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  • Nov 27th 2012
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Best Operating System Developer of All Time

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    6.13
    8 votes
    2
    7.50
    6 votes
    3

    William Jolitz

    • Operating Systems Developed: 386BSD
    William Frederick Jolitz (born February 22, 1957), commonly known as Bill Jolitz, is an American software programmer best known for developing the 386BSD operating system from 1989 to 1994 along with his wife Lynne Jolitz. Jolitz received his BA in Computer Science from UC Berkeley. He and his wife reside in Los Gatos, California with their children Rebecca, Benjamin and Sarah.
    8.40
    5 votes
    4

    University of California, Berkeley

    • Operating Systems Developed: Berkeley Software Distribution
    The University of California, Berkeley (also referred to as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California, or simply Cal) is a public research university located in Berkeley, California, United States. The university occupies 1,232 acres (499 ha) on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay with the central campus resting on 178 acres (72 ha). Berkeley offers approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. Established in 1868 as the result of merger of the private College of California and the public Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College in Oakland, Berkeley is the oldest of the ten major campuses affiliated with the University of California (UC). Berkeley has been charged with providing both "classical" and "practical" education for the state's people and is the flagship institution in the University of California system. Berkeley co-manages three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories, including the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy. Berkeley faculty, alumni, and researchers have won 71 Nobel Prizes, 9 Wolf
    7.40
    5 votes
    5
    8.75
    4 votes
    6

    Bill Reynolds

    • Operating Systems Developed: PCLinuxOS
    Bill Reynolds, also known as "Texstar", is the creator of the PCLinuxOS Linux distribution. In an interview, Reynolds said he started PCLinuxOS "to provide an outlet for [his] crazy desire to package source code without having to deal with egos, arrogance and politics."
    6.00
    6 votes
    7
    7.00
    5 votes
    8
    6.80
    5 votes
    9
    8.00
    4 votes
    10
    8.00
    4 votes
    11
    7.75
    4 votes
    12
    9.33
    3 votes
    13
    6.40
    5 votes
    14
    7.50
    4 votes
    15
    Microsoft

    Microsoft

    • Operating Systems Developed: Windows XP
    Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington that develops, manufactures, licenses and supports a wide range of products and services related to computing. The company was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975. Microsoft is the world's largest software maker measured by revenues. It is also one of the world's most valuable companies. Microsoft was established to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. The company's 1986 initial public offering, and subsequent rise in its share price, created an estimated three billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions. In May 2011, Microsoft acquired Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in its largest acquisition to date. As of 2012, Microsoft is market dominant in both the PC operating system and office suite markets (the latter with Microsoft
    7.50
    4 votes
    16

    Miklós Vajna

    • Operating Systems Developed: Frugalware
    Miklᅢᄈs Vajna is the founder of Frugalware, a general purpose linux distribution, designed for intermediate users based on Slackware. From the Slackware-Red Hat Linux-Debian trio Miklᅢᄈs was mostly pleased with Slackware, but that has some serious imperfection: for example the slow package manager, the absence of supporting non-English languages and the native automatic package update. They try to drop nothing from Slackware's advantages (simplicity, speed, etc). But solved probably the three most important things - what I mentioned above. Besides, many-many small fixes and improvements have been made from the support and optional usage of submount to the default installation of nice fonts.
    7.50
    4 votes
    17
    Autodesk

    Autodesk

    Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that focuses on 3D design software for use in the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media and entertainment industries. The company was founded in 1982 by John Walker, a coauthor of the first versions of the company's flagship CAD software product AutoCAD, and 12 others. Autodesk software has been used in the design of everything from the New York Freedom Tower to Tesla electric cars. Autodesk is headquartered in San Rafael, California and features a gallery of its customers' work in its San Francisco building. In March 2008 Autodesk was named number 25 on Fast Company's list of "The World's 50 Most Innovative Companies." The company is often seen as a bellwether for the broader economy because its software is used in many major global construction projects and the manufacturing of new products. Autodesk became best known for AutoCAD but now develops a broad range of software for design, engineering, and entertainment as well as a line of software for consumers, including Sketchbook, Homestyler, and Pixlr. The company makes educational versions of its software available free to qualified students and
    7.25
    4 votes
    18
    Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Los Alamos National Laboratory

    • Operating Systems Developed: Cray Time Sharing System
    Los Alamos National Laboratory (or LANL; previously known at various times as Project Y, Los Alamos Laboratory, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) is one of two laboratories in the United States where classified work towards the design of nuclear weapons is undertaken. The other, since 1952, is Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. LANL is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory, managed and operated by Los Alamos National Security (LANS), located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The laboratory is one of the largest science and technology institutions in the world. It conducts multidisciplinary research in fields such as national security, space exploration, renewable energy, medicine, nanotechnology, and supercomputing. LANL is the largest institution and the largest employer in northern New Mexico, with approximately 9,000 direct employees and around 650 contractor personnel. Additionally, there are roughly 120 DOE employees stationed at the laboratory to provide federal oversight of LANL's work and operations. Approximately one-third of the laboratory's technical staff members are physicists, one quarter are engineers, one-sixth are chemists and materials
    7.25
    4 votes
    19

    Lynne Jolitz

    • Operating Systems Developed: 386BSD
    Lynne Greer Jolitz (born June 30, 1961) is a figure in free software and founded many startups in Silicon Valley with her husband William. Lynne Jolitz is probably most famous for her work in pioneering open source operating systems with 386BSD with her husband. She has founded startup companies that involve workstations to companies in Internet multimedia. Lynne is also a noted author and authority on operating systems and networking issues. Lynne is an internet news media commentator discussing events in the computer industry and wrote frequently for BYTE. She also holds patents in internet technologies and semiconductor memory innovations, and writes technical papers and articles. She is currently an adviser to CoolClip network, an internet startup that uses the server-based video production engine that Lynne originally designed and tested at the University of California, Berkeley. Lynne has appeared on the Oracle E-Business Network and was presented with their Geek of the Week award for her years of work in high-speed networking and operating systems design. Lynne also has appeared on Dvorak’s RealComputing discussing the impact of Internet broadband. She received an alumni
    7.25
    4 votes
    20
    Canonical Ltd.

    Canonical Ltd.

    • Operating Systems Developed: Kubuntu
    Canonical Ltd. is a private company founded (and funded) by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth to market commercial support and related services for Ubuntu Linux and related projects. Canonical employs staff in more than 30 countries and maintains offices in London, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, São Paulo and the Isle of Man. Canonical Ltd. has created and continues to back several projects. Principally these are free/open-source software (FOSS) or tools designed to improve collaboration between free software developers and contributors. In a Guardian interview in May 2008, Mark Shuttleworth said that the Canonical business model was service provision and explained that Canonical was not yet close to profitability. Canonical also claimed it will wait for the business to turn into a profitable one within another 3 to 5 years. He regarded Canonical as positioning itself as demand for services related to free software rose. This strategy has been compared to Red Hat's business strategies in the 1990s. However, in an early 2009 New York Times article, Shuttleworth said that Canonical's revenue was "creeping" towards $30 million, the company's break-even point. In 2007,
    7.00
    4 votes
    21
    Dennis Ritchie

    Dennis Ritchie

    • Operating Systems Developed: Unix
    Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (born September 9, 1941; found dead October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist who "helped shape the digital era." He created the C programming language and, with long-time colleague Ken Thompson, the Unix operating system. Ritchie and Thompson received the Turing Award from the ACM in 1983, the Hamming Medal from the IEEE in 1990 and the National Medal of Technology from President Clinton in 1999. Ritchie was the head of Lucent Technologies System Software Research Department when he retired in 2007. He was the 'R' in K&R C and commonly known by his username dmr. Ritchie was born in Bronxville, New York. His father was Alistair E. Ritchie, a longtime Bell Labs scientist and co-author of The Design of Switching Circuits on switching circuit theory. He moved with his family to Summit, New Jersey, as a child, where he graduated from Summit High School. Ritchie graduated from Harvard University with degrees in physics and applied mathematics. In 1967, he began working at the Bell Labs Computing Sciences Research Center, and in 1968, he received a PhD from Harvard under the supervision of Patrick C. Fischer, his doctoral dissertation being "Program
    7.00
    4 votes
    22
    Fred Brooks

    Fred Brooks

    • Operating Systems Developed: OS/360
    Frederick Phillips Brooks, Jr. (born April 19, 1931) is a software engineer and computer scientist, best known for managing the development of IBM's System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software support package, then later writing candidly about the process in his seminal book The Mythical Man-Month. Brooks has received many awards, including the National Medal of Technology in 1985 and the Turing Award in 1999. Born in Durham, North Carolina, he attended Duke University, graduating in 1953, and he received a Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (Computer Science) from Harvard University in 1956. Howard Aiken was his advisor. Brooks joined IBM in 1956, working in Poughkeepsie, New York and Yorktown, New York. He worked on the architecture of the IBM 7030 Stretch, a $10m scientific supercomputer of which nine were sold, and the IBM 7950 Harvest computer for the National Security Agency. Subsequently, he became manager for the development of the System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software package. During this time he coined the term computer architecture. It was in The Mythical Man-Month that Brooks made the now-famous statement: "Adding manpower to a late software
    7.00
    4 votes
    23

    NeXT

    • Operating Systems Developed: NEXTSTEP
    Next, Inc. (later Next Computer, Inc. and Next Software, Inc. and stylized as NeXT) was an American computer company headquartered in Redwood City, California, that developed and manufactured a series of computer workstations intended for the higher education and business markets. NeXT was founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs after he was fired from Apple the same year. NeXT introduced the first NeXT Computer in 1988, and the smaller NeXTstation in 1990. Sales of the NeXT computers were relatively limited, with estimates of about 50,000 units shipped in total. Nevertheless, its innovative object-oriented NeXTSTEP operating system and development environment were highly influential. NeXT later released much of the NeXTstep system as a programming environment standard called OpenStep. NeXT withdrew from the hardware business in 1993 to concentrate on marketing OPENSTEP, its own OpenStep implementation, for several OEMs. NeXT also developed WebObjects, one of the first enterprise web application frameworks. WebObjects never became very popular because of its initial high price of $50,000 but remains a prominent early example of a web server based on dynamic page
    7.00
    4 votes
    24
    8.33
    3 votes
    25
    Linus Torvalds

    Linus Torvalds

    • Operating Systems Developed: Linux kernel
    Linus Benedict Torvalds (Swedish: [ˈliːn.ɵs ˈtuːr.valds] ( listen); born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish American software engineer and hacker, who was the principal force behind the development of the Linux kernel. He later became the chief architect of the Linux kernel, and now acts as the project's coordinator. He also created the revision control system Git. He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel". Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland. He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of poet Ole Torvalds. Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the 1960s. His family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority (5.5% of Finland's population). Torvalds was named after Linus Pauling, the Nobel Prize-winning American chemist, although in the book Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution, Torvalds is quoted as saying, "I think I was named equally for Linus the Peanuts cartoon character", noting that this makes him half
    8.33
    3 votes
    26
    Mark Shuttleworth

    Mark Shuttleworth

    • Operating Systems Developed: Ubuntu
    Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur, philanthropist, and space tourist who became the first South African in space. Shuttleworth founded Canonical Ltd. and as of 2012, provides leadership for the Ubuntu operating system. He currently lives on the Isle of Man and holds dual citizenship of South Africa and the United Kingdom. Shuttleworth was born in Welkom, Orange Free State, South Africa as a son of a surgeon and a nursery school teacher. After attending school at Rondebosch Boys' High School for one term, then Western Province Preparatory School (where Shuttleworth eventually became Head Boy in 1986), followed by Bishops/Diocesan College (where Shuttleworth was Head Boy in 1991). Shuttleworth then studied and obtained a Bachelor of Business Science degree in Finance and Information Systems at the University of Cape Town. He lived in Smuts Hall, where he was involved in the installation of the first residential Internet connections at the university. Shuttleworth founded Thawte in 1995, which specialised in digital certificates and Internet security and then sold it to VeriSign in December 1999, earning R 3.5 billion (about
    8.33
    3 votes
    27

    Mike Baker

    • Operating Systems Developed: OpenWrt
    Co-creator of OpenWrt also known as mbm and as embeem in different communities.
    10.00
    2 votes
    28

    Judd Vinet

    • Operating Systems Developed: Arch Linux
    Judd Vinet (born 1980 in British Columbia, Canada) is an open-source developer who currently resides in Victoria, British Columbia. He is the creator of the Arch Linux distribution, as well as some other small-time open source software projects. Vinet earned a degree in Computer Science in 2004 at the University of Victoria.
    6.75
    4 votes
    29
    Patrick Volkerding

    Patrick Volkerding

    • Operating Systems Developed: Slackware
    Patrick Volkerding (born October 20, 1966) is the founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution. He is the "Slackware Benevolent Dictator for Life." Volkerding earned a Bachelor of Science in computer science from Minnesota State University Moorhead in 1993. For a short while, Chris Lumens and others assisted with his work on Slackware. Due to the lack of a continuing revenue stream following the sale of his publisher, Walnut Creek CDROM, to BSDi (which was ultimately sold to Wind River Systems), these people had to be let go. For the last several years Patrick Volkerding has managed Slackware with the help of many volunteers and testers. Volkerding brings out new releases of Slackware roughly once a year. Volkerding is a SubGenius affiliate/member. The use of the word Slack in "Slackware" is a homage to J. R. "Bob" Dobbs: "I'll admit that it was SubGenius inspired. In fact, back in the 2.0 through 3.0 days we used to print a dobbshead on each CD." Volkerding is an avid homebrewer and beer lover. Early versions of Slackware would entreat users to send him a bottle of local beer in appreciation for his work. Volkerding is a Deadhead. As of early April 1994 he had been
    6.50
    4 votes
    30
    Sun Microsystems

    Sun Microsystems

    • Operating Systems Developed: Solaris Operating System
    Sun Microsystems, Inc. was a company that sold computers, computer components, computer software, and information technology services. Sun was founded on February 24, 1982. At its height, Sun headquarters were in Santa Clara, California (part of Silicon Valley), on the former west campus of the Agnews Developmental Center. On January 27, 2010, Sun was acquired by Oracle Corporation for US$7.4 billion, based on an agreement signed on April 20, 2009. The following month, Sun Microsystems, Inc. was merged with Oracle USA, Inc. to become Oracle America, Inc. Sun products included computer servers and workstations built on its own RISC-based SPARC processor architecture as well as on x86 based AMD's Opteron and Intel's Xeon processors; storage systems; and a suite of software products including the Solaris operating system, developer tools, Web infrastructure software, and identity management applications. Other technologies include the Java platform, MySQL, and NFS. Sun was a proponent of open systems in general and Unix in particular, and a major contributor to open source software. Sun's main manufacturing facilities were located in Hillsboro, Oregon and Linlithgow, Scotland. The
    5.40
    5 votes
    31
    7.67
    3 votes
    32
    7.67
    3 votes
    33
    Research In Motion

    Research In Motion

    • Operating Systems Developed: BlackBerry
    Research In Motion Limited (RIM) (TSX: RIM, NASDAQ: RIMM) is a Canadian telecommunication and wireless equipment company best known as the developer of the BlackBerry smartphone and tablet. RIM is headquartered in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. It was founded by Mike Lazaridis, who served as its co-CEO along with Jim Balsillie until January 22, 2012 when RIM announced that both have stepped down and the new CEO will be Thorsten Heins. The company is listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange in the USA in addition to the Toronto Stock Exchange in Canada. Prior to the manufacture of the BlackBerry, RIM worked with RAM Mobile Data and Ericsson to turn the Ericsson-developed Mobitex wireless data network into a two-way paging and wireless e-mail network. Pivotal in this development was the release of the Inter@ctive pager 950, which started shipping in August 1998. About the size of a bar of soap, this device competed against the SkyTel two-way paging network developed by Motorola. RIM's early development was financed by Canadian institutional and venture capital investors in 1995 through a private placement in the privately held company. Working Ventures Canadian Fund Inc. led the first venture
    7.67
    3 votes
    34
    5.20
    5 votes
    35

    Jean-Philippe Guillemin

    • Operating Systems Developed: Zenwalk Linux
    Jean-Philippe Guillemin, also referred as "Hyperion", born June 6, 1972 in Nancy (France); is a French computer programmer and musician, best known as the creator and now project's coordinator of the Zenwalk operating system. Jean-Philippe Guillemin is also known for his music activity in several Jazz and Blues Bands. Jean-Philippe earned a degree in Electrical Engineering at the University of Nantes, and is now working for Telindus, a group of companies offering ICT Solutions and Services, as Project Manager and Security Engineer.
    9.00
    2 votes
    36
    Ken Thompson

    Ken Thompson

    • Operating Systems Developed: Plan 9
    Kenneth Lane Thompson (born February 4, 1943), commonly referred to as ken in hacker circles, is an American pioneer of computer science. Having worked at Bell Labs for most of his career, Thompson is notable for his work with the B programming language (basing it mainly on the BCPL language he had used to write Unix while in the MULTICS project), the C programming language, and as one of the creators and early developers of the Unix and Plan 9 operating systems. Other notable contributions included his work on regular expressions and early computer text editors QED and ed, his work on computer chess that included creation of endgame tablebases and the chess machine Belle, and most recently the co-creation of Google's programming language Go. Thompson was born in New Orleans. He received a Bachelor of Science in 1965 and a master's degree in 1966, both in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, from the University of California, Berkeley, where his master's thesis advisor was Elwyn Berlekamp. In the 1960s, Thompson and Dennis Ritchie worked on the Multics operating system. While writing Multics, Thompson created the Bon programming language. The two left the Multics project
    9.00
    2 votes
    37

    Novell

    • Operating Systems Developed: SUSE Linux
    Novell, Inc. /noʊˈvɛl/ is an American multinational software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Attachmate Group. Novell builds enterprise software that makes people productive and makes work environments secure and easy to manage. It supports thousands of organizations around the world with collaboration, endpoint management, and file and networking products. Novell has been instrumental in making the Utah Valley a focus for technology and software development. Novell technology contributed to the emergence of local area networks, which displaced the dominant mainframe computing model and changed computing worldwide. Today, a primary focus of the company is on developing software for enterprise clients. Novell owes its beginnings to the Eyring Research Institute (ERI) in Provo, Utah. Dennis Fairclough, Drew Major, Dale Neibaur and Kyle Powell left ERI and took with them the experience and technology to found Novell. Fairclough was the member of the original team that started Novell Data Systems. Major, Neibaur and Powell went on to form SuperSet Software. Fairclough was the original founder of Novell, who was dismissed when
    7.33
    3 votes
    38
    Sony

    Sony

    • Operating Systems Developed: PS2 Linux
    Sony Corporation (ソニー株式会社, Sonī Kabushiki Gaisha) (TYO: 6758, NYSE: SNE), commonly referred to as Sony, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan Minato, Tokyo, Japan. It ranked 87th on the 2012 list of Fortune Global 500. Sony is one of the leading manufacturers of electronics products for the consumer and professional markets. Sony Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony Group, which is engaged in business through its four operating segments – Electronics (including video games, network services and medical business), Motion pictures, Music and Financial Services. These make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. Sony's principal business operations include Sony Corporation (Sony Electronics in the U.S.), Sony Pictures Entertainment, Sony Computer Entertainment, Sony Music Entertainment, Sony Mobile Communications (formerly Sony Ericsson), and Sony Financial. Sony is among the Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Sales Leaders and third-largest television manufacturer in the world, after Samsung Electronics and LG Electronics. The Sony Group (ソニー・グループ, Sonī Gurūpu) is a
    7.33
    3 votes
    39
    Hewlett-Packard

    Hewlett-Packard

    • Operating Systems Developed: Tru64 UNIX
    Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ) or HP is an American multinational information technology corporation headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. It provides products, technologies, software, solutions and services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors. The company was founded in a one-car garage in Palo Alto by William (Bill) Redington Hewlett and Dave Packard. HP is the world's leading PC manufacturer. It specializes in developing and manufacturing computing, data storage, and networking hardware, designing software and delivering services. Major product lines include personal computing devices, enterprise, and industry standard servers, related storage devices, networking products, software and a diverse range of printers, and other imaging products. HP markets its products to households, small- to medium-sized businesses and enterprises directly as well as via online distribution, consumer-electronics and office-supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors. HP also has strong services and consulting business around its products and
    8.50
    2 votes
    40
    Klaus Knopper

    Klaus Knopper

    • Operating Systems Developed: Knoppix
    Klaus Knopper (born 1968 in Ingelheim) is a German electrical engineer and free software developer. Knopper is the creator of Knoppix, a well-known live CD Linux distribution. He received his diploma in electrical engineering from the Kaiserslautern University of Technology (in German: Technische Universität Kaiserslautern), co-founded LinuxTag in 1996 (a major European Linux expo) and has been a self-employed information technology consultant since 1998. He also teaches at the Kaiserslautern University of Applied Sciences. Knopper is married to Adriane Knopper, who has a visual impairment. She has been assisting Knopper with a version of Knoppix for blind and visually impaired people, released in the third quarter of 2007 as a Live CD. Her name has been given to the distribution: Adriane Knoppix. Adriane is more of a desktop or "Non-graphical-userinterface" for blind computer beginners than a "distribution". It will work on top of any GNU/Linux distribution that has a screenreader (Preferably SBL) and some text-based tools for internet access and normal work.
    7.00
    3 votes
    41

    Mandriva

    • Operating Systems Developed: Mandriva Linux
    Mandriva S.A. is a publicly traded Linux and open source software company with its headquarters in Paris, France and development center in Curitiba, Brazil. Mandriva, S.A. is the creator and maintainer of Mandriva Linux, describing itself as a "project initiator and a skills organizer in the Open Source arena", and a founding member of the Desktop Linux Consortium. Mandriva, S.A. began as MandrakeSoft in 1998. It currently has about 70 employees (45 of whom are engineers) and has offices in France, the USA, and Brazil. The company sells its products in more than 140 countries and estimates the number of Mandriva Linux users to be approximately 3 million, according to mandriva.com website. MandrakeSoft changed its name to "Mandriva" after losing litigation to the Hearst Corporation over the name "Mandrake." The Hearst Corporation had a comic strip called Mandrake the Magician. The litigation concluded in February 2004, and appeals expired in early 2005. In 2005, MandrakeSoft acquired the assets of Lycoris, and purchased Conectiva. The name "Mandriva" was selected to reflect the names "MandrakeSoft" and "Conectiva." On 2008-01-16, Mandriva and Turbolinux announced a partnership to
    7.00
    3 votes
    42
    7.00
    3 votes
    43
    7.00
    3 votes
    44
    10.00
    1 votes
    45

    UNIVAC

    • Operating Systems Developed: EXEC 8
    UNIVAC is the name of a line of electronic digital stored-program computers starting with the products of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. Later the name was applied to a division of the Remington Rand company and successor organizations. The descendants of the UNIVAC line continue today as products of the Unisys company. UNIVAC is an acronym for UNIVersal Automatic Computer. Eckert and Mauchly built the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering between 1943 and 1946. A 1946 patent rights dispute with the university led Eckert and Mauchly to depart the Moore School to form the Electronic Control Company, later renamed Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. That company first built a computer called BINAC (BINary Automatic Computer) for Northrop Aviation (which was little used, or perhaps not at all). Afterwards began the development of UNIVAC. UNIVAC was first intended for the Bureau of the Census, which paid for much of the development, and then was put in production. With the death of EMCC's chairman and chief financial backer Harry L. Straus in
    10.00
    1 votes
    46
    10.00
    1 votes
    47
    Bell Labs

    Bell Labs

    • Operating Systems Developed: Unix
    Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is the research and development subsidiary of the French-owned Alcatel-Lucent in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey, United States. It previously was a division of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T Corporation), half-owned through its Western Electric manufacturing subsidiary. Bell Laboratories operates its headquarters at Murray Hill, New Jersey, and has research and development facilities throughout the world. Researchers working at Bell Labs are credited with the development of radio astronomy, the transistor, the laser, information theory, the UNIX operating system, the C programming language and the C++ programming language. Seven Nobel Prizes have been awarded for work completed at Bell Laboratories. The Alexander Graham Bell Laboratory, also variously known as the Volta Bureau, the Bell Carriage House, the Bell Laboratory and the Volta Laboratory, was created in Washington, D.C. by Alexander Graham Bell. In 1880, the French government awarded Bell the Volta Prize of 50,000 francs (approximately US$10,000 at that time, about $250,000 in current
    6.67
    3 votes
    48
    6.67
    3 votes
    49
    6.67
    3 votes
    50
    Rob Pike

    Rob Pike

    • Operating Systems Developed: Inferno
    Robert C. Pike (born 1956) is a Canadian software engineer and author. He is best known for his work at Bell Labs, where he was a member of the Unix team and was involved in the creation of the Plan 9 from Bell Labs and Inferno operating systems, as well as the Limbo programming language. He also co-developed the Blit graphical terminal for Unix; before that he wrote the first window system for Unix in 1981. Pike is the sole inventor named in AT&T's US patent 4,555,775 or "backing store patent" that is part of the X graphic system protocol and one of the first software patents. Over the years Pike has written many text editors; sam and acme are the most well known and are still in active use and development. Pike, with Brian Kernighan, is the co-author of The Practice of Programming and The Unix Programming Environment. With Ken Thompson he is the co-creator of UTF-8. Pike also developed lesser systems such as the vismon program for displaying images of faces of email authors. Pike also appeared once on Late Night with David Letterman, as a technical assistant to the comedy duo Penn and Teller. As a joke Pike claims to have won the 1980 Olympic silver medal in Archery; however,
    6.67
    3 votes
    52
    8.00
    2 votes
    53
    8.00
    2 votes
    54
    Digital Equipment Corporation

    Digital Equipment Corporation

    • Operating Systems Developed: Tru64 UNIX
    Digital Equipment Corporation was a major American company in the computer industry and a leading vendor of computer systems, software and peripherals from the 1960s to the 1990s. Also known as DEC and using the trademark DIGITAL, its PDP and VAX products were the most successful (in terms of sales) minicomputers. From 1957 until 1992 its headquarters was located in a former wool mill at Clock Tower Place, Maynard, Massachusetts. DEC was acquired in June 1998 by Compaq, which subsequently merged with Hewlett-Packard in May 2002. Some parts of DEC, notably the compiler business and the Hudson, Massachusetts facility, were sold to Intel. Digital Equipment Corporation should not be confused with the unrelated companies Digital Research, Inc or Western Digital (despite the latter manufacturing the LSI-11 chipsets used in DEC's low end PDP-11/03 computers). Initially focusing on the small-end of the computer market allowed DEC to grow without its potential competitors making serious efforts to compete with them. Their PDP series of machines became popular in the 1960s, especially the PDP-8, widely considered to be the first successful minicomputer. Looking to simplify and update their
    8.00
    2 votes
    55
    Control Data Corporation

    Control Data Corporation

    • Operating Systems Developed: SCOPE
    Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a supercomputer firm. For most of the 1960s, Seymour Cray worked at CDC and developed a series of machines that were the fastest computers in the world by far. CDC only lost that title in the 1970s after Cray left the company to found Cray Research (CRI). CDC was one of the nine major United States computer companies through most of the 1960s; the others were IBM, Burroughs Corporation, DEC, NCR, General Electric, Honeywell, RCA, and UNIVAC. CDC was well known and highly regarded throughout the industry at one time. After several years of losses in the early 1980s, CDC made the decision to leave the computer manufacturing business and sell those parts of the company in 1988, a process that was completed in 1992 with the creation of Control Data Systems, Inc.. The remaining businesses of CDC currently operate as Ceridian. During World War II the U.S. Navy had built up a team of engineers to build codebreaking machinery for both Japanese and German electro-mechanical ciphers. A number of these were produced by a team dedicated to the task working in the Washington, D.C., area. With the post-war wind-down of military spending, the Navy grew
    9.00
    1 votes
    56

    Daniel Robbins

    • Operating Systems Developed: Gentoo Linux
    Daniel Robbins (US citizen, born in Montreal, Quebec) is a computer programmer and consultant best known as the founder and former chief architect of the Gentoo Linux project. In 2008, he launched the Funtoo project, a free GNU/Linux distribution based on Gentoo, and is the project's lead hacker and organizer. He also currently works at the same time in Albuquerque, New Mexico, as engineer at OPNET, and as president for Funtoo Technologies. During his time as a system administrator at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque Robbins first came into contact with Linux. He became a developer on Stampede Linux, and later formed his own distribution Enoch Linux, which was later renamed Gentoo in 2002. The Gentoo Linux distribution created enormous interest almost immediately. It remains by far the most high-profile source-based Linux distribution, and the quality of its documentation, and friendliness of its forums have been widely praised. However, like many other free software projects, Gentoo struggled to create a business model which would support its key developers. Robbins resigned as Chief Architect on 26 April 2004, citing considerable personal debt, and a desire to spend
    9.00
    1 votes
    57
    Juniper Networks

    Juniper Networks

    • Operating Systems Developed: Junos
    Juniper Networks is an American manufacturer of networking equipment founded in 1996. It is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA. The company designs and sells high-performance Internet Protocol network products and services. Juniper's main products include T-series, M-series, E-series, MX-series, and J-series families of routers, EX-series Ethernet switches and SRX-series security products. Junos, Juniper's own network operating system, runs on most Juniper products. In 1995 Pradeep Sindhu, a principal scientist at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, returned from vacation with the idea to start a company to supply high-performance routers to support the quickly emerging Internet. Sindhu started the company in February 1996 with $200,000 in seed money from powerful venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, the deal led by Vinod Khosla. He hired two other engineers, Bjorn Liencres from Sun Microsystems and Dennis Ferguson from MCI. For business expertise, Sindhu recruited Scott Kriens, co-founder of StrataCom. As a startup, Juniper received $6 Million in funding from AT&T and the Anschutz Corporation in 1997. It also received another $14 million from a variety
    9.00
    1 votes
    58

    Open Handset Alliance

    • Operating Systems Developed: Android
    The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a consortium of 84 firms to develop open standards for mobile devices. Member firms include Google, HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, T-Mobile, Sprint Nextel, Nvidia, and Wind River Systems. The OHA was established on 6 November 2007, led by Google with 34 members including mobile handset makers, application developers, some mobile carriers and chip makers. Android, the flagship software of the alliance, is based on an open source license and competes against mobile platforms from Apple, Microsoft, Nokia (Symbian), HP (formerly Palm), and Samsung Electronics (bada). Members of OHA are not allowed to produce phones that run incompatible versions of Android. At the same time as the announcement of the formation of the Open Handset Alliance on November 5, 2007, the OHA also unveiled Android, an open source mobile phone platform based on the Linux kernel. An early look at the SDK was released to developers on 12 November 2007. The first commercially available phone running Android was the HTC Dream (also known as the T-Mobile G1). It was approved by the Federal Communications Commission
    9.00
    1 votes
    59

    Meiko Scientific

    • Operating Systems Developed: MeikOS
    Meiko Scientific Ltd. was a British supercomputer company based in Bristol, founded by members of the design team working on the INMOS transputer microprocessor. In 1985, when INMOS management suggested the release of the transputer be delayed, Miles Chesney, David Alden, Eric Barton, Roy Bottomley, James Cownie and Gerry Talbot resigned and formed Meiko (Japanese for "well-engineered") to start work on massively parallel machines based on the processor. Nine weeks later they demonstrated a transputer system based on experimental 16 bit transputers at the SIGGRAPH in San Francisco in July 1985. In 1986 a system based on 32 bit T414 transputers was launched as the Meiko Computing Surface. By 1990, Meiko had sold more than 300 systems and grown to 125 employees. In 1993, Meiko launched the second-generation Meiko CS-2 system, but Meiko ran into financial difficulties in the mid-1990s. The Meiko technical team and technology was transferred to a joint venture company called Quadrics Supercomputers World Ltd. (QSW), formed by Alenia Spazio of Italy in mid-1996. At Quadrics, the CS-2 interconnect technology was developed into QsNet. As of 2008, a vestigial Meiko website still
    7.50
    2 votes
    60

    Technical Systems Consultants

    • Operating Systems Developed: FLEX
    Technical Systems Consultants (TSC) was a United States software company. Headquartered first in West Lafayette, Indiana (it was started by Don Kinzer and Dave Shirk, EE graduate students at Purdue University) and later (1980) moved to Chapel Hill, North Carolina, it was the foremost supplier of software for SWTPC compatible hardware, as well as many other early makes of personal computers. Their software included operating systems (Flex, mini-FLEX, FLEX09, and UniFlex) and various languages (several BASIC variants, FORTRAN, Pascal, C and assemblers).
    7.50
    2 votes
    61
    7.50
    2 votes
    62
    Xandros Corporation

    Xandros Corporation

    • Operating Systems Developed: Xandros Desktop
    Xandros is the name of both a line of operating systems and Xandros Corporation, the company which creates them. Xandros Desktop was a Linux distribution. The name Xandros is derived from the X Window System and the Greek island of Andros. The co-creator of the now popular netbook, Xandros was founded in May 2001 by Linux Global Partners (Will Roseman and Dr. Frederick Berenstein), the company is headquartered in New York City. Xandros Desktop was based on Corel Linux, a Debian-based distribution which was acquired along with the development team behind the product from Corel Corporation in August 2001 after Corel decided to sell the Linux distribution market. Xandros is a founding member of the Desktop Linux Consortium and member of the Interop Vendor Alliance. In July 2007, Xandros bought Scalix, a Linux-based email and collaboration product, based on HP OpenMail. In July 2008, Xandros acquired Linspire. Xandros makes products for both the consumer and business markets. While the distributions include many packages licensed as free software and open-source, Xandros was criticized for inclusion of proprietary software developed in-house by the Xandros Corporation. This edition
    6.00
    3 votes
    63
    7.00
    2 votes
    64
    7.00
    2 votes
    65
    7.00
    2 votes
    66
    4.75
    4 votes
    67
    5.67
    3 votes
    68
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    • Operating Systems Developed: Cray Time Sharing System
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) founded by the University of California in 1952. It is primarily funded by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and managed and operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), a partnership of the University of California, Bechtel, Babcock & Wilcox, URS, and Battelle Memorial Institute in affiliation with the Texas A&M University System. On October 1, 2007 LLNS assumed management of LLNL from the University of California, which had exclusively managed and operated the Laboratory since its inception 55 years before. The laboratory was honored in 2012 by having the synthetic chemical element livermorium named after it. LLNL has a mission of strengthening the United States’ security through development and application of world-class science and technology to: LLNL is also one of three laboratories in the United States where classified work on the science and engineering design of nuclear weapons is undertaken. The others are Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. LLNL is self-described as "a premier research and development
    5.67
    3 votes
    69

    Palm, Inc.

    • Operating Systems Developed: WebOS
    Palm, Inc., was an American smartphone manufacturer headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, that was responsible for products such as the Pre and Pixi as well as the Treo and Centro smartphones. Previous product lines include the PalmPilot, Palm III, Palm V, Palm VII, Zire and Tungsten. While their older devices run Palm OS Garnet, four editions of the Treo run Windows Mobile. In early 2009 Palm announced a new operating system, webOS, replacing the original Palm OS Garnet in their newest devices. On April 28, 2010, HP announced that it had agreed to acquire Palm for $1.2 billion. The deal was completed on July 1, 2010. The Palm global business unit was to be responsible for webOS software development and webOS based hardware products, from a robust smartphone roadmap to future slate PCs and netbooks. However, on August 18, 2011, HP announced that it would discontinue production of all webOS devices, including smartphones and tablets. On August 15, 2012, it was revealed that HP had created a wholly owned subsidiary, Gram, made up of the remaining components of Palm. Palm Computing, Inc., was founded in 1992 by Jeff Hawkins, who sought out the help of Donna Dubinsky and Ed Colligan,
    8.00
    1 votes
    70
    IBM

    IBM

    • Operating Systems Developed: PC-DOS
    International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Its distinctive culture and product branding has given it the nickname Big Blue. In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 largest U.S. firm in terms of number of employees (433,362), the #4 largest in terms of market capitalization, the #9 most profitable, and the #19 largest firm in terms of revenue. Globally, the company was ranked the #31 largest in terms of revenue by Forbes for 2011. Other rankings for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green
    6.50
    2 votes
    71
    6.50
    2 votes
    72

    Steve Vickers

    Steve Vickers is the author of the Sinclair ZX Spectrum home computer ROM firmware. He is currently a Senior Lecturer at the University of Birmingham, UK. Vickers graduated from King's College, Cambridge with a degree in mathematics, he then read a PhD at Leeds University also in mathematics. In 1980 he started working for Nine Tiles which had previously written the Sinclair BASIC for the ZX80. He was responsible for the adaptation of the 4K ZX80 ROM into the 8K ROM used in the ZX81 and also wrote the ZX81 manual. He then wrote most of the ZX Spectrum ROM, and assisted with the user documentation. Vickers left in 1982 to form "Rainbow Computing Co." with Richard Altwasser. The company became Jupiter Cantab and they were together responsible for the development of the commercially unsuccessful Jupiter ACE, a competitor to the similar Sinclair ZX Spectrum. Originally at the Department of Computing at Imperial College London, Steve Vickers later joined the Department of Pure Mathematics at the Open University before finally moving to the School of Computer Science at the University of Birmingham. He is currently a Senior Lecturer and the Research Student Tutor of the School of
    6.50
    2 votes
    73
    6.50
    2 votes
    74
    5.00
    3 votes
    75
    6.00
    2 votes
    76
    6.00
    2 votes
    77
    6.00
    2 votes
    78
    Intel Corporation

    Intel Corporation

    • Operating Systems Developed: MeeGo
    Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC) is an American multinational semiconductor chip maker corporation headquartered in Santa Clara, California. Intel is the world's largest and highest valued semiconductor chip maker, based on revenue. It is the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers. Intel Corporation, founded on July 18, 1968, is a portmanteau of Integrated Electronics (the fact that "intel" is the term for intelligence information was also quite suitable). Intel also makes motherboard chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory, graphic chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communications and computing. Founded by semiconductor pioneers Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore and widely associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove, Intel combines advanced chip design capability with a leading-edge manufacturing capability. Though Intel was originally known primarily to engineers and technologists, its "Intel Inside" advertising campaign of the 1990s made it and its Pentium processor household names. Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, and
    6.00
    2 votes
    79
    7.00
    1 votes
    80
    7.00
    1 votes
    81
    5.50
    2 votes
    82

    Dick Hustvedt

    • Operating Systems Developed: RSX-11
    Richard "Dick" Irvin Hustvedt (February 18, 1946 – April 15, 2008) was a renowned software engineer, designer and developer of several operating systems including the RSX-11, and VMS (OpenVMS) systems of Digital Equipment Corporation. He also was a principal kernel developer of the Xerox Data Systems (XDS) RAD-75, RBM-1 and CP-V operating systems. Hustvedt was born in Aberdeen, South Dakota and grew up in Radcliff, Kentucky, home of Fort Knox. He attended the University of California, Berkeley studying computer science and was later employed by the Army Security Agency. Following the ASA, Dick worked for the Xerox Corporation on the development of operating systems for their Data Systems division (Xerox DSD Development Programming in El Segundo, California). He was recruited by Ken Olsen to join Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1974. He moved from Los Angeles, California to Concord, Massachusetts where he worked at the company headquarters at "The Mill" in Maynard, Massachusetts. Married to Audrey R. Reith in 1976. Father of sons Eric Hustvedt (1978) and Marc Hustvedt (1979). On January 13, 1984, he suffered a severe head injury in an automobile accident in Acton,
    5.50
    2 votes
    83

    Digital Cornerstone

    • Operating Systems Developed: Linspire
    Digital Cornerstone (formerly known as Lindows, Inc. (2001–2004) and Linspire, Inc. (2004–2008)) is a Linux and open source software company with its headquarters in San Diego, California. It has primarily targeted desktop computers with its flagship Linux distribution, Linspire. It was bought in 2008 by Xandros, Inc., a former competitor, and made a semi-independent subsidiary of the company. Lindows, Inc. was founded in August 2001 by Michael Robertson with the goal of developing a Linux-based operating system capable of running major Microsoft Windows applications. It based its Windows compatibility on the Wine API compatibility layer. The company later abandoned this approach in favor of attempting to make Linux applications easy to download, install and use. To this end a program named "CNR" was developed: based on Debian's Advanced Packaging Tool, it provides an easy-to-use graphical user interface and a slightly modified package system for an annual fee. The first public release of Linspire was version 1.0, released in late 2001. In 2002 Microsoft sued Lindows, Inc. claiming the name "Lindows" constituted an infringement of their "Windows" trademark. Microsoft's claims were
    5.50
    2 votes
    84

    Mark Williams Company

    • Operating Systems Developed: Coherent
    The Mark Williams Company was a small software company in Chicago, Illinois (later moved to Northbrook, Illinois) that created Coherent, one of the first Unix-like operating systems for IBM PCs and several C programming language compilers. It was founded by Robert Swartz in 1980 and discontinued operations in 1995. The name comes from the middle name of Robert Swartz's father, William Mark Swartz. Robert Swartz moved the company (originally producing a soft drink called Dr. Enuf) into software with his father's help and the company became known as the Mark Williams Company. Mark Williams won a patent lawsuit centered around 'byte ordering'. Separately and at that time, Linux had made serious inroads in the UNIX clone market. Being that Coherent was a commercially available package and Linux was distributed freely on the Internet via their GNU public license, Coherent sales plummeted and Mr. Swartz had no choice but to cease operations in 1995.
    5.50
    2 votes
    85
    Apple Inc.

    Apple Inc.

    • Operating Systems Developed: Mac OS X v10.6
    Apple Inc., (NASDAQ: AAPL) formerly Apple Computer Inc., is an American multinational corporation which designs and manufactures consumer electronics and software products. The company's best-known hardware products include Macintosh computers, the iPod and the iPhone. Apple software includes the Mac OS X operating system, the iTunes media browser, the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software, the iWork suite of productivity software, and Final Cut Studio, a suite of professional audio and film-industry software products. The company operates more than 250 retail stores in nine countries and an online store where hardware and software products are sold.
    6.00
    1 votes
    86
    6.00
    1 votes
    87
    6.00
    1 votes
    88

    Wind River Systems

    • Operating Systems Developed: PSOS
    Wind River Systems, Inc. is a company providing embedded systems, development tools for embedded systems, middleware, and other types of software. The company was founded in Berkeley, California in 1981 by Jerry Fiddler and David Wilner. On June 4, 2009, Wind River announced that Intel had bought the company for a reported $884 million. Wind River continues to exist as a wholly owned subsidiary of Intel. Wind River concentrates on middleware: software and operating systems, for information appliances and devices. Their products are used in cellular phones, auto braking systems, routers, digital cameras, projectors, set-top boxes, traffic signals, Mars Rovers MER-A and MER-B and more. Among their flagship products are the VxWorks real-time operating system (which began as an add-on to the VRTX operating system in the early 1980s), the Wind River Linux operating system, and the Eclipse-based Wind River Workbench IDE (which has superseded the previous Tornado environment). Wind River's head offices are located at 500 Wind River Way, Alameda, California. As of 2004, their strategic theme is device software optimization. As of 2009, their competitors include: Wind River Systems was
    6.00
    1 votes
    89
    AT&T

    AT&T

    • Operating Systems Developed: UNIX System V
    AT&T Inc. (also stylized as ATT and at&t; NYSE: T, for "telephone") is an American multinational telecommunications corporation headquartered in Whitacre Tower, downtown Dallas, Texas. AT&T is the largest provider both of mobile telephony and of fixed telephony in the United States, and also provides broadband subscription television services. As of 2010, AT&T is the seventh largest company in the United States by total revenue, and the fourth largest non-oil company (behind Walmart, General Electric, and Bank of America). It is the third-largest company in Texas (the largest non-oil company, behind only ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips, and also the largest Dallas company). As of 2011, AT&T is the 14th largest company in the world by market value, and the 9th largest non-oil company. It is also the 20th largest mobile telecom operator in the world, with over 100.7 million mobile customers. AT&T Inc. began its existence as Southwestern Bell Corporation, one of seven Regional Bell Operating Companies created in 1983 in the divestiture of parent company AT&T Corp. due to the United States v. AT&T antitrust lawsuit. (AT&T Corp. was founded 1885 as the American Telephone and Telegraph
    5.00
    2 votes
    90
    Google

    Google

    • Operating Systems Developed: Google Chrome OS
    Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG) is an American multinational corporation which provides Internet-related products and services, including internet search, cloud computing, software and advertising technologies. Advertising revenues from AdWords generate almost all of the company's profits. The company was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while both attended Stanford University. Together, Brin and Page own about 16 percent of the company's stake. Google was first incorporated as a privately held company on September 4, 1998, and its initial public offering followed on August 19, 2004. The company's mission statement from the outset was "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful" and the company's unofficial slogan is "Don't be evil". In 2006, the company moved to its current headquarters in Mountain View, California. Rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond the company's core web search engine. The company offers online productivity software including email, an office suite, and social networking. Google's products extend to the desktop as well, with applications for web
    5.00
    2 votes
    91
    5.00
    2 votes
    92
    5.00
    2 votes
    93
    4.50
    2 votes
    94
    4.50
    2 votes
    95
    RISCOS Ltd

    RISCOS Ltd

    • Operating Systems Developed: RISC OS
    RISCOS Ltd. (also referred to as ROL) is a limited company engaged in computer software and IT consulting. It licensed the rights to RISC OS from Element 14 and subsequently Pace Micro Technology. It continues to develop RISC OS. Company founders include developers who formerly worked within Acorn's dealership network. It was established as a nonprofit company. RISCOS Ltd was formed to continue end-user focused development of RISC OS after the de-listing of Acorn Computers, following their purchase by Morgan Stanley Dean Witter in order to benefit from the shareholding that Acorn held in ARM Ltd. In March 1999, RISCOS Ltd obtained exclusive rights to develop and sell RISC OS 4 for the desktop market from Element 14. A few weeks later Pace purchased Acorn's Cambridge headquarters and staff for £200,000 and then continued to develop their own, in-house version of RISC OS, primarily for set-top boxes and other embedded devices. At the time of the company's formation, it was noted that having access to the source code could facilitate removal of the OS's dependence on Acorn's proprietary chips. This simplifies entry to the hardware market by new companies. RISCOS Ltd completed work on
    4.50
    2 votes
    96
    Butler Lampson

    Butler Lampson

    • Operating Systems Developed: Berkeley Timesharing System
    Butler W. Lampson (born December 23, 1943) is a renowned computer scientist. After graduating from the Lawrenceville School (where in 2009 he was awarded the Aldo Leopold Award, also known as the Lawrenceville Medal, Lawrenceville's highest award to alumni), Lampson received his Bachelor's degree in Physics from Harvard University in 1964, and his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1967. During the 1960s, Lampson and others were part of Project GENIE at UC Berkeley. In 1965, several Project GENIE members, specifically Lampson and Peter Deutsch, developed the Berkeley Timesharing System for Scientific Data Systems' SDS 940 computer. Lampson was one of the founding members of Xerox PARC in 1970, where he worked in the Computer Science Laboratory (CSL). His now-famous vision of a personal computer was captured in the 1972 memo entitled "Why Alto?". In 1973, the Xerox Alto, with its three-button mouse and full-page-sized monitor was born. It is now considered to be the first actual personal computer (at least in terms of what has become the 'canonical' GUI mode of operation). All the subsequent computers built at Xerox
    5.00
    1 votes
    97

    Compaq

    • Operating Systems Developed: Tru64 UNIX
    Compaq Computer Corporation was a company founded in 1982, that developed, sold and supported computers and related products and services. Compaq produced some of the first IBM PC compatible computers, being the first company to legally reverse-engineer IBM Personal Computer. It rose to become the largest supplier of PC systems during the 1990s before being overtaken by Dell in 2001. Struggling in the aftermath of the dot-com bubble bust, Compaq was acquired for US$25 billion by HP in 2002. The Compaq brand remained used by HP for lower-end systems. The company was formed by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto — former Texas Instruments senior managers. Murto departed Compaq in 1987, while Canion (President and CEO) and Harris (SVP of Engineering) left under a shakeup in 1991 that saw Eckhard Pfeiffer appointed President and CEO. Ben Rosen provided the venture capital financing for the fledging company and served as chairman of the board for 18 years from 1983 until September 28, 2000, when he retired and was succeeded by Michael Capellas who served as the last Chairman and CEO until its merger with HP. Prior to its takeover the company was headquartered in a facility in
    5.00
    1 votes
    98
    Fernando J. Corbató

    Fernando J. Corbató

    • Operating Systems Developed: CTSS
    Fernando José "Corby" Corbató (born July 1, 1926 in Oakland, California) is a prominent American computer scientist, notable as a pioneer in the development of time-sharing operating systems. Amongst many awards, he received the Turing Award in 1990, "for his pioneering work in organizing the concepts and leading the development of the general-purpose, large-scale, time-sharing and resource-sharing computer systems". The first timesharing system he was associated with was known as the MIT Compatible Time-Sharing System, an early version of which was demonstrated in 1961. The experience gained led to a second project, Multics, which was adopted by Honeywell. Multics, while not particularly commercially successful in itself, directly inspired Ken Thompson to develop Unix, the direct descendants of which are still in extremely wide use; it also served as a model for every other subsequent operating system design. Born in Oakland, California, Corbató received a bachelor's degree from the California Institute of Technology in 1950, and then a Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1956. He joined MIT's Computation Center immediately upon graduation, became a
    5.00
    1 votes
    99
    5.00
    1 votes
    100
    5.00
    1 votes
    101

    Computer Systems Research Group

    • Operating Systems Developed: Berkeley Software Distribution
    The Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) was a research group at the University of California, Berkeley that was dedicated to enhancing AT&T Unix operating system and funded by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Professor Bob Fabry of Berkeley (University of California) acquired a UNIX license from AT&T in 1974. Berkeley started to adjust UNIX and distributed their version of UNIX as BSD. In 1980 Professor Fabry signed a contract with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop UNIX even further to accommodate the specific requirements of the ARPAnet. With the funding of DARPA, Fabry created the Computer Systems Research Group. The BSD Sockets API and Berkeley Fast File System are some of the most noteworthy innovations of the group. During the 1970s and 1980s, AT&T raised the licensing fee for UNIX to $100,000–$200,000. This became a big problem for small research labs and companies who used BSD and the CSRG set up a goal for themselves to replace all the source code that originated from AT&T. They succeeded in 1994, but AT&T didn't agree and took Berkeley to court. After the settlement in 1994, CSRG distributed its last versions, called 4.4BSD-Lite
    4.00
    2 votes
    102
    Nokia

    Nokia

    • Operating Systems Developed: MeeGo
    Nokia Oyj (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈnokiɑ], English /ˈnɒkiə/) is a Finnish multinational communications and information technology corporation headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, Finland. Its principal products are mobile telephones and portable IT devices. It also offers Internet services including applications, games, music, media and messaging through its Ovi platform, and free-of-charge digital map information and navigation services through its wholly owned subsidiary Navteq. Nokia has a joint venture with Siemens, Nokia Siemens Networks, which provides telecommunications network equipment and services. Nokia has around 122,000 employees across 120 countries, sales in more than 150 countries and annual revenues of around €38 billion. As of 2012 it is the world's second-largest mobile phone maker by unit sales (after Samsung), with a global market share of 22.5% in the first quarter. Nokia is a public limited-liability company listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange. It is the world's 143rd-largest company measured by 2011 revenues according to the Fortune Global 500. Nokia was the world's largest vendor of mobile phones from 1998 to 2012. However,
    4.00
    1 votes
    103
    0.00
    0 votes
    104
    0.00
    0 votes
    105
    0.00
    0 votes
    106

    Ken Sakamura

    • Operating Systems Developed: TRON Project
    Ken Sakamura (坂村 健, Sakamura Ken, born July 25, 1951 in Tokyo, Japan) is a Japanese professor in Information science at the University of Tokyo. He is the creator of the real-time operating system architecture TRON. In 2001, he shared the Takeda Award for Social/Economic Well-Being with Richard Stallman and Linus Torvalds. As of 2006, Sakamura leads the ubiquitous networking laboratory (UNL), located in Gotanda, Tokyo as well as the T-Engine forum for consumer electronics. The joint goal of Sakamura's Ubiquitous Networking specification and the T-Engine forum, is to enable any everyday device to broadcast and receive information. It is essentially a dusted-off TRON, paired with a competing standard to RFID. Since the foundation of the T-Engine forum, Sakamura has been working on opening Japanese technology to the world. His previous brainchild, TRON, the universal RTOS used in Japanese Consumer Electronics has had limited adoption in other countries. Sakamura has inked deals with Chinese and Korean universities to work together on Ubiquitous Networking. He has also worked with French software components manufacturer NexWave Solutions, Inc.
    0.00
    0 votes
    107

    PARC

    • Operating Systems Developed: Pilot
    PARC (Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated), formerly Xerox PARC, is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems. Founded in 1970 as a division of Xerox Corporation, PARC has been responsible for such well known and important developments as laser printing, Ethernet, the modern personal computer, graphical user interface (GUI), object-oriented programming, ubiquitous computing, amorphous silicon (a-Si) applications, and advancing very-large-scale-integration (VLSI) for semiconductors. Xerox formed Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary in 2002. In 1969, Chief Scientist at Xerox Jack Goldman approached George Pake, a physicist specializing in nuclear magnetic resonance and provost of Washington University, about starting a second research center for the company. Pake selected Palo Alto, California, as the site of what was to become known as PARC. While the 3,000 mile buffer between it and Xerox headquarters in Rochester, New York afforded scientists at the new lab great freedom to undertake their work, the distance also served as an
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    Robert S. Langer

    Robert S. Langer

    • Operating Systems Developed: Vector Linux
    Robert S. Langer (born August 29, 1948 in Albany, New York) is an American engineer and the David H. Koch Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was formerly the Germeshausen Professor of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering and maintains activity in the Department of Chemical Engineering and the Department of Biological Engineering at MIT. He is also a faculty member of the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology and the David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research. He is a widely recognized and cited researcher in biotechnology, especially in the fields of drug delivery systems and tissue engineering. Langer's research laboratory at MIT is the largest biomedical engineering lab in the world, maintaining about $10 million in annual grants and over 100 researchers. Dr. Langer is also currently on the board of directors at Advanced Cell Technology. He was awarded the 2012 Priestley Medal. Langer is widely regarded for his contributions to medicine and the emerging fields of biotechnology. He is considered a pioneer of many new technologies, including transdermal delivery systems, which allow the administration of drugs or
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