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Data portability is the ability for people to reuse their data across interoperable applications - the ability for people to be able to control their identity, media and other forms of personal data. The DataPortability Project works to advance this vision by identifying, contextualizing and promoting efforts in the space.
The effort is run by a globally distributed team on a volunteer basis.
The DataPortability Project was founded by a group of people that created a workgroup by inviting industry thinkers in November 2007 to explore the idea.
In January 2008, several major web industry players supported the workgroup: Google, Facebook and Plaxo on 8 January 2008, followed by Drupal, Netvibes and Mystrands, and then LinkedIn, Flickr, Six Apart and Twitter, as well as Digg and Microsoft.
The Project incorporated as a 501c3 not-for-profit charity in 2009.
The Project commissioned a Terms of Service and End User License Agreement working group in 2008. The EULA/ToS group considered how to bring data portability practices and ideas into the contract between sites and their users. The group announced a model Portability Policy questionnaire and PortabilityPolicy.org in July 2010.
The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) is an open-source application security project. The OWASP community includes corporations, educational organizations, and individuals from around the world. This community works to create freely-available articles, methodologies, documentation, tools, and technologies. The OWASP Foundation is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization that supports and manages OWASP projects and infrastructure. It has also been a registered non profit in Europe since June 2011.
OWASP is not affiliated with any technology company, although it supports the informed use of security technology. OWASP has avoided affiliation as it believes freedom from organizational pressures may make it easier for it to provide unbiased, practical, cost-effective information about application security. OWASP advocates approaching application security by considering the people, process, and technology dimensions.
OWASP's most successful documents include the book-length OWASP Guide. The most widely used OWASP tools include their training environment, their penetration testing proxy WebScarab. OWASP includes roughly 100 local chapters around the world and thousands of
The Open Web Foundation (OWF) is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and protection of specifications for emerging web technologies. The foundation follows an open source model similar to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF). Individuals participating include Geir Magnusson, vice president and board member at Apache, and Tim O'Reilly, CEO of O'Reilly Media.
The Open Web Foundation was announced July 24, 2008 at the O'Reilly Open Source Convention (OSCON). Facebook has announced their support for the OWF, as well as Google, MySpace, Six Apart, Plaxo and others. Through OWF, Google and Facebook now have an appropriate venue where they can resolve their differences between Facebook Connect and OpenSocial platforms, as well as work on a standard way to have their users interact with each other. The OWF also provides the technical details, as well as policy details, on how these protocols and emerging technologies interact.
There have been accusations made that the Open Web Foundation are bypassing the IETF or other standards bodies.
According to its web site, the Open Web Foundation is supported by the following companies and organizations:
The Open Web Foundation
A microformat (sometimes abbreviated μF) is a web-based approach to semantic markup which seeks to re-use existing HTML/XHTML tags to convey metadata and other attributes in web pages and other contexts that support (X)HTML, such as RSS. This approach allows software to process information intended for end-users (such as contact information, geographic coordinates, calendar events, and the like) automatically.
Although the content of web pages is technically already capable of "automated processing", and has been since the inception of the web, such processing is difficult because the traditional markup tags used to display information on the web do not describe what the information means. Microformats can bridge this gap by attaching semantics, and thereby obviate other, more complicated, methods of automated processing, such as natural language processing or screen scraping. The use, adoption and processing of microformats enables data items to be indexed, searched for, saved or cross-referenced, so that information can be reused or combined.
As of 2010, microformats allow the encoding and extraction of events, contact information, social relationships and so on. Established
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.
The terms "open" and "standard" have a wide range of meanings associated with their usage. There are a number of definitions of open standards which emphasize different aspects of openness, including of the resulting specification, the openness of the drafting process, and the ownership of rights in the standard. The term "standard" is sometimes restricted to technologies approved by formalized committees that are open to participation by all interested parties and operate on a consensus basis.
The definitions of the term "open standard" used by academics, the European Union and some of its member governments or parliaments such as Denmark, France, and Spain preclude open standards requiring fees for use, as do the New Zealand, South African and the Venezuelan governments. On the standard organisation side, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) ensures that its specifications can be implemented on a royalty-free basis.
An open file format is a published specification for storing digital data, usually maintained by a standards organization, which can therefore be used and implemented by anyone. For example, an open format can be implementable by both proprietary and free and open source software, using the typical software licenses used by each. In contrast to open formats, closed formats are considered trade secrets. Open formats are also called free file formats if they are not encumbered by any copyrights, patents, trademarks or other restrictions (for example, if they are in the public domain) so that anyone may use it at no monetary cost for any desired purpose.
Sun Microsystems defines the criteria for open formats as follows:
Within the framework of Open Government Initiative, the federal government of the United States adopted the Open Government Directive, according to which: "An open format is one that is platform independent, machine readable, and made available to the public without restrictions that would impede the re-use of that information".
The State of Minnesota defines the criteria for open, XML-based file formats as follows:
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts "defines open
A collaborative maps platform and geotagging system that allows users to share and discover places through a map interface.
Users can geotag places. Mainly helps Argentineans to discover and tag places. The website and most of the user generated data is in spanish.
The places are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Argentina License.
Some features: A mobile search interface available at http://m.flof.com.arAn iPhone search interface available at http://iphone.flof.com.arGoogle Earth integration (KML export)RDF microformats and Semantic Web standardsEmbeddable map widgetRSS/Atom Feeds for a geographical region
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is an American computer programmer, author and open source software advocate. After the 1997 publication of The Cathedral and the Bazaar, Raymond was for a number of years frequently quoted as an unofficial spokesman for the open source movement. He is also known for his 1990 edit and later updates of the Jargon File, currently in print as the The New Hacker's Dictionary.
Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1957, Raymond lived in Venezuela as a child. His family moved back to Pennsylvania in 1971. Raymond said in an interview that his cerebral palsy motivated him to go into computing. Raymond has spoken in more than fifteen countries on six continents, including a lecture at Microsoft.
He wrote CML2, a source code configuration system; while originally intended for the Linux kernel, it was rejected by kernel developers. Raymond attributed this rejection to "kernel list politics". Linus Torvalds on the other hand said in a 2007 mailing list post that as a matter of policy, the development team preferred more incremental changes.
In 2000–2002 Raymond wrote a number of HOWTOs still included in the Linux Documentation