The Cinematographer type holds people who have worked as a film cinematographer.
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Carlos Sorín (born 1944 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a film director, screenplay writer, cinematographer, and film producer. He works mainly in the cinema of Argentina.
His most recent work which won wide acclaim from film critics was Historias mínimas (2002).
Victor Milner, A.S.C. (December 15, 1893 - October 29, 1972) (sometimes Victor Miller) was an American cinematographer. He was nominated for ten cinematography Academy Awards, winning once for 1934's Cleopatra. Milner worked on more than 130 films, including dramas (Broken Lullaby), comedies (Unfaithfully Yours), film noir (Dark City), and Westerns (The Furies).
Milner began his career in the film industry as a lab assistant at the age of 15. He then worked as a projectionist and a newsreel cameraman until 1914 when he became a full-time cinematographer. Later he became known for the epic look he lent to Cecil B. DeMille film productions. Milner was a founding member of the American Society of Cinematographers and president of the ASC from 1937 to 1939.
Rajiv Jain (Hindi: राजीव जैन) is a critically acclaimed, award-winning Indian Kenyan Cinematographer / Director of Photography based in Dubai ( UAE ), Nairobi ( Kenya ) and Mumbai ( India ). His versatility as a Director of Photography has received much praise, and throughout his career, he has frequently collaborated with accomplished filmmakers like Aziz Mirza, Ketan Mehta, Makrand Deshpande, Late Mukul S. Anand, Nitin Chandrakant Desai, Rajiv Rai, Satish Kaushik, Shyam Benegal, Subhash Ghai and Wanuri Kahiu. He has also set up Rajeev Jain Cinematography and Renge Dragon Pictures, which supplies equipment for Documentary Films, TV Commercials and Feature Films. Rajeev Jain is the first Indian Cinematographer in Asia Pacific to be awarded the African Film Commission & African American Film Critics Association membership and has been a mentor of some of the top notch film cinematographers in the Indian, Kenyan and Dubai film industry
Rajeev Jain was born on 29 November, 1968 in Lucknow, India in a middle class, Hindi speaking family. He spent his formative years in a village called Basreha, district Etawah which is nestled in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. He grew up in this
Oliver Wolf Sacks, CBE (born 9 July 1933, London, England), is a British biologist, neurologist, writer, and amateur chemist who has spent the major portion of his career in the United States. He lives in New York City, and was professor of neurology and psychiatry at Columbia University and held the position of "Columbia Artist". He previously spent many years on the clinical faculty of Yeshiva University's Albert Einstein College of Medicine. In September, 2012, Dr. Sacks was appointed clinical professor of neurology at NYU Langone Medical Center, with support from The Gatsby Charitable Foundation. He also holds the position of visiting professor at the UK's University of Warwick.
Sacks is the author of numerous bestselling books, including several collections of case studies of people with neurological disorders. His 1973 book Awakenings was adapted into an Academy Award-nominated film of the same name in 1990 starring Robin Williams and Robert De Niro. He, and his book Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain, were the subject of "Musical Minds", an episode of the PBS series Nova.
Sacks was the youngest of four children born to a North London Jewish couple: Samuel Sacks, a
Robert Alan Edwards (born May 15, 1947 in Louisville, Kentucky) is a Peabody Award-winning member of the National Radio Hall of Fame. He was the first broadcaster with a large national following to join the field of satellite radio. Edwards is the host of The Bob Edwards Show on Sirius XM Radio and Bob Edwards Weekend distributed by Public Radio International to more than 150 public radio stations. He gained fame as the first host of National Public Radio's flagship program, Morning Edition.
Edwards is a graduate of St. Xavier High School (Louisville) and the University of Louisville and began his radio career in 1968 at a small radio station in New Albany, Indiana. Afterwards, Edwards served in the U.S. Army, producing and anchoring TV and radio news programs for the American Forces Korea Network from Seoul. Following his army service, he went on to anchor news for WTOP-AM, a CBS affiliate, in Washington, D.C. He also earned an M.A. in Communication from American University in Washington D.C. In 1972, at age 25, Edwards anchored national newscasts for the Mutual Broadcasting System. Edwards joined NPR in 1974. Before hosting Morning Edition, Edwards was co-host of All Things
Film cinematography credits:Broadway Melody of 1936
Charles Rosher, A.S.C. (November 17, 1885 - January 15, 1974) was a two-time Academy Award-winning cinematographer who worked from the early days of silent films through the 1950s. Born in London, he was the first cinematographer to receive an Academy Award, along with 1929 co-winner Karl Struss.
Rosher studied photography in his youth but earned a reputation early as a newsreel cameraman, before moving to the United States in 1909. He subsequently found work for David Horsley working in his production company in New Jersey. Because early film was largely restricted to using daylight, Horsley relocated his production company to Hollywood in 1911, taking Rosher with him, and opened the first movie studio there. This made Rosher the first full-time cameraman in Hollywood.
In 1913 he went to Mexico to film newsreel footage of Pancho Villa's rebellion. In 1918, he was one of the founders of the American Society of Cinematographers and served as the group's first Vice-President. In the 1920s he was one of the most sought-after cinematographers in Hollywood, and a personal favorite of stars such as Mary Pickford. His work with Karl Struss on F.W. Murnau's 1927 film Sunrise is viewed as a
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (Spanish pronunciation: [xo̞ˈse̞ ðaˈnje̞l o̞rˈte̞ɣa saˈβe̞ðɾa]; born 11 November 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician. He is the current President of Nicaragua (since 2007), a position he has held previously between 1985 and 1990. A leader in the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN), his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua.
Born into a working-class family, from an early age Ortega developed a hatred of the ruling President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, who was widely recognized as a dictator, and became involved in the underground movement to oppose Somoza's regime. Joining the Sandinistas, he also travelled to Cuba to receive training in guerilla warfare from Fidel Castro's Marxist-Leninist government. After the Nicaraguan Revolution resulted in the overthrow and exile of the Somoza's government in 1979, Ortega became a member of the ruling multipartisan Junta of National Reconstruction and was later elected president, serving from 1985 to 1990. At the time a Marxist-Leninist, his first period in office was characterized by a controversial program of
Nirav Shah (born 16 November 1974) is an acclaimed Indian cinematographer. He has worked on a number of major box office hits in Hindi and Tamil since his debut with the 2004 Hindi film Paisa Vasool.
After having worked as an assistant to other noted cinematographers and solely on many television advertisements, music videos and short films, Nirav Shah became an independent cinematographer for a "full feature film", debuting with the 2004 Bollywood film Paisa Vasool, following which he worked on another Hindi project Intequam (2004). It was, however, the Hindi blockbuster film Dhoom (2004) that made people take notice of Shah, winning him accolades and gaining him fame and popularity.
Subsequently Shah got offers from the Tamil film industry as well and moved southwards, debuting in Kollywood with the 2005 Linguswamy-directed action film Sandakozhi, following which he was called up by director Vishnuvardhan. They first teamed up for the 2005 Tamil gangster film Pattiyal, following which Vishnuvardhan worked together with Shah for all his following feature films, creating, along with noted music composer, Yuvan Shankar Raja, one of the most acclaimed and most successful
Thomas C. Galligan Jr joined Colby-Sawyer College as its eighth president in August 2006. Before being selected as the college's president, he served as dean and professor of law at the University of Tennessee College of Law in Knoxville. While there, he taught torts and admiralty.
From 1986 until May 1998, Galligan taught at the Paul M. Hebert Law Center at LSU. There, he was named the Dr Dale E. Bennett Professor of Law and was honored by the students as the Outstanding LSU Professor six times.
Galligan has published numerous books and articles on torts and admiralty. His scholarship has been cited in the proposed Restatement (Third) of Torts and by numerous legal scholars. Galligan's work has also been cited by the United States Supreme Court and other federal and state appellate and trial courts.
His co-authored scholarship with Professor Frank L. Maraist has been honored by the Louisiana Bar Journal and the Tulane Law Review. Recently, Galligan was honored with the University of Tennessee National Alumni Association Public Service Award for 2006 and the Knoxville Bar Association's Law and Liberty Award.
Galligan has a passion for long distance running and baseball statistics.
Walter Carvalho (born 1947 in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil) is a critically and internationally acclaimed Brazilian cinematographer.
Carvalho has worked on over 60 films in his career since entering the Cinema of Brazil in 1973.
He has won some 30 different professional film awards to date and has worked on acclaimed Brazilian films such as Carandiru in 2003.
Don Letts (born (1956-01-10)10 January 1956) is a British film director and musician. He is credited as the man who through his DJing at clubs like The Roxy brought together punk and reggae music.
Letts was born in London, England and educated at Tenison's School in Kennington. In 1975, Letts ran the trendy London clothing store Acme Attractions selling, "electric-blue zoot suits and jukeboxes, and pumping dub reggae all day long." Letts was deeply inspired by the music coming from his parents' homeland Jamaica, in particular Bob Marley. After seeing one of Marley's gigs at the Odeon in Hammersmith (June, 1976) he was able to sneak into the hotel and spent the night talking to and befriending Marley. By the mid 1970s Acme had quite a scene attracting all the like of The Clash, The Sex Pistols, Chrissie Hynde, Patti Smith, Deborah Harry and Bob Marley.
Seeing the crowd at Acme, the then promoter Andy Czezowski started up the Roxy, a London nightclub during the original outbreak of punk in England, so that people could go from the store and have some place to party. As most bands of that era had yet to be recorded, there were limited punk rock records to be played. Instead, Letts
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
Dickson was born on 3 August 1860 in Le Minihic-sur-Rance, Brittany, France. His mother was Elizabeth Kennedy-Laurie (1823?–1879) who may have been born in Virginia and was of Scottish descent. His father was James Waite Dickson, a Scottish artist, astronomer and linguist. James claimed direct lineage from the painter Hogarth, and from Judge John Waite, the man who sentenced King Charles I to death. A gifted musician, his mother, Elizabeth Kennedy-Laurie Dickson, was related to the Lauries of Maxwellton (immortalised in the ballad Annie Laurie) and connected with the Duke of Atholl and the Royal Stuarts.
In 1879 Dickson, his mother, and two sisters moved from Britain to Virginia. In 1888, American inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Alva Edison conceived of a device that would do "for the Eye what the phonograph does for the Ear". In October, Edison filed a preliminary claim, known as a caveat, with the U.S. Patent Office outlining his plans for the device. In March 1889, a
Film cinematography credits:Once Upon a Time Proletarian
Xiaolu Guo (simplified Chinese: 郭小橹; traditional Chinese: 郭小櫓; pinyin: Guō Xiǎolǔ) born 1973) is a Chinese novelist and filmmaker, who uses cinema and literary language to explore themes of alienation, memory, personal journeys, daily tragedies and develops her own vision of China's past and its future in a global environment.
Her third novel A Concise Chinese-English Dictionary For Lovers, inspired by Roland Barthes's "A Lover's Discourse", written originally in English, was nominated for the 2007 Orange Prize for Fiction and it has been translated into 26 languages. She was also the 2005 Pearl Award (UK) winner for Creative Excellence. Her first novel Village of Stone was nominated for the Independent best Foreign Fiction Prize as well as the International Dublin IMPAC Awards. She writes in both English and Chinese, and has served as the jury member for the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize.
Her feature film She, a Chinese premiered at the 2009 Locarno International Film Festival, where it immediately took the highest prize, the Golden Leopard. Her previous feature How Is Your Fish Today? was in Official Selection at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival and received the Grand Jury
Maurice-Alexis Jarre (13 September 1924 – 28 March 2009) was a French composer and conductor. His son is the electronic composer Jean Michel Jarre.
Although he composed several concert works, Jarre is best known for his film scores, particularly for his collaborations with film director David Lean. Jarre composed the scores to all of Lean's films since Lawrence of Arabia (1962). Other notable scores include The Train (1964), Mohammad, Messenger of God (1976), Witness (1985) and Ghost (1990).
Jarre was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Three of his compositions spent a total of 42 weeks on the UK singles chart; the biggest hit was "Somewhere My Love" (to his tune "Lara's Theme", with lyrics by Paul Francis Webster) by the Michael Sammes Singers, which reached Number 14 in 1966 and spent 38 weeks on the chart.
Jarre was a three time Academy Award winner, for Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984), all of which were directed by David Lean. He was Oscar nominated a total of eight times.
Jarre was born in Lyon, France, in 1924, the son of Gabrielle Renée (née Boullu) and André Jarre, a radio technical director. He first enrolled in
Chris Kennedy (born 1 December 1955) is an Australian AFI Award winning film director, writer and producer. He owns the film studio, Oilrag Productions. Kennedy is a three-time Australian Film Institute Awards nominee and is an Australian Writer's Guild Award winner. He has a friend named Peter Butt. In a career that spans almost ten years, Kennedy's films have touched many themes and genres. During the 1990s Doing Time for Patsy Cline and the following decade, A Man's Gotta Do.
Graham Bowers is a musician, composer, designer, artist and engineer.
Graham Bowers was born during a World War II bombing raid on Manchester in 1943. Brought up on a mixed diet of his older sisters’ interests in 1940s and 1950s popular music, and his father’s record collection of jazz and country blues, an eclectic mix of artists such as Johnny Ray, Guy Mitchell, Django Reinhardt, Sidney Bechet and Leadbelly were household names, and marked the milestones of his early life. His interest and fascination in “associative listening” (the association of sound related to life experiences) was thus already formed, and has developed throughout his life acting as the cornerstone and benchmark of his creative output.
His early teenage musical activities were involved in forming and being part of skiffle groups, a genre of music in England championed by Lonnie Donegan, at that time the banjoist in the Chris Barber traditional jazz band. Songs such as ‘Rock Island Line’, ‘Cumberland Gap’ and ‘John Henry’ which although well known to Bowers were new to most post-war English listeners.
Marital and parental duties at the young age of seventeen, and the necessity of providing an income, diverted
Rene Ohashi is a Canadian cinematographer living in Toronto, Canada. With a career spanning over 25 years, Rene Ohashi has been nominated for over 30 awards, winning 16. Some projects he has worked on include Anne of Green Gables, The Wonder Years, To Catch a Killer, Gold Fever and Shades of Black: The Conrad Black Story.
Rene Ohashi has also shot thousands of commercials for many major national brands including: American Express, General Motors, New York Health Department, Nissan, CMA, H&R Block, Campbell’s, Harvey’s, Kraft, Maple Leaf, Michelina and Labatt.
Lee Garmes, A.S.C. (May 27, 1898 - August 31, 1978) was an American cinematographer. During his career, he worked with directors Howard Hawks, Max Ophüls, Josef von Sternberg, Alfred Hitchcock, King Vidor, Nicholas Ray and Henry Hathaway, whom he had met as a young man when the two first came to Hollywood in the silent era. He also co-directed two films with legendary screenwriter Ben Hecht: Angels Over Broadway and Actors and Sin.
Born in Peoria, Illinois, Garmes first came to Hollywood in 1916. His first job was as an assistant in the paint department at Thomas H. Ince Studios, but he soon became a camera assistant before graduating to full-time cameraman. His earliest films were comedy shorts, and his career did not fully take off until the introduction of sound.
Garmes was married to film actress Ruth Hall from 1933 until his death in 1978. He is interred in the Grand View Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.
Garmes was one of the earliest proponents of video technology, which he advocated as early as 1972. That year, he had been hired by Technicolor to lens the short film Why, which was intended to test whether video was a viable technology for shooting feature
mr. Pam (born December 8, 1972) is an American female director of gay pornography. Openly bisexual, mr. Pam holds a unique position as gay adult's only female videographer.
Between 1996 and 2008, Pam shot and edited for a variety of gay pornographic studios, including Black Scorpion Video, COLT Studio Group, Hot House Entertainment, Jet Set Men, and Studio 2000. In addition, Pam edited movies directed by Chi Chi LaRue, John Rutherford, and Steven Scarborough. Her reputation in the industry took a significant upturn after she became a familiar on-camera personality in the online adult entertainment talk show Tim & Roma! Show. She presently works with New York-based gay pornographic studio Lucas Entertainment.
mr. Pam was born on December 8, 1972 in San Francisco, California and given the name Pam Doré.
In 1996 when she was 24, Pam worked part time as a video editor at the San Francisco, California pornographic film studio Falcon Studios, one of the world's largest producers of gay pornography. At that time, she lived on 18th Street in San Francisco. After Falcon staffers became concerned that the studio’s founder, Chuck Holmes, might think that a woman would not know what was
Wolfgang Suschitzky, BSC (born 29 August 1912), is a photographer and cinematographer perhaps best known for his collaboration with Paul Rotha in the 1940s and his work on Mike Hodges' 1971 film Get Carter. He was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary.
Andrew Pulver has described Suschtizky as "a living link to the prewar glory days of the British documentary movement." Steve Chibnall writes that Suschitzky "[developed] a reputation as an expert location photographer with a documentarist's ability to extract atmosphere from naturalistic settings." His photographs have been exhibited at the National Gallery, the Austrian Cultural Forum in London and The Photographer's Gallery, and appear in many international photography collections. He is the father of cinematographer Peter Suschitzky (born 1941) and classical musician and writer Misha Donat. He turned 100 in August 2012.
Suschitzky's father was a Viennese social democrat of Jewish background, but had renounced his faith and become an atheist, or "konfessionslos". He opened the first social democratic bookshop in Vienna (later to become a publishers), and Suschitzky was born in the apartment above the bookshop. His sister was
Film cinematography credits:Daniel Amos Live in Anaheim 1985
Dave Perry was co-commentator on the UK computer and video games television shows GamesMaster and Games World.
He was responsible for launching many games magazines, including Games World, Play, PowerStation, X-Gen, STATION and Mega Power. He has since opened a tattoo parlour named Revolver Tattoo Rooms.
Sir Robert Stawell Ball (1 July 1840 – 25 November 1913) was an Irish astronomer. He worked for Lord Rosse from 1865 to 1867. In 1867 he became Professor of Applied Mathematics at the Royal College of Science in Dublin. In 1874 Ball was appointed Royal Astronomer of Ireland and Andrews Professor of Astronomy in the University of Dublin at Dunsink Observatory. In 1892 he was appointed Lowndean Professor of Astronomy and Geometry at Cambridge University at the same time becoming director of the Cambridge Observatory. His lectures, articles and books (e.g. Starland and The Story of the Heavens) were mostly popular and simple in style. However, he also published books on mathematical astronomy such as A Treatise on Spherical Astronomy. His main interest was mathematics and he devoted much of his spare time to his "Screw theory". He served for a time as President of the Quaternion Society. His work The Story of the Heavens is mentioned in the "Lestrygonians" chapter of James Joyce's Ulysses.
He was the son of naturalist Robert Ball and Amelia Gresley Hellicar.
He is buried at the Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge, with his wife Lady Francis Elizabeth Ball. Their
Film cinematography credits:The Attack of the Mummies
Frank Wilton Marshall (born September 13, 1946) is an American film producer and director, often working in collaboration with his wife, Kathleen Kennedy. With Kennedy and Steven Spielberg, he was one of the founders of Amblin Entertainment. In 1991, he founded, with Kennedy, The Kennedy/Marshall Company, a film production company which has a contract with DreamWorks Studios. Since May 2012, with Kennedy taking on the role of co-chair at Lucasfilm, Marshall has been Kennedy/Marshall's sole principal. Marshall has consistently collaborated with directors Steven Spielberg, Peter Bogdanovich and M. Night Shyamalan.
Marshall was born in Glendale, California, the son of composer Jack Marshall. His early years were spent in Van Nuys, California. In 1961, his family moved to Newport Beach, where he attended Newport Harbor High School. Marshall was active in music, drama, cross country, and track. He entered UCLA in 1964 as an engineering major, but that did not last long. Over the next 3 years, he explored many different majors, eventually graduating with a degree in Political Science. While at UCLA, he helped create its first NCAA soccer team, and played collegiate soccer there in 1966,
Andrzej Bartkowiak, A.S.C. (born 1950 in Łódź, Poland) is a Polish cinematographer and director.
In the early 1980s, Bartkowiak was cinematographer on three films that received Academy Award nominations for Best Picture: The Verdict, Terms of Endearment, and Prizzi's Honor.
As cinematographer he has collaborated with several film directors such as Sidney Lumet, Joel Schumacher and Roger Donaldson.
Bartkowiak made his directorial debut with Romeo Must Die a martial-arts action film starring Jet Li and the late Aaliyah, which was a hugh hit at the box-office, a year later he made the action-comedy film Exit Wounds starring Steven Seagal, the film was a sleeper hit in theaters. Cradle 2 the Grave was poorly received by critics, however it considered a moderate success at the box-office.
Bartkowiak also directed the science fiction-horror video game adaptaion Doom, which was a disappointment at box-office and received negative reviews.
later he teamed up with Ashok Amritraj's Hyde Park Entertainment and Capcom to direct Street Fighter: The Legend of Chun-Li, which bombed at the box-office and universally panned by critics.
In 2010, he worked as cinematographer in the thriller Trespass,
James Matthew Spencer (born April 11, 1985) is an English footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for F.C. United of Manchester.
Born in Stockport, Greater Manchester, Spencer started his senior career with his local side Stockport County, where he came through the club's Centre of Excellence youth system, making his debut in a 2–1 victory over Watford in 2002, aged just 16. Since his debut in 2002, Spencer played regularly for the Stockport first team, linking him with moves to Sunderland and West Bromwich Albion. However, Spencer lacked first-team opportunities during the 2006–07 season.
In the summer of 2007 he signed a two-year contract with Rochdale, however he lacked first team opportunities when a double hernia and stress fracture of the hip in April 2008 kept him out due to injury he was replaced by Sam Russell and subsequently Rochdale brought Premiership keeper Frank Fielding in on a loan deal. On April 9, 2009, Spencer joined Chester City on an emergency loan, following an injury to regular goalkeeper John Danby. He played in the final five matches of the season but was unable to prevent City being relegated out of The Football League. At the end of the season, Spencer was
Jean R. B. de Segonzac (sometimes credited as Jean DeSegonzac) is a director, screenwriter and cinematographer who has worked in documentaries and television programs. Most of his work has been in gritty, cinéma vérité-style law enforcement TV dramas.
Jean de Segonzac was born to Adalbert and Madeleine de Segonzac, the last of four children (his siblings include Lionel de Segonzac, Catherine Shainberg, and Laurence de Segonzac). His father (whose nickname was "Ziggy") was a French journalist who was the chief U.S. correspondent for France Soir in Washington, D.C., for two decades as well as a former president of the Foreign Press Association. Jean de Segonzac graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1975.
His first known credit was as cinematographer on the documentary film Born on the Fourth of July in 1985. His second major work was Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt (1989), followed by Crack USA: County Under Siege, which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature (his camera work was called "intrusive" by one reviewer). He next worked on the 1991 documentary Where Are We? Our Trip Through America (1992) which followed gay filmmakers Rob
Keith Walker (born May 15, 1978) is an American professional wrestler who competes in North American and international promotions including Ring of Honor, Harley Race's World League Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah.
In November 2006, he signed a World Wrestling Entertainment developmental contract and assigned to Deep South Wrestling and Florida Championship Wrestling before being released from his contract the next year. Since then, he and Rasche Brown have been competing as the SkullKrushers, and currently hold the record for the longest reign as NWA World Tag Team Champions.
Born and raised in Chicago, Illinois, Walker was a wrestling fan as a child and whose favorite wrestlers included Hulk Hogan, Ric Flair and The Road Warriors (Hawk and Animal). He also often went to events at the Rosemont Horizon. Attending North Park University, Walker graduated with a bachelor of science and a degree in exercise physiology as well as having an athletic career competing in college football, baseball and wrestling. He also competed in amateur bodybuilding during college, winning second place in the 2002 and 2003 Mr. Illinois competition.
In 2003, he began training to become a professional
Bruno Coulais (born 13 January 1954) is a French composer, most widely known for his music on film soundtracks. He recently composed the score for the animated film, The Secret of Kells, released 12 March 2010.
Coulais was born in Paris; his father is from Vendée and his mother was born in Paris. Coulais began his musical education on the violin and piano, aiming to become a composer of contemporary classical music. However, a series of acquaintances gradually re-oriented him towards film music. Coulais met François Reichenbach, who asked him in 1977 to sonorize his documentary México mágico and the producer Marie Bodin who permit to compose the first soundtracks for Jacques Davila. Until the end of the 1990s, he remained low-profile, composing mainly for television. His name can often be found from TV films by Gérard Marx and Laurent Heynemann. He also composed the soundtracks for Christine Pascal's 1992 film Le petit prince a dit, and Agnès Merlet's Le fils du requin in 1993.
In 1994, he met the television producer Josée Dayan, who let him write a theme for the TV series La rivière esperance, aired on the France 2 network in autumn 1995. He worked with Dayan again with other
Jock Brandis is an author, film actor, film technician, inventor and humanitarian.
Jock Brandis was born in the Netherlands but moved to Canada as a child. In his early twenties, he joined CUSO, the Canadian version of the Peace Corps, and was placed in "Trenchtown" otherwise known as West Kingston, Jamaica where he taught in the local elementary school. While there he became acquainted with many of the fathers of reggae such as Desmond Dekker and helped organize functions for them at the school.
Afterwards Brandis returned to Canada and got involved with Oxfam in their efforts to aide the cause of Biafran Independence (Biafra was a breakaway republic that formed shortly after Nigeria was no longer a colony of Great Britain). He joined a team of people who would fly food from São Tomé (a Portuguese island off the West Coast of Africa) across a military blockade into Biafra. Once there they would return with starving Biafran children whom they would nurse back to health in São Tomé and display before the world's press in efforts to build support for their cause. The blockade eventually fell and Biafra became incorporated into greater Nigeria. On one of his last days in Biafra, Jock
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ kɔkto]; 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants terribles (1929), and the films Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents terribles (1948), Beauty and the Beast (1946), and Orpheus (1949). His circle of associates, friends and lovers included Kenneth Anger, Pablo Picasso, Jean Hugo, Jean Marais, Henri Bernstein, Yul Brynner, Marlene Dietrich, Coco Chanel, Erik Satie, María Félix, Édith Piaf and Raymond Radiguet.
Cocteau was born in Maisons-Laffitte, Yvelines, a village near Paris, to Georges Cocteau and his wife, Eugénie Lecomte; a socially prominent Parisian family. His father was a lawyer and amateur painter who committed suicide when Cocteau was nine. He left home at fifteen. He published his first volume of poems, Aladdin's Lamp, at nineteen. Cocteau soon became known in Bohemian artistic circles as The Frivolous Prince, the title of a volume he published at twenty-two. Edith Wharton described him as a man "to whom every great line of poetry was a sunrise, every sunset the foundation of the Heavenly
Jesús "Jess" Franco (born 12 May 1930 as Jesús Franco Manera) is a Spanish film director, writer, cinematographer and actor. His career took off in 1961 with his cult classic The Awful Dr. Orloff, which received wide distribution in the United States and England. Though he had some American box office success with Necronomicon (1967), Ninety-Nine Women (1968) and his two Christopher Lee films, The Bloody Judge and Count Dracula, he never achieved wide commercial success. Franco moved from Spain to France in 1970 so that he could make more violent and sexual films, and it was at this point that his career began to go downhill commercially, as he turned to low-budget filmmaking with a heavier accent on adult films. Although he produced a number of well-received, low budget horror films in the early 70's (Dracula vs Frankenstein, Vampyros Lesbos, A Virgin Among the Living Dead), many people in the industry considered him a porn director due to the huge number of X-rated adult films he began churning out. Franco returned to low-budget horror in a brief comeback period from 1980-1983 (Bloody Moon, Mondo Cannibale, Oasis of the Zombies), but after 1983, his career took a second downturn
Kevin Maurice Johnson (born March 4, 1966) is the current mayor of Sacramento, the capital city of the U.S. state of California. Elected in 2008 and reelected in 2012, Johnson is the first African American to serve in that office. Prior to entering politics, Johnson was a professional basketball player in the NBA, playing point guard for the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Phoenix Suns. During his 12-year playing career, Johnson was a three-time NBA All-Star and four-time second team All-NBA selection, along with holding numerous records for the Phoenix Suns organization. At the University of California, Berkeley, Johnson was named a two-time All-Pac-10 Conference player and an honorable-mention All-American by the Associated Press. Johnson was a 2000 graduate of the Harvard Divinity School Summer Leadership Institute, a program that prepares students for work in faith-based urban economic revitalization. He also has a B.A. in Political Science from U.C. Berkeley that he completed after his initial retirement from the NBA. Since founding St. HOPE in 1989, Johnson has been extremely active in education reform. In his first term as Mayor, Johnson launched two education initiatives, Stand
Film cinematography credits:Last Year at Marienbad
Sacha Vierny (10 August 1919 – 15 May 2001) was a French cinematographer. He was born in Bois-le-Roi, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France, and died in Paris, France, at the age of 81. He is most famous for his work with Alain Resnais, especially for the two films Hiroshima mon amour, L'année dernière à Marienbad, and with Peter Greenaway (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover, Prospero's Books).
Alain Resnais and Vierny made 10 films together from 1955 to 1984, starting with the Holocaust film Night and Fog (Nuit et brouillard in original French) and ending with L'amour à mort. He was the cinematographer of choice of British film-maker Peter Greenaway from A Zed & Two Noughts (1985) onward, and shot virtually everything Greenaway directed, including his television work, up to and including 8½ Women (1999). Greenaway has also referred to Vierny as his "most important collaborator".
Vierny also worked with such directors as Luis Buñuel (Belle de jour), Raoul Ruiz, Pierre Kast, Chris Marker and Paul Paviot.
For the German anarchist, see Johann Most.
John Most (born April 11, 1977) is an American poet.
John Most, poet, was born Jonathan Eccard in Covington, Virginia, a small mill town in the Alleghany Mountains, the son of Emmitt and Sandra Eccard. His parents, both native Ohioans, moved to Virginia in 1971, where his father continued his work as a United Methodist minister.
Most and his brother, Alex Eccard, who is a CPA at Yount, Hyde, & Barbour, grew up in several towns in Virginia, including Covington, Waynesboro, Leesburg, and Lynchburg. In 1995, Most graduated from E.C. Glass High School and went on to attend the University of Virginia, double majoring in Psychology and Religious Studies. After graduating in 1999, he lived for three years in Richmond, Virginia. While in Richmond, he married his long-time girlfriend, Lynne Wesley in 2000.
Most and his wife moved to New York City in 2003. Most had relocated to Manhattan because his wife was pursuing a graduate degree in graphic design from Pratt Institute. While in New York, Most founded the arts organization AQP Collective and started writing poetry, publishing work in places like Lungfull! and Jacket. He also enrolled in the
John W. Brown (1867–June 19, 1941) was a labor union leader.
Born in Canada, he moved to Maine and worked as a joiner at the Bath Iron Works, where he became involved with the labor movement. He became an organizer for the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, then went to the United Mine Workers and was involved with the Colorado conflicts of 1913 and 1914, including the Ludlow Massacre.
In 1934 he was living in Woolwich, Maine, where he helped organize Local 4 of the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America, and later served on the union's board. From 1936 on he wrote a regular column for the Shipyard Worker, the union's newspaper.
He died at home, from an accidental discharge of his hunting rifle. The Liberty ship SS John W. Brown was named for him the next year.
Film cinematography credits:In the Bathtub of the World
Caveh Zahedi (born on April 29, 1960) is an American film director and actor of Iranian descent.
Zahedi was born in Washington, D.C., to Iranian immigrant parents. He studied philosophy at Yale University. Upon graduation, Zahedi moved to Paris, France to find funding for his films, but failed to interest any French producers in his projects about Arthur Rimbaud, Stéphane Mallarmé, and Eadweard Muybridge. He also estranged himself from his idol, Jean-Luc Godard, after calling him at 3 a.m. He also produced an experimental music video of a Talking Heads song, which was rejected by David Byrne.
Zahedi subsequently returned to Los Angeles to attend UCLA film school. In the UCLA graduate program he completed his first feature film, A Little Stiff (1991), with fellow student Greg Watkins. The film was an experimental narrative in which he re‑enacted his unrequited love for a UCLA art student, using real-life participants. A Little Stiff premiered at the Sundance Film Festival to critical acclaim, but did not bring commercial success.
His next feature film, I Don't Hate Las Vegas Anymore (1994), documented his attempt to bond with his estranged father and half-brother on a road trip to
David Breashears (born December 20, 1955) is an American mountaineer and filmmaker. In 1985, he became the first American to reach the summit of Mount Everest twice. He is perhaps most famous for guiding Richard Bass to the summit of Everest, thus completing Bass's ascent of the seven highest summits on each continent.
He has worked on feature films including Seven Years in Tibet and Cliffhanger, as well as on the award-winning documentary Red Flag over Tibet. In 1983 he transmitted the first live pictures from the summit of Mount Everest and in 1985 he became the first American to reach its summit more than once. He is the recipient of four Emmy awards for achievement in cinematography.
Breashears has made eight expeditions to Everest, reaching the summit five times. He has climbed to the summit of 24,494 ft (7,466 m) Ama Dablam in the Himalayas, and is known in climbing circles for free climbing some of the most technically challenging rock walls in Colorado as a young man.
In 1996 he co-directed, photographed, and co-produced the acclaimed IMAX film Everest and contributed still photos to the best selling book Everest: Mountain Without Mercy. In 1998 he was a director and
John Kennedy Marshall (November 12, 1932 – April 22, 2005) was an American anthropologist and acclaimed documentary filmmaker best known for his work in Namibia recording the lives of the Ju/'hoansi tribe (also called the !Kung Bushmen).
Marshall was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Lorna Marshall and Laurence Kennedy Marshall and raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Peterborough, New Hampshire. He first traveled to the Kalahari Desert, where the tribe dwells, in 1949 with his family on a trip initiated by his father. In 1950 he started filming interviews with local people and eventually became an established cameraman and documentary film maker. In 1968, Marshall and Tim Asch founded Documentary Educational Resources, a non-profit organization dedicated to facilitating the use of cross-cultural documentaries in the classroom. In 2003, the Society for Visual Anthropology bestowed on Marshall a lifetime achievement award for his work among the hunter gatherer society. Marshall died of lung cancer in April, 2005.
Marshall's documentary footage and edited films and videos of Ju/'hoansi are held at the Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Known officially as the
Pierre Morel (born 12 May 1964) is a French cinematographer and film director.
After spending his formative years in cinema school, Pierre Morel debuted in 2000 as camera operator with the first Richard Berry's film L'Art (délicat) de la séduction.
The next year, he began a career as cinematographer, working with such directors as Louis Leterrier, Corey Yuen, Nancy Meyers, Alek Keshishian, Luc Besson and Phillip Atwell. At the same time, he directed his first film District 13 in 2004, followed by Taken in 2008 and From Paris with Love, in 2010.
According to an online article, Morel has taken over the directing duties for the upcoming Paramount remake of Frank Herbert's Dune. Morel will replace Peter Berg who left the film in October 2009. He has since left the project. He was in talk to direct the film adaption of the Hasbro game Ouija.
Some critics have the opinion that Morel has a racist agenda for his negative portrayal of Albanians and Arabs in the film Taken. The Daily Telegraph's view was "Taken is notable mainly for its racist stereotyping of Arabs and eastern Europeans." He has also been criticised for the film From Paris with Love, for its portrayal of Pakistani
Craig Olejnik (born June 1, 1979; Halifax, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian actor. He is best known as the lead actor in the television series The Listener as Toby Logan, a paramedic with the power to read minds by hearing others' thoughts (hence, the series' title) and seeing events that have happened to them from their point of view. His previous work includes Runaway, Thir13en Ghosts, Margaret's Museum and Wolf Lake. He is also the director, writer and producer of the film Interview with a Zombie.
Yasir Abbasi (born 16 November 1978) is a Director of Photography from India. After completing his initial schooling from Gorakhpur and Lucknow, he completed his Masters in Mass Communication from Mass Communication Research Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia in 2002. Based out of New Delhi, he shoots documentaries, short films, and ad films. His debut as a producer was the multiple award-winning short film Good Night (2008), directed by Geetika Narang.
Starting out with shooting documentaries, he did a spate of social films with organizations from all over the world like Save the Children and CARE. His cinematography in the documentary Ayodhya Gatha was widely appreciated at festivals like Film South Asia and River to River - Florence Indian Film Festival. After having shot for travelogues and wildlife films for television channels like Discovery Channel and Channel 4, he made his debut in production with the short film Good Night, directed by Geetika Narang. The film won him the Best Cinematography Award at the Fulmarxx Shorts Fest. The film also won the Silver Lamp Tree Award in the Short Film Center section of the prestigious International Film Festival of India and the Best Short
Film cinematography credits:The Forgotten Frontier
Mary Marvin Breckinridge Patterson (October 2, 1905 – December 11, 2002) (Marvin Breckinridge Patterson, or Marvin Breckinridge), was an American photojournalist, cinematographer, and philanthropist. She used her middle name, Marvin, both professionally and personally to distinguish herself from her cousin Mary Breckenridge (founder of the Frontier Nursing Service) and to avoid the prejudice against women prevalent at the time.
She was born Mary Marvin Breckinridge October 2, 1905 in New York City, to John C. Breckinridge, of the prominent Kentucky Breckinridge family, and Isabella Goodrich Breckinridge, daughter of B. F. Goodrich. Her great-grandfather, John C. Breckinridge, was Vice President of the United States under James Buchanan, a Confederate general and Confederate Secretary of War. Her godmother and cousin was Isabella Selmes Greenway, Arizona's first Congresswoman.
While a student at Vassar College, she helped found the National Student Federation of America, which was how she made an acquaintance with Edward R. Murrow.
In 1929 she became the first female pilot licensed in Maine.
Marvin Breckinridge began her career making the acclaimed black and white silent film The
Andrij Parekh (born September 20, 1971) is an American cinematographer.
Parekh was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts of Ukrainian and Indian (Gujarati) descent. Andrij studied cinematography at NYU's Tisch School of the Arts (MFA, 2001) and the FAMU film school in Prague. He currently lives and works in New York City, shooting features and music videos. In 2004 he was named one of Filmmaker Magazine's "25 New Faces of Indie Film". Recently, he was included as one off Variety Magazine's "Ten Cinematographers to Watch".
George S. Barnes, A.S.C. (October 16, 1892 – May 30, 1953) was an American cinematographer from the era of silent films to the early 1950s. Over the course of his career, he was nominated for an Academy Award eight times, including his work on The Devil Dancer (1927) with Gilda Gray and Clive Brook. However, he only won once, for his work on the Alfred Hitchcock film Rebecca (1940). He died at the age of 60 in Los Angeles, California after having worked on at least 142 films.
He was married to Joan Blondell from 1933 to 1936, and was the father of television executive Norman S. Powell.
Film cinematography credits:My Best Friend's Birthday
Roger Avary (born Roger d'Avary on August 23, 1965) is a Canadian film and television producer, screenwriter and director in the American mass media industry. He was behind the screenplays of the films Silent Hill and Beowulf. Before that he had worked on Reservoir Dogs and Pulp Fiction, the latter of which earned both him and Quentin Tarantino an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay at the 67th Academy Awards. He also directed the films Killing Zoe and The Rules of Attraction among other film and television projects.
When in 1981, Video Out-Takes co-owner Lance Lawson (a name that comes up repeatedly in Avary and Tarantino's films) left to open the now famous Video Archives Avary went along, writing the store's database program with fellow 6502 programmer Andy Blinn on an Atari 800 computer. Under the vision of Lawson, Video Archives became a gathering place for a group of cinephiles, who became known as "Archivists". Among this group, Avary met an odd and brilliant film enthusiast, Quentin Tarantino. The two became friends, introducing each other to their favorite films.
Early in his career, Avary made a number of contributions to some of Quentin Tarantino's movies. He worked as a
Fred Olen Ray (born September 10, 1954) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and cinematographer.
He is the producer, director, and screenwriter of low to medium-budget feature films in many genres, including horror, science fiction, action/adventure, softcore sex films and crime dramas. He has also produced a few feature films for a family audience.
In his craft he has used many pseudonyms. They are listed in the box on the right.
Aside from the film industry, Fred Olen Ray is also a professional wrestler. His wrestling name is Fabulous Freddie Valentine. He is currently married to Kimberly A. Ray who helps produce many of his films.
Ray was born in Ohio, but grew up in Florida. He claims to have a large family tree and be distantly related to Queen Elizabeth. He began directing and producing films in 1978. Ray directed several films in Florida, including Alien Dead with film legend Buster Crabbe, then moved to Southern California to be close to the film industry.
Many of his early productions appeared at drive-in theaters and inner-city grindhouses, when those outlets for low budget films were still significant. Some of Ray's productions have received
The question mark (?; also known as an interrogation point, interrogation mark, question point, query or eroteme), is a punctuation mark that replaces the full stop (period) at the end of an interrogative sentence in English and many other languages. The question mark is not used for indirect questions. The question mark character is also often used in place of missing or unknown data.
Lynne Truss attributes an early form of the modern question mark in western language to Alcuin of York. Truss describes the punctus interrogativus of the late 8th century as "a lightning flash, striking from right to left". (The punctuation system of Aelius Donatus, current through the Early Middle Ages, used only simple dots at various heights.)
This earliest question mark was a decoration of one of these dots, with the "lightning flash" perhaps meant to denote intonation (or a tilde or titlo, named after the Latin word titulus, as in “ ·~ ”, like those wavy and more or less slanted marks used in lots of medieval texts for denoting various things such as abbreviations, and that would become later various diacritics or ligatures or modified letters used in the Latin script), and perhaps associated
Thomas Bangalter (born January 3, 1975) is a French electronic musician best known as a member of the French house music duo Daft Punk. He has also recorded and released music as a member of the trio Stardust, the duo Together, and as a solo artist including compositions for the film Irréversible.
Thomas Bangalter owns a music label called Roulé. Outside of music production, his credits include film director and cinematographer. Bangalter resides in Beverly Hills, California, with his wife, French actress Élodie Bouchez, and their two sons, Tara-Jay and Roxan.
Thomas Bangalter was born in Paris, France. He began playing the piano at the age of six. Bangalter stated in a video interview that his parents were strict in keeping up his practice, for which he later thanked them. His father, Daniel Vangarde was a famous songwriter and producer for such performers as the Gibson Brothers, Ottawan, and Sheila B. Devotion. As expressed by Bangalter, "I never had any intention to do what my father was doing."
Bangalter met Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo while attending the Lycée Carnot school in 1987. It was there that they discovered their mutual fascination of films and music of the 1960s and
Hiro Narita, A.S.C. a Japanese American cinematographer, was born June 26, 1941, in Seoul, South Korea.
In 1945, he and his family moved to Nara, Japan, and later to Tokyo. Following his father's early death and his mother's remarriage to a Japanese American, he immigrated in 1957 to Honolulu, Hawaii where he graduated from Kaimuki High School. He went on to the San Francisco Art Institute where he received a BFA in Graphic Design in 1964. He quickly landed a good position at a prominent local design firm, but the job lasted barely six months before he was drafted into the U.S. Army. For two years, he served as a designer and photographer at the Pentagon.
An avid movie fan since childhood, Narita decided to go into filmmaking rather than go back into graphic design upon his return to San Francisco in the mid-sixties. After an internship with John Korty and Victor J. Kemper on the Michael Ritchie movie The Candidate in 1971, he photographed the television movie Farewell to Manzanar in 1975, for which he received an Emmy Award nomination.
In 1976, he was one of the camera operators on Martin Scorsese's documentary The Last Waltz about the last concert of The Band. Later, he worked on
Thelma Schoonmaker (born 3 January 1940) is an American film editor who has worked with director Martin Scorsese for over forty years. She has edited all of Scorsese's films since Raging Bull. Schoonmaker has received seven Academy Award nominations for best editing, and has won three times (for Raging Bull, The Aviator, and The Departed).
Schoonmaker was married to director Michael Powell from 19 May 1984 until his death in 1990. Since his death, Schoonmaker has been dedicated to preserving the films and honoring the legacy of her husband, who directed many classic films, including The Red Shoes. She was introduced to Michael Powell by Martin Scorsese and London based film producer Frixos Constantine.
Schoonmaker's father Bertram was employed as a clerical worker by the Standard Oil Company and worked abroad. She was born in Algiers, Algeria to American expatriates and raised in various countries, including on the Dutch-Caribbean island of Aruba.
Schoonmaker did not live in the United States until she was a teenager in 1955, and was initially alienated and dumbfounded by American culture. Schoonmaker was interested in a career in international diplomacy and began attending Cornell
Film cinematography credits:Five Feet High And Rising
Peter Sollett (born February 9, 1976) is an American film director and screenwriter known for his feature films Raising Victor Vargas (2002) and Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist (2008).
Sollett's first film was Five Feet High and Rising, a 26-minute short film about the growth and coming-of-age of teenager Victor Vargas. He and Eva Vives wrote Five Feet High and Rising as their thesis film in 1998 at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts and he served as the film's director, cinematographer and editor. After he had the opportunity to work with professionals in the film industry at the Cannes Residence Programme, the short film went on to screen on the festival circuit and won a number of awards at the Sundance Film Festival, Cannes Film Festival, Aspen Shortsfest, Valencia International Film Festival, South by Southwest Film Festival and Cinema Jove International Film Festival. Two years after the release of Five Feet High and Rising, Sollett and Vives reunited to collaborate on a follow-up project that became Raising Victor Vargas, originally named Long Way Home. While Sollett says that Five Feet High and Rising was purely autobiographical and based on the
Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives. It is the largest museum in the United States of America dedicated to a single artist.
Warhol's artwork ranged in many forms of media that include hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was a pioneer in computer-generated art using Amiga computers that were introduced in 1985, just before his death in 1987. He founded Interview Magazine and was the author of numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. Andy Warhol is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement. His studio, The Factory, was a famous gathering place that brought
Jon Gustafsson is an Iceland born film director. The Icelandic spelling of his name is Jón Gústafsson. Best known for directing the Canadian documentary film Wrath of Gods, starring Gerard Butler, Wendy Ord, Sarah Polley, Paul Stephens and Sturla Gunnarsson. He grew up in Iceland where he started his career as a television performer before studying filmmaking at Manchester Polytechnic and directing for film and theatre at CalArts where he was mentored by the legendary Ealing Studios director Alexander Mackendrick. Wrath of Gods was his second documentary for CBC Newsworld, the first one was The Importance of Being Icelandic. He immigrated to Canada where he directed the low-budget feature film Kanadiana and the music video Brighter Hell for the Canadian rock band The Watchmen. In 2011 Jon Gustafsson produced the award winning short film In A Heartbeat, directed by Karolina Lewicka, through his production company Artio Films.
Blizzard Award - Best Music Video - Brighter Hell, The Watchmen
Audience Award - Best Documentary Feature - Oxford International Film Festival 2007
Jury Award - Achievement in Filmmaking - Stony Brook Film Festival, NY, 2007
Jury Award - Best Documentary
Film cinematography credits:Romance of the Western Chamber
Lai Man-Wai (Traditional Chinese: 黎民偉, Mandarin: Li Min-wei, 1893–1953), now known as Father of Hong Kong Cinema, was the director of the first Hong Kong movie Zhuangzi Tests His Wife (莊子試妻) in 1913. Note that in the movie, Lai played the role of the wife himself, partly due to the reluctance of women to participate in show business at that time.
Born in Japan, of Xinhui, Guangdong origin and raised in Hong Kong, he joined Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang party in 1911 and helped make anti-warlord movies. He was an active director during the golden years of the Shanghai movie industry from 1921 to 1928. In 1923, he founded the Minxin (China Sun) Film Company with his brother, Lai Pak-Hoi, in Hong Kong which later relocated to Shanghai. By 1930, he co-founded one of the giant studios of the 1930s, Lianhua Film Company with Law Ming-yau. In 1938, he returned to Hong Kong and retired.
He was the grandfather of Hong Kong actress Gigi Lai and the father of another Hong Kong actress Lai Suen.
His story was documented in Lai Man-wai: Father of Hong Kong Cinema by Choi Kai-kwong in 2001.
Lai Man-Wai is portrayed in Stanley Kwan's 1992 biopic of actress Ruan Lingyu, Centre Stage by Hong Kong actor,
Film cinematography credits:The 3 Rooms of Melancholia
Pirjo Honkasalo (born 22 February 1947) is a Finnish film-maker. Although she has written and directed over a dozen films, Honkasalo is also an accomplished cinematographer, film editor, producer and actor. For her work in the film industry, Honkasalo has been recognized by winning 19 major film awards while being nominated for six more. She co-directed Flame Top with Pekka Lehto and the film was chosen for the 1981 Cannes Film Festival.
Shaji Neelakantan Karun (Malayalam: ഷാജി എന്. കരുണ്; born 1 January 1952) is a National Award-winning Indian film director and cinematographer. His debut film Piravi (1988) won the Caméra d'Or - Mention d'honneur at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival. He was the Premiere Chairman of the Kerala State Chalachitra Academy, the first academy for film and TV in India and was also the Executive Chairman of International Film Festival of Kerala from 1998 to 2001. He is best known for his award winning films Piravi (1989), Vanaprastham (1999) and Kutty Srank (2010).
Shaji N. Karun was born on New Year's Day, 1952 as the eldest son of Mr. N. Karunakaran and Mrs. Chandramati in present day Kollam district in the former state of Travancore state (now Kerala), India. The family moved to Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of the state in 1963. He did his schooling in Palkulangara H.S. and took a Bachelor's degree from University College, Thiruvananthapuram. In 1971 he entered the Film and Television Institute of India where he took his diploma in Cinematography. He won the President's medal on passing out in 1975. He is married to Anasuya Warrier, daughter of P. K. R. Warrier, who was his neighbour
Thomas Hughes (20 October 1822 – 22 March 1896) was an English lawyer and author. He is most famous for his novel Tom Brown's School Days (1857), a semi-autobiographical work set at Rugby School, which Hughes had attended. It had a lesser-known sequel, Tom Brown at Oxford (1861).
Hughes was the second son of John Hughes, editor of the Boscobel Tracts (1830). Thomas Hughes was born in Uffington, Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). He had six brothers, and one sister, Jane Senior who later became Britain's first female civil servant. At the age of eight he was sent to Twyford School, a preparatory public school near Winchester, where he remained until the age of eleven. In February 1834 he went to Rugby School, which was then under Dr Thomas Arnold, a contemporary of his father at Oriel College, Oxford, and the most influential British schoolmaster of the 19th century. Though never a member of the sixth form, his impressions of the headmaster were intensely reverent, and Arnold was afterwards idealised as the perfect schoolmaster in Hughes's novel. Hughes excelled at sports rather than in scholarship, and his school career culminated in a cricket match at Lord's Cricket Ground. In 1842 he
Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein (born 1939 in Königs Wusterhausen, Germany) is a German cinematographer. He has collaborated with director Werner Herzog on a number of projects. Among his many collaborations with other directors, Schmidt-Reitwein is notable for his cinematographic achievement in shooting Alan Greenberg's acclaimed 1982 documentary about Jamaica and death of Bob Marley, Land of Look Behind.
Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein is the son of the painter Karl Schmidt-Reitwein. The first twelve years of his life he has been in Lübeck.
He went to Waldorfschool and afterward he studied Physics for a few semester also in Lübeck. Then he switched on to the Film Industry and went for that in 1959 to Berlin. He did some various practicum in different film management area such as synchron studio, film laboratory, and sound studio. Suddenly his career structure broke up, as he was captured there after building the Berlin wall, on the east communist side, as he tried to help his girlfriend be transported to the west. In such a fast political juristic show-process he was sentenced for 5 years imprisonment as an accused human dealer and a bounty hunter. After spending moore then 3 years in penitentiary,
Barry Sonnenfeld (born April 1, 1953) is an American filmmaker and television director. He worked as cinematographer for the Coen brothers, then later he directed films such as The Addams Family and its sequel, Addams Family Values along with critically acclaimed Get Shorty and the Men in Black trilogy.
Sonnenfeld was born and raised in New York City, the son of Kelly, an art teacher, and Sonny Sonnenfeld. He was raised in a Jewish family. After he received his bachelor's degree from Hampshire College, he graduated from New York University of Film School in 1978. He started work as director of photography on the Oscar-nominated In Our Water (1982). Then Joel Coen and Ethan Coen hired him for Blood Simple (1985). This film began his collaboration with the Coen brothers, who used him for their next two pictures, Raising Arizona (1987) and Miller's Crossing (1990). He also worked with Danny DeVito on Throw Momma from the Train (1987) and Rob Reiner on When Harry Met Sally (1989) and Misery (1990).
Sonnenfeld gained his first work as a director from Orion Pictures on The Addams Family, a box-office success released in November 1991. Its sequel, Addams Family Values (1993), was not as
CinemaScope was an anamorphic lens series used for shooting wide screen movies from 1953 to 1967. Its creation in 1953, by the president of 20th Century-Fox, marked the beginning of the modern anamorphic format in both principal photography and movie projection.
The anamorphic lenses theoretically allowed the process to create an image of up to a 2.66:1 aspect ratio, almost twice as wide as the previously common Academy format's 1.37:1 ratio. Although the CinemaScope lens system was made obsolete by new technological developments, primarily advanced by Panavision, the CinemaScope anamorphic format has continued to this day. In film-industry jargon, the shortened form, 'Scope, is still widely used by both filmmakers and projectionists, although today it generally refers to any 2.35:1, 2.39:1, or 2.40:1 presentation or, sometimes, the use of anamorphic lensing or projection in particular. Bausch & Lomb won a 1954 Oscar for its development of the CinemaScope lens.
A French inventor named Henri Chrétien developed and patented a new film process that he called Anamorphoscope in 1926. It was this process that would later form the basis for CinemaScope. Chrétien's process was based on
Eduardo Jimeno Correas (Saragossa, 22 February 1869 - Madrid, 30 October 1947) was a Spanish filmmaker and producer. He is considered one of the pioneers in Spanish cinema.
In 1896 he acquired with his father, Eduardo Jimeno Peromarta, a Lumière camera in Lyon, which he later used to film the Fiestas del Pilar that same year. He fixed his camera on a balcony near the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar in Saragossa and recorded "natural scenes" of the events on the 11th and the 19th of October. From these recordings, he edited two short documentary films: Salida de la misa de doce de la Iglesia del Pilar de Zaragoza (widely considered the first Spanish film directed and produced by a Spaniard in the Iberian Peninsula, as Francis Doublier, a Lumière operator, had already filmed a bull fight in Spain by the end of 1895) and Saludos (1897).
Salida de la misa de doce de la Iglesia del Pilar de Zaragoza's film tape had a length of 12,40m, consisted of 651 stills and has a duration of less than a minute.
Both short films, Salida de la misa de doce de la Iglesia del Pilar de Zaragoza and Saludos, were restored in 1994 and sold at auction in 2004 to a person linked to the Institut Lumière
José Luis Alcaine (born 26 December 1938) is a Spanish born cinematographer. Educated in Tangier's French Lycee Regnault and in the Spanish Institute, he was the first cinematographer to use fluorescent tube as key lighting in the 1970s. He has worked on films such as Belle Époque (Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, 1993) Blast from the Past, and Two Much. He is the winner of five Goyas, for El Sueño del Mono Loco, Belle Epoque, El Pajaro de la Felicidad, El Caballero Don Quijote, and Las Trece Rosas.
Winner of European Film Award (EFA) for Volver.
Film cinematography credits:Once Upon a Time in China VI
Sammo Hung (born Hung Kam Po, 7 January 1952) is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film producer and director, known for his work in many martial arts films and Hong Kong action cinema. He has been a fight choreographer for, amongst others, Jackie Chan, King Hu, and John Woo.
Hung is one of the pivotal figures who spearheaded the Hong Kong New Wave movement of the 1980s, helped reinvent the martial arts genre and started the vampire-like Jiang Shi genre. He is widely credited with assisting many of his compatriots, giving them their starts in the Hong Kong film industry, by casting them in the films he produced, or giving them roles in the production crew.
In East Asia, it is common for people to address their elders or influential people with familial nouns as a sign of familiarity and respect. Jackie Chan, for example, is often addressed as "Dai Goh" (Chinese: 大哥; pinyin: dà gē), meaning Big Brother. Hung was also known as "Dai Goh", until the filming of Project A, which featured both actors. As Hung was the eldest of the kung fu "brothers", and the first to make a mark on the industry, he was given the nickname "Dai Goh Dai" (Chinese: 大哥大; Mandarin Pinyin: dà gē dà; Jyutping:
Steven Andrew Soderbergh (/ˈsoʊdərbɜrɡ/; born January 14, 1963) is an American film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, and an Academy Award-winning film director. He is best known for directing critically acclaimed commercial Hollywood films like Out of Sight, Erin Brockovich and Traffic, and the remake of Ocean's Eleven. He has also directed smaller, less conventional works, such as Sex, Lies, and Videotape, Schizopolis, Bubble, The Girlfriend Experience and Che. His most recent works are Contagion, Haywire, and Magic Mike.
Soderbergh was born in Atlanta, the son of Mary Ann (née Bernard) and Peter Andrew Soderbergh, who was a university administrator and educator. His paternal grandfather was a Swedish immigrant, from Stockholm. When he was a child, his family moved from Atlanta to Charlottesville, Virginia, where he lived during his adolescence, then moved to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where his father became Dean of Education at Louisiana State University (LSU). There he discovered filmmaking as a teenager, directing short Super 8 mm films with equipment borrowed from LSU students.
While the family resided in Baton Rouge, Soderbergh's mother appeared regularly on a
Timothy Alistair Telemachus "Tim" Hetherington (5 December 1970 – 20 April 2011) was a British-American photojournalist with work that "ranged from multi-screen installations, to fly-poster exhibitions, to handheld device downloads." He was best known for the documentary film Restrepo (2010), which he co-directed with Sebastian Junger; the film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 2011. Hetherington was killed by mortar shells fired by Libyan forces while covering the 2011 Libyan civil war.
Hetherington was born in Birkenhead on the Wirral Peninsula and grew up in Southport, Sefton, where he attended St Patrick's Primary School. He went on to attend the Jesuit Stonyhurst College and read Classics and English at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford in 1989. Shortly after graduation he received £5,000 from his grandmother's will, which enabled him to travel for two years in India, China and Tibet. That trip made him realize he "wanted to make images", so he "worked for three to four years, going to night school in photography before eventually going back to college." He then studied photojournalism under Daniel Meadows and Colin Jacobson in Cardiff in
William David Daniels (born March 31, 1927) is an American actor and former president of the Screen Actors Guild (1999 to 2001). He is known for his performance as Dustin Hoffman's father in The Graduate (1967), as Howard in Two for the Road, as John Adams in 1776, as Carter Nash in Captain Nice, as Mr. George Feeny in ABC's Boy Meets World, as the voice of KITT in Knight Rider, and as Dr. Mark Craig in St. Elsewhere, for which he won two Emmy Awards.
William Daniels was born in Brooklyn, New York, and he is the son of Irene and David Daniels, a builder. He graduated from Northwestern University in 1949, where he was a member of Sigma Nu fraternity. He has been married to actress and fellow Emmy Award-winner Bonnie Bartlett since June 30, 1951. They have two children.
William Daniels began his career as a member of the singing Daniels family in Brooklyn, New York. He made his television debut as part of a variety act (along with other members of his family) in 1943, on NBC, then a single station in New York. He made his Broadway debut in 1945, in Life With Father, and remained a busy Broadway actor for decades afterwards. Broadway credits include starring or supporting roles in
George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave GCMG, KC, PC (23 February 1856 – 29 March 1928) was a British lawyer and Conservative politician. He was Home Secretary under David Lloyd George from 1916 to 1919 and served as Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1922 to 1924 and again from 1924 to 1928.
Cave was born in London, the son of Thomas Cave, Member of Parliament for Barnstaple, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Jasper Shallcrass. He was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, London and St John's College, Oxford. After being called to the bar in 1880, he practised as a barrister for a number of years, being made King's Counsel and recorder of Guildford in 1904.
In 1906 he was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for the Kingston Division of Surrey, was appointed Vice-Lieutenant of Surrey in 1907, and a member of the Royal Commission on Land Purchase in 1908. Having served as standing Counsel to the University of Oxford for two years as well as Attorney General to the Prince of Wales, in 1915 Cave was appointed Solicitor General and knighted. The following year, he was made Home Secretary in Lloyd George's coalition government, a post he held for three years. As Home Secretary, he
Film cinematography credits:Leaves from Satan's Book
George Schnéevoigt (23 December 1893 – 6 February 1961) was a Danish film director, cinematographer, and actor of the 1930s and early 1940s.
Schnéevoigt was born in Copenhagen, Denmark to actress Siri Schnéevoigt, and he is the father of actor, director Alf Schnéevoigt.
Joris Ivens (18 November 1898, Nijmegen – 28 June 1989, Paris) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and committed communist.
Born Georg Henri Anton Ivens into a wealthy family, Ivens went to work in one of his father's photo supply shops and from there developed an interest in film. He completed his first film at 13; in college he studied economics with the goal of continuing his father's business, but an interest in class issues distracted him from that path. He met photographer Germaine Krull in Berlin in 1923, and entered into a marriage of convenience with her between 1927 and 1943 so that Krull could hold a Dutch passport and could have a "veneer of married respectability without sacrificing her autonomy."
Originally his work focused on technique - some argue that it had that focus at the cost of relevance, especially in Rain (Regen, 1929), a 10-minute short filmed over 2 years which features impressive cinematography and a number of 'characters' but no information about them aside from what was visible, and in The Bridge (De Brug, 1928), which showed a frank admiration of engineering and also featured a number of "characters" but again did not give any information about them.
Mario Bava (31 July 1914 – 25 April 1980) was an Italian director, screenwriter, special effects artist and cinematographer, remembered as one of the greatest names from the "golden age" of Italian horror films, and is considered to have kick-started the giallo film genre.
Mario Bava was born in Sanremo, Liguria. The son of Eugenio Bava, a sculptor who became a pioneer of special effects photography and subsequently one of the great cameramen of Italian silent pictures, Mario Bava's first ambition was to become a painter. Unable to turn out paintings at a profitable rate, he went into his father's business, working as an assistant to other Italian cinematographers like Massimo Terzano, while also offering assistance to his father who headed the special effects department at Benito Mussolini's film factory, the Istituto LUCE.
Bava became a cinematographer in his own right in 1939, shooting two short films with Roberto Rossellini. He made his feature debut in the early 1940s. Bava's camerawork was an instrumental factor in developing the screen personas of such stars of the period as Gina Lollobrigida, Steve Reeves and Aldo Fabrizi.
Bava completed filming I vampiri for director
Martin Parr (born 23 May 1952) is a British documentary photographer, photojournalist and photobook collector. He is known for his photographic projects that take a critical look at aspects of modern life, in particular provincial and suburban life in England. He is a member of Magnum Photos.
Born in Epsom, Surrey, Parr wanted to become a documentary photographer from the age of fourteen, and cites his grandfather, an amateur photographer, as an early influence. From 1970 to 1973, he studied photography at Manchester Polytechnic. He married Susan Mitchell in 1980, and they have one child, Ellen Parr (born 1986). He has lived in Bristol since 1987.
Parr began work as a professional photographer and has subsequently taught photography intermittently from the mid-1970s. He was first recognised for his black-and-white photography in the north of England, Bad Weather (1982) and A Fair Day (1984), but switched to colour photography in 1984. The resulting work, Last Resort: Photographs of New Brighton, was published in 1986. Since 1994, Parr has been a member of Magnum Photos. He has had almost 50 books published, and featured in around 80 exhibitions worldwide - including an exhibition
Yuri Vorontsov (Russian: Юрий Воронцов, sometimes credited as Jurij Woronzow or Juri Woronzow) is a Russian cinematographer. His film credits include 1993s Ты у меня одна (You are My Only Love) and the 1996 German film Hölle zu Hölle (From Hell to Hell).
Florian Ballhaus (born 1965) is a German cinematographer who has worked on several recent major Hollywood releases.
Ballhaus was born in Baden-Baden, Germany, the son of Helga Mavia Betten and noted German cinematographer Michael Ballhaus. At the age of 17, he moved to the U.S. with his family, when his father began working on American films such as After Hours. He began working as a second cinematographer's assistant and then later as a camera assistant and operator. He returned to Germany in his adulthood to make his own name in his father's profession, debuting in episodes of the television show, Alles außer Mord, then in 1996 with Sandman. He returned to the U.S. seven years later to shoot episodes of Sex and the City.
In 2005, he earned praise for his work in the thriller Flightplan. Later he reunited with David Frankel, one of the Sex and the City directors, for The Devil Wears Prada.
Film cinematography credits:The Conquest of Everest
George Lowe (born November 10, 1958 in Dunedin, Florida) is an American voice actor/comedian. He is perhaps best known for his role as the voice of Space Ghost on the Cartoon Network/Adult Swim, talk show Space Ghost Coast to Coast, a role which he played for all 110 episodes spanning fourteen years before the series ended in 2008, along with its spin-off Cartoon Planet. He continued the role on Perfect Hair Forever, but declined to reprise it for Cartoon Planet's revival, although he will be playing him again in "Death Fighter".
Lowe did occasional voice-over work for TBS throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, as well as occasional voice-overs for Cartoon Network in the mid 1990s. Lowe's career as a voice actor officially began in 1994 with the premiere of Space Ghost Coast to Coast, in which he starred as the lead role of Space Ghost. Space Ghost Coast to Coast finished a ten year run of new episodes on Cartoon Network/Adult Swim in 2004, and was revived on Gametap for 2 seasons during 2006–2008 for an additional 16 episodes.
Lowe has performed Space Ghost's voice more than any other role in his acting career, and he has portrayed the character more often than any other
Michael Hawley (born 18 November 1961) is an educator, artist and researcher working in the field of digital media. Previously at MIT’s Media Laboratory where he was a professor and held the Alexander W. Dreyfoos, Jr. endowed chair, Hawley is the founder or co-founder of several major research programs and projects including MIT's GO Expeditions program, Things That Think, Toys of Tomorrow, Counter Intelligence (a culinary research effort), and founder of the nonprofit organization Friendly Planet. He notably was the scientific director of the American Expedition on Mount Everest in 1998, one of the first major scientific expeditions on Everest. Hawley's work has been featured in major media such as National Geographic, Time, the New York Times, and on numerous television networks. His work at MIT has, in his own words, “sought to creatively stretch digital infrastructures, embedding intelligence into all sorts of artifacts and advancing the web of communications.”
Hawley was born in November 1961 and grew up in New Providence, NJ, a suburb of New York City. He graduated New Providence High School in 1979. As a teenager he had a job at Bell Labs (Murray Hill, New Jersey), working
Slavoljub "Slavko" Vorkapić (Serbian Cyrillic: Славољуб "Славко" Воркапић; March 17, 1894 – October 20, 1976), known in English as Slavko Vorkapich, was a Serbian-American film director and editor, former Chair of USC Film School, painter, and a prominent figure of modern cinematography and film art.
Slavoljub Vorkapić was born on March 17, 1894, in the small village of Dobrinci near Ruma in the Syrmia region, at the time part of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Serbia). His father Petar, the town clerk, insisted that young Slavko should be well-educated. After finishing his primary education, he became a student in a well-known regional high-school in the nearby town of Sremska Mitrovica, where he made his first steps in art and drawing. (Mileva Marić-Einstein, the first wife and work associate of Albert Einstein went to the same high school.) He continued his high-school education in Zemun and later in the famous Art School in Belgrade. With a scholarship received from Matica srpska, Serbia's highest cultural and scientific institution at the time, Vorkapić went to Budapest, Hungary, where he studied art. At the beginning of World War I he
William 'Billy' Dennis Weaver (June 4, 1924 – February 24, 2006) was an American actor, best known for his work in television, including his role as Matt Dillon's trusty helper Chester Goode on the long-running western series Gunsmoke, as Marshal Sam McCloud on the NBC police drama McCloud, and in the 1971 TV movie Duel, the first film of director Steven Spielberg.
Weaver was born in Joplin, Missouri, son of Walter Weaver and his wife Lena Prather. His father was of Irish, Scottish, English, Cherokee and Osage ancestry. Weaver wanted to be an actor from childhood. For a short time during his teenage years he lived in Manteca, California. He studied at Joplin Junior College, now Missouri Southern State University and then transferred to the University of Oklahoma at Norman, where he studied drama and was a track star, setting records in several events. During World War II he served as a pilot in the United States Navy. At the war's end, married Gerry Stowell, by whom he had three children - Richard, Robert and Rustin Weaver. He tried out for the U.S. Olympic team in the decathlon. He finished sixth and only the top three were chosen for the team. Weaver later said, "I did so poorly
John Derek (August 12, 1926 – May 22, 1998) was an American actor, director and photographer.
Derek was born Derek Delevan Harris in Hollywood, California, the son of actor and director Lawson Harris. His good looks quickly got him supporting roles, most notably as the son of Willie Stark played by Broderick Crawford in All the King's Men (1949), but he also enjoyed leads such as "Nick Romano" in Knock on Any Door (1949) opposite Humphrey Bogart (who told him, "You look great, but kid, that's not enough"), "Brock Mitchell" in Fury at Showdown, and as Robin Hood in Rogues of Sherwood Forest (1950) with Alan Hale. He played Joshua in The Ten Commandments (1956).
He also was a film director. He directed his wives, Ursula Andress, in two movies, and Linda Evans in one. His best known films as a director are those he directed with his fourth wife, Bo Derek (she starred in four of his movies). The 1990 film Ghosts Can't Do It was his last film in the director's chair.
He was first married to actress Pati Behrs, née Pati Behrs Eristoff (February 13, 1922 — July 10, 2004). Behrs was a Russian-born American actress, a grandniece of Leo Tolstoy. She was married to Derek from 1951-57. They
Film cinematography credits:Giulia Doesn't Date at Night
Luca Bigazzi (born 1958) is an Italian cinematographer. He won five David di Donatello for Best Cinematography (fourteen nominations). He worked with directors such as Silvio Soldini, Mario Martone, Felice Farina, Gianni Amelio, Francesca Archibugi, Michele Placido, Abbas Kiarostami and Paolo Sorrentino.
Seamus McGarvey BSC, born 29 June 1967 in Armagh, Northern Ireland, is an Irish cinematographer who began his career as a still photographer before attending film school at the University of Westminster in London.
Upon graduating in 1988 he began shooting short films and documentaries, including Skin, which was nominated for a Royal Television Society Cinematography Award, and Atlantic, directed by Sam Taylor-Wood, nominated for the 1998 Turner Prize. He also photographed and directed over 100 music videos, for such artists as U2, The Rolling Stones, PJ Harvey, Robbie Williams, Sir Paul McCartney, Dusty Springfield and Coldplay. In 1998, the British Society of Cinematographers invited McGarvey to join. In 2004 he was awarded the Royal Photographic Society's prestigious Lumiere medal for contributions to the art of cinematography. His credits as a cinematographer include Oliver Stone’s World Trade Center, starring Nicolas Cage, The Hours, directed by Stephen Daldry, starring Nicole Kidman, Meryl Streep and Julianne Moore, for which he earned the Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Technical/Artistic Achievement; the action-adventure film Sahara, starring Matthew McConaughey
Gregg Araki (born December 17, 1959) is an American independent filmmaker. He is involved in New Queer Cinema.
Araki was born in Los Angeles but grew up in Santa Barbara, California. He completed a Bachelor of Arts in Film Studies at UC Santa Barbara and an MFA in Film Production from the University of Southern California in 1985.
Araki made his directorial debut in 1987 with Three Bewildered People in the Night. With a budget of only $5,000 and using a stationary camera, he told the story of a romance between a video artist, her sweet-heart and her gay friend.
Two years later, Araki made a name for himself on the festival circuit with The Long Weekend (O' Despair). Produced, directed, written, photographed and edited by Araki (for his own Desperate Pictures Company), this very small-scale Big Chill derivation involved a group of recent college graduates brooding over their futures during one woozy, boozy evening.
He followed this up in 1992 with The Living End, a road movie about two HIV-positive men whose paths cross one fateful day and the tumultuous relationship which ensues. The film starred Craig Gilmore and Mike Dytri, and featured Mary Woronov (who appeared in several
Ross McElwee (born July 21, 1947) is an American documentary filmmaker and cinematographer, and Harvard professor, known for his autobiographical films about his family and personal life, usually interwoven with an episodic journey of some sort. Many cultural aspects of his southern upbringing are present in his humorous and often self-deprecating films. Other themes include personal relationships, parody, failure, introspection, and historic parallelism. He is largely credited with having mainstreamed the cinéma vérité movement. He received the Career Award at the 2007 Full Frame Documentary Film Festival.
McElwee is a 1971 graduate of Brown University, and received his MS from MIT in 1977.
Ross McElwee grew up in Charlotte, North Carolina, in a traditional Southern bourgeois family. His father was a well- respected surgeon, and appears often as a character in McElwee's early films. From an early age he nurtured an interest in writing. He later attended Brown University and graduated in 1971 with a degree in creative writing. A turning point in McElwee's life occurred when he undertook a self-discovery voyage to Brittany, France and began practicing photography. Soon after, he
Scott Taylor is a Canadian journalist, writer and publisher who specializes in military journalism and war reporting. His coverage has included wars in Cambodia, Africa, the Persian Gulf, Turkey, South Ossetia, Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya. Scott Taylor is also a former private in the Canadian Forces, PPCLI. He has worked as the editor and publisher of Esprit de Corps, since 1988.
Taylor has aroused a certain amount of controversy during his career; described as "fiercely opinionated", his articles have attracted criticism for their often strongly polemical slant. He has been critical of the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defence, and has also written in opposition to Western involvement in the Kosovo War, Iraq War and the Libyan civil war. Taylor was dubbed the “Voice of the Grunts” by the Globe and Mail, a “Bone in the Brass’ Throats” by the Toronto Star, and a “One Man Army” by the Toronto Sun. Taylor has also won Press TV's ' Unembedded Journalist of the Year' Award for 2008, and the 2010 Telly Award for the documentary "Afghanistan: Outside the Wire."
Taylor is a regular op-ed contributor to the Halifax Herald newspaper, as well as the Embassy
Vilmos Zsigmond, A.S.C. (born June 16, 1930) is a Hungarian-American cinematographer.
In 2003, a survey conducted by the International Cinematographers Guild placed Zsigmond among the ten most influential cinematographers in history.
Zsigmond was born in Szeged, Hungary, the son of Bozena (née Illichman), an administrator, and Vilmos Zsigmond, a celebrated soccer player and coach. He studied cinema at the Academy of Drama and Film in Budapest. He received an MA in cinematography. He worked for five years in a Budapest feature film studio becoming "director of photography." Together with his friend and fellow student László Kovács, he chronicled the events of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution in Budapest on thirty thousand feet of film and then escaped to Austria shortly afterwards. This early chapter of his professional life, with some of their footage of the revolution, constitutes the opening segment of the bio-documentary by PBS's Independent Lens (2009) called No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos.
In 1962, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. He settled in Los Angeles and worked in photo labs as a technician and photographer. During the 1960s, he worked on many
Takashi Miike (三池 崇史, Miike Takashi, born August 24, 1960) is a highly prolific and controversial Japanese filmmaker. He has directed over seventy theatrical, video, and television productions since his debut in 1991. In the years 2001 and 2002 alone, Miike is credited with directing fifteen productions. His films range from violent and bizarre to dramatic and family-friendly.
Miike was born in Yao, Osaka, Japan, an area inhabited by the working class and immigrants. His family was originally from Kumamoto Prefecture. During World War II, his grandfather was stationed in China and Korea, and his father was born in Seoul. His father worked as a welder and his mother as seamstress. Although he claimed to have attended classes only rarely, he graduated from Yokohama Vocational School of Broadcast and Film (Yokohama Hōsō Eiga Senmon Gakkō) under the guidance of renowned filmmaker Shōhei Imamura, the founder and Dean of that institution.
Miike's first films were television productions, but he also began directing several direct-to-video V-Cinema releases. Miike still directs V-Cinema productions intermittently due to the creative freedom afforded by the less stringent censorship of the
Film cinematography credits:Everything Is Illuminated
Matthew Libatique (born July 19, 1968) is an American cinematographer best known for his work with director Darren Aronofsky on such films as π, Requiem for a Dream, The Fountain and Black Swan.
Libatique, a Filipino-American, was born in Elmhurst, Queens, New York. He studied sociology and communications at California State University Fullerton before earning a MFA in cinematography at AFI Conservatory.
Libatique served as director of photography for music videos and teamed with fellow AFI alumni Aronofsky for the short film Protozoa. The two have collaborated on the first three of Aronofsky's feature films. Other frequent collaborators are Julie Dash (music videos including Tracy Chapman's "Give Me One Reason"), Spike Lee (She Hate Me, Inside Man and Miracle at St. Anna), Joel Schumacher (Tigerland, Phone Booth and The Number 23), and Jon Favreau (Iron Man, Iron Man 2 and Cowboys & Aliens).
Among Libatique's notable films include blockbusters such as Iron Man, Iron Man 2, and Requiem for a Dream. In 2010, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Black Swan, for which he won his second Independent Spirit award. In addition, he has also won best
Film cinematography credits:Man with a Movie Camera
Mikhail Abramovich Kaufman (1897–March 11, 1980); Russian: Михаил Абрамович Кауфман) was a Russian cinematographer and photographer. He was the younger brother of filmmaker Dziga Vertov (Denis Kaufman) and the older brother of cinematographer Boris Kaufman.
He was born into a family of Jewish intellectuals living in Białystok at the time when the Congress Poland was a part of the Russian Empire.
In 1920s, after Mikhail Kaufman returned from Russian Civil War, Vertov offered him to participate in his newsreel series Kino-Pravda as a cameraman.
Mikhail Kaufman directed photography for several films, including the 1929 Man with the Movie Camera. The film is built around meta-reference and is full of innovative visual effects: in it, Kaufman acts as a cameraman and is seen shooting the film while walking on high bridges, hanging off the side of a train, climbing a smokestack and crawling underground with miners – all in order to get the best shot. His brother's wife, Yelizaveta Svilova, was editor and part of the "Council of Three" who "proclaimed a 'death sentence' on the cinema that came before, faulting it for mixing in 'foreign matter' from theater and literature."
Richard Garriott de Cayeux (born Richard Allen Garriott on July 4, 1961) is a video game developer and entrepreneur. He is also known as his alter egos Lord British in Ultima and General British in Tabula Rasa. A well-known figure in the video game industry, Garriott was originally a game designer and programmer and now engages in various aspects of computer game development and business.
On October 12, 2008, Garriott launched aboard Soyuz TMA-13 to the International Space Station as a self-funded tourist, returning 12 days later aboard Soyuz TMA-12.
Garriott founded a new video game development and publishing company in 2009, called Portalarium.
In 2011 he was married and changed his name to Richard Garriott de Cayeux. Richard and wife Laetitia, had their first child, Kinga, on June 30 2012.
Garriott was born in Cambridge, England to American parents, and was raised in Nassau Bay, Texas, United States. He is the son of scientist Owen K. Garriott, who became an astronaut and flew with Skylab 3 and Space Shuttle mission STS-9. At Clear Creek High School, he convinced the school to let him create a self-directed course in programming, in which he created fantasy computer games on
Richard Stuart Linklater (born July 30, 1960) is an American film director and screenwriter.
Linklater was born in Houston, Texas. He studied at Sam Houston State University and left midway through his stint in college to work on an off-shore oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico. While working on the rig he read a lot of literature, but on land he developed a love of film through repeated visits to a repertory theater in Houston. It was at this point that Linklater realized he wanted to be a filmmaker. After his job on the oil rig, Linklater used the money he had saved to buy a Super-8 camera, a projector, and some editing equipment, and moved to Austin. It was there that the aspiring cineaste founded the Austin Film Society and grew to appreciate such auteurs as Robert Bresson, Yasujiro Ozu, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Josef Von Sternberg, and Carl Theodor Dreyer. He enrolled in Austin Community College in the fall of 1984 to study film.
Since his early 20s, Linklater has been a vegetarian.
Linklater founded the Austin Film Society in 1985 together with his frequent collaborator Lee Daniel, and is lauded for launching and solidifying the city of Austin as a hub for independent filmmaking.
Film cinematography credits:Les plus belles escroqueries du monde
Tonino Delli Colli (20 November 1922 – 16 August 2005) was an Italian cinematographer.
Cousin of Franco Delli Colli, Antonio (Tonino) Delli Colli was born in Rome, and he began work at Rome's Cinecittà studio in 1938, at the age of sixteen. By the mid-1940s he was working as a cinematographer and in 1952 shot the first Italian film in colour, Totò a colori. He went on to work with a number of acclaimed and diverse directors including, Sergio Leone (The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Once Upon a Time in the West and Once Upon a Time in America), Roman Polanski (Death and the Maiden and Bitter Moon), Louis Malle (Lacombe, Lucien), Jean-Jacques Annaud (The Name of the Rose), and Federico Fellini, whose last three films he photographed.
His collaboration with Pier Paolo Pasolini was especially fruitful: they made twelve films together, including Pasolini's debut Accattone (1961), Mamma Roma (1962), The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964), The Decameron (1971), The Canterbury Tales (1972) and Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma (1976).
His last film was Roberto Benigni's Life Is Beautiful (1997), for which he won his fourth David di Donatello for Best Cinematography. In 2005 he was awarded
Film cinematography credits:Autobiography of a Princess
Walter Lassally (born 18 December 1926, Berlin) is a German-born British cinematographer. He was closely associated with the Free cinema movement in the 1950s, and the British New Wave in the early 1960s. He also worked with Greek filmmaker Michael Cacoyannis between 1956 and 1967, and with James Ivory in the 1970s and 1980s. He now lives near Chania in Crete, where he shot Zorba the Greek in 1963.
His autobiography, Itinerant Cameraman, was published in 1987.
1964 Academy Award for Best Cinematography (Black-and-White) for Zorba the Greek (1964)
2008 American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) International Achievement Award, presented at the 22nd Annual ASC Outstanding Achievement Awards celebration on January 26, 2008, at the Hollywood and Highland Grand Ballroom, Los Angeles.
Timo Rose (born 22 February 1977 in Rellingen, Germany) is a German horror and science fiction filmmaker, known as the "german David Fincher", rapper, and founder of the production company Sword of Independence Filmworks (later Germaica/Rosecalypse Films and Records).
Filmmaker Timo Rose is best known for his Mutation trilogy, which involves a toxic chemical created by Nazis and rediscovered in modern times. The second and third chapters in this film trilogy were re-edited in 2006 into an FX-heavy "special edition" entitled Mutation: Annihilation.
A large majority of his earlier FX work was done by German director/effects technician and close friend Olaf Ittenbach, although Rose currently does most of his own under his "Rosecalypse SFX" banner.
Substantially younger than many of his contemporaries, Rose bases much of his filmmaking on the brutality of early Andreas Schnaas and Olaf Ittenbach features. In the decade since he began creating films, he has directed more features than any other filmmakers in the German horror scene.
Since his 2004 film Lord of the Undead, starring Debbie Rochon, Rose has made it a point to film at least a portion of each of his films in English. His
Bahman Kiarostami (b. 11 August 1978- in Tehran) is an Iranian film director, cinematographer, film editor, film producer and translator, son of the critically acclaimed Abbas Kiarostami.
In 1996 he made his first film " Morteza Momayez: Father of Iranian Contemporary Graphic Design".
The main theme in Bahman Kiarostami's films is "art and music".
Balanathan "Balu" Mahendran (born 20 May 1946 in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka) is an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, and cinematographer widely regarded as part of the first in a wave of directors and screenwriters from the Chennai film industry who revitalized Tamil cinema. He initially developed an early interest in photography.
A cinematography graduate and a gold medalist from the FTII in Pune. He started his film career as a cameraman for the Malayalam film Nellu in 1974, which earned him the best cinematographer award from the Government of Kerala. He has been chosen as the best cinematographer for as many as ten films. He pioneered innovative camera style for colour in South India. He has won five National Film Awards and three Filmfare Awards South for Best Director.
Balu was married to the popular actress Shoba, who committed suicide, aged 17, after shooting for the movie Pasi. In an interview to Anu Hasan in Koffee with Anu, he said that the tragedy of how Shobha was suddenly snatched away from his life by destiny, as quickly as she came, formed the plot for his next movie Moondram Pirai.
Gottfried Wilhelm "Billy" Bitzer (April 21, 1874 - April 29, 1944) was a pioneering cinematographer notable for his close association with D. W. Griffith.
Bitzer provided assistance during Griffith's directorial debut, 1908's The Adventures of Dollie, which was shot by Arthur Marvin. He eventually succeeded Marvin as Griffith's regular cinematographer, working with him on some of his most important films and contributing significantly to cinematic innovations attributed to Griffith.
In 1910, he photographed Griffith's silent short, In Old California, in the Los Angeles village of "Hollywoodland", qualifying Bitzer as, arguably, Hollywood's first Director of Photography.
In 2003, a survey conducted by the International Cinematographers Guild named him one of the ten most influential cinematographers in history. Bitzer, it is said, "developed camera techniques that set the standard for all future motion pictures."
Among Bitzer's innovations were
Prior to his career as a cameraman, Bitzer developed early cinematic technologies for the American Mutoscope Company, eventually to become the Biograph Company. He admired and learned the art of motion picture photography from Kinetoscope
David Connell (born Melbourne, Australia) is an Australian cinematographer, with a career of over 25 years of cinematographic work in films and television to date.
David Connell at the Internet Movie Database
John Halliday (September 14, 1880 – October 17, 1947) was an American actor of stage and screen, who often played suave aristocrats and foreigners.
In 1905 Halliday, a civil engineer at the time, migrated to Nevada and dug up a fortune in gold nuggets and managed to lose the lot. Despite his origins in Brooklyn, he often took on a British accent in his portrayals. Making his Broadway debut in 1912 in Cecil Raleigh and Henry Hamilton's The Whip, he became a familiar presence there, especially in sophisticated comedies such as W. Somerset Maugham's The Circle (1921), Vincent Lawrence's Sour Grapes (1926), Louis Verneuil's Jealousy (1928) and S. N. Behrman's Rain from Heaven (1934).
He was also well known for his film roles. He was one of the leading actors in the drama film Millie. His best-known movie appearance was as "Seth Lord", father of Tracy Lord (Katharine Hepburn) in the film adaptation of Philip Barry's The Philadelphia Story (1940). The following year he played his final role in Lydia (1941).
He died from a heart ailment on October 17, 1947 in Hawaii.
Michael Ballhaus, A.S.C. (born 5 August 1935) is a German cinematographer. In 1990, he was the Head of the Jury at the 40th Berlin International Film Festival.
Ballhaus was born in Berlin, Germany, the son of actors Lena Hutter and Oskar Ballhaus. Ballhaus was influenced by family friend Max Ophüls, and appears as an extra in Ophüls last film Lola Montès (1955).
He came to prominence with his work on sixteen films for Rainer Werner Fassbinder beginning with Whity (1970) and, including The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (1972), Satan's Brew and Chinese Roulette (both 1976).
Since settling in the United States, he has also worked on many American films, including Baby It's You (1983) for John Sayles; After Hours (1985), The Color of Money (1986), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), Goodfellas (1990), The Age of Innocence (1993), Sleepers (1996), Gangs of New York (2002), and The Departed (2006) for Martin Scorsese; and Dracula (1992) for Francis Ford Coppola.
Ballhaus has been nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography, for Broadcast News (1987), The Fabulous Baker Boys (1989), and Gangs of New York (2002), but has never won. He won the Los Angeles Film
Harry Perry, birth name Harold Arthur Perry, born May 19, 1951 in Washington, D.C., is a Venice Beach boardwalk musician famous primarily for playing an electric guitar on inline skates or Landroller skates (which have two large wheels that are slightly inclined) at Venice Beach Boardwalk, and he usually wears a turban which is part of the sikh attire he often wears. Harry Perry is also known by his Sikh name Har Nar Singh Khalsa , and by his musical moniker, the Kama Kosmic Krusader.
After growing up in Michigan and recording with his first band there, Harry Perry began performing his original songs and guitar compositions on the Venice Beach Boardwalk in 1973. In addition to being considered the most famous musician who performs at the Venice Beach Boardwalk, he is considered one of the area's most famous skaters, first on traditional roller skates, then on inline skates when they were invented, and currently on Landroller skates. Over the course of nearly four decades, the Venice Beach Boardwalk became a world famous tourist attraction where a variety of artists performed and sold various wares associated with their creative arts, such as CDs and T-shirts. Then, during the early
Jacques Natteau (15 November 1920 – 17 April 2007) was a French Director of Photography born in Istanbul, Turkey. Natteau was married twice, first in 1942 to Geneviève Langevin, with whom he had a daughter, Catherine. The couple divorced in 1953. In 1961, while working on Le Comte de Monte Cristo, he met actress Yvonne Furneaux who starred as “Emma” in La Dolce Vita (Federico Fellini). They lived between London, Paris, and Rome in the 1960s as they continued to pursue their film careers. They were married from 1962 until his death. He had two children: Catherine with Geneviève and Nicholas Natteau with Yvonne.
Catherine and her only child Alexandre where murdered in 1980 by her estranged ex-husband Maxime Breguet who then committed suicide.
Natteau was born on 15 November 1920 in Istanbul, Turkey. His father, Edouard Chiuminatto, was a captain in the French Army who had fought in World War I and was wounded multiple times in the battles of the Somme, Chemin des Dames, and Verdun. After World War I, his father was dispatched to Turkey as part of the Allied occupation force where he met Rosine Foscolo, a direct descendent of the 19th century Italian poet, Ugo Foscolo. Edouard and
Leon Shamroy, A.S.C. (July 16, 1901 – July 7, 1974) was an American film cinematographer. Together with Charles Lang, he holds the record for most number of Academy Award nominations for Cinematography. Throughout his five-decade career, he garnered eighteen nominations with four wins.
In 1889, Shamroy's Russian father came to the United States to visit his brother, a revolutionary who had fled the homeland and had become a doctor in the new land. Shamroy Sr. liked the United States and so decided to stay. After he settled, the future cinematographer’s father took a degree in chemistry at Columbia University, and then later opened a drugstore. The Shamroy family was composed of achievers, as three of Shamroy Sr.’s brothers were engineers.
Shamroy was educated at Cooper Union (1918), City College of New York (1919-1920), and Columbia University (where he studied mechanical engineering). A product of a practical-minded family, after school young Leon often worked in one of his uncle’s offices as a junior draftsman. Eventually he became an engineer himself, but left the field due to inadequate remuneration. Some of his family migrated to California and became affiliated with D.W.
Wash Westmoreland (born March 4, 1966) is an independent film director who has worked in television, documentaries, independent films. His 2006 release, "Quinceañera", had a double Sundance win (Audience Award and Grand Jury Prize), and also picked up the Humanitas Prize, and the John Cassavetes Spirit Award. In 2008 Westmoreland produced an MTV film "Pedro" about AIDS activist Pedro Zamora that was introduced on MTV by U.S. President Bill Clinton. Working with his partner Richard Glatzer, he is slated to direct "Hello Darkness," a vampire movie set in the North of England and "Sensational," a feature for HBO.
Wash Westmoreland was born Paul Westmoreland in Leeds, England on March 4, 1966. His father was a maintenance engineer for the CEGB and his mother worked as a receptionist at a local hair salon. He was named "Paul" after a member of the The Beatles but received the nickname "Wash" as a child. He finished high school intending to pursue science at university level, but after a short disruptive spell in a religious cult changed his direction to study social science. Westmoreland earned his college degree in Politics and East Asian Studies at the University of
Rama pronunciation (help·info) (Devanāgarī: राम ; Rāma,; Burmese: ရာမ Jàma̰ ; Javanese: Ramavijaya ; Khmer: ព្រះរាម Phreah Ream ; Lao: ພຣະຣາມ Phra Ram ; Malay: Megat Seri Rama; Maranao: Raja Bantugan; Tamil: ராமர் Ramar; Telugu: రామ Rama; Thai: พระราม Phra Ram) or Ramachandra is the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu in Hinduism, and a king of Ayodhya in Hindu scriptures. In few Rama-centric sects, Rama is considered the Supreme Being, rather than an avatar. Rama was born in Suryavansha (Ikshvaku Vansh) later known as Raghuvansha after king Raghu. Based on Puranic genealogy, Rama is believed by Hindus to have lived in the second Yuga called Treta Yuga, before Krishna who was born towards the end of Dwapara Yuga. Rama is traditionally considered to have appeared in the last quarter of Treta Yuga.
Rama is one of the many popular figures and deities in Hinduism, specifically Vaishnavism and Vaishnava religious scriptures in South and Southeast Asia. In Ayodhya, the Indian city believed to be the birthplace of Rama, he is also worshipped as an infant or Rama Lalla. Most of the details of Rama's life come from the Ramayana, one of the two great epics of India. Born as the eldest son of
Charles Martin (born 1942 New York City) is a poet, critic and translator. He grew up in the Bronx. He graduated from Fordham University and received his Ph.D. from the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York. He now teaches at the City University of New York, Syracuse University, and the Stonecoast MFA Program at the University of Southern Maine. Martin's specialty is Latin poetry. Martin is also a New Formalist, and was an original faculty member of the West Chester University Conference on Form and Narrative in Poetry.
He received the Poetry Foundation's Beth Hokin Prize in 1970. His poem, "Against a Certain Kind of Ardency," was in the 2001 Pushcart Prize collection, and in 2005 he won the American Academy of Arts and Letters' Award for Literature. Martin's Ovid translation won the 2004 Harold Landon Translation Award from the Academy of American Poets.
Full-Length Poetry Collections
Philip Davis Guggenheim (born November 3, 1963) is an American film director and producer. His credits as a producer and director include Training Day, The Shield, Alias, 24, NYPD Blue, ER, Deadwood, and Party of Five and the documentaries An Inconvenient Truth, The Road We've Traveled and Waiting for 'Superman'. Since 2006, Guggenheim is the only filmmaker to release three different documentaries that were ranked within the top 100 highest-grossing documentaries of all time (An Inconvenient Truth, It Might Get Loud, and Waiting for 'Superman').
He was born Philip Davis Guggenheim in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Marion Davis (née Streett) and film director and producer Charles Guggenheim. His father was Jewish and his mother was Christian. He graduated from The Potomac School (McLean, Virginia) in 1979, from Sidwell Friends School in 1982, and later moved on to Brown University, where he graduated in 1986.
Guggenheim joined the crew of the HBO western drama Deadwood as a producer and director for the first season in 2004. The series was created by David Milch and focused on a growing town in the American West. Guggenheim directed the episodes "Deep Water", "Reconnoitering the
Jan Jakub Kolski (born January 29, 1956 in Wrocław) is a Polish film director, cinematographer, and writer.
Kolski comes from a family closely connected to cinema. His father, Roman Kolski, and his sister, Ewa Pakulska were film editors. His brother, Włodzimierz Kolski, is a production manager. His paternal grandfather was a film producer. Kolski's wife, Grażyna Błęcka-Kolska is an actress. From age eleven until age fourteen, Kolski lived in a small village, Popielawy, near Tomaszów Mazowiecki and Łódź. Those years became the inspiration for his later films. During the late 1970s, he worked his way through the ranks at a TV station in his home town, ending up as chief director of photography. He then studied cinematography at the famous Film School in Łódź, where he now runs a screenplay workshop. In 2007 he gained his doctoral degree in film art. He's also a lecturer at Andrzej Wajda Master School of Film Directing.
During the 1980s, Kolski made about twenty short films, including Umieranko (A Little Dying); Najpiękniejsza jaskinia świata (The Most Beautiful Cave in the World); Mały dekalog (The Little Ten Commandments), Nie zasmucę serca twego (I Won't Make You Sad), Jak mnie
Mark Edward Petersen (November 7, 1900 –January 11, 1984) was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1944 until his death. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, he filled the vacancy caused by the excommunication of Richard R. Lyman. He had become managing editor of the Church-owned Deseret News in 1935 and editor in 1941.
As a young boy, Petersen was a newspaper carrier, and he also helped in his father’s construction business. Later he attended the University of Utah, and he served a mission for the LDS Church in Nova Scotia. In pursuing a career, he became a reporter for the Deseret News and continued working for the paper for sixty years, advancing to the position of president and chairman of the board. Petersen wrote numerous editorials and published more than forty books and many pamphlets used in the Church’s missionary effort.
In April 1944, while serving as general manager of the Deseret News, Petersen was called to be a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In his calling he directed the Church’s public information programs and served on the Military Relations Committee. He was an adviser to the Relief
Ravi K. Chandran is an Indian cinematographer. He has frequently collaborated with leading Indian filmmakers like Priyadarshan, Mani Ratnam, and Rajiv Menon and Sanjay Leela Bhansali. Ravi has won two Filmfare Awards and one Southern Filmfare Award during his career.
Ravi K. Chandran was born in the village Maduranthakam, Tamil Nadu as the youngest child. Following graduating from the A. M. Jain College in 1982, Ravi K. Chandran started his career in the film industry. In addition to this, he works as the Director of Photography of many music videos and ad films. He began his career by assisting his brother, K. Ramachandra Babu and later turned into an independent cinematographer in 1992 by filming Kilukkampetti, a Malayalam film directed by Shaji Kailas. Later he donned camera for a more Shaji Kailas directorials including Thalasthanam, Sthalathe Pradhana Payyans, Ekalavyan, Mafia and The King. His entry into Tamil cinema was in 1994 through Honest Raj starring Vijayakanth.
He has since worked as a cinematographer on Tamil films as well as Hindi films. Movies he has worked on as cinematographer includeVirasat (1997), Minsaara Kanavu (1997), Punaradhivasam (1999), Kandukondain
David Paul Cronenberg, OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian filmmaker, screenwriter and actor. He is one of the principal originators of what is commonly known as the body horror or venereal horror genre. This style of filmmaking explores people's fears of bodily transformation and infection. In his films, the psychological is typically intertwined with the physical. In the first half of his career, he explored these themes mostly through horror and science fiction, although his work has since expanded beyond these genres. He has been called "the most audacious and challenging narrative director in the English-speaking world."
Born in Toronto, Canada, Cronenberg was the son of Esther (born Sumberg), a musician, and Milton Cronenberg, a writer and editor. He was raised in a "middle-class progressive Jewish family". He began writing as a child and wrote constantly. He attended high school at Harbord Collegiate Institute. A keen interest in science, especially botany and lepidopterology, led him to enter the Honours Science program at the University of Toronto in 1963, but he switched to Honors English Language and Literature later in his first year. Cronenberg's fascination
Harmony Korine (born January 4, 1973) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and author. He is best known for writing Kids, and for directing Gummo, Julien Donkey-Boy and Mister Lonely. His film Trash Humpers premiered at Toronto International Film Festival and won the main prize, the DOX Award, at CPH:DOX in November 2009.
Korine's most recent feature film Spring Breakers starring Selena Gomez, Vanessa Hudgens, Ashley Benson and Rachel Korine shot in Florida in early 2012, and received its world premiere at the 2012 Venice International Film Festival, going on to the Toronto International Film Festival.
Korine was born in Bolinas, California to Eve and Sol Korine and raised in Nashville, Tennessee. He is Jewish. Sol produced documentaries for PBS in the 1970s about an "array of colourful Southern characters" and taught Korine how to use a Bolex camera. As a child, Korine watched movies with his father, who rented Buster Keaton films and took him to see Even Dwarfs Started Small in the theater. Korine reminisces, "I knew there was a poetry in cinema that I had never seen before that was so powerful." Korine spent his childhood in Nashville, attending Hillsboro High
Herschell Gordon Lewis (born 15 June 1929, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States) is an American filmmaker, best known for creating the "splatter" subgenre of horror films. He is often called the "Godfather of Gore", though his film career has included works in a range of exploitation film genres including juvenile delinquent films, nudie-cuties, two children's films and at least one rural comedy. On Lewis' career, Allmovie wrote, "With his better-known gore films, Herschell Gordon Lewis was a pioneer, going farther than anyone else dared, probing the depths of disgust and discomfort onscreen with more bad taste and imagination than anyone of his era."
Herschell Gordon Lewis was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1929. His father died when he was six years old. His mother re-married a few years later and his family then moved to Chicago, Illinois where Lewis spent the majority of his adolescence. After attending grade school, Lewis received a Master's degree in Journalism at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. A few years later, he became a professor of English literature at Mississippi State College. He was lured from his teaching career to be the manager of WRAC
Film cinematography credits:Down from the Mountain
Donn Alan "D. A." Pennebaker (born July 15, 1925) is an American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of Direct Cinema/Cinéma vérité. Performing arts and politics are his primary subjects.
Pennebaker (known as "Penny" to his friends) was born in Evanston, Illinois, the son of Lucille Levick (née Deemer) and John Paul Pennebaker, who was a commercial photographer. Pennebaker served in the Navy and later worked as an engineer, founding Electronics Engineering (the makers of the first computerized airline reservation system) before beginning his film career.
After falling under the influence of experimental filmmaker Francis Thompson, Pennebaker directed his first film, Daybreak Express, in 1953. Set to a classic Duke Ellington recording of the same name, the five-minute short of the soon-to-be-demolished Third Avenue elevated subway station in New York City is the earliest known example of Pennebaker's penchant for blending together documentary and experimental filmmaking techniques.
In 1959, Pennebaker joined the equipment sharing Filmakers' [sic] Co-op and co-founded Drew Associates with Richard Leacock and former LIFE magazine editor and correspondent Robert Drew. A
Karl W. Freund, A.S.C. (January 16, 1890-May 3, 1969(1969-05-03) (aged 79) was a cinematographer and film director best known most noted for photographing Metropolis (1927), Dracula (1931), and television's I Love Lucy (1951-1957).
Born in Dvůr Králové (Königinhof), Bohemia, his career began in 1905 when, at age 15, he was hired as an assistant projectionist for a film company in Berlin where his family had moved in 1901.
He worked as a cinematographer on over 100 films, including the German Expressionist films The Golem (1920), The Last Laugh (1924) and Metropolis (1927). Freund co-wrote, and was cinematographer on, Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis (1927), directed by Walter Ruttmann.
Freund emigrated to the United States in 1929 where he continued to shoot well remembered films such as Dracula (1931) and Key Largo (1948). Notably, his work on Dracula came under a mostly disorganized shoot, with the usually meticulous director Tod Browning leaving cinematographer Freund to take over during much of filming, making Freund something of an uncredited director on the film. He won an Academy Award for Best Cinematography for The Good Earth (1937).
Between 1921 and 1935, Freund directed
Krzysztof Krauze (born 2 April 1953) is a Polish film director, screenwriter, photographer and cinematographer from Warsaw best known for his 1999 film thriller Debt.
Krauze was born in Warsaw. He finished cinematography studies at a film school in Łódź in the 1970s. He left Poland in 1980 but returned in 1983. in the 1980s and early 1990s he worked for various production studios in Poland. In 1997 he was named "Man of the Year" by the Polish magazine "Życie".
His most successful film is "Debt", which he made in 1999.
He has also acted in several movies directed by other Polish directors.
Currently, Krzysztof Krauze is in hospital in South Africa, where he is being treated for cancer. He was diagnosed with cancer 4 years ago.
Lloyd Kaufman (born December 30, 1945) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and occasional actor. With producer Michael Herz, he is the co-founder of Troma Entertainment film studio, and the director of many of their feature films, including The Toxic Avenger and Tromeo and Juliet. Kaufman also serves on the board of the Independent Film & Television Alliance of which he is the former President.
Kaufman was born Stanley Lloyd Kaufman, Jr. in New York City, New York, the son of Ruth (née Fried) and Stanley Lloyd Kaufman, Sr. a lawyer.
Kaufman graduated from Yale University with the class of 1968, where he majored in Chinese studies. His Yale classmates included Oliver Stone and George W. Bush. Originally intending to become a social worker, he became fast friends with student filmmaker Robert Edelstein and Eric Sherman (son of filmmaker Vincent Sherman), who introduced him to his future lifelong obsession, cinema. Some of Lloyd's favorite filmmakers include John Ford, Kenji Mizoguchi, Ernst Lubitsch, Stan Brakhage and Franklin Schaffner. Like the members of Monty Python troupe, who were a big influence on him, Kaufman read Punch magazine and enjoyed the theatrical
Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872 – February 9, 1906) was an African-American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Much of his popular work in his lifetime used a Negro dialect, which helped him become one of the first nationally-accepted African-American writers. Much of his writing, however, does not use dialect; these more traditional poems have become of greater interest to scholars.
Dunbar was born in a home at 311 Howard Street in Dayton, Ohio on June 27, 1872. His parents had escaped from slavery in Kentucky; his father was a veteran of the American Civil War, having served in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment and the 5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry Regiment. Dunbar was born six months into their marriage; their wedding was Christmas Eve, 1871.
Dunbar's parents, Joshua and Matilda, began having marital problems a few months after their son's birth. After the birth of her daughter, who was ignored by Joshua, Matilda took the children, including two from a previous marriage, and left him. Joshua died in 1884 when Dunbar was 12 years old.
Dunbar was the only African-American student during the years he attended Dayton's Central
Robert Joseph Flaherty, F.R.G.S. (/ˈflæhɜrrtiː/; February 16, 1884 – July 23, 1951) was an American filmmaker who directed and produced the first commercially successful feature length documentary film, Nanook of the North (1922). The film made his reputation and nothing in his later life fully equaled its success, although he continued the development of this new genre of docufiction, e.g. with Moana (1926), set in the South Seas, and Man of Aran (1934), filmed in Ireland's Aran Islands.
He is a progenitor of ethnographic film. Jean Rouch and John Collier Jr. would practice and theorise the genre as visual anthropology, a subfield of anthropology, in the 1960s.
Flaherty was married to writer Frances H. Flaherty from 1914 until his death in 1951. Frances worked on several of her husband's films, and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Story for Louisiana Story (1948).
Flaherty was one of seven children born to prospector Robert Henry Flaherty (an Irish Protestant) and Susan Klockner (a German Roman Catholic); he was sent to Upper Canada College in Toronto for his education. Flaherty began his career as a prospector in the Hudson Bay region of Canada, working for
Film cinematography credits:Children of the Living Dead
Samuel William "Bill" Hinzman (October 24, 1936 – February 5, 2012) was an American actor and film director.
Hinzman's first role was the cemetery zombie in the horror film Night of the Living Dead (1968). Hinzman also played roles in the films Legion of the Night (1985), Santa Claws (1996), Evil Ambitions (1996), and The Drunken Dead Guy (2005).
His final role was in River of Darkness, where he played a lead role alongside Kurt Angle, Kevin Nash and Sid Eudy.
He later directed the films The Majorettes (1986), and Flesheater (1988).
Hinzman died on February 5, 2012, from cancer. His death occurred the same day as that of Josephine Streiner (1918-2012), a crew member who played a ghoul in Night of the Living Dead.
Film cinematography credits:It Don't Cost Nothin' to Say Good Morning
Sebastian Cluer is a film director and writer hailing from Toronto, Canada.
Notable projects include The Ron James Show and Kenny Hotz's Triumph of the Will, following hot on the heels of Kenny vs. Spenny, where Sebastian (AKA Sebi) was a contributor on all 88 episodes. Affectionately referred to as their George Martin, Cluer's status on KvS saw him fulfill duties as Director, Series Director, Head Writer and Associate Producer among many other roles.
Cluer has directed large crews in the multiple-dozens all the way from his humble origins where he was often handling shooting, producing, sound and editing duties à la the one-man-band, making him a virtual Swiss Army Knife in the arena of television and film production. These experiences give him a unique, peripheral understanding of the whole. A fact, which continues to baffle the pluralistically challenged and puts him miles ahead of your average Canadian director. Cluer has both worked with actors off the script in a formal, studio setting along with the more difficult task of parkouring through verté situations for ‘reality’ or documentary in the pursuit of the story. He has worked with all types from children to seniors,
Film cinematography credits:The Devonsville Terror
Ulli Lommel (born 21 December 1944 in Zielenzig, Oststernberg, now Sulęcin, Lubuskie), is a German actor and director, noted for his many horror films, and for his career as an actor on Rainer Werner Fassbinder's films.
Lommel started his career as an actor in films in 1960's. One of his earliest film roles was in Russ Meyer's Fanny Hill. In 1969, he starred in Rainer Werner Fassbinder's directorial debut Love Is Colder Than Death. The cast as an ensemble won an award at the German Film Awards in 1970.
Fassbinder and Lommel worked together more than 20 times after 1967. Fassbinder also produced Lommel's The Tenderness of Wolves, a drama about the murders of Fritz Haarmann, which was Lommel's second film as director. It was nominated at the 23rd Berlin International Film Festival for the Golden Bear. Ulli Lommel participated in the documentary Fassbinder in Hollywood (2002).
Lommel moved to the United States in 1977 and started working with Andy Warhol, who produced his films Cocaine Cowboys, and Blank Generation (1980). In 1980, Lommel directed The Boogeyman (1980) which became a hit and made the UK's 'Video Nasties' list. After that, he went to make films like BrainWaves (1982),
Tao Ruspoli (born 7 November 1975) is an Italian American filmmaker and musician.
Ruspoli is the second son of occasional actor and aristocrat Prince Alessandro Ruspoli, 9th Prince of Cerveteri and Austrian-American actress Debra Berger. He is the older brother of Bartolomeo dei Principi Ruspoli (born 6 October 1978 in Rome), second husband of oil heiress Aileen Getty. His half-siblings include Francesco, 10th Prince of Cerveteri; Melusina Ruspoli, and Theodoro Ruspoli.
Tao was born in Bangkok, Thailand and raised in Rome and Los Angeles. He graduated from the University of California, Berkeley with a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy.
He married actress Olivia Wilde on 7 June 2003 in Washington, Virginia. On February 8, 2011, they announced that they were separating. Wilde filed for divorce in Los Angeles County Superior Court on March 3, 2011, citing "irreconcilable differences." The divorce was finalized on September 29, 2011. Wilde did not seek spousal support, and the pair reached a private agreement on property division.
He currently lives and works in Venice, Los Angeles, as a photographer and filmmaker.
His feature narrative debut, Fix, was one of 10 feature films to screen in
Film cinematography credits:A Matter of Life and Death
Jack Cardiff, OBE, BSC (18 September 1914 – 22 April 2009) was a British cinematographer, director and photographer.
His career spanned the development of cinema, from silent film, through early experiments in Technicolor to filmmaking in the 21st century. He was best known for his influential colour cinematography for directors such as Powell and Pressburger, Huston and Hitchcock.
In 2000 he was awarded an OBE and in 2001 he was awarded an Honorary Oscar for his contribution to the cinema.
Jack Cardiff's work is reviewed in detail in the documentary film: Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff (2010).
Cardiff was born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, the son of Florence and John Joseph Cardiff, music hall entertainers. He worked as an actor from an early age, both in the music hall and in a number of silent films: My Son, My Son (1918), Billy's Rose (1922), The Loves of Mary, Queen of Scots (1923) and Tiptoes (1927). At 15 he began working as a camera assistant, clapper boy and production runner for British International Pictures, including Hitchcock's The Skin Game (1931).
In 1935, Cardiff graduated to camera operator and occasional cinematographer, working mostly for London
John Mallory Asher (born January 13, 1971) is an American actor, director, writer and cinematographer.
He is perhaps best known for his performance as Gary on the USA Networks' series spinoff of the movie Weird Science.
Asher was born John Mallory in Los Angeles, California, to actor, Edward Mallory, and actress, Joyce Bulifant. He was adopted by Bulifant's third husband, producer/director William Asher.
Asher married actress Jenny McCarthy on September 11, 1999; they divorced in September 2005.They have 1 child who was diagnosed with autism.
William King Baggot (November 7, 1879 – July 11, 1948) was an American actor, director and screenwriter. He was an internationally famous movie star of the silent era. The first individually publicized leading man in America, Baggot was referred to as "King of the Movies," "The Most Photographed Man in the World" and "The Man Whose Face Is As Familiar As The Man In The Moon."
Baggot appeared in at least 269 motion pictures from 1909 to 1947; wrote 18 screenplays; and directed 45 movies from 1912 to 1928, including The Lie (1912), Raffles (1925) and The House of Scandal (1928). He also directed William S. Hart in his most famous western, Tumbleweeds (1925).
Among his movie appearances, he was best-known for The Scarlet Letter (1911), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1913), and Ivanhoe (1913), which was filmed on location in Wales.
He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of William Baggot (1845–1909) and Harriet M. "Hattie" King (1859–1933). His siblings were Amos Taylor Baggot (1881–1954); Thomas Gantt Baggot (1889–1979); John Marmaduke Baggot (1891–1975); Arthur Lee Baggot (1893–?); Marion L. Baggot (1896–1973); and Harriet D. Baggot (1899–1930).
His father was born in Ireland, and
Kiyoshi Itō (伊藤 清, Itō Kiyoshi, September 7, 1915 – 10 November 2008) was a Japanese mathematician. His major contribution to mathematics is now called Itō calculus. Its basic concept is the Itō integral, and among the most important results is Itō's lemma. Itō calculus facilitates mathematical understanding of random events. His theory is widely applied in various fields, and is perhaps best known for its use in financial mathematics.
Although the standard Hepburn romanization of his name is Itō, the spellings Itô (as in Kunrei-shiki romanization), Itoh, or Ito are often seen in the West as well.
Itō was born in Hokusei (Inabe) in Mie Prefecture on the main island of Honshū. After high school he studied mathematics at the Imperial University Tokyo, from which he graduated at the age of 23. After that he started to work for the national statistical office, where he published two of his seminal works on probability and stochastic processes.
In 1945, he was awarded a Ph.D. for his work. Seven years later he became a professor at the University of Kyoto, where he remained until his retirement in 1979. In addition, he held professorships at University of Aarhus from 1966 to 1969, and
Richard Allan "Rick" Salomon (born January 24, 1968) is a film producer, celebutante, and online gambling website owner known for his relationships with various female celebrities, including E.G. Daily, Shannen Doherty, Paris Hilton, and Pamela Anderson.
Salomon was born in Neptune, New Jersey, the son of a former executive vice president at Warner Bros., Robert Jess Salomon. He grew up in Wayside, New Jersey. He owned an online gambling site.
Salomon is known as a big home game player in the Los Angeles area, frequently participating in celebrity or small private games. Salomon appeared on season two of PokerStars Big Game during week two.
In 2003, a sex tape featuring Salomon and then-girlfriend Paris Hilton was leaked onto the Internet. Shortly after the tape leaked, Salomon filed a lawsuit against the company distributing the tape and the Hilton family, whom he accused of tarnishing his reputation by suggesting that he had exploited Hilton. Salomon further claimed in his $10 million suit that representatives of the Hiltons tried to discourage media outlets from playing excerpts of the tape by saying that Hilton was underage when the tape was made (which would have made showing
Film cinematography credits:Beneath the Valley of the Ultra-Vixens
Russell Albion "Russ" Meyer (March 21, 1922 – September 18, 2004) was a U.S. motion picture director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, actor and photographer.
Meyer is known primarily for writing and directing a series of successful low-budget sexploitation films that featured campy humor, sly satire and large-breasted women.
Russ Meyer was born in San Leandro, California to William Arthur Meyer, a German-American Oakland police officer, and his wife Lydia Lucinda Hauck. His parents divorced shortly after he was born, and Meyer was to have virtually no contact with his father during his life. When he was fourteen years old, his mother pawned her wedding ring in order to buy him an 8mm film camera. He made a number of amateur films at the age of 15, and served during World War II as a U.S. Army combat cameraman for the 166th Signal Photo Company. In the Army Meyer forged his strongest friendships, and he would later ask many of his fellow combat cameramen to work on his films. Much of Meyer's work during World War II can be seen in newsreels and in the film Patton (1971). On his return to civilian life, he was unable to secure cinematography work in Hollywood due to
Simon Chapman is a Sydney-born short film maker and actor. Chapman's interest in film began while working at the National Film and Sound Archive in Canberra for five years. Employed as a presenter, Chapman showcased the Archive's work to a wide variety of audiences and eventually became the leading player in the Archive's Travelling Film and Sound Show, which toured Australia for two years. Chapman then moved back to Sydney and began his film-making career with the short film Hot Topic (2006), which was entered into the short film competition Tropfest.
After discovering that the film was not shortlisted, Chapman made the satirical short film Get Polson (2006), about two disgruntled film makers (one of whom is played by Chapman) who do not reach the Tropfest finals and decide to get even. It has now achieved moderate cult status and has been mentioned in local media on several occasions. In 2007 Chapman made the short film Brainstorm, which was filmed at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, where he worked for four years. Chapman's latest film is the comedy Sins, Sir? (2008), which was filmed at Customs House, Sydney.
Claude Barruck Joseph Lelouch (born October 30, 1937) is a French film director, writer, cinematographer, actor and producer.
Lelouch was born in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, the son of Charlotte (née Abeilard) and Simon Lelouch. His father was an Algerian Jew and his mother was a convert to Judaism. His father gave him a camera to give him a fresh start after his failure in the baccalaureat. He started his career with reportage - one of the first to film daily life in the U.S.S.R., the camera hidden under his coat as he made his personal journey. He also filmed sporting events like the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the Tour de France.
His first full length film as director, Le Propre de l'homme, was decried by the critics - 'Claude Lelouch, remember this name well, because you will not hear it again' - Cahiers du cinéma said. La Femme Spectacle (1963), following prostitutes, women shopping, going for nose-jobs, was censored for its misogynist tendency. Un homme et une femme changed his fortunes and was met with favour even by the Cahiers group. Legend has it that Lelouch found himself one morning on the beach at Deauville when he caught sight of a young woman and her child on the
Frederick William "Freddie" Francis BSC (22 December 1917 – 17 March 2007) was an English cinematographer and film director.
He achieved his greatest successes as a cinematographer, including winning two Academy Awards, for Sons and Lovers (1960) and Glory (1989). As a director, he has cult status on account of his association with the British production companies Amicus and Hammer in the 1960s and 1970s.
Born in Islington in London, England, Francis was originally on the way to a career in engineering. At school, a piece he wrote about films of the future won him a scholarship to the North West London Polytechnic in Kentish Town. He left school at age 16, becoming an apprentice to a stills photographer by the name of Louis Prothero. Freddie stayed with him for six months. In this time they photograped stills for a Stanley Lupino picture made at Ealing. This led to him successively becoming a clapper boy, camera loader and focus puller. He started his career at B.I.P, then to British and Dominions. His first film as a clapper boy was The Marriage of Corbal.
In 1939, Francis joined the Army, where he would spend the next seven years. Eventually he was assigned as a cameraman and
Harold G. "Hal" Rosson, A.S.C. (April 6, 1895 – September 6, 1988) was an American cinematographer during the early and classical Hollywood cinema. He is best known for his work on the 1939 masterpiece The Wizard of Oz.
Rosson came from a film-making family. His brother, Arthur Rosson, was a successful director and several other family members such as Richard were also involved in the early film industry.
Harold Rosson began his film career in 1908 as an actor at the Vitagraph Studios in the Flatbush area of Brooklyn, New York. He became the assistant to Irvin Willat at the Mark Dintenfass Studios. In 1912 he divided his time as an office boy in a stockbrokers firm and as and assistant, extra, and handyman at the Famous Players Studio in New York.
In December 1914, Rosson moved to California and joined Metro Pictures. During World War I, he served in the United States Army. After his demobilization, he went to work on the Marion Davies film The Dark Star. He was offered a contract with the Davies Company. In 1920 he was signed by Mary Pickford working primarily with her brother Jack Pickford.
After a very long and successful career in Hollywood, Rosson retired in 1958. He returned
Jason Hughes (born 27 July 1969) is the owner-driver of the Kartworld Racing (also known as KWR) auto racing team, which has competed in the British Touring Car Championship from 2003 to 2008. In 1999 Hughes was BRSCC Fiesta Champion, and first entered the BTCC with a Nissan Primera in the Production Class.
Moving up into the main Touring Class for 2004 he raced in an MG ZS, finishing 17th. He did a partial season in 2005 (scoring enough points to come 13th overall in a smaller field), but returned to running the full schedule in 2006. For the second half of the season Hughes converted his MG to run on bioethanol instead of regular petrol, joining Fiona Leggate in using the alternative fuel. On 3 September 2006 Hughes took his best ever result of 4th, at Knockhill in Scotland.
Hughes continued to drive his bio-ethanol powered MG in 2007, with Leggate in a second car. The team were beset with problems but Hughes scored Overall points several times, with both cars scoring in the independents championship. In 2008 Hughes agreed to purchase a Honda Integra from veteran racer David Pinkney, but a sponsor failed to pay up, forcing him to continue with the MG, which received an engine
Vladislav Starevich (August 8, 1882 - February 26, 1965), born Władysław Starewicz (Russian: Владисла́в Алекса́ндрович Старе́вич), was a Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and other animals as his protagonists. (His name can also be spelled Starevitch, Starewich and Starewitch.)
Władysław Starewicz was born in Moscow, Russia to Polish parents (father Aleksander Starewicz from Surviliškis near Kėdainiai and mother Antonina Legęcka from Kaunas, both from "neighbourhood nobility", in hiding after the failed Insurrection of 1863 against the Tsarist Russian domination), and had lived in Lithuania which at that time was a part of the Russian Empire. The boy was raised by his grandmother in Kaunas, then a capital of Kovno Governorate. He attended Gymnasium in Dorpat (today Tartu, Estonia).
Starewicz had interests in a number of different areas; by 1910 he was named Director of the Museum of Natural History in Kovno, Lithuania. There he made four short live-action documentaries for the museum. For the fifth film, Starewicz wished to record the battle of two stag beetles, but was stymied by the fact that the nocturnal creatures inevitably went to sleep whenever the
Les Blank (born 27 November 1935, Tampa, Florida, United States) is an American documentary filmmaker best known for his portraits of American traditional musicians.
Blank attended Tulane University in New Orleans, where he received a B.A. in English literature and an M.F.A. in theater. He had also studied communications at the University of Southern California. Following his university education he founded his own production company, Flower Films, and most of his films since that time have been independently produced, often with the assistance of grants from cultural agencies, both governmental and non-governmental.
Most of his films focus on American traditional music forms including (among others) blues, Appalachian, Cajun, Creole, Tex-Mex, polka, tamburitza, and Hawaiian musics. Many of these films represent the only filmed documents of musicians who are now deceased.
Blank's films focusing on musical subjects often spend much of their running time focusing not on the music itself but on the music's cultural context, portraying the surroundings from which these American roots musics come.
Other notable films on non-musical subjects include a film about garlic and another about
Mattias Klum (born 10 February 1968 in Uppsala) is a Swedish freelance photographer and film producer in natural history and cultural subjects. He is the son of Swedish academic educator Arne Klum and Ingegärd Klum, née Stefanson. Klum has worked full-time as a freelance photographer since 1986, and as a cinematographer and director on numerous film and television projects since 1994. Klum describes and portrays animals, plants, and natural and cultural settings in the form of articles, books, films, lectures and exhibitions.
Klum has had several wildlife documentaries shown on Swedish national TV and has also had his work featured in Wildlife Conservation, Audubon, Geo, National Geographic, Terre Sauvage, Stern, Der Spiegel and the New York Times among others.
In 1997 National Geographic Magazine published Mattias Klum’s photographs for the first time, which made him the first Swede to have his work on the cover, then and still as one of National Geographic’s youngest contributors. Since 1997, he has produced a number of articles and eight cover stories for the magazine, including “Malaysia’s Secret Realm” (August 1997), “Asia’s Last Lions” (June 2001), "Meerkats Stand Tall"
Peter Pau Tak-Hei (Chinese: 鮑德熹), born 1951 in Hong Kong, is a Hong Kong-based cinematographer, best known to western audiences as the cinematographer in Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which he won the Best Cinematographer Oscar in 2000.
Pau is a member of the Hong Kong Society of Cinematographers. The asteroid 34420 Peterpau was named in his honour in early 2006. His older sister is Hong Kong Film Awards best actress winner Paw Hee-Ching.
Raymond Lam Fung (born 8 December 1979) is a Chinese actor and singer from Hong Kong, contracted to the television station TVB and EEG's Music Plus label.
Raymond Lam was born into a wealthy family. His father, Lam Kwok-Wah (林國華), is a renowned real-estate property developer in the mainland referred to as "Xiamen's Li Ka-shing" (廈門李嘉誠) who sits on the board of seven real estate and construction companies. His birthname was Lam Wui-man (林匯文), which later changed to Raymond Lam Fung. The name was changed to give him a fungshui advantage.
Lam attended the 13th TVB artists training class in 1998 as an auditing student and was offered a contract with TVB upon graduation in September 1998. In the earlier part of his career, Lam appeared as a walk-on in numerous television series and as a host for TVB8. Lam was offered his first lead role (Eternal Happiness) in 2002 after gaining fame and critical success from his portrayal of the ruthless Ying Ching in the historical/science fiction drama A Step into the Past (2001). In 2003, Lam won the TVB Anniversary Award for Most Improved Male Artiste for his performance in Survivor's Law.
Since 2002, Lam was frequently nominated as one of the top
Shinya Tsukamoto (塚本 晋也, Tsukamoto Shin'ya, born January 1, 1960) is a Japanese film director and actor with a considerable cult following both domestically and abroad.
Tsukamoto started making movies at the age of 14, when his father gave him a Super 8 camera. He made a number of films, ranging from 10-minute shorts to 2-hour features, until his first year at college when he temporarily lost interest in making movies. Tsukamoto then started up a theatre group, which soon included Kei Fujiwara, Nobu Kanaoka, and Tomorowo Taguchi, all of whom would continue to work with Tsukamoto up through the filming of Tetsuo: The Iron Man.
One of their theatre productions at this time was Denchu Kozo no boken. At the end of the production, Tsukamoto did not want to waste all the effort they had put into building the set, so he decided to shoot a film version.
Tsukamoto's early films, Futsu saizu no kaijin (A Phantom of Regular Size) and Denchu Kozo no boken (The Adventures Of Electric Rod Boy) made in 1986/87, were short subject science fiction films shot on colour 8 mm film. His black & white 16 mm feature Tetsuo: The Iron Man, made in 1988. Tsukamoto has stated he has a love-hate relationship
Bart Mastronardi is a director, screenwriter, cinematographer and producer for his feature length movie Vindication. He resides in New York City, teaching Camera, Lighting, and director's craft at the New York Film Academy.
Bart was born in Queens, NY on May 23.
Bart is an independent filmmaker where his work with a talented cast and crew led to the creation of Vindication. Vindication is Bart’s directorial feature film debut based on his short movie. Having been a DP for numerous movies, shorts and commercials, Bart wanted to go back to his directing roots this time independently financing and multi-tasking this production to create a chilling coming-of-age psychological horror movie. Learning from other great independent filmmakers and movies that shot with a low budget style, Bart mixed those elements with classic literature ranging from Shakespeare’s tragedies, to Ovid’s Metamorphosis and Dante’s The Inferno, and mixed with inspiration from Clive Barker notably the first Hellraiser movie where Bart was able to create the mad and macabre world of the film's protagonist, Nicolas Bertram, found in Vindication.
When Bart was twelve years old his father took him to see Friday the
Ellen Spiro (born 1968) is an American documentary filmmaker. Spiro is known for making humorous social issue films for national and international television broadcasts and theatrical release.
In 2010 Spiro directed a nationally broadcast NOW on PBS special Fixing the Future with on-camera host David Brancaccio who visits communities across America using innovative approaches to building prosperity in our new economy.
In 2007 she released Body of War (co-directed and co-produced with Phil Donahue). Body of War won Best Documentary of 2007 from the National Board of Review and premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival where it won an audience award. Spiro and Donahue were featured on a one-hour Bill Moyers Journal special discussing the film. Additionally, Ellen Spiro and Phil Donahue received a 2007 nomination for Best Documentary from the Producer's Guild of America and were short-listed for an Academy Award nomination for Best Documentary.
Spiro's other award-winning films have been shown broadcast on television worldwide on PBS, HBO, BBC, CBC and NHK and in the art world, including multiple screenings at the Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum Biennial
Guillermo Navarro, ASC, A.M.C. (born 1955) is a Mexican cinematographer. He has worked in Hollywood since 1993 and is a frequent collaborator of Guillermo del Toro and Robert Rodriguez. In 2006 he won the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for the film, Pan's Labyrinth. His work often features very vivid blues and yellows which often take up most of the image, and the film's grain structure often switches between well-defined and sharp, and somewhat smoothed over or very fine. His filmography runs the gamut from small arthouse films to big-budget action films.
Jake Deckard (born December 30, 1972) is an American gay pornographic actor who appears in gay pornographic films and magazines. In April 2006, a shakeup between Titan Media and Raging Stallion ended in a swap himself (Raging) and François Sagat (Titan). Deckard has been named Raging Stallion 2007 Man of the Year. Deckard has also worked for porn director Chi Chi LaRue. In 2008, He started is his own production company Screaming Eagle XXX. Deckard is no longer a Raging exclusive. Deckard won both Best Actor and Performer of the Year at the 2008 GayVN Awards. No other star has ever won both in the same year.
Jake Deckard is currently working as a fashion photographer and massage therapist in NYC.
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince (born Metz 28 August 1841, vanished 16 September 1890) was an inventor who shot the first moving pictures on paper film using a single lens camera. He has been heralded as the "Father of Cinematography" since 1930.
A Frenchman who also worked in the United Kingdom and the United States, Le Prince conducted his ground-breaking work in 1888 in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, UK.
In October 1888, Le Prince filmed moving picture sequences Roundhay Garden Scene and a Leeds Bridge street scene using his single-lens camera and Eastman's paper film. These were several years before the work of competing inventors such as Auguste and Louis Lumière and Thomas Edison.
He was never able to perform a planned public demonstration in the United States because he mysteriously vanished from a train on 16 September 1890. His body and luggage were never found, but, over a century later, a police archive was found to contain a photograph of a drowned man who could have been him. Le Prince's disappearance allowed Thomas Edison to take the credit for the invention of motion pictures, but he has been heralded as 'The Father of Cinematography', in current
Mitchell "Mitch" Epstein (born 1952 in Holyoke, Massachusetts) is an American photographer whose photographs are in numerous major museum collections, including New York's Museum of Modern Art and Whitney Museum of American Art, The J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and the Tate Modern in London. He has also worked as a director, cinematographer, and production designer on several films, including Dad, Salaam Bombay!, and Mississippi Masala.
Epstein graduated from Williston Academy, where he studied with artist and bookmaker Barry Moser. In the early 1970s he studied at Union College, New York; Rhode Island School of Design, Rhode Island, and the Cooper Union, New York, where he was a student of photographer Garry Winogrand.
By the mid-70s, Epstein had abandoned his academic studies and begun to travel, embarking on a photographic exploration of the United States. Ten of the photographs he made during this period were in a 1977 group exhibition at Light Gallery in New York. Ben Lifson wrote in his Village Voice review: “Mitch Epstein’s ten color photographs are the best things at Summer Light…. At 25, Epstein's apprenticeship is over, as
Parvez Sharma is an internationally renowned New York based Indian writer and filmmaker. He is best known for the multiple award winning and acclaimed film A Jihad for Love, on gay and lesbian Muslims. The influential UTNE Reader named him one of "50 Visionaries changing your world" in a list headed by the Dalai Lama in 2009. "A Jihad for Love" is his first feature, which he directed and produced and is an international phenomenon with more than 8 million viewers in 49 nations in the first two years of its release. The film has been premiered at most major international festival venues including a world premier at Toronto in 2007 and a European premiere (as the opening film of Panorama Documentary) in Berlin, 2008. The winner of more than five international awards, the film has been theatrically released across the US and in Canada and is being broadcast around the world. The film has generated an international media blitz and coverage in practically all big media outlets. He has also been interviewed on BBC, CNN,CBC, Channel 4, Arte/ZDF, SBS, MSNBC, Fox and hundreds of television and radio stations worldwide.
Co-produced with five international broadcasters, France's ARTE,
Robert Anthony Rodríguez (born June 20, 1968) is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor and musician. He shoots and produces many of his films in his native Texas and Mexico. He has directed such films as Desperado, From Dusk Till Dawn, The Faculty, "Sharkboy and Lavagirl", Spy Kids, Sin City, Planet Terror, and Machete. He is a friend and frequent collaborator of filmmaker Quentin Tarantino.
Rodríguez was born in San Antonio, Texas, the son of Mexican-American parents Rebecca (née Villegas), a nurse, and Cecilio G. Rodríguez, a salesman. He began his interest in film at age 11 when his father bought one of the first VCRs, which came with a camera.
While attending St. Anthony High School, he was commissioned to videotape the school's football games. According to his sister he was fired soon after for shooting them with a cinematic style, getting shots of parents' reactions and the ball traveling through the air instead of shooting the whole play. There he met Carlos Gallardo; they both shot films on video throughout high school and college. After graduating Rodriguez went to the College of Communication at the University of Texas where he also
Sam Newfield, born Samuel Neufeld, (December 6, 1899 - November 10, 1964), also known as Sherman Scott or Peter Stewart, was an American B-movie director, with over 250 feature films to his credit, and a large number of shorts, training films, industrial films, TV episodes, and pretty much anything anyone would pay him for. Because of this massive output--he would sometimes direct more than 20 films in a single year--he has been called the most prolific director of the sound era. Many of Newfield's movies were made for PRC Pictures. This was a film production company that he operated in association with his brother Sigmund Neufeld. The films PRC produced were low-budget productions, the majority being westerns, with an occasional horror film or crime drama.
Newfield completed one year of high school, according to the 1940 US census. Brother Morris Neufeld was a stage actor, according to the 1930 US census.
Sam Newfield was credited as Sherman Scott and Peter Stewart on a number of films he made for PRC. He used these names in order to hide the fact that one person was responsible for so many of PRC's films.
A detailed filmography is available at The Films of Sam Newfield. Partial
Santosh Sivan (Malayalam: സന്തോഷ് ശിവൻ; born in Trivandrum, Kerala, India) is an Indian cinematographer, film director, actor and producer known for his extensive work in Indian cinema.
Santhosh Sivan graduated from the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) and went on to completing 45 features and 41 documentaries. He was a founding member of the Indian Society of Cinematographers (ISC) and is the most awarded Director of Photography (DP) in India. Santosh Sivan has become the first Cinematographer in Asia Pacific's to be awarded the prestigious American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) membership. He was awarded the National Film Awards for Best Cinematography four times, for the films Perumthachan (1991), Kaalapani (1996), Iruvar (1997), and Dil Se.. (1998).
Santosh Sivan was born into a family of artists. His grandmother used to teach him painting and music in the palace and as a kid he accompanied her to the palace. These visits gave him an opportunity to become familiar with the paintings of Raja Ravi Varma, a nineteenth century Indian painter whose renowned works were themes from Hindu mythology, and everyday life of his times.
His grandmother often narrated the
Zbigniew Rybczyński (Polish pronunciation: [ˈzbiɡɲɛf rɨpˈt͡ʂɨɲskʲi]; born January 27, 1949) is a Polish filmmaker, director, cinematographer, screenwriter, creator of experimental animated films and multimedia artist who has won numerous prestigious industry awards both in the United States and internationally. He has taught cinematography and digital cinematography, and has worked as a researcher of blue and greenscreen compositing technology at Ultimatte Corporation. He is renowned for his innovative audiovisual techniques and for his pioneering experimentation in the field of new image technology.
In March 2009 Rybczyński returned to Poland, taking up residence in Wrocław, where he is currently setting up a studio of his own design – the Wrocław Visual Technology Studio – at the site of the city's historic Feature Film Studio. The opening is planned for 2012. It is expected to be a state-of-the-art studio for the production of multi-layer film images, and an institute for research into images.
Rybczyński was born January 27th 1949 in Łódź, Poland. He grew up in Warsaw, where he attended a secondary-level art school and then worked briefly at the Studio Miniatur Filmowych
V. Manikandan (born January 1968) is a leading cinematographer hailing from Tamil Nadu. He has worked as the cinematographer for a number of major box office hits in Hindi. Tamil and Malayalam. He is an acclaimed ad film cinematographer with more than 3,000 ad films to his credit. He won the Best Cinematographer award [filmfare award] for the movie Anniyan. His debut movie was Atharmam (Tamil) in 1994. He has been congratulated by industry's most acclaimed directors like Mani Ratnam and S. Shankar. In a function Mani Ratnam said "Yes - he is one of the good cinematographers in India".V.Manikandan was nominated for Asia Pacific Cine Awards(ASPA) for his work in Raavanan/Raavan in 2010 for Best Cinematography.He has won Apsara award for best cinematography for Raavan in 2011.
Victor Lonzo Fleming (February 23, 1889 – January 6, 1949) was an American film director, cinematographer, and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director.
Fleming was born in La Canada, California, the son of Elizabeth Evaleen (née Hartman) and William Alonzo "Lon" Fleming, who worked in the water industry in Pasadena. His mother was of part German descent. Fleming served in the photographic section during World War I, and acted as chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson in Versailles, France. He showed a mechanical aptitude early in life; while working as a car mechanic he met the director Allan Dwan, who took him on as a camera assistant. Fleming soon rose to the rank of cinematographer, working with both Dwan and D. W. Griffith, and directed his first film in 1919.
Many of Fleming's silent films were action movies, often starring Douglas Fairbanks, or Westerns, and with his robust attitude and love of outdoor sports he became known as a "man's director". But he also proved an effective director of women. Under his direction, Vivien Leigh won the Best Actress Oscar,
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor and pianist. According to IMDb.com, he is "one of the best known, awarded, and financially successful composers in US history." In a career spanning over six decades, he has composed some of the most recognizable film scores in the history of motion pictures, including the Star Wars saga, Jaws, Superman, the Indiana Jones films, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Home Alone and its sequel, Hook, Jurassic Park, Schindler's List, War Horse, and the first three Harry Potter films. He has had a long association with director Steven Spielberg, composing the music for all but two (Duel and The Color Purple) of Spielberg's major feature films.
Other notable works by Williams include theme music for four Olympic Games, NBC Sunday Night Football, the NBC Nightly News, the rededication of the Statue of Liberty, and the television series Lost in Space and Land of the Giants. Williams has also composed numerous classical concerti, and he served as the principal conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra from 1980 to 1993; he is now the orchestra's conductor laureate.
Williams has won five Academy Awards, four Golden Globe
David Hoffman is one of America’s veteran documentary filmmakers. During his 40-year career, Hoffman has made five feature-length documentaries including King, Murray, an experimental feature film about a Long Island salesman who goes to Las Vegas on a junket to gamble with other high rollers. King, Murray was the winner of the Critics Award at The Cannes Film Festival. Other feature films include: Earl Scruggs: His Family and Friends, starring Scruggs with Bob Dylan, Doc Watson, and The Byrds; Sing Sing Thanksgiving, a concert feature film at Sing Sing Prison in New York with B.B. King, Joan Baez and others; and It’s All Good, a film chronicling the lives of two aggressive rollerblade teams in New York City and Los Angeles that are competing for a national prize.
David Hoffman was born in New York, New York and raised in Levittown, Long Island by parents H. Lawrence and Eve Hoffman. Hoffman's father was an illustrator and teacher at Cooper Union and his mother was a public speaker. Although his initial career path was as a professional musician, when offered the chance to play for the Minneapolis Symphony (today known as the Minnesota Orchestra), Hoffman decided to venture into
Film cinematography credits:Stay the Same Never Change
Laurel Nakadate (born December 15, 1975) is an American video artist and photographer living in New York City.
Laurel Nakadate was born in Austin, Texas and raised in Ames, Iowa.
Nakadate's 2005 solo show at Danziger Projects, "Love Hotel and Other Stories", was featured in The New York Times, The Village Voice, and Flash Art. Art critic Jerry Saltz named her a "standout" in the 2005 "Greater New York" show at P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, N.Y.
Since then, Nakadate's work has been exhibited at the Getty Museum, Los Angeles; the Asia Society, New York; the Reina Sofia, Madrid; the Berlin Biennial; Grand Arts, Kansas City; and at Leslie Tonkonow Artworks + Projects, New York. A ten-year retrospective of her work, called Only the Lonely, is on view at MoMA PS1 from January 23 to August 8, 2011.
A cover interview with the artist appeared in the October 2006 issue of The Believer.
Nakadate's first feature-length film, Stay The Same Never Change, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on January 16, 2009, and was featured in New Directors/New Films 2009 at The Museum of Modern Art and Lincoln Center. Her second feature, The Wolf Knife, premiered at
Witold Sobocinski (born October 15, 1929 in the town of Ozorków near Łódź) is a Polish cinematographer, academic teacher as well as former jazz musician. Sobocinski is a graduate of the renowned National Film School in Łódź, while in college, he was a member of the pioneer jazz band Melomani, in which he played the drums.
After graduation, he worked with Polish Television and Film Studios Czolowka, as a cameraman. In 1967 he debuted as a cinematographer. Sobocinski cooperated with several notable directors, including Andrzej Wajda, Krzysztof Zanussi and Roman Polanski. Since 1980, he has been a lecturer at the Film School in Łódź . Sobocinski was awarded several prizes, he also co-produced a number of notable movies, including:
Joseph Caleb Deschanel, A.S.C. (born September 21, 1944) is an American film cinematographer and film/television director. He has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography five times.
Deschanel was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Anna Ward (née Orr) and Paul Jules Deschanel. His father was French, from Oullins, Rhône, and his mother was American. Deschanel was raised in his mother's Quaker religion. He went to Severn School for high school. He attended Johns Hopkins University from 1962 to 1966, where he met Walter Murch, with whom he staged happenings, including a memorable one in which Murch simply sat down and ate an apple for an audience. Murch graduated a year ahead of him and encouraged Deschanel to follow him to the University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts, where he graduated in 1968. During this time, he was a member of a band of film students called The Dirty Dozen, a group that attracted the attention of the Hollywood system. Following his graduation, he attended the AFI Conservatory and graduated with an M.F.A degree in 1969.
Deschanel's cinematography credits include A Woman Under the Influence (1974, John Cassavetes
Chris Marker (French: [maʁkœʁ]; 29 July 1921 – 29 July 2012) was a French writer, photographer, documentary film director, multimedia artist and film essayist. His best known films are La jetée (1962), A Grin Without a Cat (1977), Sans Soleil (1983) and AK (1985), an essay film on the Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa. Marker is often associated with the Left Bank Cinema movement that occurred in the late 1950s and included such other filmmakers as Alain Resnais, Agnès Varda, Henri Colpi and Armand Gatti.
His friend and sometime collaborator Alain Resnais has called him "the prototype of the twenty-first-century man." Film theorist Roy Armes has said of him: "Marker is unclassifiable because he is unique...The French Cinema has its dramatists and its poets, its technicians, and its autobiographers, but only has one true essayist: Chris Marker."
Marker was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve. Always elusive about his past and known to refuse interviews and not allow photographs to be taken of him, his place of birth is highly disputed. Some sources and Marker himself claim that he was born in Ulan Bator, Mongolia. Other sources say he was born in Belleville, Paris, and others,
Christopher Jonathan James Nolan (/ˈnoʊlən/; born 30 July 1970) is an English/American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Known for his unconventional and often highly conceptual narratives, Nolan received serious notice with his art-house crossover Memento (2000), which garnered significant critical praise and numerous awards, including a nomination for Best Original Screenplay at the 74th Academy Awards. Memento was subsequently mentioned by many critics as one of the best films of the decade (2000-2009).
His works include critically acclaimed commercial films like The Dark Knight trilogy (2005-2012), and Inception (2010), as well as smaller films, such as Following (1998), Insomnia (2002) and The Prestige (2006).
Nolan co-founded Syncopy Films with his wife, Emma Thomas, and they have produced all his films since The Prestige (2006). He has collaborated with a variety of talents including cinematographer and director Wally Pfister, screenwriters David S. Goyer and Jonathan Nolan, film editor Lee Smith, composers David Julyan and Hans Zimmer, special effects coordinator Chris Corbould, and actors Christian Bale, Cillian Murphy, Tom Hardy, Ken Watanabe, Marion Cotillard,
Dinesh Baboo (also known as Dinesh Babu ದಿನೇಶ್ ಬಾಬು Kannada) (born 17 August 1956 in Trivandrum, India), is an Indian film director, cinematographer, producer, actor and screenwriter. He has worked in both Malayalam cinema and Kannada cinema. His directorial ventures were chiefly with Kannada films. His popularity also is largely as a director rather than a cinematographer due to his many popular films in Kannada, some of which went on to become blockbusters.
His career in cinema started as a cinematographer. He stood behind the camera for noted Malayalam films like Dhruvam, King, Ullasa Poonkattu and the blockbuster movie Commissioner which was instrumental in raising Suresh Gopi, currently a superstar in Malayalam movie world to stardom.
Great talent in cinematography was the springboard that launched him to great success in the world of cinema. This also helped him to have first hand knowledge of every technical aspect of cinema, which a director need not be necessarily familiar with. He also directed a Malayalam film named Mazhavillu starring Kunchacko Boban and Preeti Jhangiani. Although his camera skills were widely appreciated in Mollywood, his ambition took him to the world
Guy Maddin, OM, CM (born February 28, 1956) is a Canadian screenwriter, director, cinematographer and film editor of both features and short films, as well as an installation artist, from Winnipeg, Manitoba. His most distinctive quality is his penchant for recreating the look and style of silent or early sound era films which has solidified his popularity and acclaim in alternative film circles.
While Maddin strives to recreate the styles and moods of early film melodramas, Weimar Republic German silent films, and 1920s Soviet agit-prop, his own personal style uses clichés, psychosexual situations, bizarre stories and humour. Maddin himself attributes his embarkation into the film world to his viewing of Luis Buñuel's L'Âge d’Or, as told to journalist Robert K. Elder in an interview for The Film That Changed My Life.
I don’t even know if I would have even known how to begin making movies [had I not seen this film]. [Buñuel] made moviemaking seem necessary to me…It was the urgency of what Buñuel’s L’Âge d’or was about, this passionate affair ending in disaster. That was all I could relate to at that point in my life.
His film education came not with any formal training at a trade
Film cinematography credits:Metamorphosis: The Alien Factor
John Corson is an American professional wrestler and promoter, better known by his ring name, John Zandig. He is the founder and former owner of the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based promotion Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW).
Corson was born in Sewell, New Jersey. He was and still is a plumber before promoting wrestling. He began training as a wrestler in 1994 and adopted the ring name John Zandig in 1999. Shortly after debuting, Zandig opened a professional wrestling school, in New Jersey in order to hone his skills. The school eventually evolved into a professional wrestling promotion, Combat Zone Wrestling, and relocated to Philadelphia in late 2001.
From an early juncture, CZW was orientated towards hardcore wrestling, and Zandig himself has been involved in many ultraviolent matches since the company's inception, involving such objects as thumbtacks, fluorescent light tubes, barbed wire and even a weed wacker. On one occasion, Zandig was hung from meat hooks.
Zandig wrestled in Japan as the leader of CZW to compete for Big Japan Pro Wrestling. In the early 2000s (decade), Zandig appeared in a Japanese television commercial alongside the Japanese actress Ai Kato for a soft drink
Marina Goldovskaya, (born 1941) is an eminent Russian born documentary cinematographer famed for her candid portrayal of people. She has documented many types of people including simple folk, seamstresses, a female astronaut, literary and artistic legends, as well as political leaders.
The recipient of numerous documentary film and lifetime achievement awards, she currently serves as a professor at the UCLA School of Film and Television in Los Angeles.
... aka Anatoly Rybakov: The Russian Story (International: English title) (2006)
... aka A Poet on the Lower East Side: A Docu-Diary on Allen Ginsberg (USA) (1997)
... aka Lucky to be Born in Russia (International: English title) (1994)
... aka Oskolki zerkala (Russia) (1992)
... aka Власть Соловецкая (Soviet Union: Russian title) ... aka Solovetskaya vlast ... aka Solovki Power ... aka Vlast Solovetskaya (Soviet Union: Russian title: short title) (1988)
... aka Oleg Efremov: Chtoby byl teatr (Soviet Union: Russian title) (1987)
A memoir by Marina Goldovskaya, a Russian woman filmmaker, who was the first in Russia to be the combined director, writer, cinematographer, and producer of her films. Originally published in Russian. English
Anthony Howard Wilson, known as Tony Wilson (20 February 1950 – 10 August 2007), was an English record label owner, radio presenter, TV show host, nightclub manager, impresario and journalist for Granada Television and the BBC.
Wilson was the music mogul behind some of Manchester's most successful bands. He was the founder and manager of The Haçienda nightclub, and was one of the five co-founders of Factory Records (Joy Division's label). Wilson was also known as Mr Manchester, dubbed as such for his work in promoting the culture of Manchester throughout his career. He was portrayed by actor Steve Coogan in Michael Winterbottom's 2002 film 24 Hour Party People, and by Craig Parkinson in Anton Corbijn's 2007 film Control.
Wilson was born 20 February 1950 in Hope Hospital, Salford, Lancashire to Sydney Wilson and Doris Knupfer (who was 20 years her husband's senior), and moved to Marple, Stockport at the age of 5. His maternal grandfather was German. After passing his Eleven plus exam, Wilson attended the De La Salle Grammar School in Weaste Lane, Pendleton, Salford. He developed a love of literature and language, ignited by a performance of Hamlet at Stratford upon Avon. Wilson
Film cinematography credits:Should I Really Do It?
Ismail Necmi is a Turkish independent photographer and filmmaker.
Born in Turkey, Ismail Necmi works as an independent filmmaker, photographer and visual artist. After graduating in Law from Istanbul University, he collaborated on a number of movies, shorts and documentaries. As an independent photographer, his most notable projects have been; “Stills From Unmade Films | Thessaloniki”, a Solo Black & White Photography Exhibition in Macedonian Museum Of Contemporary Art in Thessaloniki and "Stills From Unmade Films | Berlin" in Berlin Art Projects in Berlin. His début real-life feature film, “Should I Really Do It?”, which he produced, wrote, directed, shot and edited, has been shown at the 34th Toronto International Film Festival 2009 as an official selection in the Discovery programme, and in many other international film festivals including Montreal, Reykjavik, São Paulo, Haifa, Rome, Hamburg, Bangkok, Cairo, Costa Rica, Göteborg, Mumbai and Thessaloniki. The movie was awarded 'Daniel Langlois Innovation Award' at the International Competition of the 38th Montreal International Festival du Nouveau Cinéma 2009; both 'Most Promising New Director Award' and 'Most Promising New
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവി വര്മ്മ) (April 29, 1848 - October 2, 1906) was an Indian painter from the princely state of Travancore (presently in Kerala) who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. His paintings are considered to be among the best examples of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art.
During his lifetime Varma is most remembered for his paintings of sari-clad women portrayed as shapely and graceful. Varma's paintings became an important motif in of the time, reproductions being found in almost every middle-class home. His exposure in the west came when he won the first prize in the Vienna Art Exhibition in 1873. Raja Ravi Varma died in 1906 at the age of 58. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art.
Raja Ravi Varma was born as Ravi Varma Koil Thampuran of Kilimanoor palace, in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore (Thiruvithankur) in Kerala. His father Ezhumavail Neelakanthan Bhattatiripad was an accomplished scholar, and his mother Umayamba Thampuratti (died 1886) was a poet and writer whose work Parvati Swayamvaram was
Film cinematography credits:The Oil Gush Fire in Bibiheybat
Alexandre Michon (Russian: Александр Михайлович Мишон; born in Kharkiv – died 5 July 1921, near Samara) was a Russian photographer and cinematographer. Born to a French family in Kharkiv, he started his career as a photographer and owned a photo studio in his hometown. He later settled in Baku (nowadays capital of Azerbaijan) and lived there for 25 years. Here, in 1898, he shot his first films using a Lumiere cinematograph. Michon is widely regarded as the pioneer of Azerbaijani cinema.
Stanley A. Long (26 November 1933 – 10 September 2012) was a British Exploitation cinema and sexploitation filmmaker. He was a writer, cinematographer, editor, and eventually, producer/director of low-budget exploitation movies.
Long began his career as a photographer, before producing striptease shorts or "glamour home movies", as they were sometimes known, for the 8 mm market. Beginning in the late fifties, Long’s feature film career would span the entire history of the British sex film, and as such exemplifies its differing trends and attitudes. From coy nudist films (Nudist Memories, 1959), to moralizing documentary (The Wife Swappers, 1969) to a more relaxed attitude to permissive material (Naughty, 1971), to out and out comedies at the end of the 1970s.
He made several sex comedy movies in the 1970s, the most successful being Adventures of a Taxi Driver (1975), Adventures of a Private Eye (1977) and Adventures of a Plumber's Mate (1978), starring a host of talented comedy performers including, Barry Evans, Diana Dors, Irene Handl, Harry H. Corbett, Liz Fraser and Fred Emney.
Like Norman J. Warren Long also made horror films. He made the anthology movie Screamtime in 1983 and
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, video game designer, and studio entrepreneur. In a career of more than four decades, Spielberg's films have covered many themes and genres. Spielberg's early science-fiction and adventure films were seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood blockbuster filmmaking. In later years, his films began addressing such issues as the Holocaust, slavery, war and terrorism. He is considered one of the most popular and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema. He is also one of the co-founders of DreamWorks movie studio.
Spielberg won the Academy Award for Best Director for Schindler's List (1993) and Saving Private Ryan (1998). Three of Spielberg's films—Jaws (1975), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), and Jurassic Park (1993)—achieved box office records, each becoming the highest-grossing film made at the time. To date, the unadjusted gross of all Spielberg-directed films exceeds $8.5 billion worldwide. Forbes puts Spielberg's wealth at $3.0 billion.
Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, to a Jewish family. His mother, Leah Adler (née Posner, 1920- ), was a restaurateur and concert
Alexander Osipovich Drankov (1886–1949) was a Russian photographer, cameraman, film producer, and one of the pioneers of the Russian pre-revolutionary cinematography.
The exact date of birth and birthplace of Alexander Drankov are unknown. According to some accounts, he was born in southern parts of Russia (possibly in Odessa) in 1886. In the early 20th century, Drankov owned a dancing school in Sevastopol, which fed all of his family. Later on, he took interest in photography and soon became a professional in this craft. Drankov moved to Saint Petersburg, where he would earn fame for his photographic talent and be awarded the title of the Purveyor of the Royal Court of His Imperial Highness for his quality photographs of Nicholas II. Also, Drankov managed to make photographic work much cheaper and open a chain of no less than 50 studios, where they took photos under amplified electric lighting, thus reducing the cost of the whole photographing process. Subsequently, Drankov became a press photographer for The Times and Parisian L'Illustration and obtained a journalist accreditation at the State Duma.
In 1907, Alexander Drankov decided to start his own film-making business and
Film cinematography credits:A Prairie Home Companion
Edward Lachman A.S.C. (born 31 March 1948) is an American cinematographer. Lachman is mostly associated with the American independent film movement, and has served as director of photography on films by Todd Haynes (including Far From Heaven, which earned Lachman an Academy Award nomination) and I'm Not There in 2007 and Steven Soderbergh such as Erin Brockovich (film). His other work include Desperately Seeking Susan in 1985 as well as Robert Altman's last picture A Prairie Home Companion (film) in 2006. Lachman has also worked on several non-American films, including two documentaries by Wim Wenders (one of which, Lightning Over Water, was shot in the United States) and La Soufrière by Werner Herzog.
In 2002, Lachman co-directed the controversial Ken Park with Larry Clark. He is a member of the American Society of Cinematographers.
Lachman was born in 1948 in Morristown, New Jersey; he received a BA from Harvard University in 1965 and studied in France at the University of Tours before pursuing a BFA in painting at Ohio University.
Film cinematography credits:La pelota vasca. La piel contra la piedra
Javier Aguirre Onaindía (born December 1, 1958 in Mexico City), popularly nicknamed El Vasco (The Basque), is a Mexican football manager and former midfielder. He was also a member of the Mexico national team and later became manager in two different occasions, but resigned after the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Aguirre played for a number of clubs in Mexico, including Club América, where he won several championships, including a final against CD Guadalajara, in which he scored a goal. He also played outside Mexico with CA Osasuna in Spain and the Los Angeles Aztecs in the United States.
He made 59 appearances for the Mexico national team between 1983 and 1992, scoring 13 goals. He played in the FIFA World Cup in 1986 and was sent off in the quarter-final defeat by West Germany.
After retiring as a player, he took up managing, first with Atlante and then Club Pachuca, where he won the Invierno championship in 1999.
In 2001, he replaced Enrique Meza as the manager of Mexico due to poor results. That same year, he managed them in the 2001 Copa América, but lost 1–0 in the final against host nation Colombia. In 2002, he managed them in the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Aguirre was then hired to coach
Mikael Salomon (born February 24, 1945 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is a Danish filmmaker. After a long cinematography career in Danish cinema, he transitioned to the Hollywood film industry in the late 1980s and has remained highly prolific there. He has been Oscar nominated twice.
Salomon's film credits include cinematography for The Abyss and Backdraft, as well as directing the miniseries Band of Brothers, in 2001.
Mohammed Al-Darraji (born 6 August 1978 in Baghdad, Iraq) is an Iraqi Dutch film director. Al-Daradji is a dual Dutch-Iraqi citizen. He studied theatre directing in Baghdad and fled to The Netherlands in 1995, where he specialised as a cameraman. Later he graduated from The Northern Film School in Leeds, England, gaining MAs in cinematography and directing. . He created several short films and commercials and won a Kodak student award for commercials.
In 2005 he established Human Film a Leeds based production company with his producer Isabelle Stead.
One of his first features was Ahlaam, which took him four months to film in 2004, in Baghdad while the war was going on and it was very difficult to film as electricity would often cut off from time to time. Near to the end of filming, he claims that he and three members of his crew were kidnapped but managed to escape from being killed by insurgents, who accused them of making a propaganda film supporting the U.S.-backed Iraqi government. The captors were preparing to shoot them before they fled from the sound of police sirens. On the same day, they were said to have been abducted again from a Baghdad hospital by another group of
Sir Peter Robert Jackson, ONZ, KNZM (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, producer, actor, and screenwriter, who is well known for his The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001 to 2003), adapted from the novel by J. R. R. Tolkien.
He won international attention early in his career with his "splatstick" horror comedies beginning with Bad Taste (1987) before coming to mainstream prominence with Heavenly Creatures (1994), for which he shared an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay nomination with his wife, Fran Walsh. Jackson has been awarded three Academy Awards in his career, including the award for Best Director in 2003; he also won the BAFTA, Golden Globe and Saturn Award for Best Direction the same year.
His films also include Meet the Feebles (1989), Braindead (1992), Forgotten Silver (1995), The Frighteners (1996), King Kong (2005), The Lovely Bones (2009), and the upcoming The Hobbit trilogy, which will include The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012), The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013), and The Hobbit: There and Back Again (2014). He also produced District 9 (2009) and The Adventures of Tintin (2011).
Jackson was made a Companion of the New
Predrag Bambić is an award nominated Serbian film and television cinematographer and producer born August 7, 1958 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
From 1977 through 1981, Bambić studied at the University of Arts in Belgrade in the Film and TV Camera department of the Faculty of Drama Arts, earning his Master of Arts degree.
From 1981 through 1988 Bambić worked at TV Belgrade filming the pop-culture related serials Pop Express and Rock’n’Rolller, and also filming over 2,000 information, documentary, and music programs.
In 1986 he joined the Yugoslav Army Marines, and from 1989 through 1993 worked for the Yugoslav Army’s film production company Zastava film where he specialized in filming training films for Yugoslav Air Force . He also documented the genesis of the violent disintegration of Yugoslavia, covering all the major events related to the development of the wars in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, much of which was seen on the BBC documentary serial The Death of Yugoslavia.
From 1992 through 1994, Bambić filmed many news stories and documentaries on the war in Bosnia and Croatia for: BBC, CNN, CBS, Sky News, and ABC, among others. From 1995 through 1996 he worked for
Film cinematography credits:Broadway: The Golden Age
Rick McKay (born August 30 1960) is an American film director, author, historian and lecturer and lives in New York City. McKay is the award-winning Producer/Director/Writer/Cinematographer of the hit film ￢ﾀﾜBroadway: The Golden Age, by the Legends Who Were There.￢ﾀﾝ For five seasons he was a segment producer on WNET13￢ﾀﾙs City Arts, the most honored, locally produced show in television history, which won over 30 Emmy awards. Rick also produced the first story commissioned for the critically successful national series Egg: The Arts Show, garnering another two Emmy nominations as well as helping to create the opening segment of two recent national Tony Awards broadcasts. Rick won three of the industry￢ﾀﾙs prestigious Telly awards for his television work, has produced episodes for the immensely successful series ￢ﾀﾜBiography￢ﾀﾝ on the Arts and Entertainment network, and has produced for HBO and United Artists.
Rick is also the sole owner and proprietor of Second Act Productions, the production company that produced the feature film ￢ﾀﾜBroadway: The Golden Age, by the Legends Who Were There￢ﾀﾝ ￢ﾀﾜBroadway: The Golden Age￢ﾀﾝ has won over 15 film festival awards to date, is on 17
Vasco Lucas Nunes (born December 13, 1974 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese cinematographer, producer, and film director. In 2003, he graduated from the AFI Conservatory, where he got a masters in Cinematography, but had begun working in the film and television industry in the early '90s.
His work is part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, and has garnered international cinematography awards, two Grand Jury Prizes at Sundance, a Peabody Award, an IDFA Special Jury Prize, and film selections at all major film festivals, including Cannes and Sundance.
Vittorio Storaro, A.S.C., A.I.C. (born 24 June 1940 in Rome) is an Italian cinematographer.
In 2003, a survey conducted by the International Cinematographers Guild judged Storaro one of history's ten most influential cinematographers.
The son of a film projectionist, Storaro began studying photography at the age of 11. He went on to formal cinematography studies at the national Italian film school, Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia, when he was 18. Working as a camera operator for many years, he was on his first film as cinematographer for Giovinezza, Giovinezza (Youthful, Youthful) in 1968. In 1970, he photographed L'uccello dalle piume di cristallo (The Bird with the Crystal Plumage), the first film directed by Dario Argento.
He has worked with many important film directors, in particular Bernardo Bertolucci, with whom he has had a long collaboration, as well as Francis Ford Coppola and Warren Beatty.
His credits include 1900, The Conformist, Last Tango in Paris, The Last Emperor, Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist, Apocalypse Now, One From the Heart, Reds, Bulworth, The Sheltering Sky, Tucker: The Man and His Dream, Ladyhawke, Tango and Goya en Burdeos. He was also
Govind Nihalani (born 19 August 1940) is an Indian director, cinematographer, and also a screenwriter and film producer. He has been directing Hindi films since the late seventies, and worked in the television medium.
Nihalani was born on 19 August 1940 in Karachi, Sindh province (now in Pakistan) and his family migrated to India during the partition of 1947. He started out as a cinematographer, graduating in cinematography from the Shree Jaya Chamrajendra polytechnic in Bangalore in 1962. He was an Assistant Cinematographer to the legendary V. K. Murthy.He was associated with all the earlier films of Shyam Benegal and with the cinematography of Richard Attenborough's Oscar-winning epic Gandhi. Nihalani and Benegal are well known for their socially relevant films.
His first directorial venture was Aakrosh starring Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, the late Smita Patil and the late Amrish Puri. This was based on a real story which was converted into a film script by the eminent Marathi playwright Vijay Tendulkar and it made a huge impact on audiences all over India. It shared the Golden Peacock for best film at the International Film Festival of India held in New Delhi in 1981. His film
John Samuel Waters, Jr. (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, actor, stand-up comedian, writer, journalist, visual artist, and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. Waters' 1970s and early '80s trash films feature his regular troupe of actors known as the Dreamlanders—among them Divine, Mink Stole, David Lochary, Mary Vivian Pearce, and Edith Massey. Starting with Desperate Living (1977), Waters began casting real-life convicted criminals (Liz Renay, Patricia Hearst) and infamous people (Traci Lords, a former porn star).
Waters skirted mainstream film making with Hairspray (1988), which introduced Ricki Lake and earned a modest gross of $8 million domestically. In 2002, Hairspray was adapted to a long-running Broadway musical, which itself was adapted to a hit musical film which earned more than $200 million worldwide. After the crossover success of the original film version of Hairspray, Waters's films began featuring familiar actors and celebrities such as Johnny Depp, Edward Furlong, Melanie Griffith, Chris Isaak, Johnny Knoxville, Martha Plimpton, Christina Ricci, Lili Taylor, Kathleen Turner, John Travolta, and Tracey
Lance Acord, A.S.C. (born September 9, 1964) is an American cinematographer.
Acord was born in Marin County, California. He attended Sir Francis Drake High School's School Within A School (S.W.A.S.) program and went on to study photography and filmmaking at the San Francisco Art Institute. He began his professional career with photographer/filmmaker Bruce Weber. Together they made documentaries, commercials, and music videos.
Acord continued to work extensively in the latter mediums. He earned the MTV Video Music Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Fatboy Slim’s “Weapon of Choice”, which featured Christopher Walken and was directed by Spike Jonze. He also worked with R.E.M. on a regular basis.
Stéphane Sednaoui, Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, Mark Romanek, and Michel Gondry are a few of the directors Acord works with. He has shot and/or directed numerous television commercial campaigns for advertisers such as Levi's, Volkswagen, and Nike.
Acord made his first foray into narrative feature filmmaking as the cinematographer on Vincent Gallo’s Buffalo ’66. Since then, he has been the director of photography on Spike Jonze’s features Being John Malkovich, Adaptation. (in
Film cinematography credits:The Plow That Broke the Plains
Paul Strand (October 16, 1890 – March 31, 1976) was an American photographer and filmmaker who, along with fellow modernist photographers like Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Weston, helped establish photography as an art form in the 20th century. His diverse body of work, spanning six decades, covers numerous genres and subjects throughout the Americas, Europe and Africa.
Paul Strand was born in New York City to Bohemian parents. In his late teens Strand was a student of renowned documentary photographer Lewis Hine at the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. It was while on a fieldtrip in this class that Strand first visited the 291 art gallery – operated by Stieglitz and Edward Steichen – where exhibitions of work by forward-thinking modernist photographers and painters would move Strand to take his photographic hobby more seriously. Stieglitz would later promote Strand's work in the 291 gallery itself, in his photography publication Camera Work, and in his artwork in the Hieninglatzing studio. Some of this early work, like the well-known "Wall Street," experimented with formal abstractions (influencing, among others, Edward Hopper and his idiosyncratic urban vision). Other of Strand's
John Ford (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973) was an Irish-American film director. He was famous for both his Westerns such as Stagecoach, The Searchers, and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, and adaptations of such classic 20th-century American novels as The Grapes of Wrath. His four Academy Awards for Best Director (1935, 1940, 1941, 1952) is a record, and one of those films, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture (in its famous win over Citizen Kane).
In a career that spanned more than 50 years, Ford directed more than 140 films (although nearly all of his silent films are now lost) and he is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers of his generation. Ford's films and personality were held in high regard by his colleagues, with Ingmar Bergman and Orson Welles among those who have named him as one of the greatest directors of all time.
In particular, Ford was a pioneer of location shooting and the long shot which frames his characters against a vast, harsh and rugged natural terrain.
Ford was born John Martin "Jack" Feeney (though he later often gave his given names as Sean Aloysius, sometimes with surname O'Feeny or O'Fearna; an Irish
James Francis Cameron (born August 16, 1954) is a Canadian film director, film producer, deep-sea explorer, screenwriter, visual artist and editor. His writing and directing work includes The Terminator (1984), Aliens (1986), The Abyss (1989), Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), True Lies (1994), Titanic (1997), Dark Angel (2000–02), and Avatar (2009). In the time between making Titanic and Avatar, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films (specifically underwater documentaries) and co-developed the digital 3D Fusion Camera System. Described by a biographer as part-scientist and part-artist, Cameron has also contributed to underwater filming and remote vehicle technologies. On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, in the Deepsea Challenger submersible. He was the first person to do this in a solo descent, and only the third person to do so ever.
He has been nominated for six Academy Awards overall and won three for Titanic. In total, Cameron's directorial efforts have grossed approximately US$2 billion in North America and US$6 billion worldwide. Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron's Titanic and Avatar are
Nick Matthews born 23 December 1972, in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England, is an Australian based cinematographer and film producer.
He studied filmmaking in Australia at Flinders University before moving to Europe in 1998 where he worked on productions such as the Steven Spielberg/Tom Hanks produced HBO series Band of Brothers and the Hugh Grant movie About a Boy, directed by the Weitz Brothers.
In 2001 he returned to Australia and has since photographed Alex Frayne's feature film Modern Love (film) (ACS silver award, Best Foreign Film, European IF festival, Paris, 2006), Murali Thalluri's 2:37 (official selection at Cannes, Toronto, 2006, and an ACS gold award) which he also co-edited and co-produced, as well as the 2nd unit and "B" camera on Greg Reid’s thriller Like Minds starring Toni Colette and Richard Roxborough. Nick also photographed Anthony Maras' AFC funded shorts Azadi (AFI nominated for best short and a golden tripod at the 2006 ACS awards) and his latest film Spike Up, which stars Marcus Graham.
Nick also shoots commercials, including Mitsubishi Motors, and music videos; notably Sia Furler's (lead singer of British band zero 7) recent clip Sunday from her album
The Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) was an American self-styled left-wing revolutionary group active between 1973 and 1975 that considered itself a vanguard army. The group committed bank robberies, two murders, and other acts of violence.
The SLA became internationally notorious for kidnapping media heiress Patty Hearst, abducting the 19-year-old and her 26-year-old boyfriend Steven Weed from their home in Berkeley, California. Interest increased when Hearst, in audiotaped messages delivered to (and broadcast by) regional news media, denounced her parents and announced she had joined the SLA. She was subsequently observed participating in their illegal activities. Hearst later alleged that she had been held in close confinement, sexually assaulted and brainwashed.
In his manifesto "Symbionese Liberation Army Declaration of Revolutionary War & the Symbionese Program", Donald DeFreeze wrote, "The name 'symbionese' is taken from the word 'symbiosis' and we define its meaning as a body of dissimilar bodies and organisms living in deep and loving harmony and partnership in the best interest of all within the body."
Although the SLA considered themselves leaders of the black
Tony Gaudio (20 November 1883 - 10 August 1951) was an Italian American cinematographer and the first to create a montage sequence for a film.
Born Gaetano Antonio Gaudio in Cosenza, Italy, he began his career shooting short subjects for Italian film companies. He moved to New York City in 1906 and worked in Vitagraph's film laboratory until the company was bought by Warner Bros. and he was promoted to cinematographer. His credits include Hell's Angels (1930), Little Caesar (1931), The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936), The Life of Emile Zola (1937), God's Country and the Woman (Warner Bros.' first Three-strip Technicolor film, 1937), The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), High Sierra (1941), Days of Glory (1944), and The Red Pony (1949).
Gaudio was a favorite of Bette Davis and worked on eleven of her films, including Ex-Lady, Fog Over Frisco, Front Page Woman, Bordertown, The Sisters, Juarez, The Letter, and The Great Lie.
Gaudio won the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for Anthony Adverse and was nominated five additional times, for Hell's Angels, Juarez, The Letter, Corvette K-225, and A Song to Remember. He was among the founders of the American Society of Cinematographers. He
Georges Méliès (English pronunciation: /mɛ.li.'ez/); (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. Méliès, a prolific innovator in the use of special effects, accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, and was one of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work. Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician". Two of his most well-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès was born 8 December 1861 in Paris to Jean-Louis-Stanislas Méliès and his Dutch wife,
Owen 'Alik Shahadah (b. 1973) (Arabic: اليك شحادة) is a director, African writer, and scholar. He writes on African culture, African slavery, and the Arab slave trade. He is best known for authoring works, which deal with African history, social justice, environmental issues, education and world peace. Born in Hanover, Germany and educated in England, New York, and the Caribbean, Shahadah is of a new generation of African Diaspora filmmakers inspired by the likes of Malcolm X and Kwame Ture. He produces work that articulates a multidimensional African world perspective. Testimony to this is 500 Years Later and Motherland (film). As a cultural writer he is a leading critic of the terms black people and Sub-Saharan Africa, he states they are products of racism to undermine African history and cultural contributions. He argues for African agency and economic ownership of African culture by Africans.
Shahadah studied Aeronautical Engineering (BEng) in London and zoology (Bsc) at the University of the West Indies. Despite a science background his writings focus on revisiting academic racism and African history within an African framework. He is author of arabslavetrade.com, a website on
Film cinematography credits:The Cat and the Fiddle
Charles Rodway Clarke (born 21 September 1950) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Norwich South from 1997 until 2010, and served as Home Secretary from December 2004 until May 2006.
The son of Civil Service Permanent Secretary Sir Richard Clarke, Charles Clarke was born in London. He attended the fee-paying Highgate School where he was Head Boy. He then read Mathematics and Economics at King's College, Cambridge, where he also served as the President of the Cambridge Students' Union. A member of the Broad Left faction, he was President of the National Union of Students from 1975 to 1977. Clarke had joined the Labour Party by then and was active in the Clause Four group. Clarke was the British representative on the Permanent Commission for the World Youth Festival (Cuba) from 1977 to 1978
He was elected as a local councillor in the London Borough of Hackney, being Chair of its Housing Committee and Vice-Chair of economic development from 1980 to 1986. He worked as a researcher, and later Chief of Staff, for Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock from February 1981 to 1992. His long association with Kinnock and with the general election defeat
David Nelson Dillehunt (born April 5, 1984 in Charlottesville, Virginia) is an American film director, television producer and composer. He is most known as director and co-writer of the official You Can't Do That on Television reunion episode, Project 131. Other notable works include the 1998 television series, Defying Belief, his 2003 feature independent film debut, Eviternity, and the 2008 feature-length comedy, Craptastic. Dillehunt has self-released five albums of original music compositions.
Film cinematography credits:The Angelic Conversation
Michael Derek Elworthy Jarman (31 January 1942 – 19 February 1994) was an English film director, stage designer, diarist, artist, gardener and author.
Jarman was born in Northwood, Middlesex, England. the son of Elizabeth Evelyn (née Puttock) and Lancelot Elworthy Jarman. His father was a military officer, born in New Zealand, and his mother was of half Jewish descent. He boarded at Canford School in Dorset, and from 1960 studied at King's College London. This was followed by four years at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London (UCL), starting in 1963. He had a studio at Butler's Wharf, London, and was part of the Andrew Logan social scene in the 1970s. Jarman was outspoken about homosexuality, his never-ending public fight for gay rights, and his personal struggle with AIDS.
On 22 December 1986, Jarman was diagnosed as HIV positive, and discussed his condition in public. His illness prompted him to move to Prospect Cottage, Dungeness in Kent, near the nuclear power station. In 1994, he died of an AIDS-related illness in London, aged 52. He is buried in the graveyard at St. Clements Church, Old Romney, Kent.
Jarman's first films were experimental super 8 mm shorts,
Kim Hiorthøy (born March 17, 1973) is a Norwegian electronic musician, graphic designer, illustrator, filmmaker and writer.
Hiorthøy was born and raised in Trondheim, Norway, and studied at the Trondheim Academy of Fine Art (1991–96) as well as the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen (1999-2000). During his tenure at the Trondheim Academy of Fine Art, Hiorthøy spent a year abroad in 1994 to attend the School of Visual Arts in New York. Currently, he lives and works in Berlin, Germany. A fictionalized version of Hiorthøy is a character in Erlend Loe's novel L.
Hiorthøy began making music while attending the Trondheim Academy of Fine Art; he worked in the academy's sound studio until he left school and purchased his own equipment. After various “collaborations and accidents”, his music was eventually introduced to DJ Joakim Haugland of the Smalltown Supersound record label. Haugland asked Hiorthøy to work with the label, and in 2001 Hiorthøy released his debut album, “Hei”. He has subsequently released several albums, EPs, and 7 inch records with Smalltown Supersound.
Hiorthøy’s musical style is difficult to classify; the Smalltown Supersound website offers the following
Ying Liang (Chinese: 应亮; pinyin: yīng liàng; born 1977) is a Chinese independent film director and screenwriter.
Ying Liang graduated from the Department of Directing at the Chongqing Film Academy and Beijing Normal University. His short film "The Missing House" (2003) won the best script award at the Beijing Student Film Festival, and Critics Award at the Hong Kong Independent Short Film Festival.
After the success of his short films, he directed his first feature film Taking Father Home (2005), which won awards at the Tokyo Filmex Film Festival, the Hong Kong International Film Festival, and the San Francisco International Film Festival. Taking Father Home was also selected at more than thirty international film festivals including The Tiger awards competition at the International Film Festival Rotterdam, the Vancouver International Film Festival, the London Film Festival, the Chicago International Film Festival, and the Fribourg International Film Festival.
In 2006, Ying made The Other Half (2006 film), which is supported by the Hubert Bals Fund (HBF) from the International Film Festival Rotterdam. The film also won the Special Jury Prize at the Tokyo Filmex Film Festival.
Douglas Eric "Doug" Liman (born July 24, 1965) is an American film director and producer best known for Swingers (1996), The Bourne Identity (2002), Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005), Jumper (2008), and Fair Game (2010).
Liman was born in New York City, the son of Ellen (née Fogelson), a painter and writer, and Arthur L. Liman, a New York lawyer well known for his public service, which included serving as chief counsel for the Senate Iran-Contra hearings.
Liman began making short films while still in junior high school and studied at International Center of Photography in New York City. While attending Brown University, he helped to co-found the student-run cable television station BTV and served as its first station manager. With the help of a major grant through his father's connections from the now-defunct CBS Foundation, he also co-founded the National Association of College Broadcasters (NACB), the first trade association geared to student-staffed radio and television stations, in 1988. Liman attended the graduate program at University of Southern California, where he was tapped to helm his first project in 1993, the comedy thriller Getting In/Student Body.
Liman became attached to
Eric Daniel Metzgar is a Brooklyn-based filmmaker. His debut film, a documentary entitled The Chances of the World Changing, which he directed, produced, shot and edited, premiered at the 2006 Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. The Chances of the World Changing screened at film festivals, won several awards and was nominated for a 2007 Independent Spirit Award in the "Axium Truer than Fiction" category. It also aired on PBS as part of the P.O.V. series in 2007.
Metzgar's second documentary film, Life. Support. Music., premiered at the 2008 Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. Life. Support. Music. tells the story of Jason Crigler, a successful New York-based guitarist who in 2004 suffered a devastating brain injury. This film features interviews with Norah Jones, Marshall Crenshaw, Teddy Thompson and others. Life. Support. Music. won the Audience Choice award at the 2008 Independent Film Festival of Boston.
Also in 2008, Metzgar completed a short first-person documentary titled Beholder, as part of the International Documentary Challenge. The film won the Documentary Challenge's "Original Vision Award," and also won "Best Writing" and "Best Use of First Person."
Film cinematography credits:Wetback: The Undocumented Documentary
Luis Felipe Rodriguez, better known as Felipe "La Voz" Rodríguez, (May 8, 1926– May 26, 1999) born in Caguas, Puerto Rico, was a singer of boleros. He is regarded as the most popular Puerto Rican male singer of the 1950s based on record sales and live audience records. Many of Rodríguez's recordings are often considered to be classics in Puerto Rico.
Rodríguez was born in the Savarona section of Caguas, the son of a sharecropper and a midwife. He had a rough childhood; his father died before he was born. In 1930, his mother Carmen moved to Santurce and settled in Barrio Obrero, a working class district of San Juan. There Rodriguez went to school and practiced his singing skills during his free time. Julito Rodriguez (no relation to Felipe), another bolero singer, heard Rodriguez sing and invited him to form a singing duo; they later they formed a trio called "Los Romanceros" (The Romantics) and he first took part in a radio program, the popular amateur showcase "Tribuna del Arte", hosted and produced by Rafael Quiñones Vidal.
In 1950, Rodriguez left the trio and tried different projects, such as forming or joining other trios (particularly the Trío Los Antares), duos (he formed the
Film cinematography credits:Searching for Debra Winger
Jean-Marc Barr (born 27 September 1960) is a French-American film actor and director.
Barr's mother is French. His American father was in the US Air Force and served in the Second World War. Jean-Marc Barr is primarily known as an actor, but is also a film director, screenwriter and producer. Barr is bilingual in French and English. He studied philosophy at the University of California, Los Angeles, the Paris Conservatoire and the Sorbonne. He went on to pursue an education in drama at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London. In London he met his future wife, a pianist and composer Irina Dečermić.
Barr began working in theatre in France in 1986. After some television roles (including a small role in Hotel du Lac (1986), the BBC's version of the Booker prize-winning novel by Anita Brookner), and film work, in particular, Hope and Glory (1987) by John Boorman, he was cast in the tremendously successful The Big Blue (1988). Luc Besson cast him in the role of French diver Jacques Mayol. He played in the role opposite Rosanna Arquette and Jean Reno. The Big Blue was the most financially successful film in France in the 1980s.
In 1991, he starred in Danish director Lars von
Richard Bracewell (born 28 November 1969) is an English film director with UK feature film production company Punk Cinema, which he set up in 2004 with co-producer and brother Tony Bracewell.
His first movie The Gigolos stars Susannah York, Anna Massey and Siân Phillips alongside newcomers Sacha Tarter and Trevor Sather. Bracewell wrote the film with Tarter and Sather, and directed and produced the film in London (UK) in 2005. He was also cinematographer on the film. The Gigolos had a limited film release by Punk Cinema on 23 March 2007. The British Film Institute released The Gigolos on DVD in the UK on 9 February 2009. First shown in competition at the American Film Institute Los Angeles International Film Festival (AFI FEST) in November 2005, Bracewell attended as one of the New Faces in European Cinema. It subsequently screened at film festivals in Perth (WA), Durango, Newport Beach, Cambridge (UK) and at the Dinard Festival of British Cinema. The film was favourably reviewed by the Los Angeles Timesas "a subtly delightful film". On UK release, the Sunday Telegraph wrote, "Bracewell...subverts your every expectation with each new scene". Although light on drama, the film was
Film cinematography credits:Rakht: What If You Can See the Future
Vijay Arora (27 December 1944 – 2 February 2007) was an actor in Hindi films and television serials, most famous for his roles in Yaadon Ki Baaraat and as Indrajit in the television serial Ramayan. He is not to be confused with another Vijay Arora, who is a cinematographer.
Arora won a gold medal when he graduated from the Film and Television Institute of India in 1971. He made his debut with another newcomer Reena Roy in Zaroorat (1972). He starred with Asha Parekh in Rakhi Aur Hathkadi (1972) and with the guitar-strumming Zeenat Aman in Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973) (featuring the romantic song, "Chura Liya Hai"). Two powerful actresses, Jaya Bhaduri and Waheeda Rehman, played his wife and mother-in-law in Phagun (1973). He starred with Shabana Azmi in Kadambari (1975); with Tanuja in Insaaf (1973); with Parveen Babi in 36 Ghante (1974); and with Moushumi Chatterjee in Natak (1975). Filmmaker Hrishikesh Mukherjee gave him a starring role in the film Sabse Bada Sukh (1973). Other films include Roti, Sargam (1979), Bade Dil Wala (1983), Jaan Tere Naam (1991) and Indian Babu (2003), where his characters were peripheral to the storyline.
In the late 80s, he found success on the small
Zhang Yimou (Mandarin pronunciation: [tʂɑ́ŋ îmɤ̌ʊ̯]) (born November 14, 1951) is a Chinese film director, producer, writer and actor, and former cinematographer. He is counted amongst the Fifth Generation of Chinese filmmakers, having made his directorial debut in 1987 with Red Sorghum.
Zhang has won numerous awards and recognitions, with Best Foreign Film nominations for Ju Dou in 1990 and Raise the Red Lantern in 1991, Silver Lion and Golden Lion prizes at the Venice Film Festival, Grand Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival. In 1993, he was a member of the jury at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival. Zhang directed the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games, which received considerable international acclaim.
One of Zhang's recurrent themes is the resilience of Chinese people in the face of hardship and adversity, a theme which has been explored in such films as, for example, To Live (1994) and Not One Less (1999). His films are particularly noted for their rich use of colour, as can be seen in some of his early films, like Raise the Red Lantern, and in his wuxia films like
Bryan Keith "Dexter" Holland (born December 29, 1965 in Garden Grove, California) is the singer, rhythm guitarist and primary songwriter for the California punk rock band The Offspring.
After Holland met friend and fellow cross-country teammate Greg Kriesel, they started a local punk band called Manic Subsidal in 1984, where he played the drums. It formed after the duo failed to get into a Social Distortion concert in 1984. After James Lilja was hired as their drummer Holland switched to both vocals and guitars. They never released any albums, but some demos have existed online. After some line-up changes, Manic Subsidal changed their name to The Offspring in 1986. After recording a demo in 1988, The Offspring signed a deal with a small-time label, Nemesis Records, for whom they recorded their first full length album, The Offspring, in March 1989. This album would eventually be re-issued on November 21, 1995 by Holland's own record label, Nitro Records.
In 1991, The Offspring signed with Epitaph Records (home of Bad Religion, L7, NOFX, Pennywise and other similar bands). Their first release on the label was Ignition, which was released in 1992. Their last album for that label was
Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16, 1868 – October 19, 1952) was a photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples.
Edward Curtis was born near Whitewater, Wisconsin. Curtis' father, the Reverend Johnson Asahel Curtis (1840–1887), was a minister and an American Civil War veteran. Rev. Curtis was born in Ohio. Rev. Curtis' father was born in Canada, and his mother in Vermont. Edward's mother, Ellen Sheriff (1844–1912), was born in Pennsylvania; and both her parents were born in England. Curtis' siblings were Raphael Curtis (1862-c1885), who also was called Ray Curtis; Eva Curtis (1870–?); and Asahel Curtis (1875–1941).,.
Around 1874 the family moved from Wisconsin to Minnesota. Curtis dropped out of school in the sixth grade. He soon built his own camera. In 1880 the family lived in Cordova Township, Minnesota, where Johnson Curtis worked as a retail grocer.
In 1885 at the age of seventeen Edward became an apprentice photographer in St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1887 the family moved to Seattle, Washington, where Edward purchased a new camera and became a partner in an existing photographic studio with Rasmus Rothi. Edward paid $150 for his 50 percent share in the studio.
Siegfried Fred Singer (born September 27, 1924) is an Austrian-born American physicist and emeritus professor of environmental science at the University of Virginia. Singer trained as an atmospheric physicist and is known for his work in space research, atmospheric pollution, rocket and satellite technology, his questioning of the link between UV-B and melanoma rates, and that between CFCs and stratospheric ozone loss , his public denial of the health risks of passive smoking, and as an outspoken critic of the mainstream scientific assessment of global warming. He is the author or editor of several books including Global Effects of Environmental Pollution (1970), The Ocean in Human Affairs (1989), Global Climate Change (1989), The Greenhouse Debate Continued (1992), and Hot Talk, Cold Science (1997). He has also co-authored Unstoppable Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years (2007) with Dennis Avery, and Climate Change Reconsidered (2009) with Craig Idso.
Singer has had a varied career, serving in the armed forces, government, and academia. He designed mines for the U.S. Navy during World War II, before obtaining his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University in 1948 and working as a
Julius Jaenzon (8 July 1885 – 17 February 1961) was a Swedish cinematographer, essential in the early Swedish silent cinema. He is most known for his collaborations with directors Victor Sjöström and Mauritz Stiller, particularly in adaptions of novels by Selma Lagerlöf. Especially the accuracy with which he mastered the double exposure, for example in The Phantom Carriage, was much admired at the time.
He was portrayed by Carl Magnus Dellow in the 2000 television play The Image Makers.
Film cinematography credits:There's Something About Mary
Mark Irwin, A.S.C., C.S.C. (born August 7, 1950) is a Canadian cinematographer.
He was born in Toronto. He studied Political science at the University of Waterloo and Filmmaking at the York University.
He is famous for early David Cronenberg films such as Fast Company, Scanners, Videodrome, The Dead Zone, and The Fly.
Maury Gertsman (17 April 1907 - 13 December 1999) was a senior-ranked cinematographer at Universal Pictures from the mid-1940s through the mid-1950s.
Gertsman's first film of note was Jungle Captive and he distinguished himself with his lensing of the final two Sherlock Holmes movies starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, Terror by Night and Dressed to Kill. His most interesting project of the mid-1940s, however, was the final Rondo Hatton vehicle, The Brute Man, which made Universal sufficiently uncomfortable that they sold it off to Poverty Row distributor Producers Releasing Corporation. At American International Pictures he photographed the horror satire How to Make a Monster, while at United Artists he lensed Invisible Invaders and The Four Skulls of Jonathan Drake. In 1959, he became the cinematographer on the television series Adventures in Paradise. His film work became far less frequent after 1960, although he did find himself roped into the production of The Creeping Terror in 1964. Like many of his contemporaries, Gertsman finished his career working in television, on shows like Arthur Lubin's Mister Ed series (1961-66) for Filmways Television and most specifically for
VistaVision is a higher resolution, widescreen variant of the 35mm motion picture film format which was created by engineers at Paramount Pictures in 1954.
Paramount did not use anamorphic processes such as CinemaScope but refined the quality of their flat widescreen system by orienting the 35mm negative horizontally in the camera gate and shooting onto a larger area, which yielded a finer-grained projection print.
As finer-grained film stocks appeared on the market, VistaVision became obsolete. Paramount dropped the format after only seven years, although for another forty years the format was used by some European and Japanese producers for feature films, and by American film studios for high resolution special effects sequences.
As a response to an industry recession brought about by the popularity of television, the Hollywood studios turned to large format movies in order to regain audience attendance. The first of these, Cinerama, debuted in September 1952, and consisted of three strips of 35mm film projected side-by-side onto a giant, curved screen, augmented by seven channels of stereophonic sound.
Five months later, in February of the following year, Twentieth Century Fox
Alexander Nikolayevich Sokurov PAR (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Соку́ров; born June 14, 1951) is a Russian filmmaker. His most significant works include a feature film, Russian Ark (2002), filmed in a single unedited shot, and Faust (2011), which was honoured with the Golden Lion, the highest prize for the best film at the Venice Film Festival.
Sokurov was born in Podorvikha, Irkutsk Oblast, in Siberia, into a military officer's family. He graduated from the History Department of the Nizhny Novgorod University in 1974 and entered one of the VGIK studios the following year. There he became friends with Tarkovsky and was deeply influenced by his film Mirror. Most of Sokurov's early features were banned by Soviet authorities. During his early period, he produced numerous documentaries, including an interview with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and a reportage about Grigori Kozintsev's flat in St Petersburg. His film Mournful Unconcern was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival in 1987.
Mother and Son (1997) was his first internationally-acclaimed feature film. It was mirrored by Father and Son (2003), which baffled the critics with its implicit
Film cinematography credits:A Very Long Engagement
Bruno Delbonnel (born 1957) is a French cinematographer.
Delbonnel was born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France and graduated in 1978 from the ESEC (Paris, Île-de-France).
He has collaborated twice with fellow French director Jean-Pierre Jeunet for Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain and A Very Long Engagement. He was the director of photography for the 2007 film Across the Universe and the 2009 fantasy-adventure film Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. He worked on Tim Burton's 2012 film Dark Shadows.
He has been nominated three times for an Academy Award, for Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain, A Very Long Engagement and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
His work tends to feature very stylized color palettes, often very warm and featuring yellows and greens as prominent and ubiquitous colors which often tint the whole image. Also often in his work, the film stock used has a very apparent, well-defined grain structure.
Byron Houck (August 28, 1891 in Prosper, Minnesota – June 17, 1969 in Santa Cruz, California) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball during the 1910s. He attended the University of Oregon.
Houck later pitched for the Vernon Tigers of the Pacific Coast League. Fatty Arbuckle owned the team and he worked with Buster Keaton. This connection led to Houck doing camera work on such Keaton silent films as Sherlock, Jr., Seven Chances and The General.
Christian Baumeister (born 24 December 1971 in Münster) is a German cinematographer and director focusing on nature and wildlife productions, in association with broadcasters such as ARD, ZDF, BBC, ARTE, ORF, Discovery Channel and the National Geographic Channel.
Baumeister studied biology in his native Germany and wildlife filmmaking in the United Kingdom. His previous projects took him to Europe, Asia, Africa and South America.
In 2001 he established his own production company, Light & Shadow, now operating offices in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Münster, Germany. For the past seven years, Baumeister has garnered international acclaim for his wildlife films, from audiences and critics around the world. His first film, Viva Vicuña, shot in the Andean altiplano, features animal behavior never seen on film before. Baumeister's second film, Wild Rio, showcases the colorful wildlife and culture of Rio de Janeiro. The Falls of Iguaçu uses all-HD technology in the first comprehensive portrayal of the World Heritage Site Iguaçu Falls. In 2005, Baumeister toured China with piano prodigy Lang Lang, as director of photography for Dragon Songs, the first DVD for the career of the world-famous
David Blaine (born David Blaine White; April 4, 1973) is an American illusionist and endurance artist. He is best known for his high-profile feats of endurance, and has made his name as a performer of street and close-up magic. He has set and broken several world records.
Blaine was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York and is of Puerto Rican descent on his father's side, and Russian Jewish on his mother's. Blaine's mother, Patrice Maureen White (1946–1995), was a school teacher living in New York, and his father William Perez was a Vietnam veteran. When he was four years old, he saw a magician performing magic in the subway. This sparked an interest in Blaine. He was raised by his single mother and attended many schools in Brooklyn. When he was ten years old, his mother married John Bukalo and they moved to Little Falls, New Jersey, where he attended Passaic Valley Regional High School. He has a half-brother named Michael James Bukalo. When he was 17 years old, Blaine moved to Manhattan, New York.
Blaine and his fiancée, Alizee Guinochet, have one daughter, born on January 27, 2011. At the time that Guinochet went into labor, there was a massive blizzard where they lived in New
David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American filmmaker, television director, visual artist, musician and occasional actor. Known for his surrealist films, he has developed his own unique cinematic style, which has been dubbed "Lynchian", a style characterized by its dream imagery and meticulous sound design. The surreal, and in many cases, violent, elements contained within his films have been known to "disturb, offend or mystify" audiences.
Born to a middle-class family in Missoula, Montana, Lynch spent his childhood traveling around the United States, before going on to study painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he first made the transition to producing short films. Deciding to devote himself more fully to this medium, he moved to Los Angeles, where he produced his first motion picture, the surrealist horror Eraserhead (1977). After Eraserhead became a cult classic on the midnight movie circuit, Lynch was employed to direct The Elephant Man (1980), from which he gained mainstream success. Then being employed by the De Laurentiis Entertainment Group, he proceeded to make two films: the science-fiction epic Dune (1984), which proved
David Mason (2 April 1926 – 29 April 2011) was an English orchestral, solo and session trumpet player. He played the flugelhorn for the premiere of Ralph Vaughan Williams's ninth symphony and the piccolo trumpet solo on The Beatles' song "Penny Lane".
Mason was born in London, and educated at Christ's Hospital and the Royal College of Music where he studied with Ernest Hall. His early playing career benefited from the timing of the Second World War: as a sixteen-year-old he was ineligible for call-up where many older players had already been recruited, and was thus able to pick up a lot of work in London before and during his time as a student at the Royal College of Music, which was itself interrupted by his own call-up into the Band of the Scots Guards. Before call-up he was the youngest member of the then National Symphony Orchestra.
After leaving the Royal College of Music, Mason became a member of the orchestra of the Royal Opera House, moving on later to the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra where he eventually became principal trumpet. After seven years in that role he moved to the Philharmonia, where he remained for most of the rest of his orchestral career. He was a professor
Film cinematography credits:Night of the Living Dead
George Andrew Romero (pronunciation: /rəˈmɛroʊ/; born February 4, 1940) is an American film director, screenwriter and editor, best known for his gruesome and satirical horror films about a hypothetical zombie apocalypse, beginning with Night of the Living Dead (1968). He is nicknamed the "Godfather of all Zombies".
Romero was born in New York City to a Cuban-born father of Castilian Spanish parentage and a Lithuanian American mother. His father worked as a commercial artist. Romero attended Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University. After graduating in 1960, he began his career shooting short films and commercials. One of his early commercial films, a segment for Mister Rogers' Neighborhood in which Mr. Rogers underwent a tonsillectomy, inspired Romero to go into the horror film business. He, along with nine friends, formed Image Ten Productions in the late 1960s, and produced Night of the Living Dead (1968). The movie, directed by Romero and co-written with John A. Russo, became a cult classic and a defining moment for modern horror cinema.
Other inspiration for Romero's filmmaking, as told to Robert K. Elder in an interview for The Film That Changed My Life, was the film The Tales
George Walton Lucas, Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American film producer, screenwriter, director, and entrepreneur. He is the founder, chairman and chief executive of Lucasfilm. He is best known as the creator of the space opera franchise Star Wars and the archaeologist-adventurer character Indiana Jones. Lucas is one of the American film industry's most financially successful directors/producers, with an estimated net worth of $3.3 billion as of 2012.
George Lucas was born in Modesto, California, the son of Dorothy Ellinore (née Bomberger) and George Walton Lucas, Sr. (1913–1991), who owned a stationery store.
Lucas grew up in the Central Valley town of Modesto, and his early passion for cars and motor racing would eventually serve as inspiration for his USC student film 1:42.08, as well as his Oscar-nominated low-budget phenomenon, American Graffiti. Long before Lucas became obsessed with film making, he wanted to be a race-car driver, and he spent most of his high school years racing on the underground circuit at fairgrounds and hanging out at garages. On June 12, 1962, while driving his souped-up Autobianchi Bianchina, another driver broadsided him, flipping over his car, and
Film cinematography credits:Trance and Dance in Bali
Gregory Bateson (9 May 1904 – 4 July 1980) was an English anthropologist, social scientist, linguist, visual anthropologist, semiotician and cyberneticist whose work intersected that of many other fields. In the 1940s he helped extend systems theory/cybernetics to the social/behavioral sciences, and spent the last decade of his life developing a "meta-science" of epistemology to bring together the various early forms of systems theory developing in various fields of science. Some of his most noted writings are to be found in his books, Steps to an Ecology of Mind (1972) and Mind and Nature (1979). Angels Fear (published posthumously in 1987) was co-authored by his daughter Mary Catherine Bateson.
Bateson was born in Grantchester in Cambridgeshire, England on 9 May 1904 – the third and youngest son of [Caroline] Beatrice Durham and of the distinguished geneticist William Bateson. The younger Bateson attended Charterhouse School from 1917 to 1921, obtained a BA in biology at St. John's College, Cambridge in 1925, and continued at Cambridge from 1927 to 1929. Bateson lectured in linguistics at the University of Sydney in 1928. From 1931 to 1937 he was a Fellow of St. John's College,
Father Jacques Marquette S.J. (June 1, 1637 – May 18, 1675), sometimes known as Père Marquette or James Marquette, was a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, and later founded St. Ignace, Michigan. In 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
Jacques Marquette was born in Laon, France, on June 1, 1637 and joined the Society of Jesus at age seventeen. After he worked and taught in France for several years, the Jesuits assigned him to New France in 1666 as a missionary to the Indigenous peoples of the Americas. He showed great proficiency in learning the local languages, especially Huron. In 1668 Father Marquette (French: Père Marquette) was moved by his superiors to missions farther up the St. Lawrence River in the western Great Lakes region. He helped found missions at Sault Ste. Marie in present-day Michigan and at La Pointe, on Lake Superior near the present-day city of Ashland, Wisconsin. At La Pointe he encountered members of the Illinois tribes, who told him about the important trading route of the Mississippi River. They invited him
Jan Gustaf Troell (born 23 July 1931) is a Swedish film director. Usually, Troell writes his own scripts and serves as his own director of photography. His realistic films, with a lyrical photography in which nature is prominent, have placed him in the first rank of modern Swedish film directors along with Ingmar Bergman and Bo Widerberg.
Troell was born in Limhamn outside Malmö, Sweden. For several years, he worked as an elementary-school teacher but started to make short films in the sixties. He became director of photography for Widerberg but soon made a debut with his own first feature, Here's Your Life (Här har du ditt liv, 1966), about a working class boy in Sweden, set in the beginning of the 20th century. The film was based upon an autobiographical novel by Eyvind Johnson. His next film Who Saw Him Die? (Ole dole doff, 1968) won the Golden Bear award at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival.
Troell's major work in the 1970s became The Emigrants (Utvandrarna, 1971) and its sequel The New Land (Nybyggarna, 1972), two epic films about some peasants emigrating from the barren Swedish countryside to America in the 19th century. Once again, Troell films were based upon the
Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976) was an American modernist artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself a painter above all. He was best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, which he called "rayographs" in reference to himself.
Ray's work was not appreciated during his lifetime, with the exception of his fashion and portrait photography; especially in his native United States. Nevertheless, his reputation has grown steadily in the decades since.
During his career as an artist, Man Ray allowed few details of his early life or family background to be known to the public. He even refused to acknowledge that he ever had a name other than Man Ray.
Man Ray was born as Emmanuel Radnitzky in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. in 1890. He was the eldest child of Russian Jewish immigrants. He had a brother and two sisters, the youngest born
Mika Ronkainen (born August 6th 1970 in Kuusamo, Finland) is a Finnish film director from Oulu, Northern Finland. His best-known films are documentaries Screaming Men (2003) and Freetime Machos (2009), the former being a portrayl of a Finnish screaming male choir Mieskuoro Huutajat, and latter being a portrayal of a rugby team which is allegedly the most northern and the third lousiest in the world.
Nicolas Jack Roeg, CBE, BSC (born 15 August 1928) is an English film director and cinematographer. Roeg was born in London, the son of Mabel Gertrude (née Silk) and Jack Nicolas Roeg.
He started his film career by contributing to the visual look of Lawrence of Arabia and Roger Corman's The Masque of the Red Death, and co-directing Performance in 1970. He would later direct such landmark films as Walkabout, Don't Look Now and The Man Who Fell to Earth.
Roeg's films are known for having scenes and images from the plot presented in a disarranged fashion, out of chronological and causal order, requiring the viewer to do the work of mentally rearranging them to comprehend the storyline. They seem, "to shatter reality into a thousand pieces" and are "unpredictable, fascinating, cryptic and liable to leave you wondering what the hell just happened. . . ."
Roeg displays a "freedom from conventional film narration," and his films often consist of an "intriguing kaleidoscopic multiplication of images."
A characteristic of Roeg's films is that they are edited in disjunctive and semi-coherent ways that make full sense only in the film's final moments, when a crucial piece of information
Paul Morrissey (born 23 February 1938, New York City) is a film director from The United States, best known for his association with Andy Warhol.
Morrissey attended Ampleforth College, a private Roman Catholic boarding school and Fordham University, both Roman Catholic schools, and later served in the United States Army. A political conservative and self-described "right-winger", who has publicly protested against what he perceives as immorality and "anti-Catholicism", Morrissey's long-term collaboration with the low-keyed, apparently apolitical Warhol was viewed by many as "a successful mismatch", although both men did share some traits, i.e. both were practising Catholics from "ethnic" backgrounds (Warhol was of Rusyn descent and Morrissey is of Irish descent).
Morrissey's bold, avant-garde direction in film making is often attributed to his relationship with Warhol and The Factory, although Morrissey claimed in his memoir, Factory Days, that this is not the case. Morrissey discovered and signed The Velvet Underground.
Film cinematography credits:Petropolis: Aerial Perspectives on the Alberta Tar Sands
Peter Mettler (born September 7, 1958 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian film director and cinematographer.
Peter Mettler was born in 1958 to Swiss parents and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He became interested in the power of film and images at an early age, making his first films, Super 8 #1 and Reverie, at the age of eighteen.
He went on to study cinema at Ryerson University (1977–1982) where he made two short films, Lancalot Freely (1980) and Gregory (1981), and the award-winning feature film Scissere (1982).
It is at Ryerson where Mettler began to collaborate with many of his contemporaries. Further to his own work Mettler, an acclaimed cinematographer, shot the first two films of Atom Egoyan, and the early works of Patricia Rozema, Bruce McDonald, Jeremy Podeswa, Ron Mann, and many other independent film makers in the 1980s.
Mettler's subsequent films explore themes foreshadowed in his earliest works – the wonder and intrigue of human perception, technology’s ability to both liberate and enslave, the authenticity of experience through the illusion of cinema, the ephemeral essence that exists beyond a photographed subject, the ease at which reality slips into
Richard Leacock (18 July 1921 – 23 March 2011) was a British-born documentary film director and one of the pioneers of Direct Cinema and Cinéma vérité.
Leacock was born in London on 18 July 1921, the younger brother of film director and producer Philip Leacock. Leacock grew up on his father's banana plantation in the Canary Islands until being sent to boarding schools in England at the age of eight.
He took up photography with a glass plate camera, built a darkroom and developed his pictures, but was not satisfied. At age 11 he was shown a silent film Turk-Sib about the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway. He was stunned, and said to himself "All I need is a cine-camera and I can make a film that shows you what it is like to be there".
At the age of 14 he wrote, directed, filmed and edited Canary Bananas (10 min. 16mm, silent), a film about growing bananas, but it did not, in his opinion, give you "the feeling of being there".
He was educated at Dartington Hall School from 1934-38, alongside Robert Flaherty's daughters, and where David Lack (Life of the Robin) taught biology.
Having filmed in the Canary Islands and then in the Galapagos Islands (1938-9) for ornithologist David
Rodrigo García (born 24 August 1959) is a Colombian-born television and film director.
García was born in Bogotá, Colombia, the son of Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez and Mercedes Barcha Pardo. Because of this he knew Carlos Fuentes, Julio Cortázar, Pablo Neruda and Luis Buñuel when he was young.
García has directed a variety of independent films such as the award-winning "Nine Lives" and "Albert Nobbs" and several episodes of the HBO series, Six Feet Under, Carnivàle, and Big Love. He created, wrote and directed the wildly popular HBO hit "In Treatment" As of 1987, he lives in the United States.
He has also worked as a camera operator and a cinematographer for several films such as Gia, The Birdcage and Great Expectations.
His film Nine Lives was nominated for the William Shatner Golden Groundhog Award for Best Underground Movie, the other nominated films were Green Street Hooligans, MirrorMask, Up for Grabs and Opie Gets Laid.
Sergio García Fernández (born 9 January 1980) is a Spanish professional golfer who plays on both the United States PGA Tour and the European Tour. He has spent much of his career in the top 10 of the Official World Golf Rankings (over 300 weeks between 2000 and 2009). He reached a career high ranking of two after winning the HSBC Champions tournament in November 2008. He has achieved career earnings of over $28 million.
García began playing golf at the age of three and was taught by his father, Victor, who is a club professional in Madrid, Spain. He was a star player as a junior, winning his club championship at age 12. Four years later, he set a record as the youngest player to make the cut at a European Tour event, the 1995 Turespaña Open Mediterranea. This record was broken by amateur Jason Hak in November 2008 at the UBS Hong Kong Open, beating García's record by 107 days. Also in 1995, García became the youngest player to win the European Amateur. He followed that with a win in the Boys Amateur Championship in 1997. He won a professional tournament, the 1997 Catalonian Open, on the European Challenge Tour, as an amateur. In 1998 he won The Amateur Championship, and reached the