A film distributor is any organization which has distributed a film in any medium, include theatrical distribution, television broadcast, or release on home video.
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ABC Commercial is the commercial arm of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. It is responsible for making a profit through the creation, marketing and retailing of ABC products and services worldwide.
ABC Commercial was established in 1974. It was called ABC Enterprises initially and was later renamed ABC Commercial. One of its aims is to ensure that all profits from the sale of consumer products and production services are returned to the Corporation for reinvestment in program-making.
ABC Commercial has three departments: ABC Retail, ABC Product, and ABC Sales and Distribution.
ABC Shops is managed under the ABC Retail department. ABC Shops now operates over 40 retail shops and 80 centres, an international delivery service on the Internet as well as developing and licensing ABC brands and programs, and providing production resource hire to the general public and industry alike.
On 11 May 2008, sources from both the ABC and Dymocks revealed that the ABC was planning to close its 43 ABC Shops in two month's time. The plan was for Dymocks to take over the sale of ABC products at their stores. An ABC spokeswoman, however, dismissed the claim as "absolutely incorrect" in a letter
Edison Studios was an American motion picture production company owned by the Edison Company of inventor Thomas Edison. The studio made close to 1,200 films as the Edison Manufacturing Company (1894–1911) and Thomas A. Edison, Inc. (1911–1918) until the studio's closing in 1918. Of that number, 54 were feature length, the remainder were shorts.
Its first production facility, Edison's Black Maria studios in West Orange, New Jersey, was built in the winter of 1892–93. The second facility, a glass-enclosed rooftop studio built at 41 East 21st Street in Manhattan's entertainment district, opened in 1901. In 1907, Edison had new facilities built on Decatur Avenue and Oliver Place in the Bronx.
Edison himself played no direct part in the making of his studio's films beyond being the owner, and appointing William Gilmore as vice-president and general manager. Edison's assistant William Kennedy Dickson, who supervised the development of Edison's motion picture system, produced the first Edison films intended for public exhibition, 1893–95. After Dickson's departure for Biograph in 1895, he was replaced as director of production by cameraman William Heise, then from 1896 to 1903 by James H.
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., (NYSE: MHP) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in Rockefeller Center in New York City. Its primary areas of business are financial, education, publishing, and business services. It publishes numerous textbooks and magazines, including Architectural Record and Aviation Week, and is the parent company of Standard & Poor's, Platts, and J.D. Power and Associates. It is the majority owner of the Canadian publisher McGraw-Hill Ryerson (TSX). The company has its corporate headquarters in 1221 Avenue of the Americas, Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The McGraw-Hill Companies traces its history back to 1888 when James H. McGraw, co-founder of the company, purchased the American Journal of Railway Appliances. He continued to add further publications, eventually establishing The McGraw Publishing Company in 1899. His co-founder, John A. Hill, had also produced several technical and trade publications and in 1902 formed his own business, The Hill Publishing Company.
In 1909 both men, having known each other's interests, agreed upon an alliance and combined the book departments of their publishing companies into The McGraw-Hill Book
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite) is a denomination of the Latter Day Saint movement with around three hundred members as of 1998. It is an entirely separate organization from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which is considerably larger and better-known, although both churches claim to be the original organization established by Joseph Smith, on April 6, 1830. The Strangite church is headquartered in Voree, Wisconsin, just outside Burlington, and accepts the claims of James Strang as successor to Joseph Smith, as opposed to those of Brigham Young, Sidney Rigdon, Joseph Smith III, or any other Mormon leader.
Strangites share the same history with other Latter Day Saint denominations up until the assassination of Joseph Smith. During the resulting succession crisis, several early Mormon leaders asserted claims to succeed Smith, including Sidney Rigdon, Brigham Young and James Strang. Rigdon's claim rested on his status as the sole surviving member of Smith's First Presidency, the church's highest leadership quorum. Rejected by the main church body in Nauvoo, Rigdon and his followers moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where his organization
Shrek is a 2001 American computer-animated fantasy comedy film directed by Andrew Adamson and Vicky Jenson, featuring the voices of Mike Myers, Eddie Murphy, Cameron Diaz, and John Lithgow. It is loosely based on William Steig's 1990 fairy tale picture book with the same name, and also somewhat serves as a children’s parody film, targeting other films adapted from various children’s fantasies (mainly Disney films). Shrek stars Mike Myers as a big, strong, solitude-loving, intimidating ogre named Shrek; Cameron Diaz as the beautiful, feisty, but very down-to-earth Princess Fiona; Eddie Murphy as the talkative Donkey; and John Lithgow as the villain Lord Farquaad. The film made notable use of popular music; the soundtrack includes music by Smash Mouth, Eels, Joan Jett, The Proclaimers, Jason Wade, The Baha Men, and Rufus Wainwright (covering Leonard Cohen). Shrek was the only film in the series to have Harry Gregson-Williams's musical score assistantly by John Powell.
The rights to the books were originally bought by Steven Spielberg in 1991, before the founding of DreamWorks, when he thought about making a traditionally animated film based on the book. However, John H. Williams
Elegant Angel Productions is a pornographic film studio located in Canoga Park, California and owned by Patrick Collins. The company is considered one of the early pioneers of Gonzo pornography, and its films have won numerous awards.
Elegant Angel was founded in 1990 by Collins in partnership with pornographic film maker John Stagliano as a subsidiary of Stagliano's Evil Angel Video.
The two labels soon became a pioneer of Gonzo pornography, along with other producers such as Rodney Moore and Ed Powers. Stagliano had pioneered the Gonzo genre in the late 1980s.
In 1996, Collins established Elegant Angel as a separate company, and in 1998 it ended all cooperation with Evil Angel. His departure from Evil Angel has been called "less than amicable", and he and Stagliano are apparently "ex-friend[s]". At the time Collins said that Stagliano "couldn't run a business, and would fail without him". According to Stagliano, "Patrick's a bully", "and he wasn't doing his job properly". "I should have fired him years ago".
On 27 May 1997 Elegant Angel employee Israel Chapa Gonzalez shot dead Glendale police officer Charles A. Lazzaretto and wounded two others at the company's warehouse in
Sony Music Entertainment (also called SME or Sony Music) is the largest global recorded music company of the "big three" record companies and is controlled by Sony Corporation of America, the United States subsidiary of Japan's Sony Corporation.
The company, which evolved into Sony Music, was founded in 1929 as the American Record Corporation (ARC) through the merger of several smaller record companies. In the depths of the Great Depression, the Columbia Phonograph Company (founded in 1888) in the U.S. (including its Okeh Records subsidiary) was acquired by ARC in 1934.
ARC was acquired in 1938 by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS, which itself had been formed by the Columbia Phonograph Company, but then sold off). ARC was renamed Columbia Recording Corporation. The Columbia Phonograph Company had international subsidiaries and affiliates such as the Columbia Graphophone Company in the United Kingdom, but they were sold off prior to CBS acquiring American Columbia. RCA Victor Records executive Ted Wallerstein convinced CBS head William S. Paley to buy ARC and Paley made Wallerstein head of the newly acquired record company. The renamed company made Columbia its flagship label
Triple Crown Records is a New York-based record label created in 1997 by Fred Feldman. The record label includes such artists as The Receiving End of Sirens and The Dear Hunter. It was also where the band Brand New got their start in 2001.
Triple Crown Records is a part of the East West family of record labels, a subsidiary of Warner Music Group, and is distributed by the Alternative Distribution Alliance.
FilmDistrict is an American independent motion picture company based in Los Angeles, that is a multi-faceted acquisitions, distribution, production, and financing company focusing on wide release, commercial pictures. FilmDistrict was founded in September 2010 by Peter Schlessel in partnership with Graham King and Timothy Headington.
FilmDistrict releases select films theatrically on behalf of GK Films and Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions. In December 2010, FilmDistrict and Netflix signed a Pay-TV deal.
The studio also has some films co-produced with Tristar Pictures, beginning with Soul Surfer and Looper. FilmDistrict CEO Peter Schlessel made alternative distribution arrangements for the company’s 2012 film releases. Schlessel closed a 3-picture distribution deal for their 2012 films to go through Tom Ortenberg’s Open Road Films. Open Road will release Lockout, the Luc Besson-produced sci-fi action movie that stars Guy Pearce and Maggie Grace and will be released April 13, 2012. Open Road will also release the Red Dawn remake that is slated for November 21, 2012. The third film hasn't been announced yet.
On Open Road's official website they list Playing The Field as the third
Gramercy Pictures was a film distributor launched in May 1992, a joint venture of PolyGram Filmed Entertainment and Universal Pictures. Gramercy, a so-called "mini-major," was the distributor of PolyGram movies in the United States and Canada. In January 1996, PolyGram brought the 50% stake owned by Universal, thus assuming full control of Gramercy. When Universal acquired its parent company from Seagrams in 1999, it reacquired Gramercy and merged it with October Films. Both companies were sold to its cable channel USA Network, which renamed the combined operations as USA Films. USA Films then transformed into Focus Features in 2002.
Gramercy Pictures released its first film, the Mario Van Peebles western Posse, in May 1993. The distributor also had box office hits in 1994's Four Weddings and a Funeral, 1996's Fargo and 1997's Bean. Several Gramercy releases of the 1990s have grown in stature to become cult classics in the present day: The Big Lebowski, Dazed and Confused, Clay Pigeons and Mallrats. In addition, 1996's The Usual Suspects won two Oscars, for Best Original Screenplay (Christopher McQuarrie) and Best Supporting Actor (Kevin Spacey).
There was an earlier, unrelated
@radical.media is a global transmedia company founded in 1993 by Jon Kamen and Frank Scherma with offices in New York, Los Angeles, Berlin, Sydney and Shanghai.
@radical.media’s work has won an Academy Award, Emmys, a Golden Globe, Grammys, Webbys, D&ADs, Clios, One Show Awards, and other accolades associated with advertising, marketing and programming businesses. The company develops, produces and distributes projects in a variety of media including feature films, television, branded content, commercials, music videos, graphic and interactive design, smartphone & tablet applications, exhibitions, branding, live events, and photography.
@radical.media produces content for brands, organizations, artists and individuals, and is involved with philanthropic initiatives such as 1Goal, Acumen, Bill and the Melinda Gates Foundation, Boost Up, Conservation International, The One Campaign, and works closely with the New York City Mayor’s Office of Film, Theater & Television.
In October 2010, @radical.media became part of FremantleMedia Ltd, the content and production division of RTL Group.
@radical.media creates and produces content for feature films, documentaries, short films, stage to
Halaqah Media Group (Halaqah Films) is a multimedia publishing company founded in 1998, located in London, with offices in South Africa, USA and Ethiopia. Halaqah Media is a Film documentary and Feature Film Production and distribution company. They focus on the production of works about social justice. Their movies are intended for both institutional and commercial use.
Major published work only
Fox Faith (also spelled FoxFaith) is a brand of film studio Twentieth Century Fox targeting evangelical Christians. Established under Fox's video division, Fox Faith acquires independent Christian-themed films for theatrical and video release. Fox describes Fox Faith titles as "morally-driven, family-friendly programming," and requires them to "have overt Christian [c]ontent or be derived from the work of a Christian author."
Its theatrical releases are by arrangement with the AMC Theatres and Carmike Cinemas chains, and will mostly be digital releases. The New York Times said of Fox Faith's most widely distributed release, The Ultimate Gift: "While it's always fun when Hollywood aims to instruct us in the spiritual pitfalls of filthy lucre, perhaps insulting the artistic sensibilities of Christian audiences isn't the best way to get them into the multiplex."
Private Media Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: PRVT) is Europe’s leading producer and distributor of premium quality adult content. Private owns the world’s biggest library of high quality adult content, and has built up a global content distribution network that includes Internet, mobile, IPTV/broadcast, DVD and print media. Private also creates strategic partnerships with other key adult industry players and licenses its content and brand to third parties.
Private magazine was established in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1965 as the world's first full-color hardcore magazine by Berth Milton, Sr. In the early 1990s, his son Berth Milton, Jr. took over and moved the company's headquarters to Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain, although the company is incorporated in Nevada. Milton also started to produce movies and internet content, and in 1999, Private became the first adult entertainment company to be traded on the NASDAQ stock market.
Private releases 10-12 new films every month and owns the largest original content adult movie library.
Private has multi-lingual websites attracting millions of visits per month. Private offers its content through DVD, Video on Demand (VOD), Internet Protocol
Republic Pictures was an independent film production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, operating from 1935 through 1959, and was best known for specializing in westerns, movie serials and B films emphasizing mystery and action.
The studio was also responsible for financing and distributing one Shakespeare film, Orson Welles' Macbeth (1948) and several of the films of John Ford during the 1940s and early 1950s, and for developing the careers of John Wayne, Gene Autry and Roy Rogers.
Created in 1935 by Herbert J. Yates, a longtime investor in film and music properties and founder and president of film processing laboratory Consolidated Film Industries, Republic was the result of a union of six smaller Poverty Row studios.
In the depths of the Great Depression of the 1930s, Yates' laboratory was servicing many Poverty Row studios. In 1935 Yates saw a chance to become a studio head himself. Six established Poverty Row companies (Monogram Pictures, Mascot Pictures, Liberty Pictures, Majestic Pictures, Chesterfield Pictures and Invincible Pictures) were all in debt to Yates' lab. He prevailed upon these studios to merge under his leadership (or otherwise face foreclosure
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (CPII) is an American film production and distribution company. Columbia Pictures now forms part of the Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, owned by Sony Pictures Entertainment, a subsidiary of the Japanese conglomerate Sony. It is one of the leading film companies in the world, a member of the so-called Big Six. It was one of the so-called Little Three among the eight major film studios of Hollywood's Golden Age.
The studio, founded in 1919 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922. It adopted the Columbia Pictures name in 1924 and went public two years later. The name is derived from "Columbia", a national personification of the United States, which is used as the company's logo.
In its early years a minor player in Hollywood, Columbia began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra.
With Capra and others, Columbia became one of the primary homes of the screwball comedy. In the 1930s, Columbia's major contract stars were Jean Arthur and Cary Grant (who was shared with RKO Pictures). In the 1940s, Rita Hayworth
eOne Films, formerly Fox Lorber Films and Koch-Lorber Films, launched in February 2003, is an independent film distributor and DVD label based in New York. It is one of several subsidiaries of Entertainment One.
eOne Films specializes primarily in critically acclaimed independent films, classics, documentaries and foreign cinema, and distributes films for both theatrical as well as DVD release. Their catalog includes foreign film classics such as La Dolce Vita, Peau d'Âne (Donkey Skin), The Umbrellas of Cherbourg, The Official Story, and Theorem as well as contemporary releases such as The Syrian Bride, Changing Times, Man Push Cart and the documentaries Our Brand Is Crisis and The Bridge.
Michael Koch and Richard Lorber are the Chairman/CEO and President, respectively.
Aqua Films is an Argentine film production company that provides administrative services to local and foreign productions.
The company arranges and organizes pre-productions, film shoots and post-production work, including:
The firm is owned by Enrique Piñeyro.
HBO (Home Box Office) is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner, under the operating subsidiary Home Box Office Inc. As of January 2012, HBO's programming reaches 29 million subscribers in the United States, making it the second largest premium network in the United States (Encore's programming reaches 33.2 million subscribers as of March 2012). In addition to its U.S. subscriber base, HBO also broadcasts in at least 151 countries worldwide.
HBO's programming consists primarily of theatrically released motion pictures and original series, along with made-for-cable movies and documentaries, boxing matches, and occasional stand-up comedy and concert specials.
In 1965, Charles Dolan, who had already done pioneering work in the commercial use of cables, won a franchise to build a cable system in Lower Manhattan in New York. The new system, which Dolan called "Sterling Manhattan Cable", became the first urban underground cable system in the United States. Rather than stringing cable on telephone poles or using microwave antennas to receive the signals, Sterling laid underground cable beneath the streets of Manhattan — because the multitude of tall buildings
Logo is an American digital cable-television channel owned by Viacom's Music and Logo Group division. Launched in June 2005, the channel's programs are geared towards the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community.
The advertiser-supported channel struck carriage deals prior to its launch date with DirecTV, Charter Communications, Adelphia, Cablevision, Time Warner Cable of New York City, and RCN. A deal with Comcast was reached after the launch date. Dish Network has added the channel as an option for their HDTV package. Logo has partnered with CBS News to provide news briefs and has developed a relationship with LPI Media, publisher of The Advocate, Out, and The Out Traveler magazines. Logo replaced VH1 Mega Hits in some markets when it was launched. On December 11, 2006, MTV Networks and Time Warner Cable announced an agreement to expand its distribution of Logo to additional markets. Logo became available on the Dish Network in May 2009.
Logo was available in an estimated 41 million homes as of September 2010 and is in the 25 largest media markets in the United States.
The channel was founded by former MTV Executive, Matt Farber. Its first President, Brian Graden,
IODA, the Independent Online
Distribution Alliance, is the industry-leading digital distribution
company for the global independent music community. IODA provides
comprehensive services to record labels, physical distributors, and
artists, including license negotiations; media encoding and metadata
management; and royalty payment administration and reporting. The
company also offers promotional support through a dedicated marketing
division and through the IODA Promonet (www.iodapromonet.com), a
promotional distribution network that provides qualified podcasts,
blogs, and other promotional sites with access to pre-cleared, legal
music and other promotional assets from IODA’s labels.
Artisan Entertainment Inc. was a privately held independent American movie studio until it was purchased by a Canadian studio, Lions Gate, in 2003. At the time of its acquisition, Artisan had a library of thousands of films developed through acquisition, original production, and production and distribution agreements. Its headquarters and private screening room were located in Santa Monica, California. It also had an office in TriBeCa, Lower Manhattan, New York City.
The company owned the home video rights to the film libraries of Republic Pictures, and Carolco Pictures. They also owned Family Home Entertainment (FHE), and its motion picture subdivision, FHE Pictures for a first-feature film Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie.
Artisan's releases included Requiem for a Dream, Pi, Grizzly Falls, Killing Zoe, National Lampoon's Van Wilder, The Blair Witch Project, Novocaine, and Startup.com.
Artisan, unlike most movie studios, had its roots in the home video industry.
Artisan Entertainment was founded in 1981 by Noel C. Bloom as Family Home Entertainment, Inc.. In 1983, FHE began operating its new subsidiary USA Home Video, when tapes were usually packaged in large boxes and included
COLT Studio Group is an American porn company.
It has produced all-male erotica for over 40 years. Started in New York City in 1967, moved to Los Angeles for twenty five years and is now based in San Francisco, California. COLT Studio Group is the umbrella company for other brands such as:
COLT also produces and distributes content online through its website and adult video retailers worldwide. The company licenses the COLT and Buckshot trademark for the COLT Gear, Buckshot Toys novelty line as well as COLT Leather apparel, COLT Calendars, COLT and Buckshot Magazines, and soon to be COLT Bars worldwide. COLT is known as the "Playboy" of all-male erotica.
COLT Studio was founded by photographer Jim French. French sold the company to John Rutherford and his life-partner Tom Settle (dba Prowest Media).
In 2003 John Rutherford, previously of Falcon Studios, and his life-partner Tom Settle (dba Prowest Media) purchased the company and changed the name to COLT Studio Group.
In 2007, COLT Studio Group celebrated its fortieth anniversary. Mayor of San Francisco Gavin Newsom signed a proclamation declaring February 23, 2007 as "Colt Studio Day" in celebration of this anniversary. This
Disney Channel is an American basic cable and satellite television network, owned by the Disney-ABC Television Group division of The Walt Disney Company, and headquartered in Burbank, California. It is under the direction of Disney-ABC Television Group President Anne Sweeney. Disney Channel International Networks, currently run by President Carolina Lightcap, is a group of more than 90 entertainment channels and/or channel feeds for children and families available in over 160 countries and 30 languages. The platform brands are Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, Disney Cinemagic, Hungama TV and Radio Disney.
The channel specializes in television programming for children through original children's television series and movies, as well as third-party programming. It was originally marketed primarily towards younger children, with the exception of their weekend primetime block that is aimed at pre-teens and teenagers ages 9–14, and the Disney Junior programming block aimed towards toddlers aged 2–5. In recent years, however, the diversity of viewers has increased with an older audience of teenagers, young adults and families.
Since November 19, 2010, the channel is offered with
New Line Film Productions Inc., often simply referred to as New Line Cinema, is an American film studio. It was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye and Michael Lynne as a film distributor, later becoming an independent film studio. It became a subsidiary of Time Warner in 1996 and was merged with larger sister studio Warner Bros. in 2008.
New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the then 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness, which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line also released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are, Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (which became the first New Line film to win an Oscar). The studio has also released many of the films of John Waters.
In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, Stunts, an action thriller about murders of a number of
United Artists Corporation (UA) is an American film studio. The original studio of that name was founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks.
The current United Artists formed in November 2006 under a partnership between producer/actor Tom Cruise and his production partner, Paula Wagner, and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc., an MGM company. Paula Wagner left the studio on August 14, 2008. Cruise owned a small stake in the studio until late 2011. It is now a fully owned subsidiary of MGM, which itself is owned by MGM Holdings.
UA was incorporated as a joint venture on February 5, 1919, by four of the leading figures in early Hollywood: Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith. Each held a 20% stake, with the remaining 20% held by lawyer William Gibbs McAdoo. The idea for the venture originated with Fairbanks, Chaplin, Pickford, and cowboy star William S. Hart a year earlier as they were traveling around the U.S. selling Liberty bonds to help the World War I effort. Already veterans of Hollywood, the four film stars began to talk of forming their own company to better control their own work as well as their
Black Entertainment Television (BET, part of BET Networks) is an American, Viacom-owned cable network based in Washington, D.C.. Currently reaching more than 90 million households, it is the most prominent television network targeting African American audiences. The network was launched on January 25, 1980, by its founder, Robert L. Johnson. Programming of the network comprises mainstream music and movies and television series.
After stepping down as a lobbyist for the cable industry, Freeport, Illinois, native Robert L. Johnson decided to launch his own cable television network. Johnson would soon acquire a loan for $15,000, and earned a $500,000 investment from John Malone to start the network. BET began broadcasting on January 25, 1980. Initially broadcasting for two hours a week as a block of programming on the Nickelodeon (it wouldn't be until 1983 that BET became a full fledged channel), the network lineup consisted of music videos and reruns of popular black sitcoms.
BET launched a news program, BET News, in 1988, with Ed Gordon as the anchor. Gordon would later host other programs and specials on BET, such as Black Men Speak Out: The Aftermath, related to the 1992 Los
The Nikkatsu Corporation (日活株式会社, Nikkatsu kabushiki kaisha) is a Japanese entertainment company known for its film and television productions. It is Japan's oldest major movie studio. The name Nikkatsu amalgamates the words Nippon Katsudō Shashin, literally "Japan Cinematograph Company".
Shareholders are Nippon Television (35%) and SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation (28.4%).
Nikkatsu was founded on September 10, 1912 when several production companies and theater chains, Yoshizawa Shōten, Yokota Shōkai, Fukuhōdō and M. Pathe, consolidated under the name Nippon Katsudō Shashin. The company enjoyed its share of success. It employed such notable film directors as Shozo Makino and his son Masahiro Makino.
During World War II the government ordered the ten film companies that had formed by 1941 consolidate into two. Daiei founder Masaichi Nagata, a former Nikkatsu employee, counter-proposed that three companies be formed and the suggestion was approved. Nikkatsu, set to merge with the two weakest companies, Shinkō Kinema and Daito, were verbally displeased. The committee formed to establish the value of each company retaliated by purposefully undervaluing Nikkatsu which lead to Shinkō
ADV Films is the home video publication arm of A.D. Vision based in Houston, Texas, specializing in publishing anime and tokusatsu videos, and other live-action material. The company distributes anime in both North America and Europe.
Founded in 1992 by film fans John Ledford and Matt Greenfield, they started out by licensing and releasing the Devil Hunter Yohko series on video, were the first North American anime licensor to use all-digital video mastering and transfer (specifically D2 digital video tape), and soon began acquiring an extensive library, culminating in the licensing of the influential and controversial television series Neon Genesis Evangelion. In 1996, ADV Films had opened its U.K. division, and diversified into the realm of live-action with series such as Andromeda and Japanese films in the Gamera series.
No one knows for sure what the A.D. in ADV stands for, but it is suspected to mean "ADvanced", mainly because of the title AD Police.
When ADV first started back in 1992, they released videos in the original Japanese language with English subtitle. A few years later, they decided to begin dubbing, releasing anime with the Japanese dialogue recorded over
BBC Films is the feature film-making arm of the BBC. It has produced or co-produced some of the most successful British films of recent years, including An Education, StreetDance 3D, Fish Tank, Stage Beauty, A Cock and Bull Story, Nativity! and Match Point.
BBC Films co-produces around eight films a year, working in partnership with major international and UK distributors. Christine Langan is Head of BBC Films, responsible for the development and production slate, strategy and business operations.
Recent titles include Nigel Cole's Made in Dagenham, Stephen Frears’ Tamara Drewe, Debs Gardner-Paterson’s Africa United, Max and Dania’s StreetDance, which was Britain’s first-ever 3-D movie.
Until 2007, BBC Films was based in Mortimer Street, near Broadcasting House in London, while still under the full control of the BBC. A re-structuring of the division integrated it into the main BBC Fiction department of BBC Vision. As a result, it moved out of its independent offices into Television Centre, and its head David M. Thompson left to start his own film production company.
CBS/Fox Video was a home video company formed and established in 1982, as a merger between 20th Century Fox Video, formerly Magnetic Video Corporation, and CBS Video Enterprises that became a 50-50 merger with CBS and Fox.
The company was based in Farmington Hills, Michigan until 1985, when it moved to Livonia, Michigan. In 1989, it moved its headquarters to New York City, where it stayed until it became Fox Video (now 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment) in 1991.
Before CBS/Fox Video existed, 20th Century Fox Video released a select few titles for rental only, including Dr. No, Rocky, and Star Wars. While sale tapes were in big boxes that were later used by CBS/Fox in its early years, Video Rental Library tapes were packaged in black clamshell cases. Similar approaches were taken by Walt Disney Home Entertainment and Warner Home Video around that time.
In 1982, CBS formed a 50-50 venture with 20th Century Fox after Metro-Goldwyn Mayer broke off a joint venture with CBS, that was agreed in 1980, to market videocassettes and videodiscs. This was publicly announced on June 18, 1982, where they announced CBS's 40-acre film and production facility in Studio City, California would be
Embassy Pictures Corporation (previously known as Avco Embassy Pictures and later Embassy Film Associates) was an independent studio and distributor responsible for such films as The Graduate, The Lion in Winter, This Is Spinal Tap and Escape from New York.
The company was founded in 1942 by producer Joseph E. Levine, initially to distribute foreign films to the United States. Some of Levine's early successes were the Italian-made Hercules films with Steve Reeves and the 1961 adaptation of The Thief of Bagdad (which had virtually nothing to do with the 1940 version). Embassy also distributed Federico Fellini's film 8½ in the UK.
In 1963, Levine was offered a $30 million deal with Paramount Pictures to produce films in the vein of his previous successes. Paramount would finance the films and Embassy would receive part of its profits. Under the deal, Levine produced The Carpetbaggers and its prequel Nevada Smith, which were successes, along with flops such as Harlow, starring Carroll Baker, and The Oscar.
By the 1960s, Levine had transformed Embassy into a production company. Later in the decade, Embassy functioned on its own with many Rankin/Bass animated features (including Mad
IFC Films (Independent Film Channel) is an American film distribution company based in New York, owned by AMC Networks. It distributes independent films and documentaries under the IFC Films, Sundance Selects and IFC Midnight. It operates the IFC Center.
IFC Films' first release was a drama in 1999, Spring Forward, directed by Tom Gilroy. Over 300 releases have followed, including:
IFC has several ventures in video on demand (VOD), available through cable television pay-per-view, Apple iTunes, and Blockbuster's Movielink.
IFC First Take, launched in 2006, combines a limited theatrical release with availability the same day by VOD. The films show in IFC's New York theater IFC Center, and well as other theaters that may participate. Landmark Theatres were the first outside theaters announced.
Traditionally, in the United States, theatrical movies are released with windows separating the theatrical run, then airline and paid hotel showings, then DVD release, then pay-per-view cable, then premium cable, also called pay TV HBO, etc.), then broadcast and basic cable. VOD services, starting with the first legal one, Movielink, generally gained the rights to the same window as
Bang Bros is a production company of internet based pornography operating out of Miami, Florida, founded in 2000. Although the company is headquartered in Miami, some scenes are filmed in Los Angeles. The network includes a total of thirty six websites; only sixteen of which are regularly updated as of June 2012. The oldest active websites are AssParade, BangBus, BigMouthfuls, BigTitsRoundAsses, MonstersofCock and TugJobs.
In 2007, Bang Bros generated a sales total of 1.9 million dollars. Since 2008, however, its daily page views have descended, as well as its daily traffic rank trend.
BangBros Inc was sued by the U.S. government in June 2005 for violating the FTC (Federal Trade Commission) Adult Labeling Rule and Federal CAN-SPAM Act. The company failed to follow the rule that requires commercial emailers of sexually explicit material to use the phrase "sexually explicit" in the subject line. The company settled the lawsuit for $650,000 and also agreed to allow its operations to be monitored to ensure that it will comply with the law in the future. It has been reported that the company did not actually send out the emails, but is still liable because they hired third parties to do
Fox Broadcasting Company, commonly referred to as the Fox Network or simply Fox (and stylized as FOX), is an American commercial broadcasting television network owned by Fox Entertainment Group, part of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation. Launched on October 9, 1986, Fox was the highest-rated broadcast network in the 18–49 demographic from 2004 to 2009. In the 2007–08 season, Fox became the most popular network in America in household ratings for the first time in its history, replacing CBS. CBS took back the top spot in the 2008–09 season.
The Fox Broadcasting Company and its affiliates operate many entertainment channels internationally, although these do not necessarily air the same programming as the U.S. network. Most viewers in Canada have access to at least one U.S. Fox affiliate, although most of Fox's primetime programming (as well as NFL on Fox) is subject to Canadian simultaneous substitution regulations.
The network is named after sister company 20th Century Fox, and indirectly for producer William Fox, who founded one of the movie studio's predecessors, Fox Film.
20th Century Fox was involved in the television production as early as the 1950s. The company produced
Sierra Pictures, founded in 1947, has nothing to do with the silent film company of the same name. It was founded by Ingrid Bergman, Walter Wanger, and Victor Fleming, and its only production was the 1948 film Joan of Arc, which was distributed by RKO on its original release. Sierra was founded specifically for the production of that film, but probably would have gone on to produce more films had Joan of Arc been more successful.
Sierra Pictures ceased production after Joan of Arc was not the box office hit that was hoped for. Victor Fleming suddenly died in early 1949, only two months after the release of the film.
Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., also known as Warner Bros. Pictures or simply Warner Bros. (though the name was occasionally given in full form as Warner Brothers during the company's early years), is an American producer of film, television, and music entertainment.
One of the major film studios, it is a subsidiary of Time Warner, with its headquarters in Burbank, California and New York. Warner Bros. has several subsidiary companies, including Warner Bros. Studios, Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment, Warner Bros. Television, Warner Bros. Animation, Warner Home Video, New Line Cinema, TheWB.com, and DC Comics. Warner owns half of The CW Television Network.
Warner Bros. is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
The corporate name honors the four founding Warner brothers (born Wonskolaser [pron. WON Sko La' Ser] or Wonsal)—Harry (born Hirsz), Albert (born Aaron), Sam (born Szmul), and Jack (Itzhak or to some sources Jacob). Harry, Albert, Sam and their Jewish parents emigrated to North America from the part of Poland that had been subjugated to the Russian Empire following the 18th-century partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian
20th Century Fox Home Entertainment is the home video distribution arm of the 20th Century Fox film studio. It was established in 1976 as Magnetic Video Corporation, and later as 20th Century Fox Video, CBS/Fox Video and FoxVideo, Inc.. The company also is best known for distributing the two highest-grossing films of all time, Titanic and Avatar.
CBS/Fox became Fox Video in 1991, alternating with the CBS/Fox name until 1998. It was renamed as 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment in 1995, alternating with the Fox Video name until 1999.
They serve as a UK distributor for French film distributor, Pathé and their film library for VHS/DVD release while Warner Bros. handles theatrical distribution as of 2010. Fox also distributed Yari Film Group DVD titles in North America.
They also distribute Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and United Artists DVD titles worldwide under the MGM Home Entertainment label since MGM ended their home video agreement with Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Fox's worldwide distribution deal with MGM was due to expire in September 2011, but was renewed and extended on April 13, 2011 and will due to expire in 2016) as well as Largo Entertainment among others. Fox's best
October Films was an American independent film production company and distributor founded in 1991 by Bingham Ray and Jeff Lipsky as a means of distributing the 1990 film Life Is Sweet. It is unrelated to the UK-based factual television production company October Films Limited, founded in 1989 and still trading successfully.
A series of mergers and acquisitions began when Universal Pictures (then a division of the Seagram Company) bought a majority stake in October Films in 1997. Universal then sold its shares to Barry Diller in 1999, who renamed the company USA Films and merged it with Gramercy Pictures. Vivendi then acquired USA Films, who in 2002 acquired Good Machine and merged it with USA Films, forming Focus Features.
Aerofilms Ltd was the UK's first commercial aerial photography company, founded in 1919 by Francis Wills and Claude Graham White. Wills had served as an Observer with the Royal Naval Air Service during the Great War, and was the driving force behind the expansion of the company from an office and a bathroom (for developing films) in Hendon to a business with major contracts in Africa and Asia as well as in the UK. Co-founder Graham-White was a pioneer aviator who had achieved fame by making the first night flight in 1910.
Operations began from the Stag Lane Aerodrome at Edgware, using the aircraft of the London Flying School. Subsequently the Aircraft Manufacturing Company (later the De Havilland Aircraft Company), hired a Airco DH.9 along with pilot entrepreneur Alan Cobham. In its early years Aerofilms had links with pioneer cinematographer Claude Friese-Greene.
From 1921, Aerofilms carried out vertical photography for survey and mapping purposes. During the 1930s, the company pioneered the science of photogrammetry (mapping from aerial photographs), with the Ordnance Survey amongst the company's clients. In its earliest days, the main work of the company had been oblique
Biograph Studios was a studio facility and film laboratory complex built in 1912 by the Biograph Company, formerly American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, at 807 East 175th Street, in the Bronx, New York.
The Biograph Company's first studio was located on the roof of 841 Broadway at 13th Street in Manhattan, known then as the Hackett Carhart Building and today as the Roosevelt Building. The set-up was similar to Thomas Edison's "Black Maria" in West Orange, New Jersey, being mounted on circular tracks to be able to get the best possible sunlight. As of 1988, the foundations of this machinery were still extant. The company moved in 1906 to a brownstone at 11 East 14th Street near Union Square, where it remained until 1913. (The brownstone was torn down in the 1960s.) It was at this location that D. W. Griffith began as a director, and quickly became the studio's focus. Griffith found and developed for the company stars such as Mary Pickford; the Gish sisters, Lillian and Dorothy; Lionel Barrymore; Mabel Normand; Harry Carey and director Mack Sennett.
Griffith left the company in 1913, and it moved its facilities to the Bronx. Without Griffith, the studio did not prosper, and the
Rhino Entertainment Company is an American specialty record label and production company. It is owned by Warner Music Group.
Rhino was originally a novelty song and reissue company during the 1970s and 1980s, releasing compilation albums of pop, rock & roll, and rhythm & blues successes from the 1950s through the 1980s. They were also known for releasing retrospectives of famous comedy performers, including Richard Pryor, Stan Freberg, Tom Lehrer, and Spike Jones. Starting during the late 1980s, Rhino transitioned into a complete entertainment company specializing in home video/DVD re-issues of television programs such as The Transformers, G.I. Joe, Jem, The Lone Ranger, My Favorite Martian, The World of Sid & Marty Krofft collection and Mystery Science Theater 3000, and compact disc releases of select artists and movie soundtracks.
Rhino started as a record shop on Westwood Boulevard, Los Angeles, during 1973, run by Richard Foos. It became a record distributor five years later thanks to the effort of then-store manager Harold Bronson. Their early releases were mostly novelty records (with their first single being Wild Man Fischer's "Go To Rhino Records") and some punk rock
The Kushner-Locke Company is an American independent motion picture/television founded in 1983 by Donald Kushner and Peter Locke.
It is known for films such as The Adventures of Pinocchio, Liberace: Behind the Music, Basil, But I'm a Cheerleader, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, Freeway, Nutcracker: The Motion Picture and Teen Wolf. Kushner-Locke also produces animated films such as the The Brave Little Toaster series and Pound Puppies and the Legend of Big Paw.
In 2001, Kushner-Locke filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and has operated under this stature since then. In November of that same year, Artisan Entertainment (now owned by Lions Gate Entertainment) acquired the North American sales rights to its more than 300 titles.
The Yari Film Group (YFG) is an independent film company founded in 2002, and headed by producer Bob Yari, which deals in financing, production, acquisition, sales and distribution of theatrical feature films.
The company's early production credits included Academy Award Winner Crash, with an all-star cast led by Matt Dillon and Sandra Bullock; The Hoax, with Richard Gere; The Matador with Pierce Brosnan; The Painted Veil starring Edward Norton; A Love Song for Bobby Long with John Travolta; Dave Chappelle's Block Party; Prime with Meryl Streep; and Thumbsucker with an all-star cast including Keanu Reeves and Vince Vaughn.
In December 2008, Yari filed for bankruptcy. They continue to operate while under creditor protection as of March 2009.
Yari Film Group Releasing, the distribution arm of YFG, released their first batch of films in 2006. The dramedy Winter Passing, starring Will Ferrell and Ed Harris, was their first foray, with a limited U.S. release in February 2006. Find Me Guilty, starring Vin Diesel, was the company's first national release, launching in more than 400 theatres across the country. YFG's first major financial success as a distributor was with The Illusionist,
De Laurentiis Entertainment Group (DEG) was a production company/distribution unit founded by producer Dino De Laurentiis.
The company is notable for producing Manhunter, Blue Velvet, the horror films Near Dark and Evil Dead II, King Kong Lives (the sequel to De Laurentiis' remake of King Kong), and Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, as well as distributing Transformers: The Movie.
The company's main studios were located in Wilmington, North Carolina which is now EUE Screen Gems Studios. The studio's first releases were in 1986 but went bankrupt two years later after Million Dollar Mystery, among other films, failed at the box office. The company was acquired by Village Roadshow in 1988.
Canadian distribution of DEG releases were done by Paramount Pictures.
DEG had an early version of Total Recall in pre-production with Patrick Swayze as Quaid and Bruce Beresford to direct (David Cronenberg had also been approached), where it was to have been shot in Australia. After DEG's bankruptcy, the film went in turnaround to Carolco Pictures.
Magnolia Pictures is an American film distributor, and is a holding of 2929 Entertainment, owned by Todd Wagner and Mark Cuban. Magnolia was formed in 2001 by Bill Banowsky and Eamonn Bowles, and specializes in both foreign and independent films.
Films distributed by Magnolia typically appear on the cable television channel HDNet Movies (also owned by Cuban) during their first week of release.
Magnolia also has a genre films label named Magnet Releasing which mainly distributes foreign action films.
In April 2011, Cuban placed Magnolia up for sale, but he added that he wouldn't sell the company unless the offer was "very, very compelling."
In March 2009 Magnolia Pictures released the movie adaption of Let the Right One In on DVD and Blu-ray. The American discs feature both the original Swedish dialogue and an English dubbed version, while the European versions feature only the Swedish, and an audio-descriptive track in English. Icons of Fright reported that the American release had been criticized for using new, oversimplified English subtitles instead of the original theatrical subtitles. This unattributed translation contained many errors and over-simpifications, with many fans
The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania is a non-stock, not-for-profit organization headquartered in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, United States. It is the main legal entity used worldwide by Jehovah's Witnesses to direct, administer and develop doctrines for the religion and is often referred to by members of the religion simply as "the Society". It is the parent organization of a number of Watch Tower subsidiaries, including the Watchtower Society of New York and International Bible Students Association. Membership of the society is limited to between 300 and 500 "mature, active and faithful" male Jehovah's Witnesses. About 5800 Jehovah's Witnesses provide voluntary unpaid labour, as members of a religious order, in three large Watch Tower Society facilities in New York; nearly 15,000 other members of the order work at the Watch Tower Society's other facilities worldwide.
The organization was formed in 1881, as Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society, for the purpose of distributing religious tracts. The society was incorporated in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on December 15, 1884. In 1896, the society was renamed Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society. Following a
1 More Hit is a documentary film by Shauna Garr. It follows the life of hip hop producer J-Swift, formerly of The Pharcyde, from homelessness and crack addiction to his mission to win back his life and music career. 1 More Hit screened at SXSW in 2007. In 2008, the festival version was nominated for a PRISM Award by the Entertainment Industries Council (EIC), in recognition of an outstanding contribution that demonstrates the entertainment industry's sincere efforts to accurately depict drug, alcohol and tobacco use and addiction. The filmmaker updated the documentary in 2011 when it was picked up for digital release by Gravitas Ventures. The doc had its ON DEMAND premiere in January 2012 and is available on DVD through Smart Girl Productions.
All appearing as themselves.
CBS Films is an American film production and distribution company founded in 2007 as a division of CBS Corporation and is considered a mini-studio.
CBS Films will distribute, develop and produce four to six $50 million budget movies a year.
CBS made a brief move into film production in 1967, creating Cinema Center Films. This unprofitable unit was closed in 1972; today the distribution rights to the Cinema Center library rest with Paramount Pictures for home video (via CBS Home Entertainment) and theatrical release, and with CBS Television Distribution for TV distribution (most other ancillary rights remain with CBS). It released such films as The Reivers (1969), starring Steve McQueen, and the musical Scrooge (1970), starring Albert Finney. In 1979 CBS launched a new theatrical films division, which was officially named CBS Theatrical Films the following year. While this was in operation, CBS entered into a joint venture with Columbia Pictures and HBO called Tri-Star Pictures. CBS eventually dropped out of the venture in 1985, and CBS Theatrical Films came to an end that same year. In 2000, CBS was bought by Viacom, which also owned Paramount Pictures.
In March 2007, following the
The Fox Film Corporation was an American company which produced motion pictures, formed in 1915 when founder William Fox merged two companies he had established in 1913: Greater New York Film Rental, a distribution firm, which was part of the Independents; and Fox (or Box, depending on the source) Office Attractions Company, a production company. (see vertical integration)
The company's first film studios were set up in Fort Lee, New Jersey but in 1917, William Fox sent Sol M. Wurtzel to Hollywood, California to oversee the studio's new West Coast production facilities where a more hospitable and cost effective climate existed for filmmaking. On July 23, 1926, the company bought the patent of the Movietone sound system for recording sound on to film.
William Fox lost control over the company after the Stock Market Crash of 1929, in 1930, during a hostile takeover. Under new president Sidney Kent, the new owners merged the company in 1935 with Twentieth Century Pictures to form 20th Century Fox.
Among the studio's notable films:
Overture Films, LLC was an American film production and distribution company and a former subsidiary of Liberty Media and The Weinstein Company (although its byline reads "A Starz Company", Starz is also owned by Liberty Media and TWC). It was launched in November 2006 by Chris McGurk and Danny Rosett. Through its affiliated companies Anchor Bay Entertainment, Starz Entertainment Pay Channels, Starz Media, and Starz Play, Overture Films made its films available worldwide to viewers across multiple platforms via their home video, premium television, and Internet distribution channels.
Abeit some minor critical successes with films like Capitalism: A Love Story and Sunshine Cleaning, the company suffered poor box office ratings, and Starz closed the company in 2010, although rumors circulated early that year that it would be sold off. Its marketing and distribution assets are now handled by Relativity Media.
StudioCanal (a.k.a. Le Studio Canal+, Canal Plus, Canal+ Distribution, Canal+ Production, and Canal+ Image) is a French-based production (as StudioCanal S.A.) and distribution (as StudioCanal Images S.A.) company that owns the third-largest film library in the world. The company is owned by the Canal+ Group (which is owned by Vivendi and Universal Studios (NBCUniversal))
The company was founded in 1988 by Pierre Lescure as a spin-off of the Canal+ pay-TV network. The original function was to focus on French and European productions, but later made strategic deals with American production companies. StudioCanal's most notable productions from its early years include Terminator 2: Judgment Day, JFK, Basic Instinct, Cliffhanger, Under Siege, Free Willy, and the original Stargate movie. In these days, it was known as Le Studio Canal+
It has strong links to Universal Studios (Studiocanal and Universal Studios were owned by the same company between 2000 and 2004, hence StudioCanal co-produced a fair number of Universal's films. In 2004 When Vivendi merged it media assets with GE to form NBC Universal, it included a 50% in both StudioCanal and Canal+. Even though Vivendi had sold its
Warner Premiere was the direct-to-video label of Warner Home Video, itself the home video unit of Warner Bros.
In 2006, Warner Home Video announced they would enter the market of releasing original direct-to-video films, a market that has proven lucrative for studios over the past few years. They announced much of their output would be follow-ups to films that had done well at the box office theatrically, but wouldn't be expected to do well if a sequel were to be made. The first release under the Warner Premiere banner was the prequel The Dukes of Hazzard: The Beginning. Their second title release was a sequel to the 1999 hit horror film House on Haunted Hill, titled Return to House on Haunted Hill.
In addition to live-action output, the label was used for several direct-to-video animated movies from Warner's corporate siblings DC Comics and Warner Bros. Animation. These include the features Superman: Doomsday, Justice League: The New Frontier, Batman: Gotham Knight, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern: First Flight, Superman/Batman: Public Enemies, Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, Batman: Under the Red Hood, Superman/Batman: Apocalypse and most recently Superman vs. The Elite.
DreamWorks Studios, officially DW II Distribution Co., LLC, also known as DreamWorks, LLC, DreamWorks SKG, or DW Studios, LLC, is an American film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games and television programming. It has produced or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totalling more than $100 million each.
DreamWorks began in 1994 as an ambitious attempt by media moguls Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen (forming the SKG present on the bottom of the DreamWorks logo) to create a new Hollywood studio of which they own 72%. In December 2005, the founders agreed to sell the studio to Viacom, parent of Paramount Pictures. The sale was completed in February 2006. In 2008, DreamWorks announced its intention to end its partnership with Paramount and signed a $1.5 billion deal to produce films with India's Reliance ADA Group. Reliance provided $325M of equity to fund recreating Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks studio as an independent entity. Clark Hallren, former Managing Director of the Entertainment Industries group of J.P. Morgan Securities and Alan J. Levine of J.P. Morgan Entertainment Advisors led the Reliance team in
The Samuel Goldwyn Company was an independent film company founded by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., the son of the famous Hollywood mogul, Samuel Goldwyn, in 1979.
The company originally distributed and acquired art-house films from around the world to U.S. audiences; they soon added original productions to their roster as well, starting with The Golden Seal in 1983.
In succeeding years, the Goldwyn company was able to obtain (from Samuel Sr.'s estate) the rights to all films produced under Samuel Goldwyn, including the original Bulldog Drummond (1929), Arrowsmith (1931), and Guys and Dolls (1955). The company also acquired some distribution rights to several films and television programs that were independently produced but released by other companies, including Sayonara, the Hal Roach-produced Laurel & Hardy-starring vehicle Babes in Toyland (1934), the Flipper TV series produced by MGM Television, the Academy Award-winning Tom Jones (1963), and the Rodgers and Hammerstein film productions of South Pacific (1958), Oklahoma! (1955), as well as the CBS Television adaptation of Cinderella (1965).
Animated films include The Care Bears Movie, The Chipmunk Adventure, and Rock-a-Doodle. Among
New Line Home Entertainment (formerly known as New Line Home Video) is the home entertainment distribution arm of New Line Cinema, founded in 1990. According to New Line's website, Misery was the first New Line Home Video release.
It is responsible for the distribution of all New Line Cinema theatrical films for release on DVD and Blu-ray Disc. The company also distributes some feature films from the specialty studio Picturehouse (a New Line/HBO joint venture), as well as films or nontheatrical programs produced or acquired by New Line Home Entertainment and New Line Television.
In the early years of the video division, New Line acquired some holdings of Nelson Entertainment (whose library included films inherited from Embassy Pictures) and released some Nelson-owned films on video, including The Graduate and Escape From New York, as well as Castle Rock Entertainment films such as City Slickers, Mr. Saturday Night, Honeymoon in Vegas, and the aforementioned Misery. All of these films have passed on to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Before New Line formed its own video division, many of the company's films were released on video by various distributors. Initial offerings of New Line product
Turner Network Television (TNT) is an American cable television channel created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner that airs a variety of shows, with a focus on dramatic programming. Since 2007, TNT has re-launched local versions of the channel in Spain, Germany, Turkey and Belgium with more European countries in the pipeline.
TNT, as a cable service, was launched with a showing of the 1939 classic movie Gone with the Wind (to which Ted Turner had acquired the rights), on October 3, 1988. It was chosen because, it was said, it was Turner's favorite movie – it would also be the first program on sister channel Turner Classic Movies in 1994. Incidentally, the film was premiered in Atlanta, Turner's hometown and the headquarters of Turner Broadcasting, and was the setting for Gone With the Wind.
TNT was, at least initially, a vehicle for older movies and television shows, but slowly began to add original programming and newer reruns. When TNT began broadcasting pre-1986 MGM films, it caused a controversy when they began colorizing many black and white classics.
In 1990, it obtained partial rights to the Sunday Night
Yash Raj Films (YRF) is an Indian entertainment company established by Yash Chopra, an Indian film director and producer who is considered an entertainment mogul in India. His son Aditya Chopra also produces films under this banner.
Initially, Chopra worked for his brother, B.R. Chopra's, production company (B.R. Films). He set up his own company in the year 1976. Since the 1980s, it has produced many hits in India and the overseas market.
Yash Raj Films has launched its own music label called Yash Raj Music and produces DVDs, videos and VCDs under the Yash Raj Films Home Entertainment label. YRF Home Entertainment has acquired the rights for classic films created by Raj Kapoor and his production company R.K. Films, as well as B.R. Chopra and his production company B.R. Films. In 2006, Yash Raj Films unveiled its new film studio. Since 2007, it has sold its music in digital format through the site along with DVDs and audio CDs. It has also started selling its music on iTunes. In May 2007, it linked with The Walt Disney Company to co-produce animation movies in India.
In 2004, the Hollywood Reporter placed Yash Raj Films at number 27 in a survey of the "Biggest Film Distribution
Česká televize (Czech pronunciation: [tʃɛskaː tɛlɛvɪzɛ], Czech abbreviation ČT, "Czech Television") is the public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting four channels.
Television in Czechoslovakia started to take its first steps before World War II. However, before visible results could be achieved, all activities were interrupted by the war. Research continued after the war. The first trial television broadcast was shown in 1948 at the MEVRO International Radio Exhibition in Prague. A trial television broadcast from Studio Prague started on May 1, 1953, and on February 25, 1954 it was declared regular. Soon, additional studios were established: in Ostrava on December 31, 1955, in Bratislava on November 3, 1956, in Brno on July 6, 1961, and in Košice on February 25, 1962. 1970 - launching of a second channel 1973 - colour broadcasting on the second channel 1975 - colour broadcasting on the first channel
Czech Television was established as of January 1, 1992, based on the Czech Television Act (Act No. 483/1991 Coll.) as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic. On January 1, 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was
Family Home Entertainment (FHE) was an American home video company founded in 1980 by Noel C. Bloom. It was a division of International Video Entertainment, which had its headquarters in Newbury Park, California.
It released children's and family-oriented programming, most notably popular 1980s television cartoons, including The Transformers, G.I. Joe, Jem, ThunderCats, Pound Puppies, the original Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles animated series, Gumby, Clifford the Big Red Dog, The Care Bears, and Bucky O'Hare, and other non-animated shows like Baby Einstein. It also had a one off theatrical release division, FHE Pictures, established in 2002; its first and only release was Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie. FHE was one of the two distributors for most of the seasonal Rankin/Bass television specials aired on CBS, the other distributor being Vestron Video, a now-defunct company. The company has also released several VHSs of British kids' cartoons in the US since the 1980s (i.e., Roobarb, Wil Cwac Cwac), as well as some Japanese anime, such as Robotech and The Adventures of Ultraman, plus the Australian "Dot" films. Their output wasn't always children and family friendly, though; in the early
Island Records is a record label that was founded by Chris Blackwell and Graeme Goodall in Jamaica. It was based in the United Kingdom for many years and is now owned by Universal Music Group. The label now operates as a division of The Island Def Jam Music Group in the United States (where it is now a largely rock-oriented label, much like in its heyday) and as a standalone label in the United Kingdom (also known as Island Records Group or Universal Island). Since 2007, there is also a frontline local artist and repertoire label in Australia known as Island Records Australia, run by Universal Music Australia. Island Records was also the founding company behind the highly influential Anime licensor Manga Entertainment, which has changed hands numerous times during the 1990s and early 2000s.
Island Records was founded in Jamaica in 1959 by Chris Blackwell and Graeme Goodall, and partially financed by Stanley Borden from RKO, taking its name from the 1955 Alec Waugh novel, subsequent film and Harry Belafonte hit song "Island in the Sun". The company relocated to the UK in May 1962. Until Blackwell sold the label to PolyGram in 1989, Island was the largest indie record label in
The National Film Board of Canada (or simply National Film Board or NFB) (French: Office national du film du Canada, or ONF) is Canada's twelve-time Academy Award-winning public film producer and distributor. An agency of the Government of Canada, the NFB produces and distributes documentary, animation, alternative drama and digital media productions. In total, the NFB has produced over 13,000 productions which have won over 5,000 awards. The NFB reports to the Parliament of Canada through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. It has English language and French language production branches.
The organization's purpose and mission have been re-defined numerous times throughout its history. Currently, the NFB's mandate is defined by the former Minister of Canadian Heritage:
The overarching objective of the National Film Board is to produce and distribute audio-visual works which provoke discussion and debate on subjects of interest to Canadian audiences and foreign markets; which explore the creative potential of the audio-visual media; and which achieve recognition by Canadians and others for excellence, relevance and innovation. — Sheila Copps, Minister of Canadian Heritage (2000)
Red Light District Video (RLD) is an American pornographic film studio headquartered in Chatsworth, California.
The company was founded in 2001 by industry veteran Dion Giarrusso and his half-brother David Joseph, who co-owned the company. Giarrusso had previously worked as general manager of Elegant Angel, whilst Joseph was new to the industry. Giarrusso established the Red Light brand by using his existing industry contacts, and launching an aggressive marketing campaign. Film production was overseen by performer and director Vince Vouyer, who had previously been an exclusive director at Anabolic Video. The plan was to emulate Evil Angel's setup where producers/directors would own their own movies, and share in the profits. Other initial directors included Michael Stefano, John Strong and Mark Wood. The company strove to produce hardcore gonzo pornography with higher production values than much of the gonzo of the time, and filmed in luxurious mansions rather than hotel rooms. The studios first film was 110% Natural, which was released on November 1, 2001. Initially Red Light released one film a week, and produced more than 50 films in its first year.
In 2003 Platinum X Pictures
Universal Studios Home Entertainment (formerly Universal Studios Home Video, MCA/Universal Home Video and MCA Home Video) is the home video division of Universal Pictures. The company is owned by NBCUniversal, the entertainment division of Comcast and General Electric.
The company was founded in 1978 as MCA DiscoVision with the Beta and VHS label MCA Videocassette, Inc. in 1980, with the release of films on Beta and VHS, including Jaws, Jaws 2, and 1941. In late 1983, both the Laserdisc sister label MCA Videodisc and the VHS/Beta label MCA Videocassette were consolidated into a single entity, MCA Home Video, alternating with the MCA Videocassette name until December 1983. In 1990, with the 75th anniversary of Universal Studios, it became MCA/Universal Home Video, alternating with the MCA Home Video name from 1990 until 1997. The company later went by various company names, including Universal Studios Home Video (1998–2005), and Universal Studios Home Entertainment (2005–present).
In 1980, they released two '50s 3-D motion pictures, Creature From the Black Lagoon and It Came From Outer Space, in anaglyphic format on Beta and VHS.
This company was the video distributor for DreamWorks
CIC Video (pronounced "kick", though it is an acronym) was a home video distributor, owned by Cinema International Corporation (the forerunner of United International Pictures), and operated in some countries (such as Japan, France, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Australia and the UK) by local operators. Outside of North America, it distributed films by Universal Studios (now owned by NBCUniversal a joint venture of Comcast and General Electric) and Paramount Pictures (now owned by Viacom, which is owned by National Amusements), CIC's partners. DreamWorks films were added to the company output in 1998, as the fledgling studio had a worldwide video distribution deal with Universal.
In 1999, CIC Video was dissolved when Universal purchased PolyGram and reorganized its video division under the Universal name. Paramount Home Entertainment became CIC's successor.
CIC Video was operated in Australia (where it was known as CIC-Taft Home Video) by the Taft-Hardie joint venture (now Southern Star Group), and also distributed some Southern Star and Hanna-Barbera product under other labels. The Hanna-Barbera library is now handled usually by Warner Home Video. The label's defunct subsidiary was a
Focus Films Ltd. is an independent feature film development and production company in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1982 by David Pupkewitz and Marsha Levin and is based in Finchley Road, London.
Focus's early successes with television documentaries (Via Namibia) and dramas such as Kolmanskop and Othello, all of which were broadcast by Channel 4, led to its transition to feature film production for the international market starting with Crimetime directed by George Sluizer in 1995. Further films produced by Focus are Secret Society, Book of Eve, and their biggest budget film to date, The 51st State directed by Ronny Yu. The film stars Robert Carlyle, Samuel L. Jackson.
During the hiatus encountered by the Independent British Film Industry between 2004 to early 2007 Focus re-organised its team and strategy and in 2007 co-produced the Bruce Dickinson–scripted film Chemical Wedding, directed by Monty Python Veteran Julian Doyle the film stars Simon Callow and John Shrapnel, with Warner Music releasing the film in the UK and Ireland theatrically at the end of May 2008.
MGM Home Entertainment is the home video and DVD arm of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The home video division of MGM started in 1979 as MGM Home Video, releasing all the movies and TV shows by MGM. In 1980, MGM joined forces with CBS Video Enterprises, the home video division of the CBS television network, and established MGM/CBS Home Video. In October of that year, they released their first batch of Betamax and VHS tapes: The Wizard of Oz, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Doctor Zhivago, Ben-Hur, That's Entertainment!, Network, Coma, The Dirty Dozen, An American in Paris, The Sunshine Boys, Blow-Up, Meet Me in St. Louis, A Night at the Opera, Adam's Rib, Jailhouse Rock, Tom and Jerry Cartoon Festival, The Boys in the Band, Rude Boy, Rio Lobo, The Street Fighter, Electric Light Orchestra In Concert, James Taylor In Concert, The Nutcracker, and Giselle.
The initial printings of all 24 films were packaged in brown leather clamshell cases with gold lettering; they were presented to CBS executives. Later printings of these films, as well as all printings of later releases by MGM/CBS, were packaged in oversized gray book boxes with either the MGM Abstract Lion print logo or CBS Video print logo in the
Pathé or Pathé Frères (French pronunciation: [pate fʁɛʁ], styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France from 1896. In the early 1900s, Pathé became the world's largest film equipment and production company, as well as a major producer of phonograph records. In 1908, Pathé had invented the newsreel that was shown in theaters prior to a feature film.
The company was founded as Société Pathé Frères (Pathé Brothers Company) in Paris, France on 28 September 1896, by the four brothers Charles, Émile, Théophile and Jacques Pathé. During the first part of the 20th century, Pathé became the largest film equipment and production company in the world, as well as a major producer of phonograph records.
The driving force behind the film operation was Charles Pathé, who had helped open a gramophone shop in 1894 and then established a phonograph factory at Chatou on the western outskirts of Paris. As these became successful, he saw the opportunities offered by new means of entertainment and in particular by the fledgling motion picture industry. Having decided to expand the record business to include film equipment, Charles
Rogue (formerly Rogue Pictures) is a subsidiary of Relativity Media. The company has about 25 titles in its library.
In 1997, Rogue Pictures was formed as a division of PolyGram Pictures but the name was dropped in 2000 after Universal Pictures bought PolyGram. In 2004, the name was revived as part of Universal-owned Focus Features, with a goal of "high-quality suspense, action, thriller and urban features with mainstream appeal and franchise potential".'
In 2005, Universal expanded the company's operations to become a stand-alone division with a new goal of releasing ten films annually. Later that year, Universal and Rogue signed a deal with newly formed Intrepid Pictures to produce, co-finance, and distribute films for five years. In 2007, distribution and marketing of Rogue Pictures films were moved to Universal in company-wide shifts to accommodate Focus Features, putting Rogue Pictures under greater control of the parent company.
In 2008, Relativity Media approached Universal about buying the company, a move described in the entertainment media as "bold." The following year, Relativity completed acquisition of the company. At the time of purchase, Rogue Pictures had more than
Gulf Oil was a major global oil company from the 1900s to the 1980s. The eighth-largest American manufacturing company in 1941 and the ninth-largest in 1979, Gulf Oil was one of the so-called Seven Sisters oil companies. Prior to its merger with Standard Oil of California, Gulf was one of the chief instruments of the legendary Mellon family fortune; both Gulf and Mellon Financial had their headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Gulf's former headquarters, originally referred to as "the Gulf Building" (now the Gulf Tower office condos), is an art-deco skyscraper. The tallest building in Pittsburgh until 1970, when it was eclipsed by the U.S. Steel Tower, it is capped by a step pyramid structure several stories high. Until the late 1970s, the entire top was illuminated, changing color with changes in barometric pressure to provide a weather indicator that could be seen for many miles.
Gulf Oil Corporation (GOC) ceased to exist as an independent company in 1985, when it merged with Standard Oil of California (SOCAL), with both re-branding as Chevron in the USA. Retail stations in Canada were acquired by Ultramar the same year.
However, the Gulf brand name and a number of the
here! is an American premium television network targeting the LGBT audiences. Launched in 2002, here! is available nationwide on all major cable systems, fiber optics systems, and Internet TV providers as either a 24/7 premium subscription channel, a video on demand (VOD) service, and/or a subscription video on demand (SVOD) service.
here! is actively involved in the LGBT community and offers sponsorship to yearly events such as gay pride events and film festivals as well as supporting a number of community organizations.
In 2012 it was announced that select here! programming would be made available on demand through the online service Hulu.
here! offers a variety of programming targeted toward the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. here! both produces original programming and acquires programming to air on the network. The channel airs original series, movies, documentaries, talk shows, reality series, and comedy specials.
here!'s signature shows include Dante's Cove, The Lair, Just Josh, For & Against, Boombox and She's Living for This. Documentary specials include 30 Years From Here, Heart of Broadway: The Ensemble Behind Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (commonly known as MGM and also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures or Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc.), is a media company In United States, involved primarily in the production and distribution of films and television programs. Once the largest and most glamorous of film studios, MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures Corporation and Louis B. Mayer Pictures. Its headquarters is in Beverly Hills, California.
On November 3, 2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-Chairs and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The studio's official motto, "Ars Gratia Artis", is a Latin phrase meaning "Art for art's sake"; it was chosen by Howard Dietz, the studio's chief publicist. The studio's logo is a roaring lion surrounded by a ring of film inscribed with the studio's motto. The logo, which features Leo the Lion, was created by Dietz in 1916 for Goldwyn Pictures and updated in 1924 for MGM's use. Dietz based the logo on
Paramount Home Entertainment (formerly Paramount Home Video and Paramount Video) is the division of Paramount Pictures (a subsidiary of Viacom, Inc.) dealing with home video founded in late 1975.
PHE distributes most of the programming assets owned by Viacom parent National Amusements. This not only includes films by Paramount Pictures themselves, but also the back catalog of DreamWorks (including releases made prior to the Viacom acquisition, and those distributed by Paramount, among other acquisitions), shows from MTV Networks, Nickelodeon, and BET Networks, and, through CBS Home Entertainment, most of the holdings of Viacom sister company CBS Corporation – this includes the libraries of CBS Television Studios, CBS Theatrical Films (and predecessor companies like Cinema Center Films), and Showtime Entertainment.
PHE also has agreements with DreamWorks Animation, PBS, and Hasbro for DVD/Blu-ray distribution of various programs that the former aired, and several films and TV series based on franchises owned by the latter. By-products of the latter deal are the series of films based on the Transformers toy line, and the 2009 film based on the G.I. Joe toy line, G.I. Joe: The Rise of
The Rank Organisation was a British entertainment company, eventually a conglomerate, formed during 1937 and folded in 1996 by The Rank Group Plc. It was the largest and most vertically-integrated film company in Britain, owning production, distribution and exhibition facilities.
The company logo, the Gongman, which first was used by the distribution company General Film Distributors, that was one cornerstones in the 1937 organisation, remains a familiar emblem (and would be parodied at various times, including an episode of Gilligan's Island and Chuck Jones' Bugs Bunny cartoon, "Bunny Hugged"). The gong itself, seen in the opening titles of the movies, is a genuine artifact. A prop, formed from molded plaster on a plywood base and sprayed gold. When struck, with the beater, it gave only a dull 'thud', which was overdubbed with the sound of a Tam-Tam (Chinese gong). The 'Gongman' himself, is widely credited to have been the well known boxer, (Bombadier) Billy Wells.
J. Arthur Rank was already a wealthy industrialist through his father's flour milling business, Joseph Rank Ltd, when he made his somewhat unlikely start in film-making, financing short religious subjects in line with
Warner Independent Pictures was the specialty division of film studio Warner Bros. Entertainment. Established in August 2003, its first release was 2004's Before Sunset. The division financed, produced, acquired and distributed feature films largely budgeted under $20 million.
The use of independent in its name is not literal, as it is a division of Warner Bros., itself a division of media conglomerate Time Warner. Mark Gill was the division's first President. After a controversial departure, Gill was replaced by former Warner Bros. production executive Polly Cohen served as President of this division until fall 2008 when the company was officially shut down. While well-versed in big-budget motion picture production, it was widely believed Ms. Cohen did not have strong enough backgrounds in independent film, or in the marketing/publicity aspects of film distribution to hold that role. This led to a lackluster slate and output, after a successful initial run under Gill.
In February 2008, Warner Bros. announced that it would merge New Line Cinema into the parent studio. New Line's "independent" group Picturehouse was expected to be merged into Warner Independent as part of this
Artédis is a French film distributor founded in 1983. The company releases four to six films a year, and concentrates mainly on releasing European fare.
Notable releases from the company's library of over 100 films include Nelvana's The Care Bears Movie (1985), Roland Emmerich's Moon 44 (1990) and the 2000 Leslie Nielsen comedy 2001: A Space Travesty, one of its most successful to date.
BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in the United Kingdom. It was launched on 2 November 1936 as the BBC Television Service, and was the world's first regular television service with a high level of image resolution. It was later renamed BBC TV until the launch of sister channel BBC2 in 1964, whereupon it was known as BBC1, with the current spelling adopted in 1997.
The channel's annual budget for 2011/12 is £1,166.6 million. Along with the BBC's other domestic television stations, and many European broadcasters (and some in Asia), it is funded principally by the television licence fee, and therefore shows uninterrupted programming with no commercial advertising at any time. It is currently the most watched television channel in the United Kingdom, ahead of its traditional rival for ratings leadership, ITV1.
As of 2012 the channel controller for BBC One was Danny Cohen, formerly controller of BBC Three. Cohen replaced Jay Hunt following her departure from the BBC in late 2010 to join Channel 4, where she took up her position in January 2011. Jana Bennett, head of BBC Vision, took temporary control of BBC One between Hunt's
Color Climax Corporation ApS (CCC) is a Danish pornography company founded in 1969. It has its headquarters in Copenhagen. It had been one of the leading producers of European pornography up until the 1990s. Since then CCC has recessed most of its assets, but because its earlier works attract admirers of so-called "classic pornography", CCC still functions today via the Internet. Color Climax corporation (CCC) began in 1967 with the publication of the porn magazine ColorClimax, despite pornography being illegal in Denmark until 1969.
In 1969 Denmark legalized the production of all kinds of pornography. In the 1970s, CCC began to produce 8 mm pornographic film loops. By the 1980s, video tape had replaced the film loops, sometimes as compilations of previously released material. CCC films usually had a wider range of contents including bestiality (some of them starring Bodil Joensen), she-males, and other content not widely available at the time. Urolagnia was displayed as conventional sexual act. By 2004 Color Climax had European filmstars such as Rocco Siffredi and John Holmes in their archives on their website.
The liberalization of pornography laws in Denmark in 1969 made the
HBO Video (also known as HBO Home Video) is the video and DVD distribution unit of Home Box Office, a Time Warner-owned premium cable and satellite movie network. It was launched in 1978 as Thorn EMI Video, a subsidary of Thorn EMI, a London, England-based company formed by the merger of Thorn Electrical Industries and the EMI Group. It originally produced 3 films tailored to the British market; "Cross Country" in 1983, "Strange Invaders" and "Bloodbath in th House of Death" in 1984 respectably. In the United States, Thorn EMI released movies on video in the 1980's from various companies like Orion Pictures (which filed for bankruptcy in 1997 and later acquired by MGM), New Line Cinema (which would be acquired by Turner Broadcasting System in 1993 and its parent Time Warner in 1996, before being folded to Warner Bros. in 2008) and Universal (which is now owned by NBCUniversal as of 2004). HBO joined Thorn EMI in a joint venture and the company was renamed Thorn EMI HBO Video. In 1986, Cannon Films bought Thorn EMI's movie library and while HBO stayed, it was renamed once again to HBO Cannon Video. When Cannon left its movie operations in 1987 (only to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy 6 years later in 1993), the name was changed to the current HBO Video. It began to release movies on video from other film companies such as Hemdale Film Corporation, Tri-Star Pictures, Di Laurentiis Entertainment Group, Kings Road Productions, Miramax Films Weintraub Entertainment, and The Samuel Goldwyn Company. (The Samuel Golwyn Company, like Orion and Cannon, are now owned by MGM.) HBO later concentrated to release films on video that was produced and aired on HBO through its "HBO Pictures", & "HBO Showcase" (later "HBO NYC Productions") banners. From 1992-1996, it released movies from Savoy Pictures under the "HBO Home Video" (or "HBO Savoy Video") banners as well. As of currently, it now releases most of past hit shows , suchs as "Sex and the City", "The Sopranos", "The Wire" and others currently airing or formerly aired on HBO on DVD.
IMAX Corporation (NYSE: IMAX; TSX: IMX) is a Canadian theatre company which designs and manufactures IMAX cameras and projection systems as well as performing film development, production, post production and distribution to IMAX affiliated theatres worldwide. It was founded in 1968 as a result of Expo 67 in Montreal. It has operations in Toronto, as well as New York City and Los Angeles.
As of September 2010, the IMAX theatre network consisted of more than 445 theatres (IMAX, IMAX 3D and IMAX Dome) in more than 47 countries. The majority are equipped with IMAX 3D.
Media 8 is a leading independent film entertainment company engaged in financing, development, production and worldwide distribution of theatrical feature films in various forms of broadcast media.
The Company was formed in 1993 and subsequently changed its name from Behavior Communications Inc. to M8 Entertainment Inc. in March 2004. The Company has offices in Los Angeles and Montreal.
In April of 2012, Media 8 filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy.
Argentina Sono Film S.A.C.I. is an entertainment company based in Buenos Aires that has produced most of the major films in Argentina since 1933.
The company has produced over 200 films to date in Argentina.
Catalina Video is an award-winning production house of gay pornography, founded in 1978 by William Higgins. The company was primarily a distributor for Nova Studios in 1982. In 1987, Scott Masters was hired as its head of production, and he began making films for the studio. The company's fortunes improved, and they opened a second studio in San Francisco.
Founded in 1978, by legendary director/producer William Higgins, Catalina Video was the "Crown Jewel" of the gay adult entertainment industry throughout the 1980s and 1990s. It produced landmark films such as "Big Guns," "Hot Rods: Young and Hung II," "Sailor in the Wild," "Undercover," "The Rise," "Jawbreaker," and GayVN Magazine's cited "Best Gay Adult Movie of All Time" "Powertool," the ground-breaking studio is also credited for single-handedly building the bisexual film market with hits such as "The Big Switch" and "Revenge of the Bi-Dolls."
Catalina Video discovered numerous awarded actors including Kip Noll, Kevin Williams, Mike Henson, Steve Rambo, John Davenport, Matt Ramsey (aka straight male porn superstar Peter North), Brandon Lee and gay porn icon Jeff Stryker who made many successful films for the label including
Miramax Films is an American entertainment company known for distributing independent and foreign films. For its first 14 years the company was privately owned by its founders, Bob and Harvey Weinstein. In 1993, the company was acquired by The Walt Disney Company.
Founded in 1979 by Bob and Harvey Weinstein and headquartered in New York City and Cambridge, Massachusetts, Miramax was a leading independent film motion picture distribution and production company before it was acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 1993. The Weinsteins operated Miramax with more creative and financial independence than any other division of Disney, until 2005 when they decided to leave the company and founded The Weinstein Company. Miramax was sold by Disney to Filmyard Holdings in 2010, ending Disney's 17-year involvement with the studio.
Founded by the brothers Harvey and Bob Weinstein in Buffalo, New York in 1979, the company was named by combining the first names of their parents Max and Miriam, and was originally created to distribute independent films deemed commercially unfeasible by the major studios.
The company's first major success came when the Weinstein's teamed up with British producer
Nu Image is a Los Angeles-based film studio, established in 1992 by Avi Lerner, producing films mainly for the direct to video-market. It is the sister company of Millennium Films, established in 1996.
In 2005 Nu Image purchased Boyana Film, the biggest film studio in Bulgaria.
The Criterion Collection (or simply Criterion) is a video-distribution company that sells "important classic and contemporary films" to film aficionados. The Criterion series is noted for helping to standardize the letterbox format for widescreen films, bonus features, and special editions for home video.
The Criterion Collection company was founded in 1984 by Robert Stein, Aleen Stein, and Joe Medjuck, who later were joined by Roger Smith. In 1985, the Steins, William Becker, and Jonathan B. Turell founded the Voyager Company, to publish educational multimedia CD-ROMs (1989–2000), during which time, The Criterion Collection became a subordinate division of the Voyager Company. In March 1994, Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck GmbH bought 20 percent of Voyager for US$ 6.7 million; the 4 founders each retained a 20 percent owner’s share.
In 1997, the Voyager Company was dissolved (Aleen Stein founded the Organa LLC CD-ROM publishing company), and Holtzbrinck Publishers sold the “Voyager” brand name, 42 CD-ROM titles, the Voyager web site, and associated assets, to Learn Technologies Interactive, LLC (LTI). Robert Stein sold 42 Voyager titles to LTI from his Voyager–Criterion
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster which began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public body established in 1990, coming into operation in 1993. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter in Wales to digital on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became an entirely UK-wide TV channel for the first time.
The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the television licence–funded BBC's two services and the single commercial broadcasting network, ITV.
Before Channel 4 and S4C, Britain had three terrestrial television services: BBC1, BBC2, and ITV. The Broadcasting Act 1980 began the process of adding a fourth, and Channel 4, along with its Welsh counterpart, was formally created by an Act of Parliament in 1982. After some months of test broadcasts, it began scheduled transmissions on 2 November 1982.
The notion of a second commercial broadcaster in the United Kingdom had been around
Channel One (Russian: Первый Канал; Russian pronunciation: [ˈpʲɛrvɨj kɐˈnɑl]) is the first television channel to broadcast in the Soviet Union. The channel was renamed Ostankino Channel 1 in 1991, after the Soviet Union broke up and the Russian SFSR became the Russian Federation. Its headquarters are in the Technical Center "Ostankino" near the Ostankino Tower, Moscow.
First among the Russia's country-wide channels, Channel One has implemented 16:9 broadcast format on January 4, 2000 to June 1, 2000 and October 10, 2000 on satellite and digital cable broadcasting, and 14:9 on analogue broadcasting.
Channel One remains the most prosperous of Russian TV channels and wields the largest budget by far. It airs the Russian adaptations of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, Survivor, and Star Factory, as well as many homegrown productions. It has produced many high-profile films, including four of the highest-grossing Russian movies after the Soviet collapse, Night Watch (2004), The Turkish Gambit (2005), Day Watch (2006), and The Irony of Fate 2 (2007).
When the Soviet Union was abolished, the Russian Federation took over most of its structures and institutions. One of the first acts of
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American commercial broadcasting television network and former radio network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Rockefeller Center with additional major offices near Los Angeles and in Chicago. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network," due to its stylized peacock logo, created originally for its color broadcasts.
Formed in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), NBC was the first major broadcast network in the United States. In 1986, control of NBC passed to General Electric (GE), with GE's $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. GE had previously owned RCA and NBC until 1930, when it had been forced to sell the company as a result of antitrust charges.
After the 1986 acquisition, the chief executive of NBC was Bob Wright, until he retired, giving his job to Jeff Zucker. The network is currently part of the media company NBCUniversal, which is a joint venture of Comcast and General Electric since 2011 (and before that, jointly owned by GE and current Universal Music Group parent Vivendi). As a result of the merger, Zucker left NBC and was replaced by Comcast executive Steve Burke.
NBC has 10
Digital Playground Inc. is an American pornographic movie studio, headquartered in Van Nuys, California. It has been called one of the five biggest porn studios, and in 2006 was described by Reuters as one of the handful of studios that dominate the U.S. porn industry. The studio has been at the forefront of introducing new communications technology, as it emerges, into porn.
Adult director Joone founded the company in 1993, originally making adult CD-ROM computer games. Commenting on the transition of the pornography industry from the underground economy to mainstream corporate acceptance, the company's founder said: "I look at the porn business where Vegas and gambling was in the 70's". "Vegas was still mob-owned and they were making the transition between these small groups of people to being corporate owned". "I feel the same exact thing is going to happen with adult". The company became an innovator in making pornography available on personal computers. In 2003 DP began working with a company specializing in hologram technology, with the aim of bringing the actress "into the viewer's living room". DP began filming in high-definition in 2005. In January 2006 the company chose
Fox Atomic was a production label of film studio 20th Century Fox created in 2006 to generate comedy and genre films.
In 2008, Fox Atomic scaled back its production operations and shut down all marketing divisions. In 2009, the label was shut down, with films in the pipeline transferred to other Fox labels.
In 2006, it was announced that Fox Atomic was going to make their launching movie a remake of the 1980s film Revenge of the Nerds. After about two and a half weeks of footage, an executive at Fox Atomic viewed the dailies and made the decision to stop production of the film. Only about thirty minutes of the film exists and as of the summer of 2010, the footage has not been released or leaked to the general public. Rumors of the remake being picked up and resumed filming were spread on the internet, but nothing has been confirmed.
San Diego Comic Con was holding auditions and interviews to be cameos and high schoolers in the movie. A teaser poster was released in 2006 and still is out on the internet as of 2010.
Gold Circle Films is an American independent film production company, mainly focusing on horror and romance films, founded in 2000. Titles released by Gold Circle include White Noise, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, The Wedding Date, and The Man From Elysian Fields.
MJJ Music (also known as MJJ Productions) was an American record label that was owned by Sony Music Entertainment and founded by American singer-songwriter Michael Jackson. It was distributed by Epic Records (for which Jackson recorded) and Work Records.
MJJ Music was founded in 1994. Jackson formed the label to help shape the talents of burgeoning artists. Among the string of artists that signed with the label included Brownstone, 3T, Tatyana Ali, and Men of Vizion. The label’s most significant successes in America was that of Brownstone, whose 1994 single “If You Love Me” hit the top ten of the pop charts, also the group was certified platinum with the 1995 debut album From the Bottom Up.
In addition, Tatyana Ali, who had a top ten hit in 1999 with the single “Daydream,” Another significant success for the label was 3T, whose first album, Brotherhood, went gold in the United States and platinum overseas.
Also during the 1990s, the label's musical base had been expanded to include kid hip hop duos, one of which was Quo, which was a short-lived group composed of Wade Robson (born 1982) and DeWayne Turrentine (born 1979). The duo came together in 1994 and released the single
BBC Two is the second television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in the United Kingdom. It covers a wide range of subject matter, but tending towards more 'highbrow' programmes than the more mainstream and popular BBC One. Like the BBC's other domestic TV and radio channels, it is funded by the television licence, and is therefore commercial-free. It is a comparatively well funded public service network, regularly attaining a much higher audience share than most current public service networks worldwide.
Originally styled BBC2, it was the third British television station to be launched (starting on 20 April 1964 based in London), and from 1 July 1967, Europe's first television channel to broadcast regularly in colour. It was envisaged as a home for less mainstream and more ambitious programming, and while this tendency has continued to date, most special-interest programmes of a kind previously broadcast on BBC Two, for example the BBC Proms, now tend to appear on BBC Four instead.
British television at the time of BBC2's launch consisted of two channels: the BBC Television Service and the ITV network made up of smaller regional companies. Both
The Cinema Guild Inc. was established by Philip and Mary-Ann Hobel, producers known for their work in documentaries and features, including the film Tender Mercies.
Since 1968, the Cinema Guild has been a distributor of both documentary and fiction films (narrative features and shorts), offering distribution in all markets, including educational, non-theatrical, theatrical, television, cable, internet, and home video.
The Cinema Guild launched its own home video brand in March 2009. The company plans to release its first Blu-ray in 2011.
Focus Features (formerly USA Films, Universal Focus, Good Machine, Gramercy Pictures and October Films) is the art house films division of NBCUniversal, and acts as both a producer and distributor for its own films and a distributor for foreign films.
Focus was formed from the 2002 divisional merger of USA Films, Universal Focus and Good Machine. USA Films was created by Barry Diller in 1999 by combining October Films, Rogue and Gramercy Pictures.
Vivendi sold the studio, among other entertainment assets, to GE in 2004 to form NBCUniversal.
Focus' most successful release in North America to date is Brokeback Mountain (2005), which earned $83,043,761 at the North American box office. However, this is not counting the domestic total of Traffic (2000), which earned $124,107,477 under the USA Films banner. Focus' most successful international release is Burn After Reading (2008), which earned $161,128,228 in gross revenue. The animated film Coraline (which Focus did not produce, but did distribute) was also highly profitable for the company. Although suffering its share of unsuccessful releases, Focus has been consistently profitable, and its international sales arm (unusual among
The Incorporated Television Company (or ITC Entertainment as it was more commonly referred to on-screen) was a British television company largely involved in production and distribution.
ITC was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954 as the Incorporated Television Programme Company. Originally designed to be a contractor for the UK's new ITV, the company failed to win a contract when the Independent Television Authority felt that doing so would give too much control in the entertainment business to the Grade family's companies (which included large talent agencies and theatre interests) although the ITA said that ITPC were free to make their own programmes which they could sell to the new network companies.
However, the winner of one of the contracts, the Associated Broadcasting Development Company, had insufficient funds to start broadcasting, so ITC was brought into the consortium and Lew Grade came to dominate it.
From 1955–1966, ITC (known from 1954–1957 as ITP) was a subsidiary of the Associated Broadcasting Company (ABC) which soon changed its name to Associated TeleVision (ATV) after threats of legal action from fellow ITV company Associated British Corporation - and
National Telefilm Associates (otherwise known by its initials, NTA) was an independent distribution company that handled reissues of American film libraries, including much of Paramount Pictures' animated and short-subjects library.
NTA was founded by Ely Landau and Oliver A. Unger in 1954 when Ely Landau, Inc. was reorganized in partnership with Unger and Harold Goldman. NTA was the successor company to U.M.&M. T.V. Corp, which it bought out in 1956.
In October 1956, NTA launched the NTA Film Network, a syndication service which distributed both film and live programs to television stations not affiliated with NBC, CBS, or ABC (DuMont had recently gone out of business). The ad-hoc network's flagship station was WNTA-TV, channel 13 in New York. The NTA Network was launched as a "fourth TV network", and trade papers of the time referred to it as a new television network.
The NTA network launched on October 15, 1956, with over 100 affiliate stations. NTA programming included syndicated programs such as Police Call (1955), How to Marry a Millionaire (1957-1959), The Passerby, Man Without a Gun (1957-1959), and This is Alice (1958). The network also distributed 52 Twentieth Century Fox
TF1 Group is a French media holding company (French: Groupe TF1), the owner of channel TF1, the largest European private TV channel, and Eurosport, the largest European sports network.
The group was formed after TF1 was privatised in 1987. It is controlled with a 43% stake by Bouygues, is quoted on Euronext Paris.
TF1 Group owns or has a direct stake in the following television channels:
The group also owns 33.5% of peers AB Groupe and WB Television (parent of Belgian stations AB3, AB4 and Vidéoclick).
In June 2009 TF1 Group agreed to buy the NT1 channel from AB Groupe, as well as AB's 40% stake in TMC Monte Carlo (which would take TF1's total stake to 80%). The deal was cleared by France's competition authority and subsequently by the Council of State in December 2010, dismissing an appeal by Métropole Télévision. As part of the same transaction the group raised its stake in WB Television to 49%.
The firm holds a number of other interests in the advertising, internet and publishing fields, including 34% of Metro International's operations in France.
Toho Co., Ltd. (東宝株式会社, Tōhō Kabushiki-kaisha, TYO: 9602) is a Japanese film, theater production, and distribution company. It is headquartered in Yūrakuchō, Chiyoda, Tokyo, and is one of the core companies of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. Outside Japan, it is best known as the producer and distributor of many kaiju (monster) and tokusatsu (special effects) movies, the Chouseishin tokusatsu superhero TV franchise, the films of Akira Kurosawa, and the anime films of Studio Ghibli. Its most famous worldwide creation is Godzilla, known as the "King of all Monsters", featured in 28 films. Godzilla, Mothra, King Ghidorah, Mechagodzilla, and Rodan are described as being Toho's "Big Five" due to the monsters' numerous appearances in all three eras of the franchise, as well as spin-offs. Toho has also been involved in the production of numerous anime titles. Its subdivisions are Toho Pictures Incorporated, Toho International Company Limited, Toho E. B. Company Limited, Toho Music Corporation & Toho Costume Company Limited. The company is the largest shareholder (7.96%) of Fuji Media Holdings Inc.
Toho was founded by the founder of Hankyu Railway, Ichizo Kobayashi, in 1932 as the
Vestron Pictures was a film studio and distributor of the late 1980s, and a division of Austin O. Furst, Jr.'s Vestron Inc., best known for their 1987 release of Dirty Dancing. The company was a spin-off of the earlier video distributor, Vestron Video. Vestron also had a genre film division, Lightning Pictures, a spin-off of Vestron's Lightning Video. Today, Lionsgate owns the rights to the Vestron library (previously owned by LIVE Entertainment, later Artisan).
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment (also known as Buena Vista Home Entertainment) is the home video distribution division of The Walt Disney Company. Disney began distributing videos under its own label in 1978 under the name Walt Disney Home Entertainment.
The company distributes DVDs under the labels Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment, Touchstone Home Entertainment, Hollywood Pictures Home Entertainment, and formerly Miramax Home Entertainment before it moved with Lionsgate & Echo Bridge and Dimension Home Video, before it moved with The Weinstein Company, which acquired 25% of Starz Media on January 4, 2011, in which Anchor Bay Entertainment became the DVD and Blu-ray distributor for their films. Ironically Starz, which is owned by Starz Media (Liberty Media - 75%; The Weinstein Company - 25%) airs Disney movies. With the advent of DVD and eventually Blu-ray, "Home Entertainment" replaced "Home Video" in label names.
Before Disney began releasing home video titles itself, it licensed some titles to MCA Discovision for their newly-developed disc format, later called Laserdisc. According to the Blam Entertainment Group website, which has extensive details of DiscoVision
Epic is a tabletop wargame set in the fictional Warhammer 40,000 universe. Where Warhammer 40,000 involves small battles between forces of a few squads of troops and two or three vehicles, Epic features battles between armies consisting of dozens of tanks and hundreds of soldiers. Due to the comparatively larger size of the battles, Epic miniatures are smaller than those in Warhammer 40,000, with a typical human being represented with a 6 mm high figure, as opposed to the 25 and 28 mm minis used in Warhammer 40,000.
Plastic and metal Epic miniatures are available through the Specialist Games section of Games Workshop's online store. An additional lineup of resin models is available via GW's Forge World subsidiary.
In the Warhammer Fantasy universe, Warmaster fills much the same "large-scale battle" role as Epic does in the Warhammer 40,000 universe, though the two systems do not share rules.
A game of Epic will normally take around two hours to play.
Gameplay-wise, the major difference between Epic and other Games Workshop games is that instead of a player moving and firing all of his forces at once, players take turns moving one or two formations at a time, giving the feeling of a
Epitaph Records is a Hollywood, California based independent record label owned by Bad Religion guitarist Brett Gurewitz. The label was originally "just a logo and a P.O. box" created in the 1980s for the purpose of selling Bad Religion records, but has evolved into a large independent record label. Gurewitz took the name from a King Crimson song of the same name. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s most of the bands on Epitaph were punk and pop punk groups, while there are many post-hardcore and emo bands signed to the label too. A large portion of the record label, known as Hellcat Records, is owned by Tim Armstrong, frontman of the punk rock band Rancid. Several sister-labels also exist, such as ANTI-, Burning Heart Records, Fat Possum Records, Hellcat Records and Heart & Skull Records that have signed other types of bands.
Brett Gurewitz formed Epitaph Records as a vehicle for releases by his band Bad Religion. Its first release for the label was Bad Religion's 1981 self-titled EP, followed by their debut How Could Hell Be Any Worse?, which was also the label's first full-length release. Also released during this period was Peace thru Vandalism, an EP by The Vandals, who were the
BBC Video is a video company of the United Kingdom and United States. It was established in 1980 as a division of BBC Enterprises with John Ross Barnard as head.
At launch, the BBC had no agreement with British talent unions such as Equity or the Musician's Union (MU), so BBC Video was limited in the television programming it could release. Initial videocassette and laserdisc releases were either programmes with no Equity or MU involvement, such as natural history and other documentaries, or material licensed from third parties, including feature films such as High Noon and the first video release of Deep Purple's California Jam concert.
For the first few years, videos were produced on both VHS and Betamax formats. The BBC also worked with Philips on early Laserdisc releases, including a notable ornithology disc called British Garden Birds, presented by David Attenborough. This disc was published in 1982 and included digital data in the form of teletext, which could be read by any suitably-equipped television. This pioneering use of a data channel on a consumer video led directly to the development of the BBC Domesday Project in 1984-6. Since videos could have stereo soundtracks,
Family (often referred to as Family Channel) is a Canadian English language Category A premium television service marketed to children and teenagers aged 2-15. It is owned by Astral Media. The channel's headquarters are located at the Brookfield Place office complex, near the Financial District of Downtown Toronto.
Programming featured on the channel consists primarily of Canadian-produced original series, current and archived original programming imported mainly from Disney Channel in the United States and some theatrically released feature films. The channel operates two timeshifted feeds: East (Eastern Time) and West (Pacific Time).
Family was licensed as a pay TV service by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on December 1, 1987 as a joint venture between Allarcom Pay Television Limited (later acquired by Western International Communications) and First Choice Canadian Communications Corporation (by then a division of Astral Communications), with both companies owning a 50% stake in the service. It launched as Family Channel on September 1, 1988. On October 1, 1999, the channel was rebranded Family. In 2000, Corus Entertainment acquired Western
MPI Home Video is a home entertainment company that produces and distributes popular documentaries, films and television series on DVD & Blu-ray for the home video market. MPI Home Video is a subsidiary of MPI Media Group which was founded in 1976 by brothers Malik & Waleed Ali. It is one of the largest home video companies in the world boasting over 2000 titles in its collection.
Among the titles distributed by MPI Home Video are: A Touch of Frost, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, The Honeymooners and popular cult series Dark Shadows.
Shochiku Company, Limited (松竹株式会社, Shōchiku Kabushiki Gaisha) TYO: 9601 is a Japanese movie studio and production company for kabuki. It also produces and distributes anime films. Its best remembered directors include Yasujirō Ozu, Kenji Mizoguchi, Mikio Naruse, Keisuke Kinoshita and Yōji Yamada. Shochiku has also produced films by highly regarded independent and "loner" directors such as Takashi Miike, Takeshi Kitano, Akira Kurosawa and Taiwanese New Wave director Hou Hsiao-Hsien.
The company was founded in 1895 by brothers Takejirō Otani and Matsujirō Shirai as a kabuki production company, and named in 1902 after the combined characters of take (bamboo) and matsu (pine) from their names, reflecting the traditional three symbols of happiness, bamboo, pine, and plum. The name was initially read as the kunyomi matsutake, but changed in 1937 to the onyomi shōchiku.
Shochiku grew quickly, expanding its business to many other Japanese live theatric styles, like Noh and Bunraku. The company began making films in 1920 and was the first film studio to abandon the use of female impersonators and sought to model itself and its films after Hollywood standards, bringing such things as the
Walt Disney Pictures is an American film studio owned by The Walt Disney Company. It is also a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Studios and the main production company for live-action feature films within the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, based at the Walt Disney Studios.
Animated features produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar Animation Studios, DisneyToon Studios and Studio Ghibli (North America distribution) are usually released by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures under the Walt Disney Pictures banner. Exceptions include Who Framed Roger Rabbit and The Nightmare Before Christmas which were originally released under Disney's Touchstone imprint, though the Roger Rabbit theatrical shorts and re-releases of Nightmare have been under the Disney banner.
Beginning in 2011, the studio's production logo and on-screen credit was shortened to simply "Disney".
Nearly all of Walt Disney Pictures' releases are distributed theatrically by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and through home media platforms via Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. A very select amount of films by Walt Disney Pictures are distributed in Canada by another billion-dollar franchise known as
Warner Home Video is the home video division of Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group, itself part of Time Warner. It was founded in 1978 as WCI Home Video (for Warner Communications, Inc.). The company launched in the United States with twenty films on VHS and Betamax videocassettes in late 1979. The company later expanded its line to include additional titles throughout 1979 and 1980.
The company releases titles from the film and television library of Warner Bros. Studios, as well as programs from other Time Warner companies. Currently, they also serve distributor for television and/or movie product released by Lifetime, HBO, CNN, Cartoon Network, Turner Entertainment Co., truTV (known as Court TV until 2008), TCM, TNT, American Girl, King Features, Peanuts, Sesame Workshop, National Geographic Society in the U.S., and product from the NBA, NFL, and NHL.
Some early releases were time-compressed in order to save tape time and money and to compensate for long-playing cassettes being unavailable in the early days of home video. One example was 1978's Superman in which the film was released in a 127-minute format, compared to its 143-minute theatrical release. In addition, early
Aladdin (Arabic: علاء الدين) is a fictional character and the protagonist of Walt Disney Pictures' 1992 animated feature film, Aladdin (1992), and its two direct-to-video sequels, The Return of Jafar (1994) and Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996). He also stars in the animated television series based on the film. In all animated appearances, Aladdin is voiced by American actor Scott Weinger, while his singing voice is provided by Brad Kane.
When Aladdin is introduced initially, he is 18 years old. He never received a formal education, and has only learned by being on the streets of Agrabah. He steals to survive, making him a sort of Robin Hood-type thief. Aladdin was born 18 years prior to the events in the first film. He was born to Cassim and his wife. When Aladdin was only an infant, his father left him and his mother in order to find a better life for his family. When Aladdin was two, his mother was captured by bandits and was presumed dead. Aladdin's parents were too poor to provide clothing for their son. When Aladdin was seven, he had his first encounter with Razoul, the new captain of the Sultan's guard. Aladdin had stolen an apple from a fruit stand. Initially, the
Constantin Film AG is a German film production and film distribution company, based in Munich, Germany.
Constantin Film Distribution GmbH was founded by Waldfried Barthel and Preben Philipsen on April 1, 1950 in Frankfurt, Germany. On December 21, 1964, the name of the company was changed to Constantin Film GmbH.
In the 1960s, Constantin film produced the Jerry Cotton and co-produced the Harry Alan Towers Fu Manchu series and the three Clint Eastwood spaghetti western film series.
In 1978, German film producer Bernd Eichinger bought into the company and became general manager of the now called Neue Constantin Film GmbH until 1999. He was the deputy chairman of the supervisory board up till his death in 2011.
Constantin Film AG has been listed on the stock market since 1999.
In 2007, Constantin Film announced support for Blu-ray Disc and HD DVD. In January 2008, they declared exclusive support for Blu-ray Disc, dropping all future HD DVD releases.
The Global Film Initiative (GFI) is a non-profit film organization that supports cinematic works from developing nations and promotes cross-cultural understanding through an innovative use of film and non-traditional learning resources. Its most notable programs are the Global Lens Film Series--a traveling film-series that premieres annually at the Museum of Modern Art, New York and is accompanied by educational screening-programs for high school students—and the Granting program, which has awarded numerous grants to narrative film-projects from around the world, many of which have been nominated as official country selections for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film category of the Academy Awards.
Established in 2002, the Global Film Initiative was founded by Susan Coulter Weeks and is advised by a board of directors, and a film-board composed of filmmakers such as Mira Nair, Lars von Trier, Pedro Almodóvar, Bela Tarr, Carlos Reygadas, Christopher Doyle and Djamshed Usmonov. In 2004, it entered into a partnership with First Run Features for distribution of all films in the Global Lens Film Series, and in 2006 it moved its offices from the West Village of New York to
The Prime Time Entertainment Network (also known as PTEN) was a United States ad-hoc television network launched in 1993 by the Prime Time Consortium, a joint venture between Warner Bros. Domestic Television and the Chris-Craft group of independent stations. Originally, the station groups in the consortium helped finance the shows on PTEN, but that deal was restructured at the beginning of the network's second year. At its peak, PTEN had 177 stations covering 93% of the country.
PTEN was launched as a potential fifth network, and offered packaged nights of programming to television stations, beginning with a two-hour block, with second block added one year later. However, close to half of PTEN's initial affiliates were Fox stations, and PTEN programming was usually scheduled around Fox's then five-night prime time schedule. Some PTEN-affiliated stations took issue with the network's barter split, which gave nine minutes of advertising time per hour to the syndicator, leaving only five minutes to the stations. The network also ran into difficulty when the studio was forced to let stations out of their back-end commitments for several series.
When Chris-Craft pulled out of the
Showtime Networks, Inc. (SNI) is the corporate division of media conglomerate CBS Corporation.
The company was established in 1983 as Showtime/The Movie Channel, Inc. after Viacom and Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment (now Viacom Media Networks) merged their premium channels, Showtime and The Movie Channel respectively, into one division. In 1984, American Express sold their interest in Warner-Amex to Warner Communications (now Time Warner) making Warner the new half-owner of Showtime/TMC. In 1985, Warner sold its half-interest to Viacom, making the company wholly owned division of Viacom. In 1988, the company was renamed Showtime Networks, Inc.
SNI along with CBS, The CW Television Network (formerly UPN), Viacom Outdoor, Spelling Television, CBS Television Studios (formerly CBS Productions, Paramount Television and CBS Paramount Television), CBS Television Distribution (formerly Paramount Domestic Television, CBS Paramount Domestic Television and King World), CBS Studios International (formerly CBS Paramount International Television), Simon and Schuster and other entities became part of CBS Corporation when CBS officially split from Viacom in December 2005. SNI managed the CBS,
Anchor Bay Entertainment is a U.S. based home entertainment and production company and is a division of Starz Media, which is a unit of Liberty Starz and a joint venture of Liberty Media, which owns 75%, and The Weinstein Company, which owns 25%. It was previously owned by IDT Entertainment until 2006 when IDT was purchased by Starz Media. Anchor Bay markets and sells feature films, series, television specials and short films to consumers worldwide. In 2004, Anchor Bay agreed to have their movies distributed by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.
Anchor Bay Entertainment can date its origins back to two separate home video distributors: Video Treasures, formed in 1985, and Starmaker Entertainment, founded sometime in the late 1980s. Both companies sold budget items - reissues of previously released home video programming - at discount prices. Video Treasures started with public domain titles, and later made licensing deals with Heron Communications (including Media Home Entertainment and Hi-Tops Video), Britt Allcroft (the Thomas the Tank Engine series), Trans World Entertainment, Regal Video, Virgin Vision, Hal Roach Studios, Jerry Lewis, and Orion Pictures, among others.
Freestyle Releasing is an independent film studio founded in 2003, specializing in helping other people/companies to release their films theatrically for getting distribution fees. Unlike most distributors, Freestyle Releasing does not put up any prints and advertising money for its releases.
The studio's first wide release was 2006's An American Haunting, which earned $19 million USD. Its most successful film to date is The Illusionist, which earned $40 million USD following its August 18, 2006 release. The label also handles releases from Bob Yari's Yari Film Group and co-runs the genre label After Dark Films.
Janus Films is a film distribution company. The distributor is credited with introducing numerous films, now considered masterpieces of world cinema, to American audiences, including the films of Michelangelo Antonioni, Sergei Eisenstein, Ingmar Bergman, Federico Fellini, Akira Kurosawa, François Truffaut, Yasujirō Ozu and many other well-regarded directors. Ingmar Bergman's The Seventh Seal (1957) was the film responsible for the company's initial growth. Janus has a close relationship with The Criterion Collection regarding the release of its films on DVD and is still an active theatrical distributor.
The company's name and logo come from Janus, the two-faced Roman god.
Janus Films was founded in 1956 by Bryant Haliday and Cyrus Harvey Jr., in the historic Brattle Theater, a Harvard Square landmark in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Prior to the conception of Janus, Haliday and Harvey began screening both foreign and American films at the Brattle and proceeded to regularly fill the 300-seat venue. Having purchased the theater, Haliday, together with Harvey, converted the Brattle into a popular movie house for the showing of art films.
Perceiving potential in the film business, Haliday
Newmarket Films is an American film production and distribution company which is a subsidiary of Newmarket Capital Group. It was founded in 1994.
Newmarket Films is a privately owned independent production and distribution company. Newmarket looks to acquire, produce, and distribute diverse films. The company has produced such films as The Mexican, Cruel Intentions, and the Christopher Nolan films The Prestige and Memento. Newmarket has distributed, in North America, such films as The Passion of the Christ, Whale Rider, Monster, Donnie Darko, and God Grew Tired of Us.
In 2010, after its purchase by Newmarket Capital Group, Lionsgate acquired the domestic theatrical, digital, and television rights to Newmarket's entire library of over 300 films, including future productions, and therefore the video rights to the Newmarket films already issued on DVD/Blu-ray, as well as full domestic distribution rights, will be transferred to Lionsgate, with the exception of co-productions with and owned by major studios (Dreamworks Pictures, et al.).
Newmarket Films has been involved with distributing or producing the following movies:
SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (Hangul: SK텔레콤 or 에스케이텔레콤) is a South Korean wireless telecommunications operator, controlled by the SK Group, one of the country's largest chaebol.
SK Telecom is a provider of mobile service in South Korea, with 50.5% of the market share as of 2008. Since being established on March 29, 1984 the company evolved from a first generation analogue cellular system, to second generation CDMA, then to the world's first third generation synchronized IMT-2000 cellular system. SK Telecom also became the world’s first to commercialize HSDPA in May, 2006.
The company’s current services include NATE, a wired and wireless integrated multi-Internet service, June, a multimedia service, MONETA, a financial service, Telematic service such as NATE Drive and even Digital Home service. In 2004, SK Telecom launched Hanbyul, the world’s first DMB satellite. The carrier currently provides satellite DMB to its subscribers through its subsidiary TU Media Corp. SK Telecom also offers a variety of internet services, many through its subsidiary SK Communications. Cyworld is one of the most popular blogging services in South Korea and NateOn is one of the most popular instant messengers.
Svarog Films (Russian: Сварог Фильм) is a Russian independent film company founded in 1998 in St.Petersburg. In 2007 Svarog Films entered into a Russian-American co-production for the film Kerosene Cowboys, set for release in 2009.
A&E is a United States-based cable and satellite television channel with headquarters in New York City and offices in Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, London, Los Angeles and Stamford. A&E also airs in Canada Australia and Latin America. Initially named the Arts & Entertainment Network, A&E launched February 1, 1984, to 9.3 million homes in the U.S. and Canada. In May 1995, the channel's name officially changed to the A&E Network, to reflect its declining focus on Arts and Entertainment. The network is now better known for shows like Dog the Bounty Hunter, Intervention, Storage Wars, Criss Angel Mindfreak and Paranormal State.
The channel, which originally focused programming on biographies, documentaries, and drama series (especially crime dramas and mysteries), and has expanded to include reality television programming, reaches more than 85 million homes in the United States and Canada. A&E is a joint venture of the Hearst Corporation (50% ownership) and The Walt Disney Company (50%). NBCUniversal was also a part of the joint venture, with Hearst and Disney each owning a 42.5% stake and NBCUniversal owning a 15% stake, but in July 2012, NBCUniversal confirmed plans to sell its 15.8%
The Central Office of Information (COI) was the UK government's marketing and communications agency. Its Chief Executive reported to the Minister for the Cabinet Office. It was a non-ministerial department, an executive agency and a trading fund, and recovered its costs from the other departments, executive agencies and publicly funded bodies which used its services.
It was established in 1946 as the successor to the wartime Ministry of Information. It worked with Whitehall departments and public bodies to produce information campaigns on issues that affected the lives of British citizens, from health and education to benefits, rights and welfare.
COI celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2006 with several events including a film season at the National Film Theatre and a poll to find Britain's favourite public information film on the BBC website.
From 2010, governmental spending on marketing fell considerably. This was because of the Coalition Government's policy to support only essential campaigns. As a result, the Government announced that COI would be closed and its remaining functions transferred to the Cabinet Office.
The Central Office of Information closed on 31 March 2012.
Lionsgate Home Entertainment is the home video and DVD distribution arm of Lions Gate Entertainment and most former Artisan Entertainment releases. Its library of more than 8000 films owes some of its size to output deals with other studios. Mainly concerned with the distribution of the Lions Gate film library, it also distributes Mattel's Barbie-branded videos, as well as Clifford the Big Red Dog videos from Scholastic and Stickin' Around videos from Nelvana. Lionsgate Home Entertainment also currently distributes videos from HIT Entertainment, MGA Entertainment, and Jim Henson Home Entertainment.
It was previously named Cinépix Film Properties Inc. (CFP). In 2001, in Quebec, it was renamed Crystal Films, and in Ontario and other provinces, Maple Pictures.
Lionsgate Home Entertainment also operated two subsidiaries in its early heyday: Avalanche Home Entertainment, which released smaller Canadian B-movies on video and DVD; and Sterling Home Entertainment (a joint venture with Scanbox International, a Danish film company), which released American low-budget movies, as well as DiC Entertainment's back catalogue (before distribution of this library is shifted to Shout! Factory in
Picturehouse was a specialty film production and distribution company formed in 2005 as a joint venture of New Line Cinema and HBO Films, both divisions of Time Warner.
The company was formed from New Line and HBO's acquisition of the distribution arm of Newmarket Films, which was run by Bob Berney, who would also remain the head of this new company. New Line's specialty division Fine Line Features was folded into Picturehouse. Its DVD releases were split between HBO Home Video and New Line Home Video.
After Time Warner's 2008 consolidation of New Line into Warner Bros., the Hollywood press believed that Picturehouse and Warner Independent Pictures would retire and merge. On May 8, 2008, however, it was announced that both of the specialty divisions would be shut down, costing 70 employees their jobs.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit American public broadcasting television network with 354 member TV stations in the United States which hold collective ownership. Its headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia.
PBS is the most prominent provider of television programs to U.S. public television stations, distributing series such as PBS NewsHour, Masterpiece, and Frontline. Since the mid-2000s, Roper polls commissioned by PBS have consistently placed the service as America's most-trusted national institution. However, PBS is not responsible for all programming carried on public TV stations; in fact, stations usually receive a large portion of their content (including most pledge drive specials) from third-party sources, such as American Public Television, NETA, WTTW National Productions and independent producers. This distinction is a frequent source of viewer confusion.
PBS also has a subsidiary called National Datacast (NDI), which offers datacasting services via member stations. This helps PBS and its member stations earn extra revenue.
PBS was founded on October 5, 1970, at which time it took over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational
WWE Home Video is a video distribution and production company that distributes WWE programming. A division of WWE formed in 1997 as WWF Home Video, it replaced a similar independent company owned by Evart Enterprises, Coliseum Video, which operated between 1985 and 1997.
VHS cassettes released by Coliseum generally fell into several categories:
Coliseum Video also released the two World Bodybuilding Federation events.
Coliseum Video also released two non-wrestling videos. One on the New York Giants & one on Wayne Gretzky.
Upon the company's folding, videos that were being or had been released by Coliseum Video were re-released with new packaging and the WWF Home Video name and logo in 1997. When WWF became WWE in 2002, the name of subsidiary changed as well. Content released by WWE Home Video also falls into the same categories mentioned above, as well as content produced exclusively for home entertainment such as swimsuit videos and retrospective documentaries. Content from the World Wrestling Federation's "Attitude Era" (1998–2002) has to be edited due to the lawsuit that caused the WWF to become WWE. All WWF "scratch" logos and references to the initials WWF had to be blurred or
Death Row Records is a record label founded in 1991 by Dick Griffey, Marion "Suge" Knight Jr. and Andre "Dr. Dre" Young. It is known to have signed many popular West Coast hip hop artists such as Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, 2Pac, MC Hammer, Nate Dogg and the rap group Tha Dogg Pound consisting of rappers Kurupt and Daz Dillinger also Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes of TLC although most if not all departed from the label after its demise following the murder of Tupac Shakur in 1996.
The collapse of Death Row Records meant its title as a powerful hip-hop label was subsequently revoked despite attempts from the last remaining founder and CEO at the time, Suge Knight, that included signing new talents and releasing many compilations of previously unreleased content recorded by ex-Death Row artists. The label filed for bankruptcy in 2006 and on January 15, 2009, Death Row Records was successfully auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake Entertainment Group, Inc. for $18 million.
Death Row has sold nearly 50 million albums worldwide, and generated close to $750 million in revenue.
In the late '80's, producer Andre "Dr. Dre" Young was a member of the gangsta rap group N.W.A., signed to
First Run Features is an independent film distribution company based in New York City. First Run was founded in 1979 by a group of filmmakers in order to advance the distribution of independent film. Today First Run is one of the largest theatrical and home video distributors in the United States, releasing 12 to 15 films a year in theatres nationwide and 50 to 60 videos and DVDs annually. First Run distributes a large number of documentaries in addition to foreign films, including many films about GLBT issues, Jewish experience and political and human rights issues.
First Run is the American distributor for films by Monika Treut, Michael Sporn, and Radley Metzger, in addition to many others. Among the films First Run distributes in the US are the Up Series, For the Bible Tells Me So, A Jihad for Love, Alice, Moving Midway, and Save Me. Many of the films First Run Features has distributed have been endorsed by Human Rights Watch. First Run works in collaboration with HRW to bring films dealing with human rights issues to a wider audience. First Run also has a distribution partnership with the Global Film Initiative for the North American market, and distributes a number of GFI's
Lorimar, later known as Lorimar Television and Lorimar Distribution, was an American television production company that was later a subsidiary of Warner Bros., active from 1969 until 1993. It was founded by Irwin Molasky, Merv Adelson and Lee Rich, who named the company by combining the name of Adelson's ex-wife, Lori, with Palomar Airport in San Diego, California.
Lorimar initially started producing made-for-TV movies for the ABC Movie of the Week. Rich bought the script to an adaptation of Earl Hamner Jr.'s novel "The Homecoming" and subsequently sold the rights to CBS. The Homecoming: A Christmas Story was a ratings success, and served as the pilot for Lorimar's first major hit production, The Waltons, which premiered in 1972. Throughout the 1970s, Lorimar produced several other shows as well including Eight is Enough; of these, the most popular by far was Dallas. In 1980, Lorimar purchased the bankrupt Allied Artists Pictures Corporation.
In the 1980s, Lorimar's output swung toward family-friendly sitcoms; among these were Perfect Strangers and Full House, which were produced by Miller-Boyett Productions.
In 1986, Lorimar merged with television syndication firm Telepictures,
Screen Gems is an American film production company and subsidiary company of Sony Pictures Entertainment's Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group that has served several different purposes for its parent companies over the decades since its incorporation.
For an entire decade, Charles Mintz distributed his Krazy Kat, Scrappy, and Color Rhapsody animated film shorts through Columbia Pictures. When Mintz became indebted to Columbia in 1939, he ended up selling his studio to them. Under new management, the studio assumed a new name, Screen Gems. The name was derived from an early Columbia Pictures slogan, "Gems of the Screen", itself a takeoff on the song "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean". Jimmy Bronis, Mintz's production manager became the studio head, but was shortly replaced by Mintz's brother-in-law, George Winkler. After this, Columbia decided to "clean house" by ousting the bulk of the staff (including Winkler) and hiring creative cartoonist, Frank Tashlin. After Tashlin's short stay came Dave Fleischer, formerly of the Fleischer Studios, and after several of his successors came Ray Katz and Henry Binder from Warner Bros. Cartoons (previously Leon Schlesinger Productions).
Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc. (SPE) is the television and film production/distribution unit of Japanese multinational technology and media conglomerate Sony. Its group sales in the fiscal year 2011 ended March 31, 2012 has been reported to be of $8.021 billion.
Sony Pictures Entertainment is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
On September 28, 1989, Sony Corporation obtained an option to purchase all of The Coca-Cola Company's stake (49%) in Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc. (CPE; Columbia Pictures, Tri-Star Pictures, etc.) for $27 per share. The next day, Sony also announced that it reached an agreement with Guber-Peters Entertainment Company, Inc. (NASDAQ: GPEC; formerly Barris Industries, Inc.) to acquire the company for $200 million when Sony hired Peter Guber and Jon Peters to head CPE. It was all led by Norio Ohga, who was the president and CEO of Sony during that time. On October 31, 1989, Sony completed a friendly takeover bid for the rest of shares (51%) of CPE, which was a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: KPE), and acquired 99.3% of the common stocks of the company. On November 8, 1989, Sony completed the
Dimension Films is an American film production company owned by The Weinstein Company. It was formerly used as Bob Weinstein's label within Miramax Films, to produce and release genre films. The Weinstein Brothers took this label with them when they departed the Disney-owned Miramax in October 2005.
All films released by Dimension Films prior to October 1, 2005, remain the property of Miramax Films; half the profits of sequels made to Miramax-era films went to Disney until Miramax was sold to Filmyard Holdings, a joint venture of Colony Capital, Tutor-Saliba Corporation, Qatar Investment Authority and The Weinstein Company in 2010.
The studio's movie franchises include the later Halloween films, Children of the Corn, Scream, Spy Kids and Scary Movie.
Showtime at the Apollo (formerly It's Showtime at the Apollo) is a syndicated music television show, first broadcast on September 12, 1987 to May 24, 2008 with 1093 episodes, and is produced by the Apollo Theater. The show features live performances from both professional and up-and-coming artists, and also features the Amateur Night competition made popular at the famous Apollo Theater in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City, where the show is recorded.
While there is also a live version of the show every Wednesday (which is the original Apollo Amateur Night competition that has been running for over 70 years), the taped version of the show for television usually airs on weekends.
Many famous R&B, soul, and hip hop performers have appeared on the show, which has had a number of hosts, including Whoopi Goldberg, Rick Aviles, Sinbad, Mark Curry, Steve Harvey, Mo'Nique, Christopher "Kid" Reid, and Anthony Anderson. Kiki Shepard Tatyana Whitley served as co-host from 1987 until 2002.
From 1989 to 1991, Sinbad served as the permanent host. After Sinbad left, the show reverted to a series of special guest hosts. In 1993, Steve Harvey began a seven year stint as the
Nordisk Film (USA affiliate: Great Northern Film Company), established in Denmark in 1906 by Danish filmmaker Ole Olsen, is the oldest continuously operating film studio in the world. Olsen started his company in the Copenhagen suburb of Valby under the name "Ole Olsen's Film Factory" but soon changed it to the Nordisk Film Kompagni. In 1908, Olsen opened an affiliate branch in New York, the Great Northern Film Company, to handle distribution of his films to the American market. As Nordisk Film, it became a publicly traded company in 1911.
In 1992 it merged with the Egmont media group and operates today as electronic media production and distribution group that employs 1,090 people in six countries. The total revenues in 2003 amounted to approximately € 345 million. Today, Nordisk Film is the oldest movie production company in operation in the world. Egmont Nordisk Film is the largest producer and distributor of electronic entertainment in the Nordic region. Nordisk Film incorporates all parts of the value chain in the electronic entertainment world: development, production, marketing and distribution.
The company produces and co-produces national and international feature films in
Paradigm is a full-service entertainment agency based in Beverly Hills, with offices in New York, Monterey and Nashville, and is considered to be one of the "Big Five" US talent agencies. Paradigm representation for clients in motion pictures, television, music, artist marketing, motion picture financing, book publishing, literary rights, theatre, physical production, interactive media, stand-up comedy, commercials, personal appearances and corporate events.
Paradigm formed in 1992 after the Gores/Fields Agency merged with STE Representations, Robinson, Weintraub, Gross & Associates, and Shorr, Stille & Associates. The agency's Beverly Hills office is located on the old MCA Inc. campus built in 1932 where conference rooms honor the legendary entertainment moguls Jules Stein and Lew Wasserman who occupied the space.
In 2004, Paradigm acquired the literary firm Genesis and the Writers & Artists Agency. Expanding their footprint in the music industry, in 2008, Paradigm acquired Ellis Industries, a leading independent music agency based in New York, followed in 2009 with the acquisition of Third Coast Artists Agency, the largest independent Christian Music agency, which was
RKO (Radio-Keith-Orpheum) Pictures is an American film production and distribution company. As RKO Radio Pictures Inc., it was one of the Big Five studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. The business was formed after the Keith-Albee-Orpheum (KAO) theater chains and Joseph P. Kennedy's Film Booking Offices of America (FBO) studio were brought together under the control of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in October 1928. RCA chief David Sarnoff engineered the merger to create a market for the company's sound-on-film technology, RCA Photophone. By the mid-1940s, the studio was under the control of investor Floyd Odlum.
RKO has long been celebrated for its cycle of musicals starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the mid- to late 1930s. Actors Katharine Hepburn and, later, Robert Mitchum had their first major successes at the studio. Cary Grant was a mainstay for years. The work of producer Val Lewton's low-budget horror unit and RKO's many ventures into the field now known as film noir have been acclaimed, largely after the fact, by film critics and historians. The studio produced two of the most famous films in motion picture history: King Kong and Citizen Kane.
Savoy Pictures Entertainment, Inc. was an independent motion picture company in operation from 1992 to 1997. Among Savoy Pictures' noteworthy feature films were A Bronx Tale, No Escape, Last of the Dogmen and Serial Mom.
Victor A. Kaufman became chairman and chief executive officer of Savoy Pictures in 1992 along with vice chairman executive, Lewis J. Korman. Savoy intended to finance and distribute films in the $12-25 million range, investing in up to $15 million per film. In June of that year, Savoy entered into a deal with HBO for the home video, pay-TV, and pay-per-view rights to its films.
Budgets for their films grew. However, with rather poor marketing, Savoy faced a major financial slump, only three years after being formed. For three years, Savoy then released box office failures including Exit to Eden and Getting Away with Murder. It also didn't help that two of its competitors in the independent film field, Miramax and New Line Cinema, were bought out by majors (The Walt Disney Company and Turner Broadcasting, respectively), giving them stability. As a result, Savoy focused on low-budget films and the occasional blockbuster, costing up to $80 million. Executives hoped to
The Weinstein Company (TWC) is an American film studio founded by Bob and Harvey Weinstein in 2005 after the brothers left the then-Disney-owned Miramax Films, which they had co-founded in 1979. They retained ownership of the Dimension Films label of Miramax, and later Miramax itself as part of a joint venture called Filmyard Holdings, which is also owned by Colony Capital, Tutor-Saliba Corporation and Qatar Investment Authority. Its films are released on DVD and Blu-ray by Beverly Hills–based Anchor Bay Entertainment, due to the 25% purchase of Starz Media, which is Anchor Bay's parent, and it has an office in Beverly Hills.
Their first releases in 2005 included the dramatic thriller Derailed (starring Jennifer Aniston, Vincent Cassel and Clive Owen), the offbeat comedy-drama Transamerica (starring Felicity Huffman) the computer-animated family film Hoodwinked, the World War II–era comedy-drama Mrs. Henderson Presents (starring Judi Dench and Bob Hoskins) and the caper comedy The Matador (starring Pierce Brosnan and Greg Kinnear).
In February 2006, TWC announced a distribution pact with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. MGM distributed the product domestically in theatres, while TWC will
TriStar Pictures, Inc. (spelled as Tri-Star until 1991) is an American film production/distribution studio and subsidiary of Columbia Pictures, itself a subdivision of the Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, which is owned by Sony Pictures.
The concept for TriStar Pictures came about in 1982 when Columbia Pictures (then a subsidiary of Coca-Cola), HBO, and CBS decided to pool resources to split the ever-growing costs of making movies, creating a new joint venture. In 1983, it was given the name Tri-Star Pictures (when the new company was formed and did not have an official name, the press used the code-name "Nova"). It was the first major Hollywood studio since RKO Pictures was founded over 50 years earlier.
Their first production, released in 1984, was The Natural, starring Robert Redford. During this venture, many of Tri-Star's releases were released on VHS by either RCA-Columbia Pictures Home Video (now Sony Pictures Home Entertainment), CBS/FOX Video (now CBS Home Entertainment and 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment), or HBO Video. In addition, HBO would gain exclusive cable distribution rights to these films, and broadcast television licenses would go to CBS.
Alexander "Al" Lichtman (April 9, 1885 - February 20, 1958) was a businessman working in the motion picture industry. He also occasionally worked as a film producer. Born in Monok, Hungary. His parents were Joseph Lichtman and Pepe (aka Josephine) Zuckermandel. Lichtman has a "Star" on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He died in Los Angeles, California.
A field manager for Famous Players in 1912, Lichtman had his own distribution company, Al Lichtman Corp, in the early 1920s. He was president of Preferred Pictures in 1923 and became sales manager at United Artists in 1927. He was promoted to president of the company in 1935, but resigned after only a few months due to a fallout with Sam Goldwyn over the production of Barbary Coast (1935).
In November of that same year he joined MGM as a special sales adviser and became an executive producer with them in 1938. He left MGM for 20th Century Fox in 1949, and stayed there until his retirement in 1957. During this time he produced the film, The Young Lions.
CJ Entertainment (Hangul: 씨제이엔터테인먼트, CJ엔터테인먼트), aka CJ E&M, is a South Korean entertainment company which is involved in film production, investment, distribution and exhibition. It is the largest entertainment company in South Korea and a subsidiary of CJ Group.
During early 1995, Cheil Jedang invested in the upstart film company DreamWorks SKG, and in June of the same year, Cheil Jedang established its own entertainment division. The division's title was changed to CJ Entertainment by September the next year, in time for their first film distribution deal with the movie Secrets and Lies. To aid their position in the film distribution industry CJ Entertainment built the first multiplexes of Korea with the first one, CGV Gangbyeon 11, opening in April 1998.
CJ Entertainment's importance in the Korean film industry grew in 1997-1998 when the nation was caught in the wave of the Asian financial crisis. Many smaller film companies had to close up, leaving the road open for CJ Entertainment to capitalize on the new-found popularity of Korean cinema brought on by the success of Shiri in 1999.
The success of their own films, most notably Joint Security Area that broke the Korean
Condor Films is a film and TV production company based in Zurich, Switzerland. The company produces commercials, documentary films, feature films, image films, product films and interactive multimedia solutions. The company is also known by the brands Condor Productions, Condor Communications, Condor Corporate, Condor Commercials, Studio Bellerive, Condor Features, Condor Audiovisuals, Condor Movies & Series and Condor Pictures as well as Condor Documentaries. In 2009 the group refocused marketing on its major brand Condor Films.
Condor Films is a founding member of The International Quorum of Motion Picture Producers IQMPP.
Condor Films has produced more than 952 commercials, more than 237 corporate films for international companies and over 55 feature films. The company was awarded with an Academy Award for best foreign picture in 1991 for its feature film Journey of Hope by director Xavier Koller, . Condor Films defines itself as a transmedia production company for moving images. It creates and produces audiovisual content for cinema, TV and the Internet.
Condor Films Ltd. was founded in 1947 by Dr. Heinrich Fueter. In 1964 the company was the first Swiss company to produce
Gaumont Film Company is a French film production and distribution company founded by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont (1864–1946). It is the first and oldest continuously operating film company in the world, with the runner-ups being American film studios Universal Pictures and Paramount Pictures, which were both founded in 1912. Gaumont predominately produces, co-produces and distributes films (95% of Gaumont's 2011 consolidated revenues came from the film division). However, the company is increasingly becoming a TV series producer with its new American subsidiary Gaumont International Television as well as its existing French production features.
Gaumont currently has 938 films in its catalogue most of which are in the French language, but there are some exceptions such as Luc Besson's The Fifth Element. Among some of the most notable films produced by Gaumont are the serials Judex and Fantômas; the comic Onésime series, starring Ernest Bourbon; the comic Bébé series, starring five-year-old René Dary. The two biggest films which Gaumont own the rights to are Jean-Marie Poiré's Les Visiteurs with a box-office of $98 million and the 2011 blockbuster Intouchables by
K Sera Sera is an Indian entertainment producer and distributor, producing media for cinema, television and software. It was established in 1995 as Garnet Paper Mills Limitedand renamed in 2002.
Various of India's most well-known actors have worked for K Sera Sera, among them:
Miramax Home Entertainment is the home video and DVD division of Miramax Films founded in 1994. Prior to the 1993 buyout of The Walt Disney Company, Miramax did not have a video arm of its own. Most of their films were released by several home video distributors, but in 1992, Miramax struck a deal with Paramount Home Entertainment (owned by Viacom) to have them release their films on VHS (Paramount still owns the video rights to some of these films). After Disney bought out the company in 1993, Miramax's video releases were distributed briefly by Touchstone Home Entertainment through Buena Vista Home Entertainment. Miramax ended up releasing videos under its own label in the mid-1990s, with Buena Vista distributing. Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment distributed Miramax product from 2007-2010 (after the Weinstein Bros. left two years earlier to form the movie company The Weinstein Company taking the Dimension Films label with them). In February 2011, after Miramax was sold by Disney to Filmyard Holdings, LLC, a division of Colony Capital in December 2010, they entered a home video agreement with Lionsgate Home Entertainment and StudioCanal to distribute more than 550 titles from the renowned Miramax film library on DVD, and later on, they made a deal with Echo Bridge Home Entertainment for domestic DVD distribution of the studio's additional 251 titles.
Seven Arts Productions was a production company which made movies for release by other studios. It was founded in 1957 by Ray Stark and Eliot Hyman. Among its efforts were The Misfits (1961) for United Artists, Gigot (1962) for Twentieth Century-Fox, Lolita (1962) for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and Is Paris Burning? (1966) for Paramount Pictures.
Over time it expanded its role, becoming equity investors with other studios and partnering with legendary horror film company Hammer Film Productions on many projects. It also retained ancillary rights on new productions surrendered on earlier films, including Seven Days in May (1964) and Promise Her Anything (1965) for release by Paramount.
In 1967 it acquired a controlling interest in Warner Bros. from Jack Warner for $32 million. Merged as Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, the incarnation was short-lived, being acquired in 1969 by Kinney National Company and renamed simply "Warner Bros."
Neither today's Seven Arts Pictures nor the defunct releasing company "Seven Arts", an early 1990s joint venture between Carolco Pictures and New Line Cinema (the latter subsequently merged into Warner Brothers), are related to the original Seven Arts Productions.
Warner Bros. Animation is the animation division of Warner Bros., a subsidiary of Time Warner. The studio is closely associated with the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies characters, among others. The studio is the successor to Warner Bros. Cartoons (formerly Leon Schlesinger Studios), the studio which produced Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoon shorts from 1933 to 1963, and from 1967 to 1969. Warner reestablished its own animation division in 1980 to produce Looney Tunes related works.
Since 1990, Warner Bros. Animation has primarily focused upon the production of television and feature animation of other properties, notably including those related to Time Warner's DC Comics publications.
The original Warner Bros. Cartoon studio, as well as all of Warner Bros.' short subject production divisions, closed in 1969 due to the rising costs and declining returns of short subject production. Outside animation companies were hired to produce new Looney Tunes-related animation for TV specials and commercials at irregular intervals. In 1976, Warner Bros. Cartoon alumnus Chuck Jones began producing a series of Looney Tunes specials at his Chuck Jones Productions animation studio, the
AB Svensk Filmindustri or Svensk Filmindustri (SF) is a Swedish film production company, distributor (both Swedish and international) and movie theatre chain, currently owned by the Bonnier Group. It was established on 27 December 1919.
It produced most of the films made by Ingmar Bergman, as well as a long list of films by other Swedish filmmakers. The majority of film adaptations of the works by children's author Astrid Lindgren have been produced by SF.
SF also distributes foreign films in the Nordic countries and has deals with New Line Cinema, Summit Entertainment, Spyglass Entertainment and Revolution Studios in the United States.
Buena Vista Home Entertainment is the alternate name of Walt Disney Studios Home Entetainment in which the company releases non-Disney branded material such as "Alvin & The Chipmunks" & "Rocky & Bullwinkle", English anime such as "Kiki's Delivery Service", The Marvel library such as "Spider-Man" and "The Incredible Hulk", and TV Shows distributed by Touchstone Television (now ABC Studios). Despite Disney (its corporate parent) cutting back on the "Buena Vista" name for its other units, its still being used as for credit purposes. It is also the video and DVD distribution arm of Buena Vista Pictures Distribution (now Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures).
Playboy Enterprises, Inc. is a privately held global media and lifestyle company founded by Hugh Marston Hefner to manage the Playboy magazine empire. Its programming and content are available worldwide on television networks, websites, mobile platforms and radio. Today, Playboy Enterprises, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, engages in the development and distribution of adult entertainment. The Playboy brand is one of the most widely recognized and popular brands in the world. The company is structured with three business segments: Publishing (which manages the magazine), Entertainment (which controls electronic assets), and Licensing (which licenses the Playboy name and bunny logo to third parties).
Sales of Playboy magazine peaked in 1972 at over 7 million copies. The company now derives only one-third of its revenues from Playboy magazine, with the other two-thirds from the dissemination of adult content in electronic form, such as television, the internet and DVDs. Much of this electronic revenue comes not from the soft nude imagery which made the magazine famous, but from hardcore pornography connected with the company's ownership of Spice Digital Networks, Club Jenna,
Titanus is an Italian film production company, founded in 1904 by Gustavo Lombardo (1885–1951). The company's headquarters are located at 28 Via Sommacampagna, Rome and its studios on the Via Tiburtina, 13 km from the centre of Rome.
Lombardo ran the studios until his death in 1951. His son, Goffredo Lombardo (1920–2005) and later his grandson, Guido Lombardo have continued to run the company.
The company has been responsible for hundreds of Italian productions, including some of the most popular or important films in Italian cinema. Titanus made many peplum films and comedies featuring Totò and Franco and Ciccio. The film The Shortest Day was not only a parody of The Longest Day but featured a galaxy of stars who made the film to help the studio. The studio made numerous international co-productions with American (The Story of Ruth, The Angel Wore Red) and French (Plein Soleil) film studios.
The flop of the Robert Aldrich film Sodom and Gomorrah (1963), and the large budget of Luchino Visconti's Il Gattopardo (The Leopard) were, reportedly, two of the main reasons for film production ceasing by 1964.
After a hiatus of approximately ten years, Titanus reorganized and resumed film
Turner Home Entertainment was founded in 1987 by Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting to distribute the RKO Radio Pictures library on videocassette and, from 1987 to 1999, license the pre-1986 MGM and pre-1950 Warner Bros. libraries to MGM/UA Home Video (now MGM Home Entertainment). In 1994, when Turner bought out the New Line Cinema and Castle Rock Entertainment, Columbia TriStar Home Video (now Sony Pictures Home Entertainment) sold the distribution rights to New Line Home Video releases to THE. Turner Home Entertainment also handles the rights to shows by Hanna-Barbera and Cartoon Network, as well as PBS Home Video releases from 1994-1997. In 1997, a year after Turner merged with Time Warner, Turner Home Entertainment was dissolved into Warner Home Video, although it remained until 1999.
American International Pictures (AIP) was a film production company formed in April 1954 from American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson, former Sales Manager of Realart Pictures, and Samuel Z. Arkoff, an entertainment lawyer. It was dedicated to releasing independently produced, low-budget films packaged as double features, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Nicholson and Arkoff formed ARC in 1954, with their first release being The Fast and the Furious.
Nicholson and Arkoff served as executive producers while Roger Corman and Alex Gordon were the principal film producers and, sometimes, directors. Writer Charles B. Griffith wrote many of the early films, along with Arkoff's brother-in-law, Lou Rusoff, who,later produced many of the films he had written. Other writers included Ray Russell, Richard Matheson and Charles Beaumont. Floyd Crosby, A.S.C. famous for his camera work on a number of exotic documentaries and the Oscar winner, High Noon, was chief cinematographer. His innovative use of surreal color and odd lenses and angles gave AIP films a signature look. The early rubber monster suits and miniatures of Paul Blaisdell were
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcasting corporation headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, with about 23,000 staff. Its main responsibility is to provide impartial public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
The BBC is a semi-autonomous public service broadcaster that operates under a Royal Charter and a Licence and Agreement from the Home Secretary. Within the United Kingdom its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, which is charged to all British households, companies and organisations using any type of equipment to record and/or receive live television broadcasts; the level of the fee is set annually by the British Government and agreed by Parliament.
Outside the UK, the BBC World Service has provided services by direct broadcasting and re-transmission contracts by sound radio since the inauguration of the BBC Empire Service in December 1932, and more recently by television and online. Though sharing some of the facilities of the domestic services, particularly for news and current affairs output, the
dGenerate Films is a non-theatrical distributor of award-winning independent films from China. Their aim is to bring more images of contemporary life in mainland China to U.S. audiences. The company was launched in 2008 by American independent film veterans, including producer Karin Chien. dGenerate Films has the international rights to nearly forty independent Chinese films, and they distribute them abroad mostly to educational institutions and festivals, though they also are available to a general audience. Many of them are smuggled illegally out of China, where the uncensored films are considered to be counter-government.
Examples of releases include:
Educational Pictures (or Educational Film Exchanges, Inc.) was a film distribution company founded in 1919 by Earle (E. W.) Hammons (1882–1962). Educational primarily distributed short subjects, and today is probably best known for its series of 1930s comedies starring Buster Keaton, as well as for a series of one-reel comedies featuring the earliest screen appearances of Shirley Temple.
Earle Hammons originally established the company to make instructional films for schools, but making comedies for theatrical release proved more lucrative. Educational did indeed issue many educational, travelogue, and novelty shorts, but its main enterprise was comedy. Educational's heyday was the 1920s, when the popular silent comedies of Al St. John, Lupino Lane, Lige Conley, Lloyd Hamilton, and Monty Collins complemented many a moviehouse bill as "the spice of the program". Educational also released silent cartoons including the Felix the Cat and Aesop's Fables series. In 1930, cartoonist Paul Terry signed with Educational to distribute his cartoons.
Educational made a smooth transition to sound movies by handling the early talking comedies of comedy pioneer Mack Sennett. Comedians Monty
EuropaCorp is a French movie studio headquartered in Paris. It has been a listed company on Euronext Paris since July 2007. Co-founded by Luc Besson and Pierre-Ange Le Pogam, the Group takes on a range of production activities like film distribution in France, DVD distribution, sales of French TV rights, and producing advertisements.
Luc Besson and Pierre-Ange Le Pogam worked together for the first time in 1985, on the movie Subway, directed by Luc Besson. Pierre-Ange le Pogam was then Distribution Director at Gaumont. Subsequently, virtually all the films that Luc Besson made with Gaumont between 1985 and 1999 topped the three-million ticket mark at the box office (e.g. The Big Blue, Nikita, Léon, The Fifth Element and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc). Meanwhile, Pierre-Ange Le Pogam developed innovative promotional techniques at Gaumont which he applied for the first time in Luc Besson’s The Fifth Element. This film is France’s biggest export success of all time.
In 1997 Pierre-Ange Le Pogam became Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Gaumont.
In September 2000 the two friends created EuropaCorp.
In July 2007, EuropaCorp successfully managed its IPO on Euronext Paris.
Genius Products (also known as Genius Entertainment) was an entertainment company based in Santa Monica, California, United States.
On December 5, 2005, Genius Products, Inc. announced a distribution joint venture with The Weinstein Company called Genius Products, LLC, with Weinstein holding a 70% stake. The transaction was approved by stockholders and was closed on July 24, 2006. The high-profile movies from Weinstein helped Genius Products to open the doors to major retailers like Wal-Mart and Target.
Genius also released DVDs for other companies, including Entertainment Rights, Classic Media, Sesame Workshop (from 2007 to 2009), Random House, ESPN, Discovery Communications, ImaginAsian, World Wrestling Entertainment, IFC Films and PorchLight Entertainment.
In 2009, Genius Products Investments acquired 60% of Genius Products, LLC, with TWC owning 15% and Genius Products, Inc., holding 25%. Later that year, Genius's home video distribution rights were acquired by Vivendi Entertainment, while distribution rights to Sesame Workshop were sold to Warner Home Video.
HBO Films is a division of the cable television network HBO that produces feature films and miniseries. While much of HBO Films' output is created directly for the television market, such as the film Witness Protection and the mini-series Band of Brothers, Pacific, Generation Kill and Angels in America, it has also branched into theatrical distribution with such critically acclaimed films as Elephant and American Splendor. These theatrical releases are usually handled by Picturehouse, a joint venture between HBO Films and New Line Cinema; both are owned by Time Warner.
HBO began producing films in 1983 with their HBO Pictures banner; their first film, The Terry Fox Story, was also the first feature film produced expressly for pay television. Another film production company, HBO Showcase (later HBO NYC) was folded into HBO Pictures to produce the current company HBO Films.
HBO Films productions are generally regarded to be high-quality and groundbreaking productions; the films produced by the company have garnered hundreds of Emmy and Golden Globe awards; HBO Films productions have won the award for the Primetime Emmy Award for "Outstanding Made for Television Movie" every year from
RAI — Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (for brevity Rai S.p.A.) known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane, is the Italian state owned public service broadcaster controlled by the Ministry of Economic Development. Rai is the biggest television company in Italy. It competes with three major private television companies, Mediaset, Telecom Italia Media, and Sky Italia.
Rai operates several television channels and radio stations, broadcasting in digital terrestrial and in several satellite and IPTV offerings. In 1950, Rai became one of the 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union.
Half of Rai's revenues come from the broadcast licence fee, the other half from advertising. Rai has a relatively high audience share of 42.3%.
Due to their close proximity, Albania, Switzerland, Monaco, Malta, San Marino, Vatican City, Montenegro, Slovenia and Croatia also receive broadcasts.
Unione Radiofonica Italiana (URI) was formed in 1924 with the backing of the Marconi Company following a model adopted in other European countries. URI made its inaugural broadcast — a speech by Benito Mussolini at Teatro Costanzi — on 5 October and regular programming began with a
THINKFilm (stylized as TH!NKFilm) is a privately held production and distribution company founded in September 2001. It has been a division of David Bergstein’s Capitol Films since 2006. Bergstein also serves as the company’s chairman. THINKFilm has distributed a number of award-winning independent films such as Taxi to the Dark Side, which won 2007 Best Documentary Feature; Half Nelson, whose star, Ryan Gosling, received a 2006 Oscar Best Actor nomination; and Born into Brothels, which won the 2005 Oscar for Best Documentary. Other nominated films include Spellbound, The Story of the Weeping Camel, Murderball and War/Dance.
Recent THINKFilm releases include Strangers with Candy; The Zodiac; Daniele Luchetti’s My Brother is an Only Child; Helen Hunt’s Then She Found Me; The Tracey Fragments starring Ellen Page; Noise starring Tim Robbins; Stuart Gordon’s Stuck, starring Mena Suvari and Stephen Rea; and Werner Herzog’s documentary Encounters at the End of the World.
Home entertainment releases to DVD are by Velocity Entertainment.
Atlantic Entertainment Group, also known as Atlantic Releasing Corporation was an independent film production and distribution company founded by Tom Coleman and Michael Rosenblatt in 1974. In January 1989, amidst financial troubles, Atlantic was sold off to Kartes Video Communications.
Some of the company's most notable films include:
The library was bought by Island Pictures, which was later absorbed into PolyGram Filmed Entertainment. For a number of years, Paramount Pictures had TV and video distribution rights to Atlantic's library. MGM now distributes the library as a result of purchasing part of PolyGram's library.
The company also had a division called "Clubhouse Pictures" to release family films. Films and TV shows released under this label include:
BBC Four is a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and available to digital television viewers on Freeview, IPTV, satellite and cable.
BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002, transmitting a schedule between 19:00 to 4:00. It shows "a wide variety of programmes including drama, documentaries, music, international film, original programmes, comedy and current affairs ... an alternative to programmes on the mainstream TV channels." It has a schedule dominated by repeats but is required by its licence to broadcast at least 100 hours of new arts and music programmes, 110 hours of new factual programmes and premier 20 international films each year.
BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002 at 19.00 GMT, having been delayed from the original planned 2001 launch. The channel replaced BBC Knowledge, an educational and cultural channel which had undergone many changes throughout its lifetime; the latter of which consisted of documentaries and art programming: essentially a test of the new BBC Four schedule. BBC Four would rebrand this channel, and bring it into line with the well recognised BBC One and Two brands at the same time. Planning for the new channel,
FilmFlex, is an on-demand movie rental services provider, claiming to be largest outside of the US. It is a joint venture between Sony Pictures Television and The Walt Disney Company.
Virgin Movies makes up part of Virgin Media's "On Demand" video on demand system. Virgin Movies has been available on Virgin since January 2005 and saw over 11 million films watched on demand in 2009. FilmFlex replaced Front Row which was a near video on demand pay-per-view service which was initially available on analogue cable from 1997, switching to digital when digital cable services launched from late 1999 onwards. On 13 September 2012, the FilmFlex service was rebranded as Virgin Movies on the cable platform.
Virgin Movies provides over 500 movies some of which are available in HD (high definition), which are available at any time for the viewer to watch when they want to. Viewers can search for a movie by title, genre, cast or director. Once a movie has been ordered it can be viewed any time within the next 24 hours before it has to be paid for again. The movie can also be viewed as many times as the viewer likes within the 24 hours for no additional cost. Once viewers are watching a movie they
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom with its headquarters in Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is the body responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare, and for research into occupational risks in England and Wales and Scotland. Responsibility in Northern Ireland lies with the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland. The HSE was created by the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, and has since absorbed earlier regulatory bodies such as the Factory Inspectorate and the Railway Inspectorate though the Railway Inspectorate was transferred to the Office of Rail Regulation in April 2006. The HSE is sponsored by the Department for Work and Pensions. As part of its work HSE investigates industrial accidents, small and large, including major incidents such as the explosion and fire at Buncefield in 2005. Though it formerly reported to the Health and Safety Commission, on 1 April 2008, the two bodies merged.
The Executive's duties are to:
The Executive is further obliged to keep the Secretary of State informed of its plans and ensure alignment with the policies of
Kinostudiya "Lenfilm" (Russian: Киностудия Ленфильм) is a production unit of the Russian film industry, with its own film studio, located in Saint Petersburg, Russia, formerly Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R. Today OAO "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" is a corporation with its stakes shared between private owners, and several private film studios, which are operating on the premises. Since August 2007, the new Chief Executive Officer of OAO "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" is Vyacheslav Nikolaevich Telnov.
St. Petersburg was home to several Russian and French film studios since the early 1900s. In 1908 the St. Petersburg businessman Vladislav Karpinsky opened his film factory "Ominum Film" which produced documentaries and feature films for local theatres. During the 1910s, one of the most active private film studios was "Neptun" in St. Petersburg, where such figures as Vladimir Mayakovsky and Lily Brik made their first silent films, released in 1917 and 1918.
The territory of Lenfilm was originally in the private ownership of the Aquarium garden, which belonged to the merchant Georgy Alexandrov, who operated a restaurant, a public garden and a theatre on the same site. The composer Peter Tchaikovsky came to what
Lifetime Television, often referred to as Lifetime TV, or most commonly, Lifetime, is an American cable television specialty channel devoted to movies, sitcoms and dramas, all of which are either geared toward women or feature women in lead roles. The cable network is owned by A+E Networks, which in turn is jointly owned by Hearst Corporation and The Walt Disney Company, with a former 15% stake from NBCUniversal, which was later sold to Disney and Hearst. Lifetime's main competitors are Oxygen, the Style Network, and WE tv.
Lifetime was established as the result of a merger of Hearst's Daytime network, established in March 1982 as a four hour per day service with women's programming and Viacom's Cable Health Network, established in June 1982 as a 24-hour service that carried health and wellness programming.
The service originally aired women's daytime programming, and later, talk shows, Monday through Saturdays, and on Sundays from November 1983 to June 1993 carried programming for health professionals. Lifetime was a property of Lifetime Entertainment Services, which owned a number of media ventures. Viacom remained as co-owner with ABC/Capital Cities and Hearst until 1994.
Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation or Lionsgate , is a North American entertainment company. The company was formed in Vancouver, British Columbia on July 3, 1997, and is headquartered in Santa Monica, California. As of 2012, it is the most commercially successful independent film and television distribution company in North America and the sixth most profitable movie studio.
Lionsgate was originally known as IMI Computer Corp. on May 26, 1986 and later known as Beringer Gold Corp. Beringer Gold later was incorporated as Lions Gate Films under the Business Corporation Act in British Columbia and was founded on July 3, 1997 by Frank Giustra, a Canadian investment banker hoping to capitalize on the growing film industry in his home town. The company bought a number of small production facilities and distributors, including Montreal-based Cinépix Film Properties (also known as Cinéxus-Famous Players Distribution), Trimark Pictures, Mandate Pictures and, most notably, Artisan Entertainment (which itself had formerly been LIVE Entertainment).
They sold off their Canadian distribution rights to Maple Pictures, founded and co-owned by two former Lionsgate executives, Brad Pelman and
Mattel, Inc. ( /məˈtɛl/; NASDAQ: MAT) is the world's largest toy company based on revenue. The products it produces include Fisher Price, Barbie dolls, Hot Wheels and Matchbox toys, Masters of the Universe, American Girl dolls, board games, and, in the early 1980s, video game consoles. The company's name is derived from Harold "Matt" Matson and Elliot Handler, who founded the company in 1945. Handler's wife, Ruth Handler, later became president, and is credited with establishing the Barbie product line for the company in 1959. After the release of the Barbie doll, Mattel revolutionized the toy industry with its talking dolls and toys. Major successes in the 1960s with the talking Chatty Cathy doll in 1960 and See 'N Say toys in 1965 moved Mattel to its position as the number one toymaker in America. Mattel closed its last factory in the United States of America, originally part of the Fisher-Price division, in 2002, outsourcing production to China, the beginning of a chain of events that led to a scandal involving lead contamination. On Friday, September 3, 2010 a small-scale "Flash Crash" appears to have occurred in Mattel shares which plunged 22% in pre-market trade for no
Maya Entertainment Group, Inc. was an independent multi-platform video distribution company. Moctesuma Esparza and Jeff Valdez founded the company in Los Angeles, California in 2007.Maya Entertainment procured and produced content that appealed to the new diverse American Latino and multi cultural audiences. The company acquired a library of over 100 titles.
Maya Entertainment launched “Maya at the Movies” with Time Warner Cable. They also participated in The Maya Indie Films Festival, a traveling summer film tour. Currently in its second year, the festival embodied a culturally diverse cinema and attempted to promote Latino prominence and talent in the film industry and to provide an outlet for independent film exposure.
Maya Entertainment recently released Sympathy for Delicious, a major motion picture starring actors such as Mark Ruffalo, Laura Linney, and Orlando Bloom.
Moctesuma Esparza, the founder was born and raised in Los Angeles, Esparza received a B.A. and MFA in Theatre Arts, Motion Pictures and Television, from UCLA and has dedicated himself to empowering and transforming the images of Latinos in Hollywood.
the Official 2010 Sundance
New World Communications (founded as New World Pictures and then renamed New World Entertainment) was an American independent motion picture and television production company, and later television station owner in the United States from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s. News Corporation became a major investor in 1994 and purchased the company outright in 1997; the alliance with News Corporation helped to cement the Fox network as the fourth major U.S. television network.
Although effectively defunct, it, along with various regional subsidiaries (i.e. "New World Communications of Tampa"), continues to exist as holding companies within the complex News Corporation corporate structure.
In 1970, the company was founded as New World Pictures, Ltd., by B-movie legend Roger Corman with his brother Gene, after leaving American International Pictures (AIP). At the time, New World was the last remaining national low budget film distributor, and was also one the most successful independent companies in the nation.
Corman hoped to continue AIP's formula at New World, making low-budget films made by new talent and distributing them globally. However, it only started out with only ten domestic
Nickelodeon, often simply called Nick and originally called The Pinwheel Netwok, is an American children's channel owned by Viacom and operated under its Nickelodeon Kids and Family Group. The channel is primarily aimed at children in grade school and teens, with their weekday morning program block aimed at preschoolers ages 2–5. Since 2004, Nickelodeon has been run by Cyma Zarghami. It had ranked as the No. 1 cable channel as of early 2011 but by the end of that year had suffered a double-digit ratings drop described as "inexplicable" by parent company Viacom.
Nickelodeon's broadcast day runs on Sundays-Thursdays from 6 a.m.-8 p.m., Fridays from 6 a.m.-9 p.m., and Saturdays from 6 a.m.-10 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time). Since 1985, it shares its channel space with Nick at Nite, a night time channel that airs sitcom reruns during the interim hours. It is treated as a separate channel from Nickelodeon by A.C. Nielsen Co. for ratings purposes.
Nickelodeon's pre-history began on December 1, 1970 when QUBE, the first two-way interactive cable TV system was launched in Columbus, Ohio by Warner Cable (owned by Warner Communications, and an ancestor of Warner-Amex Satellite
Paramount Vantage (originally known as Paramount Classics) is the specialty film division of Paramount Pictures (which, in turn, has Viacom as its parent company), charged with producing, purchasing, distributing and marketing films, generally those with a more "art house" feel than films made and distributed by its parent company.
Paramount Classics was launched in 1998 and released such art house fare as The Virgin Suicides, You Can Count on Me, Sunshine, Mostly Martha, Winter Solstice, and three Patrice Leconte films (Girl on the Bridge, Man on the Train, Intimate Strangers). Although film journalist David Poland felt "Ruth Vitale and David Dinerstein have proven to have wonderful taste heading up Paramount Classics,", the duo was fired in October 2005.
In 2006, the Paramount Vantage brand branched off from Paramount Classics, which was relaunched in 2007 as a distributor of "smaller, review-driven films including foreign-language acquisitions and documentaries."
In 2007, Paramount Vantage co-produced No Country for Old Men and There Will Be Blood with Miramax Films. The partnership paid off when both films were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture at the 80th
Triumph Films (also known as Triumph Releasing Corporation) is a division of Sony Pictures Entertainment geared towards theatre and direct-to-video film production and distribution.
It was originally founded in 1982 as a joint venture between Columbia Pictures and the French company Gaumont to distribute foreign films in the US. In 1989, Triumph distributed films by Epic Productions Inc. (Not to be confused with Epic Records). Epic Productions was a production company created in 1988 by Crédit Lyonnais. Epic's library is currently owned by MGM, who acquired it from PolyGram after they acquired it from Crédit Lyonnais.
Notable films include: To Gillian on Her 37th Birthday, The Ambulance, Brainscan, Magic in the Water (co-released by TriStar Pictures), The Golden Laws, Steamboy and SuperBabies: Baby Geniuses 2.
After being shut down in 1997 (with Screen Gems replacing the original Triumph Films), the Triumph Films label was re-activated in 2003.
Zeitgeist Films is an American independent film distributor based in New York City founded in 1988 by co-Presidents Nancy Gerstman and Emily Russo. Films distributed by Zeitgeist are strongly auteur-driven by directors such as Christopher Nolan, Guy Maddin, Atom Egoyan, Todd Haynes, Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Abbas Kiarostami, Deepa Mehta, Jan Švankmajer and the Brothers Quay. The expansive Zeitgeist film library includes Trouble the Water, The Corporation, Jellyfish, Examined Life, Into Great Silence, Following and Taste of Cherry. In June 2008, the MoMA honored two decades of Zeitgeist successes with a month long, twenty film retrospective entitled Zeitgeist: The Films of Our Time, exhibiting the distributor's twenty most critically acclaimed, intellectually stimulating titles.
Creative Artists Agency (CAA) is a prominent entertainment and sports agency headquartered in Los Angeles. It is well known as Hollywood's leading talent agency and it has numerous famous entertainment-industry clients.
The company was incorporated in Delaware.
Talent agents employed by the William Morris Agency—Mike Rosenfeld, Michael Ovitz, Ron Meyer, William Haber and Rowland Perkins—met over dinner one night in 1975 after they discovered that they all had the same idea in mind: creating an agency of their own. Before they could obtain adequate financing for their new venture, they were fired.
By early 1975, Creative Artists Agency was in business, with a $35,000 line of credit and a $21,000 bank loan, in a small Century City rented office outfitted with card tables and folding chairs. The five agents had only two cars among them, and their wives took turns as agency receptionist. Within about a week, according to one industry insider, they had sold their first three packages, a game show called 'Rhyme and Reason', the 'Rich Little Show' and the 'Jackson Five Show'.
At first, CAA's founders planned to form a medium-sized, full-service agency—one that was as unlike Morris as
Merchant Ivory Productions is a film company founded in 1961 by producer Ismail Merchant and director James Ivory. Their films were for the most part produced by Merchant, directed by Ivory, and scripted by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, with the noted exception of a few films. The films were often based upon novels or short stories, particularly the work of Henry James, E. M. Forster, and two novels by Jhabvala herself.
The initial goal of the company was "to make English-language films in India aimed at the international market," but the company ended up making many films set in England and America.
Some Bollywood and Hollywood actors and producers associated with the tightly-knitted Merchant Ivory film family include Leela Naidu, Madhur Jaffrey, Aparna Sen, Shashi Kapoor, Jennifer Kendal, Hugh Grant, James Wilby, Rupert Graves, Simon Callow, Anthony Hopkins, Glenn Close, Uma Thurman, Emma Thompson, Vanessa Redgrave, and Helena Bonham Carter.
Of this collaboration, Merchant once commented: "It is a strange marriage we have at Merchant Ivory... I am an Indian Muslim, Ruth is a German Jew, and Jim is a Protestant American. Someone once described us as a three-headed god. Maybe they should
National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo, is an American subscription channel, that airs non-fiction television programs produced by the National Geographic Society. Like History and the Discovery Channel, the channel features documentaries with factual content involving nature, science, culture, and history. The channel is owned primarily by Fox Cable Networks, a division of News Corporation. Its primary sister network worldwide, including the United States, is Nat Geo Wild, which focuses on animal programming, including the popular Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan.
In September 1997, the world's first National Geographic Channel was launched in the United Kingdom, Europe and Australia. In July 1998, National Geographic Channel Asia was launched in partnership and distribution with STAR TV (Before replacing NBC Asia Channel. The same happened in NBC Europe's demise in 1998). Today, the channel is available in over 143 countries, seen in more than 160 million homes and in 25 languages.
In the United States, National Geographic Channel, launched on January 12, 2001, is a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film and Fox Cable
Summit Entertainment LLC (formerly Summit Entertainment LP) is an American film studio and a subsidiary of Lions Gate Entertainment headquartered in Universal City, California with international offices in London.
Summit was originally founded in 1991 by film producers Bernd Eichinger, Arnon Milchan, and Andrew G. Vajna, initially to handle film sales in foreign countries. Summit later expanded into producing and co-financing films in 1995, and started fully financing films by 1997. Summit officially launched in 1993 by Patrick Wachsberger, Bob Hayward and David Garrett under the name Summit Entertainment LP as a production, distribution, and sales organization. Among the company's early successes was American Pie, which Summit distributed outside of English-speaking territories. In 2006, it became a fully independent film studio, Summit Entertainment, with the addition of Rob Friedman, a former executive at Paramount Pictures. The new company added major development, production, acquisitions, marketing and distribution branches with a financing deal led by Merrill Lynch and other investors giving it access to over $1 billion in financing. With that, Summit established the home
Touchstone Pictures is an American film production label and is one of several film labels of the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, owned by The Walt Disney Company's Walt Disney Studios. Established in 1984 as Touchstone Films, it typically releases films that feature more mature themes and darker tones than those that are released under the Walt Disney Pictures banner.
Touchstone Pictures is merely a label (similar to a record label) and does not exist as a separate company: the two companies behind it are the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group and Walt Disney Pictures and Television.
Their most commercially successful production partners in later years have been Caravan Pictures, Summit Entertainment, Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Columbia Pictures, Icon Productions, Imagine Entertainment, Mandeville Films, Focus Features and Spyglass Entertainment.
The Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group entered into a long-term, 30-picture distribution deal with DreamWorks by which DreamWorks' productions would be released through the Touchstone Pictures banner over the next five years beginning in 2011.
In late 1979, Walt Disney Productions released The Black Hole, a science-fiction movie that was
ABC Family is an American television network, owned by ABC Family Worldwide Inc., a subsidiary of the Disney-ABC Television Group division of The Walt Disney Company. ABC Family offers contemporary and family programming, including off-network syndicated reruns and original series, feature films and Made-for-TV original movies, and some religious programming.
The network was founded in 1977 as an extension of televangelist Pat Robertson's Christian television ministry, and eventually evolved into The Family Channel by 1990. In 1998, it was sold to Fox Kids Worldwide Inc. and renamed Fox Family. On October 24, 2001, Fox Family Worldwide Inc was sold to The Walt Disney Company. The sale to Disney included Saban Entertainment and Fox Family. The channel generally offers programming aimed at a wide audience, but primarily features series and movies aimed at teenage girls and young women (age 15-30).
ABC Family launched on April 29, 1977, as the CBN Satellite Service, an arm of Pat Robertson's Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN). The name later changed to the CBN Cable Network in 1984 and grew to a million homes by that year. On August 1, 1988, the word "Family" was incorporated into
China Star Entertainment Group (simplified Chinese: 中国星娱乐) is a Hong Kong film production company and film distributor. It was established in 1992 by film producer Charles Heung, and has been known as a huge distributor and film producer of films made mostly in Cantonese dialect.
China Star Entertainment Group was established in 1992 by Charles Heung, who is the studio's CEO chairman, with his wife, Tiffany Chen, serving as Vice Chairman and administrative producer. It is a huge distributor and film producer of films made mostly in Cantonese dialect.
China Star Entertainment and its subsidiaries are principally engaged in the production and distribution of films and television drama series that are in Chinese dialect, many of which have won various awards. The company has also engaged in the provision of artists management services and post-production services.
In the past few years, China Star has successfully re-organized itself as a well-established entertainment, multimedia, production and distribution enterprise. In the course of this development, China Star strives hard to establish an excellent reputation as a powerful film producer and international film distributor.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, with hyphen, from 1935 to 1985)—also known as 20th Century Fox, 20th Century Fox Pictures, or simply 20th or Fox—is one of the six major American film studios as of 2011. Located in the Century City area of Los Angeles, just west of Beverly Hills, the studio is a subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation.
The company was founded on May 31, 1935, as the result of the merger of Fox Film Corporation, founded by William Fox in 1915, and Twentieth Century Pictures, founded in 1933 by Darryl F. Zanuck, Joseph Schenck, Raymond Griffith and William Goetz.
Twentieth Century Fox's most popular film franchises include Star Wars, Ice Age, Rio, X-Men, Die Hard, Predator, Planet of the Apes, Home Alone, Alien, plus famous TV shows such as M*A*S*H, The X-Files, Cops, The Simpsons, Family Guy, American Dad!, and 24. Among the most famous actresses to come out of this studio were Shirley Temple, who was 20th Century Fox's first film star, Betty Grable, Gene Tierney, Marilyn Monroe and Jayne Mansfield. The studio also contracted the first African-American cinema star, Dorothy Dandridge.
20th Century Fox is a member
Image Entertainment, Inc. is an independent licensee, producer and distributor of entertainment programming and film and television productions in North America, with approximately 3,200 exclusive DVD titles and approximately 340 exclusive CD titles in domestic release, and approximately 450 programs internationally via sublicense agreements. For many of its titles, Image has exclusive audio and broadcast rights as well as digital download rights to approximately 2,100 video programs and over 400 audio programs containing more than 6,000 tracks. The company is headquartered in Chatsworth, California.
Founded in 1981 as a public company, Image began as a distributor of Laserdiscs, whose sound and picture quality surpassed that of VHS and Beta, the dominant tape formats of the time. Image successfully secured exclusive output deals with major studios such as Universal Studios, 20th Century Fox, and The Walt Disney Company and grew to become the dominant distributor of the format.
As the 1990s came to a close and Laserdiscs gave way to DVD, Image re-focused on the fledgling format that quickly came to dominate the home video marketplace. While studios were busy managing the transition
Madman Entertainment is an Australian company that distributes international films as well as Japanese anime and manga in Australia and New Zealand. The company is owned by Funtastic Limited (listed on the ASX) and is one of the major entertainment companies in Australia. It employs 130 people and has an annual turnover of around A$50 million. Its headquarters is in the Richmond suburb and in the Langridge Ward of the City of Yarra, Victoria.
Madman has secured the local release rights to popular titles including One Piece, Dragon Ball, Neon Genesis Evangelion, Akira, and almost all of Studio Ghibli's catalogue. In addition to DVD sales, Madman manages the theatrical release of some of their titles, particularly the Studio Ghibli movies. According to market research, Madman accounts for 97% of the total anime DVD market in Australia.
Madman Entertainment was founded in 1996 to distribute anime from Manga Entertainment Australia along with Polygram and Siren Entertainment. Later on in 1997, Madman started to distribute anime from ADV Films along with Siren Entertainment. Madman now sublicenses anime from ADV Films, Funimation, Harmony Gold, Viz Media, Bandai Entertainment, Media
The TVP [ˈtɛ ˈfaw ˈpɛ], Polish Television) is a public broadcasting corporation. About a third of TVP's income comes from a broadcast receiver licence, while the rest is covered by commercials and sponsorships.
Non-Polish language broadcasting includes Belsat TV - channel in the Belarusian language presenting news and subject-specific programming for the people of Belarus.
TVP is cooperating with the French-German TV network ARTE, this cooperation has been suspended in February 2009 as TVP's general director, Piotr Farfał, views were incompatible with Arte’s "philosophy based on intercultural exchange" and "the party that TVP's chairman is presently connected with does not share European values".
TVP currently has an agreement with the BBC, under which they will work together in film and television productions.
Frameline is a nonprofit media arts organization that produces the San Francisco International LGBT Film Festival, the oldest film festival devoted to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) programming currently in existence. Frameline's mission statement is "to strengthen the diverse lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community and further its visibility by supporting and promoting a broad array of cultural representations and artistic expression in film, video and other media arts."
With annual attendance of 60,000 to 80,000 it is the largest LGBT film exhibition event in the world and it is the most well attended LGBT arts event in the San Francisco Bay Area.
The festival gives out four awards, the "Frameline Award", the "Best Documentary Award", the "First Feature Award", and an "Audience Award".
The festival's founding has been described in the San Francisco Chronicle as "a storefront event in 1976" at 32 Page Street, while the official website for the Festival's organizers, Frameline, describes the festival as "Founded in 1977". The first screening, in February 1977 at the now-demolished Gay Community Center at 330 Grove Street, was called "Gay Film Festival of
Icon Productions LLC is an American independent production company founded in August 1989 by actor/director Mel Gibson and Australian producing partner Bruce Davey.
Icon started when Gibson was having trouble in financing the 1990 film Hamlet. According to Davey, "Mel wanted to make Hamlet and the (Hollywood) agent he had who was helping him with it lasted about five minutes. It's pretty hard to get someone to give you money to make Hamlet. I told him that if he wanted to make this happen, someone had to roll up their sleeves and find the (financing) and he asked me if I wanted to have a crack at it and I agreed."
Unlike most other independents, Icon internally funds most of its development and packaging costs, mainly by Gibson, allowing it to retain creative control of projects through production. Felicia's Journey director Atom Egoyan has praised the company’s creative independence and risk-taking: "Mel's dream was to create an alternative to the studio system and make films free of interference. He's been able to use his celebrity status to set up a really viable company. Icon is able to take risks that studios won't broach."
The company also produces films in the UK and
Lionsgate Studios is a filrm formerly connected to Lionsgate Studio. Acquired by Bosa Developments in 2006, the Studio is now named North Shore Studios. It is located in North Vancouver.
There are 8 stages totalling 132,435 square feet ranging from 11,000 to 20,000 square feet as well as street scape. There is also 100,000 square feet of office space.
Formerly named Lionsgate Studios, Lionsgate's film studio, when it was a division of Lions Gate Entertainment, a Canadian entertainment company. Lionsgate Studios info
Coronet Films (also Coronet Instructional Media Inc.) was a producer and distributor of American short social guidance films from 1946 to the early 1970s founded by David A. Smart. The company, whose library is currently owned and distributed by The Phoenix Learning Group, Inc., produced instructional films aimed at young teenagers and high school students which were produced by dozens until the mid-1950s when production tapered off. Social guidance on topics such as dating, family life, courtesy and citizenship were typical themes of the films with occasional educational topics such as the solar system and the human body.
Coronet was active during the 1973-4 school year when they placed over 60 titles for evaluation with Project METRO of the Capitol Region Education Council (CREC), in central Connecticut. Titles included A Is For Alphabet, Color, Color Everywhere, Dating Scene, and Understanding Shakespeare: His Stagecraft. Many of the titles in their catalog were produced early in the post-war film boom; they were typical of the quality, production values, and content of media of the period: no better, no worse, and often humorous in the context of the post mid-1960s sexual
de Passe Entertainment is an American film and television production company run by entertainment executive Suzanne de Passe. The company was originally founded by Berry Gordy, Jr., in 1968, as Motown Productions, the film and television arm of Gordy's Motown Records label.
Motown Productions' original focus was on the production of television specials for its star recording artists. These included TCB (1968) and G.I.T. on Broadway (1969), starring Diana Ross & the Supremes with The Temptations, The Temptations Show (also 1969), The Smokey Robinson Show (1970), Diana! (1971) starring Diana Ross, and Goin' Back to Indiana (also 1971) starring The Jackson 5. When Suzanne de Passe joined Motown in 1968, much of her work involved the production of these television specials. Motown's first television series was The Jackson 5ive (1971 - 1973), a Saturday morning cartoon by Rankin/Bass starring characters based upon Motown's popular teen act.
The company's first feature film was Lady Sings the Blues (1972), a Billie Holiday biographical film starring Diana Ross as Holliday and Billy Dee Williams as her husband Louis McKay. After Lady Sings the Blues became a success, garnering box office
Eurocreme is a European company based in London, England, that specializes in the production and distribution of gay pornographic films, generally featuring twinks, although it has also released a number of series devoted to studs and men of more diverse appearance.
The company was founded by director Max Lincoln, whose first film was DreamBoy (2002). In 2004, the company set up a joint venture with Netherlands-based distributor Eurocreme BV, which used the "Eurocreme Sales" brand to market a portfolio of mostly bareback-sex movies from AVI Production, Prague, released under various brand names.
In late 2008, both companies split their affairs but still are partnered in a United States-based distribution joint venture, Euro Media Distributors.
In 2009, Eurocreme partnered with Alphamalemedia.com, a UK-based muscle studio owned by porn star Trojan Rock. This partnership enabled the company to offer a large portfolio of product to appeal to a wide audience.
In April 2010, Eurocreme announced that it had signed a boy band named Boy Banned. This announcement sparked widespread speculation that Eurocreme was adopting a diversification strategy.
Best known for the films directed by
Famous Players-Lasky Corporation was an American motion picture and distribution company created on July 19, 1916 from the merger of Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Company—originally formed by Zukor as Famous Players in Famous Plays—and Jesse L. Lasky's Feature Play Company.
The deal, guided by president Zukor, eventually resulted in the incorporation of eight film production companies, making the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation one of the biggest players of the silent film era. Famous Players-Lasky, under the direction of Zukor, is perhaps best known for its vertical integration of the film industry and block booking practices.
In September 1927, Famous Players-Lasky was reorganized under the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation, later becoming the Paramount Pictures Corporation (now a division of Viacom). The Balaban and Katz Historical Foundation now owns the Famous Players trademark.
The former Famous Players-Lasky Movie Ranch at Lasky Mesa in the Simi Hills is now within the Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve. The Astoria studio was designated a national historic district and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. The district encompasses
First National was an association of independent theater owners in the United States that expanded from exhibiting movies to distributing them, and eventually to producing them as a movie studio, called First National Pictures, Inc. It later merged with Warner Bros.
The First National Exhibitors' Circuit was founded in 1917 by the merger of 26 of the biggest first run cinema chains in the United States of America, eventually controlling over 600 cinemas, more than 200 of them so-called "first run" houses (as opposed to the "second run" neighborhood theaters to which films moved when their first run boxoffice receipts dwindled).
First National was the brainchild of Thomas L. Tally, who was reacting to the overwhelming influence of Paramount Pictures, which dominated the market. In 1912, he thought that a conglomerate of theaters throughout the nation could buy and/or produce and distribute their own films. Tally was soon partnered with West Virginian James Dixon Williams, and they formed First National Exhibitors Circuit. Among the more than two dozen exhibitors who attended the first meeting held in New York on April 25, 1917, were Frederick Dahnken of the Turner and Dahnken
The Cannon Group Inc. was an American group of companies, including Cannon Films, which produced a distinctive line of low-to-medium budget films from 1967 to 1993. The extensive group also owned, amongst others, a large international cinema chain and a video film company that invested heavily in the video market, buying the international video rights to several classic film libraries.
Cannon Films was incorporated on October 23, 1967. It was formed by Dennis Friedland and Chris Dewey while they were in their early 20s. By 1970, they had produced films on a larger production scale than a lot of major distributors, such as Joe, starring Peter Boyle. They managed this by tightly limiting their budgets to $300,000 per picture—or less, in some cases. However, as the 1970s moved on, a string of unsuccessful movies seriously drained Cannon’s capital. This, along with changes to film-production tax laws, led to a drop in Cannon's stock price. 1978 saw the German release of the science-fiction musical The Apple under the title Star Rock. Other notable films co-produced by Friedland and Dewey included Blood on Satan's Claw and Michael Reeves' The Sorcerers.
By 1979, Cannon had hit serious
YouTube is a video-sharing website, created by three former PayPal employees in February 2005, on which users can upload, view and share videos. The company is based in San Bruno, California, and uses Adobe Flash Video and HTML5 technology to display a wide variety of user-generated video content, including movie clips, TV clips, and music videos, as well as amateur content such as video blogging and short original videos.
Most of the content on YouTube has been uploaded by individuals, although media corporations including CBS, the BBC, VEVO, Hulu, and other organizations offer some of their material via the site, as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can watch videos, while registered users can upload an unlimited number of videos. Videos considered to contain potentially offensive content are available only to registered users at least 18 years old. In November 2006, YouTube, LLC was bought by Google for US$1.65 billion, and now operates as a subsidiary of Google.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, while Chen and Karim
Cinema Service (Hangul: 시네마서비스) is a South Korean film production and distribution company. They are one of the two largest film distributors in Korea, along with CJ Entertainment.
The company was founded in 1993 by film director Kang Woo-suk as "Kang Woo-suk Productions", before taking the name Cinema Service in 1995. It survived during the Asian financial crisis and was in position to take advantage of the popularity boom of Korean cinema, becoming a major player in the East Asian film industry.
In 2000, Cinema Service was which merged with Locus Holdings (later changed Plenus Entertainment).
In 2003, Cinema Service distributed Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines.
In 2005, the founder Kang Woo-suk relinquished his position at the company, wanting to concentrate more on his personal film projects. Plenus Entertainment merged with CJ Entertainment and Cinema Service became independent of the Plenus Entertainment.
In 2006, Cinema Service was merged with CJ Entertainment.
In 2008, Cinema Service distributed Sex and the City: The Movie and to exit the movie publishing and distribution business to concentrate movie production. Now, all Cinema Service films will now be distributed by CJ
Entertainment One Ltd, also known as eOne Entertainment, (formerly Koch Entertainment and E1 Entertainment), is a leading international entertainment business operating in the United States, Canada, the UK, Ireland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia and New Zealand.
eOne began operations in 1973 in Ontario, Canada, as Records on Wheels Limited (‘ROW’), founded and operated by Vito Ierullo and Don Ierullo. focusing on retail sales of recorded music. In the late 1970s ROW began to distribute recorded music for third party retailers throughout Canada. Over the next 20+ years, entertainment content distribution became ROW’s primary focus as the company expanded into video, purchasing one of Canada’s largest home entertainment distributors, Video One Canada. In November 2003 ROW listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange as ROW Entertainment Income Fund, and soon after changed its name to Entertainment One Income Fund for which the role of CEO of Entertainment One was graciously given to the current CEO of eOne by Vito Ierullo.
In June 2005, Entertainment One Income Fund acquired Koch Entertainment, North America’s largest indie music label and a large U.S. distributor of home
Film Booking Offices of America (FBO) (also known as FBO Pictures Corporation) was an American film studio of the silent era, a producer and distributor of mostly low-budget films. The business began as Robertson-Cole (U.S.), the American division of a British import–export company. Robertson-Cole initiated movie production in 1920; two years later, a corporate reorganization led to the company's new name. In 1923, the studio contracted with Western actor Fred Thomson, who would soon emerge as one of Hollywood's most popular stars. Thomson was just one of numerous screen cowboys with whom FBO became identified.
The studio, whose core market was America's small towns, also put out many romantic melodramas, non-Western action pictures, and comedic shorts. In 1926, financier Joseph P. Kennedy led a group that acquired the company. In June 1928, using RCA Photophone technology, FBO became only the second Hollywood studio to release a feature-length "talkie." A few months later, Kennedy and RCA chief David Sarnoff arranged the merger that created RKO, one of the major studios of Hollywood's Golden Age.
The company that would become FBO began as the U.S.-based movie subsidiary of the
Goldcrest Films is a British film production company founded by Jake Eberts in January 1977. It enjoyed great success in the 1980s with films such as Local Hero (1983), The Killing Fields (1984) and Hope and Glory (1987) mostly produced by David Puttnam on modest budgets. The company also benefited from the new investment of Channel 4 in film production. The company won two Academy Awards for Best Picture, for Chariots of Fire in 1981 and Gandhi in 1982. After these initial successes the company backed more expensive productions with established Hollywood stars that often ran over schedule and budget culminating in Revolution, The Mission (1986) and Absolute Beginners that all turned out to be box office flops.
In recent years, Goldcrest Films has relaunched.
Goldcrest Post was launched in 1992 - located across two key sites in the heart of Soho. One of the UK 's largest facilities, it meets the exacting standards of feature film, broadcast television and all multimedia applications. The London operation comprises five dubbing theatres and sound transfer suites, a specialist deliveries room, and a 60-seat presentation theatre. The luxury penthouse apartments, the production offices
Hollywood Pictures was an American production label of the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group and itself subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios. It was one of The Walt Disney Company's several alternate film divisions. Similar to Disney's Touchstone and former Miramax and Dimension brands, it produced films for a more mature adult audience than Walt Disney Pictures.
Because of the success of Disney's mature film division Touchstone Pictures, yet another Disney-related film label was established as Hollywood Pictures in February 1, 1989. The company's first release was Arachnophobia (1990).
While then-Disney chief Michael Eisner at first intended Hollywood Pictures to be a full-fledged studio, like Touchstone, in recent years its operations have been scaled back and its management has been merged with the flagship Walt Disney Pictures studio. Its most profitable film to date is The Sixth Sense, which grossed over $200 million at the North American box office.
After being dormant since 2001, the brand was re-activated for low-budget genre films, similar to Dimension Films (once a Disney division itself, now part of The Weinstein Company) or Sony Pictures' Screen Gems (part of Columbia
Open Road Films (sometimes written as Open Road or ORF) is an American independent film distribution company based in Hollywood, California. It was launched in March 2011 by the two largest U.S. theatrical exhibitors, AMC Entertainment and Regal Entertainment Group.
AMC Entertainment and Regal Entertainment Group hired Tom Ortenberg, as CEO. He is a former executive of Lionsgate and The Weinstein Company. On April 13, 2011 Tom Ortenberg hired Jason Cassidy (president of marketing), Elliott Kleinberg (General Counsel and executive veep of operations and business affairs), Steven Andriuzzo (chief financial officer), and Ben Cotner (senior veep of acquisitions). The studio released its first film, Killer Elite, on September 23, 2011. Killer Elite was directed by Gary McKendry and starring Jason Statham, Clive Owen and Robert De Niro.
Open Road titles are distributed in the home entertainment market by Universal Studios Home Entertainment. On June 28, 2011 Open Road Films signed a pay-TV deal with Netflix.
Strand Releasing is a theatrical distribution company founded in 1989 and is based in Culver City, California. The company has distributed over 300 auteur driven titles from acclaimed international and American directors such as Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Gregg Araki, François Ozon, Jean-Luc Godard, Catherine Breillat, Claire Denis, Fatih Akin, Aki Kaurismaki, Claude Miller, Manoel de Oliveira, Gaspar Noe, Andre Techine and Terence Davies.
Strand Releasing was honored with a four week retrospective in 1999 at the New York Museum of Modern Art. The Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, Outfest, honored Strand Releasing with a lifetime achievement award in 2002. In 2009, MOMA honored Strand Releasing with "Carte Blanche" a 20 year retrospective honoring select filmmakers from the Strand roster including Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Fatih Akin, François Ozon and Jacques Nolot, adding their films into the MOMA permanent collection. In 2009, the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco, the Provincetown International Film Festival and the Seattle International Film Festival also honored Strand Releasing with lifetime achievement awards.
Universal Studios (also known as Universal Pictures), a division of NBCUniversal, is one of the six major movie studios and is one of the longest-lived motion picture studios to be located outside of Hollywood.
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, it is the oldest movie studio in the United States of America. It is also the third oldest in the world that is still in continuous production; the first being Gaumont Pictures, the second oldest is Paramount Pictures. On May 11, 2004, the controlling stake in the company was sold by Vivendi Universal to General Electric, parent of NBC. The resulting media super-conglomerate was renamed NBC Universal, while Universal Studios Inc. remained the name of the production subsidiary. In addition to owning a sizable film library spanning the earliest decades of cinema to more contemporary works, it also owns a sizable collection of TV shows through its subsidiary NBCUniversal Television Distribution. It also acquired rights to several prominent filmmakers' works originally released by other studios through its subsidiaries over the years. Selected clips and footage shot by Universal Studios are available for purchase from the NBCUniversal
The Winnipeg Film Group (WFG) is an artist-run film education, production, distribution and exhibition centre in Winnipeg, Manitoba, committed to promoting the art of cinema. Since its inception in 1974 it has focused on the development of the artist, the development of the audience, and the exploration of the medium.
Winnipeg Film Group provides training, funding, and equipment rentals to independent filmmakers. Honourary WFG members include:
Winnipeg Film Group makes Canadian films available to local, national and international film festivals, broadcasters, other film co-ops, cinemas and a variety of other presenting organizations.
Some of these films include:
The WFG operates a Cinematheque on the first floor of the historic Artspace building in Winnipeg's Exchange District. It has one screen, and plays two evening shows on weekdays, and matinées on the weekends. The focus is on Canadian Films, particularly made in Manitoba films, but there are also special screenings for international independent films, children's films, and classic films.
WFG is notable for having many past staff and members attain prominent positions in the Canadian media industry. These include:
Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMZN) is an American multinational electronic commerce company with headquarters in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is the world's largest online retailer. The company also produces consumer electronics—notably the Amazon Kindle e-book reader and the Kindle Fire tablet computer—and is a major provider of cloud computing services.
Amazon has separate retail websites for the following countries: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan, and China, with international shipping to certain other countries for some of its products. It is also expected to launch its websites in Poland, Brazil, Netherlands and Sweden.
Jeff Bezos incorporated the company (as Cadabra) in July 1994, and the site went online as amazon.com in 1995. The company was renamed after the Amazon River, one of the largest rivers in the world, which in turn was named after the Amazons, the legendary nation of female warriors in Greek mythology. Amazon.com started as an online bookstore, but soon diversified, selling DVDs, CDs, MP3 downloads, software, video games, electronics, apparel, furniture, food, toys, and jewelry.
The company was founded in 1995,
The Bavaria Film in Geiselgasteig, a district of Munich's suburb Grünwald, Bavaria belongs to one of Europe's biggest and most famous film production companies.
The studios were founded already in 1919 by the film producer Peter Ostermayr, who established the Münchner Lichtspielkunst AG (Emelka) in competition to the UFA and acquired a large estate (ca. 356.000 m²) in Geiselgasteig for the studios. In 1932 the major shareholder Wilhelm Kraus founded the Bavaria Film. In 1938 the Bavaria Film was nationalised but privatised again in 1956.
Alfred Hitchcock made his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in Geiselgasteig in 1925. In 1934 Peer Gynt was made there. The studios have been used by numerous famous directors, such as Max Ophüls (Lola Montez, 1954), Stanley Kubrick (Paths of Glory, 1957), John Huston (Freud: The Secret Passion, 1960), Robert Siodmak (L'Affaire Nina B, 1960), Billy Wilder (One, Two, Three, 1961), John Sturges (The Great Escape, 1963), Robert Wise (The Sound of Music, 1965), Mel Stuart (Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, 1971), Bob Fosse (Cabaret, 1972), Ingmar Bergman (The Serpent's Egg, 1977), Robert Aldrich (Twilight's Last Gleaming, 1977), Wolfgang Petersen
Channel 5 is a television network that broadcasts in the United Kingdom. Launched in 1997, it was the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue network to launch (after BBC One, BBC Two, ITV and Channel 4). The station was branded as Five between 2002 and 2011. After Richard Desmond purchased the station from the RTL Group on 23 July 2010, he announced plans to invest more money in programming and return to the name Channel 5 with immediate effect, prior to an official relaunch on 14 February 2011 which was also applied to 5 News.
The new on-screen look for Channel 5 went live on 14 February 2011 with new idents, on-screen DOG and website address. The relaunch has also seen investment in a range of new programming with the debut of the nightly entertainment show, OK! TV. Audience figures for the relaunch were boosted with increased viewing figures for the main 5 News bulletins and improved figures for OK! TV in the 18:30 slot over its predecessor Live from Studio Five.
Channel 5 is a general entertainment channel, with internally commissioned shows such as The Gadget Show and Fifth Gear appearing alongside numerous international programmes such as CSI: Crime Scene
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment (PFE) (aka PolyGram Films and PolyGram Pictures) was a film studio, founded in 1979 as an European competitor to Hollywood, but eventually sold to Universal Pictures in 1998 and folded in 1999.
Among its most successful films were Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994), Dead Man Walking (1995), Fargo (1996), Trainspotting (1996) and Notting Hill (1999).
The Dutch music company PolyGram (owned by Philips) created PFE in 1979 to consolidate its existing film companies. It invested US$200 million with the intention of developing a European film studio that could produce and distribute films internationally on a scale to match the major Hollywood studios.
Following the style of its music business, the company produced films through a number of creatively semi-autonomous 'labels', such as Working Title Films in the UK and Propaganda Films and Interscope Communications in the United States – It also built up its own network of distribution companies.
Film production within PolyGram differed from traditional Hollywood studios, in that power to make ('green light') a film was not centralised in the hands of a small number of executives, but instead was decided by
Alliance Films (formerly Alliance Communications, Alliance Atlantis Releasing LTD or CIC Canada and also known as Alliance VivaFilm in Quebec) is a major Canadian motion picture distribution/production company, which serves Canada, the United Kingdom, and Spain.
It was formed in 1984 by Stephen Roth, Denis Heroux, John Kemeny, Robert Lantos, Andras Hamori and Susan Cavan as Alliance Entertainment. It acquired a Montreal-based Francophone distribution company, Vivafilm, in 1990. In 1998, it merged with Atlantis Communications, forming Alliance Atlantis Communications.
Formally known as Motion Picture Distribution LP, it was re branded and relaunched in 2007 due to the collapse of its preceding company, Alliance Atlantis, which was sold off piece by piece to CanWest Global, GS Capital Partners, along with several other smaller companies. Société générale de financement du Québec, an investment agency of the provincial government, owns 51% of the voting shares of the company and 38.5% of the equity. GS Capital owns the remainder of the company.
Alliance Films is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, at 455 Saint Antoine Street West in the Quartier International.
In the mid-2000s,
Centron Corporation was an industrial and educational film production company. Founded in 1947 in Lawrence, Kansas by Arthur H. Wolf and Russell A. Mosser, Centron would come to the forefront of the industrial and educational film companies in the United States. Centron competed with large companies on both coasts to become one of the top producers of industrial and educational films. The company was known for its high quality films, coming in on time and under budget. Centron won many awards for its films and claimed an Oscar nomination for the documentary Leo Beuerman. In 1981, Wolf and Mosser sold Centron to the Coronet division of Esquire, Inc.
Harold "Herk" Harvey was the principal director at Centron. His 1962 feature Carnival of Souls was produced with several people associated with Centron. John Clifford, a Centron screenwriter wrote the script for Carnival of Souls.
Maple Pictures Corporation is the distribution arm of Alliance Films. It was formed on April 25, 2005 when Lions Gate Entertainment demerged to two companies -- Lions Gate Entertainment (formerly Artisan Entertainment) and Maple Pictures (formerly Lions Gate Films, and before 1998, Cinepix Film Properties). Maple Pictures is the official distributor for Lionsgate's films and video library throughout Canada. The releases were distributed by Equinoxe Films in Quebec and Alliance Films in Toronto.
The company describes itself as a "genre-savvy independent film company making a mark on the industry through its grassroots acquisition, production and distribution of diverse and distinctive filmed entertainment". Maple also has an extensive home video catalogue, which was built up largely by Lions Gate Entertainment's acquisition of several other independent studios.
In 2008 Maple Pictures acquired the rights to distribute Miramax films which Alliance Films lost acquisition to earlier in 2007. On June 24th 2011, Alliance Films bought Maple Pictures from Lions Gate Entertainment (Maple's former owner) for a sum of 38.5 million dollars.
The Asylum is an American film studio and distributor which focuses on producing low-budget, usually direct-to-video productions. The studio has produced titles that capitalize on productions by major studios; these titles have been dubbed "mockbusters" by the press.
The Asylum was founded by former Village Roadshow executives David Rimawi, Sherri Strain, and director David Michael Latt in 1997. The company focused on producing straight-to-video low-budget films, usually in the horror genre, but were unable to find a market due to competition from major studios, such as Lions Gate Entertainment. In 2005, the company produced a low-budget adaptation of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, which was released in the same year as Steven Spielberg's adaptation of the same material. Blockbuster Inc. ordered 100,000 copies of The Asylum's adaptation, a significantly larger order than any of the company's previous releases, resulting in Latt and Rimawi reconsidering their business model.
In 2007, similarities between the distributor's titles and those of major studios were reported. For example, the film Transmorphers bears a number of similarities to the film Transformers, which was
Vestron Video was the main subsidiary of Vestron, Inc., a home video company based in Stamford, Connecticut that was active from 1981 to 1992. It is considered to have been a pioneer in the home video market.
Vestron was founded in 1981 by Austin Owen Furst, Jr. (born 1943), an executive at HBO, who was hired to dismantle some assets of Time-Life: its theatrical, television, and home video divisions. Although he had no problem selling off the former two assets, Furst was having a hard time selling off the latter, and eventually decided to keep and rename the video division. Furst's daughter suggested "Vestron", named after the Roman goddess Vesta and "Tron", which means "instrument" in Greek.
The company held on to its Time-Life Video library, and was also responsible for releases on VHS videocassette of mostly B movies and films from Cannon Films' library. The most notable titles Vestron released were Dirty Dancing, Monster Squad, and An American Werewolf in London. In later years, the company began to shift towards mainstream films, including films released through their Vestron Pictures subsidiary, most notably Dirty Dancing. The company was the first company to release
Nocturnes Productions is a French production company founded in 2007 by Olivier Bohler and Raphaël Millet.
Nocturnes Productions produces mainly documentary films about cinema and film-makers, such as Code Name Melville directed by Olivier Bohler and Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memory directed by Raphaël Millet, Melville-Delon : d'honneur et de nuit directed by Olivier Bohler, as well as arthouse documentaries such as November directed by Abel Davoine.
It also produces short films, such as Halfway There (original French title: À Mi-chemin) directed by Arnaud Bénoliel, feature films like The Test (adapted from Pierre Boulle's eponymous novel), as well as corporate movies such as Magic of Cinema (original French title: La Magie du cinéma) for the Dubai International Film Festival and Baba Bling for Singapore's National Heritage Board.
Shout! Factory is an entertainment company founded in 2003 that was started by Richard Foos (co-founder of Rhino Records), Bob Emmer (former Warner Music Group and Rhino executive) and Garson Foos (former Rhino executive) initially as a specialty music label. It focuses on enriched music catalog reissues, home video/DVD projects, and television properties.
Conceived as a retro pop culture label, Shout! Factory DVD projects include live music shows (by acts such as X, The Blasters, Heart, and Barenaked Ladies), music documentaries (The Fearless Freaks, about The Flaming Lips, and The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle, about The Sex Pistols), animation (including multiple Home Movies seasons, Pucca, and Code Monkeys), live-action television (Freaks and Geeks, My So-Called Life, Inside the Actors Studio, California Dreams), as well as productions by DIC (including the Mario television shows, The Legend of Zelda, and the Sonic the Hedgehog television shows) and sports (including Major League Baseball and Warren Miller ski titles).
While Shout! Factory CD and music DVD products are distributed by Sony Music Entertainment, their non-music DVD titles have been distributed by Vivendi
Funimation (formerly known as Funimation Productions and Funimation Entertainment, and usually stylized as FUNimation) is an American entertainment company. Originally founded in 1994 by Gen Fukunaga and his wife, the company became a subsidiary of Navarre Corporation on May 11, 2005. In April 2011, Navarre sold Funimation to a group of investors including Gen Fukunaga for $24 million. Around the same time, the company's trademark ball, star & blue bar were dropped from its logo as well as the word "entertainment" dropped from its name to simply be called "Funimation". Funimation produces, markets, and distributes anime and other entertainment properties in the United States and international markets. The company is headquartered in Flower Mound, Texas. Funimation is a portmanteau of the English words fun and animation.
The company was founded in 1994 by Japanese-born businessman Gen Fukunaga. Fukunaga's uncle was one of the producers for the popular anime series Dragon Ball; he approached Gen about bringing the series over to America. He proposed that if Fukunaga could start a production company and raise enough money, Toei Animation would license the rights to the show. Fukunaga
The Shaw Brothers Studio (Chinese: 邵氏片場), owned by Shaw Brothers (HK) Ltd., was the foremost and the largest movie production company of Hong Kong movies.
From their distribution base in Singapore where they founded parent company Shaw Organization in 1924, and as a strategic development of their movie distribution business in Southeast Asia, Sir Run Run Shaw (邵逸夫) and his third brother Runme Shaw (邵仁枚) founded South Sea Film (南洋影片) in 1930. It was later renamed Shaw Brothers Studio. The studio released Hong Kong's first movie with sound 《白金龍》 (which translates as "platinum dragon", or one of the slang terms for a pistol) in 1934, the company's logo borrows from the Warner Bros. Shield.
The Shaw Brothers studio is noted for directors King Hu, Lau Kar-leung and Chang Cheh. King Hu was an early director who is best remembered for his film Come Drink with Me, a martial arts film which differed from those of Chang Cheh in that it featured a capable female protagonist and revolved around romance in the martial arts world, rather than fast paced action and the tales of brotherhood which Chang Cheh would later popularize. Chang Cheh, who was more fond of the latter components, would go on
ABKCO Music & Records, Inc. is a major independent record label, music publisher, and film and video production company. It owns and or administers the rights to music by Sam Cooke, the Rolling Stones, The Animals, Herman's Hermits, Marianne Faithfull, the Kinks as well as the Cameo Parkway label, which includes recordings by such artists as Chubby Checker, Bobby Rydell, the Orlons, the Dovells, Question Mark & The Mysterians, the Tymes and Dee Dee Sharp. Until 2009, ABKCO administered Philles Records and its master recordings, including hits by the Righteous Brothers, the Ronettes, the Crystals and others (via a licensing deal with EMI Music Publishing, which owned the Philles catalog since the mid-1990s).
ABKCO Records is currently distributed by Universal Music Distribution, which also controls distribution of the Rolling Stones' post-ABKCO catalog.
In addition to music, ABKCO controls the rights to Alejandro Jodorowsky's early films, including Fando y Lis, El Topo, and The Holy Mountain.
Although it rarely releases new music, the label released Believe, an album for charity performed by professional baseball player Nick Swisher.
ABKCO is the successor company to a business that
Anabolic Video is an American pornographic movie studio headquartered in Chatsworth, California. The studio was a pioneer of gonzo pornography, and is considered one of the most successful gonzo producers.
Anabolic was founded in 1991 by UCLA graduate and current Anabolic president Christopher Alexander (also known as performer Biff Malibu). Alexander claims to be "probably the second guy to get into gonzo, with the numbered series of movies under the same title". Anabolic and its former sister company Diabolic Video were originally headquartered in Venice, California for 10 years. The company soon became one of the pioneers in the field of gonzo pornography, along with other producers like Ed Powers, Rodney Moore and John Stagliano's Evil Angel Video. Gregg Alan ran the companies sales department for 15 years, starting in 1992.
In the mid 1990s, the company grew to incorporate Diabolic Video, owned by Gregg Alan. At the company's peak in the late 1990s/early 2000s, directors like Vince Vouyer, Erik Everhard, John Strong, Jon Dough and Lexington Steele created some of the most critically acclaimed gonzo on the market. Diabolic was created as a separate label in 1998. In 2001
BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. The company exploits BBC brands, sells BBC and other British programming for broadcast abroad with the aim of supplementing the income received by the BBC through the license fee.
In the year to 31 March 2010 it made a profit of £145m on a turnover of £1.074bn. The company had made a profit of £106m on a turnover of £1,004m in the previous financial year. In the year to 31 March 2011 BBC Worldwide's headline profits were up 10.3% to £160.2m - its highest level ever. The growth helped lift the overall return to the BBC by nearly 9% to £182m.
In addition to broadcasting, the BBC has for much of its life also produced additional materials for sale, the profits of which would be returned to the corporation to aide in the financing of these services. The highest profile of these early products was the listings magazine Radio Times, however the net revenue gained from this in 1928 (£93,686, 10s, 1d) only equated to 10% of total BBC income.
Prior to 1979, several BBC departments dealt with the exploitation and
Canyon Cinema is a San Francisco based filmmakers' cooperative specializing in the distribution of avant-garde and experimental film. The organization was instigated in about 1960 by Bruce Baillie as an exhibition outlet for independent film, and was formally established as a non-profit distribution company in 1967. Today Canyon Cinema stands alongside The Film Makers Cooperative as one of the only major sources for prints of avant-garde and experimental film in America.
Canyon Cinema existed for a number of years as a "floating cinematheque", a series of informal screenings that were held in the backyard of filmmaker Bruce Baillie's house in Canyon, California. The group's offices soon moved to the basements and backyards of other Bay Area artists and filmmakers.
In 1967 the founding articles of incorporation of "Canyon Cinema Inc. (A Non-Profit Corporation)" named Larry Jordan as president and Earl Bodien as secretary. The founding directors were Jordan, Ben Van Meter, Robert Nelson, and Bruce Baillie. After the first election, the directors became: Jordan, Van Meter, Emory Menefee, and Loren Sears. Bruce Conner was also associated with the cooperative at this time.
For a more
Caravan Pictures was a film production company arm of Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group (formerly Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group), formed by Roger Birnbaum and Joe Roth.
Its films were released by Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, and Hollywood Pictures. The company became defunct after 1999 and was absorbed into Spyglass Entertainment. The Caravan Pictures logo is a man wearing a hat, carrying a bag, and walking down a road (both the image and the title are a nod to the film Sullivan's Travels, about a filmmaker who seeks to make more meaningful movies—he sets out on his travels on foot in a similar shot, and at the end of the movie describes life as a "cockeyed caravan"). After the end credits of Inspector Gadget, the man walks down as usual, but this time, a copter pops out his hat and he flies out of the picture. And at the beginning of The Jerky Boys: The Movie, the logo plays as usual, but an off-screen voice says, "Hey, silly ass" he whistles and continues saying "Yo, I'm talking to you, where the hell do you think you're going, Buddy?" And finally another off-screen voice says "Come back, Shane".
CBS Broadcasting Inc. (CBS) is a major US commercial broadcasting television network, which started as a radio network, and continues to operate a radio network and a portfolio of large market television and radio stations. The name is derived from the initials of the network's former name, Columbia Broadcasting System. It is the second largest broadcaster in the world behind the BBC. The network is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network" in reference to the shape of the company's logo. It has also been called the "Tiffany Network," which alludes to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of its founder William S. Paley. It can also refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950.
The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc., a collection of 16 radio stations that was bought by William S. Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States and then one of the big three American broadcast television networks. In 1974, CBS dropped its
The Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Inc. (CARD), founded in 1990 by Dr. Doreen Granpeesheh, is among the largest Autism treatment organizations in the world. CARD's stated mission is to provide the highest quality ABA behavioral intervention to children with autism around the world. CARD provides a range of services for children and adults with autism, pervasive developmental disorder, Asperger's disorder and other disabilities within the autism spectrum. These services include home-based behavioral interventions based on the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), diagnostic and psychological assessments.
CARD researchers have published over fifty research articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals and have contributed over twenty chapters to edited scientific texts. CARDs philosophy and behavioral approach assumes the following to be true:
While Dr Granpeesheh believes that all people with ASDs are capable of learning and recovery, she states there is currently no way to predict the outcome of treatment for any individual.
CARD uses Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), a form of intervention therapy pioneered by Dr. Ivar Lovaas called the Lovaas technique that
Devil's Film is an American pornographic film studio, based in Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California. The company describes its material as Gonzo pornography, and by 2009 had produced more than 1000 films. Joey Silvera made his directorial debut for Devil's in the early 1990s, before moving to Evil Angel. one notable series is Gangland, featuring very well-endowed black performers gangbanging white girls.
In 2005 producer Fred Salaff was imprisoned in Panama on charges related to a Devil's Film shoot in the country. The charges included "corruption of minors", after local children climbed trees to observe the shoot. In 2007, after two and a half years in jail, Salaff was found not guilty and released.
Diabolic Video Productions is an American pornographic movie studio headquartered in Chatsworth, California. The company was originally a sister-studio of Anabolic Video. During their partnership the studios were a pioneer of gonzo pornography, and are considered one of the most successful gonzo producers.
Anabolic and Diabolic were originally headquartered in Venice, California for 10 years. Diabolic was founded as a separate label in 1998 by Gregg Allan, and Anabolic Video head Christopher Alexander. Alan had previously ran the two companies sales department for 15 years, starting in 1992. On January 15, 1998, Diabolic Video released its first video.
In 2001 Anabolic and Diabolic moved their headquarters to Chatsworth. Vouyer's exit to form Red Light District Video in 2002 eventually led to the mass exodus of 2004, which saw Everhard, Steele and Mike John leave for Red Light, and Dough leave for Devil's Film, where the directors were able to own their own movies.
In May 2007 Anabolic and Diabolic announced they were ending their partnership, and would operate as separate companies. Diabolic would be run and owned by Gregg Alan, who left his post as head of sales at Anabolic.
Fine Line Features was the speciality films division of New Line Cinema. From 1990-1995, under founder and president Ira Deutchman, Fine Line acquired, distributed and marketed films of a more "indie" flavor than its parent company, including such critically acclaimed films as "Hoop Dreams,""The Player," "Short Cuts," "Night on Earth," "My Own Private Idaho" "Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle." In 2005, New Line teamed up with fellow Time Warner subsidiary HBO to form Picturehouse, a new specialty film label of which Fine Line was folded into.
Geneon Universal Entertainment Japan, LLC. (ジェネオン・ユニバーサル・エンターテイメントジャパン合同会社, Jeneon Yunibaasaru Entateinmento Godo-gaisha) (formerly known as Pioneer LDC - Pioneer LaserDisc Company, a former subsidiary of Pioneer Corporation) is a Japanese music, anime and home entertainment production and distribution enterprise headquartered in Akasaka, Minato, Tokyo, Japan. Geneon has been involved in the production and distribution of several anime in Japan. Geneon's North American branch (originally founded as Pioneer Entertainment) specialized in translating and distributing anime and related merchandise, such as soundtracks across the region. Geneon is a portmanteau of the English words, generate and eon. On February 1, 2009, Geneon merged with Universal Pictures Japan into Geneon Universal Entertainment.
Geneon Universal was originally formed under the name Pioneer LDC in 1981. In July 2003, the company was acquired by Japanese advertising and marketing company firm Dentsu and renamed to Geneon Entertainment, while its North American division, Pioneer Entertainment, was renamed to Geneon USA (however, the renaming to Geneon USA completely took effect in February 2004 since Geneon USA's DVDs
Kimberly-Clark Corporation (NYSE: KMB, BMV: KIMBER) is an American personal care corporation that produces mostly paper-based consumer products. Kimberly-Clark brand name products include "Kleenex" facial tissue, "Kotex" feminine hygiene products, "Cottonelle", Scott and Andrex toilet paper, Wypall utility wipes, "KimWipes" scientific cleaning wipes, and "Huggies" disposable diapers. Based in Irving, Texas, it has approximately 56,000 employees. Kimberly-Clark UK holds a Royal Warrant from Queen Elizabeth II and the Prince of Wales in the United Kingdom. Kimberly Clark is also listed among the Fortune 500.
Kimberly, Clark and Co. was founded in 1872 by John A. Kimberly, Havilah Babcock, Charles B. Clark, and Franklyn C. Shattuck in Neenah, Wisconsin with US$30,000 capitalization. The group's first business was operating paper mills, which the collective expanded throughout the following decades. In 1914 the company developed cellu-cotton, a cotton substitute used by the United States Army as surgical cotton during World War I. Army nurses used cellu-cotton pads as disposable sanitary napkins, and six years later the company introduced Kotex, the first disposable feminine hygiene
Magnetic Video was a home video/home audio duplication service established by Andre Blay in 1968 and based in Farmington Hills, Michigan. In 1977 it became the first corporation to release theatrical motion pictures onto Betamax and VHS videocassette for consumer use. (Cartridge Television, Inc. preceded it in 1972 when it introduced the Avco Cartrivision home VCR with a line of major motion pictures available for rent on the Cartrivision videocassette format. Cartrivision went off the market thirteen months after its debut.)
Magnetic Video is notable for its contribution to the birth of the modern-day home video empire and the birth of video rental systems. In the fall of 1977, Blay came up with the idea to release pre-recorded motion pictures on videocassette. That year, he convinced Twentieth Century Fox, which was then in financial difficulty, to license fifty of their films for home video release in VHS and Betamax formats. Blay also established the Video Club of America in order to sell the titles directly to consumers by mail.
That same year, George Atkinson bought one Betamax and one VHS copy of each of the first 50 movie titles from Magnetic Video that were then being sold
StudioCanal UK (formerly Optimum Releasing/Home Entertainment/Classics) is a film distributor company working in the UK and Ireland. The company releases many films, including foreign language films, anime releases such as Studio Ghibli's films and independent British, Irish and American films in the UK and sometimes Ireland.
Optimum was acquired by StudioCanal, a subsidiary of Vivendi SA, in 2006. Since StudioCanal bought Optimum, the French company distribute their large back catalogue of classic British films (many from the Cannon and EMI catalogues) through Optimum releasing under the strand 'Optimum Classic'.
In September 2011, the company was renamed StudioCanal UK
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, Tyrannosaur, Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, The Awakening and W.E were among the first films released under the StudioCanal UK banner.
When named Optimum, the company's image was that of a modern, independent new release and back catalogue distributor. Films were released under four strands: Optimum Releasing (Theatrical New Releases), Optimum Home Entertainment (DVD, Blu-ray Disc and HD DVD New Releases), Optimum Classic (DVD Re-releases of back catalogue films) and Optimum World (New and
Orion Pictures Corporation was an American independent production company that produced movies from 1978 until 1998. It was formed in 1978 as a joint venture between Warner Bros. and three former top-level executives of United Artists. Although it was never a large motion picture producer, Orion achieved a comparatively high reputation for Hollywood quality. Woody Allen, James Cameron, Jonathan Demme, Oliver Stone, and several other prominent directors worked with Orion during its most successful years from 1978 to 1992. Of the films distributed by Orion, four won Academy Awards for Best Picture: Amadeus, Platoon, Dances with Wolves, and The Silence of the Lambs.
Orion got its start in January 1978, when three disgruntled officers of United Artists (UA) – a motion picture distributor owned by the conglomerate Transamerica – quit their jobs. Arthur B. Krim, chairman; Eric Pleskow, president and chief executive officer; and Robert S. Benjamin, chairman of the finance committee, had become frustrated with the degree of control their corporate parent exerted over the operation of UA, particularly with regard to salaries and other forms of executive compensation.
Paramount Pictures Corporation is a film and television production/distribution company founded in 1912 and currently owned by media conglomerate Viacom. It is the third oldest existing film studio in the world behind Gaumont Pictures. Also, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Paramount is consistently ranked as one of the largest (top-grossing) movie studios.
Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
Paramount Pictures can trace its beginning to the creation in May 1912 of the Famous Players Film Company. Founder Hungarian-born Adolph Zukor, who had been an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed mainly to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time (leading to the slogan "Famous Players in Famous Plays"). By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, and Zukor was on his way to success.
That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature show Company with money
Peccadillo Pictures is a UK based film distributor of art house, gay and lesbian, independent and world cinema. They have provided distribution for many award winning films such as Weekend,Tomboy,XXY, Eyes Wide Open, Four Minutes, The Blossoming of Maximo Oliveros, Transylvania, Cockles and Muscles and Summer Storm.
Peccadillo Pictures are distributors of gay and lesbian, art house, and world cinema - including films from Europe, Latin America and Asia: Presque Rien and Wild Side (2004 film) both by Sèbastien Lifshitz (France), 15 by Royston Tan (Singapore), Summer Storm by Marco Kreuzpaintner (Germany), El Mar by Augusti Villaronga (Spain), A Year Without Love by Anahi Berneri (Argentina), and Blue Gate Crossing by Chih-Yen Yee (Taiwan).
In October 2006 they released Be With Me by Eric Khoo (Singapore), and in 2007, they released The Blossoming of Maximo Oliveros by Auraeus Solito (Philippines), Beyond Hatred by Olivier Meyrou (France) and Transylvania by Tony Gatlif (France) and 4:30 by Royston Tan (Singapore).
2008 saw their widest release schedule to date, with XXY by Lucia Puenzo (Argentina), Saxon by Greg Loftin (UK), Avril by Gérald Hustache-Mathieu (France) and Last of the
Relativity Media (sometimes written as RelativityMedia and Relativity) is an American film studio located in West Hollywood, California which acquires, develops, produces, and distributes films and produces television programming. It was founded in 2004 by Ryan Kavanaugh.
On January 4, 2009, Relativity Media acquired the genre label Rogue Pictures from Universal, for a $150 million. Relativity oversaw Rogue’s 2009 film offerings, which consisted of Last House On The Left, The Unborn, Come Out Fighting, and My Soul to Take, as well as more than 30 projects in development. The deal also included the Rogue film library, featuring such films as Assault On Precinct 13 and The Strangers. On August 14, 2011, it was reported that Relativity was investing in SkyLand Film & Television Cultural Development Ltd, a China-based production company, signaling new opportunities in the Chinese market. One of the first arrangements was that the movie 21 and Over was partially filmed in Dongshigu, China. On May 18, 2012, it was reported that Relativity was in talks to buy German producer-distributor Senator Entertainment.
On July 6, 2010, Relativity and Netflix announced a five-year-plus Pay-TV deal.
Sony Pictures Classics is an art-house film division of Sony Pictures Entertainment founded in December 1991 by former Orion Classics heads Michael Barker, Tom Bernard, and Marcie Bloom. It distributes, produces and acquires specialty films (especially of documentaries, independent films and art films) from the United States and around the world. As of 2012, Barker and Bernard are co-presidents of division.
Sony Pictures Classics has a history of making reasonable investments for small films, and getting a decent return. It has a history of not overspending and sharing money with the filmmakers honestly.
Sometimes, Sony Pictures Classics would agree to release some films for all other departments of Sony. But under Sony Pictures Classics' contract with Sony, all other departments of Sony (including the parent company) can't force Sony Pictures Classics to release any film it does not want to release.
Sony Pictures Home Entertainment is the home video distribution arm of Sony Pictures Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation. It was established in November 1979 as Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, releasing 20 titles: The Anderson Tapes, Bell, Book and Candle, Born Free, Breakout, Buck and the Preacher, The Deep, Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the River, Emmanuelle, Eyes of Laura Mars, Fun with Dick and Jane, The Harder They Fall, Here Comes Mr. Jordan, A Man for All Seasons, Midnight Express, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Mysterious Island, The New Centurions, Shamus, The Taming of the Shrew, and You Light Up My Life.
It is responsible for the distribution of the Sony Pictures library for home entertainment, mainly releases from Columbia Pictures and TriStar Pictures, but also releases product from Sony Pictures Classics, Screen Gems, Triumph Films, Destination Films, Revolution Studios, Stage 6 Films, and Affirm Films. Since June 21, 2007, SPHE now handles its former Sony BMG kids label, Sony Wonder.
They are also responsible for their television shows from the Sony Pictures Television library from Screen Gems, Columbia Pictures Television, TriStar Television, Tandem
ABS-CBN Film Productions, Inc. (traded as Star Cinema), is a Filipino film and television production company and distributor and the country's largest film production company producing most of the highest grossing Filipino films of all time.
Although comparatively young, Star Cinema has produced some of the most acclaimed and beloved films in the history of Philippine Cinema with titles such as Madrasta (1996), Bata, Bata.. Paano Ka Ginawa (1998), Anak (2000), Tanging Yaman (2000), Bagong Buwan (2001), Dekada '70 (2002), Nasaan Ka Man (2005) and In My Life (2009).
In the beginning of 21st Century, its films are topping the box office chart. All ten of the current top 10 highest grossing Filipino films of all time are all from Star Cinema with titles such as The Unkabogable Praybeyt Benjamin (2011), No Other Woman (2011), You Changed My Life (2009), A Very Special Love (2008), One More Chance (2007) ÜnOfficially Yours (2012), My Amnesia Girl (2010), Miss You Like Crazy (2010) and Caregiver (2008).
Aside from producing and distributing feature films, Star Cinema also produces television series for its mother network ABS-CBN. It has produced some of the country's most acclaimed
Virgin Media Inc. (NASDAQ: VMED, LSE: VMED) is a company which provides fixed and mobile telephone, television and broadband internet services to businesses and consumers in the United Kingdom. Its executive office is in New York City, United States and its operational headquarters are in Hook, United Kingdom.
The company was formed in March 2006 by the merger of NTL and Telewest, which created NTL:Telewest. A further merger with Virgin Mobile UK in July 2006 created the first "quadruple-play" media company in the United Kingdom, offering television, internet, mobile phone and fixed-line telephone services. All of the company's consumer services were rebranded under the Virgin Media name in February 2007.
Virgin Media owns and operates its own fibre-optic cable network, the only national cable network in the United Kingdom. As of 31 December 2010 it had a total of approximately 4.8 million cable customers, of whom around 3.78 million were supplied with its television services (Virgin TV), around 4.01 million with broadband internet services and around 4.16 million with fixed-line telephony services. At the same date it had around 3.07 million mobile telephony customers. Virgin
Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French multinational mass media and telecommunication company headquartered in Paris, France. The company has activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet, and video games.
On December 14, 1853, a water company named Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) was created by an Imperial decree of Napoleon III. In 1854, CGE obtained a concession in order to supply water to the public in Lyon, serving in this capacity for over a hundred years. In 1861, it obtained a 50-year concession with the City of Paris.
For more than a century, Compagnie Générale des Eaux remained largely focused on the water sector. However, following the appointment of Guy Dejouany as CEO in 1976, CGE extended its activities into other sectors with a series of takeovers. Beginning in 1980, CGE began diversifying its operations from water into waste management, energy, transport services, and construction and property. It acquired the Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA), specialized in industrial vehicles, which was later divided into two branches: Connex and Onyx Environnement. CGE then acquired the Compagnie
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures is a motion picture distribution company owned by The Walt Disney Company. Established in 1953, as Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, the company handles distribution for films produced by the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group. The division took on its new name in 2002.
Prior to 1953, Walt Disney's productions were distributed by Columbia Pictures (1929–1932), United Artists (1932–1937) and RKO Radio Pictures (1937–1954). However, a dispute over the value of Disney's True-Life Adventures series of live-action documentary featurettes in 1953 led to Walt and his older brother Roy Oliver Disney to form its wholly owned subsidiary the Buena Vista Film Distribution Company, Inc. to handle the U.S. distribution of their own product. Buena Vista's first release was the Academy Award winning live-action feature The Living Desert (1953).
The "Buena Vista" company name comes from Buena Vista Street, the road on which the current Walt Disney Studios and company headquarters are situated in Burbank, California. Lake Buena Vista is also Walt Disney World's mailing address in Florida.
Buena Vista International was the international distribution arm, Buena
Warner Bros. Pictures is the main motion picture production arm of Warner Bros. Entertainment, and was founded in 1918.
Over the years, a series of mergers and acquisitions have helped Warner Bros. (the present-day Time Warner subsidiary) to accumulate a diverse collection of movies, cartoons, and television programs.
In the aftermath of the 1948 antitrust suit, uncertain times led Warner Bros. in 1956 to sell most of its pre-1950 films and cartoons to a holding company which became Associated Artists Productions (a.a.p.). Two years later, a.a.p. was sold to United Artists (UA), which held them until 1981, when MGM bought UA.
Three years later, Turner Broadcasting System, having failed to buy MGM, settled for ownership of the MGM/UA library. This included almost all pre-1986 MGM features with the exception of those owned by United Artists (i.e. James Bond franchise)
Previously owned by HiT Entertainment/Lyric Studios, and Playhouse Disney, since 2007, Warner Bros. now owns the rights to produce The Wiggles with the first production "Getting Strong" DVD and "Pop Goes the Wiggles" and future DVDs.
In 2007, Warner Bros. added the Peanuts/Charlie Brown library to its collection (this