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Best Capital of administrative division of All Time

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    1
    Sarmiento

    Sarmiento

    Sarmiento is a town in the province of Chubut, Argentina. It has about 8,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the department of the same name. It is located on the so-called Central Corridor of Patagonia, in a fertile valley amidst an otherwise arid region, 140 km west from Comodoro Rivadavia, in the south of Chubut. It sits between two lakes, Lake Musters and Lake Colhue Huapi. Notable attractions are the Petrified Forest and caves with Aborigine hand paintings. The coldest temperature at low elevation ever recorded in South America, -33°C (-27°F), was recorded in Sarmiento on June 17, 1907. Sarmiento was born as a colony of immigrants, mainly from Wales (see Welsh settlement in Argentina). In the early 1900s it also experienced an influx of immigrants from Lithuania. In 1903 600 Afrikaner families arrived in Argentina following the loss of the Second Boer War. They settled in the region as it had access to water unlike the coastal city of Comodoro Rivadavia where they first settled. The descendants of these colonists make up a large portion of the population of Sarmiento and still speak Afrikaans and attend a Dutch Reformed Church to this day.
    8.50
    6 votes
    2
    Realicó

    Realicó

    Realicó is a city in La Pampa Province, Argentina. It was founded the second of March in 1907 by Tomás Leopoldo Mullally. The small farming town has a population of about 9,000. There is one stoplight, and it is always blinking. A major employer of the town is the Cargill flour mill, although recently the mill's importance has waned, supporting fewer workers as the economy has become more services-oriented. There are three high schools, including a technical school (EPET), a business school, and a private, Catholic school (IPSF). There are also private English schools, including EIR and CELI. Teenagers from neighboring towns flock to Realicó every Saturday night to go to Ladrillo Disco, a popular nightclub. City Website (Spanish) El Ladrillo Disco (Spanish)
    6.25
    8 votes
    3
    San Martín de los Andes

    San Martín de los Andes

    San Martín de los Andes is a city in the province of Neuquén, Argentina. It is located in the Lácar Department in the south-west of the province, at the foot of the Andes, beside the Lácar Lake, 45 km from the border with Chile and about 1,545 km (960 mi) from Buenos Aires. It has a population of about 24,000 inhabitants in town and throughout its surrounding area (2001 census [INDEC]). At the time of the founding of San Martín de los Andes the valley of Chapelco were sparsely populated by indigenous Puelches who used it as a refuge during the harsh winters of the zone. The Puelches had since colonial times engage in trade with the Huilliches on the eastern slope of the Andes through various mountain passes. Puelches raised horses on the eastern slopes of the Andes and traded them for weapons and alcoholic beverages becoming one of the main food providers of the isolated exclave of Valdivia. The Argentine and Chilean military campaigns; conquest of the Desert and the occupation of Araucanía; in the second half of the 19th century bought a definitive end to this trade. In 1898 a military expedition arrived to the zone to take a definitive control of the zone due to increasing border
    6.71
    7 votes
    4
    Alvear

    Alvear

    Alvear is a town in Corrientes Province, Argentina. It is the capital of the General Alvear Department. It is located at the mouth of the Aguapey River, along the Uruguay River, which separates it from the Brazilian city of Itaqui, with which is closely related. It is accessed via the RN 14 or the General Urquiza railway. It is located roughly 800 km north of Buenos Aires, 250 km south of Posadas and 440 km from Corrientes. According to the 2001 population census conducted by INDEC its population was 7917 inhabitants. The town was officially founded in 1863, in the shadow of the "Ombú Protector", a tree that is immortalized in the community coat of arms. The name is believed to derive from General Carlos de Alvear, who was born in the province of Corrientes and was honored by the members of Congress by naming the fledgling town Alvear after him. It is also said that Don Diego de Alvear, father of Carlos María, lived some years in the Itaqui pass, and that this also contributed to the imposition of the name. Also of note are the four schools of samba, 'Pilmayken, Yasí Berá, Halcones For Ever and Itá Berá.'
    6.57
    7 votes
    5
    Coronel Pringles

    Coronel Pringles

    Coronel Pringles is a town in the south of the Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. It is the government seat of the Coronel Pringles Partido. The partido of Coronel Pringles was created in 1882 by the government of the Province of Buenos Aires who divided the territory of Tres Arroyos into the partidos of Coronel Suárez, Tres Arroyos and Coronel Pringles. The latter, and its main town, were named after Coronel Juan Pascual Pringles, a member of grenadiers regiment of General San Martín's army that fought in the wars of independence against the Spanish. Located a distance of 120 km from Bahía Blanca and 518 km from Buenos Aires, Pringles today has a population of around 23.794 inhabitants (2001) and its main economic activities are related to agriculture and sheep and cattle raising. At one time there was a large sign across one of the main roads into Pringles which read "Bienvenidos a C. Pringles Capital de Los Lanares", which in English means "Welcome to C. Pringles the Wool Capital", in recognition of the importance of sheep farming in the surrounding area at that time. Passenger service to Buenos Aires (twice weekly) and Bahia Blanca (twice weekly) operated by Ferrobaires on the
    8.60
    5 votes
    6
    Gualeguay

    Gualeguay

    Gualeguay is a city in the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, on the Gualeguay River, about 226 km from the provincial capital Paraná and 234 km north-west from Buenos Aires. It has a population of about 39,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It should not be confused with Gualeguaychú (another city, 86 km away). Gualeguay was founded on March 20, 1783, by a military surveyor, Tomás de Rocamora, sent by the Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo. Rocamora was also the official founder of Gualeguaychú and Concepción del Uruguay and the one who named the province Entre Ríos ("Between Rivers"). The new village received the name of San Antonio de Gualeguay because it was under the protection of St. Anthony. Gualeguay was the birthplace of post-impressionist painter Cesáreo Bernaldo de Quirós and anthropologist Juan Bautista Ambrosetti (both among the best-known Argentines in their fields), as well as Jorge Burruchaga, a football player and manager and scorer of the winning goal in the 1986 FIFA World Cup final and Fernando Ayala, a major Argentine cinema director and producer.
    8.60
    5 votes
    7
    Villa La Angostura

    Villa La Angostura

    Villa La Angostura (Spanish for Narrowness-ville) is a village in the south of the Argentine province of Neuquén, on the northwest shore of the Nahuel Huapi Lake. The village is located halfway between the cities of San Martín de los Andes and Bariloche, inside the Nahuel Huapi National Park, very close to the isthmus of the Quetrihue Peninsula, where the Los Arrayanes National Park and its arrayanes (Luma apiculata) forest is located. The town is located nearby Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass that links it with Osorno in Chile. The elevation of the city centre is about 790 m, the lake is at 765 m. Surrounding mountains range from 1,500 m to about 2,000 m (Cerro Bayo, right behind the city, is 1,782 m high). The area's micro-climate offers relatively mild temperatures though winter covers it in snow. Summers are known for being sunny and pleasant, with high temperatures usually between 18°C and 25°C, but with cold nights between 2°C and 9°C. Temperatures will reach 30°C only a couple of times every year, and night frost happens occasionally during the summer as well. There are often long stretches of sunny, windy weather; however, when the weather gets locked in a stormy pattern, it
    6.43
    7 votes
    8
    Brasília

    Brasília

    Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [ bɾɐˈziʎɐ] nationwide, in both colloquial and educated speech) is the federal capital of Brazil and the seat of government of the Federal District. The name is commonly spelled Brasilia in English. The city is located in the Federal District, and is in the Central-West region of the country, along a plateau known as Planalto Central. It has a population of about 2,562,963 (3,716,996 in the metropolitan area) as of the 2008 IBGE estimate, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil. However, as a metropolitan area, it ranks lower at sixth. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Brasilia is the largest city in the world that did not exist at the beginning of the 20th century. Brasília has the 5th GDP among Latin American cities, and the 3rd in Brazil. Its GDP per capita is by far the highest among the larger Latin American cities, at a high - for Latin American standards - average of around USD$25,500.00 (almost three times the Brazilian national average). As the national capital, Brasília is the seat of all three branches of the Brazilian government. The city also hosts the headquarters of many Brazilian companies. Planning policies such
    8.20
    5 votes
    9
    Lavalle

    Lavalle

    Lavalle is a town in Corrientes Province, Argentina. It is the capital of Lavalle Department. Lavalle is located near the Paraná River between the cities of Goya and Santa Lucía (Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
    6.14
    7 votes
    10
    Jodhpur

    Jodhpur

    Jodhpur (/ˈdʒɒdpʊər/  Jodhpur.ogg (help·info)) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 335 kilometres (208 mi) west from the state capital, Jaipur and 200 kilometres (124 mi) from the city of Ajmer. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name, the capital of the kingdom known as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar desert. The city is known as the "Sun City" for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the "Blue City" due to the blue-painted houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. The old city circles the fort and is bounded by a wall with several gates. However, the city has expanded greatly outside the wall over the past several decades. Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. According to Rajasthan district Gazetteers of Jodhpur and the Hindu epic Ramayana (composed up to 4th century AD), Abhiras were the original inhabitants of Jodhpur and later Aryans spread to this region. Jodhpur was also part of the
    6.00
    7 votes
    11
    Azul

    Azul

    Azul is the head city of the Azul Partido, located at the center of the Buenos Aires Province in Argentina, 300 km south of Buenos Aires. It has 63,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC] . Its principal, goods-producing economic activities are agriculture and the raising of cattle for meat exports. Home to a dynamic services sector, over 2,000 commercial businesses are registered in the city. The town was founded on December 16, 1832, following Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas' orders for the construction of a fort, San Serapio Mártir del Arroyo Azul, to guard against indigenous raids. Subsequent land grants led to the developemt of a stable community, and in 1895, Azul was formally declared a town by provincial authorities. The local cathedral, Nuestra Señora del Rosario, was consecrated in 1906. The town's cemetery portal and main slaughterhouse were both designed by architect Francisco Salamone, and contain elements of Art Deco style. Built in the late 1930s, these buildings were some of the first examples of modern architecture in rural Argentina. The town was the scene of an attack on outlying Army barracks by the far-left ERP on January 19, 1974, the most violent siege
    6.83
    6 votes
    12
    San Carlos de Bariloche

    San Carlos de Bariloche

    San Carlos de Bariloche, usually known as Bariloche, is a city in the province of Río Negro, Argentina, situated in the foothills of the Andes on the southern shores of Nahuel Huapi Lake and is surrounded by the Nahuel Huapi National Park. After an extensive public works and architectural buildup the city emerged in the 1930s and 1940s as a major tourism centre with ski, trekking and mountaineering facilities apart from numerous restaurants, cafés and chocolate shops. The city has a permanent population of 108,205 according to the 2010 census. The name Bariloche comes from the Mapudungun word Vuriloche meaning "people from behind the mountain" (vuri = behind, che = people). The Vuriloche pass was used by the Poyas to cross the Andes and was kept secret from the European priests for a long time. The lake of Nahuel Huapi was known to Spaniards ever since the times of the Conquest of Chile. In the summer of 1552–1553 Governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia sent Francisco de Villagra to explore the area east of the Andes at the latitudes of the city of Valdivia. Francisco de Villagra crossed the Andes trough Mamuil Malal Pass and headed then south until reaching Limay River. Another early
    6.83
    6 votes
    13
    San Nicolás de los Arroyos

    San Nicolás de los Arroyos

    San Nicolás de los Arroyos (usually shortened to San Nicolás) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the western shore of the Paraná River, 61 km from Rosario. It has about 138,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]). It is the head town of the partido of the same name. It is sometimes called Ciudad de María (City of Mary) of a series of Marian apparitions recorded since the 1970s. San Nicolás de los Arroyos was founded on 14 April 1748 by Rafael de Aguiar, who gave it its name to honour Saint Nicholas of Bari, now patron of the city. The closeness to the border between Buenos Aires and two other large provinces made the city a natural stage for the struggle between federalist and Unitarians forces in mid-19th century. The agreement between thirteen provinces on 31 May 1852, which ratified the Federal Pact and called for a Constitutional Assembly sponsored by Justo José de Urquiza, was signed in this town, and became known as Acuerdo de San Nicolás de los Arroyos. The city is located in the north-east of the province of Buenos Aires, 240 km from Buenos Aires City, within the so-called Industrial Corridor that goes from Greater Rosario to La Plata. Its limits are: to
    7.80
    5 votes
    14
    Allahabad

    Allahabad

    Allahabad( [ɪlɑhɑbɑd̪] (help·info); Hindi: इलाहाबाद), is a major city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Allahabad District. Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in Uttar Pradesh, with an estimated population of 1.74 million living in the city and district area. In 2011, it was ranked the world's 130th fastest growing city. Allahabad is also known as the "city of prime ministers" because post independence 7 out of 13 prime minister of India belonged to Allahabad ( Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Gulzarilal Nanda, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar). All these seven leaders were either born in Allahabad, were alumni of Allahabad University, or got elected from a constituency in Allahabad. The city's original name—Prayaga, or "place of sacrifice"—comes from its position at the sacred union of the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati. It is the second-oldest city in India and plays a central role in the Hindu scriptures. The city contains many temples and palaces. Allahabad is located on in the southern part of Uttar Pradesh. It is bounded by Pratapgarh in the north,
    9.00
    4 votes
    15
    San Pedro

    San Pedro

    San Pedro, which full name is Rincon de San Pedro Dávila de los Arrecifes, is a city and port of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the side of the Parana River. It's the head city of the Partido de San Pedro, which also includes the following settlements: Rio Tala, Gobernador Castro, Santa Lucia, Pueblo Doyle, and Vuelta de Obligado. It's situated 164 km away from Buenos Aires via National Route 9, and 141 km away from Rosario. San Pedro is located in the industrial corridor between Buenos Aires and Rosario, and is readily accessible to both via National Highway 9, as well as by the Mitre Railway Line. Natural harbors along San Pedro's Paraná River shores contributed to its early development as a trading hub, and later to its industrial base, and the city is today home to an important port. Among the service sector activities that stand out in San Pedro are tourism, since the city is a frequent weekend destination for visitors from Buenos Aires. San Pedro draws tourism with its well-preserved nineteenth century architecture, as well as from the surrounding natural beauty. A marina and numerous riverfront hotels have opened in recent decades, and San Pedro is a leading
    6.67
    6 votes
    16
    Choele Choel

    Choele Choel

    Choele Choel is the capital of the department of Avellaneda in the Argentine province of Río Negro, and the most important settlement within the Valle Medio ("Middle Valley") agricultural area of the Río Negro River in Patagonia Choele Choel, with a population of 9,791 (2001 census [INDEC]), is located at the intersection of the National Routes #22 and #250, around 1000 kilometres from Buenos Aires, 180 from General Roca, 193 from the Las Grutas beach resort, and 460 from Puerto Madryn. Its long distance bus terminal is a common stop for buses going to both sea-side Patagonia (Puerto Madryn, Río Gallegos, Ushuaia) and North-Andean Patagonia (Bariloche, El Bolsón). During the 1990s, the airport used to serve regular flights to Buenos Aires, but currently serves only infrequent private charters. Originally named Nicolás Avellaneda, it was founded on July 9, 1879 by General Conrado Villegas. After a flood, the inhabitants moved to a place known as Pampa de los Molinos. They would stay there until Match 18, 1882, when the settlement was moved to its current location. The town acquired special importance during the Conquest of the Desert, when the border between the white man and the
    7.60
    5 votes
    17
    Pergamino

    Pergamino

    Pergamino is an Argentine city in the Province of Buenos Aires. It has a population of about 104.922 inhabitants as per the 2010 census [INDEC] and is the seat of the partido (county) of the same name. Its UN/LOCODE is ARPGO. Long valued for its many springs and fertile land, the area had been home to the Charrúa and Araucanian people when it was first noticed by Spanish colonist around 1620. Quickly becoming a posada along the trade route between colonial Buenos Aires and Córdoba, the settlement was given its name on 3 January 1626, for the parchment paper (document lost by a group of Spaniards) found there and conforming to an Araucanian term meaning "red soil." The settlement's first businesses were established in 1700 and in 1749, recurrent attacks by displaced natives led to the construction of a fort. These attacks did not cease, however, and on 8 August 1751 the settlement was destroyed. The site continued to be of interest to the Buenos Aires government and in 1769, Commander Juan González ordered the village rebuilt. It reconstruction successful, the Curate of nearby Arrecifes ordained a Parish in Pergamino in 1779 and the new Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata assigned the
    7.40
    5 votes
    18
    Mar del Plata

    Mar del Plata

    Mar del Plata is an Argentine city located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, 400 km (249 mi) south of Buenos Aires. Mar del Plata is the second largest city of Buenos Aires Province. The name "Mar del Plata" has the meaning of "sea of the Plate region" or "adjoining sea to the (River) Plate region". Mar del Plata is one of the major fishing ports and the biggest seaside beach resort in Argentina. With a population of 614,350 as per the 2010 census [INDEC], it is the 7th largest city in Argentina. As part of the Argentine recreational coast, tourism is Mar del Plata's main economic activity with seven million tourists visiting the city in 2006. Mar del Plata has a sophisticated tourist infrastructure with countless hotels, restaurants, casinos, theatres and other tourist attractions. Mar del Plata is also an important sports centre with a multi-purpose Olympic style stadium (first used for the 1978 World Cup and later upgraded for the 1995 Pan American Games), 5 golf courses and many other facilities. As an important fishing port, industry concentrates on fish processing and at least two large shipyards. The area is also host to other light industry, such as textile, food
    8.50
    4 votes
    19
    Las Flores

    Las Flores

    Las Flores is a town in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the only city in the partido of the same name. It has a population of about 24,000 inhabitants as per the 2010 census [INDEC]. It is located 187 km from Buenos Aires City. Its main economic activities are related to agriculture and cattle breeding.
    9.67
    3 votes
    20
    Orcadas Base

    Orcadas Base

    Base Orcadas is an Argentine scientific station in Antarctica, and the oldest of the stations in Antarctica still in operation. It is located on Laurie Island, one of the South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas del Sur), at 4 meters (13.1 ft) above sea level and 170 meters (558 ft) from the coastline. Since 1904 Argentina has kept the base permanently populated, being one of six Argentine permanent bases in Argentina's claim to Antarctica, and the first permanently inhabited base in Antarctica. The nearest port is the Argentine city of Ushuaia, which is 1,502 km (933 mi) away. The base has 11 buildings and four main topics of research: continental glaciology, seismology, sea-ice-zone glaciology (since 1985) and meteorological observations (since 1903). Orcadas was the only station on the islands for 40 years until the British established a small summer base, Signy Research Station in Signy Island. It also had the first radiotelegraph in the continent in 1927. The 11 buildings of the station house up to 45 people during the summer, and an average of 14 during winter. In 1903 Dr William S. Bruce's Scottish National Antarctic Expedition established Omond House, a meteorological
    9.67
    3 votes
    21
    Dehradun

    Dehradun

    Dehradun /ˌdɛrəˈduːn/ (Hindi: देहरादून, Dehradoon) is the capital city of the state of Uttarakhand in the northern part of India. Located in the Garhwal region, it is 236 km north of India's capital New Delhi and is one of the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region (NCR) being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area. Dehradun is located in the Doon Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between two of India's mightiest rivers - the Ganges on the east and the Yamuna on the west. The city is famous for its picturesque landscape and pleasant climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region. It is well connected and in proximity to popular Himalayan tourist destinations such as Mussoorie, Nainital and Auli and the Hindu holy cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh along with the Himalayan pilgrimage circuit of Char Dham. Dehradun is also renowned for its natural resources, publishing services and particularly for its prestigious educational institutions. It hosts some of India's best boarding schools and training institutions of national importance such as the Indian Military
    7.20
    5 votes
    22
    San Lorenzo

    San Lorenzo

    San Lorenzo is a city in the south of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, located 23 km north of Rosario, on the western shore of the Paraná River, and forming one end of the Greater Rosario metropolitan area. It is the head town of the San Lorenzo Department, and it has about 43,500 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC]. The area is located at the end of the Industrial Corridor of the Argentine littoral, and hosts processing industries (edible oil, flour), as well as ceramics factories and petrochemical plants. San Lorenzo's port and that of nearby Puerto General San Martín are among the largest export outlets in Argentina for primary products (soybean, wheat, maize, etc.). San Lorenzo has no certain foundation date, but the Municipal Council decided, in 1984, to settle on 6 May 1796, the date when Franciscan friars came and started the evangelization of the area. The city was the stage of the Battle of San Lorenzo on 3 February 1813, where troops loyal to the Spanish Crown were defeated by local revolutionaries under General José de San Martín. The 18th century San Carlos Monastery has a museum devoted to this battle, the first in the Argentine War of Independence, It
    7.20
    5 votes
    23
    General Las Heras

    General Las Heras

    General Las Heras is a town and a municipality in the north east of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, 67 km from Buenos Aires City and 120 km from the provincial capital La Plata, on Provincial Route 200. It has a population of about 13,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the General Las Heras Partido The city carries the name of Juan Gregorio de Las Heras, hero of the Argentine War of Independence and governor of Buenos Aires. The municipality was officially founded in 1864; the area was populated mainly by immigrants (Spanish, Italian, British, French and German). The formation of the city itself started later, on lands donated by Paulino Speratti for the construction of a church, a square, a school, the seat of the municipal authorities and the office of the peace judge.
    8.25
    4 votes
    24
    Paraná

    Paraná

    Paraná is the capital city of the Argentine province of Entre Ríos, located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, opposite the city of Santa Fe, capital of the neighbouring Santa Fe Province. The city has a population of 237,968 (2001 census [INDEC]). Paraná is not only the head of the provincial government, but also an important river port for the transshipment of cereals, cattle, fish, and lumber from the surrounding region. The principal industries installed are the manufacture of cement, furniture, and ceramics. The centre of the city gathers colonial churches, European styles such as that of the 3 de Febrero Theatre or the Government House, the mixed styles of the city's Cathedral, and modern towers like those near the Parque Urquiza park. The city is connected to the city of Santa Fe on the other side of the Entre Ríos by the Hernandarias Subfluvial Tunnel inaugurated in 1969. The General Justo José de Urquiza Airport (IATA PRA) at coordinates 31°47′07″S 60°28′09″W / 31.78528°S 60.46917°W / -31.78528; -60.46917 is 7.5 kilometres from the city, and services regular flights to Buenos Aires. During the 16th century, inhabitants of the city of Santa Fe settled also at the
    8.25
    4 votes
    25
    Resistencia

    Resistencia

    Resistencia (pronounced: [resisˈtensja]) is the capital and largest city in the province of Chaco, in northeastern Argentina. At the 2001 census, the population of the Resistencia city proper was 274,490 inhabitants. It is the anchor of a slightly larger metropolitan area, Greater Resistencia, which comprises three more municipalities and has a 2008 population estimate of 377,000. This metro area is the largest in the province, and the eleventh most populous in the country. Located along the Negro River, a branch of the much larger Paraná river, the area was originally inhabited by some guaycuru aboriginals, such as the tobas. Their resistance to evangelisation postponed an efficient European settlement until the late 19th century. It wasn't until 1865 that a proper settlement was established, and on January 27, 1878, Resistencia was formally established as the territorial capital. The national government supported immigration, and in 1878 the first Italian immigrants arrived. The first City Council was made up entirely of members from that country. Resistencia is one of the warmest cities in Argentina, and is known for its extremely hot, humid summer weather with frequent
    6.17
    6 votes
    26
    Paso de los Libres

    Paso de los Libres

    Paso de los Libres is a city in the east of the province of Corrientes in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It has about 44,000 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the department of the same name. The city lies on the right-hand (western) shore of the Uruguay River, opposite the city of Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, to which it is joined by a road and railway bridge (Paso de los Libres-Uruguaiana International Bridge). The area is served by Paso de los Libres Airport.
    7.00
    5 votes
    27
    Tafí Viejo

    Tafí Viejo

    Tafí Viejo is an Argentine town in the Province of Tucumán. The municipality's population, as of the 2001 census [INDEC], was 48,459 inhabitants. Tafí Viejo is located 15 km (9 mi) north of the city of San Miguel de Tucumán, just west of National Route 9; today, it is an important suburb in the larger city's metro area. Located about 600 m (2000 ft) above sea level at the feet of the Aconquija Mountains to the west, the area was originally populated by Aymará-speaking peoples, who gave the site its name with a term meaning "where the cold winds blow." The arrival of the Northern Central Railway in 1882 made the location a popular weekend getaway for San Miguel de Tucumán gentry during the late nineteenth century, and on May 3, 1900, it was founded as San José de Calasanz. The hamlet was chosen as the site for one of Argentina's largest railway equipment factories in 1904 and the facility was inaugurated in May 1910. The growing town was formally reestablished with its original name, Tafí Viejo, on June 2, 1939. Following the railways' nationalization by President Juan Perón in 1948, the facility was modernized and expanded; during the 1950s, it employed over 5,600 workers, who
    7.00
    5 votes
    28
    Bernardo de Irigoyen

    Bernardo de Irigoyen

    Bernardo de Irigoyen is a city in the province of Misiones, Argentina. It has 10,889 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the General Manuel Belgrano Department. It carries the name of prominent politician and diplomat Bernardo de Irigoyen. The city is located in the easternmost point of Argentina, on the border with Brazil, next to Dionísio Cerqueira (state of Santa Catarina) and Barracão (state of Paraná), an important entrance to the country. It lies on Barracón Hill, at an altitude of 835 m, the highest point in Misiones, by National Route 14, which connects the Argentine Mesopotamia with other regions of the country.
    8.00
    4 votes
    29
    Perth

    Perth

    Perth (/pɜrθ/) is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is the fourth most populous city in Australia, with an estimated population of 1.74 million living in the Perth metropolitan area. Part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, the majority of the metropolitan area of Perth is located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp, a low coastal escarpment. The first areas settled were on the Swan River, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both still located on the river. Perth's metropolitan area is formally divided into a number of local government areas, which themselves consist of a large number of suburbs, extending from Two Rocks in the north to Rockingham in the south, and east inland to The Lakes. Perth was originally founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, and gained city status in 1856 (currently vested in the smaller City of Perth). The city's population increased substantially as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century, largely as a result of emigration from
    6.00
    6 votes
    30
    Puerto Deseado

    Puerto Deseado

    Puerto Deseado, originally called Port Desire, is a city of about 15,000 inhabitants and a fishing port in Patagonia in Santa Cruz Province of Argentina, on the estuary of the Deseado River. It was named Port Desire by the privateer Thomas Cavendish in 1586 after the name of his ship, and later became known by the Spanish translation of the name. Today, the straggly town has a couple of pleasant squares, a former railway station and two museums, one with a collection of indigenous artifacts and one at the seafront with relics from the sloop of war Swift which sank in 1770, recovered after its wreck was discovered in the port in 1982. The coast boasts spectacular scenery and colonies of marine wildlife close to the town. The harbour, nearly 32 km (20 mi) long, was discovered in 1520 by the Spanish expedition commanded by Magellan. Other Spanish expeditions followed, including Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. On 17 December 1586 the privateer Thomas Cavendish sailed into the estuary on his flagship the Desire of 120 tons, accompanied by the Hugh Gallant of 40 tons and the Content of 60 tons. He named the harbour Port Desire after his ship, and the point of land at the harbour mouth is
    6.80
    5 votes
    31
    Formosa

    Formosa

    Formosa is the capital city of the Argentine province of Formosa, on the banks of the Paraguay River, about 1,200 km (746 mi) from Buenos Aires, on National Route 11. It has a population of about 210,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. Formosa is the hub of the provincial industry, that processes the product of its natural resources. The port that serves the Paraguay towards the Paraná River is the main transport means for the provincial production. Notable sights of the city include the Nuestra Señora del Carmen Cathedral, the Government House, the Torelli Botanic Forest Garden, the Provincial History Museum (Museo Histórico Provincial), the Estadio Centenario ("Centenary Stadium") football stadium, the Guaicole fauna reserve, the shore of the Paraguay River, the Isla de Oro Island, and the Central Square named after José de San Martín. The local climate is humid sub-tropical, with average temperatures of 28 °C in summer and 16 °C in winter. The El Pucú Airport (IATA: FMA, ICAO: SARF), at 26°12′04″S 58°13′09″W / 26.20111°S 58.21917°W / -26.20111; -58.21917, 7 kilometres south of the city, serves charter flights, and regular flights to Buenos Aires. The lands were initially
    9.00
    3 votes
    32
    Chivilcoy

    Chivilcoy

    Chivilcoy is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, the head town of the Chivilcoy Partido. It has 64,185 inhabitants according to the 2010 census [INDEC].
    6.60
    5 votes
    33
    Shimla

    Shimla

    Shimla /ˈʃɪmlə/ (Hindi: शिमला [ˈʃɪmlaː] ( listen)), formerly known as Simla, is the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, located in northern India. It is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttaranchal in the south-east, and Solan and Sirmaur to the south. The elevation of the city ranges from 300 to 6000 metres. Shimla is well known as a hub for India's tourism sector. It is among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in India. In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast of Rawalpindi. After independence, city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla came into existence from 1st Sept,1972 on the reorganisation of the districts of the state. After the reorganisation, the erstwhile Mahasu district and its major portion was merged with Shimla. Its name has been derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Kali. As of 2011 Shimla comprises 19 erstwhile hill states mainly Balson, Bushahr, Bhaji and Koti, Darkoti, Tharoch & Dhadi, Kumharsain, Khaneti & Delath, Dhami, Jubbal, Keothal, Madhan,
    7.50
    4 votes
    34
    Cosquín

    Cosquín

    Cosquín is a small town in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, located about 52 km (32 mi) from the city of Córdoba, and 783 km (487 mi) from Buenos Aires. It has about 19,000 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the Punilla Department, and is located on the banks of the Cosquín River, and on the foot of a small mountain (Cerro Pan de Azúcar). Cosquín is the oldest town in the scenic Punilla Valley; the region was already populated by the 16th century. Cosquín was officially founded with the title of villa (village) on 4 August 1876, and declared a city on 26 August 1939. In the past, the region of Cosquín was appreciated for its benign climate, recommended by physicians for pulmonary ailments, and a whole industry of hospitals and therapeutic establishments appeared in order to provide services to patients from Argentina and even other countries. As the popularity of this kind of treatment decreased, the economy of Cosquín became more focused on tourism. Since 1961, Cosquín hosts an annual National Folklore Festival, which receives around 100,000 visitors.
    8.67
    3 votes
    35
    El Calafate

    El Calafate

    El Calafate is a city in Patagonia, Argentina. It is situated in the southern border of Lake Argentino, in the southwest part of the Santa Cruz Province, about 320 km Northwest of Río Gallegos. Its name is derived from a little bush with yellow flowers and dark blue berries that is very common in Patagonia: the calafate (Berberis buxifolia); the word comes from the word "calafate", which is Spanish for "caulk". El Calafate is an important tourist destination as the hub to visit different parts of the Los Glaciares National Park, including the Perito Moreno Glacier (one of the most visited in the world) and the Cerro Chaltén and Cerro Torre. The history of El Calafate began in the first decades of the twentieth century. Originally, it was simply a sheltering place for wool traders. The town was officially founded in 1927 by the government of Argentina to promote settlement, but it was the creation of nearby Perito Moreno National Park in 1937 that sparked growth and the building of better road access. The 220 kilometers separating Calafate from El Chaltén on the other side of the Lake Argentino in the national park are paved, as well as the 315 kilometres to Río Gallegos. Other
    8.67
    3 votes
    36
    Carmen de Patagones

    Carmen de Patagones

    Carmen de Patagones is the southernmost city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is located 937 km southwest from the city of Buenos Aires, on the north bank of the Río Negro ("Black River"), near the Atlantic Ocean, and opposite Viedma, capital of the province of Río Negro. The city is the capital of the Patagones Partido, the only administrative division of Buenos Aires Province that lies within Patagonia. The town was founded in 1779 by Francisco de Viedma, a Conquistador leading a Spanish expedition commissioned with colonizing Patagonia's shores. In the 19th century, Carmen de Patagones had a fort, and after the May Revolution of 1810, it became a prison for royalists (Spaniards and pro-Spanish locals against the independence movement). Later, during the Cisplatine War (1825–1828), the town became a naval base, since the main Argentine safe harbour, the estuary of the Río de la Plata, had been blocked by Brazilian ships. The Brazilian troops attempted to take Carmen de Patagones, but they were repelled by armed residents on 7 March 1827; this date is still commemorated with a festival in the city. The city maintains two imperial Brazilian flags captured during the
    7.25
    4 votes
    37
    Maipú

    Maipú

    Maipú is a city in Mendoza Province, Argentina. It is the capital of the Maipú Department. It is located a short distance from the provincial capital, Mendoza. Maipú is at the centre of an important wine-growing region, and has a wine museum. It has a population of 89,433 (2001 census [INDEC]). VISITE MAIPU wine photos service shop weather professional all information of CITY MAIPU Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    7.25
    4 votes
    38
    Ranchi

    Ranchi

    Ranchi /ˈrɑːntʃi/ (Hindi राँची ) is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas. The name Ranchi comes from the original Oraon village Archi at the site. Archi derives from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave or archi. The spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished; Archi became Rachi, and Rachi became Ranchi. One historically significant neighborhood is Doranda ('duran' 'दुरङ' means song and 'daah' 'दअः' means water in the Mundari language), between the Hinoo (Bhusur) & Harmoo Rivers, where the civil station, treasury and church established by the British Raj were destroyed by rebel forces during the Sepoy Mutiny. The present Purani (old) Ranchi marks the site of the old village of Archi. In ancient times the tract which corresponds to the district of Ranchi and the
    7.25
    4 votes
    39
    San Miguel, Buenos Aires

    San Miguel, Buenos Aires

    San Miguel is situated in the northwest region of Greater Buenos Aires, 30 km from the capital . It is the head town of the San Miguel Partido. Since the early 2000s its been a part of Greater Buenos Aires. According to the 2001 census the number of inhabitants was about 157.532. San Miguel's transition from a rural community to that of a suburban metropolis with high-rise buildings has caused it to lose its village character and placed its infrastructure in jeopardy. San Miguel has numerous bus lines running through the center and is served with several stations by the San Martin and Urquiza commuter railroad lines, which provide easy access to the capital. The city is home to Club Atlético San Miguel football club.
    7.25
    4 votes
    40
    Tucumán

    Tucumán

    San Miguel de Tucumán (usually referred to as simply Tucumán) is the capital of the Tucumán Province, located in northern Argentina at 1,311 kilometres (815 mi) from Buenos Aires. It is the fifth biggest city of Argentina after Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario and Mendoza, and it is also the most important city of Northern Argentina. It was founded in 1565 by Spanish Conquistador Diego de Villarroel during an expedition from Peru, and was moved to its present site in 1685. The city is bordered on the north by Las Talitas (Tafí Viejo), on the east by Banda del Río Salí and Alderetes (Cruz Alta), on the west by the city of Yerba Buena, and on the south by Lules. The city sits on the slopes of the Aconquija mountains, the easternmost mountain range before the large Chaco-Pampean flats. It is the commercial center of an irrigated area that produces large quantities of sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and fruit, and provides the province with its nickname, the Garden of the Republic. The National University of Tucumán (1914) and the Saint Thomas Aquinas University of the North (1965) are in the city. On July 9, 1816, a congress gathered in Tucumán declared independence from Spain, which did not
    7.25
    4 votes
    41
    Añatuya

    Añatuya

    Añatuya is a city in the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentina. It has 30.000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the General Taboada Department. It lies on the southeast of the province, east of the Salado River, and about 150 km from the provincial capital Santiago del Estero. Añatuya is the seat of the Catholic Diocese of Añatuya, and it was the birthplace of the renowned tango composer Homero Manzi.
    8.33
    3 votes
    42
    Capilla del Señor

    Capilla del Señor

    Capilla del Señor (Chapel of the Lord), is a city located 90 kilometres (56 mi) to the north of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is the capital of Exaltación de la Cruz Partido; which is bounded by the Zárate, Campana, Pilar, Luján, San Antonio de Areco, San Andrés de Giles partidos. It has been designated by the former president Carlos Saúl Menem as the "First National Historical Town" in Argentina. It is located 82 km from Buenos Aires, 24 km from Zárate, 27 km from Pilar, 30 km from Campana and Luján, 47 km from San Antonio de Areco, and 49 km from San Andrés de Giles. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    8.33
    3 votes
    43
    Bahía Blanca

    Bahía Blanca

    Bahía Blanca is a city located in the south-west of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, by the Atlantic Ocean, and seat of government of Bahía Blanca Partido. It has a population of 301,572 inhabitants according to the 2010 census [INDEC]. It is the main city in the larger Greater Bahía Blanca urban agglomeration. The city has an important sea port with a depth of 45 feet (15 mt), kept constant upstream almost all along the length of the bay, where the Naposta Stream drains. Bahía Blanca means "White Bay". The name is due to the typical colour of the salt covering the soils surrounding the shores. The bay (which is actually an estuary) was seen by Ferdinand Magellan during the first circumnavigation around the world on the orders of Charles I of Spain, in 1520, looking for a canal connecting the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean all along the coasts of South America. The city was founded as a fortress on 11 April 1828 by Colonel Ramón Estomba under the orders of Brigadier-General and subsequent Governor of Buenos Aires, Juan Manuel de Rosas, being named Fortaleza Protectora Argentina (Argentine Protective Fortress), intended to protect inhabitants from cattle rustlers, and also to
    6.20
    5 votes
    44
    Bragado

    Bragado

    Bragado is a city in the center-northwest province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the head town of Bragado Partido. The city is 210 km west-southwest from Buenos Aires City, not far from the Salado River. The name of the city came from an old 18th century legend. At that time, there was a brave horse, incredibly beautiful and defiant, who went to the lagoon to drink water. The natives and the soldiers of the Argentine Army (who were exploring and trying to take control of the lands from the native people), wanted to tame the horse. There were many attempts to catch it, but the horse was brave and it was always fighting, defending its freedom. One day, a group of soldiers corner it against the lagoon, in a ravine, and when they were sure that it had no escape, the horse jumped to the water, killing itself. It preferred death to captivity. The libertarian spirit of the horse was so amazing that the legend of the Bragado horse spread around the place and gave name to the city.
    9.50
    2 votes
    45
    Corrientes

    Corrientes

    Corrientes (Guaraní: Taragui; literally: "Currents") is the capital city of the province of Corrientes, Argentina, located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, about 1,000 km (621 mi) from Buenos Aires and 300 km (186 mi) from Posadas, on National Route 12. It has a population of 328,689 according to the 2001 Census. Corrientes, as the provincial capital, is the most important city in the province, its economical centre, and holds the authorities and governmental institutions. It has a mix of colonial and modern architecture, several churches and a number of lapacho, ceibo, jacaranda, and orange trees. Its also home to one of the biggest carnival celebrations in the country. The annual average temperature is 20 °C (68 °F), with maximum and minimum averages of 45 °C (113 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F) respectively. The annual rainfall is around 1,200 millimetres (47 in). The General Belgrano Bridge crosses the Paraná River that serves as the natural border with the neighbouring Chaco Province. On the other side of the bridge is Resistencia, capital of Chaco. To the west and up the Paraná, between Paraguay and Argentina, lies the Yaciretá dam, one of the largest hydroelectric power
    9.50
    2 votes
    46
    Cuiabá

    Cuiabá

    Cuiabá (Portuguese pronunciation: [kujaˈba]) is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. It is located in the exact centre of South America and forms the metropolitan area of the state, along with the neighbouring town of Várzea Grande. The name is of obscure South American Indian origin, reportedly meaning "arrow-fishing", and alludes to the Bororo custom of using arrows to fish. Another version says that there was an Indian tribe called Ykuiapá. Others say that, while a Portuguese man was once taking a bath in the river using a kind of plate made with half a coconut (named cuia), the stream carried it away, prompting the man to exclaim "Cuia ba" (something like "the cuia is gone"). Cuiabá is the largest centre for tourism, business, agribusiness, trade, and culture in Mato Grosso. The new Marechal Rondon International Airport connects Cuiabá with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights. The city is home to the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Cuiabá was founded on January 1, 1727 by Rodrigo César de Menezes, then the "captain" of the captaincy of São Paulo in the aftermath of the discovery of gold mines. It was given township status in
    9.50
    2 votes
    47
    Miramar

    Miramar

    Miramar is an Argentine city located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in Buenos Aires Province, 450 km (280 mi) south of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of General Alvarado Partido. The name "Miramar" cames from the words Mira (look) and Mar (sea). 1870: The land that now includes General Alvarado Partido came into the ownership of Fortunato de La Plaza. 1879: The area changes jurisdiction from Balcarce to General Pueyrredón. 1887: It was around this time the project to build Miramar was undertaken by Jose María Dupuy, Rómulo Otamendi (engineer) and Fortunato de la Plaza. 1888: Miramar was founded on 20 September. 1889: Construction began on the first church in Miramar. 1891: The Partido of General Alvarado was created on September 29, with Miramar as its capital. 1911: The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway arrived in Miramar and the company later built a comfortable hotel and adjoining golf course in the town. 1920: The first aeroplane arrives in Miramar. 1927: The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway began the construction of the Miramar golf course. 1930: The hotel Dormy House was built adjacent to the golf course by the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, and later a tunnel
    9.50
    2 votes
    48
    Oberá

    Oberá

    Oberá is a city in the interfluvial province of Misiones, Argentina, and the head town of the Oberá Department. It is located 96 km east of the provincial capital Posadas, on National Route 14, and about 1,150 km north of Buenos Aires. It has about 55,000 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC]. Oberá is the second city in size and importance of the province, and the core of the Sierras Centrales region. The area is a colorful landscape, with luxurious vegetation, streams, cascades and hilly areas. Oberá is also the educational and cultural capital of the central region of the province, with availability of universities and colleges (such as the National University of Misiones). Its economy is based on agriculture and industry. The local culture is marked by European influences, since the area was settled by numerous colonies of immigrants, starting in 1897. The first community that settled in the site of today's Oberá (then known as Villa Svea) arrived in 1909 and was composed of Swedes. French, Norwegian, Finns, Russian, German, English, Lebanese and Danish joined them, before and after World War I. Oberá was officially founded on 9 July 1928. Its name was taken from a
    9.50
    2 votes
    49
    Jabalpur

    Jabalpur

    Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर)is one of the major cities of Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the third largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh and the 38th largest urban agglomeration in India as per the 2011 census statistics. It is bordered by Katni to the north, Umaria to the north-east, Dindori to the east, Mandla to the south-east, Seoni to the south, Narsimhapur to the south-west and Damoh to the north-west. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of Jabalpur district (the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh) and Jabalpur division. Jabalpur also is the headquarter of the Electricity Board of state Madhya Pradesh as well as the High Court of the state Madhya Pradesh is located here. Historically, a center of Kalchuri and Gond dynasties, Jabalpur developed a syncretic culture influenced by the intermittent reigns of the Maratha and Mughal empires. In the early nineteenth century, it was gradually annexed in British India as Jubbulpore and incorporated as a major cantonment town. Post-independence, there have been demands for a separate state of Mahakoshal with Jabalpur as its capital. Jabalpur was also the epicenter of a major earthquake in 1997. Jabalpur is
    5.33
    6 votes
    50
    Cachi

    Cachi

    Cachi is a small city in Salta Province Argentina. It is the capital of the Cachi Department. Although it is often stated that the name is derived from Quechuan and means salt since "the snow of this hill reminds of the color of salt," it is more likely that the name is of Cacán etymology : kak (stone) - chi (silence): silent stone. Cachi is found in the northern sector of the Calchaquí Valleys, at the foot of the Nevado de Cachi that flanks it from the west. The Cafayate, La Poma, Tolombón, Santa María, etc.) and places of interest like the Salar de Pipanaco The dynamic demographics are important: in 2001, 5254 people were counted, a 17.62% increase over the last census in 1991. Two factors have contributed to the increase: the high birth rate and the movement of people from Salta, Tucumán and Buenos Aires to the region. The population is found surrounded by imposing snow-covered mountains reaching as much as 5,000 meters. The temperature is usually mild and the skies are almost always clear, making the region ideal for mountain climbing. The architecture of the small city is principally of colonial Spanish style with adobe homes painted white and built over bases of rock,
    7.00
    4 votes
    51
    Guwahati

    Guwahati

    Guwahati (Assamese: গুৱাহাটী  Guwāhāti (help·info)) — formerly known as Pragjyotishpura (Sanskrit:प्राग्ज्योतिषपुर) and Durjoya (Sanskrit:दुर्जय) in ancient Assam, and Gauhati in the modern era — is an ancient urban area, the largest city of Assam, the largest metropolitan area in north-eastern India, one of the fastest developing cities in India and often referred as "gateway" of the North East Region. Guwahati, formerly Prāgjyotishpura meaning "city of eastern light,", "city of eastern astrology",  and Durjaya meaning "impregnable" were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa under Varman's and Pala's respectively. Many ancient Hindu temples are in the city, Kamakhya, Umananda, Navagraha, Sukreswar, Basistha, Lankeshwar, Doul Govinda, Dirgheshwari, Ugro Tara, Rudreswar etc., are but a few. It is also known as the "The City of Temples." Dispur, the capital of the Indian state of Assam is in the city and is the seat of the Government of Assam. The city is between the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west and the town of Narengi to the east. It is gradually being expanded as North Guwahati
    7.00
    4 votes
    52
    Media Agua

    Media Agua

    Media Agua is a town in San Juan Province, Argentina. It is the headquarters of the municipal authorities of department Sarmiento and one of the more important towns in the southern San Juan area and within the Tulum Valley, the province's most agriculturally fertile region. Media Agua is the nucleus of a region of winemaking, horticulture, and mining. Media Agua's population was 6,784 as of 2001, which represents an increase of 34.4% compared to 5,049 at the 1991 census. The majority of the population is located south while rural settlements predominate towards the north. Media Agua has a modern appearance, with contemporary architecture, paved roads and street landscaping irrigated by small channels. The fabric of the city develops in the form of a grid, or damero, which results in a perfect rectangle six blocks long by three blocks wide, with the most densely populated and commercially active areas at the center. It has mostly grown southward, where the town is divided into formal subdivisions, while winemaking and farming activities are concentrated to the north.
    7.00
    4 votes
    53
    Mumbai

    Mumbai

    Mumbai /mʊmˈbaɪ/, also known as Bombay, is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million. Along with the neighbouring urban areas, including the cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it is one of the most populous urban regions in the world. Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2009, Mumbai was named an Alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West or Central Asia. The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese and subsequently to the British East India Company. During the mid-18th century, Mumbai was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook the reclamation of the area between the seven constituent islands from the sea. Completed by 1845, the project along with construction of major roads and railways transformed Bombay into a major seaport on
    7.00
    4 votes
    54
    Pirané

    Pirané

    Pirané is a settlement in northern Argentina. It is located in Formosa Province. Located on land bordering a number of lagoons, and known by the Tobas as "Puganagay" (green fields), the initial settlement developed with the arrival of the Central Northern Rail line at the site in 1910, and its establishment coincides with the 1912 inaugural of the station. Known accordingly as Estación km. 595 for its distance from the line's western terminus in Embarcación (Salta), the village was designated seat of the newly-established county in 1915, and renamed "Pira - ne" in 1919. The Guaraní name, translated as "rotting fish," originated from the sight of parched lagoons during an especially severe drought. The director of the local school, Edmundo Strien, formally named the village "Pirané" in 1926, and the change took effect the following year. Bounded by the Bermejo River to the south, the town is located in the deep Gran Chaco region, and as such, was limited by the area's dense, thorny dry forests and inhospitable summers. Recurring droughts can alternate with torrential rains, and the area's sandy loess soil is prone to erosion. The surrounding forests are rich in valuable quebracho,
    7.00
    4 votes
    55
    Los Toldos

    Los Toldos

    Los Toldos (Sometimes referred to as General Viamonte) is a small city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, situated in the of General Viamonte Partido, which developed around a station of the same name on the Buenos Aires Western Railway. It is located at 310 km (193 mi) from Buenos Aires and has about 17,600 inhabitants (2001). It is most famous as the birthplace of Argentine first lady Eva Peron in 1919. The town of Los Toldos is home to an Indigenous Mapuche colony.
    8.00
    3 votes
    56
    Curitiba

    Curitiba

    Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land", Portuguese pronunciation: [kuɾiˈtibɐ] or [kuɾiˈtʃibɐ]) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná. The city proper population numbers approximately 1,760,500 people (as of 2010), making it the 8th most populous in the country, and the largest in the Brazil's South Region. Its metropolitan area, called Curitiba Metropolitan Area (Região Metropolitana de Curitiba, in Portuguese), comprises 26 municipalities with a total population of over 3.2 million (IBGE estimate in 2010), the seventh most populous in the country. Curitiba is an important cultural, political and economic centre in the country and in Latin America. The city sits on a plateau at 932 metres (3,058 ft) above sea level. It is located 105 kilometres (65 mi) west of the sea port of Paranaguá and is served by the Afonso Pena International and Bacacheri airports. The city hosts the Federal University of Paraná, established in 1912, one year before electric streetcars were first deployed. Curitiba's first expansion was based on the cattle trade (1700-1900), the city being located half-way between the cattle breeding country to the south and the markets to the north.
    6.75
    4 votes
    57
    El Huecú

    El Huecú

    El Huecú is a third category municipality and capital of the Ñorquín Department, on the Provincial Road 4, in the north of the Argentine province Neuquén. It was founded in 1940. Because of the importance of the goat breeding on its economy, it annually hosts the Festival of the Shepherd. The former city of Ñorquín was initially the capital of the department and had a population of more than one thousand inhabitants. The first municipal election took place in 1886.. Its population gradually moved to El Huecú due that the previous capital was located on private property. The establishment of El Huecú was authorized on September 2, 1938 by the national decree 11392. In 1940, the Argentine Executive Power designated El Huecú as the new department capital, but it was officially founded on February 1, 1940. The municipality was built in 1973 and it received its third-category status, which still holds, on 11 November 1976. El Huecú is one of the northern Neuquen's municipalities that has a participative budget. Since 2004, the Mapuche people are recognized as original inhabitants of the region. In 2003, the lonko Carlos Maripal became the first non-elected member of the Mapuche
    6.75
    4 votes
    58
    Lanús

    Lanús

    Lanús is the capital of Lanús Partido, Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. It lies just south of the capital city Buenos Aires, in the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area. The city has a population of 212,152 (2001 census [INDEC]), and the Partido de Lanús has a total population of 453,500. A major industrial centre, it is served by freight and passenger railway lines. The city has chemical, armaments, textiles, paper, leather and rubber goods, wire, apparel, oils and lubricants industries, as well as tanneries, vegetable and fruit canneries. Several technical schools are located in the city, as well as the Eva Perón Medical Center, one of the largest in the Greater Buenos Aires area. The city has a football club, Club Atlético Lanús currently playing in the Argentine Primera División. Club Atlético Lanús also has a basketball team. Guillermo Gaebeler initiated the town's development, designing its first city master plan. Gaebeler established the town as Villa General Paz on October 20, 1888, and named its first streets and plazas after the numerous battles won by General José María Paz in the Argentine Civil Wars of the mid-19th century. Lanús was named in honor of Anacarsis
    6.75
    4 votes
    59
    Luján

    Luján

    Luján is a city in the Buenos Aires province of Argentina, located 68 kilometres north west of the city of Buenos Aires. The city was founded in 1755 and has a population of 67,266 (per the 2001 census [INDEC]). Luján is best known for its large neo-gothic Basilica, built in honor of the Virgin of Luján, the patron saint of Argentina. Every year, more than six million people make pilgrimages to the Basilica, many walking there from Buenos Aires. The city is known as La Capital de la Fe (Capital of the Faith). It is popular day-trip for non-believers too, with abundant grill restaurants (like most places in Argentina) and souvenir shops with kitsch religious memorabilia. The church was designed by the French architect Ulderico Courtois and started in 1889, completed by 1937. Its towers stand 106m high and it has a copper roof and bronze doors. The huge church towers over the surrounding flat country and houses the tiny 38 cm high statue of the Virgin. A large and important organ by French builder Cavaille-Coll stands in the gallery in a state of deterioration, although efforts are underway to see to its restoration. Luján is also home to the Enrique Udaondo museum complex, housing
    6.75
    4 votes
    60
    Bell Ville

    Bell Ville

    Bell Ville is a city in center-south of the province of Córdoba, Argentina, located 200 km southeast from the capital Córdoba City, on the intersection of National Route 9 and Provincial Route 3 with the Córdoba–Rosario–Buenos Aires railroad. Besides primary activities like agriculture (soybeans, wheat, sunflowers, maize) and cattle farming, and secondary ones (elaborated products of the aforementioned), Bell Ville has a peculiar local industry: the manufacturing of footballs. The city prides itself in being the "National Capital of the Football". The origin of Bell Ville's current city is located in 1650 when the couple constituted by Lorenzo de Lara and Mimenza and Marcela of Mendoza created the so-called stay "Our Lady of the Pure and Clean Concepcion", though the place already was known as Dead Friar because between the carob groves the corpse of a Catholic priest was found apparently dead for jaguars or pumas. In the first thirty years of the 19th century the zone was a battlefield between the Creoles and the ranqueles, as well as field of combat between "federal" and "unitary", happening in 1818 in the surrounding areas the fratricidal combat between the troops supervised by
    9.00
    2 votes
    61
    Caá Catí

    Caá Catí

    Caá Catí or Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Caá Catí is a town in Corrientes Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the General Paz Department. The town was founded in 1707. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    9.00
    2 votes
    62
    Capitán Sarmiento, Buenos Aires

    Capitán Sarmiento, Buenos Aires

    Capitán Sarmiento is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Capitán Sarmiento Partido. The town and Partido were established by provincial law on December 21, 1961. It was named after Domingo Fidel Sarmiento, son of former President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    9.00
    2 votes
    63
    Fortaleza

    Fortaleza

    Fortaleza (Portuguese pronunciation: [foʁtaˈlezɐ], Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. With a population close to 2.3 million (metropolitan region over 3.4 million), Fortaleza is the 5th largest city in Brazil. It has an area of 313 square kilometres (121 sq mi) and the highest demographic density in the country (8,001 per km²). To the north of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the south are the municipalities of Pacatuba, Eusébio, Maracanaú and Itaitinga; to the east is the municipality of Aquiraz and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west is the municipality of Caucaia. Residents of the city are known as Fortalezenses. The current mayor is Luizianne Lins a former academic at the local Federal University of Ceará and well known feminist. Fortaleza is one of the three leading cities in the Northeast region together with Recife and Salvador. The city will be one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazil is the host nation. Fortaleza's history began on February 2, 1500, when Spaniard Vicente Pinzón landed in Mucuripe's cove and named the new land Santa Maria de la Consolación. Because of the Treaty of Tordesillas, the
    9.00
    2 votes
    64
    Dolores, Buenos Aires

    Dolores, Buenos Aires

    Dolores is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Dolores Partido. The town settlement was officially founded by Ramón Lara on August 21, 1817. On March 9, 2008 an intercity bus from the company El Rápido Argentino collided with a Ferrobaires passenger train with 250 passengers on board at a level crossing on the Provincial Highway 63 on the outskirts of Dolores, killing 17 people and injuring at least 25. The bus driver disregarded the railroad crossing signals, which at the time of the accident were operating properly. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    7.67
    3 votes
    65
    Gangtok

    Gangtok

    Gangtok ( /ˈɡæŋtɒk/ (help·info)) is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. Gangtok is located in the eastern Himalayan range, at an altitude of 5,800 feet (1,800 m). The town, with a population of one lakh, ninety thousand belonging to different ethnicities such as Indian-Nepalis, Lepchas and Bhutia, is administered by the "Gangtok Municipal Corporation". Nestled within higher peaks of the Himalaya and enjoying a year-round mild temperate climate, Gangtok is at the centre of Sikkim’s tourism industry. Gangtok rose to prominence as a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840. In 1894, the ruling Sikkimese Chogyal, Thutob Namgyal, transferred the capital to Gangtok. In the early 20th century, Gangtok became a major stopover on the trade route between Lhasa in Tibet and cities such as Kolkata (then Calcutta) in British India. After India won its independence from Britain in 1947, Sikkim chose to remain an independent monarchy, with Gangtok as its capital. In 1975, after the integration with the union of India, Gangtok was made India's twenty-second state capital. The precise meaning of the name Gangtok is unclear,
    7.67
    3 votes
    66
    Malargüe

    Malargüe

    Malargüe is a city in the southwest part of province of Mendoza, Argentina, about 370 km south of the provincial capital Mendoza. It is the head town of the Malargüe Department, and it has about 23,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city is located in a semi-arid area. Agriculture is focused on the production of seed potato, along with minor crops such as alfalfa, onion and garlic. In the past, the local industries included oil exploration and production (now almost completely deactivated) and uranium mining. As a touristic area, Malargüe provides hotels and cabins for visitors interested in eco-tourism in the summer and skiing in the winter at the nearby resorts of Las Leñas and Los Molles. The city is known for its traditional dish, the chivito (baby goat). It hosts the annual National Festival of the Goat and the Provincial Festival of the Lamb, during the second week of January. On 13 October 1972 the Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashed in the Andes, in the municipal territory of Malargüe (34°45′54″S 70°17′11″W / 34.765°S 70.28639°W / -34.765; -70.28639). Malargue's climate is dry and relatively cold. Summers bring warm days (the average is 28°C, or 82F)
    7.67
    3 votes
    67
    Médanos, Buenos Aires

    Médanos, Buenos Aires

    Médanos is a town in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The town hosts the "Fiesta Nacional del Ajo" (National Garlic Festival) and is located in the Buenos Aires wines area that has started producing premium wines at the beginning of the 21st century. It is the head town of the Villarino Partido.
    7.67
    3 votes
    68
    Santo Tomé

    Santo Tomé

    Santo Tomé is a city in the province of Corrientes in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It has about 22,634 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the department of the same name. The city lies in the north-east of the province, on the right-hand (western) shore of the Uruguay River, opposite the city of São Borja in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The area has typical features of the Región Submisionera, with reddish soil, abundant flora and high lands, alternating with gray-soil lowlands and swamps. The climate is subtropical, with average temperatures of 20 °C (the summer maximum is 40 °C, and winters are mild). The average annual rainfall is between 1,400 and 1,600 mm, peaking in April (autumn) and October (spring). Santo Tomé was founded in 1632 by the Jesuit missionaries Luis Ernot and Manuel Bertot, with help from two native Guaraní chiefs that converted to Christianity. Its name is variedly found as Santo Tomás, Santo Tomás Apóstol, Santo Thomé and Santo Tomé.
    7.67
    3 votes
    69
    Viedma

    Viedma

    Viedma (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbjeðma]) is the capital and fourth largest city of the Río Negro Province, in South-Central Argentina. The city has 47,246 inhabitants (2001), and is located on the southern margin of the Negro River, about 30 kilometres off the Atlantic Coast, and 960 km from the city of Buenos Aires on the National Route 3. Together with Carmen de Patagones city across the river in the Buenos Aires Province, it is the oldest settlement in Patagonia, founded by Francisco de Biedma y Narváez under the name of Nuestra Señora del Carmen on 22 April 1779. Originally the two cities were one, both called Carmen de Patagones. The original fort was built on the south side of the river in modern Viedma, but it was destroyed within a few years. A new fort was built on the north side, in the current day Carmen de Patagones. This fort lasted much longer, and the tower still stands today. The town grew here, and eventually expanded back across the river into modern day Viedma. At some point, the town decided to split with the Río Negro as their border. With the Conquest of the Desert, the city became the capital of all the Argentine Patagonia, and later, when it was divided in
    7.67
    3 votes
    70
    Villa María

    Villa María

    Villa María is a city in Córdoba Province, Argentina, and the head town of the General San Martín Department. It is located in the center of rich agricultural land. The area leads the country in production of milk. The city has a population of 72,162 per the 2001 census [INDEC] (Greater Villa María: 119,000), which makes it the third city in the province. The city lies 137 km southeast from the provincial capital, on the left bank of the Tercero River, near the geographical center of Argentina, at the intersection of National Routes 9 and 158, and right next to the Cordoba-Buenos Aires Highway, one of the nation's most important communication arteries. Villa María was founded on 27 September 1867 by Manuel Anselmo Ocampo, a young Porteño belonging to a wealthy family that then went on to become a Buenos Aires provincial senator and minister, founded by Italians (170 families), Germans (57 families), and English (10 families) immigrants. The town grew up around the train station on the Central Argentine Railway's line between Rosario and Cordoba which was completed 1870. In 1875 it became an important railway junction when the Ferrocarril Andino opened a line linking it to Villa
    7.67
    3 votes
    71
    Zárate

    Zárate

    Zárate is a city in the northeast of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It lies on the western shore of the Paraná River, 90 km (56 mi) from Buenos Aires. Its population as per the 2001 census [INDEC] is 101,271 inhabitants. It is the head town and the only city in the partido of the same name. Zárate and Campana are main points of an important industrial region. The city is located at one end of the Zárate-Brazo Largo Bridge, which joins Buenos Aires with the province of Entre Ríos and allows communication with the Argentine Mesopotamia and from there to Brazil and Uruguay. The city was founded on March 19th, 1854. In Spanish.
    7.67
    3 votes
    72
    Baradero

    Baradero

    Baradero is the oldest town of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, being founded in 1615. It is the head town of the Baradero Partido. It is located on the bank of the Baradero River which is a tributary of the Paraná River. (Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
    10.00
    1 votes
    73
    Cañada de Gómez

    Cañada de Gómez

    Cañada de Gómez is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is the head town of the Iriondo Department and is located about 67 km (42 mi) west of Rosario and 224 km (139 mi) from the provincial capital, on National Route 9. It has a population of about 30,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]). The town was founded in 1869 by Guillermo Perkins, and became a city on 7 October 1922.
    10.00
    1 votes
    74
    Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires

    Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires

    Carlos Casares (often referred to as Casares) is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Carlos Casares Partido. The settlement gradually developed around a station on the Buenos Aires Western Railway, opened in 1889. The station was named after Carlos Casares, Governor of Buenos Aires between 1875 and 1878. The town and Partido were founded on January 8, 1907, from territory taken from Nueve de Julio Partido and Pehuajó Partido. Leading local institutions include the Verdi Theatre (maintained by the Italian Society), the Bristol Theatre (maintained by the Hebrew Society), the Church of Our Lady of Carmen (1941), the José Ingenieros Cultural Center and Library, and El Bagual Traditionalist Center. Carlos Casares figures prominently in Argentine agriculture. A leading center of sunflower seed cultivation, as well as of maize, sorghum, soy, and wheat, the city's largest employer is the Grobocopatel Brothers Company, a major Argentine exporter. The National Sunflower Festival (Fiesta Nacional del Girasol), first organized in 1963, is held in Carlos Casares every November. The town also attracts tourism as the center of the Trail of Forts (Huella de
    10.00
    1 votes
    75
    Esquel

    Esquel

    Esquel is a town in the northwest of the province of Chubut, in the Argentine Patagonia. It is located in Futaleufú Department, of which it is the government seat. The town's name derives from one of two Tehuelche words. One meaning "marsh" and the other meaning "land of burrs", which refers to the many thorny plants including the pimpinella and other herbaceous plants whose fruits, when ripe turn into prickly burrs that stick to the animals' skins and wool or people's clothes as a way of pollination. The founding of the town dates back to the arrival of Welsh immigrants in Chubut in 1865. The settlement was created on 25 February 1906, as an extension of the Colonia 16 de Octubre, that also contains the town of Trevelin. The city, the main town of the area, is located by the Esquel Stream and surrounded by the mountains La Zeta, La Cruz, Cerro 21 and La Hoya. La Hoya is known as a ski resort with good quality snow right through the spring. The Los Alerces National Park is 50 km (31 mi) northwest of the city. Another important tourist attraction is the narrow-gauge train (with 75 cm between the rails), known as La Trochita locally and in English as The Old Patagonian Express, after
    10.00
    1 votes
    76
    Olavarría

    Olavarría

    Olavarría is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, located. It is the capital of the Olavarría Partido and has over 111,320 inhabitants, per the 2010 census [INDEC]. The settlement was officially founded on November 25, 1867, and named in honour of Coronel José Valentín de Olavarría (1801–1845), an early Argentine military leader. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    10.00
    1 votes
    77
    Rosario

    Rosario

    Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina. It is located 300 km (185 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires, on the western shore of the Paraná River. Rosario is the third most populous city in the country, and also the most populous non-capital city in Argentina, with a growing and important metropolitan area; Greater Rosario has an estimated population of 1,276,000 as of 2012. One of its main attractions includes the neoclassical architecture that has been retained over the centuries in hundreds of residences, houses and public buildings. Rosario is the head city of the Rosario Department and is located at the heart of the major industrial corridor in Argentina. The city is a major railroad terminal and the shipping center for northeastern Argentina. Ships reach the city via the Paraná River, which allows the existence of a 34 feet (10 m) deep port. The Port of Rosario is subject to silting and must be dredged periodically. Exports include wheat, flour, hay, linseed and other vegetable oils, corn, sugar, lumber, meat, hides, and wool. Manufactures include flour, sugar, meat products, and other foodstuffs. The Rosario-Victoria Bridge, opened in 2004,
    10.00
    1 votes
    78
    Termas de Río Hondo

    Termas de Río Hondo

    Termas de Río Hondo is a city in the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentina. It has 27,838 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is located on the banks of the Dulce River, 65 km north of the provincial capital Santiago del Estero, near the artificial Río Hondo Lake. The hot springs (Spanish: termas, Quechua: yacu rupaj) of the area have a temperature of over 30 °C (86 °F), and have made the town a popular spa resort for Argentines, who enjoy the waters recommended against high blood pressure and rheumatism. Two public pools, La Olla and the Pileta Municipal, are near the town centre, along with many well-regarded hotels and restaurants.
    10.00
    1 votes
    79
    Villa General Belgrano

    Villa General Belgrano

    Villa General Belgrano, a small mountain village of 6,260 inhabitants is named after the creator of the Argentine flag Manuel Belgrano and located in a lush green valley of Calamuchita in the hills in the Province of Córdoba in central Argentina. Villa General Belgrano was founded in 1930, by two German speculators attracted by its agricultural potential. The Alpine quality of the village attracted immigrants from Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Austria. In 1940, after the Battle of the River Plate, German seaman scuttled and sunk their battleship, the Admiral Graf Spee off the coast of the Montevideo harbour, and 130 of its surviving sailors settled in the village along with the original settlers and landscaped the mountain ranges of Córdoba with red-roofed, wood-frame homes, microbreweries and pastry and chocolate shops which gave it that unique style that distinguishes it today. The village, characterized by its typically Bavarian style architecture, survives on a steady flow of tourists with an appetite for German delicacies like apple strudel, leberwurst and spätzle and beer even if German cuisine recipes aren't strictly respected by local restaurants. Oktoberfest here is
    10.00
    1 votes
    80
    Federación

    Federación

    Federación is a city in the northeast of the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. It has 13,789 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It lies on the provincial and international border with Uruguay, by the reservoir of the Salto Grande Dam, on the right-hand (western) banks of the Uruguay River, about 45 km upstream from the city of Concordia and 265 km from the provincial capital Paraná, near National Route 14. The original town was a ranch and waypost, named Mandisoví, created in 1777, which grew into a prosperous village but fell then to civil strife. A new town of Mandisoví was founded in a close location by Colonel Manuel Antonio Urdinarrain, who commanded the area, under the orders of the caudillo Justo José de Urquiza. Urdinarrain notified Urquiza about the new town and asked him to name it. Urquiza chose the name Pueblo de la Federación (Town [or People] of the Federation). In 1974 the citizens of Federación underwent another relocation, as the latest settlement near the Uruguay River was to be flooded by the waters of Salto Grande. The city was demolished and reconstructed in two years. The new Federación was formally inaugurated in 1979 by de facto President, military
    8.50
    2 votes
    81
    Neuquén

    Neuquén

    Neuquén (Spanish pronunciation: [neuˈken]) is the capital city of the Argentine province of Neuquén, located in the east of the province, at the confluence of the Limay and Neuquén rivers. The city has a population of more than 265,000, making it the largest city in Patagonia. Neuquén is both an important agricultural center, surrounded by fertile lands irrigated by the waters of the Limay and Neuquén rivers in an otherwise arid province, and a petrochemical industrial center that receives oil extracted from different points of the province. It belongs economically and geographically to the Alto Valle region that produces apples, pears, and other fruits. National Route 22 divides the city into two halves. The Presidente Perón Airport is eight kilometers away from the city and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires, San Carlos de Bariloche, Comodoro Rivadavia, Río Gallegos, Río Grande, Ushuaia, and San Martín de los Andes. In 1885, the lands of what was at that time called Confluencia (i.e., "confluence," referring to the two rivers) were auctioned to a few people. Shortly after the Conquest of the Desert campaign conducted by the military over Patagonia, the Mapuche and Tehuelche
    8.50
    2 votes
    82
    Tandil

    Tandil

    Tandil is the main city of the homonymous partido (department), located in Argentina, in the southwest of Buenos Aires Province, just NNW of the Tandilia Hills. Tandil is located 180 metres (590 ft) above sea level and its coordinates are 37°19′08″S 59°08′05″W / 37.31889°S 59.13472°W / -37.31889; -59.13472. The city borders Rauch and Azul (to the north), Ayacucho and Balcarce (to the west), Lobería, Necochea and Benito Juárez (to the south) and Azul and Benito Juárez (to the west). Tandil is situated approximately midway between La Plata (the provincial capital), 330 km (210 mi) to its NE, and Bahía Blanca, lying the same distance to its SW; it is also 160 kilometres (99 mi) NW of Mar del Plata, and 360 kilometres (220 mi) SSW of Buenos Aires. Tandil is in a zone known as the Humid Pampa. According to the 2001 census (INDEC), Tandil had a population of 108,109, but its 2009 population is estimated to be 110,000. The total area of the Tandil partido is 4,935 km (1,905 sq mi). Tandil's climate is mild and humid, with an average temperature of 13.7 °C (56.7 °F) and 888.6 millimetres (34.98 in) of precipitation annually. Mornings are often cold in autumn, winter and spring, and
    8.50
    2 votes
    83
    Thiruvananthapuram

    Thiruvananthapuram

    Thiruvananthapuram (IPA: [t̪iruʋənɨn̪t̪əpurəm] ( listen)) known in English as Trivandrum /trɨˈvændrəm/, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the "Evergreen city of India", the city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys. The city has a population of more than 750,000 inhabitants and a population of around 1.68 million in the urban agglomeration, Thiruvananthapuram is the largest and most populous city in Kerala. It is an IT hub of the state with over 80% of the state's software exports. The city houses several central and state government offices and organizations. Apart from being the political nerve centre of Kerala, it is also a major academic hub and is home to several educational institutions including the University of Kerala, and to many science and technology institutions, the most prominent being the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Technopark, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), the Indian Institute of Information
    8.50
    2 votes
    84
    Villa Paranacito

    Villa Paranacito

    Villa Paranacito is a town in the southeast corner of the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, head town of the Islas del Ibicuy Departament. It is located in the third section of the delta at the heart of the low-lying Ibicuy Islands in the Paraná Delta and is the administrative centre for the dispersed inhabitants of the islands and the delta's timber producers. Many of the town's inhabitants live on outlying islands, and several thousand more live across the whole group of islands. The town was officially founded on 25 May 1906 and was settled by European colonists, many from central and eastern Europe. Communication with the rest of the province was originally by boat, principally boats to Campana and San Fernando in Buenos Aires and the occasional steamboat to Gualeguaychú. In 1937 "hopscotch" dirt roads arrived and in 1971 the town was connected to a supply of electricity. Amateur radio is still in use today. Formerly, the third section was populated by island cottages nestled amidst well-manicured gardened parks and by Travelers Rest Guesthouses (Inns) for recreation and lodging. Some still stand radiating the charm of a bygone era, well known where Lietuva, Sagastume and
    8.50
    2 votes
    85
    Goya

    Goya

    Goya is a city in the south-west of the province of Corrientes in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It has about 87,000 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city lies on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, opposite Reconquista, Santa Fe, 222 kilometres south from the provincial capital (Corrientes) and 715 kilometres north-northwest from Buenos Aires. Goya hosts the annual National Festival of the Surubí, which includes a fishing contest. The surubí is a popular large catfish of the Paraná. The city of Goya originated from the purchase of land at the site by Gregoria Morales and her husband, Bernardo Olivera, in 1771. The city does not have foundation act and, in agreement with the oral tradition, its name is owed to the enterprising Gregoria Morales' nickname: Doña Goya. Following the couple's settlement in the proximities of the present "costanera" (riverfront), she opened a general store upon her arrival, and per historian José M. Cabrer, tradition held that this lady made exquisite cheeses, with the milk of cows fed with reedbeds and coconuts. Her canned goods were, in turn, purchased by visitors and merchants plying the Paraná River, popularizing the name of the
    7.33
    3 votes
    86
    Graz

    Graz

    Graz ( /ˈɡræts/ or /ˈɡrɑːts/; German pronunciation: [ˈɡʁaːt͡s]; Slovene: Gradec, Hungarian: Grác) is the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna and the capital of the federal state of Styria (Steiermark). On 1 April 2010 it had a population of 291,890 (of which 258,605 had principal residence status). Graz has a long tradition as a student city: its six universities have more than 44,000 students. Its "Old Town" is one of the best-preserved city centres in Central Europe. Politically and culturally, Graz was for centuries more important for Slovenes than Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, and still remains influential. In 1999, Graz was added to the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage Sites, and the site was extended in 2010 by Schloss Eggenberg. Graz was sole Cultural Capital of Europe for 2003 and got the title of a City of Culinary Delights in 2008. The name of the city, Graz (see the Slavic settlement Grad), and some archaeological finds point to the erection of a small castle by Alpine Slavic people, which in time became a heavily defended fortification. In literary Slovene, gradec literally means "small castle", which is etymologically a hypocoristic derivative of
    7.33
    3 votes
    87
    Patna

    Patna

    Paṭnā /ˈpʌtnə/ ( Hindi pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the most populous city in Bihar. Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta, Pala and during the Islamic period the seat of power for the Suri dynasty. Pataliputra was also a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. The modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of the Ganges. The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. The city is approximately 35 km long and 16 km to 18 km wide. In June 2009, the World Bank ranked Patna in second place in India, after Delhi, in terms of the ease of starting a business. As at 2004-2005, Patna had the highest per capita gross district domestic product in Bihar, at Rs31,441. On the basis of, assumed average annual growth, Patna has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India by City Mayors Foundation. Patna registered average annual growth of 3.72%,for the period
    7.33
    3 votes
    88
    Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña

    Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña

    Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña (normally known as Sáenz Peña) is a city in the province of Chaco, Argentina. It is the second largest in the province. It is located 170 kilometres (110 mi) west-northwest of the provincial capital Resistencia, on the main rail and road route across northern Argentina to Salta. The city has a population of 76,377 for the urban area (localidad) and 88,164 for the whole municipality (2001 census [INDEC]). Sáenz Peña was founded in 1912 and has developed as a commercial and industrial centre serving the surrounding agricultural region of the Gran Chaco plains.
    7.33
    3 votes
    89
    Saujil

    Saujil

    Saujil is a district head of the Pomán Department, of the west of the province of Catamarca (Argentina), that counts on about 5,000 hab., is made up of the following populations (north to south): Its name means “Place of the light” in native language.
    7.33
    3 votes
    90
    Andalgalá

    Andalgalá

    Andalgalá is a city in the west-center of the province of Catamarca, Argentina, located in a valley near the Sierra de Aconquija, 260 km from the provincial capital San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. It has about 14,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the department of the same name. The Andalgalá River, which flows nearby, supports a hydroelectric power plant. Andalgalá was founded as a fort on 12 July 1658, and only became a city in 1952. Its name is of Quechua origin and means either "Lord of the Hare" or "Lord of the High Mountain".
    6.25
    4 votes
    91
    Santa Rosa

    Santa Rosa

    Santa Rosa is a city in the Argentine Pampas, and the capital of La Pampa Province, Argentina. It lies on the east of the province, on the shore of the Don Tomás Lagoon, at the intersection of National Routes 5 and 35. The city (94,340) and its surroundings hold 102,610 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]), around a third of the population of the province. Its current mayor is Francisco Torroba. Founded in 1892 by Tomás Mason, Santa Rosa did not develop into a relatively important agricultural centre until the second half of the 20th century. It is still one of the smallest provincial capitals of the country after Patagonian Rawson, Ushuaia and Viedma. City sights include the Fitte neighbourhood (1930), the monument to San Martín, the Palace of Justice, the Teatro Español Theatre (1908), the Provincial Art Museum (with paintings by Raúl Soldi, Antonio Berni, Quinquela Martín and other important Argentine painters) and the Provincial Natural History Museum. The Santa Rosa Airport (IATA: RSA, ICAO: SAZR) is located 2 kilometres from Santa Rosa on Route 35, and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires and Viedma. Near Santa Rosa is the city of Toay. Santa Rosa+Toay: Gran Santa Rosa Santa
    6.25
    4 votes
    92
    Belo Horizonte

    Belo Horizonte

    Belo Horizonte (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌbɛloɾiˈzõtʃi], Beautiful Horizon) is the capital and largest city in the state of Minas Gerais, located in the southeastern region of the Brazil. It is the third largest metropolitan area in the country. Belo Horizonte (short names: "Belô", "Beagá", or "BH") has a population of 2,475,440 inhabitants (2010) in the city and a total of 5,497,922 inhabitants in the official Metropolitan Area (2010). The region was first settled in the early 18th century, but the city as it is known today was planned and constructed in the 1890s, in order to replace Ouro Preto as the capital of Minas Gerais. The city features a mixture of contemporary and classical buildings, and is home to several modern Brazilian architectural icons, most notably the Pampulha Complex. In planning the city, Aarão Reis and Francisco Bicalho sought inspiration in the urban planning of Washington, D.C. The city has employed notable programs in urban revitalization and food security, for which it has been awarded international accolades. The city is built on several hills and is completely surrounded by mountains. There are several large parks in the immediate surroundings of
    7.00
    3 votes
    93
    Gaiman

    Gaiman

    Gaiman is a town in the Chubut Province of Patagonia in Argentina. It has a population of about 6,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is located close to the River Chubut, about 15 km west of Trelew. Gaiman is a cultural and demographic centre of the main region of Welsh settlement in Argentina, known in Welsh as Y Wladfa. The town was founded in 1874 by settlers from Wales and the Central Chubut Railway arrived in 1908 connecting it to Trelew. Several hundred people in the region have conserved the use of the Welsh language alongside Spanish. The 'Eisteddfod de Chubut', a Welsh cultural festival, is held here every October, and Welsh teahouses (tai te) are numerous. The Museo Histórico Regional (Regional Historical Museum) commemorates local history and is bilingual in Spanish and Welsh. There are a number of Welsh Protestant chapels, of which the largest is Capel Bethel. 10 km (6 mi) to the south of Gaiman is Bryn Gwyn, where a large number of fossils can be seen. The town's name originates in an indigenous Tehuelche place-name meaning "rocky point."
    7.00
    3 votes
    94
    General Pico

    General Pico

    General Pico is a city located in the north-east of La Pampa Province, Argentina. It has a surface of 2,555 km (986 sq mi). Is located at 143 m (469 ft) above sea level and inside the region of the Pampa Húmeda Llana (Flat-Humid Pampas). Its lands are fertile and usually apt for cattle raising and agriculture. With a population of 53,352 (2001 census [INDEC]) it is the second-largest city in the province, after the capital Santa Rosa and the head of the department of Maracó department. The crossing between the west and south railroads was a determinant point in the placing of this city, founded on November 11 by Eduardo Chapeaurouge. It was named after General Eduardo Gustavo Pico, who was governor of La Pampa Province, Argentina for three consecutive periods (1891-1899). Between the most prominent activities developed in the region are the agropecuarian, producing meat that is renowned around the world and the agricultural who provide most of the grain consumed in the country. It also has a very important section dedicated to factories and what is known as a Zona Franca, a customs free area where products can be imported and distributed to the rest of the country. General Pico has
    7.00
    3 votes
    95
    Las Lajas, Neuquén

    Las Lajas, Neuquén

    Las Lajas ("The Flagstones") is a town in Neuquén Province, Argentina, and the capital of Picunches Department. The town, at an altitude of 900 metres (3,000 ft) above mean sea level, is located on the right shore of Agrio River at the Andean foothills. National Routes 22 and 40 intersect in this area of the central Neuquén Province. The Cuchillo Curá range, considered the most important underground ecosystem in Argentina, extends approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Las Lajas. Before the Araucanization of Patagonia, Las Lajas was originally populated by Pehuenche and Picunche natives. In 1788, the first expedition into the territory, under the command Francisco Esquivel y Aldao, reached Las Lajas. In 1882, commander Ortega established a fort for the Argentinian Army. The town was established on 8 February 1897, by General Enrique Godoy, the Argentinian Army's 4th Division commander. To take possession of the region and protect the inhabitants from the natives, the town became the headquarters of the 8th and 9th Cavalry Regiments. It was named "Las Lajas" after the creek Las Lajitas, whose bed soil is mainly composed of the stones. Governor Alsina and the inhabitants of the
    7.00
    3 votes
    96
    Maceió

    Maceió

    Maceió (Portuguese pronunciation: [masejˈjɔ]) is the capital and the largest city of the coastal state Alagoas, Brazil. The name "maceió" is of Indian origin, and designates the naturally spontaneous courses of water which flow out of the soil. Most maceiós flow to the sea, but some get trapped and form lakes ("lagoas", in Portuguese). There are plenty of maceiós and lakes in this part of Brazil; because of this, the city was named Maceió, and the State, Alagoas. The new Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport connects Maceió with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights. The city is home to the Federal University of Alagoas. The city began in an old sugar mill and plantation complex around the 19th century. Its development started with the arrival of ships taking wood from Jaraguá bay. With the installation of the sugar mills, Maceió started to export sugar, then tobacco, coconut, leather, and some spices. Prosperity made it possible for the settlement to become a village on December 5, 1815. Thanks to its continued growth, Maceió became the capital of the Alagoas Province on December 9, 1839. Maceió is also a port city and due to its port development
    7.00
    3 votes
    97
    Palmas

    Palmas

    Palmas (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpawmɐs], Palm trees) is the capital and largest city in the state of Tocantins, Brazil. According to IBGE estimates from 2011, the city had 235,315 inhabitants. Palmas is located at the state geographic centre, at an average altitude is 230 m (755 ft). The city is located between these hills and the Tocantins River. In the east Palmas is bordered by the Serra do Lajeado. Palmas was founded in 1990, with the purpose of being the capital of the newest Brazilian state Tocantins, which was established after the promulgation of the new 1988 Brazilian Constitution. The city has a well-designed road system, and its urban zoning is modelled on that of Brasília. It has a symmetrical park in the city centre. In 2002, the Lajeado Hydroelectric Power Plant reservoir was completed, at which point the city gained many river beaches, and also the huge Ponte da Amizade Presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso, which crosses over 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) over the reservoir, connecting Palmas with the major highway BR-153. The Palmas Airport connects Palmas with many Brazilian cities. The city is also home to the Federal University of Tocantins. Tocantins form the
    7.00
    3 votes
    98
    Pigüé

    Pigüé

    Pigüé is a town in Argentina located in the Pampas, 584 km (363 mi) south-west of Buenos Aires. It was founded by 165 Occitan-speaking French immigrants from Aveyron and one Argentine of direct Irish descent on December 4, 1884. The urban population is now 13,822 (INDEC 2001) and has increased by 9.5% since the 1991 census. Pigüé is the administrative centre of Saavedra Partido, Buenos Aires Province. Pigüé, which means gathering place in Mapuche tongue, is home to an Occitan-speaking community coming from Rouergue, Occitania. It is located where two chains of hills meet, the Cura Malal to the west and the Bravard to the east. But Pigüé would never exist as a town were it not for Clément Cabanettes, a man born in 1851 in the small village of Ambec, commune of Lassouts near Saint-Côme in the southern French département of Aveyron. Cabanettes, then 33 of age, organized the voluntary exile of forty poverty-stricken farming families (as in "groups of relatives") from the surrounding communes of Espalion, Gabriac, Naucelle, Aurelle and Saint-Geniez-d'Olt, to name but a few, to South America. Having left Rodez, the préfecture of Aveyron, by train on October 23, 1884 and reached the city
    7.00
    3 votes
    99
    Salvador

    Salvador

    Salvador (Portuguese pronunciation: [sawvaˈdoʁ], Saviour; historic name: São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos, in English: "City of the Holy Saviour of the Bay of all Saints") is the largest city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the Northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia. Salvador is also known as Brazil's capital of happiness due to its easygoing population and countless popular outdoor parties, including its street carnival. The first colonial capital of Brazil, the city is one of the oldest in the Americas. For a long time, it was simply known as Bahia, and appears under that name (or as Salvador da Bahia, Salvador of Bahia so as to differentiate it from other Brazilian cities of the same name) on many maps and books from before the mid-20th century. Salvador is the third most populous Brazilian city, after São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The metropolitan area of the city, with 3.5 million of people, however, is the seventh most populous Brazilian urban agglomeration, and the third in Brazilian Northeast Region. The city of Salvador is notable in Brazil for its cuisine, music and architecture, and its metropolitan area is the wealthiest in Brazil's Northeast.
    7.00
    3 votes
    100
    San Martín, Buenos Aires

    San Martín, Buenos Aires

    Ciudad del Libertador General Don José de San Martín, more commonly known as San Martín is the head city of the General San Martín Partido in the Gran Buenos Aires metropolitan area. The city is bordered to the north-east by the Buenos Aires autonomous city. The area is heavily urbanised and is home to numerous food processing industries, as well as to a large Peugeot-Citroën auto factory. The town is home to Chacarita Juniors football club, champions of Argentina in Metropolitano 1969. San Martín is twinned with:
    7.00
    3 votes
    101
    Kolkata

    Kolkata

    Kolkata /kɒlˈkætə/, or Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port as well as its sole major riverine port. As of 2011, the city had 4.5 million residents; the urban agglomeration, which comprises the city and its suburbs, was home to approximately 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. As of 2008, its economic output as measured by gross domestic product ranked third among South Asian cities, behind Mumbai and Delhi. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Kolkata confronts substantial urban pollution, traffic congestion, poverty, overpopulation, and other logistic and socioeconomic problems. In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Kolkata were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading license in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified mercantile base. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Kolkata in
    6.00
    4 votes
    102
    San José de Metán

    San José de Metán

    San José de Metán (usually shortened to Metán) is a city in the south of the province of Salta, Argentina, 160 km from the provincial capital Salta, on National Routes 9 and 34. It has about 29,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the Metán Department.
    6.00
    4 votes
    103
    Tornquist, Buenos Aires

    Tornquist, Buenos Aires

    Tornquist is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Tornquist Partido. The settlement was founded in 1883 by Ernesto Tornquist, and was settled by Germans and Volga Germans. Historically agricultural, its economic base was later supplemented by a growing tourism sector related to the scenic Ventana System.
    6.00
    4 votes
    104
    Chascomús

    Chascomús

    Chascomús, is the principal city in Chascomús Partido in eastern Buenos Aires Province in eastern Argentina, located 123 km (76 mi) south of the capital Buenos Aires. As of 2001, the city had a population of 30,670 people. The city was founded as a fort (the Fortín de San Juan Bautista) on May 30, 1779, by Captain Pedro Nicolás Escribano, head of the Blandengues Cavalry. The city was the site of a 1839 rebellion against the dictatorial regime of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas; the uprising, known as the Libres del Sur ("Freemen of the South") ended in defeat following a battle on November 7. The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway line arrived at the town in 1865, and Chascomús was recognized as a city and department by the Provincial Legislature in 1873. Argentine president Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín was born in the city. Other natives include Argentine professional tennis player Carlos Berlocq, and the cyclists Juan José Haedo and Lucas Sebastián Haedo. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    8.00
    2 votes
    105
    Columbus

    Columbus

    Columbus is the capital of and the largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio. The broader metropolitan area encompasses several counties and is the third largest in Ohio behind those of Cleveland and Cincinnati. Columbus is the fifteenth largest city in the United States of America. It is the county seat of Franklin County, yet the city has expanded and annexed portions of adjoining Delaware County and Fairfield County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816. The city has a diverse economy based on education, government, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, clothes, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology. Modern Columbus has emerged as a technologically sophisticated city. It is home to the world's largest private research and development foundation, the Battelle Memorial Institute; CAS, or Chemical Abstracts Service, the world's largest clearinghouse of chemical information; NetJets, the world's largest fractional ownership jet aircraft fleet; and The Ohio State University, the
    8.00
    2 votes
    106
    Famaillá

    Famaillá

    Famaillá is a city in the province of Tucumán, Argentina, located 30 km south from the provincial capital San Miguel de Tucumán. It has 30,951 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the Famaillá Department. The city is called the "National Capital of the Empanada". It hosts a festival dedicated to it every September. The area hosts an experimental agricultural station of the National Institute of Agro-Technology (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA). Its economy is based on exports of sugar and strawberry. Famaillá was the site of the Battle of Monte Grande in 1841, between the forces loyal to Juan Manuel de Rosas commanded by Manuel Oribe and the League of the North, led by Juan Lavalle.
    8.00
    2 votes
    107
    José de San Martín, Chubut

    José de San Martín, Chubut

    José de San Martín is a town in Chubut Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Tehuelches Department. The town is named after José de San Martín, the Argentine General who liberated Argentina from the Spanish empire. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    8.00
    2 votes
    108
    La Quiaca

    La Quiaca

    La Quiaca is a small city in the north of the province of Jujuy, Argentina, on the southern bank of the La Quiaca River, opposite the town of Villazón, Bolivia. It lies at the end of National Route 9, 289 km (180 mi) from San Salvador de Jujuy (the provincial capital), and at an altitude of 3,442 m (11,293 ft) above mean sea level. La Quiaca has 14,751 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the Yaví Department, which includes also the towns of Barrios, Cangrejillos, El Cóndor, Pumahuasi, and Yaví. The area is serviced by an airport located at 22°09′02″S 65°34′39″W / 22.15056°S 65.5775°W / -22.15056; -65.5775. In Argentina, this city is the classic reference to the northern end of the country, though in reality this distinction is held by the town of Salvador Mazza, or Pocitos, in the province of Salta. In 1985, after a three-year national tour, the renowned composer León Gieco released a folk album called De Ushuaia a La Quiaca ("From Ushuaia to La Quiaca"). La Quiaca has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification), with an annual precipitation of 334.6 mm (13 in). During winter months, the nights can get very cold,
    8.00
    2 votes
    109
    Magdalena, Buenos Aires

    Magdalena, Buenos Aires

    Magdalena is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Magdalena Partido. Founded in 1611, the hamlet grew slowly until the late nineteenth century. The Parish of Santa María Magdalena (Mary Magdalene), consecrated in 1776, inaugurated its current temple in 1860. The Italianate City Hall, designed by Pedro Cavalli, was completed in 1877, and the Teatro Español, in 1899. The nearby Parque Costero del Sur, site of the El Ancla pre-Columbian settlement, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. (Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
    8.00
    2 votes
    110
    Morón, Buenos Aires

    Morón, Buenos Aires

    Morón is a city in the Argentine province of Buenos Aires, capital of the Morón Partido, located in the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area, at 34°39′S 58°37′W / 34.65°S 58.617°W / -34.65; -58.617. Located 20 km (13 mi) west of Downtown Buenos Aires, Morón is easily reached via bus along Avenida Rivadavia, via National Highway 7, and the TBA Sarmiento railway line. The location, which was originally settled by the Querandí people, was deeded in the late 16th century by Captain Juan de Garay to Captain Juan Ruiz de Ocaña. The site later became a stop along the Camino Real from Buenos Aires to Córdoba, particularly after the construction of a pontoon bridge over the Morón Brook by Pedro Márquez in 1771. Cañada de Morón was officially established in 1785, and the village became a popular vacation spot for wealthy residents from Buenos Aires and other nearby towns. Francisco de Merlo, namesake of the city of Merlo to the west, became the area's principal landowner at the time. No consensus exists among historians as to the origin of the city's name. Possible namesakes include: Diego Morón, whose widow, Isabel Torres Briseño, was one of the area's landowners in the 18th century;
    8.00
    2 votes
    111
    Santiago del Estero

    Santiago del Estero

    Santiago del Estero (Spanish for Saint-James-Upon-The-Lagoon) is the capital of Santiago del Estero Province in northern Argentina. It has a population of 244,733 inhabitants, (2001 census [INDEC]) making it the twelfth largest city in the country, with a surface area of 2,116 km². It lies on the Dulce River and on National Route 9, at a distance of 1,042 km north-northwest from Buenos Aires. Santiago del Estero is the oldest city founded by Spanish settlers in Argentina that still exists as such, estimated to be 455 years old, according to historical sources of Argentina. As such, it is nicknamed "Madre de Ciudades" (Mother of Cities), as it is the first city founded in the actual territory of Argentina. It was officially declared "Mother of cities and Cradle of Folklore". The city houses the National University of Santiago del Estero, founded in 1973, and Universidad Católica, founded in 1960. Other points of interest include the city's Cathedral, the Santo Domingo Convent, and the Provincial Archeology Museum. The Santiago del Estero Airport is located 6 kilometres north of the city, and has regular flights to Buenos Aires and San Miguel de Tucumán. The climate is subtropical
    8.00
    2 votes
    112
    Chillicothe

    Chillicothe

    Chillicothe ( /ˌtʃɪlɨˈkɒθiː/ CHIL-ə-KOTH-ee) is a city in and the county seat of Ross County, Ohio, United States. The population was 21,797 at the 2000 census. It is the only city in Ross County and the center of the Chillicothe Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003). Chillicothe is a designated Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation. Chillicothe was the first and third capital of Ohio and is located in southern Ohio along the Scioto River. The town's name comes from the Shawnee Chala·ka·tha, named after one of the five major divisions of the Shawnee people, as it was the chief settlement of that tribal division. The Shawnee and their ancestors inhabited the territory for thousands of years prior to European contact. At the time of European-American settlement, the community was plotted by General Nathaniel Massie on his land grant. Modern Chillicothe was the center of the ancient Hopewell tradition, which flourished from 200 BCE until 500 CE. This Amerindian culture had trade routes extending to the Rocky Mountains. They built earthen mounds for ceremonial and burial purposes throughout the Scioto and Ohio River valleys.
    9.00
    1 votes
    113
    La Banda

    La Banda

    La Banda is a city in the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentina. It has about 95,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], making it the second largest in the province. It is the head town of the Banda Department. La Banda is located only 8 km away from the provincial capital Santiago del Estero, separated from it by the course of the Dulce River, which is crossed by two connecting bridges. The two cities form a metropolitan area with about 280,000 inhabitants. Close to it, the Dulce is turned into an artificial lake by the Los Quiroga Dam. Besides the access to National Route 9 through Santiago del Estero, the city is linked to Tucumán and to Buenos Aires by a weekly train service of the Ferrocarril General Bartolomé Mitre. La Banda is the birthplace of the infamous former provincial governor and caudillo Carlos Juárez.
    9.00
    1 votes
    114
    Lucknow

    Lucknow

    Lucknow /ˈlʌknaʊ/ is the capital city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. This metro city is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city and flourished as a cultural and artistic capital of North India in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today it continues as an important centre of commerce, aerospace, finance pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music and poetry. Lucknow ranked 6th among all the cities in India for fastest job-creation.Lucknow is the largest city of Uttar Pradesh and second largest metro of North and Central India after Delhi. Lucknow elevation is 123.45 m above sea level. It is situated on 26.30 & 27.10 North latitude and 80.30 & 81.13 East longitude. Lucknow covers an area of 310.1 km. It is surrounded on the eastern side by District Barabanki, on the western side by district Unnao, on the southern side by Raebareli and on the northern side by Sitapur and Hardoi districts. The city is on the northwestern shore of Gomti river, which flows through it. Lucknow is accessible from every part of India through air, rail and road. It is directly connected with New Delhi,
    9.00
    1 votes
    115
    Marambio Base

    Marambio Base

    Base Antártica Marambio is the main Argentine base in Antarctica, and it is located in Seymour-Marambio Island, some 100 km (88 mi) from the more coastal and smaller Esperanza Base. It was the first airfield in Antarctica and is still one of the most frequently used ones due to the suitability of its airfield for wheeled landing. This permanent base, founded on October 29, 1969, was named after Argentine Air Force pilot Vice-Commodore Gustavo Argentino Marambio, one of the first pilots flying over Antarctica. Prior to the base's foundation a team led by Vice-Commodore Mario Luis Olezza built the 1200 m (3800 ft) long, 40 m (120 ft) wide landing track, the first one in the continent. Nowadays, the track, oriented 05/23, is equipped with VOR, DME and NDB electronic landing systems. It also has a radio beacon, electronic and flashing beacons. Supplies are taken to Marambio Base during the whole year, to be later distributed to other Argentine bases nearby (except for Belgrano II). There are over 100 intercontinental flights every year. On 11 April 1970 the Argentine Air Force began landing their C-130 Hercules on Antarctica when the TC-61 commanded by Commodore Arturo Athos Gandolfi
    9.00
    1 votes
    116
    Puerto Madryn

    Puerto Madryn

    Puerto Madryn (in Welsh, Porth Madryn) is a city in the province of Chubut in the Argentine Patagonia. It is the head town of the Viedma Department, and has about 57,571 inhabitants according to the last census in 2001. The town was founded on July 28, 1865, when 150 Welsh immigrants who came in the clipper Mimosa named the natural port Porth Madryn in honour of Sir Love Jones-Parry, whose estate in Wales was named "Madryn". The settlement grew as a result of the building of the Central Chubut Railway by Welsh, Spanish and Italian immigrants. This line, opened in 1888, linked it to Trelew via the lower Chubut River valley. Puerto Madryn is protected by the Golfo Nuevo, which is formed by Península Valdés and Punta Ninfas. It is an important centre for tourists visiting the natural attractions of the Península Valdés and the coast. A new mall in the city centre has helped tourism significantly, making Puerto Madryn a more attractive place for both international and domestic tourists visiting Patagonia. It is twinned with Nefyn, a small town on the Llŷn Peninsula in North Wales, result of its great link with Welsh culture since the Welsh settlement in Argentina. The first of a
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    1 votes
    117
    Ramallo, Buenos Aires

    Ramallo, Buenos Aires

    Ramallo is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Ramallo Partido. It is located on next to the Río Paraná. The city possesses an important port on the river Paraná. The main products of the region are agricultural goods, cattle feed and industrial crops. The include Potato, citrus, soy, cereals and vegetables. In stock breeding, pigs, sheep and horses. (Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
    9.00
    1 votes
    118
    Río Cuarto

    Río Cuarto

    Río Cuarto is a city in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. Located in the south of the province, it has about 144,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]) and is an important commercial and agricultural hub. It was founded on November 11, 1786, as "Villa de la Concepción del Río Cuarto," by the then-Governor Rafael de Sobremonte. Río Cuarto River flows through the province of Córdoba; its central location in the Humid Pampas favored the city's development as a transport hub for much of the surrounding agriculture, and numerous abbatoirs and food processing plants opened in Río Cuarto during the twentieth century. The National University of Río Cuarto, established in 1971, is located here. The city's football teams include Estudiantes and Atenas. Río Cuarto hosted the International Biology Olympiad in 2006. The Río Cuarto craters, a group of geologically unusual impact craters, are located nearby. The city's UN/LOCODE is ARRCU. The climate is temperate, typical of the humid Pampas, with four marked seasons. Summers are warm with frequent thunderstorms; however, the heat is often "cut" by periods of southerly winds, so that the average high is a comfortable 29ºC, despite the fact that
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    1 votes
    119
    San Isidro

    San Isidro

    San Isidro is a municipality in Greater Buenos Aires and one of the most affluent municipalities in Argentina. It is located in San Isidro Partido in the Buenos Aires Province. The centre of San Isidro is an historic area with cobbled streets and old single-story houses. At its heart is Plaza Mitre, with the neo-gothic San Isidro cathedral of 1898 rising above. The sloping plaza, also home to the recently-opened Rugby Museum, hosts an antiques and crafts fair. The plaza leads down to the Río de la Plata, where the riverside park is popular with mate drinkers and tourists. The city is called the "National Capital of Rugby" in Argentina, due to being the cradle of many important players and hosting the national rugby union's derby match between CASI and SIC. San Isidro is served by two rail lines, the Mitre Line and the Tren de la Costa (Train of the Coast in English), at the San Isidro R station, a vintage 1891 built in the style of British stations, in Its facilities are located a shopping arcade, cinemas, and restaurants. The station is located barely 200 meters from the Cathedral of San Isidro. Many large houses surround the historic centre and line the riverside. The oldest is
    9.00
    1 votes
    120
    São Paulo

    São Paulo

    São Paulo (/ˌsaʊ ˈpaʊloʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpawlu] ( listen); Saint Paul), is the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and Americas, and the world's seventh largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among the ten largest metropolitan areas on the planet. São Paulo is the capital of the state of São Paulo, which is the most populous Brazilian state, and exerts strong regional influence in commerce and finance as well as arts and entertainment. São Paulo maintains strong international influence and is considered an Alpha World City. The name of the city honors Saint Paul. São Paulo has the largest economy, by GDP, among Latin American and Brazilian cities. Its GDP per capita is the second highest among the larger Latin American cities as well as in Brazil, behind only Brasília. The metropolis has significant cultural, economic and political influence both nationally and internationally. It houses several important monuments, parks and museums such as the Latin American Memorial, the Museum of the Portuguese Language,
    9.00
    1 votes
    121
    Srinagar

    Srinagar

    Srinagar /sriˈnɑːɡər/ ( Srinagar.ogg (help·info)) is the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in the Kashmir Valley and lies on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus. The city is famous for its gardens, lakes and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits. Etymologically Srinagar is composed of two Sanskrit words, śrī (venerable) and nagar, which means "city". One theory of the origin of the name is that a Pandava King Ashoka (not to be confused with the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka) built the city of Srinagari (Srinagar). Another theory is that Mauryan Emperor Ashoka founded the original city of Srinagar, then situated on the site of the present village of Pandrathan, 5 km to the north of the existing capital. Srinagar has a long history, dating back at least to the 3rd century BC, and has been known by different names. The city was founded by the King Pravarasena II over 2,000 years ago, named it Parvasenpur. The city was then a part of the Maurya Empire, one of the largest empires of the Indian subcontinent. Ashoka introduced Buddhism to the Kashmir valley, and the adjoining regions around the
    9.00
    1 votes
    122
    América

    América

    América is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the head town of the Rivadavia Partido, located some 500 km (311 mi) from Buenos Aires City and 560 km (348 mi) from the provincial capital, La Plata. Its population was, as per the 2001 census, 12,361. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    6.67
    3 votes
    123
    Canberra

    Canberra

    Canberra ( /ˈkænbᵊrə/ or /ˈkænbɛrə/) is the capital city of Australia. With a population of 358,000, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), 280 km (170 mi) south-west of Sydney, and 660 km (410 mi) north-east of Melbourne. A resident of Canberra is known as a "Canberran". The ACT, like Washington, D. C. in the United States, is independent of any state to prevent any one state from gaining an advantage by hosting the seat of Federal power. The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely planned city outside of any state, similar to the American Federal District of Columbia. Following an international contest for the city's design, a blueprint by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913. The Griffins' plan featured geometric motifs such as circles, hexagons and triangles, and was centred around axes aligned with
    6.67
    3 votes
    124
    Florencio Varela, Buenos Aires

    Florencio Varela, Buenos Aires

    Florencio Varela is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Florencio Varela Partido. It forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban agglomeration. The settlement was officially founded on January 30, 1891 by Juan de la Cruz Contreras. It is named after Argentine writer and journalist Florencio Varela (February 23 1807 - March 20 1848). Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    6.67
    3 votes
    125
    Loreto

    Loreto

    Loreto is a city in the southwest of the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentina. It has 9,854 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the Loreto Department. It is located 59 km south from the provincial capital Santiago del Estero, on National Route 9.
    6.67
    3 votes
    126
    Santa Rosa

    Santa Rosa

    Santa Rosa is the county seat of Sonoma County, California United States. The 2010 census reported a population of 167,815. Santa Rosa is the largest city in California's North Coast, Wine Country and the North Bay; the fifth most populated city in the San Francisco Bay Area after San Jose, San Francisco, Oakland, and Fremont; and the 26th most populated city in California. The first known permanent European settlement of Santa Rosa was the homestead of the Carrillo family, in-laws to Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, who settled the Sonoma pueblo and Petaluma area. In the 1830s, during the Mexican period, the family of María López de Carrillo built an adobe house on their Rancho Cabeza de Santa Rosa land grant, just east of what later became downtown Santa Rosa. Allegedly, however, by the 1820s, before the Carrillos built their adobe in the 1830s, Spanish and Mexican settlers from nearby Sonoma and other settlements to the south raised livestock in the area and slaughtered animals at the fork of the Santa Rosa Creek and Matanzas Creek, near the intersection of modern-day Santa Rosa Avenue and Sonoma Avenue. This is supposedly the origin of the name of Matanzas Creek as, because of its
    6.67
    3 votes
    127
    Rafaela

    Rafaela

    Rafaela is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, about 96 km from the provincial capital. It is the head town of the Castellanos Department. It has a population of 99,150 per the 2010 census [INDEC]. The town was established in 1881 by Guillermo Lehmann, and officially became a city in 1913. The city has grown 22.2% between 1991 and 2001, and 18.6% in the last census period (2001-2011) according to the official data of the Population Census (INDEC). This increment in the population has led to a fast process of urban development of the city. UN/LOCODE is ARRAF. The city is located in the western-center area of Santa Fe Province and has an area of 156 km2 (60.2 sq mi). The design of most of the urban area of the city has a shape of a checkerboard with the main plaza (Plaza 25 de mayo) in the middle of the city and four main boulevards coming from there, as most of the urban structures of the cities hat were settled around 1800. The street grid of the city is composed by square blocks in most part of the neighborhoods, mainly in the historical and older part of the city. The city has 37 neighborhoods and the downtown area (called Microcentro in Spanish) as the map of the city
    5.75
    4 votes
    128
    Santa María

    Santa María

    Santa María is a city in the province of Catamarca, Argentina. It has about 16,000 inhabitants per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the department of the same name.
    5.75
    4 votes
    129
    Clorinda

    Clorinda

    Clorinda is a city in the province of Formosa, Argentina. It is the head town of the Pilcomayo Department, and has 47,240 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is located 115 km north-northeast from the provincial capital Formosa, at the easternmost tip of the province, 4 km from the Paraguayan border, on the right bank of the Pilcomayo River, 10 km before its confluence with the Paraguay River. Opposite Clorinda lies the Paraguayan capital Asunción. The two cities are linked by the San Ignacio de Loyola International Bridge. Clorinda also marks the junction between National Route 11 and National Route 86.
    7.50
    2 votes
    130
    Itatí

    Itatí

    Itatí is a town in the north of the province of Corrientes, Argentina. It has 7,902 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It lies some 60 km east of the provincial capital Corrientes, by the Paraná River, not far upstream from its confluence with the Paraguay River, on the northern provincial border, which is also the international border with Paraguay. The origin of Itatí was a reduction (indigenous town) established on 7 December 1615 by Franciscan friar Luis de Bolaños, with the name of Pura y Limpia Concepción de Nuestra Señora de Itatí. The proper foundation of Itatí as a town was by general Pedro Ferré, on 15 September 1825. Despite its small size, Itatí is renowned throughout the country due to the massive displays of devotion to the local advocation of the Virgin Mary. The physical center of these is the basilica (built in 1950), which preserves an allegedly miraculous wooden image of the Virgin of Itatí. On her feast day, 16 July, thousands of pilgrims from nearby and faraway regions, and even from neighbouring countries, come to Itatí to venerate the Virgin. The name Itatí comes from Guaraní, but there is disagreement as to its exact meaning; ita- undoubtedly
    7.50
    2 votes
    131
    Jaipur

    Jaipur

    Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, after whom the city has been named. The city today has a population of 3.1 million. Jaipur is also known as Pink City and Paris of India. The city is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities for the width and regularity of its streets which are laid out into six sectors separated by broad streets 34 m (111 ft) wide. The urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, with a sixth quarter immediately to the east. The Palace quarter encloses a sprawling palace complex, (Hawa Mahal), formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city. The observatory, Jantar Mantar, is one of the World Heritage Sites. Included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Agra, Jaipur is an extremely popular tourist destination in Rajasthan and India. In ancient time Jaipur region came under the Matsya
    7.50
    2 votes
    132
    Los Polvorines

    Los Polvorines

    Los Polvorines is a district of the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the county seat of the Malvinas Argentinas Partido. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    7.50
    2 votes
    133
    Mar del Tuyú

    Mar del Tuyú

    Mar del Tuyú is a resort town and capital of the La Costa Partido, on the Argentine Atlantic Coast, with access to Provincial Route 11. According to INDEC, the population of Mar del Tuyú was 6,916 in 2001, including (Costa del Este). It is included in a metropolitan area with Santa Teresita, raising the area's population to 19,950 inhabitants (INDEC, 2001). The town was founded in 1945 by Arturo D'Elías. Upon the designation of the La Costa District in by the military-appointed Governor, Gen. Ibérico Saint Jean, in 1978, Mar del Tuyu was chosen as the county seat to avoid disputes between residents of the county's northernmost town, San Clemente del Tuyú, and the southernmost, Mar de Ajó (both of which are the largest in the district). Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    7.50
    2 votes
    134
    Monteros

    Monteros

    Monteros is a town in Tucumán Province, Argentina, located 58 km (36 mi) south-west of the provincial capital San Miguel de Tucumán, and which lies at an altitude of 532 m (1,745 ft). It has 23,771 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the Monteros Department. Surrounded by four rivers, the average temperature is 35 °C (95 °F) in summer and 10 °C (50 °F) in winter with highs and lows of 45 °C (113 °F) and −3 °C (27 °F). It was founded on August 28, 1754 when the military governor Don Felipe Antonio de Alurralde took possession of the local lands over an existing village on the site. Though Monteros had been known as a little village years before. Monteros eventually acquired the rank of municipality on December 12 1867 with its first mayor Don Domingo Segundo Aráoz. It has been one of the most renown and prosperous towns from southern Tucumán due to its cultural, educative and commercial life. There have been several versions about the origin of the town's name. One version suggests that some inhabitants of the old San Miguel de Tucumán, which used to be on a place currently known as Ibatín, refused to move to the new location and declared in
    7.50
    2 votes
    135
    Victoria

    Victoria

    Victoria is a city in the southwest of the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. It is located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, opposite Rosario, Santa Fe, to which it is connected since 2003 by the Rosario-Victoria Bridge (which spans almost 60 km over the flood plain of the Paraná Delta). The site of a 1750 defeat of a native uprising and an 1810 oratory to the Virgin of Aranzazú, a Marian apparition and the city's patron saint, Cerro La Matanza was granted village status by the Provincial Legislature, in 1826. An 1829 edict renamed the hamlet Victoria. The church (started in 1872) is dedicated to this patron. Designated a "city" in 1851, Victoria also features an abbey (Abadía Los Monjes del Niño Dios), founded by Benedictine monks who arrived in 1899. The Victoria region is at the core of the fishing industry of commercially important species like sábalo (Prochilodus lineatus) and surubí (Pseudoplatystoma spp.); it produces 95% of the annual 27,000 tonnes of sábalo captured in the province. Concerns about over-exploitation of this resource has been raised lately. The city has a beach resort, and the river at this point is appropriate for the practice of sports such as
    7.50
    2 votes
    136
    Lules

    Lules

    San Isidro de Lules, or, Lules, as the town is colloquially known, is a settlement in Tucumán Province in northern Argentina, and the seat of the department (county) of the same name. Lules was founded by the parish priest of Famaillá, Dr. Zoilo Domínguez, on November 20, 1851, on the site of a former Jesuit reduction as an agricultural community, and named it in honor of the patron saint of farmers, Saint Isidore the Laborer (San Isidro), as well as for the area's indigenous people, the Lules tribe. Though Domínguez bequeathed the land to his five sons upon his death in 1865, he also intended to create a functioning community, and lots around the town square were auctioned to Lules indians and other area residents. Domínguez also had a school and a Roman Catholic parish built, and the town was officially recognized as such by the province in 1887. The town and surrounding fields became a important center of blueberry and strawberry production, and during the 20th century, Lules became home to numerous food processing plants, including makers of fresh and concentrated juices, as well as paper and textile mills, among others.
    5.50
    4 votes
    137
    Concepción

    Concepción

    Concepción is a city and the department seat of Chicligasta in Tucumán Province, Argentina. It is located 76 km south of the provincial capital San Miguel de Tucumán and has a population of 47,693 (2001 census [INDEC]). Due to its population and bustling commercial activity, the city is considered to be the second most important urban area in the province (the first one being the Greater San Miguel de Tucumán region), and the main one in southern Tucumán.
    6.33
    3 votes
    138
    General Arenales, Buenos Aires

    General Arenales, Buenos Aires

    General Arenales is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the General Arenales Partido. (Spanish) Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
    6.33
    3 votes
    139
    Ituzaingó, Buenos Aires

    Ituzaingó, Buenos Aires

    Ituzaingó is the capital of the Ituzaingó Partido in the Gran Buenos Aires metropolitan area, Argentina near Buenos Aires city. Ituzaingó has been the capital of the Ituzaingó Partido or municipality of Buenos Aires Province since 1995, when the partido was created. Buildings of more than three storeys were until recently prohibited and most houses are only one storey high The shopping area near the train station connecting the city with Buenos Aires City (Downtown) is located surrounding a square, opposite the church, where concerts, cultural events and fares are held on weekends and holidays.
    6.33
    3 votes
    140
    Posadas

    Posadas

    Posadas is the capital city of the Argentine province of Misiones, located at the south of the province, on the left-hand (western) shore of the Paraná River, opposite Encarnación, Paraguay. The city has an area of 965 km² and a population of 324,756 (2010 census [INDEC]), and a population of over 351,000 for the Great Posadas (2010 census [INDEC]). Posadas is the provincial centre of the government, culture and economy. Furniture, tobacco, food, textile, and construction are its most important industries. Other important economical activities are the commerce and services. Posadas is connected to the Paraguayan city of Encarnación by the San Roque González de Santa Cruz Bridge. The port, once of great economical importance, is used for sport vessels, carrier of passengers and some boats for sand transport. The city is located on National Route 12, some 1,300 kilometres from Buenos Aires. The General José de San Martín Airport (IATA: PSS, ICAO: SARP), at coordinates 27°22′S 55°58′W / 27.367°S 55.967°W / -27.367; -55.967, is 7 kilometres from the city, and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires. Father Roque González de Santa Cruz established a town called Anunciación de Itapúa
    6.33
    3 votes
    141
    Agartala

    Agartala

    Agartala /ˌɑːɡərtəˈlɑː/ (Bengali: আগরতলা Agortôla, Kokborok: আগরতলা) is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura and is the second-largest city in North-east India after Guwahati in terms of municipal area as Well as population. It is situated in North-east India. It lies on the bank of Haroa River and is located 2 km from Bangladesh. Agartala has temples and palaces. As per 2011 census, Population of Agartala city has exceeded 5,12,000. The population of Agartala was 3,67,822 in 2004 after the municipal expansion (1,89,327 in the 2001 census). The ancient capital of the then Princely State ‘Swadhin Tripura’ was at Rangamati (Udaipur, South Tripura) by the bank of the river Gomati. In 1760 it was shifted by the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur (r.1829-1849) of Manikya Dynasty to present old Agartala by the bank of the river Howrah/saidra and was named ‘Haveli’. Due to frequent invasion of the Kuki's and also to keep easy communication with the British Bengal, the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya started the process of shifting the capital from Old Haveli to New Haveli (present Agartala) in 1849. During the British Raj, Agartala was the capital of the erstwhile 'Hill
    8.00
    1 votes
    142
    Imphal

    Imphal

    Imphal City (/ˈɪmpəl/,  Imphal.ogg (help·info)) is the capital of the Indian state of Manipur. In the heart of the town and surrounded by a moat, are ruins of the old Palace of Kangla. Kangla Fort used to be the home of the Assam Rifles, a paramilitary force and on November 2004 it was handed over to state of Manipur by Prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. Another place of historical interest is the Polo Ground which is the oldest existing polo ground in the world. Near the Polo Ground is the Manipur State Museum, which has a collection of old artifacts and pictures depicting the history of Manipur. 'Ima Keithel' at Khwairamband Bazar is the only market in the world where, as the name suggests(Ima-Mother,Keithel-Market), all the stalls are run by women. In 1944 during World War II the Battle of Imphal, along with the simultaneous Battle of Kohima, was the turning point in the Burma Campaign. For the first time in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II the Japanese lost the initiative to the Allies, who retained it until the end of the war. On 18 June 1997, the Imphal district was split into Imphal East and Imphal West. Early History Erstwhile ruled by King Khaba, the throne of
    8.00
    1 votes
    143
    Junín

    Junín

    Junín (IPA: [xuˈnin]) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and capital of the municipality of Junín. It has a population of 82,427 (2001 census [INDEC]) and is situated 260 km west of Buenos Aires. Inhabited by the native Charrúa people, the site's strategic location on the Salado River made it of interest to Spanish Viceroy Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo, who established an outpost there in the 1790s as part of a line of defense against raids by displaced natives. The location became known as El Potroso. El Potroso was reinforced by a fort by way of an 1826 decree by President Bernardino Rivadavia, and on December 27, 1827, the citadel was established under the command of a veteran of the Argentine War of Independence, Bernardino Escribano, as Fuerte de la Federación. The advent of Buenos Aires Province Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas led to Escribano's 1829 destitution as commander; though the intervention of an officer, Isidoro Suárez, averted a bloodbath. Suárez, a veteran of one of last battles of the War for Independence (the Battle of Junín, in Perú), inadvertently gave the failing settlement its new name by his actions: "Junín." Political conflict and ongoing
    8.00
    1 votes
    144
    Saladillo

    Saladillo

    Saladillo is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Saladillo Partido. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
    8.00
    1 votes
    145
    Simoca

    Simoca

    Simoca is a city in Tucumán Province, Argentina. It is known for its market and hosts the national festivals of the fair (feria) and the sulky, which is still widely used in the area especially on market day - Saturday. Simoca is located 52km south of San Miguel de Tucumán on the national route No. 157 on the way to Córdoba. It is the main town in the Simoca Department. As of 1991, Simoca was recorded as having 3,529 inhabitants. Simoca is principally a rural centre, supporting the local sugar cane industry and other agriculture. It is known for its pork products and larger than usual empanadas, a delicacy especially popular in Tucumán. The market sells pork and live pigs, as well as other foodstuffs, clothes, crafts and traditional snacks and meals. It is believed to date back to the founding of Simoca in the 17th century. The first Fiesta de la Feria took place in July 1980. The first Festival Nacional del Sulky was organised in 1973 in the Estadio Club Unión Simoca.
    8.00
    1 votes
    146
    Pinamar

    Pinamar

    Pinamar is an Argentine coastal resort town located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in Buenos Aires Province. It has about 20,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. Located less than 400 km (249 mi)south of Buenos Aires, it is one of several small seaside communities that line the coast. Since Pinamar's main attraction is the ocean, it is a fairly quiet town during the winter months. Tourism is what fuels the economy during the summer. Two facts set Pinamar apart from most of the other Atlantic Ocean beach cities: it is a planned city with a very strict building code, and it has been artificially turned from wild sand dunes into a forest (mostly of pine trees, which explains the "pina" in the name). City planning, as defined by founding architect Jorge Bunge and maintained by elected authorities ever since, translates into a city mostly made up of residential houses with open gardens; that, together with the pine forest, combine to make the city a very nice setting. That explains why it has been chosen as the summer resort for many well-to-do Argentinians, in particular those living in Buenos Aires. Pine planting was originally started in Cariló -- a town nearby Villa
    5.25
    4 votes
    147
    Villa Constitución

    Villa Constitución

    Villa Constitución is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, and the head town of the Constitución Department. It is located on the south-western banks of the Paraná River between the courses of the Arroyo Pavón and the Arroyo del Medio, about 214 km south from the provincial capital, the city of Santa Fe, and 50 km from Rosario. It has a population of more than 43,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The initial settlement on the shore of the Paraná was called Puerto de Piedras. The town was founded by the initiative of some businessmen from nearby Rosario, after receiving authorization from the government of Santa Fe. The area was strategically important because it was adequate for a port and next to the Arroyo del Medio, which is the natural border with the Buenos Aires Province. The residents of Puerto de Piedras attended the foundation of the new town, with the presence of governor Juan Pablo López, on 14 February 1858. The name Villa Constitución was given to the town to honor the Assembly that had promulgated the Constitution of 1852. The town started to grow substantially with the arrival of the railroad in 1888–1890 (the station at the junction of the
    5.25
    4 votes
    148
    Villa Mercedes

    Villa Mercedes

    Villa Mercedes is a city in the province of San Luis, Argentina. It lies on the center-east of the province, on the left-hand banks of the Quinto River, 32 km from the border with Córdoba, on National Route 148, and near the intersection of National Routes 8 and 7. National Route 7 links the city to the provincial capital San Luis, 90 km to the north-west. It had 96,781 inhabitants during the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city was founded by Governor Justo Daract on or around December 1, 1856, as Fortín Constitucional, a mixed civilian-military fort, to protect the territory against attacks by the Ranquel aboriginal tribes. The original name was changed in 1861 to Villa Mercedes by decision of the residents, who had adopted the Virgin of Mercy (Virgen de las Mercedes) as their patron. Villa Mercedes grew quickly after a railway line from Villa María on the Central Argentine line between Rosario and Córdoba, reached the town in 1875. Built by the State-owned company Ferrocarril Andino, the line was extended to San Juan in 1885 via San Luis and Mendoza. The line from Villa Mercedes to Mendoza would become the middle section of the route from Buenos Aires to the border with Chile and was
    5.25
    4 votes
    149
    Aguilares

    Aguilares

    Aguilares is a city in the south of the Tucumán Province, Argentina. It is largest urban area in the Rio Chico Department, as well as the department seat. Located 85 km (53 mi) south of the provincial capital, San Miguel de Tucumán, the city extends along route 38, and between the Medinas River (in the north) and the Barrientos Creek (in the south), including some other areas beyond these limits, though. The city was established in 1888 by Governor Lídoro Quinteros. Two important sugar mills (Aguilares and Santa Barbara) and a large footwear factory (Alpargatas SAIC) along with a very dynamic agricultural activity in its surrounding area, account for the city’s economic cornerstones.
    7.00
    2 votes
    150
    Bhopal

    Bhopal

    Bhopal (/boʊˈpɑːl/ (Hindustani pronunciation: [bʱoːpaːl] ( listen)) is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal District and Bhopal Division. The city was the capital of the former Bhopal State. Bhopal is known as the City of Lakes for its various natural as well as artificial lakes and is also one of the greenest cities in India. A B-1 class city, Bhopal houses various institutions and installations of national importance. Some of these include ISRO's Master Control Facility, the CSIR, AIIMS Bhopal,AMPRI, MANIT, IISER, SPA, IIFM, BHEL and NLIU. The city attracted international attention after the Bhopal disaster, when a Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide manufacturing plant leaked a mixture of deadly gases including methyl isocyanate on the intervening night of 2 / 3 December 1984, leading to the worst industrial disaster in the history of industrialization and a loss of thousands of lives. Since then, Bhopal has been a center of protests and campaigns which have been joined by people from across the globe. According to folklore, Bhopal is said to have been founded by the king Bhoja of the Paramara dynasty (1000–1055
    7.00
    2 votes
    151
    Concepción del Uruguay

    Concepción del Uruguay

    Concepción del Uruguay is a city in Argentina. It is located in the Entre Ríos province, on the western shore of the Uruguay River, some 320 kilometers north from Buenos Aires. Its population is about 65,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]). The city was founded on June 25, 1783 by Tomás de Rocamora. Rich in ancient monuments, it is sometimes referred to as La Histórica ("The Historical") due to is participation in the national formation process. The Palacio San José, the old personal residence of caudillo Justo José de Urquiza is located only 23 km from Concepción. A populated area known as Arroyo de China (which had no foundation), was recorded in approximately 1778 and located north of the namesake creek in what are now the neighborhoods of Puerto Viejo and La Concepción in the extreme south of the city. The same year the first chapel was erected at a place that would subsequently be used as a cemetery. Commissioned by the viceroy of Vértiz and Juan Jose Salcedo, Thomas Rocamora founded the town of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception of Uruguay on 25 June 1783, lifting the first town north of the existing population to what is now the administrative and commercial centre of
    7.00
    2 votes
    152
    Godoy Cruz

    Godoy Cruz

    Godoy Cruz is a city in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. It has 183,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is part of the metropolitan area of the provincial capital (Mendoza). Godoy Cruz was initially known as Villa de San Vicente (since 1872) and then as Villa Belgrano (1889). On 9 February 1909 it received city status and its current name, in homage to Dr. Tomás Godoy Cruz, who represented the province of Mendoza in the Congress of Tucumán and was also a provincial governor and legislator.
    7.00
    2 votes
    153
    Manaus

    Manaus

    Manaus (Portuguese pronunciation: [maˈnaws]) is a city in Brazil, the capital of the state of Amazonas. It is situated at the confluence of the Negro and Solimões rivers. It is the most populous city of Amazonas, according to the statistics of Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and is a popular ecotourist destination. Manaus belongs to mesoregion Center Amazonense and microregion Manaus. It is located in northern Brazil, 1,936 kilometers (1,203 mi) from the federal capital, Brasília. The city was founded in 1669 as the Fort of São José do Rio Negro. It was elevated to a town in 1832 with the name of "Manaus", which means "mother of the gods" in tribute to the indigenous nation of Manaós, and legally transformed into a city on October 24 of 1848 with the name of Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro, Portuguese for "The City of the Margins of Black River". Only on September 4 of 1856 did it revert to its current name. It was known at the beginning of the century, as Heart of the Amazon and City of the Forest. Currently its main economic engine is the Industrial Pool of Manaus. It is the largest metropolitan area in Northern Brazil and the eleventh in all of Brazil, with
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    154
    Mercedes

    Mercedes

    Mercedes is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is located 100 km west from Buenos Aires and 30 km southwest of Luján. It is the head town of the district (partido) of Mercedes as well as of the judicial district. It is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Mercedes and Luján. It has a population of 51,967 people (51,5% women, 48,5% men) as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. Mercedes was first established as a fortress against native attacks. Its original name was "La Guardia de Luján" and it was one of several fortress built in the borders of Buenos Aires to protect this city and gather the people living in the county near. It became a town on 25 June 1752 when founded by José de Zárate during a military campaign known as "La Valerosa". In 1777 viceroy Pedro de Cevallos proposed moving the town, but actually it was moved to its present location by viceroy Juan José de Vértiz on 8 May 1779. When moved its name was changed to "Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes". Mercedes is one of the few towns in Argentina in which three different railways meet, thus been connected with large commercial areas as Buenos Aires as well as the Pacific Ocean, the Andes range and the pampas
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    2 votes
    155
    Necochea

    Necochea

    Necochea is a port and resort city in the southwest of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The city is located on the Atlantic coast, along the mouth of the Quequén Grande River, 528 km (328 mi) from Buenos Aires and 120 km (75 mi) southwest of Mar del Plata. The city proper has 65,459 inhabitants per the 2001 census [INDEC] and is the seat of government for Necochea Partido. The neighboring Port of Quequén, located on the eastern bank of the Quequén Grande River, is one of the most important ports in Argentina, and the gateway for the agricultural production of the southeast of the Province of Buenos Aires. The area around Necochea was first charted by Jesuit clergymen José Cardiel and Thomas Falkner, who reached the mouth of the Quequén Grande River in 1748. Necochea itself was established as a defensive outpost against Malón raids on October 12, 1881, by National Guard commander Ángel Murga. The new settlement was named in honor of General Mariano Necochea, a military commander during Argentine War of Independence. Founded on a seaside estate owned by Eustaquio Díaz Vélez, jr., the latter's father, General Eustaquio Díaz Vélez, had likewise played an important role during the
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    156
    Panaji

    Panaji

    Panaji /ˈpʌnədʒiː/ (Konkani: पणजी Panaje, pronounced [pɔɳɟĩ], [pɵɳɟiː] ( listen), Portuguese: Pangim, usually known in English as Panjim) is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. It lies on the banks of the Mandovi estuary, in the district of North Goa. With a population of 65,000 in the city and approximately 100,000 in the metropolitan area, Panaji is Goa's third largest city after Vasco da Gama and Margao. Panaji means “Land that never floods”. Panaji is the capital of Goa and headquarters of North Goa District, located on the left bank of the Mandovi River. It has terraced hills, concrete buildings with balconies and red-tiled roofs, churches and a riverside promenade, with red-roofed houses built in Latin style. The are avenues lined with gulmohar, acacia and other trees. The Baroque church of the Our Lady of Immaculate Conception located overlooking the main square known as Praça da Igreja, pretty villas, cobbled streets and interesting buildings give Panaji a Portuguese ambience. The word Panaji is derived from the words panjani and khali, which mean a boat and a small creek respectively, in Sanskrit. Thus the modern word Panaji is a corrupt form of the old word Panjakhali
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    157
    Reconquista

    Reconquista

    Reconquista is a city in the north of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, 327 km (203 mi) from the provincial capital. It is the head town of the General Obligado Department, and it has 66,187 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city lies on a branch of the Paraná River opposite the city of Goya, Corrientes. As of 2005, the construction of a road link between the two cities is under study; at present there is no way to cross the multiple minor branches, streams and wetlands except by boat. The climate of the region is wet subtropical (average 14 °C (57 °F) in winter, 28 °C (82 °F) in summer), with a mean annual rainfall of 1,408 mm (55 in). Reconquista was founded on 27 April 1872 as a military fort, established by Colonel Manuel Obligado, in lands formerly belonging to the Jesuit mission Reducción San Jerónimo del Rey. It was declared a city in 1921.
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    158
    San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca

    San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca

    San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca (Spanish pronunciation: [sam feɾˈnando ðel ˈβaʎe ðe kataˈmaɾka]) is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río Valle River, at the feet of the Cerro Ambato. The city name is normally shortened as Catamarca. The city of 684 km (264 sq mi), located 500 m (1,640 ft) above the sea level, has 141,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]), with more than 200,000 counting the suburbia, what represents around 70% of the population of the province. The city is located 1,130 km (702 mi) from Buenos Aires. The closest provincial capitals are La Rioja (154 km (96 mi)), Tucumán (230 km (143 mi)) and Santiago del Estero (209 km (130 mi)). Many pilgrims come to San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca to visit the Church of the Virgin of the Valley (1694), which contains a statue of Nuestra Señora del Valle (Our Lady of the Valley). Catamarca is also the touristic centre of the province, with its colonial architecture, and serves as a hub to many touristic points and excursions, hiking, mountain-bike tours, horse riding, and wine tasting. San Fernando del Valle is served by Coronel Felipe Varela International Airport) (CTC/SANC), with
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    2 votes
    159
    Tres Lomas

    Tres Lomas

    Tres Lomas is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Tres Lomas Partido.
    7.00
    2 votes
    160
    General Roca

    General Roca

    General Roca is a city in the northeast of the Argentine province of Río Negro, northern Patagonia. UN/LOCODE is ARGNR. It was founded on September 1, 1879 by Coronel Lorenzo Vintter during the Conquest of the Desert. In 1899 it was destroyed by a flooding of the Río Negro, and had to be re-built 5 kilometres west in higher lands. Its present population is of around 78,000 inhabitants (as per the 2001 census [INDEC]), making it the second most populated city in the province after Bariloche, and the second most important in the Alto Valle after Neuquén. The main activity around the city is the intensive agriculture under irrigation, which made possible an intense agro-industrial activity. The main crops are pears and apples. The city hosts the annual National Festival of the Apple. General Roca, named after Julio A. Roca, is located some 1,200 km from Buenos Aires, 505 km from Bahía Blanca, 513 from Viedma and 400 km from the deepwater port of San Antonio Este. The city is connected to the east by Argentine National Route 22, and is also crossed by provincial routes 6 and 65, which connect it to other cities in the Alto Valle, with the south of the province, and with the La Pampa
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    3 votes
    161
    La Rioja

    La Rioja

    La Rioja is the capital city of the Argentine province of La Rioja, located on the east of the province. The city has a population of almost 150,000 according to the 2001 census [INDEC]. La Rioja is located on the foot of the Velasco Sierras, 1,167 km (725 mi) from Buenos Aires, and 430 km (267 mi) from Córdoba. It is one of the most arid and least populated provinces of Argentina. The Capitán Vicente Almandos Almonacid Airport (IATA: IRJ, ICAO: SANL) at coordinates 29°23′21″S 66°48′09″W / 29.38917°S 66.8025°W / -29.38917; -66.8025 is 7 kilometres away from La Rioja, and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires and Catamarca. Former president Isabel Martínez de Perón was born in La Rioja. Another former president, Carlos Menem, was born nearby. La Rioja has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with average temperatures of 5 °C (41 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) winter and 21 °C (70 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) in summer, but with maximum temperatures of more than 45 °C (113 °F). The average annual rainfall is 411.4 mm (16 in), falling almost exclusively during the summer when moist tropical air from the northeast enters the region. Juan Ramírez de Velasco
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    3 votes
    162
    Macapá

    Macapá

    Macapá is a Brazilian city, the capital of Amapá state. The city is located in the North Region, and is the only state capital that has no highway connections with other capitals. Also of interest is the fact that the north and south sections of the city are divided by the equator. It is the fifth wealthiest city in northern Brazil, the municipality stands alone, 2.85% of the entire Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the region, and with a population of 499,166 in its metropolitan area, Macapá is the third largest urban area in the North. Its area is 6407 km ² representing 4.4863% of the area of the state, 0.1663% and 0.0754% of the Region of the Brazilian territory that total 32.7 km ² are in the urban perimeter. The city alone accounts for 60% of the population of state of Amapá and 3.50% of the population of the entire northern region of Brazil. According to surveys conducted by IBGE in 2010, the city has a population of 397,913, of which 97.92% live in urban areas and 2.08% live in rural districts. With an area of 6563 km ², the population density of Macapá is approximately 60.62 inhabitants per km ². Macapá stands out, among the majority of Brazilian cities, by rapid economic
    6.00
    3 votes
    163
    Olivos

    Olivos

    Olivos is an Argentine city in Vicente López Partido in the Province of Buenos Aires and a suburb within the Greater Buenos Aires metro area. Olivos is the site of the official residence of the President of Argentina (the name of this compound is the Quinta Presidencial de Olivos) and a relatively exclusive residential area where most heads of households commute to Buenos Aires, 22 km (14 mi) to the south. The city is bordered on the east by the shores of the Río de la Plata. A well-known stop along the Buenos Aires-Córdoba trade route for much of the 18th century, one of the area's first landowners, Domingo de Acassuso, began cultivating olive trees around 1720 and the spot was officially named Olivos on 19 February 1770. Much of the area was later purchased by Viceroy Antonio de Olaguer y Feliú and by a German immigrant, Hernán Wineberg, who sold a large tract in 1860 for the construction of the Ferrocarril Central Argentino through the area. The 1863 inaugural of the local railway station, one of Argentina's first, began attracting homeowners drawn by the area's tranquility and convenient access to the rapidly-growing capital and, in 1897, the Church of Jesus of the Olive Trees
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    3 votes
    164
    Rawson

    Rawson

    Rawson (originally "Trerawson" from Welsh) is the capital of the Argentine province of Chubut, in Patagonia. It has about 26,000 inhabitants, and it is the head town of the Rawson Department, which has 122,000 inhabitants (figures as per the 2001 census [INDEC]). Even though it is the provincial capital, its population is smaller than that of other cities in Chubut: Comodoro Rivadavia, Trelew, Puerto Madryn and Esquel. Rawson became the provincial capital in 1957, when Chubut was constituted as a province. Rawson is located on National Route 3, about 1,360 kilometres south of Buenos Aires, some 20 kilometres from both Trelew and it is served by the Almirante Marco Andrés Zar Airport in Trelew. It is crossed by the Chubut River, over which the first bridge was built in 1889. Playa Unión, Rawson's resort beach, is 6 km from the city centre. The city has a fishing port, Puerto Rawson, on the Atlantic coast, 5 km down the river. Provincial administration and the port are the main economical activities in the city. There are two small museums in Rawson. The City Museum has historical objects and old photographs. The Don Bosco Museum has a collection of local history and wildlife,
    6.00
    3 votes
    165
    Aberastain

    Aberastain

    Villa Aberastain is an Argentine city of the province of San Juan, head of the department Pocito, and the headquarters of the municipal authorities of the department. Villa Aberastain is within the so-called Valley of Tulum, the main agricultural oasis in the province is concentrated and where 90% of the provincial population. The village is located about 15 kilometres from the low foothills of the Great St. John. National Route No. 40 passes a few kilometres east of the town and communicates with the provincial capital and the city of Mendoza. The Sierra Chica de Zonda is located about four kilometres west, however, all the ejido of the town is settled in the alluvial plains formed east of the same. Being a city its economy is based on wine production and the cultivation of vegetables and fruit, with some industrialization of the same. These crops are possible because of irrigation caused by several different channels, including the most important is the channel Cespedes. The smallholding is the most widely practiced. It has 8,946 inhabitants (INDEC, 2001), which represents an increase of 36.0% compared with 6,578 inhabitants (INDEC, 1991) of the previous census. Villa Aberastain
    5.67
    3 votes
    166
    Merlo

    Merlo

    Merlo is the head town of the eponymous partido of Merlo and seat of the municipal government, located in the Greater Buenos Aires urban area. The city was founded by Francisco de Merlo in 1755 and rebuilt by Juan Dillon in 1859. Merlo is divided in two distinctive regions: Merlo Centro, a middle class district clustered around the train station; and the working class barrios, most of them along the Reconquista River. The administrative and commercial center is around the main avenue, Avenida del Libertador General San Martín. This tree-covered avenue stretches seven blocks from the railway station to the historic district and has few buildings reaching over two storeys in height. Merlo is bordered by Moreno and Paso del Rey—both cities in Moreno Partido—and the Reconquista River (northwest), San Antonio de Padua (north), Libertad and Parque San Martín (east) and Mariano Acosta (south). The origin of Merlo goes back to the town of Villa San Antonio del Camino, a hamlet clustered around a ranch-house belonged to the Spanish landlord Francisco de Merlo and which had been founded as a result of the recurrent Araucanian raids throughout the eighteen century. Francisco Javier de Merlo y
    5.67
    3 votes
    167
    Raipur

    Raipur

    Raipur /ˈraɪpʊər/ (Hindi: रायपुर  pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. The city is the administrative headquarters of Raipur District. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on November 1, 2000. At the time of the 2011 census, the population of the Municipal Corporation area was 1,010,087. Raipur district is important in historical and archeological point of view. This district was once part of southern Kosal and considered to be under Mourya Kingdom. Raipur city had been the capital of the Haihaya kings, controlling the traditional forts of the Chhattisgarh for a long time. The town of Raipur has been in existence since the 9th century; the old site and ruins of the fort can be seen in the southern part of the city. Satawahana kings ruled this part till the 2nd–3rd century. In the 4th century AD the king Samudragupta had conquered this region and established his domination till fifth–sixth century when this part had come under the rule of Sarabhpuri kings. For some period in the fifth–sixth century, Nala kings dominated this area. Later on Somavanshi kings had taken the control over this
    5.67
    3 votes
    168
    Santa Fe

    Santa Fe

    Santa Fe is the capital city of province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is situated in northeastern Argentina, near the junction of the Paraná and Salado rivers. It lies opposite the city of Paraná, to which it is linked by the Hernandarias Subfluvial Tunnel. The city is also connected by canal with the port of Colastiné on the Paraná River. Santa Fe has about 369,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The metropolitan area has a population of 454,238, making it the ninth largest in Argentina. Santa Fe is linked to Rosario (170 km (106 mi) to the south), the largest city in the province, by the Brigadier Estanislao López Highway and by National Route 11, which continues south towards Buenos Aires, and it is home to Sauce Viejo Airport with daily direct flights to Rosario and Aeroparque Jorge Newbery in Buenos Aires. Santa Fe was originally founded by Captain Juan de Garay in the nearby site of Cayastá in 1573. The site is today an historical park containing the grave of Hernandarias, the first American-born governor in South America. The settlement was moved to the present site in 1653 due to the constant flooding of the Cayastá River. The city became the provincial capital in
    5.67
    3 votes
    169
    Banda del Río Salí

    Banda del Río Salí

    Banda del Río Salí is a city in the Tucumán Province, Argentina. It is the department seat and the largest and most populated city in the Cruz Alta Department. The 2001 Census counted a population of 64,591. The city is part of the Greater San Miguel de Tucumán area and its largest employer is the Concepción Sugar Mill, the only remaining such facility after Pres. Juan Carlos Onganía had the state-owned Lastenia Mill closed in 1966.
    6.50
    2 votes
    170
    Campana

    Campana

    Campana is a city in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, in the Campana Partido. It is located about 75 km (47 mi) from Buenos Aires City, on the right-hand margin of the Paraná River, Its population is 84,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. Campana and Zárate make up an important industrial region. The city is linked to Zárate and the Zárate-Brazo Largo Bridge (and from there to the Mesopotamia) by Provincial Route 12. The Pan-American Highway links Campana to Buenos Aires, Rosario, Córdoba and the north of Argentina. The village of Campana was officially created in 1875. On 6 July 1885 the Campana Partido was created as an offshoot of the Exaltación de la Cruz Partido. Campana has been since late 19th century and to a lesser degree today an important shipyard and port for passengers traveling to the remote Ibicuy Islands of the Paraná Delta. Campana is home to Club Villa Dálmine, a football club that currently plays in Argentina's regionalised 4th division, and to Puerto Nuevo, an older club that plays in 5th division.
    6.50
    2 votes
    171
    Gualeguaychú

    Gualeguaychú

    Gualeguaychú is a city in the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, on the left bank of the Gualeguaychú River (a tributary of the Uruguay River). It is located on the south-east of the province, approximately 230 km north-west of Buenos Aires. It has a population of 109,266 according to the 2011 Census. The city is located near national route 14, a route growing in importance because it connects Argentina's capital Buenos Aires and São Paulo in Brazil, the biggest city of South America, being one of the most important routes in Mercosur. The city hosts an annual carnival that is regionally well-known and attended by people from many other provinces and countries around the world. It is considered one of the largest carnivals in the world. Gualeguaychú also has hot springs, beach resorts, and a casino. Near Gualeguaychú is Pueblo Belgrano, a municipality that belongs to the city, which is well known for its hot springs. Gualeguaychú should not be confused with Gualeguay, another city also in Entre Ríos, located about 80 km (50 mi) west. The city took the name of the river that is next to it, Gualeguaychú. According to records from 1715 made by the priest Polycarp Dufoo, the name comes
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    2 votes
    172
    Rio de Janeiro

    Rio de Janeiro

    Rio de Janeiro ( /ˈriːoʊ deɪ ʒəˈnɛəroʊ/ or /ˈriːoʊ deɪ dʒəˈnɛəroʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu], January River), commonly referred to simply as Rio, is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million people within the city proper, making it the 6th largest in the Americas, and 26th in the world. Rio de Janeiro has become a home of a World Heritage Site named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea," as granted by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 in the category Cultural Landscape. The decision was taken by the committee of the assets of the organization. The announcement came during a meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia. The city was the capital of Brazil for nearly two centuries, from 1763 to 1815 during the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 to 1821 as the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves, and 1822 to 1960 as an independent nation. Rio is nicknamed the Cidade Maravilhosa or "Marvelous City." Rio de Janeiro represents the second largest GDP in the country (and 30th largest in
    6.50
    2 votes
    173
    San Fernando, Buenos Aires

    San Fernando, Buenos Aires

    San Fernando de la Buena Vista is a city in the Gran Buenos Aires, in Argentina, and capital of the San Fernando Partido, 20 km (12 mi) north of the city of Buenos Aires. Located in the northern area of Gran Buenos Aires, San Fernando is composed of two clearly differentiated areas: a densely populated mainland section, with predominance of industrial, commercial and service areas; and a section of Islands of the Paraná Delta of 950 km (370 sq mi). It is the nautical capital of Argentina. The city is bordered by San Isidro and Tigre. Its continental area is composed of the towns of Virreyes, San Fernando and Victoria. The rest of his jurisdiction comprises the second and third sections of the Paraná Delta Islands.
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    2 votes
    174
    San Martín

    San Martín

    San Martín is a city in the north-center part of the Mendoza Province in Argentina. It is the capital of the San Martín Department and constitutes, with Palmira and La Colonia, the third-largest metropolitan area in the province. The first San Martín inhabitants were the Huarpe Milkayak people. The territory was governed by the tribal chief called Pallamay until 1563, when the first Europeans under the command of the Captain Pedro Moyano Cornejo, arrived to the area. The city was known as Rodeo de Moyano or, alternatively, as La Reducción (Spanish: The Reduction); but its name was changed to Villa Los Barriales in 1816, when it was included in the Corocorto Priesthood of Mendoza Province and officially established by the Governor of Mendoza, Toribio de Luzuriaga. San Martín came into prominence in the war of the Argentine independence period, when José de San Martín received an extensive land grant in the area to take advantage of agriculture and help the Chilean army of Bernardo O'Higgins in an effort to prevent new Spanish invasions from Chile to Argentina. In 1823, the governor Pedro Molina changed the name of the city yet again in homage to the Argentine general José de San
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    2 votes
    175
    Antofagasta de la Sierra

    Antofagasta de la Sierra

    Antofagasta de la Sierra is a volcanic field in Argentina. The main type of volcanic edifice in the area are scoria cones. The area contains the youngest vents in the whole of the Puna region of Argentina. It is considered by many authors that the cones in the field are only a few thousand years old, thus putting them firmly into the Holocene period. The field lies between the Salar de Antofalla volcanic field and the Cerro Galan caldera. The caldera lies west of Antofagasta de la Sierra and the other volcanic field to the east. The other prominent volcanic feature of the region, the peak Beltran, lies to the south-west of the field.
    7.00
    1 votes
    176
    Caseros, Buenos Aires

    Caseros, Buenos Aires

    Caseros is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Tres de Febrero Partido which forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation. In 1852 the area was the site of an important battle in Argentine history, the Battle of Caseros.
    7.00
    1 votes
    177
    Porvorim

    Porvorim

    Porvorim (pronounced [pɔrʋɔrĩ]) is the legislative capital of the state of Goa, India. It is situated on the right bank (north bank) of the Mandovi River. The administrative capital Panaji (Panjim) is located on the opposite bank. Considered as a suburb of Panjim, Porvorim is considered an upmarket residential hub as it lies on the prime Mumbai-Goa highway NH-17. Porvorim is hardly a couple of kilometers from the state capital, Panaji. A second city, Mapusa, is situated some 7 kilometers from here. Officially a village, it provides facilities no short of that of a town or a small city. Tourist folks usually visit this peaceful paradise to enjoy some leisure. As of the other parts of Goa, Konkani remains the predominantly spoken language. There are also some villages close by such as Guirim, Aldona, Assanora, Thivim. Many housing localities and complexes are also located in Porvorim, such as Porvorim is well connected by roads. The Mumbai-Goa highway NH-17 runs through Porvorim. Porvorim is still a developing area. Infrastructure such as hospitals, schools, hotels and highways is developing here at a high pace. The town is slated to get its first mall by 2013. Historically, Porvorim
    7.00
    1 votes
    178
    San Antonio de Areco

    San Antonio de Areco

    San Antonio de Areco is a town in northern Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, and capital of the partido of San Antonio de Areco. It is located on the Areco River 113 km (70 mi) away from the Buenos Aires city, the country's capital. San Antonio de Areco was founded in 1730, under the protection of a chapel inaugurated by José Ruiz de Arellano. It has been declared city of historic national interest by the Argentine Government and is recognized for being the homeland of Don Segundo Sombra, the immortal character of the novel written by Ricardo Güiraldes. The city is the home of the Museo Gauchesco Ricardo Güiraldes. Each year in November, the city holds the Día de la Tradición (Tradition Day) gaucho celebration. Since 2001, San Antonio de Areco is sister city of Laredo, Texas in the United States.
    7.00
    1 votes
    179
    San Juan

    San Juan

    San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valley, west of the San Juan River, at 650 m (2,133 ft) above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC] (over 500,000 in the metropolitan area). It is a modern city with wide streets and well drawn avenues with wide sidewalks and vegetation of different species of trees irrigated by canals, from which it derives its nickname oasis town. It has an important accommodation infrastructure and transportation. It highlights modern buildings and the surroundings, the reservoir and Ullum dam, spas, museums, large plantations of vines, and various types of agriculture, with wine being the most important. Before the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores, the Huarpe Indians inhabited this area. San Juan de la Frontera was founded on June 13, 1562 by Juan Jufré at the shore of the San Juan River. In 1593 flooding damaged the town, for which reason its setting was moved 2.5 km South to its current location. San Juan was a sleepy, provincial town during colonial times (1562–1810) and took practically no part in the internal wars that devastated
    7.00
    1 votes
    180
    Zanesville

    Zanesville

    Zanesville is a city in and the county seat of Muskingum County, Ohio, United States. The population was 25,487 at the 2010 census. Zanesville was named after Ebenezer Zane, who had constructed Zane's Trace, a pioneer road from Wheeling,VA (now WVa) to Maysville KY through present-day Ohio. He gave, in payment, in 1797 to his son-in-law, John McIntire1747-1811, at the point where Zane's Trace met the Muskingum River. With Zanes help, McIntire platted out the town and opened an inn and ferry by 1799. In 1801, Zanesville was officially renamed from Westbourne (Zane's chosen town name). From 1810-1812, the city was the second state capital of Ohio. The National Road runs through Zanesville as U.S. Route 40. Novelist Zane Grey, a descendant of the Zane family, was born in the city. The city has two engineering landmarks: the Muskingum River Canal, designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark; and the Zanesville Y-Bridge, the only such structure in the United States still in use. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Zanesville is located at 39°56′46″N 82°0′44″W / 39.94611°N 82.01222°W / 39.94611; -82.01222 (39.946049, -82.012150), along the Muskingum
    7.00
    1 votes
    181
    Belén

    Belén

    Belén is a small town in the province of Catamarca, Argentina. It has about 12,000 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC], and it is the head town of the department of the same name. Belén is the birthplace of Luis Franco.
    5.33
    3 votes
    182
    Cafayate

    Cafayate

    Cafayate is a town located at the central zone of the Valles Calchaquíes in the province of Salta, Argentina. It sits 1,683 metres (5,522 ft) above mean sea level, at a distance of 1,329 kilometres (826 mi) from Buenos Aires, 227 kilometres (141 mi) from Tucumán, 311 kilometres (193 mi) from Jujuy and 365 kilometres (227 mi) from Catamarca. It has about 12,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]). The town is an important tourist centre for exploring the Calchaquíes valleys, and because of the quality and originality of the wines produced in the area. The largest golf course in South America, at 240 acres (0.97 km), is currently being developed just outside of the city center at La Estancia de Cafayate. The town was founded in 1840 by Manuel Fernando de Aramburu, at the site of a mission. In 1863 the Cafayate Department was created, of which Cafayate is the capital. The Cafayates were a tribe of the Diaguita-Calchaquí group, which, together with the related Tolombón, inhabited the Valles Calchaquíes prior to the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores. Their language was known as Cacán. Like other Diaguita tribes, they had recently fallen under the influence of the Incas, after a
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    183
    Hyderabad

    Hyderabad

    Hyderabad (/ˈhaɪdərəbæd/) is the capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Musi River in the Deccan Plateau in southern India. The city's area is 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) and hosts a population of 6.8 million, while the metropolitan area contains 7.75 million residents, making it India's fourth most populous city and the sixth most populous urban agglomeration. The city was expanded in 2007 to form the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Hyderabad confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Hyderabad was established in 1591 CE by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah and remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty until 1687 when Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered the sultanate, and the city became part of the Deccan province of the Mughal empire. In 1724 Asif Jah I, a Mughal viceroy, declared his sovereignty and formed the Asif Jahi dynasty—also known as the Nizams of Hyderabad. The Nizams ruled the princely state of Hyderabad for more than two centuries, under subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. The city remained the princely state's
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    184
    Quilmes

    Quilmes

    Quilmes is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is the capital of Quilmes Partido (Partido de Quilmes), and has a population of 230,810. It is located 17 km (11 mi) south of the capital of Argentina, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The Quilmes were a native tribe who lived in the surroundings of Tucumán. In the 17th century, after repeated attempts by the invading Spaniards to control their lands, the Quilmes were defeated and were forced to settle in a restricted colony (reducción) near Buenos Aires, where the authorities could control them. The settlement was thus established in 1666 as Exaltación de la Santa Cruz de los Kilme. The 1,000 km (621 mi) journey from Tucumán was made on foot, causing hundreds of Quilmes to die in the process. By 1810 the colony had been abandoned and become a ghost town. The land was divided in parcels and the town of Quilmes was established in 1818. During the first British invasion, the British arrived from Montevideo through Quilmes and went to Buenos Aires from there. Quilmes is the home of two football teams: Quilmes Atlético Club and Club Atlético Argentino de Quilmes. The first was founded in the 19th century by Cannon J.
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    185
    Rio Branco

    Rio Branco

    Rio Branco (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁiu ˈbɾɐ̃ku], White River) is a Brazilian city, capital of the state of Acre. Located in the valley of the Acre River in northern Brazil, it is the most populous county in the state, with 305,954 inhabitants – almost half the state population, according to a 2009 estimate. Rio Branco was one of the first settlements to appear on the banks of the Acre River. In 1913 it became a county. In 1920 it became the capital of the territory of Acre, and in 1962, the state capital. It is the administrative center for the economic and cultural region. Rio Branco is located at 9° 58' 29" south and 67° 48' 36" west, at an altitude of 153 metres (502 ft) above sea level. The city is bisected by the Acre River, which divides it into the First and Second Districts. The river is crossed by six bridges, the newest bridge being the Catwalk Joaquim Macedo. Rio Branco is located in the mesoregion of Vale do Jurua and the microregion of Rio Branco. It is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Bujari and Porto Acre; to the south by the municipalities of Xapuri, Capixaba, and Plácido de Castro; to the east by the municipality of Senador Guiomard; and to the
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    186
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    187
    Río Grande

    Río Grande

    Río Grande is a city in Argentina, in the northern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. It has a population of 67,038, and is the industrial capital of the Tierra del Fuego Province. It is served by Hermes Quijada International Airport. Sheep farming, as many other places in Patagonia, was the main impetus for population settlements beginning in the late 19th century. Abundant rivers, the seacoast, and good pastures were some of the reasons that fueled population growth. Río Grande was founded on July 11, 1921, when the central government issued a decree recognizing this locality as the "Agricultural Colony of Río Grande". In the beginning, the land was subdivided among a few families, owning large estates until the agrarian reform of 1925. Cattle raising became one of the most important economic activities in the area. To promote industrial development, Tierra del Fuego is excluded from VAT and federal income tax. As a result, several manufacturing companies, particularly those involving electronic products, have opened factories in this city. One of the most rapidly-growing sectors is the production of laptops and netbooks. Imported in their entirety until 2006, 42% of
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    188
    Shillong

    Shillong

    Shillong (Khasi: Shillong) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smallest states in India and home to the Khasis. It is the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district and is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 feet (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Shillong Peak at 6,449 feet (1,966 m). The city had a population of 314,610 according to the 2011 census. It is said that the rolling hills around the town reminded the European settlers of Scotland. Hence, Shillong is known as "Scotland of the East." It has steadily grown in size and significance since it was made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on 21 January 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur in Guwahati. Shillong is at 25°34′N
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    189
    Darwin

    Darwin

    Darwin ( /ˈdɑrwɨn/) is the capital city of the Northern Territory, Australia. Situated on the Timor Sea, Darwin has a population of 127,532, making it by far the largest and most populated city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, but the least populous of all Australia's capital cities. It is the smallest and most northerly of the Australian capital cities, and acts as the Top End's regional centre. Darwin has grown from a pioneer outpost and small port into one of Australia's most modern and multicultural cities. Its proximity to Asia makes it an important Australian gateway to countries such as Indonesia and East Timor. The Stuart Highway begins in Darwin, ending at Port Augusta in South Australia. The city itself is built on a low bluff overlooking the harbour. Its suburbs spread out over some area, beginning at Lee Point in the north and stretching to Berrimah in the east—past Berrimah, the Stuart Highway goes on to Darwin's satellite city, Palmerston, and its suburbs. The region, like the rest of the Top End, has a tropical climate, with a wet and a dry season. The city is noted for its consistently warm to hot climate, all throughout the year. It receives heavy
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    190
    Humahuaca

    Humahuaca

    Humahuaca is a city in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. It has 11,369 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the principal town (seat) of the Department of Humahuaca. It is widely known for its location at the Quebrada de Humahuaca, a long valley east of the central Andean Altiplano. Humahuaca is located north of Tilcara and Purmamarca, in the colourful valley of Quebrada de Humahuaca. In the centre of the village there is a church tower which can be seen from the main square with a clock that chimes at 12 pm, after which a small door opens and a figure of Saint Francisco Solano comes out and makes the sign of the cross.
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    191
    Kohima

    Kohima

    Kohima /koʊˈhiːmə/ (Hindi: कोहिमा  pronunciation (help·info)) is the hilly capital of India's north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. It lies in Kohima District and is also one of the three Nagaland towns with Municipal council status along with Dimapur and Mokokchung. Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe. The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name Kewhima or Kewhira (Tenyidie for "the land where the flower Kewhi grows"). It is so called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi, found in the mountains. Earlier, Kohima was also known as Thigoma. Kohima is located south of Kohima District (25°40′N 94°07′E / 25.67°N 94.12°E / 25.67; 94.12) and has an average elevation of 1261 metres (4137 feet). The town of Kohima is located on the top of a high ridge and the town serpentines all along the top of the surrounding mountain ranges as is typical of most Naga settlements. The British incursions into the Naga territory beginning in the 1840s met with stiff resistance from the independence loving Nagas who had never been conquered by any empire before. The stiffness of the resistance can be
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    192
    Tigre, Buenos Aires

    Tigre, Buenos Aires

    Tigre (Tiger) is a town in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, situated in the north of Greater Buenos Aires, 28 km (17 mi) north of Buenos Aires city. Tigre lies on the Paraná Delta and is an important tourist and weekend attraction, easily reached by bus and train services, including the scenic Tren de la Costa. It is the principal town of the Tigre Partido. The town sits on an island created by several small streams and rivers and was founded in 1820, after floods had destroyed other settlements in the area, then known as the Partido de las Conchas. The area's name derives from the “tigres” or jaguars that were hunted there, on occasions, in its early years. The area was first settled by Europeans who came to farm the land, and the port developed to serve the Delta and to bring fruit and wood from the Delta and ports upstream on the Paraná river. Tigre is still an important timber processing port. The “Puerto de Frutos” (fruit port) is now a crafts fair located in the old fruit market by the riverside. The Naval Museum is also nearby. Antiques shops, riverside restaurants and pubs, the casino and Parque de la Costa, an amusement park and its renowned natural beauty make Tigre
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    193
    Tres Arroyos

    Tres Arroyos

    Tres Arroyos is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the capital of the Tres Arroyos Partido. The city has a sizable population of Dutch and Danish descent. Roughly 5 km from the city of Tres Arroyos lies the "Arroyo Seco" archaeological site, which is considered to be one of the oldest yet found in Argentina. Over 40 skeletons, presumably in burial positions, were found at the site, dated to estimated age of 9000 years B.P. The site includes tools, hunting implements and fossils of extinct mammals. Much of the extensive materials are on display at the José A. Mulazzi Municipal Museum, which includes reconstructions of how the people of the time lived. The city is home to Huracán de Tres Arroyos, a football team playing in the regional leagues, but who played in the Argentine Primera as recently as 2004-05.
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    194
    Alta Gracia

    Alta Gracia

    Alta Gracia is a city located in the north-centre of the province of Córdoba, Argentina. Its name means "High Grace". It is built upon the Sierras Chicas, in a region that the Comechingón Indians used to call Paravachasca. It has about 43,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]). In the 17th century Alta Gracia was as a large ranch (an estancia) operated by Jesuits. Along with other ranches, including Colonia Caroya, Jesús María, Santa Catalina, La Candelaria y San Ignacio de los Ejercicios, Alta Gracia was founded to economically support the Collegium Maximum or "Colegio Máximo", one of Argentina's first universities (Universitas Cortuba Tucumanæ) today: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, and other educational institutes that are now part of the Manzana Jesuítica ("Jesuit Block"), an important center in Córdoba City. The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba were named World Heritage site in 2000. Owners of the Estancia Alta Gracia: Sights include:
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    195
    Chandigarh

    Chandigarh

    Chandigarh is a city and union territory in India that serves as the capital of two states, Haryana and Punjab. The name Chandigarh translates as "The Fort of Chandi". The name is derived from an ancient temple called Chandi Mandir, devoted to the Hindu goddess Chandi, in the city. It is also referred to as The City Beautiful due to its beautiful surroundings, central grid of gardens, each dedicated to different species of flora. The city of Chandigarh was the first planned city in India post independence in 1947 (pre-independence planned cities include Dispur in Assam, New Delhi in Delhi, Jaipur in Rajasthan, etc.) and is known internationally for its architecture and urban design. The city has projects designed by architects such as Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Jane Drew, and Maxwell Fry. The city tops the list of Indian States and Union Territories with the highest per capita income in the country at Rs.99,262 at current prices and Rs.70,361 at constant prices (2006–2007). The city was reported in 2010 to be the "cleanest" in India, based on a national government study, and the territory also headed the list of Indian states and territories according to research conducted
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    196
    Córdoba

    Córdoba

    Córdoba (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkorðoβa]) is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about 700 km (435 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Córdoba Province. Córdoba is the second-largest city in Argentina after the federal capital Buenos Aires, with about 1.3 million inhabitants according to the 2001 census. The city was founded on 6 July 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, who named it after Córdoba, Spain. It was one of the first Spanish colonial capitals of the region that is now Argentina (the older city was Santiago del Estero, founded in 1553). The Universidad Nacional de Córdoba is the oldest university in Argentina. It was founded in 1613 by the Jesuit Order. Córdoba has many historical monuments preserved from the times of Spanish colonialism, especially buildings of the Roman Catholic Church. The most recognizable is perhaps the Jesuit Block (Spanish: Manzana Jesuítica), declared in 2000 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO which consists of a group of buildings dating from the 17th century, including the Montserrat School and the colonial university campus (today the historical
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    197
    La Plata

    La Plata

    La Plata (English: The Silver) is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and of La Plata partido. According to the 2001 census [INDEC], the partido has a population of 574,369 and its metropolitan area has 694,253 inhabitants. The city itself has a population of 186,524. La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, and it was officially founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton. La Plata was renamed Eva Perón City (Ciudad Eva Perón) between 1952 and 1955. The city is home to two important football (soccer) teams: Estudiantes de La Plata, that play in the first division, and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, currently in second division. Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and the planned university. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers. The city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north-south and east-west. (In addition, there are numerous other shorter
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    198
    Mar Chiquita

    Mar Chiquita

    Mar Chiquita is a lagoon in the southeast province of Buenos Aires in eastern Argentina. It is located by the Atlantic coast, 30 km north of Mar del Plata. The area is a natural reserve where a number of animal species live around the lagoon. The location was also used as a suborbital launch site at coordinates 37°45' South, 57°25' West between 1968 and 1972; eight sounding rockets of the types Arcas, two rockets of the type Orion-1, and a rocket of the type Dragon, were launched from there. On the southern side of the lagoon there is a small resort village.
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    199
    Monte Grande

    Monte Grande

    Monte Grande is a city which forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban agglomeration. It is the capital of the Esteban Echeverría Partido in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It was founded on April 3 1889 by a company named Sociedad Coni, Sansisena y Cía., and currently has an area of 22.57 km² and a population of 109,644 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]).
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    200
    Río Gallegos

    Río Gallegos

    Río Gallegos (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o ɣaˈʃeɣos]) is the capital of the Patagonia province of Santa Cruz, Argentina. It has a population of about 98,000, per the 2010 census [INDEC], a 24% increase over the 79,000 in the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city sits on the estuary of the Gallegos River, 2,636 km (1,638 mi) south from Buenos Aires. The river was first sighted by a European in 1525, by the explorer García Jofre de Loaísa, and was called Río San Idelfonso. Simón de Alcazaba y Sotomayor's 1535 expedition was the first to name the river "Río Gallegos". The area was not settled by Europeans until much later, with one of the earliest recorded indications of habitation in 1885, when the Argentine government wished to better express its sovereignty over southern Patagonia — a naval base was created which increased the development of the town. Between 1912 and 1920, the government encouraged settlers from the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) and southern Chile with preferential farming conditions. Some 3,000 arrived and boosted the town. As sheep-farming increased, Río Gallegos became the principal port for exporting sheep and their products. The Pioneers Museum is a
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    201
    Salta

    Salta

    Salta is a city located in the Lerma Valley, at 1,152 meters (3780 feet) above sea level in the north west part of Argentina and it is also the name for the capital city of the Salta Province. Along with its metropolitan area, it has a population of 1,215,207 inhabitants according to the Digital Encyclopedia of Salta portaldesalta, which makes it the second most populated city in the northwest of the country. Within Argentina, Salta is the city which has preserved its colonial architecture the best. It is situated in the Lerma Valley, 1,152 meters (3780 feet) above sea level, at the foothills of the Andes mountains. The weather is warm and dry, with annual averages of 756 mm of rainfall and an average temperature of 16.4 °C (20.4 °C in summer, 10.8 °C in winter). January and February are the months with greatest rainfall. During the spring, Salta is occasionally plagued by severe, week long dust storms. Nicknamed Salta la Linda ("Salta the beautiful"), it has become a major tourist destination due to its old, colonial architecture, tourism friendliness, awesome weather and the natural scenery of the valleys westward. Attractions in the city proper include the 18th century Cabildo,
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    202
    San Salvador de Jujuy

    San Salvador de Jujuy

    San Salvador de Jujuy (Spanish pronunciation: [san salβaˈðoɾ ðe xuˈxuʝ]), commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador, is the capital city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands. Its population, as of the 2001 census [INDEC], is 237,751 inhabitants. If its suburbs are included, this figure rises to around 300,000. The current mayor is Raúl Jorge. The city lies on National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca 289 km (180 mi) with Salta 120 km (75 mi), and it is 1,525 km (948 mi) from Buenos Aires. Tourist destinations not far from the city are Tilcara 84 km (52 mi), Humahuaca 126 km (78 mi), and the Calilegua National Park 111 km (69 mi). Jujuy is located near the Andes, at the junction of the Xibi Xibi River and the Río Grande de Jujuy, 1238 meters above sea level. The weather is humid during the Summers and dry and cold during the winters. Temperatures vary widely between day and night times. The city is the center of all the provincial government, financial and cultural centre. Most administrative offices related to economic activities that take place in other points
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    203
    São Luís

    São Luís

    São Luís (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w luˈis], Saint Louis) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Maranhão. The city is located on Ilha de São Luís (São Luís Island) in the Baía de São Marcos (São Marcos Bay), an extension of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the estuary of Pindaré, Mearim, Itapecuru and other rivers. Its coordinates are 2.53° south, 44.30° west. The city proper has a population of some 986,826 people (2008 IBGE estimate). The metropolitan area totals 1,227,659, ranked as the 16th largest in Brazil. São Luís is the only Brazilian state capital founded by France (see France Équinoxiale) and it is one of the three Brazilian state capitals located on islands (the others are Vitória and Florianópolis). The city has two major sea ports: Madeira Port and Itaqui Port, through which a substantial part of Brazil's iron ore, originating from the (pre)-Amazon region, is exported. The city's main industries are metallurgical with Alumar, and Vale do Rio Doce. São Luís is home of the Federal University of Maranhão. São Luís was the home town of famous Brazilian samba singer Alcione, Brazilian writers Aluísio Azevedo, Ferreira Gullar and Josué Montello,
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    204
    Villa Gesell

    Villa Gesell

    Villa Gesell is a seaside village in Villa Gesell Partido, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It was founded in 1931, afforestating a dune field. The growth of the city allowed it to annex the nearby cities of Mar de las Pampas, Las Gaviotas and Mar Azul. The town is named after Carlos Idaho Gesell, the son of German economist Silvio Gesell. Carlos Gesell bought wood at Tigre for his business, and wanted to plant pines somewhere near Mar del Plata to reduce costs. Gesell was not planning to build a town at that point. Héctor Guerrero told him of 16.48 km (6.36 sq mi) of sand dunes on sale for 28,000 pesos, and Gesell bought them in 1931 when he checked for the existence of groundwater in the area. The coastline was 10 km (6.21 mi) long. He immediately began to forest the area, and built a house for himself in 1932. This house is now a municipal museum. The forestation work did not proceed as expected: the strong saline winds moved the sand and harmed the plants, exposing and drying their roots. Gesell hired German agronomist Carlos Bodesheim in 1934, who could not find a solution. He then implemented two new ideas. First, he planted a high number of beneficial weeds, capable of
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    205
    Yerba Buena, Tucumán

    Yerba Buena, Tucumán

    Yerba Buena is the capital of the Yerba Buena Department in the province of Tucumán, Argentina. It's located at an altitude of around 466 metres (1528 feet). The city of Yerba Buena is the department seat and the most urbanized area as well. It is mostly residential, though an always-increasing commercial activity can be observed along its main road: Aconquija Avenue. Different kind of stores, shopping arcades, restaurants, bars and cafés line along this avenue giving the area a very lively atmosphere, especially on weekends, when yerbabuenenses and people from its neighboring cities gather in search of fun and relaxation. Yerba Buena is home to most of the country clubs and gated communities in the province. However, some of its residents live in slums scattered around the city. Yerba Buena is a city, possibly given its name because people there may be friendly. There is a place called San Javier in the mountains nearby where there is a large cross called "El Cruz" (the cross). Yerba Buena has experienced more growth than any other Argentine city since 1996 with an average of two residences per day being constructed. Because of being so close to San Miguel de Tucumán, Yerba
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    206
    Ahmedabad

    Ahmedabad

    Ahmedabad, /ˈɑːmɨdəbɑːd/ also known as /ˈəəmdəvəd/ is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat. The city is an administrative center of Ahmedabad district, and is the judicial capital of Gujarat as the Gujarat High Court is in Ahmedabad. The city was founded on 26 February 1411 by Sultan Ahmed Shah to serve as the capital of the Gujarat Sultanate, and was named after him. With a city population of more than 5.5 million and an extended population of 6.3 million it is the fifth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the River Sabarmati, 32 km (20 mi) from the state capital Gandhinagar. Though incorporated into the Bombay Presidency during British rule, Ahmedabad remained one of the most important cities in the Gujarat region. The city established itself as the home of a developing textile industry, which earned it the nickname the Manchester of the East. The city was at the forefront of the Indian independence movement in the first half of the 20 century and centre of many campaigns of civil disobedience to promote workers' rights, civil rights, and political independence. The city has large
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    207
    Chennai

    Chennai

    Chennai /ˈtʃɛnaɪ/, also known as Madras /məˈdræs/, is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is a major commercial, cultural, economic and educational center in South India. It is also known as the "Cultural Capital of South India". The area around Chennai had been part of successive South Indian kingdoms through centuries. The recorded history of the city began in the colonial times, specifically with the arrival of British East India Company and the establishment of Fort St. George in 1644. The British defended several attacks from the French colonial forces, and from the kingdom of Mysore, on Chennai's way to become a major naval port and presidency city by late eighteenth century. Following the independence of India, Chennai became the capital of Tamil Nadu and a hotbed of regional politics that tended to bank on the Dravidian identity of the populace. According to the provisional results of 2011 census, the city had 4.68 million residents making it the sixth most populous city in India; the urban agglomeration, which comprises the city and its suburbs, was home to approximately 8.9 million, making it the
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    208
    Comodoro Rivadavia

    Comodoro Rivadavia

    Comodoro Rivadavia is an affluent city in the Patagonian province of Chubut in southern Argentina, located on the San Jorge Gulf, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Chenque Hill. Comodoro Rivadavia is the most important city of the San Jorge Basin. The city is often referred simply as Comodoro. It was at one time the capital of Comodoro Rivadavia Territory, which existed from 1943 to 1955. The territory was a part of Chubut before and after its creation, and the city became the capital of Escalante Department. It had a population of 137,061 as of the 2001 census [INDEC], and grew to 182,631 by the 2010 census. Comodoro Rivadavia is a commercial and transportation center for the surrounding region, the largest city of Chubut, and an important export point for a leading Argentine petroleum district. A 1,770 km pipeline conveys natural gas from Comodoro Rivadavia to Buenos Aires. The city is modern with the air of an oil-country boomtown. Founded by decree on February 23, 1901, as a port for the inland settlement of Sarmiento, the first settler was Francisco Pietrobelli. Early settlers included Boers escaping British rule in South Africa, as well as Welsh settlers. The
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    209
    Monte Hermoso

    Monte Hermoso

    Monte Hermoso is a town located on the Atlantic coast of Argentina, some 100 km (62 mi) east of the city of Bahía Blanca, in the south of the Province of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of the partido of Monte Hermoso. Founded at the beginning of the twentieth century, Monte Hermoso is a family seaside resort with more than 32 km (20 mi) of beach overlooking the Atlantic Ocean and with the unique characteristic in Argentina of having both sunrises and sunsets over the sea. The summer climate of Monte Hermoso is more temperate than that of other major seaside resorts due to the sea breeze effect, while the water itself is warmer, making for a pleasant beach experience. Monte Hermoso owes its existence to the 1879 purchase of 4,000 seaside hectares (10,000 acres) by Esteban Dufaur. His son, Sulpicio, created the El Recreo estancia in 1910, and in 1918, began welcoming guests with the inaugural of the Hotel de Madera; the hotel was built by Dafaur with lumber salvaged from a shipwreck on the shore. The settlement was established as such in 1975, and given autonomy on April 1, 1979. The lighthouse, Faro Recalada a Bahia Blanca, 73 m (240 ft) high and the tallest in South America, is
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    210
    Belén de Escobar

    Belén de Escobar

    Belén de Escobar (or Escobar) is a city in the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina. It is the head town of the Escobar Partido. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
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    211
    Chilecito

    Chilecito

    Chilecito is a city in the Argentine province of La Rioja, and head of the department of Chilecito. It's located in the valley formed by the Sierras de Velazco to the east, and the Sierras de Famatina to the west. The city was founded in 1715 by Spanish colonizers. From its mining past that saw its zenith at the end of the 19th century, the city conserves the cable-car of the La Mejicana mine built by Bleichert. Argentine educator, lawmaker and historian Joaquín V. González was raised in the vicinity of Chilecito, and kept a vacation home here in his later years. The property, which he called Samay Huasi (Quechua for "vacation home") was donated to the University of La Plata for use as an artists' retreat. Chilecito is surrounded by an oasis of irrigation, which has expanded by way of supplements from underground waters. The majority of agricultural land is used for the cultivation of vineyards, while the most significant industrial activity is based in wine-cellars. Walnut and fruit trees are also cultivated and their product is locally processed. At the end of the 1990s, the local faculty dependent of the National University of La Rioja became the National University of
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    Colón, Buenos Aires

    Colón, Buenos Aires

    Colón is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of the Colón Partido. The town is located in an agricultural area, the main areas of employment are in agriculture, the production of agricultural machinery and textiles. The museum is located in the old Ferrocarril General Bartolomé Mitre railway station and has a display of old photographs and artefacts. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
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    Mendoza

    Mendoza

    Mendoza (Spanish pronunciation: [menˈdosa]) is the capital city of Mendoza Province, in Argentina. It is located in the northern-central part of the province, in a region of foothills and high plains, on the eastern side of the Andes. As of the 2001 census [INDEC], Mendoza's population was 110,993. The metropolitan population was 848,660 in 2001, making Greater Mendoza the fourth largest census metropolitan area in the country. Ruta Nacional 7, the major road running between Buenos Aires and Santiago, runs through Mendoza. The city is a frequent stopover for climbers on their way to Aconcagua (the highest mountain in the Western and Southern Hemispheres) and for adventure travelers interested in mountaineering, hiking, horseback riding, rafting, and other sports. In the winter, skiers come to the city for its easy access to the Andes. Two of the main industries of Mendoza area are olive oil production and wine making. The region around Greater Mendoza is the largest wine producing area in Latin America. As such, Mendoza is one of nine cities worldwide in the network of Great Capitals of Wine, and the city is an emerging enotourism (Wine tourism) destination and base for exploring
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    Balcarce

    Balcarce

    San José de Balcarce (shortened to Balcarce) is a city in Buenos Aires Province (Argentina) about 32 mi (51 km) west of Mar del Plata with a population of approx 44,064 (2010 census). It is the cabecera (head town) of the Balcarce Partido (District of Balcarce). The UN/LOCODE is ARBCA. The city is famous as the birthplace of Formula One legend Juan Manuel Fangio and today houses the Museo Juan Manuel Fangio ("Juan Manuel Fangio" Museum) and the Autódromo Juan Manuel Fangio, a motorsports circuit. The town hall, cemetery portal and slaughterhouse were all designed by the architect, Francisco Salamone, and contain elements of Art Deco style. Built in the late 1930s, these buildings were some of the first examples of modern architecture in rural Argentina. Located just a few blocks from where Fangio was born, the museum houses a collection of cars, trophies, photographs and other memorabilia.
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    Campo Grande

    Campo Grande

    Campo Grande (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkɐ̃pu ˈɡɾɐ̃dʒi], Great Field) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul in the Center-West region of the country. The city is nicknamed Cidade Morena ("Swarthy City" in Portuguese) because of the reddish-brown colour of the region's soil. It has a population of 796,252, according to a 2011 IBGE estimate, while its metropolitan area is home to 991,420 people (2010). The region where the city is located was in the past a waypoint for travellers who wanted to go from São Paulo or Minas Gerais to northern Mato Grosso by land. In the early 1900s a railway was completed connecting Campo Grande to Corumbá, on the Bolivian border, and to Bauru, São Paulo. Also in the beginning of the 20th century, the Western Brazilian Army Headquarters was established in Campo Grande, making it an important military center. With a population growth from 140,000 people in 1970 to 750,000 people in 2008, Campo Grande is the third largest urban center of the Center-West region, and the 23rd largest city in the country. In 1977, the State of Mato Grosso was split into two, and Campo Grande became the capital of the new state of Mato
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    Curuzú Cuatiá

    Curuzú Cuatiá

    Curuzú Cuatiá is a city in the south of the province of Corrientes in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It has about 36,000 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the Curuzú Cuatiá Department. The area has an undulated terrain, with many small rivers and streams that empty into the Paraná River in the west, or into the Uruguay River in the east. The climate is wet subtropical, with uniformly distributed annual rainfall of 1,200 mm on average. The average temperatures are 14.5 °C (winter) and 26 °C (summer), with recorded extremes of −3 °C and 44 °C respectively. The city is served by an airport (IATA: UZU, ICAO: SATU), located at 29°47′S 58°1′W / 29.783°S 58.017°W / -29.783; -58.017. The name Curuzú Cuatiá is of Guaraní origin and means "Engraved Cross". The early settlers (Spanish conquistadores and Jesuit missionaries from Uruguay) called it Posta de Cruz since the site was a crossroads, marked by a large cross with an inscription. After the May Revolution that initiated the struggle for independence of Argentina from Spain, the army led by General Manuel Belgrano passed by. Belgrano solved a government conflict in the area by assigning the jurisdiction to
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    Ensenada

    Ensenada

    Ensenada is a city and port in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, located around the Ensenada de Barragán. It has 31,031 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the capital of Ensenada Partido, and together with Berisso Partido they are the main suburbs of the Gran La Plata conurbation around the provincial capital of La Plata. The port of Ensenada carries grain and beef exports, as well as industrial shipments. The volume traded has been recently growing at the expense of the Buenos Aires port, located 60 km to the north-west. As Buenos Aires city authorities are considering repurposing the port of Buenos Aires as a passenger-only facility, the volume at Ensenada (as well as that of the ports in Campana and Bahía Blanca) is slated to experience further growth.
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    Goiânia

    Goiânia

    Goiânia (/ɡɔɪˈɑːniə/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡo̞jˈɐ̃n̠ʲi̯ɐ]) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Goiás. With a population of 1,301,892, it is the second-largest city in the Central-Western Region and the 13th-largest in the country. Its metropolitan area has a total population of 2,063,744, making it the 11th-largest in Brazil. Goiânia is a planned city founded on October 24, 1933 by then Governor Pedro Ludovico to serve as the new state capital and administrative center. Prior to this date, the state capital was the town of Goiás. Goiânia has the largest green area per inhabitant in Brazil, and is the second in the world, behind Edmonton, Canada. The idea of creating a new state capital had been bounced around from early on in the history of the state of Goiás. The first plan came from D. Marcos de Noronha who in 1753 wanted to establish the state capital in the municipality of Pirenópolis, then again in 1863 José Vieira Couto de Magalhães put forward a plan to move the capital to the edge of the river Araguaia. The impetus behind the efforts to move the state capital was the need to locate it in accordance with the economic interests of the state. The
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    Hurlingham, Buenos Aires

    Hurlingham, Buenos Aires

    Hurlingham is the capital city of Hurlingham of the province of Buenos Aires Provincein Argentina. It is located in the west of Greater Buenos Aires. Formerly part of Morón. It is considered the pearl of the West for its architectural beauty of English style and ample green space and trees. With a long history of nearly 140 years based on the contribution of British colonies, German, Italian and Spanish, was created with the gestation of Hurlingham Club that led to the village. The municipality was created by the provincial Law No. 11,610 in December 1994 and functions as a municipality since 1995. The town, located in the central-east of the province, is known for its green spaces (golf research INTA, boundaries to Camino del Buen Ayre. In addition, the game is also known for being the youngest of the Province of Buenos Aires. The city is located in the Greater Buenos Aires, approximately 20 km of the Buenos Aires. Bordered on the south by William C. Morris, Buenos Aires, on the west by the Ituzaingó Partido, on the north by the Villa Tesei and this with the Tres de Febrero Partido. The Hurlingham Club was founded in 1888 by the English community in the area, following the
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    San Antonio de los Cobres

    San Antonio de los Cobres

    San Antonio de los Cobres is a small town of population 5,482 (per the 2001 INDEC census) in northwestern Argentina. It is the capital of the Los Andes Department of the Salta Province. The town is known for its high elevation of approximately 3,775 meters (12,385 feet) above sea level, being one of the highest elevations of any city or town in Argentina. It is located approximately 160 kilometers (99 mi) from the city of Salta and 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) from the capital, Buenos Aires. San Antonio de las Cobres takes its name from the nearby Sierra de Cobre, or Copper Mountain, which is rich in that mineral. Economic activity in the town is based on mining of the mineral-rich surrounding mountains, and weaving using local llama fibers. The town is also a stop along the famous train line, the Tren a las Nubes (Train of the Clouds), on the Salta-Antofagasta rail line. Media related to San Antonio de los Cobres at Wikimedia Commons
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    Zapala

    Zapala

    Zapala is a city in the Patagonian province of Neuquén, Argentina with about 32,000 inhabitants according to the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city is located at the geographic center of the province at the confluence of national and provincial roads, on a route to the Andes and Chile. The city has an important cement factory. Zapala is near the Laguna Blanca National Park and a ski resort and is situated in a steppe region, known as Pehuenia, which has small Araucaria forests and includes the nearby town of Aluminé and other towns. Zapala was founded on 12 July 1913 around a railway station built by the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, a British-owned company taken over by the Ferrocarril General Roca after railway nationalisation in 1948 and, since railway privatisation in 1993, in the hands of Ferrosur Roca. The city is split in two by the railways; on one side there is a commercial district with old buildings, and on the other a modern residential area. The station is a terminus at the end of the line from Bahía Blanca and Neuquén which was meant to continue across the Andes mountains into Chile. Construction was abandoned in the 1920s although resumption of construction was
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    Brisbane

    Brisbane

    Brisbane ( /ˈbrɪzbən/) is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of 2.15 million, and the South East Queensland urban conurbation, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3 million. The Brisbane central business district stands on the original European settlement and is situated inside a bend of the Brisbane River, approximately 23 km (14 mi) from its mouth at Moreton Bay. The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the floodplain of the Brisbane River valley between the bay and the Great Dividing Range. While the metropolitan area is governed by several municipalities, a large portion of central Brisbane is governed by the Brisbane City Council, which is by far Australia's largest Local Government Area by population. The demonym of Brisbane is Brisbanite. Brisbane is named after the river on which it sits, which, in turn, was named after Scotsman Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825. The first European settlement in Queensland was a penal colony at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the
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    San Luis

    San Luis

    San Luis is the capital city of San Luis Province in the Cuyo region of Argentina. San Luis lies at the feet of the Sierras Grandes, along the northern bank of the Chorrillos River, and is set in a Dry Pampas plateau around 730 m (2,400 ft) above sea level. Points of interest in the city include the Park of the Nations, the neoclassical cathedral, a number of museums including the Dora Ochoa De Masramón Provincial Museum, and the colonial architecture. A number of landmarks honor the Argentine War of Independence, as well. Independence Park features an equestrian monument to General José de San Martín, liberator of Argentina, Chile and Perú. Nearby Pringles Plaza honors Colonel Juan Pascual Pringles, one of San Martín's chief adjutants and, briefly, Governor of San Luis Province. Fishing in the nearby Lake Potrero de los Funes, and other locations, is also popular. The Sierra de las Quijadas National Park is located 122 kilometres from the city. The city's climate is dry, with July average temperature between 3 and 15 °C and January average between 18 and 31 °C, an annual average of 17 °C. The extremes temperatures in this city are −10 and +41 °C National Route 7 connects San Luis
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    Sydney

    Sydney

    Sydney ( /sɪdni/) is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. It is located on Australia's south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. As of June 2010, the greater metropolitan area had an approximate population of 4.6 million people. Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population. The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony. The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches including the famous Bondi Beach and Manly Beach. Within the city are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens. Sydney often ranks highly in various world cities rankings. It has hosted major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games and the 2000 Summer Olympics. The main airport serving
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    Bhubaneswar

    Bhubaneswar

    Bhubaneswar /ˌbʊvəˈneɪʃwər/, also spelled Bhubaneshwar (Bhubanēsbara  pronunciation (help·info)), is the capital of the Indian state of Orissa, officially spelled Odisha. The city has a history of over 3000 years starting with the Mahamegha-bahana Chedi dynasty (around 2 century BCE) who had Sisupalgarh near present-day Bhubaneswar as their capital. Bhubaneswar has been known by names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari (City of Temples) otherwise known as the Temple City of India. Bhubaneswar, literally means the Lord (Eeswar) of the Universe (Bhuban). It is the largest city of Orissa, and a center of economic and religious importance in the region today. Bhubaneswar's possession of magnificent sculptures and architectural heritage, coupled with the sanctity as Ekamrakshetra make this one of the great religious centres of Orissa since early medieval days. With its large number of Hindu temples (over 600 in number), which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a Temple City of India and together with Puri and Konark it forms the Swarna Tribhuja (Golden Triangle); one of
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    Bilaspur

    Bilaspur

    Bilaspur is a city in Bilaspur district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, situated 111 km (69 mi) north of state capital, Raipur. It is the second-largest city (after raipur) in the state. It is the administrative headquarter of Bilaspur district. Chhattisgarh State High Court at Bilaspur privilege it to host the name 'Nyayadhani' ((Hindi: न्याय धानी) Law Capital) of the state. Bilaspur is known for its aromatic Doobraj rice, Samosa, Mango, handloom woven colorful soft Kosa silk Saris, and more for its rich, varied and colorful culture. Bilaspur District has a major contribution towards the naming of Chhattisgarh as "Dhaan Ka Katoora". Historical records like Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol 8, 1908 note that the city is said to be named after a fisher-woman by name "Bilasa" in the 17th century, and for a long period it consisted only of a few fishermen's huts. Historically, Bilaspur was a part of Kalchuri dynasty of Ratanpur. The city, however, came into prominence around 1741, the year of the Maratha Empire invasion, when a Maratha official took up his abode there and began to build a fort, which however was never completed. The city was taken over by the British East India
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    Concordia

    Concordia

    San Antonio de Padua de la Concordia (usually shortened to Concordia) is a city in the north-east of the province of Entre Ríos in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It has about 142,000 inhabitants as of the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the department of the same name. Concordia lies on the right-hand (western) shore of the Uruguay River, opposite the city of Salto, Uruguay. The two cities are joined by a road/railway link that is part of the Salto Grande Dam complex (starting on the Argentine side 18 km north from the center of Concordia). The city is known as the national capital of citrus production. El Palmar National Park, an important reserve for Yatay palm trees, lies 60 km south of the city. The area is served by an airport (IATA: COC, ICAO: SAAC) located at 31°18′S 58°0′W / 31.3°S 58°W / -31.3; -58.
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    Iruya

    Iruya

    Iruya is a small town of population 1,070 in northwestern Argentina. It is located in the Salta Province of northwestern Argentina, and is the capital of the Iruya Department. Located in the altiplano region along the Iruya River, Iruya sits nestled against the mountainside at an elevation of 2,780 meters (9,120 feet). It is located over 300 kilometers (190 mi) from the province capital of Salta. A 50 km (31 mi) portion of the route to Iruya is unpaved. Nonetheless, the town is popular with tourists for its scenic location and townscape and friendly locals. 8 km north of Iruya there is the village of San Isidro, 7 km north there is the village of San Juan, 6 km south there is the village of Pueblo Viejo. Iruya's name is derived from the Quechua language, meaning "abundance of straw". Iruya was officially founded in 1753, but the first inhabitants settled here around 100 years earlier. They were mainly Indians of which the oldest roots go back to the Ocloyas, a people belonging to the ethnic group of the Kolla who stem from the Kollasuyo, which used to be one of the four regions of the Inca empire.
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    Jammu

    Jammu

    Jammu  pronunciation (help·info) is the largest city in the Jammu region and the winter capital of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and situated on the banks of Tawi river. It is a municipal corporation. Jammu is also known as the City of Temples owing to the number of historical temples and domes of old mosques located within the city. With its fastest growing urban agglomerations and booming infrastructure the winter capital of state is the second largest city in the state. It is a brilliant place and have great climate through out of the year Jammu is located at 32°44′N 74°52′E / 32.73°N 74.87°E / 32.73; 74.87. It has an average elevation of 327 m (1,073 ft). Jammu city lies at uneven ridges of low heights at the Shivalik hills. It is surrounded by Shivalik range to the north, east and southeast while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the north-west. It is approximately 600 km from the national capital, New Delhi. The city spreads around the Tawi river with the old city overlooking it from the north (right bank) while the new neighbourhoods spread around the southern side (left bank) of river. There are four bridges on the river. The fifth bridge on the Tawi river is under
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    Melbourne

    Melbourne

    Melbourne ( /ˈmɛlbərn/, locally [ˈmælbən]) is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2011, the greater geographical area had a population of 4.1 million. Inhabitants of Melbourne are called Melburnians or Melbournians. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay known as Port Phillip, with the city centre positioned on the estuary of the Yarra River (at the northernmost point of the bay). The metropolitan area then extends south from the city centre, along the eastern and western shorelines of Port Phillip, and expands into the hinterland. The city centre is situated in the municipality known as the City of Melbourne. The metropolitan area consists of a further 30 municipalities. Melbourne was founded in 1835 (47 years after the European settlement of Australia) by settlers from Launceston in Van Diemen's Land. It was named by Governor of New South Wales Sir Richard Bourke in 1837, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd
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    Moreno, Buenos Aires

    Moreno, Buenos Aires

    Moreno is a city in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the head town of Moreno Partido. It forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation and is located around 36 km (22 mi) to the west of the autonomous city of Buenos Aires. According to the 2001 census [INDEC], the population was 148,290. Moreno is bordered by Paso del Rey (east), Trujui and Cuartel V (north), Francisco Álvarez (west) and Merlo and Reconquista River (south). The origin of the city goes back to 1860 when the Argentine railway company Camino de Hierro de Buenos Aires al Oeste opens a railway station in land donated by the politician and composer Amancio Jacinto Alcorta. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
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    San Antonio Oeste

    San Antonio Oeste

    San Antonio Oeste is a port city in the Argentine province of Río Negro, and head of the department of San Antonio. The town is bordered by its sister communities of San Antonio Este, to the east, and Las Grutas, to the southwest. Discovered by an expedition of the Spanish Empire in 1779, San Matías Gulf became the site of an outpost, San Antonio (so named in honor of St. Anthony of Padua). Water scarcity led the original settlement to fail in 1905, leading the community to settle west of the gulf, in what today is San Antonio Oeste. The arrival of the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway in its expansion towards Bariloche in 1910 led to the hamlet's growth. It later became the site of Punta Verde, the leading port for the large wool export industry of Patagonia, though the collapse in the wool market during the 1930s and '40s led to the port's closure in 1944. San Antonio Oeste benefited afterwards from a growth in tourism in nearby Las Grutas, a scenic cove known for its grottoes. Since 2000, it has also been home to a growing fishing industry, resulting from the openeing of a deep-water port in San Antonio Este.
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    Santa Victoria Oeste

    Santa Victoria Oeste

    Santa Victoria Oeste is a municipality and head of the Santa Victoria Department, at the northwest corner of the province of Salta, Argentina, between mountains and valleys on the border with the Republic of Bolivia, 540 km from the city of Salta. It lies on the western edge of the jungles of the Yungas, north of the province of Salta, in the exact spot where the woods begin to melt at each step with grasslands Prepuna emerges as a vision the people, at 2,400 meters. It is a picturesque village nestled between the mountains, west of the hills Bravo and San Jose, and east, the ridge of hills Shipyards, Paraguay and Vallecito, a cover lifted into the lush Yungas forests. And at the intersection of rivers Acoyte and La Huerta.
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    Ushuaia

    Ushuaia

    Ushuaia (/uːˈʃwaɪ.ə/; Spanish pronunciation: [uˈswaʝa]) is the capital of Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina. It is commonly regarded as the southernmost city in the world (a title long disputed by smaller Puerto Williams). Ushuaia is located in a wide bay on the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, bounded on the north by the Martial mountain range and on the south by the Beagle Channel. It is the only municipality in the Department of Ushuaia, which has an area of 9,390 km (3,625 sq mi). The Selk’nam Indians, also called the Ona, first arrived in Tierra del Fuego about 10,000 years ago. The southern group of the Selk’nam, the Yaghan (also known as Yámana), occupied what is now Ushuaia, living in continual conflict with the northern inhabitants of the island. The British ship HMS Beagle under the command of Captain Robert FitzRoy first reached the channel on January 29, 1833 during its maiden voyage surveying Tierra del Fuego. The city was originally named by early British missionaries using the native Yámana name for the area. Much of the early history of the city and its hinterland is described in Lucas Bridges’s
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    Adelaide

    Adelaide

    Adelaide ( /ˈædəleɪd/) is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. According to the 2011 census, Adelaide has a population of 1.23 million. The demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to the city and its residents. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km (56 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parkland. Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom and a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties, which led to
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    Aizawl

    Aizawl

    Aizawl (pronunciation: 'ʔʌɪ.'zɔ:l,  listen (help·info)) is the capital of the state of Mizoram in India. With a resident population 291,822, it is the largest city within the state. It is also the center of all important government offices, state assembly house and civil secretariat. The population of Aizawl strongly reflects the different communities of the ethnic Mizo people. Aizawl did not exist in 1871-72, the disorderly conduct of Khalkom, a Mizo chief compelled the British to Establish an outpost. In 1890, Officer Dally of the Assam Police and his 400 men arrived at Aizawl to support Colonel Skinner's troops during a British military operation against the tribals. On Dally's recommendation, Aizawl was selected as the site of a fortified post that Colonel Skinner had been ordered to construct. The troops constructed stockades and buildings at the site. In 1892-95 Aizawl became accessible from Silchar by fair weather road under the supervision of Major Loch. Until 1966, Aizawl was a large village but the regrouping during the March 1966 Mizo National Front uprising made it become a larger town and then a city. The Indian Air Force carried out air strikes on the town during the
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    Aluminé

    Aluminé

    Aluminé is a second class municipality and the capital city of Aluminé Department located in Neuquén Province, Argentina. Aluminé was established in 1915, due to the departmental reorganization of the Neuquén Territory, today the Neuquén Province. Located in the left shore of the Aluminé River, surrounded by mountains, is the entry to the "Distrito del pehuén" (Pehuen district) to the Mapuche community and the ten lakes: Quillén, Hui Hui, Rucachoroy, Pulmarí, Nonpehuén, Pilhue, Ñorquinco, Polcahue, Moquehue and Aluminé. Aluminé, Spanish Wikipedia
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    Apóstoles

    Apóstoles

    Apóstoles is a city in the province of Misiones, Argentina. It has 26,858 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the seat of government of Apóstoles Department. It is located on the southwest of the province, 60 km south from the provincial capital Posadas and 27 km from the international Argentina–Brazil border. Apóstoles is the National Capital of yerba mate, and hosts an annual festival dedicated to this plant, the basis of the popular mate infusion. The town was established as a Jesuit reduction in 1652. The first wave of immigrants, mainly Polish and Ukrainian, arrived in 1897. The municipality was officially created on 28 November 1913.
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    Bangalore

    Bangalore

    Bangalore ( ˈbæŋɡəlɔr (help·info)), also rendered Bengaluru ( ['beŋgəɭuːɾu] (help·info)) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. Bangalore is well known as a hub for India's information technology sector. It is among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world.As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Bangalore confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. A succession of South Indian dynasties ruled the region of Bangalore until in 1537 AD, Kempé Gowdā—a feudatory ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire—established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore. Following transitory occupation by the Marāthās and Mughals, the city remained under the Mysore kingdom, which is now a part of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore continued to be a cantonment of the British and a major city of the Princely State of Mysore which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Following the independence of India in 1947, Bangalore
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    Belém

    Belém

    Belém (Portuguese pronunciation: [beˈlẽj], literally "Bethlehem") is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of state of Pará, in the country's north region. It is the entrance gate to the Amazon with a busy port, airport and bus/coach station. Belém lies approximately 100 km upriver from the Atlantic Ocean, on the Pará River, which is part of the greater Amazon River system, separated from the larger part of the Amazon delta by Ilha de Marajó (Marajo Island). With an estimated population of 1,402,056 people — 2,249,405, or considering its metropolitan area — is the 11th most populous city in Brazil (besides being the second largest in the North Region, second only Manaus, in Amazonas state) as well as be the 16th by economic relevance. Founded in 1616 by the Kingdom of Portugal, Belém was the first European colony on the Amazon but did not become part of Brazil until 1775. The newer part of the city has modern buildings and skyscrapers. The colonial portion retains the charm of tree-filled squares, churches and traditional blue tiles. The city has a rich history and architecture from colonial times. Recently it witnessed a skyscraper boom. Its metropolitan area has over 2
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    Berazategui

    Berazategui

    Berazategui is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, located to the south-east of Quilmes. It is the head town of the Berazategui Partido. It is part of the Gran Buenos Aires metropolitan area. The city has the nickname "Capital Nacional del Vidrio" (National Capital of Glass), because of the high concentration of glassmaking industries in the area. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
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    Ezeiza

    Ezeiza

    Ezeiza is the capital city of the Ezeiza Partido within the Greater Buenos Aires area in Argentina. The city, founded on July 17, 1885, has a population of 93,246 according to the 2001 census [INDEC].
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    Frías

    Frías

    Frías is a city in Argentina, located southwest of the province of Santiago del Estero, near the border with the province of Catamarca, and is the head of the Department Choya . It is located on the banks of the river Albigasta at coordinates: 28 ° 38'60 "S 65 ° 09'05" W. The city was founded on September 24, 1874. It has 25,405 inhabitants (INDEC, 2001), representing a significant increase in 22,048 inhabitants (INDEC, 1999) the previous census. This magnitude is positioned as the third Agglomeration in the province. Before being considered a city with the name Frias, was known by the name of Villa Únzaga, when he was a railway place. Frias now known as the city of friendship by his warmth towards their visitors, plus their population growth is closely linked to the high start-up firms in the new industrial area a few kilometers from the city that will to generate many jobs and improve the lifestyle of the city. It is the first place where a marriage between persons of the same sex occurred in Argentina, July 29 of 2010.
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    Hobart

    Hobart

    Hobart ( /ˈhoʊbɑrt/) is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. Founded in 1804 as a penal colony, Hobart is Australia's second oldest capital city after Sydney, New South Wales. In 2011, the city had a greater area population of approximately 211,656. A resident of Hobart is known as a "Hobartian". The city is located in the state's south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River. The skyline is dominated by Mount Wellington at 1,271 metres (4,170 ft) high. The city is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, also serving as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations. Hobart was named Australia's 6th most sustainable city, by the Australian Conservation Foundation in 2010. For economic and social innovation, Hobart was the 11th placed in Australia in 2009, and listed as an innovation influencer city in the Innovation Cities Global Index scoring equal with Reykjavik, Katowice and Casablanca by 2thinknow. The first settlement began in 1803 as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the eastern shores of the Derwent River, amid British concerns over the presence of French explorers. In 1804 it was moved to a
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    La Carlota

    La Carlota

    La Carlota is a city in the south of the province of Córdoba, Argentina, about 110 km south of Villa María and 240 km from Córdoba City. It has 11,490 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC].
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    Lomas de Zamora

    Lomas de Zamora

    Lomas de Zamora is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, located south of the City of Buenos Aires and within the metropolitan area of Greater Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Lomas de Zamora Partido and has a population of 111,897. Lomas de Zamora is located in a region that originally supported livestock, grain, fruit, and poultry farms. Present industries include meat packing, grain, and fruit processing, saw milling, and the manufacture of dairy products, chemicals, paper, rubber products, plastics, and leather goods. The city is the site of the traditional Lomas Athletic Club, an agricultural school and an art museum. The Universidad de Lomas de Zamora (UNLZ) is one of the most important in the Greater Buenos Aires area. Founded in 1864 as Ciudad de La Paz, the city was given its current name in 1910; the art deco city hall was inaugurated in 1938. The city's local soccer team is Club Los Andes, usually referred to as the "Mil rayitas" or "The thousand stripes" because of the design of the team's official t-shirt. Los Andes is currently playing in Argentina's National B Division; the team's home matches usually brings thousands of fans. Eduardo Duhalde, a
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    Nogoyá

    Nogoyá

    Nogoyá is a city in the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. It has 22,285 inhabitants per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the Nogoyá Department. It lies in the southwest of the province, by the Nogoyá Stream (a tributary of the Paraná River), about 95 km southeast from the provincial capital Paraná, on National Route 12. The main economic activity in the area is the dairy industry (producing milk and cheese), which makes Nogoyá the unofficial dairy capital in Entre Ríos. Agriculture is also significant, featuring wheat, corn, sorghum, sunflower and soybean crops. The town started as an informal settlement by the Nogoyá River around 1760. Its name means "Wild Water". A chapel was built by Father Fernando Andrés Quiroga y Taboada to serve the region in 1782; this place of worship (today the Basilica of Nuestra Señora del Carmen) served as a focal point for more settlers, and is considered the foundational event of Nogoyá. Nogoyá was recognized as a town in 1826. There is no exact date for the anniversary of the foundation, but locals observe City Celebration Day on July 16, the same day that Roman Catholics celebrate the Virgin under the invocation of "Nuestra Señora
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    Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rico is the capital city of the Libertador General San Martín Department, in the Misiones Province of Argentina. It is located at 26° 48' south latitude and 55° 01' west longitude, along the Paraná River. It limits to the south with the city of Capioví, at east and north with the Garuhapé and to the east west with Paraguay. Strategically located along Route 12, it is half way between the Iguazu Falls and the province's capital Posadas. With almost 12.500 hectares, the city has a population of around 20.000 people, mainly composed of European immigrants.
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    San Rafael

    San Rafael

    San Rafael is a city in the southern region of the Mendoza Province, Argentina. With more than 170,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]), it is the largest city and the seat of San Rafael Department. The city is located 240 km from the provincial capital and 990 km from the federal capital. Natural attractions in the area include the Diamante River, which flows through the city, the rapids-strewn Atuel River just south and Lake Los Reyunos, 20 km (12 mi) west of San Rafael. Spanish expeditions led by Francisco de Villagra from what today is Chile first surveyed the area in 1551 and, finding a well-established agricultural Coquimbo and Diaguita cultures, they rapidly subdued the existing peoples and expropriated the land. Displaced Pehuenches revolted, however, and repeated attacks led to an 1804 treaty signed by Viceroy Rafael de Sobremonte whereby the Pehuenches ceded land to colonial authorities. The construction of Fort San Rafael del Diamante and its 2 April 1805 completion marked the formal establishment of San Rafael. San Rafael remained relatively isolated from the rest of the country, long after independence in 1816. The area's agricultural potential and strategic location
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