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Best Aircraft designer of All Time

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    1

    Yakovlev

    The Yak Aircraft Corporation (formerly the A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). Its head office is in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. The bureau was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev. During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft. It was merged into the Yak Aviation Company with Smolensk Aviation Plant Joint Stock Company in March 1992, although the two companies continued to be operated separately. It later underwent privatization and became Yak Aircraft Corporation. The Russian government is planning to merge the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation. The firm is the designer of the Pchela (Russian: Пчела, "bee") drone
    8.71
    7 votes
    2

    SpaceDev, Inc.

    • Aircraft models designed: SpaceDev Dream Chaser(TM) Space Transportation System
    SpaceDev, a part of the "Space Systems Business" of Sierra Nevada Corporation, is prominent for its spaceflight and microsatellite work. It designed and built the hybrid rocket motors for Paul Allen's Tier One suborbital SpaceShipOne space program operated by Scaled Composites. It is also developing micro- and nano-satellites, a small expendable launch vehicle, the SpaceDev Streaker, and has designed a piloted suborbital and orbital spaceship of its own, the SpaceDev Dream Chaser, in collaboration with NASA. SpaceDev is based near San Diego in Poway, California. Its objective is to make routine commercial spaceflight possible and to help open space for all of humanity. Previously a publicly traded company (OTCBB:SPDV), on 20 October 2008 SpaceDev officials announced that the company would be acquired by Sierra Nevada Corporation, a privately-owned company. The announced acquisition price was 38 million dollars. The role of SpaceDev will be melded into another of Sierra Nevada's subsidiary companies, MicroSat, to create a more complete space technology unit. On December 16, 2008 SpaceDev announced its acquisition by Sierra Nevada Corporation had been completed. SpaceDev was founded
    8.83
    6 votes
    3
    Alexander Mozhayskiy

    Alexander Mozhayskiy

    Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaysky (also transliterated as Mozhayski, Mozhayskii and Mozhayskiy; Russian: Александр Фёдорович Можайский) (March 21 [O.S. March 9] 1825, Rochensalm (current Kotka), southern Finland – 1 April [O.S. March 20] 1890, Saint Petersburg), was a Russian naval officer, aviation pioneer, researcher and designer of heavier-than-air craft." In 1884, Mozhaysky's monoplane made a failed attempt to fly (only a spring of ca. 100 ft). His design relied upon a ramp rather than engine power to generate sufficient speed for lift. The wing design of his craft lacked the curvature necessary to generate lift. While it is possible that Mozhaysky's wings slowed his monoplane's descent after launch from the ramp, the wings were unlikely ever to have provided sufficient lift for sustained flight unless used at angles of attack that would have been impractical, given the engines available to Mozhaysky. He also experimented with different angles of attack. In 1909 a Russian newspaper claimed Mozhaysky's hop was the first powered flight. This false claim was later repeated many times by the Soviet Union as propaganda. In 1971-1981 TsAGI researched the topic and disproved the claim.
    6.63
    8 votes
    4
    Rocketplane Kistler

    Rocketplane Kistler

    Rocketplane Kistler (RpK) was a reusable spacecraft firm originally based in Oklahoma before moving to Wisconsin. Formed in 2006 by Rocketplane Limited, Inc. after it acquired Kistler Aerospace, it closed its doors and filed for chapter 7 bankruptcy in 2010. Rocketplane Kistler's primary project was the K-1 launch vehicle, a reusable launch system which was intended to get as high as geosynchronous orbit, and was hoped to compete with relatively expensive, one-shot rockets for servicing of the International Space Station. Founded in Kirkland, Washington by Walter Kistler and Bob Citron in 1993, Kistler Aerospace was a private company attempting to develop fully reusable vehicles capable of earth orbit at a minimal price. In February 2006, Kistler was purchased by the majority owner of Rocketplane Limited, Inc, a competing reusable, private spacecraft firm. Kistler Aerospace continued to operate until its closure under the name Rocketplane Kistler. Meanwhile Rocketplane Limited, Inc. changed its name to Rocketplane Global, Inc., with a third company, Rocketplane, Inc. set up as a parent company for the two. In August 2006, NASA announced that Rocketplane Kistler had been chosen,
    5.67
    9 votes
    5
    7.67
    6 votes
    6

    Geoffrey de Havilland

    • Aircraft models designed: Airco DH.9
    Captain Sir Geoffrey de Havilland, OM, CBE, AFC, RDI, FRAeS, (27 July 1882 – 21 May 1965) was a British aviation pioneer and aircraft engineer. His Mosquito has been considered the most versatile warplane ever built. Born on 27 July 1882 at Magdala House, Terriers, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, de Havilland was the second son of the Revd Charles de Havilland and his first wife, Alice Jeannette (née Saunders). He was educated at Nuneaton Grammar School, St Edward's School, Oxford and the Crystal Palace School of Engineering (from 1900 to 1903). After engineering school, de Havilland's first interest was in automotive engineering, building cars and motorcycles. He took an apprenticeship with engine manufacturers Willans & Robinson of Rugby, after which he worked as a draughtsman for The Wolseley Tool and Motor Car Company Limited in Birmingham, a job from which he resigned after a year. He subsequently spent two years working in the design office of Motor Omnibus Construction Company Limited in Walthamstow. While there he designed his first aero engine and had the first prototype made by Iris Motor Company of Willesden. He married in 1909 and almost immediately embarked on the
    7.50
    6 votes
    7

    Scaled Composites

    • Aircraft models designed: SpaceShipTwo
    Scaled Composites (often abbreviated as Scaled) is an aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan and currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, United States. Prior to acquisition by Northrop Grumman, the company was founded to develop experimental aircraft, but now focuses on designing and developing concept craft and prototype fabrication processes for aircraft and other vehicles. It is known for unconventional designs, for its use of non-metal, composite materials, and for winning the Ansari X Prize with its experimental spacecraft SpaceShipOne. Scaled Composites was established in 1982 and purchased by the Beech Aircraft Corporation in 1985, as a result of the collaboration on the Starship project. In 1988, Beech's parent company, Raytheon, sold Scaled back to Rutan, who then sold it to Wyman-Gordon. After Wyman-Gordon was acquired by Precision Castparts Corp., Rutan and ten investors re-acquired the company as Scaled Composites, LLC. Northrop Grumman, a major shareholder in the company with a 40% stake, said it would acquire the company outright on July 20, 2007. Both companies said Northrop Grumman's acquisition would not
    6.57
    7 votes
    8

    Pierre Mercier

    • Aircraft models designed: Lioré et Olivier LeO 451
    Pierre Ernest Mercier (died June 11, 1944) was a French aeronautical engineer. A former student of the École Polytechnique, he invented and patented a type of cowling for radial engines. He joined aircraft manufacturer Lioré-et-Olivier (later SNCASE) in the 1930s, where he designed the airframe for the LeO 451.
    8.60
    5 votes
    9
    8.40
    5 votes
    10
    Champion Aircraft

    Champion Aircraft

    • Aircraft models designed: Citabria
    Champion Aircraft Corporation was formed in 1954 by Robert Brown. Headquartered in Osceola, Wisconsin, it began production in 1954 of the 7EC design which it had purchased from Aeronca Aircraft Corporation. Through the 1950s and the 1960s Champion introduced variations on the 7-series design. Champion also developed and began production of the significantly upgraded follow-on to the 7-series, the 8KCAB Decathlon, as well as the twin-engined Lancer. Champion was acquired in 1970 by Bellanca Aircraft Corporation, which continued to produce most of the Champion designs in production at the time of acquisition. Champion, as the name suggests, was formed to produce the design which Aeronca had introduced in 1946 as the 7AC Champion. By the time Aeronca ceased production in 1951, they had advanced the design through the 7BCM, 7CCM, and 7DC, reaching the 7EC. It was this model with which Champion commenced production in 1954, giving it the name "Traveler" to go along with the alphanumeric model designation. (Champion assigned both alphanumeric designations and names to most of its designs.) Though there was a great variety, all of the aircraft which Champion introduced were in one way or
    6.29
    7 votes
    11
    Oskar Ursinus

    Oskar Ursinus

    • Aircraft models designed: Gotha G
    Carl Oskar Ursinus (11 March 1877 – 6 July 1952) was a pioneer of German aviation and is remembered mainly for his contributions to sailplane designs and the sport of gliding. He has been nicknamed the Rhönvater ("Rhön father") because he founded Germany’s first gliding club at the Wasserkuppe in the Rhön Mountains in 1920. Ursinus was born in Weißenfels and attended Technical College in Mittweida. After graduation, he worked for Borsig on compressors for locomotives and spent some time working on mining machinery in Romania for the firm. In 1908, back in Germany, Ursinus began to publish a magazine titled Flugsport (“Sports Flying”), since he had become fascinated by the new technology of flight. The magazine helped establish a network amongst Germany’s aviation enthusiasts and led to the organisation of Germany’s first international airshow. He was conscripted into the German Army in 1914 and requested a position in aircraft design. The request was approved and he was posted to Gothaer Waggonfabrik designing warplanes. The famous series of Gotha bombers used by the German air corps throughout World War I were all based on an Ursinus design of 1915 that was refined and
    9.25
    4 votes
    12
    8.00
    5 votes
    13

    George Conrad Westervelt

    • Aircraft models designed: B & W Seaplane
    George Conrad Westervelt (December 30, 1879 - March 15, 1956) was an U.S. Navy engineer who created the company "Pacific Aero Products Co." together with William Boeing. Westervelt left the company in 1916 and Boeing changed the name of the company to the Boeing Airplane Company the following year. George Conrad Westervelt was born in Corpus Christi, Texas to GW Westervelt and Ida Florence Westervelt. He attended Corpus Christi Grammar School and Corpus Christi High School. Westervelt was a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in naval engineering. Until 1916 Westervelt was stationed on the west coast of the United States. In 1916 he was transferred to the east coast and headed the Naval Aircraft Factory in Philadelphia from 1921 to 1927. Westervelt retired from the USN with the rank of Captain. During his naval career Westervelt was also involved in naval aviation. Westervelt became friends with Boeing and worked with him on seaplanes and help co-found what would become the Boeing Corporation. He left Pacific Aero Products after 1916 after being transferred to the east coast by the USN. Following his retirement from the USN
    6.83
    6 votes
    14
    7.80
    5 votes
    15
    7.60
    5 votes
    16
    Wilbur Wright

    Wilbur Wright

    • Aircraft models designed: Wright Kite
    Wilbur Wright (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) was the older of the two Wright brothers (the other being Orville), two Americans credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903.
    7.60
    5 votes
    17
    Lifeboat Foundation

    Lifeboat Foundation

    The Lifeboat Foundation is a non-profit organization aiming to reduce existential risks to ensure the survival of human civilization. It focuses on both natural and man-made threats by initiating a variety of programs and undertakings on its website. The foundation seeks to inform the public of the dangers of increasingly powerful technologies, including genetic and nanoengineering. The misuse of such technologies by only a few individuals, it argues, could produce devastating results. It maintains a system—called GETAS—for alerting the public about changes in existential threat levels. It also has in its mission to encourage scientific and technological advancement. In the long run, the Lifeboat Foundation is promoting the establishment of self-sufficient space colonies to help preserve human society. The foundation was created by American entrepreneur Eric Klien shortly after the terrorist attacks of September 11. It has several Programs and its Advisory Boards include over 1000 scientists and specialists. Lifeboat Foundation sponsors conferences, competitions, and research grants. It is funded entirely through membership dues (as of 19 November 2010: 1 232) and donations (as of
    6.50
    6 votes
    18

    Rocketplane Limited, Inc.

    • Aircraft models designed: Rocketplane XP
    Rocketplane Limited, Inc. is a defunct aerospace design and development company headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, with facilities in Guthrie, Oklahoma and Burns Flat, Oklahoma. Rocketplane Limited, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the state of Oklahoma on 16 July 2001. The corporation’s founders envisioned building a rocketplane that would send passengers more than 330,000 feet (100 km) above the Earth. In 2004, Rocketplane was designated a Qualified Space Transportation Provider by the State of Oklahoma under the guidelines specified in SB 817. With this designation, the State of Oklahoma awarded to Rocketplane re-sellable tax credits which were used to initiate operations, develop facilities, and recruit the required engineering staff. Rocketplane Limited, Inc. is not the same company as Pioneer Rocketplane. Pioneer still exists on paper, but is no longer operating. Rocketplane Limited owns the intellectual property of Pioneer, but none of the principals of Pioneer, including its founder, work for Rocketplane Limited at this time. George French, CEO of Rocketplane, announced on 27 February 2006 that he was purchasing Kistler Aerospace for an undisclosed sum, and
    7.40
    5 votes
    19
    7.40
    5 votes
    20
    Vsevolod Abramovich

    Vsevolod Abramovich

    • Aircraft models designed: Abramovich flyer
    Vsevolod Mikhaylovich Abramovich (Russian: Всеволод Михайлович Абрамович) (August 11, 1890 - April 24, 1913) was a pioneering aviator. Abramovich was born on August 11, 1890 in Odessa, a grandson of the Yiddish writer Mendele Mocher Sforim. He studied at the Charlottenburg technical college. In 1911 he earned a pilot's licence. He began working for the Wright brothers' German subsidiary, Flugmaschinen Wright in Johannisthal, and became their chief test pilot. In 1912, Abramovich built his own aircraft, the Abramovich Flyer, based on what he had learned at the Wright factory. He flew it to Saint Petersburg, Russia to participate in a military aircraft competition. The same year, he set a world altitude record of 2,100 meters (6,888 feet) and an endurance record for carrying four passengers for 46 minutes and 57 seconds. He was killed in an aviation accident while instructing a student pilot, Eugenia Mikhailovna Shakhovskaya at Johannisthal on April 24, 1913.
    6.33
    6 votes
    21
    9.67
    3 votes
    22
    7.20
    5 votes
    23

    Aeronautical Development Agency

    • Aircraft models designed: HAL Tejas
    The Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) of India's Ministry of Defence was established in Bangalore in 1984 to oversee the development of the nation's Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme. HAL-Tejas uses as high as 45 percent composite in its airframe. Composite structure owe their lightweight characteristics to the designer freedom to place the load carrying material only where it is required.This is achieved by using lightweight, high-strength fibers embedded in a design matrix which can be oriented during the manufacturing process to suit the designers requirements. ADA has established advanced state of the art computing center with several powerful equipments and software. ADA has developed specialized software in the fields of computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided engineering (CAE), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), avionics, systems, independent validation and verification, flight simulation. The spin-off benefits of the research and development is realized with help of commercial partnership with leading multi-national companies such as Boeing, Airbus, IBM, Dassault Systèmes, Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC). The following are some of the software developed
    8.25
    4 votes
    24
    8.25
    4 votes
    25
    Howard Hughes

    Howard Hughes

    • Aircraft models designed: Hughes XF-11
    Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, aviator, aerospace engineer, film maker and philanthropist. He was one of the wealthiest people in the world. As a maverick film producer, Hughes gained prominence in Hollywood from the late 1920s, making big-budget and often, controversial films like The Racket (1928), Hell's Angels (1930), Scarface (1932) and The Outlaw (1943). Hughes was one of the most influential aviators in history: he set multiple world air speed records, built the Hughes H-1 Racer and H-4 "Hercules" (better known to history as the "Spruce Goose" aircraft), and acquired and expanded Trans World Airlines, which would later on merge with American Airlines. Hughes is also remembered for his eccentric behavior and reclusive lifestyle in later life, caused in part by a worsening obsessive–compulsive disorder and chronic pain. His legacy is maintained through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Hughes' birthplace is recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas. The date is also uncertain, though Hughes claimed his birthday was Christmas Eve. A 1941 affidavit birth certificate of Hughes signed by his aunt
    7.00
    5 votes
    26

    Kistler Aerospace

    • Aircraft models designed: K-1 Vehicle
    Kistler Aerospace is a private company attempting to develop fully reusable vehicles capable of earth orbit at a minimal price. Its primary project is the K-1, which is intended to get as high as geosynchronous orbit, and is hoped to compete with NASA's relatively expensive, one-shot rockets for servicing of the International Space Station. In February of 2006, Kistler was purchased by the majority owner of Rocketplane, a competing reusable, private spacecraft firm.Kistler Aerospace now operates using the name Rocketplane Kistler.The two companies apparently will continue to exist separately, but will work together.
    7.00
    5 votes
    27
    Willy Messerschmitt

    Willy Messerschmitt

    • Aircraft models designed: Messerschmitt Me 309
    Wilhelm Emil "Willy" Messerschmitt (/'vĭli 'messer shmĭt/) (June 26, 1898 – September 15, 1978) was a German aircraft designer and manufacturer. He was born in Frankfurt am Main, the son of a wine merchant. His stepfather was the American painter and Munich Academy Professor Carl von Marr. Probably Messerschmitt's single most important design was the Messerschmitt Bf 109, designed in 1934 with the collaboration of Walter Rethel. The Bf 109 became the most important fighter in the Luftwaffe as Germany re-armed prior to World War II. To this day, it remains the most-produced fighter in history, with some 35,000 built. Another Messerschmitt aircraft, first called "Bf 109R", purpose-built for record setting, but later re-designated Messerschmitt Me 209, broke the absolute world air-speed record and held the world speed record for propeller-driven aircraft until 1969. His firm also produced the first jet-powered fighter to enter service — the Messerschmitt Me 262, although Messerschmitt himself did not design it. As a young man, Messerschmitt befriended German sailplane pioneer Friedrich Harth. Harth joined the German army in 1914 and while he was away at war, Messerschmitt continued
    7.00
    5 votes
    28
    9.33
    3 votes
    29
    9.33
    3 votes
    30
    6.80
    5 votes
    31
    Northrop Grumman

    Northrop Grumman

    Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. The company was the fourth-largest defense contractor in the world as of 2010, and the largest builder of naval vessels. Northrop Grumman employs over 75,000 people worldwide. Its 2010 annual revenue is reported at US$34 billion. Northrop Grumman ranks #72 on the 2011 Fortune 500 list of America's largest corporations and ranks in the top ten military-friendly employers. It has its headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia. Newport News Shipbuilding manufactures all U.S. aircraft carriers, including supercarriers. It has built the Nimitz-class supercarriers and is building the new Gerald R. Ford-class supercarrier. It is also one of only two companies capable of producing U.S. nuclear submarines. A separate sector, Northrop Grumman Ship Systems, produces amphibious assault ships and many other commercial and military craft, including icebreakers, tankers, and cargo ships. In a partnership with Science Applications International Corporation, Northrop Grumman provides naval engineering and architecture services as well as naval
    9.00
    3 votes
    32
    Beagle Aircraft

    Beagle Aircraft

    • Aircraft models designed: Scottish Aviation Bulldog
    Beagle Aircraft Limited was a British light aircraft manufacturer of types such as the Airedale, Bassett, Husky and Pup. It had factories at Rearsby in Leicestershire and Shoreham in Sussex. The company was dissolved in 1969. The British Executive & General Aviation Limited (trading as BEAGLE) was formed in 1960 when the Pressed Steel Company combined its aircraft design office with the former aircraft manufacturers Auster Aircraft Company of Rearsby, Leicestershire and F.G Miles Limited of Shoreham, Sussex. Initially the three parts of the company operated independently, the Rearsby factory as Beagle-Auster Limited and the Shoreham factory as Beagle-Miles Limited. This did not last long and the three parts of the company were merged at Shoreham as Beagle Aircraft Limited in 1962. The parent company Pressed Steel became part of the motor industry when it was absorbed into the British Motor Corporation. The company reviewed the involvement in light aircraft manufacturing and requested financial help from the British Government. The British government bought Beagle in 1966 and provided the help needed. When the company needed more financial help the Government put the company into
    7.75
    4 votes
    33
    7.75
    4 votes
    34
    7.75
    4 votes
    35

    McDonnell Douglas

    • Aircraft models designed: F/A-18 Hornet
    McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturer and defense contractor, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft. It formed from a merger of McDonnell Aircraft and Douglas Aircraft in 1967. McDonnell Douglas was based at Lambert-St. Louis International Airport near St. Louis, Missouri. The McDonnell Douglas Technical Services Company (MDTSC), a subsidiary of McDonnell Douglas, was headquartered in unincorporated St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. McDonnell Douglas merged with its rival, Boeing, in 1997. The company was formed from the firms of James Smith McDonnell and Donald Wills Douglas in 1967. Both men were of Scottish ancestry, graduates of MIT and had worked for the aircraft manufacturer Glenn L. Martin Company. Douglas had been chief engineer at Martin before leaving to establish Davis-Douglas Company in early 1920 in Los Angeles. He bought out his backer and renamed the firm the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1921. McDonnell founded J.S. McDonnell & Associates in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1926. His idea was to produce a personal aircraft for family use. The economic depression from 1929 ruined his ideas and the company collapsed. He
    7.75
    4 votes
    36

    Mikhail Simonov

    • Aircraft models designed: Sukhoi Su-27
    Mikhail Simonov (19 October 1929 – 4 March 2011) was a Russian aircraft designer famed for creating the Sukhoi Su-27 fighter-bomber, the Soviet Union's answer to the American F-15 Eagle. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Simonov coordinated the Su-27's sale to foreign governments, providing badly needed hard currency to the Russian government. In recognition of his achievements, he was named a Hero of the Russian Federation in 1999. Simonov was born 19 October 1929 in Rostov-on-Don. He became an aviation engineer in the 1950s and joined Sukhoi as a deputy chief designer in 1970. In his time at Sukhoi, he developed the Sukhoi Su-24 bomber and the Sukhoi Su-25 ground-attack airplane, as well as the Su-27. He was the Soviet Union's deputy minister of aircraft industries from 1979 to 1983.
    6.60
    5 votes
    37
    7.50
    4 votes
    38

    Kurt Tank

    • Aircraft models designed: Focke-Wulf Fw 190
    Kurt Waldemar Tank (February 24, 1898 – June 5, 1983) was a German aeronautical engineer and test pilot who led the design department at Focke-Wulf from 1931 to 1945. He was responsible for the creation of several important Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II, including the Fw 190 fighter aircraft, the Ta 152 fighter-interceptor and the FW 200 Condor airliner. After the war, Tank spent two decades designing aircraft abroad, working first in Argentina and then in India, before returning to Germany in the late 1960s to work as a consultant for Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB). Tank was born in Bromberg (Bydgoszcz), Province of Posen. His grandfather was a cavalry sergeant in the Uhlans and his father, Willi Tank, was a grenadier sergeant in the 3rd Division. When World War I broke out Tank wished to join the Imperial German Army Air Service, but his father insisted he instead follow the family tradition and enlist in the cavalry. He ended the war as a captain, with many decorations for bravery. After the war, Tank graduated from the Technical University of Berlin in 1923. A mentor from the university secured him his first job, in the design department of Rohrbach Metallflugzeug GmbH,
    7.50
    4 votes
    39
    8.67
    3 votes
    40
    Kazuo Ohno

    Kazuo Ohno

    • Aircraft models designed: Nakajima Kikka
    Kazuo Ohno (大野 一雄, Ōno Kazuo, October 27, 1906 – June 1, 2010) was a Japanese dancer who became a guru and inspirational figure in the dance form known as Butoh. It was written of him that his very presence was an "artistic fact." He is the author of several books on Butoh, including The Palace Soars through the Sky, Dessin, Words of Workshop, and Food for the Soul. The latter two were published in English as Kazuo Ohno's World: From Without & Within (2004). Ohno once said of his work: "The best thing someone can say to me is that while watching my performance they began to cry. It is not important to understand what I am doing; perhaps it is better if they don't understand, but just respond to the dance." The son of a fisherman and a mother who was an expert in European cuisine, Ohno was born in Hakodate City, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan, on October 27 in 1906. He demonstrated an aptitude for athletics in junior high school and graduated from an athletic college in 1929, teaching physical education at a Christian high school. In 1933, Ohno began studying with Japanese modern dance pioneers Baku Ishii and Takaya Eguchi, which qualified him to teach dance at the Soshin Girls' School
    8.67
    3 votes
    41
    Marcel Dassault

    Marcel Dassault

    • Aircraft models designed: Dassault Mercure
    Marcel Dassault, born Marcel Bloch (22 January 1892 - 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist. Dassault was born in Paris. After graduating from the lycée Condorcet, Breguet School, and Supaéro, he invented a type of aircraft propeller used by the French army during World War I and founded the Société des Avions Marcel Bloch aircraft company. Following the nationalization of his company in 1936, under the Front Populaire, he stayed as a director. In 1919, he married Madeline Minckes, the daughter of a wealthy Jewish family of furniture dealers. They had two sons, Claude and Serge. Being of Jewish heritage and after refusing collaboration with the German aviation industry, he was deported to Buchenwald during World War II while his wife was interned near Paris. He changed his name from Bloch to Bloch-Dassaut and, in 1949, to simply Dassault. Dassault was the codename used by his brother, General Darius Paul Bloch, when he served in the French resistance, and is derived from char d'assaut, French for "battle tank". Marcel Dassault converted to Roman Catholicism in 1950. After the war, he built the foremost military aircraft manufacturer in France, Avions Marcel Dassault.
    8.67
    3 votes
    42
    R. J. Mitchell

    R. J. Mitchell

    • Aircraft models designed: Supermarine Stranraer
    Reginald Joseph Mitchell CBE, FRAeS, (20 May 1895 - 11 June 1937) was a British aeronautical engineer, best known for his design of the Supermarine Spitfire. R.J. Mitchell was born at 115 Congleton Road, Butt Lane, Kidsgrove, Staffordshire, England. After leaving Hanley High School at the age of 16 he gained an apprenticeship at Kerr Stuart & Co. of Fenton, a locomotive engineering works. At the end of his apprenticeship he worked in the drawing office at Kerr Stuart and studied engineering and mathematics at night school. In 1917, he joined the Supermarine Aviation Works at Southampton. Advancing quickly within the company, Mitchell was appointed Chief Designer in 1919. He was made Chief Engineer in 1920 and Technical Director in 1927. He was so highly regarded that, when Vickers took over Supermarine in 1928, one of the conditions was that Mitchell stay as a designer for the next five years. Between 1920 and 1936, Mitchell designed 24 aircraft including light aircraft, fighters and bombers. As Supermarine was primarily a seaplane manufacturer, this included a number of flying boats such as the Supermarine Sea Eagle, the Supermarine Sea King, the Supermarine Walrus and Supermarine
    8.67
    3 votes
    43
    10.00
    2 votes
    44
    10.00
    2 votes
    45

    Moulton Taylor

    • Aircraft models designed: Aerocar Aerocar
    Moulton B. "Molt" Taylor (September 29, 1912 – November 16, 1995) was an aeronautical engineer famed for his work on developing a practical flying car. Taylor was born in Portland, Oregon and studied engineering at the University of Washington. After graduation, he was accepted into the United States Navy as a pilot, but spent much of World War II working on the Navy's missile program, for which he was awarded the Legion of Merit medal. Shortly after the war, he designed his first flying car, the Aerocar, and founded a business, Aerocar International, in Longview, Washington to develop, manufacture, and market it. To date, it remains the closest that any such design came to actual mass production, but eventually only six were built. Although Taylor continued to push for the viability of the flying car throughout the rest of his life, he also designed a number of only slightly more conventional designs for the homebuilt aircraft market, including the Taylor Coot amphibian and the Aerocar IMP family of sportsplane designs.
    10.00
    2 votes
    46

    Andrei Tupolev

    • Aircraft models designed: Sukhoi Su-2
    Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Russian: Андрей Николаевич Туполев; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer. During his career, he designed and oversaw the design of more than 100 types of aircraft, some of which set 78 world records. In recognition of his work, he was made an honorary member of Britain's Royal Aeronautical Society and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He was honoured in his own country by being made an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1953), Colonel-General (1968), and three times a Hero of Socialist Labor (1945, 1957, 1972). Tupolev was born in the village of Pustomazovo (Russian: Пустомазово), near the city of Kimry, Tver region, Russia. Tupolev was the sixth of seven children born to his parents. After first being educated at home, he studied at the Gymnasium in Tver and graduated in 1908. He then applied for courses at two Russian universities and was accepted at both: Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTU Russian: ИМТУ) and the Institute of Railway Engineers. He accepted the place at IMTU. In 1909, Tupolev began studying aerodynamics under the Russian aviation pioneer N.E. Zhukovski.
    6.40
    5 votes
    47
    6.40
    5 votes
    48
    Dmitry Grigorovich

    Dmitry Grigorovich

    • Aircraft models designed: Grigorovich M-9
    Dmitry Vasilyevich Grigorovich (Russian: Дми́трий Васи́льевич Григоро́вич) (March 31 [O.S. March 19] 1822 – January 3 1900 [O.S. December 22, 1899]) was a Russian writer, artist, and art critic. Grigorovich was born in Simbirsk, where his family were members of the landed gentry. His father was Russian and his mother French. From 1832 to 1835 he studied at several French and German private schools in Moscow. He then did coursework at the Nikolayev Engineering Institute, where he made friends with his fellow student Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and the Imperial Academy of Arts until 1840. Grigorovich said that it was through his friendship with Dostoyevsky that he first became interested in literature. Upon leaving school, Grigorovich took a small room from the warder of the Academy of Arts. It was in the neighboring studios that he made his first literary acquaintances including Nikolay Nekrasov, who published Grigorovich's earliest work St. Petersburg Organ Grinders (1845). Nekrasov also introduced him to the influential critic Vissarion Belinsky. In the mid-1840s, Grigorovich renewed his friendship with Dostoyevsky after a chance meeting in the street. They soon moved in together. In
    7.25
    4 votes
    49
    7.25
    4 votes
    50
    John Thorp

    John Thorp

    • Aircraft models designed: Thorp T-211
    John Willard Thorp (June 20, 1912 - April 18, 1992) was an aeronautical engineer who made significant contributions to aircraft design throughout his life. Born in French Camp, California, John Thorp grew up from age four in the historic Locke family home in Lockeford, California. He was educated in the Lockeford and Lodi public schools, and the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California. Mr. Thorp worked on the Boeing 247 final assembly line and then returned to teach at the Boeing School. Starting flying in 1929, he received his private license in 1930 and by 1935 had flown 30 different types of aircraft in over 200 flying hours. By 1946 he had over 600 flight hours in 62 different aircraft types. Mr. Thorp started designing personal aircraft at the Boeing School. As Lockheed Assistant Preliminary Design Engineer, he was responsible for the preliminary design of the P2V "Neptune", Naval patrol bomber. In 1946 the famous P2V "Truculent Turtle" set the unrefueled distance record of 11,236 statute miles (18,083 km). This record stood for more than ten years, until finally broken in 1962 by a Boeing B-52H Stratofortress from Minot AFB, ND (FAI record). The following light
    7.25
    4 votes
    51

    Mario Castoldi

    • Aircraft models designed: Macchi C.205
    Mario Castoldi (February 26, 1888 - May 31, 1968) was an Italian aircraft engineer and designer. Born in Zibido San Giacomo (province of Milan), Castoldi worked for the experimental center of Italian Military Aviation at Montecelio, not far from Rome. In 1922 he moved to Macchi Aeronautica, where he became famous for designing a series of seaplanes that set world speed records. His first winning plane was the Macchi M.39 seaplane. It was designed in 1925-26 to compete in the Schneider Trophy race of 1926. Powered (like all the Macchi planes from this time) by a Fiat engine it managed a top speed of 396 km/h (246 mph) and won the contest for that year. For the next four years, Castoldi designed several more racing seaplanes (the M.52, M.52R, and the M.67) which entered the Schneider Trophy races but they lost to the British racers (the Supermarine S.5, and the Supermarine S.6). Castoldi's most famous plane was the Macchi M.C.72 (designed over three years from 1931 to 1933). At first, Castoldi hoped this plane would enter (and win) the Schneider Trophy race of 1931 but the plane could not be ready in time for that contest (the winner was the British Supermarine S.6B). As a result of
    7.25
    4 votes
    52
    Rudolf Kaiser

    Rudolf Kaiser

    • Aircraft models designed: Schleicher Ka 6
    Rudolf Kaiser (10 September 1922 – 11 September 1991) was a designer of gliders who worked for Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co. The designs of Rudolf Kaiser have proven themselves for over 50 years all over the world. His designs for Schleichers can be recognised by the K in the ASK designation. The designs that he did on his own account have the designation Ka. He was born in Coburg, Germany, and graduated in house construction in 1952. However at the same time he took up gliding. He built a small single seater, the Ka 1 at his home in 1952 to perfect his design skills. (He used it to get his 'Silver C' gliding badge.) His next glider, the two-seat Ka 2, was created for Alexander Schleicher, the sailplane manufacturer in Poppenhausen. Rudolf Kaiser also worked for Egon Scheibe designing the Ka 5 "Zugvogel" which was the best performing production sailplane in the world at the time. To get his Gold C, he again built a sailplane for himself; the Ka 6. It won the OSTIV prize for the best new design in 1958. After Schleicher put it into production, it became the most popular Standard Class sailplane, winning two World Gliding Championships (1960 and 1963). 1368 Ka 6's were built and
    8.33
    3 votes
    53

    Robert H. Widmer

    • Aircraft models designed: F-16 Fighting Falcon
    Robert Henry Widmer (May 17, 1916 – June 20, 2011) was an American aeronautical engineer who specialized in designing aircraft for the military. He spent his career working for Convair which became General Dynamics, then Lockheed, and then Lockheed Martin. His feisty personality and at times insubordinate attitude at one time led company leaders to strongly consider firing him. However, his brilliance at envisioning and designing desirable aircraft years before there was even a market for them led to his appointment as Vice President for science and engineering for all of General Dynamics. Born in Hawthorne, New Jersey, Widmer earned degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the California Institute of Technology. He began his career working for the California division of Convair, initially as a designer of marine aircraft. He eventually joined the company's main branch in Fort Worth, Texas, where he notably designed the Convair B-58 Hustler which for many years was the United States Air Force's number one bomber. He went on to lead the design teams for the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark and the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon. In 1983 he was awarded the Reed
    6.20
    5 votes
    54
    David Keith-Lucas

    David Keith-Lucas

    • Aircraft models designed: Short Sherpa
    David Keith-Lucas CBE (25 March 1911 – 6 April 1997) was an aeronautical engineer. David Keith-Lucas was one of the sons of Keith Lucas, who invented the first aeronautical compass. He was educated at Gresham's School, Holt, and at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he read engineering. He was an apprentice and engineer with C.A. Parsons and Co. from 1933 to 1940, then moved to the aerodynamics office of Short Brothers, Rochester, famous for their flying boats, becoming their chief aerodynamicist in 1944. From 1945 to 1965 he was with Short Brothers and Harland Ltd in Belfast, holding the posts of chief designer, technical director and research director. His work included research on swept-wings which culminated in the Short SB-5 research aircraft. Other projects included the Short Belfast heavy freighter, the Short Skyvan, and the SD-330 and SD-360 freight-commuter series. The Short SB.1 was a shoulder-wing, cantilever, tailless monoplane glider designed by David Keith-Lucas and Professor Geoffrey T.R. Hill and built by Shorts as a private research venture to test the concept of the aero-isoclinic wing; it was the first aircraft to incorporate this feature. After initial
    9.50
    2 votes
    55
    James C. Floyd

    James C. Floyd

    • Aircraft models designed: CF-105 Arrow
    James Charles "Jim" Floyd (born October 20, 1914) is a Canadian aerospace engineer, born in Manchester, England. Floyd was the Avro Aircraft Ltd. (Canada) chief design engineer. His ensuing involvement, ultimately as vice-president (engineering), in the design and development of the Avro Jetliner, CF-100 and CF-105 Arrow aircraft designs, over a period which is viewed by many as the "Golden Age" of the Canadian aviation industry. Floyd started in January 1930 as an apprentice with A.V. Roe and Company in the UK (a position which was gained through connections with Roy Dobson) - Jim moved up the chain finally ending as Senior Vice President and Director of Engineering at A.V. Roe Canada. During his early career, Floyd was employed as a design engineer on the Anson, Manchester, Lancaster, York, Lincoln and Tudor projects at A. V. Roe. He also spent time at Hawker, another aircraft company in the Hawker Siddeley group. This meant that he worked under two well-known British aircraft designers: Roy Chadwick and Sydney Camm. He was later appointed Chief Project Engineer of a special projects group at the Avro office in Yorkshire, where he worked on the application of jet engine
    9.50
    2 votes
    56
    RWD

    RWD

    • Aircraft models designed: RWD-13
    RWD was a Polish aircraft construction bureau active between 1928 and 1939. It started as a team of three young designers, Stanisław Rogalski, Stanisław Wigura and Jerzy Drzewiecki, whose names formed the RWD acronym. They started work while studying at Warsaw University of Technology. In December 1925, with some other student constructors, they set up workshops at the Aviation Section of Mechanics Students' Club (Sekcja Lotnicza Koła Mechaników Studentów), where they manufactured their first designs. From 1926 they designed several aircraft alone (Drzewiecki JD-2 and WR-1), in 1928 they joined forces as one team, starting with RWD-1 sportsplane. Apart from building planes, J. Drzewiecki was a test pilot of their designs, while S. Wigura flew as a mechanic in competitions. In 1930 the team was moved to new workshops at Okęcie district in Warsaw, near the Okęcie aerodrome, today's Warsaw International Airport, founded by the LOPP paramilitary organization. On 11 September 1932, Stanisław Wigura died in an air crash in the RWD-6 during a storm, but the RWD name continued to be used for new designs (according to a popular story, the letter W now de facto stood for engineer Jerzy
    9.50
    2 votes
    57
    7.00
    4 votes
    58

    American Aviation

    American Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Cleveland, Ohio. It was established by Jim Bede under the name of Bede Aircraft in the mid-1960s to manufacture and market the Bede BD-1 two seat light aircraft. During the development of the BD-1 there was conflict between Bede and the other shareholders and Bede was removed from the company. Russ Meyer became the new company president at age 34. The company was renamed American Aviation and the BD-1 was re-designed to become the AA-1 Yankee. In 1972 the company was acquired by Grumman to become its light aircraft division and was renamed Grumman-American. Meyer later went on to become president of Cessna Aircraft.
    8.00
    3 votes
    59
    6.75
    4 votes
    60

    Günter brothers

    • Aircraft models designed: Heinkel He 111
    Dr. Siegfried Günter (8 December 1899 - 20 June 1969) and Walter Günter (8 December 1899 - 21 September 1937) were German twin brothers and pioneering aircraft designers. Walter was responsible for the world's first rocket-powered and turbojet airframes, projects funded by Nazi Germany. Siegfried was the father of the "thrust modulation theory", the MiG 15, and MiG 19, the latter projects funded by the Soviet Union. Siegfried and Walter Günter were born December 8, 1899 in Thuringia. Avid flight enthusiasts, at 16 they had developed their own propeller theories. Both served in the First World War, where they were captured by the British Army and each became a prisoner of war. The brothers would be educated in mechancial engineering at the Institute of Technology Hannover, specializing in aircraft design and aerodynamics. It was there that Siegfried designed his first aircraft with fellow students Walter Mertens and Werner Meyer-Cassel, the glider H 6. Their talents were first recognised by Paul Bäumer who was impressed by the performance of the H 6 when he saw it being flown at Wasserkuppe. Bäumer offered the brothers, Mertens, and Meyer-Cassel jobs with his company Bäumer Aero in
    6.75
    4 votes
    61
    6.75
    4 votes
    62
    9.00
    2 votes
    63
    7.67
    3 votes
    64

    Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev

    • Aircraft models designed: Beriev MBR-2
    Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev (Beriashvili) (Russian: Георгий Михайлович Бериев Georgij Michajlovič Beriev; Georgian: გიორგი მიხეილის ძე ბერიაშვილი Giorgi Mikheilis Dze Beriashvili; February 13, 1903 – July 12, 1979), founded the Soviet Union's Beriev Design Bureau in Taganrog, which concentrated on amphibious aircraft. Beriev was born in Tiflis in the Tiflis Governorate (present day Tbilisi, Georgia) of the Russian Empire. Of ethnic Georgian origin, his antecedents are uncertain, and it is not known when his family name was Russified from Beriashvili to Beriev. After graduating from the railway school in Tbilisi in 1923, he attended the School of Shipbuilding Engineering at the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University), and graduated with an engineering degree in 1930. He worked as an aircraft designer at the Central Design Office "WR Menzhinsky", where he developed the Beriev MBR-2 seaplane. From October 1934 to 1968, he ran the Central Design Office for marine aircraft in Taganrog, where he developed numerous successful, and often unique, amphibious aircraft designs. In 1947 he was awarded the Stalin Prize for his work on the Be-6. He was
    7.67
    3 votes
    65

    Hall Hibbard

    • Aircraft models designed: Lockheed Constellation
    Hall Livingstone Hibbard (July 25, 1903 – June 6, 1996) was an engineer and administrator of the Lockheed Corporation beginning with the company's purchase by a board of investors led by Robert E. Gross in 1932. Born in Kansas, he received a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics at the College of Emporia in 1925. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology two years later. He worked for Stearman as a draftsman, before joining Robert Gross' Viking Flying Boat Company. He served on the board of the newly-revived Lockheed Corporation and led the design departments as chief engineer. Historic or even legendary engineers such as Clarence "Kelly" Johnson and Willis Hawkins worked under him. He died in 1996 in Los Angeles at the age of 92.
    7.67
    3 votes
    66
    John Alexander Douglas McCurdy

    John Alexander Douglas McCurdy

    • Aircraft models designed: AEA Silver Dart
    John Alexander Douglas McCurdy (August 2, 1886 – June 25, 1961) was a Canadian aviation pioneer and the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia from 1947 to 1952. Born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia, McCurdy was known as "Douglas". He was schooled at St. Andrew's College in Aurora, Ontario and graduated from the University of Toronto in mechanical engineering in 1906, where he had been a member of The Kappa Alpha Society along with his friend Frederick W. Baldwin. In 1907, he joined Alexander Graham Bell's Aerial Experiment Association. In 1908, McCurdy helped another AEA member, Glenn Curtiss to set up the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company. After co-developer Frederick W. Baldwin first flew in 1908, on February 23, 1909, McCurdy became the first British subject to fly an aircraft in the British Empire when he piloted the Aerial Experiment Association's Silver Dart off the ice of Bras d'Or Lake in Nova Scotia. The Silver Dart was the first designed Canadian aircraft to fly. In 1910, he was the first Canadian to be issued a pilot's licence and the following year, he made the first flight from Florida to Cuba. For the next few years, he continued to set aviation records in Canada and
    7.67
    3 votes
    67
    7.67
    3 votes
    68
    Benson Space Company

    Benson Space Company

    • Aircraft models designed: BSC X-1

    Based in Poway, California, Benson Space Company is a commercial space tourism venture with an ambitious goal to be the first-to-market for commercial suborbital flights.

    Founder and CEO, Jim Benson, is dedicated to opening up space travel for all of humanity, creating the possibility that anyone who wants to go to space will be able to, safely and affordably, so that they can experience first-hand the ultimate thrill of suborbital spaceflight.

    Here’s the exciting news. Benson Space Company is different from many of the ‘other guys’ attempting to transport civilians to space. Instead of being dropped from a carrier aircraft after an hour and a half of circling the skies -- far beyond the sight of your family and friends -- you will be able to directly and immediately experience a real launch, from the ground, blasting off straight up, just like a space shuttle launch!

    Routine and affordable human space flight has been the dream of millions for over a century. Benson Space Company intends to make safe, routine space flight a reality within the next three years.

    Benson Space Company is a new commercial venture founded by Jim Benson, founder of SpaceDev and Compusearch. Over the last several years, SpaceDev has been profitable and highly successful in designing and manufacturing innovative, new, low-cost, advanced space technologies for government and commercial customers

    While SpaceDev is a space technology developer, Benson Space Company will be a space system operator. A similar situation exists between satellite manufacturers like Alcatel and Boeing (SpaceDev), and operators like EchoStar and Inmarsat (Benson Space).

    Benson Space Company is pursuing the new market opportunities made possible by SpaceDev technology. We plan to purchase SpaceDev's Dream Chaser spaceships and operate them commercially. Suborbital personal spaceflight, proven feasible by Paul Allen's historic SpaceShipOne, is poised to become a new and exciting multi-billion dollar segment of the rapidly growing global tourism market, and Benson Space Company will make it happen.

    Benson Space Company intends to quickly leverage the BSC space ship to be first to market with a proven, safe and highly profitable space vehicle suitable for both suborbital and orbital space transportation. As more personal spaceflights are conducted, the price per ticket is expected to drop by a factor of ten over the first ten years of operations.

    Our Vision

    To open space for all of humanity.

    Our Mission

    Space is the infinite frontier, which assures infinite opportunities. Benson Space Company will profitably lead the way to the Moon, Asteroids, Mars, and beyond the stars.

    10.00
    1 votes
    69
    10.00
    1 votes
    70
    Boeing

    Boeing

    • Aircraft models designed: E-6 Mercury
    The Boeing Company (pronounced /ˈboʊ.ɪŋ/ BOH-ing) is an American multinational aerospace and defense corporation. Founded in 1916 by William E. Boeing in Seattle, Washington, the company has expanded over the years, and merged with McDonnell Douglas in 1997. Boeing moved its corporate headquarters from Seattle to Chicago, Illinois, in 2001. Boeing is made up of multiple business units, which are Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA); Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS); Engineering, Operations & Technology; Boeing Capital; and Boeing Shared Services Group. Boeing is among the largest global aircraft manufacturers, and the third largest aerospace and defense contractor in the world based on defense-related revenue. The company is the largest exporter by value in the US, and its stock is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In March 1910, William E. Boeing bought Heath's shipyard in Seattle on the Duwamish River, which later became his first airplane factory. Boeing was incorporated in Seattle by William Boeing, on July 15, 1916, as "Pacific Aero Products Co.". Boeing, who studied at Yale University, worked initially in the timber industry, where he became wealthy and
    10.00
    1 votes
    71

    Eurocopter Group

    • Aircraft models designed: HAL Dhruv
    The Eurocopter Group is a global helicopter manufacturing and support company. It is the largest in the industry in terms of revenues and turbine helicopter deliveries. Its head office is located on the property of Marseille-Provence International Airport in Marignane, France, near Marseille. Eurocopter's main facilities are at its headquarters in Marignane, at Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH in Donauwörth, Germany and at Eurocopter España in Albacete, Spain. The Eurocopter Group was formed in 1992 through the merger of the helicopter divisions of Aérospatiale and Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG (DASA). The company's heritage traces back to Blériot and Lioré et Olivier in France and to Messerschmitt and Focke-Wulf in Germany. Eurocopter and its predecessor companies have established a wide range of helicopter 'firsts', including the first production turboshaft-powered helicopter (the Alouette II of 1955); the introduction of the Fenestron shrouded tail rotor (on the Gazelle of 1968); the first helicopter certified for full flight in icing conditions (the AS332 Super Puma, in 1984); the first production helicopter with a Fly-by-Wire control system (the NH90, first flown in full FBW mode in
    10.00
    1 votes
    72
    Glenn Curtiss

    Glenn Curtiss

    • Aircraft models designed: AEA June Bug
    Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation pioneer and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry. He began his career as a bicycle then motorcycle builder and racer, later also manufacturing engines for airships as early as 1906. In 1908 Curtiss joined the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA), a pioneering research group founded by Alexander Graham Bell at Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia to build flying machines. Curtiss rose to fame by making the first officially witnessed flight in North America, winning a race at the world's first international air meet in France, and making the first long-distance flight in the United States. His contributions in designing and building aircraft led to the formation of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, now part of Curtiss-Wright Corporation. His company built aircraft for the U.S. Army and Navy, and during the years leading up to World War I, his experiments with seaplanes led to advances in naval aviation. Curtiss civil and military aircraft were predominant in the inter-war and World War II eras. Curtiss was born in 1878 in Hammondsport, New York to Frank Richmond Curtiss and Lua Andrews. Although he only
    10.00
    1 votes
    73
    10.00
    1 votes
    74
    Heinkel

    Heinkel

    • Aircraft models designed: CASA 2.111
    Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel. It is noted for producing bomber aircraft for the Luftwaffe in World War II and for important contributions to high-speed flight. Heinkel was established at Warnemünde in 1922, after the restrictions on German aviation imposed by the Treaty of Versailles were relaxed. The company's first great success was the design of the Heinkel He 70 Blitz high-speed mail plane and airliner for Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1932, which broke a number of air speed records for its class. It was followed by the two-engine Heinkel He 111 Doppel-Blitz, which became a mainstay of the Luftwaffe during World War II as a bomber. Heinkel's most important designers at this point were the twin Günter brothers, Siegfried and Walter, and Heinrich Hertel. The firm's headquarters was in Rostock later known as Heinkel-Nord (Heinkel-North), with an additional Heinkel-Süd facility in Schwechat, Austria, after the Anschluss in 1938. The Heinkel company is most closely associated with aircraft used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. This began with the adaptation of the He 70 and, in particular, the He 111, to be
    10.00
    1 votes
    75
    10.00
    1 votes
    76
    10.00
    1 votes
    77

    Alan Arnold Griffith

    • Aircraft models designed: Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig
    Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 Oct 1963) was an English engineer, who, among many other contributions, is best known for his work on stress and fracture in metals that is now known as metal fatigue, as well as being one of the first to develop a strong theoretical basis for the jet engine. A. A. Griffith took a first in mechanical engineering, followed by a Master’s Degree and a Doctorate from Liverpool University. In 1915 he was accepted by the Royal Aircraft Factory as a trainee, before joining the Physics and Instrument Department the following year in what would soon be renamed as the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). Some of Griffith's earlier works remain in widespread use today. In 1917 he and G. I. Taylor suggested the use of soap films as a way of studying stress problems. Using this method a soap bubble is stretched out between several strings representing the edges of the object under study, and the coloration of the film shows the patterns of stress. This method, and similar ones, were used well into the 1990s when computer power became generally available that could do the same experiment numerically. Griffith is more famous for a theoretical study on the
    6.50
    4 votes
    78
    6.50
    4 votes
    79

    De Havilland

    • Aircraft models designed: British Aerospace BAe 125
    The de Havilland Aircraft Company /dəˈhævɨlənd/ was a British aviation manufacturer founded in 1920 when Airco, of which Geoffrey de Havilland had been chief designer, was sold to BSA by the owner George Holt Thomas. De Havilland then set up a company under his name in September of that year at Stag Lane Aerodrome in Edgware, near London. The company later moved to Hatfield in Hertfordshire. De Havilland Aircraft Company was responsible for producing the first passenger jet and other innovative aircraft. Initially, de Havilland concentrated on single and two-seat biplanes, essentially continuing the DH line of aircraft built by Airco, but powered by de Havilland's own Gipsy engines. These included the Gipsy and Tiger Moths. These aircraft set many aviation records, many piloted by de Havilland himself. Amy Johnson flew solo from England to Australia in a Gipsy Moth in 1930. The Moth line of aircraft continued with the more refined (and enclosed) Hornet Moth and Moth Minor, the latter being a low-wing monoplane constructed of wood. One of de Havilland's trademarks was that the name of the aircraft type was painted on using a particularly elegant Roman typeface, all in capital
    8.50
    2 votes
    80
    8.50
    2 votes
    81
    8.50
    2 votes
    82

    Secondo Campini

    • Aircraft models designed: Campini Caproni CC.2
    Secondo Campini (August 28, 1904 - February 7, 1980) was an Italian engineer and one of the pioneers of the jet engine. Campini was born at Bologna, Emilia-Romagna. In 1931 he wrote a proposal for the Italian Air Ministry on the value of jet propulsion and in 1932 demonstrated a jet-powered boat in Venice. With support of the Air Ministry, he began work with Italian aircraft manufacturer Caproni to develop a jet plane, the Campini Caproni CC.2, which first flew in 1940. The "Thermojet" that Campini developed to propel this aircraft is substantially different from the jet engines of today. Campini's engine used an ordinary piston engine to compress air which was then mixed with fuel and ignited. Modern jets are based on the turbojet principle, but Campini's jet was nevertheless a true jet, since it was the reactive force of the burning exhaust gases that pushed the plane along. After World War II, Campini emigrated to the US at the request of Preston Tucker (famous for the Tucker'48), who wanted Campini to help him with his new corporation. Tucker asked Campini to both help him develop a turbine powered car, and also used his notoriety to attempt to land a US Air Force development
    8.50
    2 votes
    83
    Aurel Vlaicu

    Aurel Vlaicu

    • Aircraft models designed: A. Vlaicu nr. 1
    Aurel Vlaicu (Romanian pronunciation: [a.uˈrel ˈvlajku] ( listen); November 19, 1882 – September 13, 1913) was a Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor and early pilot. Aurel Vlaicu was born in the village of Binţinţi (now Aurel Vlaicu) near Geoagiu, Transylvania. He attended Calvinist High School in Orăştie (renamed "Liceul Aurel Vlaicu" in his honour in 1919) and took his Baccalaureate in Sibiu in 1902. He furthered his studies at Technical University of Budapest and Technische Hochschule München in Germany, earning his engineer's diploma in 1907. After working at Opel car factory in Rüsselsheim, he returned to Binţinţi and built a glider he flew in the summer of 1909. Later that year he moved to Bucharest in the Kingdom of Romania, where he began the construction of Vlaicu Nr. I airplane that flew for the first time on June 17, 1910 over Cotroceni airfield. With his Vlaicu Nr. II model, built in 1911, Aurel Vlaicu won several prizes summing 7,500 Austro-Hungarian krone (for precise landing, projectile throwing and tight flying around a pole) in 1912 at Aspern Air Show near Vienna, where he competed against 42 other aviators of the day, including Roland Garros. Aurel
    7.33
    3 votes
    84
    Igor Sikorsky

    Igor Sikorsky

    • Aircraft models designed: Sikorsky Ilya Muromets
    Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972), was a Russian American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. He designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, the Russky Vityaz in 1913, and the first airliner, Ilya Muromets, in 1914. After emigrating to the United States in 1919, Sikorsky founded the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation in 1923, and developed the first of Pan American Airways' ocean-conquering flying boats in the 1930s. In 1939 Sikorsky designed and flew the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, the first viable American helicopter, which pioneered the rotor configuration used by most helicopters today. Sikorsky would modify the design into the Sikorsky R-4, which became the world's first mass-produced helicopter in 1942. Igor Sikorsky was born in Kiev, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine), as the youngest of five children. His father, Ivan Alexeevich Sikorsky, had a Russian and noble Polish (Polish: szlachta) family background. A professor of psychology, Ivan was the son and grandson of Russian Orthodox priests and held monarchist and Russian nationalist views. Igor Sikorsky's mother, Mariya Stefanovna Sikorskaya (née
    7.33
    3 votes
    85
    John Carver Meadows Frost

    John Carver Meadows Frost

    • Aircraft models designed: Avrocar
    John Carver Meadows Frost known as "Jack" (1915 in Walton-on-Thames, England – 9 October 1979 in Auckland, New Zealand) was a British aircraft designer. His primary contributions centred on pioneering supersonic British experimental aircraft and as the chief designer who shepherded Canada's first jet fighter project, the Avro Canada CF-100, to completion. He was also the major force behind the Avro Canada VTOL aircraft projects, particularly as the unheralded creator of the Avro Canada flying saucer projects. He was born in 1915. Frost's introduction to aviation had begun when he was a teenager. At school in the early 1930s his Latin teacher A. Maitland Emmet had taken him up in a Bristol Fighter. John Frost had been born in Walton-on-Thames near London in 1915 and had showed an early interest in the sciences at St Edward's School, Oxford where he graduated with honours in mathematics, chemistry and physics. Frost began his aeronautical career in the 1930s as an apprentice for Airspeed Limited before he moved on to the Miles, Westland, Blackburn and Slingsby companies. In 1937, Frost had designed the fuselage of the new Westland Whirlwind fighter. At Blackburn, he had been involved
    7.33
    3 votes
    86
    7.33
    3 votes
    87
    Sydney Camm

    Sydney Camm

    • Aircraft models designed: Hawker Sea Hawk
    Sir Sydney Camm, CBE, FRAeS (5 August 1893 – 12 March 1966) was an English aeronautical engineer who contributed to many Hawker aircraft designs, from the biplanes of the 1920s to jet fighters. One particularly notable aircraft he designed is the Hawker Hurricane fighter. He was the eldest child of Frederick Camm, who had twelve children with Mary Smith. He attended the Royal Free School (became the Royal Free Middle School with the secondary school becoming the Princess Margaret Royal Free School on Bourne Avenue) on Batchelors Acre in Windsor. His brother Frederick James Camm became a technical author, and created the Practical Wireless magazine. He lived near Windsor & Eton Central railway station. Camm was a towering giant as an aeronautical engineer, but his beginnings were humble. He developed an interest in aircraft at an early age and his first interest in aeronautics was spurred on by his membership in the Windsor Model Aeroplane Club. His accomplishments as a model aeroplane builder culminated in a man-carrying glider which he and others at the club built in 1912. He started as a carpenter's apprentice and joined the Martinsyde aircraft company. Camm joined the Hawker
    7.33
    3 votes
    88
    7.33
    3 votes
    89
    David S. Lewis, Jr.

    David S. Lewis, Jr.

    • Aircraft models designed: F-4 Phantom II
    David Sloan Lewis, Jr. (July 6, 1917 - December 15, 2003) was an aeronautical engineer who led aerospace and defense giant General Dynamics for 14 years. David Lewis was born in 1917, in North Augusta, South Carolina. As a child, he loved to read aviation books and build model aircraft. Lewis attended the University of South Carolina, and transferred to Georgia Tech for his last two years. He graduated in 1939 with a degree in Aeronautical Engineering. After college Lewis began his work career at the Glenn L. Martin Company. Then in 1946, he moved to McDonnell Aircraft Company and became chief of aerodynamics. He was the program manager for the F-4 Phantom II, which was a highly successful jet fighter. Following the merger of McDonnell and Douglas Aircraft Company in 1967, David Lewis served as President of McDonnell Douglas until 1970. Lewis became the head of General Dynamics in 1970. He was influential in having the F-16 design team choose the Pratt & Whitney F100 turbofan engine following his experience with the engine in the McDonnell Douglas F-15 fighter. He remained head of the company until he retired in 1986 following pressure from a congressional subcommittee investigated
    6.25
    4 votes
    90
    John Knudsen Northrop

    John Knudsen Northrop

    • Aircraft models designed: XP-79 Flying Ram
    John Knudsen "Jack" Northrop (November 10, 1895 – February 18, 1981) was an American aircraft industrialist and designer, who founded the Northrop Corporation in 1939. Born in Newark, New Jersey, Northrop grew up in Santa Barbara, California. In 1916 Northrop's first job in aviation was in working as a draftsman for Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company, founded in 1912 by the Lockheed brothers Allan Haines Loughead and Malcolm Loughead. In 1923, Northrop joined Douglas Aircraft Company, participating in the design of the Douglas Round-the-World-Cruiser and working up to project engineer. In early 1927 Northrop assisted Jack Ryan of Ryan Aircraft in the larger wing design used on Lindbergh's plane "The Spirit of St Louis" that would later make the New York to Paris flight in May 1927. In 1927 he rejoined the Lockheed brothers and their new (1926) Lockheed Corporation, working as chief engineer on the Lockheed Vega, the civilian transport monoplane with a cantilever wing that produced unusually high performance for that period, and was widely used by such top pilots as Wiley Post, Amelia Earhart, and Hubert Wilkins. In 1929 he produced an all-metal monoplane with pilot and engine
    6.25
    4 votes
    91

    Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov

    • Aircraft models designed: Polikarpov I-153
    Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Полика́рпов) (June 8, 1892 - July 30, 1944) was a Soviet aeronautical engineer and aircraft designer, known as "King of Fighters". He designed the I-15 series of fighters, and the I-16 Ishak (Russian: ишак phonetically close to its Russian: И-16 designation) "Little Donkey" fighter. Polikarpov was born in the village of Giorgievsk in Oryol Oblast. He was the son of a village priest in the Russian Orthodox Church. He initially also trained for the priesthood and studied at the Oryol Seminary before moving to Saint Petersburg Polytechnical University in 1911, where he became fascinated with the fledgling aviation work being carried out under the shipbuilding department, Polikarpov graduated in 1916 and went to work for Igor Sikorski, the head of production at the Russian Baltic Carriage Factory. While working for Sikorski, Polikarpov helped design the massive Ilya Muromets four-engine bomber for the Imperial Russian Air Force. Polikarpov stayed in Russia after the Russian Revolution and rose to become head of the technical department Dux Aircraft factory in 1923. Polikarpov was responsible for some of the first indigenous
    6.25
    4 votes
    92
    7.00
    3 votes
    93

    Arthur M. Young

    • Aircraft models designed: Bell 47
    Arthur Middleton Young (November 3, 1905 – May 30, 1995) was an American inventor, helicopter pioneer, cosmologist, philosopher, astrologer and author. Young was the designer of Bell Helicopter's first helicopter, the Model 30, and inventor of the stabilizer bar used on many of Bell's early helicopter designs. He founded the "Institute for the Study of Consciousness" in Berkeley in 1972. Young advocated a process theory, which is a form of integral theory. These theories attempt to integrate the realm of human thought and experience with the realm of science so that the concept of universe is not limited to that which can be physically measured. Young's theory embraces evolution and the concept of the great chain of being. He has influenced such thinkers as Stanislav Grof and Laban Coblentz. Arthur was the son of Eliza Coxe (1875–1950) and Philadelphia landscape painter Charles Morris Young (1869–1964). He was interested in developing a comprehensive theory of reality from an early age. He felt that to acquire the intellectual tools needed for such rigorous study, he should first develop an understanding of mathematics and engineering. With this decision he was following a career
    7.00
    3 votes
    94

    Edward Curtis Wells

    • Aircraft models designed: B-17 Flying Fortress
    Ed Wells redirects here. For the baseball player, see Ed Wells (baseball) Edward Curtis Wells (August 26, 1910 – July 1, 1986) was senior vice president and served on the board of directors of Boeing Company. He designed the Boeing 747. He was known as the "elder statesman of aviation". He was born in Boise, Idaho on August 26, 1910. He graduated from Grant High School in Portland, Oregon. He attended Willamette University for two years then attended Stanford University. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford in 1931 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in engineering. Wells joined Boeing Company's engineering staff in 1931 and was named Boeing's chief engineer in 1943. He died on July 1, 1986 in Bellevue, Washington.
    7.00
    3 votes
    95
    7.00
    3 votes
    96

    Frederick W. Baldwin

    • Aircraft models designed: AEA White Wing
    Frederick Walker Baldwin (January 2, 1882 – August 7, 1948), also known as Casey Baldwin, was an engineer and a hydrofoil and aviation pioneer who was also the first Canadian to pilot an aircraft. Born in Toronto, Ontario, Casey Baldwin was educated at Ridley College, where he held prominent student leadership roles, won the Blake Gold Medal, and was captain of the cricket team. He attended the University of Toronto, graduating in 1906 with a degree in electrical and mechanical engineering. Like his later aviation associate Doug McCurdy, he was a member of The Kappa Alpha Society. The following year he moved to Baddeck in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia to work with inventor Alexander Graham Bell. With an interest in aviation, the two men teamed up Douglas McCurdy, Glenn Curtiss and Thomas Selfridge to form the Aerial Experiment Association. Baldwin used his engineering skills to help build the Silver Dart plus several other experimental aircraft. On March 12, 1908 at Lake Keuka, New York he became the first Canadian, and either the third or fourth North American, to pilot an airplane. William Whitney Christmas claimed to have first flown his aircraft on various dates from September 1907
    7.00
    3 votes
    97
    7.00
    3 votes
    98

    Percival Spencer

    • Aircraft models designed: Republic RC-3 Seabee
    Percival Hopkins Spencer (April 30, 1897 – January 16, 1995) was an American inventor, aviation pioneer, test pilot and businessman. He was the son of Christopher Miner Spencer (1833-1922), the inventor of, among other things, the Spencer repeating rifle. The then 17-year-old Spencer built his first hang glider in April 1911 from plans he found in a Popular Mechanics magazine. On May 15, 1914, Spencer made his first powered flight in a Curtiss flying boat. In 1929, he broke the light airplane altitude record—18,571 ft (5,660 m)—piloting a Curtiss Robin monoplane. In 1937, he joined Sikorsky engineer Vincent A. Larsen to form the Spencer-Larsen Aircraft Corporation and design their first, and only, amphibious aircraft, the Spencer-Larsen SL-12C. Development of the plane progressed slowly and in September 1940, Spencer left the partnership to form his own company, the Spencer Aircraft Company. His resulting design was the Spencer S-12 Air Car Amphibian. Construction began on March 1, 1941. The small, two-seat S-12 prototype, registration NX29098, made its first flight on August 8, 1941. The S-12 was a fabric-covered amphibian with a unique boxlike forward cabin, a high wing with a
    7.00
    3 votes
    99

    Reuben Hollis Fleet

    Reuben Hollis Fleet (6 March 1887 – 29 October 1975) was an American aviation pioneer, industrialist and army officer. Fleet founded and led several corporations, most notably Consolidated Aircraft. Fleet was born on 6 March 1887 to Lillian Waite and David Fleet in Montesano, Washington. The Fleets were a prosperous family; David Fleet was city engineer and county auditor for Montesano, and owned large tracts of land in the Washington Territory. He also served as the city clerk. Reuben grew up in Grays Harbor, Washington. The Panic of 1893 wiped out the land holdings of the Fleets and the family lived in much diminished conditions from the time Reuben was six until he was thirteen. At 15 Reuben attended Culver Military Academy where his uncle, Alexander Fleet, was superintendent. Fleet spent his fourth and final year at the academy as the editor-in-chief of the cadet newspaper, the C.M.A. Vedette. Culver provided the equivalent of an associate degree and after his graduation Fleet intended to continue his education at Stanford University. Deciding against going to Stanford immediately, in 1907 Fleet returned home where he took the state teachers examination and began teaching all
    7.00
    3 votes
    100
    Robert B.C. Noorduyn

    Robert B.C. Noorduyn

    • Aircraft models designed: Noorduyn Norseman
    Robert B.C. Noorduyn (April 6, 1893 in Nijmegen, the Netherlands - February 22, 1959 in South Burlington, Vermont) was an aircraft designer and manufacturer. After Noorduyn had received a technical training in the Netherlands and Germany, in 1913, he moved to England. There he trained to fly in a Caudron G II and worked as a technical draughtsmen for the Sopwith company. In 1917, Noorduyn was recruited to become the chief draughtsman for the British Aerial Transport company. (Chief designer of the company was another Dutchman: along with Frits Koolhoven) British Aerial Transport or BAT however was short-lived. A victim of the changing tides following the end of World War I, it folded in 1919. By that time however, Anthony Fokker had returned from Germany and established a new factory in the Netherlands. Noorduyn returned just as well and found work with Fokker. Since Fokker wanted to expand into the USA, the company sent Noorduyn in 1921 to Teterboro to supervise a new manufacturing plant. In Teterboro, Noorduyn was responsible for the Fokker Universal, a popular utility transport that was particularly suitable for northern conditions. Many examples were sold to Canadian air
    7.00
    3 votes
    102
    7.00
    3 votes
    103
    Zygmunt Puławski

    Zygmunt Puławski

    • Aircraft models designed: PZL P.11
    Zygmunt Puławski (October 24, 1901 - March 21, 1931) was a Polish aircraft designer and pilot. He invented a gull-wing aircraft design, also known as "Puławski wing" and constructed a series of Polish PZL fighters He was born in Lublin. In the summer of 1901, during the Soviet offensive in the Polish-Soviet War, he volunteered for a Boy Scout battalion. In late 1920 he commenced studies at Warsaw University of Technology. He was a member of the Aviation Section of the Students' Mechanical Club, where he constructed some gliders. He distinguished himself as a thorough and able student. In 1925 he graduated from the University, receiving the Engineer title, and left for practice in the Breguet works in France. After his return, he served in the national service, completing military aviation school in Bydgoszcz and becoming a pilot. From 1927 he became a main designer of the Central Aviation Workshops (CWL) in Warsaw, soon reorganized into the PZL (Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - State Aviation Works). To meet a requirement of the Polish military department, in 1928 Puławski designed a modern all-metal high-wing fighter with an inline engine, PZL P.1. For the P.1, he invented a gull-wing
    7.00
    3 votes
    104

    Joe Sutter

    • Aircraft models designed: Boeing 747SP
    Joseph F. "Joe" Sutter (born March 21, 1921 in Seattle, Washington) was an engineer for the Boeing Airplane Company and chief engineer for the development of the Boeing 747 under Malcolm T. Stamper, the overall head of the 747 project. Sutter was born in Seattle, Washington and grew up in the vicinity of Boeing's Seattle plant. He is of Slovenian descent — his father, Franc Suhadolc from Dobrova, Slovenia, came to America because of gold fever. Sutter attended the University of Washington and graduated with a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering in 1943. Aside from his work at Boeing, Sutter served on a destroyer escort named the USS Edward H. Allen (DE-531) in the U.S. Navy during World War II. Sutter served on the Rogers Commission, investigating the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. He was also selected as a recipient of The International Air Cargo Association's 2002 Hall of Fame Award and is now an engineering sales consultant. As of July 2010, he is a member of the Boeing Senior Advisory Group which is studying a clean sheet replacement of the Boeing 737 or to re-engine the current design. For decades, he has resided in West Seattle. In 2011, on his 90th birthday,
    5.20
    5 votes
    105
    6.00
    4 votes
    106

    A. H. Tiltman

    • Aircraft models designed: Airspeed AS 6 Envoy
    Alfred Hessell Tiltman FRAeS (1891 – 28 October 1975), known as Hessell Tiltman, was a notable and talented British aircraft designer, and co-founder of Airspeed Ltd. He graduated in engineering from London University, then served an apprenticeship with the Daimler Co in 1910-11 and worked on structural steel design in Canada (the Quebec bridge) and England. In 1916 he joined Geoffrey de Havilland’s company Airco; then moved to the De Havilland Aircraft Company when it was formed in 1921. As assistant designer he was involved in the design and testing of a number of DH aircraft, from the small DH 60 Moth to the DH 66 Hercules airliner. He then worked on the Vickers R100 airship with Nevil Shute Norway. Following the disaster to the rival, Government sponsored R101, the British airship programme was cancelled with the result that, in 1931, Norway and Tiltman founded Airspeed Ltd. Tiltman designed all Airspeed's early aircraft, including the three-engined Ferry (for Sir Alan Cobham's flying circus), the innovative and fast single-engined Courier, and the elegant twin-engined Envoy. The Courier was the first British aircraft for many years to incorporate a hydraulically operated,
    8.00
    2 votes
    107
    8.00
    2 votes
    108
    Boeing Commercial Airplanes

    Boeing Commercial Airplanes

    • Aircraft models designed: Boeing 767
    Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) designs, assembles, markets and sells large commercial jet aircraft and provides product-related maintenance and training to customers worldwide. A business division of parent The Boeing Company, Boeing Commercial Airplanes operates from a division headquarters in Renton, Washington and more than one dozen engineering, manufacturing and assembly facilities located throughout the United States and internationally. Boeing Commercial Airplanes includes the assets of the Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation, which merged with Boeing in 1997. The current President and CEO of Boeing Commercial Airplanes is James F. Albaugh, who is also an Executive Vice President of The Boeing Company. Albaugh is being replaced by Ray Conner, the Head of Sales. For all models sold beginning with the Boeing 707 in 1957, Boeing's naming system for commercial airliners has taken the form of 7X7. All model designations, 707 through 787 have been assigned, leaving 797 as the only 7X7 model name not assigned to a product. For model numbers in the 707 to 777 range, the model number consists of an airplane's model number, for example 707 or 747,
    8.00
    2 votes
    109
    Giuseppe Gabrielli

    Giuseppe Gabrielli

    • Aircraft models designed: Aeritalia G.91
    Giuseppe Gabrielli (26 February 1903 - 29 November 1987) was an Italian aeronautics engineer. He is famous as designer of numerous Italian military aircraft, including the FIAT G.50 and G.55 World War II fighters. He was born in Caltanissetta, Sicily, and studied in the Politecnico di Torino and in Aachen, Germany under Theodore von Karman. Gabrielli began his work as designer at Piaggio, but was soon called to FIAT by Giovanni Agnelli to lead his aeronautics section. Gabrielli designed 142 aircraft, all bearing his initial, including the G.50, the G.55 (one of the best fighters in World War II), the G.80 (one of the first jets designed in Italy), the Aeritalia G.91, which won a contest for a NATO standard fighter in the 1950s, and the G.222, a military transport airplane, whose design was later evolved into the C-27J Spartan (with the addition of new engines and new avionics to the airframe). He died in Turin in 1987.
    8.00
    2 votes
    110
    8.00
    2 votes
    111
    Rostislav Alexeyev

    Rostislav Alexeyev

    • Aircraft models designed: Lun-class ekranoplan
    Rostislav Evgenievich Alexeyev (Russian: Ростисла́в Евге́ньевич Алексе́ев; December 18, 1916, Novozybkov, Chernigov Governorate (now Bryansk Oblast), Russian Empire – February 9, 1980, Gorky, USSR) was a designer of highspeed shipbuilding. He invented and designed the world's first Ekranoplans. His work has been compared to that of A.N. Tupolev in aviation and S.P. Korolev in space flight. Alexeev was the first to create high speed ships on the so-called low submerged underwater wings, the most popular ones being passenger ships Raketa, Volga, Meteor, Kometa, and Burevestnik, with passenger capacity up to 150 persons and cruising speed up to 100 km/h (62 mph; 54 kn). Alexeyev revolutionised the shipbuilding industry (though in secrecy) by inventing crafts that use ground effect, whereby (in very simple terms) a wing traveling close to the ground is provided with extra lift by the "cushion" of air compressed under it - thereby enabling a combination of greater aircraft weight for less power and/or enhanced fuel economy. The KM or "korabl-maket", the largest ekranoplan ever built, was one of the first very successful vehicles designed by Alexeev and built by his Central Hydrofoil
    8.00
    2 votes
    112

    Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal

    • Aircraft models designed: Yokosuka MXY9
    Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal (海軍航空技術廠, Kaigun Kōkū Gijutsu-shō, lit. Naval Air Technical Arsenal) had many names, each depending on the period of its existence, and the circumstances at that time. Many of the names were acronyms that were derived from its military name or designation, which changed from time to time. The arsenal was sometimes known as "Kūgi-shō" (a contraction of "Kōkū Gijutsu-shō" 空技廠). The name Yokosuka prevailed however, even though it referred to the Arsenal's location at Yokosuka, Japan. The air arsenal's roots go back to 1869 when the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) established a naval arsenal at Yokosuka, about 13 miles south of Yokohama on Tokyo Bay. The arsenal provided ship building, repair and replenishment to the Japanese Navy. It was also a storage depot where munitions and other assorted supplies were brought as they were purchased. When a number of foreign aircraft were purchased for evaluation, the Navy brought them to the arsenal for processing. The arsenal assembled the aircraft from their shipping boxes, and when assembled, they were flown by the pilots who had been sent abroad for flying lessons and evaluate the aircraft
    8.00
    2 votes
    113

    Beriev Aircraft Company

    • Aircraft models designed: Beriev Be-103
    47°11′56.36″N 38°50′42″E / 47.1989889°N 38.845°E / 47.1989889; 38.845 The Beriev Aircraft Company, formerly Beriev Design Bureau, is a Russian aircraft manufacturer (design office prefix Be), specializing in amphibious aircraft. The company was founded in Taganrog in the 1934 as OKB-49 by Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev (born February 13, 1903), and since that time has designed and produced more than 20 different models of aircraft for civilian and military purposes, as well as customized models. Today the Company employs some 3000 specialists and is developing and manufacturing amphibious aircraft. Pilots flying Beriev seaplanes have broken 228 world aviation records. The records are registered and acknowledged by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. In November 1989 BERIEV Aircraft Company became the only defense industry enterprise to win the Prize for Quality awarded by the Government of Russia. In mid-2002, Irkut raised its 40 percent holding in the Beriev Design Bureau to a controlling stake.
    9.00
    1 votes
    114

    Defence Research and Development Organisation

    • Aircraft models designed: AVATAR
    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, responsible for the development of technology for use by the military, headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production with the Defence Science Organisation. DRDO has a network of 52 laboratories which are deeply engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronic and computer sciences, human resource development, life sciences, materials, missiles, combat vehicles development and naval research and development. The organization includes more than 5,000 scientists and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) was established in 1958 by amalgamating the Defence Science Organisation and some of the technical development establishments. A separate Department of Defence Research and Development was formed in 1980 which later on administered DRDO and its 50 laboratories/establishments. Most of the time the Defence Research Development
    9.00
    1 votes
    115
    9.00
    1 votes
    116

    Hans Jacobs

    • Aircraft models designed: DFS 230
    Hans Jacobs (30 April 1907 - 24 October 1994) was a German sailplane designer and pioneer. He had been taught sailplane design by Alexander Lippisch, designer of many gliders during the 1920s and the 1930s. As the head of the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - German Research Institute for Sailplane Flight) at Darmstadt in the years before World War II, he was responsible for a number of highly successful designs, including the DFS Rhönsperber, DFS Rhönadler, DFS Habicht, DFS Weihe, DFS Kranich, and the DFS 230 assault glider. The DFS Olympia Meise was selected in 1939 as the glider for the 1940 Summer Olympics, but the games were cancelled. The design was taken up after the war and produced in large numbers in the UK by Elliotts of Newbury, in France by Nord Aviation, in Spain and in Czechoslovakia. When the prohibition on German aviation under the Allied occupation ended in 1951, Jacobs designed and marketed an updated version of the Kranich. He authored a seminal work on sailplane design, Werkstatt-Praxis für den Bau von Gleit- und Segelflugzeugen ("Workshop-Practice for the Construction of Gliders and Sailplanes").
    9.00
    1 votes
    117
    Leroy Grumman

    Leroy Grumman

    • Aircraft models designed: Grumman F3F
    Leroy Randle "Roy" Grumman (4 January 1895 – 4 October 1982) was an American aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and industrialist. In 1929, he co-founded Grumman Aeronautical Engineering Co., later renamed Grumman Aerospace Corporation, and now part of Northrop Grumman. Born in Huntington, New York, Grumman's forebears had Connecticut roots and owned a brewery. When he was a child, his father, George Tyson Grumman, owned and operated a carriage shop and later worked for the post office. From an early age, "Red Mike" (a nickname he gained because of his red-blond hair) demonstrated an interest in aviation, and in his 20 June 1911 high school salutatory address at Huntington High School, Grumman predicted that "[t]he final perfection of the aeroplane will be one of the greatest triumphs that man has ever gained over nature." Grumman went on to earn a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering from Cornell University in 1916. He landed his first job in the engineering department of the New York Telephone Company. After the United States entered World War I, he enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve in June 1917 as a machinist's mate, 2nd class, and was sent to Columbia
    9.00
    1 votes
    118
    9.00
    1 votes
    119

    Frank Barnwell

    • Aircraft models designed: Bristol F.2 Fighter
    Captain Frank Sowter Barnwell OBE AFC FRAeS BSc (1880 – 2 August 1938) was a British aeronautical engineer. With his elder brother Harold he built the first successful powered aircraft made in Scotland and later went on to a career as an aircraft designer with the Bristol Aeroplane Company, designing aircraft such as the Bristol Fighter, the Bulldog and the Blenheim. Barnwell was born in Lewisham in south east London but the family moved to Glasgow the year after his birth he and was educated at Fettes College in Edinburgh, after which he served a six-year apprenticeship with the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, of which his father was a partner, between 1898 and 1904. He attended the University of Glasgow at the same time and received a BSc in naval architecture in 1905. He then spent a year in America working as a draughtsman for a shipbuilder. In 1907 he returned to Scotland and established the Grampian Motors & Engineering Company in Stirling in partnership with his brother Harold. The brothers had bult an unsuccessful glider in 1905, and between 1908 and 1910 they constructed three experimental powered aircraft. The first lacked sufficient power to fly, but the
    6.67
    3 votes
    120
    Frank D. Robinson

    Frank D. Robinson

    • Aircraft models designed: Robinson R44
    Franklin D. "Frank" Robinson (born 1930 in Whidbey Island, WA) is an engineer and the founder, president and Chief Executive Officer of Robinson Helicopter Company of Torrance, California. In the early 1970s, he designed the Robinson R22 helicopter, a popular, light, two-place civilian aircraft. Robinson was born on Whidbey Island in Washington State and received his BSME degree from the University of Washington in 1957, with graduate work in aeronautical engineering at the University of Wichita. He started his engineering career in 1957 at Cessna Aircraft Company working on the Cessna CH-1 Skyhook four-place helicopter. After 3 1/2 years at Cessna, he spent one year working on the certification of the Umbaugh U-17 and 4 1/2 years at McCulloch Aircraft Corporation doing design studies on inexpensive rotorcraft. Robinson worked one year at Kaman Aircraft on gyrodyne-type rotorcraft. After this he spent two years at Bell Helicopter where he earned a reputation as a “tail rotor expert.” In 1969, he moved to Hughes Helicopter Company to work on a variety of R&D projects, including a new tail rotor for the Hughes 500 helicopter and work on the "The Quiet One" program. Robinson resigned
    6.67
    3 votes
    121
    6.67
    3 votes
    122

    Gerhard Waibel

    • Aircraft models designed: Schleicher ASW 17
    Gerhard Waibel (born 3 October 1938) is a designer of gliders who worked for Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co producing many famous designs. Waibel was born in Frankfurt. His father Karl Waibel had worked with Wolf Hirth in the 1920s. Gerhard began flying models in 1948 and in 1951 helped with the building the SG38. He then studied at Akaflieg Darmstadt. Gerhard's father arranged in 1962 a practical course in a steel plant for him and Wolf Lemke in Sheffield where in the evenings they started designing the D-36 Circe. After much development back in Germany, Waibel flew the D-36 to the victory in the Open Class of the German Championships in 1964. He joined Schleicher in 1964. His first design, the ASW 12, was based on the D36. He then designed almost all the racing gliders for Schleichers up to the ASW 28 which first flew in May 2000. The 'W' in a Schleicher designation shows that he designed it. He retired in August 2003 after 39 years service.
    6.67
    3 votes
    123
    6.67
    3 votes
    124
    6.67
    3 votes
    125
    Sukhoi

    Sukhoi

    • Aircraft models designed: Shenyang J-11
    Sukhoi Company (JSC) (Russian: ОАО "Компания "Сухой") is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, famous for its fighters. It was founded by Pavel Sukhoi in 1939 as the Sukhoi Design Bureau (OKB-51, design office prefix Su). After the collapse of Soviet Union, each of the multitude of bureaus and factories producing Sukhoi components were privatized independently. In 1996, the government re-gathered the major part of them forming Sukhoi Aviation Military Industrial Combine (Sukhoi AIMC). In parallel, other entities, including Ulan Ude factory, Tbilisi factory, Belarus and Ukraine factories, established alternate transnational Sukhoi Attack Aircraft (producing e.g. Su-25 TM). The Sukhoi AIMC comprises the JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau located in Moscow, the Novosibirsk Aviation Production Association (NAPO), the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO) and Irkutsk Aviation. Sukhoi is headquartered in Moscow. Finmeccanica owns 25% + 1 share of Sukhoi's civil division. The Russian government merged Sukhoi with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft
    6.67
    3 votes
    126
    William Boeing

    William Boeing

    • Aircraft models designed: B & W Seaplane
    William Edward Boeing (October 1, 1881 – September 28, 1956) was an American aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company. Boeing was born in Detroit, Michigan to a wealthy German mining engineer named Wilhelm Böing who had made a fortune and who had a sideline as a timber merchant. Anglicizing his name to "William Boeing" after returning from being educated in Switzerland in 1900 to attend Yale University, William Boeing left Yale in 1903 to go into the lumber side of the business. He bought extensive timberlands around Grays Harbor on the Pacific side of the Olympic Peninsula. He also bought into lumber operations. He also owned a race track for horses. While president of Greenwood Timber Company, Boeing, who had experimented with boat design, traveled to Seattle, where, during the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in 1909, he saw a manned flying machine for the first time and became fascinated with aircraft. He soon purchased an airplane from the Glenn L. Martin Company, and received flying lessons from Martin himself. Boeing soon cracked up the plane. When he was told by Martin that replacement parts would not become available for months, Boeing blew up. He angrily told his
    6.67
    3 votes
    127
    5.75
    4 votes
    128

    Félix Amiot

    • Aircraft models designed: Amiot 143
    Félix Amiot (Cherbourg, 1894–Paris, 1974) was a French aircraft constructor. Amiot's first aircraft was built in a Paris garage in 1913, but it was not until 1916, during the First World War, that he became seriously involved in construction. The Minister of Defence granted a contract to SECM (French: Société d’emboutissage et de constructions mécaniques), owned by the Wertheimer brothers, Paul and Pierre, together with Félix Amiot. SECM and Amiot functioned as sub-contractors and assemblers only, and did not produce their own designs. After the war, SECM and Amiot constructed light aircraft. In 1929 the company made a large sum of money selling its interest in the Lorraine-Dietrich engine company to the government. In 1934, controversially, the Lorraine company, then known as SGA, was sold to Amiot-SECM and Marcel Bloch for a fraction of the price the government had paid five years earlier. As well as SGA, and the original SECM-Amiot works at Le Bourget, Amiot controlled the CAN (French: Chantiers aéronautiques de Normandie) at Cherbourg. In the early phases of rearmament, Amiot scored a considerable success with the Amiot 143, widely considered one of the ugliest aircraft, along
    5.75
    4 votes
    129
    5.75
    4 votes
    130
    Aeronca Aircraft

    Aeronca Aircraft

    • Aircraft models designed: Aeronca Chief
    Aeronca, contracted from Aeronautical Corporation of America, located in Middletown, Ohio, is a US manufacturer of engine components and airframe structures for commercial aviation and the defense industry. In the 1930s and 1940s, the company was a major producer of general aviation aircraft, and also produced the engines for some of their early designs. Aeronca has now become a division of Magellan Aerospace, producing aircraft, missile, and space vehicle components at the same location adjacent to Middletown’s Hook Field. The Aeronca Aircraft Corporation was founded November 11, 1928 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Backed by the financial and political support of the prominent Taft family and future Ohio senator Robert A. Taft who was one of the firm's directors, Aeronca became the first company to build a commercially successful general aviation aircraft. When production ended in 1951, Aeronca had sold 17,408 aircraft in 55 models. Production began with the Jean A. Roche-designed Aeronca C-2 monoplane, often called the "Flying Bathtub", in 1929. The next major model was the Scout of 1937, a two-seater, which was developed into the Chief and Super Chief the next year. In 1937 there was a
    7.50
    2 votes
    131
    Alexander Kartveli

    Alexander Kartveli

    • Aircraft models designed: P-47 Thunderbolt
    Alexander Kartveli, born Alexander Kartvelishvili, (Georgian: ალექსანდრე ქართველიშვილი) 1896–1974) was an influential aircraft engineer and a pioneer of American aviation history. Kartveli achieved important breakthroughs in military aviation in the time of turbojet fighters. He is considered to be one of the most important and innovative aircraft designers in US history and the world. Alexander Kartveli was born in Tbilisi, Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire, into a noble Georgian family. He graduated from the grammar school in Tbilisi in 1914. Later on, he decided to move to France, as one of several aviation engineer aspirants of Georgian origin, such as Michael Gregor. Kartvelishvili graduated in 1922 from the Highest School of Aviation in Paris. He began working as test pilot but was seriously injured during a test flight which ended the short lived career. In 1922–1927, he worked for a while at the Louis Bleriot company and designed the Bernard and Ferbois aircraft. In 1924, one of his aircraft established a world speed record. In 1927, the American millionaire Charles Levine invited Kartvelishvili to New York, to join the Atlantic Aircraft Corporation in 1928 and in
    7.50
    2 votes
    133

    Jean Delemontez

    • Aircraft models designed: Jodel D11
    Jean Délémontez (born June 9, 1918) was a French aircraft designer. He was born in Lyon. He was best known for his work with his father-in-law, Édouard Joly, on the Jodel range of light aircraft and his collaboration with Pierre Robin on the Avions Robin aircraft range. In December 2000, Délémontez was inducted into the Experimental Aircraft Association Homebuilders' Hall of Fame.
    7.50
    2 votes
    134
    7.50
    2 votes
    135
    7.50
    2 votes
    136
    Fred Weick

    Fred Weick

    • Aircraft models designed: ERCO Ercoupe
    Fred Ernest Weick (1899 Berwyn, Illinois – July 8, 1993) was one of the United States' earliest aviation pioneers, working as an airmail pilot, research engineer, and aircraft designer. A contemporary of aviation legends Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart, he did not receive the same attention as his more glamorous colleagues, yet his contribution to the United States struggling aircraft industry was "in the league of the Wright Brothers". A 1922 graduate of the University of Illinois, he was one of the first university graduates to apply his degree to a career in aeronautics. Weick was also one of the first engineers hired by the original U.S. Air Mail Service. His efforts in the early 1920s to establish emergency fields for night-flying mail pilots addressed a major challenge. He worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) at its Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, in Hampton, Virginia beginning in November 1925. He helped design the first wind tunnel devoted to full-scale propeller research and wrote a textbook on propeller design that became a classic. It was also at Langley that Weick headed the development of streamlined, low-drag engine cowling
    5.50
    4 votes
    137
    Charles Nungesser

    Charles Nungesser

    • Aircraft models designed: The White Bird
    Charles Eugène Jules Marie Nungesser, MC (15 March 1892 – presumably on or after 8 May 1927) was a French ace pilot and adventurer, best remembered as a rival of Charles Lindbergh. Nungesser was a renowned ace in France, rating third highest in the country for air combat victories during World War I. After the war, Nungesser mysteriously disappeared on an attempt to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York, flying with wartime comrade François Coli in The White Bird (L'Oiseau Blanc). Their aircraft took off from Paris on 8 May 1927, was sighted once more over Ireland, and then was never seen again. The disappearance of Nungesser is considered one of the great mysteries in the history of aviation, and modern speculation is that the aircraft was either lost over the Atlantic or crashed in Newfoundland or Maine. Two weeks after Nungesser and Coli's attempt, Charles Lindbergh successfully made the journey, flying solo from New York to Paris in Spirit of St. Louis. Monuments and museums honoring Nungesser and Coli's attempt exist at the Le Bourget airport in Paris and on the cliffs of Étretat, the location from which their plane was last sighted in
    6.33
    3 votes
    138
    6.33
    3 votes
    139
    Irkut

    Irkut

    • Aircraft models designed: Irkut-60
    Irkut Corporation (MCX: IRKT) is a Russian aircraft manufacturer, member of the United Aircraft Corporation. It is best known as being the manufacturer of the Sukhoi Su-30 family of interceptor/ground-attack aircraft. The company was founded in 1932 in the Transbaykal region in the Russian Federation. Irkut has its head office in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Irkut produces Su-27 and Su-30 fighters and amphibious planes in the "Be" family. The company includes the Irkutsk Aviation Plant, Beriev Aircraft Company, Yakovlev Design Bureau, BETA AIR. The company plans to begin flight testing its Yak-130 trainer aircraft in 2009. It is also working on the design and series production of the MS-21 passenger jet. The company employs over 14,000 people. The Russian government merged Irkut with Ilyushin, Mikoyan, Sukhoi, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company called United Aircraft Corporation. Irkut has also entered into a joint venture with Indian military aircraft manufacturer HAL to manufacture the UAC/HAL Il-214, which will be designed by Ilyushin. In 2008, Irkut made a net result of the equivalent of US$34.8 million. The company's revenue was of the
    6.33
    3 votes
    140

    Joseph Smith

    • Aircraft models designed: Supermarine Swift
    Joseph ("Joe") Smith CBE (25 May 1897 - 20 February 1956) was an English aircraft designer who took over as Chief Designer for Supermarine's upon the death of R. J. Mitchell and led the team responsible for the subsequent development of the Supermarine Spitfire. Joseph Smith was educated at Yardley secondary school and Birmingham Municipal Technical School, he served an apprenticeship with the Austin Motor Company and was then given a position of junior draughtsman in the aircraft department. In 1921 he moved to Vickers-Armstrongs as a senior draughtsman, becoming chief draughtsman five years later. Working under Mitchell, Smith was heavily involved with the early design of the Spitfire and was appointed Chief Designer after Mitchell's death in 1937. Smith continued development of the Spitfire and was later involved with designing the Supermarine Spiteful, Supermarine Seafang, Supermarine Attacker, and other Supermarine aircraft. Smith was appointed as a special director of Vickers-Armstrongs Ltd in 1948 and served as chairman of the board of the Society of British Aircraft Constructors from 1948 to 1951. In 1950 he was awarded the silver medal of the Royal Aeronautical Society. He
    6.33
    3 votes
    141
    6.33
    3 votes
    142
    Oleg Antonov

    Oleg Antonov

    • Aircraft models designed: Antonov An-2
    Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov (Ukrainian: Оле́г Костянти́нович Анто́нов, Russian: Оле́г Константи́нович Анто́нов; 7 February 1906 – 4 April 1984) was a Soviet aircraft designer, the founder of Antonov ASTC, a world-famous aircraft company in Ukraine, later named in his honour. Antonov was born on 7 February 1906 in Troitsy, Moscow province, Russian Empire. In 1912, the Antonovs moved to Saratov, where he attended the local technical school. From an early age, Antonov was fascinated with aviation and spent much of his spare time at the local airport. At the age of 17, Antonov founded the "Amateur Aviation Club" and the "Organization of Friends of the Air Force." In the same year, he designed the OKA-1 "Pigeon", a glider that was entered in a competition in Moscow where he won the first prize, a flight on a Junkers 12 aircraft. In 1930, Antonov graduated from the Kalinin Polytechnical Institute in Leningrad. He continued to design gliders and in 1931, Antonov became the chief designer of the Moscow Glider Factory. During the next eight years, he designed 30 different gliders including the Standard-1, Standard-2, OKA-6 and the large "City of Lenin" glider. Due to a requirement that all
    6.33
    3 votes
    143
    Vought

    Vought

    • Aircraft models designed: TBY Sea Wolf
    Vought is the name of several related aerospace firms. These have included, in the past, Lewis and Vought Corporation, Chance Vought, Vought Sikorsky, LTV Aerospace (part of Ling-Temco-Vought), Vought Aircraft Companies, and the current Vought Aircraft Industries. The first incarnation of Vought was established by Chance M. Vought and Birdseye Lewis in 1917. In 1928, it was acquired by United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, which a few years later became United Aircraft Corporation; this was the first of many reorganizations and buyouts. During the 1920s and 1930s, Vought Aircraft and Chance Vought specialized in fighter planes and other carrier-based aircraft for the United States Navy, by far its biggest customer. Chance Vought produced thousands of planes during World War II, including the F4U Corsair. Ling-Temco-Vought bought Vought in 1961, and while designing and producing a variety of planes and missiles throughout the Cold War, suffered numerous reorganizations. Vought was sold from LTV and owned in various degrees by the Carlyle Group and Northrop Grumman in the early 1990s. It was then fully bought by Carlyle, renamed Vought Aircraft Industries, and continues
    6.33
    3 votes
    144
    Bölkow

    Bölkow

    • Aircraft models designed: Bölkow Bo 105
    Bölkow was a German aircraft manufacturer based in Stuttgart, Germany, and later Ottobrunn. The company was founded in 1948 by Ludwig Bölkow, who since 1955 with Emil Weiland had developed helicopters for Bölkow Entwicklungen KG. In June 1968, Bölkow merged with the Messerschmitt AG to form Messerschmitt-Bölkow, a combination that created West Germany's largest aircraft company, with sales approaching $150 million (1968 dollars). The move was encouraged by the West German government. In May 1969, the new company merged with Blohm + Voss, becoming Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB). MBB was bought by Daimler-Benz in the early 1990s, becoming part of DASA, which became part of EADS in 2000.
    8.00
    1 votes
    145
    Horten brothers

    Horten brothers

    • Aircraft models designed: Horten Ho 229
    Walter Horten (born 13 November 1913; died 9 December 1998 in Baden-Baden, Germany) and Reimar Horten (born 12 March 1915; died 14 August 1993 in Villa General Belgrano, Argentina), sometimes credited as the Horten Brothers, were German aircraft pilots and enthusiasts, and members of the Hitler Youth and Nazi party. Although they had little, if any, formal training in aeronautics or related fields, the Hortens designed some of the most advanced aircraft of the 1940s, including the world's first jet-powered flying wing, the Horten Ho 229. Between the World Wars, the Treaty of Versailles limited the construction of German military airplanes. In response, German military flying became semi-clandestine, taking the form of civil 'clubs' where students trained on gliders under the supervision of decommissioned World War I veterans. As teenagers, the Horten brothers became involved in such flying clubs. This back-to-the-basics education, and an admiration of German avant-aircraft designer Alexander Lippisch, led the Hortens away from the dominant design trends of the 1920s and '30s, and toward experimenting with alternative airframes—building models and then filling their parents' house
    8.00
    1 votes
    146
    NASA Ames Research Center

    NASA Ames Research Center

    • Aircraft models designed: NASA M2-F1
    The Ames Research Center (ARC), is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) major research center. The centre is located in Moffett Field in California's Silicon Valley. Named after Joseph Sweetman Ames and founded on December 20, 1939 as the second National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) laboratory, ARC became part of NASA in 1958 as part of the turnover from the dissolution of NACA, having now (at the last estimate) over $3.0 billion in capital equipment, 2,300 research personnel and a $600 million annual budget. Historically, Ames was founded to engage in wind-tunnel research on the aerodynamics of propeller-driven aircraft; however its role has developed beyond research and technology in aeronautics, to encompass spaceflight, and information technology. Ames plays a role in many of NASA missions in support of America's space and aeronautics programs. It provides leadership in astrobiology; small satellites; robotic lunar exploration; technologies for the Constellation Program; the search for habitable planets; supercomputing; intelligent/adaptive systems; advanced thermal protection; and airborne astronomy. Ames also develops tools for a safer, more
    8.00
    1 votes
    147

    PlanetSpace

    • Aircraft models designed: Silver Dart
    PlanetSpace is a privately funded Chicago-based rocket and space travel project founded by Geoff Sheerin, CEO of the Canadian Arrow corporation and Dr. Chirinjeev Kathuria in 2005. In February, 2007, NASA announced plans to provide PlanetSpace with requirements and specifications to provide crew and cargo flights to the International Space Station under the terms of the National Aeronautics and Space Act. Initially PlanetSpace planned to utilize the Silver Dart for this purpose, but on 2007-11-21 PlanetSpace announced its COTS proposal would utilize a spacecraft provided by Lockheed Martin. This proposal does not include use of the Silver Dart. The mission of PlanetSpace is to make space travel accessible to the general public. The company has focused its main efforts on two major projects: the Canadian Arrow, which is in development, and the Silver Dart, which is a proposed orbital spaceplane. Geoff Sheerin, President of Canadian Arrow and Dr. Chirinjeev Kathuria, two entrepreneurs with a love of space, joined forces to create PLANETSPACE in the spring of 2005. At a press conference in May 2005 in London Ontario Canada, Sheerin told the United Press International that Canadian
    8.00
    1 votes
    148

    Roy Chadwick

    • Aircraft models designed: Avro Lancastrian
    Roy Chadwick, CBE, FRAeS (30 April 1893 – 23 August 1947) was an aircraft designer for Avro. Born at Marsh Hall Farm, Farnworth in Widnes, son of the mechanical engineer Charles Chadwick, he was the Chief Designer for the Avro Company and was responsible for practically all of their aeroplane designs. He is famous in particular for designing the Avro Lancaster bomber, its follow-up Avro Lincoln and preliminary designs of the Avro Vulcan V bomber. He also converted the Lincoln into the much-used Shackleton. His Avro Yorks carried one third of the entire British tonnage during the Berlin Airlift. He went to St Clements Church School in Urmston, then studied at night school from 1907 to 1911 at the Manchester Municipal College of Technology whilst working as a draughtsman at British Westinghouse in Trafford Park. At age 18 in September 1911, he began work as Alliott Verdon-Roe's (later Sir Alliott) personal assistant and the firm's draughtsman at A.V.Roe and Company based at Brownsfield Mill, Manchester. Under the direction of AV Roe, Chadwick drafted the Avro D, a two seated tractor biplane, the Avro E, which was converted to a floatplane, and in 1912, the Avro F, the world's first
    8.00
    1 votes
    149
    Thomas Selfridge

    Thomas Selfridge

    • Aircraft models designed: AEA Red Wing
    Thomas Etholen Selfridge (February 8, 1882 – September 17, 1908) was a first lieutenant in the U.S. Army and the first person to die in a crash of a powered airplane. He was a passenger on an aircraft piloted by Orville Wright. Selfridge was born on February 8, 1882 in San Francisco, California. He was the grandson of Rear Admiral Thomas Oliver Selfridge Sr. He graduated from United States Military Academy in 1903 and received his commission in the Field Artillery. He was 31st in a class of 96; Douglas MacArthur was first. In 1906 Selfridge, a native San Franciscan, was stationed at the Presidio during the great earthquake in April. His unit participated in search and rescue as well as clean up. In 1907 he was assigned to the Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps at Fort Myer, Virginia. There, he was one of three pilots trained to fly the Army Dirigible Number One, purchased in July, 1908 from Thomas Scott Baldwin. He was also the United States government representative to the Aerial Experiment Association, which was chaired by Alexander Graham Bell, and became its first secretary. Selfridge took his first flight on December 6, 1907, on Alexander Graham Bell's tetrahedral kite,
    8.00
    1 votes
    150
    7.00
    2 votes
    151
    Albert Mooney

    Albert Mooney

    • Aircraft models designed: Aermacchi AL-60
    Albert W. Mooney or Al (12 April 1906 – 7 May 1986) was a self taught aircraft designer. Al, along with his brother Arthur Mooney were responsible for the startup of the Mooney Aircraft Company which started with the M-18 Mite. Al Mooney's technical background stemmed from his father's job as an engineer building railroad trestles for the Denver & Rio Grande. In the time spent with his father, Al learned the concepts of drafting and layout work. His initial interest in airplane design began while still in grade school and continued to grow as he progressed on to high school. While in high school he realized that math was a topic he excelled at it and there were many possibilities with it. Seeking information on aircraft, Al asked his teacher what he should study that would best allow him to design safe airplanes. Al's teacher responded to him by saying that there was no such thing as a safe aircraft and recommended that he wait until college before pursuing the topic any more. Realizing that his current schooling would give him very slim chance of learning the things he wanted to know, he began spending time at the Denver Public Library where he read all of the available handbooks
    7.00
    2 votes
    152
    BAE Systems Inc.

    BAE Systems Inc.

    BAE Systems Inc. (formerly BAE Systems North America) is a major subsidiary of the British defence and aerospace company BAE Systems plc. As per its Special Security Agreement, BAE Systems Inc. operates as a semi-autonomous business unit within BAE Systems controlled at a local level by American management. BAE has described the rationale for expansion in the US; "[it] is by far the largest defence market with spend running close to twice that of the Western European nations combined. Importantly, US investment in research and development is significantly higher than in Western Europe." The company's 2004 strategy review confirmed a "strategic bias" for expansion and investment in the US. In 2007 BAE Systems Inc. had sales of £7,454 million and EBITA of £741 million. These represent 46% and 45% respectively of BAE Systems' group results. The company was created on 30 November, 1999. On this date Marconi Electronic Systems (MES) and British Aerospace (BAe) merged to form BAE Systems. Their respective subsidiaries in the USA, Marconi North America and British Aerospace North America, were similarly merged to form BAE Systems North America. In the company's 2003 Annual Report the
    7.00
    2 votes
    153
    Orville Wright

    Orville Wright

    • Aircraft models designed: Wright Kite
    Orville Wright (August 19, 1871 - January 30, 1948), the younger of the Wright brothers, seen as one of the fathers of heavier-than-air flight.
    7.00
    2 votes
    154
    Thomas Sopwith

    Thomas Sopwith

    • Aircraft models designed: Sopwith Bat Boat
    Sir Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith, CBE, Hon FRAeS (18 January 1888 – 27 January 1989) was an English aviation pioneer and yachtsman. Sopwith was born in Kensington, London on 18 January 1888. He was the eighth child and only son of Thomas Sopwith, a civil engineer. He was educated at Cottesmore School in Hove and at Seafield Park engineering college in Hill Head. When he was ten years old, whilst on a family holiday on the Isle of Lismore, near Oban in Scotland, a gun lying across young Thomas's knee went off, killing his father. This accident haunted Sopwith for the rest of his life. In his youth, he was an expert ice skater and played in goal during Princes Ice Hockey Club's 1908 match with C. P. P. Paris and during the 1909–10 season. He was also a member of the Great Britain national ice hockey team that won the gold medal at the first ever European Championships in 1910. Sopwith became interested in flying after seeing John Moisant flying the first cross-Channel passenger flight. His first flight was with Gustave Blondeau in a Farman at Brooklands. He soon taught himself to fly on a Howard Wright Avis monoplane and took to the air on his own for the first time on 22 October
    7.00
    2 votes
    155
    Langley Research Center

    Langley Research Center

    • Aircraft models designed: Northrop HL-10
    Langley Research Center (LaRC) is the oldest of NASA's field centers, located in Hampton, Virginia, United States. It directly borders Poquoson, Virginia and Langley Air Force Base. LaRC focuses primarily on aeronautical research, though the Apollo lunar lander was flight-tested at the facility and a number of high-profile space missions have been planned and designed on-site. Established in 1917 by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the Center currently devotes two-thirds of its programs to aeronautics, and the rest to space. LaRC researchers use more than 40 wind tunnels to study improved aircraft and spacecraft safety, performance, and efficiency. Between 1958 and 1963, when NASA started Project Mercury, LaRC served as the main office of the Space Task Group, with the office being transferred to the Manned Spacecraft Center (now the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center) in Houston in 1962–63. The current director is Lesa B. Roe. In 1917, less than three years after it was created, the NACA established Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory on Langley Field. Both Langley Field and the Langley Laboratory are named for aviation pioneer Samuel Pierpont Langley. The
    6.00
    3 votes
    156

    Semyon Lavochkin

    • Aircraft models designed: Lavochkin La-5
    Semyon Alekseyevich Lavochkin (Russian: Семён Алексе́евич Ла́вочкин; August 29, 1900 - June 9, 1960), a Soviet aerospace engineer, Soviet aircraft designer who founded the Lavochkin aircraft design bureau. Many of his fighter designs were produced in large numbers for Soviet forces during World War II. Lavochkin was born to a Jewish family of teachers in Smolensk. After graduation in 1918, he enlisted in the Red Army and served in the infantry in the Russian Civil War. In 1920, he began studies at the Moscow State Technical University, from which he graduated in 1927. He then served for two years as an intern at the design department of the TsAGI Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute under the direction of Andrei Tupolev, where he assisted in the design of the Tupolev TB-3 heavy bomber. While at TsAGI, he his colleagues included the French seaplane designer Paul Richard, as well as Mikhail Gurevich and Nikolai Kamov. In the early 1930s, he transferred to the Central Design Office, where he was assigned work on stratospheric aircraft and balloons, and pressurized cockpits. However, as he came increasingly interested in the design of fighter aircraft, he moved to the design office of
    6.00
    3 votes
    157

    Alexander Lippisch

    • Aircraft models designed: Convair XF-92
    Alexander Martin Lippisch (November 2, 1894 – February 11, 1976) was a German pioneer of aerodynamics. He made important contributions to the understanding of flying wings, delta wings and the ground effect. His most famous design is the Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket-powered interceptor. Lippisch was born in Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria. He later recalled that his interest in aviation stemmed from a demonstration conducted by Orville Wright, over Tempelhof Field in Berlin, in September 1909. Nonetheless, he planned to follow his father’s footsteps into art school. The outbreak of World War I intervened. During his service with the German Army from 1915–1918, Lippisch had the chance to fly as an aerial photographer and mapper. Following the war, Lippisch worked with the Zeppelin Company, and it was at this time that he first became interested in tail-less aircraft. In 1921 his first such design would reach production in as the Lippisch-Espenlaub E-2 glider, built by Gottlob Espenlaub. This was the beginning of a research programme that would result in some fifty designs throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Lippisch’s growing reputation saw him appointed the director of the Rhön-Rossitten
    5.67
    3 votes
    158
    Jim Bede

    Jim Bede

    • Aircraft models designed: Bede BD-5
    James R. "Jim" Bede is an aircraft designer, who is often credited with the creation of the modern kitplane market. He has designed well over a dozen aircraft since the 1960s, but a string of business failures have kept most of these designs out of widespread use. Bede was raised in Cleveland, Ohio. He graduated from West Technical School in Cleveland in 1952 and attended Fenn College and the University of Wichita receiving his Aeronautical Engineer Bachelor of Science Degree in 1957. He started work as a performance engineer with North American Aviation that year, where he worked on the FJ-4 and A3J projects for the US Navy. He stayed at North American only briefly, returning home to Cleveland in 1961 to form Bede Aviation with his father James, in order to produce a kitbuilt aircraft of his design, the Bede BD-1. At the time, as it is today, the general aviation market was priced beyond the means of the average consumer. Bede believed the way to solve this problem was to have prospective pilots build their own aircraft, as labor costs were a major part of the overall price of a delivered aircraft. The BD-1 was a simple and fairly conventional low-wing two-seat design that used
    5.67
    3 votes
    159
    5.67
    3 votes
    160
    6.50
    2 votes
    161
    6.50
    2 votes
    162
    Antonov

    Antonov

    • Aircraft models designed: PZL M-28
    Antonov, or Antonov Aeronautical Scientific/Technical Complex (Antonov ASTC) (Ukrainian: Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, АНТК ім. Антонова), formerly the Antonov Design Bureau, is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company with particular expertise in the field of very large aircraft construction. Antonov ASTC is a state-owned commercial company. Its headquarters are in Kiev. The company is named after Oleg Antonov, its founder and head designer of An-2, An-24, An-22 and other planes. The Antonov company lacks facilities for full construction of some aircraft, a result of Soviet industrial strategy that split military production between different regions of the USSR. This distribution minimized potential war loss risks. As a result, Antonov airplanes are often assembled by the specialist contract manufacturers in Kharkiv (Ukraine), Novosibirsk (Russia), and Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Fields of commercial activity of Antonov ASTC include: Antonov's airplanes (design office prefix An) range from the rugged An-2 biplane (which itself is comparatively large for a biplane) through the An-28 reconnaissance aircraft to the massive An-124 Ruslan and An-225
    6.50
    2 votes
    163
    6.50
    2 votes
    164
    Ed Heinemann

    Ed Heinemann

    • Aircraft models designed: A-4 Skyhawk
    Edward Henry Heinemann, (March 14, 1908 – November 26, 1991) was a noted military aircraft designer for Douglas Aircraft Company. Heinemann was born in Saginaw, Michigan, but moved to California as a boy and was raised in Los Angeles. A self-taught engineer, he joined Douglas Aircraft as a draftsman in 1926, but was laid off within a year. After stints at International Aircraft, Moreland Aircraft, and Northrop, Heinemann re-joined Douglas when it acquired Northrop. Heinemann became Douglas's Chief Engineer in 1936. He remained with the company through 1960, when he left to join Guidance Technology. In 1962 he joined General Dynamics as Corporate Vice President of Engineering. In this position he oversaw the development of the F-16. He retired in 1973. His approach to aircraft design was simplistic, once saying that he simply took the most powerful engine available, and designed the aircraft around it. During his long career at Douglas, Heinemann designed more than 20 combat aircraft, primarily for the U.S. Navy, including many that became legends in aviation history. His designs included: One of the first aircraft to be designed by Heinemann was the Moreland M-1 Trainer of 1929, a
    6.50
    2 votes
    165

    Rex Beisel

    • Aircraft models designed: F4U Corsair
    Rex Buren Beisel (24 October 1893 – February 1972) was an aeronautical engineer who led the design of the Vought F7U Cutlass, Vought F4U Corsair and won the Wright Brothers Medal in 1934 for work related to the cooling of radial aircraft engines. Beisel grew up in Cumberland, Washington and graduated from the University of Washington. He worked for numerous aircraft companies, including Curtiss-Wright, Vought, and United Aircraft Corporation, until his retirement in 1949.
    6.50
    2 votes
    166
    6.50
    2 votes
    167

    Blackburn Aircraft

    • Aircraft models designed: Blackburn Roc
    Blackburn Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer that concentrated mainly on naval and maritime aircraft during the first part of the 20th century. Blackburn Aircraft was founded by Robert Blackburn who built his first aircraft in 1908. The Blackburn Aeroplane & Motor Company was created in 1914, established in a new factory built at Brough, East Riding of Yorkshire in 1916, where Robert's brother Norman Blackburn was later Managing Director. By acquiring the Cirrus-Hermes company in 1937, Blackburn started producing aircraft engines, the Blackburn Cirrus range. The company's name was changed to Blackburn Aircraft Limited in 1939, and the company amalgamated with General Aircraft Limited in 1949 as Blackburn and General Aircraft Limited, reverting to Blackburn Aircraft Limited by 1958. Aircraft production operations were absorbed into Hawker Siddeley and its engine operations into Bristol Siddeley, as part of the rationalisation of British aircraft manufacturers, and the Blackburn name was dropped completely in 1963. An American company, Blackburn Aircraft Corp., was incorporated in Detroit on 20 May 1929 to acquire design and patent rights of the aircraft of
    7.00
    1 votes
    168

    Claudius Dornier

    • Aircraft models designed: Dornier Do X
    Claude (Claudius) Honoré Desiré Dornier born in Kempten im Allgäu (May 14, 1884 - December 5, 1969) was a German airplane builder and founder of Dornier GmbH. His legacy remains in the few aircraft named after him, including the Dornier Do 18 and the 12-engine Dornier Do X flying boat, for decades the world's largest and most powerful airplane. The son of a French wine importer and his German wife, Claude Dornier was born in Bavaria where he grew up and attended school, with science being his chief interest. Dornier then moved to Munich, where he graduated in 1907 from the Technical University. As a young engineer Dornier first worked on strength calculations at Nagel Engineering Works in Karlsruhe. In 1910, he joined Luftschiffbau Zeppelin in Friedrichshafen on the Bodensee, where his advanced abilities quickly attracted Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's attention. Soon appointed as the Count's personal scientific advisor, Dornier began fundamental research and design on improving the strength of light metal sections and later on aircraft engineering and giant metal flying boats. Dornier is also recognised in the history of German aviation for his unique concepts in multiple aircraft
    7.00
    1 votes
    169
    7.00
    1 votes
    170
    7.00
    1 votes
    171

    Nevil Shute

    • Aircraft models designed: Airspeed AS 6 Envoy
    Nevil Shute Norway (17 January 1899 – 12 January 1960) was a popular British-Australian novelist and a successful aeronautical engineer. He used his full name in his engineering career, and 'Nevil Shute' as his pen name, in order to protect his engineering career from any potential negative publicity in connection with his novels. Born in Somerset Road, Ealing, London, he was educated at the Dragon School, Shrewsbury School and Balliol College, Oxford. Shute's father, Arthur Hamilton Norway, became head of the post office in Ireland before the First World War, and was based at the main post office in Dublin in 1916 at the time of the Easter Rising. His son was later commended for his role as a stretcher bearer during the rising. Shute attended the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich but because of his stammer was unable to take up a commission in the Royal Flying Corps, instead serving in World War I as a soldier in the Suffolk Regiment. An aeronautical engineer as well as a pilot, he began his engineering career with de Havilland Aircraft Company but, dissatisfied with the lack of opportunities for advancement, he took a position in 1924 with Vickers Ltd., where he was involved with
    7.00
    1 votes
    172
    Pavel Sukhoi

    Pavel Sukhoi

    • Aircraft models designed: Sukhoi Su-5
    Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi (Russian: Павел Осипович Сухой; Belarusian: Павел Восіпавіч Сухі) (July 22, 1895 – September 15, 1975) was a Soviet aerospace engineer. He designed the Sukhoi military aircraft and founded the Sukhoi Design Bureau. Sukhoi was born in Hlybokaye near Vitebsk, a small town in Belarus in what was then Vilna Province of the Russian Empire. He went to school from 1905 to 1914 at the Gomel Gymnasium (now the Belarusian State University of Transport). In 1915 he went to the Imperial Moscow Technical School (today known as BMSTU). After World War I broke out, he was drafted by the Imperial Russian Army; in 1920 he was demobilized because of health related problems and he went back to the BMSTU, graduating in 1925. In 1925 he wrote his thesis named Chasseur Single-engined Aircraft of 300 cv under the direction of Andrei Tupolev. In March 1925 he started working as an engineer/designer with TsAGI (The Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute) and Moscow Factory Number 156. During the following years, Sukhoi designed and constructed aircraft including the record-setting Tupolev ANT-25 and the TB-1 and TB-3 heavy bombers. In 1932 he was assigned head of engineering and design
    7.00
    1 votes
    173
    Reaction Engines Ltd

    Reaction Engines Ltd

    • Aircraft models designed: Skylon
    Reaction Engines Limited (REL) is a British aerospace company based in Oxfordshire, England. Reaction Engines was founded in 1989 by Alan Bond (lead engineer on the British Interplanetary Society's Project Daedalus) and Richard Varvill and John Scott-Scott (the two principal Rolls-Royce engineers from the RB545 engine project). The company conducts research into space propulsion systems, centred around the development of the Skylon re-usable SSTO spaceplane. The three founders worked together on the HOTOL project, funding for which was withdrawn in 1988, largely due to significant technical obstacles. The division of responsibilities is: Skylon is a design for a single-stage-to-orbit combined cycle powered orbital spaceplane. Skylon and the SABRE engine by which it will be powered are being developed as a private venture which aims to overcome the obstacles faced by HOTOL. The company's current research effort is focused on precooler heat exchanger technology, with additional funding gained from the sale of consultancy. The company has also received funding from the EU to investigate applications of its technologies to rapid long-distance passenger transport, under the LAPCAT
    7.00
    1 votes
    174
    John Cyril Porte

    John Cyril Porte

    • Aircraft models designed: Felixstowe F.3
    Colonel John Cyril Porte CMG, DSM, Royal Navy (26 February 1884 – 22 October 1919) was a flying boat pioneer associated with the World War I Seaplane Experimental Station at Felixstowe. He was born on 26 February 1884 to Reverend Dr. J. R. Porte in Bandon, County Cork, Ireland. At an early age Porte joined the Royal Navy submarine service, but contracted tuberculosis and was discharged in 1911 with the rank of Lieutenant, RN. He learned to fly and became the managing director of the British Deperdussin Company and participated in air races. Pursuing an interest in flying boats, he met American aircraft designer Glenn Curtiss at George Volk's Seaplane Base at Brighton and they worked together on a design in the USA for the America flying boat, in which they intended to cross the Atlantic and win a substantial cash prize put up by the Daily Mail. The commencement of hostilities in 1914 stopped this plan. His health notwithstanding, he returned to England and was recommissioned in the Royal Naval Air Service and given command of a training unit in Hendon and soon afterwards the naval air base at Felixstowe. While in this position he encouraged the purchase of Curtiss H-4 flying boats,
    5.33
    3 votes
    175
    5.33
    3 votes
    176
    Alan Mulally

    Alan Mulally

    • Aircraft models designed: Boeing 777
    Alan Roger Mulally (born August 4, 1945) is an American engineer and business executive who is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Ford Motor Company. Ford, which had been struggling during the late-2000s recession, returned to profitability under Mulally and was the only American major car manufacturer to avoid government-sponsored bankruptcy. Mulally's achievements at Ford are chronicled in the book, "An American Icon: Alan Mulally and the Fight to Save Ford Motor Company" by Bryce G. Hoffman published in 2012. Mulally was previously executive vice president of Boeing and the CEO of Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA). He began his career with Boeing as an engineer in 1969 and was largely credited with BCA's resurgence against Airbus in the mid-2000s. Mulally was born in Oakland, California to Charles R. "Dick" Mulally and Lauraine Lizette Clark, who met at a USO dance. Mulally grew up in his mother's hometown of Lawrence, Kansas, where he was a member of Plymouth Congregational Church. He considered Rev. Dale Turner "a mentor and an inspiration." He used to sit at the front of the church to study the minister's influence on the congregation. Mulally said
    6.00
    2 votes
    177

    Alexei Tupolev

    • Aircraft models designed: Tupolev Tu-144
    Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev (Russian: Алексе́й Андре́евич Ту́полев; May 20, 1925–May 12, 2001) was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu-144. He also helped design the Buran space shuttle and the Tu-2000, which has been suspended because of the lack of funds. Tupolev was the son of famed Soviet aircraft pioneer, Andrei Tupolev. He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1949 and began working with his father at the Tupolev Design Bureau. He became chief designer in 1963 and general designer in 1973. List (partial) of retired or active airliners designed or made by aviation designer/engineer Andrei Tupolev; incl. both military and civilian planes, jets and other aircraft:
    6.00
    2 votes
    178
    Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd

    Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd

    • Aircraft models designed: Ascender
    Bristol Spaceplanes Limited was formed in 1991 to provide technical assistance and consultancy to commercial organisations and aerospace companies interested in commercial opportunities in space. Since then it has prepared plans to develop the Ascender sub-orbital spaceplane, designed in-house from off-the-shelf technology.
    6.00
    2 votes
    179

    Jean Yu

    Jean Yu is a Korean born fashion designer operating in New York City. She is a member of Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) since 2007, and was one of the top ten finalists for the CFDA/Vogue fashion fund in 2005. Jean Yu is known for her architectural approach and seamless technique. Her dresses have been featured in many fashion publications such as Vogue (American and many international), Vanity Fair, The New York Times, W. Gwen Stefani was wearing her dress on the cover of the June 2004 edition of the American Vogue. Jean Yu opened up her store on crosby street in downtown SoHo in December 2001. The store was named 37=1 after its address (37 Crosby Street).
    6.00
    2 votes
    180

    Myasishchev

    • Aircraft models designed: Cosmopolis XXI
    Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center V. M. Myasishchev Experimental Design Bureau (Экспери­мен­тальный Машин­ост­роительный Завод им. В. М. Мясищева) or OKB-23, founded in 1951 by Vladimir Myasishchev) was one of the chief Soviet aerospace design bureaus until its dissolution in 1960. Vladimir Myasishchev went on to head TsAGI. In 1967, Myasishchev left TsAGI and recreated his bureau, which still exists to this day. The bureau prefix was "M." As of 2003, its workforce is estimated at approx­imately one thousand. Myasishchev and NPO Molniya intend to use the V-MT or M-55 as launch vehicle for sub-orbital spaceflight.
    6.00
    2 votes
    181
    Smithsonian Institution

    Smithsonian Institution

    The Smithsonian Institution ( /smɪθˈsoʊniən/ smith-SOH-nee-ən), established 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge", is a group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government. Termed "the nation's attic" for its eclectic holdings of 137 million items, the Institution's Washington, D.C. nucleus of nineteen museums, nine research centers, and zoo—many of them historical or architectural landmarks—is the largest such complex in the world. Additional facilities are located in Arizona, Maryland, New York City, Virginia, Panama and elsewhere, and 168 other museums are Smithsonian affiliates. The Institutions's thirty million annual visitors are admitted without charge; funding comes from the Institution's own endowment, private and corporate contributions, membership dues, government support, and retail, concession and licensing revenues. Institution publications include Smithsonian and Air & Space magazines. British scientist James Smithson (d. 1829) left most of his wealth to a nephew, but when the nephew died childless in 1835, under Smithson's will the estate passed "to the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of
    6.00
    2 votes
    183

    Lawrence Wackett

    • Aircraft models designed: CAC Boomerang
    Sir Lawrence James Wackett KBE, DFC, AFC (2 January 1896 – 18 March 1982) is widely regarded as "father of the Australian aircraft industry". He has been described as "one of the towering figures in the history of Australian aviation covering, as he did, virtually all aspects of activities: pilot, designer of airframes and engines, entrepreneur and manager". He was knighted for his services to aviation and was a winner of the Oswald Watt Gold Medal. He was also a keen angler and wrote two books on the subject. Wackett was born in Townsville, Queensland, on 2 January 1896. He joined the Australian Army and graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon, then with the rank of Lieutenant joined No. 1 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) which had formed at Point Cook the day before his 20th birthday. He was one of twelve pilots that went to Egypt with the Squadron to operate in support of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, embarking on 16 March 1916 and arriving at Suez four weeks later. In Egypt he designed a mounting to attach a Lewis Gun to the upper wing of his BE2c; this seems a small thing but it represented a vast improvement to a type that was described by Hudson
    5.00
    3 votes
    184

    Messerschmitt

    • Aircraft models designed: Avia S-199
    Messerschmitt AG (German pronunciation: [ˈmɛsɐʃmɪt]) was a famous German aircraft manufacturing corporation (AG) named for its chief designer, Willy Messerschmitt, and known primarily for its World War II fighter aircraft, notably the Bf 109 and Me 262. The company survived in the post-war era, undergoing a number of mergers and changing its name from Messerschmitt to Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm before being bought by DASA in 1989, now part of EADS. In February 1916, the south German engineering company MAN AG, and several banks purchased the unprofitable aircraft builder, Otto-Flugzeugwerke, starting a new company Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG. The articles of association were drawn up on February 19 and 20, and completed on March 2, 1916. Details of the company were recorded in the Commercial Register with an equity capital of RM 1,000,000 on March 7, 1916. 36% of the capital was provided by the Bank für Handel und Industrie, Berlin, 30% by MAN AG and 34% by Hermann Bachstein, Berlin. The first Chairman of the Board of Management was Peter Eberwein, who had previously been employed at Albatros Flugzeugwerke. Due to the need for immediate aircraft production for the ongoing war,
    5.00
    3 votes
    185

    Georges Abrial

    • Aircraft models designed: Abrial A-2 Vautour
    Georges Abrial (1898, Paris – 1970, Vauville, Manche) was an early French aerodynamicist. After graduating from the St Cyr Aeronautical Institute he worked for Levasseur (Levasseur-Abrial A-1) and did some pioneering work into tailless aircraft. He designed several gliders during the 1920s before turning to lecturing the following decade, when he also became influential in the French soaring movement. Abrial stopped designing new aircraft after 1932 when he abandoned his A-12 project. He was more attracted by instructorship and educational methods and played an important role in the development of soaring in France during the 1930s. After World War II, he was still active in promoting soaring in France and in French Africa. In 1954 he came back to the design of tailless aircraft, with the A-13 "Buse" project. But this glider was never built.
    5.50
    2 votes
    186
    5.50
    2 votes
    187
    5.50
    2 votes
    188

    Ludwig Dürr

    • Aircraft models designed: Hindenburg class airship
    Ludwig Dürr (4 June 1878, Stuttgart – 1 January 1956, Friedrichshafen) was an airship designer. After completing training as a mechanic, Dürr continued his training at the Höhere Maschinenbauschule in Stuttgart, an affiliate of the Königliche Baugewerkschule (Royal School of Engineering). In 1898 he entered the German Navy, but was discharged at the end of the year. Beginning in 1899, Dürr worked for Ferdinand von Zeppelin. After assisting in the construction of the first zeppelin airship, the LZ 1, he himself began to construct airships and lightweight construction parts. All of the following zeppelin designs were Dürr's. He was employed by the Zeppelin company until its dissolution in 1945, from 1915 on as technical director. On 19 July 1923 he married Lydia Beck; they had two daughters and two sons. Ludwig Dürr biography at Airships.net Media related to Ludwig Dürr at Wikimedia Commons
    5.50
    2 votes
    189
    5.50
    2 votes
    190
    Spacefleet Ltd

    Spacefleet Ltd

    • Aircraft models designed: SF-01
    Spacefleet Ltd is developing a project for space tourism, which will consist of an aerodynamic craft, designed for take-off from a conventional runway and a horizontal landing, also on a runway. This project is under development. It is designed to provide the space tourism experience in a single vehicle, and the seat cost should be significantly lower than comparative prices proposed for first-generation space tourism vehicles.
    5.50
    2 votes
    191
    4.67
    3 votes
    192
    Robert Lusser

    Robert Lusser

    • Aircraft models designed: Heinkel He 280
    Robert Lusser (19 April 1899 - 19 January 1969) was a German engineer, aircraft designer and aviator. He is remembered both for several well-known Messerschmitt and Heinkel designs during World War II, and after the war for his theoretical study of the reliability of complex systems. In the post-war era, Lusser also pioneered the development of modern ski bindings, introducing the first teflon anti-friction pads to improve release. He was born in Ulm. As a pilot, Lusser won the International Light Aircraft Contest in France in 1928. Next he participated in three out of four FAI International Tourist Plane Contests, flying Klemm aircraft, and completed all three taking quite high places (Challenge 1929: 4th, Challenge 1930: 13th, and Challenge 1932: 10th). In August 1930 he was 3rd in the handicapped race Giro Aereo d'Italia in Italy. Lusser's first jobs were with the Klemm and Heinkel companies, before joining the newly-relaunched Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bavarian Aircraft Works, later Messerschmitt) in 1933. There, he assisted Willy Messerschmitt with his design for a touring aircraft, the Messerschmitt M37. This was later put into production as the Messerschmitt Bf 108, and
    4.67
    3 votes
    193
    Alexander Procofieff de Seversky

    Alexander Procofieff de Seversky

    • Aircraft models designed: P-47 Thunderbolt
    Alexander Nikolaievich Prokofiev de Seversky (Russian: Александр Николаевич Прокофьев-Северский) (June 7, 1894 – August 24, 1974) was a Russian-American aviation pioneer, inventor, and influential advocate of strategic air power. Of noble Russian parentage, Seversky was born in Tbilisi, then part of the Russian Empire (now Georgia) and called Tiflis. He entered a military school at age 10. Seversky's father was one of the first Russian aviators to own an aircraft (a modified Bleriot XI built by Mikheil Grigorashvili) and by the age of 14, when Seversky entered the Imperial Russian Naval Academy, his father had already taught him how to fly. Graduating in 1914 with an engineering degree, Lieutenant Seversky was serving at sea with a destroyer flotilla when World War I began. Seversky was selected for duty as a naval aviator, transferring to the Military School of Aeronautics at Sebastopol, Crimea. After completing a postgraduate program on aeronautics in 1914–15, he was reassigned as a pilot in the summer of 1915 to an aviation unit in the Baltic Fleet. While stationed in the Gulf of Riga, on his first mission, he attacked a German destroyer but was shot down by enemy anti-aircraft
    6.00
    1 votes
    194
    Barnes Wallis

    Barnes Wallis

    • Aircraft models designed: Vickers Wellesley
    Sir Barnes Neville Wallis, CBE FRS, RDI, FRAeS (26 September 1887 – 30 October 1979), was an English scientist, engineer and inventor. He is best known for inventing the bouncing bomb used by the RAF in Operation Chastise (the "Dambusters" raid) to attack the dams of the Ruhr Valley during World War II. The raid was the subject of the 1955 film The Dam Busters, in which Wallis was played by Michael Redgrave. Among his other inventions were the geodetic airframe and the earthquake bomb. Barnes Wallis was born in Ripley, Derbyshire and educated at Christ's Hospital in Horsham, leaving school at seventeen to start work in January 1905 at Thames Engineering Works at Blackheath, southeast London. He subsequently changed his apprenticeship to J. Samuel White's, the shipbuilders based at Cowes on the Isle of Wight. He originally trained as a marine engineer and in 1922 he took a degree in engineering via the University of London External Programme. He left J. Samuel White's in 1913 when an opportunity arose for him to work on airship design and then aircraft design. He worked for Vickers - later part of Vickers-Armstrongs and latterly part of the British Aircraft Corporation until his
    6.00
    1 votes
    195
    De Havilland Canada

    De Havilland Canada

    The de Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd. company was an aircraft manufacturer with facilities based in what is now the Downsview area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The original home of de Havilland Canada is now the home of the Canadian Air & Space Museum located in what is now Downsview Park. The aircraft company was created in 1928 by British de Havilland Aircraft Company to build Moth aircraft for the training of Canadian airmen, and subsequently after the Second World War, designed and produced indigenous designs. After a number of company changes, Bombardier Inc. sold the rights to the out-of-production aircraft (DHC-1 through DHC-7) to Viking Air Ltd. of Sidney, British Columbia, in May 2005. Founded in 1928 as a subsidiary of de Havilland Aircraft (UK) de Havilland Canada was first located at De Lesseps Field in Toronto, before moving to Downsview in 1929. Flown for the first time on 26 October 1931, the DH.82 Tiger Moth was derived from the DH.60 Moth. The DH 82 was powered by a 120 hp Gipsy II engine, but the 1939 DH.82a received the 145 hp Gipsy Major. More than 1,000 Tiger Moths were delivered before the Second World War, and subsequently 4,005 were built in the UK and
    6.00
    1 votes
    196

    Drago Jovanovich

    • Aircraft models designed: McCulloch J-2
    Dragoljub Kosta "Gish" Jovanovich (January 24, 1916 – November 12, 1983) was born in Yugoslavia and lived in Philadelphia. He was an American helicopter designer. Jovanovich and Frank Kozloski founded the Helicopter Engineering Research Corporation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1946 the predecessor of Jovair. They had previously worked for Piasecki Helicopter Corporation with Jovanovich's patented tandem rotary design having been used on the Piasecki PV-3. The first helicopter they made was the HERC JOV-3. This was first flown in 1948. They used Boulevard Airport (fromerly William Penn Airport) as their base. In 1949 Jovanovich and Kozloski transferred to the new helicopter division of McCulloch Motors Corporation and the design principles of the JOV-3 were incorporated into the McCulloch MC-4, which first flew in March 1951. Jovanovich was also the designer for the McCulloch. Three of a modified MC-4, the MC-4C, were acquired by the US Army in 1952 for testing, but were deemed underpowered and no further ones were ordered. In 1955 Jovanovich designed a rotor for Howard Hughes' Hughes 269. This was followed by hub blades for the three-blade light ­helicopter, the 1958 Del Mar
    6.00
    1 votes
    197
    Lockheed Martin

    Lockheed Martin

    • Aircraft models designed: EC-130 Commando Solo
    Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an American global aerospace, defense, security, and advanced technology company with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington Metropolitan Area. Lockheed Martin employs 123,000 people worldwide. Robert J. Stevens is the current Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Lockheed Martin is one of the world's largest defense contractors; In 2009, 74% of Lockheed Martin's revenues came from military sales. It received 7.1% of the funds paid out by the Pentagon. Lockheed Martin operates in four business segments. These comprise, with respective percentages of 2009 total net sales of $45.2 billion, Aeronautics (27%), Electronic Systems (27%), Information Systems & Global Solutions (27%), and Space Systems (19%). In 2009 US Government contracts accounted for $38.4 billion (85%), foreign government contracts $5.8 billion (13%), and commercial and other contracts for $900 million (2%). In both 2009 and 2008 the company topped the list of US Federal Contractors. The company has received the Collier Trophy six times. Most recently (in
    6.00
    1 votes
    198
    Louis Charles Breguet

    Louis Charles Breguet

    • Aircraft models designed: Breguet Aerhydroplane
    Louis Charles Breguet (January 2, 1880 in Paris – May 4, 1955 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France) was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers. In 1902, Louis married Nelly Girardet, the daughter of painter Eugene Girardet. They had five children together. In 1905, with his brother Jacques, and under the guidance of Charles Richet, he began work on a gyroplane (the forerunner of the helicopter) with flexible wings. It achieved the first ascent of a vertical-flight aircraft with a pilot in 1907. He built his first fixed-wing aircraft, the Breguet Type I in 1909, flying it successfully before crashing it at the Grande Semaine d'Aviation held at Reims. In 1911 he founded the Société Anonyme des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Breguet. In 1912, Breguet constructed his first hydroplane. He is especially known for his development of reconnaissance aircraft used by the French in World War I and through the 1920s. One of the pioneers in the construction of metal aircraft, the Breguet 14 day bomber, perhaps the most famous French warplane of all time, was made almost entirely of aluminium. As well as the French, sixteen squadrons of the American Expeditionary Force
    6.00
    1 votes
    200
    6.00
    1 votes
    201
    5.00
    2 votes
    202
    Indonesian Aerospace

    Indonesian Aerospace

    • Aircraft models designed: CASA CN-235
    Indonesian Aerospace (IAe) (Indonesian: PT. Dirgantara Indonesia (DI)) is an Indonesian aerospace company in Asia involved in aircraft design, development and manufacturing of civilian and military regional commuter aircraft. The company was formerly known as Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara (IPTN). It was expanded from of a research and industrial facility under the Indonesian Air Force, namely Lembaga Industri Penerbangan Nurtanio (LIPNUR). Established in 1976 as a state owned company, it has developed its capability as aircraft manufacturer and diversified into other area such as Telecommunication, Automotive, Maritime, Information Technology, Oil & Gas, Control & Automation, Military, Simulation Technology, Industrial Turbine, and Engineering Services. Though aircraft production in Indonesia existed before Independence in 1945, the National Aviation Industry was pioneered in 1946 at Yogyakarta by the formation of Planning and Construction Bureau (Indonesian: Biro Rencana dan Konstruksi) within The Indonesian Air Force. Wiweko Soepono, Nurtanio Pringgoadisurjo, and J. Sumarsono, opened a simple workshop at Magetan, near Madiun. With basic materials, gliders were designed and
    5.00
    2 votes
    203
    5.00
    2 votes
    204
    PZL

    PZL

    • Aircraft models designed: PZL M-28
    PZL (Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - State Aviation Works) was the main Polish aerospace manufacturer of the interwar period, based in Warsaw, functioning in 1928-1939. The abbreviation was thereafter - from late 1950s - used as an aircraft brand and as a part of names of several Polish state-owned aerospace manufacturers referring to traditions of the PZL, belonging to the Zjednoczenie Przemysłu Lotniczego i Silnikowego PZL - PZL Aircraft and Engine Industry Union. After the fall of communism in Poland in 1989, these manufacturers became separate plants, still sharing the PZL name. In the case of PZL-Mielec, the abbreviation means Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - State Aviation Works. The PZL - Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze (State Aviation Works) was founded in Warsaw in 1928 as a state-owned company, and was based on the earlier CWL (Centralne Warsztaty Lotnicze) - Central Aviation Workshops. First to be produced was a licensed version of a French fighter, the Wibault 70, but from then on the company produced exclusively its own designs. In the next decade Zygmunt Puławski designed a series of high-wing, all-metal modern fighters: PZL P.1, P.6, P.7 and P.11. The last two types were used as
    5.00
    2 votes
    205

    Edgar Schmued

    • Aircraft models designed: F-5 Freedom Fighter
    Edgar O. (Ed) Schmued (Schmüd), German-American aircraft designer (1899–1985) was famed for his design of the iconic North American P-51 Mustang and, later, the North American F-86 Sabre while at North American Aviation. He later worked on other aircraft designs as an aviation consultant. Edgar Schmued was born in Hornbach, Germany, 30 December 1899. At age eight, he first saw an airplane in flight and decided that aviation was to be his life's work. Edgar embarked early on a rigorous program of self-study to become an engineer, and later served an apprenticeship in a small engine factory. He also designed several innovative engine components for which he received patents. In his spare time, he continued the self-study of aviation. His experience in Germany led to employment with the General Motors Corporation in Brazil, and later with a General Motors subsidiary in the United States, the Fokker Aeroplane Company, where he began his career as an aircraft design engineer. The talented and inventive Schmued, by now a citizen of the United States, was employed by North American Aviation (NAA) in Dundalk, Maryland. In 1935, North American was relocated to Los Angeles, California, from
    4.50
    2 votes
    207
    Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell

    • Aircraft models designed: AEA Cygnet
    Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first US patent for the telephone in 1876. In retrospect, Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study. Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Bell became one of the founding members of the National Geographic Society. He has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history. Alexander Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on March 3, 1847. The family home was at 16 South Charlotte Street, and has a stone inscription, marking it as Alexander Graham Bell's birthplace. He had two
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    Gerhard Fieseler

    • Aircraft models designed: Raab-Katzenstein RK-26
    Gerhard Fieseler (April 15, 1896 - September 1, 1987) was a German World War I flying ace, aerobatics champion, and aircraft designer and manufacturer. Fieseler was born in Glesch, the son of a printer. He joined the Air Service of the German Army in 1915 and despite a crash during training, was assigned as an observation pilot the following year, flying with FAA 243 and FAA 41. In 1917, he qualified as a fighter pilot and was posted to the Macedonian front, initially flying the Roland D.II with Jasta 25. He was eventually credited with nineteen aerial victories. Commissioned in October 1918, he was the highest scoring German ace to survive on the eastern Front.He was awarded the Golden Military Merit Cross and the Iron Cross, first and second class. Following the war, he returned to printing, but yearned to return to flying. In 1926, he closed his print shop in Eschweiler and became a flight instructor with the Raab-Katzenstein aircraft company in Kassel and continued to hone his flying skills, becoming an accomplished stunt pilot. In 1927, he performed a particularly daring routine in Zürich and started to command increasingly high fees for appearances. In 1928, he designed his
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    Lockheed Corporation

    Lockheed Corporation

    • Aircraft models designed: Lockheed Have Blue
    The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company) was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995. The Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company was established in 1912 by the brothers Allan and Malcolm Loughead. This company was renamed the Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company and located in Santa Barbara, California. In 1926, following the failure of Loughead, Allan Loughead formed the Lockheed Aircraft Company (the spelling was changed to match its phonetic pronunciation) in Hollywood. In 1929, Lockheed sold out to Detroit Aircraft Corporation. The Great Depression ruined the aircraft market, and Detroit Aircraft went bankrupt. A group of investors headed by brothers Robert and Courtland Gross, and Walter Varney, bought the company out of receivership in 1932. The syndicate bought the company for a mere $40,000 ($660,000 in 2011). Ironically, Allan Loughead himself had planned to bid for his own company, but had raised "only" $50,000 ($824,000), which he felt was too small a sum for a serious bid. In 1934, Robert E. Gross was named chairman of the new company, the Lockheed
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    Viktor Fedorovich Bolkhovitinov

    • Aircraft models designed: Bolkhovitinov S
    Viktor Fedorovich Bolkhovitinov (Виктор Фёдорович Болховитинов) (4 February 1899 - 29 January 1970) was a Soviet engineer, team-leader of the developers of the Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 aircraft. Bolkhovitinov was one of the first graduates of the Zhukovsky Academy. In 1934, he designed a modernized version of the Tupolev TB-3 bomber called the DB-A (long-range bomber of the academy). On August 12 of 1937, a DB-A attempted to fly over the North Pole to the USA, but the crew perished. In 1937, he designed the "S" or "Spartak", a small sleek high-speed bomber with a long greenhouse canopy. Two contra-rotating props were driven by a pair of Klimov M-103 V-12 engines. Development of the aircraft and it's planned variants was discontinued when the war began. In 1940, Bolkhovitinov became head of his own experimental design bureau OKB-293. Based on a plane design by Bereznyak and Bolkovitinov a few years earlier, and inspired by the attempt of NII-3 to build a ramjet powered plane, Bolkhovitinov decided to build a rocket-powered short-range interceptor. This was the BI-1. In 1944, A.G. Kostakov (head of the jet propulsion institute NII-3) was arrested. NII-3 and Bolkhovitinov's OKB-293 were
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    Willis Hawkins

    • Aircraft models designed: Lockheed XF-90
    Willis M. Hawkins (December 1, 1913 – September 28, 2004) was an aeronautical engineer for Lockheed for more than fifty years. He was hired to the company in 1937, immediately after receiving his bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Michigan. Prior to that, he was in the first graduating class of The Leelanau School, a boarding school in Glen Arbor, Michigan. He contributed to the designs of a number of historic Lockheed aircraft, including the Constellation, P-80 Shooting Star, XF-90, F-94 Starfire, and F-104 Starfighter. During World War II, he was part of the group of Lockheed designers who designed the first American attempt at a jet plane: the Lockheed L-133. In 1951, he led the design team that created the proposal for the Lockheed Model 82, which would become the legendary C-130 Hercules. Hawkins started the Lockheed Missiles and Space Company and served as President. He was elected a Vice President of the Lockheed Corporation in 1960 and later served on the corporation’s board of directors. Hawkins served as Assistant Secretary for Research and Development for the US Army from 1962 to 1965, where he was instrumental in starting development of
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    Hans Multhopp

    • Aircraft models designed: Focke-Wulf Ta 183
    Hans Multhopp (17 May 1913–30 October 1972) was a German aeronautical engineer/designer. Receiving a degree from the University of Göttingen, Multhopp worked with the famous designer Kurt Tank at the Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG during World War II, and was the leader of the team responsible for the design of the Focke-Wulf Ta 183 lightweight jet fighter, which was the winner of the 1945 Emergency Fighter Competition. Emigrating to the United Kingdom after the war, he assisted in the advancement of British aeronautic science before moving to the United States, where his work for Martin Marietta on lifting bodies provided aerodynamic experience that proved instrumental in the development of the Space Shuttle. Born in 1913, Multhopp studied at the Technische Hochschule in Hannover, before transferring to the University of Göttingen in 1934. Studying there under the guidance of the famed aerodynamicist Ludwig Prandtl, who regarded him as his best student, Multhopp assisted in the design and construction of several gliders while working on a thesis on the subject of wing aerodynamics. During his time at the university, he also participated in experiments under the aegis of the
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    Northrop Corporation

    • Aircraft models designed: F-5 Freedom Fighter
    Northrop Corporation was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its merger with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman in 1994. The company is known for its development of the flying wing design, although only a few of these have entered service. Jack Northrop founded three companies using his name. The first was the Avion Corporation in 1927, which was absorbed in 1929 by the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation as a subsidiary named "Northrop Aviation Corporation". The parent company moved its operations to Kansas in 1931, and so Jack, along with Donald Douglas, established a "Northrop Corporation" located in El Segundo, California, which produced several successful designs, including the Northrop Gamma and Northrop Delta. However, labor difficulties led to the dissolution of the corporation by Douglas in 1937, and the plant became the El Segundo Division of Douglas Aircraft. Northrop still sought his own company, and so in 1939 established the "Northrop Corporation" in nearby Hawthorne, California, a site located by co-founder Moye Stephens. The corporation lasted until 1994. It was there that the P-61 Black Widow night fighter, the flying
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    Short Brothers

    Short Brothers

    • Aircraft models designed: Short Springbok
    Short Brothers plc is an aerospace company, usually referred to as Shorts, now based at Belfast, Northern Ireland. Shorts was founded in 1908 in London, and was the first company in the world to make production aircraft. It was particularly notable for its flying boat designs manufactured into the 1950s. In 1943, Shorts was nationalised, later denationalised, and in 1948 moved from its main base at Rochester, Kent to Belfast. In the 1960s, Shorts mainly produced turboprop airliners, major components for aerospace primary manufacturers, and missiles for the British armed forces. In 1989, Shorts was bought by Bombardier, and is the largest manufacturing concern in Northern Ireland. Today, the company's products include aircraft components, engine nacelles and aircraft flight control systems for its parent company Bombardier Aerospace, and for Boeing, Rolls-Royce Deutschland, General Electric and Pratt & Whitney. In 1897, the Short Brothers business started when Eustace Short (June 1875–1932) bought a second-hand coal gas filled balloon, and he joined with his brother Oswald Short to develop and manufacture balloons. In 1900, the two brothers visited the 1900 Paris Exposition
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    Burt Rutan

    Burt Rutan

    • Aircraft models designed: Rutan Long-EZ
    Elbert Leander "Burt" Rutan (born June 17, 1943) is an American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft. He designed the record-breaking Voyager, which was the first plane to fly around the world without stopping or refueling, and the sub-orbital spaceplane SpaceShipOne, which won the Ansari X-Prize in 2004 for becoming the first privately funded spacecraft to enter the realm of space twice within a two week period. He has five aircraft on display in the National Air and Space Museum: SpaceShipOne, the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, Voyager, Quickie, and the VariEze. Born in 1943 in Estacada, Oregon, 30 miles southeast of Portland, and raised in Dinuba, California, Rutan displayed an early interest in aircraft design. By the time he was eight years old he was designing and building model aircraft. His first solo flight piloting an airplane was in an Aeronca Champ in 1959. In 1965 he graduated third in his class from the California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly-SLO) with a BS degree in aeronautical engineering. From 1965 to 1972 Rutan was a civilian flight test project engineer for the U.S. Air Force
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    Donald A. Hall

    Donald A. Hall

    • Aircraft models designed: Ryan NYP
    Donald Albert Hall was a pioneering aeronautical engineer and aircraft designer who is most famous for having designed the Ryan NYP (known commonly as The Spirit of St. Louis) in only sixty days. He was born in Brooklyn, New York on December 7, 1898. He attended the Manual Training High School in Brooklyn, and graduated from the Pratt Institute with a certificate in mechanical engineering in 1917. He worked for the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, Elias & Brothers, and L.W.F. Engineering before moving to Santa Monica, California in 1924 to work for Douglas Aircraft. He left Douglas Aircraft in 1926 to become an aviation cadet in the U.S. Army Air Corps, but did not become a military pilot. He returned to Douglas Aircraft, and began working part time for Ryan Airlines in San Diego. In 1926, Ryan Airlines changed ownership when T. Claude Ryan sold his half of the business to Benjamin Franklin Mahoney. At that time Hall accepted the position of chief engineer. Only days later, Ryan Airlines received an inquiry from Robertson Aircraft Corp. of St. Louis asking if they could design and build an aircraft capable of flying nonstop from New York to Paris. Donald Hall signed off on the
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    Henry Folland

    • Aircraft models designed: Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
    Henry Philip Folland (1889–1954) was an English aviation engineer and aircraft designer. Folland was born to Frederick and Mary Folland at 2 King Street, Holy Trinity, Cambridge. His father was listed as a Stonemason. In 1905 he became an apprentice at the Lanchester Motor Company in Birmingham, then in 1908 he became a draughtsman at the Daimler Motor Company. It was here that he developed his interest in powered flying machines. He worked at the Royal Aircraft Factory at Farnborough from 1912, where he was the lead designer on the S.E.5 during the First World War. He also designed the Ruston Proctor Aerial Target, an anti-Zeppelin pilotless aircraft to use A M Low's radio control systems. He left the Royal Aircraft Factory in 1917, joining the Nieuport & General Aircraft company as chief designer., designing the Nieuport Nighthawk, which was adopted as a standard fighter by the Royal Air Force but did not enter service owing to the problems in development of its ABC Dragonfly engine. Not long after starting at Nieuport, Folland was joined by Howard Preston - a design and stress man - and who was also to work with him at later at Gloster and Follands. Nieuport & General ceased
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    Ilyushin

    • Aircraft models designed: Ilyushin Il-76
    Open Joint Stock Company «Ilyushin Aviation Complex» , operating as Ilyushin (Ilyushin) (Russian: Илью́шин) or Ilyushin Design Bureau, is a Russian design bureau and aircraft manufacturer, founded by Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin. Ilyushin was established under the Soviet Union. Its operations began on January 13, 1933, by order of P. I. Baranov, People's Commissar of the Heavy Industry and the Head of the Main Department of Aviation Industry. In Soviet/Russian nomenclature, aircraft from Ilyushin are prefixed Il. The head office of Ilyushin is located in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Aviation Industries Ilyushin is a subsidiary established in 1992 to act as Ilyushin's marketing and customer service arm. Ilyushin has developed aircraft for widely varying roles over the years. The Russian government has merged Ilyushin with Mikoyan, Irkut, Sukhoi, Tupolev, and Yakovlev under a new company named United Aircraft Corporation. Notable Ilyushin aircraft include:
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    Alexander Arkhangelsky

    • Aircraft models designed: Tupolev SB
    Alexander Alexandrovich Arkhangelsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Арха́нгельский, 1892–1978) was an aircraft designer and doctor of technical sciences. He graduated from MVTU in 1918. During his studies he worked at the aerodynamic laboratory headed by Nikolai Zhukovsky. He then worked at TsAGI in 1918–1936. He designed and built several aerosleds ARBES along with B. S. Stechkin. After the establishment of the aircraft design bureau of Andrei Tupolev at TsAGI, he participated in all ANT designs. In 1932, he was appointed a chief of the department of high speed aircraft. He was the leading designer of the first Soviet bomber ANT-40 (SB) and its transport development, the PS-35. Since 1936 he was chief of the bureau and responsible for large scale production of SB. He was Chief Designer of Ar-2. Arhangelsky OKB rejoined Tupolev OKB in 1941. Since 1947 he was the first deputy chief designer. He was the uncle of mathematician Alexander Arhangelskii.
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    Anthony Fokker

    Anthony Fokker

    • Aircraft models designed: Fokker E.III
    Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and an aircraft manufacturer. He is most famous for the fighter aircraft he produced in Germany during the First World War such as the Eindecker monoplanes, the Fokker Triplane and the Fokker D.VII, but after the collapse of Germany Fokker moved his business to the Netherlands and his company were responsible for a variety of successful aircraft including the Fokker trimotor, a successful passenger aircraft of the inter-war years. He died in North America in 1939. Anthony (Tony) Fokker was born in Blitar (then Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia), to Herman Fokker, a Dutch coffee plantation owner. Some sources say that he was born in Kediri. At that time, Blitar was a part of the 'Kediri Residency', a colonial administrative division the capital of which was in Kediri. When Fokker was four the family returned to the Netherlands and settled in Haarlem in order to provide Fokker and his older sister, Toos, with a Dutch upbringing. Fokker was not a studious boy and did not complete his high school education but he showed an early interest in mechanics, and preferred making things, playing
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    Arthur E. Raymond

    • Aircraft models designed: Douglas DC-3
    Arthur Emmons Raymond (March 24, 1899, Boston Massachusetts – March 22, 1999, Santa Monica, California) was an aeronautical engineer who led the team that designed the DC-3. Raymond grew up in Pasadena, California, the son of the owner of a luxury hotel. He completed a B.A. at Harvard University, and a M.S. in aeronautical engineering at MIT in 1921. Raymond spent his entire career at the Douglas Aircraft Company. Beginning as a metal fitter, he rose to the rank of Chief Engineer, contributing to the design of all Douglas airliners from the DC-2 to the DC-8. During World War II, he helped managed the huge effort that produced tens of thousands of aircraft for that war. Raymond is best known as the lead designer of the DC-3, "The Plane That Changed the World," the first airliner that could break even hauling passengers without a government subsidy and without carrying mail. The military equivalent of the DC-3 was the C-47. In Europe, the DC-3 was known as the "Dakota." Raymond's grandson Stephen has said: "In the DC-3, he did almost everything. He knew every bolt and screw in that plane." About 10,600 DC-3s and C-47s were eventually built between 1934 and 1945, making it the most
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    AviaBellanca Aircraft

    AviaBellanca Aircraft

    • Aircraft models designed: 8GCBC Scout
    AviaBellanca Aircraft Corporation is an American aircraft design and manufacturing company. Prior to 1983 it was known as the Bellanca Aircraft Company. The company was founded in 1927 by Giuseppe Mario Bellanca. After Giuseppe Mario Bellanca, the designer and builder of Italy's first aircraft, came to the United States in 1911, he began to design aircraft for a number of firms including Maryland Pressed Steel Company, Wright Aeronautical Corporation and Columbia Aircraft Company. Bellanca founded his own company, Bellanca Aircraft Corporation of America, in 1927, sited first in Richmond Hill, New York and moving in 1928 to New Castle (Wilmington), Delaware. In the 1920s and 1930s, Bellanca's aircraft of his own design were known for their efficient, low operating cost gaining fame for world record endurance and distance flights. Lindbergh's first choice for his New York to Paris flight was a Bellanca WB-2. The company's insistence on selecting the crew drove Lindbergh to Ryan. Bellanca remained President and Chairman of the Board from the corporation's inception on the last day of 1927 until he sold the company to L. Albert and Sons in 1954. From that time on, the Bellanca line
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    Clarence Johnson

    Clarence Johnson

    • Aircraft models designed: P-80 Shooting Star
    Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson (February 27, 1910 – December 21, 1990) was an American system engineer and aeronautical innovator, earned renown for his contributions to many noteworthy aircraft designs, especially the Lockheed U-2 and SR-71 Blackbird spy planes, but also including the P-38 Lightning, P-80 Shooting Star, and F-104 Starfighter among others. As a member and first team leader of the Lockheed Skunk Works, Johnson worked for more than four decades and is said to have been an "organizing genius". He played a leading role in the design of over forty aircraft, including several that were honored with the prestigious Collier Trophy, acquiring a reputation as one of the most talented and prolific aircraft design engineers in the history of aviation. In 2003, as part of its commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers' flight, Aviation Week & Space Technology ranked Johnson 8th on its list of the top 100 "most important, most interesting, and most influential people" in the first century of aerospace. Hall Hibbard, Kelly's Lockheed boss, once remarked to Ben Rich: "That damned Swede can actually see air". Kelly Johnson was born in the remote mining town of
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    Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich

    Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich

    • Aircraft models designed: Grigorovich M-5
    Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich, in Russian: Дмитрий Павлович Григорович, (born in Kiev, Russian Empire, 25 January (6 February) 1883, died 26 July 1938 in Moscow) was a Russian/Soviet aircraft designer of a number of planes under the Grigorovich name.
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    EADS Astrium

    • Aircraft models designed: EADS Astrium Space Tourism Project
    Astrium is an aerospace subsidiary of the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) that provides civil and military space systems and services. In 2009, Astrium had a turnover of €4.8 billion and 15,000 employees in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain and the Netherlands. Astrium is member of Institute of Space, its Applications and Technologies. Its three main areas of activity are : In June 2007, EADS Astrium announced it would be entering the space tourism sector. On June 20 2007 the company unveiled a model of the space jet, a one-stage sub-orbital hybrid craft, utilising both jet and rocket engines. Carrying four passengers, the space jet would take off from regular airports using conventional jet engines. Once flying to the needed altitude the rockets would then be fired. After reaching its final altitude of 100 km, passengers would experience weightlessness for three minutes. Tickets were expected to cost up to €200,000 with flights possibly beginning in 2012. EADS estimated development cost will approach 1 billion Euros. On January 28 2009 EADS Astrium confirmed in March that the program was on hold indefinitely. In September, 2012, Astrium won a €13
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    François Coli

    François Coli

    • Aircraft models designed: The White Bird
    François Coli (June 5, 1881 - presumably on or after May 8, 1927) was a French pilot and navigator best known as the flying partner of Charles Nungesser in the doomed attempt to fly the Atlantic Ocean on the aircraft known as The White Bird. Born in Marseilles of a Corsican seafaring family, Coli became a merchant captain, married, and produced three daughters. Upon outbreak of World War I he offered his services to the French Navy. Reportedly disillusioned because no warships needed a captain, he entered the army as a private. Fortunately, his age and experience gained him a commission in 1915 and that summer he was promoted to captain. Suffering multiple wounds, he was declared unfit for infantry service and transferred to the French Air Service, gaining his pilot’s brevet in March 1916. Late that year he joined Escadrille N.62 and rose to command the squadron in February 1917. Captain Coli remained as chief of the Escadrille des Coqs even after losing an eye in a crash in March 1918. He departed the Roosters that August with a reputation as an exceptional navigator and leader. After the war Coli began a series of record-setting distance flights. On January 26, 1919, he achieved
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    General Aircraft Ltd

    General Aircraft Ltd

    • Aircraft models designed: Blackburn Beverley
    General Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1931 to amalgamation with Blackburn Aircraft in 1949 to become Blackburn and General. Its main products were military gliders and light transport aircraft. On 27 February 1931, General Aircraft Limited (GAL) was formed to undertake production of aircraft using the 'monospar' wing designs of the Mono-spar Company Ltd. Both firms were headed by Helmut J. Stieger, the Swiss inventor of the technique. GAL produced about 28 examples of the Monospar series of twin-engined light transport aircraft at Croydon Aerodrome between 1932 and 1934. In October 1934, both companies were re-capitalised by investment group British Pacific Trust, and were re-formed in a new company also named General Aircraft Limited. Also included in the new company were the assets of National Flying Services Ltd, the owner of London Air Park, plus adjoining industrial premises built in 1917 by Whitehead Aircraft Ltd. In early 1935, the Croydon production facilities were transferred to the Hanworth site, near Feltham. Production then re-started with the Monospar ST-12, Monospar ST-18, and Monospar ST-25. In 1936, GAL received an order
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    Gippsland Aeronautics

    Gippsland Aeronautics

    • Aircraft models designed: Gippsland GA8
    GippsAero (formerly Gippsland Aeronautics) is an Australian aircraft manufacturer based at Latrobe Valley Airport in Morwell, Victoria. The company builds single-engined utility aircraft. These include the multi-role GA8 Airvan and the agricultural GA200 Fatman. The company is owned by Indian conglomerate Mahindra Group. Gippsland Aeronautics was founded by Peter Furlong and George Morgan. The company started operations at the Latrobe Regional Airport in Morwell in the 1970s as an aircraft maintenance and modification business working for large organisations such as the National Safety Council of Australia and Esso Australia, as well as local commercial operators. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Peter Furlong and John Brown were pilots, builders, fabricators and maintenance personnel for, amongst others, the Latrobe Valley Aircraft Club and the Ultra Light Club of Australia. The late John "Brownie" Brown was a builder of timber aircraft. Brownie was involved with the 2nd airframe of the Australian designed Corby Starlet in the mid-1960s. He later built the first Australian example of the Volmer Sportsman amphibian aircraft (VH-TUB). Brownie and Pete continued to service
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    Henry J. Kaiser

    Henry J. Kaiser

    • Aircraft models designed: Hughes H-4 Hercules
    Henry John Kaiser (May 9, 1882 – August 24, 1967) was an American industrialist who became known as the father of modern American shipbuilding. He established the Kaiser Shipyard which built Liberty ships during World War II, after which he formed Kaiser Aluminum and Kaiser Steel. Kaiser organized Kaiser Permanente health care for his workers and their families. He led Kaiser-Frazer followed by Kaiser Motors, automobile companies known for the safety of their designs. Kaiser was involved in large construction projects such as civic centers and dams, and invested in real estate. With his acquired wealth, he initiated the Kaiser Family Foundation, a non-profit, non-partisan, charitable organization. Kaiser was born on May 9, 1882 in Sprout Brook, New York. He worked as an apprentice photographer early in life, and was running the studio by the age of twenty. He used his saved earnings to move to Washington state where he started a construction company that fulfilled government contracts. After moving to the West Coast in 1906, he founded in 1914 a paving company, one of the first to use heavy construction machinery. His firm expanded significantly in 1927 when it received a
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    Henry Millicer

    • Aircraft models designed: Percival Provost
    Henry K. Millicer, born Henryk Kazimierz Milicer (11 June 1915 - 28 August 1996), was a Polish-Australian aircraft designer and pilot. He was born in Warsaw, Poland, the son of Kazimierz Milicer, a university professor whose family was descended from Baron Karl von Militzer. An ardent Polish patriot, Henry developed an early interest in aviation. In 1924 he won an aeromodelling competition with the prize being a flight over Warsaw, his home city. At age 14 he built a full-size glider and at 17 qualified as a glider pilot. After receiving a degree in aeronautical engineering he worked as a junior designer in the National Aviation Works (Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze) on the PZL.37 Łoś bomber project headed by Jerzy Dąbrowski and later for the RWD company on the RWD-25 low-wing, fixed-wheels fighter project. He was also a member of the Polish Air Force reserve and flew against the Germans at the outbreak of World War II, winning the Polish Air Force Cross. At the defeat of Poland in September 1939, he was given the responsibility of ferrying the presidential papers in a small plane to Romania, then escaped to France and England where he flew in a Polish bomber squadron in the RAF. He
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    Hermann Pohlmann

    • Aircraft models designed: Junkers A50
    Hermann Pohlmann (* 26 June 1894) was a German aerospace engineer and principal designer of the famous Second World War Dive bomber, the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka.
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    W. E. W. Petter

    W. E. W. Petter

    • Aircraft models designed: B-57 Canberra
    William Edward Willoughby "Teddy" Petter CBE (8 August 1908, Highgate in Middlesex - 1 May 1968, Béruges) was a British aircraft designer. He is noted for Westland's wartime aeroplanes, the Canberra, the early design of the Lightning, and his last plane, the Folland Gnat. Edward was the son of Sir Ernest Petter (26 May 1873 - 18 July 1954), who founded the Petters Limited engineering company. He was a descendant of one of the twin sons that founded Westland in 1915, the company being a separation of the aircraft business from Petter engines. It built flying boats. Both were Yeovil companies. He attended the prestigious Marlborough College in Wiltshire. He studied the Mechanical Sciences Tripos at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1929. He won the John Bernard Seely Prize for aeronautics. Petter joined Westland, the family firm, as a graduate apprentice in 1929. He became Technical Director in 1935. This appointment was not welcomed by older members of the management, who left. In 1935 Westland set up its aircraft subsidiary. Westland was taken over by John Brown Ltd of Clydebank in 1938. He designed the Lysander. Originally created as an army cooperation
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    XCOR Aerospace

    XCOR Aerospace

    • Aircraft models designed: Xerus
    XCOR Aerospace is an American private rocket engine and spaceflight development company based at the Mojave Spaceport in Mojave, California. XCOR was formed by former members of the Rotary Rocket rocket engine development team in September, 1999. XCOR is headed by Jeff Greason who is the CEO. Founded in Mojave, California in 1999, XCOR announced a move to Midland, Texas in July 2012. XCOR considered a number of locations for the move, including Spaceport Colorado, before announcing that they would be moving their company headquarters and R&D activities to Texas, in part due to a significant set of financial incentives (US$10,000,000) offered to XCOR by the Midland Development Corporation (MDC) and the Midland City Council. Founders Jeff Greason, Dan DeLong, Aleta Jackson and Doug Jones each previously worked at the Rotary Rocket company. The Lynx, capable of carrying a pilot and a passenger or payload on sub-orbital spaceflights over 100 kilometres (62 mi). Between 20 and 50 test flights of Lynx are planned, along with numerous static engine firings on the ground. A full step-by-step set of taxi tests, runway hops and full-up flights are planned to get the vehicle to a state of
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