Fixed Service Satellite

Ranked #105 on the list Best Radio Service of All Time

Based on 4 votes

About Fixed Service Satellite

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Fixed Service Satellite (FSS) is the official classification (used chiefly in North America) for geostationary communications satellites used for broadcast feeds for television stations and radio stations and broadcast networks, as well as for telephony, telecommunications and data communications. FSSs have also been used for Direct-To-Home (DTH) satellite television channels in North America since the late 1970s. This role has been mostly supplanted by direct broadcast satellite (DBS) television systems starting in 1994 when DirecTV launched the first DBS television system. However, FSSs in North America are also used to relay channels of cable TV networks from their originating studios to local cable headends and to the operations centers of DBS services (such as DirecTV and Dish Network) to be re-broadcast over their DBS systems. FSSs were the first geosynchronous communications satellites launched in space (such as Intelsat 1 (Early Bird), Syncom 3, Anik 1, Westar 1, Satcom 1 and Ekran) and new ones are still being launched and utilized to this day. FSSs operate in either the C band (from 3.7 to 4.2 GHz) or the FSS Ku bands (from 11.45 to 11.7 and 12.5 to 12.75 GHz in Europe,

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