LNER Class U1

Ranked #4 on the list Best Locomotive class of All Time

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About LNER Class U1

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The London and North Eastern Railway Class U1 was a solitary 2-8-0+0-8-2 Beyer-Garratt locomotive designed for banking coal trains over the Worsborough Bank, a steeply graded line in South Yorkshire and part of the Woodhead Route. It was both the longest and the most powerful steam locomotive ever to run in Britain. It was built in 1925 with the motion at each end being based on an existing 2-8-0 design. The original number was 2395, and it was renumbered 9999 in March 1946, and then 69999 after nationalisation in 1948, although it retained its cab-side plate bearing its original number throughout its life. The locomotive ran for some time as an oil burner, and was tried out on the Lickey Incline in 1949–1950 and again, after the electrification of its home line, in 1955. These trials were unsuccessful, and so the locomotive was withdrawn in 1955 and scrapped. The Worsborough bank, sometimes referred to as the Worsborough Incline, was a steep bank on the Great Central Railway (GCR) freight line from Wath to Penistone, climbing for 3 miles (4.8 km) at a gradient of 1 in 40. The main traffic on the line was loaded trains carrying coal from the South Yorkshire coalfields to

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