Ranked #63 on the list Best Measuring Instrument of All Time

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About Seismometer

  • Dimension measured:
  • Subclasses: OBS: Ocean Bottom Seismometer
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Seismometers are instruments that measure motions of the ground, including those of seismic waves generated by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other seismic sources. Records of seismic waves allow seismologists to map the interior of the Earth, and locate and measure the size of these different sources. The word derives from the Greek σεισμός, seismós, a shaking or quake, from the verb σείω, seíō, to shake; and μέτρον, métron, measure and was coined by David Milne-Home in 1841. Seismograph is another Greek term from seismós and γράφω, gráphō, to draw. It is often used to mean seismometer, though it is more applicable to the older instruments in which the measuring and recording of ground motion were combined than to modern systems, in which these functions are separated. Both types provide a continuous record of ground motion; this distinguishes them from seismoscopes, which merely indicate that motion has occurred, perhaps with some simple measure of how large it was. Inertial seismometers have levers in them that keep rhythmic motion Any motion of the ground moves the frame. The mass tends not to move because of its inertia, and by measuring the motion between the frame and

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