Top List Curated by Listnerd
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  • Nov 27th 2012
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Best Person of All Time

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    1
    Kaká

    Kaká

    • Date of birth: 1982-04-22
    • Country of nationality: Brazil
    • Profession: Football player
    Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁiˈkaɾdu iˈzɛksõw duˈsɐ̃tus ˈlejtʃi]; born 22 April 1982), commonly known as Kaká (Portuguese: [kaˈka] ( listen)), is a Brazilian football attacking midfielder who currently plays for Spanish La Liga club Real Madrid and the Brazilian national team. Kaká started his footballing career at the age of eight, when he began playing for a local club. At the time, he also played tennis, and it was not until he moved on to São Paulo FC and signed his first professional contract with the club at the age of 15 that he chose to focus on football. In 2003 he joined Milan for a fee of €8.5 million. While at Milan, Kaká won the Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards in 2007. After his success with Milan, Kaká joined Real Madrid for a transfer fee of €65 million, second only to that of Zinedine Zidane, €75 million. Later Real Madrid transferred Cristiano Ronaldo for a fee of €96 million, setting a new transfer fee record, making Kaká's fee the third highest ever. In addition to his contributions on the pitch, Kaká is known for his humanitarian work. In 2004, by the time of his appointment, he became the youngest ambassador
    6.30
    10 votes
    2
    William Hoare

    William Hoare

    • Date of birth: 1707
    • Country of nationality: England
    • Profession: Góóól
    William Hoare of Bath RA (c. 1707 – 12 December 1792) was an English portraitist, painter and printmaker; he was the leading Portraitist at Bath, Somerset until the arrival in the town of Thomas Gainsborough. Noted for his pastels, he was a foundation member of the Royal Academy. Born near Eye, Suffolk, Hoare received a gentleman’s education in Faringdon. He showed an aptitude for drawing and was sent to London to study under Giuseppe Grisoni, who had left Florence for London in 1715. When Grisoni returned to Italy in 1728, Hoare went with him, travelling to Rome and continuing his studies under the direction of Francesco Imperiali. He remained in Rome for nine years, returning to London in 1737/8. Failing to establish himself in London, Hoare settled in Bath, an expanding spa town popular with the wealthier classes. He obtained numerous commissions, the most important being for official portraits of social leaders of the day (including George Frideric Handel) and political men (e.g., Prime Ministers Robert Walpole and William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, c.1754). There are several versions of most of these, suggesting that he had a studio, and they were further publicised by the
    7.50
    8 votes
    3
    Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Mandela

    • Date of birth: 1918-07-18
    • Country of nationality: South Africa
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; born 18 July 1918) is a South African politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first ever to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before being elected President, Mandela was a militant anti-apartheid activist, and the leader and co-founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and other charges, and sentenced to life imprisonment. Mandela went on to serve 27 years in prison, spending many of these years on Robben Island. Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990, Mandela led his party in the negotiations that led to the establishment of democracy in 1994. As President, he frequently gave priority to reconciliation, while introducing policies aimed at combating poverty and inequality in South Africa. In South Africa, Mandela is often known as Madiba, his Xhosa clan name; or as tata (Xhosa: father). Mandela has received more than 250 awards over four decades. Nelson Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty, which reigns in the Transkei region of
    7.57
    7 votes
    4
    Mawlana Faizani

    Mawlana Faizani

    • Date of birth: 1923-04-17
    • Profession: Philosopher
    Muhammad Atta-ullah Faizani was born 17 April 1923 (the twenty-first day of Ramadan of that year) in Herat, Afghanistan to a family of miagan (religious scholars descended from a great Islamic saint). The honorific "Faizani", a derivation of an Arabic word which denotes something that overflows with God's light (blessings), was bestowed upon him by the imam of the Kaaba during his Hajj. As a child Faizani was home-schooled in the traditional Afghan manner. Entering his teens, Faizani studied at a High School in Herat and finally at Kabul University, where he graduated in 1941. For eight years following his graduation he served as a High School principal in his hometown until a passion for God overcame him. At this time Faizani left home and traveled widely throughout the Islamic world of the mid-20th century seeking knowledge of Islam and its various practices. As this period of traveling drew to a close, there came an intensification of his spiritual rigor and practices. He returned to Herat and secluded himself within a cave at a local mosque. There he remained for five years performing ascetic practices including long periods of fasting, Zhikr and fikr (also called taffakkur or
    8.33
    6 votes
    5
    Edgar Quinet

    Edgar Quinet

    • Date of birth: 1803-02-17
    • Country of nationality: France
    • Profession: Journalist
    Edgar Quinet (February 17, 1803–March 27, 1875) was a French historian and intellectual. Born at Bourg-en-Bresse, in the département of Ain. His father, Jérôme Quinet, had been a commissary in the army, but being a strong republican and disgusted with Napoleon's 18 Brumaire coup, he gave up his post and devoted himself to scientific and mathematical study. Edgar, who was an only child, was usually alone, but his mother (Eugénie Rozat Lagis, who was an educated person with strong, albeit original, Protestant religious views) exercised great influence over him. He was sent to school first in Bourg and then in Lyon. His father wished him on leaving school to go into the army, and then enter a business career. However, Quinet was determined to engage in literature, and after a time got his way when he moved to Paris in 1820. . His first publication, the Tablettes du juif errant ("Tablets of the Wandering Jew"),which appeared in 1823, symbolized the progress of humanity. He became impressed with German intellectual writing and undertook translating Johann Gottfried Herder's Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit ("Outlines of Philosophy of the History of Man") learnt
    7.14
    7 votes
    6
    Orel Hershiser

    Orel Hershiser

    • Date of birth: 1958-09-16
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Orel Leonard Hershiser IV (born September 16, 1958) is an American former Major League Baseball starting pitcher. He is currently an analyst for Baseball Tonight and Sunday Night Baseball on ESPN and a professional poker player for PokerStars. Hershiser was a three-time All-Star and won the Gold Glove, Cy Young Award, NLCS MVP and World Series MVP with the Dodgers in 1988. He also holds the Major League record for most consecutive scoreless innings pitched, pitching 59 consecutive innings without giving up a run from August 30, 1988 to September 28, 1988. Known for his slight frame and fierce competitive spirit, Hershiser was nicknamed "Bulldog" by former Los Angeles Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda, who managed Hershiser during his time with the Dodgers. Hershiser was born in Buffalo, New York to Mildred I. Gillman and Orel Leonard Hershiser III. From 1973 to 1975, he participated in ice hockey with the Don Mills Flyers of the Greater Toronto Hockey League. He attended Cherry Hill High School East in Cherry Hill, New Jersey, where he was the star pitcher on the school's baseball team. He played at Bowling Green State University, where he first caught the attention of pro scouts as a
    8.00
    6 votes
    7
    Richard V. Gotti

    Richard V. Gotti

    • Date of birth: 1942
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Mafioso
    Richard V. Gotti (born 1942) is a capo in the Gambino crime family. Richard was born in 1942 to John Gotti, Sr. and his wife Fannie. Richard's brothers included deceased Gambino boss John, capo Gene, former boss Peter, and Vincent Gotti. Richard has a son, Richard G. Gotti, who also belongs to the Gambino family. Richard had a strange fascination with grass and would later work as a groundskeeper at Yankee Stadium. Richard became a Gambino associate in 1962 and was first arrested in 1969 for statutory rape. Richard was given the job of general manager for the Our Friends Social Club, at his brother John's urging. Richard and an accomplice once tried to rob a high stakes poker game in a Manhattan hotel room. Brandishing sawed-off shotguns, they demanded the players turn over their money. Hardly bothering to look up from their cards, the players told them to go to hell. The players then began throwing poker chips at them and chased them off down the hallway. By 1988, Richard had become a made man and by 1999 a caporegime. On June 5, 2002, Richard was indicted on racketeering and extortion charges, mainly involving Gambino crimes at an International Longshoremen's Association local
    7.00
    7 votes
    8
    Sherrod Brown

    Sherrod Brown

    • Date of birth: 1952-11-09
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Politician
    Sherrod Campbell Brown (born November 9, 1952) is the senior United States Senator from Ohio and a member of the Democratic Party. Before his election to the U.S. Senate, he was a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 13th congressional district from 1993 to 2007. He previously served as the Ohio Secretary of State (1983–1991) and a member of the Ohio House of Representatives (1974–1982). Brown defeated two-term Republican incumbent Mike DeWine in the 2006 U.S. Senate election. In the U.S. Senate, he is chairman of the Agriculture Subcommittee on Hunger, Nutrition and Family Farms and the Banking Subcommittee on Economic Policy, and is also a member of the Committee on Appropriations, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, and Select Committee on Ethics. Brown was born in Mansfield, Ohio, the son of Emily (née Campbell) and Charles Gailey Brown, M.D. He was named after his maternal grandfather. He became an Eagle Scout in 1967. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Russian studies from Yale University in 1974. At Yale, he was in Davenport College, the same residential college as U.S. Presidents George H. W. and George W. Bush. He went on to receive a
    7.83
    6 votes
    9
    Solomon Alexander Hart

    Solomon Alexander Hart

    • Date of birth: 1806-04
    • Country of nationality: England
    Solomon Alexander Hart (April 1806 – 11 June 1881) was a British painter and engraver. He was the first Jewish member of the Royal Academy in London and was probably the most important Jewish artist working in England in the 19th century. He was born at Plymouth, the son of Samuel Hart, a Jewish goldsmith, engraver, and Hebrew teacher. He remained an observant Jew all his life. He and his father moved to London in 1820, to be placed as a pupil with Charles Warren to study line engraving. Solomon began his studies by drawing classical sculpture at the British Museum, but had to support himself and his father by painting miniature copies and colouring theatrical prints in the evenings. In 1823 he was admitted to the Royal Academy Schools and began to exhibit there three years later. He became celebrated as a painter of historical scenes and characters. In 1828, he exhibited a painting in oils at the British Institution, which was favourably received, and from that time he devoted himself chiefly to historical and genre compositions. He at once achieved a reputation by some scenes from the Jewish ceremonial. Hart's early works include scenes like the well received Interior of a Polish
    9.00
    5 votes
    10
    Anne Kat Hærland

    Anne Kat Hærland

    • Date of birth: 1972-03-27
    • Country of nationality: Norway
    Anne Katrine Hærland (born 27 March 1972) is a Norwegian satirical comedienne mostly known for her regular appearance on the weekly news satire show Nytt på nytt. She made her television debut in 1996 with the show Direkte lykke, and then had two more shows Bombay Surprise (1997) and Bla bla bla (1999). From 1999 to 2007 she worked in Nytt på nytt. In 2005 she wrote a book called: Krig & Fred & Religion & Politikk & Sånn (War & Peace & Religion & Politics & Stuff).
    8.20
    5 votes
    11
    Ken Oberkfell

    Ken Oberkfell

    • Date of birth: 1956-05-04
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Kenneth Raymond Oberkfell (born May 4, 1956, in Highland, Illinois) is an American former Major League Baseball third baseman and ex-coach for the New York Mets. Oberkfell served the manager of the Newark Bears of the independent Can-Am League during the 2012 season, before stepping down in August. He played from 1977-1992 for six different teams. Oberkfell primarily played third base but was also played over 400 career games at second base. He also served as the manager of the New Orleans Zephyrs from January 4, 2007 until June 17, 2008. He was named the New York Mets bench coach for the 2011 season, but was not hired back for 2012. Signed by the St. Louis Cardinals as an amateur free agent in 1975, Oberkfell would make his Major League Baseball debut with the St. Louis Cardinals on August 22, 1977, and appear in his final game on October 4, 1992. Oberkfell was a member of the 1982 World Series Champion St. Louis Cardinals, hitting .292 in that series. During his stint with the pennant winning San Francisco Giants, the team held an Oberkfellfest in his honor at Candlestick Park. After his retirement as a player in 1992, Oberkfell embarked on a successful managerial career that saw
    9.00
    4 votes
    12
    Abdulaziz al-Omari

    Abdulaziz al-Omari

    • Date of birth: 1979-05-28
    An airport security guard and Imam, Abdulaziz al-Omari (Arabic: عبد العزيز العمري‎, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-ʿUmarī, also transliterated as Alomari or al-Umari) (May 28, 1979 – September 11, 2001) was one of five hijackers of American Airlines Flight 11 as part of the September 11 attacks. A Saudi, Omari arrived in the United States in June 2001, on a tourist visa, obtained through the Visa Express program. On September 11, 2001, Omari boarded American Airlines Flight 11 and assisted in the hijacking of the plane, which was crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center, as part of the coordinated attacks. Little is known about Omari's life, and it is unclear whether some information refers to Omari or another person by that name. He has used birth dates of December 24, 1972 and May 28, 1979. Omari came from Asir Province, a poor region in southwestern Saudi Arabia that borders Yemen, and graduated with honours from high school, attained a degree from the Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, was married, and had a daughter. He is alleged to have often served as an Imam at his mosque in Saudi Arabia and is believed by American Authorities to have been a student of a Saudi
    7.60
    5 votes
    13
    Fess Parker

    Fess Parker

    • Date of birth: 1924-08-16
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Actor
    Fess Elisha Parker, Jr. (August 16, 1924 – March 18, 2010) was an American film and television actor best known for his portrayals of Davy Crockett in the Walt Disney 1955–56 TV mini-series and as TV's Daniel Boone from 1964 to 1970. He was also known as a wine maker and resort owner-operator. The Fess Parker Winery is one of the wineries along the famous Foxen Canyon Wine Trail. Fess Parker was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and grew up on a farm near San Angelo. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in the latter part of World War II, hoping to become a pilot. He was turned down because he was too tall at 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m). He then tried to become a radioman gunner, but he was found too big to fit comfortably into the rear cockpit. He was finally transferred to the Marine Corps as a radio operator and shipped out for the South Pacific shortly before the atom bomb ended the war. Discharged in 1946, he enrolled in Hardin-Simmons on the GI Bill. He was stabbed in the neck by another driver during a post-collision argument. He was an active member of the H-SU Players Club and transferred to the University of Texas in 1947 as a history major and continued to be active in dramatics. Parker
    7.60
    5 votes
    14
    Thomas Vanek

    Thomas Vanek

    • Date of birth: 1984-01-19
    • Country of nationality: Austria
    • Profession: Ice hockey player
    Thomas Vanek (born January 19, 1984) is an Austrian professional ice hockey left winger, an alternate captain for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL). Vanek was drafted by the Sabres fifth overall in the 2003 NHL Entry Draft, making him the highest draft pick in Austrian history. Vanek was born in Baden bei Wien, Austria, to Slovak mother Jarmila and father Zdeněk, who moved in 1982 from Czechoslovakia to Austria. He grew up in Zell am See (Salzburg) and in Graz (Styria), where his father played professional ice hockey. He moved in 1998, at age 14, to the United States, where he attended and graduated from O'Gorman High School while playing junior hockey for the Sioux Falls Stampede. Vanek is married to his longtime girlfriend Ashley. They have three sons, Blake Thomas and twins Luka Robert and Kade Ashton. They also have a dog named Diesel. After playing junior hockey for the Sioux Falls Stampede of the United States Hockey League (USHL), Vanek joined the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers, leading the team in goals (31), assists (31) and points (62) in the 2002–03 season. In part to his prolific scoring touch, the Golden Gophers won the 2003 NCAA National
    7.60
    5 votes
    15
    Lou Whittaker

    Lou Whittaker

    • Date of birth: 1929-02-10
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Mountaineering
    Lou Whittaker (born in Seattle, Washington on February 10, 1929) is a mountaineer and glacier-travel guide. Whittaker and his twin brother Jim were born and raised in Seattle. Besides his worldwide climbing experience, he became the most experienced guide for climbing Mount Rainier with over 250 summits and established Rainier Mountaineering, Inc., developed a group of successful climbing-related businesses at the Rainier Base Camp in Ashford, Washington, adjacent to Mount Rainier National Park, and led the training of several generations of Rainier guides, many of whom continue to guide and climb elsewhere. He also led the first American ascent of the North Col of Mount Everest in 1984. He has recorded his experiences in Lou Whittaker - Memoirs of a Mountain Guide, written with Andrea Gabbard. He is also the founder of Rainier Mountaineering, Inc, a Washington state guiding company.
    8.75
    4 votes
    16
    Henry Matthews, 1st Viscount Llandaff

    Henry Matthews, 1st Viscount Llandaff

    • Date of birth: 1826-01-13
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    Henry Matthews, 1st Viscount Llandaff PC, QC (13 January 1826 – 3 April 1913) was a British lawyer and Conservative politician. He is best remembered for his role in the 1885 Sir Charles Dilke divorce trial and for his tenure as Home Secretary from 1886 to 1892. The member of an old Herefordshire family, Matthews was born in Ceylon, where his father, Henry Matthews (1789–1828), was a puisne judge of the Supreme Court. His grandfather John Matthews had represented Herefordshire in Parliament in the early years of the 19th century. His mother was Emma (d. 1861), daughter of William Blount. Matthews was educated at the University of Paris, graduating in 1844, before going on to study at the University of London, from which he graduated successively BA and LLB. Matthews was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1850 and practised on the Oxford circuit before becoming secretary to the Earl Marshal in 1864, a position he held for five years. He was made a Queen's Counsel in 1868. At the bar, Matthews made a good name for himself, being especially noted for examination of witnesses. Most famous was his 1885 cross examination of Sir Charles Dilke in a famous divorce case, which essentially
    7.40
    5 votes
    17
    Michael Bush

    Michael Bush

    • Date of birth: 1984-06-16
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Michael Bush (born June 16, 1984) is an American football running back for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Oakland Raiders in the fourth round of the 2007 NFL Draft. He played college football at Louisville. Bush attended Louisville Male High School where he played quarterback his senior year after seeing action at defensive back, defensive end, linebacker, running back, safety, and wide receiver over his career. As a senior, he led the Bulldogs to the state championship game in Kentucky's highest class. In a showdown with future Louisville teammate Brian Brohm and his Trinity Shamrocks, Bush threw for 468 yards and six touchdowns and ran for 116 yards and another touchdown in a 59-56 loss. He also caught two passes for 24 yards, returned a punt and a kickoff, and made five tackles on defense. Following a successful high school career, Bush became a highly sought after college recruit. He turned down offers from several more established programs (including Ohio State) to stay at home and attend the University of Louisville, largely because head coach Bobby Petrino promised the opportunity to play quarterback, his preferred position. As a
    8.50
    4 votes
    18
    Åge Hareide

    Åge Hareide

    • Date of birth: 1953-09-23
    • Country of nationality: Norway
    • Profession: Coach
    Åge Fridtjof Hareide (born 23 September 1953 in Hareid) is a Norwegian football manager and former player currently managing Helsinborg in Allsvenskan. As a player, he played for Hødd and Molde in Norway as well as Manchester City and Norwich City in England. Hareide was capped 50 times playing for Norway. He is currently the caretaker manager of Helsingborgs IF in Allsvenskan. As a coach, Hareide has won the league in all the Scandinavian countries, and been in charge of Norway from 2003 to 2008. During his playing career, Hareide played for Hødd, Molde, Manchester City and Norwich City. He was also an active player for the Norwegian national team from 1976 through 1986, scoring five goals in 50 matches. As a coach he has won three European countries' national league championships, namely that of Denmark, Sweden and his native Norway, placing him alongside Trond Sollied and Sven-Göran Eriksson while Ernst Happel and Giovanni Trapattoni have won championships in four different countries. In the mid 1990s, Norweigan millionaires Kjell Inge Rokke and Bjorn Rune Gjelsten were reportedly interested in bringing Hareide back to Manchester City as manager if their bid to take over the
    7.00
    5 votes
    19
    Jacob Georg Agardh

    Jacob Georg Agardh

    • Date of birth: 1813-12-08
    • Country of nationality: Sweden
    • Profession: Botanist
    Jacob Georg Agardh (8 December 1813, Lund, Sweden – 7 January 1901, Lund, Sweden) was a Swedish botanist, phycologist, and taxonomist. He was the son of Carl Adolph Agardh, and from 1854 until 1879 was professor of botany at Lund University. Agardh designed the current 1862 blueprints for the botanical garden Botaniska trädgården in Lund. In 1849, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Agardh was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1878. His principal work, Species, Genera et Ordines Algarum (4 vols., Lund, 1848-63), was a standard authority.
    7.00
    5 votes
    20
    Louise Goff Reece

    Louise Goff Reece

    • Date of birth: 1898-11-06
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Banker
    Louise Goff Reece (November 6, 1898 – May 14, 1970) was a United States Representative from Tennessee. Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, she was a daughter of Guy D. Goff and granddaughter of Nathan Goff, both of whom were U.S. Senators from West Virginia. She was educated at Miss Treat's School, Milwaukee-Downer Seminary, and Miss Spence's School in New York City. She was a member of the board of the First Peoples Bank, Johnson City, Tennessee and chairman of the board of Carter County Bank, Elizabethton, Tennessee. She was also proprietor and manager of Goff Properties in Clarksburg, West Virginia. She was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-seventh Congress May 16, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Brazilla Carroll Reece, and served until January 3, 1963. She was not a candidate for renomination in 1962 to the Eighty-eighth Congress. Reece remained active in State and national politics and was a businesswoman with wide interests in Tennessee and West Virginia. She died in Johnson City in 1970; interment was in Monte Vista Burial Park. Her husband, B. Carroll Reece, was an eighteen-term Representative from Tennessee.
    7.00
    5 votes
    21
    Tim Allen

    Tim Allen

    • Date of birth: 1953-06-13
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Comedian
    Tim Allen (born Timothy Alan Dick; June 13, 1953) is an American comedian, actor, voice-over artist, and entertainer, known for his role in the sitcom Home Improvement. He is also known for his starring roles in several popular films, including the voice of Buzz Lightyear in the Toy Story film series, The Santa Clause film series, and Galaxy Quest. Allen currently stars in the ABC sitcom Last Man Standing. Born in Denver, Colorado, Allen is the son of Martha Katherine (née Fox), a community-service worker, and Gerald M. Dick, a real estate agent. He is the third oldest of five brothers. His father died in a car accident, colliding with a drunk driver, when Allen was 11. Two years later, his mother married her high school sweetheart, a successful business executive, and moved with her six children to Birmingham, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, to be with her new husband and his three children. Allen attended Ernest W. Seaholm High School in Birmingham, where he was in theater and music classes (resulting in his love of classical piano). He then attended Central Michigan University and transferred to Western Michigan University in 1974. At Western Michigan, Allen worked at the student
    7.00
    5 votes
    22
    Tony Dorsett

    Tony Dorsett

    • Date of birth: 1954-04-07
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Anthony "Tony" Drew Dorsett (born April 7, 1954) is a former American football running back in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys and Denver Broncos. The son of Wes and Myrtle, Dorsett grew up in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. He attended Hopewell High School, where he played football and basketball. As a high school sophomore in 1970, Dorsett started at cornerback, as his coaches did not believe the 147-pound Dorsett was big enough to play running back, the position he played in junior high school. In 1971, a competition between Dorsett and sophomore Michael Kimbrough for the starting running back position ended after Dorsett took a screen pass 75 yards for a touchdown against Ambridge during the season opener. Dorsett ended the year as an All-State selection after rushing for 1,034 yards and scoring 19 touchdowns, while leading the Vikings to a 9-1 season. He also remained a starting cornerback on the defensive side. In basketball Dorsett helped his team reach the WPIAL quarterfinals. In 1972 he was again an All-state Selection, after setting a single game rushing record with 247 yards against Sharon, a single season rushing record with 1,238 yards and
    7.00
    5 votes
    23
    Luther Perkins

    Luther Perkins

    • Date of birth: 1928-01-08
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Musician
    Luther Monroe Perkins (January 8, 1928 – August 5, 1968) was an American country music guitarist and a member of the Tennessee Three, the backup band for singer Johnny Cash. Perkins was an iconic figure in what would become known as rockabilly music. His creatively simple, sparsely-embellished, rhythmic use of Fender Esquire, Jazzmaster and Jaguar guitars is credited for creating Cash's signature "boom-chicka-boom" style. Perkins was born in Memphis, Tennessee, the son of a Baptist preacher. He grew up in Como, Mississippi, and taught himself to play rhythm guitar. Perkins started his career in 1953 as a mechanic at Automobile Sales Company in Memphis. He specialized in electrical systems and radio repairs. Roy Cash, Sr., older brother of Johnny Cash, was service manager at the dealership. At the time, the younger Cash was stationed in Germany with the US Air Force. At Automobile Sales, Perkins met co-workers Marshall Grant and A.W. 'Red' Kernodle. Grant, Kernodle and Perkins began bringing their guitars to work, and would play together when repair business was slow. When Johnny Cash moved to Memphis after returning from Germany in 1954, Ray Cash introduced him to Grant, Kernodle
    9.33
    3 votes
    24
    Elaine S. Edwards

    Elaine S. Edwards

    • Date of birth: 1929-03-08
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Politician
    Elaine Schwartzenburg Edwards (born March 8, 1929) is a former United States Senator and the first wife of Edwin Washington Edwards, making her a former First Lady of Louisiana. Edwards was born in Marksville, the seat of Avoyelles Parish, to Errol Schwartzenburg (1909-1999)and Myrl Dupuy Schwartzenburg (1907-2001). She married Edwin Edwards in 1949. On August 1, 1972, Edwin Edwards appointed Elaine to the U.S. Senate after the death of Allen Ellender. Edwin's reasons for appointing his wife included her willingness to resign after a new senator was elected and her agreement with his political philosophy. However, during the 1976 presidential election campaign, Elaine endorsed Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter, while her husband first endorsed California governor Jerry Brown, and later endorsed Carter after Brown didn't get the nomination. An observer said that Elaine Edwards "wanted the opposite of what Edwin wanted. She hated the fishbowl of politics." Edwin and Elaine Edwards divorced in 1989 after 40 years of marriage. She is the mother of four children, including Stephen Edwards, who was convicted alongside his father in 2000, stemming from a riverboat casino licensing scheme. The
    8.00
    4 votes
    25
    Ernie Dingo

    Ernie Dingo

    • Date of birth: 1956-07-31
    • Country of nationality: Australia
    • Profession: Presenter
    Ernie Dingo AM (born 31 July 1956 at Bullardoo Station) is an Indigenous Australian actor and television presenter originating from the Yamatji people of the Murchison region of Western Australia. Born Ernest Ashley Dingo on 31 July 1956, in Bullardoo Station, he was the second child of nine. He grew up in Mullewa with his family. He went to Prospect Primary and then Geraldton High School. He came to acting after moving to Perth and meeting Richard Walley, with whom he played basketball in a local team. Ernie went on to play state league first division for the East Perth Eagles. Dingo has had a distinguished career as an actor and presenter in film and television. has also promoted the Generation One "Hand Across Australia" which was a promotion for Indigenous equality. With Richard Walley created a controversial "welcome to country" ceremony after dancers from the Pacific would not perform without one in Perth in 1976. Dingo's film career commenced in the 1980s and he appeared regularly on screen through the 1990s. He appeared in Bruce Beresford's 1987 drama The Fringe Dwellers and worked on the 1988 docu-drama biopic Tudawali. He had a major supporting role in the international
    8.00
    4 votes
    26
    Ian Meckiff

    Ian Meckiff

    • Date of birth: 1935-01-06
    • Country of nationality: Australia
    Ian Meckiff (born 6 January 1935 in Mentone, Victoria, Australia) is a former cricketer who represented Australia in 18 Tests between 1957 and 1963. A left-arm fast bowler, he is best known for two matters that were unrelated to his skill as a player: He was the batsman run out by Joe Solomon in 1960, causing the first Tied Test in cricket history; and in December 1963, his career was sensationally ended when he was called for throwing in the First Test against South Africa by Australian umpire Col Egar. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, there had been a media frenzy about the perceived prevalence of illegal bowling actions in world cricket. The controversy and speculation that dogged Meckiff in the years preceding his final match caused sections of the cricket community to believe that he had been made a scapegoat by the Australian cricket authorities to prove their intent to stamp out throwing. With an unconventional front-on bowling action, Meckiff progressed through the district cricket ranks at South Melbourne Cricket Club, making his first-class debut for Victoria in 1956–57. After a productive first season, Meckiff was named in a new-look Australian team for the 1957–58
    8.00
    4 votes
    27
    Jack Clark

    Jack Clark

    • Date of birth: 1955-11-10
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Jack Anthony Clark (born November 10, 1955), also known as "Jack the Ripper," is a former Major League Baseball player. From 1975 through 1992, Clark played for the San Francisco Giants (1975–84), St. Louis Cardinals (1985–87), New York Yankees (1988), San Diego Padres (1989–90) and Boston Red Sox (1991–92). He batted and threw right-handed. Clark started his major league career with the San Francisco Giants in 1975 as a right fielder and the youngest player in 1975 (19). He won the first Willie Mac Award in 1980 for his spirit and leadership. Clark frequently complained about the cold and windy condition at Candlestick Park, the Giants' home park. He had a rift with manager Frank Robinson, and some members of the Giants front office thought Clark took to long to recover from injuries. On February 1, 1985, Clark was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for shortstop José Uribe, pitcher Dave LaPoint, and first basemen-outfielders David Green and Gary Rajsich. He switched to first base to reduce risk of injury. His three- run home run against the Los Angeles Dodgers in game 6 of the 1985 NLCS was the pennant-clinching hit for the Cardinals. Clark's fielding, never his specialty, played
    8.00
    4 votes
    28
    François Schuiten

    François Schuiten

    • Date of birth: 1956-04-26
    • Country of nationality: Belgium
    • Profession: Production Designer
    Baron François Schuiten (born 26 April 1956) is a Belgian comic book artist. He is best known for drawing the series Les Cités Obscures. François Schuiten was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1956. His father, Robert Schuiten, and his mother, Marie-Madeleine De Maeyer, were both architects. He has five brothers and sisters, one of whom is also an architect. During his studies at the Saint-Luc Institute in Brussels (1975–1977), he met Claude Renard, who led the comics department at the school. Together they created several books. Schuiten's brother Luc also worked with him several times as a writer for the series Terres Creuses. Schuiten published his first comic on 3 May 1973, consisting of 5 black and white pages in the French magazine Pilote; four years later he was published in the more experimental magazine Métal Hurlant. His love of architecture became apparent in the series Cities of the Fantastic, an evocation of fantastic, partly imaginary cities that he created with his friend Benoît Peeters from 1983 for the Belgian monthly comics magazine (À Suivre). Every story focuses on one city or building, and further explores a world where architects, urbanists, and ultimately
    7.75
    4 votes
    29
    Olav V of Norway

    Olav V of Norway

    • Date of birth: 1903-07-02
    • Country of nationality: Norway
    Olav V (Alexander Edward Christian Frederik; 2 July 1903 – 17 January 1991) was the King of Norway from 1957 until his death. A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Olav was born in the United Kingdom as the son of King Haakon VII of Norway and Queen Maud of Norway. He became Crown Prince and heir apparent to the throne of Norway when his father was elected king in 1905. He was the first heir to the Norwegian throne to be brought up in Norway since Olav IV, and his parents made sure he was given as Norwegian an upbringing as possible. In preparation for his royal duties, he attended both civilian and military schools. In 1929, he married his first and second cousin Princess Märtha of Sweden. During World War II his leadership was much appreciated and he was appointed Norwegian Chief of Defence in 1944. At his death, he was the last surviving grandchild of Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Alexandra of Denmark. Due to his considerate, down-to-earth style, King Olav was immensely popular, resulting in the nickname Folkekongen ("The People's King"). In a 2005 poll by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, Olav was voted "Norwegian of the century". Born
    7.75
    4 votes
    30
    Paul Kagame

    Paul Kagame

    • Date of birth: 1957-10-23
    • Country of nationality: Uganda
    • Profession: Politician
    Paul Kagame ( /kəˈɡɑːmeɪ/ kə-GAH-may; born 23 October 1957) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Rwanda. He rose to prominence as the leader of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), whose military victory over the incumbent government in July 1994 effectively ended the Rwandan genocide. Under his leadership, Rwanda has been called Africa’s “biggest success story” and Kagame has become a public advocate of new models for foreign aid designed to help recipients become self-reliant. However, President Kagame's rule has been criticized for his domestic policies, which have been described as authoritarian. In addition Kagame has been accused of war crimes during Rwanda's invasion of the DR Congo in 1996, and of having led a subsequent proxy war against the DR Congo by arming the CNDP until January 20, 2009. Kagame has been funding the CECAFA Club Cup since 2002, and because of that the cup has been known as the Kagame Interclub Cup since then. Kagame was born in October 1957, the youngest of six children, in Tambwe, Rwanda-Urundi, a village located in the modern Southern Province of Rwanda. His father, Deogratias, was a Tutsi with family ties to King Mutara III, but who
    7.75
    4 votes
    31
    Albin Polasek

    Albin Polasek

    • Date of birth: 1879-02-14
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Albin Polasek (February 14, 1879 - May 19, 1965) was a Czech-American sculptor and educator. He created more than four hundred works during his career, two hundred of which are now displayed in the Albin Polasek Museum and Sculpture Gardens in Winter Park, Florida. Born as Albín Polášek in Frenštát, Moravia (now Czech Republic), Polasek apprenticed as a wood carver in Vienna. At the age of 22 he emigrated to the United States and began formal art training at age 25 under Charles Grafly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. As a student, he first produced Man Carving His Own Destiny (1907) and Eternal Moment (1909). In 1909, Polasek became an American citizen; in 1910, he won the Prix de Rome competition; in 1915, he took the Widener Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. At age 37, after periods of residence in Rome and New York City, he was invited to head the sculpture department at the Art Institute of Chicago, where he remained for nearly thirty years. Polasek was elected an Associate Member of the National Academy of Design in 1927, and full member in 1933. In 1950, Polasek retired at age 71 to Winter Park, Florida. Within months he
    7.50
    4 votes
    32
    Cunedda

    Cunedda

    • Date of birth: 0386
    Cunedda ap Edern, fl. 5th century; also known as Cunedda Wledig ("holder of lands"), was an important early Welsh leader, and the progenitor of the royal dynasty of Gwynedd. The name Cunedda derives from the Brythonic word kunodagos, meaning good hound. His genealogy is traced back to Padarn Beisrudd, which literally translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Robe. One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in the Clackmannanshire region of Scotland in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time. In all likelihood, Padarn's command in Scotland was assumed after his death by his son, Edern (Latin: Æturnus), and then passed to Edern's son, Cunedda. Cunedda and his forebears led the Votadini against Pictish and Irish incursions south of Hadrian's Wall. Sometime after this, the Votadini troops under Cunedda relocated to North Wales in order to defend the region from Irish invasion, specifically the
    7.50
    4 votes
    33
    Karl Earl Mundt

    Karl Earl Mundt

    • Date of birth: 1900-06-03
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Politician
    Karl Earl Mundt (June 3, 1900 – August 16, 1974) was an American educator and a Republican member of the United States Congress, representing South Dakota in the United States House of Representatives from 1938 to 1948 and in the United States Senate from 1948 to 1973. Born in Humboldt, South Dakota, Mundt attended public schools in Humboldt, Pierre, and Madison, graduating from Madison High School in 1919. In high school, he excelled in oratory and debate, which became lifetime passions. After receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree from Carleton College in Minnesota in 1923 with a major in economics, he became teacher and principal at Bryant High School in Bryant, South Dakota. As a first-year teacher he taught speech, psychology, sociology, and government, coached the debate, oratory, and extemporaneous speech teams, and began a school newspaper. After his first year, he was promoted to superintendent of Bryant schools, a position he held until 1927. As superintendent, he continued to coach debate and oratory. In 1924, Mundt married Mary Elizabeth Moses, a college classmate who also taught at Bryant High School. In 1927, both Karl and Mary Mundt received Master of Arts degrees from
    7.50
    4 votes
    34
    Pocahontas

    Pocahontas

    • Date of birth: 1595
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Pocahontas (born Matoaka, and later known as Rebecca Rolfe, c. 1595 – March 1617) was a Virginia Indian notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. She was the daughter of Powhatan, the paramount chief of a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tidewater region of Virginia. In a well-known historical anecdote, she is said to have saved the life of an Indian captive, Englishman John Smith, in 1607 by placing her head upon his own when her father raised his war club to execute him. Pocahontas was captured by the English during Anglo-Indian hostilities in 1613, and held for ransom. During her captivity, she converted to Christianity and took the name Rebecca. When the opportunity arose for her to return to her people, she chose to remain with the English. In April 1614, she married tobacco planter John Rolfe, and, in January 1615, bore him a son, Thomas Rolfe. In 1616, the Rolfes traveled to London. Pocahontas was presented to English society as an example of the civilized "savage" in hopes of stimulating investment in the Jamestown settlement. She became something of a celebrity, was elegantly fêted, and attended a masque at Whitehall Palace.
    7.50
    4 votes
    35
    Samuel Lister, 1st Baron Masham

    Samuel Lister, 1st Baron Masham

    • Date of birth: 1815-01-01
    • Country of nationality: England
    Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron Masham, (1 January 1815 in Calverley Old Hall, Yorkshire – 2 February 1906 in Swinton Park, Yorkshire) was an English inventor and industrialist, notable for inventing the Lister nip comb. He was born in Calverley Old Hall, near Bradford, the son Ellis Cunliffe Lister (1774–1853), who was the first Member of Parliament elected for Bradford after the Reform Act of 1832 and Mary (née Kay) Lister. In 1854 he married Anne Dearden, daughter of John Dearden; they had five daughters. He started his working life working for a Liverpool firm of merchants. Samuel Lister went on to play a key role in the development of Bradford's wool industry during the nineteenth century Industrial Revolution. The textile industry transformed Bradford from a small rural town into a rich and famous city. As well as being a successful mill owner he occasionally diverged to other subjects, such as an air brake for railways. He was fond of outdoor sports, especially coursing and shooting, and was a keen patron of the fine arts. In 1838 he and his elder brother John started as worsted spinners and manufacturers in a new mill which their father built for them at Manningham.
    7.50
    4 votes
    36
    Spike Jonze

    Spike Jonze

    • Date of birth: 1969-10-22
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Film Director
    Spike Jonze (born Adam Spiegel; October 22, 1969) is an American director, producer, screenwriter and actor, whose work includes music videos, commercials, film and television. He is best known for his collaborations with writer Charlie Kaufman, which include the 1999 film Being John Malkovich (that gave him an Academy Award for Best Director nomination) and the 2002 film Adaptation, and as the co-writer/director of the 2009 film Where the Wild Things Are. He is well known also for his music video collaborations with Weezer, Beastie Boys, and Björk. He was also a co-creator and executive producer of MTV's Jackass. He is currently the creative director of VBS.tv. He is also part owner of skateboard company Girl Skateboards with riders Rick Howard and Mike Carroll. He also co-founded Directors Label, with filmmakers Chris Cunningham and Michel Gondry, and the Palm Pictures company. Spiegel was born in Rockville, Maryland, and raised in Bethesda, Maryland and in Gulph Mills, Pennsylvania. His father, Arthur Spiegel III, was a distant relation of the Spiegel catalog family and founded APM Management Consultants. His mother, Sandy Granzow, is a writer, communications consultant in
    7.50
    4 votes
    37
    Antonio Fogazzaro

    Antonio Fogazzaro

    • Date of birth: 1842-03-25
    • Country of nationality: Italy
    • Profession: Novelist
    Antonio Fogazzaro (Italian pronunciation: [anˈtɔnjo foɡatˈtsaro]; 25 March 1842 – 7 March 1911) was an Italian novelist. Fogazzaro was born in Vicenza to a rich family. In 1864 he got a law degree in Turin. In Milan he followed the scapigliatura movement. In 1869 he was back in Vicenza to work as lawyer, but he left this path very soon to write books full time. In his works one finds a constant conflict between sense of duty and passions, faith and reason. In some cases this brings the tormented soul of characters into mystic experiences. Arguably his masterpiece was Piccolo Mondo Antico (variously titled in English translations as The Patriot or as Little World of the Past). This well written novel is set in his beloved Valsolda on Lake Lugano, Italy, in the 1850s. It has delightful evocations of the landscape, and strong characterizations which reveal the inner psychological conflicts of the characters. Fogazzaro was a deeply religious man but supported reform in the Catholic Church and toured Italy proposing to reconcile Darwin's theory of evolution with Christianity. He found new interpretations in positivist and evolutionist theories, but because of this in 1905 the Roman
    8.67
    3 votes
    38
    Benjamin Maillefert

    Benjamin Maillefert

    • Date of birth: 1813-11-11
    Professor Benjamin S. H. Maillefert (November 11, 1813 – August 8, 1884) was an engineer who specialized in underwater blasting. He developed torpedoes used by the Union naval forces during the American Civil War. Maillefert was born in Barcelona, Spain and was responsible for several attempts a blasting to improve navigation through Hell Gate in New York City's East River. His obituary from the August 12, 1884 New York Times reads:
    8.67
    3 votes
    39
    Green Clay

    Green Clay

    • Date of birth: 1757-08-14
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Green Clay (August 14, 1757 – October 31, 1828) was a United States politician and a soldier in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Clay was born in Powhatan County, Virginia to Charles and Martha Clay. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, then moved to Kentucky, where he became a surveyor. He owned several distilleries and a tavern, as well as many ferries across the Kentucky River. He was elected Kentucky's representative to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1789 and later served in both houses of the Kentucky General Assembly. During the War of 1812, Clay became a general in the Kentucky militia. In the spring of 1813, was ordered to the aid of General William Henry Harrison, who was besieged by British forces at Fort Meigs, Ohio. He was able to fight his way into the fort; however, many of his men were taken prisoner by Tecumseh after they had captured a British artillery battery. When the British abandoned the siege, Clay was left in command of the fort. He was still commanding when the British returned in July 1813. In an attempt by Tecumseh to lure Clay and the garrison out of the fort, Tecumseh's warriors staged a mock
    8.67
    3 votes
    40
    Pytheas

    Pytheas

    • Date of birth: -0379
    Pytheas of Massalia, or Latin Massilia (Ancient Greek Πυθέας ὁ Μασσαλιώτης, 4th century BC), was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony, Massalia (modern day Marseilles). He made a voyage of exploration to northwestern Europe at about 325 BC. In this voyage he travelled around and visited a considerable part of Great Britain. He is the first person on record to describe the Midnight Sun. The theoretical existence of a Frigid Zone where the nights are very short in summer and the sun does not set at the summer solstice was already known. Similarly reports of a country of perpetual snows and darkness, the country of the Hyperboreans, had been reaching the Mediterranean for some centuries. Pytheas is the first known scientific visitor and reporter of the arctic, polar ice, and the Germanic tribes. He is the one who introduced the idea of distant Thule to the geographic imagination. His account of the tides is the earliest to state that they are caused by the moon. Pliny says that Timaeus (born about 350 BC) believed Pytheas' story of the discovery of amber. Strabo says that Dicaearchus (died about 285 BC) did not trust the stories of Pytheas. That is all the information
    10.00
    2 votes
    41
    Samuel Provoost

    Samuel Provoost

    • Date of birth: 1742
    Samuel Provoost (1742 – September 6, 1815) was the third Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA, as well as the first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New York. He was consecrated as bishop of New York in 1787 with Bishop William White. He was born in New York City, of Huguenot descent, in 1742, and educated at King's (now Columbia) College. In England he continued his studies at St. Peter's College, Cambridge, and was ordained priest in 1766. He returned to New York and became an assistant minister of Trinity parish, a post he retained until 1774, when he withdrew. He declined to serve as delegate to the Continental Congress, though his patriotic impulses led him to join his neighbors in their pursuit of the British after the burning of the town of Esopus. He did not resume the active ministry until the close of the war, when, in 1784, he became rector of Trinity Church, New York, and in 1785 chaplain of the Continental Congress, then meeting in New York. Elected in 1786 first Bishop of New York at the Diocesan Convention, he was consecrated in England. In 1800 he resigned the rectorship of Trinity and the following year sought to relinquish his episcopal office, but the
    6.40
    5 votes
    42
    Kōsaku Yosida

    Kōsaku Yosida

    • Date of birth: 1909-02-07
    • Country of nationality: Japan
    • Profession: Mathematician
    Kōsaku Yosida (吉田 耕作, Yoshida Kōsaku, 7 February 1909, Hiroshima – 20 June 1990) was a Japanese mathematician who worked in the field of functional analysis. He is known for the Hille-Yosida theorem concerning C0-semigroups.
    7.25
    4 votes
    43
    Li Dazhao

    Li Dazhao

    • Date of birth: 1888-10-29
    • Profession: Politician
    Li Dazhao (October 29, 1888 - April 28, 1927) was a Chinese intellectual who co-founded the Communist Party of China with Chen Duxiu in 1921. Li was born in Laoting (a county of Tangshan), Hebei province to a peasant family. He began his high school education at Tangshan Number 1 High School in 1905. From 1913 to 1917 Li studied political economy at Waseda University in Japan before returning to China in 1918. As a leading intellectual in the New Culture Movement, Li was recruited by Cai Yuanpei to head the library at Peking University. In this position he influenced a number of students in the May Fourth Movement, including Mao Zedong, who worked in the library's reading room. Li was among the first of the Chinese intellectuals to look to China's villages as a basis for a political movement and was among the earliest to explore the Bolshevik government in the Soviet Union as a possible model for China's reform. Even as late as 1921, however, he still maintained warm relations with other New Culture figures such as Hu Shi. By many accounts, Li was a nationalist and believed that the peasantry in China were to play an important role in China's revolution. As with many intellectuals
    7.25
    4 votes
    44
    Georg Waitz

    Georg Waitz

    • Date of birth: 1813-10-09
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Georg Waitz (9 October 1813 – 24 May 1886) was a German historian and politician. Waitz is often spoken of as the chief disciple of Leopold von Ranke, though perhaps in general characteristics and mental attitude he has more affinity with Georg Heinrich Pertz or Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann. His special domain was medieval German history, and he rarely travelled beyond it. He was born at Flensburg, in the duchy of Schleswig, and educated at the Flensburg gymnasium and the universities of Kiel and Berlin. The influence of Ranke early diverted him from his original purpose of studying law, and while still a student he began that series of researches in German medieval history which was to be his life's work. On graduating at Berlin in August 1836, Waitz went to Hanover to assist Pertz in the great national work of publishing the Monumenta Germaniae historica; and the energy and learning he displayed in that position won him a summons to the chair of history at Kiel in 1842. The young professor soon began to take an interest in politics, and in 1846 entered the provincial diet as representative of his university. His leanings were strongly German, so that he became somewhat obnoxious
    8.33
    3 votes
    45
    James Drummond

    James Drummond

    • Date of birth: 1787-01-08
    James Drummond (late 1786 or early 1787 – 26 March 1863) was a botanist and naturalist who was an early settler in Western Australia. James Drummond was born in Inverarity, near Forfar, Angus, Scotland. He was baptised on 8 January 1787. His father, Thomas Drummond, was a gardener at Fotheringham estate. Little is known of his early life, but he certainly followed the usual course of apprenticeship leading to his "qualification" as a gardener. In 1808, he was employed by Mr Dickson (most probably George Dickson of Leith Walk, Edinburgh). In the mid-1808, Drummond (aged 21) he was appointed curator of the botanic garden that was being established by the Cork Institution, in the city of Cork, Ireland. At the time this was a government funded garden, one purpose of which was the testing and propagation of plants for the benefit of the farmers of southern Ireland. In addition to his horticultural duties, Drummond discovered several species of plant that were previously not known to occur in Ireland. In 1810 Drummond was elected an Associate of the Linnean Society of London. That year he married Sarah Mackintosh, with whom he would have six children. In 1828, in the midst of an economic
    8.33
    3 votes
    46
    John Fedorowicz

    John Fedorowicz

    • Date of birth: 1958-09-27
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    John Peter Fedorowicz (born September 27, 1958) from the Bronx area of New York is an American International Grandmaster of chess, and a chess writer. He learned to play chess in 1972, inspired by the Fischer-Spassky World Championship Match coverage on TV and as an enthusiastic youngster, made rapid progress to become co-winner of the 1977 U.S. Junior Championship and outright winner in 1978. Fedorowicz, or "The Fed" as he is affectionately known on the chess circuit, continued to impress and in 1984 tied for third place in the U.S. Championships, tied for second place at Hastings in 1984-85 and tied for second place at Dortmund in 1986. He represented the U.S. at the 1986 Dubai Chess Olympiad and scored well, earning himself the grandmaster title the same year. Since becoming a grandmaster, he has established himself as one of the United States' leading players, chalking up victories at Cannes 1987, Sesimbra 1987 and Wijk Aan Zee 1990. He has also won open tournaments, including the New York Open 1989 and the U.S. Open and the World Open in Philadelphia. At Stockholm in 1990, he finished second to Alexei Shirov. Fedorowicz has captained the U.S. Olympiad team on two occasions and
    8.33
    3 votes
    47
    Archimedes

    Archimedes

    • Date of birth: -0286
    • Country of nationality: Greece
    • Profession: Scientist
    Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης; c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. Modern experiments have tested claims that Archimedes designed machines capable of lifting attacking ships out of the water and setting ships on fire using an array of mirrors. Archimedes is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series, and gave a remarkably accurate approximation of pi. He also defined the spiral bearing his name, formulae for the volumes of surfaces of revolution and an ingenious system for expressing very large numbers. Archimedes died during the Siege of Syracuse when he was killed by a Roman
    9.50
    2 votes
    48
    Francis Makemie

    Francis Makemie

    • Date of birth: 1658
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    The Rev. Francis Makemie (1658–1708) was an Irish clergyman, considered to be the founder of Presbyterianism in United States of America. Makemie was born into the Ulster-Scots community in Ramelton, County Donegal, part of the Province of Ulster in the north of Ireland. He went on to become a clergyman and was ordained by the Presbytery of the Laggan, in West Ulster, in 1682. At the call of Colonel William Stevens, an Episcopalian from Rehobeth, Maryland, he was sent as a missionary to America, arriving in Maryland in 1683. In 1683, Makemie founded the first Presbyterian community in the Town of Snow Hill. The Makemie Memorial Presbyterian Church is in its fourth building on its third location in the town of Snow Hill. The first building, which was near the river, which was the chief means of travel in the 17th and early 18th centuries, was a log building. A frame building was erected next, a little further away from the water, and during the time the congregation worshiped in this building the current location was purchased and became the site of the cemetery. The third building was of brick and was located on the high ground to the rear of the location of the present building.
    9.50
    2 votes
    49
    Vita Sackville-West

    Vita Sackville-West

    • Date of birth: 1892-03-09
    • Country of nationality: England
    • Profession: Poet
    The Hon Victoria Mary Sackville-West, Lady Nicolson, CH (9 March 1892 – 2 June 1962), best known as Vita Sackville-West, was an English author, poet and gardener. She won the Hawthornden Prize in 1927 and 1933. She was known for her exuberant aristocratic life, her passionate affair with novelist Virginia Woolf, and Sissinghurst Castle Garden, which she and her husband, Sir Harold Nicolson, created at their estate. Vita Sackville-West was born at Knole House near Sevenoaks Kent, the only child of Lionel Edward Sackville-West, 3rd Baron Sackville and his wife Victoria Sackville-West, who were cousins. Her mother was the natural daughter of Lionel Sackville-West, 2nd Baron Sackville. Christened "Victoria Mary Sackville-West", she was known as "Vita" throughout her life, to distinguish her from her mother. The Sackville family custom of following the Salic rules of agnatic male primogeniture prevented Vita from inheriting Knole on the death of her father. The house was bequeathed instead by her father to nephew Charles Sackville-West, 4th Baron Sackville. The loss of Knole would affect her for the rest of her life; of the signing in 1947 of documents relinquishing any claim on the
    9.50
    2 votes
    50
    Émile Gallé

    Émile Gallé

    • Date of birth: 1846-05-08
    Émile Gallé (Nancy, 8 May 1846 – Nancy, 23 September 1904) was a French artist who worked in glass, and is considered to be one of the major forces in the French Art Nouveau movement. Gallé was the son of a faience and furniture manufacturer and studied philosophy, botany, and drawing in his youth. He later learned glassmaking at Meisenthal and came to work at his father's factory in Nancy following the Franco-Prussian War. His early work was executed using clear glass decorated with enamel, but he soon turned to an original style featuring heavy, opaque glass carved or etched with plant motifs, often in two or more colours as cameo glass. His friend and patron Robert de Montesquiou sent him to Bayreuth with a recommendation to Cosima Wagner, which led to a great enthusiasm for Parsifal. His career took off after his work received praise at the Paris Exhibition of 1878. Within a decade of another successful showing at the Paris Exhibition of 1889, Gallé had reached international fame and his style, with its emphasis on naturalism and floral motifs, was at the forefront of the emerging Art Nouveau movement. He continued to incorporate experimental techniques into his work, such as
    7.00
    4 votes
    51
    Johan Vonlanthen

    Johan Vonlanthen

    • Date of birth: 1986-02-01
    • Country of nationality: Switzerland
    Johan Vonlanthen Benavídez (born 1 February 1986 in Santa Marta, Colombia) is a retired Swiss footballer who played as a winger. His stepfather is a Swiss national, giving him the right to play for that country. He ended his active career after playing for Itagüí of the Colombian Primera División. Vonlanthen played as a junior for BSC Young Boys in Switzerland. In the 2001–02 season, he made his debut as a 16 year-old in the Swiss Super League starting eight games and appearing once as a substitute. In the summer of 2003, he was transferred to the Dutch Eredivisie club PSV Eindhoven. He made a good initial impression and helped PSV qualified for the UEFA Champions League. After a good first season, he began to lose form and as a consequence was loaned out to Italian side Brescia Calcio for the last 6 months of the 2004/05 season. He was again loaned out to NAC Breda for the 2005/06 season. At the start of the 2006/07 season Vonlanthen transferred to Red Bull Salzburg in the Austrian Bundesliga. On 13 July 2009 FC Zürich signed the Swiss forward on a season long loan deal. The move was not made permanent, and Vonlanthen returned to Salzburg for the start of the 2010/11 season. On 30
    7.00
    4 votes
    52
    Sadako Sasaki

    Sadako Sasaki

    • Date of birth: 1943-01-07
    • Country of nationality: Japan
    Sadako Sasaki (佐々木 禎子, Sasaki Sadako, January 7, 1943 – October 25, 1955) was a Japanese girl who was two years old when the atomic bomb was dropped on August 6, 1945, near her home by Misasa Bridge in Hiroshima, Japan. Sadako is remembered through the story of a thousand origami cranes before her death, and is to this day a symbol of innocent victims of war. Sadako was at home when the explosion occurred, about two kilometers from ground zero. She was blown out of the window and her mother ran out to find her, suspecting she may be dead, but she found her two year old daughter alive. In November 1954, Sadako developed swellings on her neck and behind her ears. In January 1955, purple spots had formed on her legs. Subsequently, she was diagnosed with leukemia (her mother referred to it as "an atom bomb disease"). She was hospitalized on February 21, 1955, and given, at the most, a year to live. Several years after the atomic bomb, an increase in leukemia was observed especially among children. By the early 1950s it was clear that the leukemia was caused by radiation exposure. On August 3, 1955, Sadako's best friend Chizuko Hamamoto came to the hospital to visit, and cut a black
    7.00
    4 votes
    53
    William George Cubitt

    William George Cubitt

    • Date of birth: 1835-10-19
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    Colonel William George Cubitt VC DSO (19 October 1835 – 25 June 1903) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was 21 years old, and a lieutenant in the 13th Bengal Native Infantry, Bengal Army during the Indian Mutiny when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. Cubitt was also awarded the DSO for his service during the Third Anglo-Burmese War. He later achieved the rank of colonel. Grave/memorial at St. Peter's Churchyard, Frimley, Surrey, England. Headstone. He was the brother-in-law of Lieutenant-General Sir James Hills-Johnes VC.
    6.00
    5 votes
    54
    Brendon Lade

    Brendon Lade

    • Date of birth: 1976-07-10
    Brendon Lade (born 10 July 1976 on Kangaroo Island, Australia) is a former Australian rules footballer who spent his entire AFL career with the Port Adelaide Football Club. Lade grew up playing football for Western Districts Football Club on Kangaroo Island where his Dad was coaching the A grade side. At the age of 8 he moved to the Wisanger Football Club where he played the remainder of his football until he turned 16. Able to play as both a relieving ruckman and forward, Lade was part of Port Adelaide's inaugural AFL side in Round 1, 1997. He missed just one game in his first 3 years before he suffered a serious leg injury in Round 2 of 2000 which sidelined him for the rest of the season and also missed the entire 2001 season after reinjuring it. But he recovered from the injuries to become one of the best ruckmen in the league. In 2004 he had a great year, leading the hitouts in the absence of injured ruckman Matthew Primus, finishing second in the goalkicking to Warren Tredrea, and capping it all off with a 2004 premiership medal. In 2006 Lade won All-Australian selection and also took out the John Cahill Medal, Port Adelaide's Best and Fairest. In 2007 Lade has continued his
    8.00
    3 votes
    55
    Christopher Eccleston

    Christopher Eccleston

    • Date of birth: 1964-02-16
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Actor
    Christopher Eccleston (/ˈɛkəlstən/; born 16 February 1964) is an English actor. He is best known for his role as the ninth incarnation of the Doctor in the British television series Doctor Who. In addition to his extensive television work, he has appeared on stage and in films such as Let Him Have It, Shallow Grave, Gone in 60 Seconds, The Others, Jude, and G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra. He has been cast as Malekith the Accursed in the upcoming Marvel superhero film Thor: The Dark World. Born into a working class family in the Langworthy area of Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire, Eccleston is the youngest of three sons of Elsie and Ronnie Eccleston. His brothers, Alan and Keith, are twins, eight years his senior. The family lived in a small terraced house in Blodwell Street until the late 1960s, when they moved to Little Hulton. Eccleston attended Joseph Eastham High School, where he became head boy. At the age of 19, he was inspired to enter the acting profession by television dramas such as Boys from the Blackstuff. Eccleston completed a two-year Performance Foundation Course at Salford Tech before going on to train at the Central School of Speech and Drama. As an actor, he was
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    3 votes
    56
    Donna Reed

    Donna Reed

    • Date of birth: 1921-01-27
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Actor
    Donna Reed (January 27, 1921 – January 14, 1986) was an American film and television actress. With appearances in over 40 films, Reed received the 1953 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Lorene in the war drama From Here to Eternity. She is noted for her role in the perennial Christmas favorite It's a Wonderful Life (1946). She worked extensively in television, notably as Donna Stone, an American middle class mother in the sitcom The Donna Reed Show (1958–1966), in which she played a more prominent role than many other television mothers of the era and for which she received the 1963 Golden Globe Award for Best TV Star - Female. Later in Reed's career she replaced Barbara Bel Geddes as Miss Ellie in 1984 season of the television melodrama, Dallas, and sued the production company for breach of contract when she was abruptly fired upon Bel Geddes' decision to return to the show. Reed was born Donna Belle Mullenger on a farm near Denison, Iowa, the daughter of Hazel Jane (née Shives; 1899–1975) and William Richard Mullenger (1893–1981). The eldest of five children, she was raised as a Methodist. After graduating from Denison High School, Reed planned to
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    3 votes
    57
    George Basevi

    George Basevi

    • Date of birth: 1794-04-01
    • Country of nationality: England
    • Profession: Architect
    Elias George Basevi FRS (1 April 1794 – 16 October 1845) was an English architect. He was the favourite pupil of Sir John Soane. Basevi was the youngest son of a City of London merchant, also named George Basevi. He was educated at the Reverend Dr Burney's school at Greenwich, and then trained professionally with John Soane, after which he spent three years studying in Greece and Rome. In 1821 he became the first surveyor of the Guardian Assuarance Company, a post he held until his death. His work for the company involved personally inspecting and reporting on buildings where there was a great risk, or which were insured for large amounts. He also remodelled their premises in Lombard Street. In 1822 he designed the church of St Thomas at Stockport and the next year, St Mary's, Greenwich. Both were for the commissioners of the Church Building Act, and both were in the neo-classical style.. Basevi was unhappy with the modifications to the designs of the steeples of the two churches imposed by the Commissioners, and they were to be the only ones he built for them . St Mary's was demolished in 1936 after 17 years of closure. He designed Belgrave Square for the developers William and
    8.00
    3 votes
    58
    Jordi Savall

    Jordi Savall

    • Date of birth: 1942-01-14
    • Country of nationality: Spain
    • Profession: Violist
    Jordi Savall i Bernadet (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈʒɔrði səˈβaʎ]; born January 14, 1942, in Igualada, Spain) is a Spanish viol player, conductor and composer. He has been one of the major figures in the field of Western early music since the 1970s, largely responsible for bringing the viol (viola da gamba) back to life on the stage. His characteristic repertory ranges from Medieval to Renaissance and Baroque music, though he has occasionally ventured into the classical or even the romantic period. Savall's musical training started at the age of six in the school choir of his native town (1947–55). After completion of training at the Barcelona Conservatory of Music (1959–65), he specialised in early music, collaborating with Ars Musicae Barcelona of Enric Gispert and studying under August Wenzinger at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel, Switzerland (1968–70). In 1974 he succeeded Wenzinger as professor of viola da gamba at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis. In 1974 he formed the ensemble Hespèrion XX (known since 2000 as Hespèrion XXI), together with the soprano Montserrat Figueras (his wife, who died in 2011), Lorenzo Alpert and Hopkinson Smith. Hespèrion XX favoured a style of
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    3 votes
    59
    Pierre Laclède

    Pierre Laclède

    • Date of birth: 1729-11-22
    • Country of nationality: France
    Pierre Laclède or Pierre Laclède Liguest (Bedous, Béarn, France, 22 November 1729 – died near the mouth of Arkansas River, 20 June 1778) was a French fur trader who, with his young assistant and "stepson" Auguste Chouteau, founded St. Louis, Missouri, in 1764. Laclède was sponsored by the New Orleans merchant Gilbert Antoine Maxent in 1763 to construct a trading post near the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Laclede and Chouteau set out from New Orleans in August, arriving at the confluence in December. The confluence area was too marshy to build a town, so they selected a site 18 miles downriver. Laclède returned to St. Louis in April 1764 with a design for the town, where Chouteau was overseeing clearing of the land. He was followed soon after by his common-law wife, Marie Thérèse Bourgeois Chouteau (Madame Chouteau). Laclède had four children with Madame Chouteau : Jean Pierre (1758), Marie Pelagie (1760), Marie Louise (1762), and Victoire (1764) Chouteau. Because divorce was prohibited by law of both the Roman Catholic Church and in France, these children were baptized as the children of Madame Chouteau's legal husband, René Auguste Chouteau (père). René
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    3 votes
    60
    Ernest Lapointe

    Ernest Lapointe

    • Date of birth: 1876-10-06
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Ernest Lapointe, PC (October 6, 1876 – November 26, 1941) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Lapointe earned his law degree from Laval University. He was a practicing lawyer in Quebec City, and was appointed Crown Prosecutor for Kamouraska before entering politics. He was first elected by acclamation to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1904 general election as the Liberal MP for Kamouraska, and was re-elected in 1908, 1911 and 1917. He resigned his seat in 1919 in order to run in the Quebec East seat vacated by the death of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, and won that. In 1921, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King appointed Lapointe to his first Cabinet as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. During his term as minister of fisheries, he negotiated a treaty with the United States on west-coast fishing rights. This was the first time that a Canadian minister negotiated on foreign affairs without any assistance from Great Britain. In 1924 he became Minister of Justice, and served in that position in successive Liberal cabinets until his death in 1941. Lapointe served as King's Quebec lieutenant and was one of the most important ministers in Cabinet. King did not speak French, and had
    6.75
    4 votes
    61
    Izaak Walton Killam

    Izaak Walton Killam

    • Date of birth: 1885-07-23
    Izaak Walton Killam (July 23, 1885 – August 5, 1955) was one of Canada's most eminent financiers. Born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Killam rose from paper boy in Yarmouth to become one of Canada's wealthiest individuals. As a young banker with the Union Bank of Halifax, Killam became close friends with John F. Stairs and Max Aitken (Lord Beaverbrook) who put Killam in charge of his Royal Securities. In 1919, Killam bought out Aitken and took full control of the company. Killam's business dealings primarily involved the financing of large pulp and paper and hydro-electric projects throughout Canada and Latin America. Killam was believed to be the richest man in Canada at the time. One of his larger projects in his native province was the creation of the Mersey Paper Company Ltd. and its related electrical generating stations and shipping fleet. In 1922 he married Dorothy Brooks Johnston. Notwithstanding his prodigious financial accomplishments, Killam was a very reserved man who eschewed publicity and was virtually unknown outside a small circle of close acquaintances. Killam died in 1955 at his Quebec fishing lodge. By then he was considered to be the richest man in Canada. Having no
    6.75
    4 votes
    62
    John H. Quick

    John H. Quick

    • Date of birth: 1870-06-20
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    John Henry Quick (June 20, 1870 – September 9, 1922) was a United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his actions at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in 1898 during the Spanish-American War. He was also received the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross during World War I. Quick was born June 20, 1870 in Charles Town, Jefferson County, West Virginia. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps on August 10, 1892 from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He received the Medal of Honor "for gallantry in action" in signalling the gunfire support vessel Dolphin while exposed to heavy enemy fire at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba on June 14, 1898. Throughout his 26 year career as a Marine, Quick participating in every campaign the Marines were involved in during his enlistment and he was the holder of several awards for valor. The campaigns he participated in includes The West Indies Campaign, The Spanish-American War, the Philippine-American War, Cuban Campaign, Battle of Vera Cruz (1914) and, World War I. During the morning of June 14, 1898, Companies "C" and "D" of Lt. Col Robert W. Huntington's Marine Battalion and approximately fifty Cubans moved through the hills to seize Cuzco Well, the
    6.75
    4 votes
    63
    Bo Peabody

    Bo Peabody

    • Date of birth: 1970
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Entrepreneur
    Bo Peabody (born 1970) is an entrepreneur, venture capitalist and Internet executive who co-founded Tripod.com, one of the earliest dot-coms, in 1992. Tripod.com originated in 1992 with two Williams College classmates, Bo Peabody and Brett Hershey, along with Dick Sabot, an economics professor at the school. The company was headquartered in Williamstown, Massachusetts, with Peabody as CEO. Although it would eventually focus on the internet, Tripod also published a magazine, Tools for Life, that was distributed with textbooks, and offered a discount card for students. The company was the eighth-largest site on the Internet when it was sold to Lycos in 1998 for $58 million. Following the sale of Tripod.com, Peabody has gone on to found several other companies. Most notably, he co-founded Village Ventures, a venture capital firm based in Williamstown, Massachusetts and is currently Managing General Partner. In 1998, he co-founded Streetmail, renamed Waterfront Media. Later, he co-founded VoodooVox (2000), FullTurn Media (2004) and UplayMe (2006). Peabody also is an owner of Mezze, Inc, a hospitality group consisting of three restaurants in Western Massachusetts. Peabody graduated
    9.00
    2 votes
    64
    Carlos Bernard

    Carlos Bernard

    • Date of birth: 1962-10-12
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Actor
    Carlos Bernard (born October 12, 1962) is an American actor, best known for his role as Tony Almeida in 24. Bernard received a Master of Fine Arts degree from American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco after attending Illinois State University. He performed in A.C.T. stage productions: At the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles, he performed in Scenes From an Execution, with Frank Langella. Bernard has made guest appearances on Walker, Texas Ranger, F/X: The Series, Babylon 5, and Silk Stalkings and appeared as a regular on the daytime soap opera, The Young and the Restless. He has appeared in the feature films Alien Raiders, Vegas, City of Dreams, The Killing Jar, and the short film The Colonel's Last Flight. He is best known for his role as Tony Almeida on 24 which he played from 2001 to 2006, and then reprised again in 2009. Bernard was born Carlos Bernard Papierski in Evanston, Illinois. He is of Polish and Spanish descent. His mother is originally from Madrid. He also speaks fluent Spanish, Russian, and German. He is the youngest of three brothers. He was raised in Chicago, Illinois and graduated from New Trier High School. He showed signs of interest in acting while in high
    9.00
    2 votes
    65
    Eddie McGuire

    Eddie McGuire

    • Date of birth: 1964-10-29
    • Country of nationality: Australia
    • Profession: Journalist
    Edward Joseph "Eddie" McGuire AM (born 29 October 1964) is an Australian television presenter and businessman known for his long association with Australian rules football and the Channel 9 television network. McGuire is the current president of the Collingwood Football Club and Melbourne Stars Twenty20 cricket franchise, and the current host of Channel Nine program Millionaire Hot Seat and Million Dollar Money Drop Australia. He is also the host of Triple M Melbourne's breakfast show The Hot Breakfast with Mick Molloy and Luke Darcy, as well as being an Australian rules football commentator for Fox Footy. He also has his own show on the channel, EMT which is broadcast on Wednesday nights, as well as being a columnist for the Herald Sun. He has worked as a sports journalist, sports broadcaster and game show host. McGuire has hosted the Nine Network's The AFL Footy Show, the Australian version of game shows Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? and 1 vs. 100. He is a former CEO of the Nine Network, resigning on 30 June 2007. He returned to commentating Friday night football in August 2007 when he began a new contract with Melbourne radio station SEN 1116 to commentate one match a round. He
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    2 votes
    66
    John Clarke

    John Clarke

    • Date of birth: 1609-10-08
    • Profession: Politician
    John Clarke (8 October 1609 – 20 April 1676) was a medical doctor, Baptist minister, co-founder of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, author of its influential charter, and a leading advocate of religious freedom in the Americas. Clarke was born at Westhorpe in the county of Suffolk, England on October 8, 1609, to Thomas and Rose (Kerrich) Clarke. He was one of eight children, six of whom moved to America and settled in New England. According to the well known genealogical work One Hundred and Sixty Allied Families,by John Osborne Austin (Salem, Massachusetts 1893), Clarke's first wife was Elizabeth Harges, daughter of John Harges. John Clarke was married three times according to this source. His second wife was Jane Fletcher, a widow, and his third wife was Sarah Davis, widow of Nicholas Davis. The source of Clarke's education remains unknown (though some say the University of Leiden), but before arriving in America he had studied theology, languages, and medicine. He first immigrated to Massachusetts Bay in 1637 and then went south to Rhode Island. Clarke immediately sided with Anne Hutchinson and the Antinomians and was one of those forced into exile by
    9.00
    2 votes
    67
    Miki Berkovich

    Miki Berkovich

    • Date of birth: 1954-02-17
    • Country of nationality: Israel
    Moshe "Miki" Berkovich (Mickey Berkowitz) (Hebrew: משה "מיקי" ברקוביץ'‎; born 17 February 1954 in Kfar Sava, Israel) is a retired Israeli professional basketball player. He was a 6' 4" shooting guard. He was named one of FIBA's 50 Greatest Players in 1991. In 2005, he was voted the 35th-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis. In February 2008, he was named as one of the 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors by a select panel. He was also honored at the Euroleague Final Four in Madrid. Berkovich is recognized by many Israelis as the best Israeli basketball player who ever played. In 1975, he played college basketball for UNLV in the United States, but he returned to Maccabi after just one year. Berkovich joined Maccabi Tel Aviv basketball club's junior team in 1965, and adult team in 1971. With Maccabi, he won 19 national championship titles and 17 national cups. In 1977 helped Maccabi to win its first European Championship, defeating Mobilgirgi Varese 78:77 in the final held in Pionir Hall, Belgrade and CSKA Moscow 91:79 in semifinal group game held in Virton, Belgium, an
    9.00
    2 votes
    68
    Scott Peterson

    Scott Peterson

    • Date of birth: 1972-10-24
    Scott Lee Peterson (born October 24, 1972) is an American convicted of murdering his wife, Laci Peterson, and their unborn son in Modesto, California, in 2002. Peterson's arrest and subsequent trial received significant American news media coverage until 2005, when he was sentenced to death by lethal injection. He remains on death row in San Quentin State Prison while his case is on appeal to the Supreme Court of California. He maintains his innocence. Peterson was born in San Diego, California, to Lee Arthur Peterson (born May 9, 1939) and his wife, the former Jacqueline Helen Latham (born September 16, 1943). Peterson's father worked for a trucking company, and later owned a crate-packaging business. His mother owned a boutique in the community of La Jolla, called The Put On. Peterson attended the University of San Diego High School (now Cathedral Catholic High School) and studied briefly at Arizona State University and Cuesta College before transferring to California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, where he graduated with a B.A. in agricultural business in 1997. He worked in a cafe as a waiter while attending Cal Poly, when he met Laci Denise Rocha. The couple
    9.00
    2 votes
    69
    Sinéad O'Connor

    Sinéad O'Connor

    • Date of birth: 1966-12-08
    • Country of nationality: Ireland
    • Profession: Singer
    Sinéad Marie Bernadette O'Connor ( /ʃɪˈneɪd oʊˈkɒnər/; born 8 December 1966) is an Irish singer-songwriter who rose to fame in the late 1980s with her debut album The Lion and the Cobra. O'Connor achieved worldwide success in 1990 with a cover of the song "Nothing Compares 2 U". Since then, while maintaining her singing career, she has occasionally encountered controversy, partly due to her statements and gestures such as her ordination as a priest despite being female with a Roman Catholic background, and her expressed strong views on organized religion, women's rights, war, and child abuse. In addition to her nine solo albums her work includes many singles, songs for films, collaborations with many other artists, and appearances at charity fundraising concerts. Sinéad O'Connor was born in Glenageary in County Dublin and was named after Sinéad de Valera, wife of Irish President Éamon de Valera and mother of the doctor presiding over the delivery, and Saint Bernadette of Lourdes. She is the third of five children, sister to Joseph, Eimear, John, and Eoin. Joseph O'Connor is a novelist. Her parents are Sean O'Connor, a structural engineer later turned barrister, and Marie O'Connor.
    9.00
    2 votes
    70
    Agustín Barrios

    Agustín Barrios

    • Date of birth: 1885-05-05
    • Country of nationality: Paraguay
    • Profession: Composer
    Agustín Pío Barrios (also known as Agustín Barrios Mangoré, May 5, 1885 – August 7, 1944), was a Paraguayan classical guitarist and composer. Barrios is perhaps best known for his 1921 classical guitar piece, La Catedral, a work inspired by Johann Sebastian Bach, and widely considered to be Barrio's magnum opus. It has been generally accepted that Barrios was born in San Juan Bautista in Misiones, however, there is no definitive proof of this as his baptismal document found in the book of registries in the cathedral in San Juan Bautista does not state his precise place of birth. Also, several biographers and authorities present convincing documented evidence that Barrios was born, instead, in the nearby town of Villa Florida, Misiones, situated on the Tebicuary River some 30 km north of San Juan Bautista. Barrios was born in Misiones, Paraguay. When he was a child, Barrios began to develop a love for music and literature, two areas that were very important to his family. Barrios would eventually speak two languages (Spanish and Guarani), and read three more (English, French and German). Barrios began to show an interest in musical instruments, particularly the guitar, before he
    7.67
    3 votes
    71
    Florian Znaniecki

    Florian Znaniecki

    • Date of birth: 1882-01-15
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Philosopher
    Florian Witold Znaniecki (January 15, 1882 – March 23, 1958) was a Polish sociologist. He taught and wrote in Poland and the United States. He was the 44th President of the American Sociological Association and the founder of academic sociology studies in Poland. His theoretical and methodological work contributed to the development of Sociology as a distinct academic discipline. He gained international fame as the co-author with William I. Thomas of The Polish Peasant in Europe and America 1918-1920, considered the foundation of modern empirical sociology and humanistic sociology. His Presidential Address, "Basic Problems of Contemporary Sociology," was delivered on September 8, 1954 at the Association's Annual Meeting, and was later published in the American Sociological Review (ASR October 1954 Vol 19 No 5, pp 519–524). Florian Znaniecki was born on January 15, 1882 in Świetniki, Russian Empire. He studied in Geneva, Zurich, and Paris, and obtained his PhD at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. Znaniecki came to Chicago in the United States in 1914 and returned to the Second Polish Republic in 1920 to accept the first Polish chair in sociology at the University in Poznań.
    7.67
    3 votes
    72
    Julian Bell

    Julian Bell

    • Date of birth: 1908-02-04
    • Country of nationality: England
    • Profession: Writer
    Julian Heward Bell (4 February 1908 – 18 July 1937) was an English poet, and the son of Clive and Vanessa Bell (who was the elder sister of Virginia Woolf). The writer Quentin Bell was his younger brother, and the writer and painter Angelica Garnett was his half-sister. His relationship with his mother is explored in Susan Sellers' novel Vanessa and Virginia. He was brought up mainly at Charleston, Sussex. He was educated at Leighton Park School and King's College, Cambridge, where he joined the Cambridge Apostles. He was a friend of some of the Cambridge Five, and sometimes claimed as Anthony Blunt's lover. (In the BBC dramatisation Cambridge Spies he appears as Guy Burgess's lover.) After graduating he worked towards a college fellowship, without success. In 1935 he went to China, to a position teaching English at Wuhan University. He wrote letters describing his relationship with a married lover, K.; the identity of this woman became a sensitive issue when the Chinese-British novelist Hong Ying published a fictionalised account, K: The Art of Love in 1999. After a 2002 ruling by a Chinese court that the book was 'defamation of the dead', the author rewrote the book, which was
    7.67
    3 votes
    73
    Kåre Kristiansen

    Kåre Kristiansen

    • Date of birth: 1920-03-11
    • Country of nationality: Norway
    • Profession: Politician
    Kåre Gudbrand Kristiansen (11 March 1920 – 3 December 2005) was a Norwegian politician active in the Christian People's Party. Noted as a conservative within his own party, he was known to take controversial positions at odds with the prevailing consensus. Kristiansen was born in Bergen, the son of a lay preacher. Both his parents were active in The Salvation Army. He started his professional life as a telegraph operator in the Norwegian railroad system, where he rose through the ranks. A devout Christian all his life, he became politically active in his home community of Nesodden in 1951. He was appointed State Secretary in the Ministry of Social Affairs in 1965 and served in this capacity until 1968. He was elected to Storting, first as a deputy member in 1969 and as a full member from 1973 to 1977 and 1981 to 1989. He was chairman in the parliamentary foreign affairs committee from 1981 to 1983 and Minister of Petroleum and Energy from 1983 to 1986. He served as chairman for the Christian People's Party from 1975 to 1977 and 1979 to 1983. As a result of an internal dispute about how to cooperate with the Conservative Party, he resigned from the chair of his party and instead
    7.67
    3 votes
    74
    Robert Mardian

    Robert Mardian

    • Date of birth: 1923-10-23
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Robert Charles Mardian (October 23, 1923 – July 17, 2006) was a United States Republican party official who served in the administration of Richard Nixon, but was embroiled in the Watergate scandal as one of the Watergate Seven who were indicted by a grand jury for campaign violations. His conviction for conspiracy was overturned because of procedural unfairness and he was not subsequently retried. Mardian's father, Samuel, was from the Armenian town of Hadjin in the Velayat of Adana in the Ottoman Empire (present day Saimbeyli in Mediterranean Turkey). He was born Samuel Zeligian into a Christian family and was a member of Second Congregational Church in Hadjin. Following the massacre of 35,000 Armenians in Adana in 1909 and the siege of Christian Hadjin Samuel moved his family and was in the United States by 1912. Samuel settled in California and supported progressive politicians such as Hiram Johnson and Franklin D. Roosevelt. However Samuel Mardian's four sons adopted free-market politics. Robert Mardian's brother Samuel Mardian Jr. served as Mayor of Phoenix, Arizona and was a leading supporter of Barry Goldwater. Samuel Jr. took over the family construction business and
    7.67
    3 votes
    75
    Sigmar Polke

    Sigmar Polke

    • Date of birth: 1941-02-13
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Painter
    Sigmar Polke (13 February 1941 – 10 June 2010) was a German painter and photographer. Polke experimented with a wide range of styles, subject matter and materials. In the 1970s, he concentrated on photography, returning to paint in the 1980s, when he produced abstract works created by chance through chemical reactions between paint and other products. In the last 20 years of his life, he produced paintings focused on historical events and perceptions of them. Polke, the seventh in a family of eight children, was born in Oels in Lower Silesia. He fled with his family to Thuringia in 1945, during the expulsion of Germans after World War II. His family escaped from the Communist regime in East Germany in 1953, traveling first to West Berlin and then to West Germany Rhineland. Upon his arrival in West Germany, in Willich near Krefeld, Polke began to spend time in galleries and museums and worked as an apprentice in a stained glass factory in Düsseldorf between 1959 and 1960, before entering the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Arts Academy) at age twenty. From 1961 to 1967 he studied at the Düsseldorf Arts Academy under Karl Otto Götz, Gerhard Hoehme and deeply influenced by his teacher
    7.67
    3 votes
    76
    Andria Dadiani

    Andria Dadiani

    • Date of birth: 1850-10-24
    Andria Dadiani (Georgian: ანდრია დადიანი), (1850–1910), known in Russia as Andrey Davidovich Dadian-Mingrelsky (Russian: Андрей Давидович Дадиани), was a Georgian nobleman and a chess player. Member of a Mingrelian (Western Georgia) princely family of Svan descent, he was born in Zugdidi, W. Georgia. He graduated from Heidelberg University Faculty of Law in 1873. Later, he served as a lieutenant-general of the Russian army. He had played at Paris, Rome, Kiev and Tbilisi tournaments before he won the Saint Petersburg amateur chess tournament in 1881-1882. He was the president of the 1903-1904 Monte Carlo international tournaments and according to the common, though unreliable beliefs, invited the Russian chess master Mikhail Chigorin to play but later paid him 1,500 francs (greater than 3rd prize money) not to play because Chigorin had published analysis of one of the Prince's games, pointing out he had made gross errors. A valuable art object was to go to the winner of a short match between the 1st and 2nd place finishers (Tarrasch and Maroczy). The players wanted a play for money also. This annoyed the Prince who gave the art object to the 3rd place finisher (Pillsbury). According
    10.00
    1 votes
    77
    Eddie Guardado

    Eddie Guardado

    • Date of birth: 1970-10-02
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Edward Adrian Guardado (born October 2, 1970, in Stockton, California) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. Throughout his career, Guardado had played with the Minnesota Twins (1993–2003, 2008), Seattle Mariners (2004–2006), Cincinnati Reds (2006–2007), and the Rangers (Two separate stints in 2008 and 2009). His common nickname is "Everyday Eddie", a testament to his durable arm during his first stint with the Twins. For several years the Twins attempted to use him as a starter before finally shifting him into the closer role.In 2002, he broke Rick Aguilera’s 11-year-old Twins team record for games saved, saving 45 regular-season games. In 2005, he set the Seattle Mariners' record for consecutive saves at 27, which was later broken by J. J. Putz. On May 4, 2006, after three blown saves in less than three weeks, Guardado was temporarily removed from the closer role with the Mariners. Manager Mike Hargrove stated, "We're going to back off Eddie as far as being the closer right now. We'll try to pitch him in less pressure situations. Just back him away from the edge and see if we could get his confidence up." On July 6, 2006, he was traded to the Cincinnati Reds and
    10.00
    1 votes
    78
    Matt Cooper

    Matt Cooper

    • Date of birth: 1979-04-18
    • Country of nationality: Australia
    • Profession: Rugby Player
    Matt Cooper (born 18 April 1979 in Port Kembla, New South Wales) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays for the St George Illawarra Dragons of the National Rugby League (NRL). A New South Wales State of Origin and Australian international representative centre, he has played his entire career to date at the Dragons, with whom he won the 2010 NRL grand final. Cooper originally gained an interest in rugby league while watching and supporting the Western Suburbs Magpies, the club his father went for. He began playing rugby league at the age of six for his local junior side, the Shellharbour Sharks, while also enjoying athletics and being actively involved with his local surf club with his close cousin Corey. After moving to Illawarra, Cooper began supporting the Illawarra Steelers. Cooper was originally signed on to the Illawarra Steelers club as a teenager prior to their merger with the St. George Dragons at the end of 1998. He made his debut for the merged St George Illawarra club in 2000. After the merger of the St George Dragons and the Illawarra Steelers clubs in 1999, Cooper was signed on with the new St. George Illawarra Dragons team, quickly impressing
    10.00
    1 votes
    79
    Michel Mathieu

    Michel Mathieu

    • Date of birth: 1838-12-20
    Michel Mathieu (December 20, 1838 – July 30, 1916) was a Quebec lawyer, notary, judge and political figure. He was a Conservative member of the Canadian House of Commons who represented Richelieu from 1872 to 1874. He was born in Sorel, Lower Canada in 1838. He articled as a notary, becoming a member of the Sorel Board of Notaries in 1864. In 1865, he was called to the Bar of Quebec and he was appointed sheriff in the Richelieu district in 1866. In 1872, he was elected to the House of Commons; he was defeated in 1874. In 1875, he was elected to the Quebec National Assembly for Richelieu in 1875 and 1878. He also served as mayor of Sorel from 1876 to 1882. In 1881, he resigned his seat in the provincial legislature to serve as judge in the Quebec Superior Court, serving in Joliette and Montreal districts until 1909. In 1880, he was appointed Queen's Counsel. He was professor of law at the Université Laval from 1886 to 1915. In 1892, he was appointed to a royal commission in the province to investigate allegations of corruption in the government of Honoré Mercier; he did not complete this task due to health problems. In 1869, with Adolphe Germain,he founded La Revue légale, a legal
    10.00
    1 votes
    80
    Brian Fuentes

    Brian Fuentes

    • Date of birth: 1975-08-09
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Brian Christopher Fuentes ( /ˈfwɛntɨs/; born August 9, 1975) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball. Previously, he played for the Seattle Mariners, the Colorado Rockies, the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, the Minnesota Twins, and the Oakland Athletics. He bats and throws left-handed. Fuentes was born in in Merced, California, and attended high school at Merced High School in Merced, California. After graduating from high school, Fuentes attended Merced Community College. Fuentes was drafted by the Seattle Mariners in the 25th round of the 1995 amateur draft. He spent one season for the Mariners appearing in ten games. On December 16, 2001, Fuentes was traded to the Colorado Rockies, along with José Paniagua and Denny Stark for Jeff Cirillo. Through the first four years of his Major League career, Fuentes had a record of 8-8 with a 4.04 ERA, recording only four saves in 163 games. However, in 2005, Fuentes took over the closer role for the Rockies following the season-ending shoulder surgery of right-handed pitcher Chin-hui Tsao. Fuentes had a successful season and was named to his first career All-Star Game, but did not
    6.50
    4 votes
    81
    Edison Méndez

    Edison Méndez

    • Date of birth: 1979-03-16
    • Country of nationality: Ecuador
    • Profession: Football player
    Édison Vicente Méndez Méndez (born March 16, 1979 in Ibarra) is an Ecuadorian football midfielder who plays for LDU Quito and the Ecuadorian national team. He is known for his pace, accurate passing and long range shooting. He is also known as a dead-ball specialist, and generally takes free kicks and corners for his country and club. While he is right-footed, he can play on either wing as well as in the middle. Méndez began his career with Sociedad Deportivo Quito of his native Ecuador. After his 2002 FIFA World Cup performances, during which he scored the winning goal in Ecuador's 1-0 win over Croatia, he was rumored to have attracted interest from English clubs, notably Aston Villa and Everton. He transferred to Club Irapuato of the Primera División de México for the latter part of the 2004 season, starting 16 games and scoring 5 goals during the remainder of that season. Following Irapuato's relegation the following year, Méndez moved to Santos Laguna, where he struggled to find a place, in 14 games, and scoring 2 goals He returned to Ecuador, and was part of the LDU Quito team who won the Ecuadorian Apertura season in 2005. In 2006, shortly after the World Cup, there was
    6.50
    4 votes
    82
    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro

    • Date of birth: 1471
    • Country of nationality: Spain
    • Profession: Conquistador
    Francisco Pizarro González (c. 1471 or 1476 – 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire. Gonzalez was born in Trujillo, Spain, the illegitimate son of Gonzalo Pizarro, an infantry colonel, and Francisca González, a woman of poor means. His exact birth date is uncertain, but is believed to be sometime in the 1470s, probably 1471. Scant attention was paid to his education and he grew up illiterate. He was a distant cousin of Hernán Cortés. On 10 November 1509, Pizarro sailed from Spain to the New World with Alonzo de Ojeda on an expedition to Urabí. He sailed to Cartagena and joined the fleet of Martín Fernández de Enciso, and, in 1513, accompanied Balboa to the Pacific. In 1514, he found a supporter in Pedrarias Dávila, the Governor of Castilla de Oro, and was rewarded for his role in the arrest of Balboa with the positions of mayor and magistrate in Panama City, serving from 1519 to 1523. Reports of Peru's riches and Cortés's success in Mexico tantalized Pizarro and he undertook two expeditions to conquer the Incan Empire in 1524 and in 1526. Both failed as a result of native hostilities, bad weather, and lack of provisions. Pedro de los Ríos, the
    6.50
    4 votes
    83
    John Newland Maffitt

    John Newland Maffitt

    • Date of birth: 1819-02-22
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    John Newland Maffitt (February 22, 1819 – May 15, 1886) was an officer in the Confederate States Navy who was nicknamed the "Prince of Privateers" due to his remarkable success as a blockade runner and commerce raider in the U.S. Civil War. Maffit was born at sea on a ship bound for New York City, his parents having emigrated from Ireland. Maffitt's parents, Reverend John Newland Maffitt and his wife Ann Carnicke, settled with their son in Connecticut. When Maffitt was about five years old, he was adopted by his uncle, Dr. William Maffitt who traveled across the Atlantic Ocean with them, and moved to Fayetteville, North Carolina. Maffitt entered the United States Navy as a midshipman in February 1832, at the age of thirteen. He first served aboard USS St. Louis in the West Indies, and was later assigned to the Pensacola Navy Yard. In 1835 he was assigned to USS Constitution, serving as an aide to Commodore Jesse Elliott in the Mediterranean; his service aboard Constitution would later become the basis for a novel, Nautilus; or, Cruising under Canvas, published in 1871. He also served on the frigate USS Macedonian, becoming its acting Master in 1841. Maffitt was ordered to the
    6.50
    4 votes
    84
    Andrew Lansley

    Andrew Lansley

    • Date of birth: 1956-12-11
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Spokesman
    Andrew David Lansley, CBE, MP (born 11 December 1956) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Cambridgeshire since 1997, and has been the Leader of the House of Commons since 4 September 2012. He was previously the Secretary of State for Health from 2010 until 2012, and was the Shadow Secretary of State for Health from 2004 until 2010. Lansley's Health and Social Care Act 2012 is one of the most controversial plans of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government, resulting in strong opposition from both the Royal College of Nursing and British Medical Association. Born in Hornchurch, Essex, Lansley was educated at Brentwood School and the University of Exeter, gaining a BA in politics. During his time at Exeter University, Lansley was elected as President of the Guild of Students (Student Union), as a Broad Left candidate. His father, Thomas, worked in a pathology laboratory and was co-founder of the Council for Professions Supplementary to Medicine and President of the Institute of Medical Laboratory Scientists. Before entering politics, Lansley had "a promising career in the civil service". Lansley worked for Norman Tebbit for three
    8.50
    2 votes
    85
    Bei Dao

    Bei Dao

    • Date of birth: 1949-08-02
    • Profession: Poet
    Bei Dao (simplified Chinese: 北岛; traditional Chinese: 北島; pinyin: Běi Dǎo; literally "Northern Island", born August 2, 1949) is the pen name of Chinese poet Zhao Zhenkai (S: 赵振开, T: 趙振開, P: Zhào Zhènkāi). He was born in Beijing, he chose the pen name because he came from the north and because of his preference for solitude. Bei Dao is the most notable representative of the Misty Poets, a group of Chinese poets who reacted against the restrictions of the Cultural Revolution. As a teenager, Bei Dao was a member of the Red Guards, the enthusiastic followers of Mao Zedong who enforced the dictates of the Cultural Revolution, often through violent means. He had misgivings about the Revolution and was "re-educated" as a construction worker, from 1969 to 1980. Bei Dao and Mang Ke founded the magazine Jintian (Today); the central publication of the Misty Poets which was published from 1978 until 1980, when it was banned. The work of the Misty Poets and Bei Dao in particular were an inspiration to pro-democracy movements in China. Most notable was his poem "Huida" ("The Answer") which was written during the 1976 Tiananmen demonstrations in which he participated. The poem was taken up as a
    8.50
    2 votes
    86
    Jaroslaw Kukowski

    Jaroslaw Kukowski

    • Date of birth: 1972-04-11
    Jarosław Kukowski (born on 11 April 1972 in Tczew) Polish contemporary painter dealing with moral and social issues in a controversial manner. His works were displayed in The Department of The National Museum ”Królikarnia”, Salons of the Auction House Rempex, "Gallery BP", Gallery "Tamka", "Gallery SD", "Gallery Bellotto"- in Warsaw; Museum of Galicia, Bunker of Art, Gallery "Turlej Foundation"- in Kraków; Voergaard Castle, Gallery Herning, Gallery Kolding - in Denmark; Art Expo in New York, and many other galleries and museums. The majority of Kukowski’s paintings were catalogued in the albums published by the auction houses, galleries and publishing houses. In the early stage of his artistic career the climate of his works, regarded as symbolic ones, is filled with drama and sadness. Full of pain, deformed human figures along with mystic creatures are depicted against the background of surrealistic landscapes. This series of works was defined as Udreams by its author. During another period Kukowski definitely enlightened his palette; the artist became interested in nudes, nevertheless even here a viewer can perceive the brand of disintegration and passing time. These works were
    8.50
    2 votes
    87
    Jeff Samardzija

    Jeff Samardzija

    • Date of birth: 1985-01-23
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Jeffrey "Jeff" Alan Samardzija (born January 23, 1985) is an American pitcher for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB). He played college baseball and football for the University of Notre Dame, and was recognized as an All-American wide receiver. He has played for the Chicago Cubs since 2008. Jeff's father, Sam Samardzija, was a semi-professional hockey player, and his older brother, Sam Samardzija Jr., was an All State football and baseball player who attended Indiana University and is now a sports agent of Major League Baseball. When Samardzija was in high school his mother, Debora Samardzija, died of a fatal respiratory disease. Samardzija grew up in Valparaiso, Indiana, where he attended Washington Township Elementary School &Valparaiso High School, and was a letterman in football, basketball, and baseball. In football, he was a three-time first team All-State honoree, and was twice named the team's Most Valuable Player. After his senior year, he was invited to participate in the Indiana football All-Star game. In baseball, he was a first team All-State honoree. He graduated from Valparaiso High School in 2003. Samardzija accepted an athletic scholarship to attend
    8.50
    2 votes
    88
    John Lothrop Motley

    John Lothrop Motley

    • Date of birth: 1814-04-15
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Historian
    John Lothrop Motley (Dorchester, near Boston, Massachusetts, April 15, 1814 and died May 29, 1877). He was an American historian and diplomat. The son of Thomas Motley, he was born at Dorchester (now a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts), attended the Round Hill School, Boston Latin School, and graduated from Harvard in 1831. His boyhood was in Dedham, near the site of the present day Noble and Greenough School. His education included training in German language and literature, and he went to Germany to complete these studies Göttingen, during 1832-1833. during which time he became a lifelong friend of Otto von Bismarck. After this, Motley and Bismarck went study the civil law together at Frederick William University, Berlin. After a period of European travel he returned in 1834 to America, where he continued his legal studies. In 1837 he married Mary Benjamin (died 1874), a sister of Park Benjamin, and in 1839 he published anonymously a novel entitled Morton's Hope, or the Memoirs of a Provincial about life in a German university, based on his own experiences. It was poorly received, but has later been recognized for featuring a valuable portrayal of Bismarck, "thinly
    8.50
    2 votes
    89
    Kevin Hofland

    Kevin Hofland

    • Date of birth: 1979-06-07
    • Country of nationality: Netherlands
    Kevin Hofland (born 7 June 1979) is a Dutch retired footballer who played as a central defender. Over the course of 10 seasons (in a career which lasted 15), he amassed Eredivisie totals of 182 games and eight goals, namely for PSV and Feyenoord. He also represented one team each in Germany and Cyprus. A Dutch international in the 2000s, Hofland did not attent any major international tournament, however. Hofland was born in Heerlen, but grew up in Brunssum, Limburg. He joined local SV Limburgia at the age of just four, moving to the professionals with Fortuna Sittard six years later. Hofland played in various positions during his youth career, mainly as a left midfielder or left back. In 1995, he was reconverted by manager Henk Duut into a central defender, where he remained for the rest of his career. On 10 September 1997, Hofland made his Eredivisie debut with Fortuna, against Sparta Rotterdam (1–1 away draw). He finished his first season with only six league appearances, but subsequenty became a starter, helping the side to the 12th-place in 1999–00. In summer 2000, Hofland signed with national giants PSV Eindhoven. Despite his young age and the heavy competition within the
    8.50
    2 votes
    90
    Carlos Francisco de Croix, marqués de Croix

    Carlos Francisco de Croix, marqués de Croix

    • Date of birth: 1699
    • Country of nationality: Spain
    Carlos Francisco de Croix, marqués de Croix (1699, Lille, Flanders – 1786, Valencia, Spain), was a Spanish general and viceroy of New Spain, from August 25, 1766 to September 22, 1771, a period of considerable turbulence. Carlos Francisco de Croix served in the Spanish army, where he rose to the rank of general. He was commandant of the garrison in Ceuta, one of the Spanish possessions in Africa, and later captain general of Galicia. He was serving in Galicia at the time of his appointment to the viceroyalty of New Spain. He became viceroy of New Spain in 1766, in succession to Joaquín de Montserrat, who had clashed with visitador (inspector) José de Gálvez. He arrived in Veracruz on July 10, 1766. The transfer of power occurred at Otumba, en route to Mexico City, on August 23, 1766, but his term of office is usually dated from his formal entry into Mexico City two days later. His nephew, Teodoro de Croix, future Commandant General of the Provincias Internas and Viceroy of Peru, arrived in his retinue as Captain of the Viceroy's Guard. The sole principle of his administration was absolute obedience to the king, whom he always referred to as "mi amo". It fell to Croix to expel the
    7.33
    3 votes
    91
    Dan Alexa

    Dan Alexa

    • Date of birth: 1979-10-28
    • Country of nationality: Romania
    • Profession: Football player
    Dan Alexa (born 28 October 1979 in Timişoara) is a Romanian football player who currently plays for Anorthosis Famagusta. He is a defensive midfielder. Although born in Banat, Alexa was considered disposable while at UM Timişoara in 1998, and he moved to Rocar Bucureşti. After several years there and short spells at FC Timişoara and Universitatea Craiova, Alexa got his big chance as Dinamo Bucharest decided to transfer him. His performances were of a high calibre throughout the two seasons he spent there, but he also got a reputation for being an extremely aggressive player. In two years he scored 1 goal in 47 appearances. His consequent move to Beijing Hyundai saw him leave Romania for two years. In a friendly match against Real Madrid he was selected man of the match. He returned to Dinamo in 2006 just for a few months playing 13 matches, scoring a goal. In the summer of the same year, Politehnica boss Marian Iancu decided to bring Alexa - by then, a real "persona non grata" in Timişoara, due to his pledge of loyalty to Dinamo - back to the city where he started his career, together with team-mate Ştefan Grigorie. The fans protested at Alexa's arrival in Timişoara through several
    7.33
    3 votes
    92
    David Kenyon Webster

    David Kenyon Webster

    • Date of birth: 1922-06-02
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Journalist
    Private First Class David Kenyon Webster (June 2, 1922 - September 9, 1961) was an American soldier, journalist and author. During World War II he was a private with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division. Webster was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Eion Bailey. Webster was born in New York and educated at The Taft School, Watertown, Connecticut. He was of English and Scottish descent. In 1943, he volunteered for the elite paratroopers before having a chance to finish his studies as an English literature major at Harvard University. Webster originally trained with Fox Company, jumped on D-Day with Headquarters Company of the 2nd Battalion, then requested a transfer to Easy Company and served in the Company until discharged in 1945. From a wealthy and influential family, Webster could have arranged an officer's commission stateside, but he wanted to be a "grunt" and thus be able to see and document the war from a foxhole. By most accounts, he did not like what he saw and had great disdain for Germany's audacity in creating the war. On D-Day, Webster landed nearly alone and off-course in flooded fields behind
    7.33
    3 votes
    93
    John Boswell

    John Boswell

    • Date of birth: 1947-03-20
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Historian
    John Eastburn Boswell (March 20, 1947 – December 24, 1994) was a prominent historian and a professor at Yale University. Many of Boswell's studies focused on the issue of homosexuality and religion, specifically homosexuality and Christianity. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Boswell studied at the College of William and Mary, where he converted to Roman Catholicism. His first book, The Royal Treasure: Muslim Communities Under the Crown of Aragon in the Fourteenth Century, appeared in 1977. In 1994, Boswell's fourth book, Same-Sex Unions in Pre-Modern Europe, was published, but he died that same year from AIDS-related complications. Born in Boston in 1947 into a military family, Boswell earned his undergraduate degree from the College of William and Mary, where he converted to Roman Catholicism. A gifted medieval philologist, he worked in, among other languages, Catalan, Old Church Slavonic, Ancient Greek, Arabic, and Latin. Boswell received his doctorate from Harvard University in 1975 and joined the Yale University history faculty, where his colleagues included John Morton Blum, David Brion Davis, Jaroslav Pelikan, John Demos, Peter Gay, Hanna Holborn Gray, Michael Howard, Donald
    7.33
    3 votes
    94
    Jules Dupré

    Jules Dupré

    • Date of birth: 1811-04-05
    • Country of nationality: France
    Jules Dupré (April 5, 1811–October 6, 1889), French painter, was one of the chief members of the Barbizon school of landscape painters. If Corot stands for the lyric and Rousseau for the epic aspect of the poetry of nature, Dupré is the exponent of her tragic and dramatic aspects. Dupré exhibited first at the Salon in 1831, and three years later was awarded a second-class medal. In the same year he came to England, where he was deeply impressed by the genius of Constable. From him he learned how to express movement in nature; and the district of Southampton and Plymouth, with its wide, unbroken expanses of water, sky and ground, gave him good opportunities for studying the tempestuous motion of storm-clouds and the movement of foliage driven by the wind. He was named an Officer of the French Légion d'honneur in 1848. Dupré's colour is sonorous and resonant; the subjects for which he showed marked preference are dramatic sunset effects and stormy skies and seas. Late in life he changed his style and gained appreciably in largeness of handling and arrived at greater simplicity in his colour harmonies. Among his chief works are the Morning and Evening at the Louvre, and the early
    7.33
    3 votes
    95
    Samuel Cunard

    Samuel Cunard

    • Date of birth: 1787-11-21
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    Sir Samuel Cunard, 1st Baronet (21 November 1787 – 28 April 1865) was a British shipping magnate, born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, who founded the Cunard Line. He was the son of a master carpenter and timber merchant who had fled the American Revolution and settled in Halifax. Samuel Cunard was the son of Abraham Cunard who was originally from Germany and raised a Quaker and Margaret Murphy, who was raised as an Irish Catholic who were Loyalists to the British Crown who came to Halifax in 1783. Abraham Cunard was a master carpenter who worked for the British garrison in Halifax and became a wealthy landowner and timber merchant. Cunard's business skills were evident at an early age and by age 17 he was managing his own general store. He later joined his father in the family timber business, which he expanded into coal, iron, shipping and whaling. During the War of 1812, Cunard volunteered for service in the 2nd Battalion of the Halifax Regiment militia and rose to the rank of captain. He held many public offices such as lighthouse commissioner and maintained a reputation as not only a shrewd businessman but also an honest and generous citizen. Cunard was a highly successful
    7.33
    3 votes
    96
    Christian Bohr

    Christian Bohr

    • Date of birth: 1855-02-14
    • Country of nationality: Denmark
    • Profession: Scientist
    Christian Harald Lauritz Peter Emil Bohr (1855–1911, both in Copenhagen) was a Danish physician, father of the physicist and Nobel laureate Niels Bohr, as well as the mathematician Harald Bohr and grandfather of another physicist and nobel laureate Aage Bohr. He married Ellen Adler in 1881. He wrote his first scientific paper, "Om salicylsyrens indflydelse på kødfordøjelsen" ("On salicylic acid's influence on the digestion of meat"), at the age of 22. He received his medical degree in 1880, studied under Carl Ludwig at University of Leipzig, took a Ph.D. in physiology and was appointed professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen in 1886. Christian Bohr is buried in the Assistens Kirkegård. In 1891, he was the first to characterize dead space. In 1903, Christian Bohr described the phenomenon, now called the Bohr effect, whereby hydrogen ions and carbon dioxide heterotopically decrease hemoglobin's oxygen-binding affinity. This regulation increases the efficiency of oxygen release by hemoglobin in tissues, like active muscle tissue, where rapid metabolization has produced relatively high concentrations of hydrogen ions and carbon dioxide.
    7.00
    3 votes
    97
    Didier Opertti

    Didier Opertti

    • Date of birth: 1937
    • Profession: Politician
    Didier Opertti Badán (1937-) is a Uruguayan political figure and lawyer. Opertti served as the interior minister of Uruguay from 1995 to 1998 in the government of Julio María Sanguinetti. Opertti subsequently served as foreign minister under both Presidents Sanguinetti and subsequently Jorge Batlle from 1998 until March 1, 2005. He served as the president of the United Nations General Assembly from 1998 to 1999. As of 2006, he serves as Secretary-General of ALADI.
    7.00
    3 votes
    98
    Jamie Quirk

    Jamie Quirk

    • Date of birth: 1954-10-22
    • Profession: Baseball player
    James Patrick Quirk ( /ˈkwɜrk/; born October 22, 1954) is a former Major League Baseball catcher and current bench coach for the Chicago Cubs. Quirk attended Whittier College. Quirk was also a Parade Magazine All-America quarterback at St. Paul High School in Santa Fe Springs, California where, upon graduation, he was offered a four-year football scholarship to the University of Notre Dame. Quirk played for the Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago White Sox, New York Yankees, Oakland Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Baltimore Orioles in a career that spanned the years 1975-1992. On September 27, 1984, Quirk hit a game-winning home run in the bottom of the ninth for the Cleveland Indians in a game against the Minnesota Twins. It was the only plate appearance Quirk had for the Indians, and was meaningless for Cleveland, which was in 6th place in its division. But the home run was crucial for Quirk's former team of seven years, the Kansas City Royals, which was in a tight race with the Twins for the American League West division crown. With Quirk's home run, the Royals moved two games ahead of the Twins with three to play. The Royals clinched the
    7.00
    3 votes
    99
    John Holl

    John Holl

    • Date of birth: 1802-08-16
    John Myrie Holl (16 August 1802 – 6 April 1869) was a Prince Edward Island politician. He was born in England and likely immigrated to island in 1836 acquiring several hundred acres of property which he named "Kenwith" after his family's estate in Devon, England. Holl was appointed to the legislative council in 1840 by governor Charles Augustus FitzRoy. Responsible government came to the island in 1851. In 1853 the Liberal government of the colony's first premier, George Coles, was defeated in the general election and was forced to resign in early 1854 when it could not command the support of the House of Assembly which now had a Conservative majority. Holl was appointed Premier despite the fact that he sat in the appointed legislative council rather than the elected House of Assembly. Due to changes in the franchise which broadened the right to vote from property owners to universal male suffrage a new election was held in June 1854 and the Liberals again won power and were able to form a government when the legislature resumed in 1855 ending Holl's few months as Premier. Holl continued to sit in the legislative council until leaving the island in 1856.
    7.00
    3 votes
    100
    Margaret A. Brewer

    Margaret A. Brewer

    • Date of birth: 1930
    Brigadier General Margaret A. Brewer, USMC (retired) (born 1930), was the first female to reach the rank of general in the United States Marine Corps. Born in Durand, Michigan in 1930, Brewer received her primary education in Michigan but graduated from the Catholic High School in Baltimore, Maryland, prior to entering the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. She received a bachelor's degree in geography in January 1952 and is also a member of Zeta Tau Alpha sorority. Brewer was commissioned a Marine second lieutenant in March 1952. Her first assignment was at the Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, California, where she served as a communications watch officer until June 1953. She was then transferred to Brooklyn, New York, for a two-year tour as Inspector-Instructor of a Women Marine Reserve unit. From September 1955 until June 1958, then Captain Brewer served successively as Commanding Officer of the Women Marine companies at Norfolk, Virginia, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. During the 18 months following, she was a platoon commander for woman officer candidates at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, during summer training sessions, and for the balance of
    7.00
    3 votes
    101
    Nicolaus von Amsdorf

    Nicolaus von Amsdorf

    • Date of birth: 1483-12-03
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Nicolaus von Amsdorf (3 December 1483 – 14 May 1565) was a German theologian and Protestant reformer. He was born in Torgau, on the Elbe. He was educated at Leipzig, and then at Wittenberg, where he was one of the first who matriculated (1502) in the recently founded university. He soon obtained various academic honours, and became professor of theology in 1511. Like Andreas Karlstadt, he was at first a leading exponent of the older type of scholastic theology, but under the influence of Luther abandoned his Aristotelian positions for a theology based on the Augustinian doctrine of grace. Throughout his life he remained one of Luther's most determined supporters; he was with him at the Leipzig conference (1519), and the Diet of Worms (1521); and was in the secret of his Wartburg seclusion. He assisted the first efforts of the Reformation at Magdeburg (1524), at Goslar (1531) and at Einbeck (1534); took an active part in the debates at Schmalkalden (1537), where he defended the use of the sacrament by the unbelieving; and (1539) spoke out strongly against the bigamy of the Landgrave of Hesse. After the death of Philip of the Palatinate, bishop of Naumburg-Zeitz, he was installed
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    3 votes
    102
    Oswald Balzer

    Oswald Balzer

    • Date of birth: 1858
    • Country of nationality: Poland
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Oswald Marian Balzer (1858–1933) was an Austro-Polish historian of law and statehood, one of the most renowned Polish historians of his times. In 1887 he became a professor at the University of Lwów. Between 1895 and 1896 he also briefly served as its rector. Since 1891 until his death he was also the director of City Archives in Lwów. In 1888 he was offered a seat in the Polish Academy of Skills, as well as several other scientific societies, both in Poland and abroad. In 1901 he founded the Society for the Support of Polish Science in Lwów (Tow. dla Popierania Nauki Pol. we Lwowie), the first such society in the city, later to be renamed to Lwow Scientific Society (1920). Among the fields of his studies were the history of Polish statehood and Poland's historical law, as well as the early history of Slavic states. Morskie Oko
    7.00
    3 votes
    103
    Rachel Corrie

    Rachel Corrie

    • Date of birth: 1979-04-10
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Peace activist
    Rachel Aliene Corrie (April 10, 1979 – March 16, 2003) was an American peace activist and member of International Solidarity Movement (ISM) from Olympia, Washington, who was crushed to death by an Israel Defense Forces armored bulldozer in Rafah, in the southern part of the Gaza Strip. She had come to Gaza during the height of the second Palestinian intifada as part of her senior-year college assignment to connect her home town with Rafah in a sister cities project. While there she had engaged with other ISM activists in efforts to non-violently prevent the Israeli army's demolition of the homes of Palestinian people. Less than two months after her arrival, on March 16, 2003, Corrie was killed after a three hour confrontation between two bulldozers and eight ISM activists. Wearing a bright orange fluorescent jacket and, until shortly before her death, using a megaphone, she was killed while standing in the path of a bulldozer that she believed was about to demolish the house of local pharmacist Samir Nasralla's family whom she had befriended. She was run over twice by the bulldozer resulting in a fractured skull, shattered ribs and punctured lungs. The exact nature of her death and
    7.00
    3 votes
    104
    Heide Schmidt

    Heide Schmidt

    • Date of birth: 1948-11-27
    • Country of nationality: Austria
    • Profession: Politician
    Heide Schmidt (born November 27, 1948 in Kempten im Allgäu, Germany) is an Austrian politician. A lawyer and formerly a prominent member of Jörg Haider's Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ), in 1993 Schmidt was one of a group of politicians who, because of Haider's increasingly right-wing verbal politics, seceded from the FPÖ and founded the Liberal Forum. From 1990 until 1994 Schmidt was Third President of the National Council of Austria. Also, she twice ran for Austrian Presidency both in 1992 when she was nominated by the FPÖ and in 1998 by the Liberal Forum. Schmidt ran the non-profit organization, Institut für eine offene Gesellschaft (Institute for an Open Society) from 2000–2009. In 2008, Schmidt staged a brief comeback as leading candidate for the Liberal Forum. Following the party's disastrous showing and failure to re-enter parliament, Schmidt announced her final retirement from politics.
    6.00
    4 votes
    105
    Josef Melichar

    Josef Melichar

    • Date of birth: 1979-01-20
    • Country of nationality: Czech Republic
    Josef Melichar IV (born January 20, 1979) is a retired Czech professional ice hockey defenceman. Melichar was drafted in the 3rd round (71st overall) by the Penguins in the 1997 NHL Entry Draft. He played two junior seasons with the Tri-City Americans of the Canadian Hockey League (CHL) from 1997 to 1999, and was nominated for the Western Hockey League (WHL)'s top defenceman award in 1998. The award would go to future Penguins teammate and frequent defense partner Michal Rozsíval. Melichar's first pro season was spent with the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins of the American Hockey League (AHL) in their inaugural 1999–00 season. He was the only member of the team to play in all 80 games. Melichar made his NHL debut as a 21-year-old in October 2000, and played in 18 games for the Pittsburgh Penguins. The Penguins were stacked with Czech players that season, with Melichar being one of eleven to suit up for the team. He was sent down to Wilkes-Barre/Scranton and participated in their long playoff run, which ended with a loss in the 2001 Calder Cup finals. He became a permanent fixture on Pittsburgh's blueline in 2001–02, with a strong rookie season that ended prematurely with a shoulder
    6.00
    4 votes
    106
    Stoyanka Mutafova

    Stoyanka Mutafova

    • Date of birth: 1922-02-02
    • Country of nationality: Bulgaria
    Stoyanka Konstantinova Mutafova (Bulgarian: Стоянка Константинова Мутафова) (born 2 February 1922) is a Bulgarian actress. Born in Sofia, she read philology at the University of Sofia "Kliment Ohridski". Later she studied acting in Bulgaria and Prague. From 1949 until 1956 she acted in multiple plays in the national "Ivan Vazov" theatre. She is one of the founders of the "Aleko Konstantinov" satiric theatre, where she performed from 1957 to 1991. In 2005 she starred alongside Georgi Kaloyanchev in the play The Astronauts. In 2010 Mutafova was one of the leading actors in the Bulgarian film If somebody loves you. Точка първа (in Bulgarian) Item One (in English) Специалист по всичко (in Bulgarian) Jack-of-All-Trades (in English) Джеси Джеймс срещу Локум Шекеров (in Bulgarian) Jesse James vs. Lokum Shekerov (in English) Привързаният балон (in Bulgarian) The Tied Up Balloon (in English) Бялата стая (in Bulgarian) The White Room (in English) Любовницата на Граминя (in Bulgarian) released as "The Bandit" in the US Кит (in Bulgarian) Whale (in English) Езоп (in Bulgarian) Aesop (in English) Бягство в Ропотамо (in Bulgarian) Flight to the Ropotamo (in English) Топло (in Bulgarian) Warmth
    6.00
    4 votes
    107
    Vance DeGeneres

    Vance DeGeneres

    • Date of birth: 1954-09-02
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Guitarist
    Vance Elliott DeGeneres (born September 2, 1954, in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American actor, musician, film producer and screenwriter, known for his work in television. He is the older brother of actress and comedian Ellen DeGeneres. After a two-year stint in the Marine Corps, during which he reached the rank of corporal, DeGeneres hosted a radio program called New Wave New Orleans in the late 1970s, broadcast on WRNO-FM. He played bass guitar in The Cold, a new-wave band based in New Orleans in the early 1980s. He originated the role of "Mr. Hands" in Walter Williams's Mr. Bill short films in the mid-1970s. According to the 1986 book Saturday Night: A Backstage History of Saturday Night Live, DeGeneres sued Williams in federal court in 1979, asking for his name on the Mr. Bill copyright and for half of all profits the Mr. Bill character produced. After a two-day hearing, DeGeneres received an undisclosed portion of merchandising rights to Mr. Bill. However, the judge ruled that Mr. Bill was Williams's "basic idea and concept." In the mid-1980s, DeGeneres co-founded the short-lived rock band called House of Schock with The Go-Go's drummer Gina Schock. In 1998, he played
    6.00
    4 votes
    108
    Adam Bomb

    Adam Bomb

    • Date of birth: 1963
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Singer
    Adam Bomb (born Adam Brenner, 1963) is an American guitarist and singer who has worked with several bands. In 1979, when Adam Bomb was 16 years old, he and Geoff Tate started a cover band called Tyrant. Later he joined the band TKO, with whom he recorded the album In Your Face. In 1980, Bomb auditioned for Kiss. He flew to Los Angeles and played three songs with them, but was not invited to join the band. Instead, he moved to Hollywood and shared an apartment with Jeffrey Isbelle, better known as Izzy Stradlin. Bomb quickly became friends with Tommy Thayer, a neighbor and guitarist for the rock band Black N' Blue (now guitarist in KISS), who suggested Adam should do his own project and call it Adam Bomb. Tommy Thayer's band "Movie Star" opened for TKO at The Showbox in 1981. In 1983, Adam recorded his first demos with producer Rick Keefer. He also played two gigs with Steeler as a replacement for Yngwie Malmsteen. One year later, Adam recorded more songs with the aid of drummer Chuck Ruff of Montrose and bassist Cliff Williams of AC/DC and finalized his first album, Fatal Attraction. In 1984, Bomb signed a long-term management deal with Leber Krebs and moved to New York to start a
    8.00
    2 votes
    109
    Bruce Ridpath

    Bruce Ridpath

    • Date of birth: 1884-06-02
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    David Bruce Ridpath (1884-01-02– 1925-06-04) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and general manager. He was a member of the 1911 Stanley Cup champion Ottawa Senators before an automobile accident ended his playing career. Ridpath, born in Lakefield, Ontario, as well as playing ice hockey, also was a member of the Toronto Canoe Club and became known as a canoe racer and stunt paddler, performing in shows throughout the world. Ridpath never married and died in 1925 at the age of 40 at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. He suffered a stroke on May 18 and never regained consciousness. Ridpath played junior hockey in 1904 with the Westerns (representing Parkdale, Toronto) in the Ontario Hockey Association(OHA). As a senior, he joined the Toronto Marlboros of the OHA in 1905. He turned professional in 1906 with the Toronto team, playing in eight games, scoring 17 goals in their exhibition schedule. He played three seasons for the Torontos, helping the team to win the 1908 league title and scored a goal in a 6-4 loss to the Montreal Wanderers in a one-game Stanley Cup challenge. On 1909-01-30, he scored seven goals in one game as Toronto defeated Brantford 15-10. Later that
    8.00
    2 votes
    110
    Gottlieb von Jagow

    Gottlieb von Jagow

    • Date of birth: 1863-06-22
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Politician
    Gottlieb von Jagow (22 June 1863, Berlin – 1 January 1935) was a German diplomat. He served as the foreign minister of Germany between January 1913 and 1916. Jagow was educated at the University of Bonn. He entered the diplomatic service in 1895, and was first assigned to the German embassy in Rome, then to the Prussian mission at Munich. After he passed his exam in diplomacy in 1897, he was assigned to the Prussian mission at Hamburg, but quickly switched again to Rome, where he advanced to the position of Second Secretary (legation counselor). After a short interlude with the German mission at The Hague, he returned as First Secretary to the embassy in Rome in March 1901, where he stayed until 1906, when he was transferred to the Foreign Office in Berlin. He first made his mark as private secretary to Bernhard von Bülow, former Imperial Chancellor. In December 1907 he was appointed Envoy Extraordinary to Luxemburg, in May 1909 he became German ambassador at Rome. During the Turco-Italian War, he conducted important negotiations with the Italian government and, it is said, prevented a war between Austria and Italy at the time. In 1913 he was appointed foreign minister of Germany.
    8.00
    2 votes
    111
    Lou Diamond Phillips

    Lou Diamond Phillips

    • Date of birth: 1962-02-17
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Actor
    Lou Diamond Phillips (born Lou Diamond Upchurch; February 17, 1962) is an American film, television, and stage actor and director. His breakthrough came when he starred in the film La Bamba. He earned a supporting actor Golden Globe Award nomination for his role in Stand and Deliver and a Tony Award nomination for his role in The King and I. Other notable films in which Phillips has starred include Courage Under Fire, Che, and Love Takes Wing. Phillips was born as Lou Diamond Upchurch at the Subic Bay U.S. Naval Station in Zambales, Philippines, the son of Lucita Aranas and Gerald Upchurch, an officer in the United States Navy. His father was an American of Scots-Irish and one-quarter Cherokee descent, and his mother, a native of Candelaria, is a Filipino of Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, and Hawaiian descent. Phillips was named after Marine legend Leland "Lou" Diamond. After his father died, he took his stepfather's surname "Phillips" as his own. He was raised in Texas, where he attended Flour Bluff High School in Corpus Christi graduating in 1980. He graduated from the University of Texas at Arlington with a BFA in Drama. The first low-budget film in which he starred was called
    8.00
    2 votes
    112
    Milt Schmidt

    Milt Schmidt

    • Date of birth: 1918-03-05
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    • Profession: Ice hockey player
    Milton Conrad Schmidt (born March 5, 1918) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey centre, coach and general manager, mostly for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League. He is an Honoured Member of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Schmidt's early years were spent in Toronto, where he attended King Edward Public School. In high school, he briefly attended Kitchener-Waterloo Collegiate and Vocational School, but dropped out at age 14 in order to work in order to support his family (his father had become too ill to work regularly), and took a job at a shoe factory. He made 18 cents per hour while working there and claimed that he knew the value of the dollar. (NHL Network January 2009) He continued playing junior hockey with the Kitchener Empires and Kitchener Greenshirts. Schmidt was a childhood friend of fellow Hall of Famers Woody Dumart and Bobby Bauer. Schmidt played junior hockey with Dumart and Bauer in Kitchener, Ontario before their rights were all acquired by the Bruins in 1935. After playing a final year of junior hockey in Kitchener, Ontario, and half a year with the Bruins' AHL Providence Reds farm team, Schmidt would be called up to the Bruins during the 1937
    8.00
    2 votes
    113
    Richard Noble

    Richard Noble

    • Date of birth: 1946-03-06
    • Profession: Racecar driver
    Richard Noble, OBE (born 6 March 1946) is a Scottish entrepreneur who was holder of the land speed record between 1983 and 1997. He was also the project director of ThrustSSC, the vehicle which holds the current land speed record, set at Black Rock Desert, Nevada in 1997. Thrust2, the record-breaking car driven by Noble, travelled at 633.468 mph (1019 km/h). The accomplishment won Noble the 1983 Segrave Trophy. ThrustSSC, the supersonic car driven by Andy Green, broke the record at 763.035 mph (1221 km/h) or Mach 1.02. Noble is planning another land speed record attempt to take place in 2013 or 2014: Bloodhound SSC aims to pass the 1,000 mph mark. Noble was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and educated at Winchester College and became a qualified pilot. In 1984 he exploited a production hiatus at Cessna aircraft to create a new all-British light aircraft, the ARV Super2. The Super2 was fitted with a new British engine, the Hewland AE75. Only some 35 ARVs were made before the Isle of Wight factory closed. Production was planned to resume at Opus Aircraft in North Carolina, but this project appears to have stalled. Noble's next project was to develop the Kestrel JP10 "Farnborough Air
    8.00
    2 votes
    114
    Charles Devens

    Charles Devens

    • Date of birth: 1820-04-04
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Charles Devens Jr. (April 4, 1820 – January 7, 1891) was an American lawyer, jurist and statesman. He also served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, Devens graduated from Boston Latin School and eventually Harvard College in 1838, and from the Harvard Law School in 1840. He was admitted to the bar in Franklin County, Massachusetts, where he practiced from 1841 to 1849. In 1848, he was a Whig member of the Massachusetts Senate. From 1849 to 1853, Devens was United States Marshal for Massachusetts, in which capacity he was called upon in 1851 to remand the fugitive slave, Thomas Sims, to slavery. This he felt constrained to do, much against his personal desire; subsequently, he attempted in vain to purchase Sims' freedom, and many years later appointed him to a position in the United States Department of Justice in Washington, D.C.. Devens practiced law at Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1853 until 1861. During much of this time, he also served as a general in the state militia. When the war erupted, Devens was initially a major in the 3rd Battalion of Massachusetts Rifles. He was appointed as colonel of the 15th
    9.00
    1 votes
    115
    Eric Wallace

    Eric Wallace

    • Date of birth: 1938-07-16
    • Country of nationality: England
    Eric Wallace (16 July 1938 – 28 April 2004) was a reporter and presenter for Border Television and an independent film director in Cumbria, England. He was born in Carlisle and spent his whole life there. For twenty years he was the main anchor of Lookaround until his retirement in 1998. At the age of 27, Wallace left his first job at McVitie's biscuit factory to take a three-year course in Film and Television at Durham University. On graduating he joined Border Television as a reporter, where he would remain for the next 30 years. After his retirement, Wallace returned to make a number of guest appearances, until illness prevented him from doing so in 2002. Whilst working for Border TV, Wallace - an ardent movie enthusiast, directed and funded several independent films including Strange Company (1972), I Can Lick Any Girl in the House (1976) and Stimmung (produced between 1980 and 1986). Wallace himself was the subject of a 1986 short film, The One and Only, produced by film students at the Royal College of Art, London. Eric Wallace died at Carlisle's Eden Valley Hospice on 28 April 2004 from cancer. He was 65 and had been married with two children, five grandchildren and two
    9.00
    1 votes
    116
    Hasan Saka

    Hasan Saka

    • Date of birth: 1886
    • Country of nationality: Turkey
    Hasan Saka (1885, Akçaabat – July 29, 1960) was a Turkish politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Prime Minister of Turkey. He graduated from "Mülkiye Mektebi" (School of Civil Service) in 1908. Hasan Saka started working for government in "Divan-ı Muhasebat" (Court of Accounts). He was sent to France for further education by the Ottoman government in 1909. After graduating from the School of Political Science with a Diplomacy major, he returned home to continue his prior job. He was elected as a member of the Ottoman Parliament in Istanbul at its last term and kept his position until the parliament was closed. He was elected as a member of Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) from Trabzon at its first term on January 28, 1921. Saka was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs on September 13, 1944. He quit this position on September 9, 1947 when the entire cabinet resigned. He was appointed as Prime Minister on September 10, 1947. He resigned on September 9, 1949 but continued to be a member of parliament. His political life ended in 1954 when he decided not to run for the parliament again. He died on July 29, 1960 in Istanbul, and was laid to rest at the Zincirlikuyu
    9.00
    1 votes
    117
    Richard R. Schrock

    Richard R. Schrock

    • Date of birth: 1945-01-04
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Chemist
    Richard Royce Schrock (born 4 January 1945) is an American chemist and Nobel laureate recognized for his contributions to the olefin metathesis reaction used in organic chemistry. Born in Berne, Indiana, Schrock went to Mission Bay High School in San Diego, California. He holds a B.A. (1967) from the University of California, Riverside and a Ph. D. (1971) from Harvard University. At Harvard he studied under J.A. Osborn. In 1971-72, he carried out postdoctoral studies at the University of Cambridge with Lord Jack Lewis. In 1972, he was hired by DuPont, where he worked at the Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware in the group of George Parshall. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1975 and became full professor in 1980. He has held his current post, the Frederick G. Keyes Professor of Chemistry, at MIT since 1989. Schrock is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Sciences and was elected to the Board of Overseers of Harvard University in 2007. He is co-founder and member of the board of, a Swiss-based company focused on the development and application of proprietary metathesis catalyst. He married Nancy
    9.00
    1 votes
    118
    Sam Bowie

    Sam Bowie

    • Date of birth: 1961-03-17
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Basketball player
    Samuel Paul "Sam" Bowie (born March 17, 1961) is a retired American basketball player. A national sensation in high school and outstanding collegian, Bowie's professional promise was undermined by repeated injury. In spite of the setbacks, the 7'1" and 235 lb center played ten seasons in the NBA. Projected as a solid first rounder in the 1984 NBA Draft, Bowie was chosen by the Portland Trail Blazers as the second selection, ahead of Hall of Famer Michael Jordan, due to Portland already having drafted Clyde Drexler just a year before. As a player at Lebanon High School, Bowie was heavily recruited. He averaged over 28 points and 18 rebounds per game, and was a McDonald's All-American and Parade All-American. As a junior, he led his team to the state finals, where they lost by a point to Schenley High School of Pittsburgh. He was named Player of the Year over another heavily recruited center, Ralph Sampson. However, in a hyped game at the Capital Classic, called "Battle of the Giants" Bowie was outplayed by Sampson. Bowie also participated in the Dapper Dan and Derby Festival Classic. As a freshman during the 1979–80 season at the University of Kentucky, Bowie averaged twelve points
    9.00
    1 votes
    119
    Sandra Hess

    Sandra Hess

    • Date of birth: 1968-03-27
    • Country of nationality: Switzerland
    • Profession: Actor
    Sandra Hess (born 27 March 1968 in Zurich, Switzerland) is an actress best known for her role as Sonya Blade in the film Mortal Kombat: Annihilation. Hess began modeling and working on television commercials when she was 15. After completing high school, she entered the University of Zurich to study law but before completing her degree she came to the United States to build an acting career. Once settled in Los Angeles, Hess started taking acting classes. Her first role was in the 1992 film Encino Man, playing a cave-woman to Brendan Fraser's caveman character. In 1997, she played the role of Sonya Blade in the film Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, taking over the role played by Bridgette Wilson in the first film. In 1998, she portrayed Immortal bounty hunter Reagan Cole, a friend of Duncan MacLeod's, in a sixth season episode of Highlander: The Series. She also portrayed Viper in the TV movie Nick Fury: Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D., and Alexandra "Ice" Jensen in Pensacola: Wings of Gold. Her guest spots include the series Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, Sliders (Season 4 – Genesis), SeaQuest DSV and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. In 2008, Hess starred as Sasha in General
    9.00
    1 votes
    120
    Tim Alexander

    Tim Alexander

    • Date of birth: 1965-04-10
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Musician
    Tim "Herb" Alexander (born April 10, 1965 in Cherry Point, North Carolina) is an American musician, best known as the former drummer for the rock band Primus. Tim played on the Primus recordings Suck on This to Tales from the Punchbowl, before leaving the band in 1996, only to rejoin in 2003 for the EP Animals Should Not Try to Act Like People. He was a member of, and toured with, Primus from early 2003 until approximately 2009 when he was replaced by Jay Lane. Although Alexander has been quoted saying he was originally inspired to become a rock drummer by legendary drummers like John Bonham, Neil Peart and Shaun O'Connor, Primus guitarist Larry LaLonde claims Alexander's drum beats are mostly influenced by African Jùjú music. Prior to joining Primus, he played and recorded with Major Lingo, which at the time was a ska-based rhythm band that featured a lap steel guitar as the lead instrument, played by Tony Bruno. When Major Lingo toured through the Bay Area Tim met members of Primus and would go on to remain there trying out for the band. Following Alexander's departure from Primus, he went on to form his own group, Laundry. Alexander released two albums with the band Laundry;
    9.00
    1 votes
    121
    A. W. Volkmann

    A. W. Volkmann

    • Date of birth: 1801-07-01
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1 July 1801 – 21 April 1877) was a German physiologist, anatomist, and philosopher. He specialized in the study of the nervous and optic systems. He was born in Leipzig, and studied there from 1821, and in 1826 he obtained his doctorate. In 1828 he was habilitated as Privatdozent at the University of Leipzig. It was there that he became professor extraordinary of zootomy in 1834. In 1837 he went to Dorpat as professor of physiology, pathology and semiotics. However, his residence in Dorpat was short: he left for Halle as early as 1843. In 1854 Volkmann assumed as well the teaching of anatomy, until 1872, when physiology was branched off and given to Julius Bernstein. In 1872, after his fiftieth doctoral jubilee he retired completely from his university activities. He died in Halle. Today, he is most remembered for his additions to the physiology of the nervous system and physiological optics. In 1842 he demonstrated that sympathetic nerves were largely made up of medullated fibres arising from sympathetic and spinal ganglia. However, he also delineated and identified numerous features of gross anatomy, including Volkmann's Channels. Additionally, Volkmann
    6.67
    3 votes
    122
    Fred Billington

    Fred Billington

    • Date of birth: 1854-07-01
    • Profession: Singer
    Fred Billington (1 July 1854 – 2 November 1917) was an English singer and actor, best known for his performances in baritone roles of the Savoy Operas with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company. His career with the company began in 1879 and continued with brief interruptions until his death in 1917. Billington seldom played in the West End but was a favourite with provincial audiences, chiefly in the roles created by Rutland Barrington. He created two roles in Savoy operas: the first was the Sergeant of Police in the one-off performance of The Pirates of Penzance given in December 1879 in Paignton (the day prior to the New York premiere) to establish Gilbert's and Sullivan's British copyright, and the second was King Mopolio in His Majesty at the Savoy Theatre in 1897. Billington was born in Lockwood, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire. He began his career in the English provinces, singing at penny readings (inexpensive and respectable entertainments for working people). Billington joined the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company in 1879 playing the Boatswain in H.M.S. Pinafore in the London suburbs, and Policeman 100-A in a companion piece, Antony and Cleopatra, a one-act French farce adapted by Charles
    6.67
    3 votes
    123
    Griff Rhys Jones

    Griff Rhys Jones

    • Date of birth: 1953-11-16
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Presenter
    Griffith "Griff" Rhys Jones (born 16 November 1953) is a Welsh comedian, writer, actor, television presenter and personality. Jones came to national attention in the early 1980s for his work in the BBC television comedy sketch shows Not the Nine O'Clock News and Alas Smith and Jones along with his comedy partner Mel Smith. With Smith, he founded television production company Talkback Productions, now part of RTL Group. He went on to develop a career as a television presenter and writer, as well as continuing with acting work. Rhys Jones was born in Cardiff, the son of Gwyneth Margaret (née Jones) and Elwyn, a doctor. Moving with his father's work, he attended Conifers Primary School in Midhurst, West Sussex, junior school in Epping, Essex and Brentwood School, also in Essex. While the family was resident in Essex, his father had a boat in West Mersea on Mersea Island, which they would sail around the coast of Suffolk and into The Broads. While at Brentwood School he met Charlie Bean (later Executive Director of the Bank of England) and Douglas Adams (who would later write The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy). In 1967, he appeared in Macbeth as the First Witch, alongside Douglas
    6.67
    3 votes
    124
    Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff

    Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff

    • Date of birth: 1830-02-11
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Pianist
    Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff (11 February 1830 – 3 November 1913) was a classical musician and composer who studied under Franz Liszt. (Some sources write Schellendorf with one F, but the correct German surname of this family is written with double FF). (Source: Adelslexikon) Bronsart von Schellendorff (also called Bronsart - see) was born into a Prussian military family, and educated at Berlin University. He studied piano with Adolph Jullack. He went to Weimar in 1853 where he met Liszt and became familiar with all the musicians in Liszt's circle at the time, including Hector Berlioz and Johannes Brahms. It is a measure of his close relationship with Liszt that it was he who played the solo part in the first Weimar performance of Liszt's second piano concerto, with the composer conducting. When the concerto was published, Liszt dedicated it to Bronsart. After having trained for several years with Liszt, he worked as a conductor in Leipzig and Berlin, and then took the post of general manager of the royal theatre in Hanover from 1867 to 1887. He held a similar post in Weimar from 1887 until his retirement in 1895. He met his second wife Ingeborg Bronsart von Schellendorf (née
    6.67
    3 votes
    125
    Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

    Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

    • Date of birth: 1776-03-10
    "Konigin Luise" redirects here. For other uses see Konigin Luise (disambiguation) Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie; 10 March 1776 – 19 July 1810) was Queen consort of Prussia as the wife of King Frederick William III. The couple's happy, though short-lived, marriage produced nine children, including the future monarchs Frederick William IV of Prussia and German Emperor Wilhelm I. Her legacy became cemented after her extraordinary 1806 meeting with French Emperor Napoleon I at Tilsit – she met with the emperor to plead unsuccessfully for favorable terms after Prussia's disastrous losses in the Napoleonic Wars. Already well loved by her subjects, their meeting led Louise to become revered as "the soul of national virtue". Her early death at the age of thirty-four "preserved her youth in the memory of posterity", and caused Napoleon to reportedly remark the king "has lost his best minister". The Order of Louise was founded by her grieving husband four years later as a female counterpart to the Iron Cross. In the 1920s conservative German women founded the Queen Louise League, and Louise herself would be used in Nazi propaganda as an example of
    6.67
    3 votes
    126
    Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter

    Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter

    • Date of birth: 1746-09-03
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter (3 September 1746 – 18 March 1797) was a German poet and dramatist. He was born at Gotha. After the completion of his university course at Göttingen, he was appointed second director of the Gotha Archive. He subsequently went to Wetzlar, the seat of the imperial law courts, as secretary to the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha legation. In 1768 he returned to Gotha as tutor to two young noblemen, and here, together with HC Boie, he founded the famous Göttinger Musenalmanach. In 1770 he was once more in Wetzlar, where he belonged to Goethe's circle. Four years later he returned to live permanently in Gotha, where he worked until his death. Gotter was the chief representative of French taste in the German literary life of his time. His poetry is elegant and polished, and largely free from the trivialities of the Anacreontic lyric of the earlier generation of imitators of French literature; but he lacked imaginative depth. His plays, of which Merope (1774), an adaptation in blank verse of the tragedies of Maffei and Voltaire, and Medea (1775), a melodrama, are best known, were mostly based on French originals and had considerable influence in counteracting the formlessness
    5.75
    4 votes
    127
    Andrey Markov

    Andrey Markov

    • Date of birth: 1856-06-14
    • Country of nationality: Russia
    • Profession: Mathematician
    Andrey (Andrei) Andreyevich Markov (Russian: Андре́й Андре́евич Ма́рков, in older works also spelled Markoff) (14 June 1856 N.S. – 20 July 1922) was a Russian mathematician. He is best known for his work on stochastic processes. A primary subject of his research later became known as Markov chains and Markov processes. Markov and his younger brother Vladimir Andreevich Markov (1871–1897) proved Markov brothers' inequality. His son, another Andrei Andreevich Markov (1903–1979), was also a notable mathematician, making contributions to constructive mathematics and recursive function theory. Andrey Andreyevich Markov was born in Ryazan as the son of the secretary of the public forest management of Ryazan, Andrey Grigorevich Markov, and his first wife Nadezhda Petrovna Markova. In the beginning of the 1860s Andrey Grigorevich moved to St. Petersburg to become an asset manager of the princess Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Valvatyeva. In 1866, Andrey Andreevich's school life began with his entrance into St. Petersburg's fifth grammar school. Already during his school time Andrey was intensely engaged in higher mathematics. As a 17-year-old grammar school student, he informed Viktor
    7.50
    2 votes
    128
    Antipope Clement III

    Antipope Clement III

    • Date of birth: 1029
    Guibert or Wibert of Ravenna (c. 1029 – 8 September 1100) was an Italian prelate, archbishop of Ravenna, who was elected pope in 1080 in opposition to Pope Gregory VII. Gregory was the leader of the movement in the church which opposed the traditional claim of European monarchs to control ecclesiastical appointments, and this was opposed by supporters of monarchical rights led by the Holy Roman Emperor. This led to the conflict known as the Investiture Controversy. Gregory was felt by many to have gone too far when he excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and supported a rival claimant as emperor, and in 1080 the pro-imperial Synod of Brixen pronounced that Gregory was deposed and replaced as pope by Guibert. Consecrated as Pope Clement III in Rome in March of 1084, he commanded a significant following in Rome and elsewhere, especially during the first half of his pontificate, and reigned in opposition to four successive popes in the anti-imperial line: Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, and Paschal II. After his death and burial at Civita Castellana in 1100 he was celebrated locally as a miracle-working saint, but Paschal II and the anti-imperial party soon subjected him
    7.50
    2 votes
    129
    Bas van der Vlies

    Bas van der Vlies

    • Date of birth: 1942-06-29
    • Country of nationality: Netherlands
    • Profession: Politician
    Bastiaan Johannis "Bas" van der Vlies (born June 29, 1942) is a retired Dutch politician of the Reformed Political Party (SGP). He was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands from June 10, 1981 until June 17, 2010 and the Parliamentary leader of the Reformed Political Party in the House of Representatives and Party leader from May 22, 1986 until May 10, 2010 and also the Party leader from May 22, 1986 until March 27, 2010.
    7.50
    2 votes
    130
    Betty Holberton

    Betty Holberton

    • Date of birth: 1917-03-07
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Programmer
    Frances Elizabeth "Betty" Holberton (March 7, 1917 – December 8, 2001) was one of the six original programmers of ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer. Holberton was born Frances Elizabeth Snyder in Philadelphia in 1917. On her first day of classes at the University of Pennsylvania, Holberton's math professor asked her if she wouldn't be better off at home raising children. Instead, Holberton decided to study journalism, because its curriculum let her travel far a-field. Journalism was also one of the few fields open to women as a career in the 1940s. During World War II while the men were fighting, the Army needed the women to compute ballistics trajectories. Holberton was hired by the Moore School of Engineering to work as a "computor", and was soon chosen to be one of the six women to program the ENIAC. Classified as "subprofessionals", Holberton, along with Kay McNulty, Marlyn Wescoff, Ruth Lichterman, Betty Jean Jennings, and Fran Bilas, programmed the ENIAC to perform calculations for ballistics trajectories electronically for the Ballistic Research Laboratory (BRL), US Army. Their work on ENIAC earned each of them a place in the Women in Technology
    7.50
    2 votes
    131
    Bob St. Clair

    Bob St. Clair

    • Date of birth: 1931-02-18
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Robert Bruce St. Clair, nicknamed "The Geek" (born February 18, 1931) is a former San Francisco American football player known for fine play and eating raw beef. Because of his eccentricities, his teammates nicknamed him "The Geek". St. Clair holds the distinction of being one of the few players in history to have spent almost his entire playing career in the same city, playing in the same stadium. Bob St. Clair attended San Francisco's Polytechnic High School (located across the street from the stadium) and the University of San Francisco, and was part of USF's undefeated 1951 team. After USF dropped football, St. Clair finished his college career at the University of Tulsa. He was then drafted by the San Francisco 49ers in 1953 and played his entire professional career in San Francisco until his retirement prior to the 1964 season. In 2001, as a tribute for playing a total of 17 seasons and 189 home games at Kezar Stadium, the city of San Francisco renamed the stadium's field in honor of St. Clair. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990. St. Clair also served as mayor of Daly City, California from 1958 to 1961 (while still an active player) and a county
    7.50
    2 votes
    132
    Daniel Bonifacius von Haneberg

    Daniel Bonifacius von Haneberg

    • Date of birth: 1816-06-16
    Daniel Bonifacius von Haneberg (Tanne near Kempten, Bavaria, 16 June 1816 - Speyer, Rhine Palatinate, 31 May 1876) was a German Catholic bishop and orientalist. He began his classical course at Kempten, where he pursued the studies prescribed by the curriculum, and mastered several Oriental languages (Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Persian, and Ethiopic). He next went to Munich, where he completed his elementary studies in the gymnasium, and followed the courses of philosophy and theology in the university. While a theological student, he cultivated Sanskrit and Chinese over and above the Oriental languages with which he was already acquainted, translated a few works of Cardinal Wiseman, contributed several essays and poems to various German periodicals, and prepared for the Catholic priesthood. He took his degree of Doctor of Theology at the University of Munich in 1839, and was ordained priest at Augsburg, on 29 August of the same year. The following November he qualified for a Privatdozent in the University of Munich by his thesis "De significationibus in Veteri Testamento præter literam valentibus" (Munich, 1839), and began in December his career of thirty-three years as a lecturer of
    7.50
    2 votes
    133
    Ion Barbu

    Ion Barbu

    • Date of birth: 1895-03-18
    • Country of nationality: Romania
    • Profession: Mathematician
    Ion Barbu (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈon ˈbarbu]; pen name of Dan Barbilian; 18 March 1895 –11 August 1961) was a distinguished Romanian mathematician and poet. He was born in Câmpulung-Muscel, Argeş County, the son of Constantin Barbilian and Smaranda, born Şoiculescu. He attended Ion Brătianu High School in Piteşti and Gheorghe Lazăr High School in Bucharest. During that time, he discovered his mathematics talents, and started publishing in Gazeta Matematică, one of the most prestigious math publications of that time; it was also then that he discovered his passion for poetry. Between 1914 and 1921 Barbu studied mathematics at the University of Bucharest, obtaining his Ph.D. in 1929. Ion Barbu was known as "one of the greatest Romanian poets of the twentieth century and perhaps the greatest of all" according to Romanian literary critic Alexandru Ciorănescu. As a poet, he is best known for his volume Second Game (Romanian title Joc secund). In 1942, Barbilian was named professor at the University of Bucharest (with some help from fellow mathematician Grigore Moisil). As a mathematician, Barbilian authored 80 research papers and studies. His most important contributions are two
    7.50
    2 votes
    134
    Petar Stoychev

    Petar Stoychev

    • Date of birth: 1976-10-24
    • Country of nationality: Bulgaria
    • Profession: Swimmer
    Petar Stoychev (Bulgarian: Петър Стойчев; born 24 October 1976 in Momchilgrad) is a Bulgarian swimmer who is one of the most successful long distance marathon swimmers of the last decade. He is one of the greatest marathon swimmers of all time and an honor swimmer in the International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame. Stoychev has 11 consecutive wins of a major international open water marathon swimming FINA series since 2001 (World Cup winner 2001–2006, Grand Prix winner 2007–2011) with more than 60 wins in individual swimming marathons. So far, he has swum over 60,000 km in pools, rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. Petar Stoychev has won 11 consecutive victories at the Traversée Internationale du Lac Memphrémagog in Magog, Canada (34 km) and at Lac Saint-Jean in Roberval, Canada (32 km). Also, he has won the Ohrid Lake, Macedonia swimming marathon 11 consecutive times (30 km). His swimming achievements include swimming around the Manhattan Island in 2010 and winning the extreme Cadiz Freedom Swim in 2011. In addition to his numerous achievements in marathon swimming, he has participated in three Olympics – 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and 2008 Summer
    7.50
    2 votes
    135
    Ben Nicholson

    Ben Nicholson

    • Date of birth: 1894-04-12
    • Country of nationality: England
    Benjamin Lauder "Ben" Nicholson, OM (10 April 1894 – 6 February 1982) was a British painter of abstract compositions (sometimes in low relief), landscape and still-life. Ben Nicholson was born on 10 April 1894 in Denham, Buckinghamshire, Nicholson was the son of the painters Sir William Nicholson and Mabel Pryde, and the brother of artist Nancy Nicholson, architect Christopher Nicholson and Anthony Nicholson. The family moved to London in 1896; and Nicholson was educated at Tyttenhangar Lodge Preparatory School, Seaford, Heddon Court, Hampstead and then as a boarder at Gresham's School, Holt, Norfolk. He trained as an artist in London at the Slade School of Fine Art from 1910–1914, where he was a contemporary of Paul Nash, Stanley Spencer, Mark Gertler, and Edward Wadsworth. Nicholson was married three times. His first marriage was to Winifred Roberts and it took place on 5 November 1920 at St. Martin-in-the-Fields Church, London. Nicholson and Winifred had three children, a son Jake in June 1927, a daughter Kate in July 1929 (who later became an artist herself) and a son Andrew in September 1931. They were divorced in 1938. His second marriage was to fellow artist Barbara Hepworth
    5.50
    4 votes
    136
    Evalyn Walsh McLean

    Evalyn Walsh McLean

    • Date of birth: 1886-08-01
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Evalyn Walsh McLean (1 August 1886, in Leadville, Colorado – 26 April 1947 in Washington, D.C.) was an American mining heiress and socialite who was famous for being the last private owner of the 45-carat (9.0 g) Hope Diamond (which was bought in 1911 for $180,000 from Pierre Cartier) as well as another famous diamond, the 94-carat (19 g) Star of the East. She also was the author, with Boyden Sparkes, of a memoir, Father Struck It Rich. She was the only daughter of Thomas Walsh, an Irish immigrant miner and prospector turned multimillionaire, and his wife, Carrie Bell Reed, a former schoolteacher. In 1908, she married Edward Beale McLean, the heir to The Washington Post and The Cincinnati Enquirer publishing fortune. They had four children: Vinson Walsh McLean, Edward Beale McLean Jr, John Roll McLean II, and Emily Washington McLean. Edward McLean eventually died in a mental institution. Her highly promoted trip to Red Russia is mentioned in the Cole Porter song, Anything Goes. Evalyn McLean was also a friend and confidante to Alice Roosevelt Longworth and Florence Harding, the wife of Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States. The site of the McLean home,
    5.50
    4 votes
    137
    Jan Myrdal

    Jan Myrdal

    • Date of birth: 1927-07-19
    • Country of nationality: Sweden
    • Profession: Author
    Jan Myrdal (born 19 July 1927 in Bromma, Stockholm) is a Swedish author, leftist-political writer and columnist. He is an honorary doctor of literature at Upsala College in New Jersey, USA, and a Ph.D. at Nankai University in Tianjin in China. He has lived at various times in the United States, Afghanistan, Iran and India. He is the son of the Social Democrats and Nobel Laureates Alva Myrdal and Gunnar Myrdal; he broke completely with both at an early age for personal reasons while keeping them in esteem for their public achievements. He was married to Gun Kessle, a photographer, graphic artist and writer, until her death in 2007. She illustrated many of his works. In 1982 Myrdal went back to the Chinese village he reported on in 1962 and recorded his observations in Return to a Chinese Village (1984), in which he expressed his disappointment at the changes that had occurred, and his continued support of Mao's programs, including the Cultural Revolution. Myrdal is a prolific writer, both of books and newspaper columns; he was first employed as a journalist at a local newspaper, after having dropped out of gymnasium to concentrate on his writing. He got his breakthrough in 1963 with
    5.50
    4 votes
    138
    Antonio de Leyva

    Antonio de Leyva

    • Date of birth: 1480
    • Country of nationality: Spain
    Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, Prince of Ascoli (1480–1536) was a Spanish general during the Italian Wars. During the Italian War of 1521, he commanded Pavia during the siege of the city by Francis I of France, and took part in the Battle of Pavia in 1525. After the death of Fernando de Avalos, he held further commands in Italy during the War of the League of Cognac and afterwards, finally dying shortly after attempting an invasion of Provence. Belonging to a family from Navarre he made his military debut in the Alpujarras (1502) during the struggle against the revolting Mudéjares from Granada and later served in Italy under the Gran Capitán (1503–1504). He had a prominent part in the Italian Wars and was wounded at the battle of Ravenna (1512). Later on, under the Marquis of Pescara, he fought near Milan and in the unlucky campaign of Provence in 1524. After this failure he had the post of commander of the garrison of Pavia and here sustained the long siege from the French army led by King Francis I (October 1524 – February 1525) which gave time to the Spanish and Imperial forces to reorganize and to win the famous battle of Pavia. In 1525 he succeeded to the Marquis of
    6.33
    3 votes
    139
    Augustine Tolton

    Augustine Tolton

    • Date of birth: 1854-04-01
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Servant of God Augustine John Tolton (April 1, 1854 - July 9, 1897), or Augustus Tolton, was the first Roman Catholic priest in the United States publicly known to be black when he was ordained in 1886. (James Augustine Healy, ordained in 1854, and Patrick Francis Healy, ordained in 1864 were of mixed-race.) A former slave who was baptized and reared Catholic, Tolton studied formally in Rome. He was ordained in Rome on Easter Sunday at the Cathedral-Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. Assigned to the diocese of Alton (now Diocese of Springfield), Tolton first ministered to his home parish in Quincy, Illinois. Later assigned to Chicago, Tolton led the development and construction of St. Monica's Catholic Church as a black "national parish church", completed in 1893 at 36th and Dearborn Streets on Chicago's South Side. Augustine Tolton was born in Missouri to Peter Paul Tolton and his wife Martha Jane Chisley, who were enslaved. His mother, who was reared Catholic, named him after St. Augustine, the Bishop of Hippo in north Africa. Tolton was baptised in St. Peter's Catholic Church in Brush Creek, Missouri, a community about 12 miles from Hannibal. His master was Stephen Elliott. Susan
    6.33
    3 votes
    140
    Brent Russell

    Brent Russell

    • Date of birth: 1980-03-05
    • Country of nationality: South Africa
    Robert Brent Russell (born 5 March 1980) is a South African rugby union player. He is a "utility back" (capable of playing fullback, fly-half or wing) who plays for Clermont in the French Top 14. Previously, he had played with Saracens in England, and before that the Natal Sharks in the Currie Cup and the Sharks in the Super 14 for many years. He also featured frequently in the Springbok squad before his departure for Europe. He won 23caps and scored 40 points (8 tries) for his country. Russell was born in Port Elizabeth. He was quickly brought up to international rugby level when he was selected for the 2002 Springboks team after making a good impression whilst in the national sevens team. In that year, he scored an especially memorable try in the Tri Nations against the Australian Wallabies in which he wriggled out of a seemingly sure tackle and successfully eluded several Wallabies on his way to the tryline. However, he has not been able to consistently break into the Boks lineup in recent years, a He is a very small player, especially for a rugby player, but for what he lacks in size and strength he makes up in speed, acceleration, agility and creativity. He is widely
    6.33
    3 votes
    141
    Lloyd Honeyghan

    Lloyd Honeyghan

    • Date of birth: 1960-04-22
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Professional Boxer
    Lloyd Honeyghan (born 22 April 1960) is a retired British boxer. Born in Jamaica, he was WBC, WBA & IBF welterweight champion from 1986 to 1987. and WBC welterweight champion from 1988 to 1989. Honeyghan scored a major upset when he forced super-star Donald Curry to retire at the end of round six on 27 September 1986 to win the world welterweight title. Before the fight Curry dismissed his unknown foreign opponent, asking "Who is this ragamuffin?". Honeyghan adopted the title "ragamuffin" or "Ragamuffin Man" with relish. The fight had taken place one night after another "expert shocker", when Edwin Rosario knocked out Livingstone Bramble in two rounds to claim the WBA lightweight title, and one week after Honeyghan's win, Ring Magazine mentioned his victory on their "Weekend of shockers!" issue's cover. (Rosario's photo was featured on the cover of that issue). He then changed his boxer-puncher style to that of more of an out-and-out slugger. In his first defence he caused controversy by racing across the ring and hitting his opponent Johnny Bumphus as soon as the bell sounded at the start of the second round. Bumphus was given time to recover but the fight had been knocked out of
    6.33
    3 votes
    142
    Ashikaga Yoshinori

    Ashikaga Yoshinori

    • Date of birth: 1394-07-12
    • Country of nationality: Japan
    Ashikaga Yoshinori (足利 義教, July 12, 1394 – July 12, 1441) was the 6th shogun (rokudai shogun) of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1429 to 1441 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshinori was the son of the third shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. After the death of the fifth shogun Ashikaga Yoshikazu in 1425, the fourth shogun Ashikaga Yoshimochi resumed his role as head of the shogunate. Yoshimochi had no other sons, nor did he name a successor before he himself died in 1428. Yoshinori, who had been a Buddhist monk since the age of ten, became Seii Taishogun on the day of Yoshimochi's death. From amongst the handful of possible Ashikaga candidates, his name was selected by the shogunal deputy (Kanrei), Hatakeyama Mitsuie, who drew lots in the sanctuary of Iwashimizu Hachiman Shrine in Kyoto; and it was believed that Hachiman's influence had affected this auspicious choice. Significant events which shaped the period during which Yoshinori was shogun: Yoshinori strengthened the power of the shogunate by defeating Ashikaga Mochiuji in the Eikyo Rebellion of 1438. During the period, Chinese contacts were increased and Zen Buddhism gained influence, which had broad cultural
    8.00
    1 votes
    143
    Charles-Eugène Delaunay

    Charles-Eugène Delaunay

    • Date of birth: 1816-04-09
    • Country of nationality: France
    • Profession: Mathematician
    Charles-Eugène Delaunay (9 April 1816 – 5 August 1872) was a French astronomer and mathematician. His lunar motion studies were important in advancing both the theory of planetary motion and mathematics. Born in Lusigny-sur-Barse, France, to Jacques‐Hubert Delaunay and Catherine Choiselat, Delaunay studied under Jean-Baptiste Biot at the Sorbonne. He worked on the mechanics of the Moon as a special case of the three-body problem. He published two volumes on the topic, each of 900 pages in length, in 1860 and 1867. The work hints at chaos in the system, and clearly demonstrates the problem of so-called "small denominators" in perturbation theory. His infinite series expression for finding the position of the Moon converged too slowly to be of practical use but was a catalyst in the development of functional analysis and computer algebra. Delaunay became director of the Paris Observatory in 1870 but drowned in a boating accident near Cherbourg, France two years later.
    8.00
    1 votes
    144
    James Robb

    James Robb

    • Date of birth: 1859-08-10
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    James Alexander Robb, PC (10 August 1859 – November 11, 1929) was a Canadian Member of Parliament and cabinet minister. Robb was a member of the Liberal Party of Canada. He served as Liberal Party Whip from 1919 to 1921. From 5 September 1925–28 June 1926 and again from 25 September 1926 until his death, served as Minister of Finance in the administration of William Lyon Mackenzie King.
    8.00
    1 votes
    145
    Larry Corcoran

    Larry Corcoran

    • Date of birth: 1859-08-10
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Lawrence J. Corcoran (August 10, 1859 – October 14, 1891) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was born in Brooklyn, New York. Corcoran debuted in 1880, winning 43 games and leading the Chicago team to the National League championship. Cap Anson alternated him with pitcher Fred Goldsmith, giving Chicago the first true pitching "rotation" in professional baseball. In 1882, Corcoran became the first pitcher to throw two no-hitters in a career. Two seasons later, he became the first pitcher to throw three no-hitters, setting a record that would stand until 1965, when Sandy Koufax threw his fourth no-hitter. He is also famous for being one of baseball's very few switch-pitchers. A natural righty, Corcoran pitched four innings alternating throwing arms on June 16, 1884, due to the inflammation of his right index finger. He is credited with creating the first method of signaling pitches to his catcher, which consisted of moving a wad of chewing tobacco in his mouth to indicate what pitch would be thrown. Corcoran's arm was dead by 1885, and by 1887 he was out of the league. Corcoran, afflicted with Bright's disease, died in Newark, New Jersey at the age of 32. He was
    8.00
    1 votes
    146
    Louis VI of France

    Louis VI of France

    • Date of birth: 1081-12-01
    • Country of nationality: France
    Louis VI (1 December 1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (French: le Gros), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137). Chronicles called him "roi de Saint-Denis". Louis was the Great-great grandson of Hugh Capet. The first member of the House of Capet to make a lasting contribution to the centralising institutions of royal power, Louis was born in Paris, the son of Philip I and his first wife, Bertha of Holland. Almost all of his twenty-nine-year reign was spent fighting either the "robber barons" who plagued Paris or the Norman kings of England for their continental possession of Normandy. Nonetheless, Louis VI managed to reinforce his power considerably and became one of the first strong kings of France since the division of the Carolingian Empire. His biography by his constant advisor Abbot Suger of Saint Denis renders him a fully rounded character to the historian, unlike most of his predecessors. In his youth, Louis fought the Duke of Normandy, Robert Curthose, and the lords of the royal demesne, the Île de France. He became close to Suger, who became his adviser. He succeeded his father on Philip's death on 29 July 1108. Louis's half-brother prevented him from
    8.00
    1 votes
    147
    Mahmud of Ghazni

    Mahmud of Ghazni

    • Date of birth: 0971-10-02
    • Country of nationality: Afghanistan
    Yamīn ad-Dawlah Abul-Qāṣim Maḥmūd Ibn Sebüktegīn, more commonly known as Mahmud of Ghazni (Persian: محمود غَزنوی‎ / Maḥmūd-e Ġaznawī; 2 November 971 – 30 April 1030), was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire. In the name of Islam, he conquered the eastern Iranian lands and the northwestern Indian subcontinent from 997 to his death in 1030. Mahmud turned the former provincial city of Ghazna into the wealthy capital of an extensive empire which covered most of today's Afghanistan, eastern Iran, Pakistan and northwestern India. He was the first ruler to carry the title Sultan ("authority"), signifying the extent of his power, though preserving the ideological link to the suzerainty of the Caliph. During his rule, he invaded and plundered parts of Hindustan (east of the Indus River) 17 times. Mahmud was born in 971 AD in the town of Ghazna in Medieval Khorasan (in what is now south-eastern Afghanistan). His father, Abu Mansur Sabuktigin, was a former Turkic slave-soldier of the Samanid Emirs of Bukhara. His mother was the daughter of a Persian aristrocrat from Zabulistan. In 994, Mahmud joined his father Sebuktigin in the capture of Khorasan from the rebel Fa'iq in aid of
    8.00
    1 votes
    148
    Shmuel Yosef Agnon

    Shmuel Yosef Agnon

    • Date of birth: 1888-07-17
    • Country of nationality: Israel
    • Profession: Writer
    Shmuel Yosef Agnon (Hebrew: שמואל יוסף עגנון‎) (July 17, 1888 – February 17, 1970) was a Nobel Prize laureate writer and was one of the central figures of modern Hebrew fiction. In Hebrew, he is known by the acronym Shai Agnon (ש"י עגנון). In English, his works are published under the name S. Y. Agnon. Agnon was born in Galicia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (today Ukraine). He later immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine, and died in Jerusalem, Israel. His works deal with the conflict between the traditional Jewish life and language and the modern world. They also attempt to recapture the fading traditions of the European shtetl (village). In a wider context, he also contributed to broadening the characteristic conception of the narrator's role in literature. Agnon shared the Nobel Prize with the poet Nelly Sachs in 1966. Agnon was born Shmuel Yosef Halevi Czaczkes in Buczacz (Polish spelling, pronounced Buchach) or Butschatsch (German spelling), Galicia (then within the Austro-Hungarian Empire), now Buchach, Ukraine. Officially, his date of birth on the Hebrew calendar was 18 Av 5648 (July 26), but he always said his birthday was on the Jewish fast day of Tisha B'Av, the Ninth
    8.00
    1 votes
    149
    William Henry West Betty

    William Henry West Betty

    • Date of birth: 1791-09-13
    William Henry West Betty (September 13, 1791 – August 24, 1874) was a British child actor. Betty was born at Shrewsbury. His first appearance on the stage at was at Belfast before he was twelve years old, as Osman in Aaron Hill's Zara, an English version of Voltaire's Zaïre. His success was immediate, and he shortly afterwards appeared in Dublin, where it is said that in three hours of study he committed the part of Hamlet to memory. His precocious talents aroused great enthusiasm in Glasgow and Edinburgh, and he was favorably compared with some of the greatest tragedians. In 1801, he first appeared at Covent Garden, when the troops had to be called out to preserve order, so great was the crush to obtain admittance. At Drury Lane, the house was similarly packed, and he played for the then unprecedented salary of over 75 guineas a night. He was a great success socially, George III himself presenting him to the queen, and Pitt upon one occasion adjourning the House of Commons that members might be in time for his performance. But this enthusiasm gradually subsided, and in 1808, he made his final appearance as a boy actor, and entered Christ's College, Cambridge. He re-appeared four
    8.00
    1 votes
    150
    Aljoša Asanović

    Aljoša Asanović

    • Date of birth: 1965-12-14
    • Country of nationality: Croatia
    • Profession: Football player
    Aljoša Asanović (born 14 December 1965 in Split, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia) is a retired Croatian footballer best known from his performances in the mid-to-late 90's when he played for Derby County and for Croatia during Euro 96 and World Cup 98. He was nicknamed "Vatreni Lakat" (meaning "fiery elbow") for his style of running with elbow pointed out, moving opposing players. The talented left-footed midfielder was one of the most important players for the Croatian football team during their golden age from 1994-1998. He was arguably Croatia's most intelligent player in midfield, yet lacked the complete package of skills possessed by his fellow midfielder Robert Prosinečki. In his national team debut on October 17, 1990, in a 2-1 victory against the USA which also was Croatia's first international since the independence from Yugoslavia, Asanović even netted the first goal. He participated in the Euro 1996 as well as the 1998 FIFA World Cup, where Croatia won the bronze medal. In semi-final of the world cup, Asanović made the assist to Davor Šuker from the centre of the field with a loop pass, for Croatia to take the lead against the host France. His last international match was a
    7.00
    2 votes
    151
    George Horne

    George Horne

    • Date of birth: 1730-11-01
    George Horne D.D. (1 November 1730 – 27 January 1792) was an English churchman, writer, and university administrator. Horne was born at Otham near Maidstone, in Kent, southeast England, and received his education at Maidstone Grammar School and University College, Oxford (B.A. 1749; M.A. 1752; D.D. 1764). In 1749, Horne became a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, of which college he was elected President on 27 January 1768. He resign his post as President on 11 April 1791. He was Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University from 1776 until 1780. As a preacher, Horne attained great popularity, and was suspected, if inaccurately, of Methodism. In 1781 he was made Dean of Canterbury, and in 1790 was raised to the seat of Norwich. He died in Bath on 27 January 1792. George Horne's publications included a satirical pamphlet entitled The Theology and Philosophy of Cicero's Somnium Scipionis (1751), a defense of the Hutchinsonians (1753), and critiques on William Law (1758) and Benjamin Kennicott (1760). His main works are: He intended writing a ‘Defence of the Divinity of Christ’ against Joseph Priestley, but did not live to do that. The best known work by Horne is his Commentary on the Psalms,
    7.00
    2 votes
    152
    Gian Lorenzo Bernini

    Gian Lorenzo Bernini

    • Date of birth: 1598-12-07
    • Country of nationality: Italy
    • Profession: Architect
    Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also spelled Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo) (Naples, 7 December 1598 – Rome, 28 November 1680) was an Italian artist who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sculptor of his age and also a prominent architect. In addition he painted, wrote plays, and designed metalwork and stage sets. A student of Classical sculpture, Bernini possessed the unique ability to capture, in marble, the essence of a narrative moment with a dramatic naturalistic realism which was almost shocking. This ensured that he effectively became the successor of Michelangelo, far outshining other sculptors of his generation, including his rival, Alessandro Algardi. His talent extended beyond the confines of his sculpture to consideration of the setting in which it would be situated; his ability to synthesise sculpture, painting and architecture into a coherent conceptual and visual whole has been termed by the art historian Irving Lavin the "unity of the visual arts." A deeply religious man, working in Counter Reformation Rome, Bernini used light as an important metaphorical device in the perception of his religious settings, often using hidden light sources that could intensify
    7.00
    2 votes
    153
    Jack Abramoff

    Jack Abramoff

    • Date of birth: 1959-02-28
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Jack A. Abramoff (/ˈeɪbrəmɒf/; born February 28, 1958) is an American former lobbyist, businessman, movie producer, and writer. He was at the heart of an extensive corruption investigation that led to his conviction and to 21 persons either pleading guilty or being found guilty, including White House officials J. Steven Griles and David Safavian, U.S. Representative Bob Ney, and nine other lobbyists and Congressional aides. Abramoff was College Republican National Committee National Chairman from 1981 to 1985, a founding member of the International Freedom Foundation, allegedly financed by apartheid South Africa, and served on the board of directors of the National Center for Public Policy Research, a conservative think tank. From 1994 to 2001 he was a top lobbyist for the firm of Preston Gates & Ellis, and then for Greenberg Traurig until March 2004. After a guilty plea in the Indian lobbying scandal and his dealings with SunCruz Casinos in January 2006, he was sentenced to six years in federal prison for mail fraud, conspiracy to bribe public officials, and tax evasion. He served 43 months before being released on December 3, 2010. After his release from prison, he wrote the book
    7.00
    2 votes
    154
    Otto Carius

    Otto Carius

    • Date of birth: 1922-05-27
    • Country of nationality: Nazi Germany
    Oberleutnant Otto Carius (born 27 May 1922) was a German Heer tank commander during World War II and is credited with destroying more than 150 tanks. He is also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves were awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Carius had been drafted twice before, but sent home as "Not fit for service at present underweight!". But in May 1940, Carius was finally drafted into the 104th Infantry Replacement Battalion. Following training, he volunteered for the Panzer Corps. Carius learned the fundamentals of tank warfare at Putlos in Holstein as a member of the 7th Panzer Replacement Battalion. His unit was integrated into the newly formed 21st Panzer Regiment and June 1941, was sent to East Prussia. He experienced his first battle as a loader in a Panzer 38(t) during Operation Barbarossa in late June 1941. It was during this operation that Carius suffered wounds from a round that struck his tank. In 1943, Carius transferred to the schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502 (502
    7.00
    2 votes
    155
    Rob McClanahan

    Rob McClanahan

    • Date of birth: 1958-01-09
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Ice hockey player
    Robert Bruce McClanahan (born January 9, 1958 in Saint Paul, Minnesota) is a former American professional ice hockey player who played 224 games in the NHL for the Buffalo Sabres, Hartford Whalers and New York Rangers between 1980 and 1983. However, he is best known for being a member of the U.S. hockey team in the 1980 Winter Olympics. The team played in what came to be known as the "Miracle on Ice" game, beating 1:33 odds in a 4-3 victory over the previously undefeated USSR. McClanahan attended Mounds View High School and went on to play three seasons with the University of Minnesota, winning the 1979 NCAA national ice hockey championship. After representing the U.S. at the 1979 Ice Hockey World Championship tournament in Moscow, McClanahan joined the U.S. Olympic team on a full-time basis and scored 34 goals in 63 exhibition games. The culmination of McClanahan's amateur career came at the 1980 Olympics in Lake Placid, New York when he scored five goals in seven games while helping his country win the gold medal. He scored the winning goal in the gold medal game against Finland (which the U.S. came back to win 4-2) two days after the historic American victory over the
    7.00
    2 votes
    156
    Samuel C. Armstrong

    Samuel C. Armstrong

    • Date of birth: 1839-01-30
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Samuel Chapman Armstrong (January 30, 1839 – May 11, 1893) was an American educator and a commissioned officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his work after the war as the founder and first principal of the normal school which is now Hampton University. The son of missionary Richard Armstrong (1805–1860), Armstrong was born in Maui, Hawaiʻi, the sixth of ten children. He attended Punahou School in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. In 1860 his father suddenly died, and Armstrong, at age 21, left Hawaiʻi for the United States and attended Williams College in Massachusetts, graduating in 1862. At the time Armstrong completed college, the United States was engaged in the American Civil War. After graduating, Armstrong volunteered to serve in the Union Army, and recruited a company near Troy, New York. He was appointed a captain in the 125th New York Infantry, a three-years regiment in George L. Willard's brigade. Armstrong was among the 12,000 men captured in September 1862 with the surrender of the garrison at Harpers Ferry. After being paroled,he returned to the front lines in Virginia in December. As part of the 3rd Division of the II Corps under
    7.00
    2 votes
    157
    Azai Hisamasa

    Azai Hisamasa

    • Date of birth: 1524
    Azai Hisamasa (浅井 久政, Azai Hisamasa, 1526 – September 23, 1573) was a son of Azai Sukemasa and the second head of the Azai clan. Hisamasa became the head of the clan in 1542 after his father died, but unlike his father, he was never a strong leader. Losing domains against Rokkaku clan, he instead became a Rokkaku retainer. Hisamasa's retainers had enough and after his son Azai Nagamasa won the Battle of Norada against a force at least twice the size of his led by Rokkaku Yoshikata to win back independence, they forced Hisamasa into retirement. Yet, this retirement was not complete and Hisamasa managed to hold some sway of the clan. This surfaced on 1570 after Oda Nobunaga who was allied with his son, Azai Nagamasa, attacked Asakura Yoshikage who had supported Hisamasa against enemies like the Rokkaku clan. Hating Nobunaga for his personality, Hisamasa demanded that the Azai clan pay back the support of Asakura clan and forced a war by breaking the alliance. It is thought that Nagamasa opposed him and believed that the alliance could somehow be mended over time since he refused to divorce his wife, Oichi, but he failed to gain enough support to overturn Hisamasa. On 1573, Odani
    6.00
    3 votes
    158
    Farley Mowat

    Farley Mowat

    • Date of birth: 1921-05-12
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    • Profession: Novelist
    Farley McGill Mowat, OC, born May 12, 1921 is a conservationist and one of Canada's most widely-read authors. His works have been translated into 52 languages and he has sold more than 14 million books. He achieved fame with the publication of his books on the Canadian North, such as People of the Deer (1952) and Never Cry Wolf (1963). The latter, an account of his experiences with wolves in the Arctic, was made into a film, released in 1983. Mowat's advocacy for environmental causes and a writing style that allegedly "never let[s] the facts get in the way of the truth," have earned him both praise and criticism: "few readers remain neutral." Nevertheless, his influence is undeniable: Never Cry Wolf is credited with shifting the mythology and fear of wolves. His stories are fast-paced, gripping, personal, and conversational. Descriptions of Mowat refer to his "commitment to ideals," "poetic descriptions and vivid images," but also to his strong antipathies, which provoke "ridicule, lampoons and, at times, evangelical condemnation." Great-great-nephew of Ontario premier Sir Oliver Mowat, Farley McGill Mowat was born on May 12, 1921, in Belleville, Ontario, Canada and grew up in
    6.00
    3 votes
    159
    Gustav Zeuner

    Gustav Zeuner

    • Date of birth: 1828-11-30
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Physicist
    Gustav Anton Zeuner (30 November 1828 – 17 October 1907) was a German physicist, engineer and epistemologist, considered the founder of technical thermodynamics and of the Dresden School of Thermodynamics. Zeuner was born in Chemnitz, Saxony. His first training in the subject of engineering was at the Chemnitz Königliche Gewerbeschule (Royal Vocational School), today Chemnitz University of Technology, where he studied from 1843-1848. In 1848 he moved the short distance to the Bergakademie (Mining Academy) in Freiberg, today also a university of technology, where he studied mining and metallurgy. He developed close links with one of his professors, the famous mineralogist Albin Julius Weisbach, with whom he worked on several projects. The university course was disrupted, however, during the revolutions which took place all over Germany. Large popular assemblies and mass demonstrations took place, primarily demanding freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, arming of the people, and a national German parliament. Zeuner joined the revolutionaries on the barricades in Dresden during the May Uprising in 1849. Unlike many of his compatriots, some of whom were sentenced to death or sent
    6.00
    3 votes
    160
    Hajo Herrmann

    Hajo Herrmann

    • Date of birth: 1913-08-01
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Hans-Joachim "Hajo" Herrmann (1 August 1913 – 5 November 2010) was a Luftwaffe bomber pilot and later after the end of World War II, focusing his activities as a lawyer on civil and criminal law. In World War II, he was a high ranking and influential member of the Luftwaffe. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Herrmann was one of the Luftwaffe's most innovative air tacticians during World War II. Beginning his military career as an infantry officer, he was commissioned in the newly formed Luftwaffe in 1935. From 1936 until 1937, he was a bomber pilot in the Condor Legion. During the Spanish civil war, Herrmann joined KG-4, and wrote several well received tactical reports. When World War II began, he flew Heinkel He-111s in Poland and Norway. By 1940, he was Commander of the 7th Staffel of KG-4, and led many attacks on England during the Battle of Britain. In February 1941, his group went to
    6.00
    3 votes
    161
    Charles J. Pedersen

    Charles J. Pedersen

    • Date of birth: 1904-10-03
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Chemist
    Charles John Pedersen (October 3, 1904 – October 26, 1989) was an American organic chemist best known for describing methods of synthesizing crown ethers. He shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1987 with Donald J. Cram and Jean-Marie Lehn. His Japanese first name was Yoshio (良男). Pedersen was born in Busan, on the coast of south-eastern Korea, then under the rule of Japan, to a Norwegian father and a Japanese mother, in 1904. He moved to Japan with his family at an early age and went to an international school, called Saint Joseph College in Yokohama, Japan. He came to the United States in 1922 to study chemical engineering at the University of Dayton in Ohio. After receiving a bachelor's degree, he went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he received a master's degree in organic chemistry. Although his professors encouraged him to pursue a Ph.D. at MIT, Pedersen decided to start his career instead, partially because he no longer wanted to be supported by his father. He is one of the few people to win a Nobel prize in the sciences without having a Ph.D. In 1927, Pedersen began working for DuPont where he would remain for the next 42 years, retiring at the age of
    5.67
    3 votes
    162
    David Safavian

    David Safavian

    • Date of birth: 1967-08-04
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    David Hossein Safavian (born August 4, 1967) is a former chief of staff of the United States General Services Administration (GSA) and a figure in the Jack Abramoff lobbying and corruption scandal. In 2004, he was an employee of the Office of Management and Budget. He was arrested and charged with crimes in connection with the Abramoff corruption scandal. He was convicted and, on October 27, 2006, sentenced to 18 months in prison. However, on June 17, 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit unanimously reversed Safavian's convictions, and ordered a new trial. On December 19, 2008, at his retrial, he was again convicted. An Iranian-American from Grosse Ile, Michigan, Safavian graduated fifth in his class at Detroit College of Law. In Michigan, he served as an aide to Congressmen Robert William Davis (R-MI) and Bill Schuette (R-MI), and still later he worked for the lobbying firm of Janus-Merritt Strategies. Safavian was a longtime friend of lobbyist Jack Abramoff. In the mid-1990s, the two worked at the Washington-based lobbying firm of Preston Gates & Ellis. There they brought in millions to the firm while working on the Mississippi Choctaw
    5.67
    3 votes
    163
    Irwin M. Jacobs

    Irwin M. Jacobs

    • Date of birth: 1933-10-18
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Irwin Mark Jacobs (born October 18, 1933) is an electrical engineer and the co-founder and former chairman of Qualcomm, and chair of the board of trustees of the Salk Institute. In 2010, Jacobs was listed as number 828 on Forbes's annual list of the World's Top Billionaires. Jacobs was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. He earned his B.S. degree in electrical engineering from Cornell University in 1956, and his S.M. and Sc.D. degrees in EECS (Electrical Engineering and Computer Science) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957 and 1959, respectively. Additionally, he is a brother of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity. Jacobs was Assistant and Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT from 1959 to 1966 and Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at University of California, San Diego from 1966 to 1972. He co-authored a textbook entitled Principles of Communication Engineering in 1965, which is still in use today. UCSD's Jacobs School of Engineering is named for him and his wife. In 1968 Jacobs co-founded Linkabit Corporation with Andrew Viterbi to develop satellite encryption devices. That company merged with M/A-COM in 1980, becoming M/A-COM
    5.67
    3 votes
    164
    Michael Foster

    Michael Foster

    • Date of birth: 1836-03-08
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    Sir Michael Foster, KCB, DCL, MD (8 March 1836 – 29 January 1907) was an English physiologist. He was born in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and educated at University College School, London. After graduating in medicine in 1859, he began to practise in his native town, but in 1867 he returned to London as teacher of practical physiology at University College London, where two years afterwards he became professor. In 1870 he was appointed by Trinity College, Cambridge, to its praelectorship in physiology, and thirteen years later he became the first occupant of the newly-created chair of physiology in the university, holding it till 1903. One of his most famous students at Cambridge was Charles Scott Sherrington who went on to win the Nobel Prize in 1932. He excelled as a teacher and administrator, and had a very large share in the organization and development of the Cambridge biological school. From 1881 to 1903 he was one of the secretaries of the Royal Society, and in that capacity exercised a wide influence on the study of biology in Britain. In 1899 he was created K.C.B., and served as president of the British Association at its meeting at Dover. In the 1900 General Election, he
    5.67
    3 votes
    165
    Tom Richardson

    Tom Richardson

    • Date of birth: 1870-08-11
    • Country of nationality: England
    Tom Richardson (11 August 1870, Byfleet, Surrey – 2 July 1912, Chambéry, France) was an English cricketer. A fast bowler, Richardson relied to a great extent on the break-back (a fast ball moving from off to leg), a relatively long run-up and high arm which allowed him to gain sharp lift on fast pitches even from the full, straight length he always bowled. He played 358 first-class cricket matches and 14 Tests, taking a total of 2,104 wickets. In the four consecutive seasons from 1894 to 1897 he took 1,005 wickets, a figure surpassed over such a period only by the slow bowler A.P. Freeman. He took 290 wickets in 1905, again a figure only exceeded by Freeman (twice). In 1963 Neville Cardus selected him as one of his "Six Giants of the Wisden Century". Richardson first played for Surrey, his native county, in 1892, and showed promise with some strong performances in minor matches, notably fifteen wickets against Essex. However his first-class record that season was only moderate. However, with Surrey's bowling mainstay for the previous decade George Lohmann declining rapidly in health, Richardson made a totally unexpected advance to be the second-highest wicket-taker in the country
    5.67
    3 votes
    166
    Aldrich Ames

    Aldrich Ames

    • Date of birth: 1941-05-26
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Aldrich Hazen Ames (born May 26, 1941) is a former Central Intelligence Agency counter-intelligence officer and analyst, who, in 1994, was convicted of spying for the Soviet Union and Russia. Until the revelation of the extent of Robert Hanssen's spying seven years later, Ames compromised more CIA assets than any known Soviet mole in American history. While spending nine years working in CIA counter-intelligence, he declared an annual income of $60,000 but his plastic spending of up to $30,000 a month funded a lifestyle that included a new Jaguar and a $540,000 house (2011 value: $800,000) paid for in cash. Aldrich Ames was born in River Falls, Wisconsin, to Carleton Cecil Ames and Rachel Ames (née Aldrich). His father was a college lecturer, his mother a high school English teacher. Aldrich was the eldest of three children and the only son. In 1952 Carleton Ames began working for CIA's Directorate of Operations in Virginia, and in 1953 he was posted to Southeast Asia for three years accompanied by his family. Carleton received a "particularly negative performance appraisal" in part because of a serious drinking problem and spent the remainder of his career at CIA
    6.50
    2 votes
    167
    Antwaan Randle El

    Antwaan Randle El

    • Date of birth: 1979-08-17
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Antwaan Randle El (/ˈæntwɑːn ˌrændəlˈɛl/; born August 17, 1979) is a former American football wide receiver. He attended Indiana University. At Indiana, he primarily played college football for the Indiana Hoosiers, as well as basketball and baseball. Following four years at Indiana, Randle El was drafted in the second round (62nd overall) of the 2002 NFL Draft, by the Pittsburgh Steelers. Playing with the Steelers for four seasons, he was active in all 64 regular season games with 23 starts, finding success as a wide receiver, kick returner and punt returner. He was also instrumental in a number of trick plays, including throwing a touchdown pass as a wide receiver for the Steelers in Super Bowl XL, the only wide receiver in history to do so. After the 2005 NFL season, Randle El was signed as a free agent to the Washington Redskins. As a receiver for the Redskins, he scored ten touchdowns, catching eight and throwing two. In 2007, Randle El was sidelined for a game against the Buffalo Bills with a hamstring injury, to date being his only inactive game. Randle El was released by the Redskins in March 2010, re-signing with the Pittsburgh Steelers shortly after. In January 2010,
    6.50
    2 votes
    168
    Aubrey Beardsley

    Aubrey Beardsley

    • Date of birth: 1872-08-21
    Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (21 August 1872 – 16 March 1898) was an English illustrator and author. His drawings in black ink, influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts, emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, and the erotic. He was a leading figure in the Aesthetic movement which also included Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler. Beardsley's contribution to the development of the Art Nouveau and poster styles was significant, despite the brevity of his career before his early death from tuberculosis. Beardsley was born in Brighton, England, on 21 August 1872, and christened on 24 Oct 1872. His father, Vincent Paul Beardsley (1839–1909), was the son of a tradesman; Vincent had no trade himself, however, and instead relied on a private income from an inheritance that he received from his maternal grandfather when he was twenty-one years of age. Vincent's wife, Ellen Agnus Pitt (1846–1932), was the daughter of Surgeon-Major William Pitt of the Indian Army. The Pitts were a well-established and respected family in Brighton, and Beardsley's mother married a man of lesser social status than might have been expected. Soon after their wedding, Vincent was obliged to sell some of his
    6.50
    2 votes
    169
    Cornelis Petrus Tiele

    Cornelis Petrus Tiele

    • Date of birth: 1830-12-16
    • Country of nationality: Netherlands
    Cornelis Petrus Tiele, (16 December 1830–11 January 1902) was a Dutch theologian and scholar. He was born at Leiden. He was educated at Amsterdam, first studying at the Athenaeum Illustre, as the communal high school of the capital was then named, and afterwards at the seminary of the Remonstrant Brotherhood. He was destined for the pastorate in his own brotherhood. After steadily declining for a considerable period, this had increased its influence in the second half of the 19th century by widening the tenets of the Dutch Methodists, which had caused many of the liberal clergy among the Lutherans and Calvinists to go over to the Remonstrants. Tiele had liberal religious views himself, which he early enunciated from the pulpit, as Remonstrant pastor of Moordrecht (1853) and at Rotterdam (1856). Upon the removal of the seminary of the brotherhood from Amsterdam to Leiden in 1873, Tiele was appointed one of its leading professors. In 1877 followed his appointment at the University of Leiden as professor of the history of religions, a chair specially created for him. With Abraham Kuenen and J. H. Scholten, amongst others, he founded the "Leiden School" of modern theology. From 1867
    6.50
    2 votes
    170
    Kim Dong-Jin

    Kim Dong-Jin

    • Date of birth: 1982-01-29
    • Country of nationality: South Korea
    • Profession: Football player
    Kim Dong-Jin (born 29 January 1982 in Dongducheon) is a South Korean footballer who currently plays for Chinese Super League side Hangzhou Greentown as left back. He can also play as a centre back. Kim played for FC Seoul (formerly Anyang LG Cheetahs), where he made his professional debut in 2000, and he made 119 league appearances for the K-League club. On 28 June 2006, he transferred to Zenit Saint Petersburg, following coach Dick Advocaat and Korean teammate Lee Ho. In Zenit, both his performance and reputation grew steadily, making him the key side defender in the starting lineup. He helped Zenit to achieve their first Russian Premier League title and most reputably the UEFA Cup. His outstanding improvement in his club and national team brought his reputation as the best left-back in the current Korean squad. On January 26, 2010 Zenit Saint Petersburg terminated his contract based on results of the medical examinations and fainting spells experienced during practices with the national team. On 2 February 2010, He moved to K-League side Ulsan Hyundai after another medical check-up that found he was healthy enough to play. On 24 January 2011, He moved to K-League side FC
    6.50
    2 votes
    171
    Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean

    Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean

    • Date of birth: 1780-08-10
    • Country of nationality: France
    Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean (August 10, 1780 – March 17, 1845), was a French entomologist. A soldier of fortune during the Napoleonic Wars, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and aide de campe to Napoleon. He amassed vast collections of Coleoptera some even collected on the battlefield at Waterloo. He listed 22,399 species in his cabinets in 1837 at the time the greatest collection of Coleoptera in the world. In 1802 he began publishing a catalogue of his vast collection including 22,000 species names. Unfortunately Dejean was an opponent of the Principle of Priority in nomenclature. "I have made it a rule always to preserve the name most generally used , and not the oldest one; because it seems to me that general usage should always be followed and that it is harmful to change what has already been established". Dejean acted accordingly and often introduced in litteris names, given by himself to replace those already published by other authors. They became invalid. Dejean was president of the Société entomologique de France for the year 1840. In 1834, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died on March 17, 1845.
    6.50
    2 votes
    172
    Gurban Gurbanov

    Gurban Gurbanov

    • Date of birth: 1972-04-13
    • Profession: Coach
    Gurban Gurbanov (Azerbaijani: Qurban Qurbanov; born 13 April 1972, Zaqatala) is a retired Azerbaijani international footballer, is a currently manager of Qarabağ. He played in the Forward position. Starting out with local club Dashgyn Zagatala in 1989, Gurbanov had a decorated 17-year professional career. He scored 174 goals in 396 league matches. He started his career in Dashgyn Zagatala, and has since played for Mertskhali Ozurgeti, Turan Tovuz, Kur-Nur, Neftchi Baku, Dinamo Stavropol, Baltika Kaliningrad, Fakel Voronezh and Volgar Gazprom. The last club he played for was Inter Baku. In the 1996–97 season, Gurbanov was the leading scorer in the Azerbaijan Premier League for Neftchi with 25 goals. The striker was named Azerbaijan's Player of the Year once, in 2003. He debuted for the national team in their very first match on 17 September 1992, and as of January 2006 he has scored 14 goals in 66 international matches, which is the national team goalscoring record. After he had ended his football player's career, he became sport director of the club Inter. However, in summer 2006 he was appointed head coach of Neftchi Baku. Since the beginning of the season 2008/08 he has appointed
    4.75
    4 votes
    173
    Brian Campbell

    Brian Campbell

    • Date of birth: 1979-05-23
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    • Profession: Ice hockey player
    Brian Wesley Campbell (born May 23, 1979) is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman, and alternate captain for the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League (NHL). He has previously played for the Buffalo Sabres, San Jose Sharks and Chicago Blackhawks. Campbell grew up in Strathroy, Ontario, where he attended elementary school at Colborne Street Public School and high school at Strathroy District Collegiate Institute. He also attended Canterbury High School in Ottawa, Ontario while playing for the Ottawa 67's of the OHL. His parents are Ed and Lorna. He has two brothers, Craig and Darryl. Darryl also played pro hockey for four seasons in the ECHL, last for the Mississippi Sea Wolves. Campbell received national attention in Canada in 2003, not for playing hockey, but because of SARS. Campbell's sister-in-law Vagia, who works at Toronto's Mount Sinai Hospital visited him on March 24, 2003. Shortly after, she started showing SARS symptoms and was subsequently hospitalized. This led to the quarantine of both Campbell and then teammate Rhett Warrener. Campbell missed three games before being cleared to play again. Neither player had any SARS symptoms. Brian Campbell and
    7.00
    1 votes
    174
    Donald R. McMonagle

    Donald R. McMonagle

    • Date of birth: 1952-05-14
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut
    Donald Ray McMonagle (born May 14, 1952) (Retired Colonel, USAF) became the Manager, Launch Integration, at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 15, 1997. In this capacity he is responsible for final Shuttle preparation, launch execution, and return of the orbiter to KSC following landings at any location other than KSC. He is chair of the Mission Management Team, and is the final authority for launch decision. McMonagle was born in Flint, Michigan, and graduated from Hamady High School, Flint, Michigan, in 1970. McMonagle received a Bachelor of Science degree in Astronautical Engineering from the United States Air Force Academy in 1974, a Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from California State University-Fresno in 1985 and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Michigan Ross School of Business in 2003. McMonagle completed pilot training at Columbus Air Force Base (AFB), Mississippi, in 1975. After F-4 training at Homestead AFB, Florida, he went on a 1-year tour of duty as an F-4 pilot at Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. He returned from overseas to Holloman AFB, New Mexico, in 1977. In 1979, McMonagle was assigned to Luke AFB,
    7.00
    1 votes
    175
    Donnie Wahlberg

    Donnie Wahlberg

    • Date of birth: 1969-08-17
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Singer
    Donald Edmond "Donnie" Wahlberg, Jr. (born August 17, 1969) is an American singer, actor and film producer. He is a member of the popular 1980s and 1990s boy band New Kids on the Block. Donnie's work background includes music, feature films, and television. Wahlberg has had featured roles in the Saw films, The Sixth Sense, Dreamcatcher, Boomtown and Righteous Kill, also appearing in the award-winning World War II miniseries Band of Brothers. Currently, he is starring in the critically acclaimed drama series Blue Bloods with Tom Selleck and and Bridget Moynihan. Wahlberg was nominated for Choice Scream at the 2008 Teen Choice Awards for his work on the Saw films. Wahlberg was born in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, as the eighth of nine children, with older siblings Arthur, Jim, Paul, Robert, Tracey, Michelle, Debbie (died 2003) and younger brother Mark. He also has three half-siblings from his father's first marriage- Donna, Scott and Buddy. His mother, Alma Elaine (née Donnelly), was a bank clerk and nurse's aide, and his father, Donald Edmond Wahlberg, Sr. (died February 14, 2008) was a teamster who worked as a delivery driver; the couple divorced in 1982.
    7.00
    1 votes
    176
    Hana Mašková

    Hana Mašková

    • Date of birth: 1949-09-26
    • Country of nationality: Czech Republic
    Hana Mašková (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦana ˈmaʃkovaː]) (September 26, 1949 – March 31, 1972) was a Czech figure skater who competed for Czechoslovakia. As a child, Hana spent her days on the ice at the Štvanice Stadium. Reputable coach Karel Glogar noticed the talent in this little girl. Glogar also had been instrumental in the beginning of the career of Ája Vrzáňová, two-time World champion. Hana's next coach was Jaroslav Sadílek and, finally, in 1963, Míla Nováková became her coach. Hana's career started in the European Figure Skating Championships in Budapest in 1963. The next year, she competed in the World Figure Skating Championships in Dortmund. As a fifteen year old, she represented Czechoslovakia at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck and placed 15th. She achieved success thanks to hard work. She got up at four o'clock in the morning. She had to be excellent in school, learn to play the piano, study German language, and train every day. This hard regimen made her successful. In 1967, Hana won the silver medal at the European Championships in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, finishing second to Gabriele Seyfert from GDR. One year later, Hana won the gold medal in Västerås in Sweden.
    7.00
    1 votes
    177
    Kamil Zayatte

    Kamil Zayatte

    • Date of birth: 1985-03-07
    • Country of nationality: Guinea
    • Profession: Football player
    Kamil Zayatte (/ˈkæmɪl ˈzaɪæt/; born 7 March 1985) is a Guinean footballer who plays for Turkish club İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor as a defender. Born in Conakry, Zayatte moved from Guinea to Paris, France at the age of fifteen. His first professional club was RC Lens, where he got to know future Hull City team-mate Daniel Cousin. He only played in two games for Lens, one league and one cup, and moved to BSC Young Boys for more first-team opportunities. In summer 2008, Zayatte had trials with Everton and Newcastle United, before joining Hull City on a season-long loan on 31 August. City had the option to sign him longer-term if they stayed in the Premier League. A deal has now been agreed to make the transfer permanent in January, for a fee that will match the club's current record signing (£2.5 million for Anthony Gardner). On 25 October 2008, Zayatte scored his first goal for Hull in a 3–0 win against West Bromwich Albion early in the second half, a volley from Dean Marney's right hand corner to maintain Hull's impressive start to the 2008–09 campaign. On 23 January 2009, it was announced that Zayatte had signed permanently with Hull, on a reported three-year deal. On 9
    7.00
    1 votes
    178
    Mathew Brady

    Mathew Brady

    • Date of birth: 1822
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Photographer
    Mathew B. Brady (ca. 1822 – January 15, 1896) was one of the most celebrated 19th century American photographers, best known for his portraits of celebrities and his documentation of the American Civil War. He is credited with being the father of photojournalism. Brady was born in Warren County, New York, the youngest of three children of Irish immigrant parents, Andrew and Julia Brady. At age 16 he moved to Saratoga, New York, where he met famed portrait painter William Page. Brady became Page's student. In 1839 the two traveled to Albany, New York, and then to New York City, where Brady continued to study painting with Page, and also with Page's former teacher, Samuel F. B. Morse. Morse had met Louis Jacques Daguerre in France in 1839, and returned to the US to enthusiastically push the new daguerrotype invention of capturing images. He soon became the center of the New York artistic colony who wished to study photography. He opened a studio and offered classes; Brady was one of the first students. In 1844 Brady opened his own photography studio in New York, and by 1845 he began to exhibit his portraits of famous Americans. He opened a studio in Washington, D.C. in 1849, where he
    7.00
    1 votes
    179
    Paul Revere

    Paul Revere

    • Date of birth: 1735-01-01
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Entrepreneur
    Paul Revere (December 21, 1734 – May 10, 1818) was an American silversmith, early industrialist, and a patriot in the American Revolution. He is most famous for alerting Colonial militia of approaching British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride." Revere was a prosperous and prominent Boston silversmith, who helped organize an intelligence and alarm system to keep watch on the British military. Revere later served as a Massachusetts militia officer, though his service culminated after the Penobscot Expedition, one of the most disastrous campaigns of the American Revolutionary War, for which he was absolved of blame. Following the war, Revere returned to his silversmith trade and used the profits from his expanding business to finance his work in iron casting, bronze bell and cannon casting, and the forging of copper bolts and spikes. Finally in 1800 he became the first American to successfully roll copper into sheets for use as sheathing on naval vessels. Paul Revere was born in the North End of Boston on December 21, 1734, according to the Old Style calendar then in use, or January 1, 1735, in
    7.00
    1 votes
    180
    Ryne Sandberg

    Ryne Sandberg

    • Date of birth: 1959-09-18
    • Profession: Baseball player
    Ryne Dee Sandberg (born September 18, 1959), nicknamed "Ryno," is a former Major League Baseball second baseman. He played major-league baseball for sixteen years (1981–1994 and 1996–97) and spent nearly his entire career with the Chicago Cubs. He was named for relief pitcher Ryne Duren, and is recognized as one of the best second basemen of his era. Sandberg was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in January 2005; he was formally inducted in ceremonies on July 31, 2005. Sandberg is currently the third base coach and infield instructor for the Philadelphia Phillies. Sandberg established himself as a perennial All-Star and Gold Glove candidate, making 10 consecutive All-Star appearances and winning nine consecutive Gold Gloves from 1983 to 1991. His career .989 fielding percentage is a major-league record at second base. Sandberg was born in Spokane, Washington, the son of Elizabeth, a nurse, and Derwent D. Sandberg, a mortician. Sandberg was a star high-school quarterback in Spokane, Washington, where he graduated from North Central High School. In 1977, he was named to Parade Magazine's High School All-America football team, identifying him as one of the top two football
    7.00
    1 votes
    181
    Joe Lapchick

    Joe Lapchick

    • Date of birth: 1900-04-12
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Coach
    Joseph Bohomiel Lapchick (b. April 12, 1900 in Yonkers, New York – d. August 10, 1970 in New York City) was a professional basketball player, mostly known for playing with the Original Celtics in the 1920s and 30s. He is commonly regarded as the best center of his era, overshadowed (if anything) in his later years only by Tarzan Cooper. After ending his playing career in 1937, Lapchick became head coach at St. John's University, a position he held until 1947, when he took over the New York Knicks in the NBA. Lapchick coached the Knicks until 1957, leading them to three consecutive NBA Finals appearances (1951–53). He returned to St. John's, coaching them until 1965. From star player to successful coach to popular author to respected dignitary, Joe Lapchick played a variety of roles in his more than 50 years in the game of basketball. He was an eminently influential figure who helped nurture the sport from its crude beginnings into its modern form. Lapchick picked up a basketball for the first time just two decades after the game was invented. Basketball became his life. As a star center with the Original Celtics and other barnstorming teams, a college coach at St. John’s, an NBA
    5.33
    3 votes
    182
    Harold Van Buren Magonigle

    Harold Van Buren Magonigle

    • Date of birth: 1867
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Architect
    Harold Van Buren Magonigle (1867 - 1935) was an American architect best known for his memorials. Born in New Jersey, Magonigle worked for Calvert Vaux, Rotch & Tilden and McKim Mead & White before opening his own practice in 1903. He was the designer of the McKinley Memorial Mausoleum in Canton, Ohio and the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri both commissions won through competitions. Magonigle and sculptor Attilio Piccirilli collaborated as architect and artist on two familiar monuments in New York City: the Monument to the USS Maine in Columbus Circle, and on the Fireman's Memorial on Riverside Drive and West 100th Street. He also designed the setting for Albert Weinert's Stevens T. Mason Monument in Detroit, Michigan, and for Robert Atken's Burritt Memorial in New Britain, Connecticut. Magonigle's papers are held by the Drawings and Archives Department in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University.
    6.00
    2 votes
    183
    Mikołaj Bazyli Potocki

    Mikołaj Bazyli Potocki

    • Date of birth: 1712
    Mikołaj Bazyli Potocki, (1712–1782), Starost of Kaniv, benefactor of the Pochayiv Lavra Deputy to Sejm, master of the Buczacz castle. (In)famous for his many excesses and habits, immortalised in many Polish and Ukrainian books and legends (especially those of the 19th century), notably in Ukrainian ballad Bondarivna (cooper´s daughter, whom he killed for refusing to live with him). Zygmunt Krasiński in his Nieboskia Komedia referred to him as "him, starost, women shot on the trees and baked Jews alive" ("Ów, starosta, baby strzelał po drzewach i Żydów piekł żywcem"). Near the end of his life, after the first partition of Poland, where many of his lands have passed under Austrian rule, he was ordered to disband his private army. He then attempted to create an image of pious and almost saint person, moving to a monastery and sponsoring many religious buildings and organisations - nonetheless, even until his last years, he retained a harem.
    6.00
    2 votes
    184
    Paris C. Dunning

    Paris C. Dunning

    • Date of birth: 1806-03-15
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Paris Chipman Dunning (March 15, 1806 – May 9, 1884) was a Democratic state representative, state senator, senate president pro tempore, the tenth Lieutenant Governor, and the ninth Governor of the U.S. state of Indiana from December 26, 1848 to December 5, 1849. He is the only person to hold to every elected seat in the state government under the 1816 constitution. His brief term as governor was marked by the calling of a state constitutional convention and overshadowed by the national anti-slavery debate, where Dunning urged state leaders to issue and forward resolutions to Congress expressing opposition to the expansion of slavery. As a delegate to the subsequent convention, he successfully advocated legislative and educational reform. As the American Civil War broke out, he left the Democratic party and declared for the Union, personally raising many companies of soldiers for the war effort. He returned to the state senate during the war, and then resumed his law practice after his term ended. He remained popular in the state, and declined several nominations to run for office after retiring from politics. Dunning was born in 1806 in Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina
    6.00
    2 votes
    185
    Sanford B. Dole

    Sanford B. Dole

    • Date of birth: 1844-04-23
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Sanford Ballard Dole (April 23, 1844 – June 9, 1926) was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. Serving as a friend of both Hawaiian royalty and the elite immigrant community, Dole advocated the westernization of Hawaiian government and culture. Dole was born April 23, 1844 in Honolulu to Protestant Christian missionaries from Maine in the United States. His father was Daniel Dole (1808–1878) principal at Punahou School and mother was Emily Hoyt Ballard (1808–1844). His mother died from complications within a few days of his birth. Dole was named after his uncle, Sandford K. Ballard who was a classmate of his father's at Bowdoin College (and brother of his mother) who died in 1841. He was nursed by a native Hawaiian, and his father remarried to Charlotte Close Knapp in 1846. In 1855 the family moved to Kōloa on the island of Kauaʻi, where they operated another school. Dole attended Punahou school for one year, and then Williams College in 1866–1867. He worked in a law office in Boston for another year, and although he never attended law school, he received an honorary LL.D. degree from Williams in 1897. In December 1880 he
    6.00
    2 votes
    186
    U-God

    U-God

    • Date of birth: 1970-11-11
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Rapper
    Lamont Jody Hawkins (born November 11, 1970), better known as U-God (short for Universal God), is an American rapper and member of the hip hop collective, Wu-Tang Clan. He has been with the group since its inception, and is known for having a deep, rhythmic flow that can alternate between being gruff or smooth. He is the group's lowest-pitched member. Hawkins was born in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York. However he moved to Staten Island as a youth. He was originally a beatboxer for fellow Clan member Cappadonna, as well as being well known friends with future members Method Man, Inspectah Deck and childhood friend Raekwon. Sometime before the members united, U-God was mentored in rap by Cappadonna. He soon became friends with RZA and Ghostface Killah, and he began rhyming under the alias Golden Arms, based on the Kung-Fu movie Kid with the Golden Arm. Later on he changed his name to U-God (which is short for "Universal God of Law"). U-God was convicted of criminal possession of controlled substance on April 17, 1992 and was paroled on January 1993. His incarceration prevented him from featuring heavily on the group's debut album Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers), his input on the
    6.00
    2 votes
    187
    George Sarton

    George Sarton

    • Date of birth: 1884-08-31
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Historian of Science
    George Sarton (1884–1956) was a Belgian chemist and historian who is considered the founder of the discipline of history of science. He left Belgium because of the First World War and settled in the United States where he spent the rest of his life researching and writing about the history of science. His daughter is the American writer May Sarton. George Alfred Leon Sarton was born in Ghent, Belgium on August 31, 1884. He graduated from the University of Ghent in 1906 and two years later won a gold medal for one of his papers on chemistry. He received his PhD in mathematics at the University of Ghent in 1911. He married Mabel Eleanor Elwes, an English artist, in 1911 and their daughter Eleanore Marie (known as: May) was born the following year. Although he emigrated to England after World War I broke out, he came to the United States in 1915, where he would live for the rest of his life. He worked for the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace and lectured at Harvard University, 1916-18, where he became a lecturer in 1920 and then professor of the history of science from 1940 until his retirement in 1951. He was also a research associate of the Carnegie Institution of
    5.00
    3 votes
    188
    Harriet Harman

    Harriet Harman

    • Date of birth: 1950-07-30
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Harriet Ruth Harman QC (Hon.) (born 30 July 1950), is a British Labour Party politician, who is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Camberwell and Peckham, and was MP for the predecessor Peckham constituency from 1982 to 1997. She was the interim Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition from 11 May to 25 September 2010, until Ed Miliband took over the role. In 2007, she was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, and served in the Cabinet as Leader of the House of Commons, Lord Privy Seal, and Minister for Women and Equality from 2007 to 2010. Following the resignation of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister and Labour Leader on 11 May 2010 following his failure to win the general election (which ended in a hung parliament) five days earlier, Harman became interim Party Leader and interim Leader of the Opposition. She served in both roles until the Labour Party elected Ed Miliband Leader. Miliband appointed her Shadow Secretary of State for International Development and in the 2011 reshuffle, Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. She acts as stand-in Leader during Prime Minister's Questions during Milliband's absences, and shadows current Deputy Prime
    5.00
    3 votes
    189
    Abe Fortas

    Abe Fortas

    • Date of birth: 1910-06-19
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    Abraham "Abe" Fortas (June 19, 1910 – April 5, 1982) was a U.S. Supreme Court associate justice from 1965 to 1969. Originally from Tennessee, Fortas became a law professor at Yale, and subsequently advised the Securities and Exchange Commission. He then worked at the Interior Department under Franklin D. Roosevelt, and subsequently Harry Truman appointed him to delegations that helped set up the UN. Later, in private practice, Fortas represented Lyndon Johnson in an electoral dispute, and formed close ties with the president-to-be. Fortas also represented Clarence Earl Gideon before the U.S. Supreme Court, in a case involving the right to counsel. As a Johnson appointee to the Court, Fortas maintained a close working relationship with the president, and in 1968 Johnson tried to elevate Fortas to the position of Chief Justice, but that nomination faced a filibuster due at least in part to ethics problems that later caused him to step down from the Court. Fortas returned to private practice, sometimes appearing before the judges with whom he had served. Fortas was born in Memphis, Tennessee. He was the youngest of five children. His father, a native of Great Britain, was an Orthodox
    5.50
    2 votes
    190
    Antonio Daniels

    Antonio Daniels

    • Date of birth: 1975-03-19
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Basketball player
    Antonio Robert Daniels (born March 19, 1975 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American professional basketball player. After playing college basketball at Bowling Green, Daniels was selected by the Vancouver Grizzlies with the fourth overall pick of the 1997 NBA Draft. Over his career, he has played for the Grizzlies, the San Antonio Spurs (Daniels was on the 1999 team that won the NBA Championship), the Portland Trail Blazers, the Seattle SuperSonics, the Washington Wizards and the New Orleans Hornets. He arrived in New Orleans in a three-team trade with the Washington Wizards and the Memphis Grizzlies on December 10, 2008. On September 9, 2009, he was traded to the Minnesota Timberwolves along with a 2014 second round pick in exchange for Bobby Brown and Darius Songaila. On September 24, 2009, Daniels agreed to a contract buyout. On November 1, 2010 Daniels was selected by the Texas Legends of the NBA Development League in the second round (pick 13) of the 2010 NBA Development League Draft. On April 3, 2011, Daniels was signed to a 10-day contract by the Philadelphia 76ers.
    5.50
    2 votes
    191
    E. J. Dionne

    E. J. Dionne

    • Date of birth: 1952-04-23
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Journalist
    Eugene Joseph "E.J." Dionne, Jr. (/diːˈɒn/; born April 23, 1952) is an American journalist and political commentator, and a long-time op-ed columnist for The Washington Post. He is also a Senior Fellow in Governance Studies at the Brookings Institution, a University Professor in the Foundations of Democracy and Culture at Georgetown Public Policy Institute, a Senior Research Fellow at Saint Anselm College, and an NPR, MSNBC, and PBS commentator. Dionne was born in Boston, Massachusetts on April 23, 1952. He is the son of Lucie-Anne (née Galipeau), a librarian and teacher, and Eugene J. Dionne, a dentist, and raised in Fall River, Massachusetts. He is of French-Canadian descent. He attended Portsmouth Abbey School, a Benedictine college preparatory school in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. Dionne holds a B.A. in Social Studies from Harvard University (1973), where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and was affiliated with Adams House, and a DPhil in Sociology from Balliol College, Oxford (1982), where he was a Rhodes Scholar. Dionne's published works include the influential 1991 bestseller Why Americans Hate Politics, which argued that several decades of political polarization was
    5.50
    2 votes
    192
    Geert Groote

    Geert Groote

    • Date of birth: 1340-10
    • Country of nationality: Netherlands
    Gerard Groote (October 1340 – 20 August 1384), otherwise Gerrit or Gerhard Groet, in Latin Gerardus Magnus, was a Dutch preacher and founder of the Brethren of the Common Life and a key figure in the Devotio Moderna movement. He was born in the Hanseatic city Deventer in the diocese of Utrecht, where his father held a good civic position. He studied at Aachen, then went to the University of Paris when only fifteen. Here he studied scholastic philosophy and theology at the Sorbonne under a pupil of William of Occam's, from whom he imbibed the nominalist conception of philosophy; in addition he studied Canon law, medicine, astronomy and even magic, and apparently some Hebrew. After a brilliant course he graduated in 1358. He pursued his studies still further in Cologne. In 1366 he visited the papal court at Avignon. About this time he was appointed to a canonry in Utrecht and to another in Aachen, and the life of the brilliant young scholar was rapidly becoming luxurious, secular and selfish, when a great spiritual change passed over him which resulted in a final renunciation of every worldly enjoyment. This conversion, which took place in 1374, appears to have been due partly to the
    5.50
    2 votes
    193
    Jim Otto

    Jim Otto

    • Date of birth: 1938-01-05
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    James Edwin Otto (born January 5, 1938 in Wausau, Wisconsin) is a former Professional Football center for the Oakland Raiders of the American Football League. Otto played high school football at Wisconsin's Wausau High School, under coach Win Brockmeyer. He then went on to play collegiate football at the University of Miami. In addition to playing offensive center at UM, he also played linebacker on defense. After no National Football League team showed interest in the undersized center, Otto signed with the Oakland Raiders of the new American Football League. He was issued jersey number 50 for the AFL's inaugural season, 1960, but switched to his familiar 00 the next season. The AFL permitted the unusual number because it was a pun on Otto's name (aught-oh). Otto worked diligently to build his body up to his playing weight of 250 pounds. For the next fifteen years, Otto became a fixture at center for the Raiders, never missing a single game due to injury. Including pre-season, regular season and post-season games, Otto competed in 308 consecutive games. With the Raiders, he won 1 AFL/AFC championship in 1967 against the Houston Oilers, but lost 5: in 1968, 1969, and 1970, 1973,
    5.50
    2 votes
    194
    John Jesus Flanagan

    John Jesus Flanagan

    • Date of birth: 1868-01-28
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    John Flanagan (John Joseph Flanagan; January 9, 1873 – June 3, 1938) was a three-time Olympic gold medalist in the hammer throw: 1900, 1904, and 1908. John Flanagan was born in Kilbreedy, County Limerick, Ireland on January 9, 1873. He emigrated to the United States in 1896. At that time he already held the world record for the hammer throw. He competed for both the New York Athletic Club and the Irish American Athletic Club. He was part of a group of Irish-American athletes known as the "Irish Whales." In 1900 Flanagan represented his new country at the Olympic Games in Paris, France. Flanagan, the only non-college man to medal for the Americans, outdistanced American athlete Truxton Hare by 4.75 meters in the hammer throw. Hare and Josiah McCracken, both college football players from Pennsylvania, took silver and bronze. Flanagan also competed in the discus throw, finishing seventh. Flanagan joined the New York City Police Department in 1903. His first assignment was the Bureau of Licenses, where he had little to do and could take time off to train and compete. In 1904, sporting the Winged Fist of the Irish American Athletic Club in St. Louis, Missouri Olympic Games Flanagan set
    5.50
    2 votes
    195
    Pasquale Simonelli

    Pasquale Simonelli

    • Date of birth: 1878-05-04
    • Country of nationality: Italy
    • Profession: Banker
    Pasquale Isidoro Simonelli (May 4, 1878 - September 14, 1960), Commander (Commendatore) of the Order of the Crown of Italy, was an Italian-American banker. Born in Saviano, province of Naples, Simonelli was educated at the Normal School of Naples and, at first, he worked as a bank clerk in that city. In 1897, on the ship Oregon, he sailed from Naples Italy and, on February 10, arrived in New York city, United States of America. Here he began to teach Italian Language. In 1898-1899, he worked as a librarian at St. Xavier College, New York City. In 1899, under Comm. Joseph N. Francolini, Mr. Simonelli started his banking career as a clerk with the Italian Savings Bank of New York City. The following year he was appointed secretary of the bank and in 1901, trustee. In 1902, he became a U.S. citizen and joined the Republican Party. In 1903, Simonelli was instrumental in securing the services of Enrico Caruso for the New York Metropolitan Opera. Throughout his life, he continued to engage other famous opera singers, such as Maria Barrientos, Beniamino Gigli, Titta Ruffo, Riccardo Stracciari, and others for the New York Metropolitan Opera. Simonelli married Rosa in 1903 and had two
    5.50
    2 votes
    196
    Paul Moody

    Paul Moody

    • Date of birth: 1779-05-23
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Inventor
    Paul Moody (May 23, 1779 - July 5, 1831) was a U.S. textile machinery inventor born in Byfield, Massachusetts (Town of Newbury). He is often credited with developing and perfecting the first power loom in America, which launched the first successful integrated cotton mill at Waltham, Massachusetts in 1814, under the leadership of Francis Cabot Lowell and his associates. Paul Moody was born May 23, 1799 at Byfield, Massachusetts, the son of Paul Moody and one of nine children. Although Moody's academic education was limited, at age sixteen he learned the weaver's craft, and soon became an expert. He later went to work at a nail factory of Jacob Perkins, first in Byfield and later in Amesbury, Massachusetts when the company moved. In 1812 he worked for Kendrick and Worthen, makers of carding machinery. In September 1798, he married Susan Morrill of Amesbury. Soon after his marriage, he partnered with Ezra Worthen, Thomas Boardman and Samuel Wigglesworth to form a cotton mill powered by the Powwow River in Amesbury. During this time, Moody became a thorough, practical machinist, fully acquainted with all aspects of the textile business. The venture proved to be successful. In 1814 he
    5.50
    2 votes
    197
    Robert A. Frosch

    Robert A. Frosch

    • Date of birth: 1928-05-22
    Robert Alan Frosch (born May 22, 1928), American scientist, was the fifth Administrator of NASA from 1977–1981 during the Carter administration. Born in New York City, Frosch was educated in the public school system in The Bronx. He earned undergraduate and graduate degrees in theoretical physics at Columbia University. Between September 1951 and August 1963, Frosch worked as a research scientist and director of research programs for Hudson Laboratories of Columbia University in Dobbs Ferry, New York, an organization under contract to the Office of Naval Research. Until 1953, he worked on problems in underwater sound, sonar, oceanography, marine geology, and marine geophysics. Frosch was first associate and then director of the laboratories, where he managed 300 employees, two ocean-going research vessels, and a $3.5 million annual budget for fundamental research and engineering. During this period he was also Technical Director of Project ARTEMIS, a very large experimental active sonar system development. In September 1963, Frosch went to Washington, DC to work with the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in the U.S. Department of Defense, serving as Director for Nuclear
    5.50
    2 votes
    198
    Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin

    Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin

    • Date of birth: 1865-02-06
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Astronomer
    Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin (February 6, 1865 – September 20, 1939) was an astronomer of French and Huguenot descent. He was born in Antrim, [[Northern Ireland], and educated in England at Marlborough College and Trinity College, Cambridge. He worked at the Royal Greenwich Observatory and went on several solar eclipse expeditions. He was president of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1929 to 1931. An expert on comets, his calculation of orbits of what were then called Comet Forbes 1928 III, Comet Coggia-Winnecke 1873 VII, and Comet Pons 1818 II, in 1929, showed that these comets were one and the same periodic comet. The comet thus received the rather unwieldy name "Comet Pons-Coggia-Winnecke-Forbes". In 1948, he was posthumously honored when the comet was renamed after him alone (today, in modern nomenclature, it is designated 27P/Crommelin). This is similar to the case of Comet Encke, where the periodic comet is named after the person determining the orbit rather than the possibly-multiple discoverers and re-discoverers at each apparition.
    6.00
    1 votes
    199
    Bob Ney

    Bob Ney

    • Date of birth: 1954-07-05
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Politician
    Robert William Ney (born July 5, 1954) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Ohio. A Republican, Ney represented Ohio's 18th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1995 until November 3, 2006, when he resigned. Ney's resignation took place after he pled guilty to charges of conspiracy and making false statements in relation to the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal. Before he pled guilty, Ney was identified in the guilty pleas of Jack Abramoff, former Tom DeLay deputy chief of staff Tony Rudy, former DeLay press secretary Michael Scanlon and former Ney chief of staff Neil Volz for receiving lavish gifts in exchange for political favors. Ney's best known Congressional work was on the election reform efforts founded in the wake of the confused 2000 voting in Florida, and his support and backing for the "Stand Up For Steel" crusade and resulting laws. From 2001 to 2006, Ney was Chairman of the House Administration Committee. As chair of that committee, he oversaw operations in the Capitol complex and was sometimes known as the "Mayor of Capitol Hill". Ney also gained notoriety when he mandated, as Chairman of the House Administration Committee,
    6.00
    1 votes
    200
    Charles H. Gibson

    Charles H. Gibson

    • Date of birth: 1842-01-19
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Charles Hopper Gibson (January 19, 1842 – March 31, 1900) was a U. S. Senator from Maryland, serving from 1891–1897. He also served as a U.S. Congressman from 1885–1891. Gibson was born near Centreville, Maryland, and attended the Centreville Academy and the Archer School in Harford County. He graduated from Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland, engaged in the study law, and was admitted to the bar in 1864, commencing practice in Easton, Maryland. President Andrew Johnson appointed Gibson as collector of internal revenue for the Maryland Eastern Shore district in 1867, but Gibson was not confirmed. He became auditor and commissioner in chancery in 1869 and resigned in 1870 to accept the appointment of State’s attorney for Talbot County, Maryland, serving from 1871 until 1875. Gibson was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-first Congresses from Maryland's 1st congressional district, serving from March 4, 1885 until March 3, 1891, but was not a candidate for reelection in 1890. He was appointed and subsequently elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Ephraim King Wilson II, and served in that
    6.00
    1 votes
    201
    Charles W. Penrose

    Charles W. Penrose

    • Date of birth: 1832-02-04
    • Profession: Writer
    Charles William Penrose (4 February 1832 – 16 May 1925) was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1904 to 1911. Penrose was also a member of the First Presidency of the church under Church Presidents Joseph F. Smith and Heber J. Grant from 1911 until his death. Penrose was born in London, England; the name "Penrose" is of Cornish origin. It is said that he learned to read the scriptures by the age of four. He was introduced to the church and baptized at the age of eighteen on May 14, 1850 in London. He also met and married his wife Lucetta Stratford there. The couple had three children. After joining the church, Penrose was called to a mission of seven years, preaching throughout England. In 1861, he emigrated to Utah. After arriving, he was called on yet another mission to England. Upon his return, he settled in Ogden, Utah. There he became involved in newspaper publishing, eventually becoming the editor of the Deseret News in Salt Lake City. Penrose was known for his writing, including missionary tracts and for penning lyrics for LDS hymns, including God of Our Fathers, O Ye Mountains High, and Up,
    6.00
    1 votes
    202
    John S. Wells

    John S. Wells

    • Date of birth: 1803-10-18
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    John Sullivan Wells (October 18, 1803 – August 1, 1860) was a United States Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Durham, he attended Pembroke Academy, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1828 and practiced in Guildhall, Vermont from 1828 to 1835. He moved to Lancaster, New Hampshire in 1836 and continued the practice of law until 1846. He was solicitor of Coos County from 1838 to 1847, and moved to Exeter, New Hampshire and resumed the practice of law. Wells was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1839 to 1841, serving as speaker in 1841. He was New Hampshire Attorney General in 1847, and a member and president of the New Hampshire Senate in 1851–1852. He was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Moses Norris, Jr. and served from January 16 to March 4, 1855; he died in Exeter in 1860.
    5.00
    2 votes
    203
    Toğrül

    Toğrül

    • Date of birth: 0990
    Tughril, Toghril or Tugrul (طغرل, Modern Turkish: Tuğrul, also spelled Togrul, Tugril, Tugrul or Toghrïl Beg; c. 990–September 4, 1063) was the second ruler of the Seljuq dynasty. Tughril united the Turkomen warriors of the Great Eurasian Steppes into a confederacy of tribes, who traced their ancestry to a single ancestor named Seljuq, and led them in conquest of eastern Iran. He would later establish the Seljuq Sultanate after conquering Persia and retaking the Abbasid Capital of Baghdad from the Buyid Dynasty in 1055. Tughril relegated the Abbasid Caliphs to state figureheads and took command of the caliphate's armies in military offensives against the Byzantine Empire and the Fatimid Caliphate in an effort to expand his empire's borders and unite the Islamic world. He ascended to power c. 1016. In 1025 he, and his brother Chaghri served under the Kara-Khanids of Bukhara, but they were defeated by the Ghaznavid Empire under Mahmud of Ghazni, and Tughril was forced to flee to Khwarezm while Arslan settled in Khorasan. When their uncle was later driven out of Khorasan by Mahmud, Tughril and his brother moved onto Khorasan and conquered the cities of Merv and Nishapur in 1028–1029.
    5.00
    2 votes
    204
    Trai Essex

    Trai Essex

    • Date of birth: 1982-12-05
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: American football player
    Trai Jamar Essex (born December 5, 1982) is an American football offensive guard who most recently played for the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League. He is an offensive lineman who played for seven seasons with the Pittsburgh Steelers during which time the team won two Super Bowls. Essex grew up in Fort Wayne, Indiana where he attended Paul Harding High School and lettered in football and basketball. In football, he was a standout tight end. He played in the first ever U.S. Army All-American Bowl (a high school football national all-star game) on December 30, 2000. In basketball, he was a member of the 2001 class 2A Indiana boys high school championship team. His 14 rebounds ties for 3rd best ever in the class 2A championship game. Essex was an All-Conference honoree as a junior. Essex attended Northwestern University where he majored in African-American studies and was a letterman in football. He started every game as a true freshman at tight end, catching three passes for 24 yards and a touchdown. He was named to the Big Ten All-Freshman team by The Sporting News magazine. He was moved from tight end to offensive tackle prior to his sophomore season and started 37
    5.00
    2 votes
    205
    Bill Kaulitz

    Bill Kaulitz

    • Date of birth: 1989-09-01
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Singer
    Bill and Tom Kaulitz, identical twins, were born on 1 September 1989, in Leipzig, German Democratic Republic. Tom is the elder by 10 minutes. They are popular German pop stars, best known for being in the band Tokio Hotel (formerly known as Devilish). Bill sings lead vocals and Tom plays the guitar. They are identical twins, although their age and different fashion styles has made this less apparent. The brothers continue to do music and endorsement deals together. Their parents, Simone and Jᅢᄊrg Kaulitz, divorced when the twins were 7 and Simone Kaulitz married to Gordon Trᅢᄐmper, the reason the twins are sometimes given the surname Kaulitz-Trᅢᄐmper. The twins had acted together in the German TV- film "Verrᅢᄐckt nach dir", released in 1994, but their stepfather had a major musical influence on the boys, as he was in a band of his own. It was around this time that Tom began playing the guitar. Bill was writing lyrics while still in primary school. Encouraged by Trᅢᄐmper the twins performed in several small shows. Later Bill also provided the voice to the title character in the German dub for the Luc Besson film, Arthur and the Minimoys. Bill is known for his very
    4.50
    2 votes
    206
    Hadi Saei Bonehkohal

    Hadi Saei Bonehkohal

    • Date of birth: 1976-06-10
    Hadi Saei Bonehkohal (Persian: هادی ساعی بنه كُهل ‎, born June 10, 1976 in Rey, Iran) is a former Iranian Taekwondo athlete who became the most successful Iranian athlete in Olympic history after winning gold in the 2008 Summer Olympics. He competed in the Men's 68 kg (featherweight) at the 2004 Summer Olympics and won the gold medal. In addition, he competed in the Men's 80 kg at the 2008 Summer Olympics and won his second olympic gold. Earlier in his career and in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Saei had won the bronze medal. He was elected as member of City Council of Tehran in 2006 local election. On 24 July 2011, he was elected as chairman of the Nassaji Mazandaran FC. He has been practicing Tae Kwon Do since he was six years old. Having previously competed in Lightweight (67–72 kg), he is the 1999 World Champion and 2003 World Championship silver medallist. When the Iranian town of Bam was devastated in the 2003 earthquake, Saei put his medals on auction to raise money for the victims. He has been World Champion in the Tae Kwon Do World Championships two times. Currently, he is a senior at the Iran Physical Education University. Saei officially ended his career as a Tae
    4.50
    2 votes
    207
    Killian Brennan

    Killian Brennan

    • Date of birth: 1984-01-31
    • Country of nationality: Ireland
    Killian Brennan (born 31 January 1984 in Drogheda) is an Irish football player currently playing for Shamrock Rovers. Noted for his wing play and ability to fire in accurate crosses, Brennan was signed by Peterborough United in his teenage years. In 2004, he was capped several times for the Republic of Ireland under-19s, before moving back to play in the League of Ireland. He was signed by John Gill for Dublin City, however, less than a year later, newly appointed boss Roddy Collins' 'purge' of the club meant that Brennan was deemed surplus to requirements. Immediately snapped up by Stephen Kenny for Derry City for the 2004 season, the player was a revelation and made the left wing spot at The Brandywell his own after having made his debut in a home game against St. Patrick's Athletic on 23 September 2004. He has also been deployed to fill in at left full-back on occasion. In the 2006 season he played in their UEFA Cup run in wins over IFK Göteborg and Gretna FC and helped Derry to the FAI Cup and League of Ireland Cup. It is this abundant talent that attracted the attention of his hometown club, Drogheda United who declared their interest in Brennan following the end of the 2006
    4.50
    2 votes
    208
    Lucas Black

    Lucas Black

    • Date of birth: 1982-11-29
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Model
    Lucas York Black (born November 29, 1982) is an American film and television actor. He is known for his roles in the CBS television series American Gothic as well as roles in films such as Sling Blade, Jarhead, Friday Night Lights, The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift, Legion, Get Low, and All the Pretty Horses. He also appeared on an episode of outdoors with TK and Mike. Black was born in Decatur, Alabama, the son of Jan, an office worker, and Larry Black, a museum worker. He has two older siblings, brother Lee and sister Lori. Black was raised a Southern Baptist. He grew up in Speake, Alabama and played for the Speake Bobcats, graduating from high school in May 2001. He currently resides in Columbia, Missouri. Without any formal training as an actor, Lucas's film debut was in the 1994 Kevin Costner film, The War. He was subsequently cast as Caleb Temple in CBS's television series American Gothic, which ran from 1995 to 1996, and in the films Sling Blade, Ghosts of Mississippi and The X-Files. Later in 1997 Black starred in the TV film Flash, which aired on The Wonderful World of Disney. In 1998, Black was offered a part in The Horse Whisperer. However, when he was told that he
    4.50
    2 votes
    209
    Robert S. Duncanson

    Robert S. Duncanson

    • Date of birth: 1821
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Artist
    Robert Seldon Duncanson (1821 – December 21, 1872) was an African-American painter associated with the Hudson River School. He is often described incorrectly as Robert Scott Duncanson, the son of a Canadian of Scottish descent, but he was actually descended from freed Virginia slaves. He was born in Seneca County, New York in 1821. As a young boy, Duncanson lived with his father in Canada, while his mother lived in Mount Pleasant, Ohio, a village fifteen miles (24 km) north of Cincinnati. It was not until the summer of 1841 that Duncanson left Canada for Mount Pleasant. Upon his return to his mother’s home, Duncanson said, “I’ve come back to be an artist.” Yearning to do more with paint than use it on houses, as he had been doing since 1838 with his house painting and decorating venture, he moved to Cincinnati, which seemed to be the right place. Around this time period, Cincinnati was “known as the Athens of the West.” Although Duncanson possessed the drive and determination to be an artist, he received no technical training. Instead, “determined to break into the exclusively Caucasian art community [. . . he] taught himself art by painting portraits and copying prints.”
    4.50
    2 votes
    210
    Alfred-Maurice de Zayas

    Alfred-Maurice de Zayas

    • Date of birth: 1947-05-31
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Historian
    Alfred-Maurice de Zayas (born 31 May 1947 in Havana, Cuba; né Alfredo (de) Zayas), also known as Alfred de Zayas, is an American lawyer, writer, historian, a leading expert in the field of human rights and international law, a retired high-ranking United Nations official, a peace activist, and since 2012 the United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order (also known as Special Rapporteur), appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council. He is currently a professor of international law at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, and formerly worked with the United Nations from 1981 to 2003 as a senior lawyer with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Secretary of the Human Rights Committee, and the Chief of Petitions. He practised law in New York as an associate in the law firm Simpson Thacher & Bartlett from 1970 to 1974, specializing on corporate law, and is also a retired member of the Florida Bar. Alfred de Zayas' scholarly work focuses on the judicial protection of peoples and minorities. He holds a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School and a doctorate in modern history from the
    5.00
    1 votes
    211
    Bonita Saint

    Bonita Saint

    • Date of birth: 1974-02-27
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Pornographic actor
    Bonita Saint (born February 27, 1974) is an American adult model and a porn star. Bonita Saint was born in Los Angeles, California, U.S.. A former glamour model she began her career as an adult model after becoming the Penthouse Pet of the Month for January 1994.
    5.00
    1 votes
    212
    Bruce Penhall

    Bruce Penhall

    • Date of birth: 1957-05-10
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Bruce Lee Penhall (born May 10, 1957 in Balboa, California, U.S.) is a retired American motorcycle speedway racer who also starred in television and in film. He was the World Speedway Champion in 1981 and 1982 and rode for the successful Cradley Heath Heathens speedway team in the United Kingdom. He retired from speedway racing the night he won his second World Championship in 1982 in front of his home crowd at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Bruce first rode Speedway when he was 16 at Irwindale Raceway on the American west-coast. From novice status, he quickly established himself in the US National Championships, twice finishing in the top three positions. In 1976 he toured Israel and in 1977 Australia and New Zealand, before being lured to Cradley Heath Heathens in 1978 by Dan McCormick and Derek Pugh. On his Dudley Wood debut against Sheffield in a challenge match, he notched just a single point. Never again in his British career would he score less than four for the Heathens. In his second match - his league debut - he scored nine; within a month he clocked double figures and topped the scorechart for the first time with 13; in July he took over as club captain following the
    5.00
    1 votes
    213
    Henry James Knight

    Henry James Knight

    • Date of birth: 1878-11-05
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    Henry James Knight VC (5 November 1878 – 24 November 1955) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Born in Yeovil, Somerset (Born James Huntley Knight, Enlisted Henry James Knight) he was 21 years old, and a corporal in the 1st Battalion, The King's (Liverpool) Regiment, British Army during the Second Boer War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. The full citation was published in the London Gazette of 4 January 1901 and reads: He later achieved the rank of captain in the Manchester Regiment. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Museum of the King's Regiment, Liverpool, England.
    5.00
    1 votes
    214
    Henry Unton

    Henry Unton

    • Date of birth: 1557
    • Profession: Diplomat
    Sir Henry Unton (or Umpton) (c. 1557 – 23 March 1596) was an Elizabethan English diplomat. Unton was born at Wychwood and was the second son of Sir Edward Unton (d. 1583) of Wadley House, near Faringdon, Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). His mother Lady Anne Seymour (d. 1588) was a daughter of the Duke of Somerset, the Lord Protector under Edward VI. His elder brother was Edward Unton, on whose death he inherited his father's estates in 1589. Educated at Oriel College, Oxford, Unton became the member of parliament for New Woodstock in 1584. He served with the English forces in the Netherlands in 1585 and 1586, being present at the skirmish of Zutphen. In 1586 he was knighted by Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. In 1591, through the good offices of the earl of Essex, Unton was sent as ambassador to Henry IV of France; he became very friendly with this king and accompanied him on a campaign in Normandy before he was recalled to England in June 1592. Again securing a seat in 1593 in parliament as a knight of the shire for Berkshire, he lost for a short time the favour of Queen Elizabeth, but was sent that same year as ambassador to France. He died in the French camp at La Fère on 23 March
    5.00
    1 votes
    215
    John Sewell Sanborn

    John Sewell Sanborn

    • Date of birth: 1819-01-01
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    John Sewell Sanborn (January 1, 1819 – July 17, 1877) was a Canadian educator, lawyer, judge and political figure. Some sources give his middle name as Sewall. He was born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire and graduated from Dartmouth College, later studying at the University of Bishop’s College in Lennoxville, Quebec. He was the principal at a secondary school in Sherbrooke. He later articled in law and was called to the bar in 1847. He was elected to the 3rd Parliament of the Province of Canada representing Sherbrooke County in a by-election in March 1850. At the time, he supported annexation of the Eastern Townships with the United States. He was re-elected in 1851, no longer supporting annexation. The annexation issue had played an important role in establishing a rail link connecting the region to Maine. In 1854, he was elected in Compton. In 1863, he was acclaimed to the Legislative Council for Wellington division and he was re-elected in 1864. He supported an elected Senate in the discussions leading up to Confederation. In 1867, he was appointed to the new Senate of Canada. In 1872, he was appointed to the Quebec Superior Court for Saint-François district and he was appointed to
    5.00
    1 votes
    216
    Jules Laforgue

    Jules Laforgue

    • Date of birth: 1860-08-16
    • Country of nationality: France
    Jules Laforgue (French: [ʒyl lafɔʁɡ]; 16 August 1860 – 20 August 1887) was an innovative Franco-Uruguayan poet, often referred to as a Symbolist poet. Critics and commentators have also pointed to Impressionism as a direct influence and his poetry has been called "part-symbolist, part-impressionist". His parents, Charles-Benoît Laforgue and Pauline Lacollay, met in Uruguay where his father worked first as a teacher and then a bank employee. Jules was the second of eleven children in the family, the eldest child being Jules' brother Émile, who was to become a sculptor of note. In 1866 the family moved back to France, to Tarbes, his father's hometown, but in 1867 Jules' father and mother chose to return to Uruguay, taking along their nine younger children, leaving Jules and his older brother Émile in Tarbes to be raised with a cousin's family. In 1876 Jules's father took the family to Paris. In 1877, his mother died of pneumonia, three months after a miscarriage, and Jules, never a good student, failed his baccalaureate exams. He failed again in 1878, and then a third time, but on his own began to read the great French authors and visit the museums of Paris. In 1879 his father became
    5.00
    1 votes
    217
    Obie Trice

    Obie Trice

    • Date of birth: 1977-11-14
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Songwriter
    Obie Trice III (born November 14, 1977) is an American rapper and songwriter. He began rapping at the age of 11, and is most known for his time spent signed to Shady Records. Obie Trice has formed his own record label, Black Market Entertainment. Obie Trice III was born and raised in Detroit, Michigan by his mother, along with three brothers. He is of African American descent. Trice was given a karaoke machine by his mother when he was eleven and he used it to rhyme over instrumentals from artists such as N.W.A. By the age of fourteen, he was attending rap battle spots around Detroit, notably including the Hip Hop Shop, on which Trice commented, Obie Trice went by the name of Obie 1 during this time, but when he first met Proof, who was about to introduce him at the Hip Hop Shop, Proof asked him, "What's your name? Your real name, no gimmicks." He was then introduced as Obie Trice, and has kept his real name as his rap name. Trice was introduced to Eminem through D12 member Bizarre. Hot Rapper: Obie Trice. Rolling Stone. Accessed January 22, 2008. Later, Trice received a call from his manager informing him that he would be having dinner with Eminem, and later that night they
    5.00
    1 votes
    218
    Per Eklund

    Per Eklund

    • Date of birth: 1946-06-26
    • Country of nationality: Sweden
    • Profession: Racecar driver
    Per Eklund, born on June 26, 1946 in Skönnerud (Koppom), Eda Municipality of Värmland in Sweden, is a Rally and Rallycross driver who lives in Arvika. His nickname is "Pekka". In rallying he never made it to the very top but he has been very successful in his later rallycross career. Eklund was a Saab factory driver from 1970 to 1979. In 1982, however, the year after Saab discontinued its official rallying involvement, he achieved the brand's last top position in a World Championship event, finishing fourth in the Swedish Rally driving a privately entered, Clarion-sponsored Saab 99 Turbo. He was always proud of that result, since the competition consisted mostly of four-wheel-drive cars, and the event was run in snow. This signified the end of the rally era at Saab, even though Eklund went on to drive an officially-entered Saab 900 Turbo in the British round of the 1997 World Rally Championship. He was Swedish Champion in 1978, beating his team mate Stig Blomqvist. In 1982 Eklund finished 5th overall of the FIA World Rally Championship for Drivers. Eklund started driving in Rallycross by winning the first ever Swedish Rallycross event at Hedemora, on 17 October 1971. He first drove
    5.00
    1 votes
    219
    Stephen G. Burbridge

    Stephen G. Burbridge

    • Date of birth: 1831-08-19
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    Stephen Gano Burbridge (August 19, 1831 – December 2, 1894), also known as "Butcher" Burbridge or the "Butcher of Kentucky", was a controversial Union Major General during the American Civil War. Burbridge was born in Georgetown, Kentucky. He attended college at Georgetown College and the Kentucky Military Institute in Frankfort, and subsequently became a lawyer. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Burbridge formed his own Union regiment and ultimately officially joined the Union Army as a colonel. After participating in several Civil War campaigns, including the successful final Battle of Cynthiana against John Hunt Morgan, Burbridge in June 1864 was given command over the state of Kentucky to deal with the growing problem of Confederate guerrilla campaigns. This began an extended period of military siege that would last through early 1865, beginning with martial law authorized by President Abraham Lincoln. On July 16, 1864, Burbridge issued Order No. 59 which declared: "Whenever an unarmed Union citizen is murdered, four guerrillas will be selected from the prison and publicly shot to death at the most convenient place near the scene of the outrages." During Burbridge's rule in
    5.00
    1 votes
    220
    Dorothy Hamill

    Dorothy Hamill

    • Date of birth: 1956-07-26
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Figure Skater
    Dorothy Stuart Hamill (born July 26, 1956) is an American figure skater. She is the 1976 Olympic champion in Ladies' Singles and 1976 World Champion. Hamill was born in Chicago, Illinois, to Chalmers and Carol Hamill. Shortly after her birth, her family moved to the Riverside neighborhood of Greenwich, Connecticut, where Hamill subsequently spent the rest of her childhood. She has a brother and a sister. Hamill first started skating in early 1965 at the age of 8, taking once-a-week group lessons. She became more serious about the sport the next season, taking regular private lessons and passing her preliminary and first figure test before the seasonal rink closed in March. She was first trained by Otto Gold and Gustave Lussi. Ice time was limited in her area, so she eventually began training at Sky Rink in New York City, staying overnight in the city with friends when possible. In the summers she trained in Lake Placid, New York and later in Toronto with her coach of the time, Sonya Dunfield. Until the spring of 1970, Hamill attended public schools in Riverside, but at that point she switched to a small school with flexible tutoring to accommodate her skating schedule. She attended
    4.00
    2 votes
    221
    John Bennet Lawes

    John Bennet Lawes

    • Date of birth: 1814-12-28
    Sir John Bennet Lawes, 1st Baronet FRS (28 December 1814–31 August 1900) was an English entrepreneur and agricultural scientist. He founded an experimental farm at his home at Rothamsted Manor that eventually became the Rothamsted Experimental Station, where he developed a superphosphate that would mark the beginnings of the chemical fertilizer industry. John Bennet Lawes was born at Rothamsted in modern-day Harpenden near St Albans, Hertfordshire, the only son of John Bennet Lawes, owner of the Rothamsted estate of somewhat more than 1000 acres (4 km²) and lord of the manor of Rothamsted. He was educated at Eton College and at Brasenose College, Oxford. Even before leaving Oxford in 1832, Lawes had begun to interest himself in growing various medicinal plants on the Rothamsted estates, which he inherited on his father's death in 1822. About 1837 he began to experiment on the effects of various manures on plants growing in pots, and a year or two later the experiments were extended to crops in the field. One immediate consequence was that in 1842 he patented a manure formed by treating phosphates with sulphuric acid, and thus initiated the artificial manure industry. In the
    4.00
    2 votes
    222
    John M. Pattison

    John M. Pattison

    • Date of birth: 1847-06-13
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    John M. Pattison (June 13, 1847–June 18, 1906) was a Democratic politician from Ohio. Pattison was the 43rd Governor of Ohio, serving for a shorter period than any other person elected to the office before his untimely death. Pattison was born near Owensville, Ohio. He joined the Union Army during the American Civil War in 1864. After the war ended, Pattison attended Ohio Wesleyan University, graduating in 1869. He graduated from Cincinnati Law School in 1872, and was admitted to the bar in 1872. Pattison briefly served in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1873 before working as an executive at an insurance company. Pattison was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1890 after briefly serving in the Ohio State Senate. He served one term from 1891 to 1893, but lost an 1892 bid for re-election. Pattison was elected governor in 1905. He entered office in January 1906 and served until his death in June. Pattison attended his inauguration, but returned home ill that day. He never again returned to the executive office. Pattison directed the government from his bed until he died at his home Promont, near Milford, Ohio. His cause of death was Bright's disease. He is
    4.00
    2 votes
    223
    Fanny Kemble

    Fanny Kemble

    • Date of birth: 1809-11-27
    • Country of nationality: England
    • Profession: Writer
    Frances Anne Kemble (27 November 1809 - 15 January 1893) was a notable British actress from a theatre family in the early and mid-nineteenth century. She also was a well-known and popular writer, whose published works included plays, poetry, eleven volumes of memoirs, travel and works about the theatre. In 1834 she married an American, Pierce Mease Butler, heir to cotton, tobacco and rice plantations and hundreds of slaves on the Sea Islands of Georgia. They spent the winter of 1838-1839 at the plantations, and Kemble kept a diary of her observations. She returned to the theatre after their separation in 1847 and toured major cities of the United States. Although her memoir circulated in abolitionist circles, Kemble waited until 1863, during the American Civil War, to publish her anti-slavery Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839. It has become her best-known work in the United States, although she published several other volumes of journals. In 1877 Kemble returned to England at the same time as her second daughter and husband. She lived in London and was active in society, befriending the writer Henry James. In 2000, an edited compilation of her journals
    4.00
    1 votes
    224
    Han Shizhong

    Han Shizhong

    • Date of birth: 1089
    Han Shizhong (韓世忠) (1089–1151) was a Chinese general of the late Northern Song Dynasty and the early Southern Song Dynasty. He dedicated his whole life to serving the Song Dynasty, and performed many legendary deeds. It is said that he had scars all over his body and, by the time he retired, there were only four fingers left on both of his hands. General Han distinguished himself in the series of war against the Jurchens, and was reputed to win battles in situation where he had to face larger amount of enemies with smaller numbers of soldiers. He was a great fighter and because of his feats in battle, Yuan Tan said that Han Shizhong is truly an even match for 10,000 men. He is also a known military inventor: his inventions including various modified bows, chain like armor, a horse jumping obstacle, and the archery target. His wife, Liang Hongyu, was also known to have an exceptional military mind. After Yue Fei's execution, through this tragedy Han realized the corruption rampant throughout the Song imperial court, and retired from military service afterward. Han Shizhong was born to a poor farming family in a village of the Shanxi province in the year 1089. He was born in a time
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    Ivonka Survilla

    Ivonka Survilla

    • Date of birth: 1936-04-11
    • Profession: Politician
    Ivonka Survilla or Surviłła (Belarusian: Івонка Сурвілла, born April 11, 1936 in Stoŭbcy, then part of Second Polish Republic (West Belarus), now in Minsk Voblast of Belarus, as Ivonka Shymaniets; Belarusian: Івонка Шыманец, Polish: Iwonka Szymaniec) is the current President of the Belarusian National Republic (BNR), the Belarusian government in exile. Ivonka Survilla was born into the family of Uladzimier Shymaniets, an engineer, and Evelina Shymaniets née Pashkievich. In 1940, after the Soviet annexation of West Belarus, Uladzimier Shymaniets was arrested by the Soviets and sentenced to five years of concentration camps. He escaped deportation to the Gulag and execution due to the German attack on the USSR In 1944 the family fled to the West through East Prussia with the thousands of other refugees and eventually reached Denmark where it lived in a refugee camp for several years. On the way Survilla's younger sister died. In 1948 her family moved to France and settled in Paris. Survilla's family members were active participants in the life of the local Belarusian community. Ivonka Survilla has studied one year at an art school and then graduated from a humanities faculty of the
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    Jean Armand de Lestocq

    Jean Armand de Lestocq

    • Date of birth: 1692
    Count Jean Armand de L'Estocq (German: Johann Hermann Lestocq, Russian: Иван Иванович Лесток, 29 April 1692, Lüneburg — 12 June 1767, Saint Petersburg) was a French adventurer who wielded immense influence on the foreign policy of Russia during the early reign of Empress Elizabeth. Coming from a noble family of Champagne, as a youth he was committed to prison for a petty offense. He was liberated on the urging of Françoise-Marie de Bourbon (1677–1749), legitimized daughter of Louis XIV of France and Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. Françoise-Marie was also married at the time to Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. She was thus a well-connected patroness. In 1709, Lestocq arrived to Saint Petersburg in the capacity of a court physician. He was well regarded by Catherine I of Russia until 1720, when her husband had him exiled to Kazan for having seduced a jester's daughter. Upon the Emperor's death, Catherine summoned her favourite physician to the Russian capital, where his light-hearted character made him friends with her daughter Elizaveta Petrovna, who he reportedly cured of syphilis. More than anyone else, Lestocq helped prepare the 1741 coup d'etat which brought Elizaveta
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    Karl Gegenbaur

    Karl Gegenbaur

    • Date of birth: 1826-08-21
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    Karl Gegenbaur (21 August 1826 - 14 June 1903) was a German anatomist and professor who demonstrated that the field of comparative anatomy offers important evidence supporting of the theory of evolution. As a professor of anatomy at the University of Jena (1855–1873) and at the University of Heidelberg (1873–1903), Carl Gegenbaur was a strong supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of organic evolution, having taught and worked, beginning in 1858, with Ernst Haeckel, 8 years his junior. Gegenbaur's book Grundzüge der vergleichenden Anatomie (1859; Elements of Comparative Anatomy) became the standard textbook, at the time, of evolutionary morphology, emphasizing that structural similarities among various animals provide clues to their evolutionary history. Carl Gegenbaur noted that the most reliable clue to evolutionary history is homology, the comparison of anatomical parts which have a common evolutionary origin. Gegenbaur had been a student of Albert von Kölliker, Rudolf Virchow, Heinrich Müller and Franz Leydig (1821–1908). Carl Gegenbaur was born in Würzburg, Bavaria in 1826, and he entered the University of Würzburg as a student in 1845. After taking his degree in 1851, he spent
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    Kiliaen van Rensselaer

    Kiliaen van Rensselaer

    • Date of birth: 1586
    • Country of nationality: Netherlands
    • Profession: Merchant
    Kiliaen van Rensselaer (Dutch: [ˈkɪliaːn vɑn ˈrɛnsəlaːr]) (early 1586, Hasselt, Overijssel – buried 7 October 1643, Amsterdam) was a Dutch diamond and pearl merchant from Amsterdam who was one of the founders and directors of the Dutch West India Company and was instrumental in the establishment of New Netherland. He became one of the first patroons and ended up being the only successful one, having founded the Manor of Rensselaerswyck in what is now mainly New York's Capital District. His estate lasted as a legal entity until the 1840s, having lived through Dutch and British colonial times, the American Revolution, and eventually coming to an end during the Anti-Rent War. Van Rensselaer was born in the province of Overijssel to Hendrick Kiliaensz van Rensselaer, in 1584 a soldier from Nijkerk in the States army of the duke of Upper Saxony, and Maria Alberts Pafraet, daughter of a printer in Hasselt. To keep him from risking his life in the army like his father, he apprenticed under his uncle, a successful Amsterdam jeweler. He too became a successful jeweler and was one of the first subscribers to the Dutch West India Company upon its conception. He may very well be the source of
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    Đorđe Jokić

    Đorđe Jokić

    • Date of birth: 1981-01-20
    • Country of nationality: Serbia
    Đorđe Jokić (Serbian Cyrillic: Ђорђе Јокић; born 20 January 1981 in Raška) is a Serbian football defender who plays for FK Vojvodina. He was a member of the Serbia and Montenegro squad at the 2004 Summer Olympics, who exited in the first round, finishing fourth in group behind gold medal winners Argentina, Australia and Tunisia.
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    230
    Andrew Mangan

    Andrew Mangan

    • Date of birth: 1986-08-30
    • Country of nationality: England
    Andrew Francis Mangan (born 30 August 1986) is an English footballer who plays for Fleetwood Town. Born in Liverpool, Mangan began his education in football with Blackpool at the age of 15. He was there for three years scoring 49 goals all together in reserve and youth team football. He also made his professional debut at the club, at the age of 17 in a 1–0 defeat to Chesterfield on 24 April 2004. He made just 2 professional appearances at Blackpool under Steve MacMahon. With the arrival of Colin Hendry as manager in Mangan's third year at the club, he found it hard to break in to the first team and went out on a work experience loan to Northern Premier League Premier Division side Hyde United, scoring 2 goals in 7 appearances, helping them secure the league title along the way. It was thought Mangan would return to Hyde the following season but he rejected them in favour of a full time contract with Accrington Stanley, after impressing during the clubs pre-season schedule. At Accrington Mangan played two full seasons helping them gain promotion to The Football League for the first time in 50 years. After making his debut in a 1–0 win over Canvey Island on 13 August 2005, Mangan
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    231
    Benoît de Boigne

    Benoît de Boigne

    • Date of birth: 1751-03-08
    Benoît Leborgne (24 March 1751 – 21 June 1830), better known as Count Benoît de Boigne or General Count de Boigne, was a military adventurer from the Alps of French Savoy, who made his fortune and name in India. He was also named president of the general council of the French département of Mont-Blanc by Napoleon I. The son of shopkeepers, Leborgne was a career military man. He was trained in European regiments and then became a success in India in the service of Mahadaji Sindhia of Gwalior in central India, who ruled over the Maratha Empire. Sindhia entrusted him with the creation and organization of an army. He became its general, and trained and commanded a force of nearly 100,000 men organized on the European model, which allowed the Maratha Empire to dominate north India and be the last native state of Hindustan to resist the British Empire. Along with his career in the army, Benoît de Boigne also worked in commerce and administration. Among other titles, he became a jaghir which gave him enormous land holdings in India. After a turbulent life, Benoît de Boigne returned to Europe, first to England, where he married a French emigrant after having repudiated his first, Persian
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    232
    Bern Dibner

    Bern Dibner

    • Date of birth: 1897-08-18
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Engineer
    Bern Dibner (1897 – 1988) was an electrical engineer, industrialist, and historian of science and technology. Dibner was born near Kiev, Ukraine in 1897. He moved to the United States with his family at the age of 7. In 1921, he graduated from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn with a degree in Electrical Engineering. Soon after graduating, he designed and patented the first solderless electrical connectors and founded the Burndy Engineering Company in 1924. The company later became the Burndy Corporation and was bought by the French corporation Framatome Connectors International (FCI) in 1988. In 2009, Burndy was acquired and became a subsidiary of Hubbell Incorporated. Dibner died at his home in Wilton, Connecticut on January 6, 1988. In addition to electrical engineering, Dibner studied the history of technology. He was an avid collector of original scientific works and of books on the history of science, as well as thousands of portraits of various scientists. Bern Dibner also wrote a great number of books on the history of science, such as The Atlantic Cable in 1955. In 1976 he was awarded the Sarton Medal by the History of Science Society. Dibner, who was fascinated by
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    233
    Bernhard Langer

    Bernhard Langer

    • Date of birth: 1957-08-27
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Golfer
    Bernhard Langer (born 27 August 1957) is a German professional golfer. He is a two-time Masters champion, and was one of the world's leading golfers throughout the 1980s and 90s, being the first official number one ranked player in 1986. After turning fifty, he became one of the most successful players on the Champions Tour. Langer was born in Anhausen near Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany. He turned professional in 1976 and has won many events in Europe and the United States, among them The Masters in 1985 and 1993. He was the inaugural World Number 1 when the Official World Golf Rankings were introduced in 1986. He was elected to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2001 (but deferred his induction until 2002). He ranks second in career wins on the European Tour, with forty and has also played regularly on the U.S. based PGA Tour, especially in the late 1980s and since 2000. He has shown great durability, finishing in a tie for fifth at The Open Championship the month before his forty-eighth birthday and regaining a place in the top hundred of the rankings three months before his fiftieth birthday. He is one of the game's most successful globetrotters, being one of only a handful of players
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    234
    Christopher Titus

    Christopher Titus

    • Date of birth: 1964-10-01
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Comedian
    Christopher Todd Titus (born October 1, 1964) is an American comedian and actor. He grew up in Newark, California. Titus came to national attention with the eponymous FOX show Titus, of which he was the star, executive producer and co-creator. Time called the show "brutal, hilarious and audacious", while Newsday called him "TV's most original comic voice since Seinfeld". He is also a stand-up comedian whose act revolves around his dysfunctional family and shocking life experiences. Titus was born in Castro Valley, California to Ken and Juanita C. (née Holmes) Titus. His parents divorced when he was a young child, and he was raised largely by his father, Ken, a judgmental, chain-smoking, hard drinker who was married six times and divorced five times. His mother suffered from schizophrenia and spent time in and out of mental hospitals. At the age of four he was taken away from his father and given to his grandparents on his mother's side. His father went to kidnap him back and told the local district attorney of his plans without them knowing. Rather than arrest him, the attorney gave him legal tactics he could use to get his son back which he used and eventually regained custody of
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    Dorothy Davenport

    Dorothy Davenport

    • Date of birth: 1895-03-13
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Screenwriter
    Dorothy Davenport (March 13, 1895 - October 12, 1977) was an American actress, screenwriter, film director, and producer who appeared in silent film for Biograph Studios under the direction of D.W. Griffith. Davenport's family was well known in the theater. Her aunt, Fanny Davenport, was considered one of the great actresses of the time. Her father, Harry Davenport, was a Broadway star. With her background on the stage, she was in her early teens when she started playing bit parts in the fledgling film industry. By the time she was 17, she was a star at Universal. Davenport was a horsewoman of distinction, and did many of her own stunts in films. While with Universal, she would meet a young actor (and assistant director-gopher-scenariowriter) named Wallace Reid. The two soon became involved in a relationship. They married on October 13, 1913. Davenport and Reid continued to work together as he directed and starred with her in two films per week for the next year. When Wallace left Universal, Dorothy also left films, only to return in 1916 to appear in a small number of movies. While filming on location in Oregon for The Valley of the Giants (1919), Wallace Reid was injured in a
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    Emma Jung

    Emma Jung

    • Date of birth: 1882-03-30
    • Country of nationality: Switzerland
    Emma Rauschenbach Jung, (30 March 1882 — 27 November 1955) was a psychoanalyst and author. She was the wife of Carl Jung, the prominent psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. She came from an old Swiss-German family of wealthy industrialists; that wealth later gave her husband the financial freedom to pursue his own work and interests. The Jungs married on 14 February 1903, seven years after they first met. Together they had five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene. In 1906, a variety of Carl Jung's unusual dreams of the period were interpreted by Freud as portending the "failure of a marriage for money" (das Scheitern einer Geldheirat). Emma Jung took a strong interest in her husband's work and became a noted analyst in her own right. She developed a particular interest in the Grail legend. She was a psychoanalyst before they married, although her independence of him in this field has been contested. She was also in regular correspondence of her own with Sigmund Freud. Sometime around the birth of her fifth and last child, in 1914, her husband began a relationship with a young patient, Toni Wolff, which lasted for some decades. Deirdre Bair, in her
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    Emperor Murakami

    Emperor Murakami

    • Date of birth: 0926-06-02
    Emperor Murakami (村上天皇, Murakami-tennō, 14 July 926 – 5 July 967) was the 62nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Murakami's reign spanned the years from 946 to his death in 967. Before he ascended to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Nariakira-shinnō (成明親王). Nariakira-shinnō was the 14th son of Emperor Daigo, and the younger brother of Emperor Suzaku by another mother. Murakami had ten Empresses and Imperial consorts and 19 Imperial sons and daughters. He had a very nice biwa called Kenjō. In 944, he was appointed crown prince and ascended the throne two years later. Murakami's maternal uncle Fujiwara no Tadahira remained as the Sessho regent until 949. After the death of Tadahira, there was no regent and although contemporaries praised Murakami as the emperor who governed the state directly, in reality the Fujiwara clan seized power and ruled Japan. The brothers Fujiwara no Saneyori and Fujiwara no Morosuke became the de facto rulers of Japan. Murakami was a central figure in Heian period culture. He was also a skilled flute and koto (Japanese harp) player. The actual site of Murakami's grave is known. This emperor is
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    Fox Odendaal

    Fox Odendaal

    • Date of birth: 1898
    • Country of nationality: South Africa
    • Profession: Politician
    Frans Hendrik Odendaal (1898–1966) (known as Fox Odendaal) was a South African politician, governor of the Transvaal province, best remembered for heading the commission that became known by his last name. In 1962 Odendaal was appointed as head of the officially named "Commission of Enquiry into South-West Africa Affairs." Over time the commission came to be popularly called the "Odendaal Commission". The Commission finished its enquiry towards the end of 1963, but its findings were formally handed early in 1964. The Odendaal Report, as it was called, contained a series of proposals (The Odendaal Plan) regarding the establishment of territories dedicated to the "separate development" of the different ethnic groups in South-West Africa (Namibia today). The Odendaal Plan thoroughly described the different steps needed to establish in South-West Africa bantustans similar to those already in South Africa. The report was first rejected by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations (also known as the Committee of Twenty-four because of the number of members), and then by the General Assembly. Despite all this, the South African government started formal implementation
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    Giovanni Battista Morgagni

    Giovanni Battista Morgagni

    • Date of birth: 1682-02-25
    • Country of nationality: Italy
    • Profession: Scientist
    Giovanni Battista Morgagni (February 25, 1682 – December 6, 1771) was an Italian anatomist, celebrated as the father of modern anatomical pathology. His parents were in comfortable circumstances, but not of the nobility; it appears from his letters to Giovanni Maria Lancisi that Morgagni was ambitious of gaining admission into that rank, and it may be inferred that he succeeded from the fact that he is described on a memorial tablet at Padua as nobilis forolensis. At the age of sixteen he went to Bologna to study philosophy and medicine, and he graduated with much éclat as doctor in both faculties three years later, in 1701. He acted as prosector to Antonio Maria Valsalva (one of the distinguished pupils of Malpighi), who held the office of demonstrator anatomicus in the Bologna school, and whom he assisted more particularly in preparing his celebrated work on the Anatomy and Diseases of the Ear, published in 1704. Many years after, in 1740, Morgagni edited a collected edition of Valsalva's writings, with important additions to the treatise on the ear, and with a memoir of the author. When Valsalva was transferred to Parma Morgagni succeeded to his anatomical demonstratorship. At
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    240
    Janusz Żurakowski

    Janusz Żurakowski

    • Date of birth: 1914-09-12
    • Country of nationality: Canada
    Janusz Żurakowski (12 September 1914 – 9 February 2004) was a renowned Polish fighter and test pilot, who, at various times, lived and worked in Poland, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Żurakowski was born to Polish parents in 1909 in Ryzawka, which had been a city of the Russian Empire since 1864 when the Russians abolished the Congress Kingdom of Poland. In 1921, following the Polish-Soviet War, the Treaty of Riga established the frontier between Soviet Russia and the Second Polish Republic. The new border placed Ryzawka in Soviet territory and the Żurakowski family left their home and escaped into the newly established Polish Republic. Żurakowski was educated in Lublin and while at high school, he learned to fly gliders. In 1934, Żurakowski joined the Polish Air Force and entered the Polish Air Force Officers' School. After learning to fly powered aircraft in 1935, and graduating as a Sub-Lieutenant, he went on to serve as a fighter pilot posted to 161 Fighter Squadron in Lwów, and later, in 1939, as a flying instructor at Deblin. In September 1939, "Black September", Żurakowski had his combat debut in an outmoded PZL P.7 trainer against a flight of seven German Dornier 17s
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    John Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough

    John Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough

    • Date of birth: 1781-08-31
    • Country of nationality: United Kingdom
    John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough PC (31 August 1781 – 16 May 1847), known as Viscount Duncannon from 1793 to 1844, was a British Whig politician. He was notably Home Secretary in 1834 and served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1846 and 1847. A member of the prominent Ponsonby family of Cumberland, he was the eldest son of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough, and Lady Henrietta Frances, daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer. Sir Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby and William Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley were his younger brothers while Lady Caroline Lamb was his younger sister. Ponsonby's mother was Lord Granville's lover prior to his marriage to Lady Harriet Cavendish, the Countess of Bessborough's niece. Lord Granville fathered two illegitimate children through her: Harriette Stewart and George Stewart. Lord Bessborough was educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. He was First Commissioner of Works under Lord Melbourne (1831–1834), briefly Home Secretary (1834), and Lord Privy Seal (1835–1839). Later, he was briefly Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1846 to 1847 under Lord John Russell. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1831 and in 1834, ten years
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    242
    John Thomas Lupton

    John Thomas Lupton

    • Date of birth: 1862
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Lawyer
    John Thomas Lupton (1862–1933) was an American lawyer, industrialist and philanthropist who along with Benjamin Thomas and Joseph Whitehead, obtained exclusive rights from Asa Candler to bottle and sell Coca-Cola. Lupton was born near Winchester, Virginia and received a degree in law from the University of Virginia. After a visit to the home of a fellow student, he settled in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1887. Lupton soon met Elizabeth Patten, daughter of Chattem founder Zeboim Cartter Patten, and they married on November 14, 1889. They had a son named Cartter Lupton, to whom they left the bulk of their combined wealth. After his marriage, Lupton took a job as legal counsel to the Chattanooga Medicine Company (now Chattem), eventually becoming company vice president and treasurer. Lupton, Whitehead and Thomas were the primary investors in the Dixie Coca-Cola Bottling Company, the first Coca-Cola bottling plant in the United States. Following the business' rapid success, the partners divided the country into territories and gave various family members responsibility over them and began selling bottling franchises. By 1909, nearly 400 bottling operations had been opened. Lupton's
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    243
    Julia Álvarez

    Julia Álvarez

    • Date of birth: 1950-03-27
    • Country of nationality: Dominican Republic
    • Profession: Writer
    Julia Alvarez (born March 27, 1950) is a Dominican-American poet, novelist, and essayist. Born in New York of Dominican descent, she spent the first ten years of her childhood in the Dominican Republic, until her father's involvement in a political rebellion forced her family to flee the country. Alvarez rose to prominence with the novels How the García Girls Lost Their Accents (1991), In the Time of the Butterflies (1994), and Yo! (1997). Her publications as a poet include Homecoming (1984) and The Woman I Kept to Myself (2004), and as an essayist the autobiographical compilation Something to Declare (1998). Many literary critics regard her to be one of the most significant Latina writers and she has achieved critical and commercial success on an international scale. Many of Alvarez's works are influenced by her experiences as a Dominican in the United States, and focus heavily on issues of assimilation and identity. Her cultural upbringing as both a Dominican and an American is evident in the combination of personal and political tone in her writing. She is known for works that examine cultural expectations of women both in the Dominican Republic and the United States, and for
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    244
    Lester Rodney

    Lester Rodney

    • Date of birth: 1911-04-17
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Journalist
    Lester Rodney (April 17, 1911 – December 20, 2009) was an American journalist who helped break down the color barrier in baseball as sports writer for the Daily Worker. Rodney was born in Manhattan, New York City, the third of four children of Isabel Cotton and Max Rodney. The Rodneys moved from the Bronx to Brooklyn when Lester was 6, where his lifelong love of the Dodgers developed. Rodney’s father lost his business, and then the family home, in the 1929 stock market crash that began the Great Depression, an era in which communism and other radical social philosophies captured the attention of the intelligentsia. Rodney earned a partial track scholarship to Syracuse University, but his family could not afford the other half of his tuition so he did not complete his formal education. To supplement the family income, he took odd jobs, including helping his attorney brother-in-law and chauffeuring rich children to school. Rodney's favorite jobs though involved sports, and in 1936 he parlayed his high school background in sportswriting into a job with the Daily Worker and its Sunday edition, the Sunday Worker, the party organ of the Communist Party USA, or CPUSA. There Rodney was
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    Max Nonne

    Max Nonne

    • Date of birth: 1861-01-13
    • Country of nationality: Germany
    • Profession: Physician
    Max Nonne (13 January 1861, Hamburg – 12 August 1959) was a German neurologist. Max Nonne received his early education at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums in Hamburg. He studied at the Universities of Heidelberg, Freiburg, and Berlin, obtaining his doctorate in 1884 at Hamburg University. Afterwards he served as an assistant in the Heidelberg medical clinic under Wilhelm Heinrich Erb (1840-1921) and in the surgical clinic in Kiel under Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch (1823-1908), later settling in Hamburg as a neurologist (1889). During the same year he became head physician in the department of internal medicine at the Red Cross Hospital. In 1896 he was appointed director of neurology at the Eppendorf Hospital, Hamburg. Nonne became a titular professor of neurology in 1913, and in 1919 began teaching classes in neurology at the newly founded University of Hamburg, where in 1925 he became professor ordinarius. Here he worked with Alfons Maria Jakob (1884-1931). Max Nonne was one of the four German physicians asked to investigate Vladimir Ilich Lenin during the Russian leaders' final disease.
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    Menachem Shmuel David Raichik

    Menachem Shmuel David Raichik

    • Date of birth: 1918-03-15
    Rabbi Menachem Shmuel David Raichik (March 15, 1918 - February 4, 1998) was an Orthodox rabbi of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement, and the pioneer of Chabad's activities in Los Angeles, California. He was born in the Polish town of Mlava. In 1936, upon the advice of the famous Amshinover Rebbe, the young Raichik enrolled in the Yeshiva Tomchei Temimim in Otwock, Poland where he learned the Chabad doctrines of synthesis, scholarship, and personal refinement. Fellow students recall Menachem Shmuel Dovid's meticulous observance of the mitzvot and his passionate way of prayer. His Shabbat morning prayer ritual would last as long as six hours, and included lengthy meditations in the Chabad tradition. At night, when reciting the bedtime prayers, Raichik would often become engrossed in introspection into the wee hours, when the time came for morning prayers. During the day he employed his sharp mind in deep Talmudic study. It was in the Lubavitch yeshiva that the young Raichik became attached to the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn. In short time he became one of the select group who memorized and reviewed the Rebbe's discourses, known as choizrim. With the
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    247
    Michael Stipe

    Michael Stipe

    • Date of birth: 1960-01-04
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Singer
    John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960) is an American singer, lyricist and visual artist. He was the lead vocalist of the alternative rock band R.E.M. from their formation in 1980 until their dissolution in 2011. Stipe is noted and occasionally parodied for the "mumbling" style of his early career as well as his social and political activism. He was in charge of R.E.M.'s visual image; often selecting album artwork and directing many of the band's music videos. Outside of the music industry, he runs his own film production companies: C-00 and Single Cell Pictures. Stipe was born in Decatur, Georgia on January 4, 1960. Stipe was a military brat; his father was a serviceman in the United States Army whose career resulted in frequent relocations for his family. Stipe and his family moved to various locales during his childhood, including Germany, Texas, Illinois, Alabama and Georgia. He was raised Methodist. Stipe graduated from high school in Collinsville, Illinois in 1978. His senior photo is pictured in the album art work of Eponymous. Stipe also worked at the local Waffle House. Stipe later enrolled at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia as an art major; studying
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    248
    Saint Naum

    Saint Naum

    • Date of birth: 0830
    • Country of nationality: Bulgaria
    • Profession: Writer
    Saint Naum (Bulgarian: Свети Наум, Sveti Naum), also known as Naum of Ohrid or Naum of Preslav (c. 830 – December 23, 910) was a medieval Bulgarian scholar and missionary among the Slavs. He is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church. Information about his early life is scarce. According to the hagiography of Saint Cyril and Methodius by Clement of Ohrid, Naum took part in the historic mission to Moravia together with Cyril, Methodius, Clement, Angelarius, Gorazd and other Slavic missionaries in 863. In 867 or 868 he became a priest in Rome. For the next 22 years, he worked with Cyril and Methodius and other missionaries in translating the Bible into Old Church Slavonic and promoted it in Great Moravia and Pannonia. For the purpose of the mission to Moravia, the missionaries devised the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet to match the specific features of the Slavic language. Its descendant script, Cyrillic, is still used by many languages today. The missionaries also wrote the first Slavic Civil Code, which was used in Great Moravia. However, the missionary work ran into opposition from German clerics who opposed their efforts to create a Slavic liturgy. By 885, the two
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    249
    William Saroyan

    William Saroyan

    • Date of birth: 1908-08-31
    • Country of nationality: United States of America
    • Profession: Writer
    William Saroyan ( /səˈrɔɪ.ən/; Armenian: Ուիլյամ Սարոեան; 31 August 1908 – 18 May 1981) was an American dramatist and author of Armenian descent. The setting of many of his stories and plays is the center of Armenian American life in California in his native Fresno. Saroyan was born in Fresno, California, to Armenian immigrants who came to the United States from Bitlis, which was located in the Ottoman Empire. At the age of three, after his father's death, Saroyan, along with his brother and sister, was placed in an orphanage in Oakland, California. He later went on to describe his experience in the orphanage in his writings. Five years later, the family reunited in Fresno, where his mother, Takoohi, had already secured work at a cannery. He continued his education on his own, supporting himself with jobs, such as working as an office manager for the San Francisco Telegraph Company. Saroyan decided to become a writer after his mother showed him some of his father's writings. A few of his early short articles were published in Overland Monthly. His first stories appeared in the 1930s. Among these was "The Broken Wheel", written under the name Sirak Goryan and published in the
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    250
    Yip Man

    Yip Man

    • Date of birth: 1893-10-01
    • Country of nationality: China
    • Profession: Martial artist
    Yip Man (1 October 1893 – 2 December 1972), also spelled as Ip Man, and also known as Yip Kai-Man, was a Chinese martial artist. He had several students who later became martial arts teachers in their own right, including Bruce Lee. Yip was born to Yip Oi-dor and Ng Shui, and was the third of four children. He grew up in a wealthy family in Foshan, Guangdong, and received a traditional Chinese education. His older brother was Yip Kai-gak, his older sister was Yip Wan-mei and his younger sister was Yip Wan-hum. Yip started learning Wing Chun from Chan Wah-shun when he was 13. Since Chan was 70 at the time, Yip was Chan's last student. Due to his teacher's age, Yip learned most of his skills and techniques from Chan's second oldest disciple: Ng Chung-sok. Chan died three years after Yip's training started and one of his dying wishes was to have Ng continue teaching Yip. At the age of 15, Yip moved to Hong Kong with help from his relative Leung Fut-ting. One year later, he attended school at St. Stephen's College—a secondary school for wealthy families and foreigners living in Hong Kong. During Yip's time at St. Stephen's, he saw a foreign police officer beating a woman and Yip
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