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Best Dutch municipality of All Time

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    1
    Bergeijk

    Bergeijk

    Bergeijk ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. It has an area of 103 square kilometers and a population of 18,027 in 2005. Population density is 175 people per square kilometer. It is one of 21 municipalities, including Eindhoven, that make up the Eindhoven Region Cooperative (Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven). Until 1998 it had the old-fashioned spelling of "Bergeyk". Bergeijk is traditionally an agricultural area, but tourism and recreation are steadily gaining importance. Among the facilities in the municipality of Bergeijk is a bungalow park in the village Westerhoven. Bergeijk is known in the Netherlands for a program on national radio: Radio Bergeijk, a parody on local radio.
    6.63
    8 votes
    2
    Amersfoort

    Amersfoort

    Amersfoort [ˈaː.mərs.ˌfɔːrt] ( listen) is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. The city is growing quickly but has a well-preserved and protected medieval centre. Amersfoort is one of the largest railway junctions in the country, because of its location on two of the Netherlands' main east-west and north-south rail lines. The town celebrated its 750th birthday in 2009. The municipality of Amersfoort consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Bergkwartier, Bosgebied, Binnenstad, Hoogland, Hoogland-West, Kattenbroek, Kruiskamp, de Koppel, Liendert, Rustenburg, Nieuwland, Randenbroek, Schuilenburg, Schothorst, Soesterkwartier, Vathorst, Hooglanderveen, Vermeerkwartier, Leusderkwartier, Zielhorst and Stoutenburg-Noord. Hunter gatherers set up camps in the Amersfoort region in the Mesolithic period. Archaeologists have found traces of these camps, such as the remains of hearths, and sometimes microlithic flint objects, to the north of the city. Remains of settlements in the Amersfoort area from around 1000 BC have been found, but the name Amersfoort, after a ford in the Amer River, today called the Eem,
    8.50
    6 votes
    3
    Middelburg

    Middelburg

    Middelburg [ˈmɪdəɫˌbʏrx] ( listen) is a municipality and a city in the south-western Netherlands and the capital of the province of Zeeland. It is situated in the Midden-Zeeland region. It has a population of about 48,000. The city of Middelburg dates back possibly to the late 8th century or early 9th century. The first mention of Middelburg was as one of three fortified towns (i.e., borgs) erected on Walcheren (then an island) to guard against Viking raids. In 844 a monastery was built on the site, which remained an active Catholic foundation until the Reformation. Foundations for Middelburg's "stately and picturesque" cathedral (one of only two pre-Reformation cathedrals in The Netherlands, along with St. Martin's in Utrecht) were first laid in the 10th century; additional construction continued through the Middle Ages. Middelburg was granted city rights in 1217. During the Middle Ages, it became an important trading centre in the commerce between England and the rising cities of Flanders. The town continued to gain in power and prestige during the 13th and 14th centuries. In the Eighty Years' War, the northern provinces of the original Low Countries won their independence from
    7.29
    7 votes
    4
    Veghel

    Veghel

    Veghel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvɛɣəl] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. Since 1994 Veghel and the neighbouring village of Erp have formed a single municipality. Veghel is twinned with Goch in Germany. The first settlements date back to Roman times and were established near the River Aa. The municipality was officially founded in 1310 when Duke John II of Brabant granted the inhabitants the right to use common grounds. Rulers of the municipality were the Lords of Erp, residing at their castle of Frisselsteijn in Veghel. In 1648 Veghel became part of the Republic of the Netherlands. As a former part of the Duchy of Brabant, Veghel is situated in the Meierij of 's-Hertogenbosch. As a Catholic village, Veghel (like all the other areas of Brabant and Limburg which were transferred to the Netherlands by the Peace of Westphalia) suffered economic and religious oppression from the Protestant Dutch and was counted part of the Dutch military boundary area. It was not until the French wars of 1795 that Veghel became a free village again and received a guarantee of full common rights from the Dutch government. In 1810 Veghel became part of the Kingdom of the
    6.86
    7 votes
    5
    Bergen op Zoom

    Bergen op Zoom

    Bergen op Zoom ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city located in the south of the Netherlands. Bergen op Zoom was granted city status probably in 1212. In 1287 the city and its surroundings became a lordship as it was separated from the lordship of Breda. The lordship was elevated to a margraviate in 1559. Several families ruled Bergen op Zoom in succession until 1795, although the title was only nominal since at least the seventeenth century. During the early modern period, Bergen op Zoom was a very strong fortress and one of the main armories and arsenals of the United Provinces. It had a remarkable natural defensive site, surrounded as it was by marshes and easily-floodable polders. Furthermore, it could receive reinforcements and supplies by sea, if the besieging army did not have a fleet to blockade its port. Due to these features, the city was one of the strategic points held by the Dutch during their revolt in the Eighty Years War. It was at that time besieged by Alessandro Farnese first in 1587, and by Ambrosio Spinola a second time in 1622. Both sieges were unsuccessful and Bergen op Zoom got the nickname La Pucelle or The Virgin as it was never sieged
    8.80
    5 votes
    6
    Heerenveen

    Heerenveen

    Heerenveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɦeː.rə(n).ˈveːn] ( listen), West Frisian: It Hearrenfean  pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in the Heerenveen municipality of the province of Friesland (Fryslan), in the north of the Netherlands. The town was established in 1551 by three lords as a location for the purpose of digging peat which was used for fuel, hence the name (heer is "lord", veen is "peat"). Heerenveen was not one of the traditional eleven cities in Friesland (Fryslan) as it did not have so-called city rights. However, it is now one of the larger municipalities of the province. The windmill Welgelegen or Tjepkema's Molen is the only survivor of seventeen which have stood in Heerenveen.. Railway Station: Heerenveen Heerenveen is famous for its sporting accomplishments and world class sports accommodations. These include the Abe Lenstra football stadium and the Thialf speed skating arena which was one of the first indoor 400m ice rinks in the world, and where annually held international events draw large crowds. Thialf is also home to the city's ice hockey team, the Heerenveen Flyers. The town's football team, SC Heerenveen, plays in the Dutch Premier Division and has been a
    7.50
    6 votes
    7
    Lingewaard

    Lingewaard

    Lingewaard is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. It is located in the most eastern part of the Betuwe. It was formed in 2001 as a merger between Bemmel, Gendt and Huissen. The municipality was initially named Bemmel but later renamed. The municipality has the following population centres: "Lingewaard" itself is not the name of one of them. The municipality lies in the proximity of Arnhem, Nijmegen and Elst, where most inhabitants work. The largest of the population centres is the town of Huissen. Notable people from the municipality of Lingewaard include: Lingewaard is twinned with:
    8.60
    5 votes
    8
    Terneuzen

    Terneuzen

    Terneuzen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeelandic Flanders. With over 55,000 inhabitants, it is the most populous municipality of Zeeland. Terneuzen (population: 24,150), Axel (8,274), Sas van Gent (4,000), Zaamslag (3,018), Hoek (3,000), Koewacht (2,700), Sluiskil (2,700), Philippine (2,200), Westdorpe (2,028), Biervliet (1,671), Zuiddorpe (1,000), Zandstraat (379), Spui (300), Overslag (250). The city of Terneuzen is located on the southern shore of the Western Scheldt estuary. It can be reached from the rest of the Netherlands via the Western Scheldt Tunnel, which opened in March 2003. Terneuzen is not linked to the rest of the Netherlands by rail - although the Dow Chemical plant is served by a freight only line to Gent/Ghent in Belgium (Terneuzen's passenger rail service was withdrawn in 1951). First mentioned in 1325, Terneuzen was a strategically located port on the waterways to Ghent, in present-day Belgium. Nowadays the Ghent-Terneuzen Canal is still an important shipping route. The port of Terneuzen is the third largest in the Netherlands, after those of Rotterdam and
    9.75
    4 votes
    9
    Losser

    Losser

    Losser ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. It is at the eastern end of the A1 motorway. The oldest known reference to Losser dates from the tenth century. Originally, the village consisted of two separate parts. Both were almost completely destroyed when on 21 September 1665, troops from Münster set fire to them. One of the town's oldest buildings is the Martinustoren (St. Martin's Tower), dating from around 1500 and the only remaining part of a church demolished in 1903. A few kilometers west of De Lutte, close to the border with Oldenzaal, lies the Tankenberg, a hill the top of which (85 m) is the highest point in the province. (For myths of the Tankenberg, see Tanfana.) Tho municipality's most important body of water is the river Dinkel.
    9.50
    4 votes
    10
    Maasdriel

    Maasdriel

    Maasdriel is a municipality in the province of Gelderland, in the eastern Netherlands. Alem, Ammerzoden, Hedel, Heerewaarden, Hoenzadriel, Hurwenen, Kerkdriel, Rossum, Velddriel, Well & Wellseind and the small settlement of Wordragen. Maasdriel was formed on the 1. January, 1999 by the merger of the former municipalities of Ammerzoden (including Well, Wellseind en Wordragen), Hedel, Heerewaarden, Maasdriel (Alem, Hoenzadriel, Kerkdriel and Velddriel) and Rossum (including Hurwenen). The former municipality of Maasdriel was called "Driel" before 1944.
    8.20
    5 votes
    11
    Kapelle

    Kapelle

    Kapelle ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southwestern Netherlands on Zuid-Beveland. Railway station: Kapelle-Biezelinge. Passenger railway Vlissingen to Roosendaal (part of line 11), with stations (grouped by municipality, bolded), and official station abbreviations: Kapelle is twinned with:
    5.86
    7 votes
    12
    Dantumadeel

    Dantumadeel

    Dantumadiel (West Frisian, official since January 1, 2009, Dutch: Dantumadeel ( pronunciation (help·info))) is a municipality in the province of Friesland (Fryslân) in the Netherlands. Dantumadiel is a rural municipality characterized by agriculture. The first time Dantumadiel is mentioned was in a document from 1242. In that time Dantumadiel, or Donthmadeil as it was then known, was a part of the Winninghe district, the northern part of Oostergo. The grietenij (municipality) Dantumadeel was led by a grietman (mayor) who was holding office in Rinsumageast and Dantumawoude. The Dutch Municipalities Act of 1851 (Dutch: Gemeentewet van 1851) abolished the grietenijen, which automatically became gemeenten (municipalities) headed by a mayor. The Dantumadiel municipality has a total of 19,399 inhabitants (January 1, 2008), who live in in ten different towns (listed below). Source: Website Dantumadiel municipality * Including Feanwâldsterwâl (Veenwoudsterwal) The Dantumadiel municipal government consists of a municipal council, board of aldermen and the mayor. Arie Aalberts (CDA) is the mayor of Dantumadiel since September 2004. Media related to Dantumadeel at Wikimedia Commons
    6.67
    6 votes
    13
    De Marne

    De Marne

    De Marne ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeast of the Netherlands. Broek, Eenrum, Hornhuizen, Houwerzijl, Kleine Huisjes, Kloosterburen, Kruisweg, Lauwersoog, Leens, Mensingeweer, Molenrij, Niekerk, Pieterburen, Schouwerzijl, Ulrum, Vierhuizen, Warfhuizen, Wehe-den Hoorn, Westernieland, Zoutkamp, Zuurdijk. The municipality of De Marne lies in the north-western part of the province of Groningen, adjoining the Wadden Sea. It has about 11,000 inhabitants, covers an area of 240 square kilometres and encompasses 21 villages. De Marne is mainly an agricultural area, focussing on crop growing and cattle farming. The fishing industry also plays an important role. Bulb cultivation is also an up-and-coming commercial endeavour. De Marne has a large network of footpaths, cyclepaths, and sailing/canoeing routes. Of particular interest are the so-called 'maren': narrow waterways twisting and turning their way throughout the countryside. They are particularly suitable for recreational sailing and canoeing. The many marked walks, cycle routes and sail and drive routes connect all of the various villages. Besides the well-known attractions such as the seal crèche in
    6.67
    6 votes
    14
    Culemborg

    Culemborg

    Culemborg (formerly also spelled Kuilenburg or Kuylenburgh) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands. The city is situated just south of the Lek River. The cities of Utrecht and 's-Hertogenbosch can easily be reached by train. It received city rights in 1315. In Joannes Blaeu's map of 1649, Culemborg remains entirely enclosed by walls behind its city moat-like encircling canals. The moated castle stands outside the city walls. Houses present a united front along streets and the two canals that cut the city in three sections, but they all face gardens behind, and market gardens are plentiful within the city walls. In 1995, Culemborg was one of the cities which was temporarily evacuated because of the risk of flooding. Culemborg is served by Culemborg railway station, which offers trains to Utrecht (city) 4x per hour and 2x per hour to 's-Hertogenbosch and Tiel each. The railway station also provides a bus hub, offering buses to the various neighbouring cities and villages (namely Buren, Beusichem and Nieuwegein). On New Year's Eve 2009/2010 longer existing tensions between Dutch-Moroccan and Dutch-Moluccan youth culminated in violent race riots in the district
    7.60
    5 votes
    15
    Dinkelland

    Dinkelland

    Dinkelland is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. For a short time it was known as Denekamp (one of its component towns) until it was renamed in 2002. Breklenkamp, Denekamp, Deurningen, Groot Agelo, Het Stift, Klein Agelo, Lattrop, Noord Deurningen, Nutter, Ootmarsum, Oud Ootmarsum, Rossum, Saasveld, Tilligte, Weerselo.
    8.75
    4 votes
    16
    Nijkerk

    Nijkerk

    Nijkerk (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnɛi̯.kɛr(ə)k] ( listen), Dutch Low Saxon: Niekark) is a municipality and a city in the middle of the Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. Achterhoek, Appel, De Veenhuis, Doornsteeg, Driedorp, Hoevelaken, Holk, Holkerveen, Kruishaar, Nekkeveld, Nijkerkerveen, Prinsenkamp, Slichtenhorst, 't Woud and Wullenhove. Some people state that Groot Corlaer is a population centre on his own, but officially it's part of the city of Nijkerk Railway station: Nijkerk The name Nijkerk stems from Nieuwe Kerk (Dutch for New Church). This new church was built when the old chapel was destroyed by fire in 1221. Nijkerk was strategically located between the Duchy of Guelders (Dutch: Hertogdom Gelre) and the Bishopric of Utrecht. Because of this strategic location Nijkerk regularly was the scene of war, and in 1412 the village was completely destroyed. It was restored and Nijkerk received city rights in 1413. In 1421 the church that gave Nijkerk its name burnt down and was replaced; this happened several times, until a new church was built in the 18th century which still stands today. The organ in this church was built in 1756. In the 18th century Nijkerk was a
    10.00
    3 votes
    17
    Schiedam

    Schiedam

    Schiedam ([sχiˈdɑm] ( listen)) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. It is part of the Rotterdam metropolitan area. The city is located west of Rotterdam, east of Vlaardingen, and south of Delft. In the south it is connected with the village of Pernis by the Beneluxtunnel. The city is known for its historical center with canals, and for having the tallest windmills in the world. Schiedam is also famous for the distilleries and malthouses and production of jenever (gin) - such as the internationally-renowned Ketel One - so much so that in French and English the word schiedam (usually without a capital s-) refers to the town's Holland gin. This was the town's main industry during the early Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th century, a dark period to which it owed its former nickname "Zwart Nazareth" or "Black Nazareth". Furthermore, the city is known for Saint Lidwina, one of the most famous Dutch saints (her relics are located in the Liduina Basilica in Schiedam). Schiedam was founded in roughly the same way as its big neighbour Rotterdam: around the year 1230 the river Schie was dammed by the Lord of Wassenaer and the Amtlord Dirk
    7.40
    5 votes
    18
    Hardenberg

    Hardenberg

    Hardenberg ( pronouncing audio (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The town of Hardenberg has a population of about 17,200. It received city rights in 1362 from Jan van Arkel, Bishop of Utrecht. The famous Pieterpad also passes through Hardenberg. There are many cycling routes throughout Hardenberg. The Great Hardenburg Bicycle Race takes place each August, with the top 3 victors being named the "Wheeler-Kings" of the town and given lifetime passes to the local museum. The N34 runs through Hardenberg, and is the major road. Railway stations: Crazy Horse is the name of a major concert venue. De Boshoek is a sport park off the N34 in the outskirts of Hardenberg, near Ommen. HHC Hardenberg is the local football club of Hardenberg. De Marsch is the indoor-swimming pool of Hardenberg located in the Centrum (Town Centre).
    6.33
    6 votes
    19
    Margraten

    Margraten

    Margraten ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Mergraote) is a place and a former municipality in the southeastern part of the European country The Netherlands. On January 1st, 2011 this former municipality merged with a neighbouring one, which resulted in the new Eijsden-Margraten municipality. Until 1982 the municipality with this name comprised apart from Margraten, also the hamlets Groot Welsden, Klein Welsden, Termaar and 't Rooth. In 1982 this municipality was extended with a number of neighbouring municipalities: Cadier en Keer, Mheer, Noorbeek and Sint Geertruid. Also the village Scheulder, that until then was part of another municipality, was added. As a result from 1982 until 2011 the municipality of Margraten comprised the following population centres, that from 2011 on are all part of nowadays municipality of Eijsden-Margraten. At Margraten the Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial is situated. It is Europe's third largest war cemetery for unidentified soldiers who died in World War II. 8,301 soldiers are buried there under long rows of white crosses and stars of David. All graves are adopted by locals, who attend the graves and lay flowers every now and
    7.20
    5 votes
    20
    Meppel

    Meppel

    Meppel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the northeast of the Netherlands, in the south-west of the province Drenthe. It developed in the 16th century as a transport and distribution inland harbour for turf. There used to be a lot of waterways in the town, but now only one remains. People born in Meppel are occasionally referred to as 'Meppeler Muggen'; this translates as mosquitos/gnats from Meppel. This is due to a traditional folk tale. The people of Meppel thought the church tower was on fire. After closer inspection it was only a swarm of mosquitos. Broekhuizen, De Kolk, Havixhorst, Kolderveen, Kolderveense Bovenboer, Lindenhorst, Meppel, Nijentap, Nijeveen, Nijeveense Bovenboer, Rogat, De Schiphorst. Meppel received city rights in 1644. It is the oldest town in the province of Drenthe.
    7.20
    5 votes
    21
    Neerijnen

    Neerijnen

    Neerijnen is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands. It is about 35 km south of Utrecht and some 15 km north of 's-Hertogenbosch. Est, Haaften, Heesselt, Hellouw, Neerijnen, Ophemert, Opijnen, Tuil, Varik and Waardenburg.
    7.20
    5 votes
    22
    Bedum

    Bedum

    Bedum ( pronunciation (help·info), Gronings: Beem) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Populated by around 10,000 (2005) inhabitants, Bedum is one of the larger of Groningen's several satellite towns. Bedum is the site of three supermarkets, several pubs, and a leaning church tower, dubbed "the leaning tower of Bedum". Footballer Arjen Robben was born in Bedum (23 January 1984). Bedum has a railway station - Bedum railway station. Bedum's 36-metre tower of the St Walfridus church has been calculated as now leaning at a greater angle than the leaning tower of Pisa. If both towers were the same height, Bedum's would have a greater displacement by 6 cm.
    8.25
    4 votes
    23
    Bladel

    Bladel

    Bladel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands.
    8.25
    4 votes
    24
    Tiel

    Tiel

    Tiel (help·info) is a municipality and a town in the middle of the Netherlands. The town is enclosed by the Waal river and the Linge river on the south and the north side, and the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal on the east side. The city was founded in the 5th century AD. Tiel is the largest town in the Betuwe area, which is famous for being one of the centres of Dutch fruit production. Orchards in the area produce apples, pears, plums and cherries. Tiel once housed the famous jam factory De Betuwe. After production was moved to Breda in 1993, the entire complex was demolished, although a part was reconstructed later. Reminding of this industry is a jam manufacturing museum and a statue of Flipje, the raspberry-based comic figure who starred in De Betuwe's, jam factory advertisements since the 1930s. Tiel is one of the oldest towns in the Netherlands. Originally located on the Linge river it became an important centre of trade in the early Middle Ages, especially after the demise of Dorestad in the 9th century. Later in the Middle Ages Tiel was associated with the Hanseatic League. At the height of its glory Tiel had two big churches, one of which, the St. Walburg, was a collegiate church
    7.00
    5 votes
    25
    Barneveld

    Barneveld

    Barneveld ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and a municipality in the province of Gelderland in the center of the Netherlands. It is known for its Barney industry and large protestant community. The population of the municipality was 52.629 in June 2010, the town having a population of 29.756. Barneveld is served by Connexxion at two train stations. Barneveld Centrum is in the centre of Barneveld and the Barneveld Noord railway station in the village of Harselaar, where there is a Park & Ride facility. Barneveld is also connected by the A1 and A30 motorways, as well as provincial roads N301, N344, N800, N802, and N805. Due to the central geographic location of the City and its close proximity to major transport routes Barneveld has become a foundry for innovative industry. Moba, the world's largest manufacturer of egg grading and packing machines. Baan a longtime leader in the ERP market before it almost collapsed due to "creative" revenue manipulation. Bettink Service en Onderhoud which is the biggest brand independent wind turbine service company in the Netherlands. Eltomation which has been involved in the development and worldwide supply of over 160 complete plants and
    8.00
    4 votes
    26
    8.00
    4 votes
    27
    Zaltbommel

    Zaltbommel

    Zaltbommel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands. The town of Zaltbommel was first mentioned as "Bomela" in the year 850. Zaltbommel first received city status in 1231, which status was renewed in 1316. The current Municipality of Zaltbommel was created on 1 January 1999, by a merger of the municipalities of Brakel, Kerkwijk and Zaltbommel. The municipality is situated in the heart of the Netherlands, close to the A2 Motorway, the railway line from Utrecht to 's-Hertogenbosch and the rivers Waal and Maas. Aalst, Bern, Brakel, Bruchem, Delwijnen, Gameren, Kerkwijk, Nederhemert, Nieuwaal, Poederoijen, Zaltbommel and Zuilichem. The City of Zaltbommel, consists of 13 Population Centres and counted 26.187 inhabitants on 1 January 2008, a decrease of 18 compared to 2007. Zaltbommel received city rights in 1231 and these were renewed in 1316.
    8.00
    4 votes
    28
    Oss

    Oss

    Oss [ɔs] ( listen) is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. There is archaeological evidence that humans have lived in and around Oss for 4,000 years. Major archaeological finds were the Vorstengraf burial sites and the indigenous-Roman burial fields of Oss-Ussen. Oss was first mentioned in a letter by Pope Alexander II on 6 May 1069. Oss was granted city rights in 1399 by Hertogin (Duchess) Johanna van Brabant. Present-day Oss has several chemical and pharmaceutical industries like Merck & Co. (previously Schering-Plough, Organon and Diosynth). Oss is also host to the professional football team FC Oss, and is the birthplace of former Manchester United and Real Madrid star Ruud van Nistelrooy, although he did not play for the local side, but for rivals FC Den Bosch. The gothic metal/alternative rock band The Gathering, formed in 1989, originally hails from Oss. Today there is only one coffeeshop left, called "The Jungle". Berghem is a small town east of Oss (population: 6,900). Berghem is currently being expanded with many new houses in the Piekenhoef. Megen is a small city (population: 1,686) close to the river Maas. Megen used to
    6.80
    5 votes
    29
    Baarn

    Baarn

    Baarn [baːrn] ( listen) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality of Baarn consists of the following towns: Baarn, Eembrugge, Lage Vuursche. Baarn, the main town of the municipality, received city rights in 1391. The town lies about 8 km east of Hilversum. In 2001, the town of Baarn counted 22871 inhabitants. The urban area of the town was 4.66 km², and contained 10076 residences. The royal family owns several houses around Baarn. The Soestdijk Palace in Baarn was the home of Queen Emma, Queen Juliana and Juliana's husband prince Bernard. Crown prince Willem Alexander and his brothers attended school (Nieuwe Baarnse School and Baarnsch Lyceum) in Baarn when Queen Beatrix (then princess) and her family lived at Castle Drakesteijn in the village of Lage Vuursche, before they moved to The Hague in 1980. Baarn's shopping facilities are mainly located in the Laanstraat. Other visitor destinations include 'het Cantonspark' (a botanical garden) and Kasteel Groeneveld. In the north and east there are polders, and the river Eem. Recreation resources include the woodlands south-west of Baarn, connecting Baarn to Soestdijk, and called 'Het
    9.00
    3 votes
    30
    Delft

    Delft

    Delft ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland (Zuid-Holland), the Netherlands. It is located between Rotterdam and The Hague. Delft is primarily known for its typically Dutch town centre (with canals); also for the painter Vermeer, Delft Blue pottery (Delftware), the Delft University of Technology, and its association with the Dutch royal family, the House of Orange-Nassau. From a rural village in the early Middle Ages Delft developed to a city, that in the 13th century (1246) received its charter. (For some more information about the early development, see the article "Gracht", section "Delft as an example"). The town's association with the House of Orange started when William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), nicknamed William the Silent (Willem de Zwijger), took up residence in 1572 At the time he was the leader of growing national Dutch resistance against Spanish occupation of the country, which struggle is known as the Eighty Years' War. By then Delft was one of the leading cities of Holland and it was equipped with the necessary city walls to serve as a headquarters. After the Act of Abjuration was proclaimed in 1581 Delft became
    9.00
    3 votes
    31
    9.00
    3 votes
    32
    Winterswijk

    Winterswijk

    Winterswijk is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Winterswijk (Winterswiek, Wenters) is a town with a population of some 30,000 in the Achterhoek which lies in the most eastern part of the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. It was also known as Winethereswick, Winriswic or Wenterswic. Wic or the Anglo Saxon wich means the living place of a certain person. The person would likely have been called Wenether, Winitar or Winter. Founded around 1000 AD it remained an isolated farming community until 1830 when the road from Borken to Zutphen via Winterswijk and Groenlo was built. Around 1840 many emigrated to America — Michigan in particular. After 1870 the town became a centre for textiles, such as spinning and weaving and indeed the Tricot fabriek employed a large proportion of the local population in its heyday. In 1878 the train line to Zutphen was built primarily for the textile industry, which was set up by Jan Willink. Some of the families such as the Willinks have lived there since 1284. March 31st 1945 was the liberation day for Winterswijk during World War II. Before the city was liberated,there was a tank battle on 29th of March in one of the
    9.00
    3 votes
    33
    Appingedam

    Appingedam

    Appingedam ( pronunciation (help·info), Gronings: n Daam) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. Appingedam, Garreweer, Jukwerd, Laskwerd, Marsum, Oling, Opwierde, Solwerd, Tjamsweer. Appingedam's railway station is Appingedam railway station. Little is known about the exact age and origin of the name of Appingedam. It came into existence on the banks of the Delf, the present Damsterdiep, around 1200. The name originates from a dam built in the Appe or Apt. In 1327 Appingedam received city rights from the free Frisians of the Upstalboom near the East Frisian city of Aurich. Appingedam and Aurich still have friendly liaisons via a partnership called the Partnerschaft or Town's bond. Appingedam is located in the region Fivelingo, which in the Middle Ages was a part of Frisia. In the Late Middle Ages, Appingedam, being a seaport, was an important trading competitor to Groningen. When Groningen received the staple right, Appingedam rapidly lost its trading position. Later on Delfzijl outstripped Appingedam with its newer and bigger seaport. Nowadays Appingedam still looks indispensable as a small city. Many original medieval premises can be found in the centre.
    7.75
    4 votes
    34
    Enschede

    Enschede

    Enschede (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛn.sχə.ˌdeː] ( listen)), also known as Eanske in the local dialect of Twents, is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel and in the Twente region. The municipality of Enschede consisted of the city of Enschede until 1935, when the rural municipality of Lonneker, which surrounded the city, was annexed after the rapid industrial expansion of Enschede which began in the 1860s and involved the building of railways and the digging of the Twentekanaal. The early history of Enschede is largely unknown, but a settlement existed around the Old Marketplace in early medieval times. The name of this settlement is mentioned as Anescede or Enscede meaning either "near the border" (with Bentheim) or "near the Es" and sported a church, a marketplace and a fortified aristocratic house. Enschede was granted city rights around 1300 which were confirmed in 1325 by Bishop Jan III van Diest and henceforth was allowed to protect itself with a wall. Because a stone wall was too expensive (since stone had to be imported), Enschede had a system of ditches, palisades and hedges instead, which is still reflected in the street-names
    7.75
    4 votes
    35
    Hoogeveen

    Hoogeveen

    Hoogeveen [ˌɦoː.ɣə.ˈveːn] ( listen) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Elim, Fluitenberg, Hoogeveen and Noordscheschut, which still have the canals which used to be throughout the town. Other villages of the town are Hollandscheveld, Nieuw Moscou, Nieuweroord, Nieuwlande, Pesse, Stuifzand and Tiendeveen. It dates its history to 20 December 1625, when Roelof van Echten bought a large tract of peat land from farmers of the district with the plan to harvest its peat. One old map of the area called it Locus Deserta Atque ob Multos Paludes Invia, a deserted and impenetrable place of many swamps. Hoogeveen itself was established in 1636 by Peter Joostens Warmont and Johan van der Meer. Its coat of arms, granted 10 November 1819, is white, with a pile of peat covered in straw in the center and beehives on each side, representing the town's first two major industries. Vincent van Gogh visited the area in the fall of 1883. In the second half of the 1960s, Hoogeveen was the fastest growing town in the Netherlands. Its rapid growth during that period led its city council to fill most of the town's canals, canals dug in the area's early days when it was a prime
    7.75
    4 votes
    36
    Deventer

    Deventer

    Deventer [ˈdeː.vən.tər] ( listen) is a municipality and city in the Salland region of the Dutch province of Overijssel. Deventer is largely situated on the east bank of the river IJssel, but also has a small part of its territory on the west bank. In 2005 the municipality of Bathmen (pop. 5,000) was merged with Deventer as part of a national effort to reduce bureaucracy in the country. Associated hamlets at second level Deventer was probably founded around 768 by the English missionary Lebuinus, who built a wooden church on the east bank of the river IJssel. In January 772 the sack and burning of this church by a Saxon expedition was the cause for the first punitive war waged by Charlemagne to the Saxons, in which, in retribution, the Irminsul (sacred tree) was destroyed. This was not the first human settlement at the location; from the Bronze Age to about 400 AD, there was a settlement at Colmschate, 4 km east of the city centre. Remains of this settlement were excavated between 1981 and 2006. The village of Deventer, already important because of a trading road crossing the river IJssel, was looted and burnt down by the Vikings in 882. It was immediately rebuilt and fortified with
    5.83
    6 votes
    37
    Menaldumadeel

    Menaldumadeel

    Menameradiel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in Friesland, Netherlands. Population as of 1 January 2007: Beetgum (754), Beetgumermolen (944), Berlikum (2,492), Blessum (92), Boksum (449), Deinum (1,071), Dronrijp (3,427), Engelum (415), Kleaster-Anjum (50), Marssum (1,156), Menaldum (2,612), Schingen (108), Slappeterp (80), and Wier (207).
    6.60
    5 votes
    38
    Rozendaal

    Rozendaal

    Rozendaal is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. The town is next to Arnhem and Velp. It's known for the Castle of Rozendaal (Kasteel Rosendael) and its bedriegertjes. The municipality is the least densely populated on the mainland of the Netherlands, i.e., in effect, not on one of the West Frisian Islands.
    7.50
    4 votes
    39
    Eijsden

    Eijsden

    Eijsden ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Èèsjde) is a place situated in the southern part of the Dutch province of Limburg. Until January 1st, 2011 it was the main village in a municipality with the same name. On that date this municipality merged with a neighbouring one, which resulted in the new Eijsden-Margraten municipality. Eijsden is one of the most southerly places in the Netherlands. For in its south the village is extending up to the border between the Netherlands and Belgium. On its west side the river Meuse forms the frontier between both mentioned countries. Eijsden is one of the older places in the country. Its name is supposed to be derived of the Germanic word for aspen forest. Excavations have revealed a Roman settlement. In the Middle Ages, this settlement developed to a village. After the (feudal) Middle Ages, in the seventeenth century Eijsden gained in economic strength because of its position near the Dutch-Belgian frontier on the Meuse river. Its function as a trading and shipping centre attracted settlement of well-to-do merchants from Holland. This period of prosperity ended in the Napoleonic era when, for a time, the area ceased to be a
    10.00
    2 votes
    40
    Zutphen

    Zutphen

    Zutphen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzʏtfə(n)] ( listen)) is a city in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. It lies some 30 km north-east of Arnhem, on the Eastern bank of the river IJssel at the point where it is joined by the Berkel. The name Zutphen (first mentioned in the eleventh century) appears to mean 'zuid-veen', or in English, south-fen. In 2005, the municipality of Zutphen was merged with the municipality of Warnsveld, retaining its name. The municipality has about 47,000 inhabitants. Zutphen is also twinned with the English town Shrewsbury, in the Midlands county of Shropshire. About 300 AD a Germanic settlement was the first permanent town on a complex of low river dunes. Whereas many such settlements were abandoned in the early Middle Ages, Zutphen on its strategic confluence of IJssel and Berkel stayed. After the incorporation of the IJssel lands in Charlemagne's Francia, Zutphen became a local centre of governance under a count. The Normans raided and ravaged it in 882. Afterwards a circular fortress was build to protect the budding town against Viking attacks. In the eleventh century Zutphen was a royal residence for a number of years; a pfalz was built,
    10.00
    2 votes
    41
    Zevenaar

    Zevenaar

    Zevenaar is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, near the border with Germany. Zevenaar is located in the province Gelderland, in the east of the Netherlands. The earliest signs of human activity are remnants of a 700 BC settlement found near present day Zevenaar. In 1049, Emperor Hendrik III donated a large amount of land to five warlords of which the leader was named Bartholomeus II of Sevenaer. They founded a castle to protect the old roman settlements from the Germans. In 1487, the duke of Cleves, a nearby town in Germany, gave Sevenaer city rights. Sevenaer was an important strategic point on the border of Gelderland and Germany. When Sevenaer obtained city rights it had the monopoly on markets and on sale of bread and beer with the surrounding towns. Also the jurisdiction in Sevenaer was founded, the town government was charging taxes so that the town could build roads, railways and public buildings. For the 500 inhabitants that was a heavy tax. Because of the plundering by several armies there were not enough supplies and money to build anything. Also contagious diseases ensured much embarrassment. In that time not the citizens but some well-to-do families
    7.25
    4 votes
    42
    Best

    Best

    Best ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a village in the southern Netherlands. It is situated northwest of the city Eindhoven, and is also part of the agglomeration of this city. The village was originally a part of Oirschot, a nearby town. But as Best was situated on the state road from Amsterdam to Maastricht, this often created difficulties. Each time the military wanted to quarter troops in Best, they had to request to be stationed in Oirschot, 10 km away, for this to be allowed. Because of this difficulty, the government decided to separate Best from Oirschot in 1819. Archaeological excavations around the village suggest settlement in the area dating back to the Roman era. The first written text about Best dates back to 1421. The village itself, however, did not exist until the 19th century. There were three small villages: Naastenbest in the west, Wilhelminadorp in the south and Verrenbest where Oranjestraat is presently located. They grew together, and formed the village with the name Best. Best received a train station on the line Rotterdam - Breda - Boxtel - Helmond - Venlo - Maastricht. Initially the line had only one track, but eventually traffic
    8.33
    3 votes
    43
    Goes

    Goes

    Goes ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands in Zuid-Beveland, in the province Zeeland. The city of Goes has approximately 27,000 residents. Goes was founded in the 10th century on the edge of a river: de Korte Gos (the Short Gos). The village grew fast and in the early 12th century it had a market square and a church devoted to Maria. In 1405 Goes received city rights, and in 1417 it was allowed to build walls around the city. The prosperity of the city was based upon the cloth industry and the production of salt. In the 16th century Goes declined. Its connection to the sea got bogged down and in 1544 a large fire destroyed a part of the city. In 1577 the Spanish soldiers who occupied Goes were driven out by Prince Maurits of Nassau. The prince built a defence wall around Goes, which is still partly present. In the centuries thereafter Goes did not play an important role, except as an agricultural centre. In 1868 a railway was constructed through it, but this did not lead to industrialisation. Agriculture remains the most important economic activity. Although The Netherlands were neutral in the First World War, seven bombs hit Goes
    8.33
    3 votes
    44
    Sneek

    Sneek

    Sneek ([sneːk] ( listen); West Frisian: Snits) is a city southwest of Leeuwarden and seat of the former municipality of Sneek in the province of Friesland (Netherlands). As for 2011 it is part of the municipality Súdwest Fryslân. The city has approximately 33,000 inhabitants. Sneek is situated in Southwest-Friesland, close to the Sneekermeer and is well known for its canals, the Waterpoort (Watergate, the symbol of the city), and watersport (Sneekweek). Sneek is one of the Friese elf steden (Eleven cities). The city is very important for the southwest area of Friesland (the "Zuidwesthoek"). Sneek was founded in the 10th century on a sandy peninsula at the crossing site of dike with an important waterway (called the Magna Fossa in old documents). This waterway was dug when the former Middelzee silted up. The dike can still be traced in the current street pattern and street names like "Hemdijk", "Oude Dijk" and "Oosterdijk". Sneek received several city rights in the 13th century, which became official in 1456. Sneek was now one of the eleven Frisian cities. This was also the beginning of a period of blooming trade for the city that would last until about 1550. In 1492 construction of
    8.33
    3 votes
    45
    Vlagtwedde

    Vlagtwedde

    Vlagtwedde [ˈvlɑχ.ˌtʋɛ.də] ( listen) is a municipality in the very southeast of Groningen province in the northeastern Netherlands with seat of local government in the community of Sellingen. It lies on the Dutch border with the German state of Lower Saxony to the east. Abeltjeshuis, Bakovensmee, Barnflair, Borgertange, Borgerveld, Bourtange, Burgemeester Beinsdorp, De Bruil, Ellersinghuizen, Hanetange, Harpel, Hasseberg, Hebrecht, 't Heem, Jipsingboermussel, Jipsingboertange, Jipsinghuizen, Lammerweg, Laude, Lauderbeetse, Laudermarke, Lauderzwarteveen, Leemdobben, Maten, Munnekemoer, Over de Dijk, Overdiep, Pallert, Plaggenborg, Poldert, Renneborg, Rhederveld, Rijsdam, Roelage, 't Schot, Sellingen, Sellingerbeetse, Sellingerzwarteveen, Slegge, Stakenborg, Stobben, Ter Apel, Ter Apelkanaal, Ter Borg, Ter Haar, Ter Walslage, Ter Wisch, Veele, Veerste Veldhuis, Vlagtwedde, Vlagtwedder-Barlage, Vlagtwedder-Veldhuis, Weende, Weenderveld, Weite, Wessingtange, Wollingboermarke, Wollinghuizen, Zandberg and Zuidveld. Because of the large number of official centres, the municipality has five postal codes: All 60 villages and hamlets in the municipality received their own town sign in 2008.
    6.20
    5 votes
    46
    Aa en Hunze

    Aa en Hunze

    Aa en Hunze ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. The names 'Aa' (more precisely the 'Drentsche Aa') and 'Hunze' refer to two small rivers through the municipality. The very small hamlets Gasselternijveenschemond 1e Dwarsdiep and Gasselternijveenschemond 2e Dwarsdiep have the longest settlement names in the Netherlands. Gasselterboerveenschemond is the longest single-word placename in the country. There is no railway station in the municipality. The nearest station is Assen railway station. To plan a train journey see . To plan your journey see .
    9.50
    2 votes
    47
    Noordenveld

    Noordenveld

    Noordenveld ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. Altena, Alteveer, Amerika, Boerelaan, De Horst, De Pol, Een, Een-West, Foxwolde, Huis ter Heide, Langelo, Leutingewolde, Lieveren, Matsloot, Nietap, Nieuw-Roden, Norg, Norgervaart, Peest, Peize, Peizermade, Peizerwold, Roden, Roderesch, Roderwolde, Sandebuur, Steenbergen, Terheijl, Veenhuizen, Westervelde and Zuidvelde.
    9.50
    2 votes
    48
    Hof van Twente

    Hof van Twente

    Hof van Twente ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, province Overijssel. The municipality came into being on January 1, 2001 as the result of the merger of the municipalities of Diepenheim, Goor, Markelo, Ambt Delden, and Stad Delden. The more important places are printed in bold types. Goor (Dutch for: low, swampy land) achieved city rights in 1263. An important city, however, it never became. The "Drost" ( a kind of mayor) of the Twente region, who ruled this area in behalf of the bishop of Utrecht, had in the late Middle Ages his residence in Goor. In its surroundings some castles were built, among them the house of the important Heeckeren family in 1412. Goor had a small harbour along the river Regge ( which flows to the Vecht near Ommen), but when the Twente canal was opened in 1936, a new industrial port was built there. The factory Eternit, that produces building materials containing asbestos, brought Goor unwillingly into trouble. For decades, everyone in Goor was permitted to use production refuse containing asbestos in order to pave their own paths and roads. Not earlier than about 1990, it was known in Goor that especially small
    7.00
    4 votes
    49
    Montfoort

    Montfoort

    Montfoort (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmɔnt.fɔːrt] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. Montfoort received city rights in 1329. The municipality of Montfoort consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Linschoten, Willeskop.
    7.00
    4 votes
    50
    Schouwen-Duiveland

    Schouwen-Duiveland

    Schouwen-Duiveland ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and an island in the southwestern Netherlands. The Brouwersdam is a dam, part of the Delta Works, from Schouwen-Duiveland to Goedereede, the west part of the island of Goeree-Overflakkee in South Holland. Brijdorpe, Brouwershaven, Bruinisse, Burgh, Burghsluis, Den Osse, Dreischor, Elkerzee, Ellemeet, Haamstede, Kerkwerve, Looperskapelle, Moriaanshoofd, Nieuwerkerk, Nieuwerkerke, Noordgouwe, Noordwelle, Oosterland, Ouwerkerk, Renesse, Scharendijke, Schuddebeurs, Serooskerke, Sirjansland, Westenschouwen, Zierikzee, Zonnemaire. There is no village called Schouwen-Duiveland; the municipality takes its name from the island, which received its name when the former islands Schouwen and Duiveland (and Dreischor) were poldered together.
    7.00
    4 votes
    51
    Stadskanaal

    Stadskanaal

    Stadskanaal ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a Canal, municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. The area is known for its peat mining. Alteveer, Barlage, Blekslage, Braamberg, Ceresdorp, Höchte, Holte, Horsten, Kopstukken, Mussel, Musselkanaal, Onstwedde, Oomsberg, Smeerling, Stadskanaal, Sterenborg, Ter Maarsch, Ter Wupping, Veenhuizen, Vledderhuizen, Vledderveen, Vosseberg and Wessinghuizen.
    7.00
    4 votes
    52
    Twenterand

    Twenterand

    Twenterand ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the province of Overijssel in the eastern Netherlands. The name means "edge of Twente" as it is situated on the northwestern fringe of the historical region of Twente. The municipality of Twenterand also had two city halls, because of the merger between the former municipalities of Vriezenveen and Den Ham in 2001. The city hall in Vriezenveen remained. The extended municipality of Vriezenveen is called Twenterand since 2002. The former municipal area of Vriezenveen belongs to the region of Twente and the former municipal area of Den Ham partly to the region of Salland and partly to the region of Twente. Bruinehaar, De Pollen, Den Ham, Geerdijk, Kloosterhaar, Meer Vriezenveen, Vroomshoop, Weitemanslanden, Westerhaar-Vriezenveensewijk and Westerhoeven.
    7.00
    4 votes
    53
    Bergen

    Bergen

    Bergen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Baerge) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. The town of Bergen (51°36′N 6°2′E / 51.6°N 6.033°E / 51.6; 6.033) lies about 28 km north of Venlo, close to the river Meuse. Although the municipality is named after this village, the municipal hall is located in the town of Nieuw-Bergen, the largest town in the municipality. Close to the German border, approx. 5 miles. Near to Airport Niederrhein/Weeze (EDLV). In 2001, Bergen had 304 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.09 km², and contained 109 residences.
    8.00
    3 votes
    54
    Gaasterlân-Sleat

    Gaasterlân-Sleat

    Gaasterlân-Sleat is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Its official name is in West Frisian. The name in Dutch is Gaasterland-Sloten ( pronunciation (help·info)). Bakhuizen, Balk, Elahuizen, Harich, Kolderwolde, Mirns, Nijemirdum, Oudega, Oudemirdum, Rijs, Ruigahuizen, Sloten, Sondel and Wijckel. 2010
    8.00
    3 votes
    55
    Het Bildt

    Het Bildt

    het Bildt ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the northern Netherlands; its capital is Sint Annaparochie. As of 1 November 2006 it had a population of 10,975. Het Bildt has 15.4 kilometers of coastline. Its soil is very fertile and agriculture is a major part of its economy; crops grown include onions, potatoes, and a variety of fruits (mainly apples). Het Bildt was largely settled by Dutch inhabitants from South Holland; as a result, the language generally spoken there is "Bildts", a dialect that mixes Dutch (as spoken in South Holland) with West Frisian; Bildts is usually classified as a dialect of Dutch. All three languages - Bildts, Dutch, and Frisian - are spoken in the area. Only in Minnertsga (which did not become a part of the municipality of Het Bildt until 1984) is Frisian the predominant language. Signage in Het Bildt is generally bilingual, with names given in both Dutch and Bildts. The name Het Bildt is formed out of the word "opbilden" which means the silting up of land. Het Bildt should not be confused with the county and town De Bilt in Utrecht province. Number of inhabitants as of 1 January 2004: Source: CBS The region now
    8.00
    3 votes
    56
    Houten

    Houten

    Houten ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality consists of the following towns: The main town in the municipality is Houten, a commuter town about 9 km southeast of Utrecht. In 2012, on the 1st of January, the town had 48,314 (CBS) inhabitants. The built-up area was 5.08 km² in area, and contained 18,451 residences. The slightly larger statistical district of Houten had a population of about 39,100 in 2004. Remains of a Roman villa have been found in the old centre of Houten, made visible in a street pattern. There used to be a Roman villa on that spot. This building was discovered in the fifties. In the Dark Ages Houten took shape as a rural centre. The area of the municipality of Houten was divided in the so-called 'gerechten' (districts). The names of these districts are still in use: Schonauwen, Wulven, Waijen, Heemstede. A lot of elements in present-day Houten are reminders of its history. Prominent in the old centre 'Het Oude Dorp' are the Roman Catholic Church (1884) and the Protestant Church (1563). The first accounts of this church date from the ninth century, the oldest parts of the church are
    8.00
    3 votes
    57
    Maarssen

    Maarssen

    Maarssen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht, along the river Vecht. It lies in an area called the Vechtstreek. On January 1, 2011 Maarssen merged with Breukelen and Loenen to Stichtse Vecht. The former municipality of Maarssen consisted of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts:
    8.00
    3 votes
    58
    Renswoude

    Renswoude

    Renswoude (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌrɛns.ˈʋʌu.də]) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.
    8.00
    3 votes
    59
    Rijnwaarden

    Rijnwaarden

    Rijnwaarden is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. The Rhine enters the Netherlands in this municipality.
    8.00
    3 votes
    60
    Roerdalen

    Roerdalen

    Roerdalen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Roerdale) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands.
    8.00
    3 votes
    61
    8.00
    3 votes
    62
    Bellingwedde

    Bellingwedde

    Bellingwedde ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. Bellingwolde, Blijham, Klein-Ulsda, Oudeschans, Rhederbrug, Veelerveen, Vriescheloo, Wedde and Wedderveer.
    6.75
    4 votes
    63
    Heerde

    Heerde

    Heerde is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Compared to the rest of the Netherlands, Heerde is fairly religious, as are many of the towns and cities in the Veluwe region. The following political parties are currently (August 2009) in the city council: CDA (5 seats), PvdA (5 seats), SGP (3 seats), VVD (2 seats) and the Municipal Farmers Party (2 seats). The municipality has five amateur soccer clubs: vv Heerde, SEH, WZC Wapenveld, vv Wapenveld and Vevo.
    6.75
    4 votes
    64
    Hulst

    Hulst

    Hulst ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in southwestern Netherlands in the east of Zeelandic Flanders. Hulst received city rights in the 12th century. In 1645, the Siege of Hulst (to control the left bank of the Schelde river) occurred. It was led by Prince of Orange Frederick Henry, during the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) with Spain. An earlier siege by his brother Prince Maurits took place in 1591 who took Hulst also from the Spanish. Spain took it back in 1596. A further siege took place in 1702, where General Menno van Coehoorn defended the town successfully for the Dutch and in 1747 when it was taken by the French after incompetent defence by Lt General Pieter de la Rocque. In the seventeenth century, a star fort was constructed. The fortifications, constructed during that time, are historic examples of Dutch fortress architecture. The name Hulst (Holly in English) would appear to come from the shape of the battlements. Holly is depicted growing around the towns crest. Hulst is twinned with Michelstadt, Germany.
    6.75
    4 votes
    65
    Tubbergen

    Tubbergen

    Tubbergen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Albergen, Fleringen, Geesteren, Haarle, Harbrinkhoek, Hezingen, Langeveen, Mander, Manderveen, Mariaparochie, Reutum, Tubbergen and Vasse. Tubbergen can be characterised as the most Roman Catholic municipality in the Netherlands. Church attendance at regular Sundays is substantial. The municipality has a high birth rate and the lowest divorce rate in the Netherlands. Politically, the Catholic nature of the municipality is expressed by Tubbergen having the largest share of CDA voters (66,59%) According to the 2009 survey by the Algemeen Dagblad, Tubbergen has the lowest crime rate of all municipalities in the Netherlands. According to the mayor, this is primarily because there exists a strong sense of community in Tubbergen.
    6.75
    4 votes
    66
    Ameland

    Ameland

    Ameland ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: It Amelân) is a municipality and one of the West Frisian Islands off the north coast of the Netherlands. It consists mostly of sand dunes. It is the third major island of the West Frisians. It neighbours islands Terschelling to the West and Schiermonnikoog to the East. This includes the small Engelsmanplaat and Rif islands to the East. Ameland is, counted from the west, the fourth inhabited Dutch Wadden island and belongs to the Friesland/Fryslan province. The whole island falls under one municipality, which carries the same name. The Wadden islands form the border between the North sea and the Wadden sea which lies on the south side of the island file. As of 31 December 2008, the municipality of Ameland had 3,466 inhabitants (source: CBS). The inhabitants are called Amelanders. The postcode of the island is between 9161-9164. The area code is 0519. The island has four villages, and one small part-village. In former days, there were two other villages: Oerd and Sier, but these were drowned and now lie in the sea. The name of these villages live on in MS Oerd and MS Sier, which are the names of the ferries to the island. From west
    9.00
    2 votes
    67
    Slochteren

    Slochteren

    Slochteren ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. The municipality can be characterized as a chain of small villages dividing a mostly agricultural landscape. Having an agricultural background for at least a thousand years, the community houses for the most part commuters to nearby towns like Hoogezand, Groningen and Delfzijl. The mansion Fraeylemaborg (a small 'castle', the oldest parts of which are dated in the Middle Ages) is located in Slochteren. Slochteren is in the center of the giant Groningen gas field, discovered in 1959, ensuring the position of the Netherlands as a major energy exporting country. The estimated gas reserves in 2009 was 2700 billion m³ (95,350 billion cubic foot). Denemarken, Froombosch, Harkstede, Hellum, Kolham, Lageland, Luddeweer, Overschild, Schaaphok, Scharmer, Schildwolde, Siddeburen, Slochteren, Steendam, Tjuchem, Woudbloem.
    9.00
    2 votes
    68
    Aalten

    Aalten

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    7.67
    3 votes
    69
    Arnhem

    Arnhem

    Arnhem (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑr.nɛm] ( listen), South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality, situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of Gelderland and located on both banks of the river Nederrijn as well as on the Sint-Jansbeek, which was the source of the city's development. Arnhem has almost 150,000 residents (per 1 January 2012) as one of the larger cities of the Netherlands. The municipality is part of the city region Arnhem-Nijmegen, a metropolitan area with 736,500 inhabitants. Arnhem is home to the Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen and ArtEZ Institute of the Arts. Arnhem was first mentioned as such in 893 as Arneym or Arentheym. Traces of human residence date back much further, however. The oldest archeological findings of human activity around Arnhem are two firestones of about 70,000 years ago. This comes from the stone age, when the Neanderthals lived in this part of Europe. In Schuytgraaf, tracks of a hunter's camp have been discovered from around 5000 BC. In Schaarsbergen, 12 grave mounds were found from 2400 BC, which brought the so-called Neolithic revolution to the area of Arnhem, i.e. the rise of the farmers. The
    7.67
    3 votes
    70
    Groningen

    Groningen

    Groningen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣroː.nɪ.ŋə(n)] ( listen); Gronings: Grunnen; West Frisian: Grins) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands. With a population of around 190,000, it is the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. Groningen is a university city, with University of Groningen and Hanze University of Applied Sciences both having about 25,000 students respectively. The city was founded on the northernmost point of the Hondsrug area. The oldest document referring to Groningen's existence dates from 1040. However, the city already existed long before then: the oldest archaeological traces found are believed to stem from the years 3950-3720 BC, although the first major settlement in Groningen has been traced back to the 3rd century AD. In the 13th century, when Groningen was an important trade centre, its inhabitants built a city wall to underline its authority. The city had a strong influence on the surrounding lands and made its dialect a common tongue. The most influential period of the city was the end of the 15th century, when the nearby province of Friesland was administered from Groningen. During these
    7.67
    3 votes
    71
    7.67
    3 votes
    72
    Kollumerland c.a.

    Kollumerland c.a.

    Kollumerland c.a. (official name; "c.a." means cum annexis, with annex) or fully Kollumerland en Nieuwkruisland ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Kollumerlân, Gronings: Kölmerlaand) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. (links to additional info bolded) Augsbuurt, Burum, Kollum, Kollumerpomp, Kollumerzwaag, Munnekezijl, Oudwoude, Triemen, Veenklooster, Warfstermolen, Westergeest and Zwagerbosch.
    7.67
    3 votes
    73
    Onderbanken

    Onderbanken

    Onderbanken ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Óngerbenk) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. Bingelrade, Douvergenhout, Etzenrade, Jabeek, Merkelbeek, Op den Hering, Quabeek, Raath, Schinveld, Viel.
    7.67
    3 votes
    74
    Utrecht

    Utrecht

    Utrecht (/ˈjuːtrɛkt/; Dutch pronunciation: [ˈytrɛxt] ( listen)) city and municipality is the capital and most populous city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is located in the eastern corner of the Randstad conurbation, and is the fourth largest city of the Netherlands with a population of 316,448 on 1 February 2012. Utrecht's ancient city centre features many buildings and structures from the Early Middle Ages. It has been the religious centre of the Netherlands since the eighth century. Currently it is the see of the Archbishop of Utrecht, the most important Dutch Roman Catholic leader. Utrecht is also the see of the archbishop of the Old Catholic church, titular head of the Union of Utrecht (Old Catholic), and the location of the offices of the main Protestant church. Until the Dutch Golden Age Utrecht was the city of most importance of the Netherlands until Amsterdam became its cultural and most populous centre. Utrecht is host to Utrecht University, the largest university of the Netherlands, as well as several other institutes for higher education. Due to its central position within the country, it is an important transport hub for both rail and road transport. It has the
    7.67
    3 votes
    75
    Veere

    Veere

    Veere ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands, on Walcheren island in the province of Zeeland. Aagtekerke (population as of 2003: 1,479), Biggekerke (895), Domburg (1,481), Gapinge (522), Grijpskerke (1,377), Koudekerke (3,620), Meliskerke (1,477), Oostkapelle (2,451), Serooskerke (1,833), Veere (1,520), Vrouwenpolder (1,125), Westkapelle (2,672), Zoutelande (1,593). The small city of Veere (population as of 2001: 1,520) is located on the Veerse Meer on the island of Walcheren in Zeeland. The name means "ferry" after Wolfert Van Borsselen established one here in 1281. Veere received city rights in 1355. The "Admiraliteit van Veere" (Admiralty of Veere) was set up as a result of the Ordinance on the Admiralty of 8 January 1488 in an attempt to create a central naval administration in the Burgundian Netherlands. To this was subordinated the Vice-Admiralty of Flanders in Dunkirk. In 1560 under admiral Philip de Montmorency, Count of Hoorn this admiralty was relocated near Ghent and in 1561 the Habsburg naval forces were also moved to Veere. Veere was the staple port for Scotland between 1541 and 1799. Flemish architects Antonis
    7.67
    3 votes
    76
    Achtkarspelen

    Achtkarspelen

    Achtkarspelen (Dutch pronunciation: [ɑχt.ˈkɑr.spə.lə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. The name Achtkarspelen is derived from the original eight kerspelen within the grietenij, namely: Augustinusga, Buitenpost(Capital), Drogeham, De Kooten, Kortwoude, Lutkepost, Surhuizum and Twijzel. Achtkarspelen held a separate status within Friesland for many years. In the Middle Ages Achtkarspelen fell under the Bishopric of Münster, meanwhile the rest of Friesland was a part of the Bishopric of Utrecht. The grietenij Achtkarspelen became a Municipality in 1851 after the gemeentewet (Municipality law) of Johan Rudolf Thorbecke. (West Frisian names in brackets)
    10.00
    1 votes
    77
    Beek

    Beek

    Beek ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Baek) is a town in the southeast of Belgium. It is located in Beek municipality. The town of approximately 9000 inhabitants is located 15 kilometers North of Maastricht and 20 kilometers East of the Belgian town of Genk.
    10.00
    1 votes
    78
    Borger-Odoorn

    Borger-Odoorn

    Borger-Odoorn ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands in the province of Drenthe. 1e Exloërmond, 2e Exloërmond, 2e Valthermond, Borger, Bronneger, Bronnegerveen, Buinen, Buinerveen, Drouwen, Drouwenermond, Drouwenerveen, Ees, Eesergroen, Eeserveen, Ellertshaar, Exloërveen, Exloo, Klijndijk, Nieuw-Buinen, Odoorn, Odoornerveen, Valthe, Valthermond, Westdorp, Zandberg.
    10.00
    1 votes
    79
    Haren

    Haren

    Haren [ˈɦaː.rə(n)] ( listen) (Gronings: Hoaren) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands located in the direct urban area of the City of Groningen. Haren is a typical commuting municipality with many wealthy inhabitants. It lies on the northern part of a ridge of sand called the Hondsrug. It contains one of two dolmens in the province of Groningen (in the village of Noordlaren) and the largest botanical garden of the Netherlands called Hortus Haren. The municipality comprises a wood called Appèlbergen (east of the village of Glimmen) and a lake called Paterswoldsemeer. Haren was officially mentioned for the first time in 1249. The town of Haren contains among others the following residential areas: Haren's railway station is Haren railway station. The municipal council of Haren has 17 seats. The table below gives political party and seat counts since 1998. The executive board consists of VVD, PvdA and D66.
    10.00
    1 votes
    80
    Putten

    Putten

    Putten ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in Gelderland province in the middle of the Netherlands. In 2007 it had a population of 23,024. Putten is surrounded by a great variety of landscapes. To the east of Putten lies the Veluwe, the biggest national park of the Netherlands. To the north, east and west, Putten is surrounded by farmlands, and further to the west the ring-lake around Flevoland can be found. Bijsteren, Diermen, Gerven, Halvinkhuizen, Hell, Hoef, Huinen, Koudhoorn, Krachtighuizen, Putten, Steenenkamer and Veenhuizerveld. Putten is an old village, in the coastal area of the old Zuiderzee (Southern Sea). The oldest official paper in which Putten is mentioned dates back to 855. Small settlements, however, were already built during the Roman era. After the founding of the present main church in the 10th century, the community becomes the centre of several smaller settlements. Also parts of Nijkerk and Voorthuizen became part of the Putten area, until in 1530 Nijkerk, and later also Voorthuizen, became independent communities. Until 1356, when a dyke was built, the coastline changed frequently, overflowing agricultural land in the west of Putten.
    10.00
    1 votes
    81
    Zuidhorn

    Zuidhorn

    Zuidhorn ([ˈzœy̆tɦɔrn] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Due to a municipal reoganisation in 1990, Zuidhorn was extended when it merged with, though not physically connected to Oldehove, Grijpskerk and Aduard. It is a pleasant town, which depends largely on the city of Groningen. A railway line, operated by Arriva, connects the town with Leeuwarden in Friesland and Groningen. Zuidhorn has two train stations: Zuidhorn and Grijpskerk. At least once an hour a train runs between Groningen and Leeuwarden. On weekdays, trains stop twice an hour in Zuidhorn. Until 1991 there used to be a third station on this line, Visvliet. In the center of Zuidhorn, lies a large, partly wooded park called "Johan Smit Park". It offers a wide variety of recreation, open to the public, based on trails. The "Quick Silver S" is the main sport hall, hosting many activities such as a running clubs, and other sports. Nearby, the park has numerous soccer fields and a playground. For most of the year, docile highland cattle roam the park. There is a dense concentration of terps, better known as wierden, artificial dwelling hills, in the area Middag-Humsterland. In 1995, this
    10.00
    1 votes
    82
    Eemsmond

    Eemsmond

    Eemsmond [ˈeɪ̯m.smɔnt] ( listen) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. Eemshaven, Eppenhuizen, Kantens, Oldenzijl, Oosteinde, Oosternieland, Oudeschip, Roodeschool, Rottum, Startenhuizen, Stitswerd, Uithuizen, Uithuizermeeden, Usquert, Warffum, Zandeweer. It also includes the uninhabited islands Rottumeroog and Rottumerplaat.
    6.50
    4 votes
    83
    Menterwolde

    Menterwolde

    Menterwolde ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands.
    6.50
    4 votes
    84
    Westervoort

    Westervoort

    Westervoort is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The town has two rivers inside its borders, the Rhine and the IJssel. It is a forensic town closely linked to Arnhem, the capital of Gelderland, which is situated on the west bank of the IJssel river, the east bank being occupied by Westervoort. On 11 December 2011, a new railway station was opened in Westervoort. This meant that for the first time in 75 years the inhabitants of Westervoort could make use of railway transportation again. Next to the recently opened station, public buses run through Westervoort. These buses establish a direct connection to Arnhem and the surrounding towns of Duiven and Zevenaar. The A12 motorway runs north of Westervoort and has an exit serving both Westervoort and the western parts of Duiven. In the south of Westervoort a small ferry boat connects Westervoort to the town of Huissen by crossing the Rhine.
    6.50
    4 votes
    85
    's-Hertogenbosch

    's-Hertogenbosch

    's-Hertogenbosch (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌsɛrtoːɣə(n)ˈbɔs] ( listen), literally "The Duke's Forest") is a city and municipality in the southern Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Brabant. 's-Hertogenbosch is located 80 km south of Amsterdam (map). In speech, the Dutch seldom use the formal 's-Hertogenbosch but rather the colloquial Den Bosch [dɛmˈbɔs] ( listen). Den Bosch means "The Forest". Bokhoven, Crevecoeur, Deuteren (former village), Dieskant, Empel, Engelen, Gewande, 's-Hertogenbosch, Hintham, Kruisstraat, Maliskamp, Meerwijk, Orthen (former village), Oud-Empel and Rosmalen. The city's official name is a contraction of the Dutch des Hertogen bosch—"the Duke's forest". The duke in question was Henry I, Duke of Brabant, whose family had owned a large estate at nearby Orthen for at least four centuries. He founded a new town located on some forested dunes in the middle of a marsh. At age 26, he granted 's-Hertogenbosch city rights and the corresponding trade privileges in 1185. This is, however, the traditional date given by later chroniclers; the first mention in contemporaneous sources is 1196. The original charter has been lost. His reason for founding
    7.33
    3 votes
    86
    De Bilt

    De Bilt

    De Bilt ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality of De Bilt consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Bilthoven, De Bilt, Groenekan, Hollandsche Rading, Maartensdijk, Westbroek. The communities of Maartensdijk and Westbroek are orthodox Christian communities in which the SGP gathers many votes. De Bilt (population as of 2001: 14,800) is the seat of the headquarters of the Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute, KNMI. It is the ancestral home and namesake for the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.
    7.33
    3 votes
    87
    Franekeradeel

    Franekeradeel

    Franekeradeel ([ˈfraːnəkəraˑˌdeːɫ] ( listen)) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. It was created in 1984 by combining an earlier Franekeradeel municipality with the city of Franeker and parts of the former municipality of Barradeel. In West Frisian it's named Frentsjerteradiel Achlum, Boer, Dongjum, Firdgum, Franeker, Herbaijum, Hitzum, Klooster-Lidlum, Oosterbierum, Peins, Pietersbierum, Ried, Schalsum, Sexbierum, Tzum, Tzummarum, Zweins. Media related to Franekeradeel at Wikimedia Commons
    7.33
    3 votes
    88
    Gouda

    Gouda

    Gouda (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣʌu̯daˑ] ( listen); population 70,828 in 2009) is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. Gouda, which was granted city rights in 1272, is famous for its Gouda cheese, smoking pipes, and 15th-century city hall. In the Middle Ages, a settlement was founded at the location of the current city by the Van der Goude family, who built a fortified castle alongside the banks of the Gouwe River, from which the family and the city took its name. The area, originally marshland, developed over the course of two centuries. By 1225, a canal was linked to the Gouwe and its estuary was transformed into a harbour. Gouda's array of historic churches and other buildings makes it a very popular day trip destination. Around the year 1100, the area where Gouda now is located was swampy and covered with a peat forest, crossed by small creeks such as the Gouwe. Along the shores of this stream near the current market and city hall, peat harvesting began in the 11th and 12th centuries. In 1139, the name Gouda is first mentioned in a statement from the Bishop of Utrecht. In the 13th century, the Gouwe was connected to the Oude Rijn
    7.33
    3 votes
    89
    Kampen

    Kampen

    Kampen is a municipality, a city and an old Hanseatic city at the lower reaches of the river IJssel in the Dutch province of Overijssel. The municipality of Kampen counts 50,073 inhabitants (January 1, 2010) in an area of approximately 162 km² (only a small part of this area consists of water). Kampen is located in the North West of Overijssel and is the largest city in this region. The city of Kampen itself counts 34,063 inhabitants. Kampen has one of the best preserved old town centres of the Netherlands, including remains of the ancient city wall (of which three gates are still standing) and numerous churches. Also notable are the three bridges over the IJssel which connect Kampen with IJsselmuiden, and a windmill (d' Olde Zwarver). People in Kampen speak a variation of the Sallands dialect, known as Kampers. By 1150, there were already wooden buildings on the site where Kampen is currently located. The name Kampen, however, is not mentioned until 1277. The city has had city rights since 1236. As a result of its convenient location on the busy trade route between the Zuiderzee and the Rhine, Kampen quickly developed from simple settlements into a prosperous trading town, to
    7.33
    3 votes
    90
    Leek

    Leek

    Leek ([leɪ̯k] ( listen), Gronings: De Laik; West Frisian: De Like) is a municipality and a village in the Groningen province in the northeastern Netherlands, bordering on the Drenthe and Fryslân provinces. The village is approximately 20 km west of Groningen (city) on the A7 (E22) highway. The village grew around a fortification that was constructed here during the Eighty Years' War with Spain. The name 'Leek' was derived from a brook, the "Leke". The town is sometimes also called "The Leek". In Dutch the people from Leek are called "Leeksters". Every year around pentecost there is a fair (Pinkstermarkt), drawing thousands of people from the area. Near the village is a shallow lake, called "Het Leekstermeer" (also called Zulthemeer), with recreational facilities. Actually, the lake is in another municipality and in another province. The main attraction in the village is the "Nienoord" estate. The estate was founded in 1508. After a destroying fire a new manor-house was built in 1887. The gardens and the 'shell grotto' were restored. In this manor-house is situated the National Carriage Museum. In 1958 the National Carriage Museum rented the house and gardens. The National Carriage
    7.33
    3 votes
    91
    Ooststellingwerf

    Ooststellingwerf

    Ooststellingwerf [ˈoː.stɛ.lɪŋ.ˌʋɛrf] ( listen) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the northern Netherlands. It is one of the municipalities of Friesland, where the spoken language is not West Frisian; instead, Stellingwerfs, a dialect of Dutch Low Saxon, is spoken here. Appelscha, Donkerbroek, Elsloo, Fochteloo, Haule, Haulerwijk, Langedijke, Makkinga, Nijeberkoop, Oldeberkoop, Oosterwolde, Ravenswoud and Waskemeer.
    7.33
    3 votes
    92
    Simpelveld

    Simpelveld

    Simpelveld ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Zumpelveld) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. Simpelveld has a heritage railway station and is the homebase of the South Limburg Railway Compagny ZLSM (Zuid Limburgse Stoomtrein Maatschappij ). On one weekend in October there is a Day out with Thomas from the children's television series Thomas and Friends.
    7.33
    3 votes
    93
    Zwartewaterland

    Zwartewaterland

    Zwartewaterland ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the province Overijssel in the eastern Netherlands. This mainly rural municipality lies south of Steenwijkerland on the Zwarte Water (Black Water). This is a short distributary of the river IJssel from Zwolle to the Zwarte Meer. This lake was before 1931 a part of the Zuiderzee. The Vecht also flows into the Zwarte Water. Hasselt lies about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Zwolle. Genemuiden and Zwartsluis lie 5 km further north, almost opposite one another, near the Zwarte Water. Aquatic sport tourism is important to the local economy. Hasselt and Zwartsluis have small ports with some industry. Genemuiden is the biggest of the three towns, and is home to the majority of Zwartewaterland's population and industry. The most important places are printed in bold type.
    7.33
    3 votes
    94
    Marum

    Marum

    Marum ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Boerakker, Jonkersvaart, Lucaswolde, Marum, Niebert, Noordwijk, Nuis, De Wilp.
    6.25
    4 votes
    95
    Tytsjerksteradiel

    Tytsjerksteradiel

    Tytsjerksteradiel (Dutch: Tietjerksteradeel) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. It is named after the town of Tytsjerk, whose name is derived from a person named Tiete. Tiete was a daughter of Tryn, after whom the region (Trynwâlden) is named. The other villages in Trynwâlden are also named after Tryn's children: Oentsjerk (Oene), Gytsjerk (Giete), Readtsjerk (Reade), Aldtsjerk (Âlde), Ryptsjerk (Rype). A statue of Tryn and her children is placed in Oentsjerk next to the mainroad (Rengerswei). Tsjerk is the West Frisian word for Church. Until 1989 the official name of the municipality was Tietjerksteradeel ( pronunciation (help·info)), the Dutch name; the current official name is West Frisian. The largest village in the municipality is Burgum. Media related to Tietjerksteradeel at Wikimedia Commons
    6.25
    4 votes
    96
    Brummen

    Brummen

    Brummen is a municipality and a village in the eastern Netherlands. Brummen has a small railway station - Brummen railway station on the line between Zutphen and Arnhem. The village is situated about 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Zutphen, no farther than 1.5 km from the IJssel river. About two kilometers west of the village, on the edge of the Veluwe forest area, lies the Engelenburg resort, a castle-like house. It is in use as a hotel for golf players and has an 18-hole golf-link. Brummen, Eerbeek ( the greatest village in the municipality), Empe (which has a small railway station on the line Apeldoorn -Zutphen), Hall with an interesting chapel dating from the Middle Ages, Leuvenheim, Oeken, Tonden and Voorstonden. Brummen is twinned with:
    7.00
    3 votes
    97
    Meerssen

    Meerssen

    Meerssen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Meersje) is a place and a municipality in southeastern Netherlands. The Treaty of Meerssen was signed in Meerssen in 870. The Treaty of Meerssen was an agreement of the division of the Carolingian Empire by the surviving sons of Louis I, Charles II of the West Franks and Louis the German of East Franks. Around the middle of the 10th century the allodium Meerssen was the property of queen Gerberga, the daughter of king Henry I. She was the spouse of Louis IV of France. In 968 she donated all her property to the abbey of Saint Remigius in Reims. Railway station: Meerssen In 870 the treaty of Meerssen was signed here. Meerssen is a founding member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals. Discussions regarding membership are also in hand with three further towns (Agros in Cyprus, Škofja Loka in Slovenia, and Tryavna in Bulgaria). Media related to Meerssen at Wikimedia Commons
    7.00
    3 votes
    98
    Neder-Betuwe

    Neder-Betuwe

    Neder-Betuwe is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. The municipal boundaries are for a large part defined by the river Waal to the south, the river Rhine to the North and the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal to the west. Because of the location between the two rivers the area is as narrow as 3 km near Opheusden. The area is basically a polder, dikes protect the former floodplain from flooding. Since it was a floodplain the area is relatively flat and the soil is mainly clay with layers of sand and gravel underneath. Archaeological excavations have found remains dating back to the stone age and Iron Age although it is not known if the area was permanently inhabited. The Neder-Betuwe area is along the northernmost border or Limes of the Roman empire. Evidence suggests that a Roman fort (Castra) was maintained where the town of Kesteren now is. Around 1300 the first dikes were put up to protect the inhabitants and agricultural lands from flooding. Most churches are reformed, there are no Catholic churches in the Neder-Betuwe area. The eastern municipal border also marks an invisible religious border, to the east a considerable part of the population is Catholic. This can be explained by
    7.00
    3 votes
    99
    Venray

    Venray

    Venray (old Dutch spelling: Venraij) ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Venroj) is a municipality and a town in Limburg, the Netherlands. Venray has about 43,000 inhabitants. Blitterswijck, Castenray, Geijsteren, Heide, Leunen, Merselo, Oirlo, Oostrum, Smakt, Venray, Veulen, Vredepeel, Wanssum and Ysselsteyn In 1905, the Sint Servatius mental hospital for males was built by the Brothers of Charity. The first patients arrived in 1907. In 1906, the Sint Anna mental hospital for women was built by the Sisters of Charity of Jesus and Mary. The first patients arrived in 1909. In 1969, management of the mental hospitals was transferred to two separate foundations. Both mental hospitals have had a big impact on Venray from cultural, religious and employment perspectives that lasts up to today. Nowadays, both mental hospitals are managed by GGZ Noord- en Midden-Limburg. Venray also hosts one of 12 mental hospitals in the Netherlands, De Rooyse Wissel, that house people assigned to mental treatment as a measure by the courts. The St. Peter ad Vincula church in Venray hosts one of the largest late medieval collections of wooden sculptures that survived the iconoclasm of the protestant
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    100
    Zwolle

    Zwolle

    Zwolle (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzʋɔlə]) is a municipality and the capital city of the province of Overijssel, Netherlands, 120 kilometers northeast of Amsterdam. Zwolle has about 120,000 citizens. Archaeological findings indicate that the area surrounding Zwolle has been inhabited for a long time. A woodhenge that was found in the Zwolle-Zuid suburb in 1993 was dated to the Bronze Age period. During the Roman era, the area was inhabited by Salian Franks. The modern city was founded around 800 A.D. by Frisian merchants and troops of Charlemagne. The name Zwolle is derived from the word Suolle, which means "hill" (cf. the English cognate verb "to swell"). This refers to an incline in the landscape between the four rivers surrounding the city, IJssel, Vecht, Aa and Zwarte Water. The hill was the only piece of land that would remain dry during the frequent floodings of the rivers. Zwolle was established on that incline. A document mentions the existence of a parish church dedicated to St Michael. That church, the Grote or Sint Michaëlskerk (big or Saint Michael church), was renovated in the first half of the 15th century and exists to this day. The church contains a richly carved
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    101
    Eemnes

    Eemnes

    Eemnes (Dutch pronunciation: [eɪ̯m.ˈnɛs] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. Eemnes formerly consisted of two villages, Eemnes-Binnen ("Inner Eemnes") and Eemnes-Buiten ("Outer Eemnes"). These names referred to the location of the villages with respect to the dyke of the river Eem. Eemnes-Buiten received city rights in 1345; Eemnes-Binnen was granted city rights in 1439. Until 1932, when the Afsluitdijk sealed off the Zuiderzee from the North Sea, the weak dykes in this part of the country would occasionally break during storms. This resulted in the formation of pools, which in Dutch are called "waaien" or "wielen". Because they could be tens of meters in diameter and several metres deep, landowners often did not make the effort of filling them up. Because they symbolize man's battle against the sea and are relatively rare, provincial authorities designated them "geological monuments" in June 2005.
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    102
    Olst-Wijhe

    Olst-Wijhe

    Olst-Wijhe ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the province of Overijssel, eastern Netherlands. It borders the Overijssel municipalities of Zwolle to the north, Raalte to the north and east and Deventer to the south; and the Gelderland municipalities of Voorst, Epe and Heerde to the west. Both of the municipality's main towns, Olst and Wijhe, are old towns. Olst, which is believed to have been founded in the 7th century, is first mentioned in chronicles in 947 (as "Holsto"), Wijhe in 960 (as "Wie"). Traditionally, agriculture (fruit and cereals), cattle, meat processing and the production of bricks in open-air brickworks along river IJssel were the prime sources of income in the area. Nowadays, Olst and Wijhe are mainly commuter residences for people working in Deventer and Zwolle respectively; both towns have had a railroad station on the Zwolle–Nijmegen main line (route 3600) since 1866. The surrounding land still relies heavily on agriculture. There is some small industry in Olst (machinery manufacturing) and Wijhe (meat processing). The present municipality was created on 1 January 2001 through the merger of the two former municipalities of Olst and Wijhe as part
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    4 votes
    103
    Vianen

    Vianen

    Vianen (Dutch pronunciation: [viˈjaːnə(n)]) is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It is the only municipality in Utrecht located south of the Lek River. Before 2002 it was part of the province of South Holland. Vianen is bordered by two major motorways leading to Utrecht: the A2 (Amsterdam-Maastricht) on its west, and the A27 (Breda-Almere) just east of the town. Both roads can be notoriously congested near Vianen during peak commute hours. (links to additional info bolded) (Population as of February, 2006) Vianen received city rights in 1337. Vianen thrived under the counts of Brederode, who acquired its lordship through marriage early in the 15th century. It formed a self-proclaimed sovereign seignory till 1795, including Vianen, Lexmond, Hei- en Boeicop and Meerkerk. During the Middle Ages, as a "free city," Vianen could be a haven for felons and escaped serfs. Of the three castles built during the town's history, Castle Batestein was said to be one of the most beautiful in the Netherlands. Its only remnants are a 17th century brick gate and water-pump. Remnants of the old city wall are visible girdling parts of the old
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    104
    Borne

    Borne

    Borne is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Its inhabitants also have the nickname Melbuul (flourbag in Twentsch). Bornerbroek, historically part of Borne, is nowadays part of the Almelo municipality. Borne borders the municipalities of Hengelo, Hof van Twente, Dinkelland, Almelo and Tubbergen. Borne was originally the richterambt (judicial district) Borne, made up of the Marke Senderen (Zenderen) and Bi den Broeke (lit. "by the brook", Bornerbroek) and the hamlet of Hertme. In 1655 Hertme has evolved into an independent marke. Borne is the sister city of the German town Rheine.
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    105
    Ede

    Ede

    Ede (help·info) is a municipality and a city in the center of the Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. Community (population): The city itself is situated halfway between the larger cities of Arnhem and Utrecht with direct rail and road connections to both these cities. There are no connections to any water nearby, however, there also is a direct road connection to the city of Wageningen which hosts a small industrial port on the river Rijn and a direct road and rail connection to the city of Arnhem, which features larger port at a greater distance. The environment is clean and green due to the fact Ede is partly built in a forest and partly on the central Dutch plains in the national park called Nationaal Park "De Hoge Veluwe". Economically, the cite of Ede is doing fairly well thanks to the proximity of major highways and railways which offer fast connections to the port city of Rotterdam, the airport of Schiphol and the Ruhr Area in Germany. The main sources of employment used to be a factory belonging to the Dutch Enka company and the three military bases situated in the northeast of the city. The factory however, has been closed and the military bases are largely
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    106
    Groesbeek

    Groesbeek

    Groesbeek is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Groesbeek is named after a small stream called the Groesbeek, (beek means stream or burn in Dutch) which in its original form doesn't exist anymore. Hills and forests surround the town, and, because of this, Groesbeek was isolated in the past, with a close community and a strong dialect. Groesbeek and Kranenburg are situated on the banks of the Groesbeek, a small stream in the Groesbeek valley, a large valley between the Nijmeegse heuvelrug and Reichswald. The Groesbeek valley was carved out by glaciers during the Saale glacial, marking the southernmost expansion of ice-age glaciers in the Netherlands. The hills surrounding the valley in which Groesbeek lies are technically the terminal moraines of those glaciers, but in contrast to the hills in the central and eastern Netherlands, these hills are rising by 0.5-0.8 mm/year due to tectonic uplift. Due to this, the topography is much more varied here than in other higher grounds with similar origins in the Netherlands. Finally, during the Younger Dryas stadial, large amounts of loess were deposited in the valley, making it extremely fertile, while the hills around it
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    107
    Kerkrade

    Kerkrade

    Kerkrade ([ˈkɛr(ə)k.ˌraːdə] ( listen), Limburgish: Kirchroa) is a town and a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. It is the western half of the divided region and de facto city, taken together with the eastern half, the German town of Herzogenrath. The original name of the undivided municipality under the Holy Roman Empire was Herzogenrath. The two towns, including outlying suburban settlements, have a population approaching 100,000. The history of Kerkrade is closely linked with that of the adjacent town of Herzogenrath, just across the German border. Herzogenrath began as a settlement, called Rode, near the river Worm (or Wurm in German) in the 11th century. In 1104 Augustinian monks founded an abbey, called Kloosterrade, to the west of this settlement. It was called 's-Hertogenrode or 's-Hertogenrade (Dutch: the Duke's Rode) after the duchy of Brabant took control over the region; in French it was called Rolduc (Rode-le-duc). As is the case for many parts of the Southern Netherlands, the place changed hands several times in the last few centuries. It was under Spanish control from 1661, Austrian between 1713 and 1785 and French between 1795 and 1813. In 1815, when the
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    108
    Noordoostpolder

    Noordoostpolder

    Noordoostpolder ([ˈnɔːr.toʊ̯st.ˌpɔɫ.dər] ( listen), English: North-East Polder) is a municipality in the Flevoland province in the central Netherlands. Formerly, it was also called Urker Land. Emmeloord is the administrative center, located in the heart of the Noordoostpolder. The municipality has the largest land area in the Netherlands. (Lelystad and Terschelling both technically have more total area, but in both cases it is mostly water area.) For history see Zuiderzee Works. The population centres are Bant, Creil, Emmeloord, Ens, Espel, Kraggenburg, Luttelgeest, Marknesse, Nagele, Rutten, and Tollebeek. The former island of Schokland, is now a museum. The town and former island and of Urk, in the southwest, now surrounded by the Noordoostpolder, is a separate municipality. There are no railway stations on the Noordoostpolder, but the nearest stations are in Kampen, Steenwijk and Lelystad. UNESCO World Heritage sites located in/near the Noordoostpolder:
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    109
    Tholen

    Tholen

    Tholen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the southwest of the Netherlands. The municipality of Tholen has lent its name from the town of Tholen, which is the largest population center in the municipality. The municipality consists of two peninsulas, formerly islands, the larger one on the south also called Tholen, the smaller one on the north called Sint Philipsland. The two are separated by the former strait, now bay, of Krabbenkreek. The municipality is bordered on the east by the Eendracht, once a Scheldt branch but now part of the Scheldt-Rhine Canal, crossed by three road bridges; by the Oosterschelde estuary to the south; the straits of Keeten-Mastgat to the west; and the Krammer strait to the north. On the island Sint Philipsland there are three villages: On the island Tholen there are seven population centers:
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    110
    Wymbritseradiel

    Wymbritseradiel

    Wymbritseradiel is a former municipality in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. Its official name was in West Frisian, but the municipality was also known by its Dutch name Wymbritseradeel ( pronunciation (help·info)). In 2011, the municipality merged with the municipalities of Bolsward, Nijefurd, Sneek and Wûnseradiel to form Súdwest Fryslân. Abbega, Blauwhuis, Folsgare, Gaastmeer, Gauw, Goënga, Greonterp, Heeg, Hommerts, Idzega, IJlst, Indijk, Jutrijp, Koufurdurrige, Nijland, Oosthem, Oppenhuizen, Oudega, Sandfirden, Scharnegoutum, Smallebrugge, Tirns, Tjalhuizum, Uitwellingerga, Westhem, Wolsum, Woudsend, Ypecolsga. Media related to Wymbritseradeel at Wikimedia Commons
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    111
    Zeewolde

    Zeewolde

    Zeewolde ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Flevoland province in the central Netherlands. It has a population of approximately 20,000. It is situated in the polder of Flevoland with the small lake called the Wolderwijd to the east. To the south is a large deciduous forest called the Horsterwold. The area to the west is principally agricultural. Zeewolde is known for its landscape and nature art; the most well-known art work is Sea Level by Richard Serra, located in the Landschapspark De Wetering. Edinburgh Rugby players and brothers Tim and Sep Visser come from Zeewolde. In the wood Hulkesteinse Bos there is the nudist resort Flevo-Natuur, with recreation bungalows, a camp site, and the possibility of day recreation. The municipality of Zeewolde was founded in 1984 and is therefore one of the youngest in the Netherlands. Before 1984, the area was administrated by the Openbaar Lichaam Zuidelijke IJsselmeerpolders (OLZIJ) (English: Public Body of Southern IJsselmeer Polders), founded by the Dutch national government after the province of Flevoland was created. The name 'Zeewolde' was always meant to be used during the planning stages, but on various
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    112
    De Ronde Venen

    De Ronde Venen

    De Ronde Venen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality of De Ronde Venen consists of the villages Abcoude, Amstelhoek, De Hoef, Baambrugge, Mijdrecht, Vinkeveen, Waverveen, and Wilnis, and a number of hamlets, such as Aan de Zuwe and Achterbos. As of January 1, 2011 Abcoude, Baambrugge and Stokkelaarsbrug also belong to De Ronde Venen.
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    113
    Den Helder

    Den Helder

    Den Helder ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula. It is home to the country's main naval base. The Royal TESO ferryboat service operates the transportation link between Den Helder and the nearby Dutch Wadden island of Texel to the north. The municipality of Den Helder consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Den Helder, Huisduinen, Julianadorp, and the hamlets Friese Buurt and De Kooy. The major areas of Den Helder are Old Den Helder, Nieuw-Den Helder, and De Schooten. Nieuw-Den Helder was built in the 1950s, following World War II, when there was a great need for additional housing. De Schooten was constructed in the 1960s. Huisduinen was the original older part of the city, whereas Helder itself was a nearby smaller hamlet. Due to its strategic location at the tip of the North Holland peninsula, multiple fortifications were built in the area. The area likely began being called Helledore ("Hell's Door" or "Hell's Gate", later on Den Helsdeur) because of the "hellish" fortifications that prevented enemy ships
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    114
    Geldermalsen

    Geldermalsen

    Geldermalsen is a municipality and a town in the western Netherlands. The municipality of Geldermalsen was formed on the 1 January 1978 when former municipalities Beesd, Buurmalsen, Deil and Geldermalsen were joined. The new municipality with approximately 10.173 hectares (100 x 100 m2) is one of the largest municipalities in the Western Betuwe. On 1 January 2008 the municipality had 26,295 inhabitants. They all live in one of the eleven villages that form Geldermalsen. Acquoy, Beesd, Buurmalsen, Deil, Enspijk, Geldermalsen, Gellicum, Meteren, Rhenoy, Rumpt and Tricht. The river Linge flows through Geldermalsen. 2010
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    115
    Lochem

    Lochem

    Lochem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. it is also the Hebrew word for soldier or warrior. On 1 January 2005, the municipality merged with the municipality of Gorssel. Small hamlets are printed in italics. Formerly in Gorssel: Lochem railway station - Railway Zutphen to Oldenzaal (line 73): Zutphen - Lochem - Goor (mun. Hof van Twente) - Delden (ditto) - Hengelo - Oldenzaal. Lochem, 18 km (11 mi) east of Zutphen, received city rights in 1233. Until the 17th century, it was often besieged and burnt down. After 1700, it became a small market town for the farmers in its surroundings. The village of Laren (Gelderland) has a castle called Verwolde. In summer, guided tours of this castle are organized for tourists. On its estate there is a tree, said to be the thickest tree in the Netherlands ( "de dikke boom van Verwolde").
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    116
    Nederweert

    Nederweert

    Nederweert ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Ni-jwieërt) is a municipality and a town in southeastern Netherlands with 16.561 inhabitants as of November 1, 2006 (bron: Statistics Netherlands) and has a surface area of 101,78 km² (of which 1,51 km² is water). Nederweert lies at the intersection of three channels: the Zuid-Willemsvaart, the Noordervaart and the channel Wessem-Nederweert. In the 19th century these channels provided transport routes to export peat that was harvested from the Peel. These channels connect Nederweert to Maastricht and 's-Hertogenbosch. Nederweert was originally called 'Merefelt' which means 'amongst the lakes', though it was later named Weert van den nedersten eynde. A 'Weert' in old Dutch means a high place in the landscape. This latter name later changed into Nederweert as it is called today. Before the 14th century Nederweert was part of the municipality of Weert. The first reference which speaks of Nederweert as independent was in 1419. Nederweert has been under rule of the Graven van Horn (the dukes of Horn) until 1701. Later in 1715 it became part of the southern states of the Netherlands. In 1785 it was annexed by the French. During this
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    117
    Oudewater

    Oudewater

    Oudewater ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality of Oudewater consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Hekendorp, Oudewater, Papekop, Snelrewaard. Oudewater is situated where the Linschoten river flows out in the Hollandsche IJssel. The origin of the town of Oudewater is obscure and no information has been found concerning the first settlement of citizens. It is also difficult to recover the name of Oudewater. One explanation is that the name is a corruption of old water-meadow. Oudewater was an important border city between Holland and Utrecht. Oudewater (lit. "Old water") was of great strategic importance. The town was granted city rights in 1265 by Hendrik van Vianden, the bishop of Utrecht. Oudewater took place in the First Free Statescouncil in Dordrecht on July 19, 1572, Oudewater was one of the twelve cities taking part in the first free convention of the States-General in Dordrecht. This was a meeting that laid down the origin of the State of the Netherlands, as we know it now, under the leadership of the House of Orange. This happened at the beginning of the 80
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    118
    Roosendaal

    Roosendaal

    Roosendaal [ˈroː.zə(n).ˌdaːɫ] ( listen) is both a city and a municipality in the southern Netherlands. Together with Nispen it used to form a municipality named Roosendaal en Nispen. Since 1 January 1997 the municipalities Roosendaal en Nispen and Wouw have merged into the municipality now simply known as Roosendaal. Roosendaal was established in the 13th century. The professional football team RBC (Roosendaal Boys Combinatie) plays in Roosendaal. The official International ABBA Fan club has been based in Roosendaal since 1986, and since the turn of the century, the city has also played host to the annual convention of the International ABBA Fan Club where for one weekend every April, hundreds of people from all over the world attend the event. The history of Roosendaal goes back to the 12th and 13th century. The name Rosendaele was first mentioned in a document of 1268. Roosendaal was always a part of North Brabant. In the Middle Ages, Roosendaal grew as a result of the turf business, but the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) put an end to the grow. Roosendaal and Wouw were suffering from the itinerant combat troops. The troops plundered and ravaged everything they came across. For
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    1 votes
    119
    Schiermonnikoog

    Schiermonnikoog

    Schiermonnikoog ([ˌsxiːr.mɔ.nə.ˈkoʊ̯x] ( listen); West Frisian: Skiermûntseach) is an island, a municipality, and a national park in the northern Netherlands. Schiermonnikoog is one of the West Frisian Islands, and is part of the province of Friesland. The island is 16 km long and 4 km wide and is the site of the Netherlands' first national park. The only village on the island is also called Schiermonnikoog. Just under 1,000 people permanently reside on the island, making the municipality the least densely populated in the Netherlands. Because the island is small and flat, only 200 islanders have taken out the special licence allowing them to keep their own car, with the result that the few streets are virtually car-free. Up to 300,000 people visit the island every year, staying in the 5,500 beds available in holiday homes, apartments and hotels. Most visitors, however, are day trippers (about 4,000/day in July and August alone), with the result that after the last ferry leaves at 6.30pm, calm returns to Langestreek, the village high street. The first known owners of Schiermonnikoog were the monks of Klaarkamp Abbey, a Cistercian monastery near Rinsumageest, on the mainland.
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    120
    Winsum

    Winsum

    Winsum ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. The town of Winsum was officially established in 1057 as the fusion of three historic villages: Obergum (North), Winsum (center) and Bellingeweer (South). The majority of the town's 8,000 inhabitants commute to the nearby city Groningen. The town boasts two traditional Dutch wind mills, two historic churches, two canals, and one of the Netherlands' oldest taverns. The two mills, "De Ster" ("The Star") and "De Vriendschap" ("The Friendship") were built in 1851 and 1801 respectively. The building that the tavern "De Gouden Karper" ("The Golden Carp") now occupies has been in use as a tavern since the 16th century, and is the oldest (unverified) in the Netherlands. Winsum is a sister city with the Polish Lubraniec . Abbeweer, Adorp, Aduarderzijl, Alinghuizen, Allersma, Antum, Arwerd, Baflo, Bellingeweer, Beswerd, Bolshuizen, Dingen, De Raken, De Vennen, Den Andel, Duisterwinkel, Ernstheem, Ezinge, Feerwerd, Garnwerd, Groot Wetsinge, Hammeland, Hardeweer, Harssens, Hekkum, Hiddingezijl, Klein Wetsinge, Krassum, Lutje Marne, Lutke Saaksum, Maarhuizen, Obergum, Oldenzijl, Oostum, Ranum,
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    121
    Bunnik

    Bunnik

    Bunnik ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a village in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The recorded history of the village dates back nearly 2000 years, when the Romans constructed a fort at Fectio (now Vechten) with a harbour facing the river Rhine, which marked the border of the Roman Empire. The fort developed into a thriving trading centre, which continued to exist after the Romans abandoned the fort in the fourth century. Subsequently, the area was occupied by the Friesians and the Franks. In the 8th and 9th century the villages of Bunninchem (Bunnik), Lodichem (Odijk) en Wercundia (Werkhoven) developed. Chief interests of Bunnik are its surrounding nature, consisting mainly of forests and farmlands. Additionally, Bunnik, hosts the oldest Youth Hostel in the Netherlands. The municipality of Bunnik consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Bunnik, Odijk, Werkhoven.
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    122
    Bunschoten

    Bunschoten

    Bunschoten ([ˈbʏn.ˌsχoː.tə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It lies about 7 km north of Amersfoort. Its territory comprises the original municipality of Bunschoten (created in 1204 by the bishop of Utrecht) and the former municipality of Duyst, De Haar and Zevenhuizen, which was a part of Hoogland from 1854 until 1971. Bunschoten was first named in 1294. It was located on the border between Utrecht and Guelders, and it suffered a number of times from invasions from Guelders. In 1383, the bishop of Utrecht gave Bunschoten city rights, which allowed the citizens to build an earthen wall around the town. The fortifications and a part of the town were destroyed at Christmas 1427 in a war between two rival bishops, and were never rebuilt. The municipality of Bunschoten consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts:
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    123
    Groenlo

    Groenlo

    Groenlo is a city in the municipality of Oost Gelre, situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands on the German border, a region in the province of Gelderland called the Achterhoek (literally: "back corner"). Groenlo was a municipality until 1 January 2005, when it merged with Lichtenvoorde. Until May 19, 2006 Groenlo was the official name of Oost Gelre. As of 1 January 2006 Groenlo, including its hamlet Zwolle, counted a population of 10,067. Groenlo is known locally and historically as Grolle, Groll or Grol. Today, Groenlo is known primarily for its beer brewery Grolsch (literal meaning: "from Grol"), which was in business since 1615, but has been closed in 2004 when it moved to Boekelo. Grolsch produces many specialty beers (including beers for each season) and its beer is exported all over the world. Groenlo's military history is less well known today. Groenlo originates from the beginning of the 7th century. The name Groenlo refers to a green wood that lay in the neighbourhood (groen means "green", lo means "forest"), hence the old shield of Groenlo, a green tree. Groenlo became a Guelders enclave of Borculo. On 2 December 1277, it received city rights from landgrave
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    124
    Hoogezand-Sappemeer

    Hoogezand-Sappemeer

    Hoogezand-Sappemeer [ˈɦoʊ̯.ɣə.ˌzɑnt ˈsɑ.pə.ˌmɪːr] ( listen) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. It is the second largest municipality in the province of Groningen, after the city of Groningen. It is well known for its ship building industry. The A7 motorway (European Highway E 22, Amsterdam-Groningen-Germany) crosses the municipality. There is also a railway line providing service to Groningen and Nieuweschans/Leer(Germany). Trains serve four stations in the municipality, Kropswolde, Martenshoek, Hoogezand-Sappemeer, and Sappemeer Oost. Since 2007, trains will stop 4 times an hour. Hoogezand-Sappemeer has a population since February 1, 2012: 34,776 inhabitants.
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    125
    Leeuwarden

    Leeuwarden

    Leeuwarden (pronounced [ˈleˑˌwɑrdə(n)] ( listen), Stadsfries: Liwwadden, Frisian: Ljouwert, pronounced [ˈʎɔːw(ə)t]) is the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. It is situated in the northern part of the country. The area has been occupied since the 10th century (although recently, remains of houses dating back to the 2nd century AD were discovered during a dig near the Oldehove), and was granted a town charter in 1435. Situated along the Middelzee, it was an active trade centre, until the waterway silted up in the 15th century. In 1901 the city had a population of 32,203. Famous natives of Leeuwarden include stadtholder William IV of Orange, graphic artist M. C. Escher, and dancer-spy Mata Hari, as well as the theologian Dr. N.H. Gootjes. During World War II, after extensive occupation by the German forces, on 15 April 1945, the Royal Canadian Dragoons, disobeying direct orders, charged into the heavily defended city and defeated the Germans, who were driven out by the next day. The name "Leeuwarden" (or old spelling variants) first came into use for Nijehove, the most important one of the three villages that later merged into one, in the early 9th century (Villa
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    126
    Nieuwegein

    Nieuwegein

    Nieuwegein [ˌniwəˈɣɛi̯n] ( listen) is a municipality and city in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is bordered on the north by the city of Utrecht, the provincial capital. It is separated from Vianen to the south by the river Lek and borders on IJsselstein in the southwest and Houten in the east. Nieuwegein was founded on 1 July 1971 as a planned city, following the merger of the former municipalities of Jutphaas and Vreeswijk. The new town was built for the expanding population of the city of Utrecht, and grew rapidly during the decades following its foundation. Nieuwegein is surrounded by three Motorways (Dutch: autosnelweg), the A2 to the west, the A12 to the north and the A27 to the east. Nieuwegein is connected to Utrecht and IJsselstein by light rail. There is a pedestrian ferry across the river Lek to Vianen. Three canals flow through Nieuwegein: the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal, the Lek River and the Merwede Canal. The Koninklijke Nederlandse Cricket Bond (Royal Dutch Cricket Board), which controls cricket in the Netherlands, is based in Nieuwegein. Anna van Rijn College is the main secondary school for the city.
    6.67
    3 votes
    127
    Ommen

    Ommen

    Ommen is a municipality and a Hanseatic city in the Vecht valley of the Salland region, which is at the heart of the province of Overijssel in the eastern Netherlands. Historical records first name Ommen in the early 12th century and it was officially founded as a city in 1248. It now has 17,402 inhabitants on a surface of 181.98 km (70.26 sq mi). Besides the city of Ommen (population: 8,710) and the town of Lemele (population: 570), the municipality consists of the following hamlets and villages: Archem, Arriën, Arriërveld, Beerze, Beerzerveld, Besthmen, Eerde, Giethmen, Junne, Ommerschans, Stegeren, Stegerveld, Varsen, Vilsteren, Vinkenbuurt, Witharen and Zeesse. The first inhabitants of the area around Ommen were probably semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers. Flint from the Mesolithic period found in between Ommen and Mariënberg indicates the presence of humans, but there seems to have been hardly any cultivation or permanent settlement during this period. The Vecht (sometimes called the Overijsselse Vecht, to avoid confusion with its namesake in Utrecht) and Regge rivers determined the first settlements in the area that is now the municipality of Ommen. Most of the Salland region was
    6.67
    3 votes
    128
    Winschoten

    Winschoten

    Winschoten ( pronunciation (help·info), Gronings: Winschoot) is a former municipality and city in the northeast of the Netherlands. Population (1 Jan 2003): 18.497; area: 22,24 km2. The origin of the name of Winschoten is not known but it has received nicknames. One of these is Molenstad (or Milltown). It has also been known, in living memory, as Sodom. This name arose out of the Jewish community who were scandalised by the immoral behaviour of their Gentile neighbours. The inhabitants are also called Tellerlikkers (plate lickers). Winschoten was the capital of the 'Oldambt' district, in a fertile agricultural region. Winschoten received city rights in 1825. It was the last town in the Netherlands to be granted such rights. The town flag has three horizontal stripes of blue and white, in ratio 1:3:1, on the white stripe is a red outline plan of a fortress with nine embattlements. It was adopted 23 May 1973 by municipal resolution. Winschoten has a railway station on the line from Groningen to Leer (in Germany) and a road connection to the rest of the Netherlands via the A7 motorway. The railway station was inaugurated 1 May 1868 to service the Groningen - Winschoten - Nieuweschans
    6.67
    3 votes
    129
    Tynaarlo

    Tynaarlo

    Tynaarlo ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. Though located in the province of Drenthe, many of its communities serve as suburbs of the neighbouring city of Groningen, capital of the province of the same name. Bunne, Bunnerveen, De Groeve, De Punt, Donderen, Eelde, Eelderwolde, Midlaren, Oudemolen, Paterswolde, Taarlo, Tynaarlo, Vries, Winde, Yde, Zeegse, Zeijen, Zuidlaarderveen and Zuidlaren.
    5.75
    4 votes
    130
    Landgraaf

    Landgraaf

    Landgraaf ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Lankgraaf) is a municipality in southeastern Limburg. A pop music festival called Pinkpop is held annually on the Pentecost weekend in Schaesberg, a town in Landgraaf. Landgraaf is also home to the largest indoor ski piste in Europe, called Snow World.
    7.50
    2 votes
    131
    Rhenen

    Rhenen

    Rhenen ( listen (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. The municipality also includes the villages of Achterberg, Remmerden, Elst and Laareind. The town lies at a geographically interesting location, namely on the southernmost part of the chain of hills known as the Utrecht Hill Ridge (Utrechtse Heuvelrug), where this meets the river Rhine. Because of this Rhenen has a unique character with pretty much elevation through town. Directly to the east of the built-up area lies the Grebbeberg, a hill the top of which lies at about 50 m. Rhenen received city rights probably between 1256 and 1258. In 1346, the bishop of Utrecht ordered the construction of a defensive wall around the city, which was important because it lay near the border with Guelders. Although for some time the town collected toll from ships on the Rhine, it has never had a harbour. The three city gates were demolished in 1840. Small fragments of the wall remain. The town is also famous for the Cunera Church, parts of which date back to the 15th century. Containing the relics of Saint Cunera, it attracted many pilgrims. Legend has it that Cunera was buried on a nearby hill now called the
    7.50
    2 votes
    132
    Rijssen-Holten

    Rijssen-Holten

    Rijssen-Holten ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality (Dutch: gemeente) in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The municipality was formed in 2001 by the joining of the municipalities of Holten and Rijssen. The area of Holten belongs to the region of Salland and the area of Rijssen to the region of Twente. Only Holten and Rijssen have over 500 inhabitants. Both Holten and Rijssen are easily accessible by car; the A1 motorway (Amsterdam - Berlin) is only a few kilometres away. The distance between Amsterdam and Holten is about 110 km (68 mi). Rijssen lies 7 km (4.3 mi) more to the east.
    7.50
    2 votes
    133
    Vlaardingen

    Vlaardingen

    Vlaardingen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in South Holland in the Netherlands. It is located on the north bank of the Nieuwe Maas/Nieuwe Waterweg river at the confluence with the Oude Maas. The municipality administers an area of 26.71 square kilometres (10.31 sq mi), of which 23.81 square kilometres (9.19 sq mi) is land, with 71,938 residents (in May 2006). The town is divided into a northern (locally known as the "Holy") and a southern part by the A20 motorway. On the east the town is (currently in part) separated from Schiedam by the A4 motorway. Other places nearby are Maassluis to the west, Schipluiden and Delft to the north, and Spijkenisse in the south-west, on the other side of the Nieuwe Waterweg. The A20 connects Rotterdam to Hoek van Holland. The Beneluxtunnel (the tunnel that runs under the Nieuwe Waterweg) connects the A20 to the A15. The centre of the city is on the west side of the old harbour, which is a widened section of the canal (Vlaardingse Vaart) which runs from Vlaardingen to Schipluiden. The area around Vlaardingen was already settled by about 2900 to 2600 BC. In 1990, a skeleton dated at about 1300 BC was dug up in the periphery of Vlaardingen;
    7.50
    2 votes
    134
    Weert

    Weert

    Weert ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Wieërt) is a municipality and city in the southeastern Netherlands. As of 2010, Weert had a population of 48,405. It lies on the Eindhoven–Maastricht railway line, and is also astride the Zuid-Willemsvaart canal. Weert received city rights in 1414. Railway station: Weert Weert is twinned with the following cities:
    7.50
    2 votes
    135
    Aalburg

    Aalburg

    Aalburg ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. The municipality was formed in 1973 in a merger of the former municipalities of Eethen, Veen, and Wijk en Aalburg Babyloniënbroek, Drongelen, Eethen, Genderen, Meeuwen, Veen, Wijk en Aalburg (town hall).
    5.50
    4 votes
    136
    Ermelo

    Ermelo

    Ermelo (Dutch Low Saxon: Armelo or Armel) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland in the Veluwe area with a population of over 26.000. Ermelo comes from "lo" woods and "irmin" for which several explanations are given. Some of those are "great", "divine" or it refers to an old Germanic god called Irmin. The town has been known to exist since at least 855, when the name Irminlo first appeared in a legal document. Human presence in the area goes back further however, with many archaeological finds of the Bell-Beaker culture having been made in the area. For a long time the town most likely consisted of little more than a few farms and some other buildings like a windmill and a church and it didn't really grow much until the 19th century; in the year 1830 a road was made to make this part of the Veluwe more accessible and at the end of the 19th century the town got a train station. Because the trainstation was some distance away from the town centre a road was constructed, the Stationsstraat, which is now considered to be the centre of the town. After the second world war a shortage of houses resulted in a rapid growth of Ermelo. In 1973 Nunspeet
    5.50
    4 votes
    137
    Gulpen-Wittem

    Gulpen-Wittem

    Gulpen-Wittem ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Gullepe-Wittem) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands(in the province of Limburg) with 14.677 inhabitants as of 2008. Gulpen-Wittem came into being after the merger of the municipalities Gulpen and Wittem. This took place after a request of both municipalities. At the time of the merger, both municipalities had about 8000 inhabitants, although Wittem was bigger than Gulpen. The town hall was situated in Gulpen, and has kept its function as town hall in the new municipality. The former town hall of Wittem was situated in a manor house in Mechelen since 1986, which is now being used as a "nursing hostel". The municipality is very rural, with a lot of castles, half-timbered houses and old monumental farms. Yearly, Gulpen-Wittem attracts many tourists from the entire country because of its relatively sloping landscape, especially during the summer. Beertsenhoven, Berghem, Berghof, Beutenaken, Billinghuizen, Bissen, Bommerig, Broek, Cartils, Crapoel, Dal, De Hut, Diependal, Dijk, Elkenrade, Elzet, Epen, Eperheide, Etenaken, Euverem, Eys, Eyserheide, Gracht, Gulpen, Heijenrath, Helle, Hilleshagen, Höfke, Hurpesch,
    5.50
    4 votes
    138
    Lopik

    Lopik

    Lopik ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht and close to the river Lek. In the Netherlands, 'Lopik' is often used as a reference to the broadcasting facilities located in the eastern part of the municipality and in neighbouring IJsselstein. These include the Gerbrandy Tower, a structure that could be considered the tallest tower in Western Europe and during Christmas time the world's largest Christmas tree. The municipality of Lopik consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Benschop, Cabauw, Jaarsveld, Lopik, Lopikerkapel, Polsbroek, Polsbroekerdam, Uitweg, Willige Langerak, Zevender.
    5.50
    4 votes
    139
    Haaksbergen

    Haaksbergen

    Haaksbergen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Twente region.
    6.33
    3 votes
    140
    IJsselstein

    IJsselstein

    IJsselstein ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. IJsselstein received city rights in 1331. IJsselstein owes its name to the river Hollandse IJssel which flows through the city. The city has an old town, surrounded by a small canal. A castle stood in IJsselstein from 1300 to 1888; the tower survives. The city has two large churches, both named after St. Nicholas: the Dutch Reformed Nicolaas church, founded in 1310, and a Roman Catholic one. Inside the Protestant church there are two mausoleums; one of the family of Gijsbrecht van Amstel (1350) and another one of Aleida van Culemborg (1475). The catholic basilica of St. Nicolaas dates from 1887 and is neo-gothic. It was given the title of 'Basilica Minor' by Pope Paul VI in 1972. A 366.8 metres high television mast, called the Gerbrandy Tower, is located in IJsselstein; the tower, however, is commonly known as Zendmast Lopik, after a nearby village (Lopik). IJsselstein is a major commuting suburb for the Utrecht area, along with neighbouring new towns Houten and Nieuwegein.
    6.33
    3 votes
    141
    Littenseradiel

    Littenseradiel

    Littenseradiel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. In Dutch it's known as Littenseradeel. Baaium, Baard, Bears, Boazum, Britswert, Easterein, Easterlittens, Easterwierrum, Hidaard, Hilaard, Hinnaard, Húns, Iens, Itens, Jellum, Jorwert, Kûbaard, Leons, Lytsewierrum, Mantgum, Reahûs, Rien, Spannum, Waaksens, Weidum, Winsum, Wiuwert, Wjelsryp, Wommels.
    6.33
    3 votes
    142
    Maastricht

    Maastricht

    Maastricht ([maːˈstʁɪçt] (southern Dutch) or [maːˈstɾɪxt] ( listen) (northern); Limburgish (incl. Maastrichtian) Mestreech [məˈstʁeːç]; French Maëstricht (archaic); Spanish Mastrique (archaic)) is a city in the Netherlands. It is located in the southern part of the Dutch province of Limburg, of which it is the capital. Maastricht developed from a Roman settlement to a religious centre, a garrison city and an early industrial city. Nowadays, it is known as a city of history, culture, local folklore and education. Furthermore, it has become known, by way of the Maastricht Treaty, as the birthplace of the European Union, European citizenship, and the single European currency, the euro. The town is popular with tourists for shopping and recreation, and has a large growing international student population. Maastricht is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network. Maastricht is situated on both sides of the Meuse river (Dutch: Maas) in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands, on the Belgian border (with both the Dutch-speaking Flemish and French-speaking Walloon region within easy reach from the city centre) and near the German border. The city is part of the Meuse-Rhine
    6.33
    3 votes
    143
    Ubbergen

    Ubbergen

    Ubbergen is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Beek, Berg en Dal, Erlecom, Groenlanden, Kekerdom, Leuth, Ooij, Persingen, Tiengeboden, Ubbergen and Wercheren.
    6.33
    3 votes
    144
    Woudenberg

    Woudenberg

    Woudenberg is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. There are still forests in the western part of the municipality. The Pyramid of Austerlitz is located here. The name Woudenberg refers to a forested hill; nowadays the town lies in an agricultural area about 8 km south of Amersfoort. . The main sources of income were the raising of livestock and the cultivation of tobacco. Currently, most people work out of town, mostly in the surrounding towns of Amersfoort, Utrecht and Veenendaal.
    6.33
    3 votes
    145
    Abcoude

    Abcoude

    Abcoude ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. Since 2011 it has made part of the municipality of De Ronde Venen. The former municipality of Abcoude consisted of the villages Abcoude and Baambrugge, and the hamlet Stokkelaarsbrug. Abcoude lies about 13 km southeast of (the centre of) Amsterdam, on the confluence of the Angstel River, Gein River and Holendrecht River. In 2001, the town of Abcoude had 6431 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 1.28 km², and contained 2678 residences. The current approximation is over 8000. In 1672 most of the town was burned down by the French. In 1820 Abcoude had 1100 inhabitants. The municipality of Abcoude was formed in 1941, from the former municipalities of Abcoude-Proosdij (containing the village of Abcoude) and Abcoude-Baambrugge (containing the village of Baambrugge). The town is served by Abcoude railway station. It is in the northern part of Abcoude. The station offers direct services to Amsterdam, Gouda and Rotterdam. In Breukelen, one can change for Utrecht. Till 2011 the municipal council of Abcoude consisted of 13 seats, which were divided as
    8.00
    1 votes
    146
    Roermond

    Roermond

    Roermond ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Remunj) is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands. The city of Roermond is a historically important town, on the lower Roer at the east bank of the Meuse river. It received city rights in 1231. Roermond town centre has been designated as a conservation area. Through the centuries the town has filled the role of commercial centre, principal town in the duchy of Guelders and since 1559 it has served as the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Roermond. The skyline of the historic town is dominated by the towers of its two churches: St. Christopher Cathedral and Roermond Minster or 'Munsterkerk' in Dutch. In addition to important churches, the town centre has many listed buildings and monuments. Roermond is situated in the middle of the province of Limburg bordered by the Maas River to the west and Germany to the east. The community of Roermond consists of the following population centres: Where before Celtic inhabitants of this region used to live on both sides of the Roer river, invading Romans built a bridge (now called the Steene Brök, or stone bridge) and founded the first town at
    8.00
    1 votes
    147
    Staphorst

    Staphorst

    Staphorst ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The villages of Staphorst and its southern neighbour Rouveen came into existence as in the 13th century monks started to bring the bogs and swamps into culture. All the farms were built along the long road through the bog area. Thus a lengthy row of farms was built, becoming the 7 miles long village of Staphorst-Rouveen. This phenomenon is called in Dutch: lintbebouwing (ribbon urbanization). In many parts of the Netherlands this type of village is quite common, e.g. Vriezenveen, the villages along river dykes in the Netherlands, the so-called moor-colonies in the provinces Drenthe and Groningen, as well as the German regions opposite the border. A specialty for Staphorst is, that after a farmer's death, his land was often divided between his sons. The son, who didn't inherit his father's farm, built a farm-house for his own behind the other. Therefore, many pieces of farmland are very lengthy, yet narrow (e.g. 1500 x 40 metres). Originally, each piece of land was 125 metres wide. The farms are of the traditional Low Saxon type. They have green doors and window shutters. Most farms
    8.00
    1 votes
    148
    The Hague

    The Hague

    The Hague (Dutch: Den Haag pronounced [dɛnˈɦaːx] ( listen); officially 's-Gravenhage pronounced [ˈsxraːvə(n)ˌɦaːɣə] ( listen)) is the capital city of the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. With a population of 500,000 inhabitants (as of 1 September 2011), and more than one million inhabitants including the suburbs, it is the third largest city of the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Located in the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglanden conurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation. The Hague is the seat of the Dutch government and parliament, the Supreme Court, and the Council of State, but the city is not the capital of the Netherlands which constitutionally is Amsterdam. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands lives at Huis ten Bosch and works at Noordeinde Palace in The Hague. Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands and 150 international organisations are located in the city, including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court, which makes The Hague one of the major cities hosting the United Nations, along with New York, Vienna and Geneva. The Hague originated around
    8.00
    1 votes
    149
    Valkenburg aan de Geul

    Valkenburg aan de Geul

    Valkenburg aan de Geul ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Valkeberg) is a municipality situated in the southeastern Dutch province of Limburg. Siege and conquest were characteristic of the history of Valkenburg. Each event is withheld, followed by subsequent restorations. This most definitely holds for the castle perched atop of a hill in the middle of the city, of which now only a ruin remains. In December 1672 it was destroyed, not to be rebuilt. Only two city gates (the Berkelpoort and the Grendelpoort) and a part of the citywalls survived destruction. Valkenburg is no longer a fortified city but retained its importance nevertheless.The rulers lineage has long been lost in the sands of time, but a long term legend of the Valkenburg residents is that each male of royal blood has a birth mark on his chest. For an impression of resistance activities during the Second World War in Valkenburg see Valkenburg resistance. Nowadays Valkenburg is especially known for its touristic character. There are several attractions within walking distance of the city centre. To mention a few: The present aim of Valkenburg is to move from mass-tourism for which it was famous during the
    8.00
    1 votes
    150
    Woerden

    Woerden

    Woerden is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. Due to its central location between Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht, and the fact that it has excellent rail and road connections to those cities, it is a popular town for commuters who work in those cities. The river Oude Rijn used to flow through the city center of Woerden, but in 1960 the old river was diverted around the city center. The city has a long and rich history in cheese making and trading; for years Gouda cheese for domestic and international use has been produced in this region. Woerden still holds its authentic (since 1885) cheese market at the market place in its center. Woerden is situated on the river Oude Rijn, near the confluence with the former Linschoten stream. The lower stretch of the Linschoten stream from Montfoort and Linschoten to Woerden silted up a long time ago and its flow was diverted through the Lek and Hollandse IJssel rivers, but at one time it was an important branch of the Rhine delta, connecting the Lower Rhine from Wijk bij Duurstede to the Oude Rijn near Woerden. Near the former confluence was an area that was slightly more elevated than the surroundings, a natural
    8.00
    1 votes
    151
    Hengelo

    Hengelo

    Hengelo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɛŋəˌloˑ] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the International Amsterdam – Hannover – Berlin service. Hengelo is easily reached by train. You can travel from Hengelo railway station, the main station of Hengelo and get directly and regularly to: Apeldoorn, Amersfoort, Hilversum, Southern Amsterdam, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, Den Haag, Zwolle, Zutphen, Oldenzaal, Almelo, Deventer, Enschede. There are international trains daily to Bad Bentheim, Rheine, Osnabrück, Hannover and Berlin. For information on the train services see Hengelo railway station. You can also plan your journey on the website of Dutch Railways. For Amsterdam, you should use the train to Schiphol and change at Amersfoort, where there are regular trains to Amsterdam Centraal railway station, which is the nearest station to the city. There is also Hengelo Oost railway station and in the future Hengelo Gezondheidspark railway station in Hengelo. Although archeological research indicates the location has been inhabited for
    5.25
    4 votes
    152
    Almere

    Almere

    Almere (Dutch pronunciation: [ɑɫ.ˈmɪː.rə] ( listen)) is a planned city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, the Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde. The municipality of Almere comprises the districts Almere Stad, Almere Haven, Almere Buiten, Almere Hout, Almere Poort (under construction) and Almere Pampus (design phase). Almere is the youngest city in the Netherlands: the first house was finished in 1976, and Almere became a municipality in 1984. It is the largest municipality in Flevoland with 191,495 citizens (9 May 2011), and the 7th largest in the Netherlands. In October 2007, the city council of Almere made agreements with the government to expand the city to 350,000 inhabitants by 2030. The original plans for the IJsselmeerpolders saw the land being used for agriculture. However, after World War II housing was needed for the rapidly growing population of Amsterdam and two towns were planned in the polders Oostelijk Flevoland and Zuidelijk Flevoland. The town in Oostelijk Flevoland became Lelystad. The town in Zuidelijk Flevoland was still called Zuidweststad (English: South West City) on the first sketches, but in the 1970s it became called Almere, named
    7.00
    2 votes
    153
    Beesel

    Beesel

    Beesel ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Bezel) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. The town of Beesel lies about 10 km north of Roermond. Although the municipality is named after this village, it is not the largest town in the municipality, and neither is the municipal hall located in Beesel. In 2001, Beesel had 1725 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.53 km², and contained 706 residences.
    7.00
    2 votes
    154
    Doesburg

    Doesburg

    Doesburg (Dutch ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Gelderland. Doesburg received city rights in 1237 and currently has 11,602 inhabitants (1 January 2007, source: CBS). The city is situated on the right bank of river IJssel, at the confluence of river Oude IJssel. The municipality of Doesburg is part of the Arnhem-Nijmegen agglomeration region. Doesburg received city rights in 1237, this was one year later than the neighbouring town of Doetinchem. Because of its strategic position along the Oude IJssel and Gelderse IJssel, Doesburg has been an important fortified city for a long time. The fortification of the city made Doesburg an important economic and administrative city. The Martinikerk, the main church in Doesburg is 94 meters tall. For many reasons, many of which have to do with the IJssel decreasing in depth, the prosperity in Doesburg settled after the 15th century. Doesburg changed into a sleepy provincial town and so it would remain until after the second world war. The city was protected in 1974, designated as a historic town. As Doesburg was officially a fortified city up to 1923, town extension was not
    7.00
    2 votes
    155
    Doetinchem

    Doetinchem

    Doetinchem [ˈdu.tɪn.ˌxɛm] ( listen) (Low Saxon: Deutekem) is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands. It is situated along the Oude IJssel (Old IJssel) river in a part of the province of Gelderland called the Achterhoek . The municipality has 56,275 inhabitants (January 1, 2012) and has an area of 79.67  km² (of which 0.57 km² is water). This makes Doetinchem the largest town (by population) in the Achterhoek. On 1 January 2005, a municipal reorganization merged the neighbouring municipality of Wehl into Doetinchem. The local government organization in the Netherlands is complex and fine-grained (see municipality and Govt Stats), with municipalities being divided into various entities. The municipality of Doetinchem consists of: the city (‘stad’): the villages (‘Wijken’): the neighbourhoods (‘buurtschappen’): Wehl was a separate municipality (with about 6,750 inhabitants, including Nieuw-Wehl) until 31 December 2004, when it merged with the municipality of Doetinchem. It is known from archaeological finds of skulls, pottery shards, and flint arrowheads that the area was inhabited more than 11,000 years ago. These prehistoric hunters were followed by Celtic and
    7.00
    2 votes
    156
    Eindhoven

    Eindhoven

    Eindhoven (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛi̯nt.ˌɦoː.və(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city located in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. The Gender was dammed short of the city centre in the 1950s but the Dommel still runs through the city. The city had 217,192 inhabitants (February 2012) and 261,082 if adjacent Veldhoven is included, making it the fifth-largest city of the Netherlands and the largest of North Brabant. Neighbouring cities and towns include Son en Breugel, Nuenen, Geldrop-Mierlo, Heeze-Leende, Waalre, Veldhoven, Eersel, Oirschot and Best. The agglomeration has some 440,000 inhabitants. The metropolitan area (which includes Helmond) has nearly 750,000 inhabitants. Also, Eindhoven is part of Brabant Stad, a combined metropolitan area with more than 2 million inhabitants. In 2011, Eindhoven was named world's most intelligent community by Intelligent Community Forum. The name Eindhoven derives from the contraction of the regional words eind (meaning last or end) and hove (or hoeve; a section of some 14 hectares of land). "Eind" is toponymically a common prefix and postfix in
    7.00
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    157
    Hellendoorn

    Hellendoorn

    Hellendoorn ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the middle of the Dutch province of Overijssel. The municipality comprises: Towns: Hamlets: There is an amusement park near the town of Hellendoorn called Avonturenpark Hellendoorn. Their slogan is "Come by if you dare!". The central part of the municipality consists of a hilly and sparsely populated area that extends south into the municipality of Rijssen-Holten, called the Sallandse Heuvelrug (Salland Ridge). The highest point lies at about 70 m above sea level and is part of the Noetselerberg. A large chunk of the area is covered by forest, but there are also heathlands. This scenery is now part of the National Park Sallandse Heuvelrug. Originally part of the region of Salland, Hellendoorn is now administratively considered part of Twente; a fact reflected in the inclusion of Hellendoorn in the city region of Twente (Kaderwetgebied Regio Twente) as defined by the Dutch government. The municipality of Hellendoorn is the only place in the Netherlands where gold mining took place. The Germans operated a V-2 launching platform near the town of Hellendoorn during World War II, harassing the city of London. On
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    2 votes
    158
    Lelystad

    Lelystad

    Lelystad ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. The city, built on reclaimed land, was founded in 1967 and was named after Cornelis Lely, who engineered the Afsluitdijk, making the reclamation possible. Lelystad is approximately 5 metres (16 ft) below sea level. Lelystad is the largest municipality in the Netherlands in area, but a large part of that area is water: Markermeer and IJsselmeer. Another major area is the internationally famous nature park of Oostvaardersplassen, which arose naturally when the polder of South Flevoland was drained. Lelystad is also surrounded by a square of woodlands and parks and flat farmland. The location of the city makes weather and skies especially beautiful. The importance of the landscape and sky is emphasized by several pieces of land art: engineers' work and works such as the Observatorium by Robert Morris (see below). Lelystad has several tourist attractions, including: Lelystad hosts many one-day events like the Lelystad Airshow, the Water Festival, the National Old Timer Day, Lelystad Speedway, Architecture day and several sports events.
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    159
    Mook en Middelaar

    Mook en Middelaar

    Mook en Middelaar (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmoːk ən ˈmɪ.də.ˌlaːr] ( listen), Limburgish: Mook en Middelar) is a municipality in the mid-eastern part of the Netherlands, at the northern tip of the province of Limburg and is a part of Stadsregio Arnhem Nijmegen. The municipality is located about 100 km. from provincial capital Maastricht and has an area of ​​18.82 km ² (of which 0.48 km ² water). The municipality is situated in wooded rolling moraine landscape, created during the last Ice Age, about 160,000 years ago. In Plasmolen the remains of a Roman villa from the 2nd century AD were found and on the banks of the Meuse are the remains of a Roman bridge. These remains are from the 4th century. The Mookerheide ("Mook Heath"), situated on the border of Mook, saw the Battle of Mookerheyde in 1574 which was fought as part of the Eighty Years War. Spanish forces under Sancho d'Avila defeated the rebel forces of Louis of Nassau, who was killed. The Mookerschans and Heumense schans were defenses on the Mookerheide probably from the 17th century. (At that time the Mookerheide area extended all the way to the citywalls of Nijmegen) The historical Mookerheideschans (defense work) has been
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    160
    Nuth

    Nuth

    Nuth ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Nut) is a municipality and a village in the Dutch province of Limburg, situated in the southern Netherlands. The village Nuth has 5,548 inhabitants, and is with that the largest village of the municipality. The town hall of the municipality Nuth is also situated in the village Nuth. The other villages in the municipality are Hulsberg with 4,300 inhabitants, Schimmert with 3,339, Wijnandsrade with 1,812 and Vaesrade with 1,027 inhabitants (data: 1-1-2005). The other population centres belong to one of the following villages. Aalbeek, Arensgenhout, Grijzegrubben, Helle, Hellebroek, Hulsberg, Laar, Schimmert, Swier, Terstraten, Vaesrade, Wijnandsrade. -The patron Saint of Nuth is St. Bavo, after which the parish is named. -The municipality expands all the way from Hoensbroek to Meerssen. -From 2004 Nuth boasted a one Michelin star restaurant, In de'n Dillegaard, and Nuth made the international press when the restaurant owner returned the coveted star in 2009 over concerns of being too elitist.
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    161
    Schinnen

    Schinnen

    Schinnen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Sjènne) is a municipality and a town in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands. It is home to US Army Garrison Schinnen, a support base for US personnel assigned to nearby Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum. It is also the location of Alfa Brewery, the only brewery in the Netherlands that uses an officially certified underground spring.
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    162
    Dongeradeel

    Dongeradeel

    Dongeradeel ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Dongeradiel) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Dongeradeel was created in 1984 from a merger of the old municipalities Westdongeradeel, Oostdongeradeel, and Dokkum. The new municipality is still colloquially referred to in the plural, "de Dongeradelen". Aalsum, Anjum, Bornwird, Brantgum, Dokkum, Ee, Engwierum, Foudgum, Hantum, Hantumeruitburen, Hantumhuizen, Hiaure, Holwerd, Jouswier, Lioessens, Metslawier, Moddergat, Morra, Nes, Niawier, Oosternijkerk, Oostrum, Paesens, Raard, Ternaard, Waaxens, Wetsens, Wierum.
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    163
    Grootegast

    Grootegast

    Grootegast [ˈɣroːtəˈɣɑst] ( listen)) is a municipality and a village in the northeastern Netherlands. It is the sister city of Kingston, Tasmania. Doezum, Enumatil, Faan, Grootegast, Kornhorn, Lutjegast, Niekerk, Oldekerk, Opende, Sebaldeburen. In some of these villages they still speak the West Frisian language. Grootegast is the main village of the municipality. The name of the village refers to a 'gast' or 'gaast', a higher, sandy ridge in an otherwise swampy area. Groot is Dutch for 'large'. Grootegast is the birthplace of the theologian Cornelius Van Til. Lutjegast is a village in the municipality of Grootegast. In the Groningen dialect of Low German 'Lutje' means small or little. Lutjegast was the birthplace of the explorer Abel Tasman. Although the house of his birth no longer exists, he is memorialised with a monument, plaque and street name. Until 1829 a mansion named Rikkerdaborg stood in Lutjegast.
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    164
    Nunspeet

    Nunspeet

    Nunspeet is a municipality and town in the central Netherlands. It has been an agricultural site since prehistoric times. It contains a number of villages, namely Hulshorst, Elspeet, and Vierhouten. Nunspeet has a vivid historical foundation, called Nuwenspete. In 1973 Nunspeet became its own separate municipality after having been part of Ermelo before. Nunspeet is a popular tourist area because it is surrounded by woods, holiday resorts, and the town center located around the main market square. Nunspeet is situated on the shore of the Veluwemeer (Veluwe lake) which makes it popular for water leisure. There is also a small lake called "de Zandenplas" which is a popular holiday resort. Other tourist attractions include the weekly market and the town festival, De nacht van Nunspeet (Nunspeet Night) and the Eibertjesmarkt (Eibertjes market), as well as an annual sporting event called "de Keiler".
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    165
    Steenwijkerland

    Steenwijkerland

    Steenwijkerland  pronunciation (help·info) (before 2003 called Steenwijk) is a municipality in the province Overijssel, in the eastern Netherlands. The municipality forms the entire northwesterly corner of the province. This area is called "the Head of Overijssel" (in Dutch: de Kop van Overijssel). It borders the province Friesland. The "capital" of the municipality, Steenwijk, with a population of about 17,100, is situated on the A32 motorway ( Zwolle – Meppel – Leeuwarden) and has a railway station on the line connecting those same cities. Steenwijk is the economic and administrative centre of the region. Many smaller trading and industrial enterprises are housed here, as well as a hospital and some secondary schools. Vollenhove has a shipyard, where very exclusive yachts are built. All over the area, partially being below sea level, the soil is somewhat swampy. Many Steenwijkerland farmers only raise cattle. The soil is too wet to grow corn or wheat. However, the wetlands also have an advantage: many nature- or water sports-loving tourists come to the municipality. The more important places are printed in bold type. In brackets: estimated population, on January 1, 2006.
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    166
    Waalwijk

    Waalwijk

    Waalwijk [ˈʋaːɫ.ʋɛi̯k] ( listen) is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. It is a member of the Langstraat. It has a population of around 38,920 and is located near the motorways A59 and N261. The villages of Capelle, Vrijhoeve-Capelle, Sprang (the former municipality of Sprang-Capelle) and Waspik together with the city of Waalwijk form the municipality of Waalwijk. The city has an old town center, which has recently been modernized. Waalwijk is a city in North Brabant that lies between Tilburg and 's-Hertogenbosch. Waalwijk used to be known for its shoe business. Waalwijk was granted city rights in 1303. The professional football team RKC plays in Waalwijk. Waalwijk is also known for an event in the city and surroundings: the "80 van de langstraat", held every September, in which a few thousand people make a 80-km walk through all towns that are part of the Langstraat region. Some other events: Waalwijk is twinned with:
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    167
    De Wolden

    De Wolden

    De Wolden ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. Alteveer, Anholt, Ansen, Armweide, Bazuin, Benderse, Berghuizen, Blijdenstein, Bloemberg, Braamberg, Buitenhuizen, Bultinge, De Oude Tol, De Stapel, De Stuw, De Tippe, De Wijk, Dijkhuizen, Dickninge, Drogt, Drogteropslagen, Dunnigen, Echten, Eemten, Engeland, Eursinge, Fort, Gijsselte, Haakswold, Haalweide, Hees, Hoge Linthorst, Kerkenveld, Koekange, Koekangerveld, Kraloo, Leeuwte, Linde, Lubbinge, Lunssloten, Middelveen, Nolde, Oldenhave, Oosteinde, Oosterwijk, Oshaar, Oud Veeningen, Paardelanden, Pieperij, Rheebruggen, Ruinen, Ruinerweide, Ruinerwold, Schottershuizen, Schrapveen, Steenbergen, Struikberg, Ten Arlo, Veeningen, Vuile Riete, Weerwille, Wemmenhove, Witteveen and Zuidwolde.
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    4 votes
    168
    Soest

    Soest

    Soest [sust] ( listen) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It is located about 6 km west of Amersfoort. The oldest documents mentioning Soest (then written as Zoys) date from 1029. Its oldest church (the Oude Kerk, meaning Old Church), which is still in use today, dates from the fifteenth century. Traces of earlier habitation are found though. The area of "Hees", now at the outskirts of Soest may date in to the Early Middle Ages, and prehistoric burial mounds in the Soesterduinen point to early habitation in this area. Medieval agricultural activity is still visible as there is much farmland within Soest. The biggest area is in the center of the town, on a hill, and are called 'de Engh'. A small street is het Kerkpad (literally, the Church Path). The Soesterduinen, in the South, sand dunes, are worth visiting. Upon visiting Soest, numerous churches depict the Calvinist/Catholic tradition of the region. Christengemeente Soest, Wilhelmina Kerk Soest, Gereformeerde Kerk Vrijgemaakt, Emmakerk and the Evangelische Kerk Soest are the main churches within the town of Soest. Currently some 50,000 inhabitants live in Soest, consisting mainly
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    3 votes
    169
    Urk

    Urk

    Urk ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the Flevoland province in the central Netherlands. Urk is first mentioned in historical records dating to the 10th century, when it was still an island in the Almere, a lake that would become part of the Zuiderzee in the 13th century after a series of incursions by the North Sea. In 1939, a dike from the mainland to Urk ended the town's island status, just as the Afsluitdijk project was changing the salt water Zuiderzee surrounding Urk to the less saline IJsselmeer. Later in the 20th century, seabed areas surrounding Urk were reclaimed from the sea and became the Noordoostpolder. The mainstay of the town's economy has always been fishing, and the products of the sea coming in through Urk's harbor continue to be exported widely, although today Urk's fishing boats must travel greater distances to gather them than was required in most historical periods. Religious life has also traditionally been very important to Urk's inhabitants, with active, conservative congregations of the Dutch Reformed denominations playing key roles in the life of the community. Around the IJsselmeer is an arc of boulder clay high areas of land,
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    3 votes
    170
    Arcen en Velden

    Arcen en Velden

    Arcen en Velden ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Árse en Velde) is a former town and former municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, now part of the municipality and city of Venlo. It is situated in the province of Limburg. The villages which now form Arcen en Velden have been occupied or ruled by different countries over the centuries, including Spain during the Eighty Years' War, Prussia, Austria, and France during the reign of Napoleon. From 1830 until 1839, the villages together with most of Limburg were a part of the newly independent Belgium. Since 1839, it is part of the Netherlands. As of 1 January 2010, the (now former) municipality of Arcen en Velden, has become incorporated with the municipality and city of Venlo, situated to the south of the (now former) town.
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    171
    Hattem

    Hattem

    Hattem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. The city population is 11,797. (1 jan. 2010) The municipality includes the hamlet of 't Zand. The name “Hattem” is a typical farmyard name. The exact origin of “Hattem” is yet unclear. In general two explanation exist. Hattem would be the ‘heem’ (home) of a people who belong to the tribe of Chattuarii (or Hattuarii or Hatten). A second origin could refer to the leader of a people under the leader Hatto. This fits with the fact that a lot of farmyard names are deduced from persons names. A document referring to Hattem is found is dated around 800. This document is the Codex Laureshamensis, in which the settlement Hattem is mentioned because two farmhouses in this place are donated to the Lorsch abbey. Despite this early statement, no church or chapel was built in Hattem. In 1176 Hattem became a parish (‘kerspel’). The chapel, measuring 17,5 by 9,5 meter, was not built at the current city centre, but at the Gaedsberg (‘Gods-mountain’). The borders of the parish coincide with the latter borders of the jurisdiction Hattem. Hattem obtained city rights in 1299 from the landgrave Reinoud I van Gelre. In the decades before a
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    172
    Opsterland

    Opsterland

    Opsterland ( pronunciation (help·info)) (West Frisian: Opsterlân) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. Bakkeveen, Beetsterzwaag, Frieschepalen, Gorredijk, Hemrik, Jonkerslân, Langezwaag, Lippenhuizen, Luxwoude, Nij Beets, Olterterp, Siegerswoude, Terwispel, Tijnje, Ureterp, Wijnjewoude. Opsterland is twinned with:
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    173
    Overbetuwe

    Overbetuwe

    Overbetuwe is a municipality in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. It was formed on 1 January 2001 as a merger of three former municipalities: Elst, Heteren and Valburg. Overbetuwe is bordered in the north by the river Rhine and in the south by the river Waal. The city hall is located in Elst, the largest town in the municipality. Together with eighteen other municipalities it forms the 'Knooppunt Arnhem-Nijmegen' (English: 'Arnhem-Nijmegen conurbation'), or simply 'KAN', which is a regional collaboration. Because of its central location between the cities of Nijmegen and Arnhem, many inhabitants of Overbetuwe commute between these cities. Three major highways are situated in the municipality; the A50, A15 and A325. Overbetuwe has two railway stations: Elst and Zetten-Andelst. Besides these two existing railway lines, a controversial freight line called the Betuweroute has been operational from 2007. The mayor of Overbetuwe is Elisabeth Tuijnman. The distribution of council seats after the 2010 elections is shown here.
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    174
    Wageningen

    Wageningen

    Wageningen (help·info) is a municipality and a historic town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. It is famous for Wageningen University, which specializes in life sciences. The city had 37,414 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2010), of which many thousands are students. Wageningen is situated on the north bank of the Lower Rhine, ("Nederrijn" in Dutch) and at the border between the Gelderse valley and the Veluwe, of which the southwest hill is called the Wageningse berg. Wageningen can be reached by car from highways A12, A15 and A50, and from the Ede-Wageningen railway station via a 15-minute bus drive to the Wageningen central terminal (see below). The oldest known settlements in the Wageningen area were located north of today's town centre. They were mentioned as early as 828. During the early Middle Ages a small church was built on the hill east of the town. Several wood farms have been found near the top of the hill. In the twelfth century people settled at what is currently the Bergstraat. Close to Hotel de Wereld a stone floor has been found dating back to this period. After the construction of a dike to protect the city from the acidic water from the
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    2 votes
    175
    Dordrecht

    Dordrecht

    Dordrecht (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɔr.trɛχt] ( listen)), colloquially Dordt [dɔrt], historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland. It is the fourth largest city of the province, having a population of 118,601 in 2009. The municipality covers the entire Dordrecht Island, also often called Het Eiland van Dordt (the Island of Dordt), bordered by the rivers Oude Maas, Beneden Merwede, Nieuwe Merwede, Hollands Diep, and Dordtsche Kil. Dordrecht is the largest and most important city in the Drechtsteden and is also part of the Randstad, the main conurbation in the Netherlands. Dordrecht is the oldest city in Holland and has a rich history and culture. The name Dordrecht comes from Thyre, the name of a river, and Middle Dutch drecht "ford", thus meaning "Thure river crossing". Some documentation speaks of the river actually being called Thuredrith. Inhabitants of Dordrecht are Dordtenaren (singular: Dordtenaar). Dordrecht is informally called Dordt by its inhabitants. In earlier centuries, Dordrecht was a major trade port, well known to British merchants, and was called Dort in English. The city was
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    176
    Horst aan de Maas

    Horst aan de Maas

    Horst aan de Maas ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Haos aan de Maos) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, in the province of Limburg. In 2010 the municipalities Sevenum and part of Meerlo-Wanssum joined the municipality. America, Broekhuizen, Broekhuizenvorst, Evertsoort, Griendtsveen, Grubbenvorst, Hegelsom, Horst, Kronenberg Lottum, Meerlo, Melderslo, Meterik, Sevenum, Swolgen and Tienray.
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    177
    Meerlo-Wanssum

    Meerlo-Wanssum

    Meerlo-Wanssum ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Mieëldere-Wânsem) is a former municipality in southeastern Netherlands. The municipality ceased to exist as of January 2010.
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    178
    West Maas en Waal

    West Maas en Waal

    West Maas en Waal is a municipality in the Dutch province of Gelderland. The municipality covers the western part of the Land van Maas en Waal, an island located between the Meuse and Waal rivers. Alphen aan de Maas, Altforst, Appeltern, Beneden-Leeuwen, Boven-Leeuwen, Dreumel, Maasbommel and Wamel.
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    179
    Weststellingwerf

    Weststellingwerf

    Weststellingwerf ( pronunciation (help·info), Stellingwarfs: Weststellingwarf / Stellingwarf-Westaende) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the northern Netherlands. It is one of the municipalities of Friesland, where the spoken language is not West Frisian; instead, Stellingwerfs, a dialect of Dutch Low Saxon, is spoken here. Blesdijke, Boijl, De Blesse, De Hoeve, Langelille, Munnekeburen, Nijeholtpade, Nijeholtwolde, Nijelamer, Nijetrijne, Noordwolde, Oldeholtpade, Oldeholtwolde, Oldelamer, Oldetrijne, Oosterstreek, Peperga, Scherpenzeel, Slijkenburg, Sonnega, Spanga, Steggerda, Ter Idzard, Vinkega, Wolvega, Zandhuizen. Wolvega is the capital city of Weststellingwerf. Railway Station: Wolvega Peperga is the birth place of the last governor of New Amsterdam, Peter Stuyvesant.
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    180
    Helden

    Helden

    Helden ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Helje) is a former municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands in the province Limburg.
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    181
    Leusden

    Leusden

    Leusden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈløʏ̯z.də(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It is located about 3 kilometres southeast of Amersfoort. The western part of the municipality lies on the slopes of the Utrecht Hill Ridge and is largely covered by forest and heathlands. The eastern parts lay in the Gelderse Vallei and are mostly agricultural. The municipality of Leusden contains four villages: There are also a number of hamlets in the municipality: Asschat, Den Treek, De Ruif, Jannendorp, Musschendorp, Oud-Leusden (formerly named "Leusden"), and Snorrenhoef. The place that is now called Leusden was first mentioned as Villa Lisiduna in a charter in 777. The exact location of that settlement, which is considered to have been a rather extensive farm complex with defenses, is unknown to us. It is possible that the old village of Oud-Leusden once was the location of Villa Lisiduna but excavations in the 1980s have not provided any evidence. However, the church tower of Oud-Leusden is one of the oldest towers in the Netherlands, dating back at least to the 11th century A.D. Close to Leusden is the site of the former monastery
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    3 votes
    182
    Noord-Beveland

    Noord-Beveland

    Noord-Beveland ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the southwestern Netherlands and a former island, now part of the Walcheren-Zuid-Beveland-Noord-Beveland peninsula. Noord-Beveland is enclosed by the Oosterschelde estuary to the north, and the former straits, now combined lake, of Veerse Meer and Zandkreek to the south. As part of the Delta Works, dams have connected Noord-Beveland to Walcheren and Zuid-Beveland. (there is no village called Noord-Beveland itself). In Roman times, the town of Ganuenta lay north of where the village of Colijnsplaat is now, a location now covered by the water of the Oosterschelde. It was an important centre for trade. Nearby, there was a temple dedicated to the ancient regional sea goddess Nehalennia. A replica of this temple was officially opened in Colijnsplaat in August 2005. (See external links.)
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    2 votes
    183
    Scheemda

    Scheemda

    Scheemda ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a former municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Since January 1, 2010 it forms a part of Oldambt. Heiligerlee, Midwolda, Nieuw-Scheemda, Nieuwolda, Oostwold, Scheemda, 't Waar and Westerlee.
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    184
    Vlieland

    Vlieland

    Vlieland (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvli.lɑnt] ( listen); West Frisian: Flylân) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. The municipality of Vlieland has only one major town: Oost-Vlieland (West Frisian: East-Flylân). It is the second-least densely populated municipality in the Netherlands (after Schiermonnikoog). Vlieland is one of the West Frisian Islands, lying in the Wadden Sea. It is the second island from the west in the chain, lying between Texel and Terschelling. Vlieland was named after the Vlie. Vlieland can be reached by ferry from the Frisian town of Harlingen. The ferry ride takes about 1.5 hours and crosses the Wadden Sea and part of the North Sea. Tourists are not allowed to bring cars with them on the ferry. Another ferry runs between De Cocksdorp on Texel and the westernmost point of Vlieland. The most common form of transport on the island is the bicycle; a network of cycle paths criss-crosses the island. A bus service runs from the ferry terminal to the village and campgrounds after the arrival of a ferry, and some time before departure. There is a very small heliport near the village, but it is only used for SAR flights. Vlieland, being the outermost of the
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    2 votes
    185
    Voerendaal

    Voerendaal

    Voerendaal ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Voelender) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. Barrier, Colmont, Craubeek, Dolberg, Eyserheide, Fromberg, Heek, Hellebeuk, Klimmen, Koulen, Kunrade, Mingersberg, Opscheumer, Overheek, Ransdaal, Retersbeek, Termaar, Termoors, Ubachsberg, Voerendaal, Weustenrade, Winthagen. The Romans left the ruins from a Roman villa rustica as a legacy. In 1049 pope Leo IX initiated the Catholic Church - Sint Laurentiuskerk. During medieval times many castles were built: Cortenbach, Haeren, Puth, Rivieren and Terworm. Also castles such as Hoenshuis and Overst Voerendaal. The area was mined for marl (mergel in Dutch) and coal. Railway Station:Klimmen-Ransdaal, Voerendaal
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    186
    Wijk bij Duurstede

    Wijk bij Duurstede

    Wijk bij Duurstede (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʋɛi̯k bɛi̯ ˈdyːr.ˌsteː.də]) is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. The city (population as of 2007: 23,377) is located on the Rhine. At Wijk bij Duurstede, the Kromme Rijn (Crooked Rhine) branches off, and the main branch is called Lek River downstream from Wijk bij Duurstede. The name 'Wijk bij Duurstede' means 'neighbourhood near Duurstede'. Duurstede is the name of the nearby castle/ruin, where the bishop of Utrecht used to live. Wijk bij Duurstede is located at the place where Dorestad used to be, an important trade settlement, that was pillaged around 850 by the Vikings. Wijk bij Duurstede has the only drive-through wind mill in the world. The mill is often confused with the mill that was made famous by Ruisdael's 1670 painting The windmill at Wijk bij Duurstede. That mill however no longer exists (its foundations can still be seen a couple of blocks away from the remaining mill). At the market place of Wijk bij Duurstede is one of the few church towers in the Netherlands with a flat roof, so built because the bishop couldn't afford to build a spire. Inside the tower a picture displays the planned construction of the
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    187
    Tilburg

    Tilburg

    Tilburg [ˈtɪlbʏrx] ( listen) is a landlocked municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. Tilburg municipality also includes the villages of Berkel-Enschot and Udenhout. With more than 206,000 inhabitants, it is the second largest city of Noord-Brabant, and the sixth city of the Netherlands. With Goirle, it forms an agglomeration of 229,000 inhabitants. Tilburg University is located in Tilburg, as are Avans University of Applied Sciences and Fontys University of Applied Sciences. Tilburg is known for its 10-day-long funfair, the largest in the Benelux, held in July each year. The Monday during the funfair is called "Roze Maandag" (Pink Monday), and is primarily gay-oriented, though also enjoyed by many heterosexuals. There are three railway stations within the municipality: Tilburg, Tilburg Universiteit and Tilburg Reeshof. Little is known about the earliest history of Tilburg. Documents from the year 709 show the name Tilburg for the first time. After that, sources remain silent for some centuries. In the later Middle Ages, Tilburg was more of a local 'region' than a village or city, although a couple of small hamlets provided its
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    3 votes
    188
    Zeist

    Zeist

    Zeist (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzɛist]) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, located east of the city of Utrecht. The town of "Seist" was first mentioned in a charter in the year 838. The original settlement was located at the present Dorpsstraat. In the late 12th century, a church was built here. Its tower is now a part of the Reformed Church, the remainder of which was built in the 19th century. Until medieval times, a branch of the river Rhine flowed close to the centre of the town. Three mansions were built near the village: the Huis te Zeist, Kersbergen, and Blikkenburg. From 1677 to 1686, the "Slot Zeist" was built on or near the ruins of "Kasteel Zeist", the original castle (donjon) of Rodgar van Zeist. There is very little documentation on the family that lived there, but a few names are found: in the 12th century a Godefridus de Seist and in the late 13th century another Godefridus, a knight, with his son Johannes and his daughter Petronilla. (Bronnen voor de geschiedenis van Zeist, deel 1, ed. Van Hinsbergen) The last member of the van Zeist family was a woman, Elisabeth (?), who married a member of the Borre van Amerongen family. They had a son who
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    189
    Ferwerderadiel

    Ferwerderadiel

    Ferwerderadiel ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Its official name is West Frisian. The Dutch name is Ferwerderadeel. Bartlehiem, Blije, Burdaard, Ferwert, Ginnum, Hallum, Hegebeintum, Jannum, Jislum, Lichtaard, Marrum, Reitsum, Wânswert.
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    190
    Leiden

    Leiden

    Leiden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈlɛi̯.də(n)] ( listen); in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the Dutch province of South Holland. The municipality of Leiden has a population of about 120,000, but the city forms one densely connected urban area with its suburbs Oegstgeest, Leiderdorp, Voorschoten, Valkenburg, Rijnsburg and Katwijk, which have about 254,000 inhabitants combined. The larger Leiden agglomeration counts 332,000 inhabitants which makes it the sixth major agglomeration in the Netherlands. Leiden is located on the Old Rhine, at a distance of some 20 kilometers from The Hague to its south and some 40 kilometers from Amsterdam to its north. The recreational area of the Kaag Lakes (Kagerplassen) lies just to the northeast of Leiden. A university city since 1575, Leiden houses Leiden University and Leiden University Medical Centre. It is twinned with Oxford, the location of England's oldest university. It is true that Leiden is an old city, its connection with Roman Lugdunum Batavorum is true though it is actually near the close-by town of Katwijk, whereas the Roman settlement near modern Leiden was called Matilo. However, there was a Roman
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    191
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    192
    Raalte

    Raalte

    Raalte ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and city in the heart of the region of Salland in the Dutch province of Overijssel. The municipality consists of the following towns and villages. Raalte and Heino have railway stations along the minor railroad Zwolle - Enschede. Frequency: mostly twice per hour. An important road for motorists is the N348 Deventer - Wesepe ( mun. Olst-Wijhe - Raalte - Lemelerveld - Ommen ( in northeasterly direction from Deventer). In Raalte it crosses a road (N35) from Zwolle going south-east over Heino, Raalte, Mariënheem and Nijverdal to Wierden, where it continues as a highway (A35) to Almelo and Enschede. Raalte has a lot of small industrial enterprises, many of them processing agricultural products. For the local economy, trade, agriculture (especially breeding cattle) and tourism are more important. Raalte is the main place of the municipality, with over 20,000 mostly Roman Catholic inhabitants. It is a regional market, education and shopping centre.
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    193
    Vaals

    Vaals

    Vaals ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in the extreme southeastern part of the Dutch province of Limburg, which in its turn finds itself in the southeastern part of the Netherlands. The municipality covers an area of 23.90 km² in the foothills of the Ardennes–Eifelrange and is located about 23 km east of Maastricht and 5 km west of the city centre of Aachen. It borders on both Belgium and Germany. The three borders meet on the Drielandenpunt, a few meters from the highest point of the Netherlands, the Vaalserberg. The Vaalserberg used to be called "Hubertusberg". In the municipality of Vaals, there are four villages and nine townships. Number of inhabitants per 1/1/2005: Next to these official villages and towns, the Vaals municipality also hosts a number of townships: Camerig, Cottessen, Harles, Mamelis, Melleschet, Raren, Rott, Wolfhaag Vaals is the place in the Netherlands with the highest portion of German inhabitants (26%). With the last local elections on 7 March 2006 Georg Götz, a German citizen with the "Burgerbelang" party, was elected into the local council. A first in the history of the Netherlands. On 3 March 2010 he repeats his success with his own party
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    194
    Veendam

    Veendam

    Veendam [veːn.ˈdɑm] ( listen) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Dutch province of Groningen. A Holland America Line cruise ship, the MS Veendam, is named after the city. Bareveld, Borgercompagnie, Kibbelgaarn, Korte Akkers, Numero Dertien, Ommelanderwijk, Tripscompagnie, Veendam, Wildervank, Wildervanksterdallen and Zuidwending.
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    195
    Venlo

    Venlo

    Venlo ([ˈvɛn.lo] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands, next to the German border. It is situated in the province of Limburg. In 2001, the (now former) municipalities of Belfeld and Tegelen were merged into the municipality of Venlo. Tegelen was originally part of the Duchy of Jülich centuries ago, whereas Venlo has a past in the Duchy of Guelders. On 1 January 2010, the (now former) municipality of Arcen en Velden, was merged into the municipality of Venlo. Roman and Celtic coins and remains of a Roman bridge across the river Meuse have been found in Venlo; it may have been the settlement known as Sablones on the Roman road connecting Maastricht with Xanten. Blerick, on the west bank, was known as Blariacum. Documents from the 9th century mention Venlo as a trade post; it developed into one of the more important ones in the Meuse-Rhine area, receiving city rights in 1343, and becoming a member of the Hanseatic League in 1375. Because of its strategic importance, the city of Venlo was besieged several times. The most significant siege was that of 1702, carried on by Menno van Coehoorn. Consequently, Venlo was incorporated into the
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    196
    Veenendaal

    Veenendaal

    Veenendaal (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈveː.nə(n).ˌdaːɫ]) is a municipality and a city in central Netherlands, it is part of the province of Utrecht. Veenendaal is the only population centre within its administrative borders. As of April 2011, the municipality has 62,376 inhabitants and an area of 19.81 square kilometres, most of which is built up. The original village was founded in the 16th century as a peat colony from which it got its name. 'Veen' is the Dutch word for peat and 'daal' for valley, so literally the name means 'peat[veen] valley[daal]'. Until just after World War II, Veenendaal remained a small community with only a few thousand residents. In the last fifty years the town grew rapidly to the city with 62,000+ inhabitants of today. Until the second half of the 20th century, Veenendaal was divided into two parts, a 'Gelders' and an 'Utrechts' part ('Gelders' comes from Gelderland and 'Utrechts' from Utrecht, both Dutch provinces). This is because in the first few centuries of the town's existence it was too small to be its own municipality. The southern half eventually became independent from Rhenen and Renswoude in 1795. The northern half separated from Ede in 1960. In
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    3 votes
    197
    Assen

    Assen

    Assen [ˈɑ.sə(n)] ( listen) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands, and is the capital of the province of Drenthe. It received city rights in 1809. Assen's main claim to fame is the TT Circuit Assen the motorcycle racing circuit, where on the last Saturday in June the Dutch TT is run. Assen has a railway station: Assen railway station. Anreep, Assen, De Haar, Graswijk, Loon, Rhee, Schieven, Ter Aard, Ubbena, Witten, Zeijen, Zeijerveen, Zeijerveld. The history of the capital of Drenthe can be traced back to at least 1258, when a new location had to be found for the Maria in Campis monastery, which was originally built near Coevorden as a penalty for the slaughter in 1227 of the army of the Bishop of Utrecht at the hands of Drenthe's peasants, in what has come to be known as the Battle of Ane. A battle, incidentally, in which the Bishop was killed. His successor ordered the monastery to be built as a penalty. As this monastery was located in a barren peat area, which also happened to flood from time to time, a better location had to be found. A better and especially dryer spot for the Cistercian monastery was found in an area known as Witten, where at the time
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    198
    Duiven

    Duiven

    Duiven (help·info) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Duiven's name can be translated into English to mean "pigeons" or "doves". Although the coat of arms and logo of the municipality feature pigeons, the name is etymologically related to "dunes" (Dutch: duinen). The flag of the municipality of Duiven was granted and adopted on the 25th of June, 1954. Villages: Duiven, Groessen, Loo. Hamlets: De Eng, Helhoek, Nieuwgraaf On Weekdays there are 4 trains per hour between Arnhem and Doetinchem, with two of these continuing to Winterswijk. At Weekends there are 2 trains per hour between Arnhem and Winterswijk.
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    199
    Helmond

    Helmond

    Helmond ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands. First settlements in the area were around 1000, and Helmond was granted city rights in approximately 1232. The centre of Helmond has a castle which was built by Jan III van Berlaer around 1350. Helmond has many textile companies. The Vlisco factory is located next to the Zuid-Willemsvaart canal which runs through the city. Helmond is home of the professional football team of Helmond Sport. Railway stations: Helmond, Helmond Brouwhuis, Helmond Brandevoort, Helmond 't Hout The municipal council consists of 37 seats. Below the council since 1998: Representatives of the blue colored parliamentary groups form the executive coalition. The board of executives (College van burgemeester en wethouders in Dutch) for 2010-2014 consists of a coalition of SDOH-D66-HB (2 Municipal Executives), CDA (Mayor and 2 Municipal Executives), and VVD (1 Municipal Executive). After elections the parties SDH-OH, CDA, VVD, D66 en Helmondse Belangen reached an agreement to form a right wing coalition. Because CDA would get 2 Municipal Executives, only 3 positions where open, but there
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    200
    Meijel

    Meijel

    Meijel ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Mael) is a former municipality and a town in southeastern Netherlands.
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    201
    Nijefurd

    Nijefurd

    Nijefurd ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a former municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. It was formed in 1984 from the old municipalities of Hindeloopen, Stavoren, and Workum, and part of Hemelumer Oldeferd. In 2011 it formed together with the municipalities of Bolsward, Sneek, Wûnseradiel and Wymbritseradiel the new municipality Súdwest Fryslân. Hemelum, Hindeloopen, It Heidenskip, Koudum, Molkwerum, Nijhuizum, Stavoren, Warns and Workum. Media related to Nijefurd at Wikimedia Commons
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    202
    Reiderland

    Reiderland

    Reiderland ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a former municipality in the province Groningen in the northeastern Netherlands, which was founded in 1990 during a large municipal reorganization. The former municipalities Finsterwolde and Bad Nieuweschans were abolished and added to Beerta. In 1992, the new municipality was given its current name. In 2010 it joined in the municipality Oldambt. Reiderland was one of the few municipalities in the Netherlands that still had communist councillors after the dissolution of the Communist Party of the Netherlands in 1989. (As of 2006, it was one of only four Dutch municipalities to have any, the other three being Heiloo, Scheemda and Lemsterland). The New Communist Party of the Netherlands was in fact the largest party in Reiderland from 1990 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2006. Finsterwolde and Beerta, which was the only town in the Netherlands that ever had a communist mayor, had long been communist strongholds. In the 1998 municipal elections, the New Communist Party of the Netherlands received 35.7% of the votes, behind the PvdA's 40.3%, but in 2002 it received 34.1%, ahead of the PvdA's 24.7%. It won five of the thirteen seats on the local
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    203
    Wierden

    Wierden

    Wierden ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The municipality of Wierden also includes the following towns, villages and townships: Enter, Hoge Hexel, Ypelo, Notter, Rectum, Zuna. The municipality has 10 primary schools and 1 secondary school. There are 2 soccer clubs, 2 tennis clubs and 1 volleyball club, this is only the top of the clubs. The village has 3 cemeteries in total of which, only one is currently in use. The major is Henk Robben, who is supported in the board of major and 3 councillors. In midsummer the locally known, 3-day festival "WieZo" is held. Which starts on a Thursday and ends Saturdays. Every night there are 2 musical acts on the Binnenhof. On Saturday there is also the Wiezoloop. Wierden is twinned with: Since September 2010 the towncouncil, decided to stop the cooperation between the municipalities because of the high costs and too low benefit.
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    204
    Coevorden

    Coevorden

    Coevorden ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. During the municipal reorganisation in the province in 1998, Coevorden merged with Dalen, Sleen, Oosterhesselen and Zweeloo. Aalden, Achterste Erm, Ballast, Benneveld, Bovensteenwijksmoer, Coevorden, Dalen, Dalerpeel, Dalerveen, De Bente, De Haar, De Kiel, De Mars, Den Hool, Diphoorn, Eldijk, Erm, Gees, Geesbrug, Grevenberg, 't Haantje, Holsloot, Hoogehaar, Kibbelveen, Klooster, Langerak, Meppen, Nieuwe Krim, Nieuwlande, Noord-Sleen, Oosterhesselen, Padhuis, Pikveld, Schimmelarij, Schoonoord, Sleen, Steenwijksmoer, Stieltjeskanaal, Valsteeg, Veenhuizen, Vlieghuis, Vossebelt, Wachtum, Weijerswold, Wezup, Wezuperbrug, Zweeloo and Zwinderen. Coevorden received city rights in 1408. The city was reconstructed in the early seventeenth century by Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange to an ideal city design, similar to Palmanova. The streets were laid out in a radial pattern within polygonal fortifications and extensive outer earthworks. The city of Coevorden may have indirectly given its name to the city of Vancouver, which is named after the 18th-century British explorer George Vancouver.
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    205
    Loenen

    Loenen

    Loenen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It was in the Vechtstreek area. On January 1, 2011, Loenen merged with Breukelen and Maarssen to form Stichtse Vecht. The former municipality of Loenen consisted of the following cities, towns, villages and districts: The earliest traceable mention of the game of golf refers to a game played in Loenen aan de Vecht. In his book Early Golf, Steven van Hengel describes how the game of "Colf" or "Kolf" was played in 1297 near the castle of Kronenburg. The players had to hit the castle door in as few strikes as possible from the Court House by hitting a ball with a stick.
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    206
    Oldenzaal

    Oldenzaal

    Oldenzaal ([ˈɔɫdə(n)ˌzaːɫ] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the eastern province of Overijssel in the Netherlands. It is part of the region of Twente and is close to the German border. It received city rights in 1249. Historically, the city was part of the Hanseatic League as a subsidiary city of the fellow Hanseatic city of Deventer. Located on the A1 motorway from Amsterdam to Germany, Oldenzaal also has a rail connection to Hengelo.
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    207
    Ten Boer

    Ten Boer

    Ten Boer ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. Garmerwolde, Lellens, Sint Annen, Ten Post, Thesinge, Winneweer, Wittewierum and Woltersum.
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    208
    Beuningen

    Beuningen

    Beuningen ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands close to the city of Nijmegen. The municipality consists of the towns Beuningen, Ewijk, Winssen and Weurt. 1 Mile to the north lays the river the Waal Beuningen lies in the armpit of the A73 (Nijmegen-Venlo, on the south side) and A50 (Zwolle-Eindhoven, in the west) motorway interchange. In the north it borders the river Waal and Nijmegen in the east. Beuningen has a population of 25,074 (May 1 2006). In the province Overijssel there is also a small (200-300 people) town called Beuningen that is part of the municipality Losser.
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    209
    Midden-Drenthe

    Midden-Drenthe

    Midden-Drenthe ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. The municipality was created in 1998, in a merger of the former municipalities of Beilen, Smilde, and Westerbork. Between 1998 and 2000, the name of the municipality was Middenveld. Balinge, Beilen, Bovensmilde, Brunsting, Bruntinge, Drijber, Elp, Eursinge, Garminge, Hijken, Hijkersmilde, Holthe, Hoogersmilde, Hooghalen, Laaghalen, Laaghalerveen, Lieving, Makkum, Mantinge, Nieuw-Balinge, Oranje, Orvelte, Smalbroek, Smilde, Spier, Terhorst, Westerbork, Wijster, Witteveen, Zuidveld and Zwiggelte. The village of Westerbork gives its name to the Westerbork deportation and (later) concentration camp, located about 7 km north of the village, in the forests of Hooghalen. The Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) array was installed near the site of the camp in 1969.
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    210
    Alkmaar

    Alkmaar

    Alkmaar [ˈɑɫ(ə)k.maːr] ( listen) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland. Alkmaar is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination. The earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from the sea during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence. In 1573 the city successfully withstood a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar on October 8, the day the siege ended. In 1799, during the French revolutionary wars, an Anglo-Russian expeditionary force captured the city but was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Castricum. The French victory was commemorated on the Arc de Triomphe
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    211
    Boarnsterhim

    Boarnsterhim

    Boarnsterhim ( West-Frisian pronunciation (help·info); Dutch: Boornsterhem [ˈbɔːrn.stər.ˌɦɛm] ( listen)) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Akkrum, Aldeboarn (Oldeboorn), Dearsum (Deersum), Eagum (Aegum), Friens, Grou (Grouw), Idaerd (Idaard), Jirnsum (Irnsum), Nes, Poppenwier (Poppingawier), Raerd (Rauwerd), Reduzum (Roordahuizum), Sibrandabuorren (Sijbrandaburen), Terherne(Terhorne), Tersoal (Terzool), Warstiens, Warten (Wartena), Wergea (Warga). (Dutch names) Railway Station: Akkrum, Grou-Jirnsum
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    212
    Bolsward

    Bolsward

    Bolsward ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Boalsert) is a city in Súdwest Fryslân in the province of Friesland, the Netherlands. Bolsward is just short of a population of 10,000. The town is founded on three artificial dwelling hills, of which the first was built some time before Christ. Bolsward was a trading city with a port in the Middle Ages. The middlesea connected the port to the North Sea, but this connection was lost when the middlesea was reclaimed from the sea. As a trading city, Bolsward was granted city rights by Philip the Good in 1455. Bolsward was also a member of the Hanseatic league. It was the center of the former municipality named Bolsward, before that was merged into Súdwest Fryslân. Notable historical figures born here include: Heamiel. A local festival of four days in June. This is an old traditional festival to celebrate that the farmers have harvested the hay from the fields. The name of the festival, Heamiel, is frisian for 'Hay meal', and is derived from the traditional banquet. Bolletongersdei. Bolletongersdei is frisian for 'bulls Thursday'. Bolletongersdei includes a street market. Bolletongersdei is held on the first Thursday of
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    213
    Borsele

    Borsele

    Borsele ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the southwestern Netherlands on Zuid-Beveland. The name of the municipality is spelled with a single s; the name of the eponymous village is Borssele, spelled with double s. The municipality is mainly known for the Borssele Nuclear Power Station and the Central Storage For Radioactive Waste. Baarland, Borssele, Driewegen, Ellewoutsdijk, 's-Gravenpolder, 's-Heer Abtskerke, 's-Heerenhoek, Heinkenszand, Hoedekenskerke, Kwadendamme, Lewedorp, Nieuwdorp, Nisse, Oudelande and Ovezande. The Western Scheldt Tunnel is from Ellewoutsdijk to Terneuzen in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.
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    214
    Delfzijl

    Delfzijl

    Delfzijl (Dutch pronunciation: [dɛɫ(ə)f.ˈsɛi̯ɫ] ( listen), Gronings: Delfsiel) is a municipality and city in the northeast of the Netherlands. It is situated on the left bank of the river Ems estuary, which forms the border with Germany. Bierum, Biessum, Borgsweer, Delfzijl, Farmsum, Godlinze, Holwierde, Krewerd, Losdorp, Meedhuizen, Spijk, Termunten, Termunterzijl, Uitwierde, Wagenborgen, Weiwerd, Woldendorp. Delfzijl is the fifth biggest seaport in the Netherlands and the home of an aluminium plant run by the company Aluminium Delfzijl (part of Tata Steel Europe). In 2004 the smelter produced a record 112,400 tonnes of liquid aluminium. The foundry produced 157,700 tonnes of raw product. Delfzijl is also known for its chemical industry. On the edge of the town lies an industrial site with an area of 3 square kilometers which is one of the biggest employers in the area. This site is responsible for the second largest quantity of exported chemicals in the Netherlands (after Rotterdam), and is known for its major exports of chlorine and related products. Every five years the city organises Delfsail, the second-largest sailing event of The Netherlands after SAIL Amsterdam. Annually
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    215
    Hilversum

    Hilversum

    Hilversum (help·info) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Located in the region called "'t Gooi", it is the largest town in that area. It is surrounded by heathland, woods, meadows, lakes, and smaller villages. Hilversum is part of the Randstad, one of the largest conurbations in Europe. Hilversum lies 30 km (19 mi) south-east of Amsterdam and 20 km (12 mi) north of Utrecht. The town is often called "media city" since it is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands. Radio Netherlands, heard worldwide via shortwave radio since the 1920s, is also based here. Hilversum is home to an extensive complex of audio and television studios belonging to the national broadcast production company NOS, as well as to the studios and offices of all the Dutch public broadcasting organizations and many commercial TV production companies. As a result many old radio sets in Britain had a "Hilversum” dial position marked on their tuning scales (along with Athlone, Kalundborg and others). Hilversum is also known for its architecturally important "Raadhuis" or town hall, designed by Willem Dudok (1884–1974). Hilversum has
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    216
    Scherpenzeel

    Scherpenzeel

    Scherpenzeel is a municipality and a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland. As of June 2008, it has a population of 8945, with approximately 6000 possessing suffrage. The community of Scherpenzeel also contains a part of the hamlet Moorst. Centuries ago, what is now the Netherlands was still a collection of small states, ruled by bishops, earls, dukes, and lords. These rulers were constantly at war over territory, causing fortifications and defenses to be built in border areas. This was the case in the Veluwe hills, which lay along the border of what is now Utrecht and Gelderland, where many castles and fortresses were constructed as safe havens. Hence, the name "Scherpenzeel", formerly known as "Scarpenzele", allows us to infer that there was a settlement built around a house ("zele") with sharpened poles ("scarpen"), the prototype of an old castle. The possession of Scherpenzeel was at various times claimed by either Gelderland or Utrecht, but it has now been a part of Gelderland since 1830. The town's most notable landmark, Scherpenzeel House (Huize Scherpenzeel in Dutch; located at 3 Burgemeester Royaardslaan) began as a 14th century tower house. In the following centuries,
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    217
    Sevenum

    Sevenum

    Sevenum ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Zaerem) is a town in the province Limburg in the southeastern Netherlands. Until 2010, it was also the name of the municipality comprising the towns of Sevenum, Kronenberg and Evertsoord. Sevenum's neighbour towns are (clockwise, starting from East): Venlo, Maasbree, Helden-Panningen, Deurne, Hegelsom-Horst. Sevenum-town and Kronenberg are tangented by highway E34, provincial road N277 (Middenpeelweg), and the railroad track Eindhoven-Venlo; Evertsoord lies on the edge of the Peel, a former peatland. Sevenum's dialect, "Zaerems", is transitional between Limburgish, North-Limburgish (see Low Rhenish), and Brabantian. Different groupings of dialects exist; in the diagram "Kleverlandish" on this page, Sevenum is situated near the bottom-left corner of the blue area, which is the intersection of the horizontal "ich/ik" isogloss (the Uerdingen line) with the vertical "kalt/koud" isogloss. The overview of town names in Limburgish at Streektaal.net lists "Zaerem" (Sevenum) and "De Kroeënenberg" (Kronenberg), but it doesn't include "De Pieël" (Evertsoord), considering it to be in the North-Limburgish area.
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    Terschelling

    Terschelling

    Terschelling ( pronunciation (help·info); West Frisian: Skylge; Terschelling dialect: Schylge) is a municipality and an island in the northern Netherlands, one of the West Frisian Islands. Waddenislanders are known for their resourcefulness in using anything and everything that washes ashore. With few trees to use for timber, most of the farms and barns are built with masts recovered from shipwrecks. The islands are surrounded by shipwrecks, and even today many containers wash ashore that are blown off the decks of cargo ships in the North Sea. The main source of income on Terschelling is tourism. There is some agriculture, but a large part of the island has become a nature reserve. Terschelling is well known for the yearly Oerol Festival during which theatre-performances are played throughout the island, making use of its landscape and nature. Terschelling can be reached by ferry from the mainland Frisian town Harlingen and from Vlieland by high-speed catamaran. The island in its current shape was formed in the Middle Ages from a sandy area called De Schelling in the west and the original island Wexalia in the east. The name Wexalia, Wuxalia, or Wecsile is the medieval name of
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    Brunssum

    Brunssum

    Brunssum ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Broensem) is a municipality and a town in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands. Brunssum was formerly a center of coal mining in the Netherlands and there are a few active mines remaining in the area. The municipality of Brunssum has 29,742 inhabitants as of 2007. Brunssum is the current home of Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum (JFC Brunssum), a NATO headquarters one level below SHAPE in the inegrated military command structure. The headquarters was known as Headquarters, Allied Forces Central Europe (HQ AFCENT) from its inception in Fontainebleau, France and relocation to Brunssum in 1967. The name was changed to Regional Headquarters, Allied Forces Northern Europe (RHQ AFNORTH) when a restructuring in 2000 led to the closing of HQ AFNORTH in Kolsås, Norway. The current title was adopted in 2004 to add flexibility to the military command structure by removing regional restrictions. The main base area, Hendrik Camp, was built on a former coal mine called Hendrik Mine. Brunssum is also the home of the AFNORTH International School, located just outside of Hendrik Camp. AFNORTH International School is a K-12 school that mainly
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    Druten

    Druten

    Druten is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The municipality covers the eastern part of the Land van Maas en Waal region of the province of Gelderland. One of its key features is the town's church, designed by the famous Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers. —
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    Heerlen

    Heerlen

    Heerlen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Heële) is a city and a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. The municipality is the second largest in the province of Limburg. It forms part of Parkstad Limburg, (formerly known as "Oostelijke Mijnstreek"), an agglomeration of about 220,000 inhabitants. After its early Roman beginnings and a rather modest medieval period, Heerlen became a centre for the coal mining industry in the Netherlands in the late 19th century. In the 20th century, architect Frits Peutz played a major role in shaping the city as we know it today. His most famous design, and a distinctive building in the city centre, is the so-called Glaspaleis (Glass Palace), listed as one of the world's thousand most architecturally important buildings of the 20th century. In 1997, a habitation from the Michelsberg culture (4400 - 3500 BC) was excavated at the Schelsberg, near Heerlen. Archeological finds from this period are rare in the Netherlands. The site is unique in the Netherlands, as it is the first excavated site with ditches and earth walls (earthworks). Even with these proofs of early habitation, the history of Heerlen properly starts with the arrival of
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    Lemsterland

    Lemsterland

    Lemsterland ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Lemsterlân) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Bantega, Delfstrahuizen, Echten, Echtenerbrug, Eesterga, Follega, Lemmer, Oosterzee, Oosterzee-Buren.
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    Oldebroek

    Oldebroek

    Oldebroek is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands and it has roughly 6000 inhabitants. Bovenveen, Eekt, Hattemerbroek, Kerkdorp, 't Loo, Mullegen, Noordeinde, Oldebroek, Oosterwolde, Posthoorn, Voskuil and Wezep. Oldebroek has been host to the Dutch Sidecarcross Grand Prix a number times
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    Pekela

    Pekela

    Pekela [ˈpeː.kə.ˌlaː] ( listen) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. The municipal government of Pekela consists of 15 seats, which are divided as follows:
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    Almelo

    Almelo

    Almelo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑlməˌloˑ] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. The main population centres in the town are Aadorp, Almelo, Mariaparochie and Bornerbroek. Almelo has about 72,000 inhabitants in the middle of the rolling countryside of Twente, with the industrial centres of Enschede and Hengelo as close neighbours but also with tourist towns like Ootmarsum, Delden and Markelo only a bicycle ride away. Almelo received city rights in 1394. Within the city limits lies the castle of the Counts of Almelo. At the end of the 19th century textile emerged as a major employer and drew many workers to Almelo, at first from within the Netherlands. Since the 1960s workers from Spain and Turkey came to Almelo. The first mosque of the Netherlands was built in Almelo in 1976 for the Turkish population of the city. In the 1970s the industry dwindled and most factories were relocated to countries with cheaper labour. Some factories remain in the city centre and are now in use for apartments or offices. Currently, a major employer in Almelo is Urenco Nederland. This is a uranium enrichment plant which uses the gas centrifuge method and produces uranium with
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    Alphen-Chaam

    Alphen-Chaam

    Alphen-Chaam ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. Towns: Hamlets (the population data of these hamlets is included in the population data of the towns near which they are located):
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    Apeldoorn

    Apeldoorn

    Apeldoorn [ˈaːpəlˌdɔːr(ə)n] ( listen) is a municipality and city in the province of Gelderland, about 60 miles south east of Amsterdam, in the centre of the Netherlands. It is a regional centre. The municipality of Apeldoorn, including villages like Beekbergen, Loenen and Hoenderloo, has over 155,000 inhabitants (2011). The western half of the municipality lies on the Veluwe ridge, the eastern half lies in the IJssel valley. John Berends of the CDA is the mayor of Apeldoorn. Very small hamlets are printed in italics. The oldest known reference to Apeldoorn, then called Appoldro, dates from the 8th century. The settlement came into being at the point where the old road from Amersfoort to Deventer crossed that from Arnhem to Zwolle. A 1740 map refers to it as Appeldoorn. Close by is the favourite country-seat of the royal family of the Netherlands called the palace het Nieuwe Loo (now Het Loo). It was originally a hunting lodge of the dukes of Gelderland, but in its present form dates chiefly from the time of the then Stadtholder William III of England (1685–1686). The younger sister of the Dutch Queen, Princess Margriet, lives nearby the palace Het Loo, with her husband Pieter van
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    Asten

    Asten

    Asten ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. It is home to the Royal Eijsbouts bell foundry and also a carillon museum. Asten has a rich history going back to the Roman occupation of Batavia. In the swamp of the village's national park 'De Peel' an ancient Roman centurion helmet was found. Silhouets of Hunter-Gatherer and Agricultural societies were also found in the area. The village has a castle dating back to the 12th century, at the south of the current village. It has also given its name to the village: "Aa-Stein", or "stone building on the river Aa". A second stone-built fortified building was suspected at the north, at the site of the current Slotweg ("castle road") to be precise. Some stone fragments have been excavated, although no conclusive evidence of a fortified building has been produced here. The village was pillaged and burnt twice in the 17th century, by Austrian and Swedish army troops.
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    Baarle-Nassau

    Baarle-Nassau

    Baarle-Nassau ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, located in North Brabant province. As of 2007 its population was of 6,668. It is closely linked, with complicated borders, to the Belgian exclaves of Baarle-Hertog. Baarle-Hertog consists of 26 separate pieces of land. Apart from the main piece (called Zondereigen) located north of the Belgian town of Merksplas, there are 22 Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands and three other pieces on the Dutch-Belgian border. There are also six Dutch exclaves located within the largest Belgian exclave, one within the second-largest, and an eighth within Zondereigen. The smallest Belgian parcel, H12, measures 2,632 square metres. The border's complexity results from a number of equally complex medieval treaties, agreements, land-swaps and sales between the Lords of Breda and the Dukes of Brabant. Generally speaking, predominantly agricultural or built environments became constituents of Brabant, other parts devolved to Breda. These distributions were ratified and clarified as a part of the borderline settlements arrived at during the Treaty of Maastricht in 1843. Media related to Baarle-Nassau at
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    Bernheze

    Bernheze

    Bernheze ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. It was formed in 1994 from the former municipalities of Heesch, Heeswijk-Dinther and Nistelrode. The municipality was named after an old farm "Bernhese", which came into the possession of the Berne Abbey. This abbey was situated in the village of Bern. The meaning of 'Bernhese' is twofold: 'Bern' is the same as the old-Dutch word 'born', that means 'water' or 'well'. 'Hese' means bush or forrest. In 1857 the Berne Abbey was founded in Heeswijk. (links to additional info bolded)
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    Breukelen

    Breukelen

    Breukelen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbrøːkələn] ( listen)) is a town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It is situated to the north west of Utrecht, along the river Vecht and close to the lakes of the Loosdrechtse Plassen, an area of natural and touristic interest. It is in an area called the "Vechtstreek". During the 17th century many wealthy Amsterdam merchant families built their mansions along the river near Breukelen. On January 1, 2011 Breukelen merged with Loenen and Maarssen to form Stichtse Vecht. There is a large Van der Valk (Hotel Breukelen) hotel, the façade of which is in the Chinese style. Universiteit Nyenrode is located in Breukelen. The borough of Brooklyn in New York City is named after Breukelen (see History of Brooklyn). Bus services 120, 130, 143 and 526 The former municipality of Breukelen consisted of the following villages: Breukelen, Kockengen, and Nieuwer Ter Aa.
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    Buren

    Buren

    Buren is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. It is also a (historical) county; with the Dutch Monarch still holding the title "Count of Buren". Population centers include Aalst, Asch, Beusichem, Buren, Eck en Wiel, Erichem, Ingen, Kerk-Avezaath, Lienden, Maurik, Ommeren, Ravenswaaij, Rijswijk, Zoelen and Zoelmond. The earliest known reference to the settlement dates from 772. The castle built by the Lords of Buren is first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren, which led to the construction of a defensive wall and a moat. Significant parts of these still exist. In 1492 the region was promoted to a county (i.e. ruled by a count), but due to its isolated position it never became very important economically. By 1574 the previously Catholic parish church of Saint Lambert (Dutch: Sint Lambertus) had already become Calvinist Reformed Protestant. The castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange dynasty, the later royal family of the Netherlands. In fact, Queen Beatrix is Countess of Buren. Also, the royals have been known to use the name Van Buren in situations requiring anonymity. The castle was
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    Dalfsen

    Dalfsen

    Dalfsen (Dutch Low Saxon: Dalsen) is a municipality and a town in the Salland region of the Dutch province of Overijssel. The present municipality of Dalfsen was created on 1 January 2001 through the merger of the municipalities of Nieuwleusen and Dalfsen. Ankum, Dalfsen, Dalfserveld, Dalmsholte, De Marshoek, De Meele, Emmen, Gerner, Hessum, Hoonhorst, Lemelerveld, Lenthe, Leusenerveld, Nieuwleusen, Oudleusen, Oudleusenerveld, Rechteren, Strenkhaar and Welsum.
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    Dronten

    Dronten

    Dronten ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. Its population is 39,787 (1 December 2009). Plans for the municipality of Dronten were made in the early half of the 1950s; real plans for the town of Dronten (the municipality's center) were revealed in 1958. The foundations for the town were laid in 1960. Right from the start there was a discussion whether Dronten was to become a town or a city. The first plans assumed 15,000 inhabitants, while later plans foresaw a growth to 30,000 inhabitants. The first plans for the municipality assumed ten smaller villages situated around the central town (in this case Dronten). The number of villages was reduced due to increased traffic and experiences gained in developing the Noordoostpolder, where a similar municipality had already been built. Eventually it was decided there were to be two smaller villages (Biddinghuizen and Swifterbant) and one larger town (Dronten). On 1 January 1972 Dronten was given its official name. In 1995, Dronten hosted the 18th World Scout Jamboree. 28,960 Scouts and staff members from 166 countries and territories participated this event. From 2012 there will be a
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    Elburg

    Elburg

    Elburg is a municipality and a city in the province of Gelderland, Netherlands. There is evidence of a Neolithic settlement at Elburg consisting of stone tools and pottery shards. From Roman times there are names and shards of earthenware which suggest that there was an army camp at the site of Elburg. The earliest extant written record of Elburg is from 796 A.D. Between 1292 and 1296 Elburg was rebuilt after a flood in the form it is seen today, with a moat and a city wall, together with the straight pattern of the street plan. This rapid rebuilding was expensive, indicating that Elburg was reasonably affluent in medieval times. Several records of Elburg date back to the 14th century. Elburg was granted town status by earl Jan van Geel early in the century. There is a record that Elburg got its fishing right granted in 1313. In 1367 the city was recorded as a member of the Hanseatic League. Throughout the centuries, Elburgh remained a fishing and farming center through the end of World War II. Unlike many other Dutch towns, Elburg had refused to use city funds to build a railroad station in 1863. Because the land owners were asking unreasonably high prices for the right of way
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    Epe

    Epe

    Epe (help·info) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The town has 15,593 (01-01-2007) inhabitants, whilst the municipality as a whole has a population of 32,989. The town hall stands in Epe, which is situated about 16 km (9.9 mi) north of Apeldoorn and 21 km (13 mi) south of Zwolle. Another important town within the municipality is Vaassen (12,739 inhabitants), halfway between Epe and Apeldoorn. It has an interesting castle called 'De Cannenburgh', which is open to visitors (guided tour compulsory). Epe, Vaassen and also the village of Oene each have a beautiful medieval church. Other population centres of interest are Emst, Gortel, Tongeren, Wissel and Zuuk.
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    Gennep

    Gennep

    Gennep ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in southeastern Netherlands. Aaldonk, Dam, De Looi, Diekendaal, Gennep, Heijen, Hekkens, Milsbeek, Ottersum, Smele, Ven-Zelderheide and Zelder. Gennep was the title of a comital family, known descendants of which are the famous Saint Norbert of Gennep and William of Gennep, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. Gennep probably received city rights in 1371. However, it remains unclear whether these city rights have really been assigned to Gennep, as the supposed documents burned during a fire in the townhall of Gennep at the end of the 16th decade. Gennep lies about 18 km southeast of Nijmegen. In 2001, Gennep had 8306 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 2.11 km², and contained 3124 residences. Gennep is twinned with:
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    Harderwijk

    Harderwijk

    Harderwijk (help·info) (Dutch Low Saxon: Harderwiek) is a municipality and a small city in the eastern Netherlands. Harderwijk received city rights from Count Otto II of Guelders in 1231. A defensive wall surrounding the city was completed by the end of that century. The oldest part of the city is near where the streets Hoogstraat and Grote Poortstraat are today. Around 1315 the city was expanded southwards, which included the construction of what is now called the Grote Kerk (Large Church). A second, northward expansion took place around 1425. Particularly along the west side of town much of the wall still exists, although often not in entirely original form. This also goes for the only remaining city gate, the picturesque Vischpoort. Between 1648 and 1811 the University of Harderwijk operated in the city. Carolus Linnaeus graduated at this university. The university, together with the universities of Zutphen and Franeker was abolished by Napoleon. Harderwijk was a member of the Hanseatic League. It lies on what used to be the Zuider Zee shore (Southern Sea, now the IJsselmeer) and consequently its economy was strongly based on fishing and seafaring in general. This dramatically
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    Leeuwarderadeel

    Leeuwarderadeel

    Leeuwarderadeel ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Ljouwerteradiel) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. Its capital is Stiens. Bartlehiem, Britsum, Cornjum, Finkum, Hijum, Jelsum, Oude Leije, Stiens. The hamlet of Bartlehiem is partially in Leeuwarderadeel partially in Ferwerderadiel and partially in Tytsjerksteradiel.
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    Loppersum

    Loppersum

    Loppersum ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands in the province of Groningen. Eekwerd, Eekwerderdraai, Eenum, Fraamklap, Garrelsweer, Garsthuizen, Hoeksmeer, Honderd, Huizinge, Kolhol, Leermens, Loppersum, Lutjerijp, Lutjewijtwerd, Merum, Middelstum, Oosterwijtwerd, Startenhuizen, Stedum, Stork, Toornwerd, Westeremden, Westerwijtwerd, Wirdum, Wirdumerdraai, 't Zandt, Zeerijp and Zijldijk.
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    Maasbree

    Maasbree

    Maasbree ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a former municipality and a town in southeastern Netherlands. Until 1818, the municipality was just called "Bree". In the Middle Ages Maasbree and Baarlo belonged to the duchy of Guelders. Around 1702, at the time of the War of the Spanish Succession Maasbree was occupied by Prussia and remained Prussian until 1814. In 1815 Maasbree became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Maasbree used to be a fiefdom with a castle called Huis Bree, which has meanwhile disappeared. The punk rock group Sex Pistols performed at Maf Centrum on December 11, 1977 as part of their Dutch Tour. This would be the last date of the tour, as the final 2 dates in Wimschoten and Rotterdam were cancelled.
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    Nijmegen

    Nijmegen

    Nijmegen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnɛi̯.ˌmeː.ɣə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, near the German border. It is considered to be the oldest city in The Netherlands and celebrated its 2000th year of existence in 2005. The municipality is part of the "Stadsregio Arnhem-Nijmegen" (Cityregion Arnhem-Nijmegen (neighbouring city, 15 km north)), a metropolitan area with 736,107 inhabitants (January 2011). The first mention of Nijmegen in history is in the 1st century BC, when the Romans built a military camp on the place where Nijmegen was to appear; the location had great strategic value because of the surrounding hills, which gave (and continues to give) a good view over the Waal and Rhine valley. By 69, when the Batavians, the original inhabitants of the Rhine and Maas delta, revolted, a village called Oppidum Batavorum had formed near the Roman camp. This village was destroyed in the revolt, but when the revolt had ended the Romans built another, bigger camp where the Legio X Gemina was stationed. Soon after, another village formed around this camp. In 98 Nijmegen was the first of two settlements in what is now the Kingdom of the Netherlands to
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    Renkum

    Renkum

    Renkum is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The municipality has 31.801 inhabitants (31 May 2009, Source: CBS) and has a land area of 47,12 km². Renkum is situated along the river Rhine The municipality Renkum is part of the Stadsregio (English: City region) Arnhem-Nijmegen. The surrounding of the municipality are mainly forest and river forelands. In the forest one can find tumulus of thousand years old. Findings from these tumulus can be seen in the Historic museum in Arnhem Renkum is more than thousand years old. In 1970 the thousand-year anniversary was celebrated. In the early days, the name was witten as Redinchem. In the 19th century Renkum developed itself. There existed six paper mills, three water-cornmills and one water-oil mill. There were two factories, a treacle factory and a potato starch-flour factory. There was also a beer brewery and a tavern de Bok. Nowadays there is still paper industry The company is Norske Skog Parenco B.V.. The village Oosterbeek is associated with the Bilderberg Group, as the group's first meeting took place at the Hotel de Bilderberg, in May 1954.
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    Rotterdam

    Rotterdam

    Rotterdam ( /ˈrɒtərdæm/; Dutch: [ˌrɔtərˈdɑm] ( listen)) is the second-largest city in the Netherlands and one of the largest ports in the world. Starting as a dam constructed in 1270 on the Rotte River, Rotterdam has grown into a major international commercial centre. Its strategic location at the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta on the North Sea and at the heart of a massive rail, road, air and inland waterway distribution system extending throughout Europe is the reason that Rotterdam is often called the "Gateway to Europe". In the province of South Holland, Rotterdam is in the west of Netherlands and the south of the Randstad. The population of the city was 616,250 on February 1, 2012. The population of the greater Rotterdam area, called "Rotterdam-Rijnmond" or just "Rijnmond", is approximately 1.3 million. Rotterdam is one of Europe's most vibrant, multicultural cities; known for its university (Erasmus), cutting-edge architecture, lively cultural life, striking riverside setting, its maritime heritage and the Rotterdam Blitz. The largest port in Europe and one of the busiest ports in the world, the port of Rotterdam was the world's busiest port from 1962 to 2004, when it was
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    Sittard-Geleen

    Sittard-Geleen

    Sittard-Geleen ( pronunciation (help·info)) (Limburgish: Zittert-Gelaen) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. It was formed in 2001 from the former municipalities Sittard, Geleen and Born. The combined municipality has approximately 96,000 inhabitants (2007) and is thus the second most populated municipality in Limburg (after Maastricht with 125,000 inhabitants). Since the 2006 municipal elections, the city has been governed by a coalition of PvdA (Labour), GroenLinks (Green) and the local party GOB. To the west, Sittard-Geleen borders on Belgium, while to the east, it borders on Germany. Born, Broeksittard, Buchten, Einighausen, Geleen, Graetheide, Grevenbicht, Guttecoven, Holtum, Limbricht, Munstergeleen, Windraak, Obbicht, Papenhoven, Schipperskerk and Sittard.
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    Skarsterlân

    Skarsterlân

    Skarsterlân (largely obsolete Dutch: Scharsterland  pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. The municipality was created January 1, 1984 by merging the municipalities of Doniawerstal and Haskerland, the part of Utingeradeel consisting of the villages Akmarijp and Terkaple and the village Nieuwebrug that used to belong to Heerenveen. The offices of the municipality are located in Joure. At first, the Dutch name Scharsterland was chosen, but as of March 1, 1985, the West Frisian name Skarsterlân was adopted and the Dutch name became obsolete. Akmarijp, Boornzwaag, Broek, Dijken, Doniaga, Goingarijp, Haskerdijken, Haskerhorne, Idskenhuizen, Joure, Langweer, Legemeer, Nieuwebrug, Nijehaske, Oldeouwer, Oudehaske, Ouwster-Nijega, Ouwsterhaule, Rohel, Rotstergast, Rotsterhaule, Rottum, Scharsterbrug, Sint Nicolaasga, Sintjohannesga, Snikzwaag, Terkaple, Teroele, Tjerkgaast and Vegelinsoord.
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    Smallingerland

    Smallingerland

    Smallingerland ( pronunciation (help·info), West Frisian: Smellingerlân) is a municipality in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. Boornbergum, De Tike, De Veenhoop, De Wilgen, Drachten (main town), Drachtstercompagnie, Goëngahuizen, Houtigehage, Kortehemmen, Nijega, Opeinde, Oudega, Rottevalle and Smalle Ee. The name 'Smallingerland' is derived from the former hamlet Smalle Ee, which used to have a major monastery. In the 14th century the annual fair of Smalle Ee became equally important as the ones of Leeuwarden and Dokkum. The name Drachten is possibly a derivative from the old Frisian word Darch, meaning peaty soil. The central function of Drachten in the district goes back to 1641. A Holland businessman thought it would pay to exploit the peat. 800 workers were employed to dig the Drachtstervaart canal. The peat exploitation was a disappointment, however the Drachtstervaart triggered economical activities, such as the shipbuilding industry. The typical peat bog landscape can still be seen, particularly near Drachtstercompagnie. Since the 1950s Drachten developed rapidly. Right now, Drachten has an important function in the region. The Smallingerland District has
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    Westerveld

    Westerveld

    Westerveld ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality in the northeastern Netherlands. The municipality Westerveld was established in 1998 out of de municipalities of Diever, Dwingeloo, Havelte en Vledder. Westerveld is being crossed by a channel the Drentsche Hoofdvaart. There are also two National Parks situated in the municipality, the Drents-Friese Wold and Dwingelerveld. Boschoord, Darp, Diever, Dieverbrug, Doldersum, Dwingeloo, Eemster, Frederiksoord, Geeuwenbrug, Havelte, Havelterberg, Leggeloo, Lhee, Lheebroek, Nijensleek, Oude Willem, Uffelte, Vledder, Vledderveen, Wapse, Wapserveen, Wateren, Wilhelminaoord, Wittelte and Zorgvlied. Dwingeloo is a town halfway between Meppel and Assen. The radio telescope of the Dwingeloo Radio Observatory is located on the edge of the Dwingeloo Heath, 3 km south of the village.
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    Wijchen

    Wijchen

    Wijchen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʋiχə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland, in the eastern part of the Netherlands, at 51°48′28″N 5°43′52″E / 51.80778°N 5.73111°E / 51.80778; 5.73111. Neighbourhoods in Wijchen include: Streets in most neighbourhoods are numbered instead of named. This is not common practice in the Netherlands, therefore the street numbers are included in the house numbering. E.g. someone living in Abersland, 11th street, house #05 will usually use Abersland 1105 in his address. Alverna, Balgoij, Batenburg, Bergharen, Hernen, Leur, Niftrik and Wijchen. Parts of Wijchen Castle (Kasteel Wijchen in Dutch) date from the 14th century, but it took its current Mannerist form in the years 1609–1629. It is surrounded by a moat and used to serve as the town hall Currently, the town hall is on the other side of the road, while the Castle is only used for important meetings etc.. ).
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