A brand is a collection of symbols or messages related to a product, service, or company. Typically, a brand is used to identify a set of products/services/etc that share common features and appeal to a certain market. It is distinct from a product line which has to do with the physical products, rather than the marketing message.
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The Eglu is brand of chicken coop designed and marketed by Omlet Ltd in the UK that is intended for small-scale, backyard chicken keeping. The original design was by four graduates from the Royal College of Art, and was first shown at the degree show at the College in 2003.
It was launched in April 2004 and has won a number of awards including the BSI Design Award and the Horners Award. It appears in several colours, and comes with a run 220 centimetres (about 7 feet) long. The eglu itself is roughly 80 centimetres (2 feet, 8 inches) long and wide. There are also models for rabbits and guinea pigs.
Old Spice is a prominent American brand of male grooming products. It is manufactured by Procter & Gamble, which acquired the brand in 1990 from the Shulton Company.
The Shulton Company, original producer of Old Spice, was founded in 1934 by William Lightfoot Schultz. The first Old Spice product was intended for females, introduced in 1937. Old Spice for men followed in 1938.
The men's products were dominated by shaving soap and aftershave lotion, marketed with a nautical theme. Sailing ships in particular were used as a trademark. The original ships used on the packaging were the Grand Turk and the Friendship. Other ships used on Old Spice packaging include the John Wesley, Salem, Birmingham, Maria Teresa, Propontis, Recovery, Sooloo, Star of the West, Constitution, Java, United States, and Hamilton. Procter & Gamble purchased Old Spice from the Shulton Company in June 1990. The clipper ship was replaced by the yacht logo in February 1992. Throughout the 2000s, Procter & Gamble introduced many forms of deodorant, body washes, and body sprays in several scents under the Old Spice brand.
In early 2008, the original Old Spice scent was repackaged as "Classic Scent," both in the after
Euthymol is a brand of antiseptic, fluoride-free toothpaste distributed by Johnson & Johnson that is characterised by its bright pink colour and medicinal taste. It is also notable for its packaging, which is old fashioned, having merely a pattern and the product name. The antiseptic ingredient in Euthymol is thymol. Since it is antiseptic, Euthymol can help with the prevention of mouth ulcers.
Kit Kat is a chocolate-covered wafer biscuit bar confection that was created by Rowntree's of York, England, and is now produced worldwide by Nestlé, which acquired Rowntree in 1988, except in the United States where it is made under licence by The Hershey Company. Each bar consists of fingers composed of three layers of wafer, covered in an outer layer of chocolate. Each finger can be snapped from the bar separately. Bars typically have 2 or 4 fingers. Single fingered larger Kit Kat Chunky bars are also popular.
Use of the name "Kit Kat" or "Kit Cat" for a type of food goes back to the 18th Century, when mutton pies known as a Kit-Kat were served at meetings of the political Kit-Cat Club in London.
The origins of what is now known as the "Kit Kat" brand go back to 1911, when Rowntree's, a confectionery company based in York in the United Kingdom, trademarked the terms "Kit Cat" and "Kit Kat". Although the terms were not immediately utilised, the first conception of the Kit Kat appeared in the 1920s, when Rowntree launched a brand of boxed chocolates entitled "Kit Cat". This continued into the 1930s, when Rowntree's shifted focus and production onto its "Black Magic" and "Dairy
Hampton Hotels, Hampton Inn, Hampton Inn & Suites, and Hampton by Hilton are the names of a brand of hotels trademarked by Hilton Worldwide. Most Hampton hotels are independently owned and operated by franchisees, though a few are owned and/or managed by Hilton Worldwide. Hotels marked Hampton Inn & Suites offer suites in addition to the standard rooms found at a Hampton Inn. Most Hampton Hotels (except the new Hampton Boutique Hotels) are considered limited-service hotels as they do not offer an on-site restaurant or amenities such as bell services and concierge found at full-service hotels. The Hampton hotel brand primarily caters to the budget-minded business and leisure traveler. As of October 2011, the chain comprises more than 1,800 hotels. An overwhelming majority of Hampton's properties are located in the United States however, international locations include Canada, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, and the United Kingdom where the chain operates under the name Hampton by Hilton. Hampton by Hilton locations offer additional services like an onsite bar as well as limited lunch and dinner services.
Hampton Hotels are characterized by the 100% Satisfaction Guarantee. In 1989,
The Dalmore is a distillery in Alness, Scotland, located about 20 mi (32 km) north of Inverness. The waters of the River Alness (River Averon), which runs through the village, are used to produce its whiskies.
The distillery is best known for producing a single malt scotch whisky of the same name. Its location and flavour qualify it as a "Highland malt". The Dalmore distillery is owned and operated by Whyte and Mackay Ltd, which is owned by United Breweries Group, a large Indian conglomerate.
The Distillery was established in 1839 by Alexander Matheson, a trader who made his fortune in illegal opium imports from the Far East. It sits on the banks of the Cromarty Firth overlooking the Black Isle, the "big meadowland", from which it takes its name. The distillery was bought by the MacKenzie family in 1886.
It has been passed down that in 1263, a predecessor of the Clan MacKenzie saved King Alexander III from a rampaging stag whilst out hunting. In reward, the King allowed him to bear the Royal emblem of a 12-pointed stag in his coat of arms. Recently, the MacKenzie motto Luceo non Uro or I shine, not burn has also been taken up by Dalmore.
In a renewed effort to popularise the brand,
Crystal Light is a low-calorie powdered beverage mix that offers naturally and artificially sweetened beverage options in multiple flavors. Originally marketed in 1982 with Linda Evans as its spokesperson, the company later had celebrities Raquel Welch and Priscilla Presley as spokeswomen. The catch phrase for each of the ads was, "I believe in Crystal Light, because I believe in me."
Crystal Light is sweetened with aspartame. First packaged in multi-serve canisters, Crystal Light launched single-serve "On The Go" packets in 2004. In 2009, Crystal Light redesigned its multi-serve packaging. On a finished case goods basis, the new design uses 250 tons less packaging than the original. In 2010, Crystal Light launched Pure Fitness, a "naturally-sweetened" low-calorie fitness drink mix which is sweetened with sugar and Truvia, a sweetener derived from the stevia plant. It is currently sold in "On The Go" packets. In 2011, Crystal Light Pure Fitness was renamed Crystal Light Pure, and three additional flavors were introduced. In April 2012, several Crystal Light varieties were added to the line of sodamix syrups for SodaStream home soda makers.
Kraft Foods, the parent company of Crystal
Sun Chips (officially styled as SunChips) is a brand of fried, rippled, multigrain chips launched in 1991 and produced by Frito-Lay.
Permanent flavors include original, Harvest Cheddar, French Onion, and Garden Salsa. Current limited edition flavors include Honey Graham and Apple 'n Caramel. A previous limited edition flavor was Cinnamon Crunch early in 2007 (the flavor is still produced as a seasonal item in the US, reappearing near the end of the year for the holidays), the first time sweet flavors were added since Apple Cinnamon and Honey Nut in 1999. In 2008, Peppercorn Ranch and Roasted Sweet Chili were added as new flavors. In 2009, Spicy Chipotle was introduced and in mid-2010, Monterey Jack and Sundried Tomato was introduced. Both flavors appeared exclusively at Subway restaurants for limited times. In 2011, Jalapeño Jack was released as a new permanent flavor. Sun Chips also introduced a new 6 Grain Medley line of chips that's exclusive to Target. The line comes in two flavors: Onion & Thyme and Parmesan & Herb.
A nearly identical product, SunBites, is marketed in Thailand by Pepsico International and the UK by Walkers. Utz and Snyder's of Hanover offer similar products as
Doublemint is a flavor of chewing gum made by the Wrigley Company. It was launched in the United States in 1914, and has had variable market share since that time.
One of the most notable aspects of this brand is the advertising campaign, begun in 1956, which utilized twins as spokespersons for the gum, as a play on the word "double" in the name. The original "Doublemint Twins" were Jayne and Joan Boyd of Hammond, Indiana, who appeared in advertisements for Doublemint until Joan became pregnant in 1963. The company, however, continued sporadically to promote the campaign, which included twins Jennie and Terrie Frankel in the late 1960s; later "Doublemint Twins" included June and Patricia Mackrell through the 1970s (who had also been the Toni Twins for Toni Home Permanent, which used the slogan "Which twin has the Toni?"), Patricia and Cybil Barnstable, Denise and Dian Gallup, Cynthia and Brittany Daniel(future co-stars as the Wakefield twins in the TV series based on the Sweet Valley High novels), Tia and Tamera Mowry(future co-star of The Game with both Tia Mowry and Brittany Daniel), Heidi and Alissa Kramer, and Jean (née Barbara) and Elizabeth Sagal(daughters of TV director
CHAPS is a zwitterionic detergent used in the laboratory to solubilize biological macromolecules such as proteins. It is used as a non-denaturing solvent in the process of protein purification and is especially useful in purifying membrane proteins, which are often sparingly soluble or insoluble in aqueous solution due to their native hydrophobicity. CHAPS can also be used in conjunction with nonionic detergents such as Triton X-100.
CHAPS is an abbreviation for 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate. A related detergent, called CHAPSO, has the same basic chemical structure with an additional hydroxyl functional group; its full chemical name is 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-2-hydroxy-1-propanesulfonate. Both detergents have low light absorbance in the ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum, which is useful for laboratory workers monitoring ongoing chemical reactions or protein-protein binding with UV/Vis spectroscopy.
Common Era is a menswear fashion line designed and managed by Kit Halvorsen. It is based in both San Francisco and Boston. The line is quickly expanding, and offers parts of the collection at reputed San Francisco boutique, MAC (Modern Appealing Clothing).
Nespresso is the brand name of Nestlé Nespresso S.A., an operating unit of the Nestlé Group based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Nespresso machines brew espresso from coffee capsules, a type of pre-apportioned single-use container of ground coffee and flavorings.
In 1976, Éric Favre, an employee of Nestlé, invented, patented and introduced the Nespresso system to the business market in Switzerland without significant success. In 1988, due to the efforts of Jean-Paul Gaillard — a business man, the inventor of «Le Club» community —, the product became a market success. In 1990, the firm signed a contract with Turmix, which started to sell Nespresso machines in Switzerland. Thereafter, other contracts were signed with Krups, Magimix, Alessi, Philips, Siemens and De'Longhi.
The first patent application for Nespresso's process of brewing espresso from capsules containing ground coffee was filed in 1996.
The Nespresso Company manufactures both machines and the capsules they use. Nespresso machines and their capsules can be purchased in Nespresso stores, by mail-order, or many other consumer appliance stores.
Nespresso offers a number of different machines for sale. The machines carry the
Jell-O is a brand name belonging to U.S.-based Kraft Foods for a number of gelatin desserts, including fruit gels, puddings and no-bake cream pies. The brand's popularity has led to it being used as a generic term for gelatin dessert across the U.S. and Canada.
Jell-O is sold prepared (ready to eat) or in powder form, and is available in many different colors and flavors. The powder contains powdered gelatin and flavorings including sugar or artificial sweeteners. It is dissolved in very hot water, then chilled and allowed to set. Fruit, vegetables, whipped cream, or other ingredients can be added to make elaborate snacks that can be molded into various shapes. Jell-O must be refrigerated until served, and once set properly, it is normally eaten with a spoon.
There are also non-gelatin pudding and pie filling products under the Jell-O brand. To make pudding, these are cooked on stove top with milk, then either eaten warm or chilled until more firmly set. Jell-O also has an instant pudding product which is simply mixed with cold milk and then chilled. To make pie fillings, the same products are simply prepared with less liquid.
Although the word Jell-O is a brand name, it is
The Sunbeam Rapier was the first of the "Audax" range of light cars produced by the Rootes Group. Announced at the London Motor Show in October 1955, it preceded its Hillman Minx and Singer Gazelle counterparts by several months.
A four seat, two door hardtop coupé – designated Series I with the introduction of the Series II in 1958 – it was completely different from the Sunbeam Mark III, the car it would eventually replace. Although designed "in house" by the Rootes Group, it was inspired, via the Raymond Loewy design organisation, by the new-generation Studebaker coupés of 1953.
The Series I Rapier was a pretty car which in general, was well received by the motoring press. Available in a range of attractive two-tone colour schemes typical of the period, it boasted steering column gear change, leather trim and an overdrive as standard fittings. Vinyl trim was an option in the UK and standard in certain export territories. Rapier bodies were built by Pressed Steel, shipped to Thrupp & Maberly in north London where they were painted and trimmed, then shipped again to the Rootes assembly plant at Ryton-on-Dunsmore near Coventry where the engines, transmission and running gear were
Torx (pronounced "torks") developed in 1967 by Camcar Textron, is the trademark for a type of screw head characterized by a 6-point star-shaped pattern. People who are unfamiliar with the trademark generally use the term star, as in star screwdriver or star bits. The generic name is hexalobular internal driving feature (often abbreviated as 6lobe) and is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization as ISO 10664. Torx Plus is an improved profile.
By design, Torx head screws resist cam-out better than Phillips head or slot head screws. Where Phillips heads were designed to cause the driver to cam out, to prevent overtightening, Torx heads were designed to prevent cam-out. The reason for this was the development of better torque-limiting automatic screwdrivers for use in factories. Rather than rely on the tool slipping out of the screw head when a torque level is reached, thereby risking damage to the driver tip, screw head and/or workpiece, the driver design achieves a desired torque consistently. The manufacturer claims this can increase tool bit life by ten times or more.
Torx screws are commonly found on automobiles, motorcycles, bicycle brake systems (disc
Coca-Cola Zero or Coke Zero is a product of the Coca-Cola Company. It is a low-calorie (0.75 calories per liter) variation of Coca-Cola specifically marketed to men, who were shown to associate 'diet' drinks with women.
The Coca-Cola Zero logo has generally featured the script Coca-Cola logo in red with white trim on a black background, with the word "zero" underneath in lower case in the geometric typeface Avenir (or a customized version of it). Some details have varied from country to country. The British logo, for example, originally had the "o" taking a spiral form. In the U.S., the letters decline in weight over the course of the word.
All versions of Coke Zero sold in various countries are based on the same flavoring formula, and all are carbonated and caffeinated (except caffeine free). 1 liter of Coke Zero contains 100 mg caffeine. However, the exact combination of artificial sweeteners and preservatives used varies from market to market.
Sodium cyclamate, a relatively inexpensive artificial sweetener banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since 1969 and once believed to be a carcinogen, has been used in the Coca-Cola Zero versions produced in Italy, Spain,
Coffee Crisp is a popular chocolate bar created in Canada.
The origins of the bar are in the UK in the 1930s with a chocolate bar named Rowntree's Wafer Crisp. This was later renamed to Chocolate Crisp. The bar was later introduced to Canadians as Biscrisp. In 1938, a coffee variation (Coffee Crisp) was added to the line of flavoured Biscrisps (which included fruit flavours). It is presently marketed by Nestlé Canada. The bar is a combination of coffee cream, cookie wafers and milk chocolate coating. It does contain a small amount of coffee, although much of its coffee taste comes from flavouring.
In 2001, the first variation of the Coffee Crisp brand was introduced, a limited edition "Coffee Crisp Orange" flavour. A limited amount of the orange flavour was reissued in 2002. 2002 also saw the release of a limited edition "Coffee Crisp Raspberry" flavour. "Coffee Crisp Café Caramel" was sold in the summer of 2004 and once again in the summer of 2006 and a limited edition "Coffee Crisp White" was launched in the autumn that same year. A limited edition maple flavored bar was available from April to September 2005.
For much of the 2000s, Coffee Crisp was available in "French Vanilla"
Colgate (sub-brand of Colgate-Palmolive Company) is an oral hygiene product line of toothpastes, toothbrushes, mouthwashes and dental floss.
Duraphat is a professional strength paste intended for the treatment and prevention of dental caries.
The toothpaste is ideal for the management of high-risk patients such as those with rampant, early, existing or recurrent coronal or root caries.
The prime constituent is sodium fluoride and it is sometimes prescribed as part of a program of fluoride therapy. It is available as a prescription-only product.
Colgate Total contains the anti-microbial ingredient triclosan, which reduces the bacteria that cause gingivitis, cavities and halitosis.
Although most Colgate toothpaste brands use sodium fluoride, the Colgate Cavity Protection variety instead contains sodium monofluorophosphate as the active ingredient.
A whitening toothpaste that is "Clinically-proven to whiten in 14 days".
Its whitening ingredient is hydrogen peroxide, which gradually bleaches the teeth.
Simply White utilizes two separate chambers that contain a whitening agent and cleaning gel.
A new product launched by Colgate in 2012. The product does contain fluoride, at a lower
The name "Ivory" refers to a series of products created by the Procter & Gamble Company (P&G), including varieties of a white and mildly fragranced bar soap, that became famous for its pure content and for floating in water. Over the years, the bar soap has been altered into other varieties. P&G research revealed in 1992 indicated work in progress to create other varieties that do not float as the original and would sink due to the altered ingredients but avoid dissolving too fast. New varieties of Ivory soap contain glycerin, do not dry the skin as quickly, and do not float either. In October 2001, P&G tested the sinking bar soap as part of an advertising campaign to see if people would notice the sinking bars, even if given a cash reward.
Because Ivory is one of P&G's oldest products (first sold in 1879), P&G is sometimes called "Ivory Towers" and its factory and research center in St. Bernard, Ohio is called "Ivorydale".
Ivory bar soap is whipped with air in its production and floats in water. According to an apocryphal urban legend, later discounted by the company, a worker accidentally left the mixing machine on too long and the company chose to sell the "ruined" batch because
Vicks is a brand of over-the-counter medications owned by the American company Procter & Gamble. Vicks manufactures NyQuil and its sister medication, DayQuil. The Vicks brand also produces Formula 44 cough medicines, cough drops, Vicks VapoRub, and a number of inhaled breathing treatments. For much of its history, Vicks products were manufactured by the family-owned company Richardson-Vicks, Inc. based in Greensboro, North Carolina. Richardson-Vicks, Inc. was eventually sold to Procter & Gamble in 1985.
Japan is the only country where it is a former Procter & Gamble product before the product sold to Taisho Pharmaceutical in May 2002. In German speaking countries, the brandname Vicks was changed to Wick in order to avoid a sexual connotation that the original name would carry.
In 1890, pharmacist Lunsford Richardson took over the retail drug business of his brother-in-law Dr. Joshua Vick, of Greensboro, North Carolina. After Dr. Joshua Vick saw an ad for Vick's Seeds, Lunsford Richardson began marketing Vick’s Family Remedies. The basic ingredients of the range included castor oil, liniment, 'dead shot' vermifuge. The most popular remedy was Croup and Pneumonia Salve, which was
DiGiorno is a brand of frozen pizzas sold in the United States, owned by Nestlé. In Canada, Nestlé markets a largely identical line of pizzas under the Delissio brand.
Formulated and created by Kraft, DiGiorno pizzas has been available nationally in the U.S. since 1996. DiGiorno originated with pastas and sauces in 1991. Delissio frozen pizzas were launched in Canada in 1999, although Kraft had previously used the Delissio brand for other pizza products in the late 1980s. The brand's slogan is "It's not delivery. It's DiGiorno/Delissio.", to inform viewers about how their pizza bakes up fresh and tastes fresh like pizzeria pizza. In the U.S., sports personality Dick Vitale is the primary pitchman, and has appeared in TV commercials for the pizza.
Some DiGiorno pizzas, primarily the 12" rising variety, use mechanically separated chicken as a meat ingredient in their pepperoni and sausage toppings, while others use more traditional ingredients.
In 2010, Kraft sold the DiGiorno and Delissio brands, along with the rest of its frozen pizza business, to Swiss-based food manufacturer Nestlé. The move helped to finance Kraft's bid for Cadbury, while also effectively ensuring that Nestlé
The SanDisk Sansa is a line of 2 to 16 gigabyte flash memory-based portable media players produced by SanDisk.
The Sansa Fuze+, announced on August 31, 2010 in capacities of 4 GB (US$79), 8 GB (US$89) & 16 GB (US$119), is a portable media player with a 2.4-inch color display (QVGA) and touch capability. It also features an FM radio with FM recording, a voice recorder, and 24 hours of audio playback from a single charge. It supports the following audio formats: MP3, WMA, Secure WMA, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, AAC, Audible, Podcasts. For video it supports MPEG-4, H.264, and WMV. Storage is expandable via a microSDHC slot, and it can be used to play slotMusic and slotRadio cards.
On August 31, 2009, SanDisk released a redesign of the Sansa Clip called the Sansa Clip+, cosmetically similar to the Clip and maintaining its basic design, audio hardware, compatibility, and 4-line OLED screen, but with a few significant differences. There are 2 GB (black), 4 GB (black, red, blue, white or indigo) and 8 GB (black) models. The case has been redesigned to look more square (including the navigation pad, which is also no longer backlit) and is constructed of higher-quality plastic, the clip is no longer
Caramac is the brand name for a caramel flavoured bar manufactured by Nestlé. Originally it was launched by Mackintosh's (later Rowntree Mackintosh) in 1959. The name is derived from the syllabic abbreviation of Caramel and Macintosh.
The name of the product was determined by a competition winner. This was held in what was the Norwich factory of Mackintosh's, and won by Barbara Haistead. It was made at the old Norwich factory until the factory closed in 1996 when production transferred to Fawdon in Tyneside where it is still made.
Coloured pale yellow, the bar is made using sweetened condensed milk, butter and various artificial flavourings, as well as sugar. It is packaged in a red and yellow wrapper.
A similar confection is used in the covering of McVitie's Gold biscuit bar. A limited edition Caramac KitKat bar was released in the United Kingdom in 2005 and due to popular demand it was brought back in 2007.
During the 1980s and 1990s a Caramac easter egg was also available.
The Caramac was available in Canada during part of the 1960s and 1970s.
Diaper Genie, a creation of entrepreneur John Hall, is a baby diaper disposal system. The unit consists of a large plastic container with a plastic lid. The system seals diapers individually in a scented film to protect against germs and odors. By opening the lid on the top of the canister, a soiled diaper may be inserted into the "mouth" of the container. After inserting the diaper, the lid is replaced and twisted 3 full rotations to seal the diaper inside. After the container is filled with dirty diapers, it can be emptied by unlatching the bottom of the canister, where the diapers fall out still individually sealed. The resulting string of sealed diapers is colloquially known as a "diaper sausage".
The product was initially a creation of British inventors (currently marketed under the name "Sangenic" by Mayborn in the UK), while Hall brought the Genie to prominence in the US in the mid 90's.
Diaper Genie is a brand of Playtex Products, Inc., which bought the Diaper Genie business from Mondial Industries L.P. in 1999.
SkySails GmbH & Co. KG is a Hamburg-based company that sells equipment to propel cargo ships, large yachts and fishing vessels by the use of wind energy. The company was founded in 2001 by engineers Stephan Wrage and Thomas Meyer. A test facility was set up in Wismar.
The SkySails propulsion system consists of a large foil kite, an electronic control system for the kite and an automatic system to retract the kite. The system bears similarities to kitesurfing. The system was first tested on the Baltic Sea, before commercial implementation. The kites, which have an area of around 320 square metres (3,400 sq ft), can be flown at altitudes of 100–300 metres (330–980 ft). Because of the stronger winds at these heights, they receive a substantially higher thrust per unit area than conventional mast-mounted sails. A ship equipped with the current SkySails could consume from 10 to 35% less fuel. A conventional ship with a SkySail-system has two propulsion methods, making it a type of hybrid vehicle. SkySail kite propulsion from upper wind power is a traction use of high altitude wind power.
MS Beluga Skysails is the world's first commercial container cargo ship which is partially powered
Aydın (pronounced [ˈajdɯn]; eye-din; formerly named Güzelhisar and Tralles) is a city in and the seat of Aydın Province in Turkey's Aegean Region. The city is located at the heart of the lower valley of Büyük Menderes River (ancient Meander River) at a commanding position for the region extending from the uplands of the valley down to the seacoast. Its population was 188337 in 2010. Aydın city is located along a region which was famous for its fertility and productivity since ancient times. Figs remain the province's best-known crop, although other agricultural products are also grown intensively and the city has some light industry.
At the crossroads of a busy transport network of several types, a six-lane motorway connects Aydın to İzmir, Turkey's second port, in less than an hour, and in still less time to the international Adnan Menderes Airport, located along the road between the two cities. A smaller airport, namely Aydın Airport, is located a few kilometers in the South-East of Aydın. The region of Aydın also pioneered the introduction of railways into Turkey in the 19th century and still has the densest railroad network.
The province of Aydın is also where a number of
Nivea (pronounced [niˈveːaː]) is a global skin- and body-care brand that is owned by the German company Beiersdorf. The company was founded on March 28, 1882 by pharmacist Carl Paul Beiersdorf. In 1900, the new owner Oskar Troplowitz developed a water-in-oil emulsion as a skin cream with Eucerit, the first stable emulsion of its kind. This was the basis for Eucerin and later, Nivea. Nivea comes from the Latin word niveus/nivea/niveum, meaning 'snow-white'.
During the 1930s, Beiersdorf began producing products such as tanning oils, shaving creams, shampoo and facial toners. The trademark "Nivea" was expropriated in many countries following World War II. Beiersdorf completed buying back the confiscated trademark rights in 1997. During the 1980s, the Nivea brand expanded into a wider global market.
Nivea is known for using perfume in their products.
1882: Pharmacist Carl Paul Beiersdorf establishes the company on March 28. The Nivea originated in Germany. The date of the patent document for the manufacture of medical plasters is taken as the date of the company’s formation.
Carl Paul Beiersdorf produces gutta-percha plasters in his laboratory on the basis of his patent, laying the
Baker's Chocolate is a brand name for the line of baking chocolates made by the Kraft Foods corporation. Products include a variety of bulk chocolates, including white and unsweetened, and sweetened coconut flakes. It is one of the largest national brands of chocolate in the United States.
In 1765, John Hannon (or alternatively spelled "Hannan" in some sources) and the American physician Dr. James Baker started importing beans and producing chocolate in the Lower Mills section of Dorchester, Massachusetts.
After Hannon's death, his widow sold the company to Dr. Baker in 1780, and the company was renamed to the Baker Chocolate Company. His first product was a cake of chocolate for making a sweetened chocolate drink. Distribution was mainly in the Northeastern United States until 1804, when Dr. Baker's son, Edmund Baker, inherited the family business and increased production with a state-of-the-art mill.
By 1849, under Walter Baker, the Baker's Chocolate brand had spread to California during the United States Gold Rush. Production was limited to one kind of chocolate until 1852, when employee Samuel German created a new brand of "Sweet Chocolate" that had a higher sugar content than
Cheetos is a brand of cheese-flavored cornmeal snack made by Frito-Lay, a subsidiary of PepsiCo. Fritos creator Charles Elmer Doolin invented Cheetos in 1948, and began national distribution in the U.S. The initial success of Cheetos was a contributing factor to the merger between The Frito Company and H.W. Lay & Company in 1961 to form Frito-Lay. In 1965 Frito-Lay became a subsidiary of The Pepsi-Cola Company, forming PepsiCo, the current owner of the Cheetos brand.
In 2010, Cheetos was ranked as the top selling brand of cheese puffs in its primary market of the United States; worldwide the annual retail sales totaled approximately $4 billion. The original Crunchy Cheetos are still in production but the product line has since expanded to include 21 different types of Cheetos in North America alone. As Cheetos are sold in more than 36 countries, the flavor and composition is often varied to match regional taste and cultural preferences--such as Savory American Cream in China, and Strawberry Cheetos in Japan.
Cheetos were invented in the 1940s by Fritos creator Charles Elmer Doolin, who cooked early test batches in the Frito Company's Dallas, Texas-based research and development
Chips Ahoy! is a brand of chocolate chip cookies made by Nabisco that debuted in 1963. They are widely sold in the United States, Latin America (where its name in some countries changes to "Pepitos!" or "Choco Chips"), South Africa, Canada, Spain, Portugal, Australia, People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The Blue Bag type is also sold in the Stockmann store chain in Latvia and are marketed in large packages of 9, 18, 27, or in various smaller packages. It is the second-best-selling cookie in the United States, with an average of $355 million in sales per year.By the 1980s, several different varieties of the cookie snack had made it to grocery stores: chewy, sprinkled and striped.
In the 1960s and early 1970s, Chips Ahoy bags featured comic strips of Cookie Man, a superhero character who subdued various cookie-devouring creatures such as Fruit Fly or Big Wig. His alter-ego was Mort Meek, who was always seen "counting the 16 chips" in his Chips Ahoy cookie when he was attacked by one of the creatures, at which point he slipped into a phone booth, locker room, restroom, etc., to become Cookie Man and finish off the villain in a Clark Kent—Superman vein.
Conrad Hotels is an international brand of luxury hotels and resorts owned and operated by the Hilton Worldwide. Conrad was considered the luxury flagship brand in the Hilton Family of Brands, named after company founder Conrad Hilton, until being supplanted by The Waldorf-Astoria Collection in 2006.
Barron Hilton, son of Conrad Hilton, founded Conrad Hotels, taking the name from that of his father. Hilton Hotels was, at the time, a separate company from Hilton International, and could not operate hotels outside the United States under the Hilton name. The newly named chain solved that problem. Hilton International had already started their own chain of Vista Hotels within the United States, as they faced the same prohibition on operating there under the Hilton name. The first Conrad hotel, the Conrad Jupiters Gold Coast in Australia, opened its doors in 1985.
When the two Hilton chains were rejoined in 2005, the need for the Vista and Conrad names vanished. Vista was phased out, while the Conrad brand was retained as a luxury wing of Hilton. Numerous hotels have since been opened under that name in the United States.
As of January 2012, Conrad has 17 hotels as follows:
The George Foreman Lean Mean Fat-Reducing Grilling Machine, commonly known as the George Foreman Grill, is an indoor, electrically-heated grill manufactured by Spectrum Brands. It is promoted by former boxing champion George Foreman. Since its introduction in 1994, over 100 million George Foreman grills have been sold worldwide. The grill was invented by Michael Boehm of Batavia, IL.
The connection between the boxer and the grill came about soon after George Foreman’s comeback when in 1994, when at the age of 45 he regained the heavyweight world championship. He attributed his success at the time to his healthy lifestyle and eating, which made him a perfect fit for Salton Inc. (as they were known at the time) who were looking for a spokesperson for their fat-reducing grill.
The Lean Mean Fat-Reducing Grilling Machine as it became known was promoted with distinctive infomercials which featured George Foreman. A combination of his affable personality and the unique features of the product made it an instant success. Such was the popularity of these infomercials that Foreman's famous tagline "It's so good I put my name on it!", is now part of popular culture. In Asia, the grill is
Speedlight is the brand name used by Nikon Corporation for their photographic flash units, used since the company's introduction of strobe flashes in the 1960s. Nikon's standalone Speedlights (those not built into the company's cameras) have the SB- prefix as part of their model designation. Current Speedlights and other Nikon accessories make up part of Nikon's Creative Lighting System, which includes the Advanced Wireless Lighting, that enables various Nikon cameras to control multiple Nikon flash units in up to three separate controlled groups by sending encoded pre-flash signals to slave units.
Nikon competitors Canon and Ricoh use the similar name Speedlite for their flashes. Both names indicate that strobe flashes produce much shorter and more intense bursts of light than earlier photographic lighting systems, such as flashbulbs, or continuous lamps used in some studio situations.
Current models (guide numbers - ISO 100, 35FF):
SB-400 Low-end lightweight unit (GN 69 ft, 21m @ 27mm)
Mid-range model - weighs approximately 300g without 4 AA batteries (GN 98 ft, 30m @ 35mm)
The Nikon SB-600 is a flash made by Nikon for their digital and film single-lens reflex cameras. The SB-600
IBM WebSphere refers to a brand of computer software products in the genre of enterprise software known as "application and integration middleware". These software products are used by end-users to create applications and integrate applications with other applications. IBM WebSphere has been available to the general market since 1998.
IBM introduced the first product in this brand, IBM WebSphere Performance Pack, in June 1998. As of 2010 it forms a part of IBM WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment
The following complete list of IBM WebSphere software uses IBM classifications. Several tools appear in more than one category.
IBM has also classified WebSphere software according to the capabilities offered for individual industries.
Cloud platform and application virtualization
Mobile application development
Mobile integration of data and applications
Industry process accelerators
Operational decision management
Process automation and integrity
Process discovery and design
Banking Energy $ Utilities Government Healthcare & Life Science Insurance Retail Supply Chain
Herbal Essences is a brand of shampoo, hair conditioner, hair stylers, and hair coloring by Clairol. The brand was founded in 1972. There are eleven collections of product, each designed for a different effect on the user's hair. They are the following:
Herbal Essences (and its parent company Procter & Gamble) is subject to an anti-vivisection campaign by Uncaged Campaigns.
Dutch Masters is a brand of natural wrapped cigars sold in the United States since 1911. Its distinctive packaging features Rembrandt's 1662 painting The Syndics of the Drapers' Guild (De Staalmeesters). Dutch Masters cigars are currently manufactured and sold by Altadis U.S.A., Inc., which is the American subsidiary of French/Spanish-based Altadis S.A. in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. They are machine-rolled cigars. They come in two main varieties: full size cigars, and smaller cigarillos colloquially known as "mini-dutches."
G.H. Johnson Cigar Company was the original producer of the Dutch Masters cigar brand. Dutch Masters would become a mainstay of the Consolidated Cigar Corporation, which merged the G.H. Johnson Cigar Company and six others together in 1921. The Consolidated Cigar Corp. later became part of Altadis, formed in 1999 by a merger of the French and Spanish state tobacco monopolies. Through its long history the Dutch Masters cigar brand has become one of the most popular and profitable cigar brands in America.
Dutch Masters became well known in the late 1950s and early 1960s for its sponsorship of various television projects of the comedian Ernie Kovacs. (Kovacs, a
Gerl is a German manufacturer of wood crafts. The artist Egon Gerl is known by celebrities and politicians as a specialist for unique and extraordinary designs.
Gerl Manufactur was established in 1992 as a private company in Landshut in Bavaria, Germany. The company is a family-owned business and only produces a few crafts every year. Some of the famous crafts are displayed all the round the world including San Francisco, New York, Berlin and Moscow.
All crafts assembled by Gerl have the Gerl Logo imprinted and comes with a signed certificate by the artist. Gerl is using a serial number system to ensure that the crafts are not copied and that collectors can be sure that they have an authentic Gerl craft.
In 2007 Gerl created three unique notable Humidors which are called Imperii I/II and Basileu.
In 2007 Gerl created the Imperii I and II Humidors which are build of an extraordinary combination of wood materials (German Maple, Cedrela odorata, Swiss Pear). But the clue on those Humidors are not the material but the internal system to keep up the required 70% humidity. It features a sponge which has to be filled with water and the internal construction uses the water to maintain the
iPod is a line of portable media players created by and marketed by Apple Inc. The product line-up consists of the hard drive-based iPod classic, the touchscreen iPod touch, the compact iPod nano and the ultra-compact iPod shuffle. iPod classic models store media on an internal hard drive, while all other models use flash memory to enable their smaller size (the discontinued mini used a Microdrive miniature hard drive). As with many other digital music players, iPods can serve as external data storage devices. Storage capacity varies by model, ranging from 2 GB for the iPod shuffle to 160 GB for the iPod classic. The iPod line was announced by Apple on October 23, 2001, and released on November 10, 2001.
All of the models have been redesigned multiple times since their introduction. The most recent iPod redesigns were introduced on September 12, 2012, to be released later in 2012. Apple's iTunes software can be used to transfer music to the devices from computers using certain versions of Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows operating systems. For users who choose not to use iTunes or whose computers cannot run iTunes, several open source alternatives are available for the iPod.
Marantz is a company that develops and sells high-end audio products.
The first Marantz audio product was designed and built by Saul B. Marantz in his home in Kew Gardens, New York. The company had a major influence in the development of high fidelity audio systems, and reached the high point of their success in the mid to late 1970s.
During the 1980s, while owned by Philips, a pioneer in compact disc technology, Marantz built some very well received CD players, but other products in the line were not as successful as in the past. As of the early 1990s, Marantz has focused on higher-end components. In 2001, Marantz Japan acquired the brand from Philips and owned all overseas sales subsidiaries.
Maxibon is a type of ice cream sandwich made by Nestlé. It consists of a block of ice cream containing small chocolate chips with one end covered in chocolate, and the other sandwiched between two biscuits.
Tha Maxibon brand is available in Europe, Australia, Chile and Egypt and can be purchased from 'Maxibon Zone' stands in European cities, such as Barcelona. There are three available variations of Maxibon in Europe including Vanilla, White Chocolate and Original flavour. There are also specials released from time to time, with unique flavors as well.
There are at least five types of Maxibon:
Mountain Dew (stylized as Mtn Dew in the United States) is a carbonated soft drink brand produced and owned by PepsiCo. The original formula was invented in the 1940s by Tennessee beverage bottlers Barney and Ally Hartman and was first marketed in Marion, Virginia, Knoxville, Tennessee and Johnson City, Tennessee. A revised formula was created by Bill Bridgforth in 1958. The Mountain Dew brand and production rights were acquired by the Pepsi-Cola company in 1964, at which point distribution expanded more widely across the United States.
Between the 1940s and 1980s, there was just one variety of Mountain Dew, which was citrus-flavored and caffeinated. Diet Mountain Dew was introduced in 1988, followed by Mountain Dew Red which was introduced and subsequently discontinued in 1988. While Mountain Dew Red was short-lived, it represented the beginning of a long-term trend of Mountain Dew being produced in different flavor variations. In 2001, a cherry flavor called Code Red was made and saw a great success. This product line extension trend has continued, with expansion into specialty, limited time production, region-specific, and retailer-specific (Taco Bell, 7-Eleven) variations of
Schleich is a German producer of toy figurines and accessories. The company is headquartered in Germany. The traditional market for Schleich products is Mainland Europe, with half their sales in Germany. However, their toys are sold worldwide and are now becoming quite popular in the United Kingdom, Australia and North America, where the Schleich figures are available from Target, Meijer, The Toy Animal Company, Toys "R" Us, and also in the prestigious FAO Schwarz toy shop on Fifth Avenue.
Schleich was founded by Friedrich Schleich in 1935. Its figurines were first released in the 1950's with the development, production and marketing of comic figurines such as Snoopy and The Smurfs. In the early 1980s they added animal figurines and Muppet characters to their range of products. Until the end of 2006, Schleich was a family-owned business. It was then taken over by the British investment company HG Capital, who paid 165 million euro for an 80% share.
The design of products and the creation of tooling is mostly in-house. Production is at the German headquarters and in production facilities in foreign countries, with the figures being hand-painted in China. In 2006, Schleich had about
Easy Cheese is the trademark for a processed cheese product distributed by Kraft Foods, also referred to as aerosol cheese, spray cheese or simply Cheese in a Can, and is a descendant of squeeze cheese (a semi-solid cheesefood from the 1970s packaged in a squeezable plastic tube). It comes packaged in a pressurized can, much like canned whipped cream and does not require refrigeration. Easy Cheese has its own entry in Sterns' Encyclopedia of Bad Taste. It was originally marketed from 1965-84 as Nabisco Snack Mate.
Easy Cheese contains milk, water, whey protein concentrate, canola oil, milk protein concentrate, sodium citrate, sodium phosphate, calcium phosphate, lactic acid, sorbic acid, sodium alginate, apocarotenal, annatto, cheese culture, and enzymes.
Although sometimes called "aerosol cheese", its container is not actually an aerosol spray can, because the cheese does not combine with a propellant (nitrogen) to turn into a fine mist upon being sprayed. Rather, the can contains a piston and a barrier plastic cap which squeezes the cheese through the nozzle in a solid column when the nozzle is pressed and the propellant expands in volume. The propellant, therefore, does not mix
Rio was the brand name of a line of digital audio players, best known for producing the "Diamond Rio" model that was the impetus for a lawsuit in 1998 by the Recording Industry Association of America. That lawsuit eventually failed, leading the way for the portable digital music industry to take off.
Rio was originally a brand of Diamond Multimedia, which merged with S3 Graphics in 1999, with the resulting company renamed as SONICblue. On March 21, 2003, SONICblue filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and then sold off its main product lines; Rio was sold to Japanese firm D&M Holdings, forming part of their Digital Networks North America subsidiary. In August 2005, that company said it would discontinue making MP3 players, after it had licensed its digital audio software technology to chipmaker SigmaTel the month before.
Rio USA (Portable Audio)
Rio USA (Home Audio)
Rio OEM models
Carnation is a brand of food products. The brand was especially known for its evaporated milk product created in 1899, then called Carnation Sterilized Cream and later called Carnation Evaporated Milk. The brand has since been used for other related products including milk-flavoring mixes, flavored beverages, flavor syrups, hot cocoa mixes, instant breakfasts, corn flakes, ice cream novelties, and dog food. Nestlé acquired the Carnation Company in 1985.
Carnation was founded as an evaporated milk company. With the widespread availability of home refrigeration and fresh milk and cream in the late 20th century, the demand for evaporated milk decreased. Carnation diversified its product portfolio after the 1950s and was acquired by Nestlé in 1985 for $3B.
Elbridge Amos Stuart (1856 in North Carolina–1944) was an American milk industrialist and creator of Carnation evaporated milk and its famous slogan, that it came from "Contented Cows". On September 6, 1899, Stuart and a fellow business partner founded the Pacific Coast Condensed Milk Company in Kent, Washington. It was based on the relatively new process of evaporation. Stuart was the first president of the Carnation Company between
Craven "A" is a brand of cigarette which were made in Canada, Jamaica, Vietnam, and North Korea. The cigarettes exhibit the English-style flavor of a Virginia-tobacco dominant blend, with that plant's attendant nutty sweetness. The cigarette was named after the third Earl of Craven in 1860.
Craven A's were a favourite cigarette during World War II. In Vietnam, Craven A is one of most popular brands, especially in the southern part of the country.
The 'plain' version of the cigarette was unusual in that, instead of merely lacking a filter, there was at one end a cork tip in place of the paper.
The Craven A brand has in recent times been closely associated with a number of entertainment events in Canada. Amongst these has been the "Just for Laughs" Canadian Comedy Tour in March 1999.
The Craven A brand is owned by Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc (RBH), which also owns or otherwise controls a wide variety of cigarette brands.
Craven A was the chosen cigarette brand (which were specifically known for being corked-tipped at a time before cigarettes had filters) of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of modern-day Pakistan, and according to his sister Miss Fatima Jinnah, as she mentions in
Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts (formerly, The Waldorf-Astoria Collection) is a Hilton Worldwide luxury hotel and resort brand. It is positioned as the premium brand within Hilton's portfolio.
In January 2006, Hilton Hotels, Inc, announced it would launch a luxury brand called The Waldorf Astoria Collection, branded after the flagship The Waldorf=Astoria in New York City.
As of April 2007, there were 4 properties — the Arizona Biltmore in Phoenix, La Quinta Resort & Spa in La Quinta, California, The Waldorf=Astoria in New York and the Grand Wailea Resort & Spa in Wailea, Maui, Hawaii. Later in 2007, the Qasr Al Sharq in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was added to the portfolio. The next property to join the portfolio was the Rome Cavelieri, a rebranding and upgrading of the Cavalieri in Rome, Italy, in early summer 2008. During the fall of 2008, three Florida hotels, located in Boca Raton, Key West and Naples, were also added. In July 2009, the Dakota Mountain Lodge opened in Park City, Utah; it later dropped the "Dakota Mountain Lodge" title and is now known simply as Waldorf Astoria Park City. It is the first ski resort to join the portfolio.
The following tables detail the properties of
Amber Leaf is a brand of rolling tobacco. It is a product of the Gallaher Group division of Japan Tobacco. It is available in various size packets (10g, 12.5g, 25g and 50g). The 12.5g box includes rolling papers. The 25g and 50g pouches come with rolling papers only. In 2011 promotional Amber Leaf tobacco tins were sold with the tobacco in some stores UK. It can also be mixed with Coffem which would create a Coffem Blend.
The Two-Point-Six replaced the Riley Pathfinder as Riley's top-line automobile. While its predecessor retained the Riley twin cam, cross flow motor, the Two-Point-Six was almost identical to the Wolseley Six-Ninety Series III. It featured both monotone and duotone paintwork, as did the last of the Pathfinders.
Externally the most obvious difference from the Pathfinder was the bonnet arrangement - while the Pathfinder's grille lifted with the bonnet, the Two-Point-Six, in common with the 6/90, had a fixed grille.
It used the BMC C-Series straight-6, an engine that produced 101 hp (75 kW). This was actually less than the 2½ Litre Riley "Big Four" straight-4 engine it replaced. The Two-Point-Six was a commercial failure and was pulled from the market in May, 1959, the last large Riley.
Bugler is the name of a roll-your-own brand of tobacco and rolling papers. The Bugler brand was first introduced in the United States in 1932 by Lane Limited. Lane is a subsidiary of the American Snuff Company, which is itself a division of Reynolds American. According to recent market surveys, Bugler is the #2 selling brand of rolling tobacco in the United States, and is the #1 tobacco in American prisons. It competes heavily with the brand TOP.
Each pouch of Bugler includes .65 oz. tobacco and 32 cigarette papers. Bugler differentiates itself from its chief competitors in that its tobacco consists of a premium "Turkish and domestic blend", which is similar to the same claim advertised by the higher-priced factory made brand Camel. Bugler has recently changed their rolling papers from thick papers to a newer, thinner paper which is interleaved. Bugler paper booklets are also sold individually as a stand alone product.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, the retail cost of "Ready Rolled", or pre-rolled cigarettes distributed by the major tobacco companies, has increased due to extremely high federal and state taxes.
5 is a brand of sugar-free chewing gum that is manufactured by the Wrigley Company. The name "5" hints at the five human senses (with the ad slogan "Stimulate Your Senses"). 5 gum was introduced to United States markets in March 2007, in Canada in January 2008, in Russia, Europe and Australia in 2009, in China, India, Italy, Israel, Thailand, and Malaysia in 2010.
The brand features seventeen flavors of chewing gum, all of which are available in the United States with the exception of Cirrus, Zephyr and Evolution. The first three flavors introduced were Spearmint, Cinnamon, and Peppermint; second came Tropical and Berry; and in 2009, Winter mint and Bubble. In March 2010, two new flavors, both named "React" were introduced in the United States along with the slogan: "Everyone Experiences It Differently." "React" comes in both mint and fruit flavors. It was released in Australia in March 2011. 5 also offers a watermelon flavor called "Prism", a Green apple flavor called "Vortex" and a sour tropical flavor called "Swerve".
In Australia, "Pulse" and "React" were introduced in 2009 and 2011 respectively. A limited edition flavor called "Mutant" was released in Australia as a promotion
Aero is a milk chocolate bar filled with bubbles of air (see air chocolate), made by Nestlé and primarily sold in the United Kingdom (where it originated), Ireland, Mainland Europe, Brazil, South Africa, Argentina, Australia, Middle East and Canada.
The process of manufacture was patented in 1935 by Rowntree's. Registration of the trademark and manufacture to market started soon after.
In 1935, Rowntree's launched Aero into the UK, followed by the mint variation in the 1970s. Wrapping was brown (green in the mint version) and displayed the "Rowntree's" script logo and the large word "AERO", along with the slogan "Hold on tight or I'll fly away!" below the "AERO" name. The words "Aerated Milk Chocolate" ("Aerated Milk-Mint Chocolate" for the mint version) were seen multiple times in the word "AERO." In the 1970s, an advertisement was aired in which kids flying a kite thought the kite was an Aero bar. Then, brown and white bubbles would fly out of the imaginary bar to form the Aero wrapper. In 1988, Rowntree Mackintosh (as it then was, having merged with Mackintosh's in the 1960s) was losing money and was sold to Swiss company Nestlé, who was already famous for its own Nesquik
Marmite ( /ˈmɑrmaɪt/ MAR-myt) is the brand name for two similar food spreads: the original British version, since 2000 a Unilever product; and a modified version produced in New Zealand by Sanitarium Health Food Company and distributed in Australasia and the Pacific. Marmite is made from yeast extract, a by-product of beer brewing.
The British version of the product is a sticky, dark brown paste with a distinctive, powerful flavour, which is extremely salty. This distinctive taste is reflected in the British company's marketing slogan: "Love it or hate it." Other similar products are the Australian Vegemite and AussieMite, the Swiss Cenovis and the German Vitam-R.
A version with a different flavour has been manufactured in New Zealand since 1919. This is the only product sold as Marmite in Australasia and the Pacific, whereas elsewhere in the world the British version predominates.
The image on the front of the British jar shows a "marmite" (French: [maʁmit]), a French term for a large, covered earthenware or metal cooking pot. British Marmite was originally supplied in earthenware pots, but since the 1920s has been sold in glass jars of approximately the same shape. A thinner
Nikkor is the brand of lenses produced by Nikon Corporation, including camera lenses for the Nikon F-mount.
The Nikkor brand was introduced in 1932, a Westernised rendering of an earlier version Nikkō (日光), an abbreviation of the company's original full name Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optics"; 日本光学工業株式会社). (Nikkō also means "sunlight" and is the name of a Japanese town.) In 1933, Nikon marketed its first camera lens under the Nikkor brand name, the "Aero-NIKKOR," for aerial photography.
Nikon originally reserved the Nikkor designation for its highest-quality imaging optics, but in recent history almost all Nikon lenses are so branded.
Notable Nikkor branded optics have included:
Currently the most actively developed and marketed Nikkor lenses are Nikon's F-mount photographic lenses. These lenses are designed to cover the 24x36mm area of 135 film and the Nikon FX format, or in the case of "DX" designated lenses, the 16x24mm area of the Nikon DX format.
Nikkors constitute the majority of lenses available for the Nikon F-mount, which is itself the largest system of interchangeable flange-mount photographic lenses in history. These lenses are designed for the 135 (35mm) and Nikon DX
Plymouth was a marque of automobiles based in the United States, produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler. Production was discontinued on June 29, 2001 in the United States.
The Plymouth automobile was introduced on July 7, 1928. It was Chrysler Corporation's first entry in the low-priced field, which at the time was already dominated by Chevrolet and Ford. Plymouths were actually priced slightly higher than their competition, but offered all standard features such as internal expanding hydraulic brakes that the competition did not provide. Plymouths were originally sold exclusively through Chrysler dealerships. The logo featured a rear view of the ship Mayflower which landed at Plymouth Rock. However, the Plymouth brand name came from Plymouth Binder Twine, chosen by Joe Frazer for its popularity among farmers. (Plymouth Binder Twine was a common household item that was used to tie up various items.)
The origins of Plymouth can be traced back to the Maxwell automobile. When Walter P. Chrysler took over control of the troubled Maxwell-Chalmers car company in the early 1920s, he inherited the Maxwell as part of the package. After he used the company's
Disc-binding is a variation of notebook binding that allow pages to be added, removed, and replaced easily. Additionally pages can be transferred between notebooks of different functions and sizes.
A page perforated for a disc-bound binding system contains a row of teeth along the side edge of the page that grip onto the outside raised perimeter of individual discs. Pages can be added or removed at any time by peeling the perforations away from each disc.
As a result of the open nature of the binding mechanism, a number of resources for do-it-yourself planning and productivity management have adopted the system.
Currently there are several manufacturers of disc-binding systems. In the United States, it is Levenger (which owns the Circa disc line) and Rollabind. In Europe, it is a system called Atoma with a licensee in the United States called Myndology.
Atoma thanks its name to the inventors of the system, two French by the name of Andre Tomas and Andre Martin. In 1948, they sold their patent to Georges Mottart, who founded Papeteries G. Mottart n.v., exclusive producer of disc-binding systems for Europe until the mid-nineties, when the patent expired. Currently, Atoma sells
du Maurier is a Canadian-centric brand of cigarettes, produced by Imperial Tobacco Canada, a subsidiary of British American Tobacco. The brand is named after Sir Gerald du Maurier, a British actor and manager, and father of British author Daphne du Maurier. The brand is also produced under license by the West Indian Tobacco Company in Trinidad and Tobago. Philip Seymour Hoffman's character can be seen smoking the brand in the 2008 film Doubt.
du Maurier was best known for its title sponsorship until 1999 of the Canadian Women's Open.
The Gigabeat was a line of digital media players by Toshiba.
The Gigabeat was first called the MobilPhile and later renamed to Gigabeat. It contained a monochrome LCD with blue backlighting, and a 5 GB removable PCMCIA hard drive. Its case was made of aluminum, and battery life is specified at 18 hours. It required music to be converted using the Toshiba Audio Application to an encrypted format. It has a circular dpad surrounding a smaller circular play/pause button, 2 menu buttons, side-mounted volume up/down buttons and a lock switch.
The Gigabeat G was first introduced during the Japanese WPC Expo in September 2003. The hard drive player features capacities from 5 GB to 40 GB, support for MP3, WMA and WAV sound files, USB 2.0, and integration with Windows Media Player. The device has a 160x86-pixel monochromic screen with blue backlighting. Battery life is specified at 11 hours. It is only available in Japan.
The Gigabeat G was updated and branded as the G21. This version offered some new features such as LAN addressing.
The Gigabeat F was released in September 2004. The hard drive player is available in capacities from 10 to 60 GB, and has a 2.2" 16-bit TFT LCD screen with a
Lonsdale was a marque of car sold in the United Kingdom by Mitsubishi Motors between 1982 and 1983. It took its name from the industrial suburb of Lonsdale in Adelaide, South Australia where Mitsubishi Australia had an engine production facility. The only car sold under this brand was the Lonsdale, a badge engineered Mitsubishi Sigma. It was sold as the Lonsdale YD41 and the Lonsdale YD45.
Although the Sigma was merely an Australian version of the Mitsubishi Galant which was already available in the UK, the company's plan was to circumvent the "gentlemen's agreement", a voluntary import quota which limited Japanese-manufactured imports to 11 per cent of the market. However, the idea proved unsuccessful and most of the cars imported by Lonsdale remained unsold by the time the company ceased trading. Mitsubishi continued to sell the vehicle in the UK for 1984, although rebranded as the Mitsubishi Sigma as it was already known in its local market.
Quality Street is a popular selection of individual sweets, usually contained in tins or boxes, manufactured by Nestlé in England (in Halifax, West Yorkshire).
Quality Street was launched in 1936 by Halifax confectioner Mackintosh's, the name being inspired by a play of the same name by J. M. Barrie. 'The Major' and 'Miss', two figures inspired by the play's principal characters, appeared on all Quality Street boxes and tins until 2000.
The brand was acquired by Nestlé when they bought Rowntree Mackintosh in 1988.
In recent years, individual larger versions of the more popular chocolates have been manufactured and sold separately, as an extension to the brand.
In Western Norway, it is called "Shetlandsgodt" (Shetland Sweets), because it often was brought home by fishermen visiting Shetland. In Iceland it is traditionally known as "Mackintosh."
The sweets within the box have changed and evolved over the years. As of December 2010, there are 12 flavours of the individually wrapped sweets, all of which are either chocolate or toffee based, as follows:
Pentax is a brand name used by Pentax Ricoh Imaging Company for cameras, sport optics (e.g. binoculars), etc., Hoya Corporation for its medical-related products & services, TI Asahi for its surveying instruments, and Seiko Optical Products for some of its optical lenses.
The company was founded as Asahi Kogaku Goshi Kaisha in November 1919 by Kumao Kajiwara, at a shop in the Toshima suburb of Tokyo, and began producing spectacle lenses (which it still manufactures). In 1938 it changed its name to Asahi Optical Co., Ltd. (旭光学工業株式会社, Asahi Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushiki-gaisha), and by this time it was also manufacturing camera/cine lenses. In the lead-up to World War II, Asahi Optical devoted much of its time to fulfilling military contracts for optical instruments. At the end of the war Asahi Optical was disbanded by the occupying powers, being allowed to re-form in 1948. The company resumed its pre-war activities, manufacturing binoculars and consumer camera lenses for Konishiroku and Chiyoda Kōgaku Seikō (later Konica and Minolta respectively).
The period around 1950 marked the return of the Japanese photographic industry to the vigorous level of the late 1930s, and its emergence as a
Cordura is the brand name for a collection of fabrics used in a wide array of products including luggage, backpacks, pants, military wear and performance apparel. Cordura fabrics are known for their durability and resistance to abrasions, tears and scuffs.
Originally developed and registered as a trademark by E.I. duPont deNemours and Company (DuPont) in 1929, it is now the property of Invista (a wholly owned subsidiary of Koch Industries, Inc.). Cordura fabrics are made using yarns or fibers from Invista. Fabrics can be made using 100% synthetic fiber or in blends with cotton or other natural fibers.
To use the Cordura brand name, each fabric should be tested and approved by Invista.
DuPont originally introduced the fabric as a type of Rayon. The product was further developed during World War II and used by the military in tires. In 1966, when new formulations of nylon proved superior, the Cordura brand name was transferred to the nylon product instead. In 1977 researchers discovered a process for dyeing Cordura, which opened a wide variety of commercial applications. By 1979 soft-sided Cordura luggage had captured about 40 percent of the luggage market. Several classic brands
Cuisinart is a brand for small kitchen appliances, especially the food processor of the same name, one of the first to become popular in the United States. It was founded by Carl Sontheimer in 1971, and became a leading brand in the United States and Canada.
It was endorsed early on by Julia Child and James Beard, ostensibly as a means of quickly preparing healthy food. It now sells products in the UK but only through specialist kitchen retailers.
The trademark is a subsidiary of and owned by Conair Corporation which acquired the brand following Cuisinart's bankruptcy in 1989.
The word "cuisinart" is also sometimes used as a genericized trademark for any food processor in the US.
Steve Jobs stated that he based the physical design of the Apple II, a personal computer first released in 1977, in large part on the Cuisinart food processor.
Drum is a brand of fine-cut handrolling tobacco, or shag. It was originally produced and distributed by the Dutch Douwe Egberts corporation. Douwe Egberts was purchased by the Sara Lee Corporation, which sold Drum to Imperial Tobacco, the current British producer. After Douwe Egberts discontinued Drum in the USA, Republic Tobacco of Glenview, Illinois, began making its own version of Drum for distribution in the United States, usually sold accompanied by a package of JOB rolling papers. Both versions are considered halfzware (Dutch for "half-strength") type tobaccos, although the flavors and cuts are not the same due to different methods of curing. Halfzware usually indicates a combination of dark Kentucky burley and bright Virginia tobaccos. Imperial also produces Drum in gold (blonde) and light (mild) varieties. Drum's main competitor in the US is Bali Shag rolling tobacco.
The two versions of Drum are made in different locations and have different sensory properties. European Drum is barrel-cured in the Netherlands using a centuries-old process, whereas the American version is made at the Top Tobacco factory in North Carolina.
Drum is worldwide the #1 brand for shag
Army Club was a brand of cigarette distributed by Cavanders Ltd of London that was established in 1775.
Advertising campaigns for this brand adopted the themes of nostalgia of wartime camaraderie and male culture.
In the 1920s these cigarettes were sold in elaborate tins made of pressed copper.
Cavanders was a cigarette company originally based in Manchester. The brand disappeared in 1961, as the company was taken over by the Godfrey Philips cigarette company, whose main factory is now in Mumbai.
An Army Club cigarette packet was famously found at the murder scene of the Taman Shud Case.
Blue Riband is a budget chocolate biscuit produced by Nestlé. The bar was launched in 1936/1937 (Nestle is unsure which year) as a real milk chocolate wafer- a crisp wafer biscuit covered in a very thin layer of milk chocolate. It was re-launched in December 2004. The modern version is not as crisp as the original, and the chocolate layer is sweeter and thicker.
Double Happiness is a common brand of cigarettes sold in China. It is owned by Konci G and D Management Group Inc, and is produced in multiple regional factories, including the Shanghai Cigarette Factory. The brand carries only a tiny health warning on the side of a 20-cigarette pack.
Double Happiness is not the official brand name- the actual name is 'Shuang Xi'. Shanghai-manufactured Shuang Xi cigarettes come in a red pack with white banners displaying the Chinese name 'Shuang Xi' and the English name 'Double Happiness' and is Shuang Xi's budget brand, typically costing 6RMB (about EUR0.60 or US$1) whilst Shuang Xi Classic Original is a higher-quality brand in an allover red-pack costing around 12RMB (about EUR1.20 or US$2). Shuang Xi Classic Original doesn't use the name 'Double Happiness'. Double Happiness is one of the few Chinese cigarette brands that is sold outside of China (including Hong Kong and Macau) and is commonly sold in airport duty-free stores around the world.
Austin (/ˈɒstɨn/ or /ˈɔːstɨn/) is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. Located in Central Texas on the eastern edge of the American Southwest, Austin is the thirteenth most populous city in the United States of America and the fourth most populous city in the state of Texas. It was the third-fastest-growing large city in the nation from 2000 to 2006. Austin has a population of 820,611 (2011 U.S. Census). The city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos metropolitan area, which had an estimated population 1,783,519 (2011 U.S. Census), making it the 34th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States and the fourth-largest in Texas.
In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River. After Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar visited the area during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republic's capital then located in Houston, Texas, be relocated to the area situated on the north bank of the Colorado River near the present-day Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge. In 1839, the site was officially chosen as the
Carl Zeiss AG is a German manufacturer of optical systems, industrial measurements and medical devices, founded in Jena, Germany in 1846 by optician Carl Zeiss. Together with Ernst Abbe (joined 1866) and Otto Schott (joined 1884) they built a base for modern optics and manufacturing. There are currently two parts of the company, Carl Zeiss AG located in Oberkochen with important subsidiaries in Aalen, Göttingen and Munich, and Carl Zeiss GmbH located in Jena.
Carl Zeiss is the premier company of the Zeiss Gruppe, one of the two large divisions of the Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung. The Zeiss Gruppe is located in Heidenheim and Jena.
The other division of the Carl Zeiss Foundation, the glass manufacturer Schott AG and Jenaer Glaswerk, is located in Mainz and Jena.
Carl Zeiss is one of the oldest existing optics manufacturers in the world.
Carl Zeiss opened an optics workshop in Jena in 1846. By 1847 he was making microscopes full-time. By 1861 Zeiss was considered to be among the best scientific instruments in Germany with about 20 people working under him with his business still growing. By 1866 the Zeiss workshop sold their 1,000th microscope. In 1872 physicist Ernst Abbe joined Zeiss and
A Gerber multitool is a compact multi-function tool made by Gerber Legendary Blades, part of the Fiskars Corporation.
There are similarities and differences between the Gerber multitool and tools made by Leatherman. Some of the Gerber tools are accessed by opening the handles, but unique to Gerber is a system in which the pliers slide straight out from the end. This allows the Gerber to be flicked open easily with one hand, a useful advantage if the other hand is occupied. The sliding Safe-T-Loc system (similar to the Blacie Collins "Bolt Action" lock) locks each tool securely in place.
Different sizes of Gerber tool are available, with various combinations of components from the mundane (screwdrivers) to the esoteric (demolition detonator crimps), and from the key-chain sized, like the "Shortcut" to hefty, 8-ounce (227 g) models like the "Diesel".
The company is based in Portland, Oregon, USA. It was acquired by Fiskars in 1986. Portland remains the headquarters of the Finnish company's outdoor recreation group.
A Bertie Beetle is an Australian chocolate bar manufactured by Nestlé. It consists of chocolate shaped like an anthropomorphised beetle with small pieces of honeycomb throughout. It was created as a way to use up pieces of coconut, and honeycomb left over from the production of Violet Crumble bars .
The Bertie Beetle was first produced in 1963 by Hoadley's Chocolates who were later taken over by the Rowntree Company and became Rowntree Hoadley Ltd., when it was launched by VFL footballer Ron Barassi, and was sold in shops until 1970, when manufacturer Nestle entered an exclusive agreement with 'Showbag Marketing' to only sell the chocolate at shows and exhibitions in showbags.
Bertie Beetles are most well known for their inclusion in the reliably cheap Bertie Beetle showbag, available around Australia at various Shows. The 'Bertie Beetle Showbag' is one of the most popular showbags ever made. When the bag was withdrawn from sale at Royal Shows, Nestle bowed to the resultant community pressure and recommenced sale of the bag.
The bag traditionally cost $2 and came with a few Bertie Beetles and some * Allens lollipops. Until 12pm on the first day of a royal show there is often an
Djarum Black is a kretek (clove cigarette). It is sold in a stretched pack, two cigarettes wide and ten cigarettes long. The cigarette itself is rolled with black, flavored paper. The cigarette features a clove flavor both in scent and taste, and the paper has a sweet taste. It is made with natural Indonesian tobacco, and is widely distributed throughout the world.
A law passed in the United States in 2009 has made it illegal for tobacco shops and stores to carry cigarettes that contain flavors other than menthol. The law affects the Djarum Black cigarette brand, and has made it unavailable for purchase within the United States.
Now to purchase any type of kretek it must be classified as a cigar. The current Djarum Black cloves are now rolled in tobacco paper. As of 2010, in the United States Djarum Blacks are available again in smaller 12 pack cigars.
Extra is a brand of sugarfree gum produced by the Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company in North America, Europe, some parts of Africa and Australasia. It was launched in 1984 as the company's first ever sugarfree product, and became one of the most popular brands of gum in the United States within a few years.
The brand identity of Extra gum varies considerably in different markets, often having completely different flavours, logos and slogans for each country. Extra is currently the sponsor of the Mexican national football team.
Hot Pockets are microwaveable turnovers generally containing one or more types of cheese, meat, or vegetables. Hot Pockets are currently produced by Nestlé.
There are over forty varieties of Hot Pockets, including both breakfast and lunch / dinner varieties. Nestlé also offers Lean Pockets, Hot Pockets Croissant Crust (formerly called Croissant Pockets), Pot Pie Express, Hot Pocket Pizza Minis (originally called Hot Pockets Pizza Snacks), Hot Pockets Subs, Hot Pockets Calzones, Hot Pockets Panini, Hot Pockets Sideshots, and Hot Pockets Breakfast items which include the meat, egg and cheese varieties, and fruit pastries.
Hot Pockets were invented by Paul Merage and David Merage in the 1970s. They founded the company Chef America Inc. and began producing Hot Pockets for profit in 1983. In 2002, the Merages sold Chef America to Nestlé for $2.6 billion. Initially only available in the United States, they are now sold by Nestlé in France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom under the Maggi brand. However, they are sold in some supermarkets in Mexico and Brazil still under the Nestle brand. Quote from Nestlé 2005 Full Year Financials: "In Europe, the roll-out of Hot Pockets, small
Indiglo is a brand name of Indiglo Corporation, solely owned by Timex for licensing purposes. Timex electroluminescent lamps, branded Indiglo, were introduced through Kmart in 1992 in the Ironman watch line. The technology is comparable to the Illuminator technology used by Casio.
Other watch models exhibit an Indiglo backlight that only lights up the numbers, rather than the entire LCD display, which is achieved by means of a specialized film that inverts the LCD transmissivity. The Timex Datalink USB uses this technology. Indiglo devices emit a distinct blue or white or other color. The name derives from the word indigo.
Indiglo has been used for other devices such as clock radios, electronic personal organizers, and nightlights. Timex has also used the Indiglo trademark for luminescent paint on the hands of their analog watches, while making no distinction between this product form and the electrically powered electroluminescent feature on their other watches.
Milo ( /ˈmaɪloʊ/) is a chocolate and malt powder which is mixed with hot or cold water and/or milk to produce a beverage popular in many parts of the world. Produced by Nestlé, Milo was originally developed by Thomas Mayne in Sydney, Australia in 1934. It is marketed and sold in many countries around the world.
Most commonly sold as a powder in a green tin, often depicting various sporting activities, Milo is available as a premixed beverage in some countries, and has been subsequently developed into a snack bar and breakfast cereal. Its composition and taste differ in some countries.
In 1934, Australian industrial chemist and inventor Thomas Mayne developed Milo and launched it at the Sydney Royal Easter Show. Milo began production at the plant located in Smithtown, near Kempsey on the North Coast of New South Wales. The name was derived from the famous Greek athlete Milo of Crotona, after his legendary strength.
Milo is manufactured by evaporating the water content from a thick syrup at reduced pressure. The thick opaque syrup is obtained from malted wheat or barley. The whole process takes around an hour but operates in a continuous mode. At the bottom of the box the varying
Oreo is a popular sandwich cookie where the U.S. version is made by the Nabisco division of Kraft Foods. Since its 1912 introduction, Oreo has become the best selling cookie in the United States, through the 20th century and into the 21st.
The "Oreo Biscuit" was developed and first produced by the National Biscuit Company (today known as Nabisco) in 1912 at its Chelsea factory in New York City, which was located on Ninth Avenue between 15th and 16th Streets. Today, this same block of Ninth Avenue is known as "Oreo Way." The name Oreo was first trademarked on March 14, 1912. It was launched as an imitation of the Hydrox cookie manufactured by Sunshine company, introduced in 1908.
The original design of the cookie featured a wreath around the edge of the cookie and the name "OREO" in the center. In the United States, they were sold for 25 cents a pound in novelty cans with clear glass tops.
The Oreo Biscuit was renamed in 1921, to "Oreo Sandwich." A new design for the cookie was introduced in 1924. A lemon-filled variety was available briefly during the 1920s, but was discontinued.
In 1948, the Oreo Sandwich was renamed the "Oreo Creme Sandwich"; it was changed in 1974 to the Oreo
Peppermint Crisp is a milk chocolate bar filled with a multitude of thin cylinders of mint-flavoured toffee. Invented in South Africa by Wilson-Rowntree, it is now produced by Nestlé. The Peppermint Crisp is sold within Australia and South Africa as a 35 gram bar.
It is common for children to bite off both ends of the bar and use the series of mint tubes as a straw to drink milk.
The Peppermint Crisp can be used as in ingredient in mint chocolate cheesecakes and slices, and broken-up to decorate the top of pavlova meringue or cheesecake. James and Melanie Maddock used Peppermint Crisp on top of their dessert during a food challenge on the cooking show My Kitchen Rules.
The Standard Vanguard is a car produced by the Standard Motor Company in Coventry from 1947 to 1963.
The car was announced in July 1947. It was completely new with no resemblance to the previous models, and was Standard's first post-Second World War car. It was also the first model to carry the new Standard badge, which was a heavily-stylised representation of the wings of a Griffin.
In the wake of the Second World War many potential customers in the UK and in English-speaking export markets had recently experienced several years of military or naval service, therefore a car name related to the British Navy carried a greater resonance than it would for later generations. The name of the Standard Vanguard recalled HMS Vanguard, the last of the British Navy's battleships, launched in 1944 amid much media attention: permission to use the name involved Standard in extensive negotiations with senior Royal Navy personnel.
The styling of the car resembled the pre-war Plymouth with a sloping "beetle-back". Russian media claimed that styling of this car had been in part influenced by Russian GAZ-M20 Pobeda, which had been in development from 1943 and went into production in 1946. In 1952
Tama Drums (stylized as TAMA) is a brand of drums and hardware manufactured and marketed by the Japanese musical instrument company, Hoshino Gakki. Tama's research and development of products, along with production of its professional drums, is done in Seto, Japan, while its hardware and more affordable drums are manufactured in Guangzhou, China. Hoshino has several offices around the world for marketing and wholesale distribution. Drums destined for the U.S. market are assembled and stocked at Hoshino (U.S.A.) in Bensalem, Pennsylvania. The U.S. subsidiary also contributes to Tama's market research and development.
Hoshino Gakki began manufacturing drums in 1965 under the name "Star Drums". Hoshino, the family name of the founder, translates to "star field," thus the selection of the "Star Drums" brand name. The drums were manufactured at Hoshino's subsidiary, Tama Seisakusho, which had opened in 1962 to manufacture Ibanez guitars and amplifiers. While the production of guitars and amps was moved out of the factory by 1966, the production of drums there continued to grow. The two higher lines of drum models, Imperial Star and Royal Star, were introduced to the American market and
ZVUE is a defunct brand of portable media player designed and marketed by HandHeld Entertainment. The ZVUE device combined a digital mp3 audio player with a personal video player and a JPEG viewer all in one consumer electronics device about the size of a pack of playing cards.
The ZVUE is similar to the video iPod and works on the MPEG-4 or H.264 video standard for video, MP3 standard for audio (in addition to OGG Vorbis) and the JPEG standard for images.
At one time, the Zvue was considered the lowest-cost media player to support the Windows Media Video standard for video and the Windows Media Audio standard for audio around, including DRM so that legal licensed content from almost all non-apple media download sites can be played. The original ZVUE device retailed for about $100.
The ZVUE Media player requires SD cards.
Festival Fireworks is a fireworks supplier and award winning fireworks display organizing company based in the parish of Ringmer in East Sussex in England.
On December 3, 2006 East Sussex Fire & Rescue Service were called to a fire at Festival Fireworks at Marlie Farm, near Lewes. During firefighting operations, a catastrophic explosion occurred at the site which tragically killed retained Firefighter Geoff Wicker, and Fire Service Photographer Brian Wembridge - himself a retired Firefighter re-employed by the brigade in a civilian capacity. As well as the two fatalities, a number of other Firefighters and Police Officers were injured by the blast which could be heard twelve miles away.
As a result of the explosion, caused by illegally stored fireworks that the Fire Brigade was unaware of, twelve fire appliances and nine cars and vans from East Sussex Fire & Rescue Service were destroyed or damaged beyond repair. This included an Aerial Ladder Platform and the brigades Incident Command Unit.
Jenkki ("Yankee") is a Finnish chewing gum brand developed in 1951 by Huhtamäki. Nowadays Jenkki is in ownership of Leaf.
In 1975 Jenkki introduced the first chewing gum in the world that included xylitol. Xylitol gum was invented in Turku, Finland. The xylitol was originally derived from birch trees. Nowadays Jenkki xylitol gum is available in numerous different flavours, including peppermint, spearmint, eucalyptus, lemon, tutti frutti, strawberry and salmiakki.
Winterfresh is a wintergreen-flavored variety of chewing gum made by the Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company. Introduced in the United States in 1994 as an alternative to their Big Red brand (for the winter season market), it has had two packaging designs as of 2004. Extra gum, a sugarless gum, introduced a Winterfresh flavor in 1988, while Freedent introduced a Winterfresh flavor around the same time the Winterfresh brand gum was introduced.
Each three-gram stick contains 10 Calories (42 kilojoules).
Camalot is a brand of spring-loaded camming devices, manufactured by Black Diamond Equipment, Ltd.
The device is used in cracks to secure ropes while rock climbing.
There are two types of Camalots, 4-lobed original Camalots and 3-lobed Camalot C3s. The original Camalots utilize a patented dual-axle cam system, resulting in a slightly higher expansion range than for a similarly sized single axle unit, and also resulting in increased strength, allowing placement as a passive stopper. C4s range from the small #0.3, to the rarely seen massive #6.
Black Diamond has also announced the Camalot X4, which have a flexible cable stem similar to Aliens or Metolius Master cams. The X4 will be released in Spring 2013.
C3s are single axle units designed for smaller, narrower placements, and range from a tiny #000 to #2. There is some overlap between the C4 #0.3 and the C3 1 and 2. As with most microcams, the C3 #000 is rated for aid climbing only.
Camalot lobes were designed to have a logarithmic spiral shape, resulting in a constant angle between the cam and the rock at each contact point; this constant angle is designed to always provide the necessary friction to hold a cam in equilibrium.
Cowon Systems, Inc. (KOSDAQ: 056000) is a South Korean multinational consumer electronics and software corporation. Established in 1995, the company’s initial focus was software development and microelectronics, specializing in speech synthesis and speech recognition technology. In 2000, with the introduction of the iAUDIO CW100, Cowon expanded into the portable media player industry, which is now the core of their business.
In 2010, Cowon was ranked number one in the PMP category of JMA Consultants’ Global Customer Satisfaction Competency Index, and in 2011 it was ranked number one in the same organization’s Global & Great Brand Competency Index.
In the west, Cowon is most well known for its iAUDIO range of portable media players, which has resulted in many people incorrectly referring to the company as “Cowon iAUDIO” or simply “iAUDIO”.
In its marketing, Cowon makes distinguishes between “MP3 players” and “portable media players”, where the latter are larger and have a greater focus on video playback. The categories differ slightly between the Korean and the global homepage – for example, on the Korean homepage, the Cowon X9 is listed as a “PMP”, while the Cowon Q7 Plenue is
Nescafé is a brand of instant coffee made by Nestlé. It comes in many different product forms. The name is a portmanteau of the words "Nestlé" and "café". Nestlé's flagship powdered coffee product was introduced in Switzerland on April 1, 1938 after being developed for seven or eight years by Max Morgenthaler and Vernon Chapman.
Nescafé, a brand introduced by the Nestlé company, can be traced back to the 1930s. In the United States, the Nescafé name was used on its products until the 1960s. Later, Nestlé introduced a new brand in the US called "Taster's Choice", which supplanted Nescafé for many years. Taster's Choice was also introduced into Canada at the same time, and continues to be sold as a separate product, branded as superior to Nescafé, and is higher priced.
In the United Kingdom, a television advertisement campaign starring Anthony Head and Sharon Maughan ran in 12 installments between 1987 and 1993. The first 11 episodes were released as a promotional compilation video called Love Over Gold in 1993. A novelisation of the same name written by Susan Moody (under the pseudonym Susannah James) was released in the same year.
In 2003, the company reintroduced the Nescafé brand
Sierra Mist is a lemon-lime flavored soft drink, The new formula, branded as Sierra Mist, was introduced by PepsiCo in 1999, replacing Slice and Storm, and eventually became available in all United States markets by 2003.
Following initial test marketing, PepsiCo first introduced Sierra Mist in 1999, replacing similar soft drinks such as lemon-lime Slice and the test-marketed Storm. The selection of the name "Sierra Mist" was based on favorable market research involving 2,000 people. "Sierra Mist" was selected from over 1,000 possible names. It is worth noting that "Sierra" had previously been a proposed name for what became the original (10% juice-formula, lemon-lime) Slice in 1984. Diet Sierra Mist was also introduced in 2000, and sales of both diet and original Sierra Mist totaled $100 million in its first year of production.
At the time of its launch in 1999, Sierra Mist was only distributed in certain regional markets, due to bottling and distribution agreements between Pepsi Bottling Group and 7 Up parent company Cadbury Schweppes. The PepsiCo bottlers continued to bottle 7 Up until existing agreements with Cadbury Schweppes expired in January 2003, at which point its
Triscuit is a snack cracker, made by Nabisco, which takes the form of square baked whole wheat wafers. It was invented in 1900, a patent was granted in 1902, and the Shredded Wheat Company, in Niagara Falls, New York began production the next year.
Triscuit production began in 1903 in Niagara Falls, New York. The manufacturer boasted it was “Baked by Electricity”.
The wafer measured 2-1/4 inches by 4 inches and remained that size for nearly twenty-one years. At that point, the ovens were altered and improved and the cracker size changed to a 2-inch by 2-inch square.
Triscuit are made from wheat which is first cooked in water until it reaches about fifty percent moisture content, then it is tempered, allowing moisture to diffuse evenly into the grain. The grain is formed into shredded wheat strands, by using slotted rollers. Webs are formed from the strands, then several webs are stacked together. The still moist stack of strands is crimped at regular intervals to produce individual crackers. The moisture content is reduced to five percent by oven baking.
In 1935, producers began spraying the crackers with oil and adding salt. The flavor remained constant until 1984, when additional
Drumstick is the brand name for a variety of ice cream cones sold in the United States, Australia, Canada, Malaysia, and other countries across the world. The original product was invented by Nestlé of The Drumstick Company in 1928.
A typical Drumstick-brand ice cream cone consists of a waffle cone filled with ice cream topped with a hardened chocolate shell and nuts, and much later, with a chocolate lined cone, a chunk of chocolate at the bottom of the cone. Basically, it is a sundae in an ice cream cone instead of the typical bowl. Drumsticks are available from a variety of Supermarket, as well as most convenience stores in countries where sold.
Other varieties of Drumstick include caramel and fudge-filled cones, Mint Chocolate Crunch, Cookies and Cream Crunch, and simply dipped, cones filled with caramel, chocolate and plain vanilla are also found.
Klondike is a brand name for a dessert generally consisting of a vanilla ice cream square coated with a thin layer of chocolate-flavored coating. The first recorded advertisement for the Klondike was on February 5, 1922 in the Youngstown Vindicator. They are generally wrapped with a silver-colored wrapper, upon which the mascot for the brand, a polar bear, appears. In the UK, the generic name for this type of dessert is choc ice. Unlike many similar frozen treats, the Klondike bar does not possess a stick for a handle (see ice pop for comparison), a point often touted in advertising.
The Klondike bar was created by the Isaly Dairy Company of Mansfield, Ohio in the early 1920s and named after the Klondike River of Alaska and Canada. Rights to the name were eventually sold to Good Humor-Breyers, part of Unilever. It is known for its jingle slogan "What would you do for a Klondike Bar?" The Klondike Bar was also the first created ice cream bar with Good Humor taking the idea and adding a handle or stick to become the first ice cream bar on a stick.
Many types of Klondike bar have been sold:
Additionally, the following products have borne the Klondike name:
Klondike ice cream was
Lion Bar is a chocolate bar made by Nestlé, previously a Rowntree's product. The Lion Bar was originally designed by Alan Norman, Experimental Confectioner, Fawdon factory.
It consists of a filled wafer, caramel (30%) and crisp cereal (in the original recipe this was Kellog's Special K)(4%) covered in milk chocolate (41%). It was introduced by Eric Nicoli of Rowntree's in the 1970s, after a trial in the Dorset area in 1977. It was in some areas known as Big Cat until the late 1990s. When Nestlé acquired the brand in 1988, the recipe was changed, as was the packaging.
In Europe, both White Lion and Peanut Butter Lion limited edition bars have also been available, as well as a "king size" variety. The bar is occasionally found in the U.S. and Canada in European import shops.
A Lion Bar Cereal was made and was sold in Europe, later the UK and Ireland.
In recent years the Lion bar has been dramatically reduced in size, which has caused controversy among fans.
Sugar, Glucose-fructose syrup, Sweetened condensed milk, Skimmed milk powder, Cocoa butter, Lactose, Crisped cereals [5%] (Wheat flour, Sugar, Wheat starch, Vegetable fat, Raising agent: Sodium carbonate, Salt,
Cheez Whiz is a thick processed cheese sauce or spread sold by Kraft Foods. It was developed by a team led by food scientist Edwin Traisman (1915–2007) and was first marketed in 1953.
The bright yellow, viscous paste usually comes in a glass jar and is used as a topping for cheesesteaks, corn chips, hot dogs and other foods. It is marketed in Canada, Mexico, the Philippines, the United States and Venezuela.
Cheez Whiz is one of a number of "processed cheese foods", a category including some types of individually-wrapped cheese slices. These products contain regular cheese that has been reprocessed along with additional ingredients such as emulsifiers and stabilizing agents, such as xanthan gum or carrageenan. These products derive their tanginess and flavor from additional ingredients such as citric acid and flavoring compounds. Annatto is used for coloring.
In some markets, the product has been sold in a narrow jar that tapered towards the base when sold as a spread. When Cheez Whiz is advertised as a dip or a sauce, the jars are larger and more of a squat cylindrical shape.
Cheez Whiz can also be found in "Handi Snacks" products such as Ritz Cheez Whiz 'n'
Doritos ( /dɵˈriːtoʊz/) (literally, from Mexican Spanish doradito or dorito: turned golden) is a brand of seasoned tortilla chips founded by Arch West and produced since 1964 by the North American food company Frito-Lay (a division of PepsiCo, Inc.).
The original product was made at the Casa de Fritos at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Using unused tortillas, the company-owned restaurant cut them up and fried them (as in traditional Mexican chips called totopos) and added basic seasoning, resembling the Mexican chilaquiles, but in this case being dry. Arch West was the Vice President of Marketing of Frito-Lay at the time, and noticed the popularity. He made a deal with Alex Foods in 1964, the provider of many items for Casa de Fritos at Disneyland, and produced the chips for a short time regionally, before it was overwhelmed by the volume, and Frito-Lay moved the production in-house to its Tulsa plant.
"Doritos" were released nationwide in 1966, the first tortilla chip to be launched nationally in the United States.
In a television special on the National Geographic Channel about Ultimate Factories, episode 5-5, it was said that Doritos is a $4billion dollar a year product. This
Stimorol is a brand of chewing gum, produced by the Danish company Dandy. It is based in Vejle, Denmark. It's one of the world's largest producers of chewing gum.
"Stimorol" is its primary brand of gum, which came onto the market in 1956. It was initially sold only in Scandinavia, but later became available in other countries throughout Europe, beginning with the Netherlands in 1959. In 1978, the company introduced a sugar-free gum, and by the 1990s it had various fruit and mint flavors. In 2002, the company was acquired by Cadbury-Schweppes.
Merkur (German pronunciation: [mɛʁˈkuːɐ̯]), Mercury) was an automobile brand which was briefly marketed by Ford Motor Company in the United States and Canada from 1985 to 1989. The brand made only two entry-level luxury cars (as a smaller companion to Lincoln's large luxury cars).
Ford introduced the Merkur brand as a franchise separate from its other brands, and it was only offered to Lincoln-Mercury dealers, of which only about 800 accepted.
When the Merkur name was launched in North America, advertising and PR materials strongly urged the proper German pronunciation. Below the Merkur badge was a script stating FORD WERKE AG-Cologne, West Germany, indicating the car's place of manufacture.
Like the Capri before it, the Merkur was Ford's attempt at selling a European car in the North American market. However, Ford could not just import the cars and sell them; American government-mandated safety regulations dictated that Ford modify the design of the XR4Ti and Scorpio. This meant that the two cars were manufactured in Europe in a manner different from other European Fords. The XR4Ti was manufactured by Karmann in Rheine, Germany, with a turbocharged Ford Lima 2.3 L 4-cylinder
Alka-Seltzer is an effervescent antacid and pain reliever first marketed by the Dr. Miles Medicine Company. It was developed by Treneer in Elkhart Indiana. Alka-Seltzer is marketed for relief of minor aches, pains, inflammation, fever, headache, heartburn, sour stomach, indigestion, and hangovers, while neutralizing excess stomach acid. It was launched in 1931. A spin-off of Alka-Seltzer made to relieve colds and flu, Alka-Seltzer Plus, was later introduced. A short-lived antacid non-aspirin variant, Alka-Mints, was introduced in 1994 and discontinued in 1997.
Alka-Seltzer is currently owned by Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Germany. The name "Alka-Seltzer" has been extended to incorporate an entire line of medications sold over the counter and taken by means of rapidly dissolving tablets that form a carbonated solution in water.
Alka-Seltzer are in foil packets, each containing two tablets. Prior to 1984, it was also available stacked in glass tubes. It comes in various flavors.
Alka-Seltzer Gold is a combination of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, and anhydrous citric acid, used for the relief of heartburn, acid indigestion, and stomach aches. Unlike original blue
The Patek Philippe Calatrava is a line of dress watches built by the premier Swiss watchmaker Patek Philippe, introduced in 1932. These watches are considered the flagship model of Patek Philippe. The least expensive of the Calatrava line for men is about $18,000 USD as of 2008.
One famous model in the Calatrava line is the 3919 which was replaced recently by the slightly larger 5119 model. This change in size reflects the growing trend for larger watches. Another famous model is the reference 96, whose modern incarnation is the considerably larger 5196. Some Calatravas (such as the modern-day 5127) feature a date function, whereas others (such as the 5196) are "time-only" watches.
Most Calatrava models have had automatic or manual movements, and some have had quartz movements.
Maggi noodles is a brand of instant noodles manufactured by Nestlé. The brand is popular in Australia, India, South Africa, Brazil, New Zealand, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Fiji and the Philippines. In several countries, it is also known as "maggi mee" (mee is Indonesian/Malay/Hokkien for noodles). Maggi noodles are part of the Maggi family, a Nestlé brand of instant soups, stocks, and noodles. In Malaysia, there are fried noodles made from maggi noodles known as Maggi goreng. Maggi noodles recently introduced a new variety of its noodles, to cater for the health conscious like 'No MSG', 'Less Salt', and 'No Trans fat'. A wholewheat flour based noodle variation marketed by the name "Vegetable Atta Noodles" has been introduced in India (Atta flour is used in preparing most forms of wheat based breads in India) and caters to health conscious buyers wary of the refined flour used in the regular Maggi noodles. This move helps the brand in India as suburban mothers, who feed the noodles to children as an afterschool snack, are the primary customers of the brand. Recently, a line of rice noodles and whole wheat with pulses, carrots, beans, and onions has also been
Moxon Huddersfield Ltd is a high-end British textile manufacturer of luxury worsted and woollen suiting fabrics. It is located at Yew Tree Mills, Holmbridge, near Holmfirth, Kirklees in Yorkshire.
The company was incorporated in 1924 but claims it can trace its roots to the 16th century. In the 1910s, it traded under the name of "B. H. Moxon & Sons" and was located at Springfield Mills, Kirkburton, near Huddersfield. At that time it patented an improvement to the dobby loom. It was incorporated in 1924 In the 1930s, it was exporting to Japan and the United States. In 1950, it moved to a new 60,000 sq ft (5,574 m) site in Kirkburton. In the 1950s, it was noted for its fancy worsted fabrics, In the 1980s, it was specialized in worsted mohair and silk blends aimed primarily at the Japanese market.
Moxon was one the first British weavers to replace British Dobcross looms with wider Swiss Sulzer looms. In the early 1960s, after the retirement of Matthew Moxon, it was part of the Tulketh Group, which went into receivership in the early 1970s. It was acquired in 1971 by the Allied Textiles group.
The company was acquired in 1993 by Firas Chamsi-Pasha, a Syrian former agent of Hield. Mr
Safeguard is an antibacterial soap of Procter & Gamble Company registered with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is sold in the United States, Mexico as Escudo, Ukraine, Latvia, Canada, Egypt, China, Pakistan and the Philippines.
By April 30 2012, Safeguard will be sold in Estonia, Belize, Poland, Lithuania and Slovenia.
From May 1 2012, Safeguard will be sold across Australia, New Zealand, the Bahamas, North Africa, West Africa, Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.
From May 20 2012, Safeguard will be sold in the U.S.V.I., the B.V.I., Hong Kong and Macau.
In the 1960s and 1970s, Safeguard went by the informational-toned slogan of "A Soap For The Entire Family". However, their 1980s "The Smallest Soap in the House" ad campaign would be their most memorable, as it included ads of people complaining of thru excessive use their Safeguard bars getting smaller and smaller, and the ending of each commercial featuring a brand-new Safeguard bar in soap suds that, using stop-motion animation, shrinks down to about 80% used up just before the voice-over says "The smallest soap in the house".
Tostitos is a brand of tortilla chips and (more recently) dips produced by Frito-Lay. In January 1978 Frito-Lay's product development group led by Jack Liczkowski had completed development of TOSTITOS, authentic Mexican-style tortilla chips. The chips were round, made of white corn and had a more authentic "Mexican" flavor. Part of achieving this authenticity occurred after research discovered that Mexicans, after cooking corn with lime, did not rinse the corn completely; therefore, the resulting stone ground corn masa has higher content of lime and lower pH. When deep fat frying the formed chips, calcium hydroxide reacts with oil and gives this specific taste. After successful test marketing in 1979, Tostitos Traditional Flavor and Tostitos Nacho Cheese Flavor went in 1980 into national distribution in the United States and have reached the sales of $140 million, making it one of the most successful new product introductions in Frito-Lay history. The chips are about 1 ⅓ of an inch in diameter and are often eaten with salsa or nacho cheese dip, which the company also produces.
Some Frito-Lay brand seasoned products, including some flavors of Tostitos, contain pork enzymes in
Wonder Bread is the name of a brand of white bread. It is sold in North American stores and produced by Hostess Brands in the United States, Weston Bakeries Limited, a subsidiary of George Weston Limited, in Canada , and by Grupo Bimbo in Mexico.
Wonder Bread was originally produced by the Taggart Baking Company of Indianapolis, Indiana and debuted on May 21, 1921, after a blind promotion with ads that only stated a "Wonder" was coming on May 21, 1921. When it was launched, the new brand was named by vice president for merchandising development Elmer Cline, who was inspired by the International Balloon Race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Cline was filled with "wonder" by the scene of hundreds of balloons creating a kaleidoscope of color resulting in the iconic red, yellow and blue balloons featured on the Wonder Bread logo. The logo was designed by commercial artist Drew Miller while he was on staff at a Chicago ad agency.
Taggart was purchased by Continental Baking in 1925. This made Wonder Bread a national brand and added "It's Slo Baked" to the logo. In the 1930s, Continental Baking began shipping Wonder Bread in sliced form, one of the first companies to do so and a
Blufin S.p.A is an Italian fashion house founded by Anna Molinari and her late husband Gianpaolo Tarabini. The core brand is Blumarine, which they started in 1977, followed by Miss Blumarine (1987, 8-14 year old girls), Blugirl (1995, for teenagers) and Anna Molinari (1995), which is being repositioned as their luxury brand. Blumarine has been described as catering "for that brand of Italian miss for whom no dress is too small nor any diamond too big".
Blumarine was established by Anna Molinari and Gianpaolo Tarabini in 1977, in the town of Carpi in the province of Modena. The name was inspired by the couple's favourite colour and their love of the sea. In 1980 they made their first appearance at Modit in Milan, where Blumarine was named Designer of the Year, which led to their first show at Milan Fashion Week the following year. The 1986 Milan Fashion Week saw the first collection wholly designed by Anna Molinari.
As the brand took off and they started to license it to other companies, Blufin was set up in 1988 to act as a holding company. By 2006 royalties accounted for €5.5m of their income. The first Blumarine boutique was opened in the Via della Spiga, Milan in 1990; the
Caro is a brand of caffeine-free roasted grain beverages. Some consider it a coffee substitute. It is manufactured by Nestlé and was first introduced in West Germany in 1954. It is available throughout Europe as well as other markets including New Zealand and Australia. It is imported to the United States under the name Pero. The name "Caro" sounds like the French word "Carreau", which translates to "diamonds" in playing cards, as seen in the Caro logo (which is also used on Pero).
Caro Instant is a powder-based drink available in 50-gram (1.8 oz) containers, whereas Caro Extra is granule-based and comes in 200-gram (7.1 oz) jars.
Caro is made up of soluble solids of roasted barley, malted barley, chicory, and rye. It is most often available in health food shops, but can also be found in most major supermarkets.
Febreze is a brand of household odor eliminator manufactured by Procter & Gamble, sold in North America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand. First introduced in test markets in 1993, the product has been sold in the United States since June 1998, and the line has since branched out to include air fresheners (Air Effects), fabric refreshers, plug-in oils (Noticeables), scented disks (Scentstories), odor eliminating candles and automotive air fresheners.
The active ingredient in Febreze is Hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin or HPβCD. Procter & Gamble claims that these molecules bind hydrocarbons within the doughnut shape, retaining malodorous molecules, which reduces their release into the air and thus the perception of their scent. The original formula was developed in Plymouth, England. The use of a cyclodextrin as a sprayable odor absorber is patented by Procter & Gamble.
The product initially sold badly until P&G realised that people had become accustomed to the smells in their own homes, then switched to linking it to pleasant smells and cleaning habits to produce the successful product.
Veterinary toxicology experts working for the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center consider
Second Life is an online virtual world developed by Linden Lab. It was launched on June 23, 2003. A number of free client programs, or Viewers, enable Second Life users, called Residents, to interact with each other through avatars. Residents can explore the world (known as the grid), meet other residents, socialize, participate in individual and group activities, and create and trade virtual property and services with one another. Second Life is intended for people aged 16 and over.
Built into the software is a three-dimensional modeling tool based on simple geometric shapes that allows residents to build virtual objects. There is also a procedural scripting language, Linden Scripting Language, which can be used to add interactivity to objects. Sculpted prims (sculpties), mesh, textures for clothing or other objects, animations, and gestures can be created using external software and imported. The Second Life Terms of Service provide that users retain copyright for any content they create, and the server and client provide simple digital rights management functions.
In 1999, Philip Rosedale formed Linden Lab. He made Second Life, developing computer hardware allowing people to
Archos ( /ˈɑrkoʊs/, stylized as ARCHOS) is a French consumer electronics company that was established in 1988 by Henri Crohas. Archos manufactures portable media players and portable data storage devices. The name is an anagram of Crohas' last name, and it is also Greek for 'master' (αρχος). The company's slogan has been updated from Think Smaller to On The Go and the current Entertainment your way.
Archos has developed a variety of products, including digital audio players, portable video players (PVP), digital video recorders, a personal digital assistant, netbooks, and tablet computers using Google Android and Microsoft Windows (tablet PCs).
Archos is the name given to the core artificial intelligence responsible for the robot uprising in the novel Robopocalypse, written by Daniel H. Wilson.
The Archos 9 PC Tablet is a 9" tablet computer launched October 22, 2009 and contains Microsoft's Windows 7 operating system.
Technical details between the hardware versions.
The Archos 133 PC is a notebook computer with a 13.3” screen. Intel Atom D510 Dual Core, 1 GB 667/800 MHz, Webcam, Windows 7
In September 2009 Archos announced the Archos 5 Internet tablet.
Being an extension of the
Butterfinger is a candy bar made by Nestlé.
The bar consists of a flaky, orange-colored center — with a somewhat similar texture to crisp caramel, and a taste similar to peanut butter — that is coated in compound chocolate.
Butterfinger was invented by the Curtiss Candy Company of Chicago, Illinois, in 1923. The company held a public contest to choose the name of the candy. The name is a slang term used to describe a clumsy person, often in sporting events to describe an athlete who cannot hold onto the ball. As an early publicity stunt and marketing ploy, the company dropped Butterfinger and Baby Ruth candy bars from airplanes in cities across the United States which helped increase its popularity. It was also promoted in "Baby Take a Bow", a 1934 film featuring Shirley Temple. The Curtiss Candy Company was owned by Standard Brands Inc which merged with Nabisco in 1981 to become Nabisco Brands, Inc., and, in 1990, Nestlé bought Baby Ruth and Butterfinger from RJR Nabisco.
Two of the slogans currently used to advertise the candy bar are "Follow the Finger" and "Break out of the ordinary!" Prior to these, Bart Simpson, and other characters from Fox's The Simpsons, appeared in
CoverGirl is an American cosmetics brand founded in 1960 in Maryland, by the Noxzema Chemical Company (later called Noxell) and acquired by Procter & Gamble in 1989. The Noxell Company advertised this cosmetics line by allowing "cover girls", fashion models who appear on the front cover of women's magazines, to wear its products. CoverGirl makes up for lack of direct individual customer service by providing a wide variety of cosmetics available at reasonable prices.
In 1962, model (and later, actress) Jennifer O'Neill signed on as CoverGirl spokeswoman at the age of sixteen, appearing in both print and television advertising that year. Her unprecedented thirty-year endorsement of the product catapulted CoverGirl into the top-selling makeup line in the country.
Cybill Shepherd was one of CoverGirl's earliest models, appearing in several print and television advertisements for the brand. In contrast to the "made-up" looking fashion models of the late 1960s, Cybill demonstrated a fresh, wholesome look, appealing to a younger consumer's taste. These advertisements established the "girl-next-door" look that CoverGirl would become associated with.
CoverGirl's first product line, Clean
Crest is a brand of toothpaste made by Procter & Gamble in Germany and in the United States of America and sold worldwide. In many countries in Europe, such as Germany, Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Hungary, France and Romania, it is sold as Blend-A-Med, the name of an established German toothpaste acquired by P&G in 1987 (formerly Blendax GmbH, located in Mainz, Germany). In Belgium, the Netherlands, Brazil, the UK, Ireland, Nigeria and Columbia P&G markets similar formulations under the Oral-B brand.
Crest was introduced in the United States in 1955. At first it used stannous fluoride, marketed as "Fluoristan" (this was also the original brand name it was sold under—it was later changed from "Fluoristan" to "Crest with Fluoristan"). The composition of the toothpaste had been developed by Drs. Muhler, Harry Day, and William H. Nebergall at Indiana University, and was patented by Nebergall. Procter & Gamble paid royalties from use of the patent and thus financed a new dental research institute at this university ("The House that Crest built"). The active ingredient of Crest was changed in 1981 to sodium monofluorophosphate, or "Fluoristat". Today Crest toothpastes use
"f6" is a brand of cigarette produced in Dresden, Germany, under the authority of the Philip Morris International.
f6 enjoyed as of 2007 a 20% market share in the new states of Germany.
A packet of 19 cigarettes costs €4.60, 21 for €5.00 and 26 retail for €6.00. Some tobacconists stock "XXL-Packs" (30 cigarettes) for €6.80.
Teddy Grahams are bear shaped graham cracker snacks created by Nabisco. Introduced in 1988, Teddy Grahams come in two distinct shapes: bears with arms up and legs closed, and bears with legs open and arms down. When first introduced, Teddy Grahams were available in honey, cinnamon and chocolate flavors. A chocolate chip and recently discontinued oatmeal variety have since been introduced as a cereal.
Nabisco has also put out various other products under the Teddy Grahams brand, including various Disney character shaped grahams, a larger bear shaped chocolate-iced cookie line called Dizzy Grizzlies, and a cereal called Teddy Grahams Breakfast Bears.
Nabisco has always considered Teddy Grahams to be a healthy snack choice. However, these claims have come under withering attack. In a New York Times article, Eating Well, Marian Burros points out that Teddy Grahams use more bleached flour than actual whole wheat graham flour. In response, Nabisco increased the amount of whole grain flour used in the snack. The snacks also contain no trans fat and are also considered a good source of calcium with a significant amount of iron. Additionally, according to PETA chocolate and cinnamon Teddy
Rivella is a soft drink from Switzerland, created by Robert Barth in 1952, which is produced from milk whey, and therefore includes ingredients such as lactose, lactic acid and minerals. It comes in four varieties:
Ingredients - The exact recipe for Rivella Red is a well kept secret, these are the known listed ingredients:
Rivella first appeared in the fifties, and has since become one of the most popular drinks in Switzerland. Due to the saturation in the Swiss market, Rivella SA tried to expand by selling its products in other countries, like the UK in 1999 and in the USA five years later, but both attempts failed. Since then the company concentrates its efforts on Switzerland's neighbors. 90 percent of Rivella's foreign sales are generated in the Netherlands. This amounts to 15 million liters annually.
A.1. is marketed as a steak sauce in the USA and condiment for use with meat or game dishes. It was developed, produced and marketed in the United Kingdom as a brand in the year 1831 and was later introduced to the United States by G.F. Heublein and (&) Bros., and was officially registered as a trademark in North America in 1895.
The original sauce upon which A.1. is based was created in 1824 by Henderson William Brand, a chef to King George IV of the United Kingdom. A popular myth has it that the king declared it "A.1." and the name was born. It went into commercial production under the Brand & Co. label in 1831, marketed as a condiment for 'fish, meat and fowl', and continued production under this label after bankruptcy forced ownership of Brand & Co. to be transferred to W.H. Withall in 1850. It was renamed A.1. in 1873, after a trademark dispute between creator Henderson William Brand and Dence & Mason, who had since purchased Brand & Co. from Withall. It continued to be produced by Brand & co until the late 1950's at the firms factory in Vauxhall London . It was introduced to the United States in 1895 under the ownership of G.F. Heublein & Brothers and marketed as A.1 'steak'
Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy-company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March 1959. American businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration.
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for fifty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parody of the doll and her lifestyle.
Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles. At the time, most children's toy dolls were representations of infants. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the Mattel toy company. He was unenthusiastic about the idea, as were Mattel's directors.
During a trip to Europe in 1956 with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth Handler came across a German toy doll called Bild Lilli. The adult-figured doll was exactly what Handler had in mind, so she
Contrex is a brand of mineral water owned since 1992 by Nestlé Waters, a branch of the Swiss group Nestlé, and is part of the Vittel mineral water company that includes Vittel and Hépar. The water, whose source is located in Contrexéville in the French département of Vosges, was discovered by Dr. Bagard, the first doctor of Louis XV. The water is bottled in 250,000 m² factory complex that employs around 900 people. 635 million bottles of all kinds are produced, of which 11% are exported. The bottling factory is connected by pipelines with the Vittel factory in Vittel, a few kilometers from Contrexeville, which permits bottling of the Contrex water in either Vittel or in Contrexéville.
Contrex is a highly mineralized water and has diuretic properties.
Corn nuts, also known as toasted corn or corn bits, is a snack food made of roasted or deep-fried corn kernels. In parts of South America, including Peru and Colombia, it is referred to as cancha.
Corn nuts are prepared by soaking whole corn kernels in water for three days, then deep-frying them in oil until they are hard and brittle. The kernels are soaked because they shrink during the harvesting and cleaning process, and rehydration returns them to their original size.
Albert Holloway invented corn nuts in 1936. He originally sold them to tavern owners to be given away free to their patrons as a snack that would be great with beer, calling them Olin's Brown Jug Toasted Corn.
In the 1990s, Corn Nuts released its famous "Bust a Nut" radio campaign, which was pulled from the airwaves on some radio stations after complaints. The advertisement can be heard here: Corn Nuts - Bust a Nut Radio Advertisement.
Holloway later renamed his product CornNuts. After Holloway and his sons Maurice and Rich learned of a breed of corn grown in Cusco, Peru (often referred to as Cuzco corn) that grew large kernels (some said to have been bigger than a quarter coin), the company researched developing
DoubleTree by Hilton is a worldwide brand of upscale hotels trademarked by Hilton Worldwide. There are currently more than 220 locations with 55,000 rooms worldwide in the United States, Canada, Costa Rica, Peru, China, United Kingdom, Italy, Slovakia, Tanzania, Norway, India and Turkey. Most Doubletree hotels are independently owned and operated by franchisees, however, some are owned and/or managed by Hilton Worldwide. DoubleTree by Hilton is currently the shirt sponsor of English Football League One club, MK Dons F.C..
The DoubleTree by Hilton product line includes DoubleTree by Hilton Hotels; DoubleTree by Hilton Guest Suites, DoubleTree by Hilton Club; and DoubleTree by Hilton Resorts. There are more than 200 hotel properties in gateway cities, airport locations and suburban markets throughout the United States.
Outside the United States, hotels are branded as DoubleTree by Hilton. DoubleTree by Hilton today has seven locations in the UK, five hotels in China, three in Italy, two in Canada, two in Peru, two in Costa Rica, two in Tanzania, two in Slovakia, one in Malaysia, one in Russia, one in Norway, one in Ras Al Khaimah UAE and one in Turkey.
DoubleTree senior management
Gold Flake is the largest selling cigarette brand in the world especially in parts of Uttar Pradesh, India.It is sold in various varieties, including Gold Flake Kings (84 mm), Gold Flake Kings Lights (84mm), Gold Flake and Gold Flake Lights. It is a well-positioned brand in India . This brand is owned, manufactured and marketed by ITC Limited, the leading cigarette maker in India.
Other popular cigarette brands owned by ITC are Wills & Scissors. Gold Flake is ITC's middle level brand in terms of price. However the Kings varieties are more expensive with pricing about the same as Wills Classic varieties of cigarettes.
The single largest brand in the country in value terms (approx 14% of the US$150 million market) is Wills Navy Cut, which was launched in July 1963.
After being available for over 60 years, Wills Gold Flake was discontinued in the UK in 1986, but continues to be sold in the Republic of Ireland. It is regarded there as one of the finest Virginian cigarettes on the market, though can be difficult to find. Packets now state that 'in the coming months Gold Flake will become Players Navy Cut.' This coincides with the discontinuation by British American Tobacco (BAT) of
Maggi (pronounced [ˈmaɡi]) is a Nestlé brand of instant soups, stocks, bouillon cubes, ketchups, sauces, seasonings and instant noodles. The original company came into existence in 1872 in Switzerland, when Julius Maggi took over his father's mill. He quickly became a pioneer of industrial food production, aiming to improve the nutritional intake of worker families. Maggi was the first to bring protein-rich legume meal to the market, and followed up with a ready-made soup based on legume meal in 1886. In 1897, Julius Maggi founded the company Maggi GmbH in the German town of Singen, where it is still based today.
In parts of Europe, Mexico, Malaysia, Brunei, German-speaking countries, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Poland and France, "Maggi" is still synonymous with the brand's "Maggi-Würze" (Maggi seasoning sauce) (in Spain it is sold under name Jugo), a dark, hydrolysed vegetable protein-based sauce which is very similar to East Asian soy sauce, except it does not actually contain soy. It was introduced in 1886 as a cheap substitute for meat extract. It has since become a well-known part of everyday culinary culture in Switzerland, Austria and especially
Miessence is a certified organic product range from Organic and Natural Enterprises Pty Ltd (ONE Group), an organic cosmetic and beauty company from Australia. The founder of the Miessence range, Narelle Chenery first began to use organic ingredients in 1997.
The basic ingredients for the Miessence Products are grown, harvested and processed organically.
Miessence products are sold as a home based business.
Distribution of Miessence to professionals
Organika Ukraina Distribute Miessence certified organic products and mineral Cosmetics to:
in the Ukraine and Russia area.
In Scandinavia, the distribution is made from Wellness Aarhus in Denmark
Think Gum is a brand of functional chewing gum made by Stanford, California-based company Think Gum LLC. Its packaging claims to "enhance concentration and improve memory". It supposedly works on the principle of context-dependent memory and because it contains caffeine, Ginkgo biloba, Bacopa, Vinpocetine, Guarana, Peppermint and Rosemary. The chewing gum is sugar free and contains 10 mg of caffeine per piece. The brand was introduced in late 2007.
Think Gum was created by a Stanford University medical student who developed the product to get more out of his studying.
It is sold at retailers such as 7-Eleven and also at various online retailers such as Think Geek. The brand is also sold in the United Kingdom at Candy Hero and Hawkins Bazaar. Think Gum was featured at the 2008 Cool Product Expo as well as on the San Francisco Bay Area Evening News. Think Gum LLC has sponsored events such as the Butt-Numb-A-Thon and Stanford's Entrepreneurship Week.
Cutters Choice is a fine-cut hand rolling tobacco manufactured in Holland by John Sinclair Ltd.
It Comes in a variety of 12.5g, 25g, 50g, and 100g pouches and used to come in 50g tins sometimes in the past.
Cutters Choice is a blend of gold and bronze Virginia tobacco and has Mild, Smooth and Flavourful Qualities.
It is also available in a Gold variety in 12.5g pouches only.
Cutters Choice is mainly only smoked in the United Kingdom and Ireland although there are some other countries where it is smoked.
Ibanez (アイバニーズ, Aibanīzu) is a Japanese guitar brand owned by Hoshino Gakki. Based in Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, Hoshino Gakki were one of the first Japanese musical instrument companies to gain a significant foothold in import guitar sales in the United States and Europe, as well as the first brand of guitars to mass produce the seven-string guitar and eight-string guitar.
The Hoshino Gakki company began in 1908 as the musical instrument sales division of the Hoshino Shoten, a bookstore company. The Ibanez brand name dates back to 1929 when Hoshino Gakki began importing Salvador Ibáñez guitars from Spain. When the "Salvador Ibáñez" workshop was destroyed during the Spanish Civil War, the "Ibanez Salvador" guitars were no longer available, so Hoshino Gakki bought the "Ibanez Salvador" brand name rights and started making Spanish acoustic guitars in 1935, at first using the "Ibanez Salvador" brand name, and then later using the "Ibanez" brand name.
The modern era of Ibanez guitars began in 1957 and the late 1950s and 1960s Ibanez catalogues show guitars with some wild looking designs. Japanese guitar makers in the 1960s were mostly copying European guitar designs and some of the late
Abuelita is a brand of chocolate tablets, or powdered mix in individual packets, made by Nestlé and used to make Mexican-style hot chocolate. It was originally invented in Mexico in 1963. The name is an affectionate Spanish word for "grandma" (literally translated as "little grandmother" or "granny"). Since 1973 the Mexican actress Sara García has been the image for the brand before it was acquired by the Swiss company.
The chocolate usually comes in hexagonal tablets that can be split into equal wedges, and then melted into milk. The drink can also be mixed with spirits such as Kahlúa. The chocolate is made of sugar, cocoa and cinnamon. Abuelita has been a staple Mexican product for more than 60 years, and can be identified by its unique taste and packaging. Other "Mexican chocolate" tablet brands are Ibarra and Moctezuma.
One suggested method for preparing Abuelita is to bring a saucepan of milk (or water) to a boil, and add the tablet of chocolate and stir continuously with a whisk or molinillo (a whisk-like wooden stirring spoons native to Meso America) until melted and frothy or creamy. The drink is served cool or chilled in preparation for mixing with alcoholic
Admiral is an American appliance brand currently manufactured by Whirlpool Corporation. The brand is sold at The Home Depot.
Ross Siragusa founded Continental Radio and Television Corp. as a maker of consumer electronics (radios and phonographs) in Chicago during 1934. This later became Admiral Corp. Its annual sales were about $2 million. Admiral supplied the U.S. military with electronic equipment during World War II, and was one of the major television manufacturers in the early era of that medium. In 1950, for instance, Admiral was selling a line of seven TV sets, with four models having a 12.5 in (32 cm) tube size (between $179.95 and $379.95, equivalent to $1,738 to $3,863 today), a 16 in (41 cm) model at $299.95 ($2,897), and two 19 in (48 cm) models (at $495 and $695, equivalent to $4,782 and $6,714). Success in television sales enabled the company to branch out into major appliances such as refrigerators by the 1950s.
During World War II, Admiral was the weekly sponsor of the CBS Radio Network Sunday news program, World News Today, and Admiral used the promotional slogan "America's Smart Set". Admiral was also one of the first major advertisers on television, sponsoring
Argonite is a name brand and registered trademark owned by Ginge-Kerr for a mixture of 50% argon (Ar) and 50% nitrogen (N2). It is an inert gas used in gaseous fire suppression systems. Ginge-Kerr is part of United Technologies Fire & Security. Argonite is also marketed by Kidde Fire Protection, Kidde Fire Systems, Chemetron Fire Systems, and Fenwal Protection Systems.
Inergen, Sinorix CDT and Cerexen, which use some combination of argon, nitrogen and carbon dioxide are similar products.
Argonite is an inert gas blend consisting of a 50:50 mixture of two gases found naturally in the atmosphere: Argon (AR) and Nitrogen (N2). It is environmentally neutral, having zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) and zero global warming potential (GWP).
Blue Bird Toffee is a brand of toffee, founded in Worcestershire, England, in 1898 by Harry Vincent.
Vincent had similar ideas to Cadbury and the Frys with regards to the workplace being a pleasant environment to work.
Vincent's toffee was originally called Harvino, but after watching Maeterlink's play 'The Blue Bird of Happiness' he renamed the product Blue Bird.
Bluebird Toffee left their West Midlands site in October 1998, and the company now trade in Hull as part of Needler's.
Needler's changes name after acquiring Blue Bird to become Needler Bluebird. In 2002 Needler Bluebird was purchased by Ashbury Confectionery and discontinued all lines previously made by Needler's and Blue Bird.
Ashbury donated the company's collection of historic Blue Bird packaging to the Black Country Living Museum.
General Foods International is a subdivision of the Kraft Foods corporation, based in the United States. General Foods International produces several different flavors of instant coffee.
Established in the early 1970s as a brand belonging to what was then General Foods, General Foods International (now the only place where the General Foods name exists) has endured for nearly four decades. As such, it is one of the most recognizable brands of instant coffee. The first three flavors at launch were Cafe Au Lait (later renamed to Cafe Francais), Suisse Mocha, and Cafe Vienna.
Given the recent trend of "coffee culture," General Foods International has had to direct their product line towards the mainstream market, at the cost of various less popular flavors, most recently, Kahlua Cafe, which was discontinued in 2005. In addition to gearing their productline towards the mainstream, General Foods also must compete with several other brands of instant coffee, ranging from Nescafe, to the store brand version, which is less expensive.
Furthermore, Starbucks and several other large chain coffee corporations have put increased pressure on manufacturers of both instant coffee and traditional
Head & Shoulders is a brand of anti-dandruff shampoo produced by Procter & Gamble.
Matt Elliott got Procter & Gamble researchers to start making a new anti-dandruff shampoo in 1950. Nearly a decade of research went into making a new formula, which introduced pyrithione zinc into the shampoo. It was first introduced to the U.S. market in November 1961 as a blue-green shampoo formula.
Active ingredient: Pyrithione zinc 1%
Inactive ingredients: water, sodium laureth sulfate, sodium lauryl sulfate, cocamide MEA, zinc carbonate, glycol distearate, dimethicone, fragrance, cetyl alcohol, guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride, magnesium sulfate, sodium benzoate, magnesium carbonate hydroxide, ammonium laureth sulfate, benzyl alcohol, sodium chloride, methylchloroisothiazolinone, methylisothiazolinone, sodium xylenesulfonate, blue 1, red 4
The active ingredient in Clinical Strength Head & Shoulders is selenium sulfide. With the exception of Head and Shoulders Clinical Strength Shampoo, the rest of the line of shampoo products specifically contain pyrithione zinc as the active ingredient.
This community logo is used to publicize of "residentes" connection to the Second Life world! With the inSL logo, they should show that they are part of the vibrant Second Life community. Displaying the logo on their website, in marketing materials, on business card, on letterhead, in conference materials, in presentation slides, on promotional items, on product packaging, and in other areas where the Second Life residentes wish to promote their in-world contributions.
Mennen is a brand owned in most parts of the world by the Colgate-Palmolive Company. Its most notable product, Mennen Speed Stick, with its fougère perfume and green wide stick, was the market leader among deodorants and antiperspirants for men for many years. It was also noted for its Teen Spirit deodorant, which was the leader in teenage girls' deodorants during the early 1990s.
In France, the Mennen branding is owned by L'Oréal through its Mennen-LASCAD subsidiary, for a line of men's grooming products.
The Mennen Company was founded in 1878 by Gerhard Heinrich Mennen, an immigrant from Germany. His first product was talcum-based powder, an innovation at the time. The company was originally located in Newark, New Jersey, moving to Morristown, New Jersey in 1953, where it manufactured and sold over-the-counter pharmaceuticals and personal products such as the Skin Bracer, Speed Stick, and Baby Magic products. Lady Speed Stick was a foray into the women's market, and was a huge success due to its shape, which fit a woman's hand, and fragrances. His grandson, G. Mennen Williams, served as Governor of Michigan from 1949-1961.
By Mennen was a successful marketing slogan considering
Ritz Crackers are a brand of snack cracker introduced by Nabisco in 1934. Outside of the United States, the Ritz Cracker brand is made by a subsidiary of Kraft Foods. They are circular in shape, salted lightly on one side, and have a small scalloped edge. A single serving (approximately 5 crackers) contains 79 calories, 1 gram of protein and 4 grams of fat, or 70 calories and 2.5 grams of fat for the Whole Wheat variety.
Ritz Crackers varieties are: Original, Low Sodium, Reduced Fat, Whole Wheat, Roasted Vegetable, Garlic Butter, Honey Butter, Hint of Salt and Fresh Stacks.
In the U.S. and Canada, Ritz Bits Sandwiches are sold. They are miniature-sized Ritz sandwiches with several types of filling between the two crackers. The flavors of filling used to be: Cheese, Peanut Butter, S'mores, and Peanut Butter and Jelly. A pizza version was sold in the early 1990s and again in the early 2000s. Plain Ritz Bits were also sold. Ritz Crackers were also available in a toasted crisp chip called Ritz Toasted Chips and in an elongated form known as Ritz Sticks.
For a while, there were two Ritz Bits flavors including Peanut Butter and Fudge, which consisted of half peanut butter and the other
San Pellegrino (also S. Pellegrino) is an Italian brand of mineral water with naturally occurring carbonation and additional carbonation added by the bottler, produced and bottled by Nestlé at San Pellegrino Terme, in the Province of Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy. The water contains carbon dioxide and at least the following chemical elements in amounts of 100 or more micrograms per liter: calcium, chloride, fluorine, lithium, magnesium, nitrogen, potassium, silicon, sodium, and strontium. The strontium is naturally occurring, not the radioactive strontium-90. In popular culture, San Pellegrino is portrayed as a luxury and expensive bottled water. Owned by Nestlé since 1997, San Pellegrino is exported to most countries in Europe, the Americas, the Middle East, and Australasia, as well as to Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.
The water may originate from a layer of rock 400 metres (1,300 ft) below the surface, where it is mineralized from contact with limestone and volcanic rocks. It emerges from three deep springs at a temperature of about 22 °C (72 °F). The springs are located at the foot of a Dolomite mountain wall which favours the formation and replenishment of a mineral water basin. The
Almdudler is the brand name of a popular Austrian soft drink.
The original Almdudler is a sweetened carbonated beverage made of grape and apple juice concentrates flavoured with herbs. Its flavour is similar to ginger ale or elderflower cordial, but with a somewhat fruitier and more bitter flavour. Almdudler has been called the "national drink of Austria". Its popularity in Austria is second only to Coca Cola. About 80 million litres of the beverage are produced per year.
Almdudler was developed in 1957 by Erwin Klein, who derived the name from the then-common phrase auf der Alm dudeln, which means "singing in the (alpine) meadows". The drink was originally created and marketed as an alternative to alcoholic beverages or as a mixer for alcoholic drinks. It is currently sold in traditional, light (sugar-free), "still" (uncarbonated), and g'spritzt (mixed with carbonated mineral water) versions. A Radler variety (mixed with beer), is available as Almradler. In the wine-growing regions of eastern Austria, it is a popular mixer with locally produced white wine.
Almdudler is exported to Czech Republic, Slovakia, Switzerland, Germany, Hungary, Belgium, the Netherlands, Australia and the
DIVA is a series of digital audio players from Bulgarian company Daisy Multimedia. All models (except the Diva MP3 and Music Pen) feature a digital FM radio tuner and possibility to record from microphone and the radio directly into MP3 format.
The Diva GEM model is one of the first players, which supports Bluetooth headphones and can act as handsfree device. It also features Multi Media Card support (up to 4GB) and LiIon battery.
Penfolds Grange (until the 1989 vintage labelled Penfolds Grange Hermitage) is an Australian wine, made predominantly from the Shiraz (Syrah) grape and usually a small percentage of Cabernet Sauvignon. It is widely considered Australia's "first growth" and its most collectable wine. The term "Hermitage", the name of a French wine appellation, was commonly used in Australia as another synonym for Shiraz or Syrah. It is made by Treasury Wine Estates.
The first vintage of Penfolds Grange was made on an experimental basis in 1951 by winemaker Max Schubert, while he was employed by Penfolds Wines. Having toured Europe in 1950, Schubert implemented wine-making techniques observed in Bordeaux upon his return, aiming to create a red wine able to rival the finest Bordeaux wines both in terms of quality and ageing potential.
Individual bottles of the 1951 vintage are still held by collectors; one sold at auction in 2004 for just over A$50,000. The first vintage to be commercially released was the 1952. Penfolds Grange was styled as a powerful still wine in an age when fortified wines were in fashion. Negative reviews by wine critics and poor commercial prospects for the wine led Penfolds
Orbit is a brand of sugarless chewing gum from the Wrigley Company. In the United States, where it was re-launched in 2001, it is sold in cardboard boxes with 14 individually wrapped pieces of gum per package. In the UK, where it was launched in 1977, it was sold as a traditional long-stick gum. Wrigley's recently introduced the 14 package (as in the United States) in the UK.
Orbit White, packaged in blister packs of 12 pieces, was released to compete with Cadbury Adams's Trident White gum in 2001.
In late 2007, Orbit sugar-free gum was granted the American Dental Association's seal of approval and Indian Dental Association's approval based on its ability to improve oral health. As of May 2009, Orbit has come out with a new gum subline. Orbit Mist (called Excel Mist in Canada) is the new Orbit gum subline that has "micro-bursts," small polka dot chips filled with a flavor contrast to the rest of the stick. It is also meant to create "a hydrating sensation", as claimed on the box. There are three flavors: Peppermint Spray, Watermelon Spring and Mango Surf. It is advertised as a "premium gum." The gum contains phenylalanine and other sweeteners, as well as the preservatives BHA
Velveeta is the brand name of a processed cheese product having a taste that is identified as a type of American cheese with a texture that is softer and smoother. It was first made in 1918 by Swiss immigrant Emil Frey of the Monroe Cheese Company in Monroe, New York. In 1923, The Velveeta Cheese Company was incorporated as a separate company, and was sold to Kraft Foods in 1927. The product was advertised for its nutrition. According to Kraft's website, in the 1930s, Velveeta became the first cheese product to gain the American Medical Association's seal of approval. It was reformulated in 1953 as a cheese spread. Velveeta is labeled in the United States as a "Pasteurized Prepared Cheese Product" (see processed cheese). The name 'Velveeta' is intended to connote a velvety smooth edible product. Smoothness and meltability are promoted as its iconic properties that result by reincorporating the whey with the curd. The product was spun off into a line of food products based on Velveeta.
One of the most popular uses for Velveeta is as the base in queso dip. Other popular uses for Velveeta include grilled cheese sandwiches and filler for macaroni and cheese sauce.
Milk, water, milkfat,
Bond Street is an international (non-US) brand of cigarettes produced by Philip Morris International.
Formerly called "Old Bond Street", the history of this brand goes back to year 1902. Philip Morris, the founder of the company, had a boutique on Bond Street in London. And 1902 was the year when one of the greatest admirers of the company, King Albert of Belgium, presented the boutique with the title of the Royal Tobacconist.
In the mid-nineties there was a process of re-branding - new, fresh design and hard box. In the 2006 a "premium" version, "Bond Street Special" was launched.
This brand of cigarette is not available in the UK.
Available in three flavors:
and three more flavors of "Bond Street Special":
CorningWare (also written "Corning Ware") was originally a brand name for a unique pyroceramic glass cookware resistant to thermal shock, that was first introduced in 1958 by Corning Glass Works. CorningWare is notable for the fact that it can be used directly on the stovetop.
In 1953, Dr. S. Donald Stookey of the Corning research and development division invented Pyroceram, a white glass-ceramic material capable of withstanding a thermal shock (sudden temperature change) of up to 450 °C (840 °F). It evolved from materials originally developed for a U.S. ballistic missile program, and Stookey's research involved heat resistant material for nose cones.
CorningWare's oven-to-table service first featured the little blue Cornflower decoration, designed by Joseph Baum, an artist at the Charles Brunelle Advertising Agency in Hartford, Connecticut, which became the trademark of Corning consumer products for three decades. Following the Cornflower pattern, several addition patterns were offered by Corning over the years. Care must be made to distinguish between CorningWare patterns for cookware made of Pyroceram and patterns for tableware marketed under the Corelle brand name by Corning.
The Creative ZEN (formerly known as Creative NOMAD Jukebox Zen) is a range of digital audio players (DAPs) and portable media players (PMPs) made by Creative Technology. The players evolved from the now-defunct NOMAD brand through the NOMAD Jukebox series. Three of its players won the Best of CES award from 2004 to 2006 in their respective categories, with one winning the overall award. The ZEN series has a strong foothold in Asian markets, especially in Singapore, the company's headquarters.
All players are compatible with MP3 and WMA, while various models support WAV and Audible files. They are bundled with device drivers and Creative MediaSource, a media player that includes transferring and syncing abilities exclusively for the players. Some models are PlaysForSure-certified for being compatible with Windows Media Player via Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) and supporting the Janus DRM. They are natively compatible with Windows, while the current players exclusively support Windows XP and Vista.
The ZEN X-Fi3 is Creative's 3rd MP3 player to feature its proprietary X-Fi audio tecnology. I includes X-Fi Crystallizer. Primary function of the Crystallizer is to "restore portions of
Emergen-C is a energy drink drink mix which is sold as an energy booster. It is manufactured by Alacer Corp. of Foothill Ranch, California. It contains more than 1600% of the USDA recommended daily allowance of vitamin C, 416% of the recommended vitamin B12 daily value, and 500% of the recommended vitamin B6 value based on a 2000 calorie diet. Some flavors also add calcium or lycopene.
In 2008 Emergen-C teamed up with surf artist Jay Alders to design packaging for their new product/flavor, called EmergenC Blue.
Kool-Aid is a brand of flavored drink mix owned by Kraft Foods.
Kool-Aid was invented by Edwin Perkins in Hastings, Nebraska. All of his experiments took place in his mother's kitchen. Its predecessor was a liquid concentrate called Fruit Smack. To reduce shipping costs, in 1927, Perkins discovered a way to remove the liquid from Fruit Smack, leaving only a powder. This powder was named Kool-Aid. Perkins moved his production to Chicago in 1931 and Kool-Aid was sold to General Foods in 1953. Hastings still celebrates a yearly summer festival called Kool-Aid Days on the second weekend in August, in honor of their city's claim to fame. Kool-Aid is known as Nebraska's official soft drink.
An agreement between Kraft Foods and SodaStream International in 2012 made Kool-Aid's flavors available for purchase and use with SodaStream's home soda maker machine.
Kool-Aid is usually sold in powder form, in either packets or small tubs. The drink is prepared by mixing the powder with sugar and water (typically by the pitcher-full). The drink is then refrigerated and later served. Additionally, there are some sugar-free varieties. Kool-Aid is/was also sold as single-serving packets designed to be
The Trans-Oceanic (abbreviated T/O) was the name given to a series of portable radios produced from 1942 to 1981 by Zenith Radio. They were characterised by their heavy-duty, high-quality construction and their performance as shortwave receivers.
Zenith's founder, Commander Eugene F. McDonald, was a great admirer of advanced technological development and believed that his company's products should include the latest, most practical advances in a well-built product that continued to enhance the company's reputation. Of the many products of Zenith Radio, the 'Trans-Oceanic' series of portable radios were amongst the most famous.
McDonald was a keen yachtsman and outdoorsman and wished for a portable radio that would provide entertainment broadcasts as well as being able to tune into weather, marine and international shortwave stations too. He asked his company's engineers to develop prototypes to meet his criteria and by 1940 they had concept sets that were ready for production.
The Zenith 'T/O' began life in 1942 as the Model 7G605 'Trans-ocean Clipper'. Priced at $75, it was released in January but ceased production in April as Zenith shifted their production to war-related
Irish Spring is the brand name of a deodorant soap, first marketed by the Colgate-Palmolive company in 1972.
Up until the 1990s, Irish Spring soap bars only came in one scent (known internally as "Ulster Fragrance"), but the Colgate company has since branched out into several niche varieties and scents. Also, Irish Spring deodorants and shaving products were manufactured until the 1980s. In 2007, Irish Spring body wash was introduced. In addition, in 2011, Irish Spring deodorant was reintroduced as part of Colgate-Palmolive's Speed Stick brand of products.
In 1986, the soap changed its formula, including a different scent, and adding skin conditioners.
Irish Spring currently has nine variants:
The following variants have been discontinued:
Television advertisements for the product have usually been set in an Irish village or a forest. The product had one of the most famous slogans of the past few decades with a showering woman uttering the phrase "Manly, yes, but I like it too" to describe its crossover appeal to both women and men.
Other oft-used slogans included "Fresh and clean as a whistle" (in which a wolf whistle was heard after "fresh" and before "clean as a whistle"), "All
Antler Luggage is a brand of suitcase.
Antler Luggage has been in the luxury travel luggage and holiday luggage business for over 90 years, with the company origins going back even further. The company is based in Bury, North Manchester.
Conimex is a brand of Asian food, which offers a complete wide range of Indonesian products to prepare Indonesian dishes packed in typical yellow labeled packages.
The brand is owned by the multinational corporation Unilever. It is the leading Asian food brand in the Netherlands. Conimex products are exported to more than 20 countries worldwide.
Dirt Devil is a brand name of household vacuum cleaners and floor care. There are two main units: Power for large houses, and RV unit for smaller houses or apartments, as well as a number of other floor care products including hand-held vacuum cleaners and carpet shampooing machines.
The company was founded 1905 in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. In 1955 they built the first household vacuum with a patented Cyclone system. Since then over 25 million have been sold. Originally the company was called "Royal Manufacturing" and made vacuum cleaners with metal cases. In the 1980s they began selling the mass-market "Dirt Devil" line with plastic cases; originally the packaging said "Royal Dirt Devil" but over the years the name "Royal" appeared in smaller and smaller type until it vanished entirely from the package. Today the brand is "Dirt Devil", though they still manufacture the "Royal" line, though it is much more expensive and of a higher quality than Dirt Devil, and the corporate legal name is the rather anonymous "TTI Floor Care North America". TTI stands for Techtronic Industries, a Hong Kong-based firm and the makers of Hoover, Vax, and other vacuum cleaners.
In 1984, Royal introduced the
Fujica is the name given by Fujifilm of Japan to its line of still-photography and motion picture cameras.
Here is a list of all the Fujica branded still photo cameras that were produced and their date of introduction. Single-8 Film cameras are not listed.
The Gray Audograph was a dictation format introduced in 1945. It recorded sound by pressing grooves into soft vinyl discs, like the competing, but incompatible, SoundScriber. It was manufactured by the Gray Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut, in the United States.
The Audograph recorded on thin vinyl discs, recording from the inside to the outside, the opposite of conventional gramophone records. Unlike conventional records, the disc was driven by a surface-mounted wheel. This meant that its recording and playback speed decreased toward the edge of the disc (like the Compact Disc and other digital formats), to keep a more constant linear velocity and to improve playing time.
Along with a DictaBelt sound recorder, an Audograph captured sounds recorded at the time of the John F. Kennedy assassination that were reviewed by the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations.
In 1950, Gray began to make a variant of the Audograph for AT&T, known as the Peatrophone; however, due to what at the time were the high costs of renting and installing the machine, it served only a niche market.
The Hillman Minx was a series of middle-sized family cars produced under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group between 1932 and 1970. There have been many versions of the Minx over the years, as well as various badge-engineered versions which were sold under the Humber, Singer, and Sunbeam marques.
For most of the 1960s the Minx and its derivatives were the greatest-volume sellers of the "Audax" family of cars from Rootes which also included the Singer Gazelle and Sunbeam Rapier. The final version of the Minx was the "New Minx" launched in 1967, which was part of the "Arrow" family and essentially a basic version of the Hillman Hunter. Generally the Minx was available in four-door saloon and estate forms, with a 1496-cc engine.
The Hillman Super Minx was a slightly larger model offered during the Audax era.
Throughout the life of the Minx there was usually an estate version, and from 1954 to 1965 there was also a short-wheelbase estate, the Hillman Husky, and additionally a van derivative of that, known as the Commer Cob.
The Minx brand was revived briefly – along with the "Rapier" model name, as applied to the Sunbeam Rapier version of the Audax family – as a special edition late
Matchmakers are an elongated chocolate confectionery product made by Nestlé. Thin, twig-like and brittle, they were first launched in 1968 by Rowntree's and were just one third of the length they are now. For many years they were available in either mint, coffee or orange flavour.
In 2003 Nestlé attempted to raise brand awareness by changing the names of the flavours to Cool Mint and Zingy Orange and adding Brilliant Blackcurrant and Sizzling Strawberry flavour - which counted 'black pepper flavoured sugar pieces' among its ingredients. Similarly, the packaging was altered in an attempt to appeal to 15 to 35 year-olds, and a new slogan was adopted - 'The manic munch that packs a punch'.
Brandysnap, Cappuccino, Coconut, Christmas Orange Spice, Nutty, Coffee, Lemon and Irish Cream varieties have been produced - either through miscalculation or as limited editions - and are not currently available. Sizzling Strawberry has also been withdrawn.
Matchmakers are a popular addition to the British diet during the Christmas period.
In 2008, Nestlé rebranded Matchmakers as 'Quality Street Matchmakers' - Quality Street also being a Nestlé brand. They are still available in 'Cool Mint' and
The Singer Gazelle name has been applied to two generations of motor cars from the British manufacturer the Rootes Group, using the Singer marque. It was positioned between the basic Hillman range and the more sporting Sunbeam versions.
The Gazelle was the first Singer to be produced following the take-over of the Singer company by the Rootes Group in 1956 and was a version of the mainstream Hillman Minx differing mainly in retaining the Singer overhead cam engine. Externally the only significant difference was a restyled nose based around a traditional Singer grille.
The body style followed by the Gazelle between 1956 and 1967 came to be known as the "Audax" body, with significant input from the US based Loewy design organisation, highly regarded at the time partly on account of Loewy's input to several iconic Studebaker designs.
The Mk II Gazelle, offered from autumn 1957, could be bought as an estate car, and had optional overdrive and larger fuel tank.
The suspension was independent at the front using coil springs while at the rear was a live axle and half elliptic leaf springs. The steering gear used a worm and nut system.
As standard, the car had a bench front seat but
Xezo is a designer brand which was founded in 2001. The brand concept was to produce limited editions, yet sensibly priced, luxury items of high quality, such as Swiss-made timepieces, fine writing instruments, leather goods and luxurious eyewear.
This was to be achieved with highest quality materials used in production and direct marketing to the public.
For example, one of the materials used extensively in its pen making is top quality natural mother-of-pearl. The .925 (92.5%) Sterling Silver is used in its timepieces. Leather products are handcrafted with premium grade Italian leather or vegetable-tanned leather. A variety of rich finishes, such as 20 micrometers of 18 carat (75%) gold or platinum are used on many Xezo products. The luxury eyewear lines include pure Titanium frames. It is noteworthy that even Xezo’s leather goods and some of its selected eyewear are individually numbered.
The design concept of the Xezo brand is based on color patterns and their combinations borrowed from natural objects. Most Xezo productions are limited to 500 pieces per model.
Xezo sells some products directly to the public through its website. Beginning in 2007, some Xezo products are being
Kevlar is the registered trademark for a para-aramid synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora. Developed at DuPont in 1965, this high strength material was first commercially used in the early 1970s as a replacement for steel in racing tires. Typically it is spun into ropes or fabric sheets that can be used as such or as an ingredient in composite material components.
Currently, Kevlar has many applications, ranging from bicycle tires and racing sails to body armor because of its high tensile strength-to-weight ratio; by this measure it is 5 times stronger than steel on an equal weight basis. It is also used to make modern drumheads that hold up withstanding high impact. When used as a woven material, it is suitable for mooring lines and other underwater applications.
A similar fiber called Twaron with roughly the same chemical structure was developed by Akzo in the 1970s; commercial production started in 1986, and Twaron is now manufactured by Teijin.
Poly-paraphenylene terephthalamide – branded Kevlar – was invented by Polish-American chemist Stephanie Kwolek while working for DuPont, in anticipation of a gasoline shortage. In 1964, her group began
The Disney Mix Stick is a digital audio player made by Disney. Variants include encasings based on Cars, Tinker Bell, and Hannah Montana. The Disney Mix Stick sells in capacities of 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB and 1 GB. The player is capable of playing the MP3 audio format and Windows Media Audio.
The Mix Stick is around $40-50 dollars at most stores.
Poland Spring is a brand of bottled water manufactured by a subsidiary of Nestlé and sold in the United States. It was founded in 1845 by Hiram Ricker. Despite the name, the water does not come from the country of Poland. Poland Spring water is derived from multiple sources in the state of Maine, including Poland Spring and Garden Spring in Poland, Clear Spring in Hollis, Evergreen Spring in Fryeburg, Spruce Spring in Pierce Pond Township, and White Cedar Spring in Dallas Plantation. Recently, the Poland Spring brand has adopted a bottle using 30% less plastic, as did the other Nestlé Waters North America brands.
Poland Spring is the top-selling spring water brand in America.
The brand has its origins in the late 18th century. Jabez Ricker had bought land in 1794 and two days later travelers knocked on the door asking for breakfast. Repeated requests by other travelers led him to open an inn called the Mansion House in 1797. In 1844, Jabez's grandson, Hiram Ricker, drank a lot of the spring water and became convinced that it had cured him of chronic dyspepsia. The inn had grown to a resort, and his discussions with guests led them to also praise the drinking water. In this period,
Eastpak is an American manufacturer of packs, bags, luggage and clothing. It is part of the VF Corporation brand portfolio, which is one of the world's largest apparel companies.
Eastern Canvas Products, as the brand was first known, was established in 1960 and produced bags for the US Army. In 1976 Monte Goldman, after persuasion from his son Mark, began producing bags for consumers under the Eastpak brand. The brand quickly gained popularity, especially on college and university campuses.
Eastpak has more recently diversified into apparel and accessories whilst keeping backpacks, luggage and other bags as its core focus. Most Eastpak bags come with a 30-year warranty.
In 2000 the Eastpak brand was acquired by VF Corporation, the clothing and apparel giant, where it joined other brands such as JanSport, The North Face, Kipling, Lee and Wrangler in VF Corporation's vast range.
Eastpak has now withdrawn from the U.S. market leaving VF's JanSport to monopolize.
Eastpak also created the Eastpak Artist Studio where they invite designers, artists and other creative minds to re-think, adapt or re-decorate the Eastpak bags and auction them for charities such as the Red Cross. Famous
Milkybar is a white chocolate confection that is produced by Nestlé and sold in Australia, New Zealand, India, Ireland, Kuwait, South Africa, Spain, and the United Kingdom. It sold under the name Galak in Ecuador, Brazil, and the rest of Continental Europe. Nestlé have produced white chocolate since the 1930s, and started using the brand Galak in 1967. In many European countries a version with puffed rice is also available.
The Milkybar Kid has been used in television advertising promoting Nestlé Milkybar in the countries where it is sold. The Milkybar Kid is a blond, spectacle-wearing young child, usually dressed as a cowboy, whose catchphrase is "The Milkybars are on me!". Until 8 year old Hinetaapora Short of Rotorua was selected in 2010 they had always been boys. The advertisements usually take place in a Wild West setting. Both live-action and animated ads have been produced.
In the UK, Australia and New Zealand the advertisements were originally accompanied by a jingle extolling "the goodness that's in Milky Bar". In more recent revivals of the campaign, the jingle has been revised to refer to "the good taste that's in Milkybar". The pronunciation of the company's name has
Sunkist is a brand of primarily orange flavored soft drinks launched in 1979.
Sunkist was first licensed by Sunkist Growers to the General Cinema Corporation, the leading independent bottler of Pepsi-Cola products at the time. The soft drink was the idea of Mark Stevens, who foresaw the potential based on market research which indicated that, worldwide, orange was the third best selling soft drink flavor (largely due to The Coca-Cola Company's Fanta brand).
After extensive R&D during 1977 and early 1978, in which research was conducted on taste, color and carbonation levels, Sunkist made a grand introduction in New York by franchising it to The Coca-Cola Bottling Company of New York, where Edward F. O'Reilly was president. At the time of introduction, Sunkist Soft Drinks had only five key employees: Mark Stevens, President]; Peter Murphy, VP Sales; Dr. John Leffingwell, VP R&D; Ray Sissom, VP Finance; and Jim DeDreu, NE Regional Manager. It went national soon thereafter by being franchised mainly to leading Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola bottlers. The advertising slogan was "fun, sun and the beach" using TV and radio commercials with the Beach Boys' hit song "Good Vibrations" as the
Aperol is an Italian aperitif originally produced by the Barbieri company, based in Padua. Aperol is now produced by the Campari company. While Aperol was originally created in 1919, it did not become successful until after World War II. Its ingredients are, among others, bitter orange, gentian, rhubarb, and cinchona.
Although it looks, tastes, and smells much like Campari, Aperol has an alcohol content of 11%—less than half of Campari. Aperol and Campari have the same sugar content. Campari is also slightly darker in color. Aperol to be sold in Germany has an alcohol content of 15% to avoid German container deposit legislation regulations.
Aperol is the main ingredient in Spritz.
Although it has not been frequently submitted to spirit ratings competitions, in two recent submissions, Aperol received high marks. In 2007, Wine Enthusiast rated Aperol in its 90-95 point category. At the 2010 San Francisco World Spirits Competition, the Aperol received a double-gold medal—the highest available award.
As of April 7, 2010, Aperol is the official sponsor of Moto GP, the Grand Prix of Motorcycle racing.
Bazooka is a brand of bubble gum.
It was first marketed shortly after World War II in the U.S. by the Topps Company of Brooklyn, New York. The gum was packaged in a patriotic red, white, and blue color scheme. Beginning in 1953, Topps changed the packaging to include small comic strips with the gum, featuring the character "Bazooka Joe". There are 50 different "Bazooka Joe" comic-strip wrappers to collect. Also on the comic strip is an offer for a premium and a fortune. Older Bazooka comic strips were larger in size, and older strips are no longer available. The product has been virtually unchanged in over 50 years.
The Topps company expanded the flavors, making them Original, Strawberry Shake, Cherry Berry, Watermelon Whirl, and Grape Rage. The Strawberry flavor is packaged in a pink and white wrapper and the Grape in a purple and white wrapper. Bazooka gum can also be found in a sugar free variety with the standard bubble gum flavor and a "Flavor Blasts" variety, claimed to have longer lasting, more intense taste. Bazooka gum comes in 2 different sizes.
Bazooka bubblegum is sold in many countries, often with Bazooka Joe comic strips translated into the local language. Bazooka gum
Duo-Tang was a brand name for paper folders made of cardstock paper. They are used to bind multiple sheets of paper by bending embedded brass fasteners through the holes of the paper and folding them down to keep them in place. Some models have three teeth on the fastener, and some have six (two on the top, middle and bottom). They can be different colours such as blue, green, red, yellow and black. They are often used as an organization tool for multiple pages of one subject, chiefly by elementary school students (however, many students usually transition to binders as they enter secondary school).
Duo-Tang folders were originally manufactured by the Duo-Tang company, which was founded in 1931 and headquartered in Paw Paw, Michigan. The brand was bought on July 1, 2004 by Esselte.
All previous Duo-tang products were subsequently replaced by Oxford / Esselte products or otherwise discontinued.
Fortuna is a brand of cigarettes owned by Franco-Spanish company Altadis, and hence a sub-section of British tobacco group Imperial Tobacco. Fortuna contains a blend of American tobacco made mainly from Virginia-type tobacco. Fortuna was first introduced in Spain in 1974 by Tabacalera, a Spanish tobacco conglomerate which is now half of the Altadis corporation.
In 2004, the brand was introduced in Morocco, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Austria, Panama and Finland, in 2007 in Brazil, and in 2008 in the United States. Fortuna cigarettes are manufactured in the United States by Commonwealth Brands in Reidsville, North Carolina.
As of 2006 the brand remains the market leader in Spain.
Products:G.I. JOE 25th Anniversary Set - COBRA Legions
G.I. Joe is a line of action figures produced by the toy company Hasbro. The initial product offering represented four of the branches of the U.S. armed forces with the Action Soldier (U.S. Army), Action Sailor (U.S. Navy), Action Pilot (USAF), Action Marine (USMC) and later on, the Action Nurse. The term G.I. stands, in popular usage, for Government Issued and after the First World War became a generic term for U.S. soldiers. The origin of the term dates to World War I, when much of the equipment issued to U.S. soldiers was stamped "G.I.", meaning that it was made from galvanized iron. The development of G.I. Joe led to the coining of the term "action figure". GI Joe's appeal to children has made it somewhat of an American icon among toys.
The G.I. Joe trademark has been used by Hasbro to title two different toy lines. The original 12-inch line that began in 1964 centered on realistic action figures. In the United Kingdom, this line was licensed to Palitoy and known as Action Man. In 1982, the line was relaunched in a 3¾-inch scale complete with vehicles, playsets, and a complex background story involving an ongoing struggle between the G.I. Joe Team and the evil Cobra which seeks
iAUDIO is the brand name for a range of portable media players produced by Korean consumer electronics manufacturer Cowon Systems, Inc. iAUDIO products are best known for their high sound quality, wide file format support and long battery life.
Some people claim that low-impedance headphones display a low-frequency roll-off while connected to certain iAUDIO players.
The iAUDIO range consists of players based on both flash memory and hard disk drives. Flash memory-based players are available with a capacity of up to 32 GB, while the hard drive-based models currently have capacities up to 160 GB. The iAUDIO 6 was the first player to use Toshiba's new 4GB 0.85″ hard disk.
Cowon entered the digital audio player market in October 2000 with the introduction of their first MP3 player, the iAUDIO CW100. In March 2001, the iAUDIO CW100s, a revised model, was released.
In December 2001, Cowon released the iAUDIO CW200. The CW200 had audio playback capabilities, an FM radio and voice recording through a built-in microphone. This player also had a revised model, the iAUDIO CW250.
In December 2002, Cowon released the iAUDIO CW300. This model was essentially an iAUDIO CW200 using AA batteries as
Rolo (pronounced "Roh-loh", referring to the roll-styled candy) is a brand of truncated-cone-shaped or frustum-shaped chocolates with a caramel center, the shape resembling that of a shallow inverted bucket or tub or a traditional lampshade. They are made by Nestlé, except in the United States where production has been under licence by The Hershey Company since 1969. Of note, the caramel in the American and UK version is thick and chewy, rather than runny, as it is elsewhere.
The creator of this candy bar(Jasper T. Rolo) developed Rolo's in the UK by Mackintosh's, (later Rowntree-Mackintosh), simply Mackintosh's Toffee coated with chocolate, they were first sold in 1937.
They were also produced in Norwich until 1994, when all UK production moved to Fawdon in Tyneside, by Nestlé Rowntree. There have now been Rolo cookies, ice-cream, muffins, birthday cake, desserts, cake bars, doughnuts, mini Rolos, big Rolos, (all of which use the same type of caramel) yogurts and Easter eggs made. In May 2011, McDonald's combined chocolate pieces and caramel sauce with their soft-serve McFlurry product to simulate the Rolo flavor profile in a cross-branded product.
Rolo was advertised for many
520 is a Taiwanese brand of cigarettes manufactured by the Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation (菸酒公賣局). The name 520 was chosen for the brand because it sounds similar to the words I love you (我爱你) when pronounced in Mandarin Chinese. It has a red heart-shaped hole in its filter, which releases a distinct flavor. There is also a menthol variety.
The new cigarette brand was originally planned to be launched in Taiwan on May 20, 1999, to celebrate the anniversary of former president Lee Teng-hui's inauguration as Taiwan's first democratically elected president. However, after receiving harsh criticism from several social and legislative groups, the Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation announced on May 13, 1999, that it had suspended the production of 520. The primary concern of the critics was that the cigarette brand was targeted at young people with its name, design and flavor. Now 520 is only sold outside of Taiwan.
Cohiba cigarettes were created by Habanos S.A. of Cuba to diversify from its notable cigar brand names. Production of Cohiba cigarettes began in 1987 in Cuba as a joint venture between Habanos, S.A., and Cita Tobaccos de Canarias, S.L.. They are made entirely of a blend of Cuban black leaf tobacco from the Vuelta Abajo region. Cohiba cigarettes are called cigarillos negros (black cigarettes) and known for their very strong flavour.
The design of the Cohiba cigarette box is easily recognizable as it emulates the design of the Cohiba cigar logo.
Cohiba cigarillos negros are available in duty-free shops around the world and in Mexico and other countries.
Nicotine content: 0.9mg/cigarette Tar: 12.0mg/cigarette
Juicy Fruit is a brand of chewing gum made by the Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, a U.S. company that since 2008 has been a subsidiary of the privately-held Mars, Incorporated. It was introduced in 1893, and in the 21st century the brand name is recognized by 99 percent of Americans, with total sales in 2002 of 153 million units. It is also known for being the first ever product bought using a barcode scanner.
Which fruit serves as the model for its flavor is kept vague in advertising, though in 2003 BBDO characterized it as a combination of banana and pineapple. According to two books in the Imponderables series, peach is one crucial flavor among many others.
It is likely that the chemical used for flavoring is isoamyl acetate, a carboxylic ester.
Each stick of gum weighs 3 grams (0.11 oz) and contains 10 calories (42,000 J).
The average age of the typical Juicy Fruit consumer is under 20, with 3- to 11-year-olds making up the heart of the business; those 20 years old and over account for 40 percent of the purchases.
Sean Payton, head coach of the New Orleans Saints of the NFL is well known for requesting a Juicy Fruit in the middle of games.
Juicy Fruit has released a "Sweet Flavors"
Las Vegas (/lɑːs ˈveɪɡəs/) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Nevada and the county seat of Clark County. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping, and fine dining. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, and is famous for its consolidated casino–hotels and associated entertainment. A growing retirement and family city, Las Vegas is the 31st-most populous city in the United States, with a population at the 2010 census of 583,756. The 2010 population of the Las Vegas metropolitan area was 1,951,269.
Established in 1905, Las Vegas was incorporated as a city in 1911. At the close of the 20th century, Las Vegas was the most populous American city founded in that century (a distinction held by Chicago in the 19th century). The city's tolerance for various forms of adult entertainment earned it the title of Sin City, and this image has made Las Vegas a popular setting for films and television programs. There are numerous outdoor lighting displays on Fremont Street, as well as elsewhere in the city.
Las Vegas often refers to the city plus some areas beyond the city limits, especially the resort areas on and near
The Macintosh (/ˈmækɨntɒʃ/ MAK-in-tosh), or Mac, is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. The first Macintosh was introduced by Apple Inc.'s then-chairman Steve Jobs on January 24, 1984; it was the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse and a graphical user interface rather than a command-line interface. The company continued to have success through the second half of the 1980s, primarily because the sales of the Apple II series remained strong even after the introduction of the Macintosh, only to see it dissipate in the 1990s as the personal computer market shifted toward the "Wintel" platform: IBM PC compatible machines running MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.
In 1998, Apple consolidated its multiple consumer-level desktop models into the iMac all-in-one. This proved to be a sales success and saw the Macintosh brand revitalized. Current Mac systems are mainly targeted at the home, education, and creative professional markets. These include the descendants of the original iMac, the entry-level Mac mini desktop model, the Mac Pro tower graphics workstation, and the MacBook Air and MacBook Pro laptops. The
Markus Ruby is a European brand of watches.
The Markus Ruby brand is owned by a United Kingdom Limited Company and was launched in 2003. Markus Ruby lay claim that the Swiss trained watchmakers that are used in the production process have more than 30 years experience in the wristwatch industry. Their flagship timepiece is the Poseidon Chronograph.
Sno-Caps is a brand of candy consisting of small pieces of semi-sweet chocolate candy covered with white nonpareils. The candy was introduced in the late 1920s by the Blumenthal Chocolate Company; Nestlé acquired the brand in 1984. They are normally sold in boxes as movie theatre candy.
Corian is the brand name for a solid surface material created by DuPont. It is composed of acrylic polymer and alumina trihydrate (ATH). Corian can be thermoformed by heating it to 300 °F (150 °C), allowing unique shapes to be created. Its primary use is in kitchen countertops, bathroom vanity tops, and wall cladding in showers.
Due to its non-porous quality, Corian is approved for use in specialized environments, such as laboratories and hospitals. Corian's versatility allows it to be joined, shaped, and finished into a wide variety of products. It comes in more than 100 colors and patterns.
Corian is manufactured in three thicknesses: 6 mm, 12 mm and 18mm. Cross-section cuts show consistent color and particulate patterning evenly distributed throughout the material. Nicks and scratches can be buffed out with a Scotch-Brite pad or orbital sander. In the fabrication process, joints can be made invisible by joining the relevant pieces with Corian's own color-matched two-part acrylic epoxy. The pieces are clamped tightly together in order to express any excess adhesive. After the adhesive dries, the area is sanded and polished to create a seamless joint.
A competitor to the Corian
Glass Plus is a popular glass and multi-surface cleaner that is currently manufactured by Reckitt Benckiser, who purchased the brand from S.C. Johnson. SC Johnson had purchased it from Dow Chemical. Dow Chemical acquired it through its 1986 purchase of Texize. It does not contain the chemical ammonia.
Ice Breakers is a sugar-free brand of gum and disc-shaped mint candy currently made by The Hershey Company. They were first produced by Nabisco in 1996, then acquired by Hershey in 2000. They come in several flavors, including peppermint, wintergreen, cinnamon, the new iced-tea, fruit sours (made up of a mixture of 4 sour flavors: pink lemonade, apple, tangerine, and watermelon), berry sours (a mix of 3 flavors: originally, berry splash, strawberry, and raspberry lemonade; as of mid-2010, mixed berry, strawberry, and cherry, with no change in UPC), and tropical sours (a mix of 4 flavors: tangerine passion, lime coconut, peach dragonfruit, and mango margarita). The candies are generally white in color and speckled with other colors to indicate their flavor. These candies are sugar-free, instead using Sorbitol as a sweetener. When consumed in large amounts, such as eating a whole tin in one sitting, it has been found that this artificial sweetener causes a profound laxative effect in many people.
Ice Breakers mints are sold in round cases, approximately 3 in (7.6 cm) in diameter and .6 in (2 cm) in height. These cases were originally made of aluminum and had two hinged plastic flaps
Club (or Kensitas Club as it was once known), is a brand of cigarette distributed by the Gallaher Group division of Japan Tobacco and available only in the United Kingdom.
Club comes in a distinct blue packaging with club written on it and a lion's head on the packet.
Each cigarette contains 10mg of carbon monoxide, 10mg of tar, and 0.8mg of nicotine.
Unlike other brands, Club is only available in a King-size variety with no lighter or menthol substitutes. Although lights were available at one time, they have since been discontinued.
The brand built its popularity using gift coupons enclosed within cigarette packets which could be saved and redeemed at Kensitas Gift Centres in major UK Cities, or used to roach spliffs.
A pack of 10 will usually cost around £4.65 while a 20 pack costs around £7.70.
The Hillman Husky was a line of British passenger vehicles manufactured between 1954 and 1970 by the Rootes Group, under their Hillman marque.
The first (or "Mark 1") Hillman Husky, introduced in 1954, was a small estate based on the contemporary "Mark VIII" Hillman Minx. The two-door Husky entered the range alongside an existing Minx estate car, which had a 9-inch (230 mm) longer wheelbase. The Husky was not a hatchback, having instead a single side-hinged rear door. While the new Mark VIII Minx DeLuxe saloon, convertible and "Californian" hardtop used a new OHV 1390 cc engine, the Husky continued to use the older 1265 cc 35 bhp (26 kW) sidevalve engine with single Zenith carburettor which it shared with the Minx "Special" saloon and estate. Unlike the Minx with its column change, the gear lever for the Husky was floor mounted.
There were individual seats in front and a bench seat in the rear which would fold flat to increase load area. The trim material was leathercloth. Both the heater and radio were optional extras. The car was available in blue, grey, green or sand paint (1954 colours).
The Husky was badge engineered and slightly modified to form the Commer Cob – basically the
Knoll is a design firm that produces office systems, seating, files and storage, tables and desks, textiles (KnollTextiles), and accessories for office and for the home. The company also manufactures furniture for the home by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Harry Bertoia, Florence Knoll (Florence Schust), Frank Gehry, Maya Lin and Eero Saarinen under the company's KnollStudio division. Over 40 Knoll designs can be found in the permanent design collection of The Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
The company was founded in New York City in 1938 by Hans Knoll. Production facilities were moved to Pennsylvania in 1950. After the death of Hans in 1955, his wife Florence Knoll took over as head of the company. The company is headquartered in East Greenville, Pennsylvania and has three other major manufacturing sites: Toronto, Grand Rapids, and Muskegon. In addition, the company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and trades under the symbol:KNL
Many of the company's product are included in museum collections, such as the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum.
Knoll sponsors exhibitions, scholarships, and other activities related to modern architecture and design.
In 2006, Knoll
Sticky Bumps is a popular surf wax brand made by the company Wax Research. It Started out in 1967 founded by John Dahl and is now owned by John and his wife Cris Dahl.
Surfboards are slippery without wax. When Sticky Bumps brand wax is rubbed on it makes short little "bumps" that are "sticky" feeling hence the name Sticky Bumps. The best way to get these sticky bumps is by rubbing on a layer of basecoat in a circular motion which is firm and after putting on a softer layer to get the maximum traction.
There are also waxes available for Skimboarding, and Bodyboarding.
Sticky Bumps Wax is produced at Wax Research Facility located at 1965 Kellogg Avenue Carlsbad, CA 92008.
The NOMAD was a range of digital audio players designed and sold by Creative Technology, and later discontinued in 2004. Subsequent players now fall exclusively under the MuVo and ZEN brands.
The NOMAD series consisted of two distinct brands:
These models appear as a USB mass storage device to the operating system so that the device can be accessed like any other removable disk, a floppy disk for example. Older MuVo devices and all Jukebox models use a custom protocol named PDE (Portable Digital Entertainment, a Creative internal device designation) that requires the installation of drivers before the device can be recognised by the operating system.
Creative's foray into the MP3 player market began with the Creative NOMAD, a rebranded Samsung Electronics Yepp YP-D40 player with 64 megabytes of solid-state memory.
IEEE 1284 Parallel port connection
USB 1.1 connection
USB 2.0 connection
The first NOMAD Jukebox used the OASiS operating system, which was developed in India. Later NOMAD Jukeboxes used Creative's own firmware. Most players use Texas Instruments TMS320DA25x ARM plus digital signal processor as their CPU and support some version of Creative's environmental audio
Pepto-Bismol is an over-the-counter drug currently produced by the Procter and Gamble company in the United States of America, Canada and in United Kingdom, to treat minor digestive system upset. Its active ingredient is bismuth subsalicylate. The primary symptoms aided by Pepto-Bismol are nausea, heartburn, indigestion, upset stomach, diarrhea, and other temporary discomforts of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract.
Pepto-Bismol is made in chewable tablets and swallowable caplets, but is best known for its original formula which is a thick liquid. This original formula is a medium pink color with a strong wintergreen or cherry flavor.
Bismuth subsalicylate (the active ingredient in Pepto-Bismol) is used as an antidiarrheal and to treat some other gastro-intestinal diseases (oligodynamic effect, which relates to killing microbes with small doses of heavy metals).
The means by which this appears to work is still not well documented. It is thought to be some combination of:
Children are usually more sensitive to the effects of salicylates, especially if they have a fever or have lost large amounts of body fluid because of vomiting, diarrhea, or sweating.
The bismuth in this
Life is a breakfast cereal made of whole grain oats, distributed by the Quaker Oats Company. It was introduced in 1961. The cereal's advertisements currently sport the slogan "Life is full of surprises".
Life was popularized during the 1970s by an advertising campaign featuring "Mikey," a hard-to-please four-year-old-boy portrayed by John Gilchrist. His two older brothers were portrayed by his real-life brothers, Michael and Tommy. The commercials featured the catchphrase "He likes it! Hey Mikey!" The ad campaign ran from 1974 to 1986, becoming one of the longest-running television advertisements. As recently as 1999 the commercial was included in a list of "memorable ads". A subsequent commercial repeated the identical dialog and scenario, using lumberjacks instead of children.
In 1978, Cinnamon Life was introduced, followed shortly thereafter by Raisin Life. Today Cinnamon Life accounts for a third of total Life sales. Raisin Life wasn't as popular and was discontinued sometime in the early 1980s. In 2002, a short-lived version called Baked Apple Life was released. Honey Graham Life was introduced in early 2004, Life Vanilla Yogurt Crunch in late 2005, and another new flavor,
Rely was a brand of superabsorbent tampons made by Procter & Gamble starting in 1975. It was recalled from the market in September 1980 because it was linked to toxic shock syndrome.
Following a controversial period of test marketing in Rochester and Fort Wayne, in August 1978 Procter and Gamble introduced superabsorbent Rely tampons to the United States market in response to women's demands for tampons that could absorb more menstrual flow without leaking or replacement.
Unlike other tampons, which are made with cotton and rayon, Rely was unique: it used carboxymethylcellulose and compressed beads of polyester for absorption - the company released the new product with claims of having conducted extensive research on its safety. This tampon design could absorb nearly twenty times its own weight in fluid. Further, the tampon would "blossom" into a cup shape in the vagina in order to hold menstrual fluids. Because of this, its advertising slogan was "It even absorbs the worry!", and claimed it could hold up longer than the leading tampon, because it was made differently. "Remember, They named it Rely" was the last line of most commercials.
The superabsorbent properties of Rely
Shinola is a brand of wax shoe polish that was available in the early- to mid-20th century. The original trademark was filed in 1929 by 2-in-1 Shinola-Bixby Corporation, New York.
Shinola was immortalized in colloquial English by the phrase You don't know shit from Shinola which first became widely popular during World War II.
In the film comedy The Jerk, the character Navin R. Johnson played by Steve Martin is tested by "Daddy" Richard Ward (actor) on whether he knows the difference between shit and Shinola before leaving home.
Dolly Parton wrote the song "You don't know love from Shinola" for her 2008 Backwoods Barbie album.
Nestlé Smarties are a colour-varied sugar-coated chocolate confectionery popular primarily in Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, France, Greece, South Africa, and the Middle East. They have been manufactured since 1937, originally by H.I. Rowntree & Co..
Smarties are oblate spheroids with a minor axis of about 5 mm (0.2 in) and a major axis of about 15 mm (0.6 in). They come in eight colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, pink and brown, although the blue variety was temporarily replaced by a white variety in some countries, while an alternative natural colouring dye of the blue colour was being researched.
Rowntrees of York, England, have been making "Chocolate Beans" since at least 1882. The product was renamed "Smarties Chocolate Beans" in 1937. Rowntrees was forced to drop the words "chocolate beans" in 1977 due to trading standards requirements (the use of the word "beans" was felt to be misleading) so adopted the "Milk Chocolate in a Crisp Sugar Shell". Later, the sweet was rebranded as "Smarties".
Smarties are no longer manufactured in York; production has now moved to Germany, where a third of them were already made.
PrincessPlus, also known as "The Brighter Princess Cut", is one of a number of new branded diamond cuts that have been developed over the last decade. The diamond is technically referred to as a modified princess cut.
The princess cut is a relatively new diamond cut, having been created in the 1970s. The cut is sometimes referred to as a "square modified brilliant", as it combines the brilliance of a round cut with an overall square or rectangular appearance. Today, the princess cut is the second most popular diamond shape, second only to rounds.
PrincessPlus was created in 2000 by EFD, a prominent princess cut manufacturer. The PrincessPlus diamond has more facets (100-115) than an ordinary princess cut diamond (58-68). The diagram to the right compares the faceting structure of a regular princess cut and a PrincessPlus diamond. The most significant changes are found on the Pavilion (the lower portion of the diamond, below the girdle, sometimes referred to as the base) and the Crown (the upper portion of the stone, above the girdle) of the diamond.
In addition to having more facets, the angles at which they are placed further differentiates the PrincessPlus diamond from regular
Anusol is a medication that can be used to treat hemorrhoids (also known as piles). The Anusol range includes creams, ointments, and the suppository form of treatment. Anusol is now known under the brand name "Tucks" in the United States and some other areas while still being marketed under the Anusol name in other markets. The active ingredients and usage remains unchanged.
The active ingredient in Anusol ointment and suppositories is zinc sulfate monohydrate which helps decrease the irritation in the area and acts as an astrigent. The active ingredient in Anusol plus is zinc sulfate monohydrate and pramoxine HCL which is anti-pruritic (also found in Gold Bond).
It is prescription-only in some jurisdictions, but available over the counter in the United States and the UK.
Emily the Strange is an advertising mascot character by Rob Reger for his company Cosmic Debris Etc. Inc.
She first appeared on a sticker distributed at concerts, record stores and skate shops to promote Cosmic Debris, the clothing line founded by artist and skateboarder Rob Reger, racecar driver Matt Reed and Nathan Carrico, who designed Emily in 1991 for Santa Cruz Skateboards in Santa Cruz, California.
Cosmic Debris has opened four Emily the Strange flagship stores to date (Taiwan, Taipei, Hong Kong and Greece), with plans to open Emily the Strange retail stores in the Americas in the next two years.
The Emily the Strange franchise has a considerable merchandising catalog, including clothing, stationery, stickers and fashion accessories. All of the products feature Emily's distinctive appearance and frequently feature one of her famous sayings like; "Get Lost," "Be All You Can't Be," and "Wish You Weren't Here".
Co-branding alliances and partnership partnerships have included Jones Soda, Gibson Guitars and Manic Panic (hair coloring, nail polishes and colorful extensions).
Emily the Strange is published in several formats by world renowned publishers including Chronicle Books,
The Hillman Avenger was a rear-wheel drive small family car originally manufactured under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group from 1970–1976, and made by Chrysler Europe from 1976–1981 as the Chrysler Avenger and finally the Talbot Avenger. The Avenger was exported to North America and sold there as the Plymouth Cricket.
The Avenger was initially produced at Rootes' plant in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, England, and later at the company's Linwood facility near Glasgow, Scotland.
Introduced in February 1970, the Avenger was significant as it was the first and last car to be developed by Rootes after the Chrysler takeover in 1967. Stylistically, the Avenger was undoubtedly very much in tune with its time; the American-influenced "Coke Bottle" waistline and semi-fastback rear-end being a contemporary styling cue. However, from an engineering prospective it was rather conventional, using a 4-cylinder all-iron overhead valve engine in 1250 or 1500 capacities driving a coil spring suspended live axle at the rear wheels. Unlike any previous Rootes design, there were no "badge-engineered" Humber or Singer versions in the UK market. The Avenger was immediately highly praised by the press for its
Hilton Garden Inn is a chain of hotels trademarked by the Hilton Worldwide. Hilton Garden Inns are considered to be upscale mid-priced hotels that are designed for both business and leisure travelers. The hotel brand is similar to that of the Courtyard by Marriott brand, a key competitor. Similar to other Hilton brands, most Hilton Garden Inn properties are independently owned and operated, franchised under a licensing agreement with the Hilton Worldwide.
In 2010, Hilton Garden Inn received the distinguished “Highest Guest Satisfaction Among Mid-Scale Hotel Chains with Full Service” award in the J.D. Power and Associates North America Hotel Guest Satisfaction Index Study. This accolade marks the eighth time out of the last nine years Hilton Garden Inn has received the highest ranking in the segment, outranking all other mid-scale full service brands.
Most Hilton Garden Inn properties consist of an interior tower-style building. Standard public spaces include a single-story lobby building with a Porte Cochere, Front Desk, lobby seating area, an on-site restaurant, and the "Pavilion Pantry" 24-hour convenience market with snacks, beverages, microwavable items and assorted sundries.
Morgan 4/4 was the Morgan Motor Company's first car with four wheels. It appeared in 1936. Its model designation "4-4" (later "4/4") stood for four wheels and four cylinders. Earlier Morgans had been three-wheelers, only, typically with V-twin engines. Apart from a break during World War II (and the period March 1951 to September 1955) the 4/4 has been in continuous production from its debut right up to the present day. Engine capacity has increased from the 1122 cc Coventry Climax engine in 1936 to a 1.8-litre Ford engine in 2004.
The original open 2-seater 4-4 was introduced in 1936 and was the most popular of the three body options available with 663 were built by 1939 and 249 from 1946 to 1950.
For the first years the car had a 1,122 cc Coventry Climax engine with 34 bhp (25 kW; 34 PS), superseded from 1939 by a Standard Special 1267 cc overhead valve engine with 38.8 bhp (29 kW; 39 PS). A four-speed Meadows gearbox was used until 1938, then a Moss gearbox.
The four-seat version was introduced in 1937 and 99 were built by 1939 and a further 140 from 1946 to 1950.
The coupé was introduced in 1938 with 58 built by 1939 and another 106 from 1946 to 1950.
The Series II, now the 4/4
First presented at the London Motor Show in October 1953, the Pathfinder replaced the RMF as Riley's top-line car.
Designed as the "RMH" just before the 1952 merger of Riley-parent, the Nuffield Organisation, with Austin to form BMC, the Pathfinder is seen as the last proper Riley car. It used Riley's 110 hp (82 kW) 2.5 L (2443 cc) twin-cam, "Big Four" straight-4 engine fitted with twin SU carburettors and had a separate all steel chassis with coil spring rear (this was changed to leaf springs towards the end of production) and front torsion bar independent suspension. From 1956 an overdrive gearbox became optional. The 12 in (305 mm) Girling drum brakes had a Clayton Dewandre Vac Hydro Servo fitted as standard.
In the front, buyers could choose between two single seats and the optional full width bench seat, with the front corner of the seat squab contoured so as to accommodate the gear lever and allow seating for three. The rear seat had a fold down centre armrest and leather covers were used. A heater was fitted as standard. The car was available in black, maroon, green, blue or grey finish. The gear lever was floor mounted by the driver's door, so drivers in right hand drive
The Sunbeam Alpine is a sporty two-seat open car from Rootes Group's Sunbeam car marque. The original was launched in 1953 as the first vehicle from Sunbeam-Talbot to bear the Sunbeam name alone since the 1935 takeover of Sunbeam and Talbot by the Rootes Group.
The Alpine was derived from the Sunbeam-Talbot 90 Saloon and has since become colloquially known as the "Talbot" Alpine. It was a two-seater sports roadster initially developed by Sunbeam-Talbot dealer George Hartwell in Bournemouth, as a one-off rally car. It had its beginnings as a 1952 Sunbeam-Talbot drophead coupé, and was supposedly named by Norman Garrad of the works Competition Department, who was heavily involved in the Sunbeam-Talbot successes in the Alpine Rally in the early 1950s using the saloon models.
The car has a four-cylinder 2267 cc engine from the saloon, but with a raised compression ratio. However, since it was developed from the saloon platform, it suffered from rigidity compromises despite extra side members in the chassis. The gearbox ratios were changed, and from 1954 an overdrive unit became standard. The gearchange lever was column-mounted.
The Alpine Mark I and Mark III (no Mark II was made) were
Tang is a fruit-flavored drink. Originally formulated by General Foods Corporation food scientist William A. Mitchell in 1957, it was first marketed in powdered form in 1959.
Sales of Tang were poor until NASA used it on John Glenn's Mercury flight, and subsequent Gemini missions.
Since then, it was closely associated with the U.S. manned spaceflight program, leading to the misconception that Tang was invented for the space program. The Tang brand is currently owned by Kraft Foods.
Tang was famously used by some early NASA manned space flights. In 1962, when Mercury astronaut John Glenn conducted eating experiments in orbit, Tang was selected for the menu, and was also used during some Gemini flights.
The creator of Tang, William A. Mitchell, also invented Pop Rocks, Cool Whip, a form of instant-set Jell-O, and other convenience foods.
Tang is sold both in powdered and ready-to-drink form. The recommended usage of original powdered Tang is two tablespoons per 8 US fluid ounces (240 ml) of water. A single 8 US fl oz (240 ml) serving of Tang provides 9 grams (0.32 oz) of sugar; 40 kilocalories (167 kJ); 100% RDA of vitamin C; 10% RDA of vitamin A, calcium, vitamin E, riboflavin,
Breville is a maker of small kitchen appliances, founded in Sydney, Australia, in 1932. They created the original sandwich toaster. The product was a huge success upon its launch in Australia in 1974, selling 400,000 units in its first year and making the Breville brand a household name in Australia. Soon after, the Breville toasted sandwich maker was launched in New Zealand and Great Britain where it met with similar success. The name became synonymous with such devices - to the point where "Breville" has become the generic word for a sandwich toaster, and often the toasted sandwich itself, in much the same way that "Hoover" is associated with the vacuum cleaner.
In 1932, Bill O'Brien and Harry Norville (born Charles Henry Norville) mixed their last names together and the Breville brand was created. They started off making radios, then mine detectors for the war.
After World War II and the commencement of television transmission in Australia in 1956, Breville turned its attention to small appliances.
It also commenced manufacturing television sets under the Precedent brand name. The television business was sold to Electronic Industries Limited in 1968.
The O'Brien family continued
The Hillman Imp is a compact, rear-engined saloon car that was manufactured under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group (later Chrysler Europe) from 1963 to 1976. A small van, the Commer Imp, was introduced in November 1965 and an estate version, using most of the same panels but with side windows behind the b-pillar, known as the Hillman Husky was produced from 1967.
Known internally within Rootes as the "Apex" project, the Imp was to be the first post-Second World War small car by the Rootes group. Its main rival on the home market was the BMC Mini which preceded the Imp by nearly four years. One key difference between the two cars was the Imp's 875 cc all-aluminium power unit, adapted by Rootes from a Coventry Climax FWMA fire pump engine which had enjoyed some success on the racing scene. However the engine used for the Imp differed considerably from the original Climax engine, for instance having an entirely different cylinder head.
The Imp's engine was mounted behind the rear wheels, slanted over at 45° to fit. This was done to keep the centre of gravity low and to minimise its effects on the roadholding of the car. Rear-engined cars generally suffer from oversteer handling
Maxwell House is a brand of coffee manufactured by a like-named division of Kraft Foods. Introduced in 1892, it is named in honor of the Maxwell House Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. For many years until the late 1980s it was the largest-selling coffee in the U.S. and is currently (ca. 2007) second behind Folgers, which is manufactured by The J.M. Smucker Co. The company recently unveiled a new slogan, "Good Just Got Great," visible on their website. However, it is best known for its longtime slogan, "Good to the last drop," and is still running ads featuring the line.
In 1917, Cheek-Neal began using a "Good to the Last Drop" slogan to advertise their Maxwell House Coffee. For several years, the ads made no mention of Theodore Roosevelt as the phrase's originator. By the 1930s, however, the company was running advertisements that claimed that the former President had taken a sip of Maxwell House Coffee on a visit to Andrew Jackson's estate, The Hermitage, near Nashville on October 21, 1907 and that when served coffee he had proclaimed it to be "Good to the Last Drop." During this time, Coca-Cola also used the slogan "Good to the last drop". In modern times, Maxwell House has
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobile produced for most of its existence by General Motors. It was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In its 107-year history, it produced 35.2 million cars, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory. When it was phased out in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, and one of the oldest in the world, after Daimler, Peugeot and Tatra. The closing of the Oldsmobile division presaged a larger consolidation of GM brands and discontinuation of models during the company's 2009 bankruptcy reorganization.
Oldsmobiles were first manufactured by the Olds Motor Works in Lansing, Michigan, a company founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In 1901, the company produced 425 cars, making it the first high-volume gasoline-powered automobile manufacturer. Oldsmobile became the top selling car company in the United States for a few years. Ransom Olds left the company in financial difficulties and formed the REO Motor Car Company. The last Curved Dash Oldsmobile was made in 1907. General Motors purchased the company in 1908.
The 1901 to 1904 Oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first mass-produced car, made from
Eclipse is a brand of chewing gum and breath mint, first introduced in the U.S. by the Wrigley Company in 1999 as its first entrant into the pellet gum segment. However, it was modeled after Excel in Canada, which was launched in 1991, eight years before Eclipse was launched.
Eclipse is a brand that promises to give users "powerful fresh breath". It comes in blister packs of 12 or the Big-E-Pak - 60 count plastic container of candy-coated pellets. Eclipse gum is available in the U.S, Australia and Latvia, but are also sold in Canada under the name Excel.
Mints, in metal and paper (Europe) containers, are also sold by Wrigley under the Eclipse brand, as is Eclipse Ice gum.
In late 2007, the American Dental Association awarded its seal of approval to Eclipse sugarfree gum. Orbit and Extra, two other chewing gum products from the same company, also bear the ADA seal.
An Eclipse mint is an oval prism rounded at top and bottom, with the top and bottom half varying colours, depending on the flavour. Spearmint (green), peppermint and Black Chill (blue), and Winterfrost (dark blue) are available, as well as cinnamon (all pink), orange (light orange) and blackcurrant (purple).
Emery boards are pieces of cardboard which have emery or emery paper glued to them, making them both abrasive and flexible, used for fingernail and toenail care. They are used by manicurists to shape and smooth the nail during manicure and pedicure sessions. Emery boards are inexpensive and disposable, making them a sanitary alternative to metal nail files. The emery board was first patented by J. Parker Pray of New York in 1883.
The nail can be smoothed and shaped accurately by taking light, even strokes in one direction across the top of the nail. Twenty to thirty easy strokes can typically shorten excessively long fingernails, while five to ten strokes are sufficient for shaping the nails.
Guitar players have also been known to use emery boards to smooth out calluses which may snag the strings of their guitars.
Baseball pitchers and cricket bowlers have been known to use emery boards to scuff the outside of the ball. The roughness can offer more grip and hand control. Surface scratches also alter the ball's aerodynamics making it more susceptible to spin and movement when in flight. However, the deliberate manipulation of the ball using an emery board is classified as cheating
Fairy is a brand of washing-up liquid produced by Procter & Gamble at their West Thurrock factory (The London Plant), England. Fairy liquid is traditionally green, prompting the well-known advertising jingle "Now hands that do dishes can feel soft as your face, with mild green Fairy Liquid".
As of 2008, Fairy is sold in most parts of Europe, although regional names vary. Fairy liquid is available in a variety of colour and scent combinations. The iconic white bottle with red cap was replaced with PET bottles.
In the UK, Fairy Liquid has become a genericized trademark for washing up liquid.
Outside the UK, the products are a part of the Dreft brand.
In February 2010, Fairy bought back the original washing up liquid bottle (which was used until 2000) to celebrate 50 years of the iconic brand. They are being sold in branches of Morrisons and will eventually be sold in other stores for a limited time. Nanette Newman, who fronted the 1980s TV advertisements, is also making a comeback for a new campaign to promote the launch.
In the United Kingdom and Ireland, Fairy is also a longstanding brand of non-biological laundry detergent, the original soap-based variant being known as "Fairy
Wheat Thins are a popular baked snack cracker found in North America, distributed by Nabisco, a subsidiary of Kraft Foods Global Inc. in the US; Kraft Foods in Canada; and in Australia through wholesaler USA Foods. Vegetable Thins, Pita Thins, and Rice Thins, which both are spun off from Wheat Thins, are available in Canada and some regions of the United States. Wheat Thins come in many variations.
The cracker is still well known by some for its late 1970s ad campaign starring Sandy Duncan. A most recent commercial aired during Super Bowl XLVI featured Brian and Stewie from cartoon series Family Guy in which Stewie puts emphasis on the "H" in "Wheat", saying "Hwheat Thins".
As of June 2012, there are several flavors available:
In 2008 this additional flavor was in existence:
In 2007 there were these additional discontinued/changed flavors:
England's Glory is a brand of matches, available in the United Kingdom, using an iconic image of a Victorian battleship, HMS Devastation.
The product was originally made in Gloucester by S.J. Moreland and Sons, who became a subsidiary of Bryant and May in 1913, although full ownership by Bryant and May only came in 1938.
Consolidation of match production within Great Britain led to Bryant and May's matches being made at Garston in Liverpool, London and Glasgow. England's Glory then became a Brand Name for matches made at Bryant and May's Garston factory which were sold mainly in the North of England and the Midlands. The matches made in Glasgow were marketed in Scotland as Scottish Bluebell matches.
Bryant and May themselves ceased to exist in the 1980s, but England's Glory and Scottish Bluebell branded matches are still manufactured in Sweden by the company Swedish Match.
The song "Senses Working Overtime" by XTC contains the spoken phrases "England's Glory" and "A striking beauty", the latter of which was a slogan associated with England's Glory matches
The Macc Lads have a song called England's Glory referring to the matches.
The British band Stereophonics got the lyric 'It only
Feldschlösschen is a brand of beer. The brewery, with the main facility located in Rheinfelden, Switzerland is the biggest brewery in Switzerland and was founded in 1876. It bought out Cardinal in 1991. It was bought by Carlsberg in 2000.
The brewery is in the shape of a castle and Feldschlösschen means 'small castle in the fields' in German.
The following brands are produced
Fu Yan Jie (Chinese: 妇炎洁) is a personal bodily cleanser product for females , which is popular in China.
Fu Yan Jie is a women's hygiene solution made from herbal medicine. It is available in single bottled packs or boxed bundles. It is an external product for women. it is not for drink so put it in safe place and keep child away. Since the first generation released in 2001, the product has achieved great success and frame in mainland China where it domains the entire market.
Fu Yan Jie is a common topic of an internet meme in China. This is due to a number of notable advertisements commonly played during primetime, where foreigners advertise the product, usually spoken in poor Chinese. Alternate advertisements feature famous Chinese singers. Many internet websites incorrectly refer to it as a mouthwash product, or a product of some form designed for young children.
Jelly Tots are soft, chewy fruit-flavoured sweets produced by Rowntree's. They are round, sugar-coated gumdrop-like confections about 7mm in diameter, and are advertised as containing 25% fruit juices and no artificial colours or flavours. According to the packaging, Jelly Tots are suitable for vegetarians or vegans as they contain no gelatine or animal-based ingredients.
Jelly Tots were invented by Dr Brian Boffey of Horsforth, Leeds when he was working for Rowntree's.
Jelly Tots were launched in 1967 and quickly became established as a popular children's brand. There are five flavours in each 25g bag or 168g tube: lemon, lime, orange, blackcurrant and strawberry. Primarily, they are sold in the United Kingdom, Ireland and South Africa, and were also sold in Canada. They remain available as imported candy in some speciality shops at a premium price.
From the early 1970s onwards, there were three companion "Tots" brands in the UK: Candy Tots, Tiger Tots and Teddy Tots. Candy Tots were similar to small Dolly Mixtures, Tiger Tots were licorice/fondant sandwich sweets resembling small Licorice allsorts and Teddy Tots were small cubes with a crunchy shell. These four Tots types were
Zune was the brand of digital media store developed by Microsoft which included a line of portable media players that are now discontinued, digital media player software for Windows machines, a music subscription service known as a 'Zune Music Pass', music and video streaming services for the Xbox 360 game console via the Zune Software, music, TV and movie sales, and the media software for Windows Phone.
In October 2011, Microsoft announced the discontinuation of all Zune hardware, encouraging users to transition to Windows Phone.
In June 2012, Microsoft confirmed that it has plans to discontinue the "Zune" brand. Instead, Microsoft will offer its digital media services for its line of products (including Windows 8 PCs, Xbox 360 game console, and Windows Phones) under the "Xbox Music" brand. The zune.net domain now redirects to Xbox's website, but the software will retain the Zune name until October 26, the release date of Windows 8. until It has also been rumored that Microsoft will offer video content under the "Xbox Video" brand, though it has not been confirmed.
The first-generation Zune device was created by Microsoft in close cooperation with Toshiba, which took the design of
Snackwells is a brand of Nabisco products. Introduced in 1992, its products include cookies of a variety of flavors including creme, shortbread, and devil's food cake. The cookies manufactured by Snackwell's are marketed as diet foods, being lower in fat or sugar than regular cookies, though most of the products contain ingredients like High-fructose corn syrup, which studies have shown to contribute to obesity.
Snackwells were developed by Nabisco's principal food scientist, Sam Porcello. In Canada, SnackWells potato chips and crackers are available.
Linden Research, Inc., d/b/a Linden Lab, is a privately held American Internet company that is best known as the creator of Second Life.
The company's head office is in San Francisco, with additional offices in Boston, Seattle, Virginia and Davis, California. Its offices in Mountain View, Brighton, Singapore and Amsterdam were closed in 2010. In addition, the company employs remote workers that communicate and collaborate on projects using Second Life technology.
The company, founded in 1999, employs numerous established high-tech veterans, including former executives from Electronic Arts, eBay, Disney, Adobe, and Apple. The company's founder and original CEO is Philip Rosedale, a former CTO of RealNetworks, one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People in The World in 2007. In December 2010, the company announced a new CEO, Rod Humble, who controls day-to-day management and operations. Rosedale remains chairman of the board of Linden Lab, with a focus on product development and strategy.
In 2008, the company was awarded an Emmy for Second Life in the user-generated content and game modification category. The award was given at the 59th annual Technology & Engineering Emmy
Baby Ruth is an American candy bar made of peanuts, caramel and chocolate-flavored nougat covered in chocolate.
In 1921, the Curtiss Candy Company refashioned its Kandy Kake into the Baby Ruth. The bar was a staple of the Chicago-based company for some seven decades. Curtiss was purchased by Nabisco in 1981. In 1990, RJR Nabisco sold the Curtiss brands to Nestlé.
Although the name of the candy bar sounds like the name of the famous baseball player Babe Ruth, the Curtiss Candy Company traditionally claimed that it was named after President Grover Cleveland's daughter, Ruth Cleveland. The candy maker, located on the same street as Wrigley Field, named the bar "Baby Ruth" in 1921, as Babe Ruth's fame was on the rise, over 30 years after Cleveland had left the White House, and 17 years after his daughter, Ruth, had died. The company did not negotiate an endorsement deal with Ruth, and many saw the company's story about the origin of the name to be a devious way to avoid having to pay the baseball player any royalties. Curtiss successfully shut down a rival bar that was approved by, and named for, Ruth, on the grounds that the names were too similar.
In the trivia book series
Big Red is a cinnamon-flavored chewing gum introduced by the William Wrigley Jr. Company in 1976. Big Red was available in the UK and Ireland in the mid-to-late 1990s, but is no longer available there. It is a popular souvenir for visitors to the US from Ireland or the UK. Big Red was also released in the early-mid 1980s in Australia, but was discontinued in late 1980s. Some specialty sweets shops, however, do still stock it. It was re-released in 2004 and again in late 2007. It is also available in Germany, Norway, Poland and parts of Sweden; the gum sold in Germany, Norway, Poland and Sweden is not red but white. It is meant to be hot in flavor.
Despite it not being a sugarless gum, in 2003 in the United States, Wrigley's replaced some of the sugar with aspartame and Ace K, both artificial sweeteners.
Like its sister product, Juicy Fruit, Big Red had its own commercial jingle, which was used from 1979 to 1998. The song was composed by Peter Cofield from Sunday Productions in New York City and sung by Ryan Devereaux. Many of the commercials depicted couples passionately kissing in a romantic setting for an unusually long time, always including one kisser who then must chase his
The Crystalyte Cannon System is a light electric bicycle kit that consists of a 500W Crystalyte Cannon motor and 36V NiMH Journey battery pack both produced by Crystalyte (a manufacturer of electric bicycles in Beijing, China). The system was introduced in 2006 and contains all of the components necessary to turn a regular bicycle into a light electric bicycle at a much lower price than competitive electric bicycle kits. The kit is currently being sold by ATIV Solutions LLC in San Diego, CA.
Duracell is a brand of batteries and smart power solutions manufactured by Procter & Gamble.
Additionally, Duracell owns the Procell professional-use brand.
Duracell manufactures alkaline batteries in many common sizes, such as AAA, AA, C, D, and 9V. Lesser used sizes such as AAAA (primarily for pagers, penlights, and blood glucose meters) and J size batteries (for hospital devices and photographic strobe flash units) are also manufactured along with a range of "button" batteries using zinc-air, silver-oxide and lithium chemistries, used in calculators, watches, hearing aids, and other small (mostly medical related) devices. Duracell entered into a brand licensing agreement with flash memory manufacturer Dane-Elec in 2008 for a line of products including memory cards, hard drives and USB flash drives with the Duracell brand mark and in the brand's trademark "copper top" coloring.
Duracell also manufactures specialty batteries, including NiMH rechargeable batteries and batteries for cameras, watches, hearing aids, etc. Their two main battery brands are "CopperTop," marketed as longer-lasting, and "Ultra," directed mainly at users of digital devices and devices that need more power.
Eclipse Ice is a brand of pellet chewing gum by the Wrigley Company.
A sugar-free gum containing Sorbitol, Eclipse Ice comes in foil-wrapped sticks of 10 pellets approximately .14 grams each (14 g nett).
Eclipse Ice gum is sold in Australia and New Zealand. These products contains a French translation on the printed outer wrapper, even though it is not an official language of either country.
HP Pavilion is a line of personal computers produced by Hewlett-Packard and introduced in 1995. The name is applied to both desktops and laptops for the Home and Home Office product range.
When HP merged with Compaq in 2002, it took over Compaq's existing naming rights agreement. As a result, HP sells both HP and Compaq-branded machines.
In 1995, The HP Pavilion PC marks the company's introduction into the home-computing market. Dave Packard publishes The HP Way, a book that chronicles the rise of HP and gives insight into its business practices, culture and management style. HP produces a low-cost, high-speed infrared transceiver that allows wireless data exchange in a range of portable computing applications such as phones, computers, printers, cash registers, ATMs, digital cameras and more.
The HP pavilion 5030 was technically HP's second multimedia PC designed specifically for the home market, the first called HP Multimedia PC Model Numbers 6100, 6140S and 6170S. Pavilion went on to become a popular model. Its specifications included a quad-speed CD-ROM drive, Altec Lansing speakers, software for online service access and Microsoft Windows 95. This entry-level model featured a
iriver (formerly iRiver) is a consumer electronics company headquartered in South Korea and widely known for its digital audio players and other portable media devices.
The company is a brand and marketing division of Iriver.inc (formerly ReignCom), a South Korean electronics and entertainment company founded in 1999 by seven former Samsung executives.
South Korean private equity firm Vogo Fund has held a major stake in iriver since 2007, working to improve the company's prospects as its mp3 player business has dwindled.
In 1999, Duk-Jun Yang and Rae-Hwan Lee left Samsung Electronics, along with five colleagues. They formed ReignCom, with Yang as CEO, originally as a semiconductor distributor, then decided to capitalize on the growing MP3 player market. They decided to outsource manufacturing to AV Chaseway, located in Shenzhen, China, and contract product design to INNO Design, an industrial design company in Palo Alto, CA, while keeping R&D in-house.
The company's first iriver product was the iMP-100, a portable CD player capable of decoding MP3 data files on CDs, released in November, 2000. It and a later model, the iMP-250, were rebranded and sold by SonicBlue in the United
Acuvue (from "Accurate view") is a brand of disposable contact lenses. They are made by Vistakon, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. Vistakon is headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida.
Acuvue lenses got their start at Frontier Contact Lens Company, a small company that started in the 1950s and opened a branch in Jacksonville. Headed by Seymour Marco, an optometrist, the company started to grow and, after a few years, Marco bought out the New York owners so he could significantly grow the business.
During the 1970s, he developed a new material (etafilcon A) and began making soft lenses at Frontier. In 1981 he sold the company to Johnson & Johnson. Johnson & Johnson renamed Frontier Contact Lenses to Vistakon. With the acquisition of a very manual process - every employee on the production line, whether they were lathing, polishing or inspecting, handled the lenses - scaling up the business was very limited, so Vistakon decided to invest into a new production process.
Utilizing Stabilized Soft Molding (SSM) technology, Vistakon undertook a major overhaul in its production processes. As a result Acuvue was introduced to the market in 1986. The lens was originally indicated for
After Eight Thin Mints (After Eights) are a confectionery product described as "mint enrobed in dark chocolate" (although a milk chocolate version became available in 2006) that are intended, as its name suggests, to be used as after-dinner mints. They were created in 1962 by Rowntree and Company Limited. Since the 1988 acquisition of the United Kingdom-based company, the mints have been produced by Nestlé.
The "Thin Mints" have been made in the factory in Castleford, West Yorkshire since 1970, and the Chocolate Truffles are made in York. After Eights are now sold across Europe and North America, and one billion After Eight mints are made annually
In 2010, Nestle announced the closure of the Castleford factory, and the transfer of the production of After Eight to its Halifax factory.
In 1967, After Eights were also manufactured at the Rowntree factory in the Wandsbek district of Hamburg.
After Eights were originally made from dairy-free dark chocolate. However, in 2007, Nestlé started adding butterfat to After Eights, making them a dairy product. Nestlé has also made special editions of After Eights, including orange After Eights and milk chocolate After Eights.
The fondant in
The Anglepoise lamp is a balanced-arm lamp designed in 1932 by British designer George Carwardine.
Carwardine was a car designer and was, at the time he invented the Anglepoise lamp, a freelance design consultant specialising in vehicle suspension systems. While developing new concepts for vehicle suspensions, he created a mechanism which he recognised had applications in other fields. He particularly saw its benefits for a task lamp. Despite many claims to the contrary, his concept had nothing whatsoever to do with mimicking the actions of the human arm. The joints and spring tension allow the lamp to be moved into a wide range of positions which it will maintain without being clamped.
Carwardine applied for a patent, number 404,615, for a lamp design using the mechanism on 4 July 1932, and manufactured the lamp himself in the workshops of his own company, Cardine Accessories, in Bath, England. He soon found the interest and demand so great that he needed a major expansion or partner and, on 22 February 1934, entered into a licensing agreement with the Terry Spring Company in Redditch, England. Terry's manufactured and marketed the lamp, while Carwardine continued to develop the
Bed Head is a line of haircare and nail products distributed by TIGI Linea, a division of Unilever, to distributors and salons worldwide. The United Kingdom based company, TIGI Linea has been producing the line since the inception of the company. The creators of the line are British stylists Toni & Guy. The cosmetics line was first produced in 2003. A line produced by the company, called Boby by Bed Head, was released and is under a UK patent. Other lines produced by the company are being distributed by the Helen of Troy company as of May 2007. As of July 2007, the product line was chosen to be used by the world famous Dallas Cowboy Cheerleaders. Before starring in the American TV show Passions, Central American actor Adrian Bellani was a spokesperson and model for the products.
In March 2003, the producers of the products and Health Canada issued a notice about counterfeit products being sold in Canada. The recalled products said to contain Enterobacter gergoviae or Burkholderia cepecia, which at most causes infections if applied to the eyes. This case, along with others, is one motivation to toughen the intellectual property laws in Canada.
Starting in 2011, Bed Head partnered up
Brillo Pad is a trade name for a scouring pad, used for cleaning dishes, and made from steel wool impregnated with soap. The concept was patented in 1913. The company's website states the name Brillo is from the Latin word for 'bright,' though no such word exists in Latin; however, Italian, French, Spanish and English do have words for 'shine' or 'bright' beginning with brill-.
It came at a time when aluminium pots and pans were replacing cast iron in the kitchen. Easily blackened by coal fires, the shine of the cookware didn't last long.
In the early 1900s, in New York, a cookware peddler and a jeweller (his brother-in-law), were working on a solution to the blackened cookware. Using jewellers' rouge, with soap and fine steel wool from Germany, they developed a method to scour the backsides of cooking utensils when they began to blacken. The method worked, and the peddler added this new product, soap with steel wool, into his line of goods for sale.
Demand for the steel wool and soap with the jewellers' rouge increased quickly, and the peddler and the jeweller decided to patent the product. Because they lacked the money to pay for legal services, they offered attorney Milton Loeb
Capri is a brand of cigarette manufactured by R.J. Reynolds. Introduced in 1987, it is the first widely-available cigarette having an extremely slim shape, at 17 mm in circumference and 100 mm in length, specifically marketed towards women as a way to increase or enhance their sexual appeal. By comparison, standard cigarettes are 25 mm in circumference, and slim cigarettes are 21 mm in circumference. Capri is available in regular and menthol light varieties, as well as regular and menthol ultra-light varieties. Capri is also available in a 120 mm length, which the packaging describes as "luxury length."
All are available only in flip-top boxes.
Fels-Naptha is a brand of bar laundry soap used for pre-treating stains on clothing and as a home remedy for exposure to poison ivy and other skin irritants. Fels-Naptha is manufactured by and is a trademark of the Dial Corporation.
The soap comes packaged in paper similar to bar body soap and is most often found in the laundry section of a supermarket or grocery store. It is intended for the pre-treatment of stains by rubbing the dampened product on a soiled area prior to laundering. The manufacturer claims it to be most effective in removing chocolate, baby formula, perspiration, and make-up.
The original Fels-Naptha, developed by Philadelphia manufacturer Joseph Fels around 1893, was used as a home remedy in the treatment of contact dermatitis caused by exposure to poison ivy, poison oak, and other oil-transmitted organic skin-irritants. Washing the skin directly with the soap helps break up the oils that carry the toxin. However, in its own caution use sheet, Dial Corp. stated that Fels-Naptha is a skin irritant and not to be used directly on skin. According to the manufacturer, about 1/16th of a bar of Fels-Naphta grated and added to a wash cycle helps eliminate residual
Hilton Hotels & Resorts (formerly known as Hilton Hotels) is an international hotel chain which includes many luxury hotels and resorts as well as select service hotels. It was founded by Conrad Hilton and is now owned by Hilton Worldwide. Hilton hotels are either owned by, managed by, or franchised to independent operators by Hilton Worldwide. Hilton Hotels became the first coast-to-coast hotel chain of the United States in 1943. As of 2010, there are now over 530 Hilton branded hotels across the world in 78 countries across six continents.
The Hilton Hotels brand remains one of the company's flagship brands and one of the hotel brands in the world. The company places marketing emphasis on both business travel and leisure travel with locations in major city centers, near airports, convention centers, and a number of vacation resorts and leisure-oriented hotels in popular vacation destinations around the world.
The company's Hilton HHonors guest loyalty program is one of the largest of its kind and has numerous partnerships with airlines and car rental companies. Some Hilton Hotels feature an Executive Level lounge for HHonors Gold and Diamond members and those willing to pay for
Izze (pronounced iz-ee) is the brand name of a line of carbonated juice drinks produced by the IZZE Beverage Company in Boulder, Colorado, which is owned by PepsiCo. The drinks consist of 70% fruit juice from concentrate, and 30% seltzer water. Izze is an all-natural, no-preservatives-added fruit soda.
In February 2002 in Boulder, Colorado, Todd Woloson and Anna Dougherty devised a plan to create a fruit-juice-based carbonated beverage, settling on a formula by that June and shortly thereafter forming the Izze Beverage Company. The name derives from Isabella, the daughter of Todd Woloson, who is known as "Izze" by friends and family.
On September 26, 2006, the company was purchased by PepsiCo. PepsiCo has announced plans to leave the Izze formula as is, only assisting with marketing efforts.
The company's first brand extension is a lower-calorie beverage than the company's original sodas, using fruit juice and sugar as sweeteners. The first three flavors were introduced June 2007, with watermelon being added in March 2011.
In 2008, the company introduced its next brand extension, five flavors of a soda supplemented with 30% USRDA Vitamin C, 10% Vitamin B6 and Niacin.
Kraft Cheese Nips are small cheese-flavored crackers manufactured by Kraft Foods under its brand, Nabisco. They are similar to Sunshine Cheez-It.
Kraft uses cheese of its own production to make these crackers.
Cheese Nips are made in Cheddar, Reduced-Fat Cheddar and Four Cheese (Cheddar, Parmesan, Romano, Mozzarella) flavors. They were once made in extra cheddar flavors. The Four Cheese flavor contains half a gram of trans fat per serving.
Cheese Nips are also known for selling versions of their product that are shaped like cartoon characters, such as SpongeBob SquarePants, Dora the Explorer, and Catdog.
Portion-controlled packages of Cheese Nips are also sold under the name Cheese Nips Thin Crisps 100 Calorie Packs (Thinsations in Canada), to appeal to the health-conscious market. Similar to the discontinued Cheese Nips Air Crisps, these Nips are slightly smaller and thinner than regular Nips, but are also hexagonal in shape.
Nips also appear along with other varieties of snacks in mix called Nabisco Cheddars, Yo Cheese, and Bits 'n' Bites.
Cheese Nips (originally stylized as Cheese-Nips) were introduced in 1955 and positioned in the 1980s as a competition of Sunshine Cheez-It. By
Metamucil is a bulk-producing laxative and fiber supplement. The Metamucil brand has existed since 1934, and was owned by G.D. Searle & Company until 1985 when Procter & Gamble acquired the brand. The active ingredient is psyllium seed husks. It may also reduce cholesterol when taken daily. Metamucil is sold in powdered drink mixes, capsules, and wafers. Metamucil has been available in different flavors, such as Orange, Berry, and Pink Lemonade. A sugar-free version has also been available. Karen Rose, a former chemical engineer and current author holds two patents in making Metamucil taste better.
Fiber supplements such as Metamucil supplement the dietary fiber provided by food sources.
Since Psyllium husk-containing products, such as Metamucil, are sometimes used as a source of dietary fiber, the intake of dietary fiber could hinder the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and proteins. Dietary fiber helps the gastrointestinal tract absorb excess water and remove food wastes, but an excessively high intake of dietary fiber will also negatively affect the absorption process in the intestinal tract. Taking a fiber supplement can decrease the absorption of minerals by decreasing the
Miracle Whip is a white salad dressing manufactured by Kraft Foods, sold throughout the United States and Canada. It is often used as an alternative to mayonnaise in recipes, although it is sweeter and has additional ingredients.
In 1933 Kraft developed a new dressing similar to mayonnaise, but as a less expensive alternative. Premiering at the Century of Progress World's Fair in Chicago in 1933, Miracle Whip was an instant success as a condiment on fruits, vegetables and salads.
According to Kraft archivist Becky Haglund Tousey, Kraft developed the product in-house using a patented "emulsifying machine" (invented by Charles Chapman) to create a product blending mayonnaise product and less expensive salad dressing, sometimes called "boiled dressing." The machine (dubbed "Miracle Whip" by Chapman) ensured that the ingredients (including more than 20 different spices) could be thoroughly blended.
However, another story claims that Miracle Whip was invented in Salem, Illinois, at Max Crosset's Cafe, where it was called "Max Crossett's X-tra Fine Salad Dressing". Crosset sold it to Kraft Foods in 1931 for $300 (approximately $4,471.28 in 2011). While admitting that Kraft did buy many
Motorcraft is an auto parts brand of Ford Motor Company.
The Ford Motor Company launched this auto parts division in 1972 to provide replacement parts and original equipment parts. This brand replaced Autolite as Ford's official parts brand. Autolite is still a brand name in use today, but is now owned by Honeywell. Motorcraft was originally launched in the 1950s with very little success, and was dropped when Ford purchased the Autolite trade name. Ford was forced to sell Autolite by the Federal Trade Commission. The Government found Ford had violated antitrust laws.
Today parts are designed and engineered to fit for installation on Lincoln, Mercury, and Ford vehicles. Some parts, such as Motorcraft's extensive list of oil filter applications, fit a wide variety of makes/models not built by Ford Motor Company.
Motorcraft products are sold through Ford and Lincoln-Mercury dealerships, as well as select auto parts stores.
Many times, Ford will approach a contract manufacturer of a particular product (many times a supplier to the company already) and work with them to create a version for sale under the Motorcraft name. These products must meet quality standards set by the Ford Motor
Perrier (French pronunciation: [pɛʁ.je]) is a brand of bottled mineral water made from a spring in Vergèze in the Gard département of France. The spring is naturally carbonated. Both the water and natural carbon dioxide gas are captured independently. Then in the bottling process, the carbon dioxide gas is added so that the level of carbonation in bottled Perrier is the same as the water of the Vergèze spring.
Perrier is available in Europe in one liter, 750 ml, and 500 ml bottles, and in 33 cl cans. Most Perrier bottles are green and all have a distinctive 'teardrop' shape. In August 2001, the company introduced a new bottling format using polyethylene terephthalate to offer Perrier in plastic, a change that took 11 years to decide which material would best help retain both the water's flavor and its purported "50 million bubbles."
Perrier comes in five flavors. Unflavored, lemon, and lime are the oldest flavors. In 2007, Citron Lemon-Lime and Pamplemousse Rose (Pink Grapefruit) flavors debuted.
Since 2002, new varieties of Perrier have been introduced in France, Eau de Perrier is less carbonated than the original, and comes in a blue bottle. Perrier Fluo comes in "trendy" flavors
Philips GoGear is a series of small flash memory and hard drive-based personal electronic devices from Philips. The line includes digital cameras, digital audio players, and audio recorders. The GoGear line is named for the size of its products, all of which are rather small and portable. The digital audio players in the series are primarily designed to compete against the Apple iPod.
Like the Philips ShoqBox, the GoGear HDD0xx series of audio players are USB mass storage class devices and therefore support driverless file transfer on most systems; however, files transferred via this method will not be available for playback as they must also be added to a SQLite database. This is done automatically by a modified version of Musicmatch Jukebox included with the player, but alternative software has been developed to update the database. GOLB and openGoGear are two such utilities for GNU/Linux; they are linked below.
The original GoGear series (SA32xx) requires ArcSoft Media Converter software to transfer video files, however, audio files may be transferred via driverless file transfer over USB.
The GoGear ViBE, however, does not need any external device synchronization: no specific
The Riley Nine was one of the most successful light cars produced by the British motor industry in the inter war period. It was made by the Riley company of Coventry, England with a wide range of body styles between 1926 and 1938.
The car was largely designed by two of the Riley brothers, Percy and Stanley. Stanley was responsible for the chassis, suspension and body and the older Percy designed the engine.
The 1087 cc four-cylinder engine had hemispherical combustion chambers with the valves inclined at 45 degrees in a crossflow head. To save the expense and complication of overhead camshafts, the valves were operated by two camshafts mounted high in the crankcase through short pushrods and rockers. The engine was mounted in the chassis by a rubber bushed bar that ran through the block with a further mount at the rear of the gearbox. Drive was to the rear wheels through a torque tube and spiral bevel live rear axle mounted on semi elliptic springs.
At launch in July 1926 two body styles were available, a fabric bodied saloon called the Monaco at £285 and a fabric four-seat tourer for £235. The saloon could reach 60 mph (97 km/h) and give 40 mpg-imp (7.1 L/100 km; 33 mpg-US). Very
The Riley One-Point-Five and similar Wolseley 1500 were motor vehicles based on the Morris Minor floorpan, suspension and steering but fitted with the larger 1489 cc B-Series engine and MG Magnette gearbox. Launched in 1957, the twins were differentiated by nearly 20 hp (15 kW), the Riley having twin SU carburettors giving it the most power at 68 hp (50 kW). The Wolseley was released in April of that year, while the Riley appeared in November, directly after the 1957 London Motor Show.
The Series II model came out in May 1960. The most notable external difference was the hidden boot and bonnet hinges. Interior storage was improved with the fitting of a full width parcel shelf directly beneath the facia.
The Wolseley also had a Series III launched in October 1961 which featured a revised grille and rear lights.
In October 1962 the car received the more robust crank, bearing and other details of the larger 1,622 cc unit now being fitted in the Austin Cambridge and its "Farina" styled clones. Unlike the Farina models, however, the Wolseley 1500 and Riley one-point-five retained the 1,489 cc engine size with which they had been launched back in 1957.
Production ended in 1965 with
The Singer Vogue name has been applied to two generations of motor cars from the British manufacturer the Rootes Group (now defunct), using the Singer marque.
For the first generation Singer Vogue I/II/III/IV models of 1961 to 1966, see Hillman Super Minx.
For the second generation Singer New Vogue of 1966 to 1970 see Rootes Arrow.
Sozodont was a popular brand of oral hygiene product from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century.
Created in 1859 by druggist Roswell van Buskirk (circa 1824-1902) of New Jersey, its name hails from the Greek sozo, meaning "to save", and dontia, meaning "teeth". Sozodont was later manufactured by the firm Hall & Ruckel of New York, New York, and London, England. Known as Van Buskirk's Fragrant Sozodont, or Van Buskirk's Fragrant and Antiseptic Sozodont, the product was dispensed from a glass bottle through a metal sprinkler and, as illustrated advertisements show, could be applied to the teeth using a toothbrush. The product made strong use of advertising as a marketing tool and by the late nineteenth century was an established household word.
According to an 1889 issue of the journal American Druggist, Sozodont was made from a liquid and powder mixture. The powder contained orris root, carbonate of calcium, and magnesia. The liquid contained castile soap (soap made exclusively from vegetable oil), glycerin, sizeable portions of water and alcohol, and, for flavoring, a small quantity of oil of peppermint, clover, cinnamon, and star anise, as well as, for
Stride is a brand of chewing gum created by Cadbury Adams (owned by Kraft Foods). Its packs usually consist of 14 pieces of gum.
There are 18 flavors in total.
A new line of Stride, named the “2.0” series, was released in February 2011. This series was released to upgrade some of the original flavors.
Shift is a flavor changing gum in two flavors (Berry to Mint and Citrus to Mint). Because of the two flavors, the packaging for each flavor has two main colors. For Berry to Mint, the package's colors are magenta and light blue; for Citrus to Mint, the colors that are on the package are orange and light green. It is not sold in Canada.
Spark is a variant that comes in three flavors, Kinetic Mint, Kinetic Berry and Kinetic Fruit. One piece contains 25% of the Recommended Daily Allowance of Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12, according to the label.
Due to the release of Stride 2.0, the original Stride ‘1.0’ flavors that were upgraded have ceased production. They are as follows:
Stride was available only in the United States until January 2008, when the Spearmint, Sweet Peppermint and Forever Fruit flavors were made available in Canada. Most flavours are now available in Canada.
In Europe, some
Tiger Balm (Chinese: 虎標萬金油; pinyin: Hǔbiao Wànjīnyóu; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hó͘-phiau Bān-kim-iû) is the trademark for a heat rub manufactured and distributed by Haw Par Healthcare in Singapore.
It was originally developed in the 1870s by an herbalist, Aw Chu Kin, in Rangoon, Burma, who on his deathbed asked his sons Aw Boon Haw and Aw Boon Par to perfect the product.
Originally named for containing tiger bone, an ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine dating back 1,500 years to treat pain, inflammation and to strengthen muscle, Tiger Balm now consists purely of herbal ingredients. Tiger Balm is available in several varieties, the "cold" Tiger Balm White (recommended for use with headaches) and the "hot" Tiger Balm Red. Another version is called Tiger Balm Ultra.
Tiger Balm is made from a secret herbal formulation that dates back to the times of the Chinese emperors. The Aw brothers, Aw Boon Haw and Aw Boon Par, inherited the formulation from their herbalist father who left China. They call it Tiger Balm, after Boon Haw, (whose name in Chinese meant "Tiger") who was instrumental in devising the remarkable selling strategies that made Tiger Balm a household name in many East and South
The V.Smile is an educational game system by VTech. It is designed for children ages 3 to 6, but offers software designed for several age groups between 3-9. Titles are available on ROM cartridges called "Smartridges", to play off the system's educational nature. The graphics are primarily sprite-based. The console is often sold bundled with a particular game. Several variants of the V.Smile console are sold including handheld versions, or models with added functionality such as touch tablet integrated controllers or microphones. The V-Motion is a major variant with its own software lineup that includes motion sensitive controllers and has Smartriges designed to take advantage of motion-related "active learning". The V-Motion and Smartriges however are fully backwards compatible with other V.Smile variants and V.Smile Smartridges, and a V-Motion Smartrige can even be played on V.Smile console or handheld, albeit with limited functionality.
Several versions of V.Smile and V-Motion consoles and handhelds have continued to be sold after newer models are introduced, allowing consumers a wide variety of consoles to choose from (often offered in pink color schemes for girls, as well)
V8 Vegetable Juice is a trademark name for beverage products sold worldwide and made from either eight vegetables or a mixture of vegetables and fruits. The brand is owned by the Campbell Soup Company.
The original V8 got its name from the fact that it contained the juices of eight different vegetables, as well as being a reference to the V8 engine.
The original V8 is made mainly from water and tomato concentrate, and reconstituted vegetable juice blend: water and concentrate of 8 vegetables, specifically: beets, celery, carrots, lettuce, parsley, watercress, spinach, and tomato. Tomato juice comprises around 87% of the total drink. Campbell's has produced several varieties of the drink, such as Original, Spicy Hot, Lemon, Picante, Roasted Chicken, Low-Sodium, and Organic.
Two spin-offs of the V8 brand, "V8 Splash", and "V8 V•Fusion", are blends of fruit and vegetable (specifically carrot) juices. V8 Splash is sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup and Sucralose or just Splenda in Diet V8 Splash, while V•Fusion is made from 100% juice and contains a daily serving of both fruits and vegetables per 8 fl oz (240 mL) glass.
V8 Vegetable Juice was developed by W.G. Peacock (1896–1948),
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