Differential GPS

Ranked #56 on the list Best Radio Service of All Time

Based on 4 votes

About Differential GPS

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Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) is an enhancement to Global Positioning System that provides improved location accuracy, from the 15-meter nominal GPS accuracy to about 10 cm in case of the best implementations. DGPS uses a network of fixed, ground-based reference stations to broadcast the difference between the positions indicated by the satellite systems and the known fixed positions. These stations broadcast the difference between the measured satellite pseudoranges and actual (internally computed) pseudoranges, and receiver stations may correct their pseudoranges by the same amount. The digital correction signal is typically broadcast locally over ground-based transmitters of shorter range. The term can refer both to the generalized technique as well as specific implementations using it. For instance, the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) each run such a system in the U.S. and Canada on the longwave radio frequencies between 285 kHz and 325 kHz near major waterways and harbors. The USCG's DGPS system is nationwide and comprises 86 broadcast sites located throughout the inland and coastal portions of the United States including Alaska,

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