Ranked #2 on the list Best New Drug Application of All Time

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About Iloperidone

Iloperidone, also known as Fanapt, Fanapta, and previously known as Zomaril, is an atypical antipsychotic for the treatment of schizophrenia. It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States on May 6, 2009. Iloperidone is a monoamine directed towards acting upon and antagonizing specific neurotransmitters, particularly multiple dopamine and serotonin receptor subtypes. It is considered an ‘atypical’ antipsychotic because it displays serotonin receptor antagonism, similar to other atypical antipsychotics. The older typical antipsychotics are primarily dopamine antagonists. Iloperidone has been shown to act as an antagonist at all tested receptors. It was found to block the sites of noradrenaline (α2C), dopamine (D2A and D3), and serotonin (5-HT1A and 5-HT6) receptors. In addition, pharmacogenomic studies identified single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with an enhanced response to iloperidone during acute treatment of schizophrenia. Iloperidone performed well against a prepulse inhibition (PPI) experiment, which was designed to gauge the extent of sensory gating in rats, a process disrupted in schizophrenia. Prepulse inhibition is the

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