaux, which particularly in France is described as a more "feminine" style.
The second wine is called Reserve de la Comtesse.
Château Pichon Comtesse was once part of the larger Pichon estate, owned by Pierre de Rauzan, along with what today is Château Pichon Longueville Baron. In 1850, the estate was divided into the two current Pichon estates. In 1925, Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande was bought by Edouard Miailhe and Louis Miailhe. The daughter of Edouard
Wines:2006 Testarossa "Palazzio" Central Coast Pinot Noir
Testarossa Vineyards is located in Los Gatos, California approximately sixty miles south of San Francisco. It founded in 1993 by Rob and Diana Jensen. The name Testarossa was a nickname given to Rob when he was a young university student studying in Italy. They winery was the former site of the Mirassou Champagne cellars.
Testarossa is dedicated to making small lots of vineyard-designated wines from only best vineyards in the cool ocean-influenced counties of Monterey, Santa Barbara and Sonoma Counties. They receive the majority of their high quality fruit from the Bien Nacido Vineyards in the Santa Maria Valley. In Monterey County they have long-term relationships with the Sleepy Hollow Vineyard and the Pisoni Vineyard, both in the east-facing Santa Lucia Highlands Appellation, and, since 1999, with Rosella's Vineyard and Garys' Vineyard. Also in Monterey County, Testarossa is the first winery to produce a vineyard-designated Chardonnay from the Michaud Vineyard, farmed and owned by former 20-year Chalone Winemaker Michael Michaud. Recently they have begun to purchase grapes from Clos Pepe Vineyard, in the Santa Ynez Valley, and are also closely working with three new Pinot Noir
Château Civrac is a winery in the Côtes-de-Bourg appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Civrac is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. .
Civrac is a small 18th Centuary Chateau typical of the 'Girodine' style of architecture in the Côtes-de-Bourg region. Built from local Limestone with high ceilings and elegant fireplaces. The region was a well known waypoint for the pilgrims on route to Santiago de Compostela. Civrac has the characteristic scalop shell symbol of St. James. The vineyard comprises 10Ha of vines and a central traditional winery. The Chateau was owned until 2006 by the Jaubert family Chateau La CROIX De MILLORIT, but is now under the ownership of Englishman mark hellyar with French technical director vianney de Tastes.
The red wine of Civrac are made from Merlot (50%), Cabernet Sauvignon (25%), and Malbec (25%). The average age of the vines in 2008 was 28 years. All harvesting is done by hand and the juice is fermented separately in traditional Cement vats before being aged for 12 to 18 months in 60% new oak barrels.
Wines:1991 Ravenswood Dickerson Vineyard Napa Valley Zinfandel
For as long as anybody cares to remember, this has been the credo (calling card? Battle cry? Team yell? Coat of arms?) of Ravenswood Winery in Sonoma, California. Expressing our commitment to full-flavored varietal wine — notably Zinfandel — it sums up our mission to capture everything a vineyard has to offer, and to promote it in a way that won't put people to sleep. Wine is, after all, one of the most fascinating and fun things in life, which is why Ravenswood winemaker Joel Peterson believes that it belongs on the table — not on a pedestal or in an ivory tower.
How did the name of Ravenswood become interchangeable with irresistibility? In the early 1970s, when California's claim to fame was the "best jug wine in the world," Joel's dream was to create wines that would rival the greatest of Europe. Turned out he wasn't dreaming: In his first vintage, 1976, he produced 327 cases of Dry Creek Zin that took first place in a prestigious San Francisco tasting. But despite the cult following and critical acclaim that began to swirl around its hypnotic logo, Ravenswood remained a roving boutique until the late 1980s, when its Vintners Blend program was launched. Conceived on Joel's conviction that, besides great wine, the world needs good, affordable wine ("a lake of wine an inch deep"), it redefined the concept of Best Jug Wine in the World.
Thanks to this and a few other things (not least, its tireless campaign against priggish elitism), Ravenswood acquired an informal reputation as the people's premium winery. In 1999 the company went public with a "Dutch auction" of shares offered over the Internet, and two years later Ravenswood was purchased by Constellation Brands, becoming part of its fine-wine division, Franciscan Estates — a productive partnership that kept the winery under Joel's control while providing greater resources for efficient operation and growth.
The picture has changed a bit since 1976. Following the original inspiration of wineries like Ravenswood, California has now shirked its once-wimpy status to a fault. But the more things change around our Sonoma headquarters, the more they stay the same. In this brave new enologically altered world, Ravenswood continues to set a stubborn standard for complex, balanced, uncompromising wine that captures everything a vineyard has to offer (and, we might add, nothing more).
Stony Hill Vineyard is located south of the Bothe-Napa Valley State Park in the northern reaches of the city of Saint Helena, California. The vineyard is a family-owned business which remained under family control after the death of the founders in 1977. Annual output as of 2007 was 3,400 cases from 40 planted acres (160,000 m), c. 60% of which are planted with Chardonnay. The vineyard's business model focuses on mail order sales direct to individuals in California and indirectly to individuals in other states of the United States, as well as sales to fine-dining restaurants in major metropolitan areas in the United States.
In 1943 San Francisco advertising executive Fred McCrea and his wife Eleanor bought 160 acres (0.65 km) of homestead land on the west slope of the Napa Valley north of St. Helena. The name Stony Hill Vineyard evolved when they cultivated their first Chardonnay fields in 1947, followed shortly by plantings of Pinot Blanc, White Riesling, Gewurztraminer and Semillon. Their first harvest was in 1952, and they sold their first Chardonnay in 1954. Winemaker Mike Chelini came to Stony Hill in 1972, first as vineyard foreman and then as winemaker when Fred died in
Wines:2000 Qupe "Bien Nacido Vineyard" Santa Maria Valley Syrah
Bien Nacido Vineyards is cool-climate vineyard on the central coast of California. Located midway up the Santa Maria Valley, it is known for growing Burgundian and Rhone varieties of wine grapes. Bien Nacido has the distinction of being one of the major viticultural nurseries in the state for certified, varietal budwood. Most of the vines were originally from stock grown by the University of California at Davis. While the average increase block in California is less than 10 acres (40,000 m), Bien Nacido Vineyards has several hundred acres of certified Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot and a number of other varieties. Much of the Chardonnay planted in California in the last twenty years began as Bien Nacido Vineyards cuttings.
Bien Nacido Vineyards does not produce its own wine. It does allow certain independent winemakers to make their wine on the vineyard. There are two winemaking facilities on the property, one of which is leased to Bob Lindquist of Qupe Winery and Jim Clendenen of Au Bon Climat Winery and the other is leased to Carlos A. Coelho and Bill Cates of Tantara Winery,
The vineyard traces its roots back to 1837, when Tomas Olivera received the two square league Rancho
Caduceus Cellars is a winery in the Verde Valley of Arizona, United States owned by Maynard James Keenan, a musician descended from Northern Italian winemakers. While the winery is named after caduceus, an ancient symbol for commerce and staff of the Greek god Hermes, the vineyard is named Merkin Vineyards, after a pubic wig (merkin).
Viticulture in Arizona began in the 16th century when missionary Spanish Jesuit priests began to plant grapevines and make wine for use in Christian religious ceremonies. Unlike most vineyards in Arizona, which are located in the southeastern portion of the state near Tucson—the location of Arizona's only designated American Viticultural Area, the Sonoita AVA—Caduceus Cellars and Merkin Vineyards are based in the unincorporated area of Page Springs/Cornville, Arizona, southwest of Keenan's place of residence, as well as the cellar where wine tasting is available, in Jerome. Keenan has characterized the neighbors of the winery as "a teetotaling Republican community".
Caduceus' first wine, the limited edition Primer Paso (2005, 2006, 2007), sold out, and was followed by a Nagual de la Naga (2004, 2005, 2006) and a Nagual del Sensei (2004, 2005). Later
Wines:2004 Chateau Montelena Napa Valley Estate Zinfandel
Chateau Montelena is a Napa Valley winery most famous for winning the white wine section of the historic "Judgement of Paris" wine competition. Chateau Montelena's Chardonnay was in competition with nine other wines from France and California under blind tasting. All 11 judges awarded their top scores to either the Chardonnays from Chateau Montelena or Chalone Winery, another California wine producer. A fictionalized version of Chateau Montelena's historic victory was featured in the 2008 film Bottle Shock.
In 1882, entrepreneur Alfred Loving Tubbs bought 254 acres (103 ha) of land just north of Calistoga at the foot of Mount Saint Helena. Tubbs had made a fortune from the rope business during the Gold Rush, and knew the area from visits to the White Sulphur Springs Resort nearby. He planted vines, and by 1896 Chateau Montelena was the seventh largest winery in the Napa Valley.
With the onset of Prohibition in the United States, winemaking ceased at the Chateau and in the period that followed Tubbs sold grapes but did not make wine. In 1958 the Tubbs family sold the Chateau to Yort Wing Frank, a Chinese electrical engineer, and his wife Jeanie, who were looking for a retirement
Château Talbot is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Talbot is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. It was classified as one of ten Quatrièmes Crus Classés (Fourth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The Château used to be the property of Sir John Talbot, Governor of Aquitaine, Earl of Shrewsbury, in the 15th century. The property belonged to the Marquis of Aux for several decades, receiving its first Cocks & Féret lists in 1846 and 1855 and fourth growth classification in 1855, was then bought by Monsieur A. Claverie in 1899, before being acquired by Désiré Cordier in 1917. His son Georges, then his grandson Jean inherited the property and since his death in 1993 the present owners are his daughters Lorraine Rustmann and Nancy Bignon-Cordier, the fourth generation of the Cordier family.
The vineyard area of Chateau Talbot extends 102 hectares (250 acres), located a short distance from the Gironde estuary, is among the largest in Bordeaux. The vineyard is on fine gravelly rises, which are well drained. The distribution of red wine grape varieties is 68% Cabernet Sauvignon, 28% Merlot and
Inglenook, produces estate bottled wines in Rutherford, California in the Napa Valley. The winery was founded in 1879 by a Finnish Sea Captain Gustave Niebaum. Niebaum died in 1908 and the winery was shut down during Prohibition. Upon repeal of Prohibition, Niebaum's widow Suzanne Niebaum reopened Inglenook and brought in a viticulturist and an enologist to upgrade the winemaking system. Niebaum's great-nephew John Daniel Jr. took over operations in 1939, and by the 1940s Inglenook's wines once again were declared by many to be the best in the Valley. More than 1,500 acres (610 ha) of the property were acquired by Francis Ford Coppola in 1975 with profits of his film, The Godfather. The brand name and the remaining 94 acres (38 ha), including the historic winery, were bought by Heublein, Inc., which began making lower quality wines produced elsewhere under the Inglenook label. Heublin was later bought by RJR Nabisco, then sold to Grand Metropolitan in 1987. Heublein sold the winery to the Canandaigua Wine Company (which later became Constellation Brands) in 1994. Canandaigua consolidated winemaking operations elsewhere, and sold the remaining acreage and winery to Coppola in 1995.
The winery that produces the well-known Chianti Classico wine operates within the walls of the Castello di Volpaia, a fortified village of medieval origin. The first document in which the castle is clearly mentioned was written at Cintoia, a small village about 12 miles south of Florence, on April 21, 1172. It notes that the brothers Franculus and Galfredus da Cintoia, after having obtained the consent of their father and of "Liquiritia, uxor Franculi" (wife of Franculus), have obtained a loan of 28 silver pounds from Spinello da Montegrossoli. Their possessions, situated in the "court and castle of Vulpaio," were offered as security for repayment of the loan. The document was published by L. Pagliai in che Regesta Chartarum Italiae (page 217). It is certain, however, that the castle had been built many years before that document was written.
The castle was probably constructed in the 10th century, when others were being built in the upper valley of the Pesa River. It perches on the ridge of one of a series of hills stretching from the Badia (Abbey) of Montemuro toward Radda. Posted on the very spine of the hill separating two small valleys formed by tributaries of the Pesa, it
The Zonin family has been making wine since 1821 and currently operates Italy's largest privately owned vineyard and winemaking complex. The house produces 25 million bottles and exports its wines to 69 countries. The company's headquarters are located in Gambellara in Vicenza province in northeastern Italy. The Zonin family owns 4,446 acres (17.99 km) of vineyards, divided among 11 estates in seven of the country's most highly regarded winemaking regions: Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto, Friuli, Tuscany, Apulia and Sicily. It also owns the Barboursville Vineyards winery in Barboursville, Virginia. The house produces a wide range of wines, many of them from varieties native to the regions in which the grapes are grown.
Zonin Winery Website
Freemark Abbey Winery, located between St. Helena and Calistoga in California's Napa Valley, traces its roots to 1886. Today, Freemark Abbey produces Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Riesling, as well as very limited production wines, such as Viognier, Petite Sirah, Sangiovese, and Cabernet Franc. Depending on conditions, the winery sometimes makes a late harvest Riesling known as "Edelwein Gold".
The winery was first built by Josephine Marlin Tychson, one of the first women to build and operate a winery in the state. The winery was originally named Tychson Cellars and it produced Zinfandel, Riesling, and "Burgundy". Josephine Tychson sold the winery to her foreman Nils Larsen in 1894. Larson in turn leased the property to Antonio Forni and later sold it to him in 1898. Forni renamed the winery Lombarda Cellars after his birthplace; Lombarda Italy. He concentrated his efforts on making Chianti and other Italian style wines which he marketed to the numerous Italians that had moved to Barre, Vermont, the site of America's largest marble and granite quarries. Forni was forced to cease operations when Prohibition began.
In 1939, three businessmen from Southern California,
The Royal Wine Company, also known as Kedem, is a Kosher food manufacturing and distribution company, incorporated in the United States for the last fifty years, started by the Pluczenik brothers in the 1940s and run by the Herzog family since 1958. The Royal Wine Company currently sells over a million cases of Kosher wine and grape juice annually, in sixteen countries worldwide. Formerly headquartered in New York City, it is now based in Bayonne, New Jersey. It is especially known for the Baron Herzog Varietals line of wines, as well as Kedem Tea Biscuits.
The Herzog family first operated a winery in Czechoslovakia. The winery was the exclusive wine supplier to Emperor Franz Joseph, who granted one of the early Herzogs the title of Baron. Though the wines for the emperor were not necessarily Kosher wines, all of the other wines were produced under the full scrutiny of Kosher law.
During World War II, the Herzog winery was seized by the Nazis. The Herzogs, who stayed in hiding, immigrated to the United States after the 1948 Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia. Living in New York City, Eugene Herzog began working for the Royal Wine Company, then owned by the Pluczenik brothers; and
Sutter Home Winery is one of the largest, independent family-run wineries in the United States, and the estate known for the creation of White Zinfandel. It is located in St. Helena, California. It is owned by Trinchero Family Estates, which also sells wine under twenty other labels including Newman's Own and Folie à Deux.
The history of the winery dates back to 1874, when the Swiss-German immigrant John Thomann established a small winery and distillery in St. Helena in central Napa Valley. After his death, the winery and Victorian home beside it were sold to another Swiss family, the Leunbergers who renamed the estate Sutter Home.
As with most Napa Valley wineries, Sutter Home was shut down during Prohibition. The winery remained abandoned until 1948, when it was purchased by John and Mario Trinchero, immigrant brothers from New York City whose family had been active in the Italian wine business. The Trincheros refurbished the winery and began producing Napa Valley wines, initially scraping by making generic jug wines. For years they operated “mom-and-pop” style, selling to their Napa Valley neighbors who filled their barrels and bottles at the winery’s back door.
A turning point
Alcina Cellars wines are handcrafted with the least amount of intervention in the winery, allowing the fruit itself to represent the taste of where it came from. No fining or filtering. Alcina Cellars has no tasting room and is not open to the public.
Château Cheval Blanc (French for "White Horse Castle"), is a wine producer in Saint-Émilion in the Bordeaux wine region of France. As of 2012, its wine is one of only four to receive the highest rank of Premier Grand Cru Classé (A) status in the Classification of Saint-Émilion wine, along with Château Angélus, Château Ausone and Château Pavie.
The estate's second wine is named Le Petit Cheval.
In 1832 Château Figeac sold 15 hectares/37 acres to M. Laussac-Fourcaud, including part of the narrow gravel ridge that runs through Figeac and neighboring vineyards and reaches Château Pétrus just over the border in Pomerol. This became Château Cheval Blanc which, in the International London and Paris Exhibitions in 1862 and 1867, won medals still prominent on its labels. The château remained in the family until 1998 when it was sold to Bernard Arnault, chairman of luxury goods group LVMH, and Belgian businessman Albert Frère, with Pierre Lurton installed as estate manager, a constellation similar to that of the group's other chief property Château d'Yquem.
The vineyard is considered to have three qualities: one third Pomerol as it is located on the boundary, one third Graves as the soil is
Move to Château Camensac
Château Camensac is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château de Camensac is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
The vineyards of Château Camensac are in the commune of Saint-Laurent-Médoc, just beyond the boundary of the Saint-Julien-Beychevelle appellation. As such it is entitled to only the Haut-Médoc appellation for its wines. The estate's 65 hectares of vines (60% Cabernet Sauvignon, 40% Merlot) are planted at a dense 10,000 vines per hectare and have an average age of 35 years. The estate limits yields to 45 hectoliters per hectare and grapes are picked and sorted by hand.
As is common for wineries in the Médoc, Château Camensac produces two wines, its first label, Château Camensac, and a second label, La Closerie de Camensac, into which lesser quality lots are blended. After harvest, the wines undergo primary fermentation in stainless steel vats before being transferred to oak barrels for malolactic fermentation and 17–20 months of aging. In recent
G. H. Mumm & Cie, situated in Reims in northern France, is one of the largest Champagne producers worldwide.
It was founded by three brothers, Jacobus, Gottlieb and Phillip Mumm, German winemakers from the Rhine valley and G. Heuser and Friedrich Giesler on March 1, 1827 as P. A. Mumm Giesler et C°. P.A. stood for the initials of Mumm senior (Peter Arnold Mumm), a successful wine merchant from Solingen. Mumm's label is famous for its red ribbon (Cordon Rouge), patterned after and resembling the French Grand Cordon of the Légion d'Honneur.
The French confiscated all of the Mumm's property, although they had lived in Champagne for almost a century before World War I, because they had never bothered to become French citizens.
The company is owned by Pernod Ricard.
G.H. Mumm is an official sponsor of the Formula 1 and provides the champagne bottles for the podium celebrations after each race.
Mumm Napa is one of California's méthode traditionnelle sparkling wine producers, a joint venture between the G.H. Mumm & Cie and Joseph E Seagram & Sons. The location at Napa Valley was founded by Guy Deveaux, who determined Napa's long hot days and cold nights to be ideal for producing the right
Gaspereau Vineyards is a small winery located in the Gaspereau Valley of Nova Scotia. The vineyard encompasses 35 acres (140,000 m) and is 3 kilometres from downtown Wolfville. It is one of ten wineries in Nova Scotia, representing a blooming industry in the province. The winery produces a number of red and white wines, available in dry, off dry, and semi dry. Additionally, icewine and maple wine are made.
Once an apple orchard, the vineyard was planted in 1996 by Hans Jost of Jost Vineyards.
Mahogany Mountain Vineyard and Winery is a small, family owned and operated California winery specializing in limited production of handcrafted premium Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Mourvedre and Red Zinfandel. The vineyards are located in a high valley (1,500 feet (460 m) elevation) in Ramona, California surrounded by mountains. The microclimate in the region include hot long summer days and cool nights.
In 1996, wine making operations were started in Ramona using locally grown grapes. In 1997, vineyards of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Mourvedre and Zinfandel varietals were planted. In October 2003 the Cedar Fire ravaged the area; the vineyards sustained minor damage. In the aftermath of the fire, extensive work was done in improving the vineyards and winery. In 2004, the vineyards were expanded to add Syrah. In late 2006, a 3,200 sq ft (300 m) building was added for grape and wine processing and production.
In January 2006, Ramona Valley AVA was designated an American Viticultural Area (AVA) for its microclimate, elevation and soil.
In November 2010, operations were expanded to include a tasting room on the premises. This expansion made Mahogany Mountain Vineyard and Winery
The Mirassou Winery was a winery, founded in 1854 by Louis Pellier (1817-72) and his brother Pierre (1823-94) in what is now known as California's Silicon Valley, and for many years an icon of the agricultural heritage of the Santa Clara Valley. In 1881 Pierre Mirassou (1856-89) married Pierre Pellier's daughter Henriette (1860-1937).
The brand name "Mirassou" was purchased by wine industry giant Gallo in 2003, and the Mirassou family no longer controls its wine making process or marketing. Instead, the wines are made in the Modesto area, headquarters of Gallo. David Mirassou is employed by Gallo and markets the wine as a Mirassou family product. The Mirassou winery itself, in San Jose, California, was not part of the Gallo purchase and is now boarded up.
Another scion of the family, Steven Mirassou, continues the family's six generations of winemaking in the Livermore Valley with his wine brands, Steven Kent Winery and La Rochelle Winery. He is the only family member connected to the family winery who still owns a wine brand. Steven Mirassou purchased the La Rochelle brand from his cousins, fifth-generation family members, Daniel and Peter Mirassou in May 2005.
Wines:2005 Sterling "Vintner's Collection" Central Coast Zinfandel
Sterling Vineyards, is a winery near Calistoga, California, owned by international alcohol conglomerate Diageo. The winery achieved international recognition when its wine won first place in the Ottawa Wine Tasting of 1981.
Visitors to the winery take a short cable car ride from the main entrance to the villa and distillery which sits upon a hill looking over the Napa Valley.
Sterling Vineyards farms 1,200 acres (486 ha) of vines in various parts of Napa Valley. Production emphasizes Bordeaux and Burgundy-style wines, and is split in several tiers: the entry-level "Napa Valley" wines for which it is most famous, "Reserve" wines (their highest level), "Single Vineyard" wines (specialty wines for enthusiasts), "Vintner's Collection" (value wines for restaurants and mass distribution), and "Cellar Club" (limited production and eclectic wines for their wine club members).
Sterling Vineyards is a popular destination for tourists, in part for an aerial tram that shuttles visitors from a parking lot to the winery, which sits on a volcanic hill 300 feet (91 m) above the valley floor. The building is designed to appear like the white villages of the Greek island Mykonos, and incorporates
Henry of Pelham Family Estate Winery is an Ontario winery that released their first vintage in 1988. The namesake of the winery, Henry (Smith) of Pelham was an early settler in Upper Canada’s Niagara Peninsula. His father Nicholas, the first settler, was Pennsylvania Dutch and a United Empire Loyalist who sided with the crown during the American Revolution of 1776.
He was forced north from his home in Pennsylvania and served as a soldier, bugle boy and Iroquois translator with Butler's Rangers during the war. After the war he was granted 100 acres (0.40 km) of land under the Kings' Grant as were many of his 14 children. This land became known as the Smith Family Community and it was his son Henry who built an inn, tavern and toll-gate along the old trail known as Pelham Road which ran across his property. When applying for his liquor license young Henry signed his name "Henry of Pelham", winking at the fact that the recent British Prime Minister was Sir Henry Pelham. This became Henry's nom de plume and the name of the winery more than a century after he planted his first vineyards to native species of grapes.
In 1984 Paul Speck (Sr.), an educator who was originally from Niagara
Wines:2004 Leaping Lizard "Grand Lizard's Private Reserve" Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Leaping Lizard is produced and bottled by Adler Fels Winery. Napa Valley and Sonoma County Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay. No tasting room. Winery is not open to the public.
Wines:2006 Marimar Estate "La Masia, Don Miguel Vineyard" Green Valley of Russian River Valley Estate Pinot Noir
Marimar Estate is a Californian winery located in Sonoma County, owned by Marimar Torres, the sister of Miguel A. Torres, President of Bodegas Torres.
In 1986 Marimar Torres embarked on a project to plant a 60-acre (240,000 m) vineyard on the western hills of DO Russian River Valley, in Green Valley AVA, sub-appellation of Sonoma County, very close to the Pacific: with a cold microclimate that is suitable for Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. The vineyard is called Don Miguel, after her father, Miguel Torres Carbó, who oversaw the worldwide expansion of the Torres family business. Of the vineyards 60 acres 30 are planted with Chardonnay and the other 30 with Pinot Noir.
The Doña Margarita vineyard, named after Marimar’s mother, was planted in 2002 in the Freestone Valley of the Sonoma Coast AVA. Although the estate has 180 acres (0.73 km), only 12 of these have been earmarked for vines and planted with Pinot Noir. A large area of the estate remains uncultivated with wildlife and indigenous plant species.
At the Sonoma vineyard, the estate utilizes traditional Mediterranean viticultural practices, such as a vertical trellis for the vines, the choice of rootstocks that are more resistant to
Montana Wines is New Zealand's largest wine company, owning vineyards in Gisborne, Hawkes Bay, Marlborough, and Waipara.
Montana was founded by a Croatian immigrant, Ivan Yukich ( Jukić ), who planted his first vines in 1934 in the Waitakere Ranges west of Auckland. The first wine was sold in 1944, and by 1960, 10 hectares were planted. Ivan's sons, Mate and Frank, had become involved, and they set up the company Montana Wines in 1961. By the end of the 1960s, the company had expanded further, planting land south of Auckland.
In 1973, the company expanded into Gisborne and Marlborough. Montana exported its first wines in 1980.
Montana was listed on the New Zealand Stock Exchange, initially as 'Corporate Investments Limited', and then as Montana Wines. Montana successfully purchased Corbans Wines in November 2002, New Zealand's second largest producer. Montana was then itself bought out by Allied Domecq in 2001, after trumping Lion Nathan's takeover offer. Allied Domecq was then subsequently bought by Pernod-Ricard in 2005, and Montana now operates under the name Pernod Ricard NZ Ltd.
Montana has five wineries spread around the country.
Located on State Highway 1, just south of
Château de Curton is a castle located in the region Entre-deux-Mers in the department of Gironde in the commune of Daignac, and a Bordeaux winery producing wines classified as Bordeaux AOC. The castle is situated on the edge of the town of Tizac-Curton, which takes its name from the first Seigneurs (lords) of Curton.
The earliest member of the Curton family documented in official texts is Raimond de Curton appearing in the 11th century, appearing as a Lord from the beginning of the 12th century. From the end of the 12th century, Regin de Curton made ties with the English Royal Family, signing a treaty in London. In the 13th century, the Curton Castle and its Lord, Amanieu de Curton appear in the records.
At the beginning of the Hundred Years' War, Edward III of England asked Arnaud, Lord of Curton, to remain loyal to him and defend Guyenna against the French attacks. As a reward, he granted him jurisdiction over the four parishes around Château de Curton, Daignac, Espiet, Grézillac and Tizac de Curton.
Later, two descendants of the Lord of Curton became famous during the war, Petiton de Curton who was a knight, and Sennebrun de Curton who fought along Edward, the Black Prince.
Bollinger (French pronunciation: [bɔ.lɛ̃.ʒe]) is a Champagne house, a producer of sparkling wines from the Champagne region of France. They produce several labels of Champagne under the Bollinger name, including the vintage Vieille Vignes Françaises, Grand Année and R.D. as well as the non-vintage Special Cuvée. Founded in 1829 in Aÿ by Hennequin de Villermont, Paul Renaudin and Jacques Bollinger the house continues to be run by members of the Bollinger family. In Britain Bollinger Champagnes are affectionately known as "Bolly".
Bollinger has roots in the Champagne region dating back to 1585 when the Hennequins, one of the Bollinger founding families, owned land in Cramant. Before the Bollinger house was founded, in the 18th century the Villermont family practiced wine making, though not under their family name. In 1750, Villermont settled in the location 16 rue Jules Lobet, which would eventually become the head office for Bollinger. In 1803 Jacques Joseph Placide Bollinger was born in Ellwangen, in the kingdom of Württemberg. In 1822, he moved to the Champagne region and began work at the Champagne house of Muller Ruinart, which no longer exists. Many other German nationals came
Wines:2004 Chalone Monterey County Cabernet Sauvignon
Chalone Vineyard is located in the Chalone AVA south of San Francisco, California, United States, on an unusual geological formation called the Gavilan benchland. The soil is rich in limestone and calcium carbonate and also contains a significant amount of decomposed granite. Chalone is situated in an arid chaparral environment, in which temperatures can vary as much as 50°F in one day. The climate is very dry, only 12 to 14 inches (360 mm) of rain fall per year. These factors combine to create a unique terroir, the signature profile of a wine growing region.
The original vineyard was planted in the 1890s by a Frenchman, Charles L. Tamm, who thought the soil similar to that in Burgundy. In 1964, the property was purchased by new owners with a commitment to producing fine wine. Under the guidance of California wine pioneer Richard H. Graff, the vineyard expanded when new vineyards were planted and the winery was moved from a converted chicken shed to a bigger location adjacent to where a newer (and much larger) winery stands today.
Graff wanted to establish a Burgundian-Style, top-flight Chardonnay, and with his brothers, John Graff and Peter Watson-Graff, began producing some of
Willamette Valley Vineyards is a winery located in Turner, Oregon. Named after Oregon's Willamette Valley, the winery is the leading producer of Pinot Noir in Oregon, and also produces Dijon clone Chardonnay and Pinot Gris. The first planting was the Estate Vineyard, which was purchased in 1983 by Founder/Winegrower Jim Bernau. In 1989 many wine enthusiasts joined Jim Bernau when the winery went public. In 1997 the winery purchased Tualatin Estates, one of the oldest vineyards in Oregon, and increased their plantings of Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and other cool-climate varietals. Both the Estate Site and Tualatin Estate site are certified sustainable (LIVE) and Salmon safe. The winery picks all its fruit by hand and ferments its Pinot Noir through small bin fermentation.
Château Lagrange is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Lagrange is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
After a long period of mediocrity, Château Lagrange was purchased by Japanese liquor giant Suntory in 1983 with Marcel Ducasse as directeur général and winemaker. Large budgets from Suntory allowed Marcel Ducasse to invest in the remake of the vineyards and cellars and led to a successful revival of Château Lagrange.
The largest single vineyard among classified estates in the Medoc, the 280 acres (110 ha) vineyard of Lagrange is an unmorcellated block in the western portion of the appellation. As is typical of the region there is a high percentage of cabernet sauvignon, about 65%, planted in the vineyard with vines averaging 30 years of age. The remainder of the gravelly vineyard is planted 28% merlot, and 7% petit verdot. Château Lagrange also has a small vineyard of 9.8 acres (40,000 m²) planted to white varieties (53% sauvignon blanc, 36% semillon, and 11%
Accolade Wines is a global wine business with operations in North America, UK and Ireland, Mainland Europe, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand and Asia. It grew from the Hardy Wine Company business founded by Thomas Hardy in 1853 in Adelaide to become South Australia's largest winemaker. In January 2011 the company was sold, along with Constellation Europe, to the Australian private equity company CHAMP Private Equity and was renamed "Accolade Wines" on 27 June 2011.
Accolade Wines has evolved into a global wine company, selling some of the world’s best-known brands in over 80 countries, including Australia, the UK, mainland Europe, the US, Canada, Japan and China.
The business is the largest wine company by volume in the UK and Australia, with a portfolio ranging from the historic Hardys (the number one Australian wine brand in the UK and a significant wine brand in mainland Europe), through to Kumala, the UK's number two South African wine brand. The UK portfolio includes Echo Falls, the third largest wine brand in the UK; Stowells, the number one wine brand in the on-premise trade; Banrock Station (Australia), the UK’s number one environmentally friendly wine brand and
Champagne Pommery is a French Champagne house located in Reims. The house was founded as Pommery & Greno in 1858 by Alexandre Louis Pommery and Narcisse Greno with the primary business being wool trading. Under the guidance of Alexandre's widow, Louise Pommery, the firm was dedicated to Champagne production and soon became one of the region's largest Champagne brands. Pommery is currently owned by the Vranken company (located in Épernay), who also have Heidsieck & Co Monopole and Demoiselle in their portfolio.
Jeanne Alexandrine Louise Mélin was born March 18, 1819 in Ardennes and married Alexandre Pommery in 1839. Upon Alexandre's death in 1860, his widow Louise Pommery assumed full control of the business. She purchased 120 limestone and chalk pits, so-called crayères, carved underneath 12 miles of the city of Reims by Roman soldiers during their occupation of Gaul. These unique cellars allowed her to store and age over twenty million bottles in a temperature-controlled environment. Many other Champagne houses later followed suit.
Almaden Vineyards is a winery located in Escalon and Madera, California. They claim to be California's oldest winery.
Their original location was at the Old Almaden Winery south of San José between Los Gatos and Almaden. It is registered as California Historical Landmark #505.
The winery was established by Éthienne Thée in 1852, who named the vineyard after a nearby quicksilver mining town. Though sources contradict concerning details of the original foundation, it was undeniably Charles Le Franc, son-in-law of Thée, who planted the first choice European grape varieties at the foot of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The conditions of Pacific cool evening breeze and rocky soil are not suffiently fertile for large yields but grapes of special quality.
Following Prohibition, Almadén as its wines were marketed, had great success with their blush wine, the White Grenache Rosé, allegedly the first popular pink wine in the United States.
The vineyard has undergone great change since, and as the home ground of Los Gatos became overrun by suburbs, Almaden Vineyards was among the first to move south and 1,000 feet (300 m) up, to Paicines in San Benito County, initially planting 2,000 acres
Château Pontet-Canet is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France. Chateau Pontet-Canet is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Ten years following the 1855 classification, the property was purchased by Herman Cruse in 1865, in whose family the estate remained for many years. The Bordeaux wine fraud scandal in 1973 forced the sale, in 1975, of Ponet-Canet to Cognac merchant Guy Tesseron owner of Château Lafon-Rochet. The estate remains in his control today.
Of the 120 hectares (300 acres) estate of Pontet-Canet located in the northern end of the Pauillac commune, across the road from first growth Château Mouton Rothschild, 80 ha (200 acres) are under vine. The soil composition is mainly gravel over a subsoil of clay and limestone. The grape variety distribution is 60% Cabernet Sauvignon, 33% Merlot, 5% Petit Verdot and 2% Cabernet Franc. Vines average 35 years of age.
Pontet-Canet has one of the largest productions of any classified growth in the Medoc with a production of nearly 20,000
Château Potensac is a winery in the Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of 9 Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels as of the 2003 listing. The classification was eventually banned from use in 2007.
Potensac is owned by the same owners as Château Léoville-Las Cases.
Tenuta dell'Ornellaia is located on the Tuscan Coast, overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the section of the Northern Maremma between Livorno and the island of Elba. The vineyards extend over two adjacent areas that are separated by Bolgheri's famed Cypress Avenue. There are 99 hectares of vineyards in all, 41 surrounding the Tenuta, and the remaining 58 in an area known as Bellaria, which is closer to the sea. The vineyards are planted at altitudes ranging from 50 to 120 meters above sea level, on slopes ranging from 5 to 20°. Planting density per hectare ranges from 5,000 vines per hectare in the older vineyards of the Estate to 7,000 vines per hectare in the Bellaria vineyards. By comparison, some of the most recent vineyards can have up to 8,700 vines per hectare. Tenuta Dell'Ornellaia's 97 hectares of vineyards are divided into 50 parcels planted to the four varietals: Cabernet Sauvignon (38 hectares), Cabernet Franc (12 hectares), Merlot (38 hectares), Petit Verdot (7 hectares), and varietals Sauvignon Blanc (2,5 ha), Vigner (0,5), Petit Manseng (1 ha), all of which have adapted perfectly to this part of Tuscany.
Tenuta dell'Ornellaia is an Italian wine producer in the DOC
Veedercrest Vineyards was a California winery, founded by A.W. Baxter, that is most noted for competing in the historic 1976 Judgment of Paris wine tasting event and place its 1972 vintage Chardonnay 9th. . It is the only Californian entrant in the tasting that is no longer in business.
Bodegas Vega Sicilia is a Spanish winery located in the Ribera del Duero Denominacion de Origen in the north of Spain. The "Vega Sicília" wine is well known as one of the most notable Spanish wines. The winery was founded in 1864 by Don Eloy Lecanda y Chaves, who planted various grapes from the Bordeaux wine region of France, including Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, which are still being used in the wines today.
Since 1982, the same year that the Ribera del Duero was granted Denominación de Origen (DO) status, the winery has been owned by the Alvarez family who are members of the Primum Familiae Vini.
In comparing the wines of Spain to the First Growth wines of Bordeaux wine expert Hugh Johnson, after comparing Rioja producers Marques de Riscal and Marques de Murrieta to Château Lafite Rothschild and Château Mouton Rothschild, respectively, noted that "Vega Sicilia is the Latour; but Latour of a vintage that has raisined the grapes and fried the picking crews."--a reference to the significantly warmer climate and different growing conditions of the Ribera del Duero.
Vega Sicilia was founded by Eloy Lecanda y Chaves, a Spanish winemaker who was trained in the Bordeaux wine region of
Villa Maria Estate is a New Zealand wine company. It has vineyards in Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Marlborough and Auckland Villa Maria was founded in 1961 by George Fistonich who, through his dedication to quality, has lead Villa Maria to claim the title of New Zealand’s Most Awarded Winemaker. Recognising the part that viticulture plays in the production of quality wine, Villa Maria was the first New Zealand winery to employ professional viticulturalists.
Villa Maria Estate has four tier of wine labeled Villa Maria Reserve, Single Vineyard, Cellar Selection and Private Bin. In terms of wine styles, like many New Zealand wineries it produces Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, 'Bordeaux' varieties, Pinot Noir and Riesling. Other less common (in New Zealand) varieties produced include; Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris, Viognier, Verdelho, Syrah, Grenache and Arneis.
Villa Maria Estate has two wineries in New Zealand. The largest is the Auckland winery which officially opened in February 2005. Villa Maria Estate’s original Auckland winery was on a site at Kirkbride Road in Mangere, close to Auckland’s International Airport. The Marlborough winery now crushes Villa Maria’s Marlborough harvest from its
Wynns Coonawarra Estate is an Australian winery based in Coonawarra, South Australia.
The estate was founded in 1891 by John Riddoch. He recognised the potential of the now famous red soil and planted vines. In 1951 the vineyard was bought by David and Samuel Wynn; it is now the region's largest vineyard owned by Treasury Wine Estates.
Fiddlehead Cellars is a winery based in Lompoc, California specializing in Sauvignon Blancs and Pinot Noir, producing an average of 5,000 cases of wine yearly. It was established by Kathy Joseph in 1989. Fiddlehead uses grapes from the Santa Ynez Valley AVA of Santa Barbara County, specifically the Sta. Rita Hills AVA for Pinot Noir, and Oregon's Willamette Valley AVA. Winemaker Joseph has a graduate degree in Viticulture and Enology from University of California, Davis. Fiddlehead Cellars is a member of the Sta. Rita Hills Winegrowers Alliance and the Santa Barbara County Vintners' Association.
Fiddlehead's 2003 Sauvignon Blanc was featured prominently in the 2004 film Sideways. The 1997 vintage of this wine was also listed as a Top 100 Wine in the San Francisco Chronicle.
Their Pinot Noir has also been featured as a "top wine" on repeated occasions.
Wines:2005 Mitchell Katz "Harold's Home Ranch" Dry Creek Valley Zinfandel
Mitchell Katz Winery is a winery in the Livermore Valley of California, USA which was formerly known as Jackson Cellars.
Mitchell Katz Winery at Ruby Hill
For Mitch, winemaking is his passion - handed down to him by his grandfather, a home winemaker for over a half a century. With help from his wife, Alicia, production has grown to 7500 cases a year since starting their business in 1998.
The Livermore Valley, one of California's oldest wine regions, has provided fertile ground for Mitch to harvest his dream of handmaking affordable quality wines.
The Tasting Room and Winery facility is located at 1188 Vineyard Ave. in Pleasanton. There is no charge for tasting. The tasting room is open Friday's 12:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.Saturdays and Sundays 12:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Please check the website for more details and special events.
1188 Vineyard Ave., Pleasanton CACall (925) 931-0744www.mitchellkatzwinery.com
The Mitchell Katz Winery is located on the same property as the Palm Event Center, which hosts weddings and corporate events for clients all over the San Francisco Bay Area.
Contact the main office for dates and availability:
1184 Vineyard Avenue, Pleasanton,
Santa Cruz Mountain wineries are the producers of wine from the region bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountain range, from Half Moon Bay in the north, to Mount Madonna in the south. The east and west boundaries are defined by elevation, extending down to 800 feet in the east and 400 feet in the west extending through Monterey, Santa Cruz, Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties.
The Santa Cruz Mountains are home to more than 70 wineries producing fine Chardonnays, Zinfandels, Cabernet Sauvignons, as well as Pinot Noirs, Ports and other varietals and blends.
Some of the oldest wineries in California are in this region and some of the best wines are produced here. Two wines from Santa Cruz Mountain wineries beat the best of the French wines at the famous Judgement of Paris in 1976.
Wines:Blasted Church Vineyards - Chardonnay Revered Series 2006
Blasted Church Vineyards, located in Okanagan Falls, British Columbia is a Canadian Winery. Situated in the heart of British Columbia's Okanagan Valley, Blasted Church produces over 10,000 cases of wine per year. Blasted Church’s tasting room is open 7 days per week between May 1 and October 31.
In 2002, Proprietors Evelyn & Chris Campbell bought the 2 year old 17-hectare Prpich Hills Winery on the road between Okanagan Falls and Penticton. In 1929, the church was dismantled from the abandoned gold mining town called Fairview. The dismantling of the church was via a controlled dynamite explosion which loosened the nails, and reassembled in the center of Okanagan Falls where it now stands and operating as the United Church. The transformation of Prpich Hills to Blasted Church started with creative label redesigns by Vancouver designer Bernie Hadley-Beauregard of Brandever.
In 2004, Blasted Church became the first Okanagan vintners to produce all of their wines with screw-top bottle caps.
Blasted Church's first winemaker, Frank Supernak, died unexpectedly during the first harvest, prompting many other local vintners to assist the Campbell family in completing the production of
Château Grand Corbin-Despagne is a wine from the Saint-Émilion appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, ranked a Grand Cru (Great Growth) in the Classification of Saint-Émilion wine. The winery is located in the northern part of the Saint-Émilion commune, close to the border of Pomerol.
A second wine is produced from the vineyard's younger vines, Petit Corbin-Despagne.
The estate consists of the largest portion of the historic Corbin seigneury which during the Middle Ages belonged to The Black Prince and was second in importance only to Château Figeac.
With documented ties to the land from the 17th century, the Despagne family have produced wine since the 19th century. Following an expansion of the estate in 1852, a reputation of consistent quality has evolved around the Grand-Corbin-Despagne wine, receiving awards at various exhibitions in Paris before and after the beginning of the 20th century. The estate's wine is considered consistently among the best crus of Saint-Émilion's sandy glacis.
The estate is still owned and run by the Despagne family.
The vineyard area extends 24 hectares with grape varieties of 75% Merlot, 24% Cabernet Franc, 1% Cabernet Sauvignon and 1%
Château Les Ormes-de-Pez, or Château Ormes de Pez, (French for The Elms of Pez) is a winery in the Saint-Estèphe appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, near the hamlet of Pez. The wine produced here was classified as one of 9 Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels in the 2003 listing. Though this classification is currently annulled, it is expected to be revived by the 2009 vintage, but without use of the quality divisions such as "exceptionnel".
The Château and buildings date from 1792, constructed after the division and sale of Château de Pez as a result of the French Revolution. During the 19th century it was owned by Marcel Alibert, also the owner of Château Belgrave, until it was sold in 1927 to the Société Civile du Haut Médoc. Financial trouble forced the estate to be sold on to Jean-Charles Cazes in 1930, who passed it on to his son André Cazes.
To date the estate is owned by the Cazes family, also owners of Château Lynch-Bages. For many years the vinification took place at Lynch-Bages, but the cuvier and chai of Ormes-de-Pez were modernised before the 1981 vintage. After a long period of management by Jean-Michel Cazes, he has been succeeded by his son Jean-Charles
Château Rieussec is a sweet white wine ranked as Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in the commune of Fargues.
The Rieussec estate was the property of the monks of Carmes de Langon in the 18th century. Following the French revolution, church property was confiscated by the state and auctioned off. In about 1790, Rieussec was bought in this fashion by a Mr. Marheilhac, who at this time was also the owner of Château La Louvière in Léognan. The owner at the time of the 1855 classification, when Rieussec was classified a first growth, was a Mr. Mayne. After that, Rieussec had a long succession of owners: Charles Crepin bought in arounbd 1870, Paul Defolie in 1892, Mr. Bannil in 1907, the Gasqueton family (also owners of Château Calon-Ségur in Saint Estèphe), the American P. F. Berry (brother-in-law of the Vicomte de Bouzet) during the war, Mr. Balaresque in 1957 and and Albert Vuillier in 1971.
In 1984, Rieussec was bought by Domaines Barons de Rothschild, the owners of Château Lafite Rothschild. The Rothschilds
d'Arenberg is an Australian wine company founded in 1912. All of their vineyards are located in South Australia's McLaren Vale, although some of the wines they make are produced from grapes sourced from the Adelaide Hills and Fleurieu Peninsula. It is now owned by the fourth generation of the Osborn family, headed by Chester Osborn. d'Arenberg are known for the quirky names of their wines, and their specialism in the vines of the Rhone valley. They also produce many of their wines in a traditional manner, using basket pressing for both reds and whites (the only winery in Australia to do so) and leaving the vast majority of the red wines unfiltered and unfined which can cause the wine to throw a sediment in bottle but leaves the flavour intact. The majority of their red wines are suitable for ageing as well as for drinking fairly young and even the cheaper wines show very well after a few years in bottle. Perhaps their best known wine is 'The Dead Arm Shiraz', made from fungus-infected shiraz grape vines.
In 2009 D'Arenberg joined Australian wine alliance First Families of Wine.
The name Dead Arm comes from the disease Eutypa lata which is common in many older vineyards. Eutypa Lata
Wines:2005 Dominus Estate Napa Valley Estate Cabernet Sauvignon
Dominus Estate, is a California wine estate producing Bordeaux style blends, owned by Christian Moueix. The winery is located in Yountville within the Napa Valley AVA.
George C. Yount, the founder of Yountville, planted in 1836 the first vines of the valley on the location of Napanook vineyard. In 1850 the property was bought by Charles Hopper, and owners since include Hugh La Rue, a pioneer in the use of rootstock and John Daniel Jr., the owner of Inglenook Winery who bought the estate in 1946.
Following Daniel's death in 1970, Napanook passed to his daughters Robin Lail and Marcia Smith who in 1982 began a partnership with Christian Moueix, acting on a recommendation by Robert Mondavi to establish production in Napa Valley. Moueix, also in charge of production at Château Pétrus and president of Établissements Jean-Pierre Moueix, became the sole owner of Dominus Estate when Lail and Smith sold their shares in 1995. Napanook, the estate's second wine, was first released in 1996.
With the previous thirteen vintages crushed and aged at the nearby facility Rombauer Winery, a new winery was constructed by the Swiss architects Jaques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron in 1996, a $5 million,
Ampelos is a Greek word meaning “vine”. The vineyards and winery are managed in a very intensive, hands-on way, 100% bio-dynamic...a step beyond organic. Located in the Santa Rita Hills AVA, Ampelos Vineyard grapes are purchased by other wineries. Tastings by appointment only.
Beringer Vineyards is a large winery in St. Helena, California.
Founded in 1875, Beringer Vineyards is "the oldest continuously operating winery in the Napa Valley", and is thus registered as a California Historical Landmark. It was the first California winery to offer public tours after Prohibition's repeal. In 1939, Beringer invited attendees of the Golden Gate International Exposition to visit the winery using promotional maps printed with the phrase "All roads lead to Beringer". The winery also invited Hollywood stars including Clark Gable, Charles Laughton, and Carole Lombard to visit. These early promotions are considered to be the birth of wine-based tourism that is now a large part of Napa Valley's economy today.
The Beringer family sold the Beringer name and winery to Nestlé in 1971. It sold off the company in 1996. The winery was owned by Foster's Group from 2000 to 2011. As of 2011, it is owned by Treasury Wine Estates.
Media related to Beringer Vineyards at Wikimedia Commons
Wines:2005 Cakebread Cellars "Red Hills" Lake County Zinfandel
Over 30 years ago, Jack Cakebread came to photograph the Napa Valley for a book and while here, he casually mentioned his interest in one day owning a vineyard to some family friends who had a ranch in Rutherford. When he returned home that afternoon, the phone rang and it was the family friends offering to sell their property. He headed back up to the valley that same afternoon to make his best offer, and Cakebread Cellars was born. As the Cakebread family reflects upon the many profound changes in the wine industry over the last 33 years, such as innovative farming techniques and new methods of reaching out to consumers, they note that their key values have remained the same. Dedication to making the highest quality wines and a commitment to family has followed a continuum as their first small vineyard has grown into a thriving internationally distributed wine company. Their first vintage--157 cases of 1973 Chardonnay--was sold to Phil Faight of Groezinger's Wine Shop in Yountville. He in turn sold to a small audience of premium wine drinkers who primarily drove up from the Bay Area on weekends to visit the country. "Two or three cars an hour would be on the road and we would all stop and look to see who was coming," said Jack as he thought of his original neighbors who became some of the "legends of the wine industry - Mondavi, Martini, Heitz, BV's Tchelistcheff and Christian Brothers "Brother Tim." Today, traffic is about 30 cars-a-minute as the world comes to visit the Napa Valley wine country.
Château Cantenac-Brown is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. The Chateau has 104 acres (0.42 km) planted with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc. The Chateau produces a second wine labeled as Brio de Cantenac-Brown.
Wines:2005 Pessac-Léognan Château Haut-Brion Bordeaux
Château Haut-Brion is a French wine, rated a Premier Cru Classé (First Growth), produced in Talence just outside the city of Bordeaux. It differs from the other wines on the list in its geographic location in the north of the wine-growing region of Graves. Of the five first growths, it is the only wine with the Pessac-Léognan appellation and is in some sense the ancestor of a classification that remains the benchmark to this day.
In addition to the grand vin, Haut-Brion produces a red second wine, from the 2007 vintage renamed Le Clarence de Haut Brion in place of the former name Château Bahans Haut-Brion. There is also produced a dry white wine named Château Haut-Brion Blanc, with a limited release of the second dry white wine, Les Plantiers du Haut-Brion, renamed La Clarté de Haut-Brion after the 2008 vintage. Since 2003, Domaine Clarence Dillon's daughter company Clarence Dillon Wines has also released the Bordeaux brand wine named Clarendelle.
Although grapes are thought to have been grown on the property since Roman times, the earliest document indicating cultivation of a parcel of land dates from 1423. The property was bought by Jean de Ségur in 1509, and in 1525 was owned by
Château la Mission Haut-Brion is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, classed among the Grand Crus in the Graves classification of 1953. The winery, located in close vicinity of the city of Bordeaux, belongs to the wine region Graves, in the commune of Pessac with additional property in Talence.
The château also produces a second wine from younger vines, La Chapelle de la Mission, since the 1991 vintage, and the dry white wine Château La Mission Haut-Brion Blanc since the merger of Château Laville Haut-Brion.
In the early 16th century, the land belonged to the family de Rostaing, of the house of de la Tour d'Esquivens, then called Arrejedhuys, planted with vines before it was passed to the Lestonnac family in 1540. It remained under family ownership until 1654 when it was willed by Madame de Lestonnac to the Pères Lazarists, priests of the Mission of Saint-Vincent de Paul. The priests cultivated grapes for nearly 130 years, until the French Revolution, leaving behind monastic foundations that were expropriated by the state. It was acquired by Martial-Victor Vaillant in November 1792 for 302,000 livres, and for nearly one hundred years it was owned by the Chiapella
Wines:1998 Château La Tour Blanche Sauternes Sémillon
Château La Tour Blanche, or La Tour-Blanche, is a sweet white wine ranked as Premier Cru Classé (French, “First Growth”) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. Belonging to the Sauternes appellation in Gironde, in the region of Graves, the winery is located in the commune of Bommes.
Uniquely among classed growth wineries, the estate is the property of the French state, and the site of the La Tour Blanche School of Viticulture and Oenology.
Records date the estate's origins to the 18th century, and connect them to Jean Saint-Marc du Latourblanche, treasurer-general to Louis XIV. Following the French Revolution, the estate was owned by Pierre Pécherie, but a later owner, the German Frederic Focke raised the reputation of the winery, and was for a period credited with bringing the tradition of sweet white wine to Sauternes from his Rhine origins. After the rewarding outcome of the 1855 Classification and Focke's death, the estate was eventually acquired by Daniel "Osiris" Iffla who among several patrotic acts, testamented La Tour Blanche to the State upon his death in 1907, on the condition it would become an agricultural college. From 1911, the La Tour Blanche
Château Lascombes is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Seconds Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. In the 1950s, the estate was purchased by French wine writer Alexis Lichine who continued to own part of the estate till 1971 when Bass Charrington took over principal ownership. In 2001 it was purchased by Yves Vatelot and US-based Colony Capital, who in 2011 sold it to the French insurance group MACSF. In addition to its premier cuvee, a second wine is also produced, under the name Chevalier de Lascombes. Additional brands are Château Segonnes, Rosé de Lascombes, Vin Sec Chevalier de Lascombes and Gombaud.
In the 17th century the estate belonged to Antoine, chevalier de Lascombes, and has kept his name. Some locals suggest the estate, which is situated on the highest knoll of Margaux, takes its name from "la côte" (French: height) via "lascote" to "lascombes". Antoine de Lascombes (born 1625) inherited or had possession of the estate from the Durfort de Duras family, with whose properties in the Bordeaux it remained at first integrated; wine is
Château Léoville-Las Cases is a winery in the Saint-Julien appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. Château Léoville-Las Cases is also the name of the red wine produced by this property. The wine produced here was classified as one of fifteen Deuxièmes Crus (Second Growths) in the original Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Léoville-Las Cases was one of the first estates in Bordeaux to introduce a second label, Clos du Marquis. However, Clos du Marquis is a separate wine. Since 2007, the Chateau has offered a Second Wine known as Le Petit Lion de Marquis de Las Cases.
Léoville-Las Cases was once part of a much larger estate until the time of the French Revolution when a portion of this estate was separated into what is today Château Léoville-Barton. In 1840, the estate was again divided and land that would eventually become Château Léoville-Poyferré was split off.
Since the mid 20th century the Delon family have been owners of this estate, also owners of châteaux Potensac and Nénin.
In 1976, the 1971 vintage ranked number six among the ten French and California red wines in the historic "Judgment of Paris" wine competition.
The largest plot of Léoville-Las Cases'
Château Palmer is a winery in the Margaux appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of fourteen Troisièmes Crus (Third Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. the property is situated in the communes Margaux and Cantenac, and its wine is considered to be one of the two most popular Third Growths.
Since 1998, the Château has also been producing a second label, not a second wine, Alter Ego de Palmer, selected from the same quality terroirs, but employing different wine-making techniques and different proportions of grapes, in order to produce an earlier-drinking wine. Some 40% of the estate's production is now sold as Alter Ego de Palmer. The result has been a significant reduction in the quantity of wine sold as Château Palmer (from nearly 20,000 cases before the introduction of Alter Ego de Palmer to 11,000-12,000 cases currently). The previous second wine, La Réserve de Général, is not a component of Alter Ego de Palmer, but is now sold off in bulk.
Once a part of the ancient estate Château d'Issan divided by the heirs of the Foix-Candale family in 1748, 50 hectares of vineyards came to the Gascq
Château Smith Haut Lafitte is a Bordeaux wine from the Pessac-Léognan appellation, ranked among the Grands Crus Classé for red wine in the Classification of Graves wine of 1953 and 1959. The winery and vineyards are located south of the city of Bordeaux, in the commune of Martillac.
The estate originates in the 14th century with the house of Verrier Du Boscq who planted vines on a gravelly plateau named Lafitte already in 1365. In 1720 it was bought by the Scotsman Georges Smith who added his name to the lieu-dit (English: place-name), and who built the manor house of the property.
The Louis Eschenauer company bought estate in 1958, after having already distributed the wine from the early 20th century. In 1990, Daniel Cathiard bought Smith Haut Lafitte and embarked on an investment programme, including the building of a new cellar.
The vineyard area consists of 67 hectares (170 acres), 56 hectares of which are planted with grape varieties of 55% Cabernet Sauvignon, 35% Merlot and 10% Cabernet Franc. The remaining 11 hectares are cultivated with white varieties of 90% Sauvignon Blanc, 5% Sémillon and 5% Sauvignon Gris.
The Grand vin, Château Smith Haut Lafitte, is annually produced
Codorníu (Catalan pronunciation: [kuðurˈniw]) is the world's largest producer of bottle-fermented sparkling wine made by the traditional champagne method (méthode traditionelle), it was founded in Catalonia, Spain in 1551. It produces 60 million bottles annually. Spanish sparkling wine from the region Catalonia is known as "cava."
The Codorníu family’s wine business goes back to the middle of the 16th century. A document of that period states that the family had several machines and implements relating to the wine industry. In 1659 Anna Codorníu married Miquel Raventós and the families, each with a long wine tradition, were united. Years later, in 1872, Josep Raventós produced cava for the first time in Spain using the “Traditional Method” and established a completely new industry in the Alt Penedès region. The Codorníu cellars at Sant Sadurní d'Anoia were built on the orders of Manuel Raventós between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century (1895-1915). He chose the renowned Catalán architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch, to design the facility. At that time Codorníu was producing about 100,000 bottles of cava per year, and the size of the new structure seemed overly
Wines:2005 Concannon "Selected Vineyards" Central Coast Cabernet Sauvignon
Concannon Vineyard is the second-largest winery in the Livermore Valley of California, producing around 30,000 cases annually. It is well known for its Petite Sirah and Concannon was the first winery to bottle this grape as a varietal wine in 1961. It also produces several other varieties of wine, including Chardonnay. Concannon is owned by The Wine Group.
Concannon was founded in 1883 by James Concannon of Inishmore, County Galway. Its success in producing and selling sacramental or altar wine for the Roman Catholic Church helped it to survive national Prohibition. Grape cuttings from this vineyard were introduced to Mexico between 1889 and 1904 for the improvement of its commercial viticulture. As such, the vineyard has been designated a California Historical Landmark (#641).
Concha y Toro ( BCS: CONCHATORO / NYSE: VCO) is the largest producer of wines from Latin America and is one of the global leaders in its field. It is headquartered in Santiago, Chile.
Concha y Toro Winery is located in Chile. It comprises 8.720 ha. spread throughout Chile's major wine regions: Maipo, Maule, Rapel, Colchagua, Curico, and Casablanca.
The Concha y Toro Vineyard was founded by Don Melchor de Santiago Concha y Toro and his wife, Emiliana Subercaseaux, in 1883. To start the winery, he brought grape varieties from the Bordeaux region in France. The grapes that he brought were: Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Merlot, and Carmenère. The vineyard was incorporated as a stock company in 1923 and shares were sold in the Santiago stock market. Concha y Toro began exporting wine in March 1933 to the port of Rotterdam, Holland. In 1950, the winery began to acquire more vineyards and also began the process of adapting its business to new markets and meeting a higher demand.
In 1971, Eduardo Guilisasti Tagle became Chairman of the Board, who succeeded in expanding the company. In 1987, after partnering with U.S. importer Banfi Vintners, the company started to
Klein Constantia is a wine estate in the suburb of Constantia in Cape Town, South Africa.
Constantia, the first wine farm in Southern Africa, was established in 1685 by the VOC Governor of the Cape Simon van der Stel, and was used to produce wine as well as other fruit and vegetables and cattle farming. Van der Stel, a keen viticulturist, had been the first to recognize the potential of the decomposed granite soil in the sheltered valley facing False Bay and bounded by sea on both sides after he had had soil samples collected from all over the Cape. He chose this area to plant his vines and named it Constantia.
Following van der Stel's death in 1712 the estate was broken up and sold in three parts (Groot Constantia; Klein Constantia; and Bergvliet).
In 1778 the portion of the estate surrounding van der Stel's mansion was sold to the Cloete family, who planted extensive vineyards of mostly Frontignac, Pontac, red and white Muscadel and a little Steen (Chenin Blanc) and extended and improved the mansion. On the death of Hendrik Cloete in 1818, the estate was split, and the upper portion became the property of Cloete's son Johan Gerhard Cloete under the name Klein Constantia.
L'Aventure, or Stephan Vineyards, is a California wine estate producing various Bordeaux and Rhône style blends, and varietal wine. The winery is located southwest of Paso Robles, California, along the Pacific Coast in the Santa Lucia Mountain range.
Stephan Asseo settled in Paso Robles due to its similarities in terroir to the Rhône Valley, founding L'Aventure in 1998.
Following a vision of "Bordeaux meets Rhône in Paso Robles", consistent acclaim and high scores by Robert M. Parker, Jr. have caused sales of L'Aventure wines to rise considerably, and the estate has been informally termed a "Grand Cru of Paso Robles".
Asseo was selected as 2007 Winemaker of the Year of San Luis Obispo County. In 2007 he also appeared in the second series of Oz and James's Big Wine Adventure.
The vineyard area extends 127 acres (51 ha), cultivated with grape varieties of 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 30% Syrah, 15% Petit Verdot and 15% Mourvèdre as well as portions of Grenache, Roussanne, Viognier and Grenache Blanc.
Among the wines produced are the "Paso blends" L'Aventure Optimus and Estate Cuvée, the "Rhône blend" L'Aventure Côte à Côte, and a rosé. The varietal wines produced are Syrah, Cabernet
Quails’ Gate Winery is a Canadian Winery located on the shore of Okanagan Lake in Westbank, British Columbia. Situated in the heart of British Columbia's Okanagan Valley, Quails’ Gate produces over 50,000 cases of wine per year. The entire portfolio of Quails’ Gate wines are best known for their Family Reserve Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. Quails' Gate's Wineshop and Old Vines Restaurant are open daily, year round to the public.
Quails’ Gate was founded by the Stewarts, one of the Okanagan’s pioneer horticultural families. Richard John Stewart arrived in the Okanagan Valley from County Kildare, Ireland in 1908. He and his 2 brothers purchased several parcels of land and established nurseries. In 1956, his son Richard Stewart acquired the Allison Ranch on which the winery now sits and started planting vines along with fruit orchards. His son Ben, a banker by trade started working at Quails’ Gate in the 1980s. In 1989, the family abandoned the orchards and focused the properties on producing wine, relaunching the business as Quails’ Gate Estate Winery. In 1992, Richards' other son, Tony, left his career as a stockbroker to return to the family business. Tony now runs the business still
Reif Estate Winery is located in Niagara-on-the-Lake in Ontario, Canada. Reif Estate is primarily known for playing an important in role pioneering the Ontario wine Industry, as well as planting some of the first vitis vinifera vines in the Niagara region.
Before Reif Estate Winery settled on the banks of the Niagara River, the family tradition of winemaking traces back 13 generations, starting in Germany. The Reif family tradition of winemaking began in the 17th century in a small winemaking town called Neustadt, Germany.
In 1977, Ewald Reif moved to Canada and purchase a plot of land, where the winery is still situated today. After purchasing the land, Ewald began uprooting existing vitis labrusca grapes that were planted on the property, replacing them with vitis vinifera vines. Ewald opened Reif Estate Winery in 1982. The winery's first vintages in 1982 included Riesling, Gewürztraminer and Vidal. In 1984 Reif produced its first Icewine.
In 1987, Klaus W. Reif took over from his Uncle Ewald as President and Winemaker at Reif Estate Winery. In 1990, Roberto DiDomenico became winemaker.
Reif Estate's 125-acre (0.51 km) vineyard is located in Niagara Peninsula Appellation, in the
The Thaddeus Hait Farm is located on Allhusen Road near the hamlet of Modena in the town of Plattekill, New York, United States. It is a 142-acre (0.57 km) property on both sides of the road consisting of 15 contributing properties in two distinct groups, together comprising a mostly intact early 19th-century family farm still used for that purpose today.
Hait, a member of a prosperous Westchester County family, bought the original 97 acres (39 ha) in 1819. At the time the road was the busy Milton Turnpike, carrying much traffic from distilleries. Over the next nine years, he built the farm up with purchases adding 35 acres (140,000 m), setting it into its present form. His grandson sold it in 1888. Two other owners later, in 1906, the Allhusen family after whom the road was renamed bought it for dairy farming and kept it until 1973. After some more transitional owners, it came to the Adairs, who returned to the property's roots by going into winemaking. The farm was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. They have since sold the property to Marc and Lori Stopkie, who have retained the Adair name. Today, Adair Vineyards produces 20,000 bottles annually of Seyval