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  • Nov 27th 2012
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Best Government Agency of All Time

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    1
    United States Department of Energy

    United States Department of Energy

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material. Its responsibilities include the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production. DOE also sponsors more research in the physical sciences than any other US federal agency; the majority of this research is conducted through its system of United States Department of Energy National Laboratories. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy, and its headquarters are located in southwest Washington, D.C., on Independence Avenue in the James V. Forrestal Building, named for James Forrestal, as well as in Germantown, Maryland. In 1942, during World War II, the United States started the Manhattan Project, a project to develop the atomic bomb, under the eye of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. After the war, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was created to control the future of the project. The AEC was reinstated and
    8.57
    7 votes
    2
    Library of Congress

    Library of Congress

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Library of Congress is the research library of the United States Congress, de facto national library of the United States of America, and the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. Located in four buildings in Washington, D.C., as well as the Packard Campus in Culpeper, Virginia, it is the largest library in the world by shelf space and number of books. The head of the Library is the Librarian of Congress, currently James H. Billington. The Library of Congress was instituted for Congress in 1800, and was housed in the United States Capitol for most of the 19th century. After much of the original collection had been destroyed during the War of 1812, Thomas Jefferson sold 6,487 books, his entire personal collection, to the library in 1815. After a period of decline during the mid-19th century the Library of Congress began to grow rapidly in both size and importance after the American Civil War, culminating in the construction of a separate library building and the transference of all copyright deposit holdings to the Library. During the rapid expansion of the 20th century the Library of Congress assumed a preeminent public role, becoming a "library of last
    6.44
    9 votes
    3
    Central Science Laboratory

    Central Science Laboratory

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Central Science Laboratory (CSL) was an executive agency of the UK government branch, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). It specialises in sciences which form the basis of agriculture for sustainable crop production, environmental management and conservation and in food safety and quality. It also houses FAPAS and the National Collection of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. The Central Science laboratory (CSL) was the UK's foremost public sector laboratory in the fields of agriculture, food and the environment. As an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), CSL was responsible for the delivery of science in support of Government objectives. Officially launched in 1992 CSL’s scientific expertise dates back to 1914, through the bringing together scientific expertise vested in a number of other scientific laboratories. A new facility at Sand Hutton was completed in 1996 for 134 million pounds the moving of the Aberdeen and Norwich facilities to the Sand Hutton site was not part of the initial centralization plan but was subsequently carried out. The site is now the home of The Food and Environment Research Agency. In
    6.63
    8 votes
    4
    California Department of Transportation

    California Department of Transportation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: California
    The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is an executive department within the U.S. state of California. Its purpose is to improve mobility across the state. Caltrans manages the state highway system (which includes the California Freeway and Expressway System) and is actively involved with public transportation systems throughout the state. The department is part of the state cabinet-level California Business, Transportation and Housing Agency. Caltrans is headquartered in Sacramento. The earliest predecessor of Caltrans was the Bureau of Highways, which was created by the California Legislature and signed into law by Governor James Budd in 1895. This agency consisted of three commissioners who were charged with analyzing the state road system and making recommendations. At the time, there was no state highway system, since roads were purely a local responsibility. The roads of California consisted of crude dirt roads maintained by county governments as well as some paved roads within city boundaries, and this ad hoc system was no longer adequate for the needs of the state's rapidly growing population. After the commissioners submitted their report to the Governor on
    6.00
    8 votes
    5
    National Youth Administration

    National Youth Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Youth Administration (NYA) was a New Deal agency in the United States that focused on providing work and education for Americans between the ages of 16 and 25. It operated from June, 26 1935 to 1939 as part of the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Following the passage of the Reorganization Act of 1939, the NYA was transferred from the WPA to the Federal Security Agency. In 1942, the NYA was transferred to the War Manpower Commission (WMC). The NYA officially folded in 1943. The NYA was headed by Aubrey Willis Williams, a prominent liberal from Alabama who was close to Harry Hopkins and Eleanor Roosevelt. The head of the Texas division at one point was Lyndon B. Johnson, who was later to become President of the United States. By 1938, it served 327,000 high school and college youth, who were paid from $6 to $40 a month for "work study" projects at their schools. Another 155,000 boys and girls from relief families were paid $10 to $25 a month for part-time work that included job training. Unlike the CCC, it included young women. The youth normally lived at home, and worked on construction or repair projects. Its annual budget was approximately $58,000,000. The NYA
    7.33
    6 votes
    6
    Steamboat Inspection Service

    Steamboat Inspection Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Steamboat Inspection Service was a United States agency created in 1852 to safeguard lives and property at sea. It merged with the Bureau of Navigation in 1932 to form the Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection which, in 1936, was reorganized into the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, which in turn became part of the United States Coast Guard in 1942. The safety inspection of merchant vessels documented under the flag of the United States has been authorized in varying degrees by Congress and required by law since 1838. In the early days, Congress hesitated to pass adequate safety laws for fear of interfering with the growing and economically important steamboat industry. However, as the industry grew and the general public became aware of the need for marine safety laws, Congress began to act to protect the public, beginning with passing a law on July 7, 1838, to "provide better security of the lives of passengers on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam" (5 Stat. L., 304). The law was enforced by the Justice Department. Experience showed the greatest casualties were caused by boiler explosions and by fire aboard ship. The beginning and
    7.17
    6 votes
    7
    Highways Agency

    Highways Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in England. It has responsibility for managing the core road network in England. It operates a variety of information services, liaises with other government agencies as well as providing staff to deal with incidents on their roads. The agency was created on 30 March 1994. The current Chief Executive, Graham Dalton, took up his post on 30 June 2008. Prior to joining the agency he was a director at the Department for Transport, responsible for the delivery of major rail investment projects including the Channel Tunnel Rail Link and Thameslink. He replaced the previous Chief Executive, Archie Robertson. The Agency is responsible for operating the strategic road network in England which consists of most motorways and significant trunk A roads. It has a length of 6,500 miles (10,461 km), which accounts for 34% of all road travel and 67% of lorry freight travel. Most lower grade roads are the responsibility of local authorities. The Highways Agency's operations are split into six regions that are roughly based on the regions of England. These regions are subdivided into 13 operational areas. These areas are
    8.00
    5 votes
    8
    State Board of Equalization

    State Board of Equalization

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: California
    The State Board of Equalization (BOE) is a public agency charged with tax administration and fee collection in the state of California in the United States. The areas of authority of the Board fall into four broad areas: sales and use taxes, property taxes, special taxes, and acting as an appellate body for franchise and income tax appeals (which are collected by the Franchise Tax Board). The BOE is the only publicly elected tax commission in the United States. The board is made up of four directly elected members, each representing a district for four-year terms, along with the State Controller, who is elected on a statewide basis, serving as the fifth member. The current board members are: The terms of all five members, including the State Controller, are due to end on January 5, 2015 (only Runner and Horton are eligible to run for re-election, as term limits prevent Yee, Steel, and Chiang from seeking another term). As of 2008, the agency employed approximately 3,950 people throughout the state. The State Board of Equalization was created in 1879 by an amendment to the California Constitution. Its original mandate was to ensure that property tax assessments were uniform and
    6.83
    6 votes
    9

    Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Utah
    The Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (UDABC) is an agency of the government of the U.S. state of Utah. It has its headquarters in Salt Lake City. The Department was created by statute in 1935 by the Utah State Legislature, and it was granted the authority to conduct, license and regulate the sale of alcoholic beverages within the state. Utah is one of 19 U.S. jurisdictions (eighteen alcoholic beverage control states and Maryland's Montgomery County Department of Liquor Control) that maintain a monopoly on alcoholic beverage sales. According to the Department, "The purpose of control is to make liquor available to those adults who choose to drink responsibly - but not to promote the sale of liquor. By keeping liquor out of the private marketplace, no economic incentives are created to maximize sales, open more liquor stores or sell to underage persons. Instead, all policy incentives to promote moderation and to enforce existing liquor laws is [sic] enhanced."
    7.80
    5 votes
    10
    National Archives and Records Administration

    National Archives and Records Administration

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records and with increasing public access to those documents, which comprise the National Archives. NARA is officially responsible for maintaining and publishing the legally authentic and authoritative copies of acts of Congress, presidential proclamations and executive orders, and federal regulations. The chief administrator of NARA is the Archivist of the United States, who not only maintains the official documentation of the passage of amendments to the U.S. Constitution by state legislatures, but has the authority to declare when the constitutional threshold for passage has been reached, and therefore when an act has become an amendment. Originally, each branch and agency of the U.S. government was responsible for maintaining its own documents, which often resulted in the loss and destruction of records. Congress established the National Archives Establishment in 1934 to centralize federal record keeping, with the Archivist of the United States as its chief administrator. The National Archives was
    6.67
    6 votes
    11
    United States Department of Defense

    United States Department of Defense

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Department of Defense (also known as the Defense Department, USDOD, DOD, DoD or the Pentagon) is the Executive Department of the Government of the United States of America charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States armed forces. The Department is also the largest employer in the world, with more than 2.13 million active duty Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Airmen, and also civilian workers, and over 1.1 million National Guardsmen and members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Reserves. The grand total is just over 3.2 million servicemen and servicewomen, plus the civilians who support them. The Department – headed by the Secretary of Defense – has three subordinate military departments: the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force. In addition, there are many Defense Agencies such as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), the Missile Defense Agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), the National Reconnaissance Office
    8.75
    4 votes
    12
    Immigration New Zealand

    Immigration New Zealand

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    Immigration New Zealand or INZ (Māori: Ta Ratonga Manene; previously New Zealand Immigration Service, NZIS) is a part of the Workforce group of the New Zealand Department of Labour. It is responsible for managing the benefits and consequences of immigration to New Zealand. Visas are issued by INZ staff in offices throughout New Zealand and around the world. Visas are also issued by certain posts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (New Zealand). Under the Immigration Act 2009, a visa is an authority for an individual to travel to, or stay in New Zealand (under the Immigration Act 1987 a visa only allowed you to travel to New Zealand and a permit allowed you to stay). A visa has conditions that indicate what the holder of the visa may do. Because of understaffing turnaround times to process visa application have steadily increased over the years. Currently INZ expects to process visa applications within 60 working days after an application is lodged. According to INZ, processing a residence application usually takes 6 to 9 months, while endorsing a passport with Residence Permits and Returning Resident's Visa after 'approval in principle' has been granted takes up to 30
    6.50
    6 votes
    13

    Southern Public Power District

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Nebraska
    Southern Power District is a publicly owned electric distribution system providing electricity and related services to customers in south-central Nebraska. Based in Grand Island, Nebraska, its wholesale power provider is Nebraska Public Power District. Southern Power's additional offices are at Central City, Franklin, Hastings, and Holdrege. Southern Power employs 108 people across its entire service area:
    7.40
    5 votes
    14
    United States Drug Enforcement Administration

    United States Drug Enforcement Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    • Predecessor agency: Federal Bureau of Narcotics
    The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States. Not only is the DEA the lead agency for domestic enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act, sharing concurrent jurisdiction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), it also has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing U.S. drug investigations abroad. The Drug Enforcement Administration was established on July 1, 1973, by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1973, signed by President Richard Nixon on July 28. It proposed the creation of a single federal agency to enforce the federal drug laws as well as consolidate and coordinate the government's drug control activities. Congress accepted the proposal, as they were concerned with the growing availability of drugs. As a result, the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD), the Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE), and other federal offices merged to create the DEA. From the early 1970s, DEA headquarters was located at 1405 I ("Eye") Street NW in downtown Washington, D.C.
    8.50
    4 votes
    15

    Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    In the United States Government, the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (originally the Office of Chinese Affairs) is part of the United States Department of State and is charged with advising the Secretary of State and Under Secretary for Political Affairs on matters of the Asia-Pacific region, as well as dealing with U.S. foreign policy and U.S. relations with countries in that area. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, who reports to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
    6.33
    6 votes
    16
    National Aerospace Laboratories

    National Aerospace Laboratories

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), is India's second largest aerospace firm after Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL). It was established by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) at Delhi in 1959 and its headquarters was later moved to Bangalore in 1960. The firm closely operates with HAL, DRDO and ISRO and has the prime responsibility of developing civilian aircraft in India. NAL is a high technology oriented institution concentrating on advanced topics in the aerospace and related disciplines. Originally started as National Aeronautical Laboratory, it was renamed National Aerospace Laboratories to reflect its major involvement in the Indian space programme, its multidisciplinary activities and global positioning. It is India’s only civilian aerospace laboratory with a high level of competence and the expertise of its scientists is globally acknowledged. NAL employs a staff of about 1300 with about 350 full-fledged R&D professionals. NAL is equipped with facilities such as the Nilakantan Wind tunnel Centre and a computerised fatigue test facility. NAL also has facilities for investigating failures and accidents in aerospace. CSIR has approved Rs 300 crore ($75
    6.33
    6 votes
    17
    Global Legal Information Network

    Global Legal Information Network

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is a cooperative, not-for-profit federation of government agencies or their designees that contribute national legal information to the GLIN database. It is an automated database of statutes, regulations and related material that originate from countries in the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia. The data are in a central server at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Access is equally shared by all participating national GLIN stations. Anyone with Internet connections can access summaries of and citations to over 168,000 laws from fifty-one nations, although copyright and distribution-rights issues currently preclude public access to full texts. A distributed network is envisioned, and the database will reside on servers in other member nations as well as the Law Library of Congress. GLIN was initiated by the Law Library of Congress in 1991. The Network celebrated its 15th Anniversary in September 2008. At present, 36 countries and International Organizations comprise the membership of GLIN. These are, in alphabetical order: Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic,
    8.25
    4 votes
    18
    Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service

    Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service is an independent agency of the United States government, founded in 1947, which provides mediation services to industry, community and government agencies worldwide. One of its most common tasks is to help to mediate labor disputes around the country. The headquarters is located in Washington, D.C. Its employees include certified mediators. The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service was created under the terms of the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 (better known as the Taft–Hartley Act) to replace the United States Conciliation Service operating within the Department of Labor, a body that had been described as partial to labor by an industry spokesman. The chair of the FMCS received $12,000, placing the position at par with the National Labor Relations Board. The FMCS offered its services upon request or in disputes affecting interstate commerce, and was required to be notified within 30 days of the expiration of a contract where either side proposes modification or termination of the existing contract. On August 7, 1947, President of the United States Harry S. Truman appointed Cyrus S. Ching as the first director of the
    6.17
    6 votes
    19

    United States Atomic Energy Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by Congress to foster and control the peace time development of atomic science and technology. President Harry S. Truman signed the McMahon/Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946, transferring the control of atomic energy from military to civilian hands, effective from January 1, 1947. An increasing number of critics during the 1960s charged that the AEC's regulations were insufficiently rigorous in several important areas, including radiation protection standards, nuclear reactor safety, plant siting, and environmental protection. By 1974, the AEC's regulatory programs had come under such strong attack that Congress decided to abolish the agency. The agency was abolished by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, which assigned its functions to two new agencies: the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. In creating the AEC, Congress declared that atomic energy should be employed not only in the form of nuclear weapons for the nation's defense, but also to promote world peace, improve the public welfare and
    6.17
    6 votes
    20
    Defense Criminal Investigative Service

    Defense Criminal Investigative Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Criminal Investigative Service is the criminal investigative arm of the Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Defense. DCIS protects military personnel by investigating cases of fraud, bribery, and corruption; preventing the illegal transfer of sensitive defense technologies to proscribed nations and criminal elements; investigating companies that use defective parts in weapons systems and equipment utilized by the military; and stopping cyber crimes and computer intrusions. DCIS serves as the criminal investigative arm of the Department of Defense Inspector General. DoD IG was created in 1982 by an amendment to the Inspector General Act of 1978. It is the obligation of the DoD Inspector General to "initiate, conduct, and supervise such...investigations in the Department of Defense (including the military departments) as the Inspector General considers appropriate" (IG Act Sec. 8(c)(2)) and to "provide leadership and coordination and recommend policies for activities...to prevent and detect fraud and abuse in...[DoD] programs and operations (IG Act Sec. 2(2))." DCIS current investigative priorities include: Significant fraud and corruption impacting
    7.00
    5 votes
    21

    National Science Foundation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health. With an annual budget of about US$6.87 billion (fiscal year 2010), the NSF funds approximately 20% of all federally supported basic research conducted by the United States' colleges and universities. In some fields, such as mathematics, computer science, economics and the social sciences, the NSF is the major source of federal backing. The NSF's director, deputy director, and the 24 members of the National Science Board (NSB) are appointed by the President of the United States, and confirmed by the United States Senate. The director and deputy director are responsible for administration, planning, budgeting and day-to-day operations of the foundation, while the NSB meets six times a year to establish its overall policies. Although many other federal research agencies operate their own laboratories, notable examples being the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), NSF does not.
    7.00
    5 votes
    22
    Canada Revenue Agency

    Canada Revenue Agency

    • Government: Government of Canada
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Canada
    The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) (formerly Revenue Canada and the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency) is a federal agency that administers tax laws for the Government of Canada and for most provinces and territories, international trade legislation, and various social and economic benefit and incentive programs delivered through the tax system. It also oversees the registration of charities in Canada, and tax credit programmes such as the Scientific Research and Experimental Development Tax Credit Program. CRA is well known as Revenue Canada. To this day, many people still refer to it as Revenue Canada. It was the tax department till they change it to an Agency so that they could collect taxes for the provinces. The Canada Revenue Agency was previously known as the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (CCRA) until a federal government reorganization in December 2003, when customs enforcement was moved into the Canada Border Services Agency, part of the Public Safety Canada portfolio. The CCRA was short-lived, having been created in a November 1999 reorganization of the federal government where it had been known for many years under its statutory name the Department of National Revenue.
    9.33
    3 votes
    23
    Library and Archives Canada

    Library and Archives Canada

    • Government: Government of Canada
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Canada
    Library and Archives Canada (in French: Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) is a federal memory institution tasked with acquiring, preserving and making Canada's documentary heritage accessible. It combines the functions of the Public Archives of Canada (founded 1872, renamed National Archives of Canada 1987) and the National Library of Canada (founded 1953). Library and Archives Canada (LAC) was created by the Library and Archives of Canada Act (Bill C-8), proclaimed on April 22, 2004. A subsequent order-in-council dated May 21, 2004 united the collections, services and personnel of the National Archives of Canada and the National Library of Canada. Since its creation it has reported to Parliament through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. Canada was one of the first countries in the world to combine its national library and its national archives into a single memory institution. As stated in the Preamble of the Library and Archives of Canada Act, LAC's mandate is: One of its important roles includes serving as the continuing memory of the Government of Canada and its institutions by supporting accurate record keeping ensuring transparency and accountability. As part of its mandate,
    9.33
    3 votes
    24
    Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre

    Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre is a conference centre in the City of Westminster, London. It is located in the heart of the city, a minute's walk from the Palace of Westminster, seat of the United Kingdom's Parliament. Due to its location it attracts many high profile meetings. The site now occupied by the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre was previously occupied by several buildings. At the northern end of the site were the headquarters of the Stationery Office which had originally been the "Parliamentary Mews" built in 1825 by Decimus Burton and converted in 1853-5. The southern side was occupied by the Westminster Hospital built by W & H W Inwood in 1831-4 and expanded later that century and in 1924. The previous buildings became surplus to requirements in 1950 and were demolished; designs were drawn up by Thomas Tait for building a new Colonial Office on the site; however only the foundations had been built by the time progress was halted in 1952. In 1958 it was decided that there would be an open space on the southern edge of the site by Broad Sanctuary, and an architectural competition for a conference hall and government offices was held in 1961. The competition
    9.33
    3 votes
    25
    Oregon State Police

    Oregon State Police

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Oregon
    The Oregon State Police (OSP) is a law enforcement agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. The OSP is charged to enforce all of Oregon's criminal laws, including assisting local law enforcement agencies. The agency differs from other state police, such as the California Highway Patrol, in that their primary focus is not limited to highway and traffic enforcement. The OSP is also the only law enforcement agency in the United States that monitors the security of the state lottery. Oregon State Police often respond to incidents in rural areas not covered by another law enforcement agency's jurisdiction. The Oregon State Police began operating on August 1, 1931. The organization was designed by a committee appointed by Governor Julius L. Meier, who made a survey of some of the most successful state law enforcement agencies across North America, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the New Jersey State Police, the Texas Rangers, the Pennsylvania State Police, and others. They took on the responsibilities that were previously handled by the State Highway Commission, the Fish and Game Commission, the Secretary of State, the Prohibition Commissioner, and the State Fire Marshal. OSP's
    8.00
    4 votes
    26
    Employee Benefits Security Administration

    Employee Benefits Security Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor responsible for administering, regulating and enforcing the provisions of Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA). At the time of its name change in February 2003, EBSA was known as the Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration (PWBA). Prior to January 1986, PWBA was known as the Pension and Welfare Benefits Program. EBSA is led by the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Employee Benefits, a Sub-Cabinet level position requiring nomination by the President of the United States and confirmation by the United States Senate. The current Assistant Secretary of Labor for Employee Benefits and head of the Employee Benefits Security Administration is the Hon. Phyllis Borzi. Past Assistant Secretaries include the Hon. Bradford P. Campbell, the Hon. Ann L. Combs and the Hon. Olena Berg-Lacy. EBSA is organized into nine program offices: EBSA also maintains 15 regional and district field offices throughout the US to conduct investigations to detect and correct violations of Title I of ERISA and related criminal laws, and answer inquiries and complaints
    6.80
    5 votes
    27
    Resettlement Administration

    Resettlement Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Resettlement Administration (RA) was a New Deal U.S. federal agency that, between April 1935 and December 1936, relocated struggling urban and rural families to communities planned by the federal government. The RA was the brainchild of Rexford G. Tugwell, an economics professor at Columbia University who became an advisor to Franklin D. Roosevelt during the latter's successful campaign for the presidency in 1932 and then held positions in the United States Department of Agriculture. Roosevelt established the RA under Executive Order 7027, as one of the New Deal's "alphabet agencies", and Tugwell became its first and only head. The new organization had four divisions: Rural Rehabilitation, Rural Resettlement, Land Utilization, and Suburban Resettlement. However, Tugwell's goal of moving 650,000 people from 100,000,000 acres (400,000 km) of agriculturally exhausted, worn-out land was unpopular among the majority in Congress. This goal seemed socialistic to some and threatened to deprive influential farm owners of their tenant workforce. The RA was thus left with enough resources to relocate only a few thousand people from 9,000,000 acres (36,000 km) and build several greenbelt
    9.00
    3 votes
    28
    United States Department of Veterans Affairs Police

    United States Department of Veterans Affairs Police

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Veterans Affairs Police is the uniformed law enforcement and police service of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, responsible for the protection of the VA Medical Centers and other facilities operated by United States Department of Veterans Affairs and its subsidiary components of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as well as the National Cemetery Administration (NCA) and the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) respectively. The VA Police have several divisions and operate separately but alongside the VA Law Enforcement Training Center (VA LETC) under the umbrella of the Office of Security and Law Enforcement. The primary role of VA Police is to serve as a protective uniformed police force in order to deter and prevent crime, maintain order, and investigate crimes (ranging from summary to felony offenses) which may have occurred within the jurisdiction of the Department or its federal assets. The role of investigating felony offenses is referred and investigated in conjunction with agents from the Office of the Inspector General (VA OIG). The Office of Security and Law Enforcement (OS&LE) is the parent agency of the VA Police
    9.00
    3 votes
    29
    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technologies for use by the military. DARPA has been responsible for funding the development of many technologies which have had a major effect on the world, including computer networking, as well as NLS, which was both the first hypertext system, and an important precursor to the contemporary ubiquitous graphical user interface. Its original name was simply Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), but it was renamed to "DARPA" (for Defense) in March 1972, then renamed "ARPA" again in February 1993, and then renamed "DARPA" again in March 1996. DARPA was established during 1958 (as ARPA) in response to the Soviet launching of Sputnik during 1957, with the mission of keeping U.S. military technology more sophisticated than that of the nation's potential enemies. From DARPA's own introduction, DARPA’s original mission, established in 1958, was to prevent technological surprise like the launch of Sputnik, which signaled that the Soviets had beaten the U.S. into space. The mission statement has evolved over time. Today, DARPA’s mission is
    5.83
    6 votes
    30
    United States Office of Special Counsel

    United States Office of Special Counsel

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Office of Special Counsel (OSC) is a permanent independent federal investigative and prosecutorial agency whose basic legislative authority comes from four federal statutes, the Civil Service Reform Act, the Whistleblower Protection Act, the Hatch Act and the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA). OSC's primary mission is the safeguarding of the merit system in Federal employment by protecting employees and applicants from prohibited personnel practices (PPPs), especially reprisal for "whistleblowing." The agency also operates a secure channel for federal whistleblower disclosures of violations of law, rule or regulation; gross mismanagement; gross waste of funds, abuse of authority; and substantial and specific danger to public health and safety. In addition, OSC issues advice on the Hatch Act and enforces its restrictions on political activity by government employees. Finally, OSC protects the civilian employment and reemployment rights of military service members under USERRA. OSC has around 100 staff, and the Special Counsel is an ex officio member of Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE), an association
    6.60
    5 votes
    31
    Railroad Retirement Board

    Railroad Retirement Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. Railroad Retirement Board (or 'RRB') is an independent agency in the executive branch of the United States government created in 1935 to administer a social insurance program providing retirement benefits to the country's railroad workers. The RRB serves U.S. railroad workers and their families, and administers retirement, survivor, unemployment, and sickness benefits. Consequently, railroad workers do not participate in the United States Social Security program. The RRB's headquarters are in Chicago, Illinois, with field offices throughout the country. In connection with the retirement program, the RRB has administrative responsibilities under the Social Security Act for certain benefit payments and railroad workers' Medicare coverage. During fiscal year 2009, retirement survivor benefits of some $10.5 billion were paid to about 589,000 beneficiaries, while net unemployment-sickness benefits of $160 million, including over $10 million in temporary extended unemployment benefits under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, were paid to more than 40,000 claimants. At the end of fiscal year 2010, the average annuity paid to career rail employees was $2,760 a
    5.67
    6 votes
    32
    United States Special Collections Service

    United States Special Collections Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Special Collections Service (SCS) is a group within the United States Central Security Service agency that is not officially recognized. Its purpose is to put sophisticated eavesdropping equipment- from bugs to parabolic antennas- in difficult-to-reach places. It also attempts to target for recruitment key foreign communications personnel such as database managers systems administrators, and IT specialists. The Central Security Service was established by Presidential Directive in 1972 to promote full partnership between the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Service Cryptologic Elements (SCE) of the United States Armed Forces. The SCS facility is located in Beltsville, Maryland. The specialized intelligence gathering capabilities of the Special Collections Service include: The combination of Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Agency resources are used to cover the requisite speciality skills tasked of this agency into a single clandestine intelligence organization that falls under director of NSA and secretary of defense oversight. Given the nature of post 9/11 counter terrorism strategies employed by the United States of America the operations of the Special
    5.67
    6 votes
    33

    Border and Immigration Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Border and Immigration Agency (BIA) was an executive agency of the British Home Office, created on 1 April 2007. The Agency assumed the responsibilities of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate (IND) for managing immigration control in the UK. The BIA also considered applications for visas to enter the UK, permission to remain, citizenship, asylum and in-country enforcement of immigration law. The headquarters were located in Croydon. The BIA was responsible for delivering the e-border programme, a modernised border control system proposed by UK Government and a new programme of biometrically controlled identity documents for foreign nationals. On 1 April 2008 the BIA became the UK Border Agency following a merger with UKvisas and the port of entry functions of HM Revenue and Customs.
    7.50
    4 votes
    34

    Statistics Norway

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Norway
    Statistics Norway (Norwegian: Statistisk sentralbyrå, abbreviated to SSB) is the Norwegian statistics bureau. It was established in 1876. Relying on a staff of about 1,000, Statistics Norway publish about 1,000 new statistical releases every year on its web site. All releases are published both in Norwegian and English. In addition a number of edited publications are published, and all are available on the web site for free. As the central Norwegian office for official government statistics, Statistics Norway provides the public and government with extensive research and analysis activities. It is administratively placed under the Ministry of Finance but operates independently from all government agencies. Statistics Norway has a board appointed by the government. It relies extensively on data from registers, but are also collecting data from surveys and questionnaires, including from cities and municipalities. Hans Henrik Scheel has been the Director General since 2011. Statistics Norway was originally established in 1876. The Statistics Act of 1989 provides the legal framework for Statistics Norway's activities.
    7.50
    4 votes
    35

    Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Washington
    The Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, or OSPI is the state education agency for the State of Washington. The agency is bound by the Washington State Legislature to implement state laws regarding education, including the 1993 education reform act which mandated the controversial WASL standards based assessment. The current Superintendent of Public Instruction is Randy Dorn. The agency is headquartered in the Old Capitol Building in Olympia.
    7.50
    4 votes
    36
    Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs

    Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) is part of the U.S. Department of Labor. OFCCP is responsible for ensuring that employers doing business with the Federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring nondiscrimination. This mission is based on the underlying principle that employment opportunities generated by Federal dollars should be available to all Americans on an equitable and fair basis. OFCCP administers and enforces three legal authorities that require equal employment opportunity: Executive Order 11246, as amended; Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; and the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended, 38 U.S.C. 4212. These authorities prohibit Federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, and protected veteran status. They also require Federal contractors and subcontractors to take affirmative action to ensure equal employment opportunity in their employment processes. Its regulations can be found at CFR Title 41 Chapter 60: Public Contracts and Property Management. OFCCP, as it is today, was created
    8.67
    3 votes
    37
    Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation

    Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation is a bureau within the United States Department of State responsible for managing a broad range of nonproliferation and counterproliferation functions. The bureau leads U.S. efforts to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) and their delivery systems. It was created on September 13, 2005 when the Bureau of Arms Control and the Bureau of Nonproliferation were merged. Stephen G. Rademaker was the first the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation. He had been the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Arms Control, and in February 2005 he was named the head of the Bureau for Nonproliferation pending the two bureaus' merger. The previous Acting Assistant Secretary was Francis C. Record, and Assistant Secretary John C. Rood, of Arizona, was confirmed by the senate on September 13, 2006. The Bureau's role within the Department of State is to spearhead efforts to promote international consensus on WMD proliferation through bilateral and multilateral diplomacy, and to address WMD proliferation threats posed by non-state actors and
    10.00
    2 votes
    38
    National Endowment for the Humanities

    National Endowment for the Humanities

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency of the U.S. government, established by the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 (Pub.L. 89-209), dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. The NEH is located at 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. in the Old Post Office. The NEH provides grants for high-quality humanities projects to cultural institutions such as museums, archives, libraries, colleges, universities, public television, and radio stations, and to individual scholars. The agency is also a base supporter of a network of private, nonprofit affiliates, the 56 humanities councils in the United States. These grants are given in order to strengthen teaching and learning in the humanities in schools and colleges across the nation, facilitate research and original scholarship, provide opportunities for lifelong learning, preserve and provide access to cultural and educational resources and to strengthen the institutional base of the humanities. The Endowment is directed by a chairman, who is appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate, for a
    6.40
    5 votes
    39
    Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands

    Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was a U.S. federal government agency that aided distressed freedmen (freed slaves) in 1865–1869, during the Reconstruction era of the United States. The Freedmen's Bureau Bill, which created the Freedmen's Bureau, was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln and was intended to last for one year after the end of the Civil War. It was passed on March 3, 1865, by Congress to aid former slaves through legal food and housing, oversight, education, health care, and employment contracts with private landowners. It became a key agency during Reconstruction, assisting freedmen (freed ex-slaves) in the South. The Bureau was part of the United States Department of War. Headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard, the Bureau was operational from 1865 to 1871. It was disbanded under President Ulysses S. Grant. At the end of the war, the Bureau's main role was providing emergency food, housing, and medical aid to refugees, though it also helped reunite families. Later, it focused its work on helping the freedmen adjust to their conditions of freedom. Its main job was setting up work
    8.33
    3 votes
    40

    Employment Standards Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Employment Standards Administration (ESA), was the largest agency within the U.S. Department of Labor. Its four subagencies enforced and administerered laws governing legally mandated wages and working conditions, including child labor, minimum wages, overtime pay, and family and medical leave; equal employment opportunity in businesses with federal contracts and subcontracts; workers' compensation for certain employees injured on their jobs; internal union democracy, financial integrity, and union elections, which protect the rights of union members; and other laws and regulations governing employment standards and practices. The ESA was eliminated on November 8, 2009. As of that date, ESA's four subagencies are now independent and report directly to the United states Secretary of Labor.
    8.33
    3 votes
    41
    Nebraska Public Power District

    Nebraska Public Power District

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Nebraska
    Nebraska Public Power District (NPPD) is the largest electric utility in the state of Nebraska, serving all or parts of 91 (of 93) counties. It was formed on January 1, 1970, when Consumers Public Power District, Platte Valley Public Power and Irrigation District (PVPPID) and Nebraska Public Power System merged to become Nebraska Public Power District. NPPD's predecessors were created through the efforts of the Nebraska legislature and financial agent Guy L. Myers as part of a system where all the investor-owned utilities operating in the state of Nebraska (Nebraska Power Co., Central Power Co., Southern Nebraska Power Co., et al.) were condemned and their properties turned over to 'public power districts' being created at the time (early 1940s). NPPD is a public corporation and political subdivision of the state of Nebraska. The utility is governed by an 11-member Board of Directors, who are popularly elected from NPPD's chartered territory. NPPD's revenue is mainly derived from wholesale power supply agreements with 52 cities/villages and 25 rural public power districts and rural cooperatives. NPPD also serves about 79 communities directly at the retail level. Over 5,000 miles
    8.33
    3 votes
    42

    Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Swedish: Styrelsen för Internationellt Utvecklingssamarbete, Sida) is a government agency of the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Sida is responsible for organization of the bulk of Sweden's official development assistance to developing countries. Sida also affirms respect of human rights, democracy and gender equality proclaimed by Universal Declaration of Human Rights on their missions, and together with "Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law" of Lund University, Sida gave an aide for "Equal State and Human Rights of Women in Southeast Asia" by Asia Pacific Forum held from 9 May and 3 June 2011. Sida is also informed by the Yogyakarta Principles in Action the working for the rights for LGBTI and Swedish government mandated an "Action plan for Sida's work on sexual orientation and gender identity in international development cooperation 2007-2009". And the evaluation of the 2007-2009 action plan demonstrates the significant work done in many countries on LGBTI issues, including dialogue with civil society, other donors, and governments; inclusion in country strategies; and programme
    8.33
    3 votes
    43

    U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor. It is the principal fact-finding agency for the U.S. government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics. The BLS is a governmental statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor representatives. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the Department of Labor. The BLS data must satisfy a number of criteria, including relevance to current social and economic issues, timeliness in reflecting today’s rapidly changing economic conditions, accuracy and consistently high statistical quality, and impartiality in both subject matter and presentation. To avoid the appearance of partiality, the dates of major data releases are scheduled more than a year in advance, in coordination with the Office of Management and Budget. The Bureau of Labor was established in the Department of the Interior by the Bureau of Labor Act (23 Stat. 60), June 27, 1884, to collect information about employment and labor. It became an
    8.33
    3 votes
    44

    United States Park Police

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Park Police (USPP) is one of the oldest uniformed federal law enforcement agencies in the United States. It functions as a full-service law enforcement agency with responsibilities and jurisdiction in those National Park Service areas primarily located in the Washington, D.C., San Francisco, and New York City areas and certain other government lands. The United States Park Police is one of the few full-service police departments in the federal government that possess both state and federal authority. In addition to performing the normal crime prevention, investigation, and apprehension functions of an urban police force, the Park Police are responsible for policing many of the famous monuments in the United States and share law enforcement jurisdiction in all lands administered by the National Park Service with a force of National Park Service Rangers tasked with the same law enforcement powers and responsibilities. The agency also provides protection for the President, Secretary of the Interior, and visiting dignitaries. The Park Police is a unit of the National Park Service, which is a bureau of the Department of the Interior. The Park Watchmen were first
    8.33
    3 votes
    45
    Public Printer of the United States

    Public Printer of the United States

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The title of Public Printer of the United States refers to the official head of the Government Printing Office (GPO). Pursuant to 44 U.S.C. § 301, this officer must be nominated by the President of the United States and approved by the United States Senate. By law, The Public Printer must be highly skilled in the areas of bookbinding and printing to qualify for the post, although recent changes to the GPO's operating model have made skills in electronic information dissemination a more crucial criterion for appointment. President Obama appointed William J. Boarman as Public Printer of the United States in a recess appointment on 12-29-2010. Benjamin Franklin served as Public Printer for several of the American colonies prior to the establishment of the United States. The House and Senate had separate printers until 1861, when the GPO was established; its first superintendent was John D. Defrees. The first man with the title Public Printer of the United States was Almon M. Clapp. The Public Printer is responsible for the administration of the GPO. The GPO, a service agency of the government, provides electronic access to and produces most printed matter for government, including
    6.20
    5 votes
    46
    Bank Negara Malaysia

    Bank Negara Malaysia

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Malaysia
    Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM; literally National Bank of Malaysia, officially Central Bank of Malaysia) is the Malaysian central bank. Established on January 26, 1959 as the Bank Negara Malaya, its main purpose was to issue currency, act as banker and adviser to the Government of Malaysia and regulate the country's credit situation. Its headquarters is located in Kuala Lumpur, the federal capital of Malaysia. The Bank is active in developing financial inclusion policy and is a member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion . In 1837 the Indian rupee was made the sole official currency in the Straits Settlements, but in 1867 silver dollars were again legal tender. In 1903 the Straits dollar, pegged at two shillings and fourpence (2s. 4d.), was introduced by the Board of Commissioners of Currency and private banks were prevented from issuing notes. Since then, the continuity of the currency has been broken twice, first by the Japanese occupation 1942 - 1945, and again by the devaluation of the Pound Sterling in 1967 when notes of the Board of Commissioners of Currency of Malaya and British Borneo lost 15% of their value. On June 12, 1967, the Malaysian dollar, issued by the new central
    9.50
    2 votes
    47
    Coast Guard Investigative Service

    Coast Guard Investigative Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS) is a division of the United States Coast Guard that investigates crimes where the Coast Guard has an interest. It is composed of civilian (GS-1811), active duty, reserve enlisted, and warrant officer Special Agents. The mission of the Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS) is to conduct professional criminal investigations, engage in law enforcement information and intelligence collection, provide protective services, and establish and maintain law enforcement liaison directed at preserving the integrity of the Coast Guard, protecting the welfare of Coast Guard people, and supporting Coast Guard and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) maritime law enforcement and counter-terrorism missions worldwide. The Coast Guard Investigative Service is a federal law enforcement agency whose law enforcement authority is derived from 14 U.S.C. § 95. This authority provides for Coast Guard special agents to conduct investigations of actual, alleged or suspected criminal activity; carry firearms; execute and serve warrants; and make arrests. The criminal investigative function of the Coast Guard Investigative Service is similar to that of a major
    9.50
    2 votes
    48
    Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is an independent agency of the United States government that was established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 from the United States Atomic Energy Commission, and was first opened January 19, 1975. The NRC oversees reactor safety and security, reactor licensing and renewal, radioactive material safety, and spent fuel management (storage, security, recycling, and disposal). Some observers have criticized the Commission as an example of regulatory capture and the NRC has been accused of doing an inadequate job by the Union of Concerned Scientists. The NRC's mission is to regulate the nation's civilian use of byproduct, source, and special nuclear materials to ensure adequate protection of public health and safety, to promote the common defense and security, and to protect the environment. The NRC's regulatory mission covers three main areas: The NRC is headed by five Commissioners appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate for five-year terms. One of them is designated by the President to be the Chairman and official spokesperson of the Commission. The current chairman is Dr. Allison M.
    9.50
    2 votes
    49

    Oregon Department of Aviation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Oregon
    The Oregon Department of Aviation is an agency of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon chiefly responsible for matters relating to the continuing development of aviation as part of the state's transportation system, and the safety of its airways. In addition to operating the 28 airports owned by the State of Oregon, the department licenses more than 450 public or private airports, heliports and landing areas, and registers all pilots and non-military aircraft based within the state. Its activities include overseeing aviation system planning, providing administrative and technical support for community airport planning and development, administering an airport pavement maintenance program, providing small community aviation grants, and conducting aviation and public education programs. | title = 2011-13 Governor’s Balanced Budget | first = John | last = Kitzhaber | author = John Kitzhaber | authorlink = John Kitzhaber | date = January 31, 2011 | work = Proposed budget | publisher = Office of the Governor | page = G-3 | format = PDF | accessdate = 7 February 2011 }} The agency's history dates back to 1921 when the Oregon Legislative Assembly created the Oregon State
    9.50
    2 votes
    50
    Postal Rate Commission

    Postal Rate Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Postal Regulatory Commission (or PRC) is an independent regulatory agency created by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970. Like the Postal Service, it is legally referred to as an independent establishment of the executive branch. The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 created the PRC—originally named the Postal Rate Commission—to set the rates for different classes of mail by holding hearings on rates proposed by the USPS. From 1970 through 2006, the PRC also had oversight authority over the USPS in areas besides rates changes. Specifically, that additional oversight consisted of conducting public, on-the-record hearings concerning proposed mail classification or major service changes and of recommending actions to be taken by the postal Governors. The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2006 (PAEA) - H.R. 6407 enacted on December 20, 2006, made several changes to the PRC. Besides giving the body its current name, the PAEA significantly strengthened the Commission's authority to serve as a counterbalance to new flexibility granted to the Postal Service in setting postal rates. The Act requires the Commission to develop and maintain regulations for a
    9.50
    2 votes
    51

    Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority is a statutory authority set up by the Government of New South Wales in order to maintain the Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) foreshore area. It maintains 4 km² of waterfront real estate in the foreshore area including Darling Harbour and The Rocks. The current president of the SHFA board is Jarrod Ingram. The Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority also owns and maintains other land in Sydney, including the Rozelle Marshalling Yards and White Bay Power Station. Some of this land is not waterfront land, and it is quite a quirk of SHFA's history that it is the owner of this land. The Authority is also place manager for a number of culturally significant sites in Sydney, including Luna Park Sydney, the Sydney Conservatorium of Music and the Circular Quay precinct. In previous years, land ownership included the suburbs of Pyrmont and Ultimo, but these have since been redeveloped and sold to the private sector. Proceeds from these land sales were returned to the NSW Treasury. The Authority is administered by a seven-member Board, which reports to the NSW Minister for Planning.
    5.33
    6 votes
    52
    Federal Security Agency

    Federal Security Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Security Agency (FSA) was an independent agency of the United States government established in 1939 pursuant to the "Reorganization Act of 1939" (P.L. 19, 76th Cong., 1st sess.). For a time, the agency administered the Social Security old-age pension plan, oversaw food and drug safety, administered public health programs, and federal education funding. The Reorganization Act of 1939 authorized the president of the United States to devise a plan to reorganize the executive branch of government. Pursuant to the Act, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued "Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1939" on April 25, 1939. The reorganization plan was designed to reduce the number of agencies reporting directly to the president. The reorganization plan created the cabinet-level Federal Security Agency. Included in the FSA was the Social Security Board, the U.S. Public Health Service, Food and Drug Administration, the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Office of Education (later the United States Department of Education), the National Youth Administration and a number of other agencies. Its first director was Paul V. McNutt. Secretly, the FSA was also a cover agency from 1942 to 1944 for
    7.00
    4 votes
    53
    Swedish Police Service

    Swedish Police Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Police Service (Swedish: Polisen, or Polismyndigheten) is a collection of Government agencies concerned with police matters in Sweden. The Swedish Police Service consists of 28,500 employees of which 39 percent are women. The staff consists of 20,000 police officers of which 25 percent are women and 8,500 civilian staff of which 70 percent are women. Almost all active duty police officers are members of the Swedish Police Union (Polisförbundet). The Swedish Police Service consists of the Swedish National Police Board and 21 county police authorities. The Swedish National Police Board (Rikspolisstyrelsen) is the central administrative and supervisory authority of the police service. It is also the supervisory authority of the National Laboratory of Forensic Science. The SNPB is headed by the National Police Commissioner (Rikspolischefen) who is appointed by the government. The current National Police Commissioner is Bengt Svenson. Among other things, the SNPB is responsible for the development of new working methods and technological and administrative support. It is also—through the National Police Academy—responsible for the training of police officers. It is also the
    7.00
    4 votes
    54
    HM Land Registry

    HM Land Registry

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    Land Registry (officially known under the Land Registration Act 2002 as Her Majesty's Land Registry) is an executive agency (since 1990) of the Government of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1862 to register the ownership of land and property in England and Wales. It used to report to the Ministry of Justice, but on 18 July 2011 responsibility was transferred to the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. In 2012 the Registry celebrates its 150th anniversary. The equivalent office in Scotland is the Registers of Scotland. Land Registry registers the ownership of property. It is the largest property database in Europe. Around £1 million worth of property is processed every minute in England and Wales. Like land registration organisations in other countries, Land Registry guarantees title to registered estates and interests in land. It records the ownership rights of freehold properties, and leasehold properties where the lease has been granted for a term exceeding seven years. The definition of land can include the buildings situated upon the land, particularly where parts of buildings at different levels (such as flats) are in different ownership. It is also possible
    6.00
    5 votes
    55
    Federal Aviation Administration

    Federal Aviation Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is the national aviation authority of the United States. An agency of the United States Department of Transportation, it has authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 created the organization under the name "Federal Aviation Agency", and adopted its current name in 1966 when it became a part of the United States Department of Transportation. The FAA has eight major roles: In December 2000, an organization within FAA called the Air Traffic Organization, or ATO, was set up by presidential executive order. This became the Air Navigation Service Provider for the airspace of the United States and for the New York (Atlantic) and Oakland (Pacific) oceanic areas. It is a full member of the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation. FAA issues a number of awards to holders of its licenses. Among these are demonstrated proficiencies as an aviation mechanic, a flight instructor, a 50-year aviator, or as a safe pilot. The latter, the FAA "Wings Program", provides a series of ten badges for pilots who have undergone several hours of training since their last award. A higher level can be
    8.00
    3 votes
    56

    United States Life-Saving Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Life-Saving Service was a United States government agency that grew out of private and local humanitarian efforts to save the lives of shipwrecked mariners and passengers. It began in 1848 and ultimately merged with the Revenue Cutter Service to form the United States Coast Guard in 1915. Formal federal government involvement in the life saving business began in 1848 with the signing of the Newell Act, which was named for its chief advocate, New Jersey Representative William A. Newell. Under the Newell Act, the United States Congress appropriated $10,000 to establish unmanned life saving stations along the New Jersey coast south of New York Harbor and to provide "surf boats, rockets, carronades and other necessary apparatus for the better preservation of life and property from ship- wrecks...." That same year the Massachusetts Humane Society also received funds from the United States Congress for life saving stations on the Massachusetts coastline. Between 1848 and 1854 other stations were built and loosely managed. The stations were administered by the United States Revenue Marine (later renamed the United States Revenue Cutter Service). They were run with
    8.00
    3 votes
    57
    United States Mint Police

    United States Mint Police

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Mint Police (founded in 1792) is one of the oldest federal law enforcement agencies in the United States. It is responsible for the protection of the United States Treasury and the United States Mint. The Mint Police is responsible for protecting over $100 billion in Treasury and other government assets stored in U.S. Mint facilities in Washington, D.C.; Philadelphia; Denver; San Francisco; and Fort Knox. Daily, the Mint Police safeguards over 2,800 U.S. Mint employees. They guard over $100 billion in gold, silver and coins. In addition, the United States Mint Police have guarded the U.S. Constitution; the Gettysburg Address; and from World War II to 1978, the Holy Crown of Hungary. Its scope has increased over the years, and it now trains with local law enforcement and has bicycle patrols throughout cities. Recently, the Mint Police have "participated in security details at a variety of non-Mint-related events, including two presidential inaugurations, the Kentucky Derby, 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, and an International Monetary Fund/World Bank Conference." It also assisted with Hurricane Katrina, protecting the New Orleans branch of the Federal
    8.00
    3 votes
    58
    White House Conference on Aging

    White House Conference on Aging

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The White House Conference on Aging (WHCoA) is a once-a-decade conference sponsored by the Executive Office of the President of the United States which makes policy recommendations to the president and Congress regarding the aged. The first of its kind,the goals of the conference are to promote the dignity, health and economic security of older Americans. It has been claimed that it is perhaps the best-known White House conference. The Conference is held once a decade, with the most recent conference held in 2005, in preparation for the retirement of the baby boomer generation. In 1950, President Harry S Truman ordered the Federal Security Agency to hold a national conference on aging. The purpose was to assess the policy challenges posed by a changing populace, particularly in light of numerous changes in federal entitlement programs (such as Social Security) that had been enacted during the previous 20 years. Social Security's goal was to assist those in need of financial assistance such as the poor, elderly, physically disabled or mentally ill. In 1958, Congressman John E. Fogarty introduced legislation calling for a White House conference on aging. Congress enacted the White
    8.00
    3 votes
    59

    California Department of Consumer Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: California
    The California Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA) is a department under the California State and Consumer Services Agency. DCA's stated mission is to serve the interests of California's consumers by ensuring a standard of professionalism in key industries and promoting informed consumer practices. The department provides the public with information on safe consumer practices, in an effort to protect the public from unscrupulous or unqualified people who promote deceptive products or services. DCA licenses or certifies practitioners in more than 255 professions. Currently, there are over 2.4 million practitioners licensed by the DCA. The Department consists of more than 40 bureaus, boards, committees, commission, and other entities that license and regulate practitioners. Regulatory duties include investigating complaints against licensees and disciplining violators. Boards, committees, and one commission operate independently but rely on DCA for administrative support. Fees paid by these licensees fund DCA operations almost exclusively. Bureaus, programs, divisions, and offices are under the full control of DCA. Consumer Support DCA provides the public with live telephone
    6.75
    4 votes
    60
    Defense Attaché System

    Defense Attaché System

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Attaché System is a part of the Defense Intelligence Agency in the United States that provides military and civilian attachés to foreign governments. In 1949 the Department of Defense (DoD) established the need for each branch of the military to establish its own attache system in coordination with the State Department. From July 1951 to March 1952 the Secretary of Defense, at Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) urging, established a limited Executive Agent System in support of attache operations. The DoD's Office of Special Operations (OSO) negotiated with the Department of State for opening the attache systems. Upon the activation of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and the subsequent disestablishment of OSO, DIA assumed responsibility. In 1961, the Secretary of Defense deferred the placement of all attaches under DIA management, and the Services continued to manage, operate, and support their individual attache systems. Several problems existed with the control of attaches under the different branches of the military. Each reported separately to the Ambassador and represented the U.S. separately to the host country military, causing duplication of effort. Moreover, the
    6.75
    4 votes
    61

    Nebraska State Historical Society

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Nebraska
    The Nebraska State Historical Society is a Nebraska state agency, founded in 1878 to "encourage historical research and inquiry, spread historical information ... and to embrace alike aboriginal and modern history." It was designated a state institution in 1883, and upgraded to a state agency in 1994. The agency's mission statement is: "[to] collect, preserve, and open to all, the histories we share." Facilities and operations of the society include:
    6.75
    4 votes
    62

    Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Pennsylvania
    The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC) is the governmental agency of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania responsible for the collection, conservation and interpretation of Pennsylvania's historic heritage. The commission cares for historical manuscripts, public records, and objects of historic interest; museums; archeology; publications; historic sites and properties; historic preservation; geographic names; and the promotion of public interest in Pennsylvania history. PHMC was established June 6, 1945, by state Act No. 446, merging the Pennsylvania Historical Commission, Pennsylvania State Museum and Pennsylvania State Archives. The Commission is an independent administrative board, consisting of nine citizens of the Commonwealth appointed by the Governor; the Secretary of Education ex officio; two members of the Senate appointed by the President Pro Tempore and Minority Leader; and two members of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker and Minority Leader. As of April 2008, the chairman is Wayne Spilove and the executive director is Barbara Franco. The PHMC administers the Historical Marker Program, which installs bronze plaques to commemorate
    6.75
    4 votes
    63
    Farm Security Administration

    Farm Security Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    Initially created as the Resettlement Administration (RA) in 1935 as part of the New Deal in the United States, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) was an effort during the Depression to combat American rural poverty. The FSA stressed "rural rehabilitation" efforts to improve the lifestyle of sharecroppers, tenants, very poor landowning farmers, and a program to purchase submarginal land owned by poor farmers and resettle them in group farms on land more suitable for efficient farming. Critics, including the Farm Bureau strongly opposed the FSA as an experiment in collectivizing agriculture — that is, in bringing farmers together to work on large government-owned farms using modern techniques under the supervision of experts. The program failed because the farmers wanted ownership; after the Conservative coalition took control of Congress it transformed the FSA into a program to help poor farmers buy land, and continues in operation in the 21st century as the Farmers Home Administration. The FSA is famous for its small but highly influential photography program, 1935–44, that portrayed the challenges of rural poverty. The projects that were combined in 1935 to form the RA
    9.00
    2 votes
    64
    New Zealand Ministry of Social Development

    New Zealand Ministry of Social Development

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The Ministry of Social Development (Māori: Te Manatū Whakahiato Ora) is a New Zealand government agency which has two main functions: providing social policy advice to the government, and providing social services. It is New Zealand’s largest government department employing people in over 200 locations around the country. The Ministry works closely with other government agencies, non-government organisations, advisory and industry groups, and communities and iwi. The Ministry delivers its services through a number of business groups and agencies. The Ministry of Social Development provides: Community Links are centres where people, their families and communities can access a range of [social] services from the Ministry of Social Development and other organisations and community agencies. Heartland Services is a government funded interagency initiative which provides people in provincial and rural New Zealand with access to Government services. Some Service Centres are based in existing government premises while others are in stand-alone Heartland Service Centres. Work and Income provides financial assistance and employment services throughout New Zealand. They offer a single point
    9.00
    2 votes
    65

    Administrative Review Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    In April 1996, the Secretary of Labor established the Administrative Review Board to succeed the former Board of Service Contract Appeals, Wage Appeals Board, and Office of Administrative Appeals. The Board consists of a maximum of five Members, one of whom is designated the Chair. The Secretary of Labor appoints the Members based upon their qualifications and competence in matters within the Board’s authority. The Board’s cases arise upon appeal from decisions of Department of Labor Administrative Law Judges or the Administrator of the Department’s Wage and Hour Division. The Board issues final agency decisions for the Secretary of Labor in cases arising under a wide range of labor laws, primarily involving environmental, transportation and securities whistleblower protection; immigration; child labor; employment discrimination; job training; seasonal and migrant workers and federal construction and service contracts. Depending upon the statute at issue, the Board’s decisions may be appealed to federal district or appellate courts.
    7.67
    3 votes
    66
    Bureau of Intelligence and Research

    Bureau of Intelligence and Research

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) is an intelligence bureau in the U.S. State Department tasked with analyzing information. Originally founded as the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services (1942-1945), it was transferred to the State Department at the end of World War II. The Bureau of Intelligence and Research is part of the United States Intelligence Community, of which there are 16 branches. The current number of employees and its budget is classified. The Bureau is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research. In July 2004, the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence issued a scathing report on prewar intelligence on Iraq. INR was spared the poor performance review that most other intelligence agencies received, and the panel specifically endorsed the dissent that INR inserted into the National Intelligence Estimate of 2002. The bureau is being studied as a positive example, as Congress debates how to best reform U.S. intelligence agencies in the wake of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In May 2004, the National Security Archive released a secretive 1969 report on the Vietnam War commissioned by the White
    7.67
    3 votes
    67
    Civil Works Administration

    Civil Works Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Civil Works Administration was established by the New Deal during the Great Depression to rapidly create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers. The jobs were merely temporary, for the duration of the hard winter. President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveiled the CWA on November 8, 1933 and put Harry L. Hopkins in charge of the short-term agency. Roosevelt was convinced that jobs were much better for everyone than cash handouts. The CWA was a project created under the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). The CWA created construction jobs, mainly improving or constructing buildings and bridges. It ended on March 31, 1934, after spending $200 million a month and giving jobs to 4 million people. The CWA's workers laid 12 million feet of sewer pipe and built or improved 255,000 miles of roads, 40,000 schools, 3,700 playgrounds, and nearly 1,000 airports (not to mention building 250,000 outhouses still badly needed in rural America). The program was praised by Alf Landon, who later ran against Roosevelt in the 1936 election. Representative of the work are one county's accomplishments in less than five months, from November 1933 to March 1934. Grand Forks County,
    7.67
    3 votes
    68
    Defense Logistics Agency

    Defense Logistics Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is an agency in the United States Department of Defense, with more than 26,000 civilian and military personnel throughout the world. Located in 48 states and 28 countries, DLA provides supplies to the military services and supports their acquisition of weapons repair parts and other material. Since its founding in 1961, DLA has been an integral part of the nation's military defense. It has also provided crucial relief to victims of natural disasters and humanitarian aid to those in need. The origins of the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) date back to World War II when America’s huge military buildup required the rapid procurement of vast amounts of munitions and supplies. During the war, the military services began to coordinate more extensively when it came to procurement, particularly procurement of petroleum products, medical supplies, clothing, and other commodities. The main offices of the Army and Navy for each commodity were collocated. After the war, the call grew louder for more complete coordination throughout the whole field of supply - including storage, distribution, transportation, and other aspects of supply. In 1947, there were
    7.67
    3 votes
    69

    Federal Air Marshal Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the supervision of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The Air Marshal Service is meant to promote confidence in civil aviation by effectively deploying federal air marshals (FAMs) to detect, deter, and defeat hostile acts targeting the United States. Because of the nature of their occupation, federal air marshals (FAMs) travel often. They rank among those Federal law enforcement officers that hold the highest standard for handgun accuracy. A FAM's job is to blend in with other passengers on board aircraft and rely heavily on their training, including investigative techniques, criminal terrorist behavior recognition, firearms proficiency, aircraft specific tactics, and close quarters self-defense measures to protect the flying public. The air marshal program was originally created by President John F. Kennedy in 1963. He ordered that federal law enforcement officers be deployed to act as security officers on certain high-risk flights. The Federal Air Marshal Service began in 1968 as the Federal Aviation
    7.67
    3 votes
    70
    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a governmental agency belonging to the United States Department of Justice that serves as both a federal criminal investigative body and an internal intelligence agency (counterintelligence). Also, it is the government agency responsible for investigating crimes on Indian reservations in the United States under the Major Crimes Act. The branch has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crime. The agency was established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI). Its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. The agency headquarters is the J. Edgar Hoover Building, located in Washington, D.C.. The agency has fifty-six field offices located in major cities throughout the United States, and more than 400 resident agencies in lesser cities and areas across the nation. More than 50 international offices called "legal attachés" exist in U.S. embassies and consulates general worldwide. In the fiscal year 2011, the agency's total budget was approximately $7.9 billion. The FBI's main goal is to protect and defend the United States, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of
    7.67
    3 votes
    71
    New South Wales Fire Brigades

    New South Wales Fire Brigades

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    Fire and Rescue NSW (previously known as New South Wales Fire Brigades), an agency of the Government of New South Wales, Australia, is responsible for firefighting, rescue and hazmat services in the major cities, metropolitan areas and towns across rural and regional New South Wales. Fire and Rescue NSW is the seventh largest urban fire service in the world, with almost 6,900 firefighters serving at 339 fire stations throughout the state, 414 support staff, and 6,000 community fire unit volunteers. It also works closely with the Rural Fire Service. The agency operates pursuant to powers set out in the Fire Brigades Act 1989 (NSW) and was initially formed in 1910 as the New South Wales Fire Brigades, with its origins going back to 1884 as the Metropolitan Fire Brigade. The agency is led by the Commissioner of Fire and Rescue NSW, currently Greg Mullins AFSM, who reports to the Ministry for Police and Emergency Services, which is ultimately responsible to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services, currently the Honourable Michael Gallacher, MLC. The New South Wales Fire Brigades (NSWFB) was established in September 1909, replacing the Sydney based Metropolitan Fire Brigade,
    7.67
    3 votes
    72

    American Forces Information Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The American Forces Information Service (AFIS) was a United States Department of Defense-providing news service that supplied information about the U.S. military. Department of Defense Directive 5105.74 disestablished AFIS on October 1, 2008 and created the Defense Media Activity. The DMA provides news stories about military operations worldwide and includes all the military service Media Centers, Stars and Stripes newspapers as well as the American Forces Radio and Television Service and its American Forces Network (AFN).
    10.00
    1 votes
    73
    Defense Commissary Agency

    Defense Commissary Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) that operates more than 250 commissaries worldwide. American military commissaries sell groceries and household goods to active-duty, Guard, Reserve, and retired members of all seven uniformed services of the United States and eligible members of their families at cost plus surcharge, saving customers an average of more than 30 percent compared to civilian supermarkets. It is headquartered at Fort Lee, Virginia. The commissary benefit is not a recent innovation. Sales of goods from commissary department storehouses to military personnel began in 1825, when Army officers at specified posts could make purchases at cost for their personal use; by 1841, officers could also purchase items for members of their immediate families. The modern era of sales commissaries actually began in 1867, when enlisted men received the same at-cost purchasing privileges officers had already enjoyed for four decades. No geographic restrictions were placed upon these sales; the commissary warehouse at every Army post could become a sales location, whether they were located on the frontier or near a large
    10.00
    1 votes
    74
    Immigration and Naturalization Service

    Immigration and Naturalization Service

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), now referred to as Legacy INS, ceased to exist under that name on March 1, 2003, when most of its functions were transferred from the Department of Justice to three new components within the newly created Department of Homeland Security, as part of a major government reorganization following the September 11 attacks of 2001. These three components include U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). INS was established on June 10, 1933, by their merger to administer matters related to established immigration and naturalization policy. After 1890, the Federal government, rather than the individual states, regulated immigration into the United States, and the Immigration Act of 1891 established a Commissioner of Immigration in the Treasury Department. Over the years, these matters were later transferred to the purview of the United States Department of Commerce and Labor after 1903, the Department of Labor after 1913, and the Department of Justice after 1940. The administration of immigration services, including permanent
    10.00
    1 votes
    75
    National Technical Facilities Organisation

    National Technical Facilities Organisation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is a premier apex scientific organization under the National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister's Office, India. It was set up in 2004. It also includes National Institute of Cryptology Research and Development (NICRD), which is first of its kind in Asia. The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO), originally known as the National Technical Facilities Organization (NTFO), is a highly specialized technical intelligence gathering agency. While the agency does not affect the working of technical wings of various intelligence agencies, including those of the Indian Armed Forces, it acts as a super-feeder agency for providing technical intelligence to other agencies on internal and external security. The agency is under the control of India's external intelligence agency, Research and Analysis Wing, although it remains autonomous to some degree. The Group of Ministers (GOM) headed by then Deputy Prime Minister L K Advani had recommended the constitution of the NTFO as a state-of-the-art technical wing of intelligence gathering. Due to security concerns, the recommendation along with such other matters were not made public
    10.00
    1 votes
    76

    Oregon State Library

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Oregon
    The Oregon State Library in Salem, is the library for the U.S. state of Oregon. The mission of the Oregon State Library is to provide quality information services to Oregon state government, provide reading materials to blind and print-disabled Oregonians, and provide leadership, grants, and other assistance to improve local library service for all Oregonians. The Territorial Library was first housed in the Territorial Capitol Building that burned in 1855 with most of the library collection lost to the fire. The Oregon State Library was established as the Oregon Library Commission in 1905. The original mission of the Library was to establish public and school libraries throughout Oregon. Cornelia Marvin came to Oregon from the Wisconsin Free Library Commission to become the first State Librarian. Soon the State Library was also providing information to state government agencies and collecting and preserving the publications of state agencies. Prior to the completion of a stand alone building in 1939, the state library was located in the basement and first floor of the Oregon Supreme Court Building. This building and the Oregon State Capitol were connected by tunnels used for
    10.00
    1 votes
    77
    Research and Analysis Wing

    Research and Analysis Wing

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW or R&AW) is an external intelligence agency of the Republic of India. It was formed in September 1968 under the helmsman-ship of its first Director, R. N. Kao. Its creation was necessitated by the poor performance of the Intelligence Bureau (IB, which then handled both internal and external intelligence) in the recent wars against China (1962) and the Pakistan (1965) convinced the government that a specialized, independent agency was required for competent external intelligence gathering. The primary function of the RAW is collection of external intelligence, counter-terrorism and covert operations. In addition, it is responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons, to advise Indian policymakers. It has been said that RAW is the "effective instrument of India's national power". RAW is also involved in the security of India's nuclear programme. The working of the RAW is not answerable to the Parliament of India and it works under the Prime Minister of India. Headquartered in New Delhi, RAW's current director is Sanjeev Tripathi, a 1973-batch Uttar Pradesh-cadre Indian Police Service officer
    10.00
    1 votes
    78
    Reserve Bank of India

    Reserve Bank of India

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee. It was established on 1 April 1935 during the British Raj in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The share capital was divided into shares of ₹100 each fully paid which was entirely owned by private shareholders in the beginning. Following India's independence in 1947, the RBI was nationalised in the year 1949. The RBI plays an important part in the development strategy of the Government of India. It is a member bank of the Asian Clearing Union. The general superintendence and direction of the RBI is entrusted with the 21-member-strong Central Board of Directors—the Governor (currently Duvvuri Subbarao), four Deputy Governors, two Finance Ministry representative, ten Government-nominated Directors to represent important elements from India's economy, and four Directors to represent Local Boards headquartered at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and New Delhi. Each of these Local Boards consist of five members who represent regional interests, as well as the interests of co-operative and indigenous banks. The Bank is also active in
    10.00
    1 votes
    79
    Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency

    Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Scotland
    The Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency (SFPA) was an Executive Agency of the Scottish Government. The SFPA is responsible for both deterring illegal fishing in Scottish waters, as well as monitoring the compliance of the fisheries industry in Scotland with the relevant Scottish and European Union laws on fisheries. The Agency has 18 Fishery Offices, a fleet of 3 Fishery Protection Vessels, and 2 aircraft for the purposes of monitoring and enforcement in the waters around Scotland. The letters "SF" appearing in the Agency's ensign relate to the words "Sea Fisheries" as the agency is part of the UK Sea Fisheries Inspectorate (SFI). On April 1, 2009, the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency and Fisheries Research Services were merged with the Scottish Government Marine Directorate to form Marine Scotland, part of the core Scottish Government. The SFPA is now known as Marine Scotland Compliance and the Fisheries Research Services are known as Marine Scotland Science. The British Parliament has legislated for the protection and control of fisheries in the waters around the United Kingdom since the early 19th century. In the early 19th century the Commissioners of the British White
    10.00
    1 votes
    80

    United States National Security Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Security Agency (NSA) is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, as well as protecting U.S. government communications and information systems, which involves information security and cryptanalysis/cryptography. The NSA is directed by at least a lieutenant general or vice admiral. NSA is a key component of the U.S. Intelligence Community, which is headed by the Director of National Intelligence. The Central Security Service is a co-located agency created to coordinate intelligence activities and co-operation between NSA and other U.S. military cryptanalysis agencies. The Director of the National Security Agency serves as the Commander of the United States Cyber Command and Chief of the Central Security Service. By law, NSA's intelligence gathering is limited to foreign communications, although domestic incidents such as the NSA warrantless surveillance controversy have occurred. The National Security Agency's predecessor was the Armed Forces Security Agency (AFSA), created on May 20, 1949. This organization was originally
    10.00
    1 votes
    81
    United States Postal Inspection Service

    United States Postal Inspection Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Postal Inspection Service (or USPIS) is the law enforcement arm of the United States Postal Service. Its jurisdiction is defined as "crimes that may adversely affect or fraudulently use the U.S. Mail, the postal system or postal employees." The mission of the U.S. Postal Inspection Service is to support and protect the U.S. Postal Service and its employees, infrastructure, and customers; enforce the laws that defend the nation’s mail system from illegal or dangerous use; and ensure public trust in the mail. An agency with approximately 4,000 employees, 1,200 criminal investigators, an armed uniformed division with 1,000 personnel, forensic laboratories and a communications system, and with 1,000 technical and administrative support personnel, the USPIS leads and assists in numerous joint federal and state investigations. The Postal Inspection Service has the oldest origins of any federal law enforcement agency in the United States. It traces its roots back to 1772, when colonial Postmaster General Benjamin Franklin first appointed a "surveyor" to regulate and audit the mails. Thus, the Service's origins—in part—predate the Declaration of Independence, and
    10.00
    1 votes
    82
    Architect of the Capitol

    Architect of the Capitol

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Architect of the Capitol (AOC) is the federal agency responsible for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, and also the head of that agency. The Architect of the Capitol is in the legislative branch and is responsible to the United States Congress. The current Architect of the Capitol is Stephen T. Ayers. Ayers served as acting Architect of the Capitol since February 2007, and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on May 12, 2010, becoming the 11th Architect of the Capitol. The Architect of the Capitol sits on the Capitol Police Board, which has jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Police, and on the United States Capitol Guide Board, which has jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Guide Service. Until 1989, the position of Architect of the Capitol was filled by appointment from the President of the United States for an indefinite term. Legislation enacted in 1989 provides that the Architect is to be appointed for a term of ten years by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, from a list of three candidates recommended by a congressional commission. Upon confirmation by the Senate, the
    6.50
    4 votes
    83
    Jobcentre Plus

    Jobcentre Plus

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    Jobcentre Plus is a brand used by the Department for Work and Pensions for its working-age support service in the United Kingdom. From 2002 to 2011, it was the name of a government executive agency, formed by the amalgamation two agencies: the Employment Service, which operated Jobcentres, and the Benefits Agency, which ran social security offices. It reported directly to the Minister of State for Employment. Jobcentre Plus is an executive agency of the Department for Work and Pensions of the government of Britain. The agency provides services primarily to those attempting to relocate an employer and to those requiring the issuing of a financial provision due to in the first case lack of employment, of an allowance to assist with the living costs and expenditure intrinsic to the effort to achieve employment, or in all other cases the provision of social-security benefit as the result of a person without an income from employment due to illness-incapacity including illicit drug addiction. The organisation acts from within the government's agenda for community and social welfare. Job vacancies advertised for employers within each of the public offices use a computer system called the
    6.50
    4 votes
    84
    New Zealand Customs Service

    New Zealand Customs Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The Customs Service (In Māori, Te Mana Arai o Aotearoa) is a state sector organisation of New Zealand whose role is to provide border control and protect the community from potential risks arising from international trade and travel, as well as collecting duties and taxes on imports to the country. New Zealand's Minister of Customs is the Hon. Maurice Williamson. The New Zealand Customs service is the oldest government department in New Zealand . Formed on January 5 1840, it pre-dates the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi . Its early establishment was necessary to collect revenue for the fledgling Government, and over the years duties, tariffs and taxes collected by Customs have remained a major source of revenue for the country, although customs has also been used to impose various control over the movement of people and the distribution of particular products, in particular alcohol and tobacco. In 1997 the New Zealand Customs Department was renamed the New Zealand Customs Service. The Customs Service is responsible for intercepting contraband, and checks travellers and their baggage, as well as cargo and mail, for banned or prohibited items. It is also responsible for assessing
    6.50
    4 votes
    85
    Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

    Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) is an independent agency of the United States government that promotes the preservation, enhancement, and productive use of the nation's historic resources, and advises the President and Congress on national historic preservation policy. The goal of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), which established ACHP in 1966, is to have Federal agencies act as responsible stewards of the nation's resources when their actions affect historic properties. ACHP is the only entity with the legal responsibility to encourage Federal agencies to factor historic preservation into Federal project requirements. As directed by the National Historic Preservation Act, ACHP serves as the primary federal policy advisor to the President and Congress; recommends administrative and legislative improvements for protecting the nation's heritage; advocates full consideration of historic values in federal decisionmaking; and reviews Federal programs and policies to promote effectiveness, coordination, and consistency with national preservation policies. On May 31, 2002 the membership of the ACHP adopted a mission statement. "The mission of the
    8.50
    2 votes
    86

    Office of Criminal Investigations - FDA

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) was established to provide the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with a specific Office to conduct and coordinate criminal investigations. OCI special agents employ customary federal law enforcement methods and techniques in the investigation of suspected criminal violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Federal Anti-Tampering Act, and other related federal statutes. OCI investigations concentrate on significant violations of these laws, with a priority on conduct that may present a danger to the public health. OCI is a relatively small agency, employing approximately 180 Special Agents. The FDA regulates approximately 25 cents of every dollar spent annually by American consumers. FDA is responsible for regulating products to ensure the safety of foods, drugs, biological products, medical devices, cosmetics, radiation-emitting devices, and more. As the law enforcement arm of FDA, the Office of Criminal Investigations conducts and coordinates criminal investigations regarding possible violations of the laws which regulate these products. Pursuant to its investigative mission, OCI maintains liaison and cooperative
    8.50
    2 votes
    87

    Swedish Accident Investigation Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Accident Investigation Board (Swedish: Statens haverikommission, or SHK) is a Swedish government agency tasked with investigating all types of serious civil or military accidents that can occur on land, on the sea or in the air. Incidents are also to be investigated if there was a serious risk of an accident. Its headquarters are in Stockholm.
    8.50
    2 votes
    88
    University of Western Sydney

    University of Western Sydney

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The University of Western Sydney, also known as UWS, is a multi-campus, university in the Greater Western region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was ranked among the top 600 universities in the world by the Times Higher Education/QS ranking. UWS has campuses in Greater Western Sydney - Parramatta, Richmond, Blacktown, Penrith (comprising Werrington South, Werrington North, and Kingswood), Bankstown, and Campbelltown. UWS is a provider of undergraduate, postgraduate and higher research degrees. Many of UWS researchers have an international reputation. In recent years UWS has opened a medical school. If all UWS campuses were to be combined, it would total approximately 1713.50 (ha) hectares. In 2012, the University underwent a major restructuring of its Schools (faculties). This involved the merging (and complete closure) of some Schools which saw the reduction from seventeen Schools down to nine. The current structure is as follow: The University of Western Sydney has 10 Research Institutes and Centres: In 2001, UWS published the UWS Research Landscape. The winner of the 2007 Miles Franklin Literary Award, Alexis Wright, is a UWS Postdoctoral Research Fellow. UWS is
    8.50
    2 votes
    89
    Art Gallery of New South Wales

    Art Gallery of New South Wales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW), located in The Domain in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, was established in 1880 and is the most important public gallery in Sydney and the fourth largest in Australia. Admission is free to the general exhibition space, which displays Australian (from settlement to contemporary), European and Asian art. On 24 April 1871, a public meeting was convened to establish an Academy of Art 'for the purpose of promoting the fine arts through lectures, art classes and regular exhibitions.' From 1872 until 1879 the Academy's main activity was the organisation of annual art exhibitions. On 11 November 1880, at its 9th Annual Meeting, the Academy dissolved itself, stating that its aims had been realised in the foundation of a public Gallery. The Gallery at this time was known simply as The Art Gallery of New South Wales. In 1883 its name was changed to The National Art Gallery of New South Wales. The Gallery was incorporated by an Act of Parliament in 1899. The Library and Art Gallery Act 1899 provided for the general control and management of the Gallery. The fine arts display at the Sydney International Exhibition of 1879-1880 became the nucleus
    7.33
    3 votes
    90
    Sydney Ferries

    Sydney Ferries

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    Sydney Ferries is an agency of the New South Wales Government Department of Transport, providing ferry services on Sydney Harbour and the Parramatta River in Sydney, Australia. Having operated on Sydney Harbour and its related waterways since 1875, today Sydney Ferries carry over 14 million customers each year to destinations in and around Sydney. Sydney Ferries can trace its roots as far back as the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove where in 1789, the first ferry service was established from the Cove to the farming settlement of Parramatta. The first ferry, officially named the Rose Hill Packet (otherwise known as 'The Lump'), was crafted by convicts and powered by sails and oars. Trips inland from Sydney Cove to Parramatta typically took up to one week to complete. As time progressed, a series of rowboat ferrymen set up small operations to transport people from either side of Sydney Harbour. In 1861, the North Shore Ferry Company was established which operated the very first commercial ferry service across Sydney Harbour. In 1899, ferry services were integrated into Sydney Ferries Limited, which became the world's largest ferry operator by fleet size. After the Sydney
    7.33
    3 votes
    91

    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    • Predecessor agency: United States Customs Service
    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is a federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), responsible for identifying, investigating, and dismantling vulnerabilities regarding the nation's border, economic, transportation, and infrastructure security. The largest components within ICE are Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) and Enforcement & Removal Operations (ERO). Headquartered in Washington, D.C., ICE is charged with the investigation and enforcement of over 400 federal statutes within the United States, and maintains attachés at major U.S. embassies overseas. ICE is led by a director, who is appointed at the sub-Cabinet level by the president of the United States, confirmed by the Senate, and reports directly to the Secretary of Homeland Security. ICE is the second largest criminal investigations agency in the US government, following the FBI. The mission of ICE is to protect the United States and uphold public safety by enforcing immigration and customs laws. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement was formed pursuant to the Homeland Security Act of 2002 following the events of September 11, 2001. With the
    7.33
    3 votes
    92

    Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board was established as an independent agency of the United States government by the Federal Employees Retirement System Act of 1986. It is one of the smaller executive branch agencies, with just over 80 employees. It was established to administer the Thrift Savings Plan, which provides Federal employees the opportunity to save for additional retirement security. The Thrift Savings Plan is a tax-deferred defined contribution plan similar to a private sector 401(k) plan. The Thrift Savings Plan is one of the three parts of the Federal Employees Retirement System, and is the largest defined contribution plan in the world with over 3.7 million participants and assets worth over $244 billion dollars. Both the board and its Chairman are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate. The current Chairman is Andrew Saul. Governance of the agency is carried out by a five-person, part-time Board of Presidential appointees and by a full-time Executive Director selected by those appointees. Each of these persons is required by FERSA to have "substantial experience, training, and expertise in the management of financial
    6.25
    4 votes
    93
    Oregon Liquor Control Commission

    Oregon Liquor Control Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Oregon
    The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) is a government agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. The OLCC was created by an act of the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1933, days after the repeal of prohibition, as a means of providing control over the distribution, sales and consumption of alcoholic beverages. To this end, the agency was given the authority to regulate and license those who manufacture, sell or serve alcohol. Oregon is one of 18 alcoholic beverage control states that directly control the sales of alcoholic beverages in the United States. Prohibition in the United States began in 1919 with the passing of the Eighteenth Amendment. In the early 1930s, Oregon Governor Julius Meier appointed a committee, led by Dr. William S. Knox, to study Oregon's options regarding the regulation of alcoholic beverages in the state. In what came to be known as the Knox Report, the committee recommended a system similar to Canada's. Based on the recommendations in the Knox Report, the Oregon Legislative Assembly held a special session that created the Oregon Liquor Control Commission in 1933, just days after the national repeal of prohibition. Governor Meier signed the Liquor Control Act
    6.25
    4 votes
    94

    United States Department of Homeland Security

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    • Predecessor agency: Immigration and Naturalization Service
    The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government, created in response to the September 11 attacks, and with the primary responsibilities of protecting the United States of America and U.S. Territories (including Protectorates) from and responding to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters. Despite the Department of the Interior's name, DHS is the equivalent to the Interior ministries of other countries, not the Department of the Interior. In fiscal year 2011, DHS was allocated a budget of $98.8 billion and spent, net, $66.4 billion. Where the Department of Defense is charged with military actions abroad, the Department of Homeland Security works in the civilian sphere to protect the United States within, at, and outside its borders. Its stated goal is to prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies, particularly terrorism. On March 1, 2003, DHS absorbed the Immigration and Naturalization Service and assumed its duties. In doing so, it divided the enforcement and services functions into two separate and new agencies: Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Citizenship and
    6.25
    4 votes
    95
    Chief of Protocol of the United States

    Chief of Protocol of the United States

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Chief of Protocol is an officer of the United States Department of State responsible for advising the President of the United States, the vice president, and the secretary of state on matters of national and international diplomatic protocol. The Chief of Protocol holds the rank of Ambassador and Assistant Secretary of State. The chief arranges itineraries for foreign dignitaries visiting the U.S. and accompanies the president on all official international travel. Additionally, the office is responsible for accrediting foreign diplomats and publishing the list of foreign consular offices in the U.S., organizing ceremonies for treaty signings, conducting ambassadorial swearing-in and state arrival ceremonies, and maintaining Blair House, the official guest house for state visitors. The current Chief of Protocol is Capricia Penavic Marshall was sworn in on August 3, 2009. Former child star Shirley Temple Black served as Chief of Protocol under President Gerald Ford. The Chief of Protocol position should not be confused with the distinctly different White House Social Secretary position. The office identifies five divisions on its website, led by assistant chiefs, who oversee the
    7.00
    3 votes
    96
    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is a United States government corporation operating as an independent agency created by the Glass–Steagall Act of 1933. It provides deposit insurance, which guarantees the safety of deposits in member banks, up to $250,000 per depositor per bank as of January 2012. As of November 18, 2010 (2010 -11-18), the FDIC insured deposits at 7,723 institutions. The FDIC also examines and supervises certain financial institutions for safety and soundness, performs certain consumer-protection functions, and manages banks in receiverships (failed banks). The FDIC receives no Congressional appropriations – it is funded by premiums that banks and thrift institutions pay for deposit insurance coverage and from earnings on investments in U.S. Treasury securities. The FDIC does not provide deposit insurance for credit unions, which are insured by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). Insured institutions are required to place signs at their place of business stating that "deposits are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States Government." Since the start of FDIC insurance on January 1, 1934, no depositor has lost any insured
    7.00
    3 votes
    97
    Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation

    Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (or simply the "AVC Bureau") is a bureau within the United States Department of State. It is responsible for providing oversight of policy and resources of all matters relating to the verification of compliance, or discovery of noncompliance, with international arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements. The agency is headed by the Assistant Secretary for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, Rose Gottemoeller. She is concurrently the acting Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. The Arms Control Bureau, a predecessor to the AVC Bureau, was established on April 1, 1999 by Secretary Albright. The Bureau of Verification and Compliance was split off on February 1, 2000. Some of the functions of these two Bureaus were recombined in 2005 into the Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation. The AVC Bureau was established in a reorganization in 2009. The AVC Bureau is responsible for coordinating an Annual Report on "Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control and Nonproliferation Agreements and Commitments," which is required of the President by Congress. In its noncompliance
    6.00
    4 votes
    98
    National Labor Relations Act

    National Labor Relations Act

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Labor Relations Act, NLRA, or Wagner Act (after its sponsor, New York Senator Robert F. Wagner) (Pub.L. 74-198, 49 Stat. 449, codified as amended at 29 U.S.C. § 151–169), is a 1935 United States federal law that protects the rights of employees in the private sector to engage in concerted activity. This may include creating labor unions (also known as trade unions), engaging in collective bargaining, taking part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands, as well as such things like discussing workplace concerns with coworkers on Facebook. The Act does not apply to workers who are covered by the Railway Labor Act, agricultural employees, domestic employees, supervisors, federal, state or local government workers, independent contractors and some close relatives of individual employers. Under section 9(a) of the NLRA, federal courts have held that wildcat strikes are illegal, and that workers must formally request that the National Labor Relations Board end their association with their labor union if they feel that the union is not sufficiently supportive of them before they can legally go on strike. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
    6.00
    4 votes
    99
    Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

    Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is a research and development organization under the Department of Information Technology, India. After being denied Cray supercomputers as a result of a technology embargo, India started a program to develop an indigenous supercomputer in collaboration with Russia. Supercomputers were considered a double edged weapon capable of assisting in the development of nuclear weapons. For the purpose of achieving self sufficiency in the field, C-DAC was established by the Department of Electronics in 1988. Vijay Bhatkar was hired as the Director of C-DAC. The project was given an initial run of 3 years and an initial funding of 30,00,00,000 as the same amount of money and time was usually expended to secure the purchase of a supercomputer from the US. In 1990, a prototype was produced and was benchmarked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputering Show. It surpassed most other systems, placing second after US. The final result of the effort was the PARAM 8000, which was installed in 1991. It is considered India's first supercomputer. Originally established to research and assemble High Performance Computers, the research of C-DAC has spread
    8.00
    2 votes
    100
    Corporation For National and Community Service

    Corporation For National and Community Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) is a U.S. federal government agency that engages more than five million Americans in service through Senior Corps, AmeriCorps, and Learn and Serve America, and other national service initiatives. The agency's mission is to "support the American culture of citizenship, service, and responsibility." While a government agency, CNCS acts much like a foundation, and is the nation’s largest annual grantmaker supporting service and volunteering. CNCS, formerly known as the "Corporation for National Service" or "CNS", was created as an independent agency of the United States government by the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993. Currently, CNCS delivers several programs that are designed to help communities address poverty, the environment, education, and other unmet human needs. The programs include: AmeriCorps is a national service program designed to engage Americans in a variety of service. Programs under the AmeriCorps umbrella include VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America), National Civilian Community Corps, AmeriCorps National, and AmeriCorps State programs. On April 21, 2009, the Edward M. Kennedy Serve
    8.00
    2 votes
    101
    Federal Labor Relations Authority

    Federal Labor Relations Authority

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA) is an independent agency of the United States government that governs labor relations between the federal government and its employees. Created by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, it is a quasi-judicial body with three full-time members who are appointed for five-year terms by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. One member is appointed by the President to serve as chairman, chief executive officer, and chief administrative officer of the FLRA. The chairman is also ex officio chairman of the Foreign Service Labor Relations Board. The Authority adjudicates disputes arising under the Civil Service Reform Act, deciding cases concerning the negotiability of collective bargaining agreement proposals, appeals concerning unfair labor practices and representation petitions, and exceptions to grievance arbitration awards. Consistent with its statutory charge to provide leadership in establishing policies and guidance to participants in the Federal labor-management relations program, the Authority also assists Federal agencies and unions in understanding their rights and responsibilities under the Statute through statutory
    8.00
    2 votes
    102
    New Zealand Department of Corrections

    New Zealand Department of Corrections

    • Government: New Zealand
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The Department of Corrections is part of the national public service of New Zealand. Its core responsibility is the management of the New Zealand corrections system which includes the Prison Service and the Probation Service - which manages offenders in the community. The Department was established on 1 October 1995, following government decisions on the recommendations of the Review of the New Zealand Department of Justice in 1994. In effect the Department of Justice was divided into the Department of Corrections and the Ministry of Justice. Its role and functions were defined and clarified with the passing of the Corrections Act 2004. In early 2006, the Department officially adopted the Māori name Ara Poutama Aotearoa. The current Minister of Corrections is Anne Tolley and the Associate Minister is Pita Sharples. The Department of Corrections was formed in 1995, by the Department of Justice (Restructuring) Act 1995. Prior to this prisons, the probation system and the courts were all managed by the Department of Justice. The new Act gave management of prisoners, parolees and offenders on probation to a new Department of Corrections while leaving administration of the court system
    8.00
    2 votes
    103

    Northern Ireland Prison Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Northern Ireland Prison Service is an executive agency of the Department of Justice, the headquarters of which are in Dundonald House in the Stormont Estate in Belfast. It was established as an agency on 1 April 1995. Agency status was re-confirmed following a quinquennial review in 2000. The Prison Service is responsible for providing prison services in Northern Ireland. Its main statutory duties are set out in the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953 and rules made under the Act. The Prison Service is a major component of the wider criminal justice system and contributes alongside other partners, to achieving the system's overall aims and objectives. As the responsible Minister, Minister of Justice accounts to Northern Ireland Assembly for the Prison Service and shares Ministerial responsibility and accountability for the criminal justice system as a whole with the Attorney General . The Prison Service is headed by the Director General. As of August 2009, the Northern Ireland Prison Service employed 1,893 staff. The Prison Service currently has three operational establishments: There is also a staff training facility, the Prison Service College, at Millisle, Co Down.
    8.00
    2 votes
    104
    Office of Force Transformation

    Office of Force Transformation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Defense Office of Force Transformation (OFT) was established October 29, 2001 in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld called for the creation of this new office to support his transformation vision along with President George W. Bush’s broad mandate to transform U.S. military capabilities. The transformation process intends to challenge the status quo with new concepts for American defense to ensure an overwhelming and continuing competitive advantage. The Director, Force Transformation serves as advocate, focal point, and catalyst for transformation among the Department, reporting directly to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense. On October 1, 2006, the Office of Force Transformation was disestablished, and its functions spread between the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. Vice Admiral (ret.) Arthur K. Cebrowski (often called the "Godfather" of Network Centric Warfare) was appointed by the Secretary of Defense as the 1st Director, Force Transformation, October 29, 2001 to February 2, 2005, a
    8.00
    2 votes
    105
    Pentagon Force Protection Agency

    Pentagon Force Protection Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA) is a civilian defense agency within the U.S. Department of Defense charged with protecting and safeguarding the occupants, visitors, and infrastructure of The Pentagon, Navy Annex and other assigned Pentagon facilities. This mission is accomplished with law enforcement officers (United States Pentagon Police), criminal investigative and protective services agents; threat management agents; chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives technicians; and anti-terrorism/force protection and physical security personnel. Steven E. Calvery is the 2nd and current Director of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency a Senior Executive Service position within the Office of the Director of Administration and Management. Prior to his current appointment Mr. Calvery served as the Director, Law Enforcement and Security within the Department of Interior. Mr. Calvery graduated from the University of Maryland with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. On May 1, 2006, Mr. Calvery was selected as the Director of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency. He is responsible for providing a full range of services to protect people, facilities,
    8.00
    2 votes
    106
    Swedish Coast Guard

    Swedish Coast Guard

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Coast Guard (Swedish: Kustbevakningen) is a Swedish civilian government agency tasked with: The Swedish Coast Guard carries out some of its surveillance by air (from its base at Skavsta Airport south-west of Stockholm), and in the winter-time by hovercraft on the ice-covered waters of the Bothnian Bay from its Luleå station. The Coast Guard also has regular maritime duties in Lake Vänern, Europe's third largest lake, operating out of Vänersborg. The Coast Guard has 26 coastal stations, including an aviation coastal station. The stations fall under four regional areas; North (KRN), East (KRO), West (KRV) and South (KRS); with the regional headquarters located in Härnösand, Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Karlskrona respectively. Four management centers controls the daily operational activities and there is also at least one duty officer around the clock. The Coast Guard's central headquarters is located in the historic 17th century naval city of Karlskrona, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The total number of Coast Guard employees across the country amounts to around 800 . Neither Cost Guard Ships or officers carry military weapons. Instead each officer is eqipped with
    8.00
    2 votes
    107

    The National Archives

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The National Archives (TNA) is a UK government department and an executive agency of the Secretary of State for Justice. It is "the UK government's official archive, containing 1,000 years of history". There are separate national archives in some of the devolved parts of the United Kingdom: the National Archives of Scotland holds government and private documents relating to Scotland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland holds records for Northern Ireland. TNA was formerly four separate organisations: the Public Record Office, the Historical Manuscripts Commission (formerly the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts), the Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) and Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO). It is institutional policy to include the definite article, with an initial capital letter, in its name (hence "The National Archives", sometimes abbreviated as TNA) but this practice is rarely followed in the media. The National Archives is based in Kew in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in South West London. The building was opened in 1977 as an additional home for the public records, which were held in a building on Chancery Lane. The site was
    8.00
    2 votes
    108
    United States Capitol Guide Service

    United States Capitol Guide Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Capitol Guide Service is a guide service charged by the United States Congress to "provide guided tours of the interior of the United States Capitol Building for the education and enlightenment of the general public, without charge for such tours." It exists under 2 U.S.C. § 2166. Created in 1876 in honor of the United States turning 100 years old, the Capitol Guide Service is subject to the direction, supervision, and control of a Capitol Guide Board consisting of the Architect of the Capitol, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives. These same three officials also make up the Capitol Police Board. Key Guide Service personnel include a the Director, four Assistant Directors, as well as a large number of regular guides. Personnel of the Capitol Guide Service may also be transferred to the United States Capitol Police force at the discretion of the Capitol Guide Board to provide ushering and informational services, and other services not directly involving law enforcement. This sometimes happens during major events, such as presidential inaugurations and Lying in State ceremonies. The Capitol Guides operate out
    8.00
    2 votes
    109
    United States Department of Commerce

    United States Department of Commerce

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Commerce is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. The mission of the department is to "promote job creation and improved living standards for all Americans by creating an infrastructure that promotes economic growth, technological competitiveness, and sustainable development". Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, issuing patents and trademarks, and helping to set industrial standards. The Department of Commerce headquarters is the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C. The department was originally created as the United States Department of Commerce and Labor on February 14, 1903. It was subsequently renamed the Department of Commerce on March 4, 1913, and its bureaus and agencies specializing in labor were transferred to the new Department of Labor. The United States Patent and Trademark Office was transferred from the Interior Department into Commerce, and the Federal Employment Stabilization Office existed within the department from 1931 to 1939. In 1940, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) was
    8.00
    2 votes
    110
    Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency

    Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA; Welsh: Asiantaeth Trwyddedu Gyrwyr a Cherbydau) is the organisation of the UK Government responsible for maintaining a database of drivers and a database of vehicles in Great Britain; its counterpart in Northern Ireland is the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA). The agency issues driving licences, organises collection of vehicle excise duty (also known as road tax and road fund licence) and sells private number plates. The DVLA is an executive agency of the Department for Transport; the responsibility of which rests with one of the department's ministerial team - the current minister responsible being Mike Penning, MP. The current acting Chief Executive of the agency is Simon Tse, replacing Noel Shanahan who was appointed in 2007 and moved to the DfT in May 2010. The DVLA is based in Swansea, south Wales, with a prominent 16 storey building in Clase and offices in Swansea Vale. It was previously known as the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Centre (DVLC). The agency also has a network of offices around Great Britain, known as the Local Office Network. DVLA introduced Electronic Vehicle Licensing (EVL) in 2004 with customers now being able to
    9.00
    1 votes
    111

    Economic Cooperation Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) was a United States government agency set up in 1948 to administer the Marshall Plan. It reported to both the State Department and the Department of Commerce. The agency's head was Paul G. Hoffman, a former head of Studebaker. Much of the rest of the organization was also headed by major business figures. The ECA had an office in the capital of each of the sixteen countries participating in the Marshall Plan. In theory the ECA served as joint administrator of the Marshall Plan development projects in each European nation. In practice the local officials knew far more about what was needed than the ECA representatives. It was succeeded by the United States Agency for International Development.
    9.00
    1 votes
    112
    Her Majesty's Prison Service

    Her Majesty's Prison Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    Her Majesty's Prison Service is a part of the National Offender Management Service of the Government of the United Kingdom tasked with managing most of the prisons within England and Wales. (Scotland and Northern Ireland have their own prison services: the Scottish Prison Service and the Northern Ireland Prison Service, respectively). The Director-General of the National Offender Management Service, currently Michael Spurr, is the administrator of the prison service. The Director-General reports to the Secretary of State for Justice and also works closely with the Prisons Minister, a junior ministerial post within the Ministry of Justice. It has its head office in Clive House. It formerly had its head office in Cleland House in the City of Westminster, London. In 2004, the Prison Service was responsible for 130 prisons and employed around 44,000 staff. As of 2009 the amount of prisons had increased to 131, including 11 privately owned prisons. The Service's statement of purpose states "Her Majesty's Prison Service serves the public by keeping in custody those committed by the courts. Our duty is to look after them with humanity and help them lead law-abiding and useful lives in
    9.00
    1 votes
    113
    Office of Price Administration

    Office of Price Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Price Administration (OPA) was established within the Office for Emergency Management of the United States government by Executive Order 8875 on August 28, 1941. The functions of the OPA were originally to control money (price controls) and rents after the outbreak of World War II. President Franklin D. Roosevelt revived the Advisory Commission to World War I Council on National Defense on May 29, 1940, to include Price Stabilization and Consumer Protection Divisions. Both divisions merged to become the Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply (OPACS) within the Office for Emergency Management by Executive Order 8734, April 11, 1941. Civil supply functions were transferred to the Office of Production Management. It became an independent agency under the Emergency Price Control Act, January 30, 1942. The OPA had the power to place ceilings on all prices except agricultural commodities, and to ration scarce supplies of other items, including tires, automobiles, shoes, nylon, sugar, gasoline, fuel oil, coffee, meats and processed foods. At the peak, almost 90% of retail food prices were frozen. It could also authorize subsidies for production of some of those
    9.00
    1 votes
    114
    Intelligence Bureau

    Intelligence Bureau

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Intelligence Bureau (IB) (Devanāgarī: खुफिया ब्यूरो, Khufīya Bureau) is India's internal intelligence agency and reputedly the world's oldest intelligence agency. It was recast as the Central Intelligence Bureau in 1947 under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The reason for the perception may be because, in 1885, Major General Sir Charles MacGregor was appointed Quartermaster General and head of the Intelligence Department for the British Indian Army at Simla. The objective then was to monitor Russian troop deployments in Afghanistan, fearing a Russian invasion of British India through the North-West during the late 19th century. In 1909, the Indian Political Intelligence Office was established in England in response to the development of Indian anarchist activities, which came to be called the Indian Political Intelligence (IPI) from 1921. This was a state-run surveillance and monitoring agency. The IPI was run jointly by the India Office and the Government of India and reported jointly to the Secretary of the Public and Judicial Department of the India Office, and the Director of Intelligence Bureau (DIB) in India, and maintained close contact with Scotland Yard and MI5. Shrouded
    5.00
    5 votes
    115
    Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

    Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice. Its responsibilities include the investigation and prevention of federal offenses involving the unlawful use, manufacture, and possession of firearms and explosives; acts of arson and bombings; and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products. The ATF also regulates via licensing the sale, possession, and transportation of firearms, ammunition, and explosives in interstate commerce. Many of ATF's activities are carried out in conjunction with task forces made up of state and local law enforcement officers, such as Project Safe Neighborhoods. ATF operates a unique fire research laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, where full-scale mock-ups of criminal arsons can be reconstructed. The agency is led by B. Todd Jones, Acting Director and Thomas E. Brandon, Acting Deputy Director. ATF has nearly 5,000 employees and an annual budget of $1.12 billion (2010). The ATF was formerly part of the United States Department of the Treasury, having been formed in 1886 as the "Revenue Laboratory" within the Treasury Department's Bureau of
    6.67
    3 votes
    116
    Diplomatic Security Service

    Diplomatic Security Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) is the federal law enforcement arm of the United States Department of State. The majority of its Special Agents are members of the Foreign Service and federal law enforcement agents at the same time, making them unique. The Bureau of Diplomatic Security, more commonly known as Diplomatic Security, or DS, is the senior, administrative and political face of the Diplomatic Security Service. Both terms, DSS or DS, are used interchangeably inside and outside the State Department to refer to the DSS. The Diplomatic Security Service is structured as a federal law enforcement agency, primarily made up of U.S. Federal Agents mandated to serve overseas and domestically. DSS is the most widely represented U.S. law enforcement agency world wide. As federal agents, all DSS Special Agents have the power to arrest, carry firearms, and serve arrest warrants and other court processes. DSS Special Agents protect the U.S. Secretary of State and foreign dignitaries. The State Department's web site says that "The Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS) is the security and law enforcement arm of the U.S. Department of State. DS is a world leader in international
    6.67
    3 votes
    117
    State Library of New South Wales

    State Library of New South Wales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The State Library of New South Wales is a large public library owned by the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the corner of Macquarie Street, Sydney and Shakespeare Place. The Library hosts many free exhibitions, both from its own collections and from other organisations such as World Press Photo. The State Library of New South Wales is the oldest library in Australia, being the first library established in the colony of New South Wales (now a state of Australia) and Australia. The public library started as the Australian Subscription Library in 1826. It was then bought for £5100 by the New South Wales Government in 1869 and became the Sydney Free Public Library. In 1895 it was renamed the Public Library of New South Wales until its most recent name change in 1975, when it became the State Library of New South Wales. In December 1827 operations began in rented premises in Pitt Street and in the two years following, the Library led a peripatetic existence having been located a few years in George Street, Bridge Street, Macquarie Street and Macquarie Place. In 1845 it finally settled its own new building on the corner of Bent and Macquarie Streets. By 1869 the
    6.67
    3 votes
    118
    India Trade Promotion Organization

    India Trade Promotion Organization

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) is the nodal agency of the Government of India under aegis of Ministry of Commerce and Industry (India) for promoting the country's external trade. ITPO is a Schedule-B Miniratna Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) with 100 percent shareholding of Government of India. India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) was incorporated by merger of Trade Development Authority (TDA), a Registered Society under the administrative control of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, with The Trade Fair Authority of India (TFAI) with effect from 1st January, 1992. TFAI was earlier incorporated, under Section 25 of the Indian Companies Act, 1956, on 30th December, 1976 by amalgamating three organizations of the Government of India viz. India International Trade Fair Organization, Directorate of Exhibitions and Commercial Publicity and Indian Council of Trade Fairs and Exhibitions and commenced operations with effect from 1st March, 1977. ITPO, during its existence of more than three decades has played a proactive role in catalysing trade, investment and technology transfer processes. Its promotional tools include organizing of fairs and exhibitions in
    5.75
    4 votes
    119

    Pennsylvania State Board of Censors

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Pennsylvania
    The Pennsylvania State Board of Censors was an organization under the Pennsylvania Department of Education responsible for approving, redacting, or banning motion pictures which it considered "sacrilegious, obscene, indecent, or immoral", or which might pervert morals. The board was composed of three members, which were appointed by the Governor of Pennsylvania. In 1956 the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled the act which created and provided for the board was unconstitutional, with respect to the Pennsylvania Constitution, and so revoked the mandate for the board's existence.
    5.75
    4 votes
    120
    Angkasa

    Angkasa

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Malaysia
    The Malaysian National Space Agency (MNSA; Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara, ANGKASA) is the national space agency of Malaysia. It was established in 2002 and its charter includes aims to upgrade, stimulate and foster the country's space programme through integrated and coordinated efforts by developing and applying space technologies. The agency is headed by Dr. Mustafa Din Subari who replaced the first Director General, Prof. Datuk Dr. Mazlan Binti Othman. The Angkasawan program was an initiative by the Malaysian government to send a Malaysian to the International Space Station on board Soyuz TMA-11. The program was named after the Malay word for astronaut, Angkasawan. It resulted in Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor becoming the first Malaysian in space on October 10, 2007. The program was officially announced by the former Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir bin Mohamad, as a joint programme with the Russian Federation. It was a project under the government-to-government offset agreement through the purchase of Sukhoi SU-30MKM fighter jets for the Royal Malaysian Air Force. Under this agreement the Russian Federation bore the cost of training two Malaysians for space travel and for sending
    7.50
    2 votes
    121

    Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD) was a predecessor agency of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). It was formed as a subsidiary of the United States Department of Justice in 1968, combining the Bureau of Narcotics (from the United States Department of the Treasury) and Bureau of Drug Abuse Control (from the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare's Food and Drug Administration) into one agency. In 1971 the BNDD was composed of 1,500 agents and had a budget of some $43 million (which was more than fourteen times the size of the budget of the former Bureau of Narcotics). In January 1971 the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) director, Richard Helms, approved a program of "covert recruitment and security clearance support to BNDD", on request of the BNDD director, John Ingersoll. Ingersoll suspected widespread corruption among BNDD agents, and in December 1970 requested the CIA's assistance in rooting it out. In 1973, the BNDD was merged into the newly formed DEA.
    7.50
    2 votes
    122

    Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs is responsible for U.S. foreign policy and U.S. relations with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Robert O. Blake, Jr. succeeded Richard Boucher to became the bureau's seventh Assistant Secretary of State on May 26, 2009. The Assistant Secretary reports to the Secretary of State through the Under Secretary for Political Affairs. After six years of trying, Congress allocated the funds to create an independent Bureau of South Asian Affairs in 1991. Pursuant to the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993, the Bureau of South Asian Affairs was established on August 24, 1992 after having been a part of the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs since 1958 . In February 2006 the bureau absorbed the Office of Central Asian Affairs from the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs.
    7.50
    2 votes
    123
    Defense Supply Center, Richmond

    Defense Supply Center, Richmond

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    Defense Supply Center, Richmond, or DSCR, serves as the Aviation Demand and Supply Chain manager for Defense Logistics Agency. It is located on the I-95 corridor in Chesterfield County, Virginia in the Southside area of the Greater Richmond Virginia. The installation comprises 631 acres (2.55 km) and was opened in 1942. Originally activated as the Richmond General Depot, the site was later renamed the Richmond Armed Service Forces Depot, which became the Richmond Quartermaster Depot. In its first two decades, the mission of the Richmond Quartermaster Depot was one of traditional logistics support to the U.S. Army with emphasis on Quartermaster items. When the Military General Supply Agency was activated in 1962, it absorbed the Defense Supply Agency. This resulted in an expanded mission for the depot, which included supply management of more than 30,000 general supply items for the military services and certain civilian agencies worldwide. The installation name changed to Defense General Supply Center to match its new logistical mission. In 1977 Defense Supply Agency became Defense Logistics Agency. In 1986, depot operations were separated from inventory control point functions and
    7.50
    2 votes
    124

    Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Argentina
    Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance, DOJ) is an Argentine intelligence service responsible for intercepting communications as required by judicial officers. It is part of the Secretaría de Inteligencia, the main intelligence agency; and is a subagency of the National Intelligence System. It is known as "Division 84" or "Ojota" inside SIDE. ("O-Jota" is the Spanish pronunciation of the letters OJ.) The DOJ is located in a tall, nondescript building on Ave. de los Incas 3834, in Buenos Aires. The building has an internal surface of 27,000 square feet (2,500 m) and an estimated monetary value of US$ 1,577,443. Before moving into its own building it operated out of Telecom Argentina´s Belgrano facility. During the past few years, there have been allegations of budget mishandlings and phone interventions without a judicial request and authorization; and about SIDE's counterintelligence service also having the capability to intercept communications.
    7.50
    2 votes
    125
    Inter-American Foundation

    Inter-American Foundation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Inter-American Foundation, or IAF, is an independent agency of the United States government that funds development projects undertaken by grassroots groups and nongovernmental organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. It was created through the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969 as an experimental alternative to traditional foreign assistance that operates government-to-government on a much larger scale. The IAF receives its funds through annual allocations by Congress and from the Social Progress Trust Fund administered by the Inter-American Development Bank and consisting of payments on U.S. government loans extended under the Alliance for Progress to various Latin American and Caribbean governments. Since beginning operations in 1972, the IAF has awarded 4,920 grants worth more than $665 million. The IAF has had a low profile because of its comparatively small budget. However, during the mid-1980s, the IAF received some national attention when it became a political battleground for President Ronald Reagan and Congressional Democrats. Representative Dante B. Fascell (D-Fla.) was the architect of the legislation to establish the Inter-American Foundation, which redesigned
    7.50
    2 votes
    126
    National Archives of Scotland

    National Archives of Scotland

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Scotland
    Based in Edinburgh, the National Archives of Scotland (NAS) are the national archives of Scotland. The NAS claims to have one of the most varied collection of archives in Europe. It is the main archive for sources of the history of Scotland as an independent state (see Kingdom of Scotland), her role in the British Isles and the links between Scotland and many other countries over the centuries. The NAS changed its name from the Scottish Record Office on 7 January 1999 and is both an associated department and Executive Agency of the Scottish Government, headed by the Keeper of the Records of Scotland. The Agency is responsible to the Scottish Minister for Europe, External Affairs and Culture. Its antecedents date back to the 13th century. It is responsible for selecting, preserving, and promoting and making available the national archives of Scotland. It also has a role in records management more generally. The National Archives of Scotland is based at three locations in Edinburgh: HM General Register House and West Register House in the city centre, which are open to the public, and Thomas Thomson House in the Sighthill area of the city which is the main repository and also houses
    7.50
    2 votes
    127
    Nebraska State Patrol

    Nebraska State Patrol

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Nebraska
    The Nebraska State Patrol is Nebraska's only statewide full-service law enforcement agency. Serving Nebraska since 1937, State Patrol officers perform a wide variety of duties. Those include working with communities to improve public safety, enforcing traffic laws and drug laws, investigating crimes, and enforcing the laws and regulations pertaining to motor carriers. The current NSP commander is Colonel David Sankey. NSP is divided into six districts including: NSP has several divisions which operate within the department, they include: NSP runs their own 24 week in-resident training academy in lieu of sending recruits through the standard Nebraska Law Enforcement Training Center's 13 week course. The new Nebraska State Patrol Training Academy is co-located with the Nebraska Law Enforcement Training Center in Grand Island, Nebraska. The collocation of agencies upgraded the facilities for virtually every officer completing law enforcement certification in the State of Nebraska. The Training Academy includes: barracks to house up to 208 officers, state-of-the-art classrooms, a defensive tactics room, a fitness room, a training tank, a gymnasium, a recreation area, 2 ranges (1 static
    7.50
    2 votes
    128
    Office of Personnel Management

    Office of Personnel Management

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is an independent agency of the United States government that manages the civil service of the federal government. OPM was originally founded as the United States Civil Service Commission by the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883. The commission was abolished and replaced by OPM on January 1, 1979 following the passage of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1978 (43 F.R. 36037, 92 Stat. 3783). According to their website, the mission of the OPM is "recruiting, retaining and honoring a world-class force to serve the American people." OPM is partially responsible for maintaining the appearance of independence and neutrality in the Administrative Law System. While technically the employees of the agencies they work for, Administrative Law Judges (or ALJs) are hired exclusively by the Office of Personnel Management, effectively removing any discretional employment procedures from the other agencies. The Office of Personnel Management uses a rigorous selection process which ranks the top three candidates for each ALJ vacancy, and then makes a selection from those candidates, generally giving
    7.50
    2 votes
    129
    Politiets sikkerhetstjeneste

    Politiets sikkerhetstjeneste

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Norway
    The Norwegian Police Security Service (Norwegian: Politiets sikkerhetstjeneste, PST) is the police security agency of Norway, somewhat comparable to the British MI5 (Security Service). The agency was previously known as POT (Politiets overvåkningstjeneste or Police Surveillance Agency), the name change was dictated by the Parliament of Norway on 2 June 2001. The service was established in 1936 or 1937. It is responsible for monitoring and securing the interior security in Norway. Known operational departments include counterintelligence unit, counterterrorism unit, counterproliferation and organized crime unit, counterextremism unit, investigation unit, surveillance unit, technology unit, security analysis unit and foreign citizens unit. In addition, PST is in charge of all VIP protection domestically and abroad except for the royal family, which has its own independent escort service. PST is unlike all ordinary police services not a part of the National Police Directorate but placed directly under the Ministry of Justice and the Police. Also, the agency is monitored by the Norwegian Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight Committee, after it conducted unlawful political surveillance
    7.50
    2 votes
    130
    United States Department of Justice

    United States Department of Justice

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also referred to as the Justice Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The Department is led by the Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Eric Holder. The Attorney General was initially a one-person, part-time job, established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, but this grew with the bureaucracy. At one time the Attorney General gave legal advice to the U.S. Congress as well as the President, but this had stopped by 1819 on account of the workload involved. In 1867, the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, led by Congressman William Lawrence, conducted an inquiry into the creation of a "law department" headed by the Attorney General and composed of the various department solicitors and United States attorneys. On February 19, 1868, Lawrence introduced a bill in Congress to create the Department of Justice. This first bill was unsuccessful, however, as Lawrence could not
    7.50
    2 votes
    131

    Benefits Review Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Department of Labor's Benefits Review Board was created in 1972, by the United States Congress, to review and issue decisions on appeals of workers’ compensation claims arising under the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act and the Black Lung Benefits amendments to the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969. The Board, by statute, consists of five Members appointed by the Secretary of Labor, one of whom is designated as Chairman and Chief Administrative Appeals Judge. The Board’s mission is to issue decisions on the appeals pending before it with expediency, consistency and impartiality, in accordance with its statutory standard of review and applicable law. The Board exercises the appellate review authority formerly exercised by the United States District Courts. Board decisions may be appealed to the U.S. Courts of Appeals and to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    5.50
    4 votes
    132

    Bureau of International Organization Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO) is a bureau in the United States Department of State that creates and executes U.S. policy in the United Nations and other international organizations. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs. The IO is charged with developing and implementing the policies of the U.S. government with respect to the United Nations and its affiliated agencies, as well as within certain other international organizations. The Bureau of International Organization Affairs was created in order to strengthen the United States involvement in important international relations. The bureau was created under the U.S. government in order to assess the successes and failures of the United States involvement in the UNESCO organization. For nearly three years prior to the decision to withdraw, the State Department, under the specific guidance of the Bureau of International Organization Affairs, had been reevaluating the effectiveness of multilateral organizations in which the United States was a member, and identifying the particular interests of the United States. As a result the Bureau of International
    5.50
    4 votes
    133
    Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

    Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Political-Military Affairs is an agency within the United States Department of State that bridges the Department of State with the Department of Defense. It provides policy in the areas of international security, security assistance, military operations, defense strategy and policy, military use of space, and defense trade. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs who is currently Andrew J. Shapiro. According to the Department of State website, the Bureau secures military base access and overflight permission to support the deployment of U.S. military forces. It negotiates the status of U.S. military forces and International Criminal Court non-surrender agreements. It is also responsible for coordinating the participation of coalition combat and stabilization forces, and assisting other countries in reducing the availability of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), which are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles. The Bureau seeks to create and manage defense relationships with allies of the United States, regulate arms transfers, control access to military technology, and combat the illegal trafficking of small arms or
    5.50
    4 votes
    134
    Federal Radio Commission

    Federal Radio Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Radio Commission (FRC) was a government body that regulated radio use in the United States from its creation in 1926 until its replacement by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1934. The Commission was created to regulate radio use "as the public convenience, interest, or necessity requires." The Radio Act of 1927 superseded the Radio Act of 1912, which had given regulatory powers over radio communication to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor. The Radio Act of 1912 did not mention broadcasting and limited all private radio communications to what is now the AM band. The Dill White Bill was proposed and sponsored by Senator Clarence Dill and W.H. White on December 21, 1926. Senator Dill and Representative White had several attempts at creating regulation laws prior to the Dill White Bill. However the Dill White Bill was the first bill actually considered by the Senate to start regulating the radio waves. The bill originally proposed that a committee of five members (one member representing each time zone) would given the power to regulate radio waves and licenses. The bill was officially brought to the Senate floor on January 28, 1927. After a month of
    5.50
    4 votes
    135
    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is a combat support agency of the federal government of the United States with the primary mission of collecting, analyzing, and distributing geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in support of national security. NGA was formerly known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) and is part of the Department of Defense (DoD). In addition, NGA is a key component of the United States Intelligence Community. NGA headquarters is located in Springfield, Virginia and operates major facilities in the St. Louis, Missouri area, as well as support and liaison offices worldwide. The NGA was headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland until 2011, when NGA consolidated many of its regional activities as part of the BRAC into a new campus near Ft. Belvoir in Fairfax County, Virginia. The NGA campus, at 2.3 million square feet (214,000 m²), is the third-largest government building in the Washington Metropolitan Area, and its atrium is spacious enough to hold the Statue of Liberty. Its budget is classified. The NGA was credited by White House and military officials with providing critical information in support of Operation Neptune's Spear on May 2, 2011,
    6.33
    3 votes
    136

    Office of Civil Defense

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Civil Defense (OCD) was an agency of the United States Department of Defense from 1961-64. It replaced the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization. The organization was abolished on July 20, 1979, pursuant to Executive Order 12148. It was a predecessor to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
    6.33
    3 votes
    137
    United States Federal Protective Service

    United States Federal Protective Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    As a component of U.S. Department of Homeland Security, National Protection and Programs Directorate within DHS Headquarters, the Federal Protective Service (FPS) is responsible for law enforcement and security of nearly 9,000 federally owned and leased buildings, courthouses, properties, and other federal assets and the personnel associated with those assets. FPS is a federal law enforcement agency, and currently employs approximately 900 federal law enforcement officer/inspectors, and special agents. FPS provides integrated law enforcement and security services to U.S. Federal buildings, courthouses, and other properties administered by the General Services Administration (GSA) and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). To support that mission, FPS contracts with private security firms to provide 15,000 contract security guards providing access control and security response within federal facilities throughout the nation. FPS also protects other properties as authorized and carries out various other activities for the promotion of homeland security as the Secretary of Homeland Security may prescribe, to include providing a uniformed police response to National Security
    6.33
    3 votes
    138
    United States Office of the Independent Counsel

    United States Office of the Independent Counsel

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    United States Office of the Independent Counsel was an independent prosecutor — distinct from the Attorney General of the United States Department of Justice — that provided reports to the Congress under 28 U.S.C. § 595. The office was terminated in 1999 and replaced by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Special Counsel. In 1978, a Democratic Congress was determined to curb the powers of the President and other senior executive branch officials due in part to the Watergate scandal and related events such as the Saturday Night Massacre. They drafted and passed the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, creating a special prosecutor (later changed to Independent Counsel) position, which could be used by Congress or the Attorney General to investigate individuals holding or formerly holding certain high positions in the federal government and in national Presidential election campaign organizations. The prosecutor, who was appointed by a special panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, could investigate allegations of any misconduct, with an unlimited budget and no deadline, and could be dismissed only by the Attorney General for "good cause"
    6.33
    3 votes
    139

    War Manpower Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The War Manpower Commission was a World War II agency of the United States Government charged with planning to balance the labor needs of agriculture, industry and the armed forces. It was created by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Executive Order 9139 of April 18, 1942. Its chairman was Paul V. McNutt, head of the Federal Security Agency. Executive Order 9279, dated December 5, 1942, transferred the Selective Service System to the War Manpower Commission. However, a year later it was made a separate agency directly responsible to the President.
    6.33
    3 votes
    140
    Federal Maritime Commission

    Federal Maritime Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) is an independent federal agency, based in Washington, D.C., responsible for the regulation of oceanborne transportation in the foreign commerce of the U.S. The FMC: • Regulates certain activities of international shipping lines (called "ocean common carriers"), marine terminals operators, and ocean transportation intermediaries (OTIs) who operate in the U.S. foreign commerce • Oversees the financial responsibility of cruise ship lines and other passenger ship operators, to ensure they have the resources to pay compensation for personal injuries or non-performance • Monitors the laws and practices of foreign governments which could have a discriminatory or otherwise adverse impact on the U.S. shipping industry and U.S. maritime trade, and administers bilateral trade sanctions to persuade foreign governments to remove adverse conditions • Enforces special regulatory requirements applicable to shipping lines owned or controlled by foreign governments (so-called “controlled carriers”) • Reviews and regulates agreements between shipping lines and/or marine terminals (which enjoy statutory immunity from the antitrust laws) and service
    8.00
    1 votes
    141

    Norwegian Board of Health Supervision

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Norway
    The Norwegian Board of Health Supervision (Norwegian: Statens helsetilsyn, short name Helsetilsynet) is a national government institution under the Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services. The name was altered from Norwegian Board of Health on 1 January 2007. The Norwegian Board of Health Supervision is an independent supervision authority, with responsibility for general supervision of health and social services in the country, from 1 January 2010 also for child protection. The Norwegian Board of Health Supervision directs the supervision authorities at the county level: the offices of the county governors, which have responsibility for supervision of social services, and the Norwegian Board of Health Supervision in the Counties, which have responsibility for supervision of health services and health care personnel. In Norway there are many acts relating to health and social services that: Supervision is carried out for all statutory services, including services that are provided by publicly owned hospitals, municipalities, private organizations, and health care personnel who run their own practice. However, the supervision authorities are independent of political
    8.00
    1 votes
    142
    8.00
    1 votes
    143
    Office of Technology Assessment

    Office of Technology Assessment

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) was an office of the United States Congress from 1972 to 1995. OTA's purpose was to provide Congressional members and committees with objective and authoritative analysis of the complex scientific and technical issues of the late 20th century, i.e. technology assessment. It was a leader in practicing and encouraging delivery of public services in innovative and inexpensive ways, including distribution of government documents through electronic publishing. Its model was widely copied around the world. Princeton University hosts The OTA Legacy site "the complete collection of OTA publications along with additional materials that illuminate the history and impact of the agency." On July 23, 2008 the Federation of American Scientists launched a similar archive that includes interviews and additional documents about OTA. Congress created the Office of Technology Assessment in 1972, Public Law 92-484. It was governed by a twelve-member board, comprising six members of Congress from each party, half from the Senate and half from the House of Representatives. During its twenty-four-year life it produced about 750 studies on a wide range of topics,
    8.00
    1 votes
    144

    State Transit Authority of New South Wales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The State Transit Authority of New South Wales (STA) is an agency of the Government of New South Wales based in Sydney, Australia operating bus and ferry services. The STA is part of transport minister Gladys Berejiklian's portfolio. The chairman is former New South Wales premier Barrie Unsworth. The STA was established in 1989 to replace the Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales. In 2004, the STA's Sydney Ferries business was spun off as a state-owned company, Sydney Ferries Corporation. As of 2006, the State Transit Authority carries more than 200 million passengers every year on a network of over 300 routes aboard a fleet of some 1900 buses and two ferries. The Authority comprises three business units: Sydney Buses is a commuter bus service operating in Sydney. The network—comprising buses in the series 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500—is loosely based on the reach of the city's now-defunct tram network (see Trams in Sydney). In recent years, Sydney Buses has grown significantly through acquisitions of smaller bus companies as reforms to contracting arrangements encourage consolidation in the industry. This growth has meant that the fleet size has increased without a
    8.00
    1 votes
    145

    United States Women's Bureau

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Women's Bureau (WB) is an agency of the United States government within the United States Department of Labor. The WB was established by Congress in 1920 and continues its responsibility to carry out Public Law 66-259; 29 U.S.C. 11-16.29 (1920) to '...formulate standards and policies which shall promote the welfare of wage-earning women, improve their working conditions, increase their efficiency, and advance their opportunities for profitable employment.' It is the only federal agency mandated to represent the needs of wage-earning women in the public policy process. The Director is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. He or she is supported by a staff in the national office as well as ten regional offices. Over the years, the WB has addressed a variety of issues important to working women. Currently, the WB is assisting working women in a variety of ways by:
    8.00
    1 votes
    146
    Works Progress Administration

    Works Progress Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Works Progress Administration (renamed during 1939 as the Works Project Administration; WPA) was the largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. It also employed artists, writers, actors and directors in large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. Writers documented local and state histories, artists painted murals and other works for new federal post offices and other buildings. The WPA provided food for children and redistributed food, clothing, and housing. Almost every community in the United States had a new park, bridge or school constructed by the agency, which especially benefited rural and western areas. The WPA's initial appropriation in 1935 was for $4.9 billion (about 6.7 percent of the 1935 GDP), and in total it spent $13.4 billion. At its peak in 1938, it provided paid jobs for three million unemployed men (and some women), as well as youth in a separate division, the National Youth Administration. Headed by Harry Hopkins, the WPA provided jobs and income to the unemployed during the Great Depression in the United States.
    8.00
    1 votes
    147

    Identity and Passport Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Identity and Passport Service (IPS) is an executive agency of the Home Office in the United Kingdom and became operational on 1 April 2006, succeeding the UK Passport Agency, after the passing of the Identity Cards Act 2006. The service provides passports for British nationals, and life event certificates such as birth, death, marriage and civil partnerships. The UK passport provides evidence of a person’s nationality and allows UK citizens to leave and re-enter the country. All adult first time passport applicants are now required to attend an interview with the Identity and Passport Service in order to verify the identity and status of the applicant. IPS' headquarters is in London and it has seven regional offices around the UK, in London, Glasgow, Newport, Belfast, Peterborough, Liverpool and Durham as well as an extensive interview office network. On 1 April 2008, the General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) became a subsidiary of IPS.
    5.25
    4 votes
    148
    African Development Foundation

    African Development Foundation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States African Development Foundation (USADF) is an Independent United States Government Agency which provides grants of up to $250,000 to community groups and small enterprises that benefit under served and marginalized groups in Sub-Saharan Africa. USADF measures grant success in terms of jobs created and sustained, increased incomes levels, and improved social conditions. In 2010 USADF has budgeted over $20 million for project grants in 20 countries. An additional $4.5 million is budgeted for African directed partner organizations that provide technical design and implementation support for USADF grantees. Created by an Act of Congress in 1980, USADF began program operations in 1984. It has since provided financing to more than 1,500 small enterprises and community-based organizations. Descriptions, photos, goals and budgets of active projects in each country may be viewed at the USADF website. USADF's budget is funded through annual U.S. government appropriations for foreign operations, and is governed by a board of directors that includes seven members who are nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate. USADF currently
    7.00
    2 votes
    149
    Australian Museum

    Australian Museum

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology. It features collections of vertebrate and invertebrate zoology, as well as mineralogy, palaeontology, and anthropology. Apart from exhibitions, the museum is also involved in indigenous studies research and community programs. It is located in College Street, Sydney and was originally known as the Colonial Museum or Sydney Museum. The museum was renamed in June 1836 by a Sub-Committee meeting, when it was resolved during an argument that it should be renamed the Australian Museum. The museum was founded in 1827, by Earl Bathurst, then the Secretary of State for the Colonies, who wrote to the Governor of New South Wales of his intent to found a public museum, and provisions to provide £200 yearly towards its upkeep. The establishment of a museum had been planned in 1821 by the Philosophical Society of Australasia, and although specimens were collected, the Society folded in 1822. The year 1826 saw the arrival of entomologist and Fellow of the Linnean Society of London Alexander Macleay, who, after being appointed New South Wales Colonial
    7.00
    2 votes
    150

    Bureau of African Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    In the United States Government, the Bureau of African Affairs is part of the U.S. Department of State and is charged with advising the Secretary of State on matters of Sub-Saharan Africa. The bureau was established in 1958. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs, Johnnie Carson who reports to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
    7.00
    2 votes
    151

    Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    In the United States Government, the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs is part of the U.S. Department of State, charged with implementing U.S. foreign policy and promoting U.S. interests in Europe and Eurasia (which it defines as being Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, the Caucasus Region, and Russia), as well as advising the Under Secretary for Political Affairs. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, who is currently Philip H. Gordon. The spokesperson is Robert B. Hilton. From 1949 to 1983, European affairs were within the purview of the Bureau of European Affairs.
    7.00
    2 votes
    152

    Defence Procurement Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Defence Procurement Agency (DPA), was an Executive Agency of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence responsible for the acquisition of materiel, equipment and services, for the British armed forces. Led by the Chief of Defence Procurement, the Agency sourced equipment and services from its headquarters in Bristol. The Defence Procurement Agency was established on April 1, 1999, after the announcement in the Strategic Defence Review of a specialised agency to succeed the MoD Procurement Executive. As of April 1, 2007 the Agency was merged with the Defence Logistics Organisation to form a new organisation called Defence Equipment and Support.
    7.00
    2 votes
    153
    Defense Courier Service

    Defense Courier Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Courier Service (DCS) is established under the United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM), and is a global courier network for the expeditious, cost-effective, and secure distribution of highly classified and sensitive material. Operational control of global courier activities is exercised through USTRANSCOM's Defense Courier Division (TCJ3-C). The division oversees and synchronizes activity of 18 courier stations worldwide to service over six thousand accounts. Major accounts include the White House, the Department of Defense, the State Department, other federal agencies, authorized government contractors, and allied nations. The DCS directly supports the President, Unified and Specified COCOMs, joint military operations, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, National Security Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, U.S. allies, State Department, and other federal agencies. The DCS was formerly the Armed Forces Courier Service (ARFCOS) but was reorganized and renamed in 1985 after the Walker spy case. Before the establishment of the courier service, American ship captains and selected American travellers were used to carry sealed packages of mail. Later these individuals,
    7.00
    2 votes
    154

    Defense Human Resources Activity

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Human Resources Activity (DHRA) is a United States Department of Defense (DoD) Field Activity chartered to support the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (USD(P&R)). The scope of DHRA's mission is very broad, giving the USD flexibility to explore and field new technologies and programs that benefit warfighters, their family members, as well as DoD civilians. DHRA programs impact the delivery of benefits, readiness, force protection, and the detection and elimination of fraud. DHRA provides support and services that improve the efficiency, productivity, and quality of life throughout the Department. Leading the way for a number of key DoD Components and programs, DHRA is the trusted source for:
    7.00
    2 votes
    155
    School services

    School services

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    Services to Schools is a business unit of the National Library of New Zealand (Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa). They provide curriculum and advisory services to support New Zealand schools. The CS lends items from its Schools Collection to enhance the teaching and learning in New Zealand schools. Every teacher in a New Zealand school is able to access and borrow from over 600,000 items that comprise the Schools Collection. The collection holds a unique range of New Zealand and international curriculum resources including books, CDs, and DVDs. The CS issues nearly 1.5 million resources each year, and is currently used by over 98% of New Zealand schools. CIS staff are trained to advise and assist teachers on appropriate resources and also select and send items in response to teachers topic requests. Teachers are able to visit their nearest CIS centre to select resources. The centres are: Auckland, Palmerston North, and Christchurch. These centres provide walk in and distance services for teachers via free fax, phone, email, postal and an online request form. The other strand to School Services are its advisory service. This service supports school library development and offers free
    7.00
    2 votes
    156
    Defense Intelligence Agency

    Defense Intelligence Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is a member of the Intelligence Community of the United States, and is the central producer and manager of military intelligence for the United States Department of Defense, employing over 16,500 U.S. military and civilian employees worldwide. The Defense Intelligence Community is headed by the DIA, through its Director (who chairs the Military Intelligence Board), and it coordinates the activities of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force intelligence components. The DIA and Defense Intelligence Community provide military intelligence to warfighters, defense policymakers and force planners within the Department of Defense and the United States Intelligence Community, in support of U.S. military planning and operations and weapon systems acquisition. The DIA, designated in 1986 as a Defense Department combat support agency, was established in 1961 as a result of a decision by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, under President John F. Kennedy. The Department of Defense created the DIA with the publication of Directive 5105.21, "Defense Intelligence Agency" on August 1, 1961, effective October 1, 1961. DIA's Director is a three-star
    6.00
    3 votes
    157
    Office of the Secretary of Defense

    Office of the Secretary of Defense

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is a headquarters-level staff of the Department of Defense of the United States of America. It is the principal civilian staff element of the Secretary of Defense, and it assists the Secretary in carrying out authority, direction and control of the Department of Defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource management, fiscal, and program evaluation responsibilities. OSD (along with the Joint Staff) is the Secretary of Defense’s support staff for managing the Department of Defense, and it corresponds to what the Executive Office of the President is to the President for managing the whole of the Executive branch of the federal government. OSD includes the Immediate offices of the Secretary (SECDEF) and the Deputy Secretary of Defense (DEPSECDEF), as well as five Under Secretaries of Defense in the fields of Acquisition, Technology & Logistics; Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer; Intelligence; Personnel & Readiness; and Policy. All of these positions are Presidential appointments which require U.S. Senate confirmation. Other positions include the Assistant Secretaries of Defense, Assistants to the Secretary of Defense,
    6.00
    3 votes
    158

    Veterans' Employment and Training Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Office of the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and Training (OASVET) was established by Secretary's Order No. 5-81 in December 1981. The Assistant Secretary position was created by P.L. 96-466 in October 1980, to replace the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment position created by P.L. 94-502 in October 1976. The bipartisan Congressional intent was to establish leadership of the Department's programs for services to veterans at the policy-making level, and thereby help to ensure Congressional mandates for an effective: On 22 July 2011, the then Assistant Secretary Ray Jefferson was led out of the Frances Perkins Building by the FBI and subsequently resigned on July 25, 2011, following a contracting scandal.
    6.00
    3 votes
    159

    Statistics Sweden

    • Government: Government of Sweden
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    Statistics Sweden (Swedish: Statistiska centralbyrån, SCB) is the Swedish government agency responsible for producing official statistics regarding Sweden. National statistics in Sweden date back to 1686 when the parishes of the Church of Sweden were ordered to start keeping records on the population. SCB's predecessor, the Office of Tables (Tabellverket), was set up in 1749, and the current name was adopted in 1858. As of 2008, the agency had approximately 1,400 employees. The offices of the agency are located in Stockholm and Örebro. Statistics Sweden publishes the Journal of Official Statistics.
    5.00
    4 votes
    160
    Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

    Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (or BMDO) was an agency of the United States Department of Defense that began on 20 May 1974 with the responsibility for all U.S. ballistic missile defense efforts. It evolved from the SAFEGUARD System Organization. The original mission of BMDO was comparable to that of SAFEGUARD, which was to defend U.S. ballistic missile sites, but BMDO additionally had the more general role of conducting research and development in advanced ballistic missile defense (BMD) technology and also managed what was then called the Kwajalein Missile Range (KMR). In July 1984, BMDO became a part of the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) and one year later BMDO was renamed the U.S. Army Strategic Defense Command. The name "Ballistic Missile Defense Organization" (BMDO) came back into use in 1993 when SDIO was renamed BMDO by the administration of President Bill Clinton and this was accompanied by a shift in emphasis from national missile defense to theater missile defense, i.e. from global to regional coverage. In 1998, focus shifted back to national missile defense when Defense secretary William Cohen proposed spending an additional $6.6 billion on
    6.50
    2 votes
    161

    Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs is an agency of the Department of State within the United States government that deals with U.S. foreign policy and diplomatic relations with the nations of the Near East. The Bureau handles U.S. foreign policy and diplomatic relations with the countries and geographic entities of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian Territories Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, a position previously filled by C. David Welch who resigned from the post in December 2008. Jeffrey D. Feltman currently holds this position.
    6.50
    2 votes
    162
    Consumer Product Safety Commission

    Consumer Product Safety Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is an independent agency of the United States government. It was created in 1972 through the Consumer Product Safety Act to protect "against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products." The CPSC is an independent agency that does not report to nor is part of any other department or agency in the federal government. The CPSC is generally headed by three commissioners nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate for staggered seven year terms. The commissioners set policy for the CPSC. The CPSC is located in Bethesda, Maryland. The CPSC regulates the sale and manufacture of more than 15,000 different consumer products, from cribs to all-terrain vehicles. Its authority ranges from barbecue grills to swimming pools.The CSPC is a regulator of products. Products not under jurisdiction of the CPSC include those specifically named by law as under the jurisdiction of other federal agencies; for example, automobiles are regulated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, guns are regulated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, and drugs are
    6.50
    2 votes
    163
    Defense Contract Management Agency

    Defense Contract Management Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) is the agency of the United States federal government responsible for performing contract administration services for the Department of Defense and other authorized federal agencies. Its headquarters is at Fort Lee, VA. DCMA often handles Foreign Military Sales contracts. Performance of Contract Administration Services (CAS) within DoD has been studied and modified for many years. In the early 1960s, a study was commissioned by the Secretary of Defense to examine the entire DoD contracting process. Known as “Project 60,” the findings pointed to numerous benefits to consolidating contract administration functions. At that time, each agency and military service was performing their own contract administration which resulted in a great amount of duplicate effort. Many of the contract administration responsibilities were eventually moved to the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). However, the military services continued to retain oversight of the major acquisition programs. The CAS process was again reviewed in 1989. Citing continued problems with the manner in which the services were performing CAS, Defense Management Review Decision (DMRD)
    6.50
    2 votes
    164

    Federal Civil Defense Authority

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Civil Defense Authority was established in the United States Department of Defense (DOD), by DOD Directive 5105.43, May 5, 1972. It coordinated and directed federal, state, and local civil defense program activities, including fallout shelters; chemical, biological, and radiological warfare defense; emergency communications and warning systems; post-attack assistance and damage assessment; preparedness planning; and government continuity. By EO 12148, July 20, 1979, retroactive to July 15, 1979, pursuant to Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, effective April 1, 1979.
    6.50
    2 votes
    165
    Federal Music Project

    Federal Music Project

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Music Project (FMP), part of the Federal government of the United States New Deal program Federal One, employed musicians, conductors and composers during the Great Depression. People in the music world had been particularly hard-hit by the era's economic downturn. In addition to performing thousands of concerts, offering music classes, organizing the Composers Forum Laboratory, hosting music festivals and creating 34 new orchestras, employees of the FMP researched American traditional music and folk songs, a practice now called ethnomusicology. In the latter domain the Federal Music Project did notable studies on cowboy, Creole and "Negro" music. The FMP's director was Nikolai Sokoloff. During the Great Depression, many people visited these symphonies to forget about the economic hardship of the time. The Federal Music Project began in July 1935, and ended in 1939. The Federal Music Project was followed by the WPA Music Program, and this lasted 1939-1943. People that were into music before the Federal Music Program were distraught, by the Great Depression. The Great Depression played a tremendous role on why the Federal Music Program is here today. The purpose of the
    6.50
    2 votes
    166

    Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules

    • Government: Government of France
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: France
    The Institut national de physique nucléaire et de physique des particules, better known as IN2P3, is a division of the French National Centre for Scientific Research established in 1971. Its purpose is "to promote and unite research activities in the various fields of physics".
    6.50
    2 votes
    167
    New South Wales Rural Fire Service

    New South Wales Rural Fire Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The New South Wales Rural Fire Service (NSW RFS) is a volunteer-based firefighting agency and statutory body of the NSW Government. The NSW RFS is responsible for the general administration of rural fire management affairs including administration of the Rural Fire Fighting Fund, co-ordination with local government of the State's Rural Fire Brigades, design and provision of fire fighting equipment to rural fire brigades through local government, the training of volunteer Rural Fire Brigade members, community education in relation to fire affairs, emergency planning and generally taking measures for the prevention of loss and life and property from fires. The NSW RFS is responsible to the NSW Minister for Police and Emergency Services, currently Mike Gallacher. The NSW Rural Fire Service's jurisdiction covers more than 90% of the geographical area of the state of New South Wales in Australia. The NSW RFS claims to be the world's largest volunteer fire service, with 70,448 volunteer firefighters forming 2039 volunteer brigades across the state, although this figure includes many inactive volunteer members. The service also employs 920 paid staff who fulfill the senior operational
    6.50
    2 votes
    168

    Swedish Election Authority

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Election Authority, or Valmyndigheten, is a Government agency responsible for organizing national elections and referendums in Sweden. The agency began its operations on 1 July 2001 when it took over the responsibilities from the Swedish National Tax Board. Local and regional elections are the responsibility of the respective municipalities and county councils, however these elections always take place concurrently with the national elections for the Parliament of Sweden. As the central administrative authority for elections, the Election Authority has an instrumental role in all public elections in Sweden.
    6.50
    2 votes
    169
    United States Department of Education

    United States Department of Education

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Department of Education, also referred to as ED or the ED for (the) Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. Recreated by the Department of Education Organization Act (Public Law 96-88) and signed into law by President Jimmy Carter on October 17, 1979, it began operating on May 4, 1980. The Department of Education Organization Act divided the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare into the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services. The Department of Education is administered by the United States Secretary of Education. It is by far the smallest Cabinet-level department, with about 5,000 employees. The agency's official acronym is ED (and not DOE, which refers to the United States Department of Energy). It is also often abbreviated informally as DoED. A previous Department of Education was created in 1867 but was soon demoted to an Office in 1868. As an agency not represented in the president's cabinet, it quickly became a relatively minor bureau in the Department of the Interior. In 1939, the bureau was transferred to the Federal Security Agency, where it was renamed the Office of
    6.50
    2 votes
    170

    United States International Trade Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) is an independent, bipartisan, quasi-judicial, federal agency of the United States that provides trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches. Furthermore, the agency determines the impact of imports on U.S. industries and directs actions against unfair trade practices, such as subsidies, dumping, patent, trademark, and copyright infringement. The USITC was established by the U.S. Congress on September 8, 1916 as the U.S. Tariff Commission. In 1974, the name was changed to the U.S. International Trade Commission by section 171 of the Trade Act of 1974. The agency has broad investigative powers on matters of trade. The USITC is a national resource where trade data is gathered and analyzed. This data is provided to the President and Congress as part of the information on which U.S. international trade policy is based. Statutory authority for the Commission's responsibilities is provided primarily by the Tariff Act of 1930, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, the Trade Act of 1974, the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, the Trade and Tariff Act of 1984, the Omnibus Trade and
    6.50
    2 votes
    171

    United States Shipping Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Shipping Board was established as an emergency agency by the Shipping Act (39 Stat. 729), 7 September 1916. It was formally organized 30 January 1917. It was sometimes referred to as the War Shipping Board. The Shipping Board's functions were to: The Board was abolished, effective 2 March 1934. Its successor agencies have been the U.S. Shipping Board Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce (1933–36); the U.S. Maritime Commission (1936–50); the U.S. Federal Maritime Board of the Department of Commerce (regulatory functions only, 1950–61); the U.S. Federal Maritime Commission (regulatory functions only, 1961- ); the United States Maritime Administration of the Department of Commerce (all other functions, 1950–81); and the U.S. Maritime Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation (all other functions, 1981- ).  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Archives and Records Administration.
    6.50
    2 votes
    172
    Zoological Survey of India

    Zoological Survey of India

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies. It was established on 1 July 1916 to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the region. The activities of the ZSI are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division in the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The Survey had its genesis in the establishment of the Zoological Section of the Indian Museum at Calcutta in 1875. The establishment was suggested in letters by Alfred William Alcock following his resignation. The Survey conducts no formal courses, but holds Conferences, Training Courses, Workshops and Colloquia periodically. For the publication of the results of research carried out in its laboratories, the Survey has its own journals. The ZSI began on the strength of a (then) century old zoological collection from the former museum (1814–1875) of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, which had passed on to the Zoological Section of the Indian Museum (1875–1916). The Zoological Collections continued to be housed in the Indian Museum in Kolkata. It was decided in December 1941 to evacuate all type-specimens and Class I exhibits to
    6.50
    2 votes
    173
    Air Force Office of Special Investigations

    Air Force Office of Special Investigations

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI, or OSI), is a Field Operating Agency (FOA) of the Department of the Air Force that provides professional investigative services to commanders throughout the United States Air Force. AFOSI identifies, investigates and neutralizes criminal, terrorist, and espionage threats to personnel and resources of the Air Force and Department of Defense using Special Agents. AFOSI was founded August 1, 1948, at the suggestion of Congress to consolidate investigative activities in the Air Force. Secretary of the Air Force W. Stuart Symington created AFOSI and patterned it after the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). He appointed Special Agent Joseph Carroll, an assistant to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, as the first AFOSI commander and charged him with providing independent, unbiased and centrally directed investigations of criminal activity in the Air Force. As of 2007, the AFOSI has 2,900 employees. The AFOSI focuses on five priorities: In addition to the FOA's headquarters, AFOSI has eight field investigations regions. Seven of the Regions are aligned with Air Force major commands: While the regions serve the investigative needs of
    4.75
    4 votes
    174
    IRS Criminal Investigation Division

    IRS Criminal Investigation Division

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    Internal Revenue Service, Criminal Investigation (IRS-CI) investigates potential criminal violations of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code and related financial crimes in a manner intended to foster confidence in the tax system and compliance with the law. While other federal agencies also have investigative jurisdiction for money laundering and some bank secrecy act violations, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the only federal agency that can investigate potential criminal violations of the Internal Revenue Code. Chief, Victor S.O. Song, Criminal Investigation, and Rick Raven, Deputy Chief, Criminal Investigation, oversee a worldwide staff of approximately 4,400 CID employees, including approximately 2,800 special agents who investigate and assist in the prosecution of criminal tax, money laundering, and narcotics-related financial crime cases. In July 2008, the office of the Treasury Department's Inspector General for Tax Administration reported that the number of federal criminal tax investigations referred by the Internal Revenue Service to the Tax Division of the Justice Department is at an eight-year high. According to the report, the fiscal year 2007 ended with 4,600
    5.33
    3 votes
    175
    National Drug Intelligence Center

    National Drug Intelligence Center

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), established in 1993, is a component of the U.S. Department of Justice and a member of the Intelligence Community. The General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan, implemented in February 2000, designated NDIC as the nation's principal center for strategic domestic counterdrug intelligence. On September 5, 1989 President George H.W. Bush with his Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) William Bennett, unveiled his National Drug Control Strategy which outlined the President’s strategy for coordinating the combined efforts of various federal programs to reduce drug use and drug trafficking in the United States. The inaugural strategy was to announce that ONDCP would develop an intelligence center that would unite U.S. drug-related analytical capabilities and to improve intelligence capabilities. In January 1990, ONDCP announced its plans to create a National Drug Intelligence Center to “consolidate and coordinate all relevant drug intelligence information gathered by law enforcement agencies and analyze it to produce a more complete picture of drug trafficking organizations.” What distinguished the intelligence to be
    5.33
    3 votes
    176
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. Congress established the agency under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which President Richard M. Nixon signed into law on December 29, 1970. OSHA's mission is to "assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance". The agency is also charged with enforcing a variety of whistleblower statutes and regulations. OSHA is currently headed by Assistant Secretary of Labor Dr. David Michaels. OSHA officially formed on April 28, 1971, the date that the OSH Act became effective. George Guenther was appointed as the agency's first director. OSHA has developed a number of training, compliance assistance, and health and safety recognition programs throughout its history. The OSHA Training Institute, which trains government and private sector health and safety personnel, began in 1972. In 1978, the agency began a grantmaking program, now called the Susan Harwood Training Grant Program, to train workers and employers in reducing workplace hazards.
    5.33
    3 votes
    177
    Social Security Administration

    Social Security Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. To qualify for these benefits, most American workers pay Social Security taxes on their earnings; future benefits are based on the employees' contributions. The Social Security Administration was established by a law currently codified at 42 U.S.C. § 901. Its commissioner, Michael J. Astrue, was sworn in on February 12, 2007, for a six-year term. SSA is headquartered in Woodlawn, Maryland, just to the west of Baltimore, at what is known as Central Office. The agency includes 10 regional offices, 8 processing centers, approximately 1300 field offices, and 37 Teleservice Centers. As of 2007, about 62,000 people were employed by the SSA. Headquarters non-supervisory employees of the SSA are represented by AFGE Local 1923. Social Security is currently the largest social welfare program in the United States, constituting 37% of government expenditure and 7% of GDP. The Social Security Act created a Social Security Board (SSB), to oversee the
    5.33
    3 votes
    178

    Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    In the United States Government, the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs is a part of the U.S. Department of State, charged with implementing U.S. foreign policy and promoting U.S. interests in the Western Hemisphere, as well as advising the Under Secretary for Political Affairs. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, who is currently Arturo Valenzuela.
    7.00
    1 votes
    179
    California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation

    California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: California
    The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) is responsible for the operation of the California state prison and parole systems. CDC&R is the second largest law enforcement or police agency in the United States behind the New York City Police Department which employs approximately 34,000 police officers. Unlike most corrections departments, CDCR correctional officers are considered law enforcement officers (have peace officer powers while on duty). As of 2009, CDCR employed approximately 29,000 peace officers (state correctional officers), 1,800 state parole agents, and 692 criminal investigators/special agents. Its headquarters are in Sacramento. Following are the top 6 largest law enforcement or police agencies in the United States: 1) New York City Police Department (34,000 officers); 2) California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (31,000 officers); 3) Chicago Police Department (15,000 officers); 4) Los Angeles Police Department (9,969 officers); 5) Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (9,700 deputies) 6) New Jersey Department of Corrections (9,500 officers). In 1851, California activated its first state run institutions. This institution was
    7.00
    1 votes
    180
    Central Bureau of Investigation

    Central Bureau of Investigation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is a governmental agency belonging to Government of India that serves as both a criminal investigation body, national security agency and intelligence agency. The CBI is a premier investigating police agency in India. It is an elite force playing a major role in preservation of values in public life and in ensuring the health of the national economy. It is also the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigation on behalf of Interpol Member countries. The services of its investigating officers are sought for all major investigations in the country. The agency was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment. The Central Bureau of Investigation was later established on 1 April 1963. Its motto is "Industry, Impartiality, Integrity". The agency headquarters is a state-of-the-art building located in New Delhi. The agency has other field offices located in major cities throughout the India. The CBI is controlled by the Department of Personnel and Training in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension of the Union Government usually headed by a Union Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister. While
    7.00
    1 votes
    181
    Central Security Service

    Central Security Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Central Security Service (CSS) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense, established in 1972 by a Presidential Directive to promote full partnership between the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Service Cryptologic Elements (SCE) of the United States Armed Forces in the field of signals intelligence. The blue background of the CSS emblem represents "fidelity" and "steadfastness", with the symbols for the cryptologic service elements provided shown clockwise from top right as follows: Army Intelligence and Security Command, United States Marine Corps, Naval Security Group, United States Coast Guard and Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency with the symbol of the NSA/CSS in the center. According to James Bamford, NSA/CSS was initially conceived as a separate "fourth service" beside the three U.S. armed services. The latter three resisted this idea, and therefore the CSS was founded as an inter-service organization. The day-to-day work of the CSS is to capture enemy signals (radar, telemetry, radio/satellite communications) using the means of the involved service. For example, the navy has special submarines for tapping undersea cables;
    7.00
    1 votes
    182
    Met Office

    Met Office

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Met Office (originally an abbreviation for Meteorological Office, but now the official name in itself), is the United Kingdom's national weather service, and a trading fund of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Part of the Met Office headquarters at Exeter in Devon is the Met Office College, which handles the training for internal personnel and many forecasters from around the world. The current chief executive is John Hirst. The Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research and the National Meteorological Library and Archive are also parts of the Met Office. The Met Office was established in 1854 as a small department within the Board of Trade under Robert FitzRoy as a service to mariners. The loss of the passenger vessel, the Royal Charter, and 459 lives off the coast of Anglesey in a violent storm in October 1859 led to the first gale warning service. In 1861 FitzRoy had established a network of 15 coastal stations from which visual gale warnings could be provided for ships at sea. The development of the electric telegraph in the 1870s led to the more rapid dissemination of warnings and also led to the development of an observational network which could
    7.00
    1 votes
    183
    Newcastle Port Corporation

    Newcastle Port Corporation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The Newcastle Port Corporation is a corporation owned by the Government of New South Wales providing wharf and other maritime facilities at the Port of Newcastle. The port is crucial to the economic life of Newcastle and the Hunter Region. Over 70 million tonnes of coal is shipped through the facility each year - making it the largest coal exporting port in the world. Total capacity is currently 103 m mt pa, with more expansions underway. The corporation claims that the Port of Newcastle is Australia's first port. Coal was first exported from the harbour in 1799, 11 years after the start of European settlement in Australia. The Port of Newcastle is core to the city's economy and a vital part of Australia's coal industry. The Newcastle Port Corporation employs 99 people and is required under the State Owned Corporations Act 1989 and the Ports Corporatisation and Waterways Management Act 1995 to: The Port of Newcastle welcomes almost 1500 ships a year. In 2004-05, trade through the port totalled 83.5 million tonnes, with a value of some $7 billion. The Port of Newcastle remains the world's largest coal export port by volume, with 77.72 million tonnes passing through the facility in
    7.00
    1 votes
    184
    Public Works Administration

    Public Works Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Public Works Administration (PWA), part of the New Deal of 1933, was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes. It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression. It built large-scale public works such as dams, bridges, hospitals and schools. Its goals were to spend $3.3 billion in the first year, and $6 billion in all, to provide employment, stabilize purchasing power, and help revive the economy. Most of the spending came in two waves in 1933-35, and again in 1938. Originally called the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, it was renamed the Public Works Administration in 1939 and shut down in 1943. The PWA spent over $6 billion in contracts to private construction firms that did the actual work. It created an infrastructure that generated national and local pride in the 1930s and remains vital seven decades later. The PWA was much less controversial than its rival agency with a confusingly similar name, the Works Progress Administration (WPA), headed by Harry Hopkins, which focused on smaller projects and hired unemployed unskilled
    7.00
    1 votes
    185
    U.S. Arctic Research Commission

    U.S. Arctic Research Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Arctic Research Commission is a United States federal agency. It was established by the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (as amended, Public Law 101-609). The Commission’s principal duties are: The Arctic Research and Policy Act was amended in 1990 to increase the number of Commissioners appointed by the President of the United States from five to seven voting members. Four members are from academic or research institutions; two members from private industry undertaking commercial activities in the Arctic; and one member from among the indigenous residents of the US Arctic. The Director of the National Science Foundation serves as an ex officio member. The Commission staff consists of an Executive Director in Arlington County, Virginia, a Senior Staff Officer in Anchorage, Alaska, and an Administrative Officer in the Arlington office. The principal office of the Commission is in Arlington and the Alaska office of the Commission is located in Anchorage. Advisors are appointed by the Commission on an "as needed" basis to provide information and advice on particular research needs and issues of concern to the Commission, review draft documents of the Commission
    7.00
    1 votes
    186
    Archives nationales

    Archives nationales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: France
    The Archives nationales (French for "National Archives") preserve the national archives of the French state, apart from the archives of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as these two ministries have their own archive services, the Service historique de la défense and the Archives diplomatiques respectively. The Archives nationales have one of the largest and most important archival collections in the world, a testimony to the very ancient nature of the French state which has been in existence for more than eleven centuries already. The Archives nationales were created at the time of the French Revolution in 1790, but it was a state decree of 1794 that made it mandatory to centralize all the pre-French Revolution private and public archives seized by the revolutionaries, completed by a law passed in 1796 which created departmental archives (archives départementales) in the départements of France to alleviate the burden on the Archives nationales in Paris, thus creating the collections of the Archives nationales as we know them today. In 1800 the Archives nationales became an autonomous body of the French state. Today, they contain about 406 km. (252miles)
    6.00
    2 votes
    187
    Inland Revenue Department

    Inland Revenue Department

    • Government: New Zealand
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    Inland Revenue (Maori: Te Tari Taake, lit.The Department of Tax), previously known as the Inland Revenue Department, is the New Zealand government department responsible for the collection of over 80% of the Crown's revenue in New Zealand. It also collects and disburses social support programme payments and provides the government with policy advice. As well as collecting taxes, Inland Revenue administers Working for Families tax credits, payment of Paid Parental Leave, collection and payment of child support collection of Student Loan debt, and KiwiSaver. Inland Revenue is part of the portfolio of the Minister of Revenue Hon Peter Dunne. Inland Revenue employs over 5,500 full time equivalent staff in 17 cities across New Zealand. Inland Revenue started out as the Land Tax Department in 1878. The department was renamed the Land and Income Tax Department in 1892 with the central office set up in Wellington. Only in 1952, when the organisation joined with the Stamp Duties Department, was the organisation known as the Inland Revenue Department. Inland Revenue administers several Acts including the Tax Administration Act 1994, the Income Tax Act 2007, the Child Support Act 1991, and
    6.00
    2 votes
    188
    NASA

    NASA

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research. Since February 2006, NASA's mission statement has been to "pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research." On September 14, 2011, NASA announced that it had selected the design of a new Space Launch System that it said would take the agency's astronauts farther into space than ever before and provide the cornerstone for future human space exploration efforts by the U.S. NASA was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on July 29, 1958, replacing its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The agency became operational on October 1, 1958. U.S. space exploration efforts have since been led by NASA, including the Apollo moon-landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. Currently, NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the
    6.00
    2 votes
    189

    Office on Violence Against Women

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW), a component of the U.S. Department of Justice, provides national leadership in developing the nation's capacity to reduce violence against women through the implementation of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Created in 1995, OVW administers financial and technical assistance to communities across the country that are developing programs, policies, and practices aimed at ending domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. Currently, OVW administers one formula grant program and eleven discretionary grant programs, all of which were established under VAWA and subsequent legislation. Since its inception, OVW has awarded nearly $3 billion in grants and cooperative agreements
    6.00
    2 votes
    190

    Swedish Security Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Security Service (Swedish: Säkerhetspolisen, literally "the Security Police", abbreviated Säpo), former name Rikspolisstyrelsens säkerhetsavdelning (RPS/SÄK, literally "the National Police Board's Department of Security"), is the security service of Sweden, belonging to the Swedish National Police Board. The Security Service's areas of responsibility are counter-espionage, counter-terrorism, protection of the constitution and protection of sensitive objects, including royal and diplomatic protection. It is to be expected that its work is often surrounded by a great deal of confidentiality. In recent years, however, there has been a development towards greater openness. It is the duty of the Security Service to detect and take measures against crimes against national security, and in many cases, the Security Service also handles the investigations of such crimes. Sometimes, however, such investigations are carried out by regular police units, while the Security Service provides the necessary intelligence.
    6.00
    2 votes
    191
    U.S. Federal Communications Commission

    U.S. Federal Communications Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government, created by Congressional statute (see 47 U.S.C. § 151 and 47 U.S.C. § 154), and with the majority of its commissioners appointed by the current President. The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, competition, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security. The Commission is also in the process of modernizing itself. The FCC took over wire communication regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission. The FCC's mandated jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. possessions. The FCC also provides varied degrees of cooperation, oversight, and leadership for similar communications bodies in other countries of North America. The FCC is funded entirely by regulatory fees. It has an estimated fiscal-2011 budget of US$335.8 million and a proposed fiscal-2012 budget of $354.2 million. It has 1,898 federal employees. The FCC's mission, specified in section one of the Communications Act of 1934 and amended by the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (amendment to 47 U.S.C. §151) is to "make available so far as possible, to all the
    6.00
    2 votes
    192
    United States Department of Defense Education Activity

    United States Department of Defense Education Activity

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a civilian agency of the United States Department of Defense that manages all schools for military children and teenagers, as well as foreign service children and teenagers, in the United States and also overseas at American military bases worldwide. It is headed by a director who oversees all agency functions from the Webb Building in Arlington County, Virginia. DoDEA's schools are divided into three areas, each of which is managed by an area director. Within each of these three areas, schools are organized into districts headed by superintendents. DoDEA's schools serve the children of military service members and Department of Defense civilian employees throughout the world. Children of enlisted military personnel represent 85 percent of the total enrollment in DoDEA schools. The DoDEA instructional program provides a comprehensive prekindergarten through 12th grade curriculum that is competitive with that of any school system in the United States. DoDEA maintains a high school graduation rate of approximately 97 percent. The 3,102 graduating seniors in DoDEA's Class of 2002 earned more than USD$35 million in scholarships
    6.00
    2 votes
    193

    United States Information Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Information Agency (USIA), which existed from 1953 to 1999, was a United States agency devoted to "public diplomacy". In 1999, USIA's broadcasting functions were moved to the newly created Broadcasting Board of Governors, and its exchange and non-broadcasting information functions were given to the newly created Under Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Public Diplomacy at the U.S. Department of State. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the United States Information Agency in 1953. The USIA's mission was "to understand, inform and influence foreign publics in promotion of the national interest, and to broaden the dialogue between Americans and U.S. institutions, and their counterparts abroad." In 1948, the Smith–Mundt Act banned domestic distribution of propaganda intended for foreign audiences, but before 1972, the US government was allowed to distribute expressly domestic propaganda through Congress, independent media and schools. The United States Information Agency (USIA) was established "to streamline the U.S. government's overseas information programs, and make them more effective". The United States Information Agency was the largest
    6.00
    2 votes
    194
    Office of Film and Literature Classification (New Zealand)

    Office of Film and Literature Classification (New Zealand)

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The Office of Film and Literature Classification (OFLC, Māori: Te Tari Whakaropu Tukuata, Tuhituhinga) is the government agency in New Zealand that is responsible for classification of all films, videos, publications, and some video games in New Zealand. It was established under Section 76 of the Films, Videos, and Publications Classification Act 1993 (FVPC Act), replacing various film classification acts, including the Indecent Publications Tribunal. It is an independent Crown Entity in terms of the Crown Entities Act 2004. The head of the OFLC is called the Chief Censor, maintaining a title that has described the government officer in charge of censorship in New Zealand since 1916. The FVPC Act gives the OFLC jurisdiction to classify "publications" which include films, videos, DVDs, computer games with restricted content, books, magazines, comics, manga, sound recordings, pictures, newspapers, photographs, photographic slides, "any print or writing", any "paper or other thing" that has images or words on it (including apparel, playing cards, greeting cards, art, store-fronts and billboards), and electronic digital image, text and sound computer files. The OFLC also approves film
    5.00
    3 votes
    195
    United States Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation

    United States Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Emergency Fleet Corporation (EFC) was established by the United States Shipping Board, sometimes referred to as the War Shipping Board, 16 April 1917 pursuant to the Shipping Act (39 Stat. 729) to acquire, maintain, and operate merchant ships to meet national defense, foreign and domestic commerce during World War I. The EFC was renamed the U.S. Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation by act of Congress 11 February 1927 (44 Stat. 1083). The Board and Corporation were abolished 26 October 1936 and their functions transferred to the U.S. Maritime Commission by the Merchant Marine Act (49 Stat. 1985) of 29 June 1936. The Shipping Board had been established while the United States was at peace with intent to restore the nation’s Merchant Marine. That changed with war. In the words of Edward N. Hurley, Chairman of the Board: When the United States declared war against Germany the whole purpose and policy of the Shipping Board and the Fleet Corporation suffered a radical change overnight. From a body established to restore the American Merchant Marine to its old glory, the Shipping Board was transformed into a military agency to bridge the ocean with ships and to maintain the line
    5.00
    3 votes
    196
    Ambulance Service of New South Wales

    Ambulance Service of New South Wales

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    The Ambulance Service of New South Wales (ASNSW), an agency of the Department of Health of the New South Wales Government, is the main provider of pre-hospital emergency care and ambulance services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Established pursuant to the Services Act, 1976/ {{{4}}} (NSW) and operating within the Services Act, 1997/ {{{4}}} (NSW), the service aims to provide high quality clinical care and health related transport services to over 6.3 million people in New South Wales (NSW), distributed across an area of 801,600 square kilometres (309,500 sq mi). The service employs more than 4,000 men and women, who work from 266 locations across the State, operating over 1,000 ambulance vehicles and 300 support vehicles to provide emergency, non-emergency, aeromedical, rescue and retrieval services. Around one million responses are made by the service each year. The first recognised ambulance service in New South Wales, known as the Civil Ambulance and Transport Brigade, began on 1 April 1895, however this was pre-dated by the NSW Government Railway Ambulance and First Aid Corps which was set up by Railway Commissioner Goodchap in 1885. The first civil ambulance
    5.50
    2 votes
    197
    Congressional Budget Office

    Congressional Budget Office

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government that provides economic data to Congress. The CBO was created as a nonpartisan agency by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. The Congressional Budget Office was created by Title II of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act (P.L. 93-344), which was signed into law by President Richard Nixon on July 12, 1974. Official operations began on February 24, 1975, with Alice Rivlin as director. The CBO's mandate is to provide Congress with: With respect to estimating spending for Congress, the Congressional Budget Office serves a purpose parallel to that of the Joint Committee on Taxation for estimating revenue for Congress, the Department of the Treasury for estimating revenues for the Executive and estimates required for the Congressional budget process. This includes projections on the effect on national debt and cost estimates for legislation. Section 202(e) of the Budget Act requires submission by CBO to the House and Senate Committees on the Budget periodic reports about fiscal policy and to provide baseline projections of the
    5.50
    2 votes
    198
    Office of Censorship

    Office of Censorship

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Office of Censorship was an emergency wartime agency set up on December 19, 1941 to aid in the censorship of all communications coming into and going out of the United States. Voluntary censorship by the American press began before the country's entry into the war after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941. After the European war began in 1939, journalists began withholding information about Canadian troop movements. The First War Powers Act, approved on December 18, 1941, contained broad grants of Executive authority for the prosecution of the war, including a provision for censorship. The next day President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8985, which established the Office of Censorship and conferred on its director the power to censor international communications in "his absolute discretion." The order also set up a Censorship Policy Board to advise the director with respect to policy and the coordination and integration of censorship activities, and authorized the director to establish a Censorship Operating Board that would arrange for the use by other Government agencies of information acquired through the interception of communications. To effect a
    5.50
    2 votes
    199
    Rural Utilities Service

    Rural Utilities Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Rural Utilities Service (RUS) is an agency of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), one of the federal executive departments of the United States government charged with providing public utilities (electricity, telephone, water, sewer) to rural areas in the United States via public-private partnerships. The agency's acronym is an allusion to the Latin word rus ("countryside"), the etymological source of the word rural. The RUS is one of three agencies (the other two are Rural Business-Cooperative Service and the Rural Housing Service) that are part of the USDA's Rural Development Bureau. The three agencies are headed by administrators, who each report to the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development (the RUS administrator is the only one of the three who is Senate-confirmed). The RUS administrator makes the primary policy and program decisions for the agency and is assisted by a borrower and program support staff that includes a financial services staff, an administrative liaison staff, and a program accounting services division. Because of the financial nature of the agency's work, the administrator and associated staff work closely with two other
    5.50
    2 votes
    200
    United States Census Bureau

    United States Census Bureau

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Census Bureau (officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. § 11) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data. As part of the United States Department of Commerce, the Census Bureau serves as a leading source of data about America's people and economy. The most visible role of the Census Bureau is to perform the official decennial (every 10 years) count of people living in the U.S. The most important result is the reallocation of the number of seats each state is allowed in the House of Representatives, but the results also affect a range of government programs received by each state. The agency director is a political appointee selected by the President of the United States. The Constitution of the United States (Article I, section II) directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0
    5.50
    2 votes
    201
    United States Geological Survey

    United States Geological Survey

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility. A bureau of the United States Department of the Interior, it is that department's sole scientific agency. The USGS employs approximately 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia. The USGS also has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado (Denver Federal Center), and Menlo Park, California. The motto of the USGS is "Science for a changing world." Prompted by a report from the National Academy of Sciences the USGS was created by an act of Congress on March 3, 1879. It was charged with the "classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain." This task was driven by the need to inventory the vast lands added to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the
    5.50
    2 votes
    202
    Federal Bureau of Prisons

    Federal Bureau of Prisons

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Bureau of Prisons (often referred to operationally as the BOP) is a federal law enforcement agency subdivision of the United States Department of Justice and is responsible for the administration of the federal prison system. The system also handles prisoners who committed acts considered felonies under the District of Columbia's law. The Bureau was established in 1930 to provide more progressive and humane care for federal inmates, to professionalize the prison service, and to ensure consistent and centralized administration of the 11 federal prisons in operation at the time. According to its official web site, the Bureau consists of more than 116 institutions, six regional offices, its headquarters office in Washington, D.C., 2 staff training centers, and 22 community corrections offices, and is responsible for the custody and care of approximately 210,000 federal offenders. Approximately 82 percent of these inmates are confined in Bureau-operated correctional facilities or detention centers. The remainder are confined through agreements with state and local governments or through contracts with privately-operated community corrections centers, detention centers,
    6.00
    1 votes
    203

    Missile Defense Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is the section of the United States government's Department of Defense responsible for developing a layered defense against ballistic missiles. The agency has its origins in the Strategic Defense Initiative, which was established in 1983 and was headed by Lt. General James Alan Abrahamson with physicist and engineer James Ionson, Ph.D., as head of the Innovative Science and Technology Office. It was renamed as the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization in 1993, and then renamed as the Missile Defense Agency in 2002. See National Missile Defense for the history of DoD missile defense programs. According to the agency's web-page: BMDS must be able to be operated in different regions of the world in order for the success of the MDA mission. The International Strategy was approved by the MDA Director in 2007. The general strategy for international efforts is: Ballistic missile systems using advanced liquid- or solid- propellant propulsion are becoming more mobile, accurate and capable of striking targets over longer distances and are proliferating worldwide. MDA divides its systems into 4 phases, boost, ascent, mid-course and terminal, each
    6.00
    1 votes
    204
    Planning commission of India

    Planning commission of India

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Planning Commission is an institution in the Government of India, which formulates India's Five-Year Plans, among other functions. Rudimentary economic planning, deriving the sovereign authority of the state, first initiated in India in 1938 by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose when he was the Congress president and drafted by Meghnad Saha. The British Raj also formally established a planning board that functioned from 1944 to 1946. Industrialists and economists independently formulated at least three development plans in 1944. After India gained independence, a formal model of planning was adopted, and accordingly the Planning Commission, reporting directly to the Prime Minister of India was established on 15 March 1950, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the chairman. The Planning Commission does not derive its creation from either the Constitution or statute, but is an arm of the Central/Union Government. The first Five-year Plan was launched in 1951 which mainly focused in development of agricultural sector and two subsequent five-year plans were formulated till 1965, when there was a break because of the Indo-Pakistan Conflict. Two successive years of drought, devaluation of
    6.00
    1 votes
    205
    United States Department of Agriculture

    United States Department of Agriculture

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    • Predecessor agency: Agricultural Division
    The United States Department of Agriculture (informally the Agriculture Department or USDA) is the United States federal executive department responsible for developing and executing U.S. federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers, promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and abroad. The head of the department is the Secretary of Agriculture, who is a member of the Cabinet. The current Secretary is Tom Vilsack. Early in its history, the economy of the United States was largely agrarian. Officials in the federal government had long sought new and improved varieties of seeds, plants and animals for importation to the United States. In 1837 Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, a Yale-educated attorney interested in improving agriculture, became Commissioner of Patents, a position within the Department of State. He soon began collecting and distributing new varieties of seeds and plants through members of the Congress and agricultural societies. In 1839, Congress established the Agricultural Division within the
    6.00
    1 votes
    206
    Aviation Research Centre

    Aviation Research Centre

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Aviation Research Centre (ARC) is a part of the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) of the Cabinet Secretariat, India. The first head of the ARC was R. N. Kao, the legendary founding chief of R&AW. Over the years the ARC has grown into a large operation and flies a large and varied fleet that till recently included the high-flying Mach 3 capable MIG-25, which long flew with impunity over Pakistan and China. From its humble origin consisting of Helio Twin Courier Courier loaned from the USAF, ARC today boasts of having fixed-wing transport aircraft like Russian IL-76s and AN-32s. It also has General Dynamics Gulfstream III and upgraded Gulfstream IV jets. The helicopter inventory comprises Russian Mi-8s and a mix of locally built Cheetahs (modified French Alouette IIs) and Chetaks (Alouette IIIs). The weapon of choice for ARC was the MIG-25 (also christened as Foxbat by NATO) which was used for high altitude reconnaissance (the plane was decommissioned in 2006 and is no longer in service). Rumors abound that the second strike capability of India vests on the ARC. ARC is also believed to be the first wing of Indian intelligence agencies to induct the indigenously built 'Pilotless
    5.00
    2 votes
    207
    Defense Security Cooperation Agency

    Defense Security Cooperation Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), as part of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), provides financial and technical assistance, transfer of defense matériel, training and services to allies, and promotes military-to-military contacts. Security Cooperation (SC) is founded on a tradition of cooperation between the United States and other sovereign nations with similar values and interests in order to meet common defense goals. It consists of a group of programs authorized by the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act, as amended, and related statutes by which the DoD or commercial contractor provide defense articles and services in furtherance of national policies and objectives. Foreign military sales (FMS) and International Military Education and Training (IMET) are two key programs included within Security Cooperation. IMET is conducted solely on a grant basis. FMS can be conducted through direct payments of foreign states or United States Foreign Military Financing (FMF). Foreign Military Sales division is the core activity of DSCA, and yearly sales are between US$30 and US$40 billion. FMS is a U.S. government to
    5.00
    2 votes
    208

    Federal Theatre Project

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Theatre Project (FTP) was a New Deal project to fund theatre and other live artistic performances in the United States during the Great Depression. It was one of five Federal One projects sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The FTP's primary goal was employment of out-of-work artists, writers, and directors, with the secondary aim of entertaining poor families and creating relevant art. The FTP was established August 27, 1935, after a legislative and administrative prologue. Hallie Flanagan, a theater professor at Vassar, was chosen by WPA head Harry Hopkins to lead the FTP. She was given the daunting task of building a national theater program to employ thousands of unemployed artists in as little time as possible. Hopkins added to the difficulty of her job by promising the FTP would be "free, adult, and uncensored." At the time, this statement appeared to FTP directors as a green light to all FTP projects, regardless of their political or social content. Soon, however it would come back to haunt Hopkins, Flanagan and the FTP as a whole. Living Newspapers were plays written by teams of researchers-turned-playwrights. These men and women clipped
    4.50
    2 votes
    209
    Base exchange

    Base exchange

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    A Base Exchange (BX) (US Air Force terminology: also referred to as a Post Exchange (PX) on Army posts, Navy Exchange (NEX) on Navy installations, Marine Corps Exchange (MCX) on Marine Corps installations and Coast Guard Exchange (CGX) on Coast Guard installations) is a type of retail store operating on United States military installations worldwide. Originally akin to trading posts, they now resemble department stores or strip malls. Over the next few years, every exchange operated by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service will be rebranded simply as an Exchange (X) to simplify differentiation between the similar sounding BX and PX names. Exchanges on Army and Air Force installations are operated by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES), while those on Navy bases are operated by the Navy Exchange Service Command (NEXCOM), and those on Marine Corps installations are part of Marine Corps Community Services (MCCS), which also runs the rest of Marine MWR operations. The Coast Guard Exchange (CGX) operates a handful of stores on Coast Guard installations. Exchanges on joint installations are generally served by the exchanges already operating upon the joining of the existing
    5.00
    1 votes
    210

    Bureau of Indian Standards

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India. It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986. The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is ex-officio President (Emaad Amin) of the BIS. The organization was formerly the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), set up under the Resolution of the then Department of Industries and Supplies No. 1 Std.(4)/45, dated 3 September 1946. The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. As a corporate body, it has 25 members drawn from Central or State Governments, industry, scientific and research institutions, and consumer organizations. Its headquarters are in New Delhi, with regional offices in Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, Chandigarh and Delhi, and 20 branch offices. It also works as WTO-TBT enquiry point for India. BIS is a founder member of International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) It represents India in ISO,the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the
    5.00
    1 votes
    211
    Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

    Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    • Predecessor agency: Office of Strategic Services
    The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an independent civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence, with responsibility for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers. Intelligence-gathering is performed by non-military commissioned civilian intelligence agents, many of whom are trained to avoid tactical situations. The CIA also oversees and sometimes engages in tactical and covert activities at the request of the President of the United States. Often, when such field operations are organized, the U.S. military or other warfare tacticians carry these tactical operations out on behalf of the agency while the CIA oversees them. Although intelligence-gathering is the agency's main agenda, tactical divisions were established in the agency to carry out emergency field operations that require immediate suppression or dismantling of a threat or weapon. The CIA is often used for intelligence-gathering instead of the U.S. military to avoid a declaration of war. The CIA succeeded the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), formed during World
    5.00
    1 votes
    212
    Committee on Public Information

    Committee on Public Information

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Committee on Public Information, also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee, was an independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I. Over just 28 months, from April 13, 1917, to August 21, 1919, it used every medium available to create enthusiasm for the war effort and enlist public support against foreign attempts to undercut America's war aims. President Woodrow Wilson established the Committee on Public Information (CPI) through Executive Order 2594 on April 13, 1917. The committee consisted of George Creel (chairman) and as ex officio members the Secretaries of: State (Robert Lansing), War (Newton D. Baker), and the Navy (Josephus Daniels). Creel urged Wilson to create a government agency to coordinate "not propaganda as the Germans defined it, but propaganda in the true sense of the word, meaning the 'propagation of faith.'" He was a journalist with years of experience on the Denver Post and the Rocky Mountain News before accepting Wilson's appointment to the CPI. He had a contentious relationship with Secretary Baker. The purpose of the CPI was to influence American public
    5.00
    1 votes
    213
    Duke of York's Royal Military School

    Duke of York's Royal Military School

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, more commonly called the Duke of York’s, is a co-educational Academy with military traditions in Dover, Kent, open to pupils whose parents are serving or have served in any branch of the United Kingdom armed forces for a minimum of 4 years. The school was until September 2010 a military boarding secondary school and an executive agency of the Ministry of Defence (MOD). With the transition to Academy status, entry was extended to civilian families and oversight transferred from the Ministry of Defence to the Department for Education. The Ministry of Defence remains the sponsor of the school, contributing a £23M redevelopment project and an additional £1.5M per annum to fund military instruction. The school's fees are in the order of £10000 per annum. The Duke of York’s has many traditions and a rich history, which includes ceremonial parades and uniforms, a monitorial style of education modelled on the English public school system. This rich history includes a long line of notable alumni, known as Dukies, including senior generals (such as Sir Archibald Nye and Gary Coward), famous musicians (such as Debroy Somers and Henry Lazarus),
    5.00
    1 votes
    214

    Employment and Training Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The mission of the Employment and Training Administration (ETA), as part of the U.S. Department of Labor, is to contribute to the more efficient and effective functioning of the U.S. labor market by providing high quality job training, employment, labor market information, and income maintenance services primarily through State and local workforce development systems. ETA administers federal government job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. These services are primarily provided through state and local workforce development systems. The Employment and Training Administration is headed by Jane Oates, confirmed as Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training on June 19, 2009.
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    215
    National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

    National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. On October 1, 1958, the agency was dissolved, and its assets and personnel transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NACA was pronounced as individual letters, rather than as an acronym. Among other advancements, NACA research and development produced the NACA duct, a type of air intake used in modern automotive applications, the NACA cowling and several series of NACA airfoils which are still used in aircraft manufacturing. NACA began as an emergency measure during World War I to promote industry/academic/government coordination on war-related projects. It was modeled on similar national agencies found in Europe. Such agencies were the French “L’Etablissement Central de l’Aérostation Militaire” in Meudon (now Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales), the German “Aerodynamical Laboratory of the University of Göttingen” and the Russian “Aerodynamic Institute of Koutchino”. However, the most influential agency upon which the NACA was based was the
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    216
    New Zealand Railways Department

    New Zealand Railways Department

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The New Zealand Railways Department, NZR or NZGR (New Zealand Government Railways) and often known as the "Railways", was a government department charged with owning and maintaining New Zealand's railway infrastructure and operating the railway system. The Department was created in 1880 and was corporatised on 1 April 1982 into the New Zealand Railways Corporation. Originally, railway construction and operation took place under the auspices of the former provincial governments and some private railways, before all of the provincial operations came under the central Public Works Department. The role of operating the rail network was subsequently separated from that of the network's construction. From 1895 to 1993 there was a responsible Minister, the Minister of Railways. He was often also the Minister of Public Works. Originally, New Zealand's railways were constructed by provincial governments and private firms. The largest provincial operation was the Canterbury Provincial Railways, which opened the first public railway at Ferrymead on 1 December 1863. Following the abolition of the provinces in 1877, the Public Works Department took over the various provincial railways. However,
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    217
    Office for National Statistics

    Office for National Statistics

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of England and Wales at national, regional and local levels. It functions as the executive office of the National Statistician, who is also the UK Statistics Authority's Chief Executive and principal statistical adviser to the UK's National Statistics Institute and the 'Head Office' of the Government Statistical Service (GSS). Its main office is in Newport near the United Kingdom Intellectual Property Office and Tredegar House, but another significant office is in Titchfield in Hampshire, and a small office is in London. ONS co-ordinates data collection with the respective bodies in Northern Ireland and Scotland, namely NISRA and NRS. The ONS was formed on 1 April 1996 by the merger of the Central Statistical Office (CSO) and the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (OPCS). Following the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the United Kingdom Statistics Authority became a
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    218
    Royal Mint

    Royal Mint

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United Kingdom
    The Royal Mint is the body permitted to manufacture, or mint, coins in the United Kingdom. The Mint originated over 1,100 years ago, but since 2010 it operates as Royal Mint Ltd, a company which has an exclusive contract with HM Treasury to supply all coinage for the UK. Royal Mint Ltd is 100% owned by HM Treasury, though the latter delegates shareholder responsibilities to the Shareholder Executive. As well as minting coins for the UK, it also mints and exports coins to many other countries, and produces military medals, commemorative medals and other such items for governments, schools and businesses, being known as the world's leading exporting Mint. Responsibility for the security of the site falls to the Ministry of Defence Police, who provide an armed contingent. The Royal Mint began to move its operations from Tower Hill, London to Llantrisant, South Wales in 1968 and has operated on a single site in Llantrisant since 1980. At Llantrisant it holds an extensive collection of coins dating from the 16th century onwards, housed in eighty cabinets made by Elizabeth II's cabinet maker, Hugh Swann. The site occupies 38 acres (15 ha) and employs 765 people. The annual Trial of the
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    219
    Terrorist Screening Center

    Terrorist Screening Center

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) is a division of the National Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It is the duty of the TSC to identify suspected or potential terrorists. Though housed within the FBI, the TSC is a multi-agency organization, including representatives from the United States Department of Justice, the United States Department of State, the United States Department of Homeland Security, the United States Department of Defense, the United States Postal Service, and various private contractors. Established in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the TSC's funding and manpower have significantly increased since that time. The Terrorist Screening Center maintains a database, the Terrorist Screening Database (TSDB), the aim of which is to contain information about all known or suspected terrorists, and makes this information available to a number of different government agencies, including the federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies, the US State Department, the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Transportation Security Administration. The Terrorist Screening Center is headed by a Director, who reports to
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    220
    Country Energy

    Country Energy

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    Country Energy, an Australian energy retail subsidiary of Origin Energy, provides natural gas and electricity to retail customers in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.. Since its establishment in 2001 and until 28 February 2011, Country Energy was owned by the Government of New South Wales. On 1 July 2001 Country Energy merged with Australian Inland rural-based energy retailer, Great Southern Energy owned by the Government of New South Wales. In addition to electricity retailing, Country Energy operated Australia's largest electricity distribution network by area, covering 95% of the area of New South Wales as well as extending into small parts of Queensland and Victoria. It was one of developers of Directlink, a high voltage direct current electricity transmission line between New South Wales and Queensland transmission grids. In October 2010, Country Energy sold its natural gas network to Envestra Limited for A$108.6 million, which includes 65 kilometres (40 mi) of transmission and 1,160 kilometres (720 mi) of distribution pipelines. On 15 December 2010, the New South Wales Treasurer, Eric Roozendaal, announced that the
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    221
    Defense Contract Audit Agency

    Defense Contract Audit Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), is an agency of the United States Department of Defense under the direction of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). DCAA is primarily responsible for performing all contract audits for the Defense Department (and, to a lesser extent, for other agencies outside DoD), and providing cost accounting and financial advisory services regarding contracts and subcontracts to all DoD components responsible for procurement and contract administration. These services are provided in connection with negotiation, administration, and settlement of contracts and subcontracts. DCAA does not provide consulting/advisory services to contractors due to independence requirements. Today, the Defense Contract Audit Agency consists of approximately 4,000 people located at more than 300 field audit offices throughout the United States, Europe, and in the Pacific. The Agency provides standardized contract audit services for the Department of Defense, as well as accounting and financial advisory services regarding contracts and subcontracts to all DoD Components responsible for procurement and contract administration. These services are provided in connection
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    222

    Federal Civil Defense Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) was organized by Democratic president Harry S. Truman (1884–1972) on December 1, 1950, and became an official government agency on January 12, 1951. The agency distributed posters, programs, and information about communism and the threat of communist attacks. In 1979, President Carter signed Executive Order 12179 merging the successor to the Federal Civil Defense Administration — the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA) — into today's Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). In 2003, FEMA was merged into the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
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    223
    Institut National des Appellations d'Origine

    Institut National des Appellations d'Origine

    • Government: Government of France
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: France
    The Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (previously Institut National des Appellations d'Origine) (INAO) is the French organization charged with regulating French agricultural products with Protected Designations of Origin (PDOs). Controlled by the French government, it forms part of the Ministry of Agriculture. The organization was co-founded by Châteauneuf-du-Pape producer Baron Pierre Le Roy. Every Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC), the French term for PDOs, is produced according to rules codified by the INAO. Because its primary purpose is to regulate the use of noteworthy names, one of its primary tasks is to delimit the geographic area entitled to produce a product. For wine this means vineyards, but the INAO also regulates the places of processing and aging. The INAO, like many organizations charged with regulating and helping producers, is often put in a contradictory position. An individual farmer may want his farm to be included in the limited area, but that might have the effect of diluting the average quality of the area. Rarely is this without controversy, and it is a delicate balancing act. Government control of agricultural products began with the law
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    224
    Mine Safety and Health Administration

    Mine Safety and Health Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor which administers the provisions of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (Mine Act) to enforce compliance with mandatory safety and health standards as a means to eliminate fatal accidents, to reduce the frequency and severity of nonfatal accidents, to minimize health hazards, and to promote improved safety and health conditions in the nation's mines. MSHA carries out the mandates of the Mine Act at all mining and mineral processing operations in the United States, regardless of size, number of employees, commodity mined, or method of extraction. Currently, Joe Main is the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and Health, and the head of MSHA. MSHA is organized into several divisions. The Coal Mine Safety and Health division is divided into 12 districts covering coal mining in different portions of the United States. The Metal-Nonmetal Mine Safety and Health division covers six regions of the United States. In 1891, Congress passed the first federal statute governing mine safety. The 1891 law was relatively modest legislation that applied only to mines in U.S.
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    225
    Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board

    Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Pennsylvania
    The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB) is an independent government agency that manages the beverage alcohol industry in Pennsylvania. It is responsible for licensing the possession, sale, storage, transportation, importation, and manufacture of wine, spirits, and malt or brewed beverages in the Commonwealth, as well as operating a system of liquor distribution (retailing) and providing education about the harmful effects of alcohol consumption. The PLCB was established in conjunction with the 21st Amendment and the repeal of prohibition. In 1933, just four days before the sale of alcohol became legal in Pennsylvania, the Board was officially organized. Upon its creation, Governor Gifford Pinchot stated that the purpose of the Board was to "discourage the purchase of alcoholic beverages by making it as inconvenient and expensive as possible." The Board is composed of three Governor-appointed members and one CEO. They are appointed to staggered four-year terms ending the third Tuesday in May, and are subject to a two-thirds confirmation vote in the commonwealth Senate. It has its headquarters in the Northwest Office Building in Harrisburg. On-premise retail licenses and
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    226
    United States Marshals Service

    United States Marshals Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a United States federal law enforcement agency within the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. § 561). The office of U.S. Marshal is the oldest federal law enforcement office in the United States though second to the U.S. Customs Service as the oldest federal agency (July 1789); it was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It assumed its current name in 1969. The Marshals Service is part of the executive branch of government, and is the enforcement arm of the United States federal courts. The U.S. Marshals are responsible for the protection of court officers and buildings and the effective operation of the judiciary. The service also assists with court security and prisoner transport, serves arrest warrants, and seeks fugitives. The agency was formed by the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789. The act specifically determined that law enforcement was to be the U.S. Marshals' primary function. Therefore it appropriately defined marshals as law enforcement officers. The text of Section 27 of the Judiciary Act reads: And be it further enacted, That a marshal shall be appointed in and for each district for a term of four years,
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    227
    United States Securities and Exchange Commission

    United States Securities and Exchange Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (frequently abbreviated SEC) is a federal agency which holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry, the nation's stock and options exchanges, and other electronic securities markets in the United States. In addition to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that created it, the SEC enforces the Securities Act of 1933, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 and other statutes. The SEC was created by Section 4 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (now codified as 15 U.S.C. § 78d and commonly referred to as the 1934 Act). The SEC was established by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1934 as an independent, quasi-judicial regulatory agency during the Great Depression that followed the Crash of 1929. The main reason for the creation of the SEC was to regulate the stock market and prevent corporate abuses relating to the offering and sale of securities and corporate reporting. The SEC was given the power to license and regulate stock exchanges, the companies whose
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    228
    Army and Air Force Exchange Service

    Army and Air Force Exchange Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Army & Air Force Exchange Service (Exchange) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense. Its dual missions are to provide quality merchandise and services of necessity and convenience to authorized customers at uniform low prices, and to generate reasonable earnings to supplement appropriated funds for the support of United States Army and Air Force Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) programs. The Exchange is headquartered in Dallas, Texas and its Director/Chief Executive Officer is Tom Shull. The Navy operates the equivalent Navy Exchange (NEX), while the Marine Corps operates the Marine Corps Exchange (MCX) and the United States Coast Guard operates the Coast Guard Exchange (CGX). The Exchange is charged with generating reasonable earnings, but returns roughly two-thirds of its net earnings to its customer base through their respective MWR programs (). The only congressionally appropriated money spent in the Exchange comes in the form of utilities and transportation of merchandise to overseas exchanges and for salaries of U.S. military personnel assigned to the Exchange . A non-appropriated fund instrumentality (NAFI) of the Department of Defense, the Exchange
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    229
    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) (Hindi: भाभा परमाणु अनुसन्धान केंद्र Bhābhā Paramānu Anusandhān Kendra) is India's premier nuclear research facility based in Trombay, Mumbai. BARC is a multi-disciplinary research centre with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development covering the entire spectrum of nuclear science, engineering and related areas. BARC's core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation. It manages all facets of nuclear power generation, from theoretical design of reactors, computerized modeling and simulation, risk analysis, development and testing of new reactor fuel materials, etc. It also conducts research in spent fuel processing, and safe disposal of nuclear waste. Its other research focus areas are applications for isotopes in industries, medicine, agriculture, etc. BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country. The Government of India created the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) on January 3, 1954. It was established to consolidate all the research and development activity for nuclear reactors and technology under the Atomic Energy Commission. All
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    230
    Criminal Investigation Division

    Criminal Investigation Division

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID) is an American federal law enforcement agency that investigates serious violations of military law within the United States Army. CID was established on September 17, 1971 as a major Army command. The mission of CID is to conduct and control all Army investigations of serious crimes, and less serious crimes upon request or as needed to enforce Army law or regulations; to provide CID services to all U.S. Army elements; to maintain full knowledge of, and overall responsibility for, Army investigations of offenses involving "controlled substances" as defined in Title 21, U.S. Code, Section 812; to plan for and provide personal security (protective service) for the United States Department of Defense (DoD), United States Department of the Army (DA), and other officials as directed; to plan and provide criminal intelligence collection and analysis; and to conduct sensitive or special interest investigations as directed by the Chief of Staff of the United States Army or higher authority. Some other felony crimes that are investigated by CID are: counter-drug investigations, counter-terrorism and counter-espionage (in conjunction
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    231
    Defense Information Systems Agency

    Defense Information Systems Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) is a United States Department of Defense agency that provides information technology (IT) and communications support to the President, Vice President, Secretary of Defense, the military Services, and the Combatant Commands. As part of the Base Realignment and Closure, DISA is planning to move from Arlington, Virginia to Fort Meade, Maryland by September 2011. In September 1992, several Defense Management Report Decisions (DMRD) expanded DISA's role. DMRD 918 created the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII), now known as the Global Information Grid. At the same the Defense Information Systems Network was created to consolidate 122 DoD networks. DISA, a Combat Support Agency, engineers and provides command and control capabilities and enterprise infrastructure to continuously operate and assure a global net-centric enterprise in direct support to joint warfighters, National level leaders, and other mission and coalition partners across the full spectrum of operations. DISA's Command and Control acronyms include the Net-Enabled Command Capability (NECC), Global Combat Support System (GCSS), Combatant Command/Joint Task Force (CC/JTF),
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    232

    Defense Threat Reduction Agency

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) is an agency within the United States Department of Defense and is the official Combat Support Agency for countering weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives). DTRA's main functions are threat reduction, threat control, combat support, and technology development. The agency is headquartered in Fort Belvoir, Virginia. DTRA employs 2,000 civilian and military personnel at more than 14 locations around the world, including Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, and Ukraine. DTRA was established in 1998 by consolidating several DoD organizations, including the Defense Special Weapons Agency (successor to the Defense Nuclear Agency) and the On-Site Inspection Agency as a result of the 1997 Defense Reform Initiative. In 2005, the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) made the decision to designate the Commander, U.S. Strategic Command (STRATCOM) as the lead Combatant Command (COCOM) for the integration and synchronization of DoD’s Combating WMD (CWMD) efforts in support of U.S. government objectives. To fill this requirement, the USSTRATCOM Center for Combating Weapons of Mass
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    233

    Department of Canadian Heritage

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Canada
    The Department of Canadian Heritage, or simply Canadian Heritage (French: Patrimoine canadien, is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for policies and programs regarding the arts, culture, media, communications networks, official languages (including La Francophonie), status of women, sports (including the 2010 Olympics in Vancouver), and multiculturalism. It also oversees Royal visits of the Queen of Canada and members of the royal family to Canada. It was formerly a part of the Department of Communications, until that department's technical side was merged into the Department of Industry in 1996, forming the Department of Canadian Heritage from its non-technical side. In late 2008, the multiculturalism component of this department was transferred to the Department of Citizenship and Immigration. The current Minister of Canadian Heritage is the Honourable James Moore. The department's headquarters are in the Jules Léger Building (South) (Édifice Jules Léger (Sud)) in Terrasses de la Chaudière, Gatineau, Quebec, across the Ottawa River from the Canadian capital of Ottawa. Canadian Heritage funds the following:
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    234
    Federal Emergency Relief Administration

    Federal Emergency Relief Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) was the new name given by the Roosevelt Administration to the Emergency Relief Administration (ERA) which President Herbert Hoover had created in 1932. FERA was established as a result of the Federal Emergency Relief Act and was replaced in 1935 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA). FERA under Hoover gave loans to the states to operate relief programs. One of these, the New York state program TERA (Temporary Emergency Relief Administration), was set up in 1931 and headed by Harry Hopkins, a close adviser to Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt asked Congress to set up FERA—which gave grants to the states for the same purpose—in May 1933, and appointed Hopkins to head it. Along with the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) it was the first relief operation under the New Deal. Basically, it gave grants and loans to states. FERA's main goal was alleviating household unemployment by creating new unskilled jobs in local and state government. Jobs were more expensive than direct cash payments (called "the dole"), but were psychologically more beneficial to the unemployed, who wanted any sort of job, for self-esteem, to play the role
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    235
    Federal Housing Administration

    Federal Housing Administration

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934. It insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying. The goals of this organization are to improve housing standards and conditions, provide an adequate home financing system through insurance of mortgage loans, and to stabilize the mortgage market. As of July, 2011, the Acting Commissioner of the FHA is Jitendra Singh. During the Great Depression, the banking system failed, causing a drastic decrease in home loans and ownership. At this time, most home mortgages were short-term (three to five years), no amortization, balloon instruments at loan-to-value (LTV) ratios below fifty to sixty percent. The banking crisis of the 1930s forced all lenders to retrieve due mortgages. Refinancing was not available, and many borrowers, now unemployed, were unable to make mortgage payments. Consequently, many homes were foreclosed, causing the housing market to plummet. Banks collected the loan collateral (foreclosed homes) but the low property values resulted in a relative lack of assets. Because there was little faith in the
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    236
    Home Owners' Loan Corporation

    Home Owners' Loan Corporation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC) was a New Deal agency established in 1933 by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation Act under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its purpose was to refinance home mortgages currently in default to prevent foreclosure. This was accomplished by selling bonds to lenders in exchange for the home mortgages. It was used to extend loans from shorter loans to fully amortized, longer term loans (typically 20–25 years). Through its work it granted long term mortgages to over a million people facing the loss of their homes. The HOLC stopped lending c. 1935, once all the available capital had been spent, and began the process of liquidating its assets. HOLC officially ceased operations in 1951, when its last assets were sold to private lenders. HOLC was only applicable to nonfarm homes, worth less than $20,000. HOLC also assisted mortgage lenders by refinancing problematic loans and increasing the institutions liquidity. When its last assets were sold in 1951, HOLC turned a small profit. HOLC is often-cited as the originator of mortgage redlining, although, this claim has also been disputed. The racist attitudes and language found in the appraisal sheets and
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    237
    National Library of New Zealand

    National Library of New Zealand

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New Zealand
    The National Library of New Zealand (Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa in Maori) is New Zealand's legal deposit library charged with the obligation to "enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations" (National Library of New Zealand (Te Puna Mātauranga) Act 2003). Under the Act, the library is also expected to be: It is said to be unique, as unlike many other national libraries it is an autonomous government department. The library also has links to primary and secondary schools through its School Services business unit, which has 15 service centres and three Curriculum Information Service branches around New Zealand. The Legal Deposit Office is also New Zealand's agency for ISBN and ISSN. The library headquarters is close to the Parliament of New Zealand and the Court of Appeal on the corner of Aitken and Molesworth Streets, Wellington. The current Minister Responsible for the National Library is Nathan Guy. On 25 March 2010 the Minister of State Services announced that Archives New Zealand and the National Library of New Zealand would be merged into the Department of Internal Affairs. The National Library of New Zealand was formed in 1965
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    238
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    • Government: Federal government of the United States
    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), pronounced /ˈno(ʊ).ə/, like "Noah", is a scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. NOAA warns of dangerous weather, charts seas and skies, guides the use and protection of ocean and coastal resources, and conducts research to improve understanding and stewardship of the environment. In addition to its civilian employees, NOAA research and operations are supported by 300 uniformed service members who make up the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps. The current Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere at the Department of Commerce and the agency's administrator is Jane Lubchenco, who was nominated by President Barack Obama and confirmed by the U.S. Senate on March 19, 2009. NOAA's strategic vision is "an informed society that uses a comprehensive understanding of the role of the oceans, coasts, and atmosphere in the global ecosystem to make the best social and economic decisions". The agency's mission is "to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet our
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    239

    Naval Criminal Investigative Service

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) is the primary security, counter-intelligence, counter-terrorism, and law enforcement agency of the United States Department of the Navy. It is the successor organization to the former Naval Investigative Service (NIS). Roughly half of the 2,500 NCIS employees are civilian special agents who are trained to carry out a wide variety of assignments at locations across the globe. NCIS special agents are armed federal law enforcement investigators, who frequently coordinate with other U.S. government agencies. NCIS special agents are supported by analysts and other experts skilled in disciplines such as forensics, surveillance, surveillance countermeasures, computer investigations, physical security, and polygraph examinations. NCIS traces its roots to Navy Department General Order 292 of 1882, signed by William H. Hunt, Secretary of the Navy, which established the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI). Initially, the ONI was tasked with collecting information on the characteristics and weaponry of foreign vessels, charting foreign passages, rivers, or other bodies of water, and touring overseas fortifications, industrial
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    240

    Oregon State Archives

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Oregon
    The Archives Division of the Office of the Secretary of State of Oregon, or Oregon State Archives, is an agency of the Office of the Oregon Secretary of State charged with preserving and providing access to government records. It also publishes the Oregon Blue Book and Oregon Administrative Rules. The position of State Archivist was authorized by the state legislature in 1945, though not filled until 1947, and was originally a staff position within the Oregon State Library. The duties and functions of the archivist were placed under the purview of the Secretary of State in 1973, when that office was deemed the chief records officer of the state government by the legislature.
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    241
    Physical Research Laboratory

    Physical Research Laboratory

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: India
    The Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) is a national Research Institute for space and allied sciences, supported mainly by Department of Space, Government of India. This research laboratory has ongoing research programmes in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Atmospheric Sciences and Aeronomy, Earth Sciences, Solar System studies and Theoretical Physics. It manages the Udaipur Solar Observatory and is located in Ahmedabad. Known as the cradle of Space Sciences in India, the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) was founded on 11 November 1947 by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. PRL had a modest beginning at his residence, the RETREAT, with research on cosmic rays. The institute was formally established at the M.G. Science Institute, Ahmedabad, with support from the Karmkshetra Educational Foundation and the Ahmedabad Education Society. Prof. Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan was the first Director of the institute. The initial focus was research on Cosmic Rays and the properties of the upper atmosphere. Research areas were expanded to include Theoretical Physics and Radio Physics later with grants from the Atomic Energy Commission. Today PRL is actively involved in research, related to five major fields
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    242
    Royal Canadian Mounted Police

    Royal Canadian Mounted Police

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Canada
    The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) (French: Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), literally ‘Royal Gendarmerie of Canada'; colloquially known as The Mounties, and internally as ‘The Force') is both a federal and a national police force of Canada, and one of the most recognized of its kind in the world. It is unique in the world as a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing body. The RCMP provides policing services to all of Canada at a federal level, and also on a contract basis to the three territories, eight of Canada's provinces (the RCMP does not provide provincial or municipal policing in either Ontario or Quebec), more than 190 municipalities, 184 aboriginal communities, and three international airports. The RCMP was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP, founded 1873) with the Dominion Police (founded 1868). The former was originally named the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), and was given the Royal prefix by King Edward VII in 1904. Much of the present-day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP, including the distinctive Red Serge uniform, paramilitary heritage, and mythos as a frontier
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    243

    Sistema de Inteligencia Nacional

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Argentina
    Sistema de Inteligencia Nacional (National Intelligence System, SIN) is the official denomination of the Argentine national intelligence community. The National Intelligence System consists of the following agencies and its dependencies: The National Intelligence System came online with the 2001 Intelligence Reform Law 25.520.
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    244
    Swedish Institute of Space Physics

    Swedish Institute of Space Physics

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Sweden
    The Swedish Institute of Space Physics or Institutet för rymdfysik ("IRF") is a Swedish government agency. The institute's primary task is to carry out basic research, education and associated observatory activities in space physics, space technology and atmospheric physics. The IRF was founded in 1957 and the first Kiruna-designed satellite experiment was launched in 1968. The institute has about one hundred employees and has its head office in Kiruna. Other offices are situated in Umeå, Uppsala and Lund. IRF, originally the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, began as a department within the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It has been a public research institute since 1973, under the auspices of the Swedish Ministry of Education and Culture. IRF participates in several international satellite projects. At present, data from satellite instruments are being analysed to help us better comprehend the plasma-physical processes in the solar wind and around comets and planets. For example, the Swedish Viking and Freja satellites, with equipment from IRF on board, have greatly increased our knowledge of the auroral processes in the Earth’s magnetosphere, as have the micro-satellites
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    Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission

    Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Texas
    The Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC, formerly the Texas Liquor Control Board) was created in 1935. The TABC has the task of inspecting, supervising and regulating every phase of business related to alcoholic beverages. The agency is headquartered in the 5806 Mesa Drive building in Austin. In addition to their regulatory roles, TABC agents are fully empowered state police officers with state-wide criminal jurisdiction and may make arrests for any offense. See Cortez v. State, 738 S.W.2d 760 (Tex. App.-Austin, 1987). In 2006, the Commission led Operation Last Call, in which persons in bars and other alcohol serving establishments were arrested for being intoxicated. Said Captain David Alexander, head of the Operation Last Call Task Force, "Going to a bar is not an opportunity to go get drunk...It's to have a good time, but not to get drunk." TABC agents made national news for arresting customers in local hotel bars in the Dallas area. After national criticism the Texas Legislature quickly suspended the program last March pending more review. On June 28, 2009, TABC officers conducted a raid on the Rainbow Lounge, a gay bar in Fort Worth. Several customers were arrested for
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    Transport InfoLine

    Transport InfoLine

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: New South Wales
    Transport Info is a telephone and web-based information service for public transport in New South Wales. Originally designed as a telephone information service for metropolitan Sydney, its scope has been extended to include transport in country areas. Transport Info is commonly known by its telephone number, 131 500. The service is provided under contract to Transport for NSW. The service allows users to plan journeys spanning multiple transport modes and transit operators, and is marketed across the city's public transport network. Around 2.24 million calls were made to Transport Info's 131500 number in the 2005-06 financial year, down slightly on the previous year. This coincides with significant upgrades to the service's website. Around a third of calls are handled automatically by an interactive voice recognition system. The remainder is directed to a call centre. A parallel teletype service for hearing and speech impaired customers is available on 1800 637 500. Transport Info's website is located at http://www.131500.com.au. In addition to providing fare and transit operator information, the site offers a journey planner feature that gives customers maps and directions for
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    United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal law enforcement agency that enforces laws against workplace discrimination. The EEOC investigates discrimination complaints based on an individual's race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, genetic information and retaliation for reporting, participating in and/or opposing a discriminatory practice. The Commission also mediates and settles thousands of discrimination complaints each year prior to their investigation. The EEOC is also empowered to file discrimination suits against employers on behalf of alleged victims and to adjudicate claims of discrimination brought against federal agencies. President John F. Kennedy on March 6, 1961 signed Executive Order 10925, which required government contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed and that employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin." It established the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity of which then Vice President Lyndon Johnson was appointed to head. This was the forerunner of the EEOC. The EEOC was established on July 2,
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    United States Government Printing Office

    United States Government Printing Office

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Government Printing Office (GPO) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government. The office prints documents produced by and for the federal government, including the Supreme Court, the Congress, the Executive Office of the President, executive departments, and independent agencies. GPO was created on June 23, 1860 by Congressional Joint Resolution 25. It began operations March 4, 1861, with 350 employees and reached a peak employment of 8,500 in 1972. The agency began transformation to computer technology in 1980s; along with the gradual replacement of paper with electronic document distribution, this has led to a steady decline in the number of staff at the agency. For its entire history, GPO has occupied the corner of North Capitol Street NW and H Street NW in the District of Columbia. The activities of GPO are defined in the public printing and documents chapters of Title 44 of the United States Code. The Public Printer, who serves as the head of GPO, is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Public Printer selects a Superintendent of Documents. The Superintendent of Documents (SuDocs) is in
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    249

    United States Office of War Information

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: United States of America
    The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a U.S. government agency created during World War II to consolidate government information services. It operated from June 1942 until September 1945. It coordinated the release of war news for domestic use, and, using posters and radio broadcasts, worked to promote patriotism, warned about foreign spies and attempted to recruit women into war work. The office also established an overseas branch which launched a large scale information and propaganda campaign abroad. The OWI was established by Executive Order 9182 on June 13, 1942, to consolidate the functions of the Office of Facts and Figures, OWI's direct predecessor; the Office of Government Reports, and the division of information of the Office for Emergency Management. The Foreign Intelligence Service, Outpost, Publication, and Pictorial Branches of the Office of the Coordinator of Information were also transferred to the OWI. (The Executive order creating OWI, however, stated that dissemination of information to the Latin American countries should be continued by the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs.) Elmer Davis, who was a CBS newsman, was named
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    250
    Washington State Department of Transportation

    Washington State Department of Transportation

    • Jurisdiction of agency's government: Washington
    The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), was established in 1905. The agency, led by a Secretary and overseen by the Governor, is a Washington governmental agency that constructs, maintains, and regulates the use of the state's transportation infrastructure. WSDOT is responsible for more than 20,000 lane-miles of roadway, nearly 3,000 vehicular bridges and 524 other structures. This infrastructure includes rail lines, state highways, state ferries (considered part of the highway system) and state airports WSDOT was originally founded as the Washington State Highway Board and the Washington State Highways Department on March 13, 1905, when then-governor Albert Mead signed a bill that gave $110,000 USD to fund new roads that linked the state. The State Highway Board was managed by State Treasurer, State Auditor, and Highway Commissioner Joseph M. Snow and the Board first met on April 17, 1905 to plan the 12 original state roads. The first state highway districts, each managed by a District Engineer, were established in 1918. During this period, the construction of highways began. In 1921, the State Highway Board was replaced by the Washington Highway Committee and
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