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Best Public speaking event of All Time

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    1
    24th Congress of the CPSU

    24th Congress of the CPSU

    The 24th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held for ten days starting on 30 March 1971. That Leonid Brezhnev was in the cockpit of power was undeniably demonstrated at the congress. He delivered the keynote address, which lasted six hours and was the only speech to be televised. During his speech Brezhnev was repeatedly interrupted by the thunderous applause of 5,000 delegates, many of whom, jumping to their feet, chanted "Glory, glory" rhythmically, in tribute to the General Secretary's effort to build communism. In the speeches that followed, national and regional party leaders, with some exceptions, heaped praise on Brezhnev for showing constant concern for the well-being of the people. No single leader had received such adulation since Nikita Khrushchev, who was overthrown by the collective leadership in 1964. Although Brezhnev discussed many issues, including politics and foreign policy, the main emphasis of his talk was on the economy. He assured the average Soviet citizen that the primary aim of the party's economic policy was to raise the standard of living without neglecting Soviet defense requirements. Specifically, Brezhnev promised that during the
    7.83
    6 votes
    4

    3rd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

    The 3rd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held during 12–27 April [25 Apr - 10 May (O.S.)] 1905 in London, UK. The Menshevik Central Committee had voted against calling the Congress on 7 February 1905 and voted to expel Lenin. Two days later nine of the eleven members of this committee were arrested. Leonid Krasin and Lyubimov initiated contact with the Bolsheviks and signed an agreement with Gusev and Rumyantsev for the setting up of the 3rd Congress. It was the congress of the Bolsheviks only with a handful of Mensheviks, who organised an alternative conference in Geneva. The meeting was so secretive we do not know the name of the hall they used. Krasin and Alexander Bogdanov were appointed to the "Russian Bureau of the Central Committee" charged with bringing together the two factions. Besides the routine topics, the agenda included the issues of the Russian Revolution of 1905. Lenin wanted the party to support Japan in its war on Russia (Joseph Pilsudski used the same tactic). The Congress put pressure on Lenin to return to Russia (he did eventually in November) by relocating the central committee and party newspaper in Russia.
    8.40
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    Arab Congress of 1913

    Arab Congress of 1913

    The Arab Congress of 1913 (also known as the "Arab National Congress," "First Palestinian Conference," the "First Arab Congress," and the "Arab-Syrian Congress") met in a hall of the French Geographical Society (Société de Géographie) at 184 Boulevard Saint-Germain from June 18–23 in Paris to discuss reforms to grant Arabs more autonomy under the Ottoman Empire. It took place at a time of uncertainty and change in the Ottoman Empire in the years leading up to World War I. The Empire had undergone a revolution and a coup by the Young Turks in 1908. Arabs were agitating for more rights under the fading empire and early glimmers of Arab nationalism were emerging. A number of dissent and reform-oriented groups formed in Greater Syria, Palestine, Constantinople, and Egypt. Zionist immigration to Palestine was increasing, and England and France were expressing interest in the region, competing for spheres of influence. It was under these conditions that a group of students living in Paris called for a Congress to be held to discuss proposed Arab reforms. While the Congress was not ultimately successful in its proposed aims, it was a reflection of events taking place and dynamics that
    6.67
    6 votes
    7

    International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament

    The International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament took place in Oslo on 26 and 27 February 2008. It was organized by The Government of Norway, the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority in collaboration with the NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative) and the Hoover Institute. The Conference entitled "Achieving the Vision of a World Free of Nuclear Weapons" had the purpose of building consensus between nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states and about the importance of all the actions in the NPT. The specific aims were twofold: • To identify and formulate disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear risk reduction proposals that can realistically be implemented in the mid-term (2–5 years) • To discuss long-term objectives and how progress can be made toward achieving them. The conference focused on the discussion over several issues, some of them were: what nuclear-weapon states and non-nuclear-weapon states can do to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in national security policies, how regional conflicts impact efforts to reduce nuclear dangers, the role of treaties and ways of reconciling nuclear energy expansion with nonproliferation efforts. The panelists were: Dr. Alexei
    6.67
    6 votes
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    Les Noms du père

    Seminar of the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Due to political shifts in the psychoanalytic group of which Lacan was a member, only one session occurred before the seminar was abandoned.
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    6 votes
    10
    Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA

    Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA

    The Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA was an influential conference organized by Paul Berg to discuss the potential biohazards and regulation of biotechnology, held in February 1975 at a conference center at Asilomar State Beach. A group of about 140 professionals (primarily biologists, but also including lawyers and physicians) participated in the conference to draw up voluntary guidelines to ensure the safety of recombinant DNA technology. The conference also placed scientific research more into the public domain, and can be seen as applying a version of the precautionary principle. The repercussions of these guidelines are still being felt through the biotechnology industry and the participation of the general public in scientific discourse. Due to potential safety hazards, scientists worldwide had halted experiments using recombinant DNA technology, which entailed combining DNAs from different organisms. After the establishment of the guidelines during the conference, scientists continued with their research, which increased fundamental knowledge about biology and the public’s interest in biomedical research. Recombinant DNA technology arose as a result of advances in
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    4 votes
    11
    1896 Democratic National Convention

    1896 Democratic National Convention

    The 1896 Democratic National Convention, held at the Chicago Coliseum from July 7 to July 11, was the scene of William Jennings Bryan's nomination as the Democratic presidential candidate for the 1896 U.S. presidential election. At age 36, Bryan was the youngest Presidential nominee in American history, only one year older than the constitutional minimum. Bryan's keynote "Cross of Gold" address, delivered prior to his nomination, lambasted Eastern monied classes for supporting the gold standard at the expense of the average worker. This was a repudiation of Cleveland-administration policy, but proved popular with the delegates to the convention. Bryan secured the nomination on the fifth ballot over Richard P. Bland. As the nominee, Bryan declined to choose a specific Democratic vice presidential nominee and left the decision to his fellow delegates. Arthur Sewall of Maine was nominated on the fifth ballot. The ticket ultimately lost to the Republican candidates, William McKinley and Garret Hobart. For three years the nation had been mired in a deep economic depression, marked by low prices, low profits, high unemployment, and violent strikes. Economic issues, especially silver or
    7.20
    5 votes
    12

    CSEDU 2010

    CSEDU 2010 (The International Conference on Computer Supported Education) aims at becoming a yearly meeting place for presenting and discussing new educational environments, best practices and case studies on innovative technology-based learning strategies, institutional policies on computer supported education including open and distance education, using computers. In particular, the Web is currently a preferred medium for distance learning and the learning practice in this context is usually referred to as e-learning. CSEDU-2010 is expected to give an overview of the state of the art as well as upcoming trends, and to promote discussion about the pedagogical potential of new learning and educational technologies in the academic and corporate world.
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    25th Congress of the CPSU

    25th Congress of the CPSU

    The 25th congress of the Communist party of the USSR met in Moscow from February 24 to March 5 1976. The general secretary of the party Leonid Brezhnev greeted 4,998 Soviet delegates and representatives from 96 foreign countries. Among Communist-ruled nations, only the People's Republic of China and Albania did not send representatives. The congress itself produced few surprises, with the main emphasis placed on the stability of the political and economic situation and the prospects of continued success in the future, Brezhnev declared that the USSR will not invade or fight other countries. Little mention was made of fundamental problems facing the Soviet Union— the slowdown of the rate of economic growth, the low output of agriculture despite heavy investment. The only critical voices raised were those of foreign Communists. French Communist leader Georges Marchais boycotted the congress after criticizing the Soviet Union's suppression of dissidents. A major problem faced Soviet leaders, and one that has been continually evaded was the need to rejuvenate the Politburo. Once again the membership remained virtually unchanged, as did the members' average age of 66. Brezhnev himself
    8.25
    4 votes
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    Campus in Multidisciplinary Perception and Intelligence of Albacete 2006

    "50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Campus in Multidisciplinary Perception and Intelligence, CMPI-2006" was the most important event, for the celebration of the fifty years of the Dartmouth Conference, in spanish language. It was celebrated in the city of Albacete (Spain). In 2006 was celebrated the fifty years of the Dartmouth Conference. But, despite all the time passed, the problem of finding the precise descriptions of the features of the brain and the mind mentioned in the 1955 proposal still remains open today. The 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence was celebrated in different places all around the world. In the campus more than a hundred of important international specialists met, such as Rodolfo Llinás, José Mira Mira, Héctor Geffner, Gustavo Deco or Ramón López de Mántaras. The first speaker of the conferences was Rodolfo Llinás, who is the Thomas and Suzanne Murphy Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of the department of Physiology & Neuroscience at the NYU School of Medicine, director of the Neurolab of the NASA and considered as one of the fathers of neuroscience. Some international journals decided to launch special issues dedicated to disseminate the celebration
    8.25
    4 votes
    19

    Anglo-French Conference on Time-keeping at Sea

    The Anglo-French Conference on Time-keeping at Sea was held in London in June 1917. The Conference established the nautical date line and adopted an ideal form of the terrestrial time zone system for use at sea. It recommended that time changes required by changes of longitude be made in one-hour steps. This recommendation was adopted between 1920 and 1925 by all major fleets, including British, French and American. The rules applied to almost all naval ships and to many non-naval ships. Nevertheless, up to the Second World War, the old practice of keeping local apparent time prevailed on many independent merchant ships. The nautical date line is implied but not explicitly drawn on time zone maps. It follows the 180° meridian except where it is interrupted by territorial waters adjacent to land, forming gaps: it is a pole-to-pole dashed line. Ships are required to adopt the standard time of a country when they are within its territorial waters, but must revert to international time zones (15° wide pole-to-pole gores) as soon as they leave territorial waters. The 15° gore that is offset from GMT or UT1 (not UTC) by twelve hours is bisected by the nautical date line into two 7.5°
    7.00
    5 votes
    20
    7.00
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    21

    IMAGAPP 2010

    Conference name: 2nd International Conference on Imaging Theory and Applications (IMAGAPP) Venue: Angers-France Event Date: 17-21 May, 2010 The 2nd International Conference on Imaging Theory and Applications (IMAGAPP) aims at becoming a major point of contact between researchers, engineers and practitioners in Computer Graphics. The conference will be structured along four main tracks, covering different aspects related to Imaging, from Imaging Theory to Imaging Applications and Imaging Technologies. We welcome papers describing original work in any of the areas listed below. Papers describing advanced prototypes, systems, tools and techniques as well as general survey papers indicating future directions are also encouraged. Paper acceptance will be based on quality, relevance to the conference themes and originality. The conference program will include both oral and poster presentations. Special sessions, dedicated to case-studies and commercial presentations, as well as technical tutorials, dedicated to technical/scientific topics, are also envisaged. Companies interested in presenting their products/methodologies or researchers interested in lecturing a tutorial are invited to contact the conference secretariat. CONFERENCE AREAS Each of these topic areas is expanded below. Papers should address one or more of the listed topics, although authors should not feel limited by them. Unlisted but related topics are also allowed. 1. Imaging Theory 2. Imaging Applications 3. Imaging Technologies AREA 1: IMAGING THEORY - Coding and Transmission - Colour Analysis and Processing - Digital Image Processing, Manipulation and Archiving - Image Data Quality AREA 2: IMAGING APPLICATIONS - Medical Imaging (Radiology, Magnetic Resonance, Ultrasound, Brain mapping) - Physics Imaging (Radar imaging, Photoelectronics, Molecular imaging) - Remote sensing, Astronomy and Geology Imaging - Imaging in Computing and Business (Document imaging, metadata, quality control) - Entertainment Imaging Applications AREA 3: IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES - Digital Fabrication Processes - Digital Printing Technologies - Display Technology - Electronic Imaging Devices IMPORTANT DATES Conference date: 17 - 21 May, 2010 Position Paper Submission: January 12, 2010 Authors Notification (position papers): February 04, 2010 Final Position Paper Submission and Registration: February 16, 2010 SECRETARIAT CONTACTS IMAGAPP Secretariat Address: Av. D.Manuel I, 27A 2ºesq. 2910-595 Setúbal - Portugal Tel.: +351 265 520 184 Fax: + 44 203 014 5434 e-mail: imagapp.secretariat@insticc.org Web:http://imagapp.visigrapp.org/
    9.33
    3 votes
    22

    121st International Olympic Committee Session

    The 121st International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session was held on October 1–9, 2009 in Copenhagen, Denmark, during which Rio de Janeiro was selected as the host city of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The city of Copenhagen was chosen on February 8, 2006 by the 118th IOC Session held in Turin, Italy to stage the 13th Olympic Congress, together with the meetings of the Executive Board and the 121st IOC Session. The other candidates were Athens (Greece), Busan (South Korea), Cairo (Egypt), Riga (Latvia), Singapore (Singapore), Taipei (Chinese Taipei). Convened on the initiative of President Jacques Rogge, the 13th Olympic Congress brought together all the constituent parties of the Olympic Movement to study and discuss the current functioning of the Movement and define the main development axes for the future. The programme for the meeting was: On October 2, 2009, the IOC voted to elect the host city of the 2016 Summer Olympics. Rio de Janeiro was elected host city after three rounds of voting. This was Rio's fourth bid for the Olympic Games.
    8.00
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    24

    Regensburg Congress of 1459

    The Regensburg Congress was a meeting of master masons (architects) of Gothic architecture in Regensburg, Bavaria in 1459. At this meeting, and the others that followed, the masters of the Holy Roman Empire specified the regulations of their trade. Such regulations included the secrecy of their methods of design. The nineteen masters in attendance included those in charge of cathedrals in Regensburg, Vienna (Lorenz Spenning), Basel, Bern, Passau, Salzburg, Konstanz, Weissenau, Landshut, Ingolstadt, Weißenberg, Esslingen, Amberg, Hassfurt, Ochsenfurt and Cologne. The master of Strasbourg Cathedral, Jost Dotzinger, was put in control of all others.
    8.00
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    25
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    27

    27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    27th Congress of the CPSU (February 25, 1986—March 6, 1986) was held in Moscow. It was held after the deaths of Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko. Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Congress gathered 4993 delegates. On agenda: This Congress became the penultimate in the history of the CPSU.
    7.75
    4 votes
    29
    7.75
    4 votes
    30
    Spinybot II: Climbing walls with microspines

    Spinybot II: Climbing walls with microspines

    The Spinybot II robot is able to climb a wide range of rough exterior surfaces using arrays of small spines, which hook onto bumps and pits on the surface. Each spine is supported by its own compliant suspension to permit all of them to contact the surface and share the loads between them.
    7.75
    4 votes
    31

    12th General Convention of the Nepali Congress

    The twelfth general convention of the Nepali Congress party was held in Kathmandu from September 17–21, 2010. Elections were held for the posts of President, General Secretary and Treasurer. The convention also elected 61 members to the party's Central Working Committee (CWC). President General Secretary Treasurer Central Working Committee (CWC) Members Elections to the 61 CWC seats were held in three categories : 25 seats were contested under the open category, 14 seats under the zonal category and 22 seats under reserved quotas for women, Dalit, Madeshi, Muslim and Janajati categories. Elected in open category  : Elected in zonal category: Elected in Janajati, Women, Dalit, Madhesi and Muslim category  :
    6.60
    5 votes
    32

    117th IOC Session

    The 117th International Olympic Committee Session was held for the first time in Singapore from 2 July to 9 July 2005. The meeting was particularly significant as two important decisions were made through voting during the session - namely the selection of the hosting city for the 2012 Summer Olympics, and a review of the 28 sports currently represented in the summer games. The session was held at the Raffles City Convention Centre, which is on level 4 of the Raffles City complex. The opening ceremony on 5 July 2005 was held at the Esplanade - Theatres on the Bay. An exhibition was launched at the podium of the Raffles City Shopping Complex, that would continue until 10 July. The IOC Session commenced. The IOC's Executive Board started two days of meetings. The Executive Board meetings resumed with updates on the progress of preparations for the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing and 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver by their respective representatives. The board approved Beijing's request to hold the equestrian events in Hong Kong, which is a separate NOC from mainland China, because the former British Colony is a disease free zone and has existing high
    7.50
    4 votes
    33

    South by Southwest Conference

    The South by Southwest is a conference series named after the company that organizes it. It is held every year and includes events such as a music festival and film festival.
    7.50
    4 votes
    34

    World Conference on Human Rights

    The World Conference on Human Rights was held by the United Nations in Vienna, Austria, on 14 to 25 June 1993. It was the first human rights conference held since the end of the Cold War. The main result of the conference was the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. Although the United Nations had long been active in the field of human rights, the Vienna conference was only the second global conference to focus exclusively on human rights, with the first having been the International Conference on Human Rights held in Teheran, Iran, during April–May 1968 to mark the twentieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Vienna conference came at a time when world conferences were popular, with the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development having been held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992, and the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt, soon following in September 1994. More conferences would follow after that, including the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen, Denmark, in March 1995 and the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, in September 1995. Such conferences were seen as a
    7.50
    4 votes
    35

    Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare 2009

    London UK, April 1-3, 2009 Paper Submission Deadline:December 5, 2008 Notification of Acceptance:February 8, 2009 Camera-ready Manuscripts due:February 27, 2009 Pervasive Healthcare conference aims to gather together experts contributing towards the development andapplication of human-centered pervasive and ubiquitous computing technology for healthcare and wellness. We seek novel, innovative, and exciting work in areas including but not limited to: Technology Design and evaluation of patient- and ambient-related sensors Wearable and implantable sensor integration Sensor networks for pervasive healthcare Data fusion in pervasive healthcare environments Physiological models for interpreting medical sensor data Decision support algorithms for sensor analysis User needs Usability and acceptability issues Social implications Coverage and delivery of pervasive healthcare services Diversity of patients and their specific requirements Telemedicine Application Clinical applications, validation and evaluation studies Pervasive healthcare applications for citizen for chronic disease management & health risk management Health promotion, and disease prevention Wearable,
    8.67
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    8.67
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    40

    Dwight H. Terry Lectureship

    The Dwight H. Terry Lectureship, also known as the Terry Lectures, was established at Yale University in 1905 by a gift from Dwight H. Terry of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Its purpose is to engage both scholars and the public in a consideration of religion from a humanitarian point of view, in the light of modern science and philosophy. The subject matter has historically been similar to that of the Gifford Lectures in Scotland, and several lecturers have participated in both series. The 1905 deed of gift establishing the lectureship states: Although commitment to the gift was made in 1905 it did not mature until 1923, which is when the first Terry lectures were held. The lectures are free and open to the public. A single installment generally consists of four lectures by the same visiting scholar, given over the course of a month or less. Many of the lectures have been edited into books published by the Yale University Press, and remain in print to this day (see below) Since 1999, the lectures have been recorded and archived on the Terry Lectures website as audio and/or video streams.
    6.40
    5 votes
    41

    On the Crown

    On the Crown (Greek: Ὑπὲρ Κτησιφῶντος περὶ τοῦ Στεφάνου) is the most famous judicial oration of the prominent Athenian statesman and orator Demosthenes, delivered in 330 BC. Despite the unsuccessful ventures against Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great, the Athenian people still respected and admired Demosthenes, maybe even more than the pro-Macedonian politicians, especially Demades and Phocion, who ruled the city during this period. In 336 BC the orator Ctesiphon proposed that Athens honor Demosthenes for his services to the city by presenting him, according to custom, with a golden crown. This proposal became a political issue and in 330 BC on legal irregularities Aeschines prosecuted Ctesiphon for having violated the law in three points: In his most brilliant speech On the Crown, one of the most splendid political pleas ever written, Demosthenes not only defended Ctesiphon but also attacked vehemently those who would have preferred peace with Macedon. In this trial, Demosthenes' entire political career was at issue, but the orator repudiated nothing of what he has done. He begins with a general view of the condition of Greece, when he entered politics and describes the
    6.40
    5 votes
    42
    6.40
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    43
    Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention

    The Seneca Falls Convention was an early and influential women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York, July 19–20, 1848. It was organized by local New York women upon the occasion of a visit by Philadelphia-based Lucretia Mott, a Quaker famous for her orating ability, a skill rarely cultivated by American women at the time. The local women, primarily members of a radical Quaker group, organized the meeting along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a skeptical non-Quaker who followed logic more than religion. The meeting spanned two days and six sessions, and included a lecture on law, a humorous presentation, and multiple discussions about the role of women in society. Stanton and the Quaker women presented two prepared documents, the Declaration of Sentiments and an accompanying list of resolutions, to be debated and modified before being put forward for signatures. A heated debate sprang up regarding women's right to vote, with many including Mott urging the removal of this concept, but Frederick Douglass argued eloquently for its inclusion, and the suffrage resolution was retained. Exactly 100 of approximately 300 attendees signed the document, mostly women. The convention
    5.50
    6 votes
    44

    Bampton Lectures

    The Bampton Lectures at the University of Oxford, England, were founded by a bequest of John Bampton,. They have taken place since 1780. They were a series of annual lectures; since the turn of the 20th century they have typically been biennial. They continue to concentrate on Christian theological topics. The lectures are traditionally been published in book form. On a number of occasions, notably at points during the 19th century, they attracted great interest and controversy.
    7.25
    4 votes
    46
    Senator, you are no Jack Kennedy

    Senator, you are no Jack Kennedy

    "Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy" was a remark made during the 1988 United States vice-presidential debate by Democratic vice-presidential candidate Senator Lloyd Bentsen to Republican vice-presidential candidate Senator Dan Quayle. Jack Kennedy was a reference to John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States. Since then, the words "You're no Jack Kennedy," or some variation on Bentsen's remark, have become a part of the political lexicon as a way to deflate politicians or other individuals perceived as thinking too highly of themselves. The debate was held on October 5, 1988, at the Civic Auditorium in Omaha, Nebraska. One of the moderators, Judy Woodruff, set the stage by addressing the audience: "Based on the history since World War II, there is almost a 50-50 chance that one of the two men here tonight will become President of the United States." She was referring to the probability that the man elected Vice President would later become President, either by succession or by a presidential bid. At the time of the debate, nine vice-presidents had succeeded to the Presidency due to death or resignation, and three sitting vice-presidents had gone on to be elected
    7.25
    4 votes
    47

    125th IOC Session

    The 125th IOC Session will take place in Buenos Aires, Argentina in September 2013. The International Olympic Committee will meet to elect the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics on September 7. They will also elect a new IOC President and will consider adding new sports for the 2020 Olympics. The IOC Session will be held at the Buenos Aires Hilton. The IOC received two bids to host the 125th IOC Session. Buenos Aires and Kuala Lumpur made bids. Buenos Aires was elected host city at the 122nd IOC Session in Vancouver which took place prior to the Vancouver 2010 Olympics. The members of the IOC will elect the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics on September 7, 2013. On May 23, 2012, the IOC decided which cities would become candidates. There are three Candidate Cities for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Of the three candidates, Tokyo had previously hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1964. The other two candidates have all made bids in the past. In order of drawing lots, the Candidate Cities are: Baku and Doha made bids but failed to become candidates. Rome submitted a bid but withdrew it shortly before applicant files were due. The IOC will elect a new IOC President at this session.
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    Marburg speech

    Marburg speech

    The Marburg speech (German: Marburger Rede) was an address given by German vice chancellor Franz von Papen at the University of Marburg on June 17, 1934. It is said to be the last speech made publicly, and on a high level, in Germany against Nazism. Papen, encouraged by President Paul von Hindenburg, spoke out publicly about the excesses of the Nazi regime, whose ascent to power, 17 months earlier when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, had been assisted measurably by Papen. In his speech von Papen called for an end of the Nazi terror and the clamoring for a "second revolution" by the Sturmabteilung (SA – the Nazi Party storm troopers), and a return to dignity and freedom. He also stated: "The government [must be] mindful of the old maxim 'only weaklings suffer no criticism'". The speech was drafted by one of Papen's close advisors, Edgar Julius Jung, with additional assistance by Papen's secretary Herbert von Bose and by Erich Klausener. It was delivered in the Landgrafenhaus, the 1920s neo-rococo classroom building of the university, in the main lecture hall. The hall is still there today, including the original furniture (Room 101 of what is now one of the two buildings
    9.50
    2 votes
    52

    Pueblo speech

    The Pueblo speech was an address in favour of the League of Nations, given by US President Woodrow Wilson on 25 September 1919. This was the last such address he gave due to ill health. It was held in Pueblo, Colorado hence its name. In the wake of the settlements agreed at the Paris Peace Conference President Wilson set about the task of convincing the United States Congress to ratify both the treaty and to approve American participation in Wilson's own invention, the League of Nations. This task was then considered impossible due to a majority of the Congress being Wilson's political enemies. Wilson embarked on a tour of the country to canvass support in favor of both treaty and League, until illness forced him to return home after the Pueblo speech. The United States never joined the League of Nations.
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    53

    Tanenbaum–Torvalds debate

    The Tanenbaum–Torvalds debate was a debate between Andrew S. Tanenbaum and Linus Torvalds, regarding Linux and kernel architecture in general. Tanenbaum began the debate in 1992 on the Usenet discussion group comp.os.minix, arguing that microkernels are superior to monolithic kernels and therefore Linux was, even in 1992, obsolete. Other notable hackers such as David S. Miller and Theodore Ts'o joined the debate. The debate has sometimes been considered a flame war. This subject was revisited in 2006 after Tanenbaum wrote a cover story for Computer magazine titled "Can We Make Operating Systems Reliable and Secure?". While Tanenbaum himself has mentioned that he did not write the article to renew the debate on kernel design, the juxtaposition of the article and an archived copy of the 1992 debate on the technology site Slashdot caused the subject to be rekindled. Torvalds posted a rebuttal of Tanenbaum's arguments via an online discussion forum, and several technology news sites began reporting the issue. This prompted Jonathan Shapiro to respond that most of the field-proven reliable and secure computer systems use a more microkernel-like approach. While the debate initially
    9.50
    2 votes
    54
    There you go again

    There you go again

    "There you go again" was a phrase spoken during the 1980 United States presidential election debate by Republican presidential candidate Governor Ronald Reagan to his Democratic opponent, incumbent President Jimmy Carter. Reagan would use the line in a few debates over the years, always in a way intended to disarm his opponent. "There you go again" emerged as a single defining phrase of the 1980 presidential election. The phrase has endured in the political lexicon in news headlines, as a way to quickly refer to various presidential candidates' bringing certain issues up repeatedly during debates, or to Reagan himself. The one debate between Reagan and Carter of the 1980 presidential year was held a week before the election by the League of Women Voters. As Carter went on the offensive against Reagan's record regarding Medicare, Reagan replied with "There you go again." In 1984, Reagan's opponent Walter Mondale came prepared with a reply in case Reagan used the line again, which he did. However, Reagan disarmed Mondale with another line, in which he took the issue of his own age off the table by saying he wouldn't hold Mondale's "youth and inexperience" against him. The Associated
    9.50
    2 votes
    55

    18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

    The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨第十八次全國代表大會 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìshíbācì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, abbreviated ZhōngGòng Shíbā-dà [中共十八大]) will be the next major Communist Party Congress in China. It is scheduled to begin on November 8 2012 in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of the People. Due to term and age limits restrictions, seven of the nine members of the most important Politburo Standing Committee will be retiring. This includes current Paramount Leader Hu Jintao, who will step down as the powerful party's General Secretary. The Congress will elect the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and will likely elect currently touted successors into power. The 18th National Congress will have 2270 delegates selected from 40 constituencies. This represents an increase of 57 delegates and two constituencies from the 17th Congress. 31 of these constituencies represent China's province-level Provinces, Autonomous Regions, and Municipalities. Six other delegations represent: Taiwan, the People's Liberation Army, The Central Party Organization, The Central Government
    5.33
    6 votes
    57
    Gyokuon-hōsō

    Gyokuon-hōsō

    The Gyokuon-hōsō (玉音放送), lit. "Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the radio broadcast in which Japanese emperor Hirohito read out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War (大東亜戦争終結ノ詔書, Daitōa-sensō-shūketsu-no-shōsho), announcing to the Japanese people that the Japanese Government had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese military at the end of World War II. This speech was broadcast at noon Japan standard time on August 15, 1945 after the Battle of Okinawa, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the declaration of war against Japan by the Soviet Union. Hirohito's speech marked what was probably the first time in history that an Emperor of Japan had spoken (albeit via a phonograph record) to the common people. The speech was delivered in the formal, Classical Japanese that few ordinary people could easily understand. Additionally, the speech made no direct reference to a surrender of Japan, instead stating that he had instructed his government to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration fully. This created confusion in the minds of many listeners who were not sure if Japan had surrendered or if Hirohito was
    7.00
    4 votes
    59

    International Conference on Afghanistan

    On 28 January 2010, an International Conference on Afghanistan was held at Lancaster House in London, where members of the international community discussed the further progress on the Petersberg agreement from 2001 on the democratization of Afghanistan after the ousting of the Taliban regime. The one-day conference, hosted by the United Kingdom, the United Nations, and the Afghan government, meant to chart a new course for the future of Afghanistan and brought together foreign ministers and senior representatives from more than 70 countries and international organizations. The conference was also attended by the Afghan president Hamid Karzai, the Afghan Minister of Foreign Affairs Spanta, the US secretary of state Hillary Clinton, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, UN envoy Kai Eide and the British Foreign Secretary David Miliband, as well as the former Afghan minister of finance Ashraf Ghani and the British prime minister Gordon Brown. Afghanistan agreed to timetables to take control of certain military and police functions, and launched a program to lure Taliban insurgents back to mainstream life with financial incentives. In early September 2009, even before the publication of
    6.00
    5 votes
    60

    11th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 11th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during 27 March - 2 April 1922 in Moscow. During the 11th Congress, Leon Trotsky attacked Sergey Ivanovich Gusev and Mikhail Frunze over Red Army policies, specifically matters of discipline, political doctrine, and relations with the peasantry. Trotsky lost the debate, which resulted in a discrediting of civilian critics of the Red Army. As a result, civilians were increasingly locked out of military-related resolutions following the 11th Congress. The most far-reaching event was the appointment of Joseph Stalin as the party's first General Secretary. Bukharin and Rykov were promoted to the Politburo. Both were allies of Stalin against the left wing of the party who wanted the NEP ended.
    8.00
    3 votes
    61

    16th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party

    The 16th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 26 June - 13 July 1930 in Moscow. The congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was attended by 1,268 voting delegates and 891 delegates with observer status. An exercise of devotion to Joseph Stalin, this is the last congress to be dominated by the original leadership of the Soviet Union.
    8.00
    3 votes
    62
    8.00
    3 votes
    63
    8.00
    3 votes
    64

    ISKO UK Conference 2009

    The first biennial Conference of the British Chapter of the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO UK) entitled "Content Architecture: Exploiting and Managing Diverse Resources", took place on 22-23 June 2009, in London. It was organized in cooperation with the Department of Information Studies, University College London and brought together more than 140 people from all the diverse specialisms that contribute to integrated information systems and services. The conference followed a series of highly successful afternoon meetings that became part of the ISKO UK regular programme.
    8.00
    3 votes
    65
    Lincoln's first inaugural address

    Lincoln's first inaugural address

    Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address was delivered by President Abraham Lincoln, on Monday, March 4, 1861, as part of his taking of the oath of office for his first term as the sixteenth President of the United States. The speech was primarily addressed to the people of the South, and was intended to succinctly state Lincoln's intended policies and desires toward that section, where seven states had seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. Written in a spirit of reconciliation toward the rebellious states, Lincoln's inaugural address touched on several topics: first, his pledge to "hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the government"—including Fort Sumter, which was still in Federal hands; second, his argument that the Union was indissolvable, and thus that secession was impossible; and third, a promise that while he would never be the first to attack, any use of arms against the United States would be regarded as rebellion, and met with force. The inauguration took place on the eve of the American Civil War, which began soon after with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter. Lincoln denounced secession as anarchy, and
    8.00
    3 votes
    67

    Norway Debate

    The Norway Debate, sometimes called the Narvik Debate, was a famous debate in the British House of Commons that took place in May 1940. It led to the formation of a widely-based National Government led by Winston Churchill which was to govern Britain until the end of World War II in Europe. The debate (on May 7 and 8), ostensibly on the progress of the Norwegian campaign, brought to a head widespread dissatisfaction with the adequacy of the existing government, led by Neville Chamberlain, to the challenges of waging war. In the debate Chamberlain's government was criticised not only by the Opposition but by respected members of his own party. The Opposition forced a vote – effectively a vote of confidence – which the government won with a greatly reduced majority. With over a quarter of Government MPs voting with the opposition or abstaining despite a three line whip it was clear that support for Chamberlain in his own party was crumbling; and (particularly after ill-judged remarks by him in the course of the debate) it was not possible for him to form a coalition with the opposition Labour and Liberal Parties. Two days later Chamberlain resigned and was succeeded as Prime Minister
    8.00
    3 votes
    68

    Tanglewood Symposium

    The Tanglewood Symposium was a conference that took place from July 23 to August 2, 1967 in Tanglewood, Massachusetts. It was sponsored by the Music Educators National Conference (MENC) in cooperation with the Berkshire Music Center, the Theodore Presser Foundation, and the School of Fine and Applied Arts of Boston University. The purpose was to discuss and define the role of music education in contemporary American society and to make recommendations to improve the effectiveness of music instruction. Participants included sociologists, scientists, labor leaders, educators, representatives of corporations, musicians, and people involved with other aspects of music. Position papers had been published in the March and April, 1967 issues of the Music Educators Journal. The papers served as the bases for discussion at the 1967 MENC divisional conferences and for the Tanglewood Symposium. The sessions were moderated by Max Kaplan, Wiley L. Housewright, Allen P. Britton, David P. McAllester, and Karl D. Ernst. Three broad questions were considered: The Tanglewood Symposium is summarized in the statement entitled "The Tanglewood Declaration," which provided a philosophical basis for
    8.00
    3 votes
    69

    6th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

    The 6th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolsheviks) was held during 26 July - 3 August (N.S. 8-16 August 1917) in Petrograd, Russia. Held semi-legally in between revolutions, this is the first congress to take place in Russia since the first one and the last not to be held in Moscow. The party merged with the Mezhraiontsy.
    6.75
    4 votes
    70

    Fourth International Conference on Environmental Education

    The Tbilisiplus30 or the Fourth International Conference on Environmental Education was held at the Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad, India between November 24, 2007 and November 28, 2007. The conference was the fourth in the series of Conferences on environmental education held since the first international conference in Tbilisi (former USSR). The second conference was organised in 1977 in Moscow; and the third conference was held in Thessaloniki in 1997. The United Nations has declared the decade 2005 to 2014 as the "Decade of Education for Sustainable Development" (DESD). This conference underlined the key role of education in achieving sustainable development. The participants and delegates from countries across the globe came together to bridge the gap between environmental education and Education for Sustainable Development. They examined the development of environmental education since the first conference, thirty years ago, and set a global agenda for the DESD. This will be a platform for sharing practices and ideas on initiatives in environmental education throughout the world. There was a significant amount of participation in workshops on topics including
    6.75
    4 votes
    71
    Newburgh conspiracy

    Newburgh conspiracy

    The Newburgh Conspiracy was unrest in 1783 among officers of the American Continental Army due to many officers and men of the Army not receiving pay for many years. Commander-in-Chief George Washington stopped any serious talk by appealing successfully to his officers to support the supremacy of Congress. The officers had been promised a lifetime pension of half pay; instead, Congress gave them five years full pay. With the end of the war and dissolution of the Continental Army approaching, soldiers who had long been unpaid feared that Congress would not meet previous promises concerning back pay and pensions. Congress, at the mercy of the states for all revenue, had no money and could not pay more than a fraction of the money owed. The result was that, by March 1783, some officers were talking of forcing Congress to pay what had been promised to them, with an undertone of marching on the capital. There was no plan for a coup and the movement seems to have lacked any leaders or spokesmen. The winter of 1783 marked the end of hostilities between the young nation and Britain, but a formal peace treaty had not yet been signed. Most of the Continental Army was camped near Newburgh,
    6.75
    4 votes
    72

    IVAPP 2010

    Conference name: International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications (IVAPP) Venue: Angers-France Event Date: 17-21 May, 2010 The 1st International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications (IVAPP) aims at becoming a major point of contact between researchers, engineers and practitioners in Information Visualization. The conference will be structured along several topics related to Information Visualization. CONFERENCE TOPICS Papers should address one or more of the listed topics, although authors should not feel limited by them. Unlisted but related topics are also allowed. - Visual Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery - Visual Representation and Interaction - Data Acquisition and Information Processing - Data Management and Knowledge Representation - Interactive Visual Interfaces - Security & Privacy - Interoperability and Ontological Issues - Context-Sensitive Information Seeking and Retrieval - Interpretation and Evaluation - Perception and Cognition - Analytical Reasoning - Algorithms and Technologies - Mathematical Foundations of Interactive Visual Analysis - Display and Interaction Technology - Hardware for Visualization - Presentation Methods - Evaluation Methods IMPORTANT DATES Conference date: 17 - 21 May, 2010 Position Paper Submission: January 12, 2010 Authors Notification (position papers): February 04, 2010 Final Position Paper Submission and Registration: February 16, 2010 SECRETARIAT CONTACTS IVAPP Secretariat Address: Av. D.Manuel I, 27A 2ºesq. 2910-595 Setúbal - Portugal Tel.: +351 265 520 184 Fax: + 44 203 014 5434 e-mail: ivapp.secretariat@insticc.org Web: http://ivapp.visigrapp.org
    9.00
    2 votes
    74

    United Nations Conference on the Human Environment

    The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference) was an international conference convened under United Nations auspices held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5–16, 1972. It was the UN's first major conference on international environmental issues, and marked a turning point in the development of international environmental politics. When the UN General Assembly decided to convene the Stockholm Conference, at the initiative of the Government of Sweden, UN Secretary-General U Thant invited Maurice Strong to lead it as Secretary-General of the Conference. The conference was opened and addressed by the Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme and secretary-general Kurt Waldheim to discuss the state of the global environment. Attended by the representatives of 113 countries, 19 inter-governmental agencies, and more than 400 inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, it is widely recognized as the beginning of modern political and public awareness of global environmental problems. The meeting agreed upon a Declaration containing 26 principles concerning the environment and development; an Action Plan with 109 recommendations, and a
    9.00
    2 votes
    75
    1860 Oxford evolution debate

    1860 Oxford evolution debate

    The 1860 Oxford evolution debate took place at the Oxford University Museum on 30 June 1860, seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Several prominent British scientists and philosophers participated, including Thomas Henry Huxley, Bishop Samuel Wilberforce, Benjamin Brodie, Joseph Dalton Hooker and Robert FitzRoy. The debate is best remembered today for a heated exchange in which Wilberforce supposedly asked Huxley whether it was through his grandfather or his grandmother that he claimed his descent from a monkey. Huxley is said to have replied that he would not be ashamed to have a monkey for his ancestor, but he would be ashamed to be connected with a man who used his great gifts to obscure the truth. One eyewitness suggests that Wilberforce's question to Huxley may have been "whether, in the vast shaky state of the law of development, as laid down by Darwin, any one can be so enamoured of this so-called law, or hypothesis, as to go into jubilation for his great great grandfather having been an ape or a gorilla?", whereas another suggests he may have said that "it was of little consequence to himself whether or not his grandfather might
    7.67
    3 votes
    77
    GIScience 2012

    GIScience 2012

    GIScience 2012 will be held in Columbus, Ohio, USA. This is the seventh conference of a highly successful series that began in 2000. The series typically attracts over 300 world-wide attendees. GIScience brings together leading researchers from all disciplines to reflect the wide spectrum of scientific research areas such as cognitive science, computer science, engineering, geography, information science, mathematics, philosophy, psychology, social science, environmental sciences, and statistics. The conference has a tradition of focusing on basic research findings across all sectors of the field, and pure application papers were discouraged. The conference has two refereed paper tracks: full papers and extended abstracts. In addition, the conference also includes a variety of workshops and tutorials that cover many cutting-edge topics in related fields of GIScience.
    7.67
    3 votes
    78
    RSA Conference

    RSA Conference

    RSA Conference is a cryptography and information security-related conference, currently held annually in San Francisco, California, United States; London, England; and Chengdu, China. RSA Conference started in 1991 as "Cryptography, Standards & Public Policy", a forum for cryptographers to gather and share the latest knowledge and advancements in the area of Internet security. In 1993 it became an annual event and was renamed RSA Conference. The conference is vendor-independent and managed by RSA, the Security Division of EMC, with support from leaders in the information security industry. The multiple day event consists of two entities: the conference, which hosts speakers for a variety of topics, and a vendor expo. The conference consists of a multitude of presentations on the topic of Internet Security. Individuals may submit topic proposals to RSA Conference online, which are reviewed and selected to partake in the conference by an independent panel of judges that make up the Program Committee. : The conference presentations are organized into themed “tracks,” each covering a specific field in information security. At the 2012 USA Conference, there were 17 tracks: (* denotes
    7.67
    3 votes
    79

    Sermon on the Mound

    The Sermon on the Mound is the name given by the Scottish press to an address made by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland on 21 May 1988. The name is a play on Jesus' Sermon on the Mount and on the artificial hill in Edinburgh called The Mound on which the Church's Assembly Hall stands. In the address, Thatcher offered a theological justification for her ideas on capitalism and the market economy. She claimed "Christianity is about spiritual redemption, not social reform" and she quoted St Paul by saying "If a man will not work he shall not eat". 'Choice' played a significant part in Thatcherite reforms and Thatcher claimed choice was also Christian by stating that Christ chose to lay down his life and that all individuals have the God-given right to choose between good and evil. Thatcher also justified her belief in individual salvation by quoting from the hymn I Vow to Thee, My Country (which was not in the Church of Scotland's hymnary of the time): Thatcher's words did not reflect a consensus among those Christians present. One clergyman present described the speech as 'a disgraceful travesty of the gospel'. When she finished
    7.67
    3 votes
    80

    18th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party

    The 18th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 10-21 March 1939 in Moscow. This is the first Congress to be dominated by the "purified" leadership of the Soviet Union after the Great Purge. This would be the last one held for over a decade. In the report on the work of the Central Committee of the Communist Party Stalin outlined important aspects of the foreign policy of the USSR, particularly its disappointment with the western democracies and their failure to adopt the policy of collective security advocated by Soviet foreign minister Maxim Litvinov. Shortly after this, Stalin dismissed Litvinov and appointed Vyacheslav Molotov, a move that led to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and a temporary understanding with Nazi Germany.
    10.00
    1 votes
    81
    1969 International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties

    1969 International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties

    On June 5-17, 1969 an International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties was held in Moscow. The meeting occurred in the aftermath of the Sino-Soviet split and the Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia. The preceding international meeting, held in Moscow in 1960, had been dominated by disputes between the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on one hand and the Communist Party of China and the Party of Labour of Albania on the other. By this time the split between the two poles had been finalized. Pro-Chinese elements were absent from this event. However the phenomenon of Eurocommunism had begun to emerge, which was notable amongst some of the delegations present. Notably the Workers Party of Korea and the Workers Party of Vietnam, both cautious at the time to take a stand in the Sino-Soviet conflict, were absent. The two main points of discussion of the conference was the strategy of cooperation with anti-imperialist forces and the centenary celebrations of the birth of Lenin. On both issues, the conference passed a document. The document on the Lenin birth centenary was passed unanimously, but the document on the alliances between communist parties and anti-imperialist forces
    10.00
    1 votes
    82
    20th Congress of the CPSU

    20th Congress of the CPSU

    The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during 14– 25 February 1956. It is known especially for Nikita Khrushchev's "Secret Speech", which denounced the personality cult and dictatorship of Joseph Stalin. Delegates at this Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union were given no advance warning of what to expect. Indeed, proceedings were opened by Khruschev's call for all to stand in memory of the Communist leaders who had died since the previous Congress, with Stalin being mentioned in the same breath as Klement Gottwald. Hints of a new direction only came out gradually over the next ten days, which had the effect of leaving those present highly perplexed. The Polish communist leader Bolesław Bierut died in Moscow shortly after attending the 20th Congress. On 25 February, the very last day of the Congress, it was announced that an unscheduled session had been called for the Soviet delegates. Khrushchev's morning speech began with vague references to the harmful consequences of elevating a single individual so high that he took on the "supernatural characteristics akin to those of a god." Khrushchev went on to say that such a mistake had been
    10.00
    1 votes
    83
    8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (b) was held in Moscow 18 - 23 March, 1919. The Congress was attended by 301 voting delegates who represented 313,766 Party members. A further 102 delegates attended with speaking rights, but no vote. The Congress agenda was: Vladimir Lenin's opening words were dedicated to Yakov Sverdlov, who had died on 16 March. He also submitted the Report Of The Central Committee. Mikhail Kalinin replaced Sverdlov as Soviet head of state, a position he held till his death in March 1946. The Report On The Party Programme introduced the principle issue of the day. The congress adopted a new Party Program. This program included a description of capitalism and imperialism, and compared two systems of state – the bourgeois-democratic system and the Soviet system. It specified the specific tasks of the Party in the struggle for socialism: completion of the expropriation of the bourgeoisie; administration of the economic life of the country in accordance with a single socialist plan; participation of the trade unions in the organization of the national economy; socialist labour discipline; utilization of bourgeois experts in the economic field under the
    10.00
    1 votes
    85

    Web 2.0 Conference

    The first Web 2.0 conference was held October 5-7, 2004 at the Hotel Nikko in San Francisco, and is believed to be the point at which the term Web 2.0 came into popular usage.
    10.00
    1 votes
    86
    10.00
    1 votes
    87

    19th Congress of the Civic Democratic Party

    19th Congress of the Civic Democratic Party was an annual meeting of the delegates of the Civic Democratic Party which took place in Prague from 5 December 2008 to 7 December 2008. Congress of the Civic Democratic Party takes place every year. A new chairman and a new presidium of the party are elected every two years. The party lost its governorships in every region in the 2008 regional elections. Mirek Topolanek, the Prime Miister and the chairman of the party, was challenged by the Mayor of Prague and the 1st Vice Chairman of the party, Pavel Bém. The election of new chairman took place on 7 December 2008. There were 492 delegates. 6 votes were invalid. Mirek Topolanek was elected in the first round. There were 4 candidates in the first round for the position. Petr Bendl, Ivan Langer, Evžen Tošenovský and David Vodrážka. There were 492 delegates, 2 votes were invalid. The two candidates with the most points got on the second round. There were 492 delegates and 3 votes were invalid. Nobody got the majority of the votes so no one was elected. After a conversation with Prime Minister and the chairman of the party, Mirek Topolánek, Ivan Langer withdrew his candidacy. In the third
    6.50
    4 votes
    88

    4th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

    The Fourth (Unity) Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party that took place in Stockholm, Sweden, from April 10-25 (April 23 to May 8), 1906. The Congress was attended by 112 delegates with the right to vote, who represented 57 local Party organisations and 22 delegates with voice but no vote. Other participants were delegates from various national Social-Democratic parties: three each from the Social-Democrats of Poland and Lithuania, the Bund and the Lettish Social Democratic Labour Party, one each from the Ukrainian Social-Democratic Labour Party and the Finnish Labour Party, and also a representative of the Social Democratic Labour Party of Bulgaria. Among the Bolshevik delegates were Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Kalinin, Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, Vladimir Lenin, Anatoly Lunacharsky, Fyodor Sergeyev (Artyom), S. G. Shaumyan, Ivan Skvortsov-Stepanov, Joseph Stalin, Kliment Voroshilov and V. V. Vorovsky. The main items on the Congress agenda were the agrarian question, an appraisal of the current situation and the class tasks of the proletariat, the attitude to the Duma, and organisational matters. There was a bitter controversy between the Bolsheviks and
    6.50
    4 votes
    89

    Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia

    The Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia was an attempt to end the Somali Civil War. It led to the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement (1993), on March 27, 1993. Fifteen different warring factions agreed to the principles of reconciliation and disarmament, but the agreement was shoaled by continued violence in Somalia. It was proceeded by the Informal Preparatory Meeting on National Reconciliation.
    6.50
    4 votes
    90

    United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms

    The United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects was held in New York from 9 -20 July 2001 as decided in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 54/54 V. Preceded by three preparatory committee sessions, the two-week Conference resulted in the adoption of the 'Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.' States are required to report to the United Nations on the progress of their implementation of the UN Programme of Action, commonly known as the PoA. The PoA was predicated upon a hypothesis that the illicit trade in small arms is a large and serious problem requiring global action through the UN. This hypothesis was proved through progressive improvements in scholarship in the 2000s. The size, scope, and impact of the illicit trade in small arms turned out to be much greater than first hypothesized, which often significantly impacted other local or domestic issues. "For most developing or fragile states, a combination of weak domestic regulation of authorised firearms possession with theft, loss or corrupt sale from official holdings tends to be a
    5.60
    5 votes
    91
    8.50
    2 votes
    92

    Pop!Tech

    Pop!Tech is an annual mass media and technology conference. It began in 1997 as "The Camden Technology Conference", cofounded by tech pioneer and director Robert Metcalfe. The conference takes place during the Fall in Camden, Maine, United States. It focuses on the impact of technology on people and takes place at the Camden Opera House. TED (conference)
    8.50
    2 votes
    93
    8.50
    2 votes
    94
    International Conference on Afghanistan

    International Conference on Afghanistan

    After Operation Enduring Freedom in which the Taliban government was toppled in Afghanistan, in December 2001, the German city of Bonn hosted a conference of Afghan leaders at Hotel Petersberg, to choose the leader of an Afghan Interim Authority – widely known as the Bonn Conference. The Conference chose Hamid Karzai, who was subsequently elected President in 2004. Karzai subsequently appointed many of the anti-Taliban allies and regional leaders to senior posts within the interim government, or to senior posts in the Provincial governments.
    7.33
    3 votes
    95

    IVth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The IVth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French IV Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et Héraldique) was held in Brussels from 6 May to 10 May 1958. The congress was organized by the Office généalogique et héraldique de Belgique and the president of the event was Count Thierry de Limburg-Stirum. The congress attracted some of the most notable heraldists and genealogists in the world.
    7.33
    3 votes
    96

    United Nations Conference on International Organization

    The United Nations Conference on International Organization (UNCIO) was a convention of delegates from 50 Allied nations that took place from 25 April 1945 to 26 June 1945 in San Francisco, United States. At this convention, the delegates reviewed and rewrote the Dumbarton Oaks agreements. The convention resulted in the creation of the United Nations Charter, which was opened for signature on 26 June. The conference was chaired by U.S. diplomat Alger Hiss. A square in downtown San Francisco, called "UN Plaza," commemorates the conference. It is located adjacent to the city's Civic Center.
    7.33
    3 votes
    97
    Regional Conference on Higher Education 2008

    Regional Conference on Higher Education 2008

    The first preparatory conference for the next World Conference on Higher Education (WCHE) was held from 4 to 6 June in Cartagena, Colombia, by the International Institute for Higher Education of UNESCO in Latin America and the Caribbean (IESALC) and the Columbian Ministry of National Education, with the support of the Columbian Association of Universities (ASCUN) and the Andrés Bello Agreement (CAB). In there, participants analysed and discussed the trends and new perspectives that have arisen as a result of social, economic, political and cultural changes in the region and the impact of these trends on higher education. In addition, regional contributions to the WCHE + 10 were formulated. The main goal was to promote reflection, commitment and action across the board, so that institutional and public Higher Education policies can benefit from the advances of the 21st century. The focus was South-South cooperation. Other goals were to increase the internationalisation of Higher Education institutions in the region and to formulate and coordinate Latin American and Caribbean standpoints for the World Conference on Higher Education 2009. The Conference focused on the following key
    6.25
    4 votes
    98

    White House Conference on Civil Rights

    The White House Conference on Civil Rights was held June 1 and 2, 1966. The aim of the conference was built on the momentum of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in addressing discrimination against African-Americans. The four areas of discussion were housing, economic security, education, and the administration of justice. President Lyndon Johnson had promised this conference in his commencement address at Howard University the year before. Like that address, the conference was named "To Fulfill These Rights." The title was a play on "To Secure These Rights," a report issued by Truman's civil rights commission in 1947. There were over 2,400 participants, representing all the major civil rights groups except SNCC, which boycotted the conference. Out of the conference came a hundred-page report that called for "legislation to ban racial discrimination in housing and the administration of criminal justice, and...suggested increased federal spending to improve the quality of housing and education."
    6.25
    4 votes
    99
    22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    The 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held from 17 to 31 October 1961. In fourteen days of sessions (22 October was a day off), 4,413 delegates, in addition to delegates from 83 foreign Communist parties, listened to Nikita Khrushchev and others review policy issues. It was the congress which officially cemented the Sino-Soviet split, and so the last to be attended by the Chinese Communist Party. In his opening speech at the 22nd Congress, Khrushchev attacked the Communist regime of Albania for its unreformed Stalinist orthodoxy. A number of other Soviet and foreign Communist speakers joined the attack. However, Zhou Enlai, head of the Chinese Communist delegation, refused to agree and criticized Khrushchev for airing ideological differences in front of the world. "To lay bare a dispute between fraternal parties or fraternal countries openly in the face of the enemy," he said, "cannot be regarded as a serious Marxist-Leninist attitude." Speakers for five other Asian Communist parties (Korea, Vietnam, Japan, Indonesia, and India) sided with China in refusing to criticize Albania. On 21 October, Zhou Enlai placed two wreaths at the base of the Lenin-Stalin
    7.00
    3 votes
    100
    7.00
    3 votes
    101
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    3 votes
    102
    7.00
    3 votes
    104
    6.00
    4 votes
    105

    Redfern Park Speech

    The Redfern Park Speech was made on 10 December 1992 by the Prime Minister of Australia, Paul Keating at Redfern Park in Redfern, New South Wales. The speech dealt with the challenges faced by Indigenous Australians. The speech was written by Don Watson, then Keating's principal speechwriter. Keating has disputed Watson's claim of authorship. Delivered to a crowd of predominantly indigenous people, it became known as the Redfern Speech. Although it was not given a lot of media attention at the time, it is now regarded by many as one of the greatest Australian speeches. Keating was the first Australian prime minister to publicly acknowledge to Indigenous Australians that European settlers were responsible for the difficulties Australian Aboriginal communities continued to face: "We committed the murders. We took the children from their mothers. We practiced discrimination and exclusion. It was our ignorance and our prejudice." In 2007, ABC Radio National listeners voted the speech as their third most "unforgettable speech" behind Martin Luther King's I Have a Dream speech (number one) and Jesus' Sermon on the Mount (number two). In 2008, parts of the speech were sampled for use in
    6.00
    4 votes
    106

    DD4D

    Data Designed for Decisions - Enhancing social, economic and environmental progress A conference for intermediaries between data, knowledge and empowerment.
    8.00
    2 votes
    107

    Fourth World Conference on Women

    The United Nations convened the Fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and Peace on 4–15 September 1995 in Beijing, China. Delegates had prepared a Declaration and Platform for Action aimed at achieving greater equality and opportunity for women. In fallout from pre-conference meetings, the Holy See publicly disagreed with positions outlined by the United States and other nations concerning abortion, reproductive rights, and other sensitive issues.
    8.00
    2 votes
    108

    The Farrer Park address

    The Farrer Park address was an assembly of the surrendered Indian troops of the British Indian Army held at Farrer Park in Singapore on 17 February 1942, a day after the Fall of Singapore. The assembly was marked by a series of three addresses in which the British Malaya Command formally surrendered the Indian troops of the British Indian Army to Major Fujiwara Iwaichi representing the Japanese military authority, followed by transfer of authority by Fujiwara to the command of Mohan Singh, and a subsequent address by Mohan Singh to the gathered troops declaring the formation of the Indian National Army to fight the Raj, asking for volunteers to join the army. At the onset of the war, the Japanese IGHQ in October 1941 sent intelligence missions, notably the Fujiwara Kikan, or the F-kikan headed by Major Fujiwara Iwaichi, in Bangkok. The kikan was tasked with intelligence gathering and contacting the Indian independence movement, the overseas Chinese and the Malayan Sultan with the aim of encouraging friendship and cooperation with Japan and destabillising the British war effort in Malaya. Fujiwara successfully established contact with Indian revolutionaries living in exile in
    8.00
    2 votes
    109

    WikiSym

    WikiSym is a short hand for International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration, or the Wiki Symposium, a conference dedicated to wiki research and practice. Its proceedings are published in the ACM Digital Library. WikiSym 2011 was held in Mountain View on October 3–5, 2011. Keynote speakers were Cathy Casserly, CEO of Creative Commons, Jeff Heer, Assistant Professor from Stanford University, and Ed Chi of Google. The symposium chair was J. Felipe Ortega and the program chair was Andrea Forte. WikiSym 2010 was held in Gdańsk, Poland on July 7–9, 2010, co-located with Wikimania. Keynote speakers were Cliff Lampe and Andrew Lih. The symposium chair was Phoebe Ayers and the program chair was J. Felipe Ortega. An open access version of the proceedings is available, in addition to the ACM proceedings. WikiSym 2009 was held in Orlando, FL, on October 25–27, 2009 at the Disney Convention Center. Keynotes were given by Fernanda Viegas and Martin Wattenberg as well as by Brion Vibber. The symposium chair was Dirk Riehle of University of Erlangen and the program chair was Amy Bruckman of Georgia Tech. WikiSym 2008 was held in Porto, Portugal, in 8–10 September 2008, at the Faculty of
    8.00
    2 votes
    110

    XXIInd International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The XXIInd International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French: XXIIe congrès international des sciences généalogique et héraldique) was held in Ottawa, Canada from August 18 to August 23, 1996. It was the twenty-second Congress held since 1929 and the first held outside of Europe. The Ottawa Congress was organized by the Canadian Heraldic Authority, the Ontario Genealogical Society, and the Société de généalogie de l'Outaouais. The conference proceedings were published as Geneaologica et Heraldica by the University of Ottawa Press in 1998.
    8.00
    2 votes
    111

    XXVIIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The XXVIIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French XXVII Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et Héraldique) was a major meeting of genealogists and heraldists. The gathering took place in St Andrews, Scotland in August 2006 and was held at the University of St Andrews. The congress patron was Princess Anne, The Princess Royal. The co-presidents of the congress were Robin Blair, Lord Lyon King of Arms, and Malcolm Innes of Edingight, Orkney Herald Extraordinary. The theme of the lectures was "Myth and Propaganda in Heraldry and Genealogy".
    8.00
    2 votes
    112

    2006 Chávez speech at the United Nations

    On 20 September 2006, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez delivered a speech to the United Nations General Assembly damning U.S. President George W. Bush, with particular focus on foreign policy. While the speech was received with sustained applause in the General Assembly, it was met with abrasive bipartisan criticism in the United States. Speaking one day after Bush addressed the same session of the General Assembly, Chávez announced, "The devil came here yesterday, and it smells of sulfur still today, this table that I am now standing in front of." At that point, Chávez made the sign of the cross, positioned his hands as if praying, and looked briefly upwards as if invocation of God. He continued "Yesterday, ladies and gentlemen, from this rostrum, the President of the United States, the gentleman to whom I refer as the devil, came here, talking as if he owned the world." Chávez also said that President Bush "...came [to the General Assembly] to share his nostrums to try to preserve the current pattern of domination, exploitation and pillage of the peoples of the world." Chávez began his talk by recommending Noam Chomsky's Hegemony or Survival: "It's an excellent book to help us
    9.00
    1 votes
    113

    Dartmouth Conference

    The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence was the name of a 1956 undertaking now considered the seminal event for artificial intelligence as a field. Organised by John McCarthy (then at Dartmouth College) and formally proposed by McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester and Claude Shannon, the proposal is credited with introducing the term 'artificial intelligence'. The project lasted a month, and it was essentially an extended brainstorming session. The introduction states: (McCarthy et al. 1955) The proposal goes on to discuss computers, natural language processing, neural networks, theory of computation, abstraction and creativity (these areas within the field of artificial intelligence are considered still relevant to the work of the field). According to Stottler Henke Associates, besides the proposal's authors, attendees at the conference included Ray Solomonoff, Oliver Selfridge, Trenchard More, Arthur Samuel, Herbert A. Simon, and Allen Newell.
    9.00
    1 votes
    114
    Electronic Entertainment Expo 2011

    Electronic Entertainment Expo 2011

    The Electronic Entertainment Expo 2011, commonly known as E3 2011, was the 17th Electronic Entertainment Expo held. E3 is an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). The event took place June 7–9, 2011 at the Los Angeles Convention Center. E3 2011 was broadcast on the G4 channel. The main highlights of the 2011 show included a demonstration of Sony's next-generation handheld game console, the PlayStation Vita; the official introduction of Nintendo's Wii U home console; and the unveiling of Microsoft's long-awaited game, Halo 4. As in previous years, the conference was dominated by announcements from the three main console manufacturers: Nintendo, Microsoft, and Sony. Tech analysts considered the unveiling of Nintendo's Wii U tablet controller to be E3's biggest event, with Sony's PlayStation Vita handheld console also generating considerable press attention. The Wii U system was credited by several media outlets as a "next-generation" console. Microsoft did not announce any major hardware releases, but did showcase a number of games for its Kinect controller-free gaming system. Konami held its own pre-E3
    9.00
    1 votes
    115
    ESWC09

    ESWC09

    The vision of the Semantic Web is to enhance today's Web by exploiting machine-processable metadata. The explicit representation of the semantics of data, enriched with domain theories (ontologies), will enable a web that provides a qualitatively new level of service. It will weave together a large network of human knowledge and makes this knowledge machine-processable. Various automated services will help the users to achieve their goals by accessing and processing information in machine-understandable form. This network of knowledge systems will ultimately lead to truly intelligent systems, which will be employed for various complex decision-making tasks. Semantic Web research can benefit from ideas and cross-fertilization with many other areas: Artificial Intelligence, Natural Language Processing, Databases and Information Systems, Information Retrieval, Multimedia, Distributed Systems, Social Networks and Web Engineering. Many advances within these areas can contribute towards the realization of the Semantic Web.

    The 6th Annual European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC2009) will present the latest results in research and applications of Semantic Web technologies. ESWC2009 will also feature a tutorial program, system descriptions and demos, a poster track, a PhD Symposium and a number of collocated workshops.
    9.00
    1 votes
    117
    TechEd

    TechEd

    TechEd is an annual conference for developers and IT professionals put on by Microsoft. It is held in several locations around the world. The first TechEd was held in 1993 in Orlando, FL. The conference normally lasts between 3 and 5 days, and consists of presentation and whiteboard sessions and hands-on labs. There are opportunities to meet Microsoft experts, MVP's and community members. Networking is enhanced through parties, community areas and Ask the Expert sessions. The event also includes an exhibition area where vendors can show off technologies and sell products. There is a vast content catalog from which attendees can select sessions that will be most beneficial. An agenda is published online before the conference begins. Was previously known as TechEd South Africa until 2007, where it changed to TechEd Africa. 2007 was also the last year the event was hosted at Sun City, after which it was moved to the Durban International Conference Centre (ICC) due to the growing size of the audience was no longer able to be accommodated at Sun City. Official website for TechEd Africa TechEd Australia is the largest TechEd in the Asia-Pacific region Official website for TechEd
    9.00
    1 votes
    118

    White House Conference on Youth

    The White House Conference on Youth was convened by President Richard M. Nixon and held from April 18 to April 21, 1971 in Estes Park, Colorado. Participants included over one thousand delegates represebnting every state and U.S. territory nominated by their respective governors and appointed by the President. This late April meeting was marred by a snowstorm that required the mobilization of nearby U.S. Army personnel to distribute winter gear to delegates unprepared for severe winter weather. Held at the height of the Vietnam conflict and amid growing youth dissatisfaction with the Nixon administration, many of the recommendations issued by the conference opposed existing U.S. policies. Territory of Puerto Rico
    9.00
    1 votes
    119

    World Urban Forum III

    World Urban Forum III was an international UN-Habitat event on urban sustainability, also known as WUF3 (World Urban Forum) and FUM3 (Forum Urbain Mondial). WUF3 was organized by the UN-Habitat and facilitated and funded by the Government of Canada. It was held on 19–23 June 2006 in Vancouver to help solve urgent problems of the world's cities. The theme of the third session of the world urban forum was: "Sustainable Cities – Turning Ideas into Action". "From Ideas to Action" was the intended outcome of the conference. Officially it was suggested that this conference would be considered a success if every participant took home and implemented at least one new idea. Within the next 50 years, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in urban areas. As these cities expand, the world community faces the challenge of minimizing the growing poverty crisis and improving the urban poor's access to basic facilities, such as shelter, clean water and sanitation. World Urban Forum 3 brought together thousands of the world's best thinkers on urbanization – experts, decision makers and members of public and private institutions – to zero in on solutions to these key 21st century
    9.00
    1 votes
    120

    AUKcon

    AUKcon was a one-day anime convention held in London, England, on 19 February 1994. It was organised and sponsored by ANIME UK Magazine and Sigma Publishing, with the support of the Sheffield Space Centre and various other dealers. The Sheffield Space Centre also sponsored the successful ANIME DAY conventions from 1991-4. The venue was the Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1, a short walk from Holborn Underground station. The registration charge was £10. Attendees came from all over the UK and some even made the trek from Italy, France, Holland and Belgium. Although one much later fan source (2001) records that 'nearly 300 people' attended the convention, the hall's fire limit of 500 was exceeded and the fire marshals attended onsite to confirm that everything was safe. The guest of honour was Toren Smith, writer of the American DIRTY PAIR comic and founder of Studio Proteus. British distributors including Manga Entertainment, Crusader Video and Kiseki Films were also represented. Lawrence Guiness of Manga announced that the company had acquired distribution rights for RANMA 1/2 and planned to start releasing it in 1994. Kiseki Films sold subtitled copies of RETURN OF THE
    6.67
    3 votes
    121

    Electronic Entertainment Expo 2010

    The Electronic Entertainment Expo 2010, commonly known as E3 2010, was the 16th Electronic Entertainment Expo held. The event took place on June 14–17 at the Los Angeles Convention Center. E3 is an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). There was also an E3 event held in Sony's PlayStation Home. E3 is used by many video game developers to present their upcoming games and game-related hardware. E3 2010 was held at the Los Angeles Convention Center with the show occupying the South and West Halls as well as the first floor. Sony Computer Entertainment and Nintendo had booths that were directly opposite of each other. Other notable developers and publishers located on this floor were Atlus, Atari, Bethesda, Sony Online Entertainment, and Capcom. The hall has three types of booths: large, medium and small. The large booths were occupied by Square Enix, MTV Games, Microsoft, Ubisoft, Disney Interactive Studios, and Electronic Arts. The medium booths were occupied by Sega, Konami, THQ, Warner Bros. Interactive, and Take-Two Interactive. The small booths were occupied by Namco Bandai and Tecmo Koei. The
    6.67
    3 votes
    122

    GIScience 2006

    Geographic Information Science: 4th International Conference, Giscience 2006, Munster, Germany, September 20-23, 2006, Proceedings - Lecture Notes in Computer Science v. 4197
    6.67
    3 votes
    123
    International Commons Conference: Constructing a Commons-Based Policy Platform

    International Commons Conference: Constructing a Commons-Based Policy Platform

    Center stage for this 3 day conference in Berlin was the role of the commoner and commoning in the new era of post-industrial approaches to sustainability and progress. More than 170 individuals from over 30 countries attended the conference and participated in plenary sessions and small group work to elaborate a common understanding that can translate into many languages across borders: commoners and Commons Society are here, and the time is now.
    6.67
    3 votes
    124

    VISIGRAPP 2010

    Conference name: International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (VISIGRAPP) Venue: Angers-France Event Date: 17-21 May, 2010 The purpose of the International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications is to bring together researchers and practitioners on the areas of computer vision, imaging and computer graphics, interested in both theoretical advances and applications in these fields. Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics are known areas which are becoming more and more interrelated with important interdisciplinary work, often as a result of an iterative combined process of image analysis and synthesis with models created in one of the fields being used to improve models created in another. Imaging is a research area particularly well known for its application results, recently noted especially in the area of Medical Imaging. The VISIGRAPP component conferences are specialized in the following topics: GRAPP is structured along four main tracks, covering different aspects related to Computer Graphics, from Modelling to Rendering, including Animation and Interactive Environments, IMAGAPP covers theory, applications and technologies related to image display, colour coding, medical imaging, remote sensing, business document processing, digital fabrication, printing and electronic devices and VISAPP has also four main tracks, namely: Image Formation and Processing, Image Analysis, Image Understanding and Motion, Tracking and Stereo Vision. VISAPP International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications http://visapp.visigrapp.org IMAGAPP International Conference on Imaging Theory and Applications http://imagapp.visigrapp.org GRAPP International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications http://grapp.visigrapp.org IVAPP International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications http://ivapp.visigrapp.org Important Dates Position Paper Submission: January 12, 2010 Authors Notification (position papers): February 04, 2010 Final Position Paper Submission and Registration: February 16, 2010 Contacts: VISIGRAPP Secretariat Address: Av. D.Manuel I, 27A 2ºesq. 2910-595 Setúbal - Portugal Tel.: +351 265 520 184 Fax: + 44 203 014 5434 Email: secretariat@visigrapp.org Web: http://www.visigrapp.org/
    6.67
    3 votes
    125
    5.75
    4 votes
    126
    7.50
    2 votes
    127
    7.50
    2 votes
    128

    High-Level Conference on World Food Security

    The High-Level Conference on World Food Security was a conference held in June 2008, under the auspices of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Its formal name was "High-Level Conference on World Food Security: the Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy". The Conference followed Expert Meetings and Stakeholder Consultations held by the FAO between January and April 2008. The conference focussed on the world food price crisis, climate change and agriculture and food vs fuel issues. One major issue was whether to increase production of biofuels, or whether global increases in food prices made food production much more important. U.S. Agriculture Secretary Edward T. Schafer was among the participants. Discussions hit a snag over debates about language on trade embargoes and export restrictions.
    7.50
    2 votes
    130

    The King and Country debate

    The King and Country debate was a discussion at the Oxford Union debating society on 9 February 1933 on the motion: "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and Country". It was passed by 275 votes to 153, and became one of the most famous and notorious debates conducted in the Union. The motion was proposed by Kenelm H. Digby of St John's College and opposed by Mr. K. R. F. Steel-Maitland of Balliol College. Among other speakers, Quintin Hogg argued against it, and C. E. M. Joad and Mr. David Maurice Graham of Balliol, the Union's Librarian at the time and the original drafter of the motion, argued in favour. The teller for the Ayes was Max Beloff and for the Noes Mr. R. G. Thomas. The President of the Union at the time was Frank Hardie. Digby addressed the packed chamber: "It is no mere coincidence that the only country fighting for the cause of peace, Soviet Russia, is the country that has rid itself of the war-mongering clique. The justification urged for the last war was that it was a war to end war. If that were untrue it was a dastardly lie; if it were true, what justification is there for opposition to this motion tonight?" Isis, a student magazine of
    7.50
    2 votes
    131

    1973 World Congress of Peace Forces

    The 1973 World Congress of Peace Forces was held in Moscow, USSR, October 25-October 31, 1973. At the congress over 3200 delegates from 143 countries, representing more than 1100 political parties, national organizations and movements. Representatives from 123 international organizations took part in the event. The Congress was opened by Sean McBride, president of the International Peace Bureau and vice chairman of the international preparatory committee of the Congress. Romesh Chandra, the general secretary of the World Peace Council, was elected chair of the Congress. Other speakers at the opening of the conference were Abdulrahim Abby Farah, representative of the UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, Peter Onu, vice general secretary of the Organisation of African Unity, and Pierre Lebart, representative of the UNESCO Director-General René Maheu. The main speaker of the event was Leonid Brezhnev, general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. His speech was followed by a short intervention by Horace Perera, general secretary of the World Federation of United Nations Associations, who thanked Brezhnev for his contributions for the cause of peace. Fourteen separate
    6.33
    3 votes
    132
    6.33
    3 votes
    133

    Congress of Visegrád

    The first Congress of Visegrád was a 1335 summit in Visegrád in which Casimir III of Poland, Charles I of Hungary, and John I of Bohemia formed an anti-Habsburg alliance. John gave up his claims to the Polish throne in exchange for 20,000 Prague groschen and the recognition of his suzerainty over Silesia.
    8.00
    1 votes
    134

    Electronic Entertainment Expo 2009

    The Electronic Entertainment Expo 2009, commonly known as the E3 2009, was the 15th Electronic Entertainment Expo held. The event took place on June 2, 3, and 4 at the Los Angeles Convention Center. E3 is an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). It is used by many video game developers to present their upcoming games and game-related hardware. Major hardware announcements during the show included Microsoft's Project Natal and both Sony's PSP Go and PlayStation Move, while major software announcements included Metal Gear Solid: Rising, Halo: Reach, Final Fantasy XIV, New Super Mario Bros. Wii, Super Mario Galaxy 2, The E3 2009 was greatly expanded in terms of size from the previous two years as it was reopened to all qualified computer and gaming audiences. In 2007, the E3 was restructured, downsized and renamed to the E3 Media and Business Summit. The move was widely criticized by those both within and outside the gaming industry. The following 2007 and 2008 E3 summits attracted very few attendees in contrast to previous years; E3 2007 attracted only 10,000 attendees and E3 2008 attracted 50% less,
    8.00
    1 votes
    135
    Harry S. Truman 1949 presidential inauguration

    Harry S. Truman 1949 presidential inauguration

    The second inauguration of Harry S. Truman as the 33rd President of the United States was held on January 20, 1949. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second four-year term of Harry S. Truman as President and the only four-year term of Alben W. Barkley as Vice President. Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson administered the Oath of office. It was the first televised US presidential inauguration. Truman also restarted the tradition of an official inaugural ball, which had disappeared since Warren G. Harding.
    8.00
    1 votes
    137
    8.00
    1 votes
    138
    Virginia Conventions

    Virginia Conventions

    The Virginia Conventions were a series of five political meetings in the Colony of Virginia during the American Revolution. Because the House of Burgesses had been dissolved in 1774 by Royal Governor Lord Dunmore, the conventions served as a revolutionary provisional government until the establishment of the independent Commonwealth of Virginia in 1776. The first convention was organized after Lord Dunmore dissolved the House of Burgesses when that body called for a day of prayer as a show of solidarity with Boston, Massachusetts, following the Boston Port Act. The Burgesses moved to Raleigh Tavern to continue meeting. The Burgesses declared support for Massachusetts and called for a congress of all the colonies, the Continental Congress. The Burgesses, operating as the first convention, on August 1, 1774, met and elected representatives to the Virginia convention, banned commerce and payment of debts with Britain, and pledged supplies and support to Boston. The second convention opened in Richmond and met at St. John's Church on March 20, 1775. At the convention, Patrick Henry proposed arming the Virginia militia and delivered his "give me liberty or give me death" speech to rally
    8.00
    1 votes
    139

    World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace

    The World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace convened in Wrocław, Poland on August 25-28, 1948, in the aftermath of the Second World War. Notable politicians, academics, and artists attended, including Pablo Picasso, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Irène Joliot-Curie, Bertolt Brecht, Paul Éluard, Aldous Huxley, Julian Huxley, Dominique Desanti, Ilya Ehrenburg, Martin Andersen-Nexo, Sir John Boyd-Orr, Olaf Stapledon, Alexander Fadeyev, Julien Benda, William Gropper, Eugénie Cotton, Jerzy Borejsza, Anna Seghers and Alves Redol. The Congress was marked by an anti-American and pro-communist tone. The Congress elected a permanent International Committee of Intellectuals in Defence of Peace (also known as the International Committee of Intellectuals for Peace and the International Liaison Committee of Intellectuals for Peace) with headquarters in Paris. The Congress called for the establishment of national branches and the holding of national meetings along the same Communist lines as the World Congress. In accordance with this policy, a Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace was held in New York City in March 1949. Julia Pirotte, a photojournalist known for her work in the French
    8.00
    1 votes
    140
    5.25
    4 votes
    141

    15th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party

    The 15th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 2-19 December 1927 in Moscow. It was attended by 898 delegates with a casting vote and 771 with a consultative vote. In October 1927, the last Left Opposition members were expelled from the Communist Party Central Committee, and in November 1927 Leon Trotsky and Grigory Zinoviev were expelled from the Party itself. Oppositionists Christian Rakovsky and Lev Kamenev held brief speeches in front of the Congress. Rakovsky's speech was interrupted fifty-seven times by his opponents—Nikolai Bukharin, Martemyan Ryutin, and Lazar Kaganovich. Although, unlike Rakovsky, Kamanev used the occasion to appeal for reconciliation, he was interrupted twenty-four times by the same group. In this triumphant Congress, Stalin's power was consolidated, with the Trotskyists and all other leading oppositionists (like Rakovsky, Kamenev and Timofei Sapronov) expelled from the Party.
    7.00
    2 votes
    142

    2012 State of the Union Address

    The 2012 State of the Union Address was a speech given by President Barack Obama, from 9 p.m. to 10:17 p.m. EST on Tuesday, January 24, 2012, in the chamber of the United States House of Representatives. In his speech, he focused on education reform, repairing America's infrastructure with money not used on the Iraq War, and creating new energy sources in America. In keeping up the tradition that began with the 2011 State of the Union Address, the members of Congress sat with members of the other political party, rather than sitting on separate sides of the room. Also, Arizona Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords, who was the victim of an assassination attempt the previous year, was in attendance, as she planned to resign to focus on her rehabilitation from the shooting. President Obama hugged Giffords when he got to her while walking up to the stage, which was met with much applause. In addition to Giffords, other notable guests were invited at the behest of either the White House or the Republican leadership: The designated survivor is the member of the president's cabinet who does not attend the address in case of a catastrophic event, in order to maintain a continuity of
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    2 votes
    143

    2nd Congress of the RSDLP

    The 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held during July 30–August 23 (July 17–August 10, O.S.) 1903, starting in Brussels, Belgium (until August 6) and ending in London. Probably as a result of diplomatic pressure from the Russian Embassy, Belgian police had forced the delegates to leave the country. The congress finalized the creation of the Marxist party in Russia proclaimed at the 1st Congress of the RSDLP. The Organising Committee for convening the Second Congress of the RSDLP was originally elected at the Białystok Conference held in March (April) 1902, but soon after the conference all the committee members but one were arrested. At Lenin's suggestion, a new Organising Committee was set up at a conference of Social-Democratic committees held in November 1902 in Pskov. On this committee the Iskra-ists had an overwhelming majority. Under Lenin's guidance, the Organising Committee carried out extensive preparatory work for the Second Congress. Draft Regulations for the convening of the Congress were adopted at a plenary session held in Orel in February 1903. Following this plenary session, members of the Organising Committee twice visited the local
    7.00
    2 votes
    144
    5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

    5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

    The 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held in London between May 13 and June 1, 1907. The congress was the largest in attendance of the congresses of the unified RSDLP. Thirty-five session of the congress were held in the Brotherhood Church in Hackney, during which stormy debates took place. In total 338 delegates attended the congress. The delegates represented around 150,000 party members (43,000 Mensheviks, 33,000 Bolsheviks, 33,000 Bundists, 28,000 Polish Social Democrats and 13,000 Latvian Social Democrats). 300 of the delegates had voting rights. There were 105 Bolsheviks, 97 Mensheviks, 59 representatives of the General Jewish Labour Bund, 44 delegates of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), 29 delegates of the Latvian Social Democracy and 4 'non-faction' delegates. Lenin was a delegate, representing the Upper Kama region. The congress was a site of clashes between the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions of the party. The Bolsheviks argued in favour of preparations for an armed uprising against Czarist rule, a position which the Menshevik leader Julius Martov denounced as 'putschist'. Another issue of disagreement
    7.00
    2 votes
    145

    9th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

    The 9th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党第九次全国代表大会; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨第九次全國代表大會 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìjiŭcì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, abbreviated Jiŭ-dà [九大]) was a pivotal Communist Party Congress in China during the height of the Cultural Revolution. It was held in Beijing, China, between April 1 and 24, 1969. The Congress formally ratified the political purge of Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping, and elevated Mao's radical allies formally to power. Lin Biao delivered the keynote political report at the congress. The report lauded the ideology of "continuous revolution," i.e., that the bourgeoisie continues to attempt capitalist restoration after they have been overthrown from power, and that such attempts should be struck down preemptively. Lin's keynote address was strongly applauded by the delegates, and frequently interrupted by rounds of slogan-chanting. The Congress labeled Liu Shaoqi as the "headquarters of the bourgeoisie". 1,512 delegates were represented at the Congress, although they were not all members of the Party. A significant number represented Red Guard groups, and there was a marked increase in the size of
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    2 votes
    147

    Boyle Lectures

    The Boyle Lectures were named after Robert Boyle, a prominent English/Irish natural philosopher of the 17th century. Boyle endowed a series of lectures in his will, which were designed as a forum where prominent academics could discuss the existence of God. The very first such lecture was given in 1692 by Richard Bentley, who turned to and received four letters from Isaac Newton. The first letter from Newton to Bentley begins "Sir, When I wrote my Treatise about our System, I had an Eye upon such Principles as might work with considering Men, for the Belief of a Deity; nothing can rejoice me more than to find it useful for that Purpose." Their design, as expressed by the institutor, is to prove the truth of the Christian religion against infidels, without descending to any controversies among Christians; and to answer new difficulties, scruples, etc. Some lecturers targeted Christian Deism. A learned theologian within the Bills of Mortality, was to be elected for a term, not exceeding three years, by Thomas Tenison (later Archbishop of Canterbury), and three others. To support the lectures, Boyle assigned the rent of his house in Crooked Lane. But the fund proving precarious, the
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    2 votes
    149
    Council of Clermont

    Council of Clermont

    The Council of Clermont was a mixed synod of ecclesiastics and laymen of the Catholic Church, which was held from November 18 to November 28, 1095 at Clermont, France. Pope Urban II's speech on November 27 was the starting point of the First Crusade. In 1095 Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus sent envoys to the west requesting military assistance against the Seljuk Turks. The message was received by Pope Urban II at the Council of Piacenza. Later that year, in November, Urban called the Council of Clermont to discuss the matter further. In convoking the council, Urban urged the bishops and abbots whom he addressed directly, to bring with them the prominent lords in their provinces. The Council lasted from November 19 to November 28, and was attended by nearly 300 clerics from throughout France. Urban discussed Cluniac reforms of the Church, and also extended the excommunication of Philip I of France for his adulterous remarriage to Bertrade of Montfort. On November 27, Urban spoke for the first time about the problems in the east. He promoted Western Christians' fight against the Muslims who had occupied the Holy Land and were attacking the Eastern Roman Empire. There are six
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    United States vice-presidential debate, 2008

    The 2008 United States vice-presidential debate, took place on October 2, 2008, between U.S. vice-presidential candidates Sarah Palin, the Governor of Alaska, and Joe Biden, the senior Senator for Delaware, at Washington University in St. Louis, and was moderated by Public Broadcasting Service journalist Gwen Ifill. It was the first such debate to feature a female candidate since the 1984 vice presidential debate. The debate was watched by about 70 million viewers according to Nielsen Media Research, making it the most-watched vice-presidential debate in history. It was only the second presidential or vice-presidential debate to surpass 70 million viewers, the first being the 1980 presidential debate between Governor Ronald Reagan and President Jimmy Carter, which drew nearly 81 million viewers. Washington State University in Pullman, Washington, had been offered the opportunity to host the debate, but declined in order to pursue hosting one of the presidential debates. In November 2007 it was announced that Washington University in St. Louis would be the venue for the debate, making the university the only institution, as of 2008, to have hosted three or more presidential
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    XXVIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The XXVIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French XXVI Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et Héraldique) was held from 6 September to 11 September 2004. The gathering of heraldists and genealogists was held in Bruges, Belgium, and was sponsored by the Flemish Heraldic Council.
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    International Socialist Labor Congress of Brussels, 1891

    International Socialist Labor Congress, the second congress of the Second International met in Brussels, Belgium from August 16–22, 1891 at the Maison du Peuple, the headquarters of the Belgian Workers Party. For full list of delegates and the organizations they represented see, below, Congrès international ouvrier socialiste tenu à Bruxelles du 16 au 23 août p. 239-48. The congress passed resolutions on the conditions of membership to the congress, international labor legislation, the Jewish question and the rights of women, the position of the working class regarding militarism, and strikes. It also proclaim May 1 a proletarian holiday. The resolution on the Jewish question originally only condemned anti-Semitism, and stated the liberation of the Jews, as with every other people, would only be brought about by the advent of socialism. It was changed however, on the initiative of Dr. Regnard and M. Argyriades, of Franch, to condemn both anti-semitic and "philo-semitic" tyranny, noting that many Jewish financiers and banks were "great oppressors of labour".
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    26th Congress of the CPSU

    26th Congress of the CPSU

    The 26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union opened on February 23, 1981 with a five-hour address by the General Secretary of the party and the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (president) Leonid Brezhnev. This was the last congress of Brezhnev who died in 1982. Soviet television viewers saw only the beginning and end of the ailing leader's delivery; excerpts from the rest of the speech were read from the studio by an announcer. Brezhnev proposed another arms control talks. At a time when an aging Soviet leadership faced a decline in economic growth, severe food problems at home, grave uncertainties about its future relationship with the United States, and unsettling events in Poland, the congress ended its week of speeches by unanimously confirming the existing leadership. For the first time in many years no one was added to the Politburo. The 14 voting members, whose average age was 69, and eight non-voting members (average age 65) were all reelected. None of the present members of the Politburo was a likely long term successor to General Secretary Brezhnev, who was 74. After ousting Nikita Khrushchev in 1964, Brezhnev did not repeat Khrushchev's
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    First International Symposium on Chinese Women and Their Network Capital

    First International Symposium on Chinese Women and Their Network Capital is an international conference of this kind held from June 20-21, 2002 at the University of Hong Kong. Sponsored by Lee Foundation of Singapore, the Department of Sociology of HKU hosted the event with more than 30 scholars from all over the world. There were altogether 9 sessions during the two-day conference. Chinese women and their (Transnational) Social, Socio-economic and Cultural Networks, Welfare Networks, Religious Networks, Cyber Networks were discussed and discoursed. Several Hong Kong politicians also formed a forum on Chinese women and their political network. Compiled by: Kuah-Pearce Khun Eng and Tang Hei Hang, Hayes Publisher: Hong Kong : Dept. of Sociology, University of Hong Kong, 2002 Subsequent publication: Chinese women and their cultural and network capitals (edited by Kuah-Pearce Khun Eng) Singapore : Marshall Cavendish, 2004. ISBN 981-210-293-0 Details of the proceedings Women's Studies
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    Paper hanger

    In his Paper hanger talk to 500 priests of his Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, at the Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary, in Chicago, Illinois, on May 18, 1937, Cardinal George Mundelein made these observations on the tragic transformation of German public opinion: There is disagreement as to whether Adolf Hitler ever worked applying wallpaper or not. John Schimmel, a Wooster, Ohio man who grew up in Transylvania, claims to have known Hitler at the time he was learning the trade. The paper hanger term was nonetheless pejorative, suggesting a laborer performing a task which required more hand–eye coordination than intellect, and one who offered ersatz art rather than original art. This was an ad hominem attack on Hitler's ideas, for he was a published author, and a watercolorist, having produced 500–1000 paintings. Accordingly, the term became popular among those who opposed Hitler's ideas rather than among those who endorsed them.
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    United States vice-presidential debate, 1988

    The 1988 vice-presidential debate featured Democratic vice-presidential candidate, Lloyd Bentsen debating Republican candidate, Dan Quayle. It was held on October 5, 1988. This debate featured the classic line, "Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy", spoken by Lloyd Bentsen to Dan Quayle. A transcript follows: Tom Brokaw: Senator Quayle, I don't mean to beat this drum until it has no more sound in it. But to follow up on Brit Hume's question, when you said that it was a hypothetical situation, it is, sir, after all, the reason that we're here tonight, because you are running not just for Vice President — (Applause) — and if you cite the experience that you had in Congress, surely you must have some plan in mind about what you would do if it fell to you to become President of the United States, as it has to so many Vice Presidents just in the last 25 years or so. Quayle: Let me try to answer the question one more time. I think this is the fourth time that I've had this question. Brokaw: The third time. Quayle: Three times that I've had this question — and I will try to answer it again for you, as clearly as I can, because the question you are asking is, "What kind of qualifications does
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    2nd World Congress of the Comintern

    2nd World Congress of the Comintern

    The 2nd World Congress of the Comintern was a gathering of approximately 220 voting and non-voting representatives of Communist and revolutionary socialist political parties from around the world, held in Petrograd and Moscow from July 19 to August 7, 1920. The 2nd Congress is best remembered for formulating and implementing the 21 Conditions for membership in the Communist International. The 2nd World Congress of the Communist International, held in the summer of 1920, has been regarded by scholars as "the first authentic international meeting of the new organization's members and supporters," owing to the ad hoc nature of the 1919 Founding Convention. The gathering is also significant for the level of participation of Soviet leader V.I. Lenin, who participated in the affairs of the gathering more intensely than at any other, preparing a host of key documents and actively helping to chart the gathering's course. The 2nd World Congress took place at a time of heated world political passion, as British historian E.H. Carr later recalled: "The second congress marked the crowning moment in the history of the Comintern as an international force, the moment when the Russian revolution
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    Democratic response to 2006 State of the Union address

    Democratic response to 2006 State of the Union address

    The response to the 2006 State of the Union Address was delivered by Virginia Governor Tim Kaine on January 31, 2006, after United States President George W. Bush delivered his 2006 State of the Union address. The theme of Kaine's speech, "A Better Way," advocates the Democratic Party's policies and states' rights. Kaine delivered the speech from Virginia's historic Executive Mansion in Richmond and the speech was televised nationwide. Kaine begins his speech by recalling his work as a Catholic missionary in Honduras where he learned the value of measuring one's "life by the difference [one] can make in someone else's life." Kaine mourns the loss of Coretta Scott King, as Bush did in the introduction of his speech, who "embodied that value." Kaine's diction emphasizes the role of elected officials as public servants, portraying the duties of office as a "higher calling" and referring to the federal government's duty to "serve the American people" as a frustrated "mission" due to the Bush administration's "poor choices and bad management." Kaine attacks the government's most controversial actions and positions; the Federal response to Hurricane Katrina (See also: Criticism of
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    GRAPP 2010

    Conference name: 5th International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (GRAPP) Venue: Angers-France Event Date: 17-21 May, 2010 The 5th International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (GRAPP) aims at becoming a major point of contact between researchers, engineers and practitioners in Computer Graphics. The conference will be structured along four main tracks, covering different aspects related to Computer Graphics, from Modelling to Rendering, including Animation and Interactive Environments. We welcome papers describing original work in any of the areas listed below. Papers describing advanced prototypes, systems, tools and techniques as well as general survey papers indicating future directions are also encouraged. Paper acceptance will be based on quality, relevance to the conference themes and originality. The conference program will include both oral and poster presentations. Special sessions, dedicated to case-studies and commercial presentations, as well as technical tutorials, dedicated to technical/scientific topics, are also envisaged. Companies interested in presenting their products/methodologies or researchers interested in lecturing a tutorial are invited to contact the conference secretariat. CONFERENCE AREAS Each of these topic areas is expanded below. Papers should address one or more of the listed topics, although authors should not feel limited by them. Unlisted but related topics are also allowed. 1. Geometry and Modeling 2. Rendering 3. Animation and Simulation 4. Interactive Environments AREA 1: GEOMETRY AND MODELING - Geometric Computing - Modeling and Algorithms - Fundamental Methods and Algorithms - Scene and Object Modeling - Solid and Heterogeneous Modeling - Surface Modeling - Modeling of Natural Scenes and Phenomena - Physics-Based Modeling - Multi-Resolution Modeling - Image-Based Modeling - Texture Models, Analysis, and Synthesis - Reflection and Illumination Models - Model Validation - CAGD/CAD/CAM Systems - Graphics Architectures - Sketch-Based Modelling AREA 2: RENDERING - Systems and Software Architectures for Rendering - Rendering Algorithms - Real-Time Rendering - Parallel Rendering - Image-Based Rendering - Volume Rendering - Point-Based Rendering - Lighting and Appearance - Shadows, Translucency and Visibility - Non-Photorealistic Rendering, Painting-like rendering, Drawing - Rendering Hardware AREA 3: ANIMATION AND SIMULATION - Animation Systems - Animation Algorithms and Techniques - Animation Languages - Animation from Motion Capture - Character Animation - Behavioural Animation - Human Figure Animation - Facial Animation - Animation of Particle Systems - Plausible Motion Simulation - Animation and Simulation of Natural Environments - Special Effects - Real-time Visual Simulation AREA 4: INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENTS - Augmented, Mixed and Virtual Environments - Distributed Augmented, Mixed and Virtual Reality - Collaborative Augmented, Mixed and Virtual Environments - Virtual Tours - Virtual Humans and Artificial Life - Real-time Graphics - Graphics in Computer Games - Collision Detection - Graphical Interfaces - Mobile Interfaces - Advanced User Interfaces - Hardware Technologies for Augmented, Mixed and Virtual Environments IMPORTANT DATES Conference date: 17 - 21 May, 2010 Position Paper Submission: January 12, 2010 Authors Notification (position papers): February 04, 2010 Final Position Paper Submission and Registration: February 16, 2010 SECRETARIAT CONTACTS GRAPP Secretariat Address: Av. D.Manuel I, 27A 2ºesq. 2910-595 Setúbal - Portugal Tel.: +351 265 520 184 Fax: + 44 203 014 5434 e-mail: grapp.secretariat@insticc.org Web: http://grapp.visigrapp.org
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    OSCON 2001

    The O'Reilly Open Source Convention (OSCON) is an annual convention for the discussion of open source software, such as Linux, MySQL, Perl and Python. It is organized by the publisher O'Reilly Media and is held each summer in the United States.
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    Art, Truth and Politics

    "Art, Truth and Politics" (also referred to and published as "Art, Truth & Politics" and Art, Truth and Politics) is the controversial Nobel Lecture delivered on video by the 2005 Nobel Laureate in Literature Harold Pinter (1930–2008), who was at the time hospitalised and unable to travel to Stockholm to deliver it in person. The 46-minute videotaped lecture was projected on three large screens in front of the audience at the Swedish Academy, in Stockholm, on the evening of 7 December 2005. It was simultaneously transmitted on Channel 4's digital television channel More 4, in the United Kingdom, where it was introduced by Pinter's friend fellow playwright David Hare. Soon after its videotaped delivery and simulcast, the full text and streaming video formats were posted for the public on the Nobel Prize and Swedish Academy official websites. A privately-printed limited edition, Art, Truth and Politics: The Nobel Lecture, was published by Faber and Faber on 16 March 2006. It is also published in The Essential Pinter, by Grove Press (on 10 Oct. 2006, Pinter's 76th birthday); in the "Appendix" of Harold Pinter, the revised and enlarged edition of Pinter's official authorised biography
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    12th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 12th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 17-25 April 1923 in Moscow. This was the last congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) during Vladimir Lenin's leadership, however Lenin was unable to attend. Much of this Congress was taken up with Joseph Stalin's struggle against the Georgian National Communists. Stalin dominated the Congress with Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze and Mamia Orakhelashvili, moving against the Old Bolsheviks Budu Mdivani and Filipp Makharadze. Stalin accused the latter of: Ordzhonikidze went further: as well as "leftism" and "adventurism" The Mirsäyet Soltanğäliev attended this Congress, but was subject to attack immediately afterwards in the Tartar newspaper Eshche and arrested during May 1923. He was roundly condemned by Stalin at the Fourth Conference of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party (b) with the Workers of the National Republics of the Regions, held 9 - 12 June 1923. At this Congress the RCP redined the problems of nationalism identifying local chauvinism as the main problem rather than Great Russian chauvinism. The congress was the beginning of the so-called policy of Korenizatsiya. The main
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    13th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 13th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 23-31 May 1924 in Moscow. This congress was the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)' first to take place after the death of Vladimir Lenin, and represents a transition between the Lenin and Joseph Stalin regimes. It was also the first confrontation between the Left Opposition (led by Leon Trotsky) and the "troika" (led by Stalin, Grigory Zinoviev, and Lev Kamenev).
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    Barack Obama speech to joint session of Congress, 2009

    Barack Obama speech to joint session of Congress, 2009

    United States President Barack Obama delivered a speech to a joint session of the 111th United States Congress on February 24, 2009. It was not an official State of the Union address. Obama's first State of the Union Address was the 2010 State of the Union Address. The speech was delivered on the floor of the chamber of the United States House of Representatives in the United States Capitol. Presiding over this joint session was the House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi. Accompanying the Speaker of the House was the President of the United States Senate, Joe Biden, the Vice President of the United States. President Obama discussed the recently passed $787 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 as well as the Troubled Assets Relief Program, the state of the economy, and the future of the country. Attorney General Eric Holder was the designated survivor and did not attend the address in order to maintain a continuity of government. He was sequestered at a secret secure location for the duration of the event. Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal delivered the Republican response to the address, calling Obama's stimulus plan irresponsible. Jindal's response received criticism from
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    Conference on the Human Environment

    The Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm, Sweden in 5. - 16.6. 1972, was the first of a series of world environmental conferences. One of the key issues addressed was the use of CFCs, which seemed to be responsible for the depletion of the ozone layer. Global warming was mentioned, but nothing of substance was achieved at this Conference. Some argue, however, that this conference, and more importantly the scientific conferences preceding it, had a real impact on the environmental policies of the European Community (that would later become the European Union). For example, in 1973, the EU created the Environmental and Consumer Protection Directorate, and composed the first Environmental Action Program. Such increased interest and research collaboration arguably paved the way for further understanding of global warming, which has led to such agreements as the Kyoto Protocol. Earth SummitEarth Summit 2002
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    March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

    March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (or "The Great March on Washington," as styled in a sound recording released after the event) was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony during the march. The march was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations, under the theme "jobs, and freedom." Estimates of the number of participants varied from 200,000 (police) to over 300,000 (leaders of the march). Observers estimated that 75–80% of the marchers were black and the rest were white and non-black minorities. The march is widely credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights Act (1965). The march was planned and initiated by A. Philip Randolph, the president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, president of the Negro American Labor Council, and vice president of the AFL-CIO. Randolph had planned a similar
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    Interview with Roger Berry on EMERGENCE

    Interview with Roger Berry on EMERGENCE

    (Audio Interview) Roger Berry's new glass sculpture "Emergence" has just finished being hung in the UC Davis Health System's Education Building in Sacramento. It took three people one week to assemble the 700 pieces of multi-colored glass rings that make up the 17 foot high, two thousand pound glass sculpture. You'll meet the Sacramento artist and hear how his work represents the coming together of science and art.
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    Web 2.0 Conference (2005)

    Web 2.0 Conference (2005)

    The Web 2.0 Summit (formerly known as the Web 2.0 Conference) is an annual event, held in San Francisco, California, featuring discussions about the World Wide Web. The event was started in 2004 by Tim O'Reilly, who is also widely credited with coining the term "Web 2.0". It is organized by O'Reilly's company, O'Reilly Media, and O'Reilly and journalist/entrepreneur John Battelle serve as co-moderators. The Web 2.0 Summit is an invitation-only event, and has featured many of the most prominent enterpreneurs and thinkers of the web community. Spinoff events included the Web 2.0 Expo and Gov 2.0 Summit. File:Web-2-0 summit logo.jpeg== 2004== The first Web 2.0 conference was held October 5-7, 2004 at the Hotel Nikko in San Francisco. It is believed to be the point at which the term Web 2.0 came into popular usage. Speakers at the conference included Jeff Bezos, Mark Cuban, John Doerr, Mary Meeker, Craig Newmark, Marc Andreessen, Cory Doctorow, Bill Gross, Lawrence Lessig, Halsey Minor, Louis Monier and Jerry Yang. The 2005 Web 2.0 Conference was held October 5-7, 2005 at the Argent Hotel in San Francisco. Speakers included Stewart Butterfield, Mark Cuban, Bram Cohen, Mena Trott, Joe
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    19th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    The Nineteenth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held from October 5–14, 1952. It was the last congress of Joseph Stalin's regime and the first to take place since World War II. It was attended by many foreign dignitaries, including Mao Zedong. Andrianov; Averky Aristov; Lavrentiy Beria; Nikolai Bulganin; Kliment Voroshilov; Semyon Ignatyev; Lazar Kaganovich; Demian S. Korotchenko; Vasily Kuznetsov; Otto Kuusinen; Georgy Malenkov; Vyacheslav Malyshev; Leonid G. Melnikov; Anastas Mikoyan; Mikhaylov; Vyacheslav Molotov; Mikhail Pervukhin; Panteleimon Ponomarenko; Maksim Saburov; Joseph Stalin; Mikhail Suslov; Nikita Khrushchev; Chesnokov; Nikolay Shvernik; Shkiryatov Leonid Brezhnev; Andrei Vyshinsky; Arseni Zverev; Nikolai Ignatov; Kabanov; Alexei Kosygin; Nikolai Patolichev; Pegov; Alexander Puzanov; Vladimir Konstantinov; Ivan Tevosian; Yudin An unofficial "inner circle" of Stalin's closest associates included Lavrentiy Beria, Nikolai Bulganin, Kliment Voroshilov, Lazar Kaganovich, Georgy Malenkov, Mikhail Pervukhn, Maksim Saburov, and Nikita Khrushchev Stalin made his last speech at this Congress. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqyRoke3TAI
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    Electronic Entertainment Expo 2012

    The Electronic Entertainment Expo 2012, commonly known as E3 2012, was the 18th Electronic Entertainment Expo held. E3 is an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). The event took place June 5–7, 2012 at the Los Angeles Convention Center. E3 is used by many video game developers to present their upcoming games and game-related hardware. It was televised on Spike TV and streamed online to computers, mobile devices, PlayStation Home and on Xbox Live via IGN's application. Prior to the show, several companies made announcements regarding their products. Nintendo unveiled a new design for the Wii U controller, known now as the Wii U GamePad, along with a slightly modified console. Each of the three major console producers have also held or planned press conferences. Microsoft's press conference took place on June 4, 2012 at 9 am PDT in the Galen Center. It was known as "Xbox: Entertainment Evolved," in the vein of Halo: Combat Evolved. It was streamed on Xbox Live and played live on SPIKE TV. At the conference the company showed footage from upcoming sequels Halo 4, Call of Duty: Black Ops II, and Resident
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    Eleventh National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam

    The Eleventh National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Đại hội đại biểu toàn quốc lần thứ XI, 11th National Congress of Delegates) was the eleventh party congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the sole legal party of Vietnam; it occurred between January 12 and January 19, 2011, at the My Dinh National Convention Centre, Hanoi. A few weeks ago the XI Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, December 20, 2010, Japan's Asahi Shimbun newspaper mentioned Draft HR of the four highest positions of the Party and State in Vietnam. According to this source, Nguyen Phu Trong is expected to become the General Secretary, Mr. Truong Tan Sang is likely to be the President, and Mr. Pham Quang Nghi, will be chairman of the National Assembly, Mr. Nguyen Tan Dung, will continue as Prime Minister.
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    The Great Debate

    The Great Debate

    In astronomy, the Great Debate, also called the Shapley–Curtis Debate, was an influential debate between the astronomers Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis which concerned the nature of spiral nebulae and the size of the universe. The basic issue under debate was whether distant nebulae were relatively small and lay within our own galaxy or whether they were large, independent galaxies. The debate took place on 26 April 1920, in the Baird auditorium of the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. The two scientists first presented independent technical papers about "The Scale of the Universe" during the day and then took part in a joint discussion that evening. Much of the lore of the Great Debate grew out of two papers published by Shapley and Curtis in the May 1921 issue of the Bulletin of the National Research Council. The published papers each included counter arguments to the position advocated by the other scientist at the 1920 meeting. Shapley was arguing in favor of the Milky Way as the entirety of the universe. He believed galaxies such as Andromeda and the Spiral Nebulae were simply part of the Milky Way. He could back up this claim by citing relative sizes—if Andromeda was
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    United States vice-presidential debate, 1984

    As part of the 1984 United States presidential election, on October 11, 1984, the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President of the United States, Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro, and the Republican Party nominee, incumbent Vice President George H.W. Bush, participated in a televised campaign debate. The debate was the first vice presidential debate to feature a woman and was the only vice presidential debate in the race. It was moderated by Sander Vanocur of ABC News and held at the Philadelphia Civic Center. Ferraro handled a question about her experience at the debate, after being asked how her three House terms stacked up with Bush's two House terms, career as an ambassador to China and the United Nations, Director of Central Intelligence and four years as Vice President. The peak of the experience battle came when, during a discussion of the Carter administration in Iran and the Reagan administration in Lebanon, Bush said, "Let me help you with the difference, Mrs. Ferraro, between Iran and the embassy in Lebanon." Ferraro responded to cap what The New York Times termed "a bristling exchange", "Let me just say first of all, that I almost resent, Vice President Bush, your
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    International Conference on Population and Development

    The United Nations coordinated an International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt from 5–13 September 1994. Its resulting Program of Action is the steering document for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Some 20,000 delegates from various governments, UN agencies, NGOs, and the media gathered for a discussion of a variety of population issues, including immigration, infant mortality, birth control, family planning, the education of women, and protection for women from unsafe abortion services. The conference received considerable media attention due to disputes regarding the assertion of reproductive rights. The Holy See and several predominantly Islamic nations were staunch critics and U.S. President Bill Clinton received considerable criticism from conservatives for his participation. The official spokesman for the Holy See was archbishop Renato Martino. According to the official ICPD release, the conference delegates achieved consensus on the following four qualitative and quantitative goals: During and after the ICPD, some interested parties attempted to interpret the term ‘reproductive health’ in the sense that it implies abortion as a means of
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    Lee’s Farewell Address

    Confederate General Robert E. Lee issued his Farewell Address, also known as General Order No. 9 (sometimes Orders) to his Army of Northern Virginia on April 10, 1865, the day after he surrendered the army to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Lee's surrender was instrumental in bringing about the end of the American Civil War. The text of the order as issued was as follows: Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, 10th April 1865. General Order No. 9 After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources. I need not tell the survivors of so many hard fought battles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consented to the result from no distrust of them. But feeling that valour and devotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the loss that must have attended the continuance of the contest, I have determined to avoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endeared them to their countrymen. By the terms of the agreement, officers and men can return to their homes and remain until exchanged. You will take with you the
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    Cooper Union speech

    Cooper Union speech

    The Cooper Union Speech, or Address, was delivered by Abraham Lincoln on February 27, 1860, at Cooper Union, in New York City. Lincoln was not yet the Republican nominee for the presidency, as the convention was scheduled for May. It is considered one of his most important speeches. Some have argued it was responsible for making him President. In the speech, Lincoln elaborated his views on slavery, affirming that he did not wish it to be expanded into the western territories and claiming that the Founding Fathers would agree with this position. The journalist Robert J. McNamara wrote, "Lincoln’s Cooper Union speech was one of his longest, at more than 7,000 words. And it is not one of his speeches with passages that are often quoted. Yet, due to the careful research and Lincoln's forceful argument, it was stunningly effective." Horace Greeley's New York Tribune hailed it as "one of the most happiest and most convincing political arguments ever made in this City ... No man ever made such an impression on his first appeal to a New-York audience." Lincoln's speech has three major parts, each building towards his conclusion. The first part concerns the founders and the legal positions
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    Open Source Developers' Conference

    The Open Source Developers' Conference (OSDC) is a non-profit conference for developers of open source software. The conference is open to talks about software developed for any platform or operating system so long as the talk will be of interest to open source developers. Talks about closed source projects which used open source languages or open source projects which used close source languages are accepted. Talks cover languages such as Perl, Python, PHP, Ruby, Groovy, Scala, Java, Mono and C. Other talks may cover open source tools such as databases and revision control systems or meta-topics such as talk presentation hints, and working with others. The conference was founded by Scott Penrose and first organised by members of the Melbourne Perl Mongers group in Melbourne, Australia in 2004. Originally it had been intended to be a YAPC-style (Perl) conference, but after discussions with the Melbourne PHP Users Group it was expanded to include PHP and Python talks. Following the 2004 conference success, Scott Penrose created the Open Source Developers' Club Association to encourage programmers of other languages to also be involved in running the conference. At first this was an
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    Sixth Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba

    The Sixth Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, the governing political party of Cuba, took place on April 16 – 19, 2011. The main focus of the congress was to introduce economic, social, and political reforms in order to modernize the country's socialist system. The Communist Party of Cuba has also elected Raúl Castro its First Secretary, the position vacant since Fidel Castro's stepping down in 2006. The Party hadn't convened since 1997, when Cuba's economy was undergoing a severe depression, known as the Special Period. Nevertheless, no significant economic reforms emerged during the Fifth Congress. The Sixth Congress had been scheduled for 2009, but was postponed due to the global economic crisis. On November 9, 2010 the Draft Guidelines of the Economic and Social Policy of the Party and the Revolution were released, followed by a period of public discussions and consultations between December 1, 2010 to February 28, 2011. According to the Cuban government, 8.9 million people were involved in this phase, resulting in changes to 68% of the guidelines and increasing their number from 291 to 311. The congress was opened on April 16 with a large military parade in Havana,
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    Vilnius Conference 2006

    Vilnius Conference 2006

    Vilnius Conference 2006: Common Vision for Common Neighborhood brought together delegations from the Baltic and Black Sea regions to discuss common interests and reinforce their commitments to the advancement of democracy and common values in their respective regions. The Conference took place in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, and was hosted by the President of Lithuania, Valdas Adamkus. Vilnius Conference 2006 included Youth, Non-government organizations, and Intellectuals forums. The Conference was opened by a Youth forum on May 1, 2006. Forum participants discussed cooperation in the Euro-Atlantic areas, the New Democracies success stories, the European Union's role in spreading the values of democracy, and other issues. Advancement of democracy in Europe’s east regions, European values and other topics were discussed in the Intellectual's forum. Spread of democracy and its benefits dominated the Non-government organizations forum. Andrei Illarionov, the former adviser to the President of the Russian Federation, delivered a speech dealing with the current situation in Russia. The final phase of the Vilnius Conference 2006 was the Heads of State Summit attended by the
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    Valladolid debate

    Valladolid debate

    The Valladolid debate (1550–1551) concerned the treatment of natives of the New World. Held in the Colegio de San Gregorio, in the Spanish city of Valladolid, it pitted against each other two main attitudes towards the conquests of the Americas. Dominican friar and Bishop of Chiapas Bartolomé de las Casas argued that the Amerindians were free men in the natural order and deserved the same treatment as others, according to Catholic theology. Opposing him was fellow Dominican Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, who insisted that “in order to uproot crimes that offend nature” the Indians should be punished and therefore reducing them to slavery or serfdom was in accordance with Catholic theology and natural law. Although both Las Casas and Sepúlveda later claimed to have won the debate, no clear record supporting either claim exists. The affair served to establish las Casas as the primary defender of the Indians and saw the New Laws of 1542 upheld, providing some momentum to weaken the encomienda system further. Nevertheless, it failed to alter the treatment of the Indians substantially. Spain's colonization and conquest of the Americas inspired an intellectual controversy especially regarding
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    21st Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    The 21st Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union took place in Moscow, USSR 27 January - 5 February 1959. It was a mid-term or "Extraordinary" Congress, timed so that Khrushchev could try to consolidate his power over rivals after the attempted coup of the so-called "Anti-Party Group" in 1957. The Seven-Year Plan of economic develoopment was adopted.
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    28th Congress of the CPSU

    The 28th Congress of the CPSU (July 2, 1990 – July 13, 1990) was held in Moscow. It was held a year ahead of the traditional schedule and turned out to be the last Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) congress in the history of the party. The first Plenum of the new CPSU Central Committee was held July 13–14, and with the exception of Gorbachev, a completely new Politburo was elected. Various organizations claiming to be the successor of the CPSU have held congresses continuing the numbering established by the CPSU and its predecessors. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1992) held its so-called XXIXth Restorative CPSU Congress in 1992 declaring the CPSU reinstated. Similarly, the Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union, established in 1993, has also held congresses starting from XXIX, the most recent being the XXXIIIrd Congress.
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    Stephen Colbert at the 2006 White House Correspondents' Association Dinner

    On April 29, 2006, American comedian Stephen Colbert appeared as the featured entertainer at the 2006 White House Correspondents' Association Dinner, which was held in Washington, D.C., at the Hilton Washington hotel. Colbert's performance, consisting of a 16-minute podium speech and a 7-minute video presentation, was broadcast live across the United States on the cable television networks C-SPAN and MSNBC. Standing a few feet from U.S. President George W. Bush, in front of an audience of celebrities, politicians, and members of the White House Press Corps, Colbert delivered a controversial, searing routine targeting the president and the media. He spoke in the persona of the character he plays on Comedy Central's The Colbert Report, a parody of conservative pundits such as Bill O'Reilly and Sean Hannity. Colbert's performance quickly became an Internet and media sensation. Commentators remarked on the humor of Colbert's performance, the political nature of his remarks, and speculated as to whether there was an intentional cover-up by the media in the way the event was reported. Time's James Poniewozik noted that whether or not one liked the speech, it had become a
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    14th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party

    The 14th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 18-31 December 1925 in Moscow. This congress was marked by the struggle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky for control of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).
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    23rd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    The 23rd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) took place in Moscow, RSFSR between 29 March and 8 April 1966. It was the first Congress during Leonid Brezhnev's leadership of the Party and state. The position of First Secretary (held by Brezhnev) was renamed back to General Secretary, which had been its name from 1922 to 1952. Leonid Brezhnev, Gennady Voronov, Andrei Kirilenko, Alexei Kosygin, Kirill Mazurov, Arvid Pelshe, Nikolai Podgorny, Dmitry Polyansky, Mikhail Suslov, Alexander Shelepin and Petro Shelest were elected full members of the Politburo, while Viktor Grishin, Pyotr Demichev, Dinmukhamed Konayev, Pyotr Masherov, Vasil Mzhavanadze, Sharof Rashidov, Dmitriy Ustinov and Volodymyr Shcherbytsky were elected candidate members.
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    Dagstuhl Seminar on Information Visualization 2010

    The aim of this seminar was to bring together theoreticians and practitioners from the field with a special focus on the intersection of InfoVis and Human-Computer Interaction. To support discussions that are related to the visualization of real world data, researchers from selected application areas also attended and contributed. During the seminar, working groups on eight different topics were formed and enabled a critical reflection on ongoing research efforts, the state of the field, and key research challenges today...
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    Evian Conference

    The Évian Conference was convened at the initiative of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt in July 1938 to discuss the issue of increasing numbers of Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. For eight days, from July 6 to 13, representatives from 32 countries met at Évian-les-Bains, France. Twenty-four voluntary organizations also attended, as observers, many of whom presented plans orally and in writing. Journalists came from all over the world to observe. The Jews of Austria and Germany were very hopeful, believing that this international conference would provide them a safe haven. "The United States had always been viewed in Europe as champion of freedom and under her powerful influence and following her example, certainly many countries would provide the chance to get out of the German trap. The rescue, a new life seemed in reach." Hitler responded to the news of the conference by saying essentially that if the other nations would agree to take the Jews, he would help them leave. I can only hope and expect that the other world, which has such deep sympathy for these criminals [Jews], will at least be generous enough to convert this sympathy into practical aid. We, on our part,
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    XXVth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The XXVth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French XXV Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et Héraldique)was held in Dublin from 16 September to 21 September 2002. The proceedings took place at Dublin Castle, and the theme of the Congress was "Genealogy and Heraldry: Their Place and Practice in Changing Times." The event attracted some of the most notable heraldists and genealogists in the world.
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    1st Congress of the RSDLP

    1st Congress of the RSDLP

    The 1st Congress of the RSDLP (Russian: Российская социал-демократическая рабочая партия, РСДРП) was held between March 13–March 15 (March 1–March 3, O.S.) 1898 in Minsk, Russian Empire (now Belarus) in secrecy. The venue was a house belonging to Rumyantsev, a railway worker on the outskirts of Minsk (now in the town centre). The cover story was that they were celebrating the nameday of Rumyantsev's wife. A stove was kept burning in the next room in case secret papers had to be burnt. Lenin smuggled a draft program for the party written in milk between the lines of a book. The Congress was convened by three major social democratic groups from different areas of the Russian Empire. There were 9 delegates to the Congress representing these three groups as well as social democrats from Moscow and Yekaterinoslav. The Kharkov socialists refused to come thinking the move premature. There were 6 sessions, with no minutes taken because of the need for secrecy; only resolutions were recorded. The major issues discussed by the delegates were merging all social democratic groups into one party and selecting the party's name. The Congress also elected a Central Committee of three: Stepan
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    63rd World Science Fiction Convention

    63rd World Science Fiction Convention

    The 63rd World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) was called Interaction, and was held in Glasgow, Scotland 4–8 August 2005. The event was also the Eurocon. The Venue for the 63rd Worldcon was the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre (SECC) with the attached Clyde Auditorium (often called "The Armadillo") and Moat House Hotel. Parties took place at the Hilton Hotel. The total registered membership of the convention was 5202, of which 4115 physically attended. The members represented 35 different nationalities. By far the largest contingents were from the USA and the UK. The organising committee was co-chaired by Colin Harris and Vincent Docherty. Due to the changes in the World Science Fiction Society rules, which reduced the lead-time from three to two years, no Worldcon site selection took place at the 2005 Worldcon. The site for the 2007 Worldcon was decided at the 2004 Worldcon in Boston under the old three year lead-time rule. The site selection for the 2008 Worldcon, the first under the new two year lead-time rule, took place at the 2006 Worldcon in Los Angeles. The Hugo Awards, named after Hugo Gernsback, are given every year for the best science fiction or fantasy
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    MarketMakers

    MarketMakers

    MarketMakers is an energy outlook forum custom designed for energy executives and industry experts in exploration, production, investment banking, capital markets, trading, M&A and downstream operations to share experiences, opportunities & positive ideas in a volatile market. MarketMakers will explore new and existing opportunities for capital formation, exploration, hedging, pricing, services and asset transactions. Featuring an all-star line-up, Marketmakers is designed to leave delegates with a new and proper perspective for these interesting times. MarketMakers is brought to you by PLS, Inc., a U.S. and Canadian based marketing and publishing firm with offices and personnel in Houston, Midland, Los Angeles, New York and Calgary. The company is also a leading conference and exposition host with fifteen years experience with Dealmakers (asset driven conference) and Playmakers (an e&p focused event held in Calgary and Houston each year). PLS's early exposition efforts under the Dealmakers brand formed the genesis of Summer Nape. PLS is excited about its latest forum, which promises to be another excellent opportunity for leading energy executives to conference, network and establish new business opportunities. Like our Dealmakers and Playmakers events, Marketmakers will include solid networking opportunities such as an evening cocktail and networking reception for attendees, sponsors & speakers.
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    Pioneers in science

    Pioneers in science

    When Carla Shatz, PhD, professor of neurobiology, and Helen Blau, PhD, professor of microbiology and immunology, came to Stanford in 1978, they were two of he first women to be hired on the tenure tract for basic science faculty. Over the decades, as their professional and personal paths have diverged and converged, they have remained the closest of friends. In this video, they discuss the courses their paths have taken and reflect on the rewards and challenges of their lives as women scientists.
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    South African National Conference on Environment and Development

    South African National Conference on Environment and Development

    The first National Conference on Environment and Development in South Africa was held at the University of the Western Cape during June/July 1991 . It saw at least 231 representatives from a wide range of organisations discussing the links between environmental degradation and the political situation in Southern Africa. The three day conference, hosted by the Cape Town Ecology Group (CTEG) and the Western Cape branch of the World Conference on Religion and Peace (WCRP) and the Call of Islam aimed to "ecologise politics and politicise ecology". According to conference organiser, Phakamile Tshazibane, the conference represented a "breakthrough", since this was the "first time groups such as the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), the National Council of Trade Unions (Nactu), the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and the African National Congress (ANC) found common ground around the issue of the environment." There were also a wide range of religious groupings represented, from Hinduism to Judaism, as well as many people from rural areas such as Kuruman and Tuang. Although the conference opening was marred by the last-minute withdrawal of key international speaker Vandana
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    World's Congress of Representative Women

    The World's Congress of Representative Women was a week-long convention for the voicing of women's concerns, held within the World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago World's Fair) in May 1893. At 81 meetings, organized by women from each of the United States, 150,000 people came to the World's Congress Auxiliary Building and listened to speeches given by almost 500 women from 27 countries. The World's Congress of Representative Women was arranged, sponsored and promoted by the women's branch of the World's Congress Auxiliary, under the guidance of President Pauline Kohlsaat Palmer, the wife of prominent Chicagoan Potter Palmer. The men of the Auxiliary formed seventeen departments and held more than 100 congresses with a variety of political, social and technical agendas; the women's branch held just one congress. Of all the congresses at the World's Columbian Exposition, the World's Congress of Representative Women was the most highly attended. Bertha Honoré Palmer served as the president of the 117-woman strong Board of Lady Managers, the organization which dealt with women's business at the World's Columbian Exposition. The Board built the Woman's Building, designed by 21-year-old
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    AI@50

    AI@50, formally known as the "Dartmouth Artificial Intelligence Conference: The Next Fifty Years" (July 13–15, 2006), was a conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Dartmouth Conferences which effectively inaugurated the history of artificial intelligence. Five of the original ten attendees were present: Marvin Minsky, Ray Solomonoff, Oliver Selfridge, Trenchard More, and John McCarthy. While sponsored by Dartmouth College, General Electric, and the Frederick Whittemore Foundation, a $200,000 grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) called for a report of the proceedings that would: A summary report by the conference director, James Moor, was published in AI Magazine. 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence - Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence. Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfiefer (Eds.). Springer Table of contents:
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    Controlling the Brain with Light

    Controlling the Brain with Light

    Karl Deisseroth is pioneering bold new treatments for depression and other psychiatric diseases. By sending pulses of light into the brain, Deisseroth can control neural activity with remarkable precision. In this short talk, Deisseroth gives an thoughtful and awe-inspiring overview of his Stanford University lab's groundbreaking research in "optogenetics".
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    Inaugural address of John F. Kennedy

    Inaugural address of John F. Kennedy

    U.S. President John F. Kennedy delivered his only inaugural address at 12:51 (ET) Friday, January 20, 1961, immediately after taking the presidential oath of office administered by Chief Justice Earl Warren. John Kennedy was nominated as the Democratic candidate for the presidency in the 1960 presidential election, defeating Republican candidate and Vice President Richard Nixon. In doing so he became the youngest man elected U.S. president and the first Roman Catholic president, but not the youngest president. By a twist of fate, Kennedy, in replacing Dwight D. Eisenhower, then 70, made the youngest elected president replace the oldest to serve at that time (Ronald Reagan surpassed Eisenhower as the oldest president to serve in 1981.). Kennedy took the oath of office at at 12:51 (ET) Friday, 20 January 1961, and gave the speech afterwards. The address is 1364 words and took 13 minutes and 59 seconds to deliver, from the first word to the last word, not including applause at the end, making it the fourth-shortest inaugural address ever delivered. It is widely considered to be among the best presidential inauguration speeches in American history. Kennedy began collecting thoughts and
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    Joint session of the United States Congress

    Joint session of the United States Congress

    Joint sessions of the United States Congress are the gatherings together of both houses of the United States Congress (the House of Representatives and Senate). Joint sessions are held on special occasions such as the State of the Union Address and presidential inaugurations. Meetings of Congress for presidential inaugurations are a special case called formal joint gatherings, but may also be joint sessions if both houses are in session at the time. Joint sessions and meetings are traditionally presided over by the Speaker of the House and take place at the House chamber. However, the Constitution requires the Vice President (as President of the Senate) to preside over the counting of electoral votes. At some time during the first two months of each session, the President customarily delivers the State of the Union Address, a speech in which an assessment is made of the state of the country, and the presidents' legislative agenda is outlined. The speech is modeled on the Speech from the Throne, given by the British monarch. There is a major difference, however. The President is the principal author of his State of the Union message, while the Speech from the Throne is customarily
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    Tanner Lectures on Human Values

    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is a multiversity lecture series in the humanities, founded on July 1, 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, by the American scholar Obert Clark Tanner. In founding the lecture, he defined their purpose as follows: It is considered one of the top lecture series among top universities, and being appointed a lectureship is a recognition of the scholar's "extra-ordinary achievement" in the field of human values. Permanent lectureships are established at the following nine institutions:
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    17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party

    The 17th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during 26 January - 10 February 1934. The congress was attended by 1,225 delegates with a casting vote and 736 delegates with a consultative vote, representing 1,872,488 party members and 935,298 candidate members. Nicknamed "The Congress of the Victors" due to the economic successes of the First Five-Year Plan, it was in fact the last clandestine revolt against Stalin from within party ranks. During the elections to the party's Central Committee Stalin received a significant number (over a hundred, although the precise number is unknown) of negative votes, whereas only three delegates crossed out the name of the popular Leningrad party boss, Sergei Kirov. The results were subsequently covered up on Stalin's orders and it was officially reported that Stalin also received only three negative votes. During the Congress a group of veteran party members approached Kirov with the suggestion that he replace Stalin as the party leader. Kirov declined the offer and reported the conversation to Stalin. In public Stalin was acclaimed, not merely as the leader of the party, but as a towering, universal genius in every human
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    7th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 7th (extraordinary) Congress of the RSDLP(b) (Russian Social Democratic Labor Party) is also known as the Extraordinary 7th Congress of the RCP(b) (Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)) was held during 6–8 March 1918. During this congress the Bolsheviks changed the name of their party to include the word "Communist". It was the first congress of Bolsheviks after their gaining the power in the October Revolution. It was held in the Taurida Palace in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) on the extraordinary occasion to decide on the peace with Germany in the World War I, concluded by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk earlier in March, The 47 plenipotentiary and 59 consultative delegates represented about 17,000 Party members. The actual Party head count was about 300,000, but many delegates could not arrive on the short notice, partially because of the German occupation of the significant territory. The agenda was: The Brest Peace was an issue of fierce controversy within the Party. The Brest Peace was oppose by the faction of Left Communists, who were led by Nickolay Bukharin and were influential in the major party organizations: in Moscow, Petrograd, and Urals . Among the supperters of the
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    9th Congress of the Russian Communist Party

    The 9th Congress of the Russian Communist Party took place from 29 March 1920 till 5 April 1920. The Congress opened in the Bolshoi Theatre with an introductory speech by Vladimir Lenin. The following meetings of the Congress took place in one of the buildings of the Kremlin. Present at the Congress were 715 delegates, of whom 553 had the right to vote and 162 were delegates with voice but no vote. The agenda included:
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    Eucharistic Congress of Dublin

    The 31st International Eucharistic Congress, held in Dublin 22–26 June 1932, was one of the largest eucharistic congresses of the 20th century. Ireland was then home to 3,171,697 Catholics. It was selected to host the congress as 1932 was the 1500th anniversary of Saint Patrick's arrival. The chosen theme was "The Propagation of the Sainted Eucharist by Irish Missionaries." Two days before the Congress, Time Magazine noted the Congress' special theme: Seven ocean liners moored in the port basins and along Sir John Rogerson's Quay. These were De Grasse, Doric, Dresden, Duchess of Bedford, Marnix van Sint Aldegonde, Rio Bravo and Sierra Cordoba. Five others, Antonio, Laconia, Lapland, Samaria and Saturnia anchored around Scotsmans Bay. The liners acted as floating hotels and could accommodate from 130 to 1,500 people on each. The final public mass of the congress was held in Phoenix Park at 1pm on Sunday, and was celebrated by Michael Joseph Curley, Archbishop of Baltimore. Approximately 25% of the population of Ireland attended the mass and afterwards four processions left the Park to O'Connell Street where approximately 500,000 people gathered on O'Connell Bridge for the concluding
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    In Defense of Humanities

    In Defense of Humanities

    As universities across the country question the need for humanities education, John Landy, co-director of Stanford's Philosophy and Literature Initiative comes to the defense of literature. "Spending time in the presence of works of great beauty can powerfully change your life," he says.
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    Paris Conference on Passports & Customs Formalities and Through Tickets

    The Paris Conference on Passports & Customs Formalities and Through Tickets was a conference organised by the League of Nations in 1920 which agreed, for the first time, on a set of standards for all passports issued by members of the League. Prior to that time, there were no internationally agreed standards for passports because they were not generally required for travel until World War I . With the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1947 (which had 188 contracting states) the responsibility for setting passport standards passed to that authority.
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    The World Congress of the Nations of Georgia

    The World Congress of the Nations of Georgia — public association of Georgians, living in Georgia and abroad; established in March 2009. Headquarters located in Vienna, Austria. Russian branch based in St. Petersburg. President Alexander Ebralidze — Russian businessman, general director of JSC "Taleon". Vice-president Badri Meladze — director deputy on security in state unitary enterprise "Stolichnye apteki", Moscow. Vice-president Vladimir Khomeriki — council of the President of the Innovation and Investment State Academy of Russia. Director of the Russian branch — Alexander Kinteraya.
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    Thomas Jefferson 1801 presidential inauguration

    Thomas Jefferson 1801 presidential inauguration

    The first inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as the third President of the United States was held on March 4, 1801. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of Thomas Jefferson as President and only four-year term of Aaron Burr as Vice President. Jefferson was sworn in by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall. Jefferson was the nation's second Vice President under President John Adams, and ran against him as a Democratic-Republican in the 1800 presidential election with running mate Aaron Burr. Burr and Jefferson tied in the Electoral College, so the choice was thrown to the House of Representatives, where Alexander Hamilton helped swing the vote in Jefferson's favor, thus making him 3rd president of the United States. It was a mild day in Washington, D.C., the first time an inauguration had been held in the city, with a noon temperature estimated at 55 degrees Fahrenheit. That morning an artillery company on Capitol Hill had fired shots to welcome the daybreak, and in a first for a newspaper, Jefferson gave a copy of his speech to the National Intelligencer for it to be published and available right after delivery. Jefferson was lodging at Conrad and
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    VISAPP 2010

    Conference name: 5th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications (VISAPP) Venue: Angers-France Event Date: 17-21 May, 2010 The 5th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications (VISAPP) aims at becoming a major point of contact between research scientists, engineers and practitioners on the area of computer vision applications systems. Four simultaneous tracks will be held, covering all different aspects related to computer vision, from Image Formation to Image Understanding including Motion Analysis and Stereo Vision. Papers describing advanced prototypes, systems, tools and techniques and general survey papers indicating future directions are also encouraged. Papers describing original work are invited in any of the areas listed below. Accepted papers, presented at the conference by one of the authors, will be published in the Proceedings of VISAPP. Acceptance will be based on quality, relevance and originality. There will be both oral and poster sessions. Special sessions, dedicated to case-studies and commercial presentations, as well as technical tutorials, dedicated to technical/scientific topics, are also envisaged: companies interested in presenting their products/methodologies or researchers interested in lecturing a tutorial are invited to contact the conference secretariat. CONFERENCE AREAS Each of these topic areas is expanded below. Papers should address one or more of the listed topics, although authors should not feel limited by them. Unlisted but related topics are also allowed. 1. Image Formation and Processing 2. Image Analysis 3. Image Understanding 4. Motion, Tracking and Stereo Vision AREA 1: IMAGE FORMATION AND PROCESSING - Computational Geometry - Multi-view Geometry - Illumination and Reflectance Modeling - Image Formation, Acquisition Devices and Sensors - Multimodal and Multisensor Models of Image Formation - Image Quality - Image Filtering - Spatial Color Indexing - Enhancement and Restoration - Mathematical Morphology - Implementation of Image and Video Processing Systems AREA 2: IMAGE ANALYSIS - Early Vision and Image Representation - Surface Geometry and Shape - Feature Extraction - Segmentation and Grouping - Time-Frequency Analysis - Wavelet Analysis - Statistical Approach - Structural and Syntactic Approach - Fractal and Chaos Theory in Image Analysis - Image Registration - Video Analysis AREA 3: IMAGE UNDERSTANDING - Recognition and Indexing - Cognitive & Biologically Inspired Vision - Cognitive Models for Interpretation, Integration and Control - Neural Networks - Object, Event and Scene Recognition, Retrieval and Indexing - Human Activity Recognition - Face and Gesture Recognition - Dynamics and Learning for Gesture Interpretation - Visual Learning - Pattern Recognition in Image Understanding - Optical Color Pattern Recognition - Data Mining in Pattern Recognition - Model Acquisition and Validation - 2D and 3D Scene Understanding - Localization and Recognition of 3D Object Features - Recognizing 3-D Object Shapes from Range Data AREA 4: MOTION, TRACKING AND STEREO VISION - Real-time Vision - Active and Robot Vision - Visually Guided Robotics - Visual Navigation - Motion and Tracking - Stereo Vision and Structure from Motion - Matching Correspondence and Flow - Model-based Object tracking in Image Sequences - Tracking of People and Surveillance - Segment Cluster Tracking - Retrieval of 3D Objects from Video Sequences - Detecting 3D Objects Using Patterns of Motion and Appearance - Image-based Modeling and 3D Reconstruction IMPORTANT DATES Conference date: 17 - 21 May, 2010 Position Paper Submission: January 12, 2010 Authors Notification (position papers): February 04, 2010 Final Position Paper Submission and Registration: February 16, 2010 SECRETARIAT CONTACTS VISAPP Secretariat Address: Av. D.Manuel I, 27A 2ºesq. 2910-595 Setúbal - Portugal Tel.: +351 265 520 184 Fax: + 44 203 014 5434 e-mail:visapp.secretariat@insticc.org Web:http://visapp.visigrapp.org
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    XXVIIIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences

    The XXVIIIth International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences (French XXVIII Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et Héraldique) was held in Quebec City from 23 June to 28 June 2008. This was the twenty eighth Congress to be held since 1929. The congress was organized by the Société de généalogie de Québec under the patronage of the Canadian Heraldic Authority and Michaëlle Jean, the Governor General of Canada. The theme of the congress was "The Meeting of Two Worlds: Quest or Conquest" Conference Homepage
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