A production company is a company that makes films or movies. These may be one-off companies formed for the production of a single film or a larger company that makes many films.
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Cinergi Pictures Entertainment Inc. was a small independent production company that was founded by Andrew G. Vajna, after he had sold his interest in his first production company, Carolco International Pictures in 1989, which he had started with his partner Mario F. Kassar in 1975.
Andrew G. Vajna, a Hungarian native, launched his career in the entertainment industry with his purchase of motion picture theaters in the Far East. Later, he founded Panasia Films Limited in Hong Kong before forming Carolco with Mario Kassar in 1976. In less than four years, Carolco became one of the top three foreign sales organizations in motion pictures.
In 1982 Vajna and Kassar made their film production debut with the highly successful First Blood, starring Sylvester Stallone. Rambo: First Blood Part II was released in 1985, generating more than $300 million worldwide, making it one of the most profitable films in the history of filmmaking.
Vajna and Kassar were executive producers on such films as Alan Parker's Angel Heart, Rambo III, and Johnny Handsome. Other projects included Music Box, Total Recall, Air America, Mountains of the Moon, Narrow Margin, and Jacob's Ladder.
Vajna's strategy was to
DC Comics, Inc. (founded in 1934 as National Allied Publications) is one of the largest and most successful companies operating in the market for American comic books and related media. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a company of Warner Bros. Entertainment, which itself is owned by Time Warner. DC Comics produces material featuring a large number of well-known characters, including Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Robin, Aquaman, Hawkman, Green Arrow, Martian Manhunter, Green Lantern and the Flash, along with superhero teams Justice Society, the Justice League, the Teen Titans, and the Doom Patrol as well as antagonists such as Lex Luthor, the Joker, the Riddler, Mr. Freeze, Catwoman, Sinestro, the Penguin, Poison Ivy, Two-Face, General Zod, Brainiac and Darkseid.
The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name. The title can be considered a redundant initialism. Originally in Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and later 575 Lexington Avenue; 909 Third Avenue; 75 Rockefeller Plaza; 666 Fifth Avenue; and 1325 Avenue of
The Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts, or Kraków Academy of Fine Arts (Polish: Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Krakowie im. Jana Matejki, usually abbreviated ASP), located in Kraków, Poland, is the oldest Polish fine-arts academy, established in 1818.
It is a state-run university that offers 5- and 6-year Master's degree programs. As of 2007, the Academy's faculty comprised 94 professors and assistant professors as well as 147 Ph.D.s.
The Academy of Fine Arts was originally a subdivision of the Jagiellonian University's Department of Literature and was initially (1818–1873) called School of Drawing and Painting (Szkoła Rysunku i Malarstwa). It received the status of an independent institution of higher learning in 1873 as the School of Fine Arts (Szkoła Sztuk Pięknych). The first President of the Academy was painter Jan Matejko. The main building based on a neoclassical design by architect Maciej Moraczewski was erected in today's Matejko Square in 1879. The first professors were Florian Stanisław Cynk, Aleksander Gryglewski and Leopold Loeffler.
Following the death of Jan Matejko in 1893, the next ASP President was Julian Fałat, who remained at his post till 1909. Fałat gave the Academy
The Leon Schiller National Higher School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź (Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Filmowa, Telewizyjna i Teatralna im. Leona Schillera w Łodzi) is the most notable academy for future actors, directors, photographers, camera operators and TV staff in Poland. It was founded on March 8, 1948 in Łódź and was initially planned to be moved to Warsaw as soon as the city was rebuilt after its destruction during World War II and the Warsaw Uprising. However, in the end the school remained in Łódź and is one of the best-known institutions of higher education in the city.
Until 1958 the school existed as two completely different schools: one for actors and the other for filmmakers. The schools and the Polish cinema industry were moved from Warsaw to the nearby city of Łódź after World War II. This move was initially seen as a temporary measure, thus the name of the actors' school was The National Higher School of Theatre in Warsaw with seat in Łódź. Its creator and the first rector was the renowned Polish actor Leon Schiller, current namesake of the school. In 1949 it was divided into two branches; one actually moved to Warsaw and the other one remained in Łódź under
Film i Väst (translated as "Film in west") is a film company located in Trollhättan, Sweden, founded in 1992. Lars von Trier used its facilities in his movies, such as Dogville and Manderlay.
Trollhättan has a small Walk of Fame, featuring stars of the movie industry who worked in Film i Väst productions.
Vidkid Timo (born Timothy Paul Ritchie on April 21, 1968) is an award-winning American actor, award-nominated film writer, producer, and director of mostly, but not exclusively, adult and erotic films.
His odd body of work and cerebral style have made him one of the most notable and inspirational artists in the underground and experimental film genres. Timo writes and directs his movies and has also acted in the majority of them. For inspiration, Timo draws heavily on literature, philosophy, his own admittedly abnormal psychology, film parody and, most importantly, the culture of the American South, where he was born and in which he has lived most of his life.
Timo was born in Baton Rouge to a middle-class family of Scottish, Cajun-French and Sicilian ancestry. Even though he grew up in St. Francisville, he attended Silliman Institute in Clinton for eight years, and then went to West Feliciana High School for the remainder of his Junior High and High School years. He also attempted several semesters at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, but did not feel comfortable with that type of education. During that time, he lived both in Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Nicknamed
The Shaw Brothers Studio (Chinese: 邵氏片場), owned by Shaw Brothers (HK) Ltd., was the foremost and the largest movie production company of Hong Kong movies.
From their distribution base in Singapore where they founded parent company Shaw Organization in 1924, and as a strategic development of their movie distribution business in Southeast Asia, Sir Run Run Shaw (邵逸夫) and his third brother Runme Shaw (邵仁枚) founded South Sea Film (南洋影片) in 1930. It was later renamed Shaw Brothers Studio. The studio released Hong Kong's first movie with sound 《白金龍》 (which translates as "platinum dragon", or one of the slang terms for a pistol) in 1934, the company's logo borrows from the Warner Bros. Shield.
The Shaw Brothers studio is noted for directors King Hu, Lau Kar-leung and Chang Cheh. King Hu was an early director who is best remembered for his film Come Drink with Me, a martial arts film which differed from those of Chang Cheh in that it featured a capable female protagonist and revolved around romance in the martial arts world, rather than fast paced action and the tales of brotherhood which Chang Cheh would later popularize. Chang Cheh, who was more fond of the latter components, would go on
Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS) KRX: 034120 is a national South Korean television and radio network. It is the only private commercial broadcaster with wide regional network affiliates to operate in the country. In March 2000, the company legally became known as SBS, changing its corporate name from Seoul Broadcasting System (서울방송그룹). It has provided terrestrial digital TV service in the ATSC format since 2001, and T-DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) service since 2005. Its flagship terrestrial television station is Channel 6 for Digital.
SBS was launched and formed on the day MBC celebrated its 30th Anniversary on October 9, 1991. SBS is the second commercial broadcaster in South Korea after MBC. The purpose was to become an attractive and alternative channel to the audience that before 1990 was mastered by MBC. In 1980s, MBC was a mouthpiece of KBS to broadcast sporting events like the 1986 FIFA World Cup. After the democratic reform in 1987, as well as the separation of MBC from KBS, the government allowed the creation of a second commercial station in Seoul on November 14, 1990. SBS began trial transmissions on its television and radio channels on December 1, 1990 in Seoul.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (commonly known as MGM and also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures or Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc.), is a media company In United States, involved primarily in the production and distribution of films and television programs. Once the largest and most glamorous of film studios, MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures Corporation and Louis B. Mayer Pictures. Its headquarters is in Beverly Hills, California.
On November 3, 2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-Chairs and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The studio's official motto, "Ars Gratia Artis", is a Latin phrase meaning "Art for art's sake"; it was chosen by Howard Dietz, the studio's chief publicist. The studio's logo is a roaring lion surrounded by a ring of film inscribed with the studio's motto. The logo, which features Leo the Lion, was created by Dietz in 1916 for Goldwyn Pictures and updated in 1924 for MGM's use. Dietz based the logo on
YouTube is a video-sharing website, created by three former PayPal employees in February 2005, on which users can upload, view and share videos. The company is based in San Bruno, California, and uses Adobe Flash Video and HTML5 technology to display a wide variety of user-generated video content, including movie clips, TV clips, and music videos, as well as amateur content such as video blogging and short original videos.
Most of the content on YouTube has been uploaded by individuals, although media corporations including CBS, the BBC, VEVO, Hulu, and other organizations offer some of their material via the site, as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can watch videos, while registered users can upload an unlimited number of videos. Videos considered to contain potentially offensive content are available only to registered users at least 18 years old. In November 2006, YouTube, LLC was bought by Google for US$1.65 billion, and now operates as a subsidiary of Google.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, while Chen and Karim
Sony Pictures Classics is an art-house film division of Sony Pictures Entertainment founded in December 1991 by former Orion Classics heads Michael Barker, Tom Bernard, and Marcie Bloom. It distributes, produces and acquires specialty films (especially of documentaries, independent films and art films) from the United States and around the world. As of 2012, Barker and Bernard are co-presidents of division.
Sony Pictures Classics has a history of making reasonable investments for small films, and getting a decent return. It has a history of not overspending and sharing money with the filmmakers honestly.
Sometimes, Sony Pictures Classics would agree to release some films for all other departments of Sony. But under Sony Pictures Classics' contract with Sony, all other departments of Sony (including the parent company) can't force Sony Pictures Classics to release any film it does not want to release.
Imagine Entertainment is a film and television production company founded in 1986 by director Ron Howard and producer Brian Grazer.
Karen Kehela Sherwood is co-chair with Grazer and Howard. Kim Roth is the president of production. Michael Rosenberg is the president of entertainment. Francie Calfo is the president of Grazer and Howard's television venture, Imagine Television.
The feature-film division has participated in over sixty productions and is associated with Universal Pictures, which has distributed many of Imagine's productions, some with other studios.
Mascot Pictures Corporation was a minor film company of the 1920s and 1930s best known for producing film serials and B-westerns. Mascot's serial The King of the Kongo (1929) was the first serial to include sound, beating Universal Studios by several months.
Mascot was formed in 1927 by film producer Nat Levine. In 1935 it merged with several other companies to form Republic Pictures.
The company's logo featured a roaring tiger resting on top of a model of the planet Earth.
Mascot was created by Nat Levine, a former personal secretary to Marcus Loew, in 1927 after the success of his independent serial The Silent Flyer (1926).
In the beginning the company operated out of the upstairs offices of a contractor's business on Santa Monica Boulevard. It rented all of its equipment and facilities.
In 1929 the studio made serial history with the production of The King of the Kongo. This was the first serial, from any production company, to be made with sound. Mascot's first all-talking production was The Phantom of the West (1931)
By 1933 Mascot was successful enough to rent, and later buy, Sennett Studios after the original owner, silent-film comedy producer-director Mack Sennett, went
The Samuel Goldwyn Company was an independent film company founded by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., the son of the famous Hollywood mogul, Samuel Goldwyn, in 1979.
The company originally distributed and acquired art-house films from around the world to U.S. audiences; they soon added original productions to their roster as well, starting with The Golden Seal in 1983.
In succeeding years, the Goldwyn company was able to obtain (from Samuel Sr.'s estate) the rights to all films produced under Samuel Goldwyn, including the original Bulldog Drummond (1929), Arrowsmith (1931), and Guys and Dolls (1955). The company also acquired some distribution rights to several films and television programs that were independently produced but released by other companies, including Sayonara, the Hal Roach-produced Laurel & Hardy-starring vehicle Babes in Toyland (1934), the Flipper TV series produced by MGM Television, the Academy Award-winning Tom Jones (1963), and the Rodgers and Hammerstein film productions of South Pacific (1958), Oklahoma! (1955), as well as the CBS Television adaptation of Cinderella (1965).
Animated films include The Care Bears Movie, The Chipmunk Adventure, and Rock-a-Doodle. Among
American Zoetrope is a privately-run film studio, centred in San Francisco and founded by Francis Ford Coppola and George Lucas.
Opened on 12 December 1969, American Zoetrope was an early adopter of digital filmmaking, including some of the earliest uses of HDTV. The studio has produced not only the films of Coppola (including Apocalypse Now, Bram Stoker's Dracula and Tetro), but also George Lucas's pre-Star Wars films (THX 1138 and American Graffiti), as well as many others by such cutting-edge directors as Jean-Luc Godard, Akira Kurosawa, Wim Wenders and Godfrey Reggio.
Four films produced by American Zoetrope are included in the American Film Institute's Top 100 Films. American Zoetrope-produced films have received 15 Academy Awards and 68 nominations. Lost in Translation, written and directed by Sofia Coppola and also produced by Zoetrope, won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 2003.
The company's headquarters is in the historic Sentinel Building in San Francisco's North Beach neighbourhood.
Coppola named the studio after a zoetrope he was given in the late 1960s by the filmmaker and collector of early film devices, Mogens Skot-Hansen. The company was also known
Brillstein Entertainment Partners (formerly known as Brillstein-Grey Entertainment and Brillstein-Grey Communications) is a talent management film and television production company formed by the 1991 addition of Brad Grey to The Brillstein Company, founded by Bernie Brillstein in 1969.
Bernie Brillstein formed The Brillstein Company in 1969. There, he continued to manage stars and develop television programming, a career he began in the fabled mailroom of the William Morris Agency. He produced such popular television hits as Hee Haw, The Muppet Show and Saturday Night Live.
Brillstein managed Saturday Night Live cast members Gilda Radner, John Belushi and Lorne Michaels, as well as Jim Henson (of Muppets fame) and Paul Fusco (voice and operator of ALF). Productions for television included Alf: The Animated Series, and Normal Life.
The company became Brillstein Entertainment Partners when Brad Grey left the company to become head of Paramount studios. It is now headed by Jonathan Liebman, Marc Gurvitz, and Cynthia Pett-Dante.
In 1984, Brillstein met Brad Grey at a television convention in San Francisco, California. In 1986, the two formed a production company, Brillstein-Grey
Canal 13 (literally in English: Channel 13), previously called Universidad Católica de Chile Televisión, also known as El 13, is the second oldest television station in Chile. It is owned by Luksic Group associated with the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Its inaugural transmission took place on August 21, 1959. Major satellite and cable providers have noted growing demand for Canal 13 to be offered in Canada.
The corporation also controls other business operations in media:
The first logo Universidad Católica de Chile Televisión 2TV was the simple name, often referring to his first in 1959. It consisted of two boxes, one with the number "2 " and below it one with the word "TV". Since 1961, the change to the frequency signal 13 (which remains in analog to the present), and thereby change the logo, replacing the number "2"for an "13. " Since 1968, the logo has a thin curve with a "T" to reach the "V " and center the number "13. " Above the figure said "Catholic University of Chile" (text that appear on screen until 1978), all framed within a framework that pretended to a television screen. in 1978, with the advent of color on Chile, the number "13" is changed to the
C1R, founded and also known as Channel 1 Releasing and based in Los Angeles, California, is a major adult film studio and one of the world's largest producers of gay pornography. The studio is co-owned by porn director, Chi Chi LaRue.
C1R launched Chi Chi LaRue's Rascal Video label in 1999 and with a roster of incredible exclusives and a team of talented individuals behind the scenes, Rascal quickly became one of the most successful gay adult entertainment studios in the business with movies like “BOLT” and “Wrong Side of the Tracks” receiving more awards and honors than any other movies of their time.
In 2007, C1R acquired several other studios including Catalina Video and All Worlds Video which included the highly successful military themed line from legendary director Dirk Yates.
C1R and LaRue opened their first company store, Chi Chi LaRue's, in West Hollywood in 2008.
In 2010, Chi Chi LaRue tapped reality television star Steven Daigle of “Big Brother" (Season 10) to star in his first X-rated feature, “Steven Daigle: XXXPosed” bringing more mainstream attention to the studio than ever before.
ImageMovers Digital is a digital film studio run by director Robert Zemeckis and originally owned by The Walt Disney Company, later Universal Studios. Founded in 1997 as ImageMovers, the studio released such films as Cast Away, What Lies Beneath, The Polar Express, and Monster House, the latter two films using a motion capture animation technique known as performance capture. Disney acquired the studio in 2007, when the name was changed to ImageMovers Digital.
On March 12, 2010, Robert Zemeckis announced that he was closing ImageMovers Digital. Disney officially closed the studio in May of that year. On August 3, 2011, it was announced that ImageMovers will re-open under ownership of Universal Studios.
In 1997, by producer-writer-director Robert Zemeckis, along with partners Jack Rapke and Steve Starkey formed the production company ImageMovers. Among ImageMovers' productions were What Lies Beneath (with Harrison Ford and Michelle Pfeiffer), Cast Away (with Tom Hanks), The Polar Express (also with Tom Hanks), and its last film, Beowulf (with Ray Winstone, Anthony Hopkins, John Malkovich, Robin Wright Penn and Angelina Jolie).
In 2007, ImageMovers was renamed ImageMovers Digital
The Ramoji Film City (Telugu: రామోజీ ఫిలిం సిటీ) in India, is the world’s largest integrated film studio complex at over 1,666 acres (6.74 km) of land, situated near Hayathnagar in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
It is also a popular tourism and recreation centre, containing both natural and artificial attractions including an amusement park. The Outer Ring Road Phase 2 has acquired lands at the entrance and is set to intersect the city.
Indian film producer Ramoji Rao, head of Ramoji Group, opened the facility in 1996. The creation of the Ramoji Film City was an outcome of the Group's association with Indian cinema through Usha Kiran Movies. This dedicated film production house, has produced over 80 films in several languages such as Telugu, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Bengali and international film industries.
Every year, the studios attracts over a million tourists, and the complex creates revenues in billions of rupees. Located at the entrance of the film city are the 3-star hotel, Tara and a 5-star hotel, Sitara for the film production units as well as for tourists. Once inside, there is Hawa Mahal, an intricate miniature Golconda Fort, which is on a hilltop from
World of Wonder is an international media production company based in Hollywood and London. Founded in 1991 by producers-cum-auteurs Randy Barbato and Fenton Bailey, the company creates reality and documentary television programs, feature films, and Internet video content. The company is best known for producing Inside Deep Throat, The Eyes of Tammy Faye, and Party Monster (both the feature film and "shockumentary"). They also produced RuPaul's television shows The RuPaul Show, RuPaul's Drag Race and RuPaul's Drag U. RuPaul's Drag Race, was a record-breaking ratings hit for MTV's Logo (TV channel) channel, and has already completed four seasons on Logo and VH1.
World of Wonder operates primarily out of its historic art-deco building on Hollywood Boulevard. Designed by architects S. Tilden Norton and Fredrick H. Wallis and erected in 1930, the building served as the original home of the Directors Guild of America. The World of Wonder Storefront Gallery now occupies the ground floor retail space, with production and management offices occupying the upper three stories. The basement, once home to the legendary punk rock club The Masque, now houses the company's video archive and a
Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation (讀賣(よみうり)テレビ放送株式会社, Yomiuri Terebi Hōsō Kabushiki Gaisha, YTV, ytv, Yomiuri TV (読売テレビ)) is a TV station in Osaka Business Park, Osaka, Japan, which telecasts in the Kansai region, and is affiliated with the Nippon News Network (NNN) and Nippon Television Network System (NNS). Founded as "New Osaka Television Co. (新大阪テレビ放送株式会社, Shin Ōsaka Terebi Hōsō Kabushiki Gaisha, NOTV)" on February 13, 1958, and renamed "Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation" on August 1, Yomiuri TV started telecasting on August 28 as the first TV station to be affiliated with the Nippon Television Network Corporation.
JOIX-TV - Yomiuri TV Analog (よみうりテレビアナログ)
JOIX-DTV - Yomiuri Digital TV (よみうりデジタルテレビ)
Relativity Media (sometimes written as RelativityMedia and Relativity) is an American film studio located in West Hollywood, California which acquires, develops, produces, and distributes films and produces television programming. It was founded in 2004 by Ryan Kavanaugh.
On January 4, 2009, Relativity Media acquired the genre label Rogue Pictures from Universal, for a $150 million. Relativity oversaw Rogue’s 2009 film offerings, which consisted of Last House On The Left, The Unborn, Come Out Fighting, and My Soul to Take, as well as more than 30 projects in development. The deal also included the Rogue film library, featuring such films as Assault On Precinct 13 and The Strangers. On August 14, 2011, it was reported that Relativity was investing in SkyLand Film & Television Cultural Development Ltd, a China-based production company, signaling new opportunities in the Chinese market. One of the first arrangements was that the movie 21 and Over was partially filmed in Dongshigu, China. On May 18, 2012, it was reported that Relativity was in talks to buy German producer-distributor Senator Entertainment.
On July 6, 2010, Relativity and Netflix announced a five-year-plus Pay-TV deal.
de Passe Entertainment is an American film and television production company run by entertainment executive Suzanne de Passe. The company was originally founded by Berry Gordy, Jr., in 1968, as Motown Productions, the film and television arm of Gordy's Motown Records label.
Motown Productions' original focus was on the production of television specials for its star recording artists. These included TCB (1968) and G.I.T. on Broadway (1969), starring Diana Ross & the Supremes with The Temptations, The Temptations Show (also 1969), The Smokey Robinson Show (1970), Diana! (1971) starring Diana Ross, and Goin' Back to Indiana (also 1971) starring The Jackson 5. When Suzanne de Passe joined Motown in 1968, much of her work involved the production of these television specials. Motown's first television series was The Jackson 5ive (1971 - 1973), a Saturday morning cartoon by Rankin/Bass starring characters based upon Motown's popular teen act.
The company's first feature film was Lady Sings the Blues (1972), a Billie Holiday biographical film starring Diana Ross as Holliday and Billy Dee Williams as her husband Louis McKay. After Lady Sings the Blues became a success, garnering box office
FilmDistrict is an American independent motion picture company based in Los Angeles, that is a multi-faceted acquisitions, distribution, production, and financing company focusing on wide release, commercial pictures. FilmDistrict was founded in September 2010 by Peter Schlessel in partnership with Graham King and Timothy Headington.
FilmDistrict releases select films theatrically on behalf of GK Films and Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions. In December 2010, FilmDistrict and Netflix signed a Pay-TV deal.
The studio also has some films co-produced with Tristar Pictures, beginning with Soul Surfer and Looper. FilmDistrict CEO Peter Schlessel made alternative distribution arrangements for the company’s 2012 film releases. Schlessel closed a 3-picture distribution deal for their 2012 films to go through Tom Ortenberg’s Open Road Films. Open Road will release Lockout, the Luc Besson-produced sci-fi action movie that stars Guy Pearce and Maggie Grace and will be released April 13, 2012. Open Road will also release the Red Dawn remake that is slated for November 21, 2012. The third film hasn't been announced yet.
On Open Road's official website they list Playing The Field as the third
Miramax Films is an American entertainment company known for distributing independent and foreign films. For its first 14 years the company was privately owned by its founders, Bob and Harvey Weinstein. In 1993, the company was acquired by The Walt Disney Company.
Founded in 1979 by Bob and Harvey Weinstein and headquartered in New York City and Cambridge, Massachusetts, Miramax was a leading independent film motion picture distribution and production company before it was acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 1993. The Weinsteins operated Miramax with more creative and financial independence than any other division of Disney, until 2005 when they decided to leave the company and founded The Weinstein Company. Miramax was sold by Disney to Filmyard Holdings in 2010, ending Disney's 17-year involvement with the studio.
Founded by the brothers Harvey and Bob Weinstein in Buffalo, New York in 1979, the company was named by combining the first names of their parents Max and Miriam, and was originally created to distribute independent films deemed commercially unfeasible by the major studios.
The company's first major success came when the Weinstein's teamed up with British producer
Cocky Boys is an award-winning producer of gay internet pornography. Cocky Boys originated in Beverly Hills, California, though its current headquarters are located in New York City.
The studio was founded by Kyle Majors in 2008. Going from relative obscurity at their inception, Cocky Boys has become one the most popular gay porn sites on the web. In 2009, CockyBoys was honoree of the Grabby Awards inaugural category, "Best Web-Based Porn Site". Adult performers Jesse Santana and Wolf Hudson were among the first to forego traditional gay adult DVD by signing on as exclusives with the Web-based studio. Hudson made his directorial debut as the studios first director. CockyBoys inked a deal with Euro Media Distribution for its initial move into the DVD market in late 2009. Euro Media now manages the Cocky Boys brand and has created and released several DVDs of the previously web-only content including "Horns and Halos," "Born to Fuck," and "No Pain No Gain." CockyBoys said its new direction in shooting style is focused more on the dominant and submissive dynamic, where each scene will feature one obviously cocky top and a willing bottom. New scenes under this new management began
Mutant Enemy Productions is the production company created in 1997 by Joss Whedon to produce Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The company also produced the Buffy spin-off, Angel, and his two short-lived science fiction series, the space western Firefly and his high-concept Dollhouse, produced by 20th Century Fox Television and Mutant Enemy. Mutant Enemy also produced Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog.
Its offices (made out of glass bricks) were on the lot of 20th Century Fox in Los Angeles, previously the home of Chris Carter's Ten Thirteen Productions. According to March 2006's issue of UK magazine The Word, the offices were closed not long after Angel was cancelled.
The following table lists the production credits of Mutant Enemy.
The name "Mutant Enemy" is taken from the song "And You and I" by progressive rock band Yes, of whom Whedon is a confessed fan. (On the special features of the Buffy DVDs, Whedon also says in an interview that he called his typewriter "mutant enemy".) The company's end-of-credits logo and mascot is an intentionally poorly animated vampire monster cartoon figure crossing the screen from right to left and saying, "Grr. Argh." It was drawn and voiced by Whedon
Sony Corporation (ソニー株式会社, Sonī Kabushiki Gaisha) (TYO: 6758, NYSE: SNE), commonly referred to as Sony, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan Minato, Tokyo, Japan. It ranked 87th on the 2012 list of Fortune Global 500. Sony is one of the leading manufacturers of electronics products for the consumer and professional markets.
Sony Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony Group, which is engaged in business through its four operating segments – Electronics (including video games, network services and medical business), Motion pictures, Music and Financial Services. These make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. Sony's principal business operations include Sony Corporation (Sony Electronics in the U.S.), Sony Pictures Entertainment, Sony Computer Entertainment, Sony Music Entertainment, Sony Mobile Communications (formerly Sony Ericsson), and Sony Financial. Sony is among the Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Sales Leaders and third-largest television manufacturer in the world, after Samsung Electronics and LG Electronics.
The Sony Group (ソニー・グループ, Sonī Gurūpu) is a
The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS), commonly referred to as Disney, is an American multinational diversified mass media corporation headquartered in Walt Disney Studios, Burbank, California, United States. It is the largest media conglomerate in the world in terms of revenue. Founded on October 16, 1923, by Walt and Roy Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, Walt Disney Productions established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and travel. Taking on its current name in 1986, The Walt Disney Company expanded its existing operations and also started divisions focused upon theatre, radio, music, publishing, and online media. In addition, it has created new divisions of the company in order to market more mature content than it typically associates with its flagship family-oriented brands.
The company is best known for the products of its film studio, the Walt Disney Studios, and today one of the largest and best-known studios in Hollywood. Disney also owns and operates the ABC broadcast television network; cable television networks such as Disney Channel, ESPN, A+E Networks, and ABC Family;
Jerry Bruckheimer Films is a film production company founded by famous movie producer Jerry Bruckheimer. It was formed in 1990 as "Don Simpson/Jerry Bruckheimer Films" along with Don Simpson, whom Jerry has worked with and co-produced hit movies from the 1980's including "Flashdance", the "Beverly Hills Cop" film series, and "Top Gun". When Don died in 1996, the company has since been renamed "Jerry Bruckhiemer Films" as Jerry continued making hit fims. The current logo appeared in "Con Air".
Legendary Pictures, Inc. (also referred to as Legendary Entertainment) is an American film production company based in Burbank, California. The company was founded by Thomas Tull in 2000 and in 2005 the company concluded an agreement to co-produce and co-finance 40 films with Warner Bros.
Thomas Tull founded Legendary Entertainment after raising $500 million from private equity firms. It was one of the first companies of its kind to pair major motion picture production with major Wall Street private equity and hedge fund investors, including ABRY Partners, AIG Direct Investments, Bank of America Capital Investors, Columbia Capital, Falcon Investment Advisors, and M/C Venture Partners. The company was incorporated in California in 2000 and in 2005 it signed a seven-year agreement with Warner Bros. to co-produce and co-finance 40 films over seven years. In 2010 Tull and two other investors, Fidelity Investments and Fortress Investment Group, bought all the shares of the original investors. Following the transaction, Tull became the largest shareholder, thus enabling him to more easily direct the company's operations. By 2011 the company was reported to have been valued at more than
Silver Screen Partners refers to four limited partnership organized to as an alternative funding source for movies. The managing general partner for the partnerships was Silver Screen Management, Inc.
George W. Bush was a member of Silver Screen Management, Inc.'s Board of Directors from 1983 to 1993. This became a part of the campaign issue over Hollywood's "pervasiveness of violence" in the 2000 President campaign over Silver Screen Management Board's approval of the highly violent horror-suspense film "The Hitcher."
The original Silver Screen Partners, L.P. was organized by Roland W. Betts, New York film investment broker, to fund movies for HBO in 1982. HBO made a 50% guarantee on their investment for exclusive cable rights. Another 40% was guaranteed by Thorn EMI, a British firm, for foreign distribution and foreign TV and videocassette markets. Additional income was lined up for domestic videocassette sales. HBO's film division was just starting out so film output was slow. In 1984, the first HBO/Silver Screen movie, "Flashpoint," was released through Tri-Star Pictures as were all the HBO/Silver Screen films.
Organized in 1985, Silver Screen Partners II, LP financed films for
It's a Laugh Productions, Inc. is a production company best known for producing the live-action sitcoms that air on Disney Channel and Disney XD. It is an owned subsidiary of the Disney-ABC Television Group.
All shows are taped at Hollywood Center Studios, with the exceptions of Hannah Montana, Good Luck Charlie, and Austin & Ally, which are taped at Sunset Bronson Studios (formerly Tribune Studios); Sonny with a Chance, which was taped at NBC Studios (before moving to Hollywood Center Studios for its second season); Pair of Kings, which was taped at Sunset Gower Studios (before moving to Hollywood Center Studios for its third season); and Shake It Up, which is taped at LA Center Studios (as well as the second and third seasons of Good Luck Charlie). However, the shows are still similar to all of the studio's other programs. Jonas L.A. was the first live-action sitcom to be filmed in a single-camera film format as opposed to the videotaped, multi-camera format of other Disney Channel sitcoms. It was also filmed on location with closed sets.
It's a Laugh was launched in 2004. Starting in 2005, it was created and meant to replace Brookwell McNamara Entertainment, producers of Even
Urtext Film Productions is a film company located in Adelaide, South Australia. It was set up in 2005 when Matthew Salleh combined with a number of other young university graduates to establish a place where they could pursue their filmmaking dreams.
These like-minded filmmakers combined their resources in the hope of making interesting new films. “The idea was to create something of a filmmakers co-op," said Matthew Salleh. "We’d all develop our own films but pool our creative and technical resources to achieve them. It can be hard getting a film project up on your own – we figured our strength would be in numbers".
By 2008, Urtext was a full-fledged independent arts and media collective. They produced films, and held art exhibitions and played host to gigs. The company not only produces its own film projects, but plays a pivotal role in the production of many new South Australian films. It moved from the original studio in 2010, and now acts solely as a commercial production company, with Rose Tucker as head of production and Matthew Salleh as creative director.
Their first feature film Offside was independently financed. When writer/director Carlo Petraccaro took his script to
Dick Clark Productions (stylized as dick clark productions by the company, and often abbreviated dc or, in some media reports, DCP) is an entertainment production company founded by entertainer Dick Clark. Since its inception in 1957, the company has produced a number of shows, specials and movies.
Such programs from classic to contemporary include American Bandstand, Where the Action Is, The Dick Clark Show, TV Bloopers & Practical Jokes, Dick Clark's LIVE Wednesday, Camp Midnite, Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction, So You Think You Can Dance, American Dreams (which includes classic footage from American Bandstand), Shaq Vs. and Greed. Its work also includes such specials as the American Music Awards (dc's first awards show), the Academy of Country Music Awards, the Golden Globe Awards and Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with Ryan Seacrest.
Dick Clark Productions went public on NASDAQ in 1986. It was taken private in 2002 by an investment group that included Mosaic Media Group and Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec. Mandalay Entertainment bought CDP's stake in 2004.
On June 19, 2007, Dick Clark Productions was sold to Daniel Snyder, Washington Redskins owner and former
Stage 6 Films is a label created by Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions in fall 2007 that acquires, produces and distributes 10-15 low budget (capped at approximately $10 million) films and direct-to-DVD releases per year. It is Columbia TriStar's fifth specialty label. Overall, it's the 7th theatrical label by Sony Pictures. The label takes its name from the location of its main office, the Stage 6 building at Sony Pictures Studios (originally an actual soundstage used for such films as The Wizard of Oz). Adrian Alperovich, Senior Executive Vice President and General Manager of the Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions Group, said Stage 6's slate will mostly be geared toward ancillary markets. But the label, will also release some of the titles theatrically through Sony's distribution labels and other companies like Samuel Goldwyn Films. Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions will determine whether a Stage 6 title bows theatrically after the film has been made.
The first theatrical feature was Moon.
History, formerly known as The History Channel, is a US-based international satellite and cable TV channel that broadcasts a variety of scripted reality television and other content, evolved from its origin showing documentary programs including those of fictional and non-fictional historical content, together with speculation about the future.
History was launched on January 1, 1995 (as The History Channel). The channel is owned by A&E Television Networks, a joint venture of Hearst Corporation and Disney-ABC Television Group (The Walt Disney Company), with a former 15% stake from NBCUniversal, which was later sold to Disney and Hearst, and operates, in various forms, in Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Ireland, Israel, Spain, Poland, Italy, Turkey, the Netherlands, Belgium, Romania, Serbia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Lebanon, Egypt, South Africa and Latin America. The network was also available in South Asia under a deal between STAR TV and AETN International until November 21, 2008. The channel has consistently produced prime time ratings in the U.S. comparable to or higher than A&E itself.
On February 16, 2008, a new logo was launched on
Universal Studios (also known as Universal Pictures), a division of NBCUniversal, is one of the six major movie studios and is one of the longest-lived motion picture studios to be located outside of Hollywood.
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, it is the oldest movie studio in the United States of America. It is also the third oldest in the world that is still in continuous production; the first being Gaumont Pictures, the second oldest is Paramount Pictures. On May 11, 2004, the controlling stake in the company was sold by Vivendi Universal to General Electric, parent of NBC. The resulting media super-conglomerate was renamed NBC Universal, while Universal Studios Inc. remained the name of the production subsidiary. In addition to owning a sizable film library spanning the earliest decades of cinema to more contemporary works, it also owns a sizable collection of TV shows through its subsidiary NBCUniversal Television Distribution. It also acquired rights to several prominent filmmakers' works originally released by other studios through its subsidiaries over the years. Selected clips and footage shot by Universal Studios are available for purchase from the NBCUniversal
Arte (Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne) is a Franco-German TV network, a European channel, that promotes programming in the areas of culture and the arts. Its facilities are in Issy-les-Moulineaux, south of Paris, and it is jointly headquartered in Strasbourg, France, and Baden-Baden, Germany. As an international joint venture (an EEIG), its programs cater technically to audiences from both France and Germany. This implies double-titling, opposite-language subtitling, dubbing, hosts who speak both languages alternately, and two separate audio tracks (through DVB-T, satellite television and digital cable).
Arte began transmission in 1992, filling frequencies left unused by the demise of La Cinq, the first French commercial television network (created in 1986).
Programs are created by Arte France formerly known as La Sept (theoretically La Société d'édition des programmes de télévision, but also a play on words, given that the name intuitively means the seventh network and indeed La Sept existed while the fifth network was still La Cinq; it made satellite television programs at the time) and by ARTE Deutschland GmbH, a subsidiary of the two main public German TV
Famous Players-Lasky Corporation was an American motion picture and distribution company created on July 19, 1916 from the merger of Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Company—originally formed by Zukor as Famous Players in Famous Plays—and Jesse L. Lasky's Feature Play Company.
The deal, guided by president Zukor, eventually resulted in the incorporation of eight film production companies, making the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation one of the biggest players of the silent film era. Famous Players-Lasky, under the direction of Zukor, is perhaps best known for its vertical integration of the film industry and block booking practices.
In September 1927, Famous Players-Lasky was reorganized under the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation, later becoming the Paramount Pictures Corporation (now a division of Viacom). The Balaban and Katz Historical Foundation now owns the Famous Players trademark.
The former Famous Players-Lasky Movie Ranch at Lasky Mesa in the Simi Hills is now within the Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve. The Astoria studio was designated a national historic district and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. The district encompasses
Cobra Video is an American company involved in the production of gay pornographic films.
Since its establishment in 2001 by Bryan Kocis (also known as Bryan Philips), Cobra Video produced movies starring "twinks", exclusively in the 18-23 age category. Kocis cast and directed all Cobra productions until his death in 2007.
Initially, Cobra Video mainly showed young men in solo performances, masturbating themselves to orgasm. Cobra's first production, Ethan's College Buddies, is a typical example of this. Later, the studio moved to productions depicting men having oral and anal sex, both in couples and in larger groups. Characteristics of Cobra Video sex scenes include long camera shots, usage of natural sound without dubbed music, facial and anal cum shots, well-lit close ups of all cum shots, and bareback sex. The bareback aspect created controversy because the studio's films show young men having unprotected sex in the wake of rising HIV figures.
The studio almost exclusively uses models who have not worked for other studios before they joined Cobra. Cobra is often categorized as an "amateur" studio, due to its use of low-cost filming locations (such as hotel rooms or rental
Focus Features (formerly USA Films, Universal Focus, Good Machine, Gramercy Pictures and October Films) is the art house films division of NBCUniversal, and acts as both a producer and distributor for its own films and a distributor for foreign films.
Focus was formed from the 2002 divisional merger of USA Films, Universal Focus and Good Machine. USA Films was created by Barry Diller in 1999 by combining October Films, Rogue and Gramercy Pictures.
Vivendi sold the studio, among other entertainment assets, to GE in 2004 to form NBCUniversal.
Focus' most successful release in North America to date is Brokeback Mountain (2005), which earned $83,043,761 at the North American box office. However, this is not counting the domestic total of Traffic (2000), which earned $124,107,477 under the USA Films banner. Focus' most successful international release is Burn After Reading (2008), which earned $161,128,228 in gross revenue. The animated film Coraline (which Focus did not produce, but did distribute) was also highly profitable for the company. Although suffering its share of unsuccessful releases, Focus has been consistently profitable, and its international sales arm (unusual among
Les Films du Poisson is a French film production company founded in 1995 by Yael Fogiel and Laetitia Gonzalez. The company has produced more than hundred films: features, documentaries and shorts. Many have won awards in France and around the world. In 2011 France's Academy of Film names Les Films du Poisson Best Producers.
Strange Company is a group of machinima creators and distributors based in Edinburgh, Scotland. They are known in the medium as the longest-standing machinima production company, having produced machinima films since 1997, and for creating the Machinima.com website, which distributes such films on the Internet since 2000.
Strange Company was founded by Hugh Hancock in 1997, at the time a student at Edinburgh University and a part-time journalist with an interest in the computer game Quake, and Gordon McDonald, a commercial film-maker and soundscape artist. Following Hugh's coining of the term "machinima" with Anthony Bailey of Quake done Quick fame, Hancock and McDonald founded the Machinima.com website in 2000, a hub for machinima producers on the Internet.
Having worked on commercial animation production since 1999, Strange Company currently focuses on the creation of machinima productions. The company has produced animation for companies and organizations such as Electronic Arts, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Scottish Television and the BBC. The group has also created several independent releases, including the H.P. Lovecraft inspired Eschaton: Darkening
CBS Broadcasting Inc. (CBS) is a major US commercial broadcasting television network, which started as a radio network, and continues to operate a radio network and a portfolio of large market television and radio stations. The name is derived from the initials of the network's former name, Columbia Broadcasting System. It is the second largest broadcaster in the world behind the BBC. The network is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network" in reference to the shape of the company's logo. It has also been called the "Tiffany Network," which alludes to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of its founder William S. Paley. It can also refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950.
The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc., a collection of 16 radio stations that was bought by William S. Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States and then one of the big three American broadcast television networks. In 1974, CBS dropped its
MTV Films is the American motion picture production arm of the cable channel MTV. Founded in 1996, it has produced films based on MTV programs such as Beavis and Butt-head Do America and Jackass: The Movie, as well as other adaptations and original projects. Its films are released by fellow Viacom division Paramount Pictures. On August 21, 2006, Nickelodeon Movies and MTV Films became full labels of the Paramount Motion Pictures Group. In 2008, MTV Films released the anti-Iraq War film Stop-Loss.
New World Communications (founded as New World Pictures and then renamed New World Entertainment) was an American independent motion picture and television production company, and later television station owner in the United States from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s. News Corporation became a major investor in 1994 and purchased the company outright in 1997; the alliance with News Corporation helped to cement the Fox network as the fourth major U.S. television network.
Although effectively defunct, it, along with various regional subsidiaries (i.e. "New World Communications of Tampa"), continues to exist as holding companies within the complex News Corporation corporate structure.
In 1970, the company was founded as New World Pictures, Ltd., by B-movie legend Roger Corman with his brother Gene, after leaving American International Pictures (AIP). At the time, New World was the last remaining national low budget film distributor, and was also one the most successful independent companies in the nation.
Corman hoped to continue AIP's formula at New World, making low-budget films made by new talent and distributing them globally. However, it only started out with only ten domestic
Full Moon Features is a motion picture production and distribution company headed by B-movie veteran Charles Band. It is known for the direct-to-video series Puppet Master and Subspecies, as well as the innovative VideoZone featurette at the end of films through 1989 to 2000.
After the collapse of Band's previous film studio, Empire Pictures, he relocated to the United States and opened Full Moon Productions. Band's goal with Full Moon was to create low budget horror, sci-fi, and fantasy films while retaining a somewhat big budget look. In the United States, Full Moon teamed with Paramount Pictures and Pioneer Home Entertainment for direct-to-video releasing on VHS and Laserdisc, and the first release was the feature film directed by David Schmoeller, Puppet Master in 1989.
Puppet Master turned out to be a huge hit for Full Moon and following the film on VHS and Laserdisc was a featurette entitled No Strings Attached, which documents the making of Puppet Master. It featured interviews with cast and crew members, including actor Paul Le Mat and Charles Band himself. The next three releases - Shadowzone, Meridian: Kiss of the Beast, and Crash and Burn (changing to Full Moon
The Kalem Company was an American film studio founded in New York City in 1907 by George Kleine, Samuel Long, and Frank J. Marion. The company was named for their initials K, L, and M.
The company immediately joined other studios in the Motion Picture Patents Company that held a monopoly on production and distribution. Frank Marion had been the sales manager at Biograph Studios and Samuel Long was the manager of the Biograph production facility at Hoboken, New Jersey. Needing to raise more capital, the two experienced filmmakers approached Chicago businessman George Kleine to come in as a partner. Kleine, already a successful film distributor, was involved only a short time but it was a profitable investment for him as his partners were soon successful enough to buy out his shares at a considerable premium.
The company began operations from a small office in a loft building at 131 West 24th Street in New York City. The partners were able to lure general manager and director Sidney Olcott away from Biograph who eventually became the Kalem Company's president and was rewarded with one share of its stock. Kalem had no indoor studios, so most of its films were shot on location. In
The Jim Henson Company, an American entertainment organization, traces its origins to the founding of Muppets, Inc. in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. The Muppets helped the company gain worldwide acclaim in family entertainment for more than four decades. The company's units include Jim Henson's Creature Shop, a renowned animatronics and visual-effects workshop.
Jim and Jane Henson formed Muppets Inc. in 1958, three years after Sam and Friends debuted. Aside from Sam and Friends, the majority of work that the company had until 1969 was creating characters for various commercials, variety show appearances, and a few meeting films for various companies (the company would produce its own meeting films from 1965 to 1996). In 1969, the company started creating characters and more than 20 short films for the popular children's show Sesame Street.
One of the company's first characters to be seen regularly on national television was Rowlf the Dog, who was initially created for Purina Dog Chow commercials and soon became famous when he became a regular character on The Jimmy Dean Show from 1963–66. During this time, the show's host, Jimmy Dean, was given an
Turner Pictures was founded by Time Warner's Turner Broadcasting System in 1993 as their film production division since they announced to buy out New Line Cinema and Castle Rock Entertainment. Turner Pictures Worldwide Distribution, Inc. was also founded to handle international sales and distribution of Turner Pictures productions. Turner Pictures was made part of Warner Bros. Pictures in 1996 when Turner merged with Time Warner (its corporate parent and owner of Warner Bros.), although it continued to produce films until 2001, but these films were released by Warner Bros. In 2003, it was revived as Ted Turner Pictures, although it was an ultra short-lived studio this time.
Edinburgh College of Art (ECA) is an art, design, creative and performing arts school in Edinburgh, Scotland, providing higher education in art and design, architecture, history of art and music disciplines for over two thousand University of Edinburgh students. ECA has about 200 teaching and research members of staff and has an international reputation as one of the most successful art colleges in Europe; its stated mission is to promote critical inquiry through scholarly research, learning, teaching and education in creative practice.
Edinburgh College of Art is a school in the University of Edinburgh and is mainly located in the Old Town of Edinburgh, overlooking the Grassmarket; the Lauriston Place campus is not far from the University of Edinburgh's George Square campus. The college was founded in 1760, and gained its present name and site in 1907. Formerly associated with Heriot-Watt University, its degrees have been issued by the University of Edinburgh since 2004. The College formally merged with the University on 1 August 2011, combining with the School of Arts, Culture and Environment and continues to exist with the name Edinburgh College of Art as an enlarged school in
Serralves Foundation (Fundação Serralves) is an art foundation whose mission is to raise the general public's awareness concerning contemporary art and the environment. The foundation is located in Porto, Portugal.
The building of the Serralves Foundation is a project designed by the Portuguese architect José Marques da Silva. The House of Serralves is considered to be one of this architect's greatest achievements. It is an elegant Art Déco building with magnificent gardens surrounding it, one of which was designed by French architect Jacques Gréber.
The Museu Serralves, the first large-scale contemporary art museum in Portugal, is located in the Quinta de Serralves; a large property close to the center of Porto that includes a main house built in the 1930s for the Count of Vizela. The public access to the museum's ground is made at the highest level of the terrain through an opening in the existing wall that surrounds the property.
In pursuit of its statutory objectives, the Serralves Foundation signed a contract in March 1991 with the architect, Álvaro Siza Vieira, in order to draw up an architectural project for the museum. Construction began five years later on the former
Walden Media, LLC. is a children's film production and publishing company best known as the producers of The Chronicles of Narnia series. Its films are based on notable classic or award-winning children's literature, compelling biographies or historical events, documentaries and some original screenplays.
The corporate headquarters of Walden Media are located in Los Angeles, California, and the Education, Outreach, Interactive and Publishing office is in Boston, Massachusetts.
Walden Media was founded in 2001 by Michael Flaherty and Cary Granat. Granat was president of Miramax's Dimension Films division, and Flaherty came from the world of education. Flaherty was called an “entrepreneur in education” by The Boston Globe for his work with innovative programs meant to help underprivileged students gain access to quality education. The two were housemates at Tufts University before following different paths and then reuniting to form Walden Media as a movie, television, publishing and Internet enterprise whose goal is to teach and entertain kids. The company is owned by the Christian conservative Philip Anschutz, who has said he expects their movies "to be entertaining, but also to be
Pixar Animation Studios, or simply Pixar (/ˈpɪksɑr/, stylized PIXAR), is an American computer-animated film studio based in Emeryville, California. The studio is best known for its CGI-animated feature films created with PhotoRealistic RenderMan, its own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan image-rendering application programming interface used to generate high-quality images. Pixar began in 1979 as the Graphics Group, part of the computer division of Lucasfilm before its spinout as a corporation in 1986 with funding by Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs, who became its majority shareholder. The Walt Disney Company bought Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion, a transaction which made Jobs Disney's largest shareholder.
Pixar has produced thirteen feature films, beginning with Toy Story in 1995. It was followed by A Bug's Life (1998), Toy Story 2 (1999), Monsters, Inc. (2001), Finding Nemo (2003), The Incredibles (2004), Cars (2006), Ratatouille (2007), WALL-E (2008), Up (2009), Toy Story 3 (2010), Cars 2 (2011), and Brave (2012). Twelve of the films have received both critical and financial success, with the notable exception being Cars 2, which, while
DreamWorks Studios, officially DW II Distribution Co., LLC, also known as DreamWorks, LLC, DreamWorks SKG, or DW Studios, LLC, is an American film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games and television programming. It has produced or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totalling more than $100 million each.
DreamWorks began in 1994 as an ambitious attempt by media moguls Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen (forming the SKG present on the bottom of the DreamWorks logo) to create a new Hollywood studio of which they own 72%. In December 2005, the founders agreed to sell the studio to Viacom, parent of Paramount Pictures. The sale was completed in February 2006. In 2008, DreamWorks announced its intention to end its partnership with Paramount and signed a $1.5 billion deal to produce films with India's Reliance ADA Group. Reliance provided $325M of equity to fund recreating Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks studio as an independent entity. Clark Hallren, former Managing Director of the Entertainment Industries group of J.P. Morgan Securities and Alan J. Levine of J.P. Morgan Entertainment Advisors led the Reliance team in
Bad Robot Productions (formerly known as only Bad Robot) is an American film and television production company owned by J. J. Abrams. It is responsible for the television series Alias, Lost, What About Brian, Six Degrees, Fringe, Undercovers, Person of Interest, Alcatraz, Revolution, and the feature length films Cloverfield, Star Trek, Super 8, and Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol.
Bad Robot was originally part of Touchstone Television, but has moved with J. J. Abrams to Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros. Television, after his contract with Touchstone had expired in 2006. Bad Robot produced Lost in association with ABC Studios, formerly Touchstone Television. The two companies jointly produced Six Degrees and What About Brian.
Abrams is Chairman/Chief Executive Officer, and Bryan Burk serves as Executive Vice President of the company.
The production logo has appeared since 2001, featuring a red rectangular headed robot running through a meadow silhouetted until it appears suddenly in front of the camera, followed by voices provided by two of Abrams' children, Henry and Gracie Abrams, saying "Bad robot!"
Bad Robot Productions produces both television programs and films.
Castle Films was a home-movie distributor founded in California by former newsreel cameraman Eugene W. Castle (1897–1960) in 1924. The company originally produced business and advertising films. By 1931 it had moved its principal office to New York City. In 1937, Castle branched out into 8 mm and 16 mm home movies, buying newsreel footage and old theatrical films for home use. Castle's first home movie was a newsreel of the Hindenburg explosion. That same year, Castle launched his "News Parade" series, a year-in-review newsreel; travelogues followed in 1938. Castle also released sports films, animal adventures, and "old time movies.
The films were sold at camera shops, in department stores, and by mail order catalog.
Castle obtained home-movie rights to cartoons from several animation studios, including Terrytoons (1938), Ub Iwerks (1941), and Walter Lantz (1947). During World War II it produced numerous documentary and training films for the U.S. armed services.
In 1947, United World Films, Inc., the non-theatrical division of Universal Pictures, purchased a majority stake in Castle Films. Castle subsequently became a Universal subsidiary, drawing upon the studio's library of
The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 19 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of West Bengal, a judiciary and a legislative.
Like other states in India, the head of state of West Bengal is the Governor, appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Central government. His or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, and houses the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the secretariat (Writers' Building). The Calcutta High Court is located in Kolkata, which has jurisdiction over the whole of West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The present Legislative Assembly of West Bengal is unicameral, consisting of 295 Member of the Legislative Assembly (M.L.A) including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved.
On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12 member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by
King World Productions, Inc. (also known as King World Entertainment, King World Enterprises, or simply King World) was a production company and a syndicator of television programming in the United States until its eventual 2007 incorporation into CBS Television Distribution. The last vestiges of this company is as a credited copyright holder (under the moniker KWP Studios--the initials standing for King World Productions) for the TV show Rachael Ray.
The division was started in 1964 by Charles King. It was a company that expressly handled television distribution of the classic Hal Roach Our Gang shorts. When Roach lost the rights to the name Our Gang (it was retained by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, who bought the series from Roach in 1938), the shorts were retitled as The Little Rascals. It was through this acquisition that the comedy shorts from 1929 through 1938 have been made available to audiences for the past forty years. King World later co-produced an animated version of the shorts with Hanna-Barbera. King died in 1973 and the company was taken over by King's children: Roger King (who died in December 2007), Michael King, Robert, Diana, Richard, and Karen.
In 1982, King World
The Mel Hoppenheim School of Cinema, a division of the Faculty of Fine Arts at Concordia University, is a film school located in Montreal, Quebec. It is informally identified as MHSoC, and accepts 200 students a year, for study in the fields of animation, film production and film studies. It is the largest, university-based centre for the study of film animation, film production and film studies in Canada.
Mel Hoppenheim founded Panavision (Canada) in 1965. Providing cameras and other shooting equipment, Mel was soon traveling all over the world to equip ever more elaborate productions. After six years of success in his hometown of Montreal, Mel decided to open a second technical installation in Toronto in 1972. A Vancouver facility followed in 1977. Still committed to what he saw as Montreal’s vast and largely untapped potential and possibility for the production industry, Mel acquired the historic Theatre Expo de la Cité du Havre in 1988. Building five state-of-the-art studios, he soon had created the most modern of facilities available to the Canadian film and television industry. Mel’s Cité du Cinéma was born.
In 1997, Mel donated $1 million to Montreal’s Concordia University,
Rogue (formerly Rogue Pictures) is a subsidiary of Relativity Media. The company has about 25 titles in its library.
In 1997, Rogue Pictures was formed as a division of PolyGram Pictures but the name was dropped in 2000 after Universal Pictures bought PolyGram. In 2004, the name was revived as part of Universal-owned Focus Features, with a goal of "high-quality suspense, action, thriller and urban features with mainstream appeal and franchise potential".'
In 2005, Universal expanded the company's operations to become a stand-alone division with a new goal of releasing ten films annually. Later that year, Universal and Rogue signed a deal with newly formed Intrepid Pictures to produce, co-finance, and distribute films for five years. In 2007, distribution and marketing of Rogue Pictures films were moved to Universal in company-wide shifts to accommodate Focus Features, putting Rogue Pictures under greater control of the parent company.
In 2008, Relativity Media approached Universal about buying the company, a move described in the entertainment media as "bold." The following year, Relativity completed acquisition of the company. At the time of purchase, Rogue Pictures had more than
C2 Pictures is a film company started in 2002 by Carolco Pictures co-founders Andrew G. Vajna (who went on to form Cinergi Pictures) and Mario Kassar. The company's first production was I Spy. Though this film was the company's first, Kassar and Vajna's initial purpose for forming the new company was to resurrect the Terminator franchise.
The California Institute of the Arts, commonly referred to as CalArts, is located in Valencia, in Los Angeles County, California. It was incorporated in 1961 as the first degree-granting institution of higher learning in the United States created specifically for students of both the visual and the performing arts. It is authorized by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) to grant Bachelor of Fine Arts and Master of Fine Arts in the visual, performing, and as of 1994, literary arts. The Herb Alpert School of Music was accredited in 2009 to grant a Doctor of Musical Arts.
The school was founded and created by Walt Disney in the early 1960s and staffed by a diverse array of professionals. The institute was started as Disney's dream of an interdisciplinary "Caltech of the arts." CalArts provides a collaborative environment for all sorts of artists. Students are free to develop their own work (over which they retain control and copyright) in a workshop atmosphere, as respected members of a community of artists in which authority is constantly tested and where teaching works through persuasion rather than coercion. Intercultural exchange among artists helps in
Centre Georges Pompidou (French pronunciation: [sɑ̃tʁ ʒɔʁʒ pɔ̃pidu]; also known as the Pompidou Centre in English) is a complex in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil and the Marais. It was designed in the style of high-tech architecture.
It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, the Musée National d'Art Moderne which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe, and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as the Beaubourg (IPA: [bobuʁ]). It is named after Georges Pompidou, the President of France from 1969 to 1974 who decided its creation, and was officially opened on 31 January 1977 by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. The Centre Pompidou has had over 150 million visitors since 1977.
The idea for a multicultural complex sprouted from André Malraux, the first minister of cultural affairs, was the western prophet of art and culture as centralized political power. The idea for the Centre Pompidou as a nerve centre of the French art and culture, bringing together in one place the different forms of expression, can be traced back in a
The Centro sperimentale di cinematografia (Experimental film centre or Italian National film school) was established in 1935 in Italy and aims to promote the art and technique of cinematography and film.
It is the oldest film school in Western Europe, founded in the city of Rome in 1935 during the Benito Mussolini era by his head of cinema Luigi Freddi, was and is still financed by the Italian government and focuses on education, research, publication and theory.
The center is the most important Italian institution for training, research and experimentation in the field of cinema, intended in its widest sense, of films, documentaries, fiction and animation.
Among its goals, are the development of the cinema and audio-visual art and techniques to levels of excellency, through distinct sectors of the Foundation itself, the National Film School and the National Film Archive.
The National Film School has its main headquarters in Rome with triennial courses of acting, screenplay writing, production design, set design and costuming, cinematography, sound engineering, production and editing.
Located near Cinecittà, the school trains its students using 35mm equipment over a 3-yr period.
DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. (NASDAQ: DWA) is an American animation studio based in Glendale, California that creates animated feature films, television program and online virtual worlds. They have released a total of 24 animated feature films, including the series of Shrek, Madagascar, Kung Fu Panda, and How to Train Your Dragon.
Even though the studio also made traditionally animated films about serious subjects earlier, such as The Prince of Egypt, Joseph: King of Dreams, The Road to El Dorado, Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron, and Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas, most of their computer-generated films and television series have now gained the studio a reputation for being focused on humor and satire although their most successful recent franchises have it balanced with more dramatic narratives.
The studio was formed by the merger of the feature animation division of DreamWorks and Pacific Data Images (PDI). Originally formed under the banner of DreamWorks in 1997 by some of Amblin Entertainment's former animation branch Amblimation alumni, it was spun off into a separate public company in 2004. DreamWorks Animation currently maintains two campuses: the original DreamWorks
The Hallmark Channel is a cable television network that broadcasts across the United States. Their programming includes a mix of television movies/miniseries, syndicated series, and lifestyle shows that are appropriate for the whole family. It is owned by Crown Media Holdings, which in turn majority-owned by Hallmark Cards.
In the United States, the network began as two separate religious cable channels, the American Christian Television System (ACTS) and the Vision Interfaith Satellite Network (VISN). These two networks shared time on the same channel beginning in 1992. Under the original timeshare agreement, the network was believed to be called VISN/ACTS. Each station was provided time for its programming blocks, and would use its own logo.
VISN began broadcast in 1988 aired about 16 hours a day and had religious programs from mainline Protestant denominations like the United Methodist Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, United Church of Christ, and others. Roman Catholic, LDS Church, Jewish and Islamic faiths also provided programming. VISN aired in mornings and evenings. ACTS commenced operations in 1984 and aired programming from evangelical and fundamentalist
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment (PFE) (aka PolyGram Films and PolyGram Pictures) was a film studio, founded in 1979 as an European competitor to Hollywood, but eventually sold to Universal Pictures in 1998 and folded in 1999.
Among its most successful films were Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994), Dead Man Walking (1995), Fargo (1996), Trainspotting (1996) and Notting Hill (1999).
The Dutch music company PolyGram (owned by Philips) created PFE in 1979 to consolidate its existing film companies. It invested US$200 million with the intention of developing a European film studio that could produce and distribute films internationally on a scale to match the major Hollywood studios.
Following the style of its music business, the company produced films through a number of creatively semi-autonomous 'labels', such as Working Title Films in the UK and Propaganda Films and Interscope Communications in the United States – It also built up its own network of distribution companies.
Film production within PolyGram differed from traditional Hollywood studios, in that power to make ('green light') a film was not centralised in the hands of a small number of executives, but instead was decided by
Ringling College of Art and Design is a private four-year accredited college located in Sarasota, Florida that was founded by Ludd M. Spivey as an art school in 1931 as a remote branch of Southern College, which had been founded in Orlando during 1856.
The art school separated from Southern College and became an independent nonprofit institution in 1933 and has changed names several times. It qualified for full accreditation as a degree-granting institution by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools on December 11, 1979. Upon joining as a member, accreditation by the National Association of Schools of Art was granted in 1984.
The concept of founding this art school originated from Dr. Ludd M. Spivey, then president of Southern College, which was founded in 1856 and now is called Florida Southern College in Lakeland. Spivey sought financial support for this concept from the Sarasota circus magnate, John Ringling. At that time, Spivey learned that Ringling was not interested in giving to Southern College and he was more interested in establishing his own art school at the museum founded with his first wife, Mable. The museum was constructed on their estate in the form of an
Biograph Studios was a studio facility and film laboratory complex built in 1912 by the Biograph Company, formerly American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, at 807 East 175th Street, in the Bronx, New York.
The Biograph Company's first studio was located on the roof of 841 Broadway at 13th Street in Manhattan, known then as the Hackett Carhart Building and today as the Roosevelt Building. The set-up was similar to Thomas Edison's "Black Maria" in West Orange, New Jersey, being mounted on circular tracks to be able to get the best possible sunlight. As of 1988, the foundations of this machinery were still extant. The company moved in 1906 to a brownstone at 11 East 14th Street near Union Square, where it remained until 1913. (The brownstone was torn down in the 1960s.) It was at this location that D. W. Griffith began as a director, and quickly became the studio's focus. Griffith found and developed for the company stars such as Mary Pickford; the Gish sisters, Lillian and Dorothy; Lionel Barrymore; Mabel Normand; Harry Carey and director Mack Sennett.
Griffith left the company in 1913, and it moved its facilities to the Bronx. Without Griffith, the studio did not prosper, and the
Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design is Israel's national school of art, founded in 1906 by Boris Schatz. It is named for the Biblical figure Bezalel, son of Uri (Hebrew: בְּצַלְאֵל בֶּן־אוּרִי), who was appointed by Moses to oversee the design and construction of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:30).
The Bezalel School was founded in 1906 by Boris Schatz. Theodor Herzl and the early Zionists believed in the creation of a national style of art combining Jewish, Middle Eastern, and European traditions. The teachers of Bezalel developed a distinctive school of art, known as the Bezalel school, which portrayed Biblical and Zionist subjects in a style influenced by the European jugendstil (art nouveau) and traditional Persian and Syrian art. The artists blended "varied strands of surroundings, tradition and innovation," in paintings and craft objects that invokes "biblical themes, Islamic design and European traditions," in their effort to "carve out a distinctive style of Jewish" art for the new nation they intended to build in the ancient Jewish homeland.
The Bezalel School produced decorative art objects in a wide range of media: silver, leather, wood, brass and fabric. While the artists
The Halcyon Company is an American privately financed, media development company headed by Victor Kubicek and Derek Anderson. They are perhaps best known for acquiring the global rights to the Terminator franchise in 2007 and for producing Terminator Salvation, which was released worldwide in the summer of 2009. Despite making a healthy profit on the movie, Halcyon filed for bankruptcy in 2009 as a response to a lawsuit from their financier due to payment problems. Their next film was supposed be a remake of the film After the Wedding set for a 2011 release, but as of September 2012, the film has not been released.
The company was co-founded by Victor Kubicek and Derek Anderson.
In May 2007, Halcyon acquired all of the rights in relationship to the Terminator franchise. These rights include the right to produce any future Terminator films, as well as all future merchandising and licensing rights, certain future revenues derived from Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, as well as certain rights in the television project Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles and the sole right to produce all future Terminator projects in any new or existing media.
Warner Bros. acquired the North
@radical.media is a global transmedia company founded in 1993 by Jon Kamen and Frank Scherma with offices in New York, Los Angeles, Berlin, Sydney and Shanghai.
@radical.media’s work has won an Academy Award, Emmys, a Golden Globe, Grammys, Webbys, D&ADs, Clios, One Show Awards, and other accolades associated with advertising, marketing and programming businesses. The company develops, produces and distributes projects in a variety of media including feature films, television, branded content, commercials, music videos, graphic and interactive design, smartphone & tablet applications, exhibitions, branding, live events, and photography.
@radical.media produces content for brands, organizations, artists and individuals, and is involved with philanthropic initiatives such as 1Goal, Acumen, Bill and the Melinda Gates Foundation, Boost Up, Conservation International, The One Campaign, and works closely with the New York City Mayor’s Office of Film, Theater & Television.
In October 2010, @radical.media became part of FremantleMedia Ltd, the content and production division of RTL Group.
@radical.media creates and produces content for feature films, documentaries, short films, stage to
The Academy of Media Arts Cologne is a teaching and research institution for audio-visual media in Cologne, Germany. It offers an undergraduate degree program, as well as an post-graduate program.
Diversity as an educational concept for artists and filmmakers - The Academy of Media Arts Cologne (KHM) and the Media and Fine Art degree course (called since summer term 2011, before called Audiovisual Media).
The Academy of Media Arts Cologne (KHM) was founded in 1990, true to the media zeitgeist of the time, as a successor to the Kölner Werkschulen (1873–1993). Since then it has offered an educational concept, unique within Germany, which brings film, art and science together in one degree course: Media and Fine Art (since SS 2011, before Audiovisual Media). As such the KHM is an art school with a focus on media, and a film school that sees its origins in the artistic moving image.
The course of study fosters concurrent engagement in various skills, so that students gain knowledge in a wide range of practical and artistic disciplines. The stage one imparts the basics of theory and artistic practise. The stage two, along with postgraduate or further education courses, then concentrate
France 2 is a French public national television channel. It is part of the state-owned France Télévisions group, along with France 3, France 4, France 5 and France Ô. France Télévisions also participates in ARTE, EuroNews, several cable/satellite thematic channels, and Mediamétrie.
Originally under the ownership of the RTF, the channel went on-air for the first time on 21 December 1963 as RTF Télévision 2. Within a year, the formation of the ORTF led to a rebranding as La Deuxième Chaîne (The Second Channel). Originally, the network was broadcast on 625-line transmitters only in preparation for the discontinuation of 819-line black & white transmissions and the introduction of colour. The switch to colour occurred at 14:15 CET on 1 October 1967, using the SECAM system. La Deuxième Chaîne became the first colour television channel in France – TF1 would not commence colour broadcasting on 625-lines until several years later. Such technology later allowed the network to air programming in NICAM stereo (compatible with SECAM).
Since 03:20 CET on 7 April 2008, all France 2 programming has been broadcast in 16:9 widescreen format over the analog SECAM air frequencies and the French DVB-T
Savoy Pictures Entertainment, Inc. was an independent motion picture company in operation from 1992 to 1997. Among Savoy Pictures' noteworthy feature films were A Bronx Tale, No Escape, Last of the Dogmen and Serial Mom.
Victor A. Kaufman became chairman and chief executive officer of Savoy Pictures in 1992 along with vice chairman executive, Lewis J. Korman. Savoy intended to finance and distribute films in the $12-25 million range, investing in up to $15 million per film. In June of that year, Savoy entered into a deal with HBO for the home video, pay-TV, and pay-per-view rights to its films.
Budgets for their films grew. However, with rather poor marketing, Savoy faced a major financial slump, only three years after being formed. For three years, Savoy then released box office failures including Exit to Eden and Getting Away with Murder. It also didn't help that two of its competitors in the independent film field, Miramax and New Line Cinema, were bought out by majors (The Walt Disney Company and Turner Broadcasting, respectively), giving them stability. As a result, Savoy focused on low-budget films and the occasional blockbuster, costing up to $80 million. Executives hoped to
BK Studios LLC is an American independent production company founded in April 1994 by actor/producer Bryan Kreutz and originated in the Saint Charles/St.Louis Missouri area of the United States.
Unlike most other independents, BK Studios internally funds most of its development and packaging costs, mainly by Kreutz, allowing it to retain creative control of projects through production.
A notable fan film Star trek series was the first project for the production company in 1994.
The first Television production of involvement in 2010 was underscored as an assistance in co-production with WTJR-TV and Revolution evangelistic association for the TV program Revolution 618. Notable other projects of involvment include Rescued Nation TV, The Faith Daily Show, and the company also produced a short film titled "To Inflict" released in 2013.
The Canadian Film Centre (CFC) is an advanced training institution for film, television and new media. Based in Toronto, Canada, CFC offers residents education, industry partnerships and production experience. Beyond development, CFC promotes and invests in Canada’s diverse talent; providing exhibition, financial, and distribution opportunities for top creative content leaders from coast to coast. In operation since 1988, CFC has graduated over 1,000 residents.
Founded in 1988 by Governor General's Award recipient and Academy Award-nominated filmmaker Norman Jewison as a film training centre, CFC has progressively added new programs, initiatives and labs as they become relevant; growing from 6 initial staff running a solitary film program for 12 inaugural residents in 1988, to over 50 staff, running 10 programs and 3 initiatives for more than 100 residents in 2008.
1988: CFC opens with original Film Training Program for producers, writers and directors
1991: Summer & Fall Writer’s Boot camp offered until 1993
1992: The Feature Film Project launches
1994: Inaugural Television Training Program begins
1996: Professional Screenwriting Program starts
1997: Habitat New Media Lab
Centron Corporation was an industrial and educational film production company. Founded in 1947 in Lawrence, Kansas by Arthur H. Wolf and Russell A. Mosser, Centron would come to the forefront of the industrial and educational film companies in the United States. Centron competed with large companies on both coasts to become one of the top producers of industrial and educational films. The company was known for its high quality films, coming in on time and under budget. Centron won many awards for its films and claimed an Oscar nomination for the documentary Leo Beuerman. In 1981, Wolf and Mosser sold Centron to the Coronet division of Esquire, Inc.
Harold "Herk" Harvey was the principal director at Centron. His 1962 feature Carnival of Souls was produced with several people associated with Centron. John Clifford, a Centron screenwriter wrote the script for Carnival of Souls.
Chitranjali (Malayalam: ചിത്രാഞ്ജലി) is a film production studio located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. It was established in 1980s by the Kerala State Film Development Corporation (KSFDC).
The studio is located in the hilltop of Thiruvallam and is spread in 75 acres (300,000 m). The studio has the second largest sound proof indoor floor in Asia with 12,000 sq ft (1,100 m).. The studio has four outdoor film units, film processing labs, dubbing studios, preview theatres etc.
Aadhyathe Katha (1972)
Heyday Films is a British film production company, founded by producer David Heyman in London, 1997.
Its first feature film production was Ravenous, directed by Antonia Bird. It is most notable for producing the Harry Potter film series, based on the novels by J. K. Rowling, beginning with Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in 2001.
Its logo was first introduced with Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire in 2005. However it subsequently changed its logo, with the new version first appearing in the The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas in 2008.
The Lubin Manufacturing Company, was an American motion picture production company that produced silent films from 1902 to 1916. Lubin films were distributed with a Liberty Bell trademark.
The Lubin Manufacturing Company was formed in 1902 and incorporated in 1909 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Siegmund Lubin. The company was the offspring of Lubin's film equipment and film distribution and production business began in 1896.
Siegmund Lubin, a Jewish immigrant from Poland, was originally an optical and photography expert in Philadelphia but who became intrigued with Thomas Edison's motion picture camera and saw the potential in selling similar such equipment as well as the making of films. Known as "Pop" Lubin, he constructed his own combined camera/projector he called a "Cineograph" and his lower price and marketing know-how brought reasonable success. In 1897 Lubin began making films for commercial release. Certain his business could prosper, the following year he rented low-cost space on the roof of a building in Philadelphia's business district. He exhibited his new equipment at the 1899 National Export Exposition in Philadelphia and the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in
Regency Enterprises is a Los Angeles-based film and television production company formed by Arnon Milchan and Joseph P. Grace. It was founded in 1982 as Embassy International Pictures, but the company name changed to avoid confusion with Norman Lear's Embassy Pictures (known from 1975 to 1982 as Avco Embassy Pictures). Its most successful film is Mr. & Mrs. Smith, released on June 10, 2005.
Its films were distributed by Warner Bros. From December 20, 1991 to July 29, 1998, and by 20th Century Fox since February 5, 1999. As a result, The Fountain, WB's first film produced with Regency Enterprises since 1998, was distributed by that studio only in North America - Fox held international rights (except France and Germany).
Its operating units include New Regency Productions (50%) and Regency Television (50%) (a joint venture between Regency Enterprises and Fox Television Studios).
The Kushner-Locke Company is an American independent motion picture/television founded in 1983 by Donald Kushner and Peter Locke.
It is known for films such as The Adventures of Pinocchio, Liberace: Behind the Music, Basil, But I'm a Cheerleader, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, Freeway, Nutcracker: The Motion Picture and Teen Wolf. Kushner-Locke also produces animated films such as the The Brave Little Toaster series and Pound Puppies and the Legend of Big Paw.
In 2001, Kushner-Locke filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and has operated under this stature since then. In November of that same year, Artisan Entertainment (now owned by Lions Gate Entertainment) acquired the North American sales rights to its more than 300 titles.
The Université de Montréal (English translation: University of Montréal) (UdeM) is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The francophone institution comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two affiliated schools: the École Polytechnique (School of Engineering) and HEC Montréal (School of Business). It offers more than 650 undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes, including 71 doctoral programmes.
The university has Quebec's largest sponsored research income and the third largest in Canada, allocating close to $524.1 million to research conducted in more than 150 research centres as of 2011. It is also part of the U15 universities. More than 55,000 students are enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs, making it the second largest university in Canada in terms of student enrolment.
As an institution, the university was first founded when the Université Laval in Quebec City founded a new branch in Montréal in 1878, which became known as the Université de Laval à Montréal. This initially went against the wishes of Montréal's prelate, who advocated an independent university in his city. Certain parts of the institution's
The Selig Polyscope Company was an American motion picture company founded in 1896 by William Selig in Chicago, Illinois. Selig Polyscope is noted for establishing Southern California's first permanent movie studio, in the historic Edendale district of Los Angeles. The company produced hundreds of early, widely distributed commercial moving pictures, including the first films starring Tom Mix, Harold Lloyd, Colleen Moore, and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. The business gradually became a struggling zoo attraction in East Los Angeles, having ended film production in 1918.
A new company with the same name was incorporated in Texas in 2012.
Selig had worked as a magician and minstrel show operator on the west coast of California. Later on in Chicago, Illinois he attempted to enter the film business using his own photographic equipment, free from patent restrictions imposed through companies controlled by Thomas Edison. In 1896, with help from Union Metal Works and Andrew Schustek, he shot his first film, Tramp and the Dog. He went on to successfully produce local actualities, slapstick comedies, early travelogues and industrial films (a major client was Armour and Company). In 1908 Selig
Lightstorm Entertainment is an American film production company. The company was founded by Canadian filmmaker James Cameron and film producer Larry Kasanoff in 1990 and is best known for producing the films Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Titanic and Cameron's latest film Avatar. Cameron has also employed other filmmakers to produce and direct films under Lightstorm's production banner.
Marvel Entertainment, LLC, formerly Marvel Enterprises and Toy Biz, Inc., is an American entertainment company formed from the merger of Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc. and Toy Biz, Inc.
In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment, Inc. for $4 billion. It has been a limited liability company (LLC) since then.
As of August 2012, Marvel is the highest-grossing movie franchise, with a total of over $5 billion.
Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc. (Marvel or MEG), the parent company of Marvel Comics and Marvel Productions, was put up for sale as part of the liquidation of its then parent corporation, Cadence Industries, and sold in 1986 to New World Pictures. In 1989, Ronald Perelman's MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings group of companies bought Marvel Entertainment Group from New World for $82.5 million, not including Marvel Productions, which was folded into New World's TV and movie business.
"It is a mini-Disney in terms of intellectual property," said Perelman. "Disney's got much more highly recognized characters and softer characters, whereas our characters are termed action heroes. But at Marvel we are now in the business of the creation and marketing of
Thiassi Pictures is an American independent production company founded in January 2011 by Director/Writer Elizabeth Wiegard and originated in the Arnold/St.Louis Missouri area of the United States. Formerly known as "Elizabeth Wiegard Productions" the production company name officially changed in Fall 2012 to "Thiassi Pictures".
The first film production of involvement in 2011 was underscored as a student film production with Supah-Fly Productions for the film titled "Talent". Notable other projects of involvment include a Short film titled Hero-Man which played at the 2012 Cinema St Louis FIlmmaker's showcase like it's first film titled "Talent". A St.Louis and Granite City,Illinois short film made for a U.S. and Internationally screened film festival theatrical release titled "To Inflict" was produced in co-production in 2013.
Biograph Studios was a studio facility and film laboratory complex built in 1912 by the Biograph Company, formerly American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, at 807 East 175th Street, in the Bronx, New York.
The Biograph Company's first studio was located on the roof of 841 Broadway at 13th Street in Manhattan, known then as the Hackett Carhart Building and today as the Roosevelt Building. The set-up was similar to Thomas Edison's "Black Maria" in West Orange, New Jersey, being mounted on circular tracks to be able to get the best possible sunlight. As of 1988, the foundations of this machinery were still extant. The company moved in 1906 to a brownstone at 11 East 14th Street near Union Square, where it remained until 1913. (The brownstone was torn down in the 1960s.) It was at this location that D. W. Griffith began as a director, and quickly became the studio's focus. Griffith found and developed for the company stars such as Mary Pickford; the Gish sisters, Lillian and Dorothy; Lionel Barrymore; Mabel Normand; Harry Carey and director Mack Sennett.
Griffith left the company in 1913, and it moved its facilities to the Bronx. Without Griffith, the studio did not prosper, and the
The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) is the agency responsible for transportation issues and policy in New Jersey. It is headed by the Commissioner of Transportation. The present Commissioner is James Simpson, who was appointed in March 2010.
NJDOT headquarters located at 1035 Parkway Avenue, Ewing, NJ.
As of 2007, 3,842 employees are under NJDOT.
NJDOT was established in 1966 as the first State transportation agency in the United States. It has been responsible for maintaining and operating the State's highway and public road system, planning and developing transportation policy and assisting with rail, freight and intermodal transportation issues.
In 1979, with the establishment of New Jersey Transit, NJDOT's rail division (which funded and supported State-sponsored passenger rail service) was folded into the new agency.
Until 2003, the NJDOT included the Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV), which was re-established as the self-operating New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC).
Since the 1990s, NJDOT has been phasing out many of the traffic circles in New Jersey.
NJDOT operates, develops and maintains the State's public road system, including Interstate, State and
Ten Thirteen Productions is a production company founded by Chris Carter in 1993, which produced four television series and two films (The X-Files: Fight the Future and The X-Files: I Want to Believe). The company was named after Carter's birthday, October 13. The Ten Thirteen offices were located in Century City, Los Angeles, California.
The company was founded when Carter began his series The X-Files in 1993. With the success of The X-Files continuously growing, in 1996 the company embarked on a new series; Millennium. The series was canceled after three seasons. In 1998 they released an X-Files film, The X-Files: Fight the Future. In 1999, as Millennium was cut, a third series was put into production, Harsh Realm. It was canceled after only nine episodes. In 2001 they decided to create a direct spin-off from The X-Files and the result was The Lone Gunmen. This was canceled after one season. When The X-Files was drawn to an end in 2002 the company decided to split up instead of continue. Ten Thirteen Productions returned for the release of The X-Files: I Want to Believe in 2008.
Spotnitz has gone on to start his own production company, Big Light Productions, with Fain joining him
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Federal University of Minas Gerais or UFMG) is a federal university located in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The students are admitted through yearly exams called vestibular.
UFMG is one of Brazil's five largest universities, being the largest federal university. It offers 75 undergraduate degrees, including a Medicine degree, Law and Economics, plus Engineering and Science and Art degrees. It offers 57 PhD programs, 66 MSc programs, 79 Post-Baccalaureate programs and 38 medical internship programs. UFMG has a population of 37,479 students.
Its undergraduate courses were ranked in 1st place in the 2007 results for the National Student's Performance Exam (ENADE) and 4th place in the 2008 results. Its Computer Science course was considered the best in the country, as well the Social Sciences course, from FAFICH. by the latest edition of ENADE.
The rector of UFMG is Prof. Clélio Campolina Diniz. Past students include former Brazilian presidents Juscelino Kubitschek and Tancredo Neves; writer, medical doctor and diplomat João Guimarães Rosa, writers Fernando Sabino, Pedro Nava and Cyro dos Anjos; plastic surgeon Ivo Pitanguy, poet
Bagdasarian Productions is an American production company which holds the rights to Alvin and the Chipmunks (with DVD distribution licensed to Paramount Pictures) and related intellectual property assets. It is owned and operated by Ross Bagdasarian, Jr. and Janice Karman. It was founded in 1961 as Bagdasarian Film Corporation, which was owned and founded by the late Ross Bagdasarian, Sr. (also known as David Seville). It adopted its current name in 1981.
Cégep du Vieux Montréal is a CEGEP (Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel, or College of General and Vocational Education) located at 255 Ontario Street East, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The College of General and Vocational Education is affiliated with the ACCC, and CCAA.
In 1967, several institutions were merged and became public ones, when the Quebec system of CEGEPs was created. Established in 1968, it was composed of five distinct pavilions. Since 1976, it has been regrouped into a single, 11-story building, but with three secondary pavilions.
The CEGEP offers two types of programs: pre-university and technical. The pre-university programs, which take two years to complete, cover the subject matters which roughly correspond to the additional year of high school given elsewhere in Canada in preparation for a chosen field in university as well as an introductory specialization that generally happens in freshman year. The technical programs, which take three years to complete, apply to students who wish to pursue a skill or trade. In addition continuing education and services to business are also provided.
This Cegep is reputed for having very strong student movements:
DisneyToon Studios is an American animation studio owned by The Walt Disney Company, responsible for producing direct-to-video and occasional theatrical films for Walt Disney Studios.
The studio had originally been formed at the former location of Walt Disney Television Animation Australia or Walt Disney Animation Australia, one of several Disney television animation satellite studios responsible for programs such as Goof Troop, Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers, Bonkers, Quack Pack, Darkwing Duck, Timon and Pumbaa, and Aladdin. DisneyToon Studios later became the main producer of the many Disney direct-to-video sequels (along with feature films theatrically released Return to Never Land and The Jungle Book 2).
The Australia studio was closed in October 2006; the pre- and post-production facilities at the main Disney lot in Burbank, California, USA remain in operation. DisneyToon Studios is today a division of Walt Disney Animation Studios and continues to develop both theatrical and direct-to-video features based upon Disney Consumer Products franchises and television programs, as well as spin-offs and original properties.
Walt Disney Animation Australia had worked on Disney television
The Federal Civil Defense Authority was established in the United States Department of Defense (DOD), by DOD Directive 5105.43, May 5, 1972.
It coordinated and directed federal, state, and local civil defense program activities, including fallout shelters; chemical, biological, and radiological warfare defense; emergency communications and warning systems; post-attack assistance and damage assessment; preparedness planning; and government continuity.
By EO 12148, July 20, 1979, retroactive to July 15, 1979, pursuant to Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, effective April 1, 1979.
Tokyo Broadcasting System Holdings, Inc. (株式会社東京放送ホールディングス, Kabushiki-gaisha Tōkyō Hōsō Hōrudingusu), TBS Holdings, Inc. or TBSHD, is a stockholding company in Tokyo, Japan. It is a parent company of a television network named Tokyo Broadcasting System Television, Inc. (株式会社TBSテレビ, abbreviated to TBS) and radio network named TBS Radio & Communications, Inc. (株式会社TBSラジオ&コミュニケーションズ).
TBS Television, Inc. has a 28-affiliate news network called JNN (Japan News Network), as well as a 34-affiliate radio network called JRN (Japan Radio Network) which TBS Radio & Communications, Inc. (TBSラジオ) has.
TBS (present TBS Holdings, Inc.) produced the Takeshi's Castle game show, which is dubbed and rebroadcast in Indonesia (RCTI, TPI), Germany (DSF), Britain (Challenge), Spain (Cuatro TV), Italy (Italia 1), Finland (JIM) Philippines (GMA Network DZBB-7), India (Pogo TV) and the United States (Spike, under the name MXC, formerly Most Extreme Elimination Challenge). This network is also home to the many Ultraman.
JORX-TV (former callsign: JOKR-TV) - TBS Television (TBSテレビジョン (former Japanese name: 東京放送))
JORX-DTV - TBS Digital Television (TBSデジタルテレビジョン)
Below is a selection of the
Brayden Patterson Production is an American independent production company founded in May 2012 by actor/producer Brayden Patterson and originated in the Granite city Illinois/St.Louis Missouri area of the United States. A St.Louis and Granite City,Illinois short film made for a U.S. and Internationally screened film festival theatrical release titled "To Inflict" was produced in co-production in 2013.
Kangwon National University (KNU) was established in 1947 in Chuncheon, Gangwon-do province, South Korea. As one of 10 Flagship Korean National Universities, Kangwon National University serves as the flagship educational institution of Gangwon province.
Initially established as an agricultural college, Kangwon National University has steadily expanded to the comprehensive university encompassing a full spectrum of academic fields. KNU expanded in 1997 adding a medical degree program and in 2000 a University Hospital. A law school, now called 'Graduate School of Judicial Affairs', has been operated to the University's graduate schools in 2002, is the only laboratory school in South Korea, as a model for the very-early stage of 'reform on Korean legal system'. In 2006, KNU merged with Samcheok University, adding the colleges of Veterinary medicine and Information Technology to KNU's existing colleges. Since March 2, 2009, KNU operates a state-of-the-art professional Law School as one of the officially approved school by Korean Government.
KNU comprises 19 colleges with 93 departments and five graduate schools.
Current enrollment stands at more than 20,000 undergraduate and graduate
La Fémis (École Nationale Supérieure des Métiers de l'Image et du Son, formerly known as the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques, acronym IDHEC), is the French state film school. FEMIS is an acronym for Fondation Européenne pour les Métiers de l’Image et du Son. Based in Paris, it offers courses balanced between artistic research, professional development and technical training. Its alumni have won three of the world's most prestigious film prizes - Cannes Film Festival's Golden Palm, Venice Film Festival's Golden Lion and Berlin International Film Festival's Golden Bear - ten times, making it the most rewarded film school in the world, preceding the Beijing Film Academy and the Tisch School of the Arts of New York, in winning those three prizes.
From 1944 to 1985, the IDHEC (Institut des hautes études cinématographiques) was the main French film school — training 1,439 French and foreign film professionals. Among its students were Louis Malle, Alain Resnais, Theo Angelopoulos, Arnaud Desplechin, Claude Sautet, Volker Schlöndorff, Claire Denis, Andrzej Żuławski, Christophe Gans, Alain Corneau, Costa Gavras, Patrice Leconte, Johan van der Keuken, Claude Miller, André
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit American public broadcasting television network with 354 member TV stations in the United States which hold collective ownership. Its headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia.
PBS is the most prominent provider of television programs to U.S. public television stations, distributing series such as PBS NewsHour, Masterpiece, and Frontline. Since the mid-2000s, Roper polls commissioned by PBS have consistently placed the service as America's most-trusted national institution. However, PBS is not responsible for all programming carried on public TV stations; in fact, stations usually receive a large portion of their content (including most pledge drive specials) from third-party sources, such as American Public Television, NETA, WTTW National Productions and independent producers. This distinction is a frequent source of viewer confusion.
PBS also has a subsidiary called National Datacast (NDI), which offers datacasting services via member stations. This helps PBS and its member stations earn extra revenue.
PBS was founded on October 5, 1970, at which time it took over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational
The School of Visual Arts (SVA), is an art school located in Manhattan, New York City, and is widely considered to be one of the leading art schools in the United States. It was established in 1947 by co-founders Silas H. Rhodes and Burne Hogarth as the Cartoonists and Illustrators School and was renamed in 1956. It offered its first degrees in 1972. SVA is a member of the Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design (AICAD), a consortium of 36 leading art schools in the United States.
SVA is a fully accredited art college that requires the completion of a four-year, 120 credit course for a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. This includes 72 accumulated credits' worth of studio classes (where the curriculum requires the creation of some type of art), 30 accumulated credits of Humanities and Sciences courses, 12 accumulated credits of art history courses, and six discretionary credits. The Master of Fine Arts degree requires completion of 60 credits and a thesis project, while the Master of Professional Studies degree requires 30–36 credits and a thesis project, depending on the program. The Master of Arts in Teaching degree requires the completion of 36 credits and a thesis
Warner Independent Pictures was the specialty division of film studio Warner Bros. Entertainment. Established in August 2003, its first release was 2004's Before Sunset. The division financed, produced, acquired and distributed feature films largely budgeted under $20 million.
The use of independent in its name is not literal, as it is a division of Warner Bros., itself a division of media conglomerate Time Warner. Mark Gill was the division's first President. After a controversial departure, Gill was replaced by former Warner Bros. production executive Polly Cohen served as President of this division until fall 2008 when the company was officially shut down. While well-versed in big-budget motion picture production, it was widely believed Ms. Cohen did not have strong enough backgrounds in independent film, or in the marketing/publicity aspects of film distribution to hold that role. This led to a lackluster slate and output, after a successful initial run under Gill.
In February 2008, Warner Bros. announced that it would merge New Line Cinema into the parent studio. New Line's "independent" group Picturehouse was expected to be merged into Warner Independent as part of this
Dentsu Inc. (株式会社電通, Kabushiki-gaisha Dentsū) (TYO: 4324) is a Japanese advertising and public relations company with headquarters are located in the Dentsu Building in the Shiodome district of Minato, Tokyo.
Dentsu's sales are more than double its nearest competitor, Hakuhodo or ADK, in the Japanese market, thanks to the company's origins as a media representative during the early part of the 20th century, producing the first newspaper advertisements as well as the first television commercials in Japan. The company now offers a range of services, from traditional and creative marketing to specialty disciplines such as sports marketing, entertainment rights, PR, digital contents, and a growing range of communications services.
Dentsu was originally established as Japan Advertising Ltd. and Telegraphic Service Co. by Hoshiro Mitsunaga. In 1906, Telegraphic Service Co. became Japan Telegraphic Communication Co., Ltd. The next year, Japan Advertising Ltd. merged with Japan Telegraphic Communication Co., Ltd. to create advertising and communications operations.
In 1936, Japan Telegraphic Communication Co., Ltd. sold off its news division to Doumei News Agency, to change the company's
Aamir Khan Productions is an Indian motion picture production and distribution company, based in Mumbai. The company was founded in 2001 by actor Aamir Khan and started with the production of Lagaan.
B. Shrinivas Rao is the Executive Producer for Aamir Khan Productions and Khan's wife, Kiran Rao also serves as a producer; she was the Associate Producer for both Taare Zameen Par and Jaane Tu Ya Jaane Na.
Aamir Khan Productions (AKP) was set up in 1999 by Hindi film actor Aamir Khan with the purpose of producing the film Lagaan. He decided to produce Lagaan after the script was not purchased by any other studio. B. Shrinivas Rao also joined Aamir Khan Productions as the Line Producer on Lagaan. The movie was released in 2001, starring Khan as the lead actor. The film was both a major critical and commercial success, and was nominated for the 74th Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Language Film category. It was eventually chosen and nominated in that category along with four other foreign films but lost to No Man's Land. The film won many major awards at several award functions such as Filmfare and IIFA.
B. Shrinivas Rao later served as the Executive Producer on Khan's
CE can produce quality designs from advertising promotions to album covers and web design. With a wealth of experience designing Crisher Entertainment (CE) specialize in: Artist/Project Solicitation, Corporate/Online Representation, Album and Web Design, MySpace Design and Promotion, Photography, Artist Management, Agent Representation, Music instrument lessons and Dance Training. Clint Crisher and the CE team of trained Models, Actors, Singers, Dancers, Makeup Artists and Vocal Talent are in high demand for: Magazines, Editorials, Runway, Fashion Shows, Fittings, Promotional Events, Conventions, Hair Shows, Advertisements, Catalogues and more... CE Talent is currently being used for: TV Commercials, Radio Commercials, Television Shows, Sit-Coms, Soap Operas, Feature Films, Independent Films, Videos, Corporate Events and Special Events
Orange Sky Golden Harvest (OSGH) (Chinese: 橙天嘉禾娛樂集團有限公司) SEHK: 1132 is a film production, distribution, and exhibition company based in Hong Kong. It played a major role in becoming the first Chinese film company to successfully enter the western market for an extended period of time, especially with the films of Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan. At the same time, it dominated HK box office sales from the 1970s to 1980s.
Notable names in the company include its founders, the veteran film producers Raymond Chow (鄒文懐) and Leonard Ho (何冠昌). Chow and Ho were executives with Hong Kong's top studio Shaw Brothers, but left in 1970 to form their own studio. They succeeded by taking a different approach from the highly centralized Shaws model. Golden Harvest contracted with independent producers and gave talent more generous pay and greater creative freedom. Some filmmakers and actors from Shaws defected. But what really put the company on the map was a 1971 deal with soon-to-be martial arts superstar Bruce Lee, after he had turned down the low-paying, standard contract offered him by the Shaws.
In 1973, Golden Harvest entered into a pioneering co-production with Hollywood for the English-language
Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation or Lionsgate , is a North American entertainment company. The company was formed in Vancouver, British Columbia on July 3, 1997, and is headquartered in Santa Monica, California. As of 2012, it is the most commercially successful independent film and television distribution company in North America and the sixth most profitable movie studio.
Lionsgate was originally known as IMI Computer Corp. on May 26, 1986 and later known as Beringer Gold Corp. Beringer Gold later was incorporated as Lions Gate Films under the Business Corporation Act in British Columbia and was founded on July 3, 1997 by Frank Giustra, a Canadian investment banker hoping to capitalize on the growing film industry in his home town. The company bought a number of small production facilities and distributors, including Montreal-based Cinépix Film Properties (also known as Cinéxus-Famous Players Distribution), Trimark Pictures, Mandate Pictures and, most notably, Artisan Entertainment (which itself had formerly been LIVE Entertainment).
They sold off their Canadian distribution rights to Maple Pictures, founded and co-owned by two former Lionsgate executives, Brad Pelman and
New Line Film Productions Inc., often simply referred to as New Line Cinema, is an American film studio. It was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye and Michael Lynne as a film distributor, later becoming an independent film studio. It became a subsidiary of Time Warner in 1996 and was merged with larger sister studio Warner Bros. in 2008.
New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the then 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness, which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line also released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are, Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (which became the first New Line film to win an Oscar). The studio has also released many of the films of John Waters.
In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, Stunts, an action thriller about murders of a number of
ImageMovers is a film studio run by director Robert Zemeckis. Founded in 1997, the studio produced such films as Cast Away, What Lies Beneath, and The Polar Express. From 2007 to 2010, Disney and ImageMovers ran a joint animation facility, ImageMovers Digital, which produced two performance captured animated films, A Christmas Carol, and Mars Needs Moms.
In August 2011, it was announced that ImageMovers has entered a two-year first-look producing deal with Universal Studios.
In 1997, by producer-writer-director Robert Zemeckis, along with partners Jack Rapke and Steve Starkey formed the production company ImageMovers. Among ImageMovers' productions were What Lies Beneath (with Harrison Ford and Michelle Pfeiffer), Cast Away (with Tom Hanks), The Polar Express (also with Tom Hanks), and its last film, Beowulf (with Ray Winstone, Anthony Hopkins, John Malkovich, Robin Wright Penn and Angelina Jolie).
In 2007, The Walt Disney Company and Zemeckis set up ImageMovers Digital, a new Marin County-based film company, where Zemeckis would produce and direct 3D animated films using performance capture technology.
On November 6, 2009, ImageMovers Digital released A Christmas Carol, a
American International Pictures (AIP) was a film production company formed in April 1954 from American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson, former Sales Manager of Realart Pictures, and Samuel Z. Arkoff, an entertainment lawyer. It was dedicated to releasing independently produced, low-budget films packaged as double features, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Nicholson and Arkoff formed ARC in 1954, with their first release being The Fast and the Furious.
Nicholson and Arkoff served as executive producers while Roger Corman and Alex Gordon were the principal film producers and, sometimes, directors. Writer Charles B. Griffith wrote many of the early films, along with Arkoff's brother-in-law, Lou Rusoff, who,later produced many of the films he had written. Other writers included Ray Russell, Richard Matheson and Charles Beaumont. Floyd Crosby, A.S.C. famous for his camera work on a number of exotic documentaries and the Oscar winner, High Noon, was chief cinematographer. His innovative use of surreal color and odd lenses and angles gave AIP films a signature look. The early rubber monster suits and miniatures of Paul Blaisdell were
BBC Scotland (Gaelic: BBC Alba) is division of the British Broadcasting Corporation, the publicly funded broadcaster of the United Kingdom, responsible for broadcasting in Scotland. BBC Scotland employs approximately 1250 staff to produce 15000 hours of programming for television and radio in both Scotland and the rest of the UK.
It competes with the ITV networks STV, covering central and northern Scotland, and with ITV Border, covering south Scotland, for regional programming and services.
BBC Scotland broadcasts three television services to Scottish audiences. BBC One Scotland and BBC Two Scotland are separate channels able to opt out of the network feed of BBC One and Two to broadcast their own schedule of regional programming in addition to networked productions. The latter of these services adheres to network scheduling more frequently than the former, as the majority of regional programming is broadcast on BBC One Scotland.
In addition to these two channels BBC Scotland also operates the digital channel BBC Alba, broadcasting programming in Gaelic for up to seven hours a day. The channel is a joint partnership between BBC Scotland and MG Alba and is available across the UK on
Bel Ami is a gay pornographic film company with offices in Bratislava, Prague and Budapest. It was established in 1993 by filmmaker George Duroy, a Slovak native who took his pseudonym from the protagonist Georges Duroy in Guy de Maupassant's novel Bel Ami. In addition to hardcore DVDs, Bel Ami also produces calendars and photo books, such Howard Roffman's Private Moments: Bel Ami (2009), and its performers are frequent headliners at nightclubs and similar venues around Europe, the United States and elsewhere.
Bel Ami has employed hundreds of actors over its history. Notable performers include Sebastian Bonnet, Kris Evans, Kevin Warhol, Luke Hamill, Tim Hamilton, Josh Elliot, Tommy Hansen, Dolph Lambert, Brandon Manilow, Johan Paulik, Lukas Ridgeston, Ariel Vanean and, more recently, the twins Elijah and Milo Peters, who have performed together in a variety of scenes including oral and condom-free anal sex.
The studio has won numerous adult entertainment awards and nominations. Bel Ami earned five 2010 XBIZ Awards citations, including GLBT studio of the year, and five nominations at the 2010 GayVN Awards, including best newcomer for Kris Evans. They won the award for best
Bungeishunjū Ltd. (株式会社文藝春秋, Kabushiki-gaisha Bungeishunjū), established in 1923, is a Japanese publishing company known for its leading monthly magazine Bungeishunjū. It also grants the annual Akutagawa Prize, one of the most prestigious literary awards in Japan, as well as the annual Naoki Prize for popular novelists. It also grants the annual Bungeishunjū Manga Award for achievement in the manga and illustration fields. It is headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo.
The company publishes Bungakukai (文學界), the weekly Bunshun (週刊文春), and the sports magazine Number, which represent public opinion of literary, political, and sport-journalistic culture, respectively. The Bunshun, in particular, has come to be known for litigation involving freedom of speech issues, particularly alleged privacy violations and defamation; for example Mitsuo Kagawa.
The magazines published by Bungeishunjū include:
Bungeishunjū was founded in 1923 by writer Kan Kikuchi. The company was disbanded in March 1946 but was reestablished in June of the same year.
Caravan Pictures was a film production company arm of Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group (formerly Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group), formed by Roger Birnbaum and Joe Roth.
Its films were released by Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, and Hollywood Pictures. The company became defunct after 1999 and was absorbed into Spyglass Entertainment. The Caravan Pictures logo is a man wearing a hat, carrying a bag, and walking down a road (both the image and the title are a nod to the film Sullivan's Travels, about a filmmaker who seeks to make more meaningful movies—he sets out on his travels on foot in a similar shot, and at the end of the movie describes life as a "cockeyed caravan"). After the end credits of Inspector Gadget, the man walks down as usual, but this time, a copter pops out his hat and he flies out of the picture. And at the beginning of The Jerky Boys: The Movie, the logo plays as usual, but an off-screen voice says, "Hey, silly ass" he whistles and continues saying "Yo, I'm talking to you, where the hell do you think you're going, Buddy?" And finally another off-screen voice says "Come back, Shane".
Illumination Pictures strives to develop, produce and distribute independent films that are loved and supported by audiences worldwide.The company believes in creating a workplace that holds steady in the foundation that art is an evolving process and that the acknowledgment of talent and diversity will encourage and foster an environment of superior quality.
Red Scream Films LLC specializes in horror and dark erotica motion pictures for the domestic and international home entertainment markets. That means DVD and PPV. Other distribution channels include VOD and Google Video. Red Scream Films LLC also publishes Red Scream Magazine, the only horror magazine that matters. Each issue of Red Scream features extreme horror fiction by the top names in the genre, pictorials of beautiful but deadly gothic and fetish models, twisted artwork, and articles that investigate the dark worlds of fringe and transgressive culture.
Televisió de Catalunya (Catalan pronunciation: [təɫəβiziˈo ðə kətəˈɫuɲə], known by the acronym TVC) is the public broadcasting network of Catalonia, one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain. It is officially composed by eight channels: TV3, 33, Super3, 3/24, 3XL, Esport 3, TV3 HD and TV3CAT. K3 was replaced by Super3 in 2009 and 300 was replaced by 3XL in 2010. It is part of the Corporació Catalana de Ràdio i Televisió, a public corporation created by the Generalitat de Catalunya by a Founding Act in 1983. Slightly more than half of its revenue (52%) comes from public funding through the Generalitat de Catalunya, while the remaining 48% is raised through advertising, sponsorship and merchandise and original productions' sales.
While the main language of all these channels is Catalan, Spanish is usually neither sub-titled nor dubbed, as it is generally accepted that all Catalan speakers are by default also native Spanish speakers. In the Aran Valley, there are programs in Aranese.
TVC headquarters are located in Sant Joan Despí, near Barcelona.
TV3 started its trial broadcasts on September 11, 1983 (the National Day of Catalonia), but its regular broadcasts started a few
Non-profit organization lead by husband and wife team, Allen Mondell and Cynthia Salzman Mondell, that creates award-winning docu-dramas, documentary films, and videos. Their work explores a wide range of subjects but always with the goal of personalizing often complex social problems.
Many of the films produced include views from different cultures and issues using dramatic re-enactments, intimate character studies and archival footage. Their Emmy nominated films have aired nationwide on public television, cable and at festivals worldwide.
Overbrook Entertainment is an American entertainment company based in Beverly Hills, California, USA. The production company was started by Will Smith between 1997 and 1999, about the same time the production for Wild Wild West (1999) was underway.
The name "Overbrook" is derived from Will Smith's neighborhood in West Philadelphia, Overbrook (Philadelphia).
The company produces music, films, and television shows. Will Smith is claimed in a TV show to have started the company in order to serve as producer and find roles. He uses his role in the company to help unknown artists record music and also records music for some of his movies in Overbrook.
Overbrook is credited to the following:
As Production Company
The Oz Film Manufacturing Company was an independent film studio from 1914-1915. It was founded by L. Frank Baum (president), Louis F. Gottschalk (vice president), Harry Marston Haldeman (secretary), and Clarence R. Rundel (treasurer) as an offshoot of Haldeman's social group, The Uplifters, that met at the Los Angeles Athletic Club. Its goal was to produce quality family-oriented entertainment in a time when children were primarily seeing violent Westerns. It was a critical but not a commercial success; even under a name change to Dramatic Feature Films, it was quickly forced to fold. The studio made only five features and five short films, of which four features (in part) and no shorts survive.
The company is best known for three of its films that survive, albeit with missing footage, today: The Patchwork Girl of Oz, The Magic Cloak of Oz, and His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz.
The studio was located on Santa Monica Boulevard between Gower Street and Lodi Street. The facility would later be used by Famous Players-Lasky and National Film Corporation of America. It was considered state-of-the-art at the time. It was used almost exclusively for interior shots. Exterior shots were
Artisan Entertainment Inc. was a privately held independent American movie studio until it was purchased by a Canadian studio, Lions Gate, in 2003. At the time of its acquisition, Artisan had a library of thousands of films developed through acquisition, original production, and production and distribution agreements. Its headquarters and private screening room were located in Santa Monica, California. It also had an office in TriBeCa, Lower Manhattan, New York City.
The company owned the home video rights to the film libraries of Republic Pictures, and Carolco Pictures. They also owned Family Home Entertainment (FHE), and its motion picture subdivision, FHE Pictures for a first-feature film Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie.
Artisan's releases included Requiem for a Dream, Pi, Grizzly Falls, Killing Zoe, National Lampoon's Van Wilder, The Blair Witch Project, Novocaine, and Startup.com.
Artisan, unlike most movie studios, had its roots in the home video industry.
Artisan Entertainment was founded in 1981 by Noel C. Bloom as Family Home Entertainment, Inc.. In 1983, FHE began operating its new subsidiary USA Home Video, when tapes were usually packaged in large boxes and included
British Gas is an energy and home services provider in the United Kingdom. It is a trading name of British Gas Trading Limited, British Gas Services Limited and British Gas New Heating Limited and is a subsidiary of Centrica. Serving around 12 million homes in the UK, British Gas is considered one of the Big Six
The Gas Light and Coke Company was the first public utility company in the world. It was founded by Frederick Albert Winsor and incorporated by Royal Charter on 30 April 1812 under the seal of King George III.
It continued to thrive for the next 136 years, expanding into domestic services whilst absorbing many smaller companies including the Aldgate Gas Light and Coke Company (1819), the City of London Gas Light and Coke Company (1870), the Equitable Gas Light Company (1871), the Great Central Gas Consumer's Company (1870), Victoria Docks Gas Company (1871), Western Gas Light Company (1873), Imperial Gas Light and Coke Company (1876), Independent Gas Light and Coke Company (1876), the London Gas Light Company (1883), Richmond Gas Company (1925), Brentford Gas Company (1926), Pinner Gas Company (1930) and Southend-on-Sea and District Gas Company (1932).
On 1st May 1949 the
IMAX Corporation (NYSE: IMAX; TSX: IMX) is a Canadian theatre company which designs and manufactures IMAX cameras and projection systems as well as performing film development, production, post production and distribution to IMAX affiliated theatres worldwide. It was founded in 1968 as a result of Expo 67 in Montreal. It has operations in Toronto, as well as New York City and Los Angeles.
As of September 2010, the IMAX theatre network consisted of more than 445 theatres (IMAX, IMAX 3D and IMAX Dome) in more than 47 countries. The majority are equipped with IMAX 3D.
The Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) is a comprehensive public university based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is a French-language university and is the largest constituent element of the Université du Québec (UQ), a public university system.
UQAM was founded on April 9, 1969 by the government of Quebec, through the merger of the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, a fine arts school; the Collège Sainte-Marie, a classical college; and a number of smaller schools. Although part of the UQ network, UQAM possesses a relative independence which allows it to print its own diplomas and choose its rector.
In 2011, UQAM had a student population of 41,325 in six faculties (Arts, Education, Communication, Political Science and Law, Science and Social science) and one school (Management). It offers Bachelors, Masters, and Doctoral degrees. It is one of Montreal's two French-language universities, along with the Université de Montréal, and only 1% of its student population is Anglophone. It is the only university in the world to offer a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in sexology.
UQAM was created on April 9, 1969 by the Government of Quebec, following the merger of the École des
The Academy of Art University (formerly Academy of Art College), a for-profit university owned by the Stephens Institute, was founded in San Francisco, California in 1929 by Richard S. Stephens. With an enrollment of over 18,000 students, the academy is reportedly the largest art and design school in the United States.
In 1929, the Academy of Art University was established in San Francisco as the Academy of Art Advertising by Richard S. Stephens, a fine arts painter and the creative director for Sunset. Assisted by his wife, Clara Stephens, Stephens opened the new school in a rented loft at 215 Kearny Street to teach advertising art. Over the next few years, he hired a faculty of practicing art and design professionals and formulated the school's philosophy to hire established professionals to teach future professionals. In 1933, the curriculum was expanded to include Fashion Illustration, and a Fine Art Department was added in 1936.
Stephens' son, Richard A. Stephens, took over direction of the school after graduating from Stanford University in 1951. During the son's tenure, the academy expanded its enrollment from 50 to 5,200 students. Richard A. Stephens oversaw continued
Alliance Atlantis Communications Inc. (formerly traded as TSX:AAC) was a Toronto-based media company that operated primarily as a specialty service operator in Canada. Alliance Atlantis also had offices in Halifax, Los Angeles, London, Dublin, Madrid, Barcelona, Shannon and Sydney.
Alliance Atlantis was acquired by Canwest Global Communications and an affiliate of Goldman Sachs in 2007. The movie business now operates independently as Alliance Films, headquartered in Montreal, and the international television distribution businesses is now owned by Echo Bridge Entertainment.
All of the former Alliance Atlantis specialty networks are now owned by Shaw Communications through its Shaw Media Division (formely CW Media) as of October 27, 2010.
Alliance Atlantis was formed in 1998 from the merger of two former production companies, Alliance Communications and Atlantis Communications, both founded in 1985. The merger was a bit unusual in that the head of Atlantis, Michael MacMillan, became CEO of the new firm even though Atlantis was the smaller partner in the transaction; Alliance's CEO, Robert Lantos, was specifically interested in moving back into a production role. As President and
The Athletic Model Guild, or AMG, was founded by gay pornography pioneer Bob Mizer in December 1945. During those post-war years, United States censorship laws allowed women, but not men, to appear in various states of undress in what were referred to, with a wink, as “art” photographs. Mizer began his business by taking pictures of men that he knew, both gay and straight. His subjects would often pose for pictures, which, while ostensibly meant to illustrate fitness tips and the like, were clearly produced and published as homoerotic material.
A majority of the early AMG films and photos were ambiguously sexual in nature. The formula consisted of images (moving and still) of young men doing bodybuilding poses, or perhaps wrestling in pairs. Often the setup or “plot” of these shoots was fairly absurd and just served to provide a thin legal pretext for the display of the male physique.
Mizer did appear in court to face several charges over the years, including obscenity, drug use, and prostitution. Allegedly, Mizer's AMG models would sometimes make a little extra money “renting” themselves out, but Mizer argued vigorously that it was not his business what they did on their own time.
Dimension Films is an American film production company owned by The Weinstein Company. It was formerly used as Bob Weinstein's label within Miramax Films, to produce and release genre films. The Weinstein Brothers took this label with them when they departed the Disney-owned Miramax in October 2005.
All films released by Dimension Films prior to October 1, 2005, remain the property of Miramax Films; half the profits of sequels made to Miramax-era films went to Disney until Miramax was sold to Filmyard Holdings, a joint venture of Colony Capital, Tutor-Saliba Corporation, Qatar Investment Authority and The Weinstein Company in 2010.
The studio's movie franchises include the later Halloween films, Children of the Corn, Scream, Spy Kids and Scary Movie.
Falcon Entertainment (also known as Falcon Studios), an United States company based in San Francisco, California, is one of the world's largest producers of gay pornography.
Founded in 1971 by Chuck Holmes, the company is one of the most recognizable brand names in gay pornography. The owners/managers of several of its major American competitors, Hot House Entertainment, Colt Studios, Channel 1 Releasing, Titan Media and Raging Stallion (Steven Scarborough, John Rutherford,Chi Chi LaRue, Bruce Cam and Chris Ward, respectively) previously worked for Falcon.
Falcon has issued more than 400 pornographic films under several brand names comprising The Falcon Family of Companies:
The company operates a website which serves as a retail outlet for its DVDs and sex toys. Video on demand is also available, as well as the ability to purchase and download videos. Live webcast sex shows are available in a membership area called Falcon TV; membership also includes discounts on other products. Several of the dildos offered for sale are modeled on the penises of Falcon's performers.
Prior to 2004 the Falcon Family of Companies was owned by parent company Conwest Resources Inc.. Conwest was, in
Filmation Associates was a production company that produced animation and live-action programming for television during the latter half of the 20th century. Located in Reseda, California, the animation studio was founded in 1963. Filmation's founders and principal producers were Lou Scheimer and Norm Prescott.
A trademark of the company's productions, beginning in 1969, was a rotating "Produced by" (and on some shows, "Executive Producers") credit seen in the end credits (and in later productions, the opening sequences) of Filmation programs, as a device that was supposedly created to allow Prescott and Scheimer to share equal billing. Previously, Scheimer's name had been placed above Prescott's. However, the later Filmation productions credited only Scheimer, in the form of his signature ("Lou Scheimer, (Executive) Producer"), starting with 1982's Gilligan's Planet.
Many of its shows—particularly the productions of the late 1970s and 1980s—are notable for imparting a simple moral or life-lesson (explained by a key character, in a child-friendly manner) in the epilogue.
Lou Scheimer and Filmation's main director Hal Sutherland met while working at Larry Harmon Pictures on the
Lakeshore Entertainment Group is an American independent film production company founded in 1994 by Tom Rosenberg and Ted Tannebaum (1933-2002). Lakeshore Entertainment is headquartered in Beverly Hills, California. The company has produced over 40 films including the Academy Award-winning Million Dollar Baby as well as Runaway Bride, The Hunted, Bulletproof Monk, Mothman Prophecies, The Gift, Arlington Road,The Exorcism of Emily Rose and Autumn in New York. The company's president is producer Gary Lucchesi. The company also has a record label division, Lakeshore Records.
Motion Picture Corporation of America (“MPCA”) is an American film production company founded by Brad Krevoy in 1986 to focus on producing, acquiring, and distributing commercial motion picture and television productions.
Since its inception, MPCA has produced, acquired, and distributed over 100 movies, including more than 20 major studio theatrical releases. MPCA is best known for its ability to produce commercial feature comedies, including Dumb and Dumber (the Farrelly Brothers’ first feature film starring Jim Carrey, which generated gross worldwide box office of $250 million), Kingpin (starring Woody Harrelson, Randy Quaid, and Bill Murray), Beverly Hills Ninja (starring Chris Farley), and Disney’s Jungle 2 Jungle (starring Tim Allen).
Its motion picture and television projects have grossed more than $800 million worldwide in all media.
In July 1996, MPCA and its motion picture library were acquired by John Kluge’s Metromedia International Group and operated as part of Metromedia’s Orion Pictures Corporation. Krevoy managed Orion Pictures’ production, acquisition, and distribution of motion picture and television programming. Under this new management, Krevoy oversaw the
Toho Co., Ltd. (東宝株式会社, Tōhō Kabushiki-kaisha, TYO: 9602) is a Japanese film, theater production, and distribution company. It is headquartered in Yūrakuchō, Chiyoda, Tokyo, and is one of the core companies of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. Outside Japan, it is best known as the producer and distributor of many kaiju (monster) and tokusatsu (special effects) movies, the Chouseishin tokusatsu superhero TV franchise, the films of Akira Kurosawa, and the anime films of Studio Ghibli. Its most famous worldwide creation is Godzilla, known as the "King of all Monsters", featured in 28 films. Godzilla, Mothra, King Ghidorah, Mechagodzilla, and Rodan are described as being Toho's "Big Five" due to the monsters' numerous appearances in all three eras of the franchise, as well as spin-offs. Toho has also been involved in the production of numerous anime titles. Its subdivisions are Toho Pictures Incorporated, Toho International Company Limited, Toho E. B. Company Limited, Toho Music Corporation & Toho Costume Company Limited. The company is the largest shareholder (7.96%) of Fuji Media Holdings Inc.
Toho was founded by the founder of Hankyu Railway, Ichizo Kobayashi, in 1932 as the
Warner Music Group (WMG) is a major global music and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City. The largest American-owned music corporation worldwide, it is one of the 'big three' recording companies (the three largest in the global music industry). The company operates some of the largest and most successful recording labels in the world, including Warner Bros. Records and Atlantic Records. WMG also owns Warner/Chappell Music, one of the world's largest music-publishing companies.
Formerly owned by Time Warner, the world's largest media conglomerate, the company was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange until May 2011, when the company announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries, which was completed in July 2011. With a multi-billion dollar annual turnover, WMG employs in excess of 4,000 people worldwide and has operations in more than 50 countries.
Stephen Cooper - CEO
David Johnson – Chairman and CEO, Warner/Chappell Music
Michael Fleisher – Vice Chairman, Strategy and Operations
Michael Nash – Executive Vice President, Executive Vice President, Digital Strategy and Business Development
WMG is the only one of the big three record companies
The NBC Studios in New York, New York is located at 30 Rockefeller Plaza (on 49th Street, between 5th and 6th Avenues) in Manhattan, the historic GE Building houses the headquarters of the NBC television network, its parent General Electric, and NBC's flagship station WNBC (Channel 4), as well as cable news channel MSNBC.
When NBC Universal relocated, 24-hour cable news television network MSNBC joined the network in New York on that day as well. The new studios/headquarters for NBC News and MSNBC are located in one area.
The first NBC Radio City Studios began operating in the early 1930s, and tours of the studios began in 1933. NBC offers guided tours of their New York studios at a cost to tourists.
Because of the preponderance of radio studios, that section of the Rockefeller Center complex became known as Radio City (and gave its name to Radio City Music Hall, a gigantic and renowned venue for theatre and films located in Radio City). Even into the present decade, tickets for shows based at 30 Rock bear the legend "Radio City."
Among the shows originating at 30 Rockefeller Plaza:
The building is also the headquarters for Bravo, Chiller, MSNBC, Oxygen, Syfy, Cloo, Universal HD and
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, with hyphen, from 1935 to 1985)—also known as 20th Century Fox, 20th Century Fox Pictures, or simply 20th or Fox—is one of the six major American film studios as of 2011. Located in the Century City area of Los Angeles, just west of Beverly Hills, the studio is a subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation.
The company was founded on May 31, 1935, as the result of the merger of Fox Film Corporation, founded by William Fox in 1915, and Twentieth Century Pictures, founded in 1933 by Darryl F. Zanuck, Joseph Schenck, Raymond Griffith and William Goetz.
Twentieth Century Fox's most popular film franchises include Star Wars, Ice Age, Rio, X-Men, Die Hard, Predator, Planet of the Apes, Home Alone, Alien, plus famous TV shows such as M*A*S*H, The X-Files, Cops, The Simpsons, Family Guy, American Dad!, and 24. Among the most famous actresses to come out of this studio were Shirley Temple, who was 20th Century Fox's first film star, Betty Grable, Gene Tierney, Marilyn Monroe and Jayne Mansfield. The studio also contracted the first African-American cinema star, Dorothy Dandridge.
20th Century Fox is a member
20th Century Fox Home Entertainment is the home video distribution arm of the 20th Century Fox film studio. It was established in 1976 as Magnetic Video Corporation, and later as 20th Century Fox Video, CBS/Fox Video and FoxVideo, Inc.. The company also is best known for distributing the two highest-grossing films of all time, Titanic and Avatar.
CBS/Fox became Fox Video in 1991, alternating with the CBS/Fox name until 1998. It was renamed as 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment in 1995, alternating with the Fox Video name until 1999.
They serve as a UK distributor for French film distributor, Pathé and their film library for VHS/DVD release while Warner Bros. handles theatrical distribution as of 2010. Fox also distributed Yari Film Group DVD titles in North America.
They also distribute Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and United Artists DVD titles worldwide under the MGM Home Entertainment label since MGM ended their home video agreement with Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Fox's worldwide distribution deal with MGM was due to expire in September 2011, but was renewed and extended on April 13, 2011 and will due to expire in 2016) as well as Largo Entertainment among others. Fox's best
Films:Catenaccio a la Drnovice or Journey to the Beginning of the Time of Economic Transformation
Česká televize (Czech pronunciation: [tʃɛskaː tɛlɛvɪzɛ], Czech abbreviation ČT, "Czech Television") is the public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting four channels.
Television in Czechoslovakia started to take its first steps before World War II. However, before visible results could be achieved, all activities were interrupted by the war. Research continued after the war. The first trial television broadcast was shown in 1948 at the MEVRO International Radio Exhibition in Prague. A trial television broadcast from Studio Prague started on May 1, 1953, and on February 25, 1954 it was declared regular. Soon, additional studios were established: in Ostrava on December 31, 1955, in Bratislava on November 3, 1956, in Brno on July 6, 1961, and in Košice on February 25, 1962. 1970 - launching of a second channel 1973 - colour broadcasting on the second channel 1975 - colour broadcasting on the first channel
Czech Television was established as of January 1, 1992, based on the Czech Television Act (Act No. 483/1991 Coll.) as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic. On January 1, 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was
Lucas Entertainment is a New York-based gay pornographic studio started by porn star Michael Lucas. It is one of the largest such studios in the world. The studio is known for lavish, big-budget movies, and it contends that its 2006 film Michael Lucas' La Dolce Vita is the most expensive gay porn ever made. The film won 14 GayVN awards in 2007, the current record.
To expand its direction, the studio hired mr. Pam Doré, gay adult film's only female videographer, as creative director of film and production in August 2008. Doré, who began her career at Falcon Video in 1996, was nominated for best director and cinematography at the GayVN Awards for the studio's 2008 Return to Fire Island.
In May 2009, Lucas Entertainment announced that it was filming on location the first gay porn movie with only Israeli models, billing it as an effort to promote Israeli culture. The company subsequently launched its Men of Israel microsite introducing the actors and film concept. Lucas has called the film his most important, and journalists from The Atlantic, Out Magazine and Yediot Aharonot noted it as a landmark film as the first pornographic movie shot on location with an all-Israeli cast; while
Silver Pictures is an American film production company founded by Hollywood producer Joel Silver during 1985. All movies after Ricochet have been distributed by Warner Bros and its subsidiary New Line Cinema.
Svarog Films (Russian: Сварог Фильм) is a Russian independent film company founded in 1998 in St.Petersburg. In 2007 Svarog Films entered into a Russian-American co-production for the film Kerosene Cowboys, set for release in 2009.
The University of Oslo (Norwegian: Universitetet i Oslo), formerly The Royal Frederick University (Norwegian: Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet), is the oldest and largest university in Norway, situated in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. One of northern Europe's most prestigious universities, it is ranked as the 67th best university in the world by the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The university has approximately 27,700 students and employs around 6,000 people. It has faculties of (Lutheran) Theology (Norway's state religion since 1536), Law, Medicine, Humanities, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Dentistry, and Education. The university's old neoclassical campus is located in the centre of Oslo and is currently occupied by the Faculty of Law, whereas most of the other faculties are located at the newer Blindern campus in the suburban West End. The Faculty of Medicine is split between several university hospitals in the Oslo area.
The university was founded in 1811 and was modelled after the University of Copenhagen and after the recently established University of Berlin. It was originally named after King Frederick VI of Denmark and Norway and received
TriStar Pictures, Inc. (spelled as Tri-Star until 1991) is an American film production/distribution studio and subsidiary of Columbia Pictures, itself a subdivision of the Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, which is owned by Sony Pictures.
The concept for TriStar Pictures came about in 1982 when Columbia Pictures (then a subsidiary of Coca-Cola), HBO, and CBS decided to pool resources to split the ever-growing costs of making movies, creating a new joint venture. In 1983, it was given the name Tri-Star Pictures (when the new company was formed and did not have an official name, the press used the code-name "Nova"). It was the first major Hollywood studio since RKO Pictures was founded over 50 years earlier.
Their first production, released in 1984, was The Natural, starring Robert Redford. During this venture, many of Tri-Star's releases were released on VHS by either RCA-Columbia Pictures Home Video (now Sony Pictures Home Entertainment), CBS/FOX Video (now CBS Home Entertainment and 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment), or HBO Video. In addition, HBO would gain exclusive cable distribution rights to these films, and broadcast television licenses would go to CBS.
American Vitagraph was a United States movie studio, founded by J. Stuart Blackton and Albert E. Smith in 1897 in Brooklyn, New York. By 1907 it was the most prolific American film production company, producing many famous silent films. It was bought by Warner Bros. in 1925.
In 1896, English émigré Blackton was moonlighting as a reporter/artist for the New York Evening World when he was sent to interview Thomas Edison about his new film projector. The inventor talked the entrepreneurial reporter into buying a set of films and a projector. A year later, Blackton and business partner Smith founded the American Vitagraph Company in direct competition with Edison. A third partner, distributor William "Pop" Rock, was added around the turn of the century. The company's first studio was located on the rooftop of a building on Nassau Street in Manhattan. Operations were later moved to the Flatbush (or more precisely Midwood) neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. The company's first claim to fame came from newsreels: Vitagraph cameramen were on the scene to film events from the Spanish-American War of 1898. These shorts were among the first works of motion-picture propaganda, and a few had
Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in West London. Will Barker bought the White Lodge on Ealing Green in 1902 as a base for film making, and films have been made on the site ever since. It is the oldest continuously working studio facility for film production in the world, and the current stages were opened for the use of sound in 1931. It is best known for a series of classic films produced in the post-WWII years, including Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949), Passport to Pimlico (1949), The Lavender Hill Mob (1951), and The Ladykillers (1955). The BBC owned and filmed at the Studios for forty years from 1955 until 1995. Since 2000, Ealing Studios has resumed releasing films under its own name, including the revived St Trinian's franchise. In the past decade, films shot here include The Importance of Being Earnest (2002) and Shaun Of The Dead (2004). The Metropolitan Film School of London operates on the lot.
The site was first occupied by Will Barker Studios from 1902. It was acquired by theatre producer Basil Dean's newly-formed production company in 1929 and reopened as Ealing Studios in 1931. In 1933 the company was
Village Roadshow Pictures is an Australian motion picture producer and publisher with its headquarters in Melbourne, Victoria. It is one of the world's leading film production companies.
Having released its first film with Warner Bros. in October 1998, Village Roadshow Pictures has continued to build its film library through co-financing and co-producing 66 of Village Roadshow Entertainment Group’s 70 widely released major Hollywood films. The films in their catalog include recent popular releases such as Life as We Know It (starring Katherine Heigl and Josh Duhamel), Sherlock Holmes (starring Robert Downey, Jr. and Jude Law).
The films in their library have achieved 24 number one domestic box office openings and received 17 Oscar Award nominations, eight Oscar Awards and four Golden Globe Awards.
Upcoming releases include Gangster Squad, The Great Gatsby and All You Need Is Kill.
Television station WGBH Boston has been a major source of PBS programming for over four decades, and over the last three decades, its identification and sounder have appeared at the end of its national shows accompanied by different animating graphics.
On January 3, 1972, WGBH introduced its first ident. The logo end with the letters "WGBH" in a yellow Helvetica font zooming out away from the viewer to a green background. Then the word "Boston" zooms forward from the center and engulfs the screen and changes the background to yellow, and "Presents", slowly zooms forward in green. The music begins with a choppy, futuristic computer-type synth, followed by a rising synth violin stinger; all elements probably produced on a Moog synthesizer. In this version which is in Black and White, "WGBH" and "Boston" are in black, while "Presents" is in white.
This logo is extremely rare, but can be found on tapes of WGBH programming such as January 3, 1972 to September 2, 1977 episodes of ZOOM, episodes of Julia Child's The French Chef, and March 3, 1974 to September 5, 1977 NOVA.
On September 5, 1977, WGBH introduced its second ident. The logo begins with a black background, two tiny, moving
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcasting corporation headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, with about 23,000 staff. Its main responsibility is to provide impartial public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
The BBC is a semi-autonomous public service broadcaster that operates under a Royal Charter and a Licence and Agreement from the Home Secretary. Within the United Kingdom its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, which is charged to all British households, companies and organisations using any type of equipment to record and/or receive live television broadcasts; the level of the fee is set annually by the British Government and agreed by Parliament.
Outside the UK, the BBC World Service has provided services by direct broadcasting and re-transmission contracts by sound radio since the inauguration of the BBC Empire Service in December 1932, and more recently by television and online. Though sharing some of the facilities of the domestic services, particularly for news and current affairs output, the
Dune Entertainment is a motion picture financing company that currently has an ongoing deal with 20th Century Fox, a Los Angeles-based motion picture studion owned by New York City-based News Corporation. The firm is headed by Australian-born Greg Coote, who has a strong background in the film industry. Dune Entertainment has been involved in producing such Fox films as Avatar, The A-Team and Marley & Me. The company is a subsidiary of New York-based equity firm Dune Capital.
Entertainment One Ltd, also known as eOne Entertainment, (formerly Koch Entertainment and E1 Entertainment), is a leading international entertainment business operating in the United States, Canada, the UK, Ireland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia and New Zealand.
eOne began operations in 1973 in Ontario, Canada, as Records on Wheels Limited (‘ROW’), founded and operated by Vito Ierullo and Don Ierullo. focusing on retail sales of recorded music. In the late 1970s ROW began to distribute recorded music for third party retailers throughout Canada. Over the next 20+ years, entertainment content distribution became ROW’s primary focus as the company expanded into video, purchasing one of Canada’s largest home entertainment distributors, Video One Canada. In November 2003 ROW listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange as ROW Entertainment Income Fund, and soon after changed its name to Entertainment One Income Fund for which the role of CEO of Entertainment One was graciously given to the current CEO of eOne by Vito Ierullo.
In June 2005, Entertainment One Income Fund acquired Koch Entertainment, North America’s largest indie music label and a large U.S. distributor of home
Hustler is a monthly pornographic magazine published in the United States. It was first published in 1974 by Larry Flynt. It was a step forward from the Hustler Newsletter, which was cheap advertising for his strip club businesses at the time. The magazine grew from a shaky start to a peak circulation of around 3 million; it has since dropped to approximately 500,000. It showed explicit views of the female genitalia, becoming one of the first major US-based magazines to do so, in contrast with relatively modest publications like Playboy.
Today, Hustler is still considered more explicit (and more self-consciously lowbrow) than such well known competitors as Playboy and Penthouse. It frequently depicts hardcore themes, such as the use of sex toys, penetration and group sex.
Larry Flynt Publications also owns the Hustler Casino in Gardena, California, the Hustler Club chain of bars and clubs, and Hustler store chain that sells adult-oriented videos, cIothing, magazines and sex toys. The chain's flagship store is on Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood.
Of particular infamy are Hustler's cartoons, which have often featured blatantly violent and misogynistic themes. Gang rape, botched
Lucasfilm Limited is an American film production company founded by George Lucas in 1971, based in San Francisco, California. Lucas is the company's current co-chairman and CEO, with his intended successor Kathleen Kennedy currently acting as co-chair.
The company is best known for producing the Star Wars films, and has also produced other box office hits, including the Indiana Jones franchise and American Graffiti. It has also been a leader in developing new film technology in special effects, sound, and computer animation, and because of their expertise its subsidiaries often help produce non-Lucasfilm pictures. Lucasfilm is set to move away from films and more into TV, due to rising budgets.
On July 8, 2005, Lucasfilm's marketing, online, and licensing units moved into the new Letterman Digital Arts Center located in the Presidio in San Francisco. It shares the complex with Industrial Light & Magic and LucasArts.
Lucasfilm has collaborated with the Walt Disney Company and Walt Disney Imagineering numerous times to create rides and attractions centered on Star Wars and Indiana Jones for various Walt Disney Parks and Resort attractions worldwide.
Lucasfilm had planned an expansion
Sesame Workshop, formerly known as the Children's Television Workshop (CTW), is a Worldwide American non-profit organization behind the production of several educational children's programs that have run on public broadcasting around the world (including PBS in the United States). Sesame Workshop was instrumental in the establishment of education children's television in the 1960s, and continues to provide grants for educational children's programming four decades later. Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett were the original founders, with the intention of producing a revolutionary television series based on cutting-edge research into childhood learning. The result was Sesame Street, a landmark program which has been reproduced in countries around the world.
Although it was originally funded by the Carnegie Corporation and the United States Office of Education, the majority of the Workshop's funding is now earned through licensing the use of their characters to a variety of corporations to use for books, toys, and other products marketed toward children. This ensures that the Workshop has reliable access to funding for its programming without depending on unpredictable
Televisión de Galicia (Spanish pronunciation: [teleβiˈsjon de ɡaˈliθja]; English: Television of Galicia; abbreviated as TVG), commonly known as A Galega (The Galician [One]), is the primary television channel of Galician public broadcaster Compañía de Radio Televisión de Galicia (CRTVG).
TVG went on air for the first time on 25 July 1985, with the short film Mamasunción by Chano Piñeiro. After a test period, which lasted until 29 September 1985, the station began broadcasting regularly with 39 weekly hours of programmes. The station now broadcasts a full 168 hours per week, with almost 70 per cent of its own productions. On 31 December 1996, its international channel started broadcasting in America through satellite, and on 17 May 1997, started offering its complete service via the Internet. Soon afterwards, the international channel started broadcasting in Europe. TVG is also offered in other parts of Spain as well as in Portugal by a number of cable television providers. All broadcasts are open and "free to air" (restrictions may sometimes apply to sporting events).
TVG's headquarters are located at San Marcos Studios on the outskirts of Santiago de Compostela. All TVG
Films:Boston's Greatest Sports Stories: Beyond the Headlines
The Boston Globe (and the Boston Sunday Globe) is an American daily newspaper based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Boston Globe has been owned by The New York Times Company since 1993. Its chief print rival is the Boston Herald.
The Boston Globe has won 21 Pulitzer Prizes.
The Boston Globe was founded in 1872 by six Boston businessmen, led by Eben Jordan, who jointly invested $150,000. The first issue was published on March 4, 1872 and cost four cents. Originally a morning daily, it began Sunday publication in 1877. In 1878, The Boston Globe started an afternoon edition called The Boston Evening Globe, which ceased publication in 1979.
The Boston Globe was a private company until 1973 when it went public under the name Affiliated Publications. It continued to be managed by the descendants of Charles H. Taylor.
In 1993, The New York Times Company purchased Affiliated Publications for US$1.1 billion, making The Boston Globe a wholly owned subsidiary of The New York Times' parent. The Jordan and Taylor families received substantial New York Times Company stock, but the last Taylor family members left management in 2000–2001.
Boston.com, the online edition of Boston Globe was launched
Tyler Perry Studios is an American film production studio, founded by actor/filmmaker/playwright Tyler Perry in Atlanta, Georgia. The studio occupies two former Delta Air Lines affiliated buildings in the Greenbriar area of southwest Atlanta, and includes 200,000 square feet (19,000 m) of sets and office space. Its opening was attended by Sidney Poitier, Will Smith, Cicely Tyson, Oprah Winfrey and Hank Aaron among others. Through 34th Street Films, a production arm of Tyler Perry Studios, Perry guides the work of other filmmakers.
Perry has full ownership of his movies, and Lions Gate Entertainment serves as his distributor. His first movie, Diary of a Mad Black Woman, produced on a budget of $5.5 million, became an unexpected commercial success prompting widespread discussion among industry watchers about whether middle-class African-Americans were simply not being addressed by mainstream Hollywood movies. Its final gross box office receipts were $50.6 million, although it was critically panned scoring only 16 percent approval rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes. On its opening weekend, February 24, 2006, Perry's film version of Madea's Family Reunion opened at #1 with $30.3
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (English: "Second German Television"), ZDF, is a public-service German television broadcaster based in Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz). It is run as an independent non-profit institution, which was founded by the German federal states (Bundesländer). ZDF is financed by television licence fees and advertising revenues. The ZDF is well known for its famous TV formats heute (newscast; established in 1963) and Wetten Dass..? (entertainment show; established in 1981).
ZDF was founded in 1961 by federal treaty, after the West German federal government's plan to set up a TV channel controlled by the federal government caused uproar. West Germany's constitution stipulated that regulation of culture and media was a compentency of the federal states (Bundesländer). The station began broadcasting from Eschborn near Frankfurt am Main on 1 April 1963, with a speech by the first director general (Intendant), Dr. Karl Holzamer. The channel broadcast its first programme in colour in 1967. In 1974, ZDF moved its base of operations to Mainz-Lerchenberg, after briefly being located in Wiesbaden. Thomas Bellut, the current director general, was elected by the ZDF Television Council
1492 Pictures is an American film production company founded by director Chris Columbus in 1995. The name is a play on Columbus's more famous namesake, Christopher Columbus, and his 1492 landing in the Americas.
In addition to various Columbus films, 1492 Pictures has produced movies by other directors including Brian Levant (Jingle All the Way), Henry Selick (Monkeybone), Alfonso Cuarón (Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban), Joe Roth (Christmas with the Kranks), Tim Story (the Fantastic Four films), and Shawn Levy (the Night at the Museum films).
In February 2011, the company bought by the rights to South Korean comedy film Hello Ghost starring Cha Tae-hyun and is scheduled to be remake it.
In August, 2011, the production company released an adaptation of Kathryn Stockett's novel The Help.
Gainsborough Pictures was a British film studio based on the south bank of the Regent's Canal, in Poole Street, Hoxton in the former Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch, London. Gainsborough Studios were active between 1924 and 1951. Built as a power station for the Great Northern & City Railway it was later converted to studios. The former studios were demolished in 2002 and flats built on the site in 2004. A London Borough of Hackney historical plaque is attached to the building. The studio has become best known for the Gainsborough melodramas it produced in the 1940s.
In 1987 Sir Lew Grade brought back the Gainsborough name for a series of British made for television movies.
Gainsborough was founded in 1924 by Michael Balcon and was a sister company to the Gaumont-British Picture Corporation from 1927, with Balcon as Director of Production for both studios. Whilst Gaumont-British, based at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherd's Bush produced the 'quality' pictures, Gainsborough mainly produced 'B' movies and melodramas at its Islington Studios. Both studios used continental film practices, especially those from Germany, with Alfred Hitchcock being encouraged by Balcon -- who had links
Image Entertainment, Inc. is an independent licensee, producer and distributor of entertainment programming and film and television productions in North America, with approximately 3,200 exclusive DVD titles and approximately 340 exclusive CD titles in domestic release, and approximately 450 programs internationally via sublicense agreements. For many of its titles, Image has exclusive audio and broadcast rights as well as digital download rights to approximately 2,100 video programs and over 400 audio programs containing more than 6,000 tracks. The company is headquartered in Chatsworth, California.
Founded in 1981 as a public company, Image began as a distributor of Laserdiscs, whose sound and picture quality surpassed that of VHS and Beta, the dominant tape formats of the time. Image successfully secured exclusive output deals with major studios such as Universal Studios, 20th Century Fox, and The Walt Disney Company and grew to become the dominant distributor of the format.
As the 1990s came to a close and Laserdiscs gave way to DVD, Image re-focused on the fledgling format that quickly came to dominate the home video marketplace. While studios were busy managing the transition
The Geffen Film Company (also known as The Geffen Company and later Geffen Pictures) was a film distributor and production company founded by David Geffen, the founder of Geffen Records, and future co-founder of DreamWorks. Geffen founded the company in 1980, having recruited Eric Eisner as president, and distributed its films through Warner Bros. Geffen operated it as a division of Warner Bros., but Warner owns the rights to most of GFC's films. The only Geffen film Warner Bros. does not own is the 1996 Mike Judge comedy, Beavis and Butt-Head Do America, owned by co-producer Paramount Pictures (which owned DreamWorks between 2006 and 2008).
The spherical Geffen Pictures logo (based on the logo of its record-label counterpart) was created by Saul Bass.
Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., also known as Warner Bros. Pictures or simply Warner Bros. (though the name was occasionally given in full form as Warner Brothers during the company's early years), is an American producer of film, television, and music entertainment.
One of the major film studios, it is a subsidiary of Time Warner, with its headquarters in Burbank, California and New York. Warner Bros. has several subsidiary companies, including Warner Bros. Studios, Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment, Warner Bros. Television, Warner Bros. Animation, Warner Home Video, New Line Cinema, TheWB.com, and DC Comics. Warner owns half of The CW Television Network.
Warner Bros. is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
The corporate name honors the four founding Warner brothers (born Wonskolaser [pron. WON Sko La' Ser] or Wonsal)—Harry (born Hirsz), Albert (born Aaron), Sam (born Szmul), and Jack (Itzhak or to some sources Jacob). Harry, Albert, Sam and their Jewish parents emigrated to North America from the part of Poland that had been subjugated to the Russian Empire following the 18th-century partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (CPII) is an American film production and distribution company. Columbia Pictures now forms part of the Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, owned by Sony Pictures Entertainment, a subsidiary of the Japanese conglomerate Sony. It is one of the leading film companies in the world, a member of the so-called Big Six. It was one of the so-called Little Three among the eight major film studios of Hollywood's Golden Age.
The studio, founded in 1919 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922. It adopted the Columbia Pictures name in 1924 and went public two years later. The name is derived from "Columbia", a national personification of the United States, which is used as the company's logo.
In its early years a minor player in Hollywood, Columbia began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra.
With Capra and others, Columbia became one of the primary homes of the screwball comedy. In the 1930s, Columbia's major contract stars were Jean Arthur and Cary Grant (who was shared with RKO Pictures). In the 1940s, Rita Hayworth
Nu Image is a Los Angeles-based film studio, established in 1992 by Avi Lerner, producing films mainly for the direct to video-market. It is the sister company of Millennium Films, established in 1996.
In 2005 Nu Image purchased Boyana Film, the biggest film studio in Bulgaria.
Summit Entertainment LLC (formerly Summit Entertainment LP) is an American film studio and a subsidiary of Lions Gate Entertainment headquartered in Universal City, California with international offices in London.
Summit was originally founded in 1991 by film producers Bernd Eichinger, Arnon Milchan, and Andrew G. Vajna, initially to handle film sales in foreign countries. Summit later expanded into producing and co-financing films in 1995, and started fully financing films by 1997. Summit officially launched in 1993 by Patrick Wachsberger, Bob Hayward and David Garrett under the name Summit Entertainment LP as a production, distribution, and sales organization. Among the company's early successes was American Pie, which Summit distributed outside of English-speaking territories. In 2006, it became a fully independent film studio, Summit Entertainment, with the addition of Rob Friedman, a former executive at Paramount Pictures. The new company added major development, production, acquisitions, marketing and distribution branches with a financing deal led by Merrill Lynch and other investors giving it access to over $1 billion in financing. With that, Summit established the home
Kyoto Animation (京都アニメーション, Kyōto Animēshon), abbreviated KyoAni (京アニ), is a Japanese animation studio located in Uji, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It was established in 1981 by former Mushi Pro staff, became a limited company in 1985 and then became a corporation in 1999. Presided by Hideaki Hatta, the company is affiliated with noted studio Sunrise and is also parent to the studio Animation Do. Although founded in 1981, Kyoto Animation has produced 13 anime series as of 2012 on their own, and have been involved in the production of Kiddy Grade, InuYasha, Nurse Witch Komugi, Tenchi Universe, and Generator Gawl. They have also been involved in Konami's long-running baseball game Jikkyō Powerful Pro Yakyū (Power Pro) series' for four installments (eight through eleven) for the vocal opening and ending sequences (Konami made the openings themselves before seven).
In the list below, only the productions that Kyoto Animation were the main producer for are listed.
ASA Filmudlejning was a noted Danish film studio founded in 1936 and based in Hellerup, Copenhagen. It produced approximately 90 films between 1936 and 1988 although the bulk of its production was in the 1940s and 1950s. During this period amongst its most notable directors were Lau Lauritzen and Alice O'Fredericks and writer Morten Korch used the studio to turn his books into the family film Far til fire series.
Amongst the most prolific producers working for ASA were John Olsen and Henning Karmark.
De Laurentiis Entertainment Group (DEG) was a production company/distribution unit founded by producer Dino De Laurentiis.
The company is notable for producing Manhunter, Blue Velvet, the horror films Near Dark and Evil Dead II, King Kong Lives (the sequel to De Laurentiis' remake of King Kong), and Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, as well as distributing Transformers: The Movie.
The company's main studios were located in Wilmington, North Carolina which is now EUE Screen Gems Studios. The studio's first releases were in 1986 but went bankrupt two years later after Million Dollar Mystery, among other films, failed at the box office. The company was acquired by Village Roadshow in 1988.
Canadian distribution of DEG releases were done by Paramount Pictures.
DEG had an early version of Total Recall in pre-production with Patrick Swayze as Quaid and Bruce Beresford to direct (David Cronenberg had also been approached), where it was to have been shot in Australia. After DEG's bankruptcy, the film went in turnaround to Carolco Pictures.
KQED is a Public Broadcasting Service-member public television station in San Francisco, California, broadcasting digitally on UHF channel 30 (Ex-Analog Channel 9). This channel is also carried on Comcast cable TV and via satellite by DirecTV and Dish Network. Its transmitter is located on Sutro Tower in San Francisco.
It is one of the most-watched PBS stations in the country during primetime.
Noteworthy KQED television productions include the first installment of Armistead Maupin's miniseries Tales of the City, Tongues Untied by Marlon Riggs, and a series of programs focusing on the historic neighborhoods in San Francisco, such as The Castro and The Fillmore District. Ongoing productions include Check, Please! Bay Area, Spark, This Week in Northern California and QUEST.
KQED was organized and created by veteran broadcast journalists James Day and Jonathan Rice on June 1, 1953, and first went on air April 5, 1954. It was the sixth public broadcasting station in the United States, debuting shortly after WQED in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The station's call letters, Q.E.D., are taken from the Latin phrase, quod erat demonstrandum, commonly used in mathematics.
KQED's World Press was
The National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, commonly referred to as NTUST or Taiwan Tech, is a public/national technological university located in the Taipei, Taiwan. Taiwan Tech was established in 1974, as the first and the leading higher education institution of its kind within Taiwan's technical and vocational education system. The university is ranked 351 among world universities (subject ranking: Engineering/Technology: 143) in the Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings 2009. The university is also ranked 56 among Asian universities (subject ranking: Engineering/Technology: 33) in the Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings 2010. NTUST Taiwan was also ranked as Asia's 10th best institute in science and technology.
Taiwan Tech enrolled 4,966 undergraduates and 4,340 graduate students, and employed 452 faculty and about 317 staff members in 2009. The university’s 14 departments and 24 graduate programs are divided into the following 6 colleges, College of Engineering, College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Management, College of Design, College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, and Honors College.
The Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (ORTF) was the national agency charged, between 1964 and 1974, with providing public radio and television in France.
A public monopoly on broadcasting in France had been established with the formation of Radiodiffusion Française (RDF) in 1945. RDF was renamed Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF) in 1949 and ORTF in 1964. From the beginning, the public broadcaster experienced fierce competition from the "peripheral stations": French-speaking stations aimed at the French public but transmitting on longwave from neighbouring countries, such as Radio Monte Carlo (RMC) from Monaco, Radio Luxembourg (later RTL) from Luxembourg, and Europe 1 from Germany (exceptionally, in 1974, RMC was allowed to set up a transmitter on French territory).
On August 8 1974, the ORTF was split into 7 institutions:
RTF was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. After the split of ORTF the French membership was taken over by TDF. TF1 became the other French active member. A2, FR3 and SRF became Supplementarty active members until they became active members in 1982. In 1983 the French membership of the
Teton Gravity Research (TGR) is an extreme sport production company based in Teton Village, Wyoming. They have been producing skiing, snowboarding and surfing films since 1996 and are best known for films like Tangerine Dream and Anomaly. The films focus on world-class athletes skiing, snowboarding, snowmobiling, surfing and kayaking surfing in the best locations around the world. The company has produced over 20 films. A clip from the film Lost and Found was shown at the Macworld 2008 Keynote by Steve Jobs. It featured Erik Roner Skibase jumping off Cajun Couloir to the song "Out On The Streets" by Bang Camaro and was shown to illustrate the podcast feature of Apple TV.
The most recent films released by Teton Gravity Research are entitled "The Dream Factory" (ski) and "Further" (snowboard)
They also sponsor a forum for users to post gear questions, reviews, trip reports, photographs and general outdoors discussions.
As of Aug 01,2012 the forum statistics in 'tgr' forums totalled:
The forums are as follows:
Touchstone Pictures is an American film production label and is one of several film labels of the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, owned by The Walt Disney Company's Walt Disney Studios. Established in 1984 as Touchstone Films, it typically releases films that feature more mature themes and darker tones than those that are released under the Walt Disney Pictures banner.
Touchstone Pictures is merely a label (similar to a record label) and does not exist as a separate company: the two companies behind it are the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group and Walt Disney Pictures and Television.
Their most commercially successful production partners in later years have been Caravan Pictures, Summit Entertainment, Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Columbia Pictures, Icon Productions, Imagine Entertainment, Mandeville Films, Focus Features and Spyglass Entertainment.
The Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group entered into a long-term, 30-picture distribution deal with DreamWorks by which DreamWorks' productions would be released through the Touchstone Pictures banner over the next five years beginning in 2011.
In late 1979, Walt Disney Productions released The Black Hole, a science-fiction movie that was
Gorky Film Studio (Russian: Киностудия имени Горького) is a film studio in Moscow, Russian Federation. By the end of the Soviet Union, Gorky Film Studio had produced more than 1,000 films. Many film classics were filmed at the Gorky Film Studio throughout its history and some of these were granted international awards at various film festivals.
In 1915, Mikhail Semenovich Trofimov, a merchant from Kostroma, established the Rus' film production unit (Russian: "Киноателье «Русь»") with studio facilities. In 1936, the studio was transferred to Butyrskaya Street in Moscow. The Rus' studio, employing many actors from Stanislavsky's Moscow Art Theatre, specialized in film adaptations of Russian classics (e.g., Tolstoy's Polikushka, 1919).
In 1924, the Rus' studio was renamed into the International Workers Relief agency (Russian: Международная рабочая помощь (Межрабпом)), abbreviated as Mezhrabpom-Rus' (Russian: Межрабпом-Русь). The first Soviet (sci-fi) film, Aelita, was filmed at this studio in 1924.
Four years later, the studio was renamed Mezhrabpomfilm (Russian: Межрабпомфильм), changing its name once again in 1936 to Soyuzdetfilm (Russian: Союздетфильм), the world's first film
Established in 1969 by Steven Toushin, Bijou Video is a company specializing in the production of gay pornographic films, based in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Bijou Video founder Steven Toushin, originally of Brooklyn, New York, and currently the company’s president, was passing through Chicago in the summer of 1968 and planned to stay for six months. There, he obtained employment at the Aardvark Theater, an experimental avant-garde theater in Piper’s Alley. He enjoyed the city so much he stayed beyond his initially planned six month period. Ten months after taking the managing position, Toushin then had his first obscenity arrest. Later, in 1969, Toushin became a partner in the Festival Theater Corporation in Chicago, the parent company of Aardvark, the Festival Theater in Chicago, and the Festival Theater in Indianapolis (located at 5505 East Washington Street), which showed art and documentary type films. In 1970 graphic hardcore pornographic films started to be exhibited to the general public in a few of the major cities. Toushin's theaters were the first theaters to exhibit these films in the Midwest.
Based on their success, Toushin opened the Bijou Theater and sex club
Castle Rock Entertainment is an American film and television production company founded in 1987 by Martin Shafer, director Rob Reiner, Andrew Scheinman, Glenn Padnick and Alan Horn. It is a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment, which in turn is a unit of Time Warner.
Reiner named the company in honor of the fictional Maine town that serves as the setting of several stories by Stephen King (which was named after the fictional Castle Rock in Lord of the Flies), after the success of his film Stand by Me, which was based on The Body, a novella by King.
The company was originally backed by The Coca-Cola Company, the then-parent company of Columbia Pictures. Coke and the company's founders jointly owned a stake in the company. Months after the deal, Coke exited the entertainment business, succeeded by Columbia Pictures Entertainment (now Sony Pictures Entertainment).
In 1989, Castle Rock was supported by another backer, Group W, a subsidiary of Westinghouse. Castle Rock later struck a deal with Nelson Entertainment, the company that owned the domestic home video rights to Reiner's This is Spinal Tap, The Sure Thing, and The Princess Bride, to co-finance Castle Rock's films.
HBO Films is a division of the cable television network HBO that produces feature films and miniseries. While much of HBO Films' output is created directly for the television market, such as the film Witness Protection and the mini-series Band of Brothers, Pacific, Generation Kill and Angels in America, it has also branched into theatrical distribution with such critically acclaimed films as Elephant and American Splendor. These theatrical releases are usually handled by Picturehouse, a joint venture between HBO Films and New Line Cinema; both are owned by Time Warner.
HBO began producing films in 1983 with their HBO Pictures banner; their first film, The Terry Fox Story, was also the first feature film produced expressly for pay television. Another film production company, HBO Showcase (later HBO NYC) was folded into HBO Pictures to produce the current company HBO Films.
HBO Films productions are generally regarded to be high-quality and groundbreaking productions; the films produced by the company have garnered hundreds of Emmy and Golden Globe awards; HBO Films productions have won the award for the Primetime Emmy Award for "Outstanding Made for Television Movie" every year from
Syncopy Films (also known as Syncopy or Plump) is an American-British motion picture production company founded by director, writer and producer Christopher Nolan and producer Emma Thomas (husband and wife, respectively). The name Syncopy Films derives from "syncope", the medical term for loss of consciousness.
In 2005, Syncopy Films partnered with Legendary Pictures to produce Batman Begins (2005), The Prestige (2006), The Dark Knight (2008), Inception (2010), and The Dark Knight Rises (2012) for Warner Bros. Pictures. Future films include Zack Snyder's Man of Steel (2013) and the directorial debut of Wally Pfister in 2014.
The TVP [ˈtɛ ˈfaw ˈpɛ], Polish Television) is a public broadcasting corporation. About a third of TVP's income comes from a broadcast receiver licence, while the rest is covered by commercials and sponsorships.
Non-Polish language broadcasting includes Belsat TV - channel in the Belarusian language presenting news and subject-specific programming for the people of Belarus.
TVP is cooperating with the French-German TV network ARTE, this cooperation has been suspended in February 2009 as TVP's general director, Piotr Farfał, views were incompatible with Arte’s "philosophy based on intercultural exchange" and "the party that TVP's chairman is presently connected with does not share European values".
TVP currently has an agreement with the BBC, under which they will work together in film and television productions.
The Walt Disney Studios, also known as Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures Group and formerly known as Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group and Buena Vista Film Group, is an American entertainment industry company division which develops scripts and oversees theatrical production for The Walt Disney Company's production companies and imprints founded in 1995. The studio, known for its film division, which is one of Hollywood's major film studios, is based at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Walt Disney Studios' film division is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
Former divisions include:
Walt Disney Studios is the main production arm for Disney's motion pictures. Walt Disney Pictures is a film imprint that encompasses the release of its own productions, in addition to films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and Pixar Animation Studios. Another film imprint, Touchstone Pictures, releases films for more mature audiences including films produced by DreamWorks Pictures. In 2009, Disney acquired Marvel Entertainment, in addition to purchasing full ownership rights to Marvel Studios' films in 2010. Disneynature is an independent film label
Shochiku Company, Limited (松竹株式会社, Shōchiku Kabushiki Gaisha) TYO: 9601 is a Japanese movie studio and production company for kabuki. It also produces and distributes anime films. Its best remembered directors include Yasujirō Ozu, Kenji Mizoguchi, Mikio Naruse, Keisuke Kinoshita and Yōji Yamada. Shochiku has also produced films by highly regarded independent and "loner" directors such as Takashi Miike, Takeshi Kitano, Akira Kurosawa and Taiwanese New Wave director Hou Hsiao-Hsien.
The company was founded in 1895 by brothers Takejirō Otani and Matsujirō Shirai as a kabuki production company, and named in 1902 after the combined characters of take (bamboo) and matsu (pine) from their names, reflecting the traditional three symbols of happiness, bamboo, pine, and plum. The name was initially read as the kunyomi matsutake, but changed in 1937 to the onyomi shōchiku.
Shochiku grew quickly, expanding its business to many other Japanese live theatric styles, like Noh and Bunraku. The company began making films in 1920 and was the first film studio to abandon the use of female impersonators and sought to model itself and its films after Hollywood standards, bringing such things as the
The Kennedy/Marshall Company (KM) is an American film-production company, based in Santa Monica, California, founded in 1992 by Kathleen Kennedy and Frank Marshall, who are married.
It presently has contracts with Paramount Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment, DreamWorks Pictures, Universal Pictures and the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group. In the past, both Kennedy and Marshall have been involved with Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment.
40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks is the production company of noted American filmmaker Spike Lee (born 1957).
The company is named after a famous episode of early Reconstruction. In 1865, General Sherman issued "Special Field Order 15", which ordered the distribution of lots of 40 acres (160,000 m) to some freed black families on the Georgia coast, and also distributed some surplus army mules. After President Lincoln was assassinated, President Andrew Johnson revoked the order, took the land away from the freed slaves, and returned it to the previous owners.
After the success of films such as Do The Right Thing and Malcolm X, Lee expanded the 40 Acres brand by opening small clothing stores with merchandise that bore the 40 Acres emblem. Lee has also done several collaborations with clothing companies such as Nike, Eckō and Brooklyn Denim.
40 Acres & a Mule also has an advertising division with DDb called Spike DDB located in New York. They have done several famous Super Bowl, Nike and Lay's potato chip commercial spots. They have produced hundreds of commercials and music videos in addition to Lee's famous films.
In 2004, 40 Acres moved all of its operations to New York City with
Beacon Pictures (formerly Beacon Communications, LLC) is the name of an American production company co-founded in 1990 by Armyan Bernstein. The company produces motion pictures for major Hollywood studios.
Bernstein is the chairman of this company and produces the movies for the Beacon Pictures label, working with such studios as Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, Universal Pictures and Sony Pictures Entertainment.
Beacon also has a family film division, Beacon Family Films; it only produced one film to date, Uncle P.
Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" (née Kaiser) Eames (1912–1988) ( /ˈiːmz/) were American designers, who worked in and made major contributions to modern architecture and furniture. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art and film.
Charles Eames, Jr (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) was born in St. Louis, Missouri. Charles was the nephew of St. Louis architect William S. Eames. By the time he was 14 years old, while attending Yeatman high school, Charles worked at the Laclede Steel Company as a part-time laborer, where he learned about engineering, drawing, and architecture (and also first entertained the idea of one day becoming an architect).
Charles briefly studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis on an architecture scholarship. After two years of study, he left the university. Many sources claim that he was dismissed for his advocacy of Frank Lloyd Wright and his interest in modern architects. He was reportedly dismissed from the university because his views were "too modern." Other sources, less frequently cited, note that while a student, Charles Eames also was employed as an architect at the
COLT Studio Group is an American porn company.
It has produced all-male erotica for over 40 years. Started in New York City in 1967, moved to Los Angeles for twenty five years and is now based in San Francisco, California. COLT Studio Group is the umbrella company for other brands such as:
COLT also produces and distributes content online through its website and adult video retailers worldwide. The company licenses the COLT and Buckshot trademark for the COLT Gear, Buckshot Toys novelty line as well as COLT Leather apparel, COLT Calendars, COLT and Buckshot Magazines, and soon to be COLT Bars worldwide. COLT is known as the "Playboy" of all-male erotica.
COLT Studio was founded by photographer Jim French. French sold the company to John Rutherford and his life-partner Tom Settle (dba Prowest Media).
In 2003 John Rutherford, previously of Falcon Studios, and his life-partner Tom Settle (dba Prowest Media) purchased the company and changed the name to COLT Studio Group.
In 2007, COLT Studio Group celebrated its fortieth anniversary. Mayor of San Francisco Gavin Newsom signed a proclamation declaring February 23, 2007 as "Colt Studio Day" in celebration of this anniversary. This
Jet Set Men based in Los Angeles, California, and founded in 1994, is a major adult film studio and producer of gay pornography in the United States. The company produces for its main video line and maintains online properties (Jet Set Men and Jet Set Straight Edge). Legendary gay porn actor and director Chris Steele is a partner in the studio as well as Head of Production and the studios main director. Jesse Santana was one of their main exclusive contract models and GayVN Awards winner for Jet Set's "Just Add Water". As of 2008, Steele is now a partner for Jet Set.
Lorimar, later known as Lorimar Television and Lorimar Distribution, was an American television production company that was later a subsidiary of Warner Bros., active from 1969 until 1993. It was founded by Irwin Molasky, Merv Adelson and Lee Rich, who named the company by combining the name of Adelson's ex-wife, Lori, with Palomar Airport in San Diego, California.
Lorimar initially started producing made-for-TV movies for the ABC Movie of the Week. Rich bought the script to an adaptation of Earl Hamner Jr.'s novel "The Homecoming" and subsequently sold the rights to CBS. The Homecoming: A Christmas Story was a ratings success, and served as the pilot for Lorimar's first major hit production, The Waltons, which premiered in 1972. Throughout the 1970s, Lorimar produced several other shows as well including Eight is Enough; of these, the most popular by far was Dallas. In 1980, Lorimar purchased the bankrupt Allied Artists Pictures Corporation.
In the 1980s, Lorimar's output swung toward family-friendly sitcoms; among these were Perfect Strangers and Full House, which were produced by Miller-Boyett Productions.
In 1986, Lorimar merged with television syndication firm Telepictures,
Morgan Creek Productions is an American film studio that has released box-office hits like Young Guns, Dead Ringers, Major League, True Romance, Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, The King and I, The Crush, and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, and others. The studio was co-founded in 1988 by James G. Robinson, and Joe Roth.
Most recently, Morgan Creek released Dream House'
Subdivision Morgan Creek Records has produced soundtrack albums to films as well as the rock bands, Eleven and Miracle Legion.
Founder Robinson continues to lead the company as chairman and CEO. His son, David C. Robinson, serves as vice president.
Newmarket Films is an American film production and distribution company which is a subsidiary of Newmarket Capital Group. It was founded in 1994.
Newmarket Films is a privately owned independent production and distribution company. Newmarket looks to acquire, produce, and distribute diverse films. The company has produced such films as The Mexican, Cruel Intentions, and the Christopher Nolan films The Prestige and Memento. Newmarket has distributed, in North America, such films as The Passion of the Christ, Whale Rider, Monster, Donnie Darko, and God Grew Tired of Us.
In 2010, after its purchase by Newmarket Capital Group, Lionsgate acquired the domestic theatrical, digital, and television rights to Newmarket's entire library of over 300 films, including future productions, and therefore the video rights to the Newmarket films already issued on DVD/Blu-ray, as well as full domestic distribution rights, will be transferred to Lionsgate, with the exception of co-productions with and owned by major studios (Dreamworks Pictures, et al.).
Newmarket Films has been involved with distributing or producing the following movies:
Sunrise, Inc. (株式会社サンライズ, Kabushiki-gaisha Sanraizu) is a Japanese animation studio and production enterprise. It is a subsidiary of Namco Bandai Holdings. Its former name was Nippon Sunrise, and prior to that, Sunrise Studios. Its headquarters is located in Suginami, Tokyo.
Among Japan's largest and most famous studios, Sunrise is renowned for several critically lauded and popular original anime series, such as Gundam, Armored Trooper Votoms, Vision of Escaflowne, Cowboy Bebop, Witch Hunter Robin, My-HiME, My-Otome, Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion, as well as its numerous adaptations of acclaimed light novels including Dirty Pair, Kyoukai Senjou no Horizon and Accel World, and manga such as City Hunter, InuYasha, Outlaw Star, Yakitate!! Japan, Planetes, Keroro Gunso, Gin Tama and several others. Because of the fluidity of much of their work, some fans refer to some of their animation as "Sunrise Smooth."
Anime created by Sunrise that have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix prize are Mobile Suit Gundam in 1979 and the first half of 1980, Space Runaway Ideon in the second half of 1980, Crusher Joe (co-production) in 1983, Dirty Pair in 1985, Future GPX Cyber Formula in 1991,
Toon City' is an animation studio located in Manila, Philippines; London, United Kingdom, and Los Angeles, United States . Its primary contractor is The Walt Disney Company and its DisneyToon Studios division, which produces animated TV series and direct-to-video films. They have also done a few commercials and several direct-to-video work for Universal, Warner Bros. and Cinegroupe.
Toon City was founded in 1993 by Colin Baker with roughly ten animators. Their first series work was for Bonkers. Since then, it has gained employees and worked on nearly every recent animated Disney TV series, including Kim Possible and Brandy & Mr. Whiskers. Recently completed part of the French feature Titeuf, the new Looney Tunes show and a 2D/CG action show, Voltron Force. The studio currently has a floor space of over 3000M2 and can accommodate over one thousand artists producing the highest quality animation in traditional 2D, Flash, CGI and paperless Harmony.
Toon City has provided animation for:
Viacom Inc. (NASDAQ: VIA, VIAB), short for "Video & Audio Communications", is an American global mass media company with interests primarily in, but not limited to, cinema and cable television. As of 2010, it is the world's fourth-largest media conglomerate, behind The Walt Disney Company, Time Warner and News Corporation. Viacom is owned in majority by National Amusements, Inc., a privately owned theater company based in Dedham, Massachusetts, USA. National Amusements holds another controlling stake in CBS Corporation.
The current Viacom was created on December 31, 2005 as a spinoff from CBS Corporation, which changed its name from Viacom to CBS at the same time. CBS, not Viacom, retains control of the over-the-air broadcasting, TV production, outdoor advertising, subscription pay television (Showtime) and publishing assets (Simon & Schuster) formerly owned by the larger company. However, Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, retains majority control of Viacom. Predecessor firms of Viacom include Gulf+Western, which later became Paramount Communications Inc., and Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
Comprising BET Networks, MTV Networks, and Paramount Pictures, Viacom
Paramount Pictures Corporation is a film and television production/distribution company founded in 1912 and currently owned by media conglomerate Viacom. It is the third oldest existing film studio in the world behind Gaumont Pictures. Also, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Paramount is consistently ranked as one of the largest (top-grossing) movie studios.
Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
Paramount Pictures can trace its beginning to the creation in May 1912 of the Famous Players Film Company. Founder Hungarian-born Adolph Zukor, who had been an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed mainly to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time (leading to the slogan "Famous Players in Famous Plays"). By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, and Zukor was on his way to success.
That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature show Company with money
4Kids Entertainment (commonly known as 4Kids) is an American film and television production company known for English-dubbing Japanese anime and specializing in the acquisition, production and licensing of children's entertainment around the United States. The first anime that 4Kids dubbed was the first eight seasons of Pokémon that aired on Kids' WB! in the United States. The company is most well known for its range of television licenses, which has included the multi-billion dollar Pokémon and Yu-Gi-Oh! Japanese anime franchises. They also ran two program blocks: Toonzai (formerly The CW4Kids) on The CW, and 4Kids TV on Fox, both aimed at children. The 4KidsTV block ended on December 27, 2008, with Toonzai/The CW4Kids ending on August 18, 2012 and being replaced by Vortexx.
4Kids Entertainment has its world headquarters on Sixth Avenue in New York City, its former subsidiary, 4Kids Productions, had its headquarters in a separate building in Manhattan. The New York Stock Exchange delisted 4Kids (NYSE: KDE) on June 1, 2010. On April 6, 2011, it filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection following a lawsuit concerning the Yu-Gi-Oh! franchise.
4Kids Entertainment licenses a wide
CBS Films is an American film production and distribution company founded in 2007 as a division of CBS Corporation and is considered a mini-studio.
CBS Films will distribute, develop and produce four to six $50 million budget movies a year.
CBS made a brief move into film production in 1967, creating Cinema Center Films. This unprofitable unit was closed in 1972; today the distribution rights to the Cinema Center library rest with Paramount Pictures for home video (via CBS Home Entertainment) and theatrical release, and with CBS Television Distribution for TV distribution (most other ancillary rights remain with CBS). It released such films as The Reivers (1969), starring Steve McQueen, and the musical Scrooge (1970), starring Albert Finney. In 1979 CBS launched a new theatrical films division, which was officially named CBS Theatrical Films the following year. While this was in operation, CBS entered into a joint venture with Columbia Pictures and HBO called Tri-Star Pictures. CBS eventually dropped out of the venture in 1985, and CBS Theatrical Films came to an end that same year. In 2000, CBS was bought by Viacom, which also owned Paramount Pictures.
In March 2007, following the
The Western Union Company is a financial services and communications company based in the United States. Its North American headquarters is in Englewood, Colorado. Up until 2006, Western Union was the best-known U.S. company in the business of exchanging telegrams.
Western Union has several divisions, with products such as person-to-person money transfer, money orders, business payments and commercial services.
Western Union, as an industrialized monopoly, dominated the telegraph industry in the late 19th century. It was the first communications empire and set a pattern for American-style communications businesses as they are known today.
In 1851, the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company was organized in Rochester, New York by Hiram Sibley and others, with the goal of creating one great telegraph system with unified and efficient operations. Meanwhile, Ezra Cornell had bought back one of his bankrupt companies and renamed it the New York & Western Union Telegraph Company. Originally fierce competitors, by 1855 both groups were finally convinced that consolidation was their only alternative for progress. The merged company was named The Western Union Telegraph
Edison Studios was an American motion picture production company owned by the Edison Company of inventor Thomas Edison. The studio made close to 1,200 films as the Edison Manufacturing Company (1894–1911) and Thomas A. Edison, Inc. (1911–1918) until the studio's closing in 1918. Of that number, 54 were feature length, the remainder were shorts.
Its first production facility, Edison's Black Maria studios in West Orange, New Jersey, was built in the winter of 1892–93. The second facility, a glass-enclosed rooftop studio built at 41 East 21st Street in Manhattan's entertainment district, opened in 1901. In 1907, Edison had new facilities built on Decatur Avenue and Oliver Place in the Bronx.
Edison himself played no direct part in the making of his studio's films beyond being the owner, and appointing William Gilmore as vice-president and general manager. Edison's assistant William Kennedy Dickson, who supervised the development of Edison's motion picture system, produced the first Edison films intended for public exhibition, 1893–95. After Dickson's departure for Biograph in 1895, he was replaced as director of production by cameraman William Heise, then from 1896 to 1903 by James H.
The New York Times Company (NYSE: NYT) is an American media company best known as the publisher of its namesake, The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. has served as Chairman of the Board since 1997. It is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The company was founded by Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones in New York City. The first edition of the newspaper The New York Times, published on September 18, 1851, stated: "We publish today the first issue of the New-York Daily Times, and we intend to issue it every morning (Sundays excepted) for an indefinite number of years to come."
The company also owns the International Herald Tribune, The Boston Globe, and several related media properties, including NYTimes.com, Boston.com, and About.com.
Since 1967, the company has been publicly traded and listed on the New York Stock Exchange by the symbol NYT. While it offers two kinds of shares of its stock, Class A and Class B, Class B shares are not publicly traded. The Class B shares provide a mechanism by which the descendants of Adolph Ochs, who purchased The New York Times newspaper in 1896, maintain control of the company by holding nearly 90 percent of this
5 Star Productions is a film production company based out of Saint Charles Missouri.
The first Feature film produced by the company is Hercules: The Brave and The Bold.
5 Star Productions was started in Early 2010 with two members and is rapidly growing.
5 Star is in negotiations with producing several other Independent feature films in the St.Louis Missouri area as of Summer 2012.
Atlantic Entertainment Group, also known as Atlantic Releasing Corporation was an independent film production and distribution company founded by Tom Coleman and Michael Rosenblatt in 1974. In January 1989, amidst financial troubles, Atlantic was sold off to Kartes Video Communications.
Some of the company's most notable films include:
The library was bought by Island Pictures, which was later absorbed into PolyGram Filmed Entertainment. For a number of years, Paramount Pictures had TV and video distribution rights to Atlantic's library. MGM now distributes the library as a result of purchasing part of PolyGram's library.
The company also had a division called "Clubhouse Pictures" to release family films. Films and TV shows released under this label include:
Happy Madison Productions is an American film/television production company founded in 1999 by Adam Sandler, an actor/comedian best known for comedy films. Happy Madison takes its name from the films Happy Gilmore and Billy Madison, two box office successes starring Sandler himself, both produced by Robert Simonds. The elderly man depicted in the logo is Sandler's late father, Stanley Sandler.
In addition to various Sandler-produced films, the company has also released movies produced by others, such as Steven Brill (Little Nicky, Mr. Deeds), Dennis Dugan (The Benchwarmers, I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry, You Don't Mess with the Zohan, Grown Ups), Frank Coraci (Click, Zookeeper), Fred Wolf (Strange Wilderness, The House Bunny), Tom Brady (The Animal, The Hot Chick, Bucky Larson: Born to Be a Star), Peter Segal (Anger Management, 50 First Dates, The Longest Yard), and Nicholaus Goossen (A Day with the Meatball, Grandma's Boy, The Shortcut).
The 1998 movies The Waterboy and The Wedding Singer helped jump start Adam Sandler's movie career and production company. Sandler produced The Waterboy and co-wrote the script with Tim Herlihy. The movie was extremely profitable, earning
Saban Entertainment (along with Saban International, which operated outside the US), was a worldwide-served independent American television production company formed in 1984 by music and television producers Haim Saban and Shuki Levy as "Saban Productions", a U.S. subsidiary of "Saban International Paris" (now SIP Animation).
This company was known for importing, dubbing, and adapting several Japanese series such as, Maple Town (...Stories), Noozles (Fushigi na Koala Blinky and Printy), Samurai Pizza Cats (Kyatto Ninden Teyande), Dragon Ball Z and the first three Digimon series to North America and international markets for syndication, including both animation and live action shows.
Saban was involved in the co-production of French/American animated shows created by Jean Chalopin for DIC Entertainment. Some of these early 1980s co-productions were Camp Candy, Ulysses 31, Jayce and the Wheeled Warriors, and The Mysterious Cities of Gold (the third of which was a Japanese co-production).
Saban is also notable for their various toku adapts, which include Power Rangers (based on the Super Sentai series), Beetleborgs (based on Juukou B-Fighter), VR Troopers (featuring elements of Metal
Tokyo University of the Arts (東京藝術大学, Tōkyō Geijutsu Daigaku) or Geidai (芸大) is one of the oldest art schools in Japan. Located in Ueno Park, it also has facilities in Toride, Ibaraki, Yokohama, Kanagawa, and Kitasenju, Adachi, Tokyo. The university owns two halls of residence: one (for Japanese students) in Nerima, Tokyo, and the other (for overseas students) in Matsudo, Chiba.
The university was formed in 1949 by the merger of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts (東京美術学校 Tōkyō Bijutsu Gakkō) and the Tokyo Music School (東京音楽学校 Tōkyō Ongaku Gakkō), both of which were founded in 1887. Originally male-only, the schools began to admit women in 1946. The graduate school opened in 1963, and began offering doctoral degrees in 1977. After the National University Corporations were formed on April 1, 2004, the school became known as the Kokuritsu Daigaku Hōjin Tōkyō Geijutsu Daigaku (国立大学法人東京藝術大学). On April 1, 2008, the university changed its English name from "Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music" to "Tokyo University of the Arts."
The school has had student exchanges with a number of other art and music institutions such as the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (USA), the Royal
Dualstar Entertainment Group, LLC is a privately held American limited liability company owned by Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, which produces movies, TV shows, magazines, video games, etc. Dualstar was initially run by Robert Thorne and Greg Redlitz, who had significant minority stakes in the company until the twins bought them out in 2004.
Dualstar is based in Los Angeles, California, although they have offices in other locations such as London. Dualstar videos and DVDs are distributed by Warner Bros. Entertainment.
Hasbro (NASDAQ: HAS) is an American multinational toy and board game company. It is one of the largest toy makers in the world. The corporate headquarters is located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The majority of its products are manufactured in East Asia.
In 1923, two brothers, Henry and Helal Hassenfeld, founded Hassenfeld Brothers, a textile remnant company in Hasbrouck Heights, New Jersey. Over the next two decades, the company expanded to produce pencil cases and school supplies.
In the 1940s, Hassenfeld Brothers produced doctor and nurse kits, its first toys. Hassenfeld Brothers' first toy hit was Mr. Potato Head, which the company purchased from inventor George Lerner in 1952. The toy was a smash success. In 1964, Hassenfeld Brothers produced the G.I. Joe toy, which they termed an "action figure" in order to market the toy to boys who wouldn't want to play with "dolls." The company shortened its name to Hasbro Industries in 1968. Its promotional efforts included the catchphrase "Boy Oh Boy! It's A Hasbro Toy!" in television commercials and print ads. In 1969 Hasbro bought Romper Room, Inc., and re-branded it as Claster Television Productions.
In 1982, Hasbro produced another
here! is an American premium television network targeting the LGBT audiences. Launched in 2002, here! is available nationwide on all major cable systems, fiber optics systems, and Internet TV providers as either a 24/7 premium subscription channel, a video on demand (VOD) service, and/or a subscription video on demand (SVOD) service.
here! is actively involved in the LGBT community and offers sponsorship to yearly events such as gay pride events and film festivals as well as supporting a number of community organizations.
In 2012 it was announced that select here! programming would be made available on demand through the online service Hulu.
here! offers a variety of programming targeted toward the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. here! both produces original programming and acquires programming to air on the network. The channel airs original series, movies, documentaries, talk shows, reality series, and comedy specials.
here!'s signature shows include Dante's Cove, The Lair, Just Josh, For & Against, Boombox and She's Living for This. Documentary specials include 30 Years From Here, Heart of Broadway: The Ensemble Behind Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS
HOT SUN FILMS, is an award-winning film/video production and training company based in East Africa. It was founded by Nathan Collett. Hot Sun Films' work focuses on bring out a realistic, challenging and positive image of those on the very margins of society. It works to develop and expose the talents and possibilities of the youth of the urban slums of Africa. One of its projects is the non - profit organization Hot Sun Foundation.
Hot Sun Films' most noted film project to date is Kibera Kid. It has also produced The Oath.
In April 2009, Hot Sun Films' first feature film was shot. The feature film is entitled Togetherness Supreme, working title, the film focuses on tribal tension and the possibility of reconciliation in Kibera, East Africa's largest slum. As of June 2009, Togetherness Supreme is being edited using trainees from Kibera through Hot Sun Foundation. Hot Sun Films is unique in that it often uses non-professional actors from the urban slums of Africa to make its films and to tell stories that have not been previously seen on screen.
In August 2009, Hot Sun Films and Hot Sun Foundation started the Kibera Film School, a one of a kind film school based in Kibera that
Lifetime Television, often referred to as Lifetime TV, or most commonly, Lifetime, is an American cable television specialty channel devoted to movies, sitcoms and dramas, all of which are either geared toward women or feature women in lead roles. The cable network is owned by A+E Networks, which in turn is jointly owned by Hearst Corporation and The Walt Disney Company, with a former 15% stake from NBCUniversal, which was later sold to Disney and Hearst. Lifetime's main competitors are Oxygen, the Style Network, and WE tv.
Lifetime was established as the result of a merger of Hearst's Daytime network, established in March 1982 as a four hour per day service with women's programming and Viacom's Cable Health Network, established in June 1982 as a 24-hour service that carried health and wellness programming.
The service originally aired women's daytime programming, and later, talk shows, Monday through Saturdays, and on Sundays from November 1983 to June 1993 carried programming for health professionals. Lifetime was a property of Lifetime Entertainment Services, which owned a number of media ventures. Viacom remained as co-owner with ABC/Capital Cities and Hearst until 1994.
Maverick Films (formerly known as Maverick Picture Company) is an American film production company which was founded in 1992 by Madonna, Frederick DeMann and Ronnie Dashev. It is the film division of entertainment company, Maverick and owned by Warner Music Group. In 2001, the company was rebranded as simply Maverick Films and was solely managed by Madonna and Guy Oseary, CEO of another Maverick division, Maverick Records. In 2004, Madonna and Dashev were bought out of Maverick after a lawsuit with Warner Music Group and they no longer has an interest in the company. Madonna has since formed another company, Semtex Films which oversees productions relating to the singer. Oseary has retained the rights to the Maverick name.
Founded as Maverick Picture Company in April 1992 by Madonna, Frederick DeMann, Ronnie Dashev and parent company Time Warner. It was the film division of Maverick, an entertainment company which also owns Maverick Records and was part of a $60 million deal between Madonna and Time Warner. The first film it produced was Dangerous Game in 1993, directed by Abel Ferrara and starring Madonna, Harvey Keitel and James Russo.
In March 2004, Madonna and Maverick filed
RAI — Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (for brevity Rai S.p.A.) known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane, is the Italian state owned public service broadcaster controlled by the Ministry of Economic Development. Rai is the biggest television company in Italy. It competes with three major private television companies, Mediaset, Telecom Italia Media, and Sky Italia.
Rai operates several television channels and radio stations, broadcasting in digital terrestrial and in several satellite and IPTV offerings. In 1950, Rai became one of the 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union.
Half of Rai's revenues come from the broadcast licence fee, the other half from advertising. Rai has a relatively high audience share of 42.3%.
Due to their close proximity, Albania, Switzerland, Monaco, Malta, San Marino, Vatican City, Montenegro, Slovenia and Croatia also receive broadcasts.
Unione Radiofonica Italiana (URI) was formed in 1924 with the backing of the Marconi Company following a model adopted in other European countries. URI made its inaugural broadcast — a speech by Benito Mussolini at Teatro Costanzi — on 5 October and regular programming began with a
The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (Portuguese: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian) is a Portuguese private foundation of public utility whose statutory aims are in the fields of arts, charity, education, and science. Created by a clause in the will of Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian, a Portugal-based petrol magnate of Armenian origin, the Foundation's statutes were approved in 1956.
The head office is located in Lisbon. The premises opened in 1969, consisting of the head office itself and the museum, and were designed by Ruy Athouguia, Pedro Cid, and Alberto Pessoa. In addition to the areas occupied by the Foundation's management and various departments, the premises include an auditorium, a space for temporary exhibitions, a congress area with auditoriums and other rooms, as well as a large building that houses the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum and the Art Library. The entire complex is set in the Gulbenkian Park, which was designed by Ribeiro Telles. In 1983, the Modern Art Centre, consisting of a museum and an education centre, was opened at one end of the park. The Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (a science institute) is situated inside a multi-building complex in Oeiras (outskirts of
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster which began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public body established in 1990, coming into operation in 1993. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter in Wales to digital on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became an entirely UK-wide TV channel for the first time.
The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the television licence–funded BBC's two services and the single commercial broadcasting network, ITV.
Before Channel 4 and S4C, Britain had three terrestrial television services: BBC1, BBC2, and ITV. The Broadcasting Act 1980 began the process of adding a fourth, and Channel 4, along with its Welsh counterpart, was formally created by an Act of Parliament in 1982. After some months of test broadcasts, it began scheduled transmissions on 2 November 1982.
The notion of a second commercial broadcaster in the United Kingdom had been around
Coronet Films (also Coronet Instructional Media Inc.) was a producer and distributor of American short social guidance films from 1946 to the early 1970s founded by David A. Smart. The company, whose library is currently owned and distributed by The Phoenix Learning Group, Inc., produced instructional films aimed at young teenagers and high school students which were produced by dozens until the mid-1950s when production tapered off. Social guidance on topics such as dating, family life, courtesy and citizenship were typical themes of the films with occasional educational topics such as the solar system and the human body.
Coronet was active during the 1973-4 school year when they placed over 60 titles for evaluation with Project METRO of the Capitol Region Education Council (CREC), in central Connecticut. Titles included A Is For Alphabet, Color, Color Everywhere, Dating Scene, and Understanding Shakespeare: His Stagecraft. Many of the titles in their catalog were produced early in the post-war film boom; they were typical of the quality, production values, and content of media of the period: no better, no worse, and often humorous in the context of the post mid-1960s sexual
EuropaCorp is a French movie studio headquartered in Paris. It has been a listed company on Euronext Paris since July 2007. Co-founded by Luc Besson and Pierre-Ange Le Pogam, the Group takes on a range of production activities like film distribution in France, DVD distribution, sales of French TV rights, and producing advertisements.
Luc Besson and Pierre-Ange Le Pogam worked together for the first time in 1985, on the movie Subway, directed by Luc Besson. Pierre-Ange le Pogam was then Distribution Director at Gaumont. Subsequently, virtually all the films that Luc Besson made with Gaumont between 1985 and 1999 topped the three-million ticket mark at the box office (e.g. The Big Blue, Nikita, Léon, The Fifth Element and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc). Meanwhile, Pierre-Ange Le Pogam developed innovative promotional techniques at Gaumont which he applied for the first time in Luc Besson’s The Fifth Element. This film is France’s biggest export success of all time.
In 1997 Pierre-Ange Le Pogam became Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Gaumont.
In September 2000 the two friends created EuropaCorp.
In July 2007, EuropaCorp successfully managed its IPO on Euronext Paris.
Good Machine was an independent film production, film distribution, and foreign sales company started in the early 1990s by its co-founders and producers, Ted Hope and James Schamus. David Linde joined in the late 90s to start the international sales company. They sold the company to Universal Pictures in 2001; in 2002 it was acquired by Vivendi SA, which merged it with USA Films to create Focus Features. Hope, along with the heads of production development and business affairs (Anthony Bregman, Anne Carey, and Diana Victor) then went on to form the independent production company This is that corporation.
In 2001, the Museum of Modern Art celebrated a ten-year anniversary of Good Machine's work, commemorating their support of international and domestic filmmakers.
Good Machine rode the wave of independent film success in the early 1990s, bringing the work of Ang Lee, Hal Hartley, and Nicole Holofcener to the attention of American and international audiences. It was involved in production and/or distribution of a number of films, including Lee's The Ice Storm and Ride with the Devil; Hal Hartley projects such as Flirt (1995), Edward Burns's The Brothers McMullen and Todd Solondz's
HBO (Home Box Office) is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner, under the operating subsidiary Home Box Office Inc. As of January 2012, HBO's programming reaches 29 million subscribers in the United States, making it the second largest premium network in the United States (Encore's programming reaches 33.2 million subscribers as of March 2012). In addition to its U.S. subscriber base, HBO also broadcasts in at least 151 countries worldwide.
HBO's programming consists primarily of theatrically released motion pictures and original series, along with made-for-cable movies and documentaries, boxing matches, and occasional stand-up comedy and concert specials.
In 1965, Charles Dolan, who had already done pioneering work in the commercial use of cables, won a franchise to build a cable system in Lower Manhattan in New York. The new system, which Dolan called "Sterling Manhattan Cable", became the first urban underground cable system in the United States. Rather than stringing cable on telephone poles or using microwave antennas to receive the signals, Sterling laid underground cable beneath the streets of Manhattan — because the multitude of tall buildings
Hot House Entertainment is a San Francisco-based gay pornography studio founded in 1993 by director Steven Scarborough. The company has several video lines and web properties. In 2002 Scarborough was honored at the GayVN Awards where he was inducted into the Hall of Fame; he also earned a spot on the Gay Chicago Magazine's Wall of Fame at the 2004 Grabby Awards.
Kingdom Builders Productions was founded by Roderick L. Evans. Its vision is to strengthen and encourage the Body of Christ through audio and visual mediums. In addition, Kingdom Builders Productions has future plans to promote the gospel of Christ through stage and drama productions.
Left Bank Pictures is an English film and television production company. It was formed in 2007 by Andy Harries, formerly controller of drama, comedy and film at Granada Productions, and Francis Hopkinson and Marigo Kehoe. The company is the first British media company to receive investment from BBC Worldwide, the commercial venture of the BBC; BBC Worldwide took a 25% equity stake, worth £1 million, in Left Bank in exchange for first-look distribution rights on all television productions. The company operates both television and film production departments. Key personnel are managing director Marigo Kehoe, formerly head of production in Harries' drama department at Granada, Francis Hopkinson, formerly senior commissioning editor of drama at Channel 4, and Suzanne Mackie, formerly director of development at Harbour Pictures.
Left Bank Pictures' productions include the television series Wallander, School of Comedy and Zen, and the film The Damned United.
Left Bank Pictures was founded in 2007 by Andy Harries, formerly controller of drama, comedy and film at Granada Productions, Francis Hopkinson and Marigo Kehoe. The company is the first British media company to receive equity
Nocturnes Productions is a French production company founded in 2007 by Olivier Bohler and Raphaël Millet.
Nocturnes Productions produces mainly documentary films about cinema and film-makers, such as Code Name Melville directed by Olivier Bohler and Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memory directed by Raphaël Millet, Melville-Delon : d'honneur et de nuit directed by Olivier Bohler, as well as arthouse documentaries such as November directed by Abel Davoine.
It also produces short films, such as Halfway There (original French title: À Mi-chemin) directed by Arnaud Bénoliel, feature films like The Test (adapted from Pierre Boulle's eponymous novel), as well as corporate movies such as Magic of Cinema (original French title: La Magie du cinéma) for the Dubai International Film Festival and Baba Bling for Singapore's National Heritage Board.
Pakshiraja Studios was a motion picture movie studio in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, established by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu in 1945.The studio has released movies in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam and Sinhala under the banner Pakshiraja Films. The Studio had major releases in 1950s and early 1960s and is well known for some blockbusters of the times.
During the early 1930s Coimbatore became a hub for some of the South Indian language movies, especially Tamil & Telugu when S. M. Sriramulu Naidu and other industrialists started Central Studios. Then popular movie director became the creative head and started making his own movies under the banner Pakshiraja Films. By the early 1930s another Movie studio 'Premier Cinetone Studio' was under operation in Red Fields, Coimbatore. In 1945 S. M. Sriramulu Naidu left Central Studios and took over the Premier Cinetone Studio located in Puliyakulam Road, Red Fields, Coimbatore. He further constructed new floors and infrastructure and made it a full-fledged Movie Studio with in-house processing labs.
The most popular hits to come from that studio was M. G. R and Banumathi starrer Malaikkallan in 1955 and the Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari
Participant Media (formerly known as Participant Productions) is an American film- and television-production company which finances and produces socially relevant films and documentaries. The company is described as being politically active: its films are typically based on current events and topical subjects and presented in such a way to inspire viewers to advocate for social change. The studio has produced or co-produced a number of award-winning fiction films and documentaries. By the end of its second year in business, its films had been nominated for 11 Academy Awards. By the end of the 2011 awards season, its films had been nominated for Oscars 22 times, and won five statuettes.
The company was founded in June 2004 as Participant Productions by Jeffrey Skoll, the "second employee" of eBay, to produce projects that were both commercially viable and socially relevant. Skoll had earlier co-founded Ovation Entertainment, a start-up film production company, in 2001 but quit the company in the summer of 2003. Skoll began discussions with Hollywood insiders, technical experts and financiers in September 2003 to educate himself about film production. One of Skoll's critical advisors
Raging Stallion Studios based in San Francisco, California, is a major adult film studio and one of the world's largest producers of gay pornography. It was begun by Chris Ward and J. D. Slater; Michael Brandon later became a co-owner. Michael Brandon starred in several Raging Stallion films before deciding to buy into the company. All three have produced and directed video features released by the company. Ward focused on doing fetish features with fisting; Slater has a "Centurion Muscle" line; Brandon did a "Monster Bang" line. Slater also worked on soundtracks for the films, and has released some of this music on CDs.
In 2005, Raging Stallion released 22 new feature films.
Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) is the public broadcasting organization of the French Community of Belgium, the southern, French-speaking part of Belgium. Its counterpart in the northern part of the country is the Dutch-language Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep (VRT).
RTBF operates four television channels – La Une, La Deux, La Trois and Arte Belgique – together with a number of radio channels, La Première, RTBF International, VivaCité, Musiq3, Classic 21, and PureFM.
The organization's headquarters in Brussels are sometimes referred to colloquially as Reyers. This comes from the name of the avenue where RTBF's main building is located, the Boulevard Auguste Reyers (in Dutch: Auguste Reyerslaan).
Originally named INR – Institut national belge de radiodiffusion (Dutch: NIR – Belgisch Nationaal Instituut voor Radio-omroep), the state-controlled broadcaster was established by law on 18 June 1930. On 14 June 1940 the INR was forced to cease broadcasting as a result of the German invasion. The German occupying forces, who now oversaw its management, changed the INR's name to Radio Bruxelles. A number of INR personnel were able to relocate to the BBC's studios in London from
Section Eight Productions was a production company founded in 2000 by film director Steven Soderbergh and film actor George Clooney. It produced the critical hits Far From Heaven, Insomnia, Syriana, A Scanner Darkly and Michael Clayton, as well as Clooney-directed films Confessions of a Dangerous Mind and Good Night, and Good Luck. In 2005, Syriana and Good Night, and Good Luck picked up eight Oscars nominations between them. With Soderbergh citing a desire to focus on directing, he and Clooney shut down Section Eight at the end of 2006.
On August 1 2006, George Clooney started another film production company named Smokehouse Pictures, with friend and long time production partner Grant Heslov.
Walt Disney Pictures is an American film studio owned by The Walt Disney Company. It is also a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Studios and the main production company for live-action feature films within the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, based at the Walt Disney Studios.
Animated features produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar Animation Studios, DisneyToon Studios and Studio Ghibli (North America distribution) are usually released by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures under the Walt Disney Pictures banner. Exceptions include Who Framed Roger Rabbit and The Nightmare Before Christmas which were originally released under Disney's Touchstone imprint, though the Roger Rabbit theatrical shorts and re-releases of Nightmare have been under the Disney banner.
Beginning in 2011, the studio's production logo and on-screen credit was shortened to simply "Disney".
Nearly all of Walt Disney Pictures' releases are distributed theatrically by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and through home media platforms via Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. A very select amount of films by Walt Disney Pictures are distributed in Canada by another billion-dollar franchise known as
Working Title Films is a British film production company, based in London. The company was founded by Tim Bevan and Sarah Radclyffe in 1983. It produces feature films and several television productions, including films starring comic actor Rowan Atkinson. Eric Fellner and Bevan are now the co-owners of the company.
Working Title Films was co-founded by producers Tim Bevan and Sarah Radclyffe in 1983. In 1992, PolyGram became the company's corporate backer. Radclyffe left Working Title, and Eric Fellner, a fellow independent film producer, joined the company. The company produced a variety of films for PolyGram's London-based production company PolyGram Filmed Entertainment. An Anglo-Dutch film studio, PolyGram Films became a major Hollywood competitor. In 1999, PolyGram was sold to Seagram and merged with MCA Music Entertainment, to form Universal Music Group. PolyGram Films was sold and folded into Universal Studios in 1999.
Although contractually allowed to produce any film with a budget of up to $35 million, on a practical basis, Bevan and Fellner consult with studio executive at Working Title's parent company NBCUniversal. Working Title is located in London, and is known for
Zagreb Film is a Croatian film-producing company from Zagreb, founded in 1953. They have produced hundreds of animated films, documentaries, television commercials, educational films and several feature films.
Their probably most famous product was the cartoon series Professor Balthazar (Croatian: Profesor Baltazar), created by Zlatko Grgić, about an amusing professor who solved various imaginative problems. Another popular cartoon of theirs was Inspector Mask (Inspektor Maska).
Zagreb Film was founded in 1953 with the main profile of an animated films production company. Since then, more than 600 animated films, 14 feature films, about 600 documentaries and 800 commercials as well as 600 educational films were produced in this studio. Also we have to mention 30,000 meters of archive material that was shot about the city of Zagreb and another 30 hours of material was shot on a DVCAM. The company operates on three locations; one with ateliers for artists, shooting equipment, small theatre and one with film warehouse, video multiplication room and administration. The third location is used for commercial purposes. During all these years, Zagreb Film received more than 400 awards on